Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 2003 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
7 Boston-Worcester-Lawrence, MA-NH-ME-CT Total 4,695 2,626,927 348,478 383,545 13.3 14.6
Private 4,073 2,285,209 163,185 189,539 7.1 8.3
Public 622 341,718 185,293 194,006 54.2 56.8
Priv Const 232 135,021 35,603 36,615 26.4 27.1
Priv Manuf 671 334,928 20,310 20,533 6.1 6.1
14 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI Total 5,063 3,917,367 688,234 717,775 17.6 18.3
Private 4,409 3,427,752 439,141 454,776 12.8 13.3
Public 654 489,615 249,092 262,999 50.9 53.7
Priv Const 326 257,238 111,793 115,498 43.5 44.9
Priv Manuf 689 532,349 91,244 92,324 17.1 17.3
21 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,209 937,379 107,819 128,758 11.5 13.7
Private 1,066 826,928 65,140 74,132 7.9 9.0
Public 143 110,452 42,679 54,626 38.6 49.5
Priv Const 51 40,584 7,502 8,264 18.5 20.4
Priv Manuf 190 145,793 21,234 21,234 14.6 14.6
28 Cleveland-Akron, OH Total 1,721 1,408,955 238,541 254,533 16.9 18.1
Private 1,482 1,212,502 128,964 136,526 10.6 11.3
Public 239 196,454 109,577 118,007 55.8 60.1
Priv Const 68 55,761 9,801 9,801 17.6 17.6
Priv Manuf 276 223,038 43,655 43,655 19.6 19.6
31 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 2,239 2,734,401 129,315 148,552 4.7 5.4
Private 1,991 2,434,882 65,112 74,090 2.7 3.0
Public 248 299,518 64,203 74,462 21.4 24.9
Priv Const 146 184,490 6,742 6,742 3.7 3.7
Priv Manuf 264 327,623 13,467 15,592 4.1 4.8
34 Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO Total 2,579 1,334,557 112,316 128,488 8.4 9.6
Private 2,163 1,120,851 63,563 70,497 5.7 6.3
Public 416 213,706 48,752 57,992 22.8 27.1
Priv Const 172 91,342 8,741 9,972 9.6 10.9
Priv Manuf 233 120,352 5,366 6,905 4.5 5.7
35 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI Total 3,023 2,386,292 566,091 597,753 23.7 25.0
Private 2,649 2,090,948 404,077 426,225 19.3 20.4
Public 374 295,344 162,014 171,528 54.9 58.1
Priv Const 128 104,677 27,026 27,026 25.8 25.8
Priv Manuf 714 562,945 202,857 208,529 36.0 37.0
42 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,783 2,173,723 129,982 151,874 6.0 7.0
Private 1,521 1,856,460 65,932 75,368 3.6 4.1
Public 262 317,263 64,049 76,506 20.2 24.1
Priv Const 160 205,488 3,608 3,608 1.8 1.8
Priv Manuf 187 226,688 18,753 21,239 8.3 9.4
49 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA Total 6,659 6,786,016 1,084,925 1,165,531 16.0 17.2
Private 5,713 5,837,554 559,254 606,770 9.6 10.4
Public 946 948,463 525,671 558,761 55.4 58.9
Priv Const 362 409,524 69,764 71,148 17.0 17.4
Priv Manuf 991 1,009,002 74,988 85,507 7.4 8.5
56 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 1,703 1,651,299 140,548 173,457 8.5 10.5
Private 1,462 1,415,902 66,843 75,103 4.7 5.3
Public 241 235,398 73,706 98,354 31.3 41.8
Priv Const 107 104,784 8,552 8,552 8.2 8.2
Priv Manuf 110 106,278 2,980 4,080 2.8 3.8
63 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 1,347 882,795 139,804 148,650 15.8 16.8
Private 1,189 778,889 80,401 86,571 10.3 11.1
Public 158 103,906 59,403 62,079 57.2 59.7
Priv Const 67 45,925 14,065 15,419 30.6 33.6
Priv Manuf 288 184,956 23,730 25,511 12.8 13.8
70 New York-Northern NJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 10,936 8,982,900 1,983,282 2,090,651 22.1 23.3
Private 9,166 7,522,329 1,018,642 1,084,426 13.5 14.4
Public 1,770 1,460,570 964,640 1,006,226 66.0 68.9
Priv Const 523 448,875 125,995 127,620 28.1 28.4
Priv Manuf 1,064 817,301 92,831 95,719 11.4 11.7
77 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 4,891 2,770,206 444,730 477,617 16.1 17.2
Private 4,215 2,383,860 237,702 251,094 10.0 10.5
Public 676 386,346 207,028 226,523 53.6 58.6
Priv Const 234 132,001 31,599 32,342 23.9 24.5
Priv Manuf 555 287,598 44,745 45,674 15.6 15.9
79 Portland-Salem, OR-WA Total 1,859 1,034,837 167,364 173,430 16.2 16.8
Private 1,597 896,452 91,402 95,982 10.2 10.7
Public 262 138,385 75,962 77,447 54.9 56.0
Priv Const 91 50,908 11,260 11,260 22.1 22.1
Priv Manuf 260 145,763 15,481 15,481 10.6 10.6
82 Sacramento-Yolo, CA Total 596 841,968 211,588 237,275 25.1 28.2
Private 413 586,741 63,386 66,446 10.8 11.3
Public 183 255,227 148,202 170,828 58.1 66.9
Priv Const 38 55,357 8,564 8,564 15.5 15.5
Priv Manuf 43 61,731 4,333 4,333 7.0 7.0
84 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,096 3,139,906 560,026 596,464 17.8 19.0
Private 1,764 2,651,722 290,546 309,959 11.0 11.7
Public 332 488,184 269,480 286,505 55.2 58.7
Priv Const 87 135,202 38,407 38,407 28.4 28.4
Priv Manuf 295 450,842 24,160 26,758 5.4 5.9
91 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA Total 1,922 1,583,754 312,138 329,153 19.7 20.8
Private 1,555 1,294,354 171,046 178,076 13.2 13.8
Public 367 289,400 141,092 151,077 48.8 52.2
Priv Const 93 79,322 14,055 14,702 17.7 18.5
Priv Manuf 263 217,965 38,599 40,601 17.7 18.6
97 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 5,833 3,819,543 449,647 524,885 11.8 13.7
Private 4,323 2,918,976 215,432 251,175 7.4 8.6
Public 1,510 900,567 234,216 273,710 26.0 30.4
Priv Const 305 237,293 26,613 27,951 11.2 11.8
Priv Manuf 240 190,283 21,457 23,625 11.3 12.4
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH PMSA Total 410 316,704 47,154 51,018 14.9 16.1
Private 350 271,772 27,524 28,983 10.1 10.7
Public 60 44,933 19,631 22,035 43.7 49.0
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 466 407,896 127,094 134,080 31.2 32.9
Private 346 306,232 48,382 51,892 15.8 16.9
Public 120 101,664 78,712 82,188 77.4 80.8
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 848 319,398 35,693 42,596 11.2 13.3
Private 656 248,845 18,215 20,569 7.3 8.3
Public 192 70,553 17,478 22,027 24.8 31.2
240 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA MSA Total 374 266,461 37,299 42,008 14.0 15.8
Private 324 232,449 14,142 14,142 6.1 6.1
Public 50 34,011 23,157 27,866 68.1 81.9
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 1,191 120,871 24,916 26,449 20.6 21.9
Private 894 91,097 8,840 9,583 9.7 10.5
Public 297 29,775 16,076 16,866 54.0 56.6
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 350 274,105 53,504 56,790 19.5 20.7
Private 268 209,337 31,858 35,144 15.2 16.8
Public 82 64,768 21,646 21,646 33.4 33.4
450 Anniston, AL MSA Total 82 67,648 6,350 8,414 9.4 12.4
Private 62 51,754 1,213 2,405 2.3 4.6
Public 20 15,894 5,138 6,009 32.3 37.8
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI MSA Total 234 151,302 26,087 26,775 17.2 17.7
Private 216 139,941 19,153 19,841 13.7 14.2
Public 18 11,361 6,934 6,934 61.0 61.0
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 109 99,082 4,736 5,893 4.8 5.9
Private 93 84,063 3,648 3,648 4.3 4.3
Public 16 15,018 1,089 2,245 7.2 15.0
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,435 2,091,445 114,145 143,644 5.5 6.9
Private 1,262 1,849,386 75,982 96,318 4.1 5.2
Public 173 242,059 38,162 47,326 15.8 19.6
560 Atlantic-Cape May, NJ PMSA Total 216 172,817 45,856 47,563 26.5 27.5
Private 180 144,876 25,588 26,621 17.7 18.4
Public 36 27,941 20,268 20,942 72.5 75.0
600 Augusta-Aiken, GA-SC MSA Total 177 184,030 9,349 12,430 5.1 6.8
Private 135 140,444 6,953 6,953 5.0 5.0
Public 42 43,586 2,396 5,477 5.5 12.6
640 Austin-San Marcos, TX MSA Total 475 568,259 30,590 41,273 5.4 7.3
Private 366 440,933 13,124 17,477 3.0 4.0
Public 109 127,326 17,466 23,796 13.7 18.7
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 208 288,801 54,639 56,149 18.9 19.4
Private 164 227,214 21,778 21,778 9.6 9.6
Public 44 61,587 32,860 34,370 53.4 55.8
720 Baltimore, MD PMSA Total 1,324 1,086,421 150,771 175,123 13.9 16.1
Private 1,039 854,755 64,023 73,112 7.5 8.6
Public 285 231,667 86,748 102,011 37.4 44.0
760 Balton Rouge, LA MSA Total 227 212,264 13,777 16,615 6.5 7.8
Private 173 162,051 7,615 9,833 4.7 6.1
Public 54 50,213 6,162 6,782 12.3 13.5
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA Total 137 159,793 20,029 21,251 12.5 13.3
Private 114 133,407 14,288 15,511 10.7 11.6
Public 23 26,386 5,740 5,740 21.8 21.8
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 256 199,613 32,664 33,626 16.4 16.8
Private 211 165,635 18,092 19,054 10.9 11.5
Public 45 33,978 14,572 14,572 42.9 42.9
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 25 19,448 1,562 2,515 8.0 12.9
Private 25 19,448 1,562 2,515 8.0 12.9
Public 0 -- -- -- -- --
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 739 589,397 105,783 110,344 17.9 18.7
Private 639 511,497 53,977 57,832 10.6 11.3
Public 100 77,900 51,806 52,512 66.5 67.4
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 132 115,478 26,227 26,227 22.7 22.7
Private 104 91,395 7,530 7,530 8.2 8.2
Public 28 24,083 18,697 18,697 77.6 77.6
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 652 497,400 26,991 32,123 5.4 6.5
Private 560 430,099 13,382 15,632 3.1 3.6
Public 92 67,301 13,609 16,491 20.2 24.5
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 798 207,987 10,905 13,955 5.2 6.7
Private 689 180,481 4,673 6,443 2.6 3.6
Public 109 27,505 6,232 7,513 22.7 27.3
1120 Boston, MA-NH PMSA Total 1,911 1,527,797 196,738 216,937 12.9 14.2
Private 1,673 1,341,403 93,551 110,866 7.0 8.3
Public 238 186,394 103,187 106,071 55.4 56.9
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 334 171,074 10,315 10,756 6.0 6.3
Private 268 137,324 4,854 4,854 3.5 3.5
Public 66 33,750 5,462 5,903 16.2 17.5
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 100 120,856 10,050 11,303 8.3 9.4
Private 83 101,357 3,812 5,064 3.8 5.0
Public 17 19,499 6,239 6,239 32.0 32.0
1160 Bridgeport, CT PMSA Total 479 217,624 34,358 34,800 15.8 16.0
Private 423 191,251 16,061 16,061 8.4 8.4
Public 56 26,374 18,297 18,739 69.4 71.1
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 186 142,409 34,207 38,940 24.0 27.3
Private 150 115,907 12,118 16,133 10.5 13.9
Public 36 26,502 22,089 22,807 83.3 86.1
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen-San Benito, TX MSA Total 92 107,183 7,967 9,144 7.4 8.5
Private 76 89,017 3,685 4,863 4.1 5.5
Public 16 18,167 4,281 4,281 23.6 23.6
1280 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA Total 568 499,629 126,196 130,574 25.3 26.1
Private 468 412,804 73,739 75,643 17.9 18.3
Public 100 86,826 52,457 54,931 60.4 63.3
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 893 92,498 10,257 12,604 11.1 13.6
Private 743 77,428 4,881 5,641 6.3 7.3
Public 150 15,070 5,375 6,963 35.7 46.2
1320 Canton-Massillon, OH MSA Total 276 211,680 38,226 41,990 18.1 19.8
Private 235 180,821 22,743 25,806 12.6 14.3
Public 41 30,859 15,483 16,184 50.2 52.4
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 213 88,236 10,381 13,202 11.8 15.0
Private 194 79,978 7,383 7,764 9.2 9.7
Public 19 8,258 2,997 5,438 36.3 65.9
1440 Charleston-North Charleston, SC MSA Total 303 241,419 15,267 20,521 6.3 8.5
Private 238 188,821 8,445 10,154 4.5 5.4
Public 65 52,598 6,822 10,367 13.0 19.7
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 357 104,546 9,743 12,394 9.3 11.9
Private 278 81,877 8,007 8,683 9.8 10.6
Public 79 22,670 1,736 3,711 7.7 16.4
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 775 716,612 30,353 35,842 4.2 5.0
Private 677 629,341 19,634 22,000 3.1 3.5
Public 98 87,271 10,719 13,842 12.3 15.9
1560 Chattanooga, TN-GA MSA Total 178 218,755 11,921 11,921 5.4 5.4
Private 156 194,267 5,908 5,908 3.0 3.0
Public 22 24,488 6,013 6,013 24.6 24.6
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 4,695 3,638,523 628,460 654,415 17.3 18.0
Private 4,091 3,185,670 396,080 409,807 12.4 12.9
Public 604 452,853 232,380 244,608 51.3 54.0
1620 Chico-Paradise, CA MSA Total 121 175,919 22,400 23,704 12.7 13.5
Private 92 133,485 4,813 6,116 3.6 4.6
Public 29 42,434 17,587 17,587 41.4 41.4
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 1,029 797,309 86,532 103,690 10.9 13.0
Private 914 708,182 53,209 60,740 7.5 8.6
Public 115 89,127 33,323 42,950 37.4 48.2
1660 Clarksville-Hopkinsville, TN-KY MSA Total 91 105,896 9,840 11,909 9.3 11.2
Private 68 79,548 1,362 1,362 1.7 1.7
Public 23 26,348 8,477 10,546 32.2 40.0
1680 Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 1,311 1,092,251 191,386 203,515 17.5 18.6
Private 1,132 940,730 101,440 107,543 10.8 11.4
Public 179 151,521 89,946 95,972 59.4 63.3
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 478 250,776 7,603 12,951 3.0 5.2
Private 408 214,599 3,548 5,642 1.7 2.6
Public 70 36,176 4,055 7,309 11.2 20.2
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 331 265,167 11,937 15,506 4.5 5.8
Private 236 192,436 3,867 3,867 2.0 2.0
Public 95 72,731 8,070 11,639 11.1 16.0
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 277 413,357 13,937 21,594 3.4 5.2
Private 230 342,337 8,950 12,973 2.6 3.8
Public 47 71,020 4,987 8,622 7.0 12.1
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 935 728,855 98,685 111,151 13.5 15.3
Private 760 596,386 39,867 45,525 6.7 7.6
Public 175 132,469 58,818 65,626 44.4 49.5
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 121 141,610 4,972 4,972 3.5 3.5
Private 98 114,313 2,458 2,458 2.2 2.2
Public 23 27,297 2,514 2,514 9.2 9.2
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,507 1,854,376 70,788 79,916 3.8 4.3
Private 1,345 1,655,155 37,144 39,302 2.2 2.4
Public 162 199,222 33,643 40,613 16.9 20.4
1930 Danbury, CT PMSA Total 237 105,737 16,070 16,844 15.2 15.9
Private 205 91,967 6,790 6,790 7.4 7.4
Public 32 13,770 9,280 10,054 67.4 73.0
1960 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL MSA Total 309 163,364 27,620 32,982 16.9 20.2
Private 244 129,595 10,381 13,468 8.0 10.4
Public 65 33,768 17,239 19,514 51.1 57.8
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 502 375,935 56,451 63,139 15.0 16.8
Private 424 319,068 35,135 38,822 11.0 12.2
Public 78 56,867 21,316 24,317 37.5 42.8
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 175 157,562 4,373 6,192 2.8 3.9
Private 145 130,170 887 1,797 0.7 1.4
Public 30 27,392 3,486 4,395 12.7 16.0
2030 Decatur, AL MSA Total 202 157,587 18,250 19,033 11.6 12.1
Private 162 126,714 5,373 6,156 4.2 4.9
Public 40 30,873 12,877 12,877 41.7 41.7
2040 Decatur, IL MSA Total 129 193,599 38,446 38,446 19.9 19.9
Private 115 173,914 28,131 28,131 16.2 16.2
Public 14 19,685 10,315 10,315 52.4 52.4
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 2,026 1,051,102 97,859 111,095 9.3 10.6
Private 1,708 886,648 56,437 60,875 6.4 6.9
Public 318 164,454 41,422 50,221 25.2 30.5
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 650 268,348 29,426 35,980 11.0 13.4
Private 561 231,793 17,235 17,966 7.4 7.8
Public 89 36,555 12,191 18,014 33.3 49.3
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 2,461 1,951,299 461,558 489,934 23.7 25.1
Private 2,200 1,743,856 335,902 354,764 19.3 20.3
Public 261 207,443 125,656 135,170 60.6 65.2
2190 Dover, DE MSA Total 367 53,943 6,057 6,888 11.2 12.8
Private 285 41,817 1,722 2,102 4.1 5.0
Public 82 12,127 4,335 4,786 35.7 39.5
2240 Duluth-Superior, MN-WI MSA Total 197 120,666 35,429 36,122 29.4 29.9
Private 162 99,381 23,434 24,126 23.6 24.3
Public 35 21,285 11,996 11,996 56.4 56.4
2281 Dutchess County, NY PMSA Total 134 121,904 26,034 26,997 21.4 22.1
Private 113 103,238 8,278 9,241 8.0 9.0
Public 21 18,666 17,756 17,756 95.1 95.1
2290 Eau Claire, WI MSA Total 234 153,828 23,932 25,410 15.6 16.5
Private 202 132,843 10,521 10,521 7.9 7.9
Public 32 20,986 13,411 14,889 63.9 70.9
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 237 293,054 9,771 11,992 3.3 4.1
Private 187 233,129 2,727 2,727 1.2 1.2
Public 50 59,925 7,044 9,265 11.8 15.5
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 140 99,703 16,960 19,727 17.0 19.8
Private 125 89,532 11,044 12,448 12.3 13.9
Public 15 10,171 5,917 7,279 58.2 71.6
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 254 134,260 25,909 26,316 19.3 19.6
Private 210 110,648 8,519 8,926 7.7 8.1
Public 44 23,612 17,391 17,391 73.7 73.7
2440 Evansville-Henderson, IN-KY MSA Total 177 127,965 13,347 14,796 10.4 11.6
Private 159 115,058 10,797 12,246 9.4 10.6
Public 18 12,907 2,550 2,550 19.8 19.8
2520 Fargo-Moorhead, ND-MN MSA Total 654 75,454 5,273 6,385 7.0 8.5
Private 573 66,565 2,470 2,730 3.7 4.1
Public 81 8,890 2,803 3,655 31.5 41.1
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 130 125,670 5,252 6,193 4.2 4.9
Private 101 98,512 3,165 3,165 3.2 3.2
Public 29 27,157 2,088 3,028 7.7 11.2
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR MSA Total 299 173,000 4,027 4,583 2.3 2.6
Private 262 152,195 2,513 3,069 1.7 2.0
Public 37 20,805 1,514 1,514 7.3 7.3
2600 Fitchburg-Leominster, MA PMSA Total 131 98,976 15,157 15,931 15.3 16.1
Private 111 83,914 5,854 6,628 7.0 7.9
Public 20 15,062 9,303 9,303 61.8 61.8
2640 Flint, MI PMSA Total 212 160,888 51,029 51,029 31.7 31.7
Private 181 137,754 36,317 36,317 26.4 26.4
Public 31 23,134 14,712 14,712 63.6 63.6
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 97 70,766 10,571 11,408 14.9 16.1
Private 79 57,829 6,739 6,739 11.7 11.7
Public 18 12,936 3,832 4,669 29.6 36.1
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 198 103,008 2,666 2,666 2.6 2.6
Private 165 84,550 494 494 0.6 0.6
Public 33 18,458 2,172 2,172 11.8 11.8
2680 Fort Lauderdale, FL PMSA Total 807 777,712 67,771 85,139 8.7 10.9
Private 679 652,770 22,356 25,356 3.4 3.9
Public 128 124,942 45,416 59,782 36.3 47.8
2700 Fort Myers-Cape Coral, FL MSA Total 261 234,859 5,406 8,358 2.3 3.6
Private 234 210,379 845 1,786 0.4 0.8
Public 27 24,480 4,561 6,572 18.6 26.8
2710 Fort Pierce-Port St. Lucie, FL MSA Total 136 126,039 10,201 11,045 8.1 8.8
Private 121 112,219 1,706 2,551 1.5 2.3
Public 15 13,820 8,494 8,494 61.5 61.5
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 130 77,837 4,266 6,417 5.5 8.2
Private 119 72,462 4,266 5,852 5.9 8.1
Public 11 5,375 0 565 0.0 10.5
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 112 107,191 3,860 4,716 3.6 4.4
Private 99 94,847 968 968 1.0 1.0
Public 13 12,344 2,892 3,748 23.4 30.4
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 231 177,497 24,583 25,261 13.8 14.2
Private 205 157,883 15,624 15,624 9.9 9.9
Public 26 19,613 8,959 9,637 45.7 49.1
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 732 880,024 58,527 68,636 6.7 7.8
Private 646 779,728 27,968 34,788 3.6 4.5
Public 86 100,296 30,560 33,848 30.5 33.7
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 265 373,848 49,822 54,917 13.3 14.7
Private 209 297,170 15,115 16,495 5.1 5.6
Public 56 76,678 34,707 38,422 45.3 50.1
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 95 92,384 6,744 7,743 7.3 8.4
Private 53 50,371 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 42 42,013 6,744 7,743 16.1 18.4
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 138 170,129 18,179 19,618 10.7 11.5
Private 114 141,972 10,843 12,283 7.6 8.7
Public 24 28,157 7,335 7,335 26.1 26.1
2960 Gary, IN PMSA Total 368 278,843 59,774 63,359 21.4 22.7
Private 318 242,081 43,062 44,969 17.8 18.6
Public 50 36,762 16,712 18,390 45.5 50.0
3000 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI MSA Total 719 551,345 71,014 75,601 12.9 13.7
Private 653 502,725 46,989 50,787 9.3 10.1
Public 66 48,621 24,024 24,814 49.4 51.0
3060 Greeley, CO PMSA Total 219 112,382 4,141 6,637 3.7 5.9
Private 187 96,880 2,273 4,768 2.3 4.9
Public 32 15,502 1,869 1,869 12.1 12.1
3080 Green Bay, WI MSA Total 352 225,811 39,996 42,992 17.7 19.0
Private 312 200,193 22,394 24,376 11.2 12.2
Public 40 25,618 17,602 18,616 68.7 72.7
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 679 645,295 16,119 18,590 2.5 2.9
Private 589 559,393 10,611 12,269 1.9 2.2
Public 90 85,902 5,509 6,321 6.4 7.4
3150 Greenville, NC MSA Total 98 91,842 685 1,548 0.7 1.7
Private 80 76,428 685 1,548 0.9 2.0
Public 18 15,414 0 0 0.0 0.0
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC MSA Total 585 463,326 11,356 13,478 2.5 2.9
Private 523 418,258 9,121 10,685 2.2 2.6
Public 62 45,069 2,235 2,793 5.0 6.2
3180 Hagerstown, MD PMSA Total 196 129,407 17,099 19,332 13.2 14.9
Private 171 112,724 12,951 14,510 11.5 12.9
Public 25 16,683 4,148 4,821 24.9 28.9
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 180 140,070 21,287 25,068 15.2 17.9
Private 152 118,746 11,932 13,392 10.0 11.3
Public 28 21,324 9,355 11,676 43.9 54.8
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 458 328,275 44,086 49,963 13.4 15.2
Private 378 273,863 19,553 22,735 7.1 8.3
Public 80 54,412 24,533 27,228 45.1 50.0
3280 Hartford, CT MSA Total 1,125 513,455 74,597 82,495 14.5 16.1
Private 954 436,189 31,118 34,600 7.1 7.9
Public 171 77,266 43,478 47,895 56.3 62.0
3290 Hickory-Morgantown, NC MSA Total 112 105,444 1,951 1,951 1.9 1.9
Private 98 93,081 1,951 1,951 2.1 2.1
Public 14 12,364 0 0 0.0 0.0
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,736 392,497 92,009 96,761 23.4 24.7
Private 1,314 299,366 46,968 48,195 15.7 16.1
Public 422 93,131 45,041 48,566 48.4 52.1
3350 Houma, LA MSA Total 90 82,654 832 832 1.0 1.0
Private 72 65,088 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 18 17,567 832 832 4.7 4.7
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,545 1,882,737 101,753 120,953 5.4 6.4
Private 1,324 1,613,131 51,277 58,021 3.2 3.6
Public 221 269,607 50,475 62,932 18.7 23.3
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 161 48,956 7,069 8,115 14.4 16.6
Private 127 38,912 4,824 5,625 12.4 14.5
Public 34 10,045 2,245 2,490 22.3 24.8
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 194 141,147 7,163 9,882 5.1 7.0
Private 158 115,134 5,577 6,870 4.8 6.0
Public 36 26,013 1,585 3,012 6.1 11.6
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 973 743,545 54,772 61,169 7.4 8.2
Private 857 654,678 30,736 33,167 4.7 5.1
Public 116 88,867 24,035 28,002 27.0 31.5
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 137 220,852 43,700 45,229 19.8 20.5
Private 114 184,809 21,874 23,402 11.8 12.7
Public 23 36,043 21,827 21,827 60.6 60.6
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 312 207,334 10,804 11,267 5.2 5.4
Private 248 164,920 7,698 7,698 4.7 4.7
Public 64 42,414 3,106 3,569 7.3 8.4
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 559 528,037 36,932 44,931 7.0 8.5
Private 480 453,758 15,166 19,670 3.3 4.3
Public 79 74,279 21,766 25,261 29.3 34.0
3610 Jamestown, NY MSA Total 153 128,825 37,170 38,032 28.9 29.5
Private 114 96,491 17,595 17,595 18.2 18.2
Public 39 32,334 19,575 20,437 60.5 63.2
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 329 275,096 65,287 84,482 23.7 30.7
Private 288 241,589 44,329 61,903 18.3 25.6
Public 41 33,507 20,958 22,579 62.5 67.4
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 91 103,955 3,371 6,163 3.2 5.9
Private 72 83,469 2,227 3,411 2.7 4.1
Public 19 20,487 1,145 2,751 5.6 13.4
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 115 79,282 11,530 12,157 14.5 15.3
Private 97 67,370 6,175 6,802 9.2 10.1
Public 18 11,912 5,355 5,355 45.0 45.0
3720 Kalamazoo-Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 187 145,194 21,745 23,414 15.0 16.1
Private 153 118,642 7,794 7,794 6.6 6.6
Public 34 26,551 13,952 15,621 52.5 58.8
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 1,632 939,836 99,557 110,815 10.6 11.8
Private 1,392 805,808 64,584 67,114 8.0 8.3
Public 240 134,028 34,973 43,700 26.1 32.6
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 298 332,111 31,342 46,628 9.4 14.0
Private 245 271,524 22,235 31,395 8.2 11.6
Public 53 60,587 9,107 15,233 15.0 25.1
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 212 203,428 6,132 6,927 3.0 3.4
Private 187 179,899 2,720 3,515 1.5 2.0
Public 25 23,529 3,412 3,412 14.5 14.5
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 92 88,491 4,188 5,883 4.7 6.6
Private 76 73,670 3,144 3,144 4.3 4.3
Public 16 14,820 1,044 2,739 7.0 18.5
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 209 188,835 7,755 10,376 4.1 5.5
Private 176 159,359 3,454 3,454 2.2 2.2
Public 33 29,476 4,301 6,922 14.6 23.5
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 293 209,936 16,452 18,258 7.8 8.7
Private 266 190,818 6,097 7,904 3.2 4.1
Public 27 19,118 10,355 10,355 54.2 54.2
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 273 218,077 59,458 62,544 27.3 28.7
Private 185 144,258 20,585 21,338 14.3 14.8
Public 88 73,820 38,873 41,206 52.7 55.8
4080 Laredo, TX MSA Total 82 97,381 2,235 7,239 2.3 7.4
Private 61 73,344 1,092 2,259 1.5 3.1
Public 21 24,037 1,143 4,979 4.8 20.7
4100 Las Cruces, NM MSA Total 192 71,586 4,684 4,684 6.5 6.5
Private 145 55,363 1,932 1,932 3.5 3.5
Public 47 16,223 2,752 2,752 17.0 17.0
4120 Las Vegas, NV-AZ MSA Total 2,509 642,180 102,172 109,463 15.9 17.0
Private 2,253 578,878 81,238 84,861 14.0 14.7
Public 256 63,302 20,934 24,602 33.1 38.9
4160 Lawrence, MA-NH PMSA Total 134 107,489 16,202 17,049 15.1 15.9
Private 116 93,212 10,637 10,637 11.4 11.4
Public 18 14,277 5,565 6,412 39.0 44.9
4280 Lexington, KY MSA Total 242 178,312 6,149 6,904 3.4 3.9
Private 198 146,624 4,898 5,653 3.3 3.9
Public 44 31,688 1,251 1,251 3.9 3.9
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 531 138,543 8,798 12,651 6.4 9.1
Private 437 114,615 4,605 4,916 4.0 4.3
Public 94 23,929 4,193 7,734 17.5 32.3
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 418 240,879 14,832 18,827 6.2 7.8
Private 334 193,682 6,464 8,175 3.3 4.2
Public 84 47,198 8,367 10,652 17.7 22.6
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 4,702 3,869,753 602,755 651,199 15.6 16.8
Private 4,065 3,365,400 319,024 351,011 9.5 10.4
Public 637 504,353 283,731 300,189 56.3 59.5
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 765 560,209 86,249 100,289 15.4 17.9
Private 672 495,046 60,164 68,129 12.2 13.8
Public 93 65,163 26,085 32,161 40.0 49.4
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 236 189,514 15,531 17,054 8.2 9.0
Private 210 168,726 6,500 7,209 3.9 4.3
Public 26 20,788 9,031 9,845 43.4 47.4
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 93 121,338 6,799 9,315 5.6 7.7
Private 73 96,633 5,533 6,693 5.7 6.9
Public 20 24,705 1,266 2,621 5.1 10.6
4680 Macon, GA MSA Total 87 110,985 12,906 13,985 11.6 12.6
Private 68 87,710 6,094 7,174 6.9 8.2
Public 19 23,275 6,811 6,811 29.3 29.3
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 339 223,715 36,785 39,960 16.4 17.9
Private 269 178,638 17,343 18,736 9.7 10.5
Public 70 45,078 19,441 21,224 43.1 47.1
4760 Manchester, NH PMSA Total 465 84,085 8,394 9,644 10.0 11.5
Private 423 77,083 4,330 5,404 5.6 7.0
Public 42 7,002 4,065 4,240 58.1 60.6
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 119 143,204 0 22,403 0.0 15.6
Private 92 109,474 0 5,632 0.0 5.1
Public 27 33,730 0 16,771 0.0 49.7
4890 Medford-Ashland, OR MSA Total 183 94,292 7,342 7,342 7.8 7.8
Private 170 87,702 4,825 4,825 5.5 5.5
Public 13 6,590 2,517 2,517 38.2 38.2
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 237 215,675 7,729 15,129 3.6 7.0
Private 209 190,094 3,503 7,360 1.8 3.9
Public 28 25,580 4,226 7,769 16.5 30.4
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 423 478,764 31,812 35,191 6.6 7.4
Private 347 394,619 19,982 22,034 5.1 5.6
Public 76 84,145 11,830 13,157 14.1 15.6
4940 Merced, CA MSA Total 127 186,313 39,381 42,549 21.1 22.8
Private 104 152,466 20,517 23,685 13.5 15.5
Public 23 33,846 18,864 18,864 55.7 55.7
5000 Miami, FL PMSA Total 896 873,587 72,777 88,319 8.3 10.1
Private 783 763,131 44,487 49,747 5.8 6.5
Public 113 110,456 28,290 38,572 25.6 34.9
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 671 535,440 68,221 75,785 12.7 14.2
Private 577 461,026 31,374 35,211 6.8 7.6
Public 94 74,415 36,846 40,574 49.5 54.5
5080 Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI PMSA Total 1,089 712,779 114,476 120,312 16.1 16.9
Private 965 630,415 65,956 70,389 10.5 11.2
Public 124 82,364 48,520 49,923 58.9 60.6
5120 Minneapolis-St., Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 2,367 1,583,062 258,385 278,591 16.3 17.6
Private 2,031 1,364,084 131,137 139,728 9.6 10.2
Public 336 218,979 127,248 138,862 58.1 63.4
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 265 187,078 14,253 16,789 7.6 9.0
Private 230 163,715 10,345 11,671 6.3 7.1
Public 35 23,363 3,907 5,117 16.7 21.9
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 133 192,657 29,153 43,029 15.1 22.3
Private 106 154,177 13,004 22,545 8.4 14.6
Public 27 38,480 16,149 20,484 42.0 53.2
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 601 473,428 105,423 112,211 22.3 23.7
Private 475 375,884 44,730 46,314 11.9 12.3
Public 126 97,544 60,694 65,897 62.2 67.6
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 87 85,447 5,443 8,626 6.4 10.1
Private 77 77,250 3,846 6,182 5.0 8.0
Public 10 8,198 1,597 2,444 19.5 29.8
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 147 111,195 3,031 3,646 2.7 3.3
Private 120 91,252 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 27 19,943 3,031 3,646 15.2 18.3
5330 Myrtle Beach, SC MSA Total 135 106,945 4,261 4,261 4.0 4.0
Private 118 94,215 2,635 2,635 2.8 2.8
Public 17 12,730 1,626 1,626 12.8 12.8
5345 Naples, FL MSA Total 147 144,241 3,047 3,841 2.1 2.7
Private 127 125,252 2,141 2,141 1.7 1.7
Public 20 18,990 906 1,700 4.8 9.0
5350 Nashua, NH PMSA Total 601 99,762 10,334 11,692 10.4 11.7
Private 524 87,138 3,367 4,082 3.9 4.7
Public 77 12,623 6,967 7,610 55.2 60.3
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 518 573,058 28,859 31,716 5.0 5.5
Private 468 518,943 16,978 19,835 3.3 3.8
Public 50 54,115 11,881 11,881 22.0 22.0
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 1,480 1,348,960 347,981 359,887 25.8 26.7
Private 1,158 1,059,014 144,131 149,445 13.6 14.1
Public 322 289,946 203,850 210,443 70.3 72.6
5400 New Bedford, MA PMSA Total 110 84,408 15,353 16,968 18.2 20.1
Private 91 70,386 8,873 8,873 12.6 12.6
Public 19 14,022 6,480 8,095 46.2 57.7
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT PMSA Total 495 223,583 35,284 37,917 15.8 17.0
Private 420 189,645 17,014 18,007 9.0 9.5
Public 75 33,938 18,270 19,910 53.8 58.7
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 258 116,250 23,418 24,771 20.1 21.3
Private 219 98,961 14,667 14,667 14.8 14.8
Public 39 17,289 8,751 10,105 50.6 58.4
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 583 552,939 49,291 56,405 8.9 10.2
Private 495 473,027 28,912 34,468 6.1 7.3
Public 88 79,912 20,379 21,936 25.5 27.5
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 3,760 3,624,697 886,940 926,790 24.5 25.6
Private 3,170 3,058,673 502,769 528,108 16.4 17.3
Public 590 566,025 384,171 398,682 67.9 70.4
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,149 926,233 196,542 203,501 21.2 22.0
Private 970 785,373 107,389 111,996 13.7 14.3
Public 179 140,860 89,153 91,505 63.3 65.0
5660 Newburgh, NY-PA PMSA Total 154 140,390 35,349 37,109 25.2 26.4
Private 119 110,609 14,384 14,384 13.0 13.0
Public 35 29,781 20,965 22,725 70.4 76.3
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA Total 610 615,946 65,270 75,985 10.6 12.3
Private 468 475,926 32,686 38,666 6.9 8.1
Public 142 140,019 32,584 37,319 23.3 26.7
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 680 1,001,432 219,710 231,917 21.9 23.2
Private 559 826,617 117,528 122,974 14.2 14.9
Public 121 174,815 102,182 108,943 58.5 62.3
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 93 87,502 3,969 5,893 4.5 6.7
Private 73 68,290 2,012 2,012 2.9 2.9
Public 20 19,212 1,958 3,881 10.2 20.2
5800 Odessa-Midland, TX MSA Total 138 166,346 9,357 10,445 5.6 6.3
Private 118 142,148 4,615 4,615 3.2 3.2
Public 20 24,198 4,742 5,830 19.6 24.1
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 760 509,155 42,651 47,824 8.4 9.4
Private 623 422,358 20,298 23,077 4.8 5.5
Public 137 86,798 22,353 24,747 25.8 28.5
5910 Olympia, WA PMSA Total 199 156,419 32,275 36,922 20.6 23.6
Private 117 94,727 17,894 19,396 18.9 20.5
Public 82 61,692 14,381 17,526 23.3 28.4
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 1,412 369,850 33,183 37,984 9.0 10.3
Private 1,217 320,165 17,704 20,187 5.5 6.3
Public 195 49,684 15,480 17,797 31.2 35.8
5945 Orange County, CA PMSA Total 912 1,353,377 163,575 174,828 12.1 12.9
Private 790 1,175,241 85,051 87,927 7.2 7.5
Public 122 178,136 78,524 86,900 44.1 48.8
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 916 863,254 43,691 87,501 5.1 10.1
Private 808 762,928 24,102 45,400 3.2 6.0
Public 108 100,326 19,589 42,100 19.5 42.0
6015 Panama City, FL MSA Total 70 68,682 2,668 2,668 3.9 3.9
Private 58 57,223 920 920 1.6 1.6
Public 12 11,459 1,748 1,748 15.3 15.3
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 139 130,328 6,753 11,037 5.2 8.5
Private 115 106,870 3,882 5,554 3.6 5.2
Public 24 23,458 2,871 5,482 12.2 23.4
6120 Peoria-Pekin, IL MSA Total 206 151,419 19,729 20,524 13.0 13.6
Private 179 132,135 11,913 11,913 9.0 9.0
Public 27 19,284 7,816 8,611 40.5 44.7
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 2,980 2,309,788 362,388 391,209 15.7 16.9
Private 2,567 1,990,148 193,612 204,443 9.7 10.3
Public 413 319,640 168,776 186,766 52.8 58.4
6200 Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA Total 1,652 1,533,101 75,025 96,087 4.9 6.3
Private 1,453 1,354,101 49,235 60,665 3.6 4.5
Public 199 179,000 25,790 35,422 14.4 19.8
6280 Pittsburgh, PA MSA Total 1,370 981,981 140,168 147,412 14.3 15.0
Private 1,218 875,104 82,749 87,441 9.5 10.0
Public 152 106,877 57,419 59,971 53.7 56.1
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 625 117,873 13,079 15,011 11.1 12.7
Private 537 101,460 5,195 5,712 5.1 5.6
Public 88 16,413 7,884 9,299 48.0 56.7
6440 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA PMSA Total 1,633 918,908 143,381 149,097 15.6 16.2
Private 1,414 801,875 83,572 88,153 10.4 11.0
Public 219 117,033 59,809 60,944 51.1 52.1
6450 Portsmouth-Rochester, NH-ME PMSA Total 695 116,464 9,690 11,198 8.3 9.6
Private 582 98,009 3,858 4,349 3.9 4.4
Public 113 18,455 5,832 6,849 31.6 37.1
6480 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA MSA Total 3,206 551,428 90,295 93,296 16.4 16.9
Private 2,749 477,499 43,022 45,214 9.0 9.5
Public 457 73,930 47,273 48,082 63.9 65.0
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 403 157,494 8,433 11,577 5.4 7.4
Private 343 135,985 2,368 5,512 1.7 4.1
Public 60 21,509 6,065 6,065 28.2 28.2
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 122 62,185 10,721 11,344 17.2 18.2
Private 87 43,452 4,223 4,223 9.7 9.7
Public 35 18,733 6,499 7,121 34.7 38.0
6580 Punta Gorda, FL MSA Total 49 46,645 2,051 2,051 4.4 4.4
Private 45 42,678 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 4 3,967 2,051 2,051 51.7 51.7
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 258 170,016 25,328 28,338 14.9 16.7
Private 224 148,474 14,445 16,182 9.7 10.9
Public 34 21,542 10,883 12,156 50.5 56.4
6640 Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MSA Total 772 737,685 19,642 25,160 2.7 3.4
Private 616 591,870 8,468 13,211 1.4 2.2
Public 156 145,815 11,174 11,949 7.7 8.2
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 256 181,432 15,093 15,832 8.3 8.7
Private 223 158,837 5,523 6,262 3.5 3.9
Public 33 22,595 9,570 9,570 42.4 42.4
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 681 169,687 20,189 23,827 11.9 14.0
Private 562 140,602 10,739 12,349 7.6 8.8
Public 119 29,085 9,450 11,479 32.5 39.5
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 434 437,599 21,997 26,666 5.0 6.1
Private 343 350,149 14,401 16,107 4.1 4.6
Public 91 87,450 7,597 10,559 8.7 12.1
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 856 1,279,381 285,747 302,306 22.3 23.6
Private 699 1,056,093 140,173 149,848 13.3 14.2
Public 157 223,288 145,574 152,459 65.2 68.3
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 132 138,724 3,661 4,814 2.6 3.5
Private 115 120,922 2,368 2,368 2.0 2.0
Public 17 17,801 1,293 2,445 7.3 13.7
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 507 447,980 62,449 66,982 13.9 15.0
Private 427 378,827 21,912 24,727 5.8 6.5
Public 80 69,153 40,537 42,255 58.6 61.1
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 230 168,430 26,100 26,859 15.5 15.9
Private 198 145,266 13,977 14,736 9.6 10.1
Public 32 23,164 12,123 12,123 52.3 52.3
6920 Sacramento, CA PMSA Total 532 756,249 198,406 218,561 26.2 28.9
Private 380 542,164 60,813 63,874 11.2 11.8
Public 152 214,085 137,593 154,687 64.3 72.3
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 252 191,516 38,721 40,380 20.2 21.1
Private 214 163,471 18,826 20,485 11.5 12.5
Public 38 28,045 19,895 19,895 70.9 70.9
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL MSA Total 1,447 1,216,009 217,703 230,772 17.9 19.0
Private 1,259 1,058,386 155,098 161,583 14.7 15.3
Public 188 157,623 62,605 69,189 39.7 43.9
7080 Salem, OR PMSA Total 226 115,930 23,983 24,333 20.7 21.0
Private 183 94,577 7,830 7,830 8.3 8.3
Public 43 21,353 16,153 16,503 75.7 77.3
7120 Salinas, CA MSA Total 125 188,071 29,176 30,662 15.5 16.3
Private 109 163,671 19,269 19,269 11.8 11.8
Public 16 24,401 9,907 11,393 40.6 46.7
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,728 655,521 40,094 49,375 6.1 7.5
Private 1,411 540,024 15,187 18,447 2.8 3.4
Public 317 115,497 24,907 30,929 21.6 26.8
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 562 688,273 41,034 49,328 6.0 7.2
Private 474 580,818 19,452 21,799 3.3 3.8
Public 88 107,455 21,582 27,529 20.1 25.6
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 825 1,185,813 144,908 192,198 12.2 16.2
Private 701 1,012,477 61,778 91,938 6.1 9.1
Public 124 173,336 83,130 100,260 48.0 57.8
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 562 849,501 126,629 134,036 14.9 15.8
Private 485 735,200 70,992 75,462 9.7 10.3
Public 77 114,302 55,637 58,574 48.7 51.2
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 567 864,749 105,119 113,318 12.2 13.1
Private 507 773,745 56,365 63,113 7.3 8.2
Public 60 91,003 48,754 50,205 53.6 55.2
7460 San Luis Obispo-Atascadero-Paso Robles, CA MSA Total 105 149,375 35,807 35,807 24.0 24.0
Private 74 105,620 13,301 13,301 12.6 12.6
Public 31 43,755 22,506 22,506 51.4 51.4
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 116 172,030 15,353 20,779 8.9 12.1
Private 90 134,383 7,470 12,896 5.6 9.6
Public 26 37,647 7,883 7,883 20.9 20.9
7490 Santa Fe, NM MSA Total 129 48,834 2,557 5,176 5.2 10.6
Private 77 28,721 859 1,305 3.0 4.5
Public 52 20,113 1,698 3,871 8.4 19.2
7500 Santa Rosa, CA PMSA Total 136 199,861 32,073 36,313 16.0 18.2
Private 102 150,382 9,790 12,538 6.5 8.3
Public 34 49,478 22,283 23,775 45.0 48.1
7510 Sarasota-Bradenton, FL MSA Total 223 206,056 4,302 6,065 2.1 2.9
Private 201 185,215 897 1,754 0.5 0.9
Public 22 20,840 3,405 4,311 16.3 20.7
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre-Hazelton, PA MSA Total 379 266,211 51,358 55,470 19.3 20.8
Private 321 226,793 27,365 28,772 12.1 12.7
Public 58 39,417 23,993 26,698 60.9 67.7
7600 Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA PMSA Total 1,360 1,137,133 201,929 209,700 17.8 18.4
Private 1,161 975,768 114,227 118,179 11.7 12.1
Public 199 161,365 87,702 91,521 54.4 56.7
7680 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA MSA Total 178 168,056 12,587 16,399 7.5 9.8
Private 142 136,098 5,850 6,896 4.3 5.1
Public 36 31,957 6,737 9,503 21.1 29.7
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 660 80,469 5,865 6,737 7.3 8.4
Private 600 73,293 3,795 4,150 5.2 5.7
Public 60 7,176 2,070 2,587 28.8 36.0
7800 South Bend, IN MSA Total 138 108,017 10,454 11,090 9.7 10.3
Private 120 94,900 4,444 4,444 4.7 4.7
Public 18 13,117 6,010 6,646 45.8 50.7
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 231 179,304 29,962 32,186 16.7 18.0
Private 184 143,293 8,116 8,116 5.7 5.7
Public 47 36,011 21,846 24,069 60.7 66.8
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 100 75,169 21,466 22,310 28.6 29.7
Private 63 48,442 7,324 7,324 15.1 15.1
Public 37 26,727 14,142 14,987 52.9 56.1
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 163 133,174 13,228 13,911 9.9 10.4
Private 141 115,305 5,810 5,810 5.0 5.0
Public 22 17,868 7,419 8,102 41.5 45.3
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 311 248,388 38,827 45,361 15.6 18.3
Private 256 206,153 17,900 21,654 8.7 10.5
Public 55 42,235 20,927 23,707 49.5 56.1
8040 Stamford-Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 310 144,909 15,604 16,169 10.8 11.2
Private 280 131,213 7,044 7,610 5.4 5.8
Public 30 13,696 8,560 8,560 62.5 62.5
8120 Stockton-Lodi, CA MSA Total 153 226,640 53,744 56,374 23.7 24.9
Private 137 204,299 37,375 38,507 18.3 18.8
Public 16 22,340 16,369 17,867 73.3 80.0
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 253 219,472 49,533 51,109 22.6 23.3
Private 212 184,135 24,189 24,189 13.1 13.1
Public 41 35,337 25,344 26,920 71.7 76.2
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 363 290,203 77,934 82,532 26.9 28.4
Private 277 223,859 38,925 40,501 17.4 18.1
Public 86 66,344 39,009 42,030 58.8 63.4
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 109 110,038 7,518 12,703 6.8 11.5
Private 68 67,320 3,193 4,567 4.7 6.8
Public 41 42,718 4,326 8,136 10.1 19.0
8280 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,099 1,018,470 69,946 97,444 6.9 9.6
Private 941 871,746 38,489 54,744 4.4 6.3
Public 158 146,724 31,457 42,700 21.4 29.1
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 380 283,025 61,673 65,430 21.8 23.1
Private 330 246,450 41,713 44,189 16.9 17.9
Public 50 36,575 19,960 21,241 54.6 58.1
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 113 44,563 4,627 5,531 10.4 12.4
Private 90 35,747 3,200 3,590 9.0 10.0
Public 23 8,816 1,427 1,941 16.2 22.0
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 210 167,907 27,737 30,665 16.5 18.3
Private 170 135,923 12,375 13,048 9.1 9.6
Public 40 31,985 15,362 17,617 48.0 55.1
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 398 352,386 20,993 22,522 6.0 6.4
Private 308 272,483 6,215 6,904 2.3 2.5
Public 90 79,903 14,778 15,618 18.5 19.5
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 544 361,954 28,520 35,948 7.9 9.9
Private 476 319,222 15,610 21,094 4.9 6.6
Public 68 42,732 12,910 14,854 30.2 34.8
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 130 99,054 7,978 10,789 8.1 10.9
Private 108 83,059 5,693 7,096 6.9 8.5
Public 22 15,995 2,285 3,692 14.3 23.1
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 171 147,169 38,994 42,789 26.5 29.1
Private 123 106,644 16,767 18,495 15.7 17.3
Public 48 40,525 22,228 24,294 54.8 59.9
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 151 224,363 76,496 80,880 34.1 36.0
Private 111 165,777 35,872 35,872 21.6 21.6
Public 40 58,586 40,624 45,008 69.3 76.8
8735 Ventura, CA PMSA Total 189 283,505 32,847 37,197 11.6 13.1
Private 159 240,819 15,005 17,985 6.2 7.5
Public 30 42,686 17,842 19,213 41.8 45.0
8760 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ PMSA Total 48 38,619 5,662 5,662 14.7 14.7
Private 41 32,486 1,516 1,516 4.7 4.7
Public 7 6,133 4,146 4,146 67.6 67.6
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 103 152,457 30,641 32,109 20.1 21.1
Private 78 115,776 4,190 4,190 3.6 3.6
Public 25 36,681 26,450 27,919 72.1 76.1
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 99 113,691 8,491 10,735 7.5 9.4
Private 77 89,044 2,199 4,443 2.5 5.0
Public 22 24,647 6,292 6,292 25.5 25.5
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA Total 4,313 2,603,715 281,778 330,430 10.8 12.7
Private 3,113 1,951,497 138,458 163,553 7.1 8.4
Public 1,200 652,218 143,320 166,878 22.0 25.6
8880 Waterbury, CT PMSA Total 188 87,593 16,670 17,150 19.0 19.6
Private 159 75,430 7,997 8,476 10.6 11.2
Public 29 12,163 8,673 8,673 71.3 71.3
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 112 49,914 6,533 8,003 13.1 16.0
Private 94 41,054 3,999 5,015 9.7 12.2
Public 18 8,861 2,534 2,988 28.6 33.7
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL MSA Total 509 457,128 29,810 34,180 6.5 7.5
Private 445 399,746 16,909 18,776 4.2 4.7
Public 64 57,382 12,901 15,404 22.5 26.8
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 148 42,347 7,065 7,065 16.7 16.7
Private 129 37,086 5,489 5,489 14.8 14.8
Public 19 5,261 1,576 1,576 30.0 30.0
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 641 239,834 26,610 41,091 11.1 17.1
Private 539 202,284 19,566 28,091 9.7 13.9
Public 102 37,551 7,044 12,999 18.8 34.6
9160 Wilmington-Newark, DE-MD PMSA Total 1,647 248,983 30,824 33,184 12.4 13.3
Private 1,427 216,350 16,986 18,514 7.9 8.6
Public 220 32,633 13,838 14,670 42.4 45.0
9200 Wilmington, NC MSA Total 64 59,953 857 1,721 1.4 2.9
Private 51 48,232 857 857 1.8 1.8
Public 13 11,721 0 864 0.0 7.4
9240 Worcester, MA-CT PMSA Total 226 176,024 26,873 28,131 15.3 16.0
Private 193 149,431 14,098 15,357 9.4 10.3
Public 33 26,593 12,774 12,774 48.0 48.0
9270 Yolo, CA PMSA Total 64 85,719 13,183 18,714 15.4 21.8
Private 33 44,576 2,573 2,573 5.8 5.8
Public 31 41,142 10,610 16,141 25.8 39.2
9280 York, PA MSA Total 266 186,716 25,602 28,253 13.7 15.1
Private 242 170,597 17,261 19,358 10.1 11.3
Public 24 16,119 8,341 8,895 51.8 55.2
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 432 417,778 87,423 92,667 20.9 22.2
Private 373 364,425 52,771 55,022 14.5 15.1
Public 59 53,353 34,652 37,644 64.9 70.6
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 131 188,075 36,899 41,075 19.6 21.8
Private 99 143,893 13,614 13,614 9.5 9.5
Public 32 44,182 23,285 27,461 52.7 62.2
9360 Yuma, AZ MSA Total 59 56,010 4,692 4,692 8.4 8.4
Private 45 42,818 2,697 2,697 6.3 6.3
Public 14 13,193 1,995 1,995 15.1 15.1
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2003. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2002 tables are based
on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS.
2004 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.