Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Industry, 2018 (details in table note)
CIC Industry Name Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, FISHING, & HUNTING 1,803 1,383,977 33,384 40,102 2.4 2.9
170 Crop production 816 700,485 18,277 22,408 2.6 3.2
180 Animal production 597 400,074 4,313 4,763 1.1 1.2
190 Forestry except logging 67 33,312 3,684 4,791 11.1 14.4
270 Logging 117 79,288 3,832 4,862 4.8 6.1
280 Fishing, hunting, and trapping 63 37,774 327 327 0.9 0.9
290 Support activities for agriculture and forestry 143 133,044 2,950 2,950 2.2 2.2
MINING 1,264 725,530 34,067 38,698 4.7 5.3
370 Oil and gas extraction 107 68,827 3,157 3,637 4.6 5.3
380 Coal mining 158 65,051 4,723 4,886 7.3 7.5
390 Metal ore mining 52 25,985 3,204 4,038 12.3 15.5
470 Nonmetallic mineral and not specified mining, and quarrying 176 104,286 12,099 12,895 11.6 12.4
490 Support activities for mining 771 461,382 10,885 13,241 2.4 2.9
UTILITIES 1,630 1,352,273 304,112 316,661 22.5 23.4
570 Electric power generation, transmission and distribution 894 728,413 171,475 175,760 23.5 24.1
580 Natural gas distribution 162 136,441 22,825 23,896 16.7 17.5
590 Electric and gas, and other combinations 141 129,258 28,995 29,134 22.4 22.5
670 Water, steam, air-conditioning, and irrigation systems 303 246,984 52,463 54,272 21.2 22.0
680 Sewage treatment facilities 105 89,762 22,733 27,435 25.3 30.6
690 Not specified utilities 25 21,414 5,622 6,165 26.3 28.8
770 CONSTRUCTION 9,547 8,534,271 1,163,667 1,243,912 13.6 14.6
NONDURABLE GOODS MANUFACTURING 6,208 5,471,264 492,407 529,813 9.0 9.7
1070 Animal food, grain and oilseed milling 196 154,809 9,991 9,991 6.5 6.5
1080 Sugar and confectionery products 99 70,583 10,298 10,298 14.6 14.6
1090 Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty food manufacturing 177 153,266 20,043 21,395 13.1 14.0
1170 Dairy product manufacturing 229 166,569 13,038 14,204 7.8 8.5
1180 Animal slaughtering and processing 682 500,282 82,791 88,913 16.5 17.8
1190 Retail bakeries 252 220,165 20,168 22,035 9.2 10.0
1270 Bakeries, except retail 209 202,132 23,233 25,907 11.5 12.8
1280 Seafood and other miscellaneous foods, n.e.c. 226 188,590 19,697 21,478 10.4 11.4
1290 Not specified food industries 71 60,930 5,397 5,397 8.9 8.9
1370 Beverage manufacturing 315 303,576 29,536 29,536 9.7 9.7
1390 Tobacco manufacturing 15 19,161 2,382 2,382 12.4 12.4
1470 Fiber, yarn, and thread mills 10 9,843 0 0 0.0 0.0
1480 Fabric mills, except knitting 98 94,131 2,394 2,394 2.5 2.5
1490 Textile and fabric finishing and coating mills 14 12,266 0 0 0.0 0.0
1570 Carpet and rug mills 65 65,520 662 662 1.0 1.0
1590 Textile product mills, except carpets and rugs 83 84,168 1,044 1,044 1.2 1.2
1670 Knitting mills 20 18,204 1,248 1,248 6.9 6.9
1680 Cut and sew apparel manufacturing 181 191,421 7,555 10,654 3.9 5.6
1690 Apparel accessories and other apparel manufacturing 10 10,030 0 0 0.0 0.0
1770 Footwear manufacturing 33 27,688 1,964 1,964 7.1 7.1
1790 Leather tanning and products, except footwear manufacturing 21 18,799 0 0 0.0 0.0
1870 Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills 243 199,643 65,930 69,152 33.0 34.6
1880 Paperboard containers and boxes 100 97,802 14,626 17,056 15.0 17.4
1890 Miscellaneous paper and pulp products 76 64,497 7,161 7,161 11.1 11.1
1990 Printing and related support activities 483 440,287 14,415 17,070 3.3 3.9
2070 Petroleum refining 216 152,509 27,309 28,893 17.9 18.9
2090 Miscellaneous petroleum and coal products 32 27,678 3,738 3,738 13.5 13.5
2170 Resin, synthetic rubber and fibers, and filaments manufacturing 181 177,856 4,392 5,708 2.5 3.2
2180 Agricultural chemical manufacturing 47 33,541 531 531 1.6 1.6
2190 Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing 586 571,044 15,153 16,361 2.7 2.9
2270 Paint, coating, and adhesive manufacturing 70 72,495 5,266 5,266 7.3 7.3
2280 Soap, cleaning compound, and cosmetics manufacturing 124 136,484 7,542 9,220 5.5 6.8
2290 Industrial and miscellaneous chemicals 489 416,387 34,093 37,146 8.2 8.9
2370 Plastics product manufacturing 397 368,936 24,514 24,765 6.6 6.7
2380 Tire manufacturing 68 59,114 8,795 10,529 14.9 17.8
2390 Rubber products, except tires, manufacturing 90 80,858 7,500 7,714 9.3 9.5
DURABLE GOODS MANUFACTURING 10,453 9,480,440 866,502 936,443 9.1 9.9
2470 Pottery, ceramics, and related products manufacturing 22 13,744 2,147 2,147 15.6 15.6
2480 Structural clay product manufacturing 26 23,526 1,337 3,212 5.7 13.7
2490 Glass and glass product manufacturing 142 144,627 14,214 14,214 9.8 9.8
2570 Cement, concrete, lime, and gypsum product manufacturing 224 186,165 21,275 22,675 11.4 12.2
2590 Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing 105 99,312 6,070 7,042 6.1 7.1
2670 Iron and steel mills and steel product manufacturing 298 267,214 66,302 67,288 24.8 25.2
2680 Aluminum production and processing 76 63,698 13,945 13,945 21.9 21.9
2690 Nonferrous metal, except aluminum, production and processing 58 43,394 3,572 3,572 8.2 8.2
2770 Foundries 78 69,805 8,124 8,124 11.6 11.6
2780 Metal forgings and stampings 62 59,360 5,822 5,822 9.8 9.8
2790 Cutlery and hand tool manufacturing 39 34,521 1,260 1,260 3.6 3.6
2870 Structural metals, and tank and shipping container manufacturing 365 323,649 29,778 32,732 9.2 10.1
2880 Machine shops; turned product; screw, nut and bolt manufacturing 316 281,712 9,524 10,871 3.4 3.9
2890 Coating, engraving, heat treating and allied activities 75 73,356 4,086 4,086 5.6 5.6
2970 Ordnance 75 47,964 5,975 7,087 12.5 14.8
2980 Miscellaneous fabricated metal products manufacturing 344 313,098 25,191 30,141 8.0 9.6
2990 Not specified metal industries 23 23,870 0 0 0.0 0.0
3070 Agricultural implement manufacturing 152 107,222 11,750 12,532 11.0 11.7
3080 Construction, mining and oil field machinery manufacturing 191 141,786 13,733 13,733 9.7 9.7
3090 Commercial and service industry machinery manufacturing 73 73,108 1,804 1,804 2.5 2.5
3170 Metalworking machinery manufacturing 139 124,836 10,864 10,864 8.7 8.7
3180 Engines, turbines, and power transmission equipment manufacturing 59 50,464 1,395 1,929 2.8 3.8
3190 Machinery manufacturing, n.e.c. 745 689,083 45,194 50,279 6.6 7.3
3360 Computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing 198 184,859 1,209 1,209 0.7 0.7
3370 Communications, audio, and video equipment manufacturing 120 117,331 1,462 3,024 1.2 2.6
3380 Navigational, measuring, electromedical, & control instruments manufacturin 237 201,582 12,227 13,463 6.1 6.7
3390 Electronic component and product manufacturing, n.e.c. 683 613,826 18,870 23,300 3.1 3.8
3470 Household appliance manufacturing 78 71,740 4,969 4,969 6.9 6.9
3490 Electrical lighting, equipment, and supplies manufacturing, n.e.c. 361 323,161 14,972 17,854 4.6 5.5
3570 Motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment manufacturing 1,451 1,415,521 234,573 245,034 16.6 17.3
3580 Aircraft and parts manufacturing 842 793,717 126,244 131,426 15.9 16.6
3590 Aerospace products and parts manufacturing 55 50,206 2,602 2,602 5.2 5.2
3670 Railroad rolling stock manufacturing 32 30,621 4,476 6,670 14.6 21.8
3680 Ship and boat building 214 163,482 39,933 44,819 24.4 27.4
3690 Other transportation equipment manufacturing 41 38,319 3,739 3,739 9.8 9.8
3770 Sawmills and wood preservation 183 142,012 5,714 7,008 4.0 4.9
3780 Veneer, plywood, and engineered wood products 41 28,540 1,510 1,510 5.3 5.3
3790 Prefabricated wood buildings and mobile homes 49 40,835 692 692 1.7 1.7
3870 Miscellaneous wood products 216 203,017 3,742 4,520 1.8 2.2
3890 Furniture and related product manufacturing 426 374,035 30,351 32,087 8.1 8.6
3960 Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing 660 606,235 14,112 16,935 2.3 2.8
3970 Toys, amusement, and sporting goods manufacturing 119 106,257 3,575 6,087 3.4 5.7
3980 Miscellaneous manufacturing, n.e.c. 500 453,495 25,354 29,249 5.6 6.4
3990 Not specified manufacturing industries 260 266,131 12,816 14,887 4.8 5.6
WHOLESALE TRADE 3,788 3,362,579 140,661 161,923 4.2 4.8
4070 Motor vehicles, parts and supplies, merchant wholesalers 189 170,456 3,440 4,719 2.0 2.8
4080 Furniture and home furnishing, merchant wholesalers 61 60,513 2,348 2,348 3.9 3.9
4090 Lumber and other construction materials, merchant wholesalers 177 152,101 4,521 4,521 3.0 3.0
4170 Professional and commercial equipment and supplies, merchant wholesalers 338 321,486 3,842 6,044 1.2 1.9
4180 Metals and minerals, except petroleum, merchant wholesalers 45 41,710 2,153 2,153 5.2 5.2
4190 Electrical goods, merchant wholesalers 223 202,176 3,679 5,560 1.8 2.8
4260 Hardware, plumbing and heating equipment, and supplies, merchant wholesaler 157 130,550 2,253 3,197 1.7 2.4
4270 Machinery, equipment, and supplies, merchant wholesalers 372 313,734 6,348 9,458 2.0 3.0
4280 Recyclable material, merchant wholesalers 96 88,847 986 986 1.1 1.1
4290 Miscellaneous durable goods, merchant wholesalers 72 58,134 1,137 1,137 2.0 2.0
4370 Paper and paper products, merchant wholesalers 57 47,251 2,951 3,964 6.2 8.4
4380 Drugs, sundries, and chemical and allied products, merchant wholesalers 244 230,043 12,888 14,193 5.6 6.2
4390 Apparel, fabrics, and notions, merchant wholesalers 85 87,627 1,165 1,573 1.3 1.8
4470 Groceries and related products, merchant wholesalers 882 821,438 74,873 80,176 9.1 9.8
4480 Farm product raw materials, merchant wholesalers 111 65,031 0 0 0.0 0.0
4490 Petroleum and petroleum products, merchant wholesalers 169 128,314 4,379 4,379 3.4 3.4
4560 Alcoholic beverages, merchant wholesalers 130 102,807 7,522 7,522 7.3 7.3
4570 Farm supplies, merchant wholesalers 71 54,614 131 1,566 0.2 2.9
4580 Miscellaneous nondurable goods, merchant wholesalers 180 156,106 1,738 2,897 1.1 1.9
4585 Wholesale electronic markets, agents and brokers 76 75,617 3,095 4,321 4.1 5.7
4590 Not specified wholesale trade 53 54,022 1,210 1,210 2.2 2.2
RETAIL TRADE 17,483 15,461,697 678,904 780,435 4.4 5.0
4670 Automobile dealers 1,471 1,306,030 33,188 38,747 2.5 3.0
4680 Other motor vehicle dealers 173 136,819 3,071 3,071 2.2 2.2
4690 Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores 581 480,022 6,884 10,506 1.4 2.2
4770 Furniture and home furnishings stores 569 523,517 14,440 17,549 2.8 3.4
4780 Household appliance stores 71 65,290 1,080 1,882 1.7 2.9
4790 Radio, TV, and computer stores 501 486,126 12,785 16,773 2.6 3.5
4870 Building material and supplies dealers 1,196 1,033,875 18,576 23,181 1.8 2.2
4880 Hardware stores 251 194,313 0 1,979 0.0 1.0
4890 Lawn and garden equipment and supplies stores 318 229,323 2,894 2,894 1.3 1.3
4970 Grocery stores 3,085 2,721,158 379,678 407,136 14.0 15.0
4980 Specialty food stores 195 169,848 7,376 8,829 4.3 5.2
4990 Beer, wine, and liquor stores 125 111,779 2,267 2,417 2.0 2.2
5070 Pharmacies and drug stores 1,053 930,079 45,028 52,045 4.8 5.6
5080 Health and personal care, except drug, stores 398 352,732 6,490 7,690 1.8 2.2
5090 Gasoline stations 522 437,257 7,636 7,636 1.7 1.7
5170 Clothing and accessories, except shoe, stores 940 915,427 22,659 27,253 2.5 3.0
5180 Shoe stores 157 145,887 1,191 2,472 0.8 1.7
5190 Jewelry, luggage, and leather goods stores 152 136,456 636 636 0.5 0.5
5270 Sporting goods, camera, and hobby and toy stores 502 418,188 2,228 4,703 0.5 1.1
5280 Sewing, needlework, and piece goods stores 37 28,657 0 212 0.0 0.7
5290 Music stores 28 25,082 0 0 0.0 0.0
5370 Book stores and news dealers 102 89,791 7,035 7,035 7.8 7.8
5380 Department stores and discount stores 2,252 1,954,451 55,475 70,018 2.8 3.6
5390 Miscellaneous general merchandise stores 669 599,878 14,048 24,188 2.3 4.0
5470 Retail florists 85 73,032 1,095 1,095 1.5 1.5
5480 Office supplies and stationery stores 160 152,492 2,562 4,173 1.7 2.7
5490 Used merchandise stores 240 213,072 1,058 1,321 0.5 0.6
5570 Gift, novelty, and souvenir shops 148 120,676 6,130 6,130 5.1 5.1
5580 Miscellaneous retail stores 490 440,373 4,389 4,389 1.0 1.0
5590 Electronic shopping 328 340,416 7,801 9,592 2.3 2.8
5591 Electronic auctions 19 18,514 0 0 0.0 0.0
5592 Mail order houses 68 65,526 976 976 1.5 1.5
5670 Vending machine operators 44 40,539 0 0 0.0 0.0
5680 Fuel dealers 109 60,715 3,256 3,513 5.4 5.8
5690 Other direct selling establishments 91 79,758 940 2,359 1.2 3.0
5790 Not specified retail trade 353 364,599 6,032 8,036 1.7 2.2
TRANSPORTATION & WAREHOUSING 7,030 6,447,385 1,523,998 1,621,967 23.6 25.2
6070 Air transportation 687 614,357 222,394 233,751 36.2 38.0
6080 Rail transportation 306 223,294 140,178 142,810 62.8 64.0
6090 Water transportation 93 85,049 18,925 20,784 22.3 24.4
6170 Truck transportation 1,832 1,590,562 131,032 139,271 8.2 8.8
6180 Bus service and urban transit 590 569,052 234,568 253,854 41.2 44.6
6190 Taxi and limousine service 446 485,112 25,864 30,049 5.3 6.2
6270 Pipeline transportation 88 63,882 9,914 10,909 15.5 17.1
6280 Scenic and sightseeing transportation 43 29,775 706 918 2.4 3.1
6290 Services incidental to transportation 822 777,475 130,111 145,782 16.7 18.8
6370 Postal Service 719 627,801 414,790 434,147 66.1 69.2
6380 Couriers and messengers 794 743,550 160,447 167,247 21.6 22.5
6390 Warehousing and storage 610 637,476 35,068 42,443 5.5 6.7
INFORMATION 3,013 2,719,460 284,822 303,246 10.5 11.2
6470 Newspaper publishers 233 178,361 13,424 14,364 7.5 8.1
6480 Publishing, except newspapers and software 199 180,410 2,712 2,712 1.5 1.5
6490 Software publishing 83 83,001 1,052 1,052 1.3 1.3
6570 Motion pictures and video industries 381 379,688 50,604 51,096 13.3 13.5
6590 Sound recording industries 19 21,262 1,055 1,055 5.0 5.0
6670 Radio and television broadcasting and cable 599 539,835 44,332 49,215 8.2 9.1
6672 Internet publishing and broadcasting 144 156,001 168 1,446 0.1 0.9
6680 Wired telecommunications carriers 481 431,827 81,473 84,559 18.9 19.6
6690 Other telecommunications services 466 423,820 51,337 55,188 12.1 13.0
6695 Data processing, hosting, and related services 103 92,317 0 0 0.0 0.0
6770 Libraries and archives 271 210,443 38,372 42,265 18.2 20.1
6780 Other information services 34 22,496 294 294 1.3 1.3
FINANCE & INSURANCE 7,694 6,865,110 118,305 159,058 1.7 2.3
6870 Banking and related activities 2,354 1,997,682 35,881 46,873 1.8 2.3
6880 Savings institutions, including credit unions 331 259,556 3,821 5,513 1.5 2.1
6890 Non-depository credit and related activities 995 920,565 10,318 14,103 1.1 1.5
6970 Securities, commodities, funds, trusts, and other financial investments 1,167 1,108,676 11,716 21,291 1.1 1.9
6990 Insurance carriers and related activities 2,847 2,578,631 56,570 71,278 2.2 2.8
REAL ESTATE & RENTAL & LEASING 2,638 2,452,613 109,974 134,150 4.5 5.5
7070 Real estate 2,234 2,079,578 94,762 115,329 4.6 5.5
7080 Automotive equipment rental and leasing 182 173,132 8,591 10,209 5.0 5.9
7170 Video tape and disk rental 7 8,672 0 0 0.0 0.0
7180 Other consumer goods rental 94 89,948 1,262 1,262 1.4 1.4
7190 Commercial, industrial, and other intangible assets rental and leasing 121 101,283 5,360 7,350 5.3 7.3
PROF., SCIENTIFIC, TECHNICAL SERVICES 10,971 9,973,022 190,771 251,986 1.9 2.5
7270 Legal services 1,545 1,335,902 28,197 36,717 2.1 2.7
7280 Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping, and payroll services 971 869,586 15,686 18,545 1.8 2.1
7290 Architectural, engineering, and related services 1,766 1,568,908 63,260 71,260 4.0 4.5
7370 Specialized design services 209 203,485 5,478 10,255 2.7 5.0
7380 Computer systems design and related services 3,134 3,063,149 31,836 49,572 1.0 1.6
7390 Management, scientific, and technical consulting services 1,260 1,116,219 12,322 22,883 1.1 2.1
7460 Scientific research and development services 765 631,988 17,019 23,702 2.7 3.8
7470 Advertising and related services 543 507,019 7,443 9,522 1.5 1.9
7480 Veterinary services 446 380,058 5,152 5,152 1.4 1.4
7490 Other professional, scientific, and technical services 332 296,709 4,380 4,380 1.5 1.5
MANAGEMENT & RELATED SERVICES 6,013 5,696,361 288,554 325,691 5.1 5.7
7570 Management of companies and enterprises 203 191,434 6,413 6,584 3.3 3.4
7580 Employment services 970 944,671 16,928 23,781 1.8 2.5
7590 Business support services 674 629,678 12,598 15,342 2.0 2.4
7670 Travel arrangements and reservation services 277 256,138 4,097 4,555 1.6 1.8
7680 Investigation and security services 825 790,191 64,779 71,279 8.2 9.0
7690 Services to buildings and dwellings 1,251 1,214,363 78,214 88,127 6.4 7.3
7770 Landscaping services 938 895,609 19,846 22,335 2.2 2.5
7780 Other administrative and other support services 327 303,294 9,363 11,737 3.1 3.9
7790 Waste management and remediation services 548 470,985 76,316 81,951 16.2 17.4
EDUCATIONAL SERVICES 16,193 13,715,810 4,108,451 4,586,391 30.0 33.4
7860 Elementary and secondary schools 10,952 9,190,030 3,549,827 3,916,201 38.6 42.6
7870 Colleges and universities, including junior colleges 4,498 3,854,587 510,464 612,911 13.2 15.9
7880 Business, technical, and trade schools and training 94 76,335 14,163 16,717 18.6 21.9
7890 Other schools, instruction, and educational services 649 594,858 33,998 40,562 5.7 6.8
HEALTH CARE & SOCIAL ASSISTANCE 23,021 19,875,557 1,666,768 1,894,636 8.4 9.5
7970 Offices of physicians 1,636 1,459,566 44,713 61,399 3.1 4.2
7980 Offices of dentists 906 769,667 9,321 13,298 1.2 1.7
7990 Offices of chiropractors 116 87,803 742 742 0.8 0.8
8070 Offices of optometrists 179 144,322 3,323 3,323 2.3 2.3
8080 Offices of other health practitioners 175 160,427 2,754 2,984 1.7 1.9
8090 Outpatient care centers 2,169 1,803,029 111,330 128,458 6.2 7.1
8170 Home health care services 1,511 1,391,773 107,384 118,656 7.7 8.5
8180 Other health care services 1,629 1,489,959 95,095 110,969 6.4 7.4
8190 Hospitals 8,357 7,060,286 929,007 1,038,470 13.2 14.7
8270 Nursing care facilities 1,924 1,659,483 95,783 110,652 5.8 6.7
8290 Residential care facilities, without nursing 1,052 904,830 41,888 47,030 4.6 5.2
8370 Individual and family services 1,702 1,468,583 176,366 196,063 12.0 13.4
8380 Community food and housing, and emergency services 158 124,640 7,021 7,168 5.6 5.8
8390 Vocational rehabilitation services 113 97,950 4,315 4,315 4.4 4.4
8470 Child day care services 1,394 1,253,239 37,725 51,109 3.0 4.1
ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT, & RECREATION 3,146 2,739,733 191,530 217,233 7.0 7.9
8560 Independent artists, performing arts, spectator sports, & related industrie 511 491,235 52,556 60,448 10.7 12.3
8570 Museums, art galleries, historical sites, and similar institutions 405 320,524 35,477 40,584 11.1 12.7
8580 Bowling centers 53 40,178 0 0 0.0 0.0
8590 Other amusement, gambling, and recreation industries 2,177 1,887,795 103,497 116,201 5.5 6.2
ACCOMODATION & FOOD SERVICES 11,468 10,290,368 241,830 288,733 2.4 2.8
8660 Traveler accommodation 1,640 1,288,435 113,857 128,342 8.8 10.0
8670 Recreational vehicle parks and camps, and rooming and boarding houses 117 95,866 0 136 0.0 0.1
8680 Restaurants and other food services 9,448 8,685,335 127,973 160,255 1.5 1.8
8690 Drinking places, alcoholic beverages 263 220,731 0 0 0.0 0.0
OTHER SERVICES, EXC. PUBLIC ADMIN. 7,151 6,223,423 163,472 190,795 2.6 3.1
8770 Automotive repair and maintenance 1,127 1,021,126 20,456 23,020 2.0 2.3
8780 Car washes 155 148,831 3,215 5,158 2.2 3.5
8790 Electronic and precision equipment repair and maintenance 94 84,558 1,033 1,033 1.2 1.2
8870 Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance 268 221,461 15,450 18,409 7.0 8.3
8880 Personal and household goods repair and maintenance 115 105,108 1,048 2,189 1.0 2.1
8970 Barber shops 60 59,921 1,350 1,350 2.3 2.3
8980 Beauty salons 680 652,508 4,885 7,608 0.7 1.2
8990 Nail salons and other personal care services 392 394,840 925 1,342 0.2 0.3
9070 Drycleaning and laundry services 271 253,953 15,445 15,445 6.1 6.1
9080 Funeral homes, cemeteries, and crematories 140 112,490 1,412 2,503 1.3 2.2
9090 Other personal services 308 296,651 13,039 19,307 4.4 6.5
9160 Religious organizations 1,263 1,039,183 15,296 18,677 1.5 1.8
9170 Civic, social, advocacy organizations, and grantmaking and giving services 1,118 840,403 19,212 20,927 2.3 2.5
9180 Labor unions 82 65,311 41,623 41,877 63.7 64.1
9190 Business, professional, political, and similar organizations 248 165,999 4,534 6,557 2.7 3.9
9290 Private households 830 761,080 4,548 5,395 0.6 0.7
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 9,341 7,358,357 2,138,010 2,352,518 29.1 32.0
9370 Executive offices and legislative bodies 1,559 1,216,893 254,260 278,726 20.9 22.9
9380 Public finance activities 426 330,942 74,709 92,690 22.6 28.0
9390 Other general government and support 153 127,275 25,831 33,336 20.3 26.2
9470 Justice, public order, and safety activities 3,365 2,850,752 1,174,122 1,246,179 41.2 43.7
9480 Administration of human resource programs 1,313 1,083,170 270,424 298,342 25.0 27.5
9490 Administration of environmental quality and housing programs 432 265,748 59,460 65,259 22.4 24.6
9570 Administration of economic programs and space research 805 548,427 148,746 164,226 27.1 29.9
9590 National security and international affairs 1,288 935,150 130,459 173,761 14.0 18.6
               
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2018. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: CIC=2002 Census industry code used
in CPS, Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union
members, Covered=workers covered by a collective bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who
are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.
* No observations coded CIC 6692 (Internet service providers); they appear to be included in 6690 (Other telecommunication services)
2019 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.