Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 2001 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
7 Boston-Worcester-Lawrence, MA-NH-ME-CT Total 4,314 2,582,953 360,306 391,559 13.9 15.2
Private 3,719 2,225,300 178,669 194,155 8.0 8.7
Public 595 357,654 181,637 197,405 50.8 55.2
Priv Const 208 119,275 35,315 35,315 29.6 29.6
Priv Manuf 659 355,606 27,957 28,820 7.9 8.1
14 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI Total 5,379 3,962,430 721,352 766,699 18.2 19.3
Private 4,746 3,495,991 475,753 505,261 13.6 14.5
Public 633 466,439 245,599 261,438 52.7 56.0
Priv Const 281 206,346 102,505 104,187 49.7 50.5
Priv Manuf 877 639,639 95,697 102,851 15.0 16.1
21 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,103 835,648 109,899 126,710 13.2 15.2
Private 950 723,187 64,730 70,845 9.0 9.8
Public 153 112,460 45,169 55,865 40.2 49.7
Priv Const 50 37,071 3,410 3,410 9.2 9.2
Priv Manuf 200 152,091 26,915 27,598 17.7 18.1
28 Cleveland-Akron, OH Total 1,939 1,455,057 252,344 263,094 17.3 18.1
Private 1,682 1,261,910 147,051 153,383 11.7 12.2
Public 257 193,147 105,293 109,712 54.5 56.8
Priv Const 103 77,887 16,922 16,922 21.7 21.7
Priv Manuf 357 266,952 56,373 57,760 21.1 21.6
31 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 2,235 2,658,807 141,864 166,718 5.3 6.3
Private 1,996 2,373,527 88,944 102,321 3.7 4.3
Public 239 285,280 52,920 64,397 18.6 22.6
Priv Const 134 156,655 3,047 4,108 1.9 2.6
Priv Manuf 337 403,540 20,238 21,381 5.0 5.3
34 Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO Total 1,909 1,224,274 121,378 143,984 9.9 11.8
Private 1,621 1,040,373 66,992 78,309 6.4 7.5
Public 288 183,900 54,386 65,676 29.6 35.7
Priv Const 118 74,400 8,598 8,598 11.6 11.6
Priv Manuf 226 141,910 9,404 10,425 6.6 7.3
35 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI Total 3,265 2,522,860 552,491 574,953 21.9 22.8
Private 2,869 2,223,908 374,319 390,680 16.8 17.6
Public 396 298,953 178,172 184,272 59.6 61.6
Priv Const 169 131,077 40,428 41,236 30.8 31.5
Priv Manuf 742 573,926 187,386 188,871 32.6 32.9
42 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,844 2,173,400 122,938 142,326 5.7 6.5
Private 1,588 1,874,577 71,487 79,457 3.8 4.2
Public 256 298,823 51,451 62,869 17.2 21.0
Priv Const 186 202,389 10,255 10,255 5.1 5.1
Priv Manuf 217 260,225 15,959 17,041 6.1 6.5
49 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA Total 6,951 6,774,767 1,056,642 1,151,283 15.6 17.0
Private 5,928 5,762,065 500,147 538,126 8.7 9.3
Public 1,023 1,012,702 556,495 613,156 55.0 60.5
Priv Const 369 368,596 66,995 69,292 18.2 18.8
Priv Manuf 1,124 1,087,717 86,586 93,954 8.0 8.6
56 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 1,787 1,601,111 124,871 153,027 7.8 9.6
Private 1,553 1,393,875 49,960 65,275 3.6 4.7
Public 234 207,236 74,911 87,752 36.1 42.3
Priv Const 98 88,197 5,843 5,843 6.6 6.6
Priv Manuf 151 137,285 940 940 0.7 0.7
63 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 1,189 930,389 175,046 183,524 18.8 19.7
Private 1,055 823,794 106,675 111,700 12.9 13.6
Public 134 106,594 68,371 71,824 64.1 67.4
Priv Const 66 52,944 19,141 19,141 36.2 36.2
Priv Manuf 264 209,467 39,426 41,274 18.8 19.7
70 New York-Northern NJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 11,208 8,607,666 2,021,138 2,119,572 23.5 24.6
Private 9,506 7,292,466 1,103,599 1,176,691 15.1 16.1
Public 1,702 1,315,200 917,540 942,881 69.8 71.7
Priv Const 557 435,739 138,372 141,662 31.8 32.5
Priv Manuf 1,297 967,674 130,119 138,607 13.4 14.3
77 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 4,791 2,736,484 499,190 535,032 18.2 19.6
Private 4,176 2,374,486 300,635 322,258 12.7 13.6
Public 615 361,997 198,555 212,774 54.8 58.8
Priv Const 235 128,511 42,697 43,551 33.2 33.9
Priv Manuf 644 350,604 65,192 67,267 18.6 19.2
79 Portland-Salem, OR-WA Total 1,621 1,048,995 169,961 180,537 16.2 17.2
Private 1,386 900,584 98,305 102,220 10.9 11.4
Public 235 148,411 71,655 78,317 48.3 52.8
Priv Const 78 50,632 14,753 14,753 29.1 29.1
Priv Manuf 284 186,788 27,773 28,491 14.9 15.3
82 Sacramento-Yolo, CA Total 616 834,025 207,948 224,255 24.9 26.9
Private 459 623,894 83,205 86,830 13.3 13.9
Public 157 210,131 124,743 137,425 59.4 65.4
Priv Const 38 51,173 16,352 16,352 32.0 32.0
Priv Manuf 37 49,357 9,677 9,677 19.6 19.6
84 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,450 3,326,110 557,972 601,148 16.8 18.1
Private 2,105 2,866,890 319,599 337,335 11.1 11.8
Public 345 459,220 238,374 263,813 51.9 57.4
Priv Const 152 207,272 63,777 63,777 30.8 30.8
Priv Manuf 406 549,436 44,318 45,543 8.1 8.3
91 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA Total 1,580 1,555,520 302,623 332,965 19.5 21.4
Private 1,323 1,313,143 185,829 196,803 14.2 15.0
Public 257 242,377 116,794 136,162 48.2 56.2
Priv Const 86 80,594 23,806 23,806 29.5 29.5
Priv Manuf 202 198,958 57,467 58,233 28.9 29.3
97 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 5,278 3,655,379 401,337 488,047 11.0 13.4
Private 3,953 2,792,365 174,045 197,936 6.2 7.1
Public 1,325 863,014 227,293 290,111 26.3 33.6
Priv Const 278 218,734 25,393 27,511 11.6 12.6
Priv Manuf 267 219,398 31,277 34,211 14.3 15.6
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH PMSA Total 473 339,197 42,867 45,823 12.6 13.5
Private 391 281,478 14,806 16,300 5.3 5.8
Public 82 57,719 28,061 29,523 48.6 51.1
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 458 368,074 103,943 106,389 28.2 28.9
Private 347 279,769 40,998 43,444 14.7 15.5
Public 111 88,305 62,944 62,944 71.3 71.3
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 885 307,849 37,934 43,139 12.3 14.0
Private 711 249,326 21,612 23,200 8.7 9.3
Public 174 58,523 16,322 19,940 27.9 34.1
240 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA MSA Total 391 273,988 50,332 52,364 18.4 19.1
Private 352 247,530 30,511 31,223 12.3 12.6
Public 39 26,457 19,821 21,141 74.9 79.9
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 1,087 125,851 28,033 30,794 22.3 24.5
Private 818 95,725 11,984 13,118 12.5 13.7
Public 269 30,126 16,049 17,677 53.3 58.7
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 417 320,348 63,106 63,106 19.7 19.7
Private 333 256,695 33,951 33,951 13.2 13.2
Public 84 63,653 29,155 29,155 45.8 45.8
450 Anniston, AL MSA Total 122 87,089 8,448 10,048 9.7 11.5
Private 100 71,681 3,222 3,222 4.5 4.5
Public 22 15,409 5,226 6,827 33.9 44.3
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI MSA Total 188 147,717 15,369 17,529 10.4 11.9
Private 175 137,287 10,582 12,742 7.7 9.3
Public 13 10,430 4,787 4,787 45.9 45.9
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 125 105,258 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 108 91,896 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 17 13,362 0 0 0.0 0.0
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,539 2,220,843 158,465 178,588 7.1 8.0
Private 1,361 1,970,791 109,167 124,755 5.5 6.3
Public 178 250,052 49,298 53,834 19.7 21.5
560 Atlantic-Cape May, NJ PMSA Total 211 156,037 35,094 35,800 22.5 22.9
Private 178 131,519 23,035 23,035 17.5 17.5
Public 33 24,519 12,059 12,765 49.2 52.1
600 Augusta-Aiken, GA-SC MSA Total 187 206,636 1,053 7,043 0.5 3.4
Private 145 158,660 1,053 4,908 0.7 3.1
Public 42 47,976 0 2,135 0.0 4.4
640 Austin-San Marcos, TX MSA Total 480 561,179 27,811 38,758 5.0 6.9
Private 358 420,898 7,617 16,450 1.8 3.9
Public 122 140,281 20,194 22,307 14.4 15.9
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 211 284,312 50,876 54,913 17.9 19.3
Private 161 217,515 20,849 23,389 9.6 10.8
Public 50 66,797 30,027 31,524 45.0 47.2
720 Baltimore, MD PMSA Total 1,141 1,110,685 168,151 191,484 15.1 17.2
Private 878 862,433 72,502 76,221 8.4 8.8
Public 263 248,251 95,650 115,264 38.5 46.4
760 Balton Rouge, LA MSA Total 219 201,223 17,678 21,709 8.8 10.8
Private 171 158,532 7,665 8,595 4.8 5.4
Public 48 42,691 10,013 13,114 23.5 30.7
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA Total 123 144,517 16,651 16,651 11.5 11.5
Private 102 121,289 8,048 8,048 6.6 6.6
Public 21 23,228 8,603 8,603 37.0 37.0
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 174 161,409 30,456 31,603 18.9 19.6
Private 142 133,567 17,161 18,309 12.8 13.7
Public 32 27,842 13,295 13,295 47.7 47.7
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 40 30,583 4,487 4,487 14.7 14.7
Private 37 28,571 2,475 2,475 8.7 8.7
Public 3 2,012 2,012 2,012 100.0 100.0
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 763 555,425 110,011 116,737 19.8 21.0
Private 664 481,848 69,468 73,885 14.4 15.3
Public 99 73,577 40,543 42,853 55.1 58.2
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 137 108,379 22,315 22,315 20.6 20.6
Private 102 80,651 6,701 6,701 8.3 8.3
Public 35 27,728 15,614 15,614 56.3 56.3
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 591 442,768 36,144 41,138 8.2 9.3
Private 508 383,401 19,086 22,326 5.0 5.8
Public 83 59,366 17,058 18,812 28.7 31.7
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 865 212,429 15,715 17,009 7.4 8.0
Private 743 183,201 10,307 10,754 5.6 5.9
Public 122 29,228 5,408 6,256 18.5 21.4
1120 Boston, MA-NH PMSA Total 2,013 1,548,516 207,348 224,152 13.4 14.5
Private 1,734 1,336,774 106,820 115,852 8.0 8.7
Public 279 211,742 100,529 108,300 47.5 51.1
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 258 166,094 12,805 17,403 7.7 10.5
Private 219 138,694 6,073 7,884 4.4 5.7
Public 39 27,399 6,733 9,519 24.6 34.7
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 96 108,367 6,062 6,062 5.6 5.6
Private 85 95,250 3,616 3,616 3.8 3.8
Public 11 13,117 2,446 2,446 18.6 18.6
1160 Bridgeport, CT PMSA Total 284 179,140 30,648 30,648 17.1 17.1
Private 246 154,937 12,729 12,729 8.2 8.2
Public 38 24,202 17,920 17,920 74.0 74.0
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 155 113,707 19,504 19,504 17.2 17.2
Private 139 102,330 11,347 11,347 11.1 11.1
Public 16 11,377 8,157 8,157 71.7 71.7
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen-San Benito, TX MSA Total 85 96,429 13,907 13,907 14.4 14.4
Private 63 71,646 2,342 2,342 3.3 3.3
Public 22 24,783 11,565 11,565 46.7 46.7
1280 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA Total 631 491,161 158,759 164,292 32.3 33.4
Private 485 378,436 79,980 83,908 21.1 22.2
Public 146 112,725 78,778 80,385 69.9 71.3
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 694 88,558 8,635 9,945 9.8 11.2
Private 614 78,429 4,468 5,148 5.7 6.6
Public 80 10,129 4,166 4,797 41.1 47.4
1320 Canton-Massillon, OH MSA Total 264 186,498 32,494 38,612 17.4 20.7
Private 223 158,287 20,664 26,180 13.1 16.5
Public 41 28,212 11,830 12,432 41.9 44.1
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 220 102,186 13,104 14,739 12.8 14.4
Private 207 96,720 11,323 12,597 11.7 13.0
Public 13 5,466 1,780 2,142 32.6 39.2
1440 Charleston-North Charleston, SC MSA Total 302 267,075 13,585 22,566 5.1 8.4
Private 240 213,730 5,753 10,901 2.7 5.1
Public 62 53,345 7,832 11,665 14.7 21.9
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 356 115,370 17,180 18,893 14.9 16.4
Private 281 91,553 10,970 11,637 12.0 12.7
Public 75 23,817 6,210 7,256 26.1 30.5
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 735 632,059 36,985 44,551 5.9 7.0
Private 663 570,845 29,884 33,027 5.2 5.8
Public 72 61,214 7,101 11,524 11.6 18.8
1560 Chattanooga, TN-GA MSA Total 202 244,640 15,200 18,048 6.2 7.4
Private 173 211,447 7,183 7,183 3.4 3.4
Public 29 33,193 8,018 10,865 24.2 32.7
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 5,098 3,711,483 663,284 707,988 17.9 19.1
Private 4,498 3,273,863 431,118 460,626 13.2 14.1
Public 600 437,620 232,165 247,362 53.1 56.5
1620 Chico-Paradise, CA MSA Total 121 165,475 21,140 21,140 12.8 12.8
Private 98 135,979 9,468 9,468 7.0 7.0
Public 23 29,496 11,672 11,672 39.6 39.6
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 959 729,023 96,545 110,501 13.2 15.2
Private 832 635,771 57,936 62,630 9.1 9.9
Public 127 93,252 38,609 47,870 41.4 51.3
1660 Clarksville-Hopkinsville, TN-KY MSA Total 96 111,480 8,572 11,945 7.7 10.7
Private 74 87,231 5,344 6,542 6.1 7.5
Public 22 24,249 3,228 5,403 13.3 22.3
1680 Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 1,466 1,115,861 209,477 217,272 18.8 19.5
Private 1,291 980,432 132,245 137,083 13.5 14.0
Public 175 135,428 77,232 80,189 57.0 59.2
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 375 245,250 9,982 10,928 4.1 4.5
Private 323 210,091 3,819 3,819 1.8 1.8
Public 52 35,159 6,163 7,109 17.5 20.2
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 299 260,225 13,798 16,455 5.3 6.3
Private 207 176,403 7,183 8,310 4.1 4.7
Public 92 83,822 6,615 8,145 7.9 9.7
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 188 267,227 9,485 13,069 3.5 4.9
Private 159 227,019 5,962 5,962 2.6 2.6
Public 29 40,208 3,524 7,107 8.8 17.7
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 1,012 764,197 98,611 106,477 12.9 13.9
Private 859 650,200 49,921 53,790 7.7 8.3
Public 153 113,997 48,690 52,687 42.7 46.2
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 122 136,900 9,793 10,774 7.2 7.9
Private 103 116,219 6,687 7,669 5.8 6.6
Public 19 20,681 3,106 3,106 15.0 15.0
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,497 1,792,741 80,602 98,228 4.5 5.5
Private 1,341 1,604,377 47,848 57,655 3.0 3.6
Public 156 188,363 32,755 40,574 17.4 21.5
1930 Danbury, CT PMSA Total 142 77,232 9,728 10,171 12.6 13.2
Private 120 66,344 2,986 2,986 4.5 4.5
Public 22 10,889 6,742 7,186 61.9 66.0
1960 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL MSA Total 271 153,371 18,041 19,815 11.8 12.9
Private 230 129,593 10,073 10,811 7.8 8.3
Public 41 23,778 7,967 9,004 33.5 37.9
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 597 426,748 68,590 75,807 16.1 17.8
Private 516 369,923 45,072 47,103 12.2 12.7
Public 81 56,825 23,518 28,704 41.4 50.5
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 161 139,416 6,572 8,479 4.7 6.1
Private 139 120,822 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 22 18,594 6,572 8,479 35.3 45.6
2030 Decatur, AL MSA Total 181 137,219 17,760 19,285 12.9 14.1
Private 146 111,223 10,361 11,887 9.3 10.7
Public 35 25,996 7,399 7,399 28.5 28.5
2040 Decatur, IL MSA Total 152 207,383 46,050 46,050 22.2 22.2
Private 129 177,132 31,147 31,147 17.6 17.6
Public 23 30,251 14,903 14,903 49.3 49.3
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 1,502 959,560 102,409 117,343 10.7 12.2
Private 1,273 816,418 58,223 65,704 7.1 8.0
Public 229 143,142 44,186 51,640 30.9 36.1
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 546 258,989 45,545 49,117 17.6 19.0
Private 479 226,534 33,198 34,588 14.7 15.3
Public 67 32,455 12,346 14,529 38.0 44.8
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 2,610 2,020,667 419,362 438,902 20.8 21.7
Private 2,335 1,812,906 289,509 304,420 16.0 16.8
Public 275 207,761 129,852 134,482 62.5 64.7
2190 Dover, DE MSA Total 334 57,987 8,028 8,703 13.8 15.0
Private 256 44,496 3,025 3,407 6.8 7.7
Public 78 13,491 5,003 5,296 37.1 39.3
2240 Duluth-Superior, MN-WI MSA Total 145 99,061 33,425 33,425 33.7 33.7
Private 125 87,251 25,009 25,009 28.7 28.7
Public 20 11,810 8,416 8,416 71.3 71.3
2281 Dutchess County, NY PMSA Total 153 122,672 40,108 41,771 32.7 34.1
Private 121 97,438 17,203 18,866 17.7 19.4
Public 32 25,234 22,905 22,905 90.8 90.8
2290 Eau Claire, WI MSA Total 196 152,695 24,619 26,088 16.1 17.1
Private 173 134,007 15,531 16,372 11.6 12.2
Public 23 18,688 9,088 9,716 48.6 52.0
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 233 271,870 8,226 12,803 3.0 4.7
Private 193 225,417 3,520 4,645 1.6 2.1
Public 40 46,453 4,706 8,158 10.1 17.6
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 142 101,323 20,305 21,038 20.0 20.8
Private 125 89,294 12,809 12,809 14.3 14.3
Public 17 12,029 7,496 8,229 62.3 68.4
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 220 131,809 16,828 18,200 12.8 13.8
Private 177 105,859 5,662 7,034 5.3 6.6
Public 43 25,949 11,166 11,166 43.0 43.0
2440 Evansville-Henderson, IN-KY MSA Total 157 131,175 25,942 27,169 19.8 20.7
Private 140 115,432 15,498 15,498 13.4 13.4
Public 17 15,743 10,445 11,672 66.3 74.1
2520 Fargo-Moorhead, ND-MN MSA Total 578 67,918 5,950 6,185 8.8 9.1
Private 505 59,646 2,815 2,938 4.7 4.9
Public 73 8,272 3,135 3,246 37.9 39.2
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 125 105,978 4,003 4,759 3.8 4.5
Private 101 86,032 1,724 1,724 2.0 2.0
Public 24 19,947 2,279 3,035 11.4 15.2
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR MSA Total 305 161,050 7,845 11,976 4.9 7.4
Private 263 138,430 3,764 6,641 2.7 4.8
Public 42 22,620 4,080 5,335 18.0 23.6
2600 Fitchburg-Leominster, MA PMSA Total 145 110,153 19,635 21,186 17.8 19.2
Private 122 92,392 10,470 10,470 11.3 11.3
Public 23 17,761 9,165 10,716 51.6 60.3
2640 Flint, MI PMSA Total 238 181,845 70,023 72,944 38.5 40.1
Private 201 154,306 50,859 52,309 33.0 33.9
Public 37 27,538 19,165 20,635 69.6 74.9
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 136 100,831 17,509 18,021 17.4 17.9
Private 107 78,847 6,728 6,728 8.5 8.5
Public 29 21,984 10,781 11,293 49.0 51.4
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 192 120,471 9,295 9,712 7.7 8.1
Private 152 94,908 4,715 4,715 5.0 5.0
Public 40 25,563 4,580 4,997 17.9 19.5
2680 Fort Lauderdale, FL PMSA Total 839 753,544 73,205 87,462 9.7 11.6
Private 726 651,924 25,857 34,580 4.0 5.3
Public 113 101,619 47,348 52,882 46.6 52.0
2700 Fort Myers-Cape Coral, FL MSA Total 225 197,658 6,275 11,173 3.2 5.7
Private 199 176,416 775 775 0.4 0.4
Public 26 21,242 5,500 10,399 25.9 49.0
2710 Fort Pierce-Port St. Lucie, FL MSA Total 108 92,835 5,022 6,588 5.4 7.1
Private 98 85,109 3,383 4,228 4.0 5.0
Public 10 7,726 1,639 2,360 21.2 30.5
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 160 81,342 7,704 11,169 9.5 13.7
Private 148 75,627 7,268 10,733 9.6 14.2
Public 12 5,715 436 436 7.6 7.6
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 114 100,989 4,290 6,888 4.2 6.8
Private 92 82,097 918 1,812 1.1 2.2
Public 22 18,892 3,372 5,076 17.9 26.9
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 205 183,972 39,333 40,496 21.4 22.0
Private 182 161,910 30,359 31,522 18.8 19.5
Public 23 22,062 8,974 8,974 40.7 40.7
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 738 866,066 61,262 68,490 7.1 7.9
Private 655 769,149 41,096 44,666 5.3 5.8
Public 83 96,916 20,165 23,824 20.8 24.6
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 291 398,658 82,136 89,128 20.6 22.4
Private 223 306,127 40,930 40,930 13.4 13.4
Public 68 92,531 41,206 48,198 44.5 52.1
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 99 87,357 4,267 6,047 4.9 6.9
Private 63 56,252 1,616 1,616 2.9 2.9
Public 36 31,105 2,650 4,430 8.5 14.2
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 119 147,438 8,124 11,431 5.5 7.8
Private 93 112,338 8,124 9,206 7.2 8.2
Public 26 35,100 0 2,224 0.0 6.3
2960 Gary, IN PMSA Total 281 250,947 58,068 58,710 23.1 23.4
Private 248 222,129 44,634 44,634 20.1 20.1
Public 33 28,819 13,434 14,076 46.6 48.8
3000 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI MSA Total 767 571,961 95,586 99,990 16.7 17.5
Private 681 507,430 58,518 61,435 11.5 12.1
Public 86 64,531 37,068 38,555 57.4 59.7
3060 Greeley, CO PMSA Total 149 98,620 6,163 9,239 6.2 9.4
Private 129 85,261 2,696 4,721 3.2 5.5
Public 20 13,359 3,467 4,517 26.0 33.8
3080 Green Bay, WI MSA Total 269 193,783 24,994 27,270 12.9 14.1
Private 250 181,314 20,088 21,229 11.1 11.7
Public 19 12,469 4,907 6,040 39.4 48.4
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 745 628,083 26,760 30,364 4.3 4.8
Private 647 544,155 10,976 12,855 2.0 2.4
Public 98 83,928 15,783 17,509 18.8 20.9
3150 Greenville, NC MSA Total 125 115,809 2,892 2,892 2.5 2.5
Private 96 88,972 910 910 1.0 1.0
Public 29 26,838 1,982 1,982 7.4 7.4
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC MSA Total 513 440,227 14,693 16,418 3.3 3.7
Private 438 374,963 8,269 9,212 2.2 2.5
Public 75 65,264 6,425 7,206 9.8 11.0
3180 Hagerstown, MD PMSA Total 160 117,625 10,552 13,821 9.0 11.7
Private 134 100,036 6,964 7,696 7.0 7.7
Public 26 17,589 3,589 6,125 20.4 34.8
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 144 106,625 13,354 16,209 12.5 15.2
Private 118 87,416 6,794 8,215 7.8 9.4
Public 26 19,208 6,560 7,994 34.2 41.6
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 436 305,278 40,655 46,427 13.3 15.2
Private 352 246,194 13,523 14,469 5.5 5.9
Public 84 59,084 27,133 31,958 45.9 54.1
3280 Hartford, CT MSA Total 837 520,590 85,435 91,300 16.4 17.5
Private 705 440,408 42,168 46,813 9.6 10.6
Public 132 80,182 43,267 44,486 54.0 55.5
3290 Hickory-Morgantown, NC MSA Total 133 110,840 1,616 3,354 1.5 3.0
Private 122 100,937 0 1,738 0.0 1.7
Public 11 9,903 1,616 1,616 16.3 16.3
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,549 380,842 84,880 91,561 22.3 24.0
Private 1,231 304,071 45,593 48,123 15.0 15.8
Public 318 76,772 39,287 43,438 51.2 56.6
3350 Houma, LA MSA Total 92 84,411 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 79 72,797 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 13 11,614 0 0 0.0 0.0
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,629 1,917,594 108,752 124,834 5.7 6.5
Private 1,410 1,666,989 59,748 66,635 3.6 4.0
Public 219 250,605 49,004 58,199 19.6 23.2
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 131 43,073 6,904 6,904 16.0 16.0
Private 106 35,169 3,977 3,977 11.3 11.3
Public 25 7,904 2,927 2,927 37.0 37.0
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 173 122,739 4,311 4,311 3.5 3.5
Private 141 99,231 3,133 3,133 3.2 3.2
Public 32 23,508 1,178 1,178 5.0 5.0
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 784 734,711 75,084 90,538 10.2 12.3
Private 691 652,675 59,923 63,341 9.2 9.7
Public 93 82,036 15,162 27,196 18.5 33.2
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 135 213,586 53,630 55,200 25.1 25.8
Private 109 173,337 27,333 27,333 15.8 15.8
Public 26 40,249 26,298 27,867 65.3 69.2
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 279 183,656 11,971 12,971 6.5 7.1
Private 203 134,769 8,026 8,492 6.0 6.3
Public 76 48,886 3,945 4,478 8.1 9.2
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 526 469,947 36,161 44,525 7.7 9.5
Private 450 403,379 18,128 21,573 4.5 5.3
Public 76 66,569 18,033 22,952 27.1 34.5
3610 Jamestown, NY MSA Total 155 124,007 37,716 38,489 30.4 31.0
Private 129 103,543 21,456 22,229 20.7 21.5
Public 26 20,465 16,260 16,260 79.5 79.5
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 330 247,686 63,512 69,466 25.6 28.0
Private 286 214,942 44,383 49,607 20.6 23.1
Public 44 32,743 19,129 19,859 58.4 60.7
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 125 140,236 7,823 7,823 5.6 5.6
Private 106 118,788 5,637 5,637 4.7 4.7
Public 19 21,449 2,186 2,186 10.2 10.2
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 119 82,657 13,855 15,394 16.8 18.6
Private 104 72,162 7,649 7,649 10.6 10.6
Public 15 10,495 6,205 7,745 59.1 73.8
3720 Kalamazoo-Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 213 159,931 33,262 33,262 20.8 20.8
Private 173 130,080 16,545 16,545 12.7 12.7
Public 40 29,851 16,717 16,717 56.0 56.0
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 1,316 886,919 99,133 107,403 11.2 12.1
Private 1,149 774,305 63,150 65,909 8.2 8.5
Public 167 112,613 35,983 41,494 32.0 36.8
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 244 276,479 4,403 9,586 1.6 3.5
Private 209 237,917 2,235 2,235 0.9 0.9
Public 35 38,562 2,167 7,351 5.6 19.1
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 168 157,250 6,084 11,764 3.9 7.5
Private 134 125,195 2,277 2,277 1.8 1.8
Public 34 32,055 3,807 9,487 11.9 29.6
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 97 92,633 4,583 4,583 4.9 4.9
Private 77 74,756 1,927 1,927 2.6 2.6
Public 20 17,877 2,656 2,656 14.9 14.9
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 255 221,551 12,223 22,461 5.5 10.1
Private 220 190,721 9,578 14,772 5.0 7.7
Public 35 30,831 2,645 7,690 8.6 24.9
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 316 220,070 16,912 19,242 7.7 8.7
Private 296 206,347 12,894 13,626 6.2 6.6
Public 20 13,723 4,018 5,616 29.3 40.9
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 281 206,958 60,839 63,986 29.4 30.9
Private 200 148,405 33,570 34,398 22.6 23.2
Public 81 58,553 27,269 29,588 46.6 50.5
4080 Laredo, TX MSA Total 104 114,044 6,773 6,773 5.9 5.9
Private 68 75,748 3,418 3,418 4.5 4.5
Public 36 38,296 3,354 3,354 8.8 8.8
4100 Las Cruces, NM MSA Total 219 77,502 4,275 6,279 5.5 8.1
Private 168 60,059 1,083 2,447 1.8 4.1
Public 51 17,442 3,192 3,832 18.3 22.0
4120 Las Vegas, NV-AZ MSA Total 1,975 601,125 114,184 120,194 19.0 20.0
Private 1,777 542,470 89,060 92,512 16.4 17.1
Public 198 58,655 25,124 27,681 42.8 47.2
4160 Lawrence, MA-NH PMSA Total 156 117,273 19,728 21,210 16.8 18.1
Private 136 102,614 8,787 9,610 8.6 9.4
Public 20 14,659 10,941 11,601 74.6 79.1
4280 Lexington, KY MSA Total 269 201,278 7,485 8,321 3.7 4.1
Private 228 169,551 4,586 5,421 2.7 3.2
Public 41 31,727 2,899 2,899 9.1 9.1
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 480 141,030 11,991 15,538 8.5 11.0
Private 389 115,077 7,710 8,277 6.7 7.2
Public 91 25,953 4,281 7,261 16.5 28.0
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 419 235,040 18,939 19,796 8.1 8.4
Private 310 170,770 8,304 8,304 4.9 4.9
Public 109 64,270 10,634 11,492 16.5 17.9
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 4,956 3,959,182 597,803 663,386 15.1 16.8
Private 4,243 3,384,200 306,173 339,748 9.0 10.0
Public 713 574,982 291,630 323,638 50.7 56.3
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 673 534,919 78,628 83,503 14.7 15.6
Private 584 467,874 57,652 59,603 12.3 12.7
Public 89 67,046 20,975 23,900 31.3 35.6
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 189 143,262 25,326 27,557 17.7 19.2
Private 156 117,697 10,828 11,553 9.2 9.8
Public 33 25,565 14,498 16,005 56.7 62.6
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 106 124,156 1,084 1,084 0.9 0.9
Private 85 98,618 1,084 1,084 1.1 1.1
Public 21 25,537 0 0 0.0 0.0
4680 Macon, GA MSA Total 76 108,569 12,417 12,417 11.4 11.4
Private 61 86,794 9,307 9,307 10.7 10.7
Public 15 21,775 3,110 3,110 14.3 14.3
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 286 225,180 41,984 47,594 18.6 21.1
Private 209 167,072 15,258 16,831 9.1 10.1
Public 77 58,109 26,726 30,763 46.0 52.9
4760 Manchester, NH PMSA Total 392 90,108 12,174 12,950 13.5 14.4
Private 343 79,554 6,015 6,321 7.6 7.9
Public 49 10,554 6,159 6,629 58.4 62.8
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 128 140,467 1,137 15,094 0.8 10.7
Private 101 110,065 0 957 0.0 0.9
Public 27 30,402 1,137 14,137 3.7 46.5
4890 Medford-Ashland, OR MSA Total 157 93,743 6,886 10,868 7.3 11.6
Private 139 82,404 3,434 5,127 4.2 6.2
Public 18 11,339 3,452 5,741 30.4 50.6
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 224 191,379 17,740 21,103 9.3 11.0
Private 191 163,882 10,946 11,771 6.7 7.2
Public 33 27,497 6,794 9,332 24.7 33.9
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 431 512,585 52,232 55,450 10.2 10.8
Private 363 434,409 30,861 31,997 7.1 7.4
Public 68 78,175 21,371 23,454 27.3 30.0
4940 Merced, CA MSA Total 137 187,886 31,021 36,069 16.5 19.2
Private 117 159,104 16,533 16,533 10.4 10.4
Public 20 28,782 14,488 19,536 50.3 67.9
5000 Miami, FL PMSA Total 948 847,567 51,666 65,565 6.1 7.7
Private 827 741,951 24,103 30,695 3.2 4.1
Public 121 105,616 27,563 34,870 26.1 33.0
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 667 484,497 65,847 72,490 13.6 15.0
Private 582 424,305 34,868 40,842 8.2 9.6
Public 85 60,192 30,978 31,648 51.5 52.6
5080 Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI PMSA Total 999 784,730 150,293 156,677 19.2 20.0
Private 883 691,783 88,921 93,522 12.9 13.5
Public 116 92,947 61,373 63,155 66.0 67.9
5120 Minneapolis-St., Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 1,888 1,456,288 242,728 255,346 16.7 17.5
Private 1,647 1,279,390 143,619 151,515 11.2 11.8
Public 241 176,898 99,109 103,830 56.0 58.7
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 278 208,347 16,771 16,771 8.0 8.0
Private 248 186,333 7,525 7,525 4.0 4.0
Public 30 22,014 9,246 9,246 42.0 42.0
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 132 182,254 27,894 39,715 15.3 21.8
Private 111 154,337 16,947 23,991 11.0 15.5
Public 21 27,916 10,947 15,724 39.2 56.3
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 680 486,517 90,346 99,671 18.6 20.5
Private 585 419,197 48,724 54,445 11.6 13.0
Public 95 67,320 41,623 45,226 61.8 67.2
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 126 121,803 5,869 7,036 4.8 5.8
Private 111 107,567 4,895 6,061 4.6 5.6
Public 15 14,236 975 975 6.8 6.8
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 167 125,897 9,169 10,800 7.3 8.6
Private 116 90,037 2,590 3,480 2.9 3.9
Public 51 35,861 6,579 7,321 18.3 20.4
5330 Myrtle Beach, SC MSA Total 121 104,534 3,371 4,310 3.2 4.1
Private 112 96,608 2,487 2,487 2.6 2.6
Public 9 7,926 884 1,823 11.1 23.0
5345 Naples, FL MSA Total 133 115,310 8,454 9,253 7.3 8.0
Private 113 98,260 2,237 3,037 2.3 3.1
Public 20 17,050 6,216 6,216 36.5 36.5
5350 Nashua, NH PMSA Total 392 88,696 5,519 5,926 6.2 6.7
Private 356 80,826 1,599 2,006 2.0 2.5
Public 36 7,870 3,920 3,920 49.8 49.8
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 496 562,547 36,160 40,725 6.4 7.2
Private 433 492,129 25,489 27,911 5.2 5.7
Public 63 70,417 10,671 12,815 15.2 18.2
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 1,391 1,144,901 316,754 328,041 27.7 28.7
Private 1,098 905,885 147,788 155,056 16.3 17.1
Public 293 239,017 168,965 172,985 70.7 72.4
5400 New Bedford, MA PMSA Total 113 84,381 16,527 16,527 19.6 19.6
Private 86 64,615 4,898 4,898 7.6 7.6
Public 27 19,766 11,629 11,629 58.8 58.8
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT PMSA Total 431 271,867 48,474 50,635 17.8 18.6
Private 366 231,342 26,965 27,812 11.7 12.0
Public 65 40,525 21,509 22,823 53.1 56.3
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 195 113,817 16,343 16,814 14.4 14.8
Private 150 86,831 6,292 6,763 7.2 7.8
Public 45 26,986 10,051 10,051 37.2 37.2
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 597 569,922 58,716 75,666 10.3 13.3
Private 497 477,908 30,069 38,943 6.3 8.1
Public 100 92,014 28,647 36,723 31.1 39.9
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 4,316 3,527,708 950,916 990,937 27.0 28.1
Private 3,683 3,010,990 563,369 593,421 18.7 19.7
Public 633 516,717 387,547 397,516 75.0 76.9
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,219 928,907 174,756 186,826 18.8 20.1
Private 1,059 808,084 92,181 102,659 11.4 12.7
Public 160 120,823 82,574 84,167 68.3 69.7
5660 Newburgh, NY-PA PMSA Total 198 162,277 50,728 52,458 31.3 32.3
Private 142 117,953 17,179 18,218 14.6 15.4
Public 56 44,325 33,548 34,240 75.7 77.2
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA Total 568 628,433 34,519 45,003 5.5 7.2
Private 444 490,065 16,625 20,729 3.4 4.2
Public 124 138,368 17,894 24,274 12.9 17.5
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 808 1,097,689 217,209 236,882 19.8 21.6
Private 673 915,701 115,245 122,991 12.6 13.4
Public 135 181,987 101,964 113,891 56.0 62.6
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 120 107,282 7,182 10,574 6.7 9.9
Private 99 89,770 1,073 2,028 1.2 2.3
Public 21 17,513 6,109 8,546 34.9 48.8
5800 Odessa-Midland, TX MSA Total 113 127,517 2,038 2,038 1.6 1.6
Private 100 112,735 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 13 14,782 2,038 2,038 13.8 13.8
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 819 511,043 45,371 49,975 8.9 9.8
Private 657 412,516 24,708 26,751 6.0 6.5
Public 162 98,527 20,662 23,224 21.0 23.6
5910 Olympia, WA PMSA Total 148 147,915 26,307 34,883 17.8 23.6
Private 92 96,090 11,791 11,791 12.3 12.3
Public 56 51,825 14,516 23,092 28.0 44.6
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 1,116 321,778 28,908 32,857 9.0 10.2
Private 968 279,973 17,220 19,186 6.2 6.9
Public 148 41,806 11,687 13,670 28.0 32.7
5945 Orange County, CA PMSA Total 898 1,264,011 123,912 129,811 9.8 10.3
Private 801 1,128,048 55,662 57,127 4.9 5.1
Public 97 135,963 68,250 72,684 50.2 53.5
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 955 849,190 56,163 80,152 6.6 9.4
Private 861 767,204 35,181 49,439 4.6 6.4
Public 94 81,986 20,983 30,713 25.6 37.5
6015 Panama City, FL MSA Total 65 59,287 788 788 1.3 1.3
Private 47 43,405 788 788 1.8 1.8
Public 18 15,882 0 0 0.0 0.0
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 177 156,677 7,367 9,826 4.7 6.3
Private 147 130,603 3,202 4,123 2.5 3.2
Public 30 26,074 4,165 5,703 16.0 21.9
6120 Peoria-Pekin, IL MSA Total 232 161,620 29,649 29,649 18.3 18.3
Private 210 146,958 23,088 23,088 15.7 15.7
Public 22 14,662 6,561 6,561 44.7 44.7
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 3,013 2,253,813 405,185 437,011 18.0 19.4
Private 2,619 1,961,733 244,343 263,371 12.5 13.4
Public 394 292,080 160,842 173,640 55.1 59.4
6200 Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA Total 1,596 1,416,409 89,651 97,945 6.3 6.9
Private 1,371 1,217,287 45,192 50,615 3.7 4.2
Public 225 199,122 44,459 47,330 22.3 23.8
6280 Pittsburgh, PA MSA Total 1,395 988,831 170,795 177,686 17.3 18.0
Private 1,221 866,902 107,140 110,803 12.4 12.8
Public 174 121,929 63,655 66,883 52.2 54.9
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 513 122,317 14,135 14,432 11.6 11.8
Private 439 105,650 5,342 5,475 5.1 5.2
Public 74 16,668 8,793 8,957 52.8 53.7
6440 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA PMSA Total 1,390 903,175 131,548 141,514 14.6 15.7
Private 1,203 786,051 80,403 84,317 10.2 10.7
Public 187 117,124 51,145 57,196 43.7 48.8
6450 Portsmouth-Rochester, NH-ME PMSA Total 540 120,524 9,197 12,095 7.6 10.0
Private 455 102,009 3,533 4,047 3.5 4.0
Public 85 18,515 5,665 8,048 30.6 43.5
6480 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA MSA Total 2,320 480,111 77,623 80,598 16.2 16.8
Private 2,012 422,736 38,315 40,584 9.1 9.6
Public 308 57,375 39,308 40,014 68.5 69.7
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 396 153,979 11,292 12,764 7.3 8.3
Private 336 131,661 5,579 6,276 4.2 4.8
Public 60 22,318 5,713 6,488 25.6 29.1
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 100 61,528 10,116 10,602 16.4 17.2
Private 78 48,210 5,468 5,954 11.3 12.3
Public 22 13,318 4,648 4,648 34.9 34.9
6580 Punta Gorda, FL MSA Total 72 63,319 5,972 7,048 9.4 11.1
Private 61 53,081 1,634 1,634 3.1 3.1
Public 11 10,239 4,338 5,414 42.4 52.9
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 190 145,659 24,753 26,847 17.0 18.4
Private 172 132,011 17,755 18,178 13.4 13.8
Public 18 13,648 6,998 8,669 51.3 63.5
6640 Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MSA Total 675 573,778 22,013 25,265 3.8 4.4
Private 525 446,082 12,090 12,985 2.7 2.9
Public 150 127,697 9,923 12,280 7.8 9.6
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 203 141,882 24,739 27,223 17.4 19.2
Private 170 119,734 13,911 15,228 11.6 12.7
Public 33 22,148 10,828 11,995 48.9 54.2
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 523 158,347 17,862 21,068 11.3 13.3
Private 438 131,241 9,341 9,985 7.1 7.6
Public 85 27,106 8,521 11,083 31.4 40.9
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 424 466,259 32,938 37,192 7.1 8.0
Private 332 364,037 19,353 22,445 5.3 6.2
Public 92 102,222 13,584 14,747 13.3 14.4
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 889 1,259,852 292,665 307,486 23.2 24.4
Private 715 1,010,989 123,730 125,271 12.2 12.4
Public 174 248,863 168,936 182,215 67.9 73.2
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 159 180,004 12,542 20,312 7.0 11.3
Private 131 147,954 7,434 12,760 5.0 8.6
Public 28 32,049 5,108 7,552 15.9 23.6
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 596 469,890 66,400 70,419 14.1 15.0
Private 511 406,071 28,443 30,222 7.0 7.4
Public 85 63,819 37,956 40,197 59.5 63.0
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 228 156,503 20,589 22,394 13.2 14.3
Private 203 139,469 13,970 15,132 10.0 10.8
Public 25 17,035 6,620 7,262 38.9 42.6
6920 Sacramento, CA PMSA Total 557 751,100 184,549 197,107 24.6 26.2
Private 423 572,566 71,957 74,483 12.6 13.0
Public 134 178,533 112,592 122,625 63.1 68.7
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 268 204,346 59,213 62,790 29.0 30.7
Private 216 165,611 31,740 33,989 19.2 20.5
Public 52 38,735 27,473 28,801 70.9 74.4
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL MSA Total 1,214 1,163,503 207,917 226,332 17.9 19.5
Private 1,057 1,020,785 157,849 167,566 15.5 16.4
Public 157 142,718 50,068 58,766 35.1 41.2
7080 Salem, OR PMSA Total 231 145,820 38,413 39,024 26.3 26.8
Private 183 114,533 17,903 17,903 15.6 15.6
Public 48 31,287 20,510 21,121 65.6 67.5
7120 Salinas, CA MSA Total 114 153,023 39,291 39,291 25.7 25.7
Private 97 130,615 22,376 22,376 17.1 17.1
Public 17 22,408 16,915 16,915 75.5 75.5
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,598 619,121 46,026 51,690 7.4 8.3
Private 1,322 514,708 20,660 23,271 4.0 4.5
Public 276 104,414 25,366 28,418 24.3 27.2
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 596 708,155 30,514 35,064 4.3 5.0
Private 491 581,477 15,224 18,746 2.6 3.2
Public 105 126,678 15,290 16,318 12.1 12.9
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 898 1,215,653 167,659 189,743 13.8 15.6
Private 746 1,014,235 86,451 96,853 8.5 9.5
Public 152 201,417 81,208 92,890 40.3 46.1
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 696 940,545 148,583 159,479 15.8 17.0
Private 609 826,292 97,305 101,663 11.8 12.3
Public 87 114,253 51,278 57,815 44.9 50.6
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 640 866,320 99,674 107,929 11.5 12.5
Private 581 789,397 60,482 66,115 7.7 8.4
Public 59 76,923 39,191 41,815 50.9 54.4
7460 San Luis Obispo-Atascadero-Paso Robles, CA MSA Total 120 165,755 26,272 28,897 15.8 17.4
Private 96 134,103 7,252 8,684 5.4 6.5
Public 24 31,652 19,020 20,213 60.1 63.9
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 124 165,497 12,538 16,300 7.6 9.8
Private 97 130,585 3,675 6,241 2.8 4.8
Public 27 34,912 8,863 10,058 25.4 28.8
7490 Santa Fe, NM MSA Total 156 52,227 3,141 3,734 6.0 7.1
Private 106 36,098 2,190 2,190 6.1 6.1
Public 50 16,129 951 1,544 5.9 9.6
7500 Santa Rosa, CA PMSA Total 144 198,939 35,745 35,745 18.0 18.0
Private 123 170,825 19,715 19,715 11.5 11.5
Public 21 28,114 16,030 16,030 57.0 57.0
7510 Sarasota-Bradenton, FL MSA Total 217 188,465 6,281 8,814 3.3 4.7
Private 201 174,665 5,358 7,891 3.1 4.5
Public 16 13,800 923 923 6.7 6.7
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre-Hazelton, PA MSA Total 400 282,315 56,838 60,704 20.1 21.5
Private 329 232,964 28,351 30,303 12.2 13.0
Public 71 49,351 28,487 30,401 57.7 61.6
7600 Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA PMSA Total 1,141 1,121,560 194,062 210,829 17.3 18.8
Private 1,000 986,914 123,266 133,033 12.5 13.5
Public 141 134,646 70,796 77,797 52.6 57.8
7680 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA MSA Total 203 181,537 19,858 26,925 10.9 14.8
Private 161 144,497 8,731 10,695 6.0 7.4
Public 42 37,040 11,127 16,230 30.0 43.8
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 554 71,748 5,344 6,741 7.4 9.4
Private 498 64,579 2,824 3,448 4.4 5.3
Public 56 7,169 2,519 3,293 35.1 45.9
7800 South Bend, IN MSA Total 114 102,586 11,363 13,100 11.1 12.8
Private 104 92,533 8,069 8,613 8.7 9.3
Public 10 10,053 3,295 4,486 32.8 44.6
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 194 185,905 24,285 25,067 13.1 13.5
Private 170 162,722 13,461 13,461 8.3 8.3
Public 24 23,183 10,824 11,606 46.7 50.1
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 145 102,797 15,938 15,938 15.5 15.5
Private 97 68,722 1,968 1,968 2.9 2.9
Public 48 34,075 13,970 13,970 41.0 41.0
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 91 93,729 12,301 13,853 13.1 14.8
Private 86 89,347 10,415 10,415 11.7 11.7
Public 5 4,382 1,887 3,438 43.1 78.5
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 370 269,039 45,469 46,680 16.9 17.4
Private 315 229,440 23,926 24,375 10.4 10.6
Public 55 39,599 21,543 22,305 54.4 56.3
8040 Stamford-Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 234 143,598 9,541 9,952 6.6 6.9
Private 225 137,621 5,490 5,901 4.0 4.3
Public 9 5,977 4,051 4,051 67.8 67.8
8120 Stockton-Lodi, CA MSA Total 170 229,302 52,328 59,020 22.8 25.7
Private 136 183,543 34,211 38,132 18.6 20.8
Public 34 45,759 18,117 20,888 39.6 45.6
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 315 259,603 60,531 61,333 23.3 23.6
Private 253 209,530 26,236 27,038 12.5 12.9
Public 62 50,073 34,295 34,295 68.5 68.5
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 291 286,045 82,254 87,252 28.8 30.5
Private 231 230,139 50,772 51,979 22.1 22.6
Public 60 55,906 31,482 35,273 56.3 63.1
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 127 112,133 3,637 9,144 3.2 8.2
Private 83 74,105 934 1,949 1.3 2.6
Public 44 38,028 2,703 7,195 7.1 18.9
8280 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,170 1,036,265 58,755 75,410 5.7 7.3
Private 1,031 913,056 26,277 34,680 2.9 3.8
Public 139 123,209 32,478 40,730 26.4 33.1
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 374 270,624 82,074 86,565 30.3 32.0
Private 307 222,593 51,191 52,676 23.0 23.7
Public 67 48,031 30,884 33,889 64.3 70.6
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 135 58,892 8,408 8,408 14.3 14.3
Private 107 47,184 4,398 4,398 9.3 9.3
Public 28 11,708 4,009 4,009 34.2 34.2
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 228 172,112 47,302 47,302 27.5 27.5
Private 174 129,354 14,222 14,222 11.0 11.0
Public 54 42,758 33,080 33,080 77.4 77.4
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 399 353,701 21,215 25,560 6.0 7.2
Private 302 267,761 8,677 10,153 3.2 3.8
Public 97 85,939 12,538 15,407 14.6 17.9
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 540 333,086 26,919 28,696 8.1 8.6
Private 479 297,017 19,175 19,764 6.5 6.7
Public 61 36,069 7,744 8,932 21.5 24.8
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 135 107,135 9,377 12,899 8.8 12.0
Private 112 88,483 6,181 7,543 7.0 8.5
Public 23 18,652 3,196 5,356 17.1 28.7
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 141 111,899 32,558 32,558 29.1 29.1
Private 104 83,158 12,271 12,271 14.8 14.8
Public 37 28,741 20,287 20,287 70.6 70.6
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 162 222,619 56,761 61,113 25.5 27.5
Private 119 164,674 26,851 26,851 16.3 16.3
Public 43 57,944 29,910 34,262 51.6 59.1
8735 Ventura, CA PMSA Total 208 291,722 42,261 50,600 14.5 17.3
Private 169 238,828 14,582 15,980 6.1 6.7
Public 39 52,894 27,679 34,620 52.3 65.5
8760 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ PMSA Total 86 67,700 26,601 27,435 39.3 40.5
Private 65 51,417 13,433 14,267 26.1 27.7
Public 21 16,284 13,168 13,168 80.9 80.9
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 100 136,798 6,953 6,953 5.1 5.1
Private 92 125,413 4,238 4,238 3.4 3.4
Public 8 11,385 2,715 2,715 23.8 23.8
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 92 99,420 7,924 7,924 8.0 8.0
Private 77 83,476 2,209 2,209 2.6 2.6
Public 15 15,944 5,715 5,715 35.8 35.8
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA Total 3,977 2,427,070 222,633 282,742 9.2 11.6
Private 2,941 1,829,896 94,579 114,019 5.2 6.2
Public 1,036 597,174 128,054 168,722 21.4 28.3
8880 Waterbury, CT PMSA Total 172 103,127 12,466 12,466 12.1 12.1
Private 155 92,226 6,043 6,043 6.6 6.6
Public 17 10,901 6,423 6,423 58.9 58.9
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 121 60,146 11,934 12,862 19.8 21.4
Private 107 53,807 9,961 10,507 18.5 19.5
Public 14 6,339 1,973 2,355 31.1 37.1
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL MSA Total 517 443,301 42,724 51,315 9.6 11.6
Private 464 399,032 19,595 25,851 4.9 6.5
Public 53 44,269 23,128 25,464 52.2 57.5
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 163 52,975 10,565 10,565 19.9 19.9
Private 143 46,688 8,241 8,241 17.7 17.7
Public 20 6,287 2,323 2,323 37.0 37.0
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 553 259,974 35,455 48,331 13.6 18.6
Private 469 222,481 26,679 35,674 12.0 16.0
Public 84 37,493 8,776 12,656 23.4 33.8
9160 Wilmington-Newark, DE-MD PMSA Total 1,481 258,933 32,310 34,787 12.5 13.4
Private 1,314 229,818 19,824 21,585 8.6 9.4
Public 167 29,115 12,485 13,202 42.9 45.3
9200 Wilmington, NC MSA Total 67 59,472 2,749 2,749 4.6 4.6
Private 55 48,932 923 923 1.9 1.9
Public 12 10,540 1,826 1,826 17.3 17.3
9240 Worcester, MA-CT PMSA Total 219 166,335 25,347 30,451 15.2 18.3
Private 192 146,489 14,372 18,051 9.8 12.3
Public 27 19,845 10,975 12,401 55.3 62.5
9270 Yolo, CA PMSA Total 59 82,926 23,400 27,148 28.2 32.7
Private 36 51,328 11,248 12,348 21.9 24.1
Public 23 31,598 12,152 14,800 38.5 46.8
9280 York, PA MSA Total 267 182,807 27,321 28,572 14.9 15.6
Private 241 165,518 17,196 17,832 10.4 10.8
Public 26 17,289 10,125 10,740 58.6 62.1
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 412 358,587 95,870 103,614 26.7 28.9
Private 335 293,979 56,530 60,601 19.2 20.6
Public 77 64,608 39,340 43,014 60.9 66.6
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 122 168,385 30,760 32,500 18.3 19.3
Private 103 143,476 12,258 13,998 8.5 9.8
Public 19 24,909 18,502 18,502 74.3 74.3
9360 Yuma, AZ MSA Total 55 45,268 1,659 1,659 3.7 3.7
Private 40 32,983 763 763 2.3 2.3
Public 15 12,285 896 896 7.3 7.3
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2001. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2001 tables are based
on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS.
2002 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.