Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Industry, 2004 (details in table note)
CIC Industry Name Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, FISHING, & HUNTING 1,773 1,093,898 29,865 39,577 2.7 3.6
170 Crop production 686 467,127 9,678 11,037 2.1 2.4
180 Animal production 651 373,614 6,885 8,928 1.8 2.4
190 Forestry except logging 122 58,617 7,117 9,662 12.1 16.5
270 Logging 128 79,781 4,802 5,706 6.0 7.2
280 Fishing, hunting, and trapping 60 31,166 0 0 0.0 0.0
290 Support activities for agriculture and forestry 126 83,594 1,383 4,244 1.7 5.1
MINING 925 497,143 56,514 58,021 11.4 11.7
370 Oil and gas extraction 103 62,095 2,929 3,017 4.7 4.9
380 Coal mining 188 83,500 22,937 22,937 27.5 27.5
390 Metal ore mining 53 17,472 2,420 2,954 13.8 16.9
470 Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying 189 95,094 17,641 18,526 18.6 19.5
480 Not specified type of mining 10 7,420 4,106 4,106 55.3 55.3
490 Support activities for mining 382 231,562 6,480 6,480 2.8 2.8
UTILITIES 1,768 1,173,621 345,322 362,494 29.4 30.9
570 Electric power generation, transmission and distribution 938 601,733 180,610 192,955 30.0 32.1
580 Natural gas distribution 178 116,635 31,217 32,631 26.8 28.0
590 Electric and gas, and other combinations 132 97,510 38,420 38,420 39.4 39.4
670 Water, steam, air-conditioning, and irrigation systems 349 251,458 61,530 63,206 24.5 25.1
680 Sewage treatment facilities 161 98,764 32,514 34,251 32.9 34.7
690 Not specified utilities 10 7,521 1,031 1,031 13.7 13.7
770 CONSTRUCTION 11,167 8,051,402 1,273,360 1,347,064 15.8 16.7
NONDURABLE GOODS MANUFACTURING 8,140 5,883,903 725,043 783,380 12.3 13.3
1070 Animal food, grain and oilseed milling 203 140,870 16,417 19,975 11.7 14.2
1080 Sugar and confectionery products 133 77,278 14,436 14,985 18.7 19.4
1090 Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty food manufacturing 232 155,843 35,405 37,686 22.7 24.2
1170 Dairy product manufacturing 206 134,746 25,188 25,794 18.7 19.1
1180 Animal slaughtering and processing 733 477,240 79,434 89,164 16.6 18.7
1190 Retail bakeries 174 129,442 12,769 16,039 9.9 12.4
1270 Bakeries, except retail 247 195,332 40,827 42,111 20.9 21.6
1280 Seafood and other miscellaneous foods, n.e.c. 324 206,033 21,786 23,693 10.6 11.5
1290 Not specified food industries 6 3,891 535 535 13.8 13.8
1370 Beverage manufacturing 263 202,565 32,331 36,728 16.0 18.1
1390 Tobacco manufacturing 30 27,011 2,254 4,587 8.3 17.0
1470 Fiber, yarn, and thread mills 38 32,652 0 1,733 0.0 5.3
1480 Fabric mills, except knitting 186 135,019 4,504 4,504 3.3 3.3
1490 Textile and fabric finishing and coating mills 47 26,831 2,309 2,521 8.6 9.4
1570 Carpet and rug mills 93 109,365 4,238 4,238 3.9 3.9
1590 Textile product mills, except carpets and rugs 181 140,861 8,010 9,441 5.7 6.7
1670 Knitting mills 49 38,793 1,097 1,097 2.8 2.8
1680 Cut and sew apparel manufacturing 370 314,046 27,037 29,227 8.6 9.3
1690 Apparel accessories and other apparel manufacturing 17 16,051 0 0 0.0 0.0
1770 Footwear manufacturing 53 31,649 3,823 3,823 12.1 12.1
1790 Leather tanning and products, except footwear manufacturing 41 25,413 3,184 3,184 12.5 12.5
1870 Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills 314 223,720 89,014 92,886 39.8 41.5
1880 Paperboard containers and boxes 228 180,731 39,744 41,045 22.0 22.7
1890 Miscellaneous paper and pulp products 161 107,413 16,785 17,750 15.6 16.5
1990 Printing and related support activities 1,013 696,348 34,019 40,125 4.9 5.8
2070 Petroleum refining 188 140,102 29,799 31,051 21.3 22.2
2090 Miscellaneous petroleum and coal products 29 23,469 4,671 4,671 19.9 19.9
2170 Resin, synthetic rubber and fibers, and filaments manufacturing 166 120,355 6,122 6,122 5.1 5.1
2180 Agricultural chemical manufacturing 68 42,198 3,084 3,084 7.3 7.3
2190 Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing 573 420,366 14,110 16,934 3.4 4.0
2270 Paint, coating, and adhesive manufacturing 108 83,629 7,725 7,725 9.2 9.2
2280 Soap, cleaning compound, and cosmetics manufacturing 176 130,426 10,797 11,497 8.3 8.8
2290 Industrial and miscellaneous chemicals 535 389,261 60,665 62,462 15.6 16.0
2370 Plastics product manufacturing 712 517,273 36,124 38,816 7.0 7.5
2380 Tire manufacturing 118 90,708 25,092 26,295 27.7 29.0
2390 Rubber products, except tires, manufacturing 125 96,974 11,709 11,851 12.1 12.2
DURABLE GOODS MANUFACTURING 13,871 9,926,300 1,327,137 1,421,084 13.4 14.3
2470 Pottery, ceramics, and related products manufacturing 42 27,886 3,690 3,690 13.2 13.2
2480 Structural clay product manufacturing 42 33,098 2,390 2,390 7.2 7.2
2490 Glass and glass product manufacturing 175 147,017 36,719 37,717 25.0 25.7
2570 Cement, concrete, lime, and gypsum product manufacturing 320 222,311 36,056 38,323 16.2 17.2
2590 Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing 100 70,685 10,282 10,282 14.5 14.5
2670 Iron and steel mills and steel product manufacturing 387 281,704 91,326 92,876 32.4 33.0
2680 Aluminum production and processing 120 92,707 38,568 40,321 41.6 43.5
2690 Nonferrous metal, except aluminum, production and processing 93 59,330 9,387 11,602 15.8 19.6
2770 Foundries 167 116,539 28,996 29,872 24.9 25.6
2780 Metal forgings and stampings 112 80,305 19,914 20,665 24.8 25.7
2790 Cutlery and hand tool manufacturing 78 55,549 4,927 4,927 8.9 8.9
2870 Structural metals, and tank and shipping container manufacturing 561 399,378 53,723 60,450 13.5 15.1
2880 Machine shops; turned product; screw, nut and bolt manufacturing 403 285,646 17,697 18,692 6.2 6.5
2890 Coating, engraving, heat treating and allied activities 95 78,063 3,138 4,331 4.0 5.5
2970 Ordnance 82 40,048 4,133 6,179 10.3 15.4
2980 Miscellaneous fabricated metal products manufacturing 461 326,860 38,786 41,665 11.9 12.7
2990 Not specified metal industries 22 17,442 1,549 1,549 8.9 8.9
3070 Agricultural implement manufacturing 156 83,717 11,890 12,415 14.2 14.8
3080 Construction, mining and oil field machinery manufacturing 171 120,664 11,747 11,747 9.7 9.7
3090 Commercial and service industry machinery manufacturing 173 124,248 7,025 7,025 5.7 5.7
3170 Metalworking machinery manufacturing 258 189,210 18,141 18,658 9.6 9.9
3180 Engines, turbines, and power transmission equipment manufacturing 54 39,433 7,999 8,923 20.3 22.6
3190 Machinery manufacturing, n.e.c. 886 607,443 67,152 73,544 11.1 12.1
3290 Not specified machinery manufacturing 4 3,547 1,256 1,256 35.4 35.4
3360 Computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing 428 314,476 2,933 5,748 0.9 1.8
3370 Communications, audio, and video equipment manufacturing 234 188,313 9,153 10,995 4.9 5.8
3380 Navigational, measuring, electromedical, & control instruments manufacturin 365 236,114 17,212 18,048 7.3 7.6
3390 Electronic component and product manufacturing, n.e.c. 1,085 794,153 26,081 28,454 3.3 3.6
3470 Household appliance manufacturing 117 94,287 20,606 22,078 21.9 23.4
3490 Electrical lighting, equipment, and supplies manufacturing, n.e.c. 559 389,296 40,540 44,465 10.4 11.4
3570 Motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment manufacturing 1,717 1,399,261 410,822 422,298 29.4 30.2
3580 Aircraft and parts manufacturing 499 332,155 59,751 71,839 18.0 21.6
3590 Aerospace products and parts manufacturing 352 281,113 24,721 29,500 8.8 10.5
3670 Railroad rolling stock manufacturing 36 30,343 4,508 4,864 14.9 16.0
3680 Ship and boat building 294 168,930 38,027 39,923 22.5 23.6
3690 Other transportation equipment manufacturing 60 41,324 13,416 15,369 32.5 37.2
3770 Sawmills and wood preservation 208 128,247 9,386 9,824 7.3 7.7
3780 Veneer, plywood, and engineered wood products 95 65,346 4,428 5,227 6.8 8.0
3790 Prefabricated wood buildings and mobile homes 91 69,400 633 633 0.9 0.9
3870 Miscellaneous wood products 347 215,322 13,524 13,891 6.3 6.5
3890 Furniture and related product manufacturing 821 591,806 43,426 52,411 7.3 8.9
3960 Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing 640 455,101 15,638 18,202 3.4 4.0
3970 Toys, amusement, and sporting goods manufacturing 168 108,428 1,965 2,217 1.8 2.0
3980 Miscellaneous manufacturing, n.e.c. 611 369,043 27,670 27,795 7.5 7.5
3990 Not specified manufacturing industries 182 151,012 16,204 18,204 10.7 12.1
WHOLESALE TRADE 5,765 4,094,602 190,460 216,135 4.7 5.3
4070 Motor vehicles, parts and supplies, merchant wholesalers 275 205,564 7,019 7,153 3.4 3.5
4080 Furniture and home furnishing, merchant wholesalers 116 95,894 2,881 2,881 3.0 3.0
4090 Lumber and other construction materials, merchant wholesalers 301 204,984 9,841 10,228 4.8 5.0
4170 Professional and commercial equipment and supplies, merchant wholesalers 551 424,039 7,651 7,651 1.8 1.8
4180 Metals and minerals, except petroleum, merchant wholesalers 102 76,626 4,707 5,850 6.1 7.6
4190 Electrical goods, merchant wholesalers 396 281,457 7,354 11,768 2.6 4.2
4260 Hardware, plumbing and heating equipment, and supplies, merchant wholesaler 290 208,343 6,772 7,476 3.3 3.6
4270 Machinery, equipment, and supplies, merchant wholesalers 658 440,464 9,232 12,332 2.1 2.8
4280 Recyclable material, merchant wholesalers 111 76,165 5,707 7,764 7.5 10.2
4290 Miscellaneous durable goods, merchant wholesalers 201 158,519 5,864 5,864 3.7 3.7
4370 Paper and paper products, merchant wholesalers 144 103,961 3,341 3,341 3.2 3.2
4380 Drugs, sundries, and chemical and allied products, merchant wholesalers 358 260,700 9,815 9,815 3.8 3.8
4390 Apparel, fabrics, and notions, merchant wholesalers 126 97,137 6,395 8,636 6.6 8.9
4470 Groceries and related products, merchant wholesalers 1,142 818,104 75,019 80,451 9.2 9.8
4480 Farm product raw materials, merchant wholesalers 123 62,482 0 319 0.0 0.5
4490 Petroleum and petroleum products, merchant wholesalers 221 131,188 8,660 9,535 6.6 7.3
4560 Alcoholic beverages, merchant wholesalers 170 116,283 11,547 13,110 9.9 11.3
4570 Farm supplies, merchant wholesalers 124 64,454 948 948 1.5 1.5
4580 Miscellaneous nondurable goods, merchant wholesalers 281 204,422 5,173 7,431 2.5 3.6
4585 Wholesale electronic markets, agents and brokers 37 33,159 798 1,848 2.4 5.6
4590 Not specified wholesale trade 38 30,657 1,734 1,734 5.7 5.7
RETAIL TRADE 21,221 14,752,632 850,580 905,933 5.8 6.1
4670 Automobile dealers 1,811 1,255,149 49,922 52,598 4.0 4.2
4680 Other motor vehicle dealers 208 129,641 1,995 1,995 1.5 1.5
4690 Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores 688 474,759 8,852 9,912 1.9 2.1
4770 Furniture and home furnishings stores 800 580,347 7,709 11,346 1.3 2.0
4780 Household appliance stores 91 65,651 0 0 0.0 0.0
4790 Radio, TV, and computer stores 774 601,631 8,168 9,256 1.4 1.5
4870 Building material and supplies dealers 1,292 896,475 24,387 27,068 2.7 3.0
4880 Hardware stores 294 187,543 1,177 3,599 0.6 1.9
4890 Lawn and garden equipment and supplies stores 377 217,962 2,016 2,149 0.9 1.0
4970 Grocery stores 3,622 2,508,179 547,229 562,132 21.8 22.4
4980 Specialty food stores 324 233,126 6,109 6,109 2.6 2.6
4990 Beer, wine, and liquor stores 136 88,320 3,769 3,769 4.3 4.3
5070 Pharmacies and drug stores 1,041 727,104 48,098 52,196 6.6 7.2
5080 Health and personal care, except drug, stores 342 269,971 8,805 8,805 3.3 3.3
5090 Gasoline stations 712 452,155 3,193 3,529 0.7 0.8
5170 Clothing and accessories, except shoe, stores 988 734,776 15,395 16,935 2.1 2.3
5180 Shoe stores 194 136,692 1,861 1,861 1.4 1.4
5190 Jewelry, luggage, and leather goods stores 247 181,494 1,769 2,430 1.0 1.3
5270 Sporting goods, camera, and hobby and toy stores 557 362,376 4,934 9,610 1.4 2.7
5280 Sewing, needlework, and piece goods stores 79 51,595 0 0 0.0 0.0
5290 Music stores 162 114,557 1,270 1,270 1.1 1.1
5370 Book stores and news dealers 225 163,517 4,398 5,303 2.7 3.2
5380 Department stores and discount stores 3,482 2,432,100 67,412 78,364 2.8 3.2
5390 Miscellaneous general merchandise stores 555 390,312 18,765 19,770 4.8 5.1
5470 Retail florists 193 126,396 1,696 1,696 1.3 1.3
5480 Office supplies and stationery stores 265 177,539 1,861 3,063 1.0 1.7
5490 Used merchandise stores 213 148,540 450 450 0.3 0.3
5570 Gift, novelty, and souvenir shops 315 200,576 0 96 0.0 0.0
5580 Miscellaneous retail stores 492 315,032 1,719 1,719 0.5 0.5
5590 Electronic shopping 44 31,277 0 0 0.0 0.0
5591 Electronic auctions 4 3,146 0 0 0.0 0.0
5592 Mail order houses 129 78,196 2,531 2,531 3.2 3.2
5670 Vending machine operators 62 46,322 0 153 0.0 0.3
5680 Fuel dealers 135 75,687 988 988 1.3 1.3
5690 Other direct selling establishments 165 117,481 1,770 1,770 1.5 1.5
5790 Not specified retail trade 203 177,009 2,332 3,460 1.3 2.0
TRANSPORTATION & WAREHOUSING 7,329 5,221,416 1,732,118 1,839,735 33.2 35.2
6070 Air transportation 825 577,818 274,642 288,647 47.5 50.0
6080 Rail transportation 440 265,930 193,577 196,884 72.8 74.0
6090 Water transportation 77 45,856 17,651 18,079 38.5 39.4
6170 Truck transportation 2,116 1,525,478 167,493 178,193 11.0 11.7
6180 Bus service and urban transit 688 491,685 208,868 215,700 42.5 43.9
6190 Taxi and limousine service 175 140,791 13,225 16,636 9.4 11.8
6270 Pipeline transportation 45 27,919 2,001 2,001 7.2 7.2
6280 Scenic and sightseeing transportation 48 17,287 1,293 1,293 7.5 7.5
6290 Services incidental to transportation 633 490,442 99,627 112,365 20.3 22.9
6370 Postal Service 1,248 834,525 549,928 590,468 65.9 70.8
6380 Couriers and messengers 756 573,965 186,900 199,312 32.6 34.7
6390 Warehousing and storage 278 229,718 16,913 20,158 7.4 8.8
INFORMATION 4,529 3,234,442 461,662 504,978 14.3 15.6
6470 Newspaper publishers 723 458,002 46,196 50,734 10.1 11.1
6480 Publishing, except newspapers and software 422 302,997 9,409 11,227 3.1 3.7
6490 Software publishing 33 25,148 0 1,118 0.0 4.4
6570 Motion pictures and video industries 400 308,459 50,296 51,900 16.3 16.8
6590 Sound recording industries 25 22,314 1,352 2,201 6.1 9.9
6670 Radio and television broadcasting and cable 721 510,464 46,554 52,984 9.1 10.4
6675 Internet publishing and broadcasting 10 7,516 0 0 0.0 0.0
6680 Wired telecommunications carriers 1,222 894,536 199,283 213,878 22.3 23.9
6690 Other telecommunications services 422 329,069 76,313 80,758 23.2 24.5
6692 Internet service providers 79 59,892 712 712 1.2 1.2
6695 Data processing, hosting, and related services 103 76,228 827 1,659 1.1 2.2
6770 Libraries and archives 313 200,595 28,272 35,358 14.1 17.6
6780 Other information services 56 39,222 2,448 2,448 6.2 6.2
FINANCE & INSURANCE 9,344 6,437,235 126,989 160,751 2.0 2.5
6870 Banking and related activities 2,866 1,914,822 26,227 36,972 1.4 1.9
6880 Savings institutions, including credit unions 446 278,905 12,935 12,935 4.6 4.6
6890 Non-depository credit and related activities 1,463 1,050,634 6,970 8,020 0.7 0.8
6970 Securities, commodities, funds, trusts, and other financial investments 1,265 933,788 21,137 26,689 2.3 2.9
6990 Insurance carriers and related activities 3,304 2,259,086 59,721 76,135 2.6 3.4
REAL ESTATE & RENTAL & LEASING 3,129 2,276,900 102,160 114,310 4.5 5.0
7070 Real estate 2,452 1,785,205 85,911 96,473 4.8 5.4
7080 Automotive equipment rental and leasing 235 171,520 7,734 8,636 4.5 5.0
7170 Video tape and disk rental 175 115,787 0 569 0.0 0.5
7180 Other consumer goods rental 120 92,405 819 819 0.9 0.9
7190 Commercial, industrial, and other intangible assets rental and leasing 147 111,984 7,695 7,813 6.9 7.0
PROF., SCIENTIFIC, TECHNICAL SERVICES 8,909 6,439,131 96,002 135,747 1.5 2.1
7270 Legal services 1,764 1,236,812 21,376 26,723 1.7 2.2
7280 Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping, and payroll services 912 657,635 6,190 7,961 0.9 1.2
7290 Architectural, engineering, and related services 1,665 1,171,165 29,437 39,708 2.5 3.4
7370 Specialized design services 225 164,024 2,004 2,004 1.2 1.2
7380 Computer systems design and related services 1,775 1,373,000 12,016 18,261 0.9 1.3
7390 Management, scientific, and technical consulting services 752 555,617 1,136 8,291 0.2 1.5
7460 Scientific research and development services 689 469,685 13,331 17,562 2.8 3.7
7470 Advertising and related services 552 414,119 5,236 6,914 1.3 1.7
7480 Veterinary services 303 203,835 2,475 4,536 1.2 2.2
7490 Other professional, scientific, and technical services 272 193,240 2,801 3,787 1.4 2.0
MANAGEMENT & RELATED SERVICES 6,324 4,716,926 221,302 253,016 4.7 5.4
7570 Management of companies and enterprises 45 29,993 2,465 2,465 8.2 8.2
7580 Employment services 1,237 933,435 29,704 40,592 3.2 4.3
7590 Business support services 920 647,327 5,562 8,060 0.9 1.2
7670 Travel arrangements and reservation services 352 229,777 953 1,910 0.4 0.8
7680 Investigation and security services 793 617,575 45,684 49,713 7.4 8.0
7690 Services to buildings and dwellings 1,209 901,635 44,226 50,378 4.9 5.6
7770 Landscaping services 974 767,594 19,517 20,595 2.5 2.7
7780 Other administrative and other support services 261 189,787 8,763 11,163 4.6 5.9
7790 Waste management and remediation services 533 399,803 64,427 68,141 16.1 17.0
EDUCATIONAL SERVICES 17,796 11,785,038 3,922,344 4,434,093 33.3 37.6
7860 Elementary and secondary schools 12,274 8,095,765 3,426,523 3,844,688 42.3 47.5
7870 Colleges and universities, including junior colleges 4,967 3,309,931 475,793 567,112 14.4 17.1
7880 Business, technical, and trade schools and training 151 99,798 7,331 7,548 7.3 7.6
7890 Other schools, instruction, and educational services 404 279,544 12,698 14,744 4.5 5.3
HEALTH CARE & SOCIAL ASSISTANCE 22,542 15,253,631 1,438,876 1,630,851 9.4 10.7
7970 Offices of physicians 2,140 1,492,214 48,164 54,372 3.2 3.6
7980 Offices of dentists 930 637,127 14,486 17,777 2.3 2.8
7990 Offices of chiropractors 131 90,683 4,583 4,583 5.1 5.1
8070 Offices of optometrists 116 69,316 806 2,027 1.2 2.9
8080 Offices of other health practitioners 196 141,214 5,622 7,302 4.0 5.2
8090 Outpatient care centers 1,268 830,333 64,195 73,300 7.7 8.8
8170 Home health care services 951 668,053 66,555 69,873 10.0 10.5
8180 Other health care services 1,327 921,692 69,364 75,840 7.5 8.2
8190 Hospitals 8,215 5,607,765 786,417 899,691 14.0 16.0
8270 Nursing care facilities 2,852 1,885,062 163,531 181,184 8.7 9.6
8290 Residential care facilities, without nursing 982 635,341 40,232 48,683 6.3 7.7
8370 Individual and family services 1,341 878,939 133,137 147,792 15.1 16.8
8380 Community food and housing, and emergency services 117 74,285 5,106 5,106 6.9 6.9
8390 Vocational rehabilitation services 417 255,180 10,227 10,659 4.0 4.2
8470 Child day care services 1,559 1,066,426 26,451 32,662 2.5 3.1
ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT, & RECREATION 3,198 2,163,108 161,056 173,635 7.4 8.0
8560 Independent artists, performing arts, spectator sports, & related industrie 464 358,718 46,667 48,474 13.0 13.5
8570 Museums, art galleries, historical sites, and similar institutions 537 365,115 45,382 47,788 12.4 13.1
8580 Bowling centers 87 55,828 0 0 0.0 0.0
8590 Other amusement, gambling, and recreation industries 2,110 1,383,448 69,006 77,373 5.0 5.6
ACCOMODATION & FOOD SERVICES 12,437 8,603,799 212,482 254,260 2.5 3.0
8660 Traveler accommodation 2,336 1,362,071 118,541 133,467 8.7 9.8
8670 Recreational vehicle parks and camps, and rooming and boarding houses 122 79,810 0 695 0.0 0.9
8680 Restaurants and other food services 9,667 6,964,178 93,057 118,109 1.3 1.7
8690 Drinking places, alcoholic beverages 312 197,740 884 1,988 0.4 1.0
OTHER SERVICES, EXC. PUBLIC ADMIN. 8,008 5,590,319 166,357 192,088 3.0 3.4
8770 Automotive repair and maintenance 1,206 859,166 16,915 20,046 2.0 2.3
8780 Car washes 168 135,984 0 0 0.0 0.0
8790 Electronic and precision equipment repair and maintenance 170 122,750 8,899 8,899 7.2 7.2
8870 Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance 296 215,143 11,271 11,271 5.2 5.2
8880 Personal and household goods repair and maintenance 155 108,167 2,128 2,128 2.0 2.0
8890 Footwear and leather goods repair 8 5,408 0 0 0.0 0.0
8970 Barber shops 59 51,969 0 0 0.0 0.0
8980 Beauty salons 770 550,089 2,677 2,677 0.5 0.5
8990 Nail salons and other personal care services 244 198,923 1,142 1,568 0.6 0.8
9070 Drycleaning and laundry services 427 314,451 13,222 15,596 4.2 5.0
9080 Funeral homes, cemeteries, and crematories 172 117,940 5,814 6,514 4.9 5.5
9090 Other personal services 274 192,200 17,846 18,767 9.3 9.8
9160 Religious organizations 1,536 1,066,810 10,366 16,972 1.0 1.6
9170 Civic, social, advocacy organizations, and grantmaking and giving services 1,024 617,619 16,438 23,640 2.7 3.8
9180 Labor unions 103 66,668 46,303 47,376 69.5 71.1
9190 Business, professional, political, and similar organizations 330 193,296 3,087 5,647 1.6 2.9
9290 Private households 1,066 773,736 10,248 10,985 1.3 1.4
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 9,683 6,358,431 2,031,976 2,260,152 32.0 35.5
9370 Executive offices and legislative bodies 1,355 863,180 189,597 220,011 22.0 25.5
9380 Public finance activities 581 377,599 105,090 122,588 27.8 32.5
9390 Other general government and support 167 101,196 19,756 21,996 19.5 21.7
9470 Justice, public order, and safety activities 3,651 2,645,153 1,162,797 1,231,657 44.0 46.6
9480 Administration of human resource programs 1,358 857,819 245,305 269,045 28.6 31.4
9490 Administration of environmental quality and housing programs 571 304,162 68,982 86,004 22.7 28.3
9570 Administration of economic programs and space research 926 561,971 146,394 176,231 26.1 31.4
9590 National security and international affairs 1,074 647,351 94,055 132,621 14.5 20.5
               
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2004. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: CIC=2000 Census industry code used
in CPS, Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union
members, Covered=workers covered by a collective bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who
are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.
2005 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.