Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 2002 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
7 Boston-Worcester-Lawrence, MA-NH-ME-CT Total 4,823 2,600,350 355,853 391,192 13.7 15.0
Private 4,188 2,261,760 157,817 179,983 7.0 8.0
Public 635 338,591 198,036 211,209 58.5 62.4
Priv Const 231 124,628 30,151 30,978 24.2 24.9
Priv Manuf 706 341,568 28,000 30,337 8.2 8.9
14 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI Total 5,099 3,764,442 738,149 780,715 19.6 20.7
Private 4,503 3,327,394 516,328 540,977 15.5 16.3
Public 596 437,048 221,821 239,739 50.8 54.9
Priv Const 265 193,605 95,781 95,781 49.5 49.5
Priv Manuf 780 572,588 104,411 107,635 18.2 18.8
21 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,163 863,539 96,563 108,714 11.2 12.6
Private 1,034 766,594 55,160 64,470 7.2 8.4
Public 129 96,944 41,403 44,244 42.7 45.6
Priv Const 36 26,671 3,103 3,103 11.6 11.6
Priv Manuf 190 138,821 20,756 22,345 15.0 16.1
28 Cleveland-Akron, OH Total 1,862 1,437,514 252,653 261,543 17.6 18.2
Private 1,613 1,245,221 145,369 149,462 11.7 12.0
Public 249 192,293 107,284 112,080 55.8 58.3
Priv Const 68 50,473 12,723 12,723 25.2 25.2
Priv Manuf 318 246,115 48,353 50,983 19.6 20.7
31 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 2,204 2,627,728 136,678 168,915 5.2 6.4
Private 1,953 2,329,301 87,493 101,712 3.8 4.4
Public 251 298,428 49,185 67,203 16.5 22.5
Priv Const 171 204,257 8,526 10,811 4.2 5.3
Priv Manuf 276 330,554 24,491 24,491 7.4 7.4
34 Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO Total 2,498 1,264,689 105,268 122,027 8.3 9.6
Private 2,092 1,060,447 59,168 66,028 5.6 6.2
Public 406 204,242 46,100 55,999 22.6 27.4
Priv Const 199 102,029 15,052 17,087 14.8 16.7
Priv Manuf 247 124,594 5,943 6,462 4.8 5.2
35 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI Total 2,993 2,371,556 533,575 556,818 22.5 23.5
Private 2,617 2,076,767 372,015 386,666 17.9 18.6
Public 376 294,789 161,560 170,151 54.8 57.7
Priv Const 132 107,506 33,386 34,214 31.1 31.8
Priv Manuf 661 521,289 172,151 175,418 33.0 33.7
42 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,778 2,131,617 108,505 142,379 5.1 6.7
Private 1,517 1,825,733 59,369 77,298 3.3 4.2
Public 261 305,884 49,136 65,080 16.1 21.3
Priv Const 167 189,239 11,469 11,469 6.1 6.1
Priv Manuf 197 229,659 14,059 17,850 6.1 7.8
49 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA Total 6,868 6,805,783 1,178,840 1,269,444 17.3 18.7
Private 5,839 5,782,177 587,577 625,004 10.2 10.8
Public 1,029 1,023,606 591,263 644,440 57.8 63.0
Priv Const 343 360,339 57,565 58,334 16.0 16.2
Priv Manuf 1,048 1,017,350 100,087 106,401 9.8 10.5
56 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 1,772 1,593,455 109,741 136,346 6.9 8.6
Private 1,525 1,373,449 42,169 54,976 3.1 4.0
Public 247 220,006 67,572 81,369 30.7 37.0
Priv Const 112 101,932 5,843 6,958 5.7 6.8
Priv Manuf 131 117,488 2,653 5,166 2.3 4.4
63 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 1,375 865,035 142,814 151,846 16.5 17.6
Private 1,213 763,421 84,565 90,968 11.1 11.9
Public 162 101,614 58,249 60,879 57.3 59.9
Priv Const 54 36,123 16,524 16,524 45.7 45.7
Priv Manuf 320 199,753 35,580 37,089 17.8 18.6
70 New York-Northern NJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 11,367 8,550,752 1,963,967 2,056,398 23.0 24.0
Private 9,544 7,156,034 1,024,069 1,087,757 14.3 15.2
Public 1,823 1,394,718 939,899 968,641 67.4 69.5
Priv Const 498 385,260 132,619 136,686 34.4 35.5
Priv Manuf 1,271 902,407 120,479 128,479 13.4 14.2
77 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 5,043 2,769,201 460,950 482,744 16.6 17.4
Private 4,390 2,411,042 265,317 275,679 11.0 11.4
Public 653 358,159 195,633 207,065 54.6 57.8
Priv Const 239 129,673 39,887 41,676 30.8 32.1
Priv Manuf 612 301,220 51,101 51,101 17.0 17.0
79 Portland-Salem, OR-WA Total 1,899 1,028,774 176,614 185,046 17.2 18.0
Private 1,616 881,114 99,490 104,038 11.3 11.8
Public 283 147,660 77,124 81,009 52.2 54.9
Priv Const 87 47,131 10,771 10,771 22.9 22.9
Priv Manuf 299 162,707 23,506 24,105 14.4 14.8
82 Sacramento-Yolo, CA Total 606 847,748 224,351 235,048 26.5 27.7
Private 427 602,080 76,840 80,065 12.8 13.3
Public 179 245,668 147,511 154,983 60.0 63.1
Priv Const 44 64,178 16,525 16,525 25.7 25.7
Priv Manuf 32 44,683 2,291 2,291 5.1 5.1
84 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,310 3,204,874 542,202 562,911 16.9 17.6
Private 1,969 2,738,184 281,415 292,273 10.3 10.7
Public 341 466,690 260,786 270,637 55.9 58.0
Priv Const 114 159,994 46,337 46,337 29.0 29.0
Priv Manuf 354 486,190 36,107 37,426 7.4 7.7
91 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA Total 1,943 1,555,769 298,387 324,518 19.2 20.9
Private 1,606 1,288,697 181,597 192,693 14.1 15.0
Public 337 267,072 116,790 131,825 43.7 49.4
Priv Const 104 85,344 22,413 23,327 26.3 27.3
Priv Manuf 275 221,083 56,680 59,144 25.6 26.8
97 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 5,961 3,707,024 449,177 537,105 12.1 14.5
Private 4,442 2,838,873 205,391 242,603 7.2 8.5
Public 1,519 868,151 243,786 294,502 28.1 33.9
Priv Const 284 200,357 29,718 31,973 14.8 16.0
Priv Manuf 296 206,572 26,188 27,942 12.7 13.5
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH PMSA Total 449 335,094 56,026 56,026 16.7 16.7
Private 379 285,277 28,153 28,153 9.9 9.9
Public 70 49,816 27,873 27,873 56.0 56.0
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 510 415,813 103,020 111,413 24.8 26.8
Private 392 320,371 35,947 40,139 11.2 12.5
Public 118 95,442 67,073 71,275 70.3 74.7
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 835 287,486 30,746 36,064 10.7 12.5
Private 669 230,366 14,457 14,979 6.3 6.5
Public 166 57,119 16,289 21,085 28.5 36.9
240 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA MSA Total 397 277,998 38,435 43,682 13.8 15.7
Private 352 247,476 19,480 22,138 7.9 8.9
Public 45 30,522 18,954 21,544 62.1 70.6
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 1,212 121,710 27,610 29,762 22.7 24.5
Private 923 93,207 11,256 12,133 12.1 13.0
Public 289 28,503 16,354 17,629 57.4 61.8
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 345 270,305 55,278 56,979 20.5 21.1
Private 270 212,393 33,436 33,436 15.7 15.7
Public 75 57,911 21,842 23,543 37.7 40.7
450 Anniston, AL MSA Total 73 51,832 4,332 7,487 8.4 14.4
Private 56 38,443 2,633 2,633 6.9 6.9
Public 17 13,389 1,698 4,853 12.7 36.3
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI MSA Total 220 141,591 21,374 22,570 15.1 15.9
Private 195 125,524 13,410 14,606 10.7 11.6
Public 25 16,067 7,964 7,964 49.6 49.6
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 87 74,123 1,830 1,830 2.5 2.5
Private 73 62,949 959 959 1.5 1.5
Public 14 11,174 871 871 7.8 7.8
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,517 2,140,494 98,891 118,452 4.6 5.5
Private 1,348 1,905,431 61,749 71,893 3.2 3.8
Public 169 235,062 37,141 46,560 15.8 19.8
560 Atlantic-Cape May, NJ PMSA Total 223 166,925 40,150 40,150 24.1 24.1
Private 178 133,002 20,339 20,339 15.3 15.3
Public 45 33,923 19,811 19,811 58.4 58.4
600 Augusta-Aiken, GA-SC MSA Total 200 213,729 9,154 9,862 4.3 4.6
Private 143 157,171 4,951 5,659 3.1 3.6
Public 57 56,558 4,203 4,203 7.4 7.4
640 Austin-San Marcos, TX MSA Total 471 551,620 35,762 41,669 6.5 7.6
Private 350 410,318 12,208 14,843 3.0 3.6
Public 121 141,302 23,554 26,826 16.7 19.0
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 231 321,818 62,957 66,738 19.6 20.7
Private 182 255,993 29,383 30,771 11.5 12.0
Public 49 65,825 33,575 35,967 51.0 54.6
720 Baltimore, MD PMSA Total 1,322 1,052,465 177,165 194,538 16.8 18.5
Private 1,030 823,120 80,340 86,279 9.8 10.5
Public 292 229,345 96,825 108,258 42.2 47.2
760 Balton Rouge, LA MSA Total 228 204,178 19,605 24,311 9.6 11.9
Private 176 158,485 11,677 13,461 7.4 8.5
Public 52 45,693 7,928 10,850 17.3 23.7
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA Total 132 155,869 18,030 18,030 11.6 11.6
Private 109 127,712 10,937 10,937 8.6 8.6
Public 23 28,157 7,093 7,093 25.2 25.2
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 235 180,825 35,158 35,158 19.4 19.4
Private 197 152,229 25,901 25,901 17.0 17.0
Public 38 28,596 9,257 9,257 32.4 32.4
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 39 29,708 3,683 3,683 12.4 12.4
Private 36 27,449 2,172 2,172 7.9 7.9
Public 3 2,259 1,511 1,511 66.9 66.9
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 746 562,484 105,311 114,899 18.7 20.4
Private 646 485,351 59,227 63,506 12.2 13.1
Public 100 77,133 46,085 51,393 59.7 66.6
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 125 102,182 26,013 26,013 25.5 25.5
Private 88 72,214 5,882 5,882 8.1 8.1
Public 37 29,968 20,131 20,131 67.2 67.2
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 679 490,285 40,941 43,932 8.4 9.0
Private 582 417,852 16,747 18,821 4.0 4.5
Public 97 72,433 24,194 25,111 33.4 34.7
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 830 207,250 12,138 14,618 5.9 7.1
Private 711 178,184 7,239 8,490 4.1 4.8
Public 119 29,065 4,899 6,128 16.9 21.1
1120 Boston, MA-NH PMSA Total 2,050 1,537,716 207,972 234,226 13.5 15.2
Private 1,793 1,346,628 97,389 116,276 7.2 8.6
Public 257 191,088 110,583 117,950 57.9 61.7
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 328 169,308 8,941 9,578 5.3 5.7
Private 270 139,582 5,537 5,537 4.0 4.0
Public 58 29,727 3,404 4,041 11.5 13.6
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 94 113,506 10,118 11,069 8.9 9.8
Private 75 90,307 5,561 5,561 6.2 6.2
Public 19 23,200 4,557 5,508 19.6 23.7
1160 Bridgeport, CT PMSA Total 438 190,863 38,413 40,755 20.1 21.4
Private 382 167,204 21,318 22,258 12.7 13.3
Public 56 23,658 17,095 18,497 72.3 78.2
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 188 133,993 27,313 29,576 20.4 22.1
Private 157 112,899 11,712 12,450 10.4 11.0
Public 31 21,094 15,601 17,126 74.0 81.2
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen-San Benito, TX MSA Total 95 109,537 10,738 10,738 9.8 9.8
Private 73 82,735 2,864 2,864 3.5 3.5
Public 22 26,802 7,874 7,874 29.4 29.4
1280 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA Total 616 494,322 149,213 155,670 30.2 31.5
Private 482 389,728 77,277 82,192 19.8 21.1
Public 134 104,594 71,937 73,478 68.8 70.3
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 909 90,500 9,273 10,724 10.2 11.9
Private 794 79,769 5,195 5,865 6.5 7.4
Public 115 10,731 4,078 4,859 38.0 45.3
1320 Canton-Massillon, OH MSA Total 266 194,493 34,139 36,397 17.6 18.7
Private 228 167,513 21,224 22,792 12.7 13.6
Public 38 26,980 12,914 13,606 47.9 50.4
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 236 93,382 11,320 12,139 12.1 13.0
Private 215 85,574 8,087 8,087 9.5 9.5
Public 21 7,807 3,234 4,053 41.4 51.9
1440 Charleston-North Charleston, SC MSA Total 345 268,767 21,820 26,289 8.1 9.8
Private 267 208,652 16,185 19,221 7.8 9.2
Public 78 60,115 5,635 7,067 9.4 11.8
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 380 113,292 17,678 18,487 15.6 16.3
Private 295 87,870 10,567 10,771 12.0 12.3
Public 85 25,423 7,111 7,715 28.0 30.3
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 764 665,960 38,332 43,760 5.8 6.6
Private 670 584,176 24,783 28,129 4.2 4.8
Public 94 81,784 13,549 15,632 16.6 19.1
1560 Chattanooga, TN-GA MSA Total 184 214,851 13,228 15,355 6.2 7.1
Private 150 177,855 7,330 7,330 4.1 4.1
Public 34 36,997 5,898 8,025 15.9 21.7
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 4,756 3,505,109 676,890 710,234 19.3 20.3
Private 4,205 3,101,135 466,529 485,969 15.0 15.7
Public 551 403,973 210,360 224,265 52.1 55.5
1620 Chico-Paradise, CA MSA Total 135 190,417 26,723 29,319 14.0 15.4
Private 111 156,402 10,054 10,054 6.4 6.4
Public 24 34,015 16,669 19,265 49.0 56.6
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 1,000 741,933 78,635 89,953 10.6 12.1
Private 901 668,121 45,484 54,793 6.8 8.2
Public 99 73,812 33,151 35,160 44.9 47.6
1660 Clarksville-Hopkinsville, TN-KY MSA Total 113 124,111 5,864 7,910 4.7 6.4
Private 90 98,457 3,510 3,510 3.6 3.6
Public 23 25,654 2,355 4,400 9.2 17.2
1680 Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 1,413 1,102,421 196,627 205,517 17.8 18.6
Private 1,234 959,944 117,216 121,310 12.2 12.6
Public 179 142,477 79,411 84,207 55.7 59.1
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 453 233,487 7,187 9,517 3.1 4.1
Private 382 196,761 2,631 3,834 1.3 1.9
Public 71 36,726 4,556 5,683 12.4 15.5
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 362 276,765 18,368 24,236 6.6 8.8
Private 260 200,191 8,205 9,723 4.1 4.9
Public 102 76,574 10,164 14,513 13.3 19.0
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 221 302,438 10,623 10,623 3.5 3.5
Private 183 252,366 3,756 3,756 1.5 1.5
Public 38 50,072 6,867 6,867 13.7 13.7
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 992 741,529 93,015 104,689 12.5 14.1
Private 822 616,379 50,478 54,217 8.2 8.8
Public 170 125,150 42,537 50,472 34.0 40.3
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 142 167,751 3,678 3,678 2.2 2.2
Private 120 140,983 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 22 26,768 3,678 3,678 13.7 13.7
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,454 1,736,878 64,546 80,039 3.7 4.6
Private 1,290 1,538,938 37,235 44,315 2.4 2.9
Public 164 197,940 27,311 35,724 13.8 18.0
1930 Danbury, CT PMSA Total 248 107,836 17,609 18,367 16.3 17.0
Private 205 89,320 4,673 4,673 5.2 5.2
Public 43 18,516 12,936 13,693 69.9 74.0
1960 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL MSA Total 307 158,398 23,823 28,034 15.0 17.7
Private 255 130,701 11,494 13,333 8.8 10.2
Public 52 27,697 12,328 14,701 44.5 53.1
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 527 375,825 59,293 66,370 15.8 17.7
Private 446 318,658 37,839 41,342 11.9 13.0
Public 81 57,167 21,454 25,028 37.5 43.8
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 166 144,713 5,931 7,702 4.1 5.3
Private 143 124,857 1,057 1,057 0.8 0.8
Public 23 19,856 4,874 6,645 24.5 33.5
2030 Decatur, AL MSA Total 204 142,082 13,241 14,171 9.3 10.0
Private 164 115,363 7,933 7,933 6.9 6.9
Public 40 26,719 5,308 6,238 19.9 23.3
2040 Decatur, IL MSA Total 151 209,540 39,560 41,119 18.9 19.6
Private 134 186,453 29,558 31,116 15.9 16.7
Public 17 23,088 10,003 10,003 43.3 43.3
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 1,979 1,000,034 91,938 107,576 9.2 10.8
Private 1,660 839,928 51,674 58,534 6.2 7.0
Public 319 160,106 40,264 49,042 25.1 30.6
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 641 259,661 25,264 32,679 9.7 12.6
Private 571 231,917 15,338 18,010 6.6 7.8
Public 70 27,744 9,925 14,669 35.8 52.9
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 2,441 1,938,061 430,239 451,045 22.2 23.3
Private 2,174 1,727,506 305,273 319,188 17.7 18.5
Public 267 210,555 124,966 131,856 59.4 62.6
2190 Dover, DE MSA Total 392 57,462 5,158 5,834 9.0 10.2
Private 304 44,629 1,634 1,779 3.7 4.0
Public 88 12,833 3,524 4,056 27.5 31.6
2240 Duluth-Superior, MN-WI MSA Total 185 110,841 31,468 33,129 28.4 29.9
Private 160 96,275 21,953 23,112 22.8 24.0
Public 25 14,566 9,515 10,016 65.3 68.8
2281 Dutchess County, NY PMSA Total 150 125,112 32,324 32,324 25.8 25.8
Private 123 104,084 14,168 14,168 13.6 13.6
Public 27 21,027 18,155 18,155 86.3 86.3
2290 Eau Claire, WI MSA Total 224 140,870 24,688 25,928 17.5 18.4
Private 188 118,190 10,612 11,147 9.0 9.4
Public 36 22,681 14,076 14,781 62.1 65.2
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 236 273,404 11,861 16,051 4.3 5.9
Private 185 215,119 6,104 6,104 2.8 2.8
Public 51 58,285 5,757 9,947 9.9 17.1
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 145 102,437 21,585 23,108 21.1 22.6
Private 130 91,717 13,219 13,970 14.4 15.2
Public 15 10,720 8,366 9,138 78.0 85.2
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 253 131,385 23,218 23,793 17.7 18.1
Private 209 108,586 9,915 9,915 9.1 9.1
Public 44 22,798 13,303 13,878 58.4 60.9
2440 Evansville-Henderson, IN-KY MSA Total 169 124,007 22,222 24,437 17.9 19.7
Private 146 108,024 12,895 13,591 11.9 12.6
Public 23 15,983 9,327 10,846 58.4 67.9
2520 Fargo-Moorhead, ND-MN MSA Total 661 69,822 6,469 7,236 9.3 10.4
Private 578 61,328 3,117 3,337 5.1 5.4
Public 83 8,494 3,352 3,900 39.5 45.9
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 95 82,862 1,422 2,492 1.7 3.0
Private 71 62,796 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 24 20,066 1,422 2,492 7.1 12.4
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR MSA Total 313 167,369 6,654 7,790 4.0 4.7
Private 272 145,246 3,397 3,397 2.3 2.3
Public 41 22,122 3,256 4,393 14.7 19.9
2600 Fitchburg-Leominster, MA PMSA Total 135 98,231 13,726 14,357 14.0 14.6
Private 114 82,623 5,605 5,605 6.8 6.8
Public 21 15,608 8,121 8,752 52.0 56.1
2640 Flint, MI PMSA Total 207 163,190 48,058 48,794 29.4 29.9
Private 173 136,867 33,305 34,042 24.3 24.9
Public 34 26,323 14,752 14,752 56.0 56.0
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 121 83,853 10,003 14,098 11.9 16.8
Private 99 68,318 7,787 8,601 11.4 12.6
Public 22 15,536 2,216 5,497 14.3 35.4
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 214 110,947 9,145 10,026 8.2 9.0
Private 177 92,854 4,948 4,948 5.3 5.3
Public 37 18,094 4,197 5,078 23.2 28.1
2680 Fort Lauderdale, FL PMSA Total 898 803,181 73,906 86,915 9.2 10.8
Private 764 683,103 30,025 36,056 4.4 5.3
Public 134 120,078 43,881 50,859 36.5 42.4
2700 Fort Myers-Cape Coral, FL MSA Total 239 204,911 9,830 14,986 4.8 7.3
Private 216 185,012 2,680 3,511 1.4 1.9
Public 23 19,898 7,150 11,475 35.9 57.7
2710 Fort Pierce-Port St. Lucie, FL MSA Total 146 128,215 4,512 5,352 3.5 4.2
Private 131 114,763 877 877 0.8 0.8
Public 15 13,452 3,635 4,475 27.0 33.3
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 143 78,801 8,514 10,745 10.8 13.6
Private 132 73,607 7,135 9,366 9.7 12.7
Public 11 5,194 1,379 1,379 26.6 26.6
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 127 113,577 2,765 3,652 2.4 3.2
Private 111 99,619 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 16 13,958 2,765 3,652 19.8 26.2
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 236 184,671 37,735 40,202 20.4 21.8
Private 209 163,734 25,332 26,385 15.5 16.1
Public 27 20,937 12,403 13,817 59.2 66.0
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 750 890,850 72,132 88,876 8.1 10.0
Private 663 790,363 50,258 57,397 6.4 7.3
Public 87 100,488 21,874 31,479 21.8 31.3
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 295 409,820 78,506 82,751 19.2 20.2
Private 223 310,123 25,211 26,612 8.1 8.6
Public 72 99,697 53,295 56,139 53.5 56.3
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 98 87,805 4,755 5,609 5.4 6.4
Private 57 51,652 0 854 0.0 1.7
Public 41 36,153 4,755 4,755 13.2 13.2
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 118 150,676 14,263 14,263 9.5 9.5
Private 91 117,143 9,095 9,095 7.8 7.8
Public 27 33,533 5,168 5,168 15.4 15.4
2960 Gary, IN PMSA Total 343 259,333 61,259 70,481 23.6 27.2
Private 298 226,259 49,799 55,008 22.0 24.3
Public 45 33,074 11,460 15,473 34.6 46.8
3000 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI MSA Total 710 540,219 82,333 84,502 15.2 15.6
Private 621 474,255 45,142 46,716 9.5 9.9
Public 89 65,964 37,191 37,786 56.4 57.3
3060 Greeley, CO PMSA Total 191 95,346 4,390 4,873 4.6 5.1
Private 162 80,938 1,957 1,957 2.4 2.4
Public 29 14,408 2,433 2,916 16.9 20.2
3080 Green Bay, WI MSA Total 363 216,875 30,257 30,747 14.0 14.2
Private 326 196,050 15,087 15,087 7.7 7.7
Public 37 20,825 15,170 15,660 72.8 75.2
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 709 624,096 24,551 26,228 3.9 4.2
Private 611 541,793 17,184 18,040 3.2 3.3
Public 98 82,303 7,367 8,187 9.0 9.9
3150 Greenville, NC MSA Total 99 94,582 866 2,343 0.9 2.5
Private 76 73,978 866 2,343 1.2 3.2
Public 23 20,604 0 0 0.0 0.0
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC MSA Total 574 427,489 9,398 11,937 2.2 2.8
Private 503 376,913 5,969 7,309 1.6 1.9
Public 71 50,576 3,430 4,627 6.8 9.1
3180 Hagerstown, MD PMSA Total 221 141,701 17,052 20,011 12.0 14.1
Private 187 119,939 11,279 13,077 9.4 10.9
Public 34 21,762 5,773 6,934 26.5 31.9
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 163 121,605 17,928 18,760 14.7 15.4
Private 133 98,474 9,676 9,676 9.8 9.8
Public 30 23,132 8,252 9,084 35.7 39.3
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 439 310,071 46,211 48,108 14.9 15.5
Private 354 251,074 17,495 18,729 7.0 7.5
Public 85 58,997 28,716 29,379 48.7 49.8
3280 Hartford, CT MSA Total 1,164 525,595 91,506 94,344 17.4 17.9
Private 981 445,652 42,408 44,266 9.5 9.9
Public 183 79,943 49,097 50,078 61.4 62.6
3290 Hickory-Morgantown, NC MSA Total 111 92,267 711 711 0.8 0.8
Private 97 80,660 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 14 11,607 711 711 6.1 6.1
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,722 370,117 90,076 93,663 24.3 25.3
Private 1,340 289,073 49,442 51,593 17.1 17.8
Public 382 81,044 40,634 42,070 50.1 51.9
3350 Houma, LA MSA Total 81 70,560 653 1,674 0.9 2.4
Private 68 59,485 0 1,021 0.0 1.7
Public 13 11,075 653 653 5.9 5.9
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,566 1,867,434 84,123 117,046 4.5 6.3
Private 1,351 1,618,284 44,713 62,642 2.8 3.9
Public 215 249,151 39,410 54,404 15.8 21.8
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 134 39,086 7,795 8,342 19.9 21.3
Private 103 30,048 5,489 5,489 18.3 18.3
Public 31 9,038 2,306 2,853 25.5 31.6
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 185 125,519 5,898 8,012 4.7 6.4
Private 146 100,390 2,369 3,955 2.4 3.9
Public 39 25,129 3,529 4,057 14.0 16.1
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 948 728,725 67,178 75,537 9.2 10.4
Private 805 618,683 36,134 39,302 5.8 6.4
Public 143 110,042 31,044 36,235 28.2 32.9
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 166 271,608 40,274 40,274 14.8 14.8
Private 148 242,221 25,083 25,083 10.4 10.4
Public 18 29,387 15,191 15,191 51.7 51.7
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 295 189,549 18,560 20,100 9.8 10.6
Private 211 135,631 12,913 14,453 9.5 10.7
Public 84 53,918 5,647 5,647 10.5 10.5
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 534 484,417 36,366 44,245 7.5 9.1
Private 453 410,927 11,498 16,560 2.8 4.0
Public 81 73,490 24,868 27,684 33.8 37.7
3610 Jamestown, NY MSA Total 166 134,362 39,709 42,055 29.6 31.3
Private 129 105,575 23,284 24,085 22.1 22.8
Public 37 28,787 16,424 17,970 57.1 62.4
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 291 219,865 52,128 56,721 23.7 25.8
Private 254 192,171 31,691 36,283 16.5 18.9
Public 37 27,694 20,438 20,438 73.8 73.8
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 124 133,221 7,494 7,494 5.6 5.6
Private 101 109,363 5,387 5,387 4.9 4.9
Public 23 23,858 2,106 2,106 8.8 8.8
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 132 92,761 10,943 10,943 11.8 11.8
Private 112 79,400 4,828 4,828 6.1 6.1
Public 20 13,361 6,115 6,115 45.8 45.8
3720 Kalamazoo-Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 195 148,492 30,412 31,090 20.5 20.9
Private 160 123,174 14,434 14,434 11.7 11.7
Public 35 25,319 15,978 16,655 63.1 65.8
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 1,624 908,549 96,719 108,249 10.6 11.9
Private 1,415 785,868 62,467 68,188 7.9 8.7
Public 209 122,681 34,251 40,062 27.9 32.7
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 330 359,402 26,568 36,219 7.4 10.1
Private 291 316,761 16,760 23,529 5.3 7.4
Public 39 42,641 9,808 12,689 23.0 29.8
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 207 187,693 10,924 12,118 5.8 6.5
Private 171 154,008 4,315 4,315 2.8 2.8
Public 36 33,684 6,609 7,803 19.6 23.2
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 86 81,971 7,087 7,963 8.6 9.7
Private 68 65,089 3,570 3,570 5.5 5.5
Public 18 16,882 3,517 4,393 20.8 26.0
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 219 193,027 5,072 10,744 2.6 5.6
Private 184 162,358 3,386 8,221 2.1 5.1
Public 35 30,670 1,686 2,523 5.5 8.2
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 312 214,594 18,169 19,571 8.5 9.1
Private 281 193,719 8,640 9,446 4.5 4.9
Public 31 20,874 9,529 10,125 45.6 48.5
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 259 203,149 52,121 54,254 25.7 26.7
Private 181 141,719 20,897 23,030 14.7 16.3
Public 78 61,430 31,224 31,224 50.8 50.8
4080 Laredo, TX MSA Total 112 129,369 8,038 9,905 6.2 7.7
Private 85 99,651 3,330 5,197 3.3 5.2
Public 27 29,717 4,708 4,708 15.8 15.8
4100 Las Cruces, NM MSA Total 225 77,890 4,761 6,850 6.1 8.8
Private 173 59,535 1,257 2,467 2.1 4.1
Public 52 18,355 3,504 4,384 19.1 23.9
4120 Las Vegas, NV-AZ MSA Total 2,467 611,331 105,378 112,761 17.2 18.4
Private 2,177 539,809 79,958 83,252 14.8 15.4
Public 290 71,522 25,420 29,510 35.5 41.3
4160 Lawrence, MA-NH PMSA Total 160 114,950 11,731 11,731 10.2 10.2
Private 144 103,573 2,278 2,278 2.2 2.2
Public 16 11,377 9,453 9,453 83.1 83.1
4280 Lexington, KY MSA Total 303 208,784 7,667 8,320 3.7 4.0
Private 254 173,942 5,153 5,806 3.0 3.3
Public 49 34,841 2,514 2,514 7.2 7.2
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 557 138,703 10,539 13,373 7.6 9.6
Private 459 115,112 6,792 7,796 5.9 6.8
Public 98 23,591 3,748 5,578 15.9 23.6
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 423 241,024 16,557 17,548 6.9 7.3
Private 342 194,331 7,237 8,228 3.7 4.2
Public 81 46,693 9,320 9,320 20.0 20.0
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 4,814 3,880,109 700,655 760,965 18.1 19.6
Private 4,111 3,314,068 367,701 393,671 11.1 11.9
Public 703 566,041 332,953 367,294 58.8 64.9
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 755 529,506 68,594 76,138 13.0 14.4
Private 670 470,850 46,559 51,455 9.9 10.9
Public 85 58,655 22,035 24,683 37.6 42.1
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 228 172,733 26,130 26,130 15.1 15.1
Private 199 151,026 9,689 9,689 6.4 6.4
Public 29 21,706 16,441 16,441 75.7 75.7
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 113 135,710 5,985 8,038 4.4 5.9
Private 93 112,521 3,807 4,727 3.4 4.2
Public 20 23,189 2,178 3,311 9.4 14.3
4680 Macon, GA MSA Total 71 94,426 10,706 11,740 11.3 12.4
Private 53 70,672 6,338 6,338 9.0 9.0
Public 18 23,753 4,368 5,402 18.4 22.7
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 343 211,875 38,143 40,426 18.0 19.1
Private 264 163,825 14,671 14,671 9.0 9.0
Public 79 48,050 23,472 25,755 48.8 53.6
4760 Manchester, NH PMSA Total 503 90,692 9,562 10,393 10.5 11.5
Private 453 81,858 4,580 4,893 5.6 6.0
Public 50 8,834 4,981 5,500 56.4 62.3
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 127 144,269 0 13,152 0.0 9.1
Private 105 117,709 0 2,053 0.0 1.7
Public 22 26,560 0 11,099 0.0 41.8
4890 Medford-Ashland, OR MSA Total 191 97,604 9,401 11,218 9.6 11.5
Private 166 85,256 4,387 4,387 5.1 5.1
Public 25 12,348 5,014 6,830 40.6 55.3
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 242 212,379 19,707 21,346 9.3 10.1
Private 213 187,877 11,246 12,003 6.0 6.4
Public 29 24,503 8,461 9,344 34.5 38.1
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 434 487,649 56,806 63,434 11.6 13.0
Private 356 402,934 29,456 30,528 7.3 7.6
Public 78 84,715 27,351 32,907 32.3 38.8
4940 Merced, CA MSA Total 117 162,736 25,095 26,574 15.4 16.3
Private 96 133,290 12,341 12,341 9.3 9.3
Public 21 29,446 12,754 14,233 43.3 48.3
5000 Miami, FL PMSA Total 874 790,273 35,835 49,431 4.5 6.3
Private 761 690,345 12,144 18,920 1.8 2.7
Public 113 99,928 23,691 30,510 23.7 30.5
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 661 485,874 91,502 94,887 18.8 19.5
Private 559 411,667 45,689 48,463 11.1 11.8
Public 102 74,207 45,814 46,424 61.7 62.6
5080 Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI PMSA Total 1,096 691,490 118,365 123,568 17.1 17.9
Private 962 606,424 70,550 73,772 11.6 12.2
Public 134 85,066 47,815 49,796 56.2 58.5
5120 Minneapolis-St., Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 2,352 1,482,290 257,015 268,749 17.3 18.1
Private 2,042 1,291,550 143,658 149,455 11.1 11.6
Public 310 190,741 113,357 119,294 59.4 62.5
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 283 195,436 21,496 23,939 11.0 12.2
Private 245 169,536 14,832 17,275 8.7 10.2
Public 38 25,900 6,663 6,663 25.7 25.7
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 118 159,210 29,038 31,977 18.2 20.1
Private 94 127,248 7,661 10,600 6.0 8.3
Public 24 31,962 21,377 21,377 66.9 66.9
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 639 471,101 93,000 97,225 19.7 20.6
Private 514 377,647 32,651 34,026 8.6 9.0
Public 125 93,454 60,349 63,199 64.6 67.6
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 109 99,138 10,885 10,885 11.0 11.0
Private 94 85,204 6,829 6,829 8.0 8.0
Public 15 13,934 4,057 4,057 29.1 29.1
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 152 103,187 9,264 10,444 9.0 10.1
Private 118 80,829 2,524 3,231 3.1 4.0
Public 34 22,358 6,740 7,213 30.1 32.3
5330 Myrtle Beach, SC MSA Total 163 126,276 4,244 5,047 3.4 4.0
Private 140 109,221 2,065 2,065 1.9 1.9
Public 23 17,055 2,179 2,981 12.8 17.5
5345 Naples, FL MSA Total 150 132,024 7,602 7,602 5.8 5.8
Private 139 122,789 2,490 2,490 2.0 2.0
Public 11 9,236 5,112 5,112 55.4 55.4
5350 Nashua, NH PMSA Total 542 92,843 6,780 7,392 7.3 8.0
Private 482 82,991 2,609 2,798 3.1 3.4
Public 60 9,852 4,171 4,593 42.3 46.6
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 513 551,835 34,161 37,513 6.2 6.8
Private 438 473,259 22,296 23,307 4.7 4.9
Public 75 78,576 11,865 14,206 15.1 18.1
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 1,491 1,251,443 325,670 333,699 26.0 26.7
Private 1,187 999,243 151,097 154,277 15.1 15.4
Public 304 252,200 174,573 179,422 69.2 71.1
5400 New Bedford, MA PMSA Total 111 81,696 19,709 21,254 24.1 26.0
Private 88 64,161 6,704 7,477 10.4 11.7
Public 23 17,535 13,006 13,777 74.2 78.6
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT PMSA Total 510 226,279 37,062 39,169 16.4 17.3
Private 451 200,773 22,836 24,580 11.4 12.2
Public 59 25,506 14,226 14,589 55.8 57.2
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 244 103,857 19,473 19,889 18.7 19.2
Private 204 87,064 9,704 10,121 11.1 11.6
Public 40 16,793 9,769 9,769 58.2 58.2
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 581 541,187 45,535 65,044 8.4 12.0
Private 480 448,364 21,000 32,100 4.7 7.2
Public 101 92,822 24,535 32,944 26.4 35.5
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 4,063 3,446,603 890,103 930,478 25.8 27.0
Private 3,400 2,881,128 504,408 536,621 17.5 18.6
Public 663 565,475 385,695 393,856 68.2 69.7
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,207 912,567 174,068 183,346 19.1 20.1
Private 1,035 786,380 87,297 94,482 11.1 12.0
Public 172 126,187 86,771 88,863 68.8 70.4
5660 Newburgh, NY-PA PMSA Total 180 148,899 37,082 39,479 24.9 26.5
Private 139 114,695 15,508 16,287 13.5 14.2
Public 41 34,204 21,574 23,191 63.1 67.8
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA Total 665 662,886 34,316 48,411 5.2 7.3
Private 530 530,258 11,938 18,747 2.3 3.5
Public 135 132,628 22,378 29,664 16.9 22.4
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 753 1,038,893 185,324 194,799 17.8 18.8
Private 617 852,656 100,018 103,852 11.7 12.2
Public 136 186,237 85,306 90,946 45.8 48.8
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 94 83,595 4,970 4,970 5.9 5.9
Private 77 68,725 2,559 2,559 3.7 3.7
Public 17 14,871 2,410 2,410 16.2 16.2
5800 Odessa-Midland, TX MSA Total 116 133,661 4,669 7,255 3.5 5.4
Private 96 110,693 1,134 3,720 1.0 3.4
Public 20 22,968 3,535 3,535 15.4 15.4
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 831 516,152 43,348 55,205 8.4 10.7
Private 676 421,805 20,809 22,934 4.9 5.4
Public 155 94,347 22,539 32,271 23.9 34.2
5910 Olympia, WA PMSA Total 211 169,792 25,595 31,819 15.1 18.7
Private 134 108,864 10,334 10,334 9.5 9.5
Public 77 60,928 15,261 21,485 25.0 35.3
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 1,331 331,080 31,575 37,510 9.5 11.3
Private 1,142 285,070 17,392 19,599 6.1 6.9
Public 189 46,011 14,183 17,912 30.8 38.9
5945 Orange County, CA PMSA Total 923 1,312,890 171,826 181,215 13.1 13.8
Private 803 1,144,009 81,528 82,750 7.1 7.2
Public 120 168,881 90,299 98,465 53.5 58.3
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 950 859,701 55,722 81,871 6.5 9.5
Private 837 756,382 31,104 46,171 4.1 6.1
Public 113 103,319 24,618 35,701 23.8 34.6
6015 Panama City, FL MSA Total 44 39,232 2,556 4,049 6.5 10.3
Private 30 27,630 865 865 3.1 3.1
Public 14 11,602 1,692 3,184 14.6 27.4
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 159 143,235 4,027 5,884 2.8 4.1
Private 131 117,596 1,658 3,515 1.4 3.0
Public 28 25,639 2,369 2,369 9.2 9.2
6120 Peoria-Pekin, IL MSA Total 213 147,729 25,146 27,005 17.0 18.3
Private 191 133,298 18,589 19,919 13.9 14.9
Public 22 14,431 6,557 7,085 45.4 49.1
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 3,075 2,291,553 375,936 395,822 16.4 17.3
Private 2,693 2,010,853 221,855 231,300 11.0 11.5
Public 382 280,700 154,081 164,522 54.9 58.6
6200 Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA Total 1,594 1,410,454 73,519 87,176 5.2 6.2
Private 1,383 1,225,085 35,085 43,557 2.9 3.6
Public 211 185,370 38,434 43,619 20.7 23.5
6280 Pittsburgh, PA MSA Total 1,361 960,108 152,197 162,632 15.9 16.9
Private 1,190 840,511 94,411 100,361 11.2 11.9
Public 171 119,597 57,786 62,270 48.3 52.1
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 639 123,280 14,848 18,164 12.0 14.7
Private 525 101,835 4,153 5,154 4.1 5.1
Public 114 21,445 10,695 13,010 49.9 60.7
6440 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA PMSA Total 1,657 905,821 147,866 152,145 16.3 16.8
Private 1,425 784,043 87,300 90,323 11.1 11.5
Public 232 121,778 60,566 61,822 49.7 50.8
6450 Portsmouth-Rochester, NH-ME PMSA Total 694 119,223 12,616 14,275 10.6 12.0
Private 576 99,100 4,054 4,600 4.1 4.6
Public 118 20,123 8,562 9,675 42.5 48.1
6480 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA MSA Total 3,152 496,011 78,115 80,900 15.7 16.3
Private 2,715 432,073 35,082 37,288 8.1 8.6
Public 437 63,938 43,033 43,612 67.3 68.2
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 440 155,808 11,375 15,181 7.3 9.7
Private 369 131,763 4,241 6,338 3.2 4.8
Public 71 24,045 7,135 8,843 29.7 36.8
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 119 58,828 6,551 7,003 11.1 11.9
Private 95 46,768 2,753 3,205 5.9 6.9
Public 24 12,059 3,798 3,798 31.5 31.5
6580 Punta Gorda, FL MSA Total 49 43,239 3,298 4,241 7.6 9.8
Private 40 35,633 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 9 7,606 3,298 4,241 43.4 55.8
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 279 173,545 24,448 28,278 14.1 16.3
Private 251 156,997 14,015 17,195 8.9 11.0
Public 28 16,548 10,433 11,083 63.0 67.0
6640 Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MSA Total 650 575,540 21,042 24,286 3.7 4.2
Private 517 459,106 10,196 10,196 2.2 2.2
Public 133 116,434 10,846 14,090 9.3 12.1
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 265 185,258 18,745 19,363 10.1 10.5
Private 231 161,835 8,095 8,095 5.0 5.0
Public 34 23,423 10,649 11,268 45.5 48.1
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 649 161,800 15,964 18,625 9.9 11.5
Private 539 134,758 7,492 7,703 5.6 5.7
Public 110 27,043 8,472 10,922 31.3 40.4
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 451 449,736 32,453 44,563 7.2 9.9
Private 342 342,993 18,969 22,055 5.5 6.4
Public 109 106,743 13,484 22,507 12.6 21.1
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 918 1,307,493 250,288 266,194 19.1 20.4
Private 754 1,076,075 114,942 122,606 10.7 11.4
Public 164 231,418 135,346 143,588 58.5 62.0
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 149 149,675 19,463 20,678 13.0 13.8
Private 118 117,820 10,597 10,597 9.0 9.0
Public 31 31,854 8,866 10,082 27.8 31.6
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 537 436,168 62,444 66,486 14.3 15.2
Private 454 370,380 26,108 27,730 7.0 7.5
Public 83 65,788 36,336 38,756 55.2 58.9
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 249 174,491 29,488 30,228 16.9 17.3
Private 217 153,210 18,687 19,427 12.2 12.7
Public 32 21,282 10,801 10,801 50.8 50.8
6920 Sacramento, CA PMSA Total 545 763,510 207,038 216,378 27.1 28.3
Private 392 553,204 71,380 73,248 12.9 13.2
Public 153 210,306 135,658 143,130 64.5 68.1
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 246 182,343 42,531 44,767 23.3 24.6
Private 196 145,886 22,259 23,049 15.3 15.8
Public 50 36,458 20,272 21,717 55.6 59.6
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL MSA Total 1,425 1,180,210 200,935 210,473 17.0 17.8
Private 1,234 1,023,836 149,014 151,828 14.6 14.8
Public 191 156,374 51,921 58,645 33.2 37.5
7080 Salem, OR PMSA Total 242 122,953 28,748 32,901 23.4 26.8
Private 191 97,071 12,190 13,714 12.6 14.1
Public 51 25,882 16,558 19,187 64.0 74.1
7120 Salinas, CA MSA Total 129 171,573 37,607 38,878 21.9 22.7
Private 113 150,602 25,643 26,913 17.0 17.9
Public 16 20,971 11,964 11,964 57.1 57.1
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,760 606,733 38,683 47,186 6.4 7.8
Private 1,411 489,727 14,190 16,500 2.9 3.4
Public 349 117,005 24,492 30,686 20.9 26.2
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 565 687,122 24,972 30,430 3.6 4.4
Private 471 576,799 11,318 12,596 2.0 2.2
Public 94 110,324 13,654 17,835 12.4 16.2
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 834 1,153,881 188,054 212,630 16.3 18.4
Private 690 958,251 86,419 96,919 9.0 10.1
Public 144 195,630 101,634 115,711 52.0 59.1
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 640 894,689 153,411 160,569 17.1 17.9
Private 565 792,664 92,561 96,939 11.7 12.2
Public 75 102,025 60,850 63,630 59.6 62.4
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 619 856,533 99,121 103,197 11.6 12.0
Private 545 755,686 41,872 44,517 5.5 5.9
Public 74 100,847 57,249 58,680 56.8 58.2
7460 San Luis Obispo-Atascadero-Paso Robles, CA MSA Total 124 175,700 26,954 26,954 15.3 15.3
Private 105 149,181 11,770 11,770 7.9 7.9
Public 19 26,519 15,184 15,184 57.3 57.3
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 138 192,635 24,299 27,127 12.6 14.1
Private 110 153,971 8,244 11,073 5.4 7.2
Public 28 38,664 16,055 16,055 41.5 41.5
7490 Santa Fe, NM MSA Total 146 51,533 2,146 4,442 4.2 8.6
Private 83 29,215 0 552 0.0 1.9
Public 63 22,318 2,146 3,890 9.6 17.4
7500 Santa Rosa, CA PMSA Total 162 224,925 41,451 41,451 18.4 18.4
Private 140 194,461 18,030 18,030 9.3 9.3
Public 22 30,463 23,420 23,420 76.9 76.9
7510 Sarasota-Bradenton, FL MSA Total 206 180,841 8,401 13,355 4.6 7.4
Private 187 164,749 5,095 7,567 3.1 4.6
Public 19 16,091 3,306 5,788 20.5 36.0
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre-Hazelton, PA MSA Total 377 266,284 57,790 59,151 21.7 22.2
Private 320 227,028 27,737 29,098 12.2 12.8
Public 57 39,257 30,053 30,053 76.6 76.6
7600 Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA PMSA Total 1,371 1,095,433 203,153 218,255 18.5 19.9
Private 1,197 957,723 135,804 144,575 14.2 15.1
Public 174 137,710 67,348 73,681 48.9 53.5
7680 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA MSA Total 211 186,939 22,411 24,959 12.0 13.4
Private 162 143,467 9,244 10,121 6.4 7.1
Public 49 43,472 13,167 14,838 30.3 34.1
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 683 77,537 5,546 6,930 7.2 8.9
Private 619 70,592 3,601 4,094 5.1 5.8
Public 64 6,945 1,946 2,836 28.0 40.8
7800 South Bend, IN MSA Total 134 104,050 13,271 13,903 12.8 13.4
Private 114 89,302 6,454 6,454 7.2 7.2
Public 20 14,748 6,817 7,448 46.2 50.5
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 224 178,286 27,620 29,095 15.5 16.3
Private 178 141,678 7,146 7,837 5.0 5.5
Public 46 36,608 20,473 21,259 55.9 58.1
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 132 93,178 18,716 19,308 20.1 20.7
Private 89 63,865 4,752 4,752 7.4 7.4
Public 43 29,313 13,965 14,556 47.6 49.7
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 109 89,594 7,417 9,252 8.3 10.3
Private 98 80,553 4,786 6,621 5.9 8.2
Public 11 9,041 2,631 2,631 29.1 29.1
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 348 259,900 43,886 45,448 16.9 17.5
Private 289 217,028 20,199 20,998 9.3 9.7
Public 59 42,872 23,687 24,450 55.3 57.0
8040 Stamford-Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 313 140,622 17,796 20,777 12.7 14.8
Private 283 127,234 9,043 12,023 7.1 9.4
Public 30 13,388 8,754 8,754 65.4 65.4
8120 Stockton-Lodi, CA MSA Total 161 222,971 55,323 62,997 24.8 28.3
Private 134 185,926 35,498 40,704 19.1 21.9
Public 27 37,046 19,825 22,293 53.5 60.2
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 284 235,687 55,339 57,770 23.5 24.5
Private 236 194,941 25,218 27,649 12.9 14.2
Public 48 40,747 30,121 30,121 73.9 73.9
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 361 290,545 69,639 74,444 24.0 25.6
Private 275 222,110 35,459 37,785 16.0 17.0
Public 86 68,435 34,180 36,659 49.9 53.6
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 124 115,013 1,864 5,225 1.6 4.5
Private 81 75,882 1,864 1,864 2.5 2.5
Public 43 39,131 0 3,361 0.0 8.6
8280 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,094 977,692 52,561 72,025 5.4 7.4
Private 958 859,296 22,161 30,517 2.6 3.6
Public 136 118,397 30,401 41,508 25.7 35.1
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 394 294,938 67,124 73,865 22.8 25.0
Private 339 254,483 44,218 49,564 17.4 19.5
Public 55 40,454 22,906 24,301 56.6 60.1
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 149 56,715 9,957 11,309 17.6 19.9
Private 120 46,295 6,770 7,433 14.6 16.1
Public 29 10,419 3,187 3,876 30.6 37.2
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 219 164,204 35,550 37,926 21.6 23.1
Private 172 129,386 14,442 16,087 11.2 12.4
Public 47 34,818 21,107 21,839 60.6 62.7
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 392 338,499 23,096 30,197 6.8 8.9
Private 302 263,831 10,480 12,983 4.0 4.9
Public 90 74,668 12,616 17,214 16.9 23.1
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 601 370,982 40,142 44,197 10.8 11.9
Private 517 320,653 17,889 19,101 5.6 6.0
Public 84 50,328 22,254 25,096 44.2 49.9
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 131 101,267 6,836 9,014 6.7 8.9
Private 108 84,242 2,836 3,417 3.4 4.1
Public 23 17,025 3,999 5,597 23.5 32.9
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 169 140,473 33,661 33,661 24.0 24.0
Private 125 103,489 9,302 9,302 9.0 9.0
Public 44 36,983 24,359 24,359 65.9 65.9
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 136 189,834 62,895 62,895 33.1 33.1
Private 102 142,716 28,934 28,934 20.3 20.3
Public 34 47,118 33,961 33,961 72.1 72.1
8735 Ventura, CA PMSA Total 213 305,292 56,071 61,071 18.4 20.0
Private 171 248,025 23,406 25,977 9.4 10.5
Public 42 57,267 32,665 35,093 57.0 61.3
8760 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ PMSA Total 74 58,692 13,999 13,999 23.9 23.9
Private 58 46,488 4,164 4,164 9.0 9.0
Public 16 12,203 9,835 9,835 80.6 80.6
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 92 129,733 14,946 14,946 11.5 11.5
Private 78 109,314 4,620 4,620 4.2 4.2
Public 14 20,419 10,326 10,326 50.6 50.6
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 105 114,762 2,995 4,047 2.6 3.5
Private 83 89,248 1,051 2,104 1.2 2.4
Public 22 25,514 1,944 1,944 7.6 7.6
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA Total 4,418 2,512,858 254,960 322,556 10.1 12.8
Private 3,225 1,895,814 113,771 143,246 6.0 7.6
Public 1,193 617,044 141,189 179,310 22.9 29.1
8880 Waterbury, CT PMSA Total 211 97,001 16,347 16,347 16.9 16.9
Private 194 89,752 10,020 10,020 11.2 11.2
Public 17 7,249 6,327 6,327 87.3 87.3
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 125 53,861 8,984 11,426 16.7 21.2
Private 106 46,198 6,934 8,152 15.0 17.6
Public 19 7,663 2,050 3,274 26.7 42.7
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL MSA Total 487 432,841 25,941 27,871 6.0 6.4
Private 442 392,525 9,742 11,673 2.5 3.0
Public 45 40,316 16,199 16,199 40.2 40.2
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 158 46,870 7,663 7,903 16.3 16.9
Private 143 42,765 6,605 6,605 15.4 15.4
Public 15 4,106 1,058 1,298 25.8 31.6
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 651 236,905 27,920 34,822 11.8 14.7
Private 564 205,474 21,611 27,484 10.5 13.4
Public 87 31,431 6,310 7,338 20.1 23.3
9160 Wilmington-Newark, DE-MD PMSA Total 1,671 252,032 30,866 32,773 12.2 13.0
Private 1,461 220,699 18,959 19,875 8.6 9.0
Public 210 31,333 11,907 12,898 38.0 41.2
9200 Wilmington, NC MSA Total 51 47,291 0 921 0.0 1.9
Private 43 39,959 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 8 7,332 0 921 0.0 12.6
9240 Worcester, MA-CT PMSA Total 212 158,273 20,314 21,857 12.8 13.8
Private 182 136,899 13,197 13,917 9.6 10.2
Public 30 21,374 7,117 7,940 33.3 37.1
9270 Yolo, CA PMSA Total 61 84,238 17,314 18,670 20.6 22.2
Private 35 48,876 5,460 6,817 11.2 13.9
Public 26 35,362 11,853 11,853 33.5 33.5
9280 York, PA MSA Total 282 195,378 28,850 29,502 14.8 15.1
Private 259 179,807 18,731 18,731 10.4 10.4
Public 23 15,571 10,119 10,771 65.0 69.2
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 452 405,428 84,327 85,753 20.8 21.2
Private 388 349,761 49,991 49,991 14.3 14.3
Public 64 55,667 34,336 35,761 61.7 64.2
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 125 173,631 41,754 45,632 24.0 26.3
Private 93 129,369 19,341 20,425 15.0 15.8
Public 32 44,262 22,413 25,206 50.6 56.9
9360 Yuma, AZ MSA Total 60 53,070 3,147 3,147 5.9 5.9
Private 44 39,237 726 726 1.8 1.8
Public 16 13,834 2,422 2,422 17.5 17.5
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2002. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2002 tables are based
on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS.
2003 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.