Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 2000 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
7 Boston-Worcester-Lawrence, MA-NH-ME-CT Total 4,028 2,554,952 332,751 364,501 13.0 14.3
Private 3,499 2,228,628 162,038 179,704 7.3 8.1
Public 529 326,324 170,713 184,797 52.3 56.6
Priv Const 176 112,799 25,201 25,894 22.3 23.0
Priv Manuf 613 369,248 28,078 30,530 7.6 8.3
14 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI Total 5,498 4,096,332 750,732 791,631 18.3 19.3
Private 4,807 3,583,557 493,236 523,575 13.8 14.6
Public 691 512,775 257,496 268,056 50.2 52.3
Priv Const 282 213,517 97,706 100,395 45.8 47.0
Priv Manuf 914 679,569 112,542 116,271 16.6 17.1
21 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,174 887,183 107,023 125,981 12.1 14.2
Private 1,011 765,857 64,939 73,965 8.5 9.7
Public 163 121,326 42,084 52,016 34.7 42.9
Priv Const 52 38,383 4,399 4,399 11.5 11.5
Priv Manuf 228 169,892 30,959 32,440 18.2 19.1
28 Cleveland-Akron, OH Total 1,911 1,419,751 223,755 237,928 15.8 16.8
Private 1,676 1,239,745 125,326 135,207 10.1 10.9
Public 235 180,005 98,429 102,721 54.7 57.1
Priv Const 84 64,203 22,089 22,089 34.4 34.4
Priv Manuf 343 250,853 41,852 44,340 16.7 17.7
31 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 2,326 2,668,962 134,526 170,025 5.0 6.4
Private 2,073 2,379,334 81,813 104,086 3.4 4.4
Public 253 289,629 52,714 65,939 18.2 22.8
Priv Const 154 172,808 8,948 12,278 5.2 7.1
Priv Manuf 370 420,032 14,836 18,972 3.5 4.5
34 Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO Total 1,540 1,231,178 109,815 119,725 8.9 9.7
Private 1,320 1,057,435 61,800 65,933 5.8 6.2
Public 220 173,743 48,016 53,792 27.6 31.0
Priv Const 96 77,877 8,027 8,027 10.3 10.3
Priv Manuf 197 154,270 10,287 11,742 6.7 7.6
35 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI Total 3,593 2,629,441 571,518 603,828 21.7 23.0
Private 3,149 2,307,171 385,991 409,671 16.7 17.8
Public 444 322,270 185,527 194,157 57.6 60.2
Priv Const 162 120,651 44,689 45,598 37.0 37.8
Priv Manuf 837 608,456 187,959 195,339 30.9 32.1
42 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,834 2,002,438 122,689 157,731 6.1 7.9
Private 1,607 1,755,865 70,839 91,555 4.0 5.2
Public 227 246,574 51,850 66,176 21.0 26.8
Priv Const 153 163,199 9,376 9,376 5.7 5.7
Priv Manuf 236 255,593 16,598 21,274 6.5 8.3
49 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA Total 7,156 6,621,102 988,951 1,106,176 14.9 16.7
Private 6,169 5,683,521 504,694 566,261 8.9 10.0
Public 987 937,581 484,257 539,915 51.6 57.6
Priv Const 358 334,521 61,972 66,668 18.5 19.9
Priv Manuf 1,272 1,169,883 79,404 96,415 6.8 8.2
56 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 1,871 1,635,883 142,987 172,804 8.7 10.6
Private 1,638 1,430,052 61,245 73,539 4.3 5.1
Public 233 205,831 81,742 99,265 39.7 48.2
Priv Const 115 99,422 8,007 8,872 8.1 8.9
Priv Manuf 168 147,021 3,293 4,986 2.2 3.4
63 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 867 909,027 188,267 195,270 20.7 21.5
Private 757 794,414 110,156 114,922 13.9 14.5
Public 110 114,613 78,111 80,348 68.2 70.1
Priv Const 36 37,043 23,026 23,926 62.2 64.6
Priv Manuf 204 213,016 45,152 46,103 21.2 21.6
70 New York-Northern NJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 11,180 8,756,570 2,042,750 2,132,322 23.3 24.4
Private 9,398 7,378,953 1,076,941 1,138,752 14.6 15.4
Public 1,782 1,377,617 965,809 993,570 70.1 72.1
Priv Const 498 390,977 134,787 136,432 34.5 34.9
Priv Manuf 1,245 974,587 160,000 166,011 16.4 17.0
77 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 4,516 2,703,915 471,079 503,384 17.4 18.6
Private 3,930 2,349,012 275,577 294,513 11.7 12.5
Public 586 354,903 195,501 208,870 55.1 58.9
Priv Const 218 125,633 28,506 29,277 22.7 23.3
Priv Manuf 602 345,355 63,045 66,836 18.3 19.4
79 Portland-Salem, OR-WA Total 1,331 1,072,600 172,772 182,209 16.1 17.0
Private 1,148 929,495 89,387 95,605 9.6 10.3
Public 183 143,105 83,385 86,605 58.3 60.5
Priv Const 72 59,990 12,951 12,951 21.6 21.6
Priv Manuf 220 175,276 19,897 20,626 11.4 11.8
82 Sacramento-Yolo, CA Total 601 774,726 173,282 192,062 22.4 24.8
Private 461 595,876 69,199 74,280 11.6 12.5
Public 140 178,850 104,083 117,782 58.2 65.9
Priv Const 44 56,908 14,214 15,444 25.0 27.1
Priv Manuf 38 51,104 8,320 8,320 16.3 16.3
84 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,569 3,359,340 552,654 591,171 16.5 17.6
Private 2,231 2,918,246 315,920 336,360 10.8 11.5
Public 338 441,094 236,734 254,810 53.7 57.8
Priv Const 119 155,118 53,839 53,839 34.7 34.7
Priv Manuf 413 540,191 25,633 25,633 4.7 4.7
91 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA Total 1,333 1,641,454 310,038 342,152 18.9 20.8
Private 1,111 1,372,495 184,036 201,411 13.4 14.7
Public 222 268,959 126,003 140,741 46.8 52.3
Priv Const 83 103,209 27,969 29,019 27.1 28.1
Priv Manuf 179 216,972 53,150 58,073 24.5 26.8
97 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 4,271 3,532,981 415,168 494,919 11.8 14.0
Private 3,189 2,691,735 170,915 204,084 6.3 7.6
Public 1,082 841,246 244,253 290,835 29.0 34.6
Priv Const 204 199,044 16,049 18,435 8.1 9.3
Priv Manuf 230 235,415 34,219 37,026 14.5 15.7
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH PMSA Total 443 314,870 48,567 52,942 15.4 16.8
Private 371 263,557 22,369 25,274 8.5 9.6
Public 72 51,314 26,199 27,668 51.1 53.9
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 416 323,331 89,684 92,702 27.7 28.7
Private 290 227,732 25,503 25,503 11.2 11.2
Public 126 95,599 64,181 67,199 67.1 70.3
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 915 304,806 29,569 36,797 9.7 12.1
Private 707 236,897 15,308 16,044 6.5 6.8
Public 208 67,909 14,262 20,754 21.0 30.6
240 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA MSA Total 397 275,061 37,759 39,327 13.7 14.3
Private 365 253,555 24,551 25,461 9.7 10.0
Public 32 21,506 13,208 13,867 61.4 64.5
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 896 117,314 25,409 27,231 21.7 23.2
Private 683 90,083 10,740 11,524 11.9 12.8
Public 213 27,232 14,669 15,707 53.9 57.7
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 428 307,953 63,450 68,962 20.6 22.4
Private 344 249,186 37,602 41,546 15.1 16.7
Public 84 58,767 25,849 27,415 44.0 46.7
450 Anniston, AL MSA Total 124 98,120 6,010 6,682 6.1 6.8
Private 106 84,261 1,293 1,293 1.5 1.5
Public 18 13,860 4,718 5,389 34.0 38.9
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI MSA Total 150 150,289 20,162 25,043 13.4 16.7
Private 142 142,789 14,784 19,665 10.4 13.8
Public 8 7,500 5,379 5,379 71.7 71.7
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 139 105,618 2,925 2,925 2.8 2.8
Private 118 90,337 755 755 0.8 0.8
Public 21 15,281 2,170 2,170 14.2 14.2
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,563 2,121,977 124,288 142,979 5.9 6.7
Private 1,381 1,883,259 83,197 93,105 4.4 4.9
Public 182 238,718 41,091 49,874 17.2 20.9
560 Atlantic-Cape May, NJ PMSA Total 208 149,398 39,509 42,338 26.4 28.3
Private 171 123,159 24,866 25,475 20.2 20.7
Public 37 26,239 14,642 16,863 55.8 64.3
600 Augusta-Aiken, GA-SC MSA Total 179 210,257 2,655 5,182 1.3 2.5
Private 140 165,247 684 2,157 0.4 1.3
Public 39 45,009 1,971 3,025 4.4 6.7
640 Austin-San Marcos, TX MSA Total 480 522,468 15,840 16,944 3.0 3.2
Private 386 422,440 5,639 5,639 1.3 1.3
Public 94 100,028 10,202 11,305 10.2 11.3
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 209 273,253 39,186 47,747 14.3 17.5
Private 168 220,175 21,530 24,155 9.8 11.0
Public 41 53,078 17,656 23,593 33.3 44.4
720 Baltimore, MD PMSA Total 904 1,152,827 177,382 198,692 15.4 17.2
Private 713 904,062 86,797 94,346 9.6 10.4
Public 191 248,765 90,584 104,346 36.4 41.9
760 Balton Rouge, LA MSA Total 210 184,917 14,712 18,226 8.0 9.9
Private 159 140,339 8,097 8,907 5.8 6.3
Public 51 44,578 6,615 9,319 14.8 20.9
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA Total 157 169,969 20,007 24,459 11.8 14.4
Private 129 141,597 14,014 16,573 9.9 11.7
Public 28 28,372 5,993 7,886 21.1 27.8
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 122 153,632 35,453 37,937 23.1 24.7
Private 96 120,793 13,751 13,751 11.4 11.4
Public 26 32,839 21,702 24,186 66.1 73.7
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 39 29,764 4,218 4,218 14.2 14.2
Private 37 28,376 4,218 4,218 14.9 14.9
Public 2 1,388 0 0 0.0 0.0
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 796 578,038 117,847 122,378 20.4 21.2
Private 691 501,918 71,388 75,131 14.2 15.0
Public 105 76,119 46,458 47,247 61.0 62.1
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 142 112,692 23,038 23,900 20.4 21.2
Private 113 90,590 3,916 4,778 4.3 5.3
Public 29 22,102 19,122 19,122 86.5 86.5
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 559 477,854 34,131 38,629 7.1 8.1
Private 498 424,701 24,132 27,433 5.7 6.5
Public 61 53,153 9,999 11,197 18.8 21.1
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 832 205,152 13,827 16,213 6.7 7.9
Private 731 180,740 8,659 9,592 4.8 5.3
Public 101 24,412 5,169 6,621 21.2 27.1
1120 Boston, MA-NH PMSA Total 2,117 1,543,749 211,236 231,265 13.7 15.0
Private 1,852 1,355,895 99,540 114,095 7.3 8.4
Public 265 187,854 111,696 117,170 59.5 62.4
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 178 144,873 10,405 11,470 7.2 7.9
Private 150 123,141 3,681 4,746 3.0 3.9
Public 28 21,732 6,724 6,724 30.9 30.9
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 98 104,458 7,251 9,370 6.9 9.0
Private 89 94,289 4,936 4,936 5.2 5.2
Public 9 10,170 2,315 4,434 22.8 43.6
1160 Bridgeport, CT PMSA Total 235 198,689 31,585 32,478 15.9 16.3
Private 210 179,667 18,503 19,396 10.3 10.8
Public 25 19,023 13,082 13,082 68.8 68.8
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 187 133,127 19,146 19,717 14.4 14.8
Private 166 119,233 11,524 12,095 9.7 10.1
Public 21 13,895 7,622 7,622 54.9 54.9
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen-San Benito, TX MSA Total 103 109,598 4,939 8,083 4.5 7.4
Private 68 73,544 0 2,099 0.0 2.9
Public 35 36,054 4,939 5,983 13.7 16.6
1280 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA Total 631 497,834 154,772 160,569 31.1 32.3
Private 510 402,362 84,988 89,329 21.1 22.2
Public 121 95,471 69,784 71,240 73.1 74.6
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 485 84,519 8,691 10,809 10.3 12.8
Private 408 71,644 2,848 3,940 4.0 5.5
Public 77 12,875 5,843 6,869 45.4 53.4
1320 Canton-Massillon, OH MSA Total 247 173,869 28,832 30,340 16.6 17.5
Private 225 158,633 21,888 22,701 13.8 14.3
Public 22 15,236 6,944 7,639 45.6 50.1
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 149 91,469 10,717 11,320 11.7 12.4
Private 132 81,423 7,818 7,818 9.6 9.6
Public 17 10,046 2,899 3,501 28.9 34.9
1440 Charleston-North Charleston, SC MSA Total 263 267,978 12,566 14,496 4.7 5.4
Private 203 209,415 6,460 7,412 3.1 3.5
Public 60 58,563 6,106 7,083 10.4 12.1
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 309 114,862 10,882 11,932 9.5 10.4
Private 241 89,475 6,774 7,454 7.6 8.3
Public 68 25,387 4,108 4,478 16.2 17.6
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 812 661,220 33,958 41,865 5.1 6.3
Private 718 586,323 23,730 30,225 4.0 5.2
Public 94 74,897 10,228 11,640 13.7 15.5
1560 Chattanooga, TN-GA MSA Total 183 215,474 12,798 21,607 5.9 10.0
Private 158 184,238 9,350 11,374 5.1 6.2
Public 25 31,236 3,448 10,233 11.0 32.8
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 5,278 3,837,195 689,341 726,206 18.0 18.9
Private 4,611 3,351,404 448,170 474,475 13.4 14.2
Public 667 485,790 241,171 251,731 49.6 51.8
1620 Chico-Paradise, CA MSA Total 150 189,579 15,402 16,648 8.1 8.8
Private 120 152,842 5,676 5,676 3.7 3.7
Public 30 36,737 9,726 10,972 26.5 29.9
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 1,006 762,122 83,765 98,962 11.0 13.0
Private 880 667,695 53,413 60,209 8.0 9.0
Public 126 94,427 30,352 38,753 32.1 41.0
1660 Clarksville-Hopkinsville, TN-KY MSA Total 80 94,015 9,414 9,414 10.0 10.0
Private 59 70,062 3,581 3,581 5.1 5.1
Public 21 23,953 5,833 5,833 24.4 24.4
1680 Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 1,468 1,104,880 175,188 184,987 15.9 16.7
Private 1,305 976,189 102,957 109,933 10.5 11.3
Public 163 128,692 72,231 75,053 56.1 58.3
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 300 241,554 10,013 12,487 4.1 5.2
Private 247 201,036 3,113 3,113 1.5 1.5
Public 53 40,518 6,900 9,374 17.0 23.1
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 257 255,842 13,743 19,979 5.4 7.8
Private 193 190,989 7,702 10,280 4.0 5.4
Public 64 64,853 6,041 9,699 9.3 15.0
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 236 312,366 7,514 12,251 2.4 3.9
Private 202 268,493 3,905 3,905 1.5 1.5
Public 34 43,873 3,609 8,346 8.2 19.0
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 1,037 779,333 106,009 112,009 13.6 14.4
Private 879 663,498 47,573 50,734 7.2 7.6
Public 158 115,835 58,436 61,275 50.4 52.9
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 130 137,200 5,895 9,413 4.3 6.9
Private 108 115,098 3,034 5,863 2.6 5.1
Public 22 22,101 2,861 3,550 12.9 16.1
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,616 1,877,469 71,131 102,415 3.8 5.5
Private 1,453 1,686,375 43,863 63,944 2.6 3.8
Public 163 191,094 27,268 38,471 14.3 20.1
1930 Danbury, CT PMSA Total 112 96,251 16,808 18,444 17.5 19.2
Private 97 83,252 5,554 6,399 6.7 7.7
Public 15 12,999 11,253 12,045 86.6 92.7
1960 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL MSA Total 242 158,283 18,083 20,646 11.4 13.0
Private 203 133,064 10,501 11,644 7.9 8.8
Public 39 25,219 7,581 9,002 30.1 35.7
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 630 446,993 67,919 76,384 15.2 17.1
Private 543 388,997 45,120 48,374 11.6 12.4
Public 87 57,996 22,799 28,009 39.3 48.3
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 144 119,214 6,498 9,856 5.5 8.3
Private 123 101,992 1,553 1,553 1.5 1.5
Public 21 17,222 4,946 8,303 28.7 48.2
2030 Decatur, AL MSA Total 148 123,741 14,735 15,557 11.9 12.6
Private 125 105,404 7,117 7,938 6.8 7.5
Public 23 18,337 7,618 7,618 41.5 41.5
2040 Decatur, IL MSA Total 168 227,145 67,149 67,149 29.6 29.6
Private 134 181,972 48,269 48,269 26.5 26.5
Public 34 45,173 18,880 18,880 41.8 41.8
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 1,232 986,809 95,131 102,473 9.6 10.4
Private 1,062 851,404 56,048 58,318 6.6 6.8
Public 170 135,405 39,082 44,155 28.9 32.6
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 414 251,733 41,376 43,578 16.4 17.3
Private 367 223,992 31,936 33,031 14.3 14.7
Public 47 27,741 9,440 10,547 34.0 38.0
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 2,858 2,095,451 439,661 466,459 21.0 22.3
Private 2,553 1,871,693 303,116 322,851 16.2 17.2
Public 305 223,758 136,545 143,608 61.0 64.2
2190 Dover, DE MSA Total 251 49,952 7,334 8,747 14.7 17.5
Private 181 36,175 2,597 3,215 7.2 8.9
Public 70 13,777 4,737 5,533 34.4 40.2
2240 Duluth-Superior, MN-WI MSA Total 120 106,594 35,969 36,710 33.7 34.4
Private 99 88,980 22,578 23,319 25.4 26.2
Public 21 17,614 13,391 13,391 76.0 76.0
2281 Dutchess County, NY PMSA Total 143 113,388 29,497 33,214 26.0 29.3
Private 103 81,923 9,392 10,880 11.5 13.3
Public 40 31,466 20,105 22,335 63.9 71.0
2290 Eau Claire, WI MSA Total 151 151,960 32,868 32,868 21.6 21.6
Private 125 126,327 15,031 15,031 11.9 11.9
Public 26 25,633 17,838 17,838 69.6 69.6
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 213 235,162 14,901 17,069 6.3 7.3
Private 174 191,358 3,525 4,694 1.8 2.5
Public 39 43,804 11,377 12,375 26.0 28.3
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 161 115,340 21,706 21,706 18.8 18.8
Private 141 101,153 13,107 13,107 13.0 13.0
Public 20 14,187 8,600 8,600 60.6 60.6
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 166 127,708 22,307 25,706 17.5 20.1
Private 132 101,994 9,704 11,046 9.5 10.8
Public 34 25,715 12,603 14,660 49.0 57.0
2440 Evansville-Henderson, IN-KY MSA Total 98 117,796 18,325 19,525 15.6 16.6
Private 86 103,185 10,032 10,032 9.7 9.7
Public 12 14,610 8,293 9,493 56.8 65.0
2520 Fargo-Moorhead, ND-MN MSA Total 460 61,334 3,723 4,123 6.1 6.7
Private 393 52,595 1,355 1,617 2.6 3.1
Public 67 8,739 2,368 2,506 27.1 28.7
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 125 98,305 4,340 6,866 4.4 7.0
Private 108 85,101 3,565 5,336 4.2 6.3
Public 17 13,204 775 1,530 5.9 11.6
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR MSA Total 303 155,483 4,313 4,868 2.8 3.1
Private 264 135,896 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 39 19,587 4,313 4,868 22.0 24.9
2600 Fitchburg-Leominster, MA PMSA Total 124 90,844 12,154 13,552 13.4 14.9
Private 101 74,394 4,992 4,992 6.7 6.7
Public 23 16,450 7,162 8,560 43.5 52.0
2640 Flint, MI PMSA Total 307 226,037 68,407 68,407 30.3 30.3
Private 252 186,292 45,274 45,274 24.3 24.3
Public 55 39,745 23,134 23,134 58.2 58.2
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 139 110,173 25,227 25,227 22.9 22.9
Private 109 86,193 10,011 10,011 11.6 11.6
Public 30 23,980 15,216 15,216 63.5 63.5
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 149 119,453 9,119 10,495 7.6 8.8
Private 114 92,601 4,432 4,432 4.8 4.8
Public 35 26,852 4,688 6,063 17.5 22.6
2680 Fort Lauderdale, FL PMSA Total 840 727,830 84,415 103,877 11.6 14.3
Private 730 630,423 36,230 44,151 5.7 7.0
Public 110 97,407 48,185 59,726 49.5 61.3
2700 Fort Myers-Cape Coral, FL MSA Total 211 172,294 6,673 9,651 3.9 5.6
Private 194 158,580 2,466 2,466 1.6 1.6
Public 17 13,714 4,207 7,185 30.7 52.4
2710 Fort Pierce-Port St. Lucie, FL MSA Total 98 79,165 7,389 8,154 9.3 10.3
Private 82 66,371 2,731 3,497 4.1 5.3
Public 16 12,794 4,658 4,658 36.4 36.4
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 138 67,279 3,962 8,263 5.9 12.3
Private 127 62,051 3,503 7,804 5.6 12.6
Public 11 5,228 459 459 8.8 8.8
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 130 111,296 2,671 3,487 2.4 3.1
Private 96 82,503 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 34 28,793 2,671 3,487 9.3 12.1
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 155 192,120 34,234 34,234 17.8 17.8
Private 146 181,824 32,090 32,090 17.6 17.6
Public 9 10,295 2,144 2,144 20.8 20.8
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 710 791,494 63,395 67,610 8.0 8.5
Private 620 692,959 37,950 40,142 5.5 5.8
Public 90 98,535 25,445 27,469 25.8 27.9
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 261 337,908 55,216 61,621 16.3 18.2
Private 203 265,059 24,134 24,134 9.1 9.1
Public 58 72,850 31,082 37,487 42.7 51.5
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 93 80,786 1,485 1,485 1.8 1.8
Private 62 53,863 761 761 1.4 1.4
Public 31 26,923 724 724 2.7 2.7
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 132 152,455 8,927 11,201 5.9 7.3
Private 102 118,762 6,081 6,081 5.1 5.1
Public 30 33,693 2,846 5,120 8.4 15.2
2960 Gary, IN PMSA Total 220 259,138 61,391 65,425 23.7 25.2
Private 196 232,153 45,066 49,100 19.4 21.1
Public 24 26,985 16,325 16,325 60.5 60.5
3000 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI MSA Total 808 579,776 97,327 103,588 16.8 17.9
Private 721 516,917 60,528 63,847 11.7 12.4
Public 87 62,859 36,799 39,740 58.5 63.2
3060 Greeley, CO PMSA Total 130 99,496 4,280 5,782 4.3 5.8
Private 108 82,890 2,070 2,869 2.5 3.5
Public 22 16,606 2,210 2,914 13.3 17.5
3080 Green Bay, WI MSA Total 168 167,425 20,601 21,782 12.3 13.0
Private 154 154,558 15,055 16,236 9.7 10.5
Public 14 12,866 5,546 5,546 43.1 43.1
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 776 604,948 26,710 30,098 4.4 5.0
Private 682 530,751 16,840 18,290 3.2 3.4
Public 94 74,197 9,870 11,808 13.3 15.9
3150 Greenville, NC MSA Total 134 121,893 4,735 4,735 3.9 3.9
Private 114 104,212 681 681 0.7 0.7
Public 20 17,681 4,053 4,053 22.9 22.9
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC MSA Total 497 483,830 9,196 12,966 1.9 2.7
Private 433 420,170 5,051 6,791 1.2 1.6
Public 64 63,660 4,146 6,176 6.5 9.7
3180 Hagerstown, MD PMSA Total 114 114,350 13,562 17,456 11.9 15.3
Private 91 92,254 7,062 8,955 7.7 9.7
Public 23 22,096 6,500 8,502 29.4 38.5
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 168 125,061 23,258 27,019 18.6 21.6
Private 131 98,162 11,526 13,755 11.7 14.0
Public 37 26,899 11,732 13,264 43.6 49.3
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 432 299,201 44,722 53,825 14.9 18.0
Private 348 242,174 24,304 25,612 10.0 10.6
Public 84 57,026 20,418 28,213 35.8 49.5
3280 Hartford, CT MSA Total 600 515,995 81,246 90,140 15.7 17.5
Private 506 436,345 40,745 45,949 9.3 10.5
Public 94 79,650 40,501 44,190 50.8 55.5
3290 Hickory-Morgantown, NC MSA Total 154 120,260 0 701 0.0 0.6
Private 137 107,762 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 17 12,498 0 701 0.0 5.6
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,204 376,271 89,872 94,265 23.9 25.1
Private 924 288,745 39,379 41,752 13.6 14.5
Public 280 87,526 50,492 52,512 57.7 60.0
3350 Houma, LA MSA Total 103 87,320 827 827 0.9 0.9
Private 94 79,325 827 827 1.0 1.0
Public 9 7,995 0 0 0.0 0.0
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,604 1,745,524 106,511 137,160 6.1 7.9
Private 1,416 1,542,814 59,821 80,538 3.9 5.2
Public 188 202,710 46,689 56,622 23.0 27.9
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 128 47,051 7,813 8,183 16.6 17.4
Private 104 38,551 5,432 5,802 14.1 15.1
Public 24 8,500 2,381 2,381 28.0 28.0
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 157 124,721 4,528 5,227 3.6 4.2
Private 124 99,267 711 711 0.7 0.7
Public 33 25,454 3,817 4,516 15.0 17.7
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 591 704,676 78,582 100,807 11.2 14.3
Private 517 615,945 55,158 67,597 9.0 11.0
Public 74 88,731 23,424 33,210 26.4 37.4
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 128 197,604 45,026 45,026 22.8 22.8
Private 105 162,053 23,743 23,743 14.7 14.7
Public 23 35,550 21,283 21,283 59.9 59.9
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 284 180,181 11,272 12,262 6.3 6.8
Private 233 148,751 7,982 8,471 5.4 5.7
Public 51 31,429 3,289 3,792 10.5 12.1
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 575 502,723 47,773 56,563 9.5 11.3
Private 492 430,476 18,695 21,942 4.3 5.1
Public 83 72,247 29,077 34,621 40.2 47.9
3610 Jamestown, NY MSA Total 162 130,398 35,285 36,105 27.1 27.7
Private 137 111,602 23,508 24,328 21.1 21.8
Public 25 18,796 11,777 11,777 62.7 62.7
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 359 268,466 66,121 68,308 24.6 25.4
Private 305 228,268 42,158 42,751 18.5 18.7
Public 54 40,198 23,963 25,558 59.6 63.6
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 139 152,925 5,604 6,481 3.7 4.2
Private 120 132,791 4,546 4,546 3.4 3.4
Public 19 20,134 1,058 1,934 5.3 9.6
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 111 77,129 11,769 12,528 15.3 16.2
Private 97 67,542 6,911 6,911 10.2 10.2
Public 14 9,588 4,858 5,617 50.7 58.6
3720 Kalamazoo-Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 220 156,610 26,163 26,163 16.7 16.7
Private 181 129,026 16,611 16,611 12.9 12.9
Public 39 27,584 9,552 9,552 34.6 34.6
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 1,082 891,228 97,734 107,982 11.0 12.1
Private 936 768,769 68,979 70,652 9.0 9.2
Public 146 122,459 28,755 37,330 23.5 30.5
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 267 303,104 17,935 21,126 5.9 7.0
Private 228 259,100 14,110 15,246 5.4 5.9
Public 39 44,004 3,825 5,880 8.7 13.4
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 169 157,906 2,465 6,957 1.6 4.4
Private 140 130,247 865 865 0.7 0.7
Public 29 27,659 1,600 6,092 5.8 22.0
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 103 92,190 6,091 7,060 6.6 7.7
Private 88 78,763 6,091 6,091 7.7 7.7
Public 15 13,427 0 969 0.0 7.2
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 234 191,148 6,290 7,907 3.3 4.1
Private 206 168,445 5,439 7,056 3.2 4.2
Public 28 22,703 851 851 3.8 3.8
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 314 221,035 22,014 23,280 10.0 10.5
Private 295 206,997 15,842 16,499 7.7 8.0
Public 19 14,038 6,172 6,781 44.0 48.3
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 276 198,628 51,195 52,442 25.8 26.4
Private 207 149,481 27,793 29,041 18.6 19.4
Public 69 49,147 23,402 23,402 47.6 47.6
4080 Laredo, TX MSA Total 102 110,148 5,878 6,936 5.3 6.3
Private 68 74,784 2,496 2,496 3.3 3.3
Public 34 35,364 3,382 4,440 9.6 12.6
4100 Las Cruces, NM MSA Total 231 80,480 6,706 7,914 8.3 9.8
Private 171 60,363 2,868 3,174 4.8 5.3
Public 60 20,116 3,838 4,741 19.1 23.6
4120 Las Vegas, NV-AZ MSA Total 1,732 620,792 123,435 130,810 19.9 21.1
Private 1,532 550,459 92,719 96,101 16.8 17.5
Public 200 70,333 30,716 34,709 43.7 49.3
4160 Lawrence, MA-NH PMSA Total 145 105,682 14,504 15,205 13.7 14.4
Private 120 87,518 4,135 4,135 4.7 4.7
Public 25 18,164 10,369 11,069 57.1 60.9
4280 Lexington, KY MSA Total 290 234,705 20,318 28,216 8.7 12.0
Private 239 193,627 15,644 20,021 8.1 10.3
Public 51 41,078 4,674 8,195 11.4 19.9
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 426 143,539 11,513 14,621 8.0 10.2
Private 333 112,851 5,243 5,972 4.6 5.3
Public 93 30,688 6,270 8,648 20.4 28.2
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 482 276,471 24,491 26,498 8.9 9.6
Private 391 220,627 16,601 18,031 7.5 8.2
Public 91 55,844 7,890 8,468 14.1 15.2
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 5,091 3,873,982 590,240 666,944 15.2 17.2
Private 4,425 3,361,276 328,279 370,073 9.8 11.0
Public 666 512,706 261,961 296,871 51.1 57.9
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 563 508,880 74,169 78,230 14.6 15.4
Private 492 446,973 54,519 57,914 12.2 13.0
Public 71 61,908 19,650 20,315 31.7 32.8
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 207 152,902 14,860 16,369 9.7 10.7
Private 180 132,683 8,822 8,822 6.6 6.6
Public 27 20,219 6,038 7,547 29.9 37.3
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 97 104,981 0 2,111 0.0 2.0
Private 72 78,824 0 994 0.0 1.3
Public 25 26,157 0 1,117 0.0 4.3
4680 Macon, GA MSA Total 88 119,793 9,167 12,337 7.7 10.3
Private 71 96,182 9,167 10,253 9.5 10.7
Public 17 23,611 0 2,084 0.0 8.8
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 227 227,947 44,772 50,727 19.6 22.3
Private 169 171,569 18,788 19,568 11.0 11.4
Public 58 56,378 25,984 31,159 46.1 55.3
4760 Manchester, NH PMSA Total 281 89,920 8,473 9,821 9.4 10.9
Private 250 79,818 4,479 5,118 5.6 6.4
Public 31 10,102 3,994 4,703 39.5 46.6
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 146 153,574 2,487 29,078 1.6 18.9
Private 101 105,585 0 5,262 0.0 5.0
Public 45 47,989 2,487 23,817 5.2 49.6
4890 Medford-Ashland, OR MSA Total 106 78,390 8,448 9,067 10.8 11.6
Private 94 70,100 5,016 5,635 7.2 8.0
Public 12 8,289 3,432 3,432 41.4 41.4
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 254 208,834 13,015 16,985 6.2 8.1
Private 214 176,236 6,518 7,398 3.7 4.2
Public 40 32,598 6,497 9,587 19.9 29.4
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 376 453,929 57,336 63,473 12.6 14.0
Private 314 382,516 29,390 32,446 7.7 8.5
Public 62 71,413 27,946 31,027 39.1 43.4
4940 Merced, CA MSA Total 136 173,381 30,368 35,320 17.5 20.4
Private 114 143,916 16,619 17,720 11.5 12.3
Public 22 29,465 13,748 17,600 46.7 59.7
5000 Miami, FL PMSA Total 1,031 908,053 58,572 68,927 6.5 7.6
Private 908 799,629 25,016 29,388 3.1 3.7
Public 123 108,425 33,557 39,539 30.9 36.5
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 666 488,295 75,859 79,499 15.5 16.3
Private 577 423,633 37,234 39,456 8.8 9.3
Public 89 64,662 38,625 40,043 59.7 61.9
5080 Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI PMSA Total 721 756,074 166,477 172,529 22.0 22.8
Private 626 656,258 95,554 99,369 14.6 15.1
Public 95 99,815 70,924 73,160 71.1 73.3
5120 Minneapolis-St., Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 1,518 1,421,424 253,296 266,283 17.8 18.7
Private 1,338 1,253,882 155,728 166,783 12.4 13.3
Public 180 167,542 97,568 99,499 58.2 59.4
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 268 221,320 22,122 22,122 10.0 10.0
Private 224 184,673 7,213 7,213 3.9 3.9
Public 44 36,648 14,909 14,909 40.7 40.7
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 154 196,907 37,890 45,750 19.2 23.2
Private 129 166,196 26,556 30,787 16.0 18.5
Public 25 30,712 11,334 14,963 36.9 48.7
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 647 485,033 110,741 114,950 22.8 23.7
Private 534 400,862 55,940 59,336 14.0 14.8
Public 113 84,171 54,802 55,614 65.1 66.1
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 122 108,931 6,372 7,109 5.8 6.5
Private 105 95,410 3,643 3,643 3.8 3.8
Public 17 13,521 2,729 3,466 20.2 25.6
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 142 120,451 7,847 7,847 6.5 6.5
Private 99 84,384 831 831 1.0 1.0
Public 43 36,067 7,016 7,016 19.5 19.5
5330 Myrtle Beach, SC MSA Total 96 95,300 4,568 4,568 4.8 4.8
Private 81 81,185 1,871 1,871 2.3 2.3
Public 15 14,115 2,697 2,697 19.1 19.1
5345 Naples, FL MSA Total 137 118,473 4,857 5,654 4.1 4.8
Private 120 103,746 762 762 0.7 0.7
Public 17 14,727 4,095 4,892 27.8 33.2
5350 Nashua, NH PMSA Total 284 91,937 6,622 7,228 7.2 7.9
Private 257 83,768 3,774 3,774 4.5 4.5
Public 27 8,169 2,848 3,454 34.9 42.3
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 495 567,848 45,882 47,687 8.1 8.4
Private 432 498,134 30,103 31,908 6.0 6.4
Public 63 69,715 15,779 15,779 22.6 22.6
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 1,439 1,174,169 328,768 339,688 28.0 28.9
Private 1,137 930,997 146,524 152,531 15.7 16.4
Public 302 243,173 182,244 187,157 74.9 77.0
5400 New Bedford, MA PMSA Total 97 68,254 9,980 12,307 14.6 18.0
Private 85 60,024 6,052 6,737 10.1 11.2
Public 12 8,230 3,928 5,570 47.7 67.7
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT PMSA Total 279 241,981 50,054 52,250 20.7 21.6
Private 232 203,660 23,835 26,030 11.7 12.8
Public 47 38,321 26,220 26,220 68.4 68.4
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 134 111,773 20,862 21,492 18.7 19.2
Private 113 94,826 8,899 8,899 9.4 9.4
Public 21 16,947 11,963 12,593 70.6 74.3
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 618 590,538 51,917 66,843 8.8 11.3
Private 511 488,559 30,733 37,158 6.3 7.6
Public 107 101,979 21,184 29,685 20.8 29.1
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 4,633 3,649,599 904,550 939,153 24.8 25.7
Private 3,954 3,113,850 515,611 544,143 16.6 17.5
Public 679 535,749 388,939 395,010 72.6 73.7
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,168 885,886 190,183 200,415 21.5 22.6
Private 986 756,381 99,542 107,004 13.2 14.1
Public 182 129,504 90,641 93,412 70.0 72.1
5660 Newburgh, NY-PA PMSA Total 172 138,064 48,818 52,699 35.4 38.2
Private 115 94,179 17,943 20,322 19.1 21.6
Public 57 43,885 30,875 32,377 70.4 73.8
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA Total 496 610,065 34,266 40,779 5.6 6.7
Private 385 478,661 20,177 21,947 4.2 4.6
Public 111 131,404 14,089 18,831 10.7 14.3
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 807 1,069,808 195,791 208,090 18.3 19.5
Private 670 890,681 104,980 113,417 11.8 12.7
Public 137 179,127 90,811 94,673 50.7 52.9
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 110 98,247 3,117 3,899 3.2 4.0
Private 91 81,003 628 628 0.8 0.8
Public 19 17,244 2,489 3,271 14.4 19.0
5800 Odessa-Midland, TX MSA Total 122 127,199 4,420 4,420 3.5 3.5
Private 101 106,220 2,303 2,303 2.2 2.2
Public 21 20,978 2,116 2,116 10.1 10.1
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 795 486,223 33,821 37,407 7.0 7.7
Private 616 380,857 13,456 13,456 3.5 3.5
Public 179 105,366 20,365 23,952 19.3 22.7
5910 Olympia, WA PMSA Total 106 128,630 25,350 30,103 19.7 23.4
Private 59 72,191 4,630 7,061 6.4 9.8
Public 47 56,439 20,720 23,042 36.7 40.8
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 996 336,813 34,263 40,755 10.2 12.1
Private 850 289,064 18,490 19,772 6.4 6.8
Public 146 47,748 15,773 20,983 33.0 43.9
5945 Orange County, CA PMSA Total 957 1,258,255 124,338 138,706 9.9 11.0
Private 852 1,122,476 55,457 63,538 4.9 5.7
Public 105 135,779 68,881 75,167 50.7 55.4
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 956 810,701 53,845 84,074 6.6 10.4
Private 871 739,038 35,328 53,632 4.8 7.3
Public 85 71,662 18,517 30,442 25.8 42.5
6015 Panama City, FL MSA Total 77 65,919 0 815 0.0 1.2
Private 64 54,985 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 13 10,934 0 815 0.0 7.5
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 176 144,360 7,789 11,227 5.4 7.8
Private 149 121,690 3,134 4,722 2.6 3.9
Public 27 22,670 4,655 6,505 20.5 28.7
6120 Peoria-Pekin, IL MSA Total 238 165,824 25,565 27,064 15.4 16.3
Private 217 151,438 22,149 23,648 14.6 15.6
Public 21 14,386 3,416 3,416 23.7 23.7
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 3,018 2,249,714 379,591 405,818 16.9 18.0
Private 2,625 1,962,281 221,892 238,738 11.3 12.2
Public 393 287,434 157,699 167,080 54.9 58.1
6200 Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA Total 1,691 1,370,428 90,889 102,024 6.6 7.4
Private 1,483 1,200,742 55,373 62,802 4.6 5.2
Public 208 169,685 35,516 39,223 20.9 23.1
6280 Pittsburgh, PA MSA Total 1,331 935,481 178,921 184,389 19.1 19.7
Private 1,173 824,329 117,623 120,347 14.3 14.6
Public 158 111,152 61,298 64,042 55.1 57.6
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 384 123,896 12,423 14,288 10.0 11.5
Private 329 106,973 4,470 4,470 4.2 4.2
Public 55 16,923 7,953 9,819 47.0 58.0
6440 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA PMSA Total 1,125 918,389 137,865 147,303 15.0 16.0
Private 977 801,418 72,307 78,525 9.0 9.8
Public 148 116,972 65,558 68,778 56.0 58.8
6450 Portsmouth-Rochester, NH-ME PMSA Total 370 119,928 14,079 15,959 11.7 13.3
Private 303 98,863 6,764 7,307 6.8 7.4
Public 67 21,065 7,315 8,652 34.7 41.1
6480 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA MSA Total 1,640 489,809 89,969 91,907 18.4 18.8
Private 1,422 424,605 42,768 44,008 10.1 10.4
Public 218 65,203 47,200 47,899 72.4 73.5
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 340 135,826 7,998 10,436 5.9 7.7
Private 300 120,090 4,324 6,363 3.6 5.3
Public 40 15,736 3,674 4,073 23.3 25.9
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 78 62,889 10,486 11,382 16.7 18.1
Private 60 47,716 4,633 4,633 9.7 9.7
Public 18 15,173 5,852 6,749 38.6 44.5
6580 Punta Gorda, FL MSA Total 79 68,449 7,758 10,578 11.3 15.5
Private 62 53,219 802 1,809 1.5 3.4
Public 17 15,230 6,956 8,769 45.7 57.6
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 146 152,953 21,790 22,741 14.2 14.9
Private 131 138,156 14,602 15,553 10.6 11.3
Public 15 14,797 7,188 7,188 48.6 48.6
6640 Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MSA Total 722 581,441 14,054 17,256 2.4 3.0
Private 557 445,514 5,447 6,146 1.2 1.4
Public 165 135,927 8,606 11,111 6.3 8.2
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 210 149,277 24,077 25,494 16.1 17.1
Private 185 132,517 13,583 14,347 10.2 10.8
Public 25 16,759 10,494 11,147 62.6 66.5
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 403 146,210 14,281 18,269 9.8 12.5
Private 335 122,006 6,220 7,046 5.1 5.8
Public 68 24,203 8,061 11,223 33.3 46.4
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 391 475,474 29,630 35,600 6.2 7.5
Private 316 386,790 21,587 25,250 5.6 6.5
Public 75 88,683 8,043 10,350 9.1 11.7
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 893 1,198,514 217,035 239,418 18.1 20.0
Private 713 957,205 95,313 105,598 10.0 11.0
Public 180 241,309 121,722 133,820 50.4 55.5
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 146 182,341 18,906 20,909 10.4 11.5
Private 124 153,335 10,257 11,307 6.7 7.4
Public 22 29,006 8,650 9,601 29.8 33.1
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 576 457,549 65,937 67,413 14.4 14.7
Private 482 385,810 21,541 21,541 5.6 5.6
Public 94 71,739 44,396 45,872 61.9 63.9
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 221 152,940 22,656 24,069 14.8 15.7
Private 201 139,594 18,275 18,275 13.1 13.1
Public 20 13,346 4,380 5,794 32.8 43.4
6920 Sacramento, CA PMSA Total 542 696,853 150,504 168,057 21.6 24.1
Private 419 540,655 58,754 63,835 10.9 11.8
Public 123 156,198 91,750 104,222 58.7 66.7
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 274 197,918 48,022 49,239 24.3 24.9
Private 244 177,021 36,121 36,770 20.4 20.8
Public 30 20,897 11,901 12,469 56.9 59.7
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL MSA Total 1,163 1,267,891 224,129 235,543 17.7 18.6
Private 1,033 1,129,602 174,230 180,989 15.4 16.0
Public 130 138,289 49,900 54,554 36.1 39.4
7080 Salem, OR PMSA Total 206 154,211 34,907 34,907 22.6 22.6
Private 171 128,077 17,080 17,080 13.3 13.3
Public 35 26,134 17,827 17,827 68.2 68.2
7120 Salinas, CA MSA Total 102 125,132 28,784 31,286 23.0 25.0
Private 80 99,323 14,742 14,742 14.8 14.8
Public 22 25,809 14,042 16,544 54.4 64.1
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,601 655,938 52,710 65,026 8.0 9.9
Private 1,332 549,077 28,319 33,751 5.2 6.1
Public 269 106,862 24,390 31,276 22.8 29.3
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 644 710,123 25,577 33,331 3.6 4.7
Private 519 570,549 9,205 11,082 1.6 1.9
Public 125 139,574 16,372 22,249 11.7 15.9
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 930 1,199,676 165,729 194,188 13.8 16.2
Private 782 1,014,059 83,797 97,848 8.3 9.6
Public 148 185,617 81,932 96,340 44.1 51.9
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 745 962,990 167,600 176,834 17.4 18.4
Private 661 853,682 109,103 111,714 12.8 13.1
Public 84 109,307 58,497 65,120 53.5 59.6
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 701 912,278 102,494 112,606 11.2 12.3
Private 640 833,727 56,456 62,901 6.8 7.5
Public 61 78,551 46,038 49,706 58.6 63.3
7460 San Luis Obispo-Atascadero-Paso Robles, CA MSA Total 141 181,373 52,580 56,320 29.0 31.1
Private 98 127,115 14,494 14,494 11.4 11.4
Public 43 54,258 38,086 41,827 70.2 77.1
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 147 192,343 21,341 24,999 11.1 13.0
Private 116 152,522 8,651 8,651 5.7 5.7
Public 31 39,821 12,691 16,349 31.9 41.1
7490 Santa Fe, NM MSA Total 158 49,310 4,636 5,481 9.4 11.1
Private 98 30,480 2,855 3,067 9.4 10.1
Public 60 18,830 1,781 2,415 9.5 12.8
7500 Santa Rosa, CA PMSA Total 133 171,278 35,254 35,254 20.6 20.6
Private 112 144,035 21,861 21,861 15.2 15.2
Public 21 27,243 13,393 13,393 49.2 49.2
7510 Sarasota-Bradenton, FL MSA Total 198 160,262 3,374 3,374 2.1 2.1
Private 180 145,492 2,739 2,739 1.9 1.9
Public 18 14,770 635 635 4.3 4.3
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre-Hazelton, PA MSA Total 391 274,658 48,789 50,148 17.8 18.3
Private 332 235,037 27,649 28,378 11.8 12.1
Public 59 39,621 21,140 21,770 53.4 54.9
7600 Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA PMSA Total 960 1,185,141 215,066 236,394 18.1 19.9
Private 835 1,032,572 134,545 146,139 13.0 14.2
Public 125 152,569 80,521 90,255 52.8 59.2
7680 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA MSA Total 163 146,739 13,050 15,556 8.9 10.6
Private 128 117,242 7,683 8,619 6.6 7.4
Public 35 29,496 5,367 6,937 18.2 23.5
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 486 75,602 5,333 5,989 7.1 7.9
Private 429 67,199 2,500 3,019 3.7 4.5
Public 57 8,403 2,833 2,970 33.7 35.3
7800 South Bend, IN MSA Total 90 110,196 11,553 12,571 10.5 11.4
Private 83 101,658 7,847 8,866 7.7 8.7
Public 7 8,538 3,706 3,706 43.4 43.4
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 143 176,453 17,652 19,062 10.0 10.8
Private 124 153,330 6,065 7,474 4.0 4.9
Public 19 23,123 11,587 11,587 50.1 50.1
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 135 96,472 20,542 20,542 21.3 21.3
Private 85 60,376 4,552 4,552 7.5 7.5
Public 50 36,096 15,990 15,990 44.3 44.3
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 93 110,553 11,854 13,066 10.7 11.8
Private 90 107,389 10,931 12,143 10.2 11.3
Public 3 3,163 923 923 29.2 29.2
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 390 281,050 48,212 54,804 17.2 19.5
Private 319 232,553 21,833 25,838 9.4 11.1
Public 71 48,496 26,379 28,965 54.4 59.7
8040 Stamford-Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 164 146,546 15,719 16,941 10.7 11.6
Private 154 137,644 8,805 10,027 6.4 7.3
Public 10 8,902 6,914 6,914 77.7 77.7
8120 Stockton-Lodi, CA MSA Total 178 222,567 61,055 61,055 27.4 27.4
Private 141 176,526 35,347 35,347 20.0 20.0
Public 37 46,041 25,708 25,708 55.8 55.8
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 310 244,691 54,897 59,738 22.4 24.4
Private 246 195,633 26,728 30,680 13.7 15.7
Public 64 49,058 28,168 29,059 57.4 59.2
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 267 327,683 69,622 75,655 21.2 23.1
Private 217 267,732 44,861 48,211 16.8 18.0
Public 50 59,951 24,762 27,444 41.3 45.8
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 122 104,777 6,734 17,004 6.4 16.2
Private 66 57,428 717 1,554 1.2 2.7
Public 56 47,349 6,018 15,450 12.7 32.6
8280 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,181 1,010,107 52,115 68,099 5.2 6.7
Private 1,041 889,476 23,667 31,274 2.7 3.5
Public 140 120,631 28,448 36,825 23.6 30.5
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 379 266,723 74,865 81,768 28.1 30.7
Private 316 222,477 50,403 54,583 22.7 24.5
Public 63 44,246 24,462 27,185 55.3 61.4
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 95 51,339 5,606 6,695 10.9 13.0
Private 73 39,612 4,684 5,182 11.8 13.1
Public 22 11,727 922 1,513 7.9 12.9
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 231 173,917 38,737 43,250 22.3 24.9
Private 177 133,548 12,107 12,943 9.1 9.7
Public 54 40,369 26,630 30,307 66.0 75.1
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 419 348,159 31,585 37,542 9.1 10.8
Private 327 271,583 13,398 16,048 4.9 5.9
Public 92 76,577 18,187 21,494 23.7 28.1
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 576 349,047 25,523 28,807 7.3 8.3
Private 503 306,145 13,842 15,328 4.5 5.0
Public 73 42,902 11,681 13,479 27.2 31.4
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 115 92,585 11,970 15,158 12.9 16.4
Private 93 74,061 3,023 4,529 4.1 6.1
Public 22 18,524 8,946 10,629 48.3 57.4
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 144 113,379 31,406 32,763 27.7 28.9
Private 102 81,799 12,946 13,627 15.8 16.7
Public 42 31,580 18,459 19,137 58.5 60.6
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 183 242,986 51,514 58,385 21.2 24.0
Private 148 196,121 23,519 26,466 12.0 13.5
Public 35 46,865 27,995 31,919 59.7 68.1
8735 Ventura, CA PMSA Total 215 290,351 57,339 61,108 19.7 21.0
Private 179 242,563 25,645 27,051 10.6 11.2
Public 36 47,788 31,694 34,056 66.3 71.3
8760 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ PMSA Total 84 64,682 19,286 20,029 29.8 31.0
Private 66 50,942 7,860 8,604 15.4 16.9
Public 18 13,740 11,425 11,425 83.2 83.2
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 125 156,408 17,476 18,698 11.2 12.0
Private 105 132,572 6,617 7,839 5.0 5.9
Public 20 23,837 10,859 10,859 45.6 45.6
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 118 124,054 10,687 10,687 8.6 8.6
Private 100 105,134 5,038 5,038 4.8 4.8
Public 18 18,920 5,649 5,649 29.9 29.9
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA Total 3,253 2,265,804 224,224 278,771 9.9 12.3
Private 2,385 1,695,419 77,055 100,783 4.5 5.9
Public 868 570,385 147,169 177,987 25.8 31.2
8880 Waterbury, CT PMSA Total 136 118,248 17,463 18,655 14.8 15.8
Private 126 109,171 12,404 12,404 11.4 11.4
Public 10 9,077 5,059 6,251 55.7 68.9
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 105 64,491 11,529 15,046 17.9 23.3
Private 92 56,589 8,349 10,777 14.8 19.0
Public 13 7,902 3,180 4,270 40.2 54.0
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL MSA Total 535 451,019 37,136 39,086 8.2 8.7
Private 472 399,523 8,490 10,440 2.1 2.6
Public 63 51,497 28,646 28,646 55.6 55.6
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 113 41,805 9,039 9,039 21.6 21.6
Private 97 35,937 7,230 7,230 20.1 20.1
Public 16 5,868 1,809 1,809 30.8 30.8
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 479 259,997 30,611 43,932 11.8 16.9
Private 411 223,024 23,084 29,980 10.4 13.4
Public 68 36,973 7,526 13,952 20.4 37.7
9160 Wilmington-Newark, DE-MD PMSA Total 1,206 240,121 32,693 35,199 13.6 14.7
Private 1,068 212,631 20,958 21,697 9.9 10.2
Public 138 27,490 11,735 13,502 42.7 49.1
9200 Wilmington, NC MSA Total 71 56,399 1,969 1,969 3.5 3.5
Private 54 43,867 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 17 12,532 1,969 1,969 15.7 15.7
9240 Worcester, MA-CT PMSA Total 216 158,611 21,696 23,078 13.7 14.5
Private 185 136,433 11,955 12,629 8.8 9.3
Public 31 22,177 9,741 10,448 43.9 47.1
9270 Yolo, CA PMSA Total 59 77,873 22,778 24,005 29.2 30.8
Private 42 55,221 10,445 10,445 18.9 18.9
Public 17 22,652 12,332 13,560 54.4 59.9
9280 York, PA MSA Total 288 198,919 21,516 23,598 10.8 11.9
Private 266 183,943 14,417 15,064 7.8 8.2
Public 22 14,976 7,099 8,534 47.4 57.0
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 438 387,889 96,545 100,370 24.9 25.9
Private 379 336,123 65,775 67,238 19.6 20.0
Public 59 51,766 30,771 33,132 59.4 64.0
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 157 201,329 33,982 36,741 16.9 18.2
Private 136 175,288 21,499 22,934 12.3 13.1
Public 21 26,042 12,483 13,807 47.9 53.0
9360 Yuma, AZ MSA Total 84 64,733 697 697 1.1 1.1
Private 72 55,014 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 12 9,718 697 697 7.2 7.2
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2000. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2001 tables are based
on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS.
2002 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.