Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Industry, 2015 (details in table note)
CIC Industry Name Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, FISHING, & HUNTING 1,859 1,319,369 21,407 33,525 1.6 2.5
170 Crop production 853 691,334 5,145 9,163 0.7 1.3
180 Animal production 638 388,607 7,630 10,045 2.0 2.6
190 Forestry except logging 83 45,659 4,639 9,448 10.2 20.7
270 Logging 97 57,955 201 201 0.3 0.3
280 Fishing, hunting, and trapping 52 30,003 1,371 1,371 4.6 4.6
290 Support activities for agriculture and forestry 136 105,811 2,421 3,297 2.3 3.1
MINING 1,535 866,919 46,839 57,356 5.4 6.6
370 Oil and gas extraction 141 97,690 4,249 4,947 4.3 5.1
380 Coal mining 180 63,623 9,307 9,771 14.6 15.4
390 Metal ore mining 80 48,355 6,668 8,407 13.8 17.4
470 Nonmetallic mineral and not specified mining, and quarrying 158 85,271 11,889 13,295 13.9 15.6
490 Support activities for mining 976 571,979 14,726 20,936 2.6 3.7
UTILITIES 1,679 1,281,520 286,822 308,677 22.4 24.1
570 Electric power generation, transmission and distribution 902 677,383 145,238 152,466 21.4 22.5
580 Natural gas distribution 175 124,185 30,779 31,171 24.8 25.1
590 Electric and gas, and other combinations 102 85,318 26,964 26,964 31.6 31.6
670 Water, steam, air-conditioning, and irrigation systems 328 268,795 60,166 69,850 22.4 26.0
680 Sewage treatment facilities 123 90,747 20,296 24,847 22.4 27.4
690 Not specified utilities 49 35,092 3,379 3,379 9.6 9.6
770 CONSTRUCTION 9,094 7,492,976 1,049,508 1,110,702 14.0 14.8
NONDURABLE GOODS MANUFACTURING 6,489 5,268,564 495,929 530,720 9.4 10.1
1070 Animal food, grain and oilseed milling 181 141,996 24,123 24,123 17.0 17.0
1080 Sugar and confectionery products 108 79,213 6,250 6,250 7.9 7.9
1090 Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty food manufacturing 201 157,139 11,605 12,171 7.4 7.7
1170 Dairy product manufacturing 198 139,326 8,562 9,203 6.1 6.6
1180 Animal slaughtering and processing 697 498,553 89,277 93,347 17.9 18.7
1190 Retail bakeries 271 218,712 25,380 25,571 11.6 11.7
1270 Bakeries, except retail 211 184,440 26,284 28,310 14.3 15.3
1280 Seafood and other miscellaneous foods, n.e.c. 262 195,478 17,740 21,576 9.1 11.0
1290 Not specified food industries 52 45,266 5,259 5,259 11.6 11.6
1370 Beverage manufacturing 246 226,129 29,865 29,865 13.2 13.2
1390 Tobacco manufacturing 27 26,911 824 824 3.1 3.1
1470 Fiber, yarn, and thread mills 14 14,078 1,177 1,177 8.4 8.4
1480 Fabric mills, except knitting 121 102,859 2,239 2,239 2.2 2.2
1490 Textile and fabric finishing and coating mills 14 9,738 315 315 3.2 3.2
1570 Carpet and rug mills 70 72,158 1,181 1,181 1.6 1.6
1590 Textile product mills, except carpets and rugs 88 64,389 4,625 5,454 7.2 8.5
1670 Knitting mills 22 12,882 753 1,353 5.8 10.5
1680 Cut and sew apparel manufacturing 226 213,403 9,314 10,762 4.4 5.0
1690 Apparel accessories and other apparel manufacturing 8 6,387 1,102 1,102 17.3 17.3
1770 Footwear manufacturing 44 34,310 640 640 1.9 1.9
1790 Leather tanning and products, except footwear manufacturing 14 10,577 0 0 0.0 0.0
1870 Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills 277 202,753 57,492 60,377 28.4 29.8
1880 Paperboard containers and boxes 99 86,223 7,697 8,596 8.9 10.0
1890 Miscellaneous paper and pulp products 89 75,648 3,505 4,298 4.6 5.7
1990 Printing and related support activities 531 449,170 21,304 23,529 4.7 5.2
2070 Petroleum refining 231 175,259 21,254 23,020 12.1 13.1
2090 Miscellaneous petroleum and coal products 26 20,739 0 0 0.0 0.0
2170 Resin, synthetic rubber and fibers, and filaments manufacturing 190 159,783 7,983 8,315 5.0 5.2
2180 Agricultural chemical manufacturing 55 40,390 1,383 1,383 3.4 3.4
2190 Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing 552 490,472 10,630 12,179 2.2 2.5
2270 Paint, coating, and adhesive manufacturing 74 67,318 2,117 2,117 3.1 3.1
2280 Soap, cleaning compound, and cosmetics manufacturing 155 140,450 10,922 11,127 7.8 7.9
2290 Industrial and miscellaneous chemicals 525 419,691 51,657 58,808 12.3 14.0
2370 Plastics product manufacturing 455 361,746 12,856 15,635 3.6 4.3
2380 Tire manufacturing 60 53,196 17,000 17,000 32.0 32.0
2390 Rubber products, except tires, manufacturing 95 71,779 3,614 3,614 5.0 5.0
DURABLE GOODS MANUFACTURING 11,023 9,344,247 883,096 946,149 9.5 10.1
2470 Pottery, ceramics, and related products manufacturing 21 16,272 463 463 2.8 2.8
2480 Structural clay product manufacturing 31 23,992 2,742 2,742 11.4 11.4
2490 Glass and glass product manufacturing 169 149,813 24,073 25,231 16.1 16.8
2570 Cement, concrete, lime, and gypsum product manufacturing 208 171,563 16,166 19,011 9.4 11.1
2590 Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing 100 80,433 9,365 10,433 11.6 13.0
2670 Iron and steel mills and steel product manufacturing 344 299,390 83,938 87,387 28.0 29.2
2680 Aluminum production and processing 71 60,343 15,372 16,015 25.5 26.5
2690 Nonferrous metal, except aluminum, production and processing 72 57,618 6,679 6,679 11.6 11.6
2770 Foundries 88 83,424 10,861 11,113 13.0 13.3
2780 Metal forgings and stampings 72 64,056 6,163 7,311 9.6 11.4
2790 Cutlery and hand tool manufacturing 44 35,560 1,010 1,010 2.8 2.8
2870 Structural metals, and tank and shipping container manufacturing 429 353,744 36,434 36,797 10.3 10.4
2880 Machine shops; turned product; screw, nut and bolt manufacturing 333 265,917 7,659 9,929 2.9 3.7
2890 Coating, engraving, heat treating and allied activities 79 65,915 2,786 2,786 4.2 4.2
2970 Ordnance 70 42,489 6,557 7,745 15.4 18.2
2980 Miscellaneous fabricated metal products manufacturing 332 279,050 27,133 29,681 9.7 10.6
2990 Not specified metal industries 36 35,269 888 888 2.5 2.5
3070 Agricultural implement manufacturing 182 122,405 13,526 15,050 11.0 12.3
3080 Construction, mining and oil field machinery manufacturing 259 203,243 11,317 12,167 5.6 6.0
3090 Commercial and service industry machinery manufacturing 84 67,513 1,392 2,469 2.1 3.7
3170 Metalworking machinery manufacturing 145 123,836 8,957 10,057 7.2 8.1
3180 Engines, turbines, and power transmission equipment manufacturing 71 60,027 6,826 7,314 11.4 12.2
3190 Machinery manufacturing, n.e.c. 753 657,760 43,286 49,226 6.6 7.5
3360 Computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing 242 218,103 119 119 0.1 0.1
3370 Communications, audio, and video equipment manufacturing 135 126,793 1,486 1,486 1.2 1.2
3380 Navigational, measuring, electromedical, & control instruments manufacturin 261 213,012 6,435 6,870 3.0 3.2
3390 Electronic component and product manufacturing, n.e.c. 723 591,681 19,485 22,316 3.3 3.8
3470 Household appliance manufacturing 92 82,175 10,854 10,954 13.2 13.3
3490 Electrical lighting, equipment, and supplies manufacturing, n.e.c. 344 294,791 22,469 23,532 7.6 8.0
3570 Motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment manufacturing 1,352 1,286,434 215,698 222,189 16.8 17.3
3580 Aircraft and parts manufacturing 847 708,001 105,269 112,438 14.9 15.9
3590 Aerospace products and parts manufacturing 125 114,754 9,004 10,496 7.8 9.1
3670 Railroad rolling stock manufacturing 48 43,283 15,281 15,281 35.3 35.3
3680 Ship and boat building 237 157,318 25,413 30,239 16.2 19.2
3690 Other transportation equipment manufacturing 51 46,467 5,314 6,444 11.4 13.9
3770 Sawmills and wood preservation 182 118,988 5,712 6,342 4.8 5.3
3780 Veneer, plywood, and engineered wood products 58 49,211 4,150 4,514 8.4 9.2
3790 Prefabricated wood buildings and mobile homes 40 36,085 0 0 0.0 0.0
3870 Miscellaneous wood products 218 184,820 8,129 8,246 4.4 4.5
3890 Furniture and related product manufacturing 465 373,164 13,220 15,109 3.5 4.0
3960 Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing 660 554,575 12,978 12,978 2.3 2.3
3970 Toys, amusement, and sporting goods manufacturing 128 98,293 7,396 7,396 7.5 7.5
3980 Miscellaneous manufacturing, n.e.c. 550 465,657 31,239 33,151 6.7 7.1
3990 Not specified manufacturing industries 272 261,007 19,852 24,545 7.6 9.4
WHOLESALE TRADE 4,024 3,348,929 126,848 139,649 3.8 4.2
4070 Motor vehicles, parts and supplies, merchant wholesalers 167 143,848 9,885 10,854 6.9 7.5
4080 Furniture and home furnishing, merchant wholesalers 62 59,902 2,237 4,512 3.7 7.5
4090 Lumber and other construction materials, merchant wholesalers 200 164,037 7,166 9,078 4.4 5.5
4170 Professional and commercial equipment and supplies, merchant wholesalers 363 311,659 9,802 10,549 3.1 3.4
4180 Metals and minerals, except petroleum, merchant wholesalers 63 53,316 2,174 2,174 4.1 4.1
4190 Electrical goods, merchant wholesalers 229 208,883 4,699 4,699 2.2 2.2
4260 Hardware, plumbing and heating equipment, and supplies, merchant wholesaler 172 135,113 1,313 1,313 1.0 1.0
4270 Machinery, equipment, and supplies, merchant wholesalers 439 327,139 7,746 7,746 2.4 2.4
4280 Recyclable material, merchant wholesalers 101 95,394 3,471 4,508 3.6 4.7
4290 Miscellaneous durable goods, merchant wholesalers 101 82,801 197 197 0.2 0.2
4370 Paper and paper products, merchant wholesalers 60 48,199 3,048 3,048 6.3 6.3
4380 Drugs, sundries, and chemical and allied products, merchant wholesalers 254 226,303 2,465 2,465 1.1 1.1
4390 Apparel, fabrics, and notions, merchant wholesalers 111 112,515 2,519 2,519 2.2 2.2
4470 Groceries and related products, merchant wholesalers 928 774,730 57,257 61,137 7.4 7.9
4480 Farm product raw materials, merchant wholesalers 117 71,340 0 489 0.0 0.7
4490 Petroleum and petroleum products, merchant wholesalers 154 100,999 2,229 2,465 2.2 2.4
4560 Alcoholic beverages, merchant wholesalers 140 117,398 7,110 8,366 6.1 7.1
4570 Farm supplies, merchant wholesalers 75 46,909 986 986 2.1 2.1
4580 Miscellaneous nondurable goods, merchant wholesalers 189 169,925 1,330 1,330 0.8 0.8
4585 Wholesale electronic markets, agents and brokers 54 56,648 0 0 0.0 0.0
4590 Not specified wholesale trade 45 41,870 1,214 1,214 2.9 2.9
RETAIL TRADE 18,952 15,577,053 759,987 841,591 4.9 5.4
4670 Automobile dealers 1,492 1,229,876 48,251 49,402 3.9 4.0
4680 Other motor vehicle dealers 174 120,436 0 0 0.0 0.0
4690 Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores 613 498,400 7,483 7,755 1.5 1.6
4770 Furniture and home furnishings stores 546 462,366 8,017 10,845 1.7 2.3
4780 Household appliance stores 67 53,276 1,971 1,971 3.7 3.7
4790 Radio, TV, and computer stores 642 566,967 16,087 18,759 2.8 3.3
4870 Building material and supplies dealers 1,189 938,893 21,299 26,847 2.3 2.9
4880 Hardware stores 253 176,568 2,897 3,981 1.6 2.3
4890 Lawn and garden equipment and supplies stores 363 250,218 2,323 2,323 0.9 0.9
4970 Grocery stores 3,301 2,720,585 420,517 443,789 15.5 16.3
4980 Specialty food stores 265 226,702 7,297 11,339 3.2 5.0
4990 Beer, wine, and liquor stores 159 126,907 3,382 3,382 2.7 2.7
5070 Pharmacies and drug stores 1,059 885,035 58,020 62,102 6.6 7.0
5080 Health and personal care, except drug, stores 395 349,020 13,379 16,911 3.8 4.8
5090 Gasoline stations 666 507,158 11,241 13,683 2.2 2.7
5170 Clothing and accessories, except shoe, stores 1,122 1,030,645 11,517 18,520 1.1 1.8
5180 Shoe stores 177 172,257 465 465 0.3 0.3
5190 Jewelry, luggage, and leather goods stores 165 139,025 1,459 1,459 1.0 1.0
5270 Sporting goods, camera, and hobby and toy stores 616 469,675 4,183 5,811 0.9 1.2
5280 Sewing, needlework, and piece goods stores 72 56,507 1,635 1,635 2.9 2.9
5290 Music stores 34 27,876 0 0 0.0 0.0
5370 Book stores and news dealers 119 95,826 1,132 1,132 1.2 1.2
5380 Department stores and discount stores 2,637 2,081,630 56,145 64,903 2.7 3.1
5390 Miscellaneous general merchandise stores 698 568,349 20,004 26,421 3.5 4.6
5470 Retail florists 93 79,940 1,089 1,089 1.4 1.4
5480 Office supplies and stationery stores 174 144,271 3,184 3,184 2.2 2.2
5490 Used merchandise stores 254 212,044 2,143 2,143 1.0 1.0
5570 Gift, novelty, and souvenir shops 122 95,889 2,269 3,295 2.4 3.4
5580 Miscellaneous retail stores 477 393,101 6,009 7,429 1.5 1.9
5590 Electronic shopping 225 209,377 886 3,459 0.4 1.7
5591 Electronic auctions 12 9,234 0 0 0.0 0.0
5592 Mail order houses 102 98,510 3,803 3,803 3.9 3.9
5670 Vending machine operators 53 48,954 5,193 5,193 10.6 10.6
5680 Fuel dealers 122 78,865 3,359 3,359 4.3 4.3
5690 Other direct selling establishments 99 78,576 2,624 3,426 3.3 4.4
5790 Not specified retail trade 395 374,094 10,723 11,775 2.9 3.1
TRANSPORTATION & WAREHOUSING 6,843 5,749,820 1,489,270 1,578,645 25.9 27.5
6070 Air transportation 650 541,763 235,891 241,167 43.5 44.5
6080 Rail transportation 367 247,010 154,551 158,951 62.6 64.4
6090 Water transportation 83 62,050 11,762 11,762 19.0 19.0
6170 Truck transportation 1,888 1,587,272 149,455 162,161 9.4 10.2
6180 Bus service and urban transit 583 479,718 168,485 179,510 35.1 37.4
6190 Taxi and limousine service 234 226,045 26,386 28,916 11.7 12.8
6270 Pipeline transportation 78 50,512 4,971 4,971 9.8 9.8
6280 Scenic and sightseeing transportation 40 21,970 189 189 0.9 0.9
6290 Services incidental to transportation 839 715,329 105,321 109,981 14.7 15.4
6370 Postal Service 814 671,313 426,141 460,782 63.5 68.6
6380 Couriers and messengers 797 697,838 177,478 186,794 25.4 26.8
6390 Warehousing and storage 470 448,999 28,640 33,462 6.4 7.5
INFORMATION 3,236 2,693,880 247,390 284,782 9.2 10.6
6470 Newspaper publishers 263 181,369 11,881 13,101 6.6 7.2
6480 Publishing, except newspapers and software 266 224,374 6,055 7,056 2.7 3.1
6490 Software publishing 100 89,840 1,543 1,543 1.7 1.7
6570 Motion pictures and video industries 330 293,202 36,818 40,454 12.6 13.8
6590 Sound recording industries 25 25,375 2,180 2,180 8.6 8.6
6670 Radio and television broadcasting and cable 681 570,392 38,348 49,904 6.7 8.7
6672 Internet publishing and broadcasting 89 86,261 1,058 1,594 1.2 1.8
6680 Wired telecommunications carriers 601 502,034 85,371 93,094 17.0 18.5
6690 Other telecommunications services 467 387,817 34,365 40,133 8.9 10.3
6695 Data processing, hosting, and related services 101 88,762 1,869 3,584 2.1 4.0
6770 Libraries and archives 249 195,850 27,745 31,982 14.2 16.3
6780 Other information services 64 48,605 158 158 0.3 0.3
FINANCE & INSURANCE 8,103 6,685,204 126,302 157,367 1.9 2.4
6870 Banking and related activities 2,535 2,023,313 22,764 32,447 1.1 1.6
6880 Savings institutions, including credit unions 298 226,409 6,686 7,022 3.0 3.1
6890 Non-depository credit and related activities 1,110 971,112 15,506 18,413 1.6 1.9
6970 Securities, commodities, funds, trusts, and other financial investments 1,116 964,240 14,929 18,473 1.5 1.9
6990 Insurance carriers and related activities 3,044 2,500,129 66,417 81,011 2.7 3.2
REAL ESTATE & RENTAL & LEASING 2,749 2,300,993 127,884 139,012 5.6 6.0
7070 Real estate 2,309 1,945,367 113,956 122,998 5.9 6.3
7080 Automotive equipment rental and leasing 197 170,293 7,888 8,707 4.6 5.1
7170 Video tape and disk rental 12 8,821 0 0 0.0 0.0
7180 Other consumer goods rental 106 81,697 2,273 2,273 2.8 2.8
7190 Commercial, industrial, and other intangible assets rental and leasing 125 94,815 3,768 5,033 4.0 5.3
PROF., SCIENTIFIC, TECHNICAL SERVICES 10,384 8,598,090 181,941 265,832 2.1 3.1
7270 Legal services 1,646 1,283,596 29,329 35,519 2.3 2.8
7280 Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping, and payroll services 1,030 869,421 7,618 19,560 0.9 2.2
7290 Architectural, engineering, and related services 1,684 1,344,237 64,114 78,412 4.8 5.8
7370 Specialized design services 233 209,277 3,236 6,111 1.5 2.9
7380 Computer systems design and related services 2,559 2,289,121 22,641 51,183 1.0 2.2
7390 Management, scientific, and technical consulting services 1,315 1,037,403 16,156 25,048 1.6 2.4
7460 Scientific research and development services 710 545,235 23,750 29,043 4.4 5.3
7470 Advertising and related services 493 430,617 5,360 7,052 1.2 1.6
7480 Veterinary services 403 322,361 2,429 5,486 0.8 1.7
7490 Other professional, scientific, and technical services 311 266,822 7,308 8,416 2.7 3.2
MANAGEMENT & RELATED SERVICES 6,480 5,610,439 258,717 294,408 4.6 5.2
7570 Management of companies and enterprises 221 180,666 5,312 5,312 2.9 2.9
7580 Employment services 1,065 953,152 21,984 30,067 2.3 3.2
7590 Business support services 836 716,148 12,041 16,061 1.7 2.2
7670 Travel arrangements and reservation services 314 258,521 11,596 13,468 4.5 5.2
7680 Investigation and security services 845 742,602 50,761 55,550 6.8 7.5
7690 Services to buildings and dwellings 1,278 1,103,661 67,995 77,132 6.2 7.0
7770 Landscaping services 994 882,473 14,630 17,738 1.7 2.0
7780 Other administrative and other support services 295 252,460 9,912 9,912 3.9 3.9
7790 Waste management and remediation services 632 520,757 64,485 69,169 12.4 13.3
EDUCATIONAL SERVICES 17,241 13,348,917 4,186,426 4,664,035 31.4 34.9
7860 Elementary and secondary schools 11,570 8,943,415 3,615,515 4,013,628 40.4 44.9
7870 Colleges and universities, including junior colleges 4,870 3,743,995 528,730 602,210 14.1 16.1
7880 Business, technical, and trade schools and training 115 94,724 7,612 9,011 8.0 9.5
7890 Other schools, instruction, and educational services 686 566,782 34,570 39,186 6.1 6.9
HEALTH CARE & SOCIAL ASSISTANCE 23,576 18,714,329 1,715,980 1,936,499 9.2 10.3
7970 Offices of physicians 1,807 1,513,769 54,127 65,315 3.6 4.3
7980 Offices of dentists 978 769,020 22,131 30,528 2.9 4.0
7990 Offices of chiropractors 121 95,240 888 1,229 0.9 1.3
8070 Offices of optometrists 159 128,736 2,166 3,197 1.7 2.5
8080 Offices of other health practitioners 205 167,999 11,665 17,257 6.9 10.3
8090 Outpatient care centers 1,981 1,507,553 90,553 101,477 6.0 6.7
8170 Home health care services 1,516 1,283,977 111,126 127,638 8.7 9.9
8180 Other health care services 1,485 1,243,318 99,939 108,498 8.0 8.7
8190 Hospitals 8,529 6,685,355 904,123 1,023,548 13.5 15.3
8270 Nursing care facilities 2,343 1,822,230 125,392 137,825 6.9 7.6
8290 Residential care facilities, without nursing 997 776,506 52,527 54,995 6.8 7.1
8370 Individual and family services 1,749 1,377,096 181,241 193,508 13.2 14.1
8380 Community food and housing, and emergency services 162 113,172 3,930 4,891 3.5 4.3
8390 Vocational rehabilitation services 150 120,730 8,192 8,192 6.8 6.8
8470 Child day care services 1,394 1,109,628 47,980 58,400 4.3 5.3
ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT, & RECREATION 3,238 2,623,537 191,886 211,904 7.3 8.1
8560 Independent artists, performing arts, spectator sports, & related industrie 530 477,098 48,881 56,835 10.2 11.9
8570 Museums, art galleries, historical sites, and similar institutions 474 366,572 40,305 44,883 11.0 12.2
8580 Bowling centers 48 34,135 0 0 0.0 0.0
8590 Other amusement, gambling, and recreation industries 2,186 1,745,733 102,700 110,187 5.9 6.3
ACCOMODATION & FOOD SERVICES 12,130 10,199,144 251,994 304,031 2.5 3.0
8660 Traveler accommodation 1,995 1,509,080 115,499 126,284 7.7 8.4
8670 Recreational vehicle parks and camps, and rooming and boarding houses 108 84,484 164 3,609 0.2 4.3
8680 Restaurants and other food services 9,773 8,405,007 133,474 171,183 1.6 2.0
8690 Drinking places, alcoholic beverages 254 200,574 2,857 2,955 1.4 1.5
OTHER SERVICES, EXC. PUBLIC ADMIN. 7,290 5,902,247 189,256 242,278 3.2 4.1
8770 Automotive repair and maintenance 1,121 922,997 14,616 20,662 1.6 2.2
8780 Car washes 144 125,686 0 1,192 0.0 0.9
8790 Electronic and precision equipment repair and maintenance 123 102,340 1,424 2,647 1.4 2.6
8870 Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance 331 256,027 24,290 25,057 9.5 9.8
8880 Personal and household goods repair and maintenance 117 104,157 2,343 2,343 2.2 2.2
8970 Barber shops 72 66,340 1,502 3,154 2.3 4.8
8980 Beauty salons 629 524,284 5,857 10,128 1.1 1.9
8990 Nail salons and other personal care services 336 303,271 263 3,587 0.1 1.2
9070 Drycleaning and laundry services 282 234,750 9,758 11,255 4.2 4.8
9080 Funeral homes, cemeteries, and crematories 150 120,691 5,661 6,720 4.7 5.6
9090 Other personal services 322 300,096 24,306 26,793 8.1 8.9
9160 Religious organizations 1,389 1,101,677 12,092 20,365 1.1 1.8
9170 Civic, social, advocacy organizations, and grantmaking and giving services 1,024 719,787 28,008 35,471 3.9 4.9
9180 Labor unions 77 66,445 40,677 43,260 61.2 65.1
9190 Business, professional, political, and similar organizations 242 142,910 7,693 7,693 5.4 5.4
9290 Private households 931 810,789 10,765 21,952 1.3 2.7
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 9,357 6,844,305 2,148,800 2,385,648 31.4 34.9
9370 Executive offices and legislative bodies 1,405 1,005,666 209,597 231,802 20.8 23.0
9380 Public finance activities 450 327,623 77,980 95,040 23.8 29.0
9390 Other general government and support 170 138,488 27,329 35,544 19.7 25.7
9470 Justice, public order, and safety activities 3,601 2,838,542 1,238,688 1,304,102 43.6 45.9
9480 Administration of human resource programs 1,337 965,300 304,582 343,309 31.6 35.6
9490 Administration of environmental quality and housing programs 449 263,345 52,060 62,835 19.8 23.9
9570 Administration of economic programs and space research 814 535,533 127,656 146,287 23.8 27.3
9590 National security and international affairs 1,131 769,808 110,909 166,728 14.4 21.7
               
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2015. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: CIC=2003 Census industry code used
in CPS, Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union
members, Covered=workers covered by a collective bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who
are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.
2016 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.