Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 1986 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by CPS size code):
7 Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH Total 5,820 1,950,450 311,734 340,137 16.0 17.4
Private 5,091 1,701,279 180,334 197,058 10.6 11.6
Public 729 249,171 131,400 143,079 52.7 57.4
Priv Const 247 82,858 17,053 17,442 20.6 21.1
Priv Manuf 1,388 461,831 66,699 71,165 14.4 15.4
30 Buffalo-Niagra Falls, NY Total 888 480,146 159,823 164,881 33.3 34.3
Private 730 395,849 106,428 108,082 26.9 27.3
Public 158 84,297 53,395 56,800 63.3 67.4
Priv Const 34 18,848 6,808 6,808 36.1 36.1
Priv Manuf 203 111,434 56,648 57,718 50.8 51.8
3 Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI Total 5,179 3,373,798 746,955 810,262 22.1 24.0
Private 4,530 2,951,557 541,796 575,024 18.4 19.5
Public 649 422,241 205,158 235,238 48.6 55.7
Priv Const 214 140,118 75,615 76,142 54.0 54.3
Priv Manuf 1,196 783,362 212,757 223,719 27.2 28.6
22 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,214 695,955 131,119 141,565 18.8 20.3
Private 1,040 597,224 92,726 97,737 15.5 16.4
Public 174 98,732 38,393 43,828 38.9 44.4
Priv Const 38 21,734 6,245 6,245 28.7 28.7
Priv Manuf 323 184,057 52,377 55,049 28.5 29.9
11 Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH Total 1,984 1,119,761 254,865 282,922 22.8 25.3
Private 1,682 948,628 171,435 181,238 18.1 19.1
Public 302 171,132 83,430 101,684 48.8 59.4
Priv Const 74 42,316 16,202 16,202 38.3 38.3
Priv Manuf 505 284,944 86,906 91,069 30.5 32.0
10 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 2,055 1,725,852 140,587 177,304 8.1 10.3
Private 1,813 1,523,660 105,559 129,862 6.9 8.5
Public 242 202,192 35,029 47,443 17.3 23.5
Priv Const 137 121,251 6,263 6,263 5.2 5.2
Priv Manuf 407 347,452 50,106 60,440 14.4 17.4
21 Denver-Boulder, CO Total 1,234 865,470 109,367 126,455 12.6 14.6
Private 1,036 730,073 79,859 89,357 10.9 12.2
Public 198 135,397 29,509 37,099 21.8 27.4
Priv Const 71 51,339 10,924 10,924 21.3 21.3
Priv Manuf 159 112,404 13,594 18,731 12.1 16.7
6 Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI Total 3,816 1,921,478 567,620 612,309 29.5 31.9
Private 3,275 1,651,435 406,162 436,619 24.6 26.4
Public 541 270,043 161,458 175,690 59.8 65.1
Priv Const 152 79,357 28,920 28,920 36.4 36.4
Priv Manuf 1,098 555,776 238,593 248,767 42.9 44.8
36 Hartford-New Britain-Middletown, CT Total 848 536,572 99,164 109,544 18.5 20.4
Private 732 462,793 51,400 58,543 11.1 12.6
Public 116 73,779 47,764 51,001 64.7 69.1
Priv Const 33 21,979 6,074 6,725 27.6 30.6
Priv Manuf 213 135,720 25,752 31,590 19.0 23.3
8 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,816 1,542,234 121,076 153,451 7.9 9.9
Private 1,580 1,342,081 84,051 100,876 6.3 7.5
Public 236 200,153 37,024 52,575 18.5 26.3
Priv Const 111 95,010 8,915 8,915 9.4 9.4
Priv Manuf 235 197,984 32,672 36,155 16.5 18.3
2 Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA Total 7,869 5,508,637 1,039,287 1,235,590 18.9 22.4
Private 6,829 4,789,585 693,032 793,932 14.5 16.6
Public 1,040 719,052 346,255 441,658 48.2 61.4
Priv Const 353 272,836 64,392 71,653 23.6 26.3
Priv Manuf 1,958 1,385,655 249,007 278,222 18.0 20.1
12 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 1,871 1,186,661 116,608 136,434 9.8 11.5
Private 1,603 1,024,966 56,776 65,257 5.5 6.4
Public 268 161,695 59,833 71,177 37.0 44.0
Priv Const 108 75,319 7,519 7,519 10.0 10.0
Priv Manuf 217 141,377 10,483 11,110 7.4 7.9
24 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 934 728,367 173,602 183,035 23.8 25.1
Private 800 623,504 113,849 119,419 18.3 19.2
Public 134 104,863 59,753 63,615 57.0 60.7
Priv Const 24 18,589 8,932 8,932 48.0 48.0
Priv Manuf 267 211,738 63,299 66,465 29.9 31.4
1 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Total 14,090 7,335,540 2,052,434 2,215,110 28.0 30.2
Private 11,798 6,134,275 1,244,023 1,354,385 20.3 22.1
Public 2,292 1,201,264 808,412 860,725 67.3 71.7
Priv Const 609 318,643 121,890 124,924 38.3 39.2
Priv Manuf 2,736 1,408,563 343,858 377,256 24.4 26.8
4 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 5,550 2,467,737 538,557 610,888 21.8 24.8
Private 4,723 2,096,039 346,035 388,980 16.5 18.6
Public 827 371,698 192,523 221,908 51.8 59.7
Priv Const 295 136,701 40,742 45,710 29.8 33.4
Priv Manuf 1,174 513,117 152,942 163,520 29.8 31.9
13 Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA Total 1,377 837,748 197,239 211,068 23.5 25.2
Private 1,201 731,773 137,500 143,601 18.8 19.6
Public 176 105,975 59,739 67,467 56.4 63.7
Priv Const 63 38,628 13,924 14,568 36.0 37.7
Priv Manuf 234 142,788 56,130 57,389 39.3 40.2
26 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA Total 888 589,889 118,888 139,713 20.2 23.7
Private 750 497,789 75,146 82,719 15.1 16.6
Public 138 92,100 43,741 56,994 47.5 61.9
Priv Const 28 20,732 2,056 3,397 9.9 16.4
Priv Manuf 163 111,185 24,965 26,274 22.5 23.6
34 Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River, RI-MA Total 2,061 527,385 115,106 121,095 21.8 23.0
Private 1,750 448,549 61,052 64,647 13.6 14.4
Public 311 78,836 54,054 56,447 68.6 71.6
Priv Const 92 24,205 7,279 7,792 30.1 32.2
Priv Manuf 630 165,032 28,424 29,968 17.2 18.2
14 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 1,354 1,008,651 251,387 270,250 24.9 26.8
Private 1,181 885,774 217,045 227,842 24.5 25.7
Public 173 122,877 34,342 42,408 27.9 34.5
Priv Const 68 51,589 28,330 29,026 54.9 56.3
Priv Manuf 278 207,769 86,289 87,950 41.5 42.3
5 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,905 2,667,707 586,871 635,492 22.0 23.8
Private 2,461 2,259,917 412,386 437,669 18.2 19.4
Public 444 407,790 174,485 197,823 42.8 48.5
Priv Const 149 139,884 72,416 72,416 51.8 51.8
Priv Manuf 633 585,509 98,143 101,856 16.8 17.4
18 Seattle-Tacoma, WA Total 1,064 1,000,020 278,606 325,215 27.9 32.5
Private 886 835,207 192,852 230,582 23.1 27.6
Public 178 164,813 85,754 94,633 52.0 57.4
Priv Const 45 42,775 11,240 14,458 26.3 33.8
Priv Manuf 202 194,257 79,054 92,102 40.7 47.4
9 Washington, DC-MD-VA Total 3,967 1,886,616 226,083 288,137 12.0 15.3
Private 2,662 1,297,672 113,335 139,422 8.7 10.7
Public 1,305 588,944 112,748 148,715 19.1 25.3
Priv Const 160 87,095 14,512 16,832 16.7 19.3
Priv Manuf 205 113,434 8,306 10,884 7.3 9.6
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH, PMSA Total 445 250,421 59,215 62,638 23.6 25.0
Private 378 212,876 40,390 41,506 19.0 19.5
Public 67 37,545 18,825 21,131 50.1 56.3
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 659 361,936 105,954 116,767 29.3 32.3
Private 463 254,672 35,369 39,427 13.9 15.5
Public 196 107,264 70,585 77,340 65.8 72.1
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 802 228,488 26,633 31,208 11.7 13.7
Private 626 178,650 12,967 14,700 7.3 8.2
Public 176 49,838 13,666 16,508 27.4 33.1
240 Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ MSA Total 371 223,900 56,682 60,968 25.3 27.2
Private 329 199,112 43,762 45,581 22.0 22.9
Public 42 24,788 12,920 15,387 52.1 62.1
280 Altoona, PA MSA Total 127 76,177 20,431 21,076 26.8 27.7
Private 110 66,198 15,796 16,441 23.9 24.8
Public 17 9,979 4,635 4,635 46.4 46.4
360 Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA PMSA Total 1,105 1,041,672 134,800 162,772 12.9 15.6
Private 982 927,660 82,574 100,445 8.9 10.8
Public 123 114,012 52,225 62,327 45.8 54.7
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 1,516 98,464 21,822 24,906 22.2 25.3
Private 1,144 74,118 9,188 10,935 12.4 14.8
Public 372 24,347 12,634 13,971 51.9 57.4
400 Anderson, IN MSA Total 128 104,578 32,423 32,423 31.0 31.0
Private 117 95,812 29,234 29,234 30.5 30.5
Public 11 8,766 3,189 3,189 36.4 36.4
405 Anderson, SC MSA Total 130 75,453 2,434 2,434 3.2 3.2
Private 124 71,796 2,434 2,434 3.4 3.4
Public 6 3,657 0 0 0.0 0.0
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 195 97,369 20,775 21,810 21.3 22.4
Private 135 66,929 8,125 9,160 12.1 13.7
Public 60 30,440 12,650 12,650 41.6 41.6
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenaht, WI MSA Total 209 161,858 36,578 37,310 22.6 23.1
Private 186 144,258 27,394 27,394 19.0 19.0
Public 23 17,600 9,184 9,916 52.2 56.3
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 201 74,037 3,430 4,118 4.6 5.6
Private 170 62,835 2,406 2,705 3.8 4.3
Public 31 11,202 1,024 1,413 9.1 12.6
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,083 1,273,401 106,239 131,864 8.3 10.4
Private 952 1,119,729 88,398 107,755 7.9 9.6
Public 131 153,672 17,842 24,109 11.6 15.7
600 Augusta, GA-SC MSA Total 205 170,488 15,769 26,297 9.2 15.4
Private 166 134,615 13,417 14,938 10.0 11.1
Public 39 35,873 2,352 11,359 6.6 31.7
620 Aurora-Elgin, IL PMSA Total 240 152,151 29,217 29,217 19.2 19.2
Private 206 131,106 19,987 19,987 15.2 15.2
Public 34 21,046 9,230 9,230 43.9 43.9
640 Austin, TX MSA Total 456 386,075 18,691 29,150 4.8 7.6
Private 349 295,279 6,584 11,457 2.2 3.9
Public 107 90,797 12,107 17,693 13.3 19.5
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 180 166,247 32,783 35,342 19.7 21.3
Private 152 141,189 20,318 21,292 14.4 15.1
Public 28 25,058 12,465 14,050 49.7 56.1
720 Baltimore, MD MSA Total 1,363 960,855 181,061 235,205 18.8 24.5
Private 1,043 738,095 115,460 142,894 15.6 19.4
Public 320 222,761 65,601 92,312 29.4 41.4
760 Baton Rouge, LA MSA Total 232 193,102 23,969 25,654 12.4 13.3
Private 161 135,857 13,276 14,257 9.8 10.5
Public 71 57,245 10,693 11,397 18.7 19.9
780 Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 95 48,123 15,539 17,045 32.3 35.4
Private 79 39,907 9,327 10,833 23.4 27.1
Public 16 8,216 6,212 6,212 75.6 75.6
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, FL MSA Total 185 155,524 28,444 34,862 18.3 22.4
Private 160 135,233 25,991 30,852 19.2 22.8
Public 25 20,292 2,454 4,010 12.1 19.8
845 Beaver County, PA PMSA Total 134 80,010 17,540 18,740 21.9 23.4
Private 119 71,339 15,354 15,354 21.5 21.5
Public 15 8,671 2,186 3,386 25.2 39.0
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 86 72,867 21,886 23,764 30.0 32.6
Private 75 63,595 14,473 15,366 22.8 24.2
Public 11 9,271 7,414 8,398 80.0 90.6
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 105 50,130 9,739 10,182 19.4 20.3
Private 95 45,318 6,775 7,218 15.0 15.9
Public 10 4,812 2,964 2,964 61.6 61.6
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 1,383 578,834 108,232 115,150 18.7 19.9
Private 1,212 509,001 68,676 73,043 13.5 14.4
Public 171 69,833 39,556 42,108 56.6 60.3
920 Biloxi-Gulfport, MS MSA Total 151 61,726 9,530 9,530 15.4 15.4
Private 119 48,195 5,549 5,549 11.5 11.5
Public 32 13,530 3,981 3,981 29.4 29.4
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 251 144,780 32,833 33,354 22.7 23.0
Private 202 115,988 15,542 16,063 13.4 13.8
Public 49 28,792 17,291 17,291 60.1 60.1
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 392 356,165 40,228 50,516 11.3 14.2
Private 335 304,213 34,267 37,122 11.3 12.2
Public 57 51,951 5,961 13,394 11.5 25.8
1040 Bloomington-Normal, IL MSA Total 122 73,652 12,651 18,598 17.2 25.3
Private 100 60,461 9,119 11,427 15.1 18.9
Public 22 13,191 3,532 7,172 26.8 54.4
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 498 88,419 8,292 8,694 9.4 9.8
Private 396 70,546 3,481 3,722 4.9 5.3
Public 102 17,873 4,810 4,972 26.9 27.8
1120 Boston, MA PMSR Total 3,888 1,326,307 202,653 218,457 15.3 16.5
Private 3,403 1,156,342 116,361 126,556 10.1 10.9
Public 485 169,966 86,292 91,900 50.8 54.1
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 157 108,814 5,984 8,148 5.5 7.5
Private 129 89,402 2,737 4,171 3.1 4.7
Public 28 19,412 3,247 3,976 16.7 20.5
1140 Bradenton, FL MSA Total 126 78,107 6,390 8,661 8.2 11.1
Private 103 63,957 584 584 0.9 0.9
Public 23 14,150 5,806 8,077 41.0 57.1
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 59 47,403 6,002 6,817 12.7 14.4
Private 52 41,602 4,165 4,165 10.0 10.0
Public 7 5,801 1,837 2,652 31.7 45.7
1160 Bridgeport-Milford, CT PMSA Total 306 194,610 44,386 46,281 22.8 23.8
Private 268 169,119 26,948 27,502 15.9 16.3
Public 38 25,491 17,438 18,779 68.4 73.7
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 268 91,423 14,454 17,361 15.8 19.0
Private 225 76,968 6,609 7,663 8.6 10.0
Public 43 14,455 7,845 9,698 54.3 67.1
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX MSA Total 116 75,405 2,349 3,531 3.1 4.7
Private 95 62,522 0 1,182 0.0 1.9
Public 21 12,883 2,349 2,349 18.2 18.2
1280 Buffalo, NY PMSA Total 691 374,628 122,682 127,194 32.7 34.0
Private 573 311,597 81,210 82,864 26.1 26.6
Public 118 63,031 41,472 44,330 65.8 70.3
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 526 70,714 6,608 9,134 9.3 12.9
Private 461 61,743 3,187 4,103 5.2 6.6
Public 65 8,971 3,421 5,031 38.1 56.1
1320 Canton, OH MSA Total 302 166,318 33,676 40,454 20.2 24.3
Private 262 144,445 23,176 27,683 16.0 19.2
Public 40 21,873 10,499 12,771 48.0 58.4
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 156 79,017 15,589 18,134 19.7 22.9
Private 141 71,370 12,946 14,484 18.1 20.3
Public 15 7,647 2,643 3,650 34.6 47.7
1400 Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, IL MSA Total 111 70,781 12,733 15,921 18.0 22.5
Private 80 50,652 6,614 7,382 13.1 14.6
Public 31 20,128 6,119 8,539 30.4 42.4
1440 Charleston, SC MSA Total 296 168,139 12,832 14,252 7.6 8.5
Private 216 123,441 10,007 10,007 8.1 8.1
Public 80 44,698 2,825 4,245 6.3 9.5
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 259 86,570 11,686 13,532 13.5 15.6
Private 201 67,172 9,532 10,618 14.2 15.8
Public 58 19,398 2,154 2,915 11.1 15.0
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 1,395 528,648 41,869 46,652 7.9 8.8
Private 1,272 482,359 33,396 37,246 6.9 7.7
Public 123 46,289 8,474 9,406 18.3 20.3
1560 Chattanooga, TN-A MSA Total 150 140,047 14,437 17,327 10.3 12.4
Private 123 114,960 8,754 8,754 7.6 7.6
Public 27 25,087 5,683 8,573 22.7 34.2
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 4,094 2,633,100 579,966 635,567 22.0 24.1
Private 3,597 2,314,348 408,416 439,697 17.6 19.0
Public 497 318,752 171,549 195,869 53.8 61.4
1620 Chico, CA MSA Total 83 73,487 15,753 17,498 21.4 23.8
Private 60 53,174 6,859 6,859 12.9 12.9
Public 23 20,313 8,894 10,639 43.8 52.4
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 1,021 590,062 107,141 117,039 18.2 19.8
Private 867 502,046 74,282 79,293 14.8 15.8
Public 154 88,015 32,859 37,746 37.3 42.9
1680 Cleveland, OH PMSA Total 1,341 759,801 172,889 194,818 22.8 25.6
Private 1,142 645,644 116,612 124,168 18.1 19.2
Public 199 114,157 56,277 70,651 49.3 61.9
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 207 144,530 12,276 17,527 8.5 12.1
Private 171 118,111 6,072 9,116 5.1 7.7
Public 36 26,420 6,204 8,411 23.5 31.8
1740 Colombia, MO MSA Total 129 99,752 6,981 10,493 7.0 10.5
Private 82 62,767 4,769 4,769 7.6 7.6
Public 47 36,985 2,212 5,724 6.0 15.5
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 373 212,880 9,699 10,718 4.6 5.0
Private 248 142,710 3,495 3,968 2.4 2.8
Public 125 70,171 6,204 6,750 8.8 9.6
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 107 123,898 16,805 17,932 13.6 14.5
Private 77 88,211 7,441 7,441 8.4 8.4
Public 30 35,687 9,364 10,491 26.2 29.4
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 1,016 581,215 88,259 100,205 15.2 17.2
Private 810 464,828 49,814 53,670 10.7 11.5
Public 206 116,387 38,445 46,535 33.0 40.0
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 227 136,654 7,750 10,946 5.7 8.0
Private 177 106,132 3,849 6,100 3.6 5.7
Public 50 30,522 3,901 4,846 12.8 15.9
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,376 1,160,219 80,949 98,397 7.0 8.5
Private 1,218 1,027,215 52,672 61,585 5.1 6.0
Public 158 133,004 28,277 36,812 21.3 27.7
1930 Danbury, CT PMSR Total 153 95,967 12,628 12,628 13.2 13.2
Private 142 89,085 10,361 10,361 11.6 11.6
Public 11 6,882 2,267 2,267 32.9 32.9
1960 Davenport-Rock Island-Moline, IA-IL MSA Total 269 149,766 30,305 32,734 20.2 21.9
Private 219 122,222 20,343 20,960 16.6 17.1
Public 50 27,544 9,963 11,774 36.2 42.7
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 713 390,695 62,361 72,171 16.0 18.5
Private 613 335,520 51,969 59,624 15.5 17.8
Public 100 55,175 10,392 12,546 18.8 22.7
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 161 96,724 2,455 3,070 2.5 3.2
Private 145 87,230 639 639 0.7 0.7
Public 16 9,494 1,817 2,431 19.1 25.6
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 1,077 756,656 103,383 118,308 13.7 15.6
Private 907 640,671 77,121 85,186 12.0 13.3
Public 170 115,985 26,262 33,122 22.6 28.6
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 330 168,451 27,347 34,044 16.2 20.2
Private 286 145,750 16,831 18,441 11.5 12.7
Public 44 22,701 10,515 15,603 46.3 68.7
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 3,621 1,824,109 546,845 590,499 30.0 32.4
Private 3,140 1,584,505 398,037 427,459 25.1 27.0
Public 481 239,603 148,808 163,041 62.1 68.0
2240 Duluth, MN-WI MSA Total 104 80,975 32,964 36,220 40.7 44.7
Private 74 57,091 17,300 18,780 30.3 32.9
Public 30 23,884 15,663 17,439 65.6 73.0
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 316 194,121 20,956 31,227 10.8 16.1
Private 246 151,674 8,719 12,474 5.7 8.2
Public 70 42,447 12,237 18,753 28.8 44.2
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 187 125,400 23,256 24,878 18.5 19.8
Private 173 115,970 17,990 19,611 15.5 16.9
Public 14 9,430 5,266 5,266 55.8 55.8
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 168 104,259 16,413 19,597 15.7 18.8
Private 140 86,845 10,895 12,834 12.5 14.8
Public 28 17,414 5,518 6,764 31.7 38.8
2440 Evansville, IN-KY MSA Total 137 111,017 18,537 19,409 16.7 17.5
Private 127 103,026 15,433 15,433 15.0 15.0
Public 10 7,991 3,104 3,976 38.8 49.8
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 221 82,871 7,008 8,042 8.5 9.7
Private 163 62,857 5,231 5,922 8.3 9.4
Public 58 20,014 1,776 2,120 8.9 10.6
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale, AR MSA Total 110 43,840 2,386 2,773 5.4 6.3
Private 79 32,011 891 1,278 2.8 4.0
Public 31 11,829 1,495 1,495 12.6 12.6
2640 Flint, MI MSA Total 369 182,608 75,834 79,708 41.5 43.6
Private 321 158,559 62,449 65,242 39.4 41.1
Public 48 24,050 13,386 14,465 55.7 60.1
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 102 89,856 21,867 21,867 24.3 24.3
Private 70 61,611 10,329 10,329 16.8 16.8
Public 32 28,244 11,539 11,539 40.9 40.9
2655 Florence, SC MSA Total 99 53,306 1,549 2,184 2.9 4.1
Private 83 44,531 1,549 2,184 3.5 4.9
Public 16 8,774 0 0 0.0 0.0
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 139 96,091 13,173 13,173 13.7 13.7
Private 105 72,682 4,182 4,182 5.8 5.8
Public 34 23,408 8,991 8,991 38.4 38.4
2680 Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach, FL PMSA Total 691 414,019 45,521 56,439 11.0 13.6
Private 592 356,009 21,085 27,101 5.9 7.6
Public 99 58,009 24,436 29,337 42.1 50.6
2700 Fort Myers, FL MSA Total 171 99,594 4,647 9,767 4.7 9.8
Private 142 82,068 2,185 2,185 2.7 2.7
Public 29 17,526 2,462 7,582 14.0 43.3
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 143 60,689 5,957 8,446 9.8 13.9
Private 124 52,263 5,499 7,488 10.5 14.3
Public 19 8,426 458 958 5.4 11.4
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 84 49,722 3,771 5,605 7.6 11.3
Private 62 36,976 1,067 1,067 2.9 2.9
Public 22 12,746 2,705 4,539 21.2 35.6
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 208 169,017 29,380 30,268 17.4 17.9
Private 183 148,694 21,065 21,065 14.2 14.2
Public 25 20,323 8,315 9,203 40.9 45.3
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 679 565,633 59,638 78,907 10.5 14.0
Private 595 496,445 52,887 68,276 10.7 13.8
Public 84 69,188 6,751 10,631 9.8 15.4
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 248 236,571 60,332 61,209 25.5 25.9
Private 198 189,805 34,990 34,990 18.4 18.4
Public 50 46,765 25,342 26,219 54.2 56.1
2880 Gadsden, AL MSA Total 70 63,269 20,994 22,013 33.2 34.8
Private 55 49,584 11,935 12,954 24.1 26.1
Public 15 13,685 9,058 9,058 66.2 66.2
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 124 74,258 4,026 5,238 5.4 7.1
Private 74 44,499 1,795 1,795 4.0 4.0
Public 50 29,760 2,231 3,443 7.5 11.6
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 141 114,625 15,309 17,761 13.4 15.5
Private 104 84,116 14,619 15,436 17.4 18.4
Public 37 30,509 690 2,325 2.3 7.6
2960 Gary-Hammond, IN PMSA Total 266 219,887 58,993 59,799 26.8 27.2
Private 222 185,195 47,586 48,392 25.7 26.1
Public 44 34,692 11,407 11,407 32.9 32.9
3000 Grand Rapids, MI MSA Total 598 291,373 58,404 61,526 20.0 21.1
Private 544 265,825 43,498 46,155 16.4 17.4
Public 54 25,548 14,906 15,371 58.3 60.2
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 1,167 425,465 24,861 28,748 5.8 6.8
Private 1,034 375,554 17,163 19,618 4.6 5.2
Public 133 49,911 7,698 9,130 15.4 18.3
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg, SC MSA Total 492 277,180 9,187 12,352 3.3 4.5
Private 445 251,814 4,364 6,367 1.7 2.5
Public 47 25,366 4,823 5,985 19.0 23.6
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 193 105,894 23,978 24,526 22.6 23.2
Private 173 95,177 18,444 18,444 19.4 19.4
Public 20 10,717 5,534 6,082 51.6 56.8
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 278 167,793 28,501 35,071 17.0 20.9
Private 218 130,862 15,734 17,524 12.0 13.4
Public 60 36,931 12,767 17,547 34.6 47.5
3280 Hartford, CT PMSA Total 592 371,433 60,392 68,126 16.3 18.3
Private 510 319,396 28,707 33,779 9.0 10.6
Public 82 52,038 31,685 34,347 60.9 66.0
3290 Hickory, NC MSA Total 257 89,012 3,286 4,972 3.7 5.6
Private 225 78,325 675 1,369 0.9 1.7
Public 32 10,687 2,611 3,603 24.4 33.7
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,331 317,349 85,943 95,207 27.1 30.0
Private 977 232,238 45,734 49,538 19.7 21.3
Public 354 85,111 40,209 45,669 47.2 53.7
3350 Houma-Thibodaux, LA MSA Total 132 116,709 4,261 6,082 3.7 5.2
Private 107 94,652 1,836 3,657 1.9 3.9
Public 25 22,057 2,425 2,425 11.0 11.0
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,616 1,380,205 99,765 128,872 7.2 9.3
Private 1,424 1,216,362 65,267 81,274 5.4 6.7
Public 192 163,843 34,498 47,598 21.1 29.1
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 163 54,891 6,131 9,754 11.2 17.8
Private 123 41,969 4,157 4,157 9.9 9.9
Public 40 12,922 1,973 5,597 15.3 43.3
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 126 107,853 4,815 5,671 4.5 5.3
Private 100 86,043 2,952 2,952 3.4 3.4
Public 26 21,809 1,863 2,719 8.5 12.5
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 710 583,692 99,467 113,403 17.0 19.4
Private 597 492,956 78,453 85,529 15.9 17.4
Public 113 90,736 21,014 27,874 23.2 30.7
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 101 50,106 14,130 17,350 28.2 34.6
Private 82 41,100 9,406 10,678 22.9 26.0
Public 19 9,006 4,724 6,672 52.5 74.1
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 356 147,083 11,293 14,141 7.7 9.6
Private 269 111,128 7,665 8,456 6.9 7.6
Public 87 35,955 3,628 5,685 10.1 15.8
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 647 394,121 43,777 60,286 11.1 15.3
Private 543 330,902 25,711 33,953 7.8 10.3
Public 104 63,219 18,067 26,333 28.6 41.7
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 553 242,178 80,732 89,586 33.3 37.0
Private 483 212,979 60,380 68,405 28.4 32.1
Public 70 29,200 20,352 21,181 69.7 72.5
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 152 134,754 22,538 28,573 16.7 21.2
Private 134 119,266 19,997 23,483 16.8 19.7
Public 18 15,487 2,542 5,090 16.4 32.9
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 147 88,610 23,037 24,905 26.0 28.1
Private 122 73,755 12,920 14,789 17.5 20.1
Public 25 14,854 10,116 10,116 68.1 68.1
3690 Joliet, IL PMSA Total 256 165,628 52,245 55,970 31.5 33.8
Private 227 146,862 42,984 43,602 29.3 29.7
Public 29 18,766 9,261 12,368 49.3 65.9
3710 Joplin, MO MSA Total 129 101,879 14,882 17,539 14.6 17.2
Private 116 91,867 11,841 13,665 12.9 14.9
Public 13 10,012 3,041 3,873 30.4 38.7
3720 Kalamazoo, MI MSA Total 196 97,038 18,348 19,443 18.9 20.0
Private 163 79,162 11,792 11,792 14.9 14.9
Public 33 17,876 6,556 7,650 36.7 42.8
3740 Kankakee, IL MSA Total 95 58,709 12,504 13,054 21.3 22.2
Private 83 51,873 9,604 9,604 18.5 18.5
Public 12 6,836 2,900 3,450 42.4 50.5
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 1,161 721,297 133,560 151,173 18.5 21.0
Private 968 603,375 104,212 108,322 17.3 18.0
Public 193 117,922 29,348 42,851 24.9 36.3
3810 Killeen-Temple, TX MSA Total 108 85,994 9,357 11,450 10.9 13.3
Private 72 58,726 3,063 3,063 5.2 5.2
Public 36 27,268 6,294 8,386 23.1 30.8
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 311 273,040 52,653 56,864 19.3 20.8
Private 258 226,441 32,946 34,556 14.5 15.3
Public 53 46,598 19,707 22,308 42.3 47.9
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 105 92,111 6,722 9,586 7.3 10.4
Private 88 76,423 4,902 5,651 6.4 7.4
Public 17 15,687 1,820 3,936 11.6 25.1
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 92 80,062 10,119 11,667 12.6 14.6
Private 68 59,905 6,104 6,948 10.2 11.6
Public 24 20,157 4,015 4,720 19.9 23.4
3965 Lake County, IL PMSA Total 323 203,031 26,534 29,709 13.1 14.6
Private 278 174,046 22,823 23,347 13.1 13.4
Public 45 28,985 3,711 6,363 12.8 22.0
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 260 168,169 18,668 20,923 11.1 12.4
Private 226 147,907 16,403 16,881 11.1 11.4
Public 34 20,262 2,265 4,041 11.2 19.9
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 255 155,938 18,734 21,118 12.0 13.5
Private 228 139,463 11,396 11,966 8.2 8.6
Public 27 16,475 7,338 9,152 44.5 55.5
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 353 171,089 42,796 46,163 25.0 27.0
Private 257 125,108 23,159 25,059 18.5 20.0
Public 96 45,981 19,637 21,104 42.7 45.9
4120 Las Vegas, NV MSA Total 1,056 263,327 59,335 70,077 22.5 26.6
Private 918 229,870 47,622 54,203 20.7 23.6
Public 138 33,457 11,713 15,874 35.0 47.4
4160 Lawrence-Haverhill, MA-NH PMSA Total 376 126,774 32,253 35,508 25.4 28.0
Private 318 107,652 20,976 22,600 19.5 21.0
Public 58 19,122 11,278 12,907 59.0 67.5
4200 Lawton, OK MSA Total 109 61,905 2,820 3,381 4.6 5.5
Private 68 38,880 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 41 23,025 2,820 3,381 12.2 14.7
4280 Lexington-Fayette, KY MSA Total 188 130,602 12,859 13,672 9.8 10.5
Private 146 101,525 12,208 13,021 12.0 12.8
Public 42 29,076 651 651 2.2 2.2
4320 Lima, OH MSA Total 121 66,815 20,689 21,831 31.0 32.7
Private 110 60,739 19,064 19,643 31.4 32.3
Public 11 6,076 1,626 2,188 26.8 36.0
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 343 103,262 13,356 15,181 12.9 14.7
Private 251 75,974 7,687 7,984 10.1 10.5
Public 92 27,288 5,669 7,198 20.8 26.4
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 498 210,027 19,628 25,531 9.3 12.2
Private 403 170,662 13,074 16,615 7.7 9.7
Public 95 39,365 6,553 8,916 16.6 22.6
4440 Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 198 109,539 22,761 25,466 20.8 23.2
Private 162 90,108 14,433 15,564 16.0 17.3
Public 36 19,430 8,328 9,901 42.9 51.0
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 5,732 3,478,504 691,067 818,907 19.9 23.5
Private 5,000 3,045,703 494,374 558,275 16.2 18.3
Public 732 432,801 196,693 260,632 45.4 60.2
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 521 365,905 66,242 69,008 18.1 18.9
Private 460 323,686 56,650 57,369 17.5 17.7
Public 61 42,218 9,592 11,639 22.7 27.6
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 380 128,118 25,109 25,433 19.6 19.9
Private 326 110,164 13,452 13,452 12.2 12.2
Public 54 17,953 11,657 11,981 64.9 66.7
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 106 85,387 11,065 12,525 13.0 14.7
Private 82 66,723 5,036 5,036 7.5 7.5
Public 24 18,664 6,029 7,489 32.3 40.1
4680 Macon-Warner Robins, GA MSA Total 103 114,108 11,961 17,583 10.5 15.4
Private 84 93,292 7,379 11,402 7.9 12.2
Public 19 20,816 4,582 6,181 22.0 29.7
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 196 151,558 28,660 32,457 18.9 21.4
Private 136 106,087 14,069 14,833 13.3 14.0
Public 60 45,471 14,591 17,624 32.1 38.8
4760 Manchester, NH MSA Total 218 61,410 6,844 8,851 11.1 14.4
Private 190 53,469 3,044 3,887 5.7 7.3
Public 28 7,942 3,801 4,963 47.9 62.5
4800 Mansfield, OH MSA Total 163 88,822 21,405 22,999 24.1 25.9
Private 142 77,562 16,054 17,140 20.7 22.1
Public 21 11,260 5,351 5,859 47.5 52.0
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 166 115,117 7,841 10,008 6.8 8.7
Private 117 81,779 3,179 3,634 3.9 4.4
Public 49 33,337 4,662 6,374 14.0 19.1
4890 Medford, OR MSA Total 91 56,897 9,254 9,254 16.3 16.3
Private 76 47,882 3,132 3,132 6.5 6.5
Public 15 9,016 6,122 6,122 67.9 67.9
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 228 142,721 14,558 16,278 10.2 11.4
Private 194 122,311 9,411 10,447 7.7 8.5
Public 34 20,410 5,148 5,831 25.2 28.6
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 429 391,167 47,399 67,267 12.1 17.2
Private 358 325,931 24,985 36,652 7.7 11.2
Public 71 65,237 22,414 30,615 34.4 46.9
5000 Miami-Hialeah, FL PMSA Total 1,180 772,642 71,087 79,995 9.2 10.4
Private 1,011 668,957 35,691 38,155 5.3 5.7
Public 169 103,686 35,396 41,840 34.1 40.4
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 1,094 455,759 100,881 113,416 22.1 24.9
Private 965 400,796 70,050 79,310 17.5 19.8
Public 129 54,963 30,831 34,106 56.1 62.1
5080 Milwaukee, WI PMSA Total 784 611,014 149,198 157,051 24.4 25.7
Private 665 517,901 95,329 99,319 18.4 19.2
Public 119 93,113 53,869 57,731 57.9 62.0
5120 Minneapolis-St, Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 1,411 1,097,196 243,640 260,516 22.2 23.7
Private 1,209 939,987 156,479 166,043 16.6 17.7
Public 202 157,209 87,160 94,473 55.4 60.1
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 172 157,825 22,825 34,351 14.5 21.8
Private 149 135,923 14,217 21,470 10.5 15.8
Public 23 21,902 8,609 12,881 39.3 58.8
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 115 103,229 31,618 33,414 30.6 32.4
Private 99 89,423 21,282 22,154 23.8 24.8
Public 16 13,806 10,336 11,260 74.9 81.6
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 851 348,675 77,051 85,291 22.1 24.5
Private 689 282,570 42,510 47,915 15.0 17.0
Public 162 66,105 34,541 37,377 52.3 56.5
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 112 97,666 11,193 13,191 11.5 13.5
Private 98 84,322 9,165 9,165 10.9 10.9
Public 14 13,344 2,028 4,026 15.2 30.2
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 134 128,189 14,389 15,290 11.2 11.9
Private 97 92,601 6,748 6,748 7.3 7.3
Public 37 35,588 7,641 8,542 21.5 24.0
5320 Muskegon, MI MSA Total 113 55,510 16,517 16,958 29.8 30.5
Private 97 47,666 13,003 13,003 27.3 27.3
Public 16 7,844 3,514 3,955 44.8 50.4
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 435 385,561 47,367 53,845 12.3 14.0
Private 372 330,197 30,174 30,174 9.1 9.1
Public 63 55,365 17,193 23,672 31.1 42.8
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 2,077 1,196,544 328,160 352,642 27.4 29.5
Private 1,675 968,200 170,997 186,472 17.7 19.3
Public 402 228,344 157,163 166,169 68.8 72.8
5400 New Bedford, MA MSA Total 176 58,826 17,789 18,766 30.2 31.9
Private 143 48,168 11,878 12,225 24.7 25.4
Public 33 10,657 5,911 6,541 55.5 61.4
5440 New Britain, CT PMSA Total 111 73,343 20,417 21,746 27.8 29.7
Private 95 62,490 11,755 13,085 18.8 20.9
Public 16 10,854 8,662 8,662 79.8 79.8
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT MSA Total 361 230,518 49,221 52,674 21.4 22.9
Private 321 203,987 30,679 32,472 15.0 15.9
Public 40 26,531 18,542 20,202 69.9 76.1
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 159 100,332 23,076 25,768 23.0 25.7
Private 139 87,582 17,743 19,052 20.3 21.8
Public 20 12,750 5,333 6,715 41.8 52.7
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 565 510,067 54,401 65,495 10.7 12.8
Private 459 414,073 28,044 35,404 6.8 8.6
Public 106 95,994 26,356 30,091 27.5 31.3
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 5,232 3,101,974 1,066,393 1,137,023 34.4 36.7
Private 4,259 2,532,683 641,493 689,266 25.3 27.2
Public 973 569,291 424,900 447,758 74.6 78.7
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,998 842,144 190,680 216,347 22.6 25.7
Private 1,727 729,275 129,295 147,075 17.7 20.2
Public 271 112,869 61,385 69,272 54.4 61.4
5700 Niagara Falls, NY PMSA Total 197 105,517 37,141 37,687 35.2 35.7
Private 157 84,251 25,217 25,217 29.9 29.9
Public 40 21,266 11,924 12,469 56.1 58.6
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA MSA Total 560 499,308 51,139 66,896 10.2 13.4
Private 432 386,000 29,955 37,949 7.8 9.8
Public 128 113,308 21,184 28,946 18.7 25.5
5760 Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 111 77,093 4,604 4,604 6.0 6.0
Private 106 73,633 3,345 3,345 4.5 4.5
Public 5 3,460 1,259 1,259 36.4 36.4
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 1,001 913,713 255,440 268,981 28.0 29.4
Private 824 751,636 176,493 187,254 23.5 24.9
Public 177 162,077 78,948 81,728 48.7 50.4
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 179 117,324 10,576 14,600 9.0 12.4
Private 154 100,559 4,710 7,196 4.7 7.2
Public 25 16,765 5,866 7,404 35.0 44.2
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 718 432,759 55,963 65,049 12.9 15.0
Private 542 325,918 28,390 29,991 8.7 9.2
Public 176 106,841 27,573 35,058 25.8 32.8
5910 Olympia, WA MSA Total 147 132,837 31,225 40,973 23.5 30.8
Private 86 78,264 11,685 12,801 14.9 16.4
Public 61 54,574 19,540 28,172 35.8 51.6
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 773 227,993 26,507 31,719 11.6 13.9
Private 676 199,277 16,338 19,269 8.2 9.7
Public 97 28,715 10,169 12,450 35.4 43.4
5950 Orange County, NY PMSA Total 208 120,844 28,225 30,032 23.4 24.9
Private 157 91,807 12,727 13,348 13.9 14.5
Public 51 29,038 15,498 16,684 53.4 57.5
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 638 377,404 28,160 39,667 7.5 10.5
Private 553 326,957 15,915 20,066 4.9 6.1
Public 85 50,447 12,245 19,601 24.3 38.9
6000 Oxnard-Ventura, CA PMSA Total 243 231,888 40,791 45,229 17.6 19.5
Private 199 191,766 17,462 19,307 9.1 10.1
Public 44 40,122 23,328 25,922 58.1 64.6
6060 Pawtucket-Woonsocket-Attleboro, RI-MA PMSA Total 254 59,712 8,856 9,086 14.8 15.2
Private 237 55,555 5,431 5,660 9.8 10.2
Public 17 4,157 3,426 3,426 82.4 82.4
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 223 126,915 8,390 14,220 6.6 11.2
Private 179 102,376 4,053 5,822 4.0 5.7
Public 44 24,539 4,337 8,397 17.7 34.2
6120 Peoria, IL MSA Total 226 138,672 31,608 34,050 22.8 24.6
Private 191 117,768 24,282 25,456 20.6 21.6
Public 35 20,905 7,326 8,595 35.0 41.1
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 3,616 2,029,683 439,805 497,426 21.7 24.5
Private 3,085 1,736,788 287,125 323,404 16.5 18.6
Public 531 292,895 152,680 174,022 52.1 59.4
6200 Phoenix, AZ MSA Total 1,119 829,071 56,567 72,920 6.8 8.8
Private 967 720,463 34,738 39,087 4.8 5.4
Public 152 108,608 21,829 33,833 20.1 31.2
6280 Pittsburgh, PA PMSA Total 1,243 757,739 179,698 192,328 23.7 25.4
Private 1,082 660,434 122,146 128,247 18.5 19.4
Public 161 97,304 57,553 64,082 59.1 65.9
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 324 82,141 11,979 14,569 14.6 17.7
Private 283 71,410 6,758 8,252 9.5 11.6
Public 41 10,731 5,221 6,317 48.7 58.9
6440 Portland, OR PMSA Total 807 516,606 92,202 112,146 17.8 21.7
Private 684 437,788 58,264 64,955 13.3 14.8
Public 123 78,818 33,938 47,191 43.1 59.9
6450 Portsmouth-Dover-Rochester, NH-ME MSA Total 259 72,669 7,995 8,801 11.0 12.1
Private 212 59,707 3,788 4,068 6.3 6.8
Public 47 12,962 4,208 4,734 32.5 36.5
6460 Poughkeepsie, NY MSA Total 205 115,576 20,373 21,926 17.6 19.0
Private 169 95,724 10,311 10,815 10.8 11.3
Public 36 19,852 10,062 11,111 50.7 56.0
6480 Providence, RI PMSA Total 1,152 271,097 59,034 62,164 21.8 22.9
Private 949 223,843 26,148 27,808 11.7 12.4
Public 203 47,254 32,886 34,357 69.6 72.7
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 142 44,711 4,327 4,981 9.7 11.1
Private 125 39,450 1,779 2,434 4.5 6.2
Public 17 5,262 2,548 2,548 48.4 48.4
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 90 63,724 11,314 12,936 17.8 20.3
Private 68 47,979 5,690 7,312 11.9 15.2
Public 22 15,745 5,624 5,624 35.7 35.7
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 150 117,353 24,404 25,984 20.8 22.1
Private 135 105,602 18,520 20,100 17.5 19.0
Public 15 11,751 5,884 5,884 50.1 50.1
6640 Raleigh-Durham, NC MSA Total 890 321,554 15,995 22,284 5.0 6.9
Private 719 259,943 10,222 11,993 3.9 4.6
Public 171 61,611 5,773 10,291 9.4 16.7
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 227 137,366 29,725 31,577 21.6 23.0
Private 208 125,830 23,723 24,369 18.9 19.4
Public 19 11,536 6,002 7,208 52.0 62.5
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 275 68,968 7,378 9,646 10.7 14.0
Private 240 60,751 3,903 4,227 6.4 7.0
Public 35 8,217 3,474 5,419 42.3 65.9
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 367 324,582 27,648 33,886 8.5 10.4
Private 278 245,731 21,566 26,043 8.8 10.6
Public 89 78,851 6,082 7,844 7.7 9.9
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 789 756,574 172,629 208,682 22.8 27.6
Private 648 624,456 98,621 115,904 15.8 18.6
Public 141 132,117 74,008 92,778 56.0 70.2
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 153 136,766 9,315 10,202 6.8 7.5
Private 134 119,698 7,703 8,590 6.4 7.2
Public 19 17,068 1,612 1,612 9.4 9.4
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 747 412,578 56,185 60,156 13.6 14.6
Private 648 358,179 30,241 32,529 8.4 9.1
Public 99 54,399 25,944 27,627 47.7 50.8
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 171 104,107 12,600 13,236 12.1 12.7
Private 154 93,949 9,693 9,693 10.3 10.3
Public 17 10,158 2,908 3,543 28.6 34.9
6920 Sacramento, CA MSA Total 546 490,302 109,790 140,781 22.4 28.7
Private 376 340,089 43,486 54,951 12.8 16.2
Public 170 150,213 66,304 85,830 44.1 57.1
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 356 172,774 59,014 63,611 34.2 36.8
Private 308 150,212 46,812 49,162 31.2 32.7
Public 48 22,562 12,203 14,449 54.1 64.0
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL PMSA Total 1,020 800,565 184,201 198,276 23.0 24.8
Private 907 715,209 162,360 170,662 22.7 23.9
Public 113 85,356 21,840 27,614 25.6 32.4
7080 Salem, OR MSA Total 129 82,604 20,176 22,771 24.4 27.6
Private 97 62,470 8,876 8,876 14.2 14.2
Public 32 20,134 11,300 13,895 56.1 69.0
7090 Salem-Gloucester, MA PMSA Total 358 119,284 18,832 21,399 15.8 17.9
Private 317 105,347 9,784 11,990 9.3 11.4
Public 41 13,937 9,048 9,409 64.9 67.5
7120 Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, CA MSA Total 95 86,453 14,850 16,596 17.2 19.2
Private 75 68,303 5,653 6,502 8.3 9.5
Public 20 18,151 9,198 10,094 50.7 55.6
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,291 401,509 44,284 60,311 11.0 15.0
Private 1,018 316,642 22,024 30,841 7.0 9.7
Public 273 84,868 22,260 29,470 26.2 34.7
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 786 497,867 41,475 50,594 8.3 10.2
Private 624 396,032 25,243 28,326 6.4 7.2
Public 162 101,834 16,231 22,269 15.9 21.9
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 891 812,396 129,366 157,692 15.9 19.4
Private 725 660,872 82,408 86,977 12.5 13.2
Public 166 151,523 46,958 70,716 31.0 46.7
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 829 760,088 189,894 209,953 25.0 27.6
Private 696 636,792 144,278 152,614 22.7 24.0
Public 133 123,296 45,616 57,338 37.0 46.5
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 720 668,269 76,063 80,551 11.4 12.1
Private 652 606,760 51,657 52,635 8.5 8.7
Public 68 61,510 24,406 27,917 39.7 45.4
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 116 105,116 14,004 14,004 13.3 13.3
Private 99 90,231 7,685 7,685 8.5 8.5
Public 17 14,885 6,320 6,320 42.5 42.5
7485 Santa Cruz, CA PMSA Total 91 81,948 9,792 14,069 11.9 17.2
Private 79 71,146 7,082 8,851 10.0 12.4
Public 12 10,802 2,710 5,217 25.1 48.3
7500 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA PMSA Total 126 115,301 31,246 36,364 27.1 31.5
Private 101 93,156 18,173 21,613 19.5 23.2
Public 25 22,145 13,073 14,751 59.0 66.6
7510 Sarasota, FL MSA Total 145 85,321 3,753 4,329 4.4 5.1
Private 132 77,560 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 13 7,761 3,753 4,329 48.4 55.8
7520 Savannah, GA MSA Total 127 139,224 23,567 27,356 16.9 19.6
Private 110 119,833 16,136 19,926 13.5 16.6
Public 17 19,390 7,430 7,430 38.3 38.3
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA MSA Total 470 285,560 67,964 74,841 23.8 26.2
Private 404 245,771 49,620 52,150 20.2 21.2
Public 66 39,790 18,344 22,692 46.1 57.0
7600 Seattle, WA PMSA Total 896 846,252 233,947 270,924 27.6 32.0
Private 756 715,921 166,499 199,165 23.3 27.8
Public 140 130,331 67,448 71,759 51.8 55.1
7610 Sharon, PA MSA Total 107 65,116 19,933 22,100 30.6 33.9
Private 82 50,380 14,465 14,465 28.7 28.7
Public 25 14,736 5,468 7,634 37.1 51.8
7680 Shreveport, LA MSA Total 162 139,567 14,643 21,026 10.5 15.1
Private 134 114,814 9,868 11,617 8.6 10.1
Public 28 24,753 4,775 9,409 19.3 38.0
7720 Sioux City, IA-NE MSA Total 111 55,681 8,619 8,619 15.5 15.5
Private 99 49,800 7,239 7,239 14.5 14.5
Public 12 5,881 1,380 1,380 23.5 23.5
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 603 65,015 5,524 7,105 8.5 10.9
Private 534 57,780 3,845 4,485 6.7 7.8
Public 69 7,234 1,679 2,620 23.2 36.2
7800 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN MSA Total 117 95,762 20,154 21,055 21.0 22.0
Private 106 86,704 16,634 17,534 19.2 20.2
Public 11 9,058 3,521 3,521 38.9 38.9
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 130 119,761 25,502 28,097 21.3 23.5
Private 111 102,920 15,561 17,518 15.1 17.0
Public 19 16,841 9,942 10,579 59.0 62.8
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 138 84,281 12,442 13,012 14.8 15.4
Private 99 60,406 9,310 9,310 15.4 15.4
Public 39 23,875 3,132 3,702 13.1 15.5
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 108 83,601 12,964 12,964 15.5 15.5
Private 94 73,149 12,259 12,259 16.8 16.8
Public 14 10,452 706 706 6.8 6.8
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 652 219,222 44,401 47,391 20.3 21.6
Private 548 184,078 27,704 29,764 15.1 16.2
Public 104 35,144 16,697 17,627 47.5 50.2
8040 Stamford, CT PMSA Total 124 80,918 10,462 12,109 12.9 15.0
Private 115 75,127 7,239 8,342 9.6 11.1
Public 9 5,790 3,223 3,766 55.7 65.0
8120 Stockton, CA MSA Total 170 155,051 41,162 44,896 26.5 29.0
Private 132 120,272 20,077 20,077 16.7 16.7
Public 38 34,778 21,085 24,819 60.6 71.4
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 531 293,428 81,767 87,224 27.9 29.7
Private 437 241,690 51,660 53,805 21.4 22.3
Public 94 51,739 30,108 33,420 58.2 64.6
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 168 153,768 44,659 54,292 29.0 35.3
Private 130 119,286 26,353 31,418 22.1 26.3
Public 38 34,482 18,306 22,874 53.1 66.3
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 207 152,308 14,330 25,840 9.4 17.0
Private 126 95,441 2,890 4,065 3.0 4.3
Public 81 56,867 11,439 21,775 20.1 38.3
8280 Tampa-St, Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,284 761,480 71,883 100,115 9.4 13.1
Private 1,086 640,975 32,034 40,765 5.0 6.4
Public 198 120,506 39,850 59,350 33.1 49.3
8320 Terre Haute, IN MSA Total 85 66,540 19,638 20,305 29.5 30.5
Private 67 51,886 14,677 14,677 28.3 28.3
Public 18 14,653 4,961 5,628 33.9 38.4
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 466 260,665 77,120 83,707 29.6 32.1
Private 396 221,890 57,707 61,427 26.0 27.7
Public 70 38,775 19,412 22,280 50.1 57.5
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 137 62,515 8,023 10,608 12.8 17.0
Private 98 44,949 3,009 4,721 6.7 10.5
Public 39 17,566 5,014 5,887 28.5 33.5
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 369 152,545 38,697 42,928 25.4 28.1
Private 272 112,793 18,872 19,625 16.7 17.4
Public 97 39,752 19,825 23,303 49.9 58.6
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 304 227,135 21,143 27,920 9.3 12.3
Private 243 181,557 10,171 15,483 5.6 8.5
Public 61 45,578 10,972 12,437 24.1 27.3
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 578 331,838 34,391 44,030 10.4 13.3
Private 507 290,413 24,443 28,520 8.4 9.8
Public 71 41,425 9,948 15,510 24.0 37.4
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 102 94,741 20,926 23,563 22.1 24.9
Private 59 55,913 12,666 12,666 22.7 22.7
Public 43 38,828 8,261 10,897 21.3 28.1
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 190 106,254 33,275 37,817 31.3 35.6
Private 142 79,958 20,565 21,652 25.7 27.1
Public 48 26,296 12,710 16,165 48.3 61.5
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 138 128,389 24,435 25,574 19.0 19.9
Private 109 100,427 14,702 14,702 14.6 14.6
Public 29 27,962 9,732 10,871 34.8 38.9
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 126 120,778 19,323 21,817 16.0 18.1
Private 107 103,728 9,387 10,946 9.0 10.6
Public 19 17,050 9,936 10,871 58.3 63.8
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 116 93,882 4,356 5,165 4.6 5.5
Private 105 85,160 4,356 5,165 5.1 6.1
Public 11 8,722 0 0 0.0 0.0
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA MSA Total 3,967 1,886,616 226,083 288,137 12.0 15.3
Private 2,662 1,297,672 113,335 139,422 8.7 10.7
Public 1,305 588,944 112,748 148,715 19.1 25.3
8880 Waterbury, CT MSA Total 173 110,153 28,081 30,424 25.5 27.6
Private 145 92,680 16,988 18,285 18.3 19.7
Public 28 17,473 11,094 12,139 63.5 69.5
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 79 38,931 6,425 7,447 16.5 19.1
Private 71 34,999 5,347 6,370 15.3 18.2
Public 8 3,931 1,078 1,078 27.4 27.4
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL MSA Total 429 250,828 13,312 17,927 5.3 7.1
Private 376 221,328 5,645 7,971 2.6 3.6
Public 53 29,500 7,667 9,956 26.0 33.7
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 70 21,932 6,027 6,806 27.5 31.0
Private 62 19,551 5,721 5,962 29.3 30.5
Public 8 2,381 306 844 12.9 35.5
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 542 243,015 30,638 39,907 12.6 16.4
Private 478 214,777 24,192 31,461 11.3 14.6
Public 64 28,238 6,447 8,445 22.8 29.9
9140 Williamsport, PA MSA Total 133 79,832 16,152 16,793 20.2 21.0
Private 120 72,023 12,145 12,145 16.9 16.9
Public 13 7,810 4,007 4,649 51.3 59.5
9160 Wilmington, DE-NJ-MD PMSA Total 1,343 193,476 33,057 36,461 17.1 18.8
Private 1,184 170,267 21,548 23,765 12.7 14.0
Public 159 23,209 11,509 12,696 49.6 54.7
9240 Worcester, MA MSA Total 607 202,379 30,483 34,100 15.1 16.8
Private 523 174,476 15,998 18,297 9.2 10.5
Public 84 27,903 14,485 15,804 51.9 56.6
9280 York, PA MSA Total 288 172,190 21,759 24,723 12.6 14.4
Private 254 151,987 15,019 16,265 9.9 10.7
Public 34 20,203 6,740 8,459 33.4 41.9
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 319 175,620 64,283 72,075 36.6 41.0
Private 287 157,783 54,247 59,843 34.4 37.9
Public 32 17,837 10,036 12,232 56.3 68.6
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 95 85,124 12,331 16,611 14.5 19.5
Private 70 63,014 5,108 5,996 8.1 9.5
Public 25 22,110 7,223 10,616 32.7 48.0
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 1986. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2001 tables are based
on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS. For five CMSAs during 1986-94, counts for the component PMSAs do not add to the CMSA total because the CPS
failed to assign some households to PMSAs. This causes employment estimates in the component PMSAs to be understated.
CMSA employment counts are correct for these five urban areas during 1986-93, but are understated in 1994. The five CMSAs
are: Boston, Hartford, Philadelphia, Providence, and St. Louis.
2002 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.