Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Industry, 2002 (details in table note)
CIC Industry Name Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
AGRICULTURE 2,699 1,765,433 42,445 47,657 2.4 2.7
10 Agricultural production, crops 707 478,669 11,546 11,912 2.4 2.5
11 Agricultural production, livestock 681 360,217 3,388 5,217 0.9 1.4
12 Veterinary services 292 180,201 811 1,351 0.5 0.7
20 Landscape and horticultural services 826 589,831 25,806 28,283 4.4 4.8
30 Agricultural services, n.e.c. 193 156,516 894 894 0.6 0.6
FORESTRY AND FISHERIES 221 97,544 9,761 12,900 10.0 13.2
31 Forestry 146 59,052 7,143 9,578 12.1 16.2
32 Fishing, hunting, and trapping 75 38,492 2,618 3,322 6.8 8.6
MINING 990 457,002 38,498 45,415 8.4 9.9
40 Metal mining 123 41,417 8,195 9,748 19.8 23.5
41 Coal mining 217 87,132 18,391 19,627 21.1 22.5
42 Oil and gas extraction 499 261,191 4,961 6,225 1.9 2.4
50 Nonmetallic mining and quarrying, except fuel 151 67,262 6,951 9,815 10.3 14.6
60 CONSTRUCTION 10,908 7,174,026 1,346,366 1,398,985 18.8 19.5
MANUFACTURING, NONDURABLE GOODS 10,101 6,824,562 856,575 914,661 12.6 13.4
100 Meat products 736 430,199 84,226 91,608 19.6 21.3
101 Dairy products 216 118,969 24,510 24,510 20.6 20.6
102 Canned, frozen and preserved fruits and vegetables 253 150,576 30,046 30,884 20.0 20.5
110 Grain mill products 253 170,020 23,917 24,311 14.1 14.3
111 Bakery products 261 184,210 36,173 37,076 19.6 20.1
112 Sugar and confectionery products 173 111,026 23,028 24,372 20.7 22.0
120 Beverage industries 268 198,246 37,533 39,947 18.9 20.2
121 Miscellaneous food preparations & kindred products 282 185,172 25,797 26,662 13.9 14.4
122 Not specified food industries 12 8,228 771 771 9.4 9.4
130 Tobacco manufactures 55 46,412 10,826 12,316 23.3 26.5
132 Knitting mills 65 49,635 0 0 0.0 0.0
140 Dyeing and finishing textiles, except wool & knit goods 40 29,217 2,217 2,217 7.6 7.6
141 Carpets and rugs 79 80,372 995 995 1.2 1.2
142 Yarn, thread, and fabric mills 288 209,102 8,547 8,547 4.1 4.1
150 Miscellaneous textile mill products 60 44,237 7,342 7,342 16.6 16.6
151 Apparel and accessories, except knit 505 383,013 28,164 30,630 7.4 8.0
152 Miscellaneous fabricated textile products 160 120,286 10,527 11,144 8.8 9.3
160 Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills 355 227,725 87,002 88,833 38.2 39.0
161 Miscellaneous paper and pulp products 243 169,152 26,169 26,169 15.5 15.5
162 Paperboard containers and boxes 264 176,263 34,011 37,002 19.3 21.0
171 Newspaper publishing and printing 761 482,689 58,672 66,892 12.2 13.9
172 Printing, publishing, & allied ind., exc. newspapers 1,584 1,077,377 56,349 62,566 5.2 5.8
180 Plastics, synthetics, and resins 215 140,669 18,162 19,142 12.9 13.6
181 Drugs 615 424,399 19,423 22,557 4.6 5.3
182 Soaps and cosmetics 217 153,117 11,906 13,773 7.8 9.0
190 Paints, varnishes, and related products 74 53,832 4,375 5,071 8.1 9.4
191 Agricultural chemicals 68 38,231 1,733 1,733 4.5 4.5
192 Industrial and miscellaneous chemicals 618 422,824 61,712 68,785 14.6 16.3
200 Petroleum refining 197 135,386 32,976 32,976 24.4 24.4
201 Miscellaneous petroleum and coal products 39 29,520 2,973 2,973 10.1 10.1
210 Tires and inner tubes 122 93,104 29,329 32,018 31.5 34.4
211 Other rubber products, & plastics footwear & belting 178 117,833 12,850 13,575 10.9 11.5
212 Miscellaneous plastics products 733 502,810 37,277 38,681 7.4 7.7
220 Leather tanning and finishing 15 9,434 3,593 3,593 38.1 38.1
221 Footwear, except rubber and plastic 65 33,699 2,765 4,312 8.2 12.8
222 Leather products, except footwear 32 17,577 676 676 3.8 3.8
MANUFACTURING, DURABLE GOODS 15,043 10,170,161 1,587,997 1,662,905 15.6 16.4
230 Logging 130 74,045 2,241 3,001 3.0 4.1
231 Sawmills, planing mills, and millwork 593 364,261 35,132 36,250 9.6 10.0
232 Wood buildings and mobile homes 94 69,356 3,163 3,163 4.6 4.6
241 Miscellaneous wood products 186 115,945 6,085 6,085 5.2 5.2
242 Furniture and fixtures 766 558,080 42,688 47,417 7.6 8.5
250 Glass and glass products 205 144,538 34,102 34,702 23.6 24.0
251 Cement, concrete, gypsum, and plaster products 304 194,645 26,940 27,593 13.8 14.2
252 Structural clay products 41 32,223 6,873 6,873 21.3 21.3
261 Pottery and related products 41 29,894 5,731 5,731 19.2 19.2
262 Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral & stone products 142 100,864 13,136 13,136 13.0 13.0
270 Blast furnaces, steelworks, rolling and finishing mills 415 280,933 104,099 106,991 37.1 38.1
271 Iron and steel foundries 111 77,249 24,932 24,932 32.3 32.3
272 Primary aluminum industries 159 114,874 41,693 43,390 36.3 37.8
280 Other primary metal industries 3,243 163,558 27,483 27,600 16.8 16.9
281 Cutlery, handtools, and general hardware 178 112,257 19,183 20,090 17.1 17.9
282 Fabricated structural metal products 748 505,779 73,612 78,773 14.6 15.6
290 Screw machine products 83 59,748 8,545 8,545 14.3 14.3
291 Metal forgings and stampings 137 93,461 29,851 29,851 31.9 31.9
292 Ordnance 69 34,934 5,987 7,150 17.1 20.5
300 Miscellaneous fabricated metal products 476 327,576 45,828 46,280 14.0 14.1
301 Not specified metal industries 4 4,289 0 0 0.0 0.0
310 Engines and turbines 89 64,197 13,336 14,433 20.8 22.5
311 Farm machinery and equipment 191 92,520 17,590 19,906 19.0 21.5
312 Construction and material handling machines 292 189,139 44,686 45,763 23.6 24.2
320 Metalworking machinery 296 202,546 16,242 19,491 8.0 9.6
321 Office and accounting machines 55 31,336 1,042 1,042 3.3 3.3
322 Computers and related equipment 550 386,706 5,174 7,695 1.3 2.0
331 Machinery, except electrical, n.e.c. 1,423 975,822 113,198 116,611 11.6 12.0
332 Not specified machinery 7 5,168 971 971 18.8 18.8
340 Household appliances 146 105,749 22,750 25,092 21.5 23.7
341 Radio, TV, and communication equipment 423 312,053 19,802 21,251 6.3 6.8
342 Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies, n.e.c. 1,617 1,036,812 99,608 106,085 9.6 10.2
350 Not specified electrical machinery, equip., & supplies 15 15,444 743 743 4.8 4.8
351 Motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment 1,512 1,162,148 404,670 413,523 34.8 35.6
352 Aircraft and parts 600 388,327 100,406 109,086 25.9 28.1
360 Ship and boat building and repairing 274 149,308 31,818 33,206 21.3 22.2
361 Railroad locomotives and equipment 29 19,325 11,623 11,859 60.1 61.4
362 Guided missiles, space vehicles, and parts 315 253,673 33,084 38,197 13.0 15.1
370 Cycles and miscellaneous transportation equipment 140 84,977 16,353 17,916 19.2 21.1
371 Scientific and controlling instruments 285 187,402 10,334 10,934 5.5 5.8
372 Medical, dental, and optical instruments and supplies 544 358,895 13,943 15,456 3.9 4.3
380 Photographic equipment and supplies 99 72,594 5,566 5,566 7.7 7.7
381 Watches, clocks, and clockwork operated devices 6 4,235 0 0 0.0 0.0
390 Toys, amusement, and sporting goods 196 124,118 8,831 10,364 7.1 8.3
391 Miscellaneous manufacturing industries 644 365,029 22,982 24,224 6.3 6.6
392 Not specified manufacturing industries 170 124,128 15,941 15,941 12.8 12.8
TRANSPORTATION 8,432 5,614,489 1,847,623 1,951,199 32.9 34.8
400 Railroads 465 258,956 175,430 180,027 67.7 69.5
401 Bus service and urban transit 977 690,767 248,654 262,479 36.0 38.0
402 Taxicab service 128 94,924 9,457 9,674 10.0 10.2
410 Trucking service 3,201 2,154,986 396,288 420,748 18.4 19.5
411 Warehousing and storage 284 208,053 20,960 21,851 10.1 10.5
412 U.S. Postal Service 1,396 873,650 614,911 655,385 70.4 75.0
420 Water transportation 269 188,956 50,761 53,553 26.9 28.3
421 Air transportation 1,197 814,952 305,737 321,237 37.5 39.4
422 Pipe lines, except natural gas 30 10,077 1,107 1,107 11.0 11.0
432 Services incidental to transportation 485 319,167 24,318 25,138 7.6 7.9
COMMUNICATIONS 2,786 1,901,515 380,111 404,045 20.0 21.2
440 Radio and television broadcasting and cable 743 475,379 46,085 52,768 9.7 11.1
441 Telephone communications 1,997 1,395,891 331,557 348,808 23.8 25.0
442 Telegraph and misc. communications services 46 30,245 2,469 2,469 8.2 8.2
UTILITIES AND SANITARY SERVICES 2,265 1,442,739 423,364 459,935 29.3 31.9
450 Electric light and power 1,005 614,031 175,017 187,888 28.5 30.6
451 Gas and steam supply systems 212 118,371 31,474 33,276 26.6 28.1
452 Electric and gas, and other combinations 158 120,104 55,566 57,304 46.3 47.7
470 Water supply and irrigation 381 255,987 70,362 80,190 27.5 31.3
471 Sanitary services 503 329,942 89,763 100,095 27.2 30.3
472 Not specified utilities 6 4,304 1,181 1,181 27.5 27.5
WHOLESALE TRADE 6,726 4,455,173 219,205 237,374 4.9 5.3
500 Motor vehicles and equipment 322 225,643 9,018 9,423 4.0 4.2
501 Furniture and home furnishings 131 91,397 3,943 3,943 4.3 4.3
502 Lumber and construction materials 254 175,282 4,555 4,555 2.6 2.6
510 Professional and commercial equipment and supplies 605 423,416 9,293 10,427 2.2 2.5
511 Metals and minerals, except petroleum 113 75,412 6,546 6,739 8.7 8.9
512 Electrical goods 372 256,279 2,477 2,477 1.0 1.0
521 Hardware, plumbing and heating supplies 410 271,352 14,436 15,275 5.3 5.6
530 Machinery, equipment, and supplies 852 522,518 12,309 14,750 2.4 2.8
531 Scrap and waste materials 205 137,612 10,222 13,727 7.4 10.0
532 Miscellaneous wholesale, durable goods 178 120,546 5,084 5,084 4.2 4.2
540 Paper and paper products 210 145,802 6,012 7,461 4.1 5.1
541 Drugs, chemicals and allied products 368 271,159 10,518 10,518 3.9 3.9
542 Apparel, fabrics, and notions 146 100,435 2,734 2,734 2.7 2.7
550 Groceries and related products 1,363 906,563 94,558 100,990 10.4 11.1
551 Farm-product raw materials 174 81,895 3,612 4,058 4.4 5.0
552 Petroleum products 176 110,764 3,393 4,448 3.1 4.0
560 Alcoholic beverages 203 134,424 10,873 10,975 8.1 8.2
561 Farm supplies 225 124,904 841 841 0.7 0.7
562 Miscellaneous wholesale, nondurable goods 388 254,236 7,294 7,461 2.9 2.9
571 Not specified wholesale trade 31 25,532 1,488 1,488 5.8 5.8
RETAIL TRADE 31,331 20,749,574 924,549 1,023,136 4.5 4.9
580 Lumber and building material retailing 1,001 647,026 15,946 18,995 2.5 2.9
581 Hardware stores 309 190,479 1,484 1,484 0.8 0.8
582 Retail nurseries and garden stores 183 114,935 1,897 1,897 1.7 1.7
590 Mobile home dealers 49 33,251 0 0 0.0 0.0
591 Department stores 3,312 2,187,645 60,897 65,924 2.8 3.0
592 Variety stores 188 144,724 1,997 1,997 1.4 1.4
600 Miscellaneous general merchandise stores 288 189,345 12,487 14,097 6.6 7.4
601 Grocery stores 4,256 2,745,568 557,835 583,919 20.3 21.3
602 Dairy products stores 34 24,964 798 798 3.2 3.2
610 Retail bakeries 306 186,228 11,615 12,604 6.2 6.8
611 Food stores, n.e.c. 277 176,859 8,308 8,660 4.7 4.9
612 Motor vehicle dealers 1,899 1,237,955 38,560 42,830 3.1 3.5
620 Auto and home supply stores 661 425,151 10,027 11,673 2.4 2.7
621 Gasoline service stations 460 307,017 3,125 5,050 1.0 1.6
622 Miscellaneous vehicle dealers 213 136,473 3,056 3,895 2.2 2.9
623 Apparel and accessory stores, except shoe 1,061 731,032 9,578 14,332 1.3 2.0
630 Shoe stores 185 138,532 1,963 1,963 1.4 1.4
631 Furniture and home furnishings stores 871 562,331 11,251 15,865 2.0 2.8
632 Household appliance stores 100 70,800 865 865 1.2 1.2
633 Radio, TV, and computer stores 713 521,471 5,429 7,106 1.0 1.4
640 Music stores 170 122,356 599 1,310 0.5 1.1
641 Eating and drinking places 9,927 6,718,571 78,417 111,095 1.2 1.7
642 Drug stores 971 650,158 45,308 50,306 7.0 7.7
650 Liquor stores 142 93,436 4,768 4,768 5.1 5.1
651 Sporting goods, bicycles, and hobby stores 569 380,834 2,939 2,939 0.8 0.8
652 Book and stationery stores 420 274,137 3,815 3,815 1.4 1.4
660 Jewelry stores 227 149,779 1,700 1,700 1.1 1.1
661 Gift, novelty, and souvenir shops 286 184,673 1,474 1,474 0.8 0.8
662 Sewing, needlework and piece goods stores 80 48,741 637 637 1.3 1.3
663 Catalog and mail order houses 249 136,656 661 830 0.5 0.6
670 Vending machine operators 87 60,320 2,341 3,266 3.9 5.4
671 Direct selling establishments 171 112,534 1,551 1,551 1.4 1.4
672 Fuel dealers 212 101,543 3,599 3,599 3.5 3.5
681 Retail florists 188 111,450 0 0 0.0 0.0
682 Miscellaneous retail stores 1,095 704,709 14,657 16,926 2.1 2.4
691 Not specified retail trade 171 127,894 4,965 4,965 3.9 3.9
FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE 12,217 7,900,753 182,205 227,460 2.3 2.9
700 Banking 3,082 1,926,727 24,321 32,180 1.3 1.7
701 Savings institutions, including credit unions 474 285,358 12,603 14,187 4.4 5.0
702 Credit agencies, n.e.c. 1,220 788,582 5,586 9,558 0.7 1.2
710 Security, commodity brokerage, & invest. companies 1,285 888,957 7,853 16,009 0.9 1.8
711 Insurance 3,478 2,207,104 50,997 63,935 2.3 2.9
712 Real estate, including real estate-insurance offices 2,678 1,804,025 80,845 91,591 4.5 5.1
BUSINESS AND REPAIR SERVICES 10,824 7,547,855 241,429 296,472 3.2 3.9
721 Advertising 324 229,232 3,502 4,972 1.5 2.2
722 Services to dwellings and other buildings 1,015 707,318 54,193 59,877 7.7 8.5
731 Personnel supply services 1,269 913,274 14,340 21,032 1.6 2.3
732 Computer and data processing services 2,446 1,741,316 15,554 29,429 0.9 1.7
740 Detective and protective services 943 687,257 39,939 50,244 5.8 7.3
741 Business services, n.e.c. 2,458 1,661,496 46,963 56,729 2.8 3.4
742 Automotive rental and leasing, without drivers 224 155,684 6,586 6,586 4.2 4.2
750 Automotive parking and carwashes 213 152,475 10,984 10,984 7.2 7.2
751 Automotive repair and related services 1,305 876,656 26,996 30,913 3.1 3.5
752 Electrical repair shops 95 67,762 5,209 5,209 7.7 7.7
760 Miscellaneous repair services 532 355,384 17,161 20,498 4.8 5.8
PERSONAL SERVICES 5,809 3,589,069 142,533 157,120 4.0 4.4
761 Private Households 1,131 804,509 5,729 6,603 0.7 0.8
762 Hotels and Motels 2,496 1,317,314 111,144 119,120 8.4 9.0
770 Lodging places, except hotels and motels 181 96,125 681 767 0.7 0.8
771 Laundry, cleaning, and garment services 556 377,975 14,501 16,984 3.8 4.5
772 Beauty shops 887 609,954 1,312 1,560 0.2 0.3
780 Barber shops 54 40,846 1,553 1,553 3.8 3.8
781 Funeral service and crematories 139 93,247 3,678 3,678 3.9 3.9
782 Shoe repair shops 5 3,504 0 0 0.0 0.0
790 Dressmaking shops 6 3,863 0 0 0.0 0.0
791 Miscellaneous personal services 354 241,732 3,935 6,856 1.6 2.8
ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION SERVICES 3,634 2,409,068 206,244 236,287 8.6 9.8
800 Theaters and motion pictures 688 504,827 81,636 94,659 16.2 18.8
801 Video tape rental 142 92,254 527 527 0.6 0.6
802 Bowling centers 57 36,663 368 368 1.0 1.0
810 Miscellaneous entertainment & recreation services 2,747 1,775,325 123,713 140,733 7.0 7.9
831 HOSPITALS 8,403 5,301,715 754,952 851,189 14.2 16.1
MEDICAL SERVICES, EXCEPT HOSPITALS 10,236 6,491,243 431,499 476,081 6.6 7.3
812 Offices and clinics of physicians 2,540 1,610,201 50,990 58,031 3.2 3.6
820 Offices and clinics of dentists 917 581,264 10,309 12,694 1.8 2.2
821 Offices and clinics of chiropractors 128 84,530 0 482 0.0 0.6
822 Offices and clinics of optometrists 72 50,586 448 448 0.9 0.9
830 Offices and clinics of health practitioners, n.e.c. 86 56,371 2,662 2,662 4.7 4.7
832 Nursing and personal care facilities 3,058 1,875,915 168,845 186,684 9.0 10.0
840 Health services, n.e.c. 3,435 2,232,376 198,245 215,079 8.9 9.6
EDUCATIONAL SERVICES 18,225 11,389,191 3,975,036 4,449,687 34.9 39.1
842 Elementary and secondary schools 12,660 7,952,920 3,486,102 3,877,418 43.8 48.8
850 Colleges and universities 4,855 2,989,418 437,934 514,096 14.6 17.2
851 Vocational schools 120 80,523 11,949 13,546 14.8 16.8
852 Libraries 294 173,431 26,612 29,957 15.3 17.3
860 Educational services, n.e.c. 296 192,898 12,439 14,669 6.4 7.6
SOCIAL SERVICES 4,787 2,997,073 217,098 245,997 7.2 8.2
861 Job training and vocational rehabilitation services 389 217,760 10,230 12,220 4.7 5.6
862 Child day care services 1,551 1,007,142 23,942 30,866 2.4 3.1
863 Family child care homes 31 23,051 0 0 0.0 0.0
870 Residential care facilities, without nursing 833 512,633 24,482 30,660 4.8 6.0
871 Social services, n.e.c. 1,983 1,236,488 158,444 172,252 12.8 13.9
OTHER PROFESSIONAL SERVICES 8,556 5,539,743 157,582 185,831 2.8 3.4
841 Legal services 1,713 1,104,422 18,845 21,107 1.7 1.9
872 Museums, art galleries, and zoos 204 112,657 7,674 9,262 6.8 8.2
873 Labor unions 128 79,328 63,421 64,232 79.9 81.0
880 Religious organizations 1,571 1,001,713 2,955 11,982 0.3 1.2
881 Membership organizations, n.e.c. 647 370,225 9,155 9,293 2.5 2.5
882 Engineering, architectural, and surveying services 1,307 854,935 19,204 23,272 2.2 2.7
890 Accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping services 836 573,985 7,359 8,726 1.3 1.5
891 Research, development, and testing services 1,014 676,243 19,745 24,521 2.9 3.6
892 Management and public relations services 1,059 715,259 6,968 11,180 1.0 1.6
893 Miscellaneous professional and related services 77 50,976 2,256 2,256 4.4 4.4
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 9,944 6,161,318 1,993,634 2,217,299 32.4 36.0
900 Executive and legislative offices 286 154,428 13,255 18,024 8.6 11.7
901 General government, n.e.c. 1,252 789,634 190,946 212,700 24.2 26.9
910 Justice, public order, and safety 3,781 2,535,292 1,115,956 1,173,519 44.0 46.3
921 Public finance, taxation, and monetary policy 622 399,101 132,016 153,072 33.1 38.4
922 Administration of human resources programs 1,434 856,409 239,451 281,483 28.0 32.9
930 Administration of environ. quality & housing programs 553 256,285 57,780 73,631 22.5 28.7
931 Administration of economic programs 1,108 630,263 177,330 202,425 28.1 32.1
932 National security and international affairs 908 539,906 66,901 102,446 12.4 19.0
               
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2002. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: CIC=1990 Census industry code used
in CPS, Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union
members, Covered=workers covered by a collective bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who
are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.
2003 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.