Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 1989 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by CPS size code):
7 Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH Total 5,557 1,933,939 316,019 338,577 16.3 17.5
Private 4,806 1,671,471 157,243 171,228 9.4 10.2
Public 751 262,469 158,777 167,349 60.5 63.8
Priv Const 225 76,869 18,168 18,551 23.6 24.1
Priv Manuf 1,202 414,580 48,846 52,676 11.8 12.7
30 Buffalo-Niagra Falls, NY Total 734 562,044 161,933 166,151 28.8 29.6
Private 609 465,947 96,978 99,373 20.8 21.3
Public 125 96,097 64,955 66,778 67.6 69.5
Priv Const 31 23,509 6,247 6,247 26.6 26.6
Priv Manuf 142 108,615 43,269 43,269 39.8 39.8
3 Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI Total 5,390 3,655,879 796,524 866,536 21.8 23.7
Private 4,725 3,214,608 576,316 620,461 17.9 19.3
Public 665 441,271 220,208 246,076 49.9 55.8
Priv Const 248 168,812 81,773 83,823 48.4 49.7
Priv Manuf 1,205 844,316 224,166 236,468 26.6 28.0
22 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,265 736,738 117,842 131,927 16.0 17.9
Private 1,083 629,339 77,672 80,215 12.3 12.7
Public 182 107,399 40,170 51,713 37.4 48.2
Priv Const 59 35,312 8,921 8,921 25.3 25.3
Priv Manuf 289 168,547 42,254 42,803 25.1 25.4
11 Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH Total 2,115 1,191,705 257,713 276,034 21.6 23.2
Private 1,812 1,019,606 175,471 182,793 17.2 17.9
Public 303 172,099 82,242 93,241 47.8 54.2
Priv Const 75 42,551 16,951 18,130 39.8 42.6
Priv Manuf 512 289,003 77,597 81,477 26.8 28.2
10 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 2,164 1,792,364 133,546 161,322 7.5 9.0
Private 1,905 1,576,080 88,909 108,566 5.6 6.9
Public 259 216,284 44,638 52,757 20.6 24.4
Priv Const 100 84,539 2,512 2,512 3.0 3.0
Priv Manuf 425 352,637 33,095 45,018 9.4 12.8
21 Denver-Boulder, CO Total 1,236 886,078 85,249 103,232 9.6 11.7
Private 1,042 745,898 52,439 59,208 7.0 7.9
Public 194 140,180 32,810 44,023 23.4 31.4
Priv Const 47 33,662 2,918 2,918 8.7 8.7
Priv Manuf 173 123,831 10,559 11,322 8.5 9.1
6 Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI Total 3,811 1,996,137 523,044 558,873 26.2 28.0
Private 3,289 1,726,849 357,111 379,231 20.7 22.0
Public 522 269,287 165,933 179,642 61.6 66.7
Priv Const 128 68,913 21,858 22,953 31.7 33.3
Priv Manuf 1,053 556,658 218,071 228,716 39.2 41.1
36 Hartford-New Britain-Middletown, CT Total 627 549,466 94,137 100,049 17.1 18.2
Private 556 490,123 56,100 59,962 11.4 12.2
Public 71 59,342 38,036 40,087 64.1 67.6
Priv Const 39 33,858 7,677 8,308 22.7 24.5
Priv Manuf 139 121,642 23,214 24,298 19.1 20.0
8 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,966 1,673,500 118,358 149,386 7.1 8.9
Private 1,705 1,452,179 75,329 92,894 5.2 6.4
Public 261 221,321 43,029 56,492 19.4 25.5
Priv Const 144 120,516 15,685 16,419 13.0 13.6
Priv Manuf 270 228,878 22,217 24,818 9.7 10.8
2 Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA Total 5,046 5,788,680 1,050,635 1,210,731 18.1 20.9
Private 4,342 4,987,516 668,386 754,794 13.4 15.1
Public 704 801,164 382,249 455,937 47.7 56.9
Priv Const 308 381,012 94,258 97,341 24.7 25.5
Priv Manuf 1,153 1,323,796 225,470 250,117 17.0 18.9
12 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 2,072 1,299,466 96,922 127,083 7.5 9.8
Private 1,776 1,115,569 30,922 44,890 2.8 4.0
Public 296 183,897 66,000 82,193 35.9 44.7
Priv Const 127 81,580 5,996 6,662 7.4 8.2
Priv Manuf 248 158,920 2,415 3,664 1.5 2.3
24 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 1,060 843,116 178,212 188,762 21.1 22.4
Private 925 737,346 119,168 124,789 16.2 16.9
Public 135 105,770 59,045 63,972 55.8 60.5
Priv Const 44 36,380 16,676 17,408 45.8 47.9
Priv Manuf 293 234,777 65,333 65,333 27.8 27.8
1 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Total 11,663 7,390,323 1,996,760 2,138,640 27.0 28.9
Private 9,735 6,135,080 1,172,715 1,263,178 19.1 20.6
Public 1,928 1,255,243 824,045 875,462 65.6 69.7
Priv Const 547 362,927 150,117 151,203 41.4 41.7
Priv Manuf 2,154 1,301,539 284,329 299,974 21.8 23.0
4 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 5,623 2,654,803 540,083 623,943 20.3 23.5
Private 4,755 2,235,874 328,146 372,279 14.7 16.7
Public 868 418,929 211,937 251,664 50.6 60.1
Priv Const 299 144,434 46,286 50,798 32.0 35.2
Priv Manuf 1,068 476,953 115,399 123,952 24.2 26.0
13 Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA Total 1,478 935,196 208,553 227,978 22.3 24.4
Private 1,312 829,680 146,849 158,375 17.7 19.1
Public 166 105,517 61,704 69,603 58.5 66.0
Priv Const 76 48,699 12,775 13,514 26.2 27.7
Priv Manuf 275 175,045 61,198 63,793 35.0 36.4
26 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA Total 1,004 663,719 146,390 161,109 22.1 24.3
Private 854 564,855 102,034 108,282 18.1 19.2
Public 150 98,864 44,357 52,827 44.9 53.4
Priv Const 36 24,319 8,768 8,768 36.1 36.1
Priv Manuf 208 138,313 35,274 35,940 25.5 26.0
34 Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River, RI-MA Total 2,092 550,867 102,650 106,528 18.6 19.3
Private 1,822 482,866 57,332 60,979 11.9 12.6
Public 270 68,001 45,318 45,550 66.6 67.0
Priv Const 86 24,049 6,777 7,273 28.2 30.2
Priv Manuf 563 151,124 24,008 24,488 15.9 16.2
14 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 1,032 1,053,234 215,905 233,026 20.5 22.1
Private 890 919,514 176,274 180,232 19.2 19.6
Public 142 133,720 39,632 52,794 29.6 39.5
Priv Const 44 41,926 23,723 23,723 56.6 56.6
Priv Manuf 217 222,987 82,063 85,344 36.8 38.3
5 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,348 2,784,549 536,163 597,444 19.3 21.5
Private 1,971 2,351,778 342,879 363,233 14.6 15.4
Public 377 432,771 193,283 234,211 44.7 54.1
Priv Const 122 143,799 44,698 46,549 31.1 32.4
Priv Manuf 450 539,857 81,881 89,379 15.2 16.6
18 Seattle-Tacoma, WA Total 1,217 1,137,545 275,125 326,923 24.2 28.7
Private 1,012 947,922 183,017 218,455 19.3 23.0
Public 205 189,623 92,108 108,468 48.6 57.2
Priv Const 52 49,012 14,735 15,587 30.1 31.8
Priv Manuf 248 232,812 80,303 94,398 34.5 40.5
9 Washington, DC-MD-VA Total 3,420 1,989,714 239,504 297,581 12.0 15.0
Private 2,334 1,392,828 115,103 133,722 8.3 9.6
Public 1,086 596,887 124,402 163,859 20.8 27.5
Priv Const 182 140,888 26,697 28,159 18.9 20.0
Priv Manuf 157 108,225 2,838 3,308 2.6 3.1
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH, PMSA Total 496 277,016 51,287 54,615 18.5 19.7
Private 430 240,469 38,353 40,024 15.9 16.6
Public 66 36,547 12,935 14,591 35.4 39.9
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 475 364,114 105,433 112,193 29.0 30.8
Private 343 261,338 39,214 41,345 15.0 15.8
Public 132 102,776 66,219 70,849 64.4 68.9
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 828 229,433 22,011 26,013 9.6 11.3
Private 667 186,347 15,935 16,704 8.6 9.0
Public 161 43,086 6,076 9,309 14.1 21.6
240 Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ MSA Total 433 270,091 58,129 65,943 21.5 24.4
Private 389 242,870 42,748 48,165 17.6 19.8
Public 44 27,221 15,381 17,778 56.5 65.3
280 Altoona, PA MSA Total 121 75,086 21,743 22,442 29.0 29.9
Private 100 62,343 13,901 13,901 22.3 22.3
Public 21 12,743 7,841 8,541 61.5 67.0
360 Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA PMSA Total 769 1,017,188 147,727 166,812 14.5 16.4
Private 679 896,573 94,428 100,829 10.5 11.2
Public 90 120,614 53,299 65,983 44.2 54.7
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 1,362 94,793 20,647 22,399 21.8 23.6
Private 1,013 70,314 9,662 10,442 13.7 14.9
Public 349 24,479 10,985 11,957 44.9 48.8
400 Anderson, IN MSA Total 107 92,519 24,631 24,631 26.6 26.6
Private 92 79,566 18,948 18,948 23.8 23.8
Public 15 12,954 5,683 5,683 43.9 43.9
405 Anderson, SC MSA Total 160 87,555 2,850 2,850 3.3 3.3
Private 139 76,633 2,251 2,251 2.9 2.9
Public 21 10,923 600 600 5.5 5.5
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 183 92,776 15,423 15,868 16.6 17.1
Private 138 69,967 7,528 7,528 10.8 10.8
Public 45 22,809 7,895 8,339 34.6 36.6
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenaht, WI MSA Total 225 178,289 39,932 40,813 22.4 22.9
Private 201 157,959 32,583 32,583 20.6 20.6
Public 24 20,331 7,349 8,230 36.1 40.5
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 232 82,056 7,530 9,285 9.2 11.3
Private 184 65,664 5,794 5,794 8.8 8.8
Public 48 16,392 1,736 3,491 10.6 21.3
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,143 1,467,062 157,286 180,245 10.7 12.3
Private 977 1,252,999 112,751 122,246 9.0 9.8
Public 166 214,063 44,535 57,999 20.8 27.1
600 Augusta, GA-SC MSA Total 181 157,142 14,127 17,271 9.0 11.0
Private 147 126,389 10,946 12,195 8.7 9.6
Public 34 30,753 3,181 5,076 10.3 16.5
620 Aurora-Elgin, IL PMSA Total 287 179,581 28,315 32,502 15.8 18.1
Private 256 160,869 19,928 24,115 12.4 15.0
Public 31 18,711 8,387 8,387 44.8 44.8
640 Austin, TX MSA Total 482 426,749 11,273 34,392 2.6 8.1
Private 363 323,713 4,333 11,443 1.3 3.5
Public 119 103,036 6,940 22,948 6.7 22.3
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 154 193,511 33,786 40,463 17.5 20.9
Private 127 161,109 18,227 18,227 11.3 11.3
Public 27 32,402 15,559 22,236 48.0 68.6
720 Baltimore, MD MSA Total 976 1,098,820 190,317 219,743 17.3 20.0
Private 747 840,880 94,085 106,687 11.2 12.7
Public 229 257,940 96,232 113,055 37.3 43.8
760 Baton Rouge, LA MSA Total 228 215,562 19,629 22,125 9.1 10.3
Private 166 155,888 11,686 12,669 7.5 8.1
Public 62 59,674 7,942 9,456 13.3 15.8
780 Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 105 53,237 17,919 19,320 33.7 36.3
Private 83 42,175 12,775 13,232 30.3 31.4
Public 22 11,062 5,144 6,088 46.5 55.0
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, FL MSA Total 223 172,095 25,475 30,568 14.8 17.8
Private 184 142,650 20,006 25,099 14.0 17.6
Public 39 29,445 5,469 5,469 18.6 18.6
845 Beaver County, PA PMSA Total 127 80,307 18,798 19,361 23.4 24.1
Private 107 67,591 10,865 11,428 16.1 16.9
Public 20 12,715 7,933 7,933 62.4 62.4
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 94 83,203 12,074 13,073 14.5 15.7
Private 83 73,268 9,676 10,676 13.2 14.6
Public 11 9,935 2,397 2,397 24.1 24.1
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 105 52,547 13,870 13,870 26.4 26.4
Private 88 43,847 6,625 6,625 15.1 15.1
Public 17 8,700 7,245 7,245 83.3 83.3
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 1,326 595,133 132,849 142,789 22.3 24.0
Private 1,171 527,603 87,109 93,599 16.5 17.7
Public 155 67,530 45,740 49,190 67.7 72.8
920 Biloxi-Gulfport, MS MSA Total 151 63,255 2,622 4,014 4.1 6.3
Private 117 48,926 1,340 1,760 2.7 3.6
Public 34 14,329 1,282 2,255 8.9 15.7
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 220 128,677 27,157 29,069 21.1 22.6
Private 180 105,662 11,765 12,393 11.1 11.7
Public 40 23,015 15,392 16,677 66.9 72.5
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 496 376,549 52,696 59,908 14.0 15.9
Private 413 313,457 41,684 44,657 13.3 14.2
Public 83 63,091 11,012 15,250 17.5 24.2
1040 Bloomington-Normal, IL MSA Total 124 76,338 14,063 14,063 18.4 18.4
Private 102 62,925 11,123 11,123 17.7 17.7
Public 22 13,413 2,940 2,940 21.9 21.9
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 481 87,462 5,057 5,812 5.8 6.6
Private 383 70,141 2,020 2,580 2.9 3.7
Public 98 17,321 3,036 3,231 17.5 18.7
1120 Boston, MA PMSR Total 3,678 1,310,917 209,608 225,118 16.0 17.2
Private 3,166 1,128,403 99,134 108,352 8.8 9.6
Public 512 182,514 110,475 116,766 60.5 64.0
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 172 122,094 10,353 12,494 8.5 10.2
Private 138 97,715 5,973 5,973 6.1 6.1
Public 34 24,378 4,380 6,522 18.0 26.8
1140 Bradenton, FL MSA Total 115 74,491 5,873 8,835 7.9 11.9
Private 94 61,364 2,183 2,183 3.6 3.6
Public 21 13,127 3,690 6,652 28.1 50.7
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 73 61,493 7,137 7,137 11.6 11.6
Private 66 55,880 3,866 3,866 6.9 6.9
Public 7 5,612 3,271 3,271 58.3 58.3
1160 Bridgeport-Milford, CT PMSA Total 260 235,117 54,630 54,630 23.2 23.2
Private 221 200,009 32,866 32,866 16.4 16.4
Public 39 35,108 21,764 21,764 62.0 62.0
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 263 92,114 24,755 26,954 26.9 29.3
Private 216 75,649 11,793 13,991 15.6 18.5
Public 47 16,465 12,963 12,963 78.7 78.7
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX MSA Total 118 73,123 3,212 3,751 4.4 5.1
Private 83 51,077 1,046 1,046 2.0 2.0
Public 35 22,046 2,167 2,705 9.8 12.3
1280 Buffalo, NY PMSA Total 624 479,683 127,908 132,126 26.7 27.5
Private 526 402,761 76,756 79,152 19.1 19.7
Public 98 76,922 51,151 52,974 66.5 68.9
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 444 65,250 4,930 7,506 7.6 11.5
Private 382 56,473 2,084 3,306 3.7 5.9
Public 62 8,777 2,846 4,200 32.4 47.9
1320 Canton, OH MSA Total 280 155,452 36,775 37,263 23.7 24.0
Private 228 126,986 25,824 25,824 20.3 20.3
Public 52 28,467 10,951 11,439 38.5 40.2
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 148 75,276 14,987 20,360 19.9 27.0
Private 125 63,114 9,981 11,333 15.8 18.0
Public 23 12,162 5,006 9,027 41.2 74.2
1400 Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, IL MSA Total 103 63,849 5,941 6,530 9.3 10.2
Private 69 42,808 3,009 3,009 7.0 7.0
Public 34 21,041 2,932 3,521 13.9 16.7
1440 Charleston, SC MSA Total 331 187,043 10,342 13,006 5.5 7.0
Private 256 144,769 5,312 6,435 3.7 4.4
Public 75 42,275 5,030 6,572 11.9 15.5
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 302 102,306 10,108 10,394 9.9 10.2
Private 243 82,538 6,096 6,096 7.4 7.4
Public 59 19,768 4,012 4,298 20.3 21.7
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 1,584 599,387 26,669 32,843 4.4 5.5
Private 1,415 535,106 18,099 20,724 3.4 3.9
Public 169 64,282 8,570 12,120 13.3 18.9
1560 Chattanooga, TN-A MSA Total 172 174,084 19,064 25,432 11.0 14.6
Private 144 147,184 9,448 12,262 6.4 8.3
Public 28 26,900 9,616 13,170 35.7 49.0
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 4,309 2,799,806 603,874 660,874 21.6 23.6
Private 3,761 2,443,525 415,257 451,732 17.0 18.5
Public 548 356,281 188,618 209,142 52.9 58.7
1620 Chico, CA MSA Total 109 108,887 21,553 26,132 19.8 24.0
Private 78 80,142 12,867 14,659 16.1 18.3
Public 31 28,744 8,686 11,473 30.2 39.9
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 1,076 630,968 103,634 116,133 16.4 18.4
Private 913 533,868 66,705 69,248 12.5 13.0
Public 163 97,100 36,929 46,885 38.0 48.3
1680 Cleveland, OH PMSA Total 1,431 808,257 179,694 191,978 22.2 23.8
Private 1,216 685,076 116,329 120,969 17.0 17.7
Public 215 123,181 63,366 71,009 51.4 57.6
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 208 142,543 9,600 14,284 6.7 10.0
Private 164 113,143 3,814 4,469 3.4 3.9
Public 44 29,399 5,786 9,815 19.7 33.4
1740 Colombia, MO MSA Total 106 87,111 10,669 13,303 12.2 15.3
Private 65 53,985 5,649 5,649 10.5 10.5
Public 41 33,126 5,020 7,654 15.2 23.1
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 350 202,470 3,571 7,509 1.8 3.7
Private 259 149,146 1,364 2,302 0.9 1.5
Public 91 53,324 2,207 5,208 4.1 9.8
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 97 119,906 14,805 16,197 12.3 13.5
Private 77 95,151 8,844 8,844 9.3 9.3
Public 20 24,755 5,961 7,353 24.1 29.7
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 1,089 632,720 77,321 87,025 12.2 13.8
Private 915 533,264 41,349 45,628 7.8 8.6
Public 174 99,455 35,972 41,397 36.2 41.6
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 182 107,735 4,842 7,109 4.5 6.6
Private 133 80,235 1,309 1,309 1.6 1.6
Public 49 27,500 3,533 5,800 12.8 21.1
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,424 1,193,952 69,910 89,815 5.9 7.5
Private 1,257 1,053,720 47,412 59,198 4.5 5.6
Public 167 140,232 22,498 30,617 16.0 21.8
1930 Danbury, CT PMSR Total 132 87,822 11,331 11,331 12.9 12.9
Private 121 81,166 6,590 6,590 8.1 8.1
Public 11 6,656 4,740 4,740 71.2 71.2
1960 Davenport-Rock Island-Moline, IA-IL MSA Total 247 139,706 25,342 26,419 18.1 18.9
Private 202 113,579 13,965 15,041 12.3 13.2
Public 45 26,126 11,378 11,378 43.5 43.5
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 686 383,987 71,095 76,542 18.5 19.9
Private 584 327,527 53,191 56,396 16.2 17.2
Public 102 56,460 17,904 20,146 31.7 35.7
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 197 124,017 6,508 8,944 5.2 7.2
Private 173 109,289 1,306 1,901 1.2 1.7
Public 24 14,728 5,202 7,043 35.3 47.8
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 1,064 763,984 74,896 90,738 9.8 11.9
Private 904 648,183 46,467 53,236 7.2 8.2
Public 160 115,801 28,429 37,502 24.5 32.4
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 397 204,332 32,592 41,773 16.0 20.4
Private 334 170,338 18,918 22,619 11.1 13.3
Public 63 33,994 13,674 19,153 40.2 56.3
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 3,628 1,903,360 507,620 543,005 26.7 28.5
Private 3,151 1,656,882 349,582 371,703 21.1 22.4
Public 477 246,478 158,038 171,302 64.1 69.5
2240 Duluth, MN-WI MSA Total 76 67,093 26,457 27,480 39.4 41.0
Private 56 50,765 13,352 14,375 26.3 28.3
Public 20 16,328 13,105 13,105 80.3 80.3
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 339 221,966 20,302 35,929 9.1 16.2
Private 269 177,510 13,896 14,696 7.8 8.3
Public 70 44,456 6,407 21,233 14.4 47.8
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 135 84,346 15,723 19,520 18.6 23.1
Private 122 76,335 12,083 14,043 15.8 18.4
Public 13 8,010 3,640 5,477 45.4 68.4
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 181 113,647 18,765 21,905 16.5 19.3
Private 148 92,739 9,989 11,784 10.8 12.7
Public 33 20,908 8,776 10,121 42.0 48.4
2440 Evansville, IN-KY MSA Total 145 120,077 31,378 35,229 26.1 29.3
Private 128 105,196 26,097 28,532 24.8 27.1
Public 17 14,880 5,281 6,697 35.5 45.0
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 241 86,886 3,001 4,875 3.5 5.6
Private 185 67,159 2,161 2,584 3.2 3.8
Public 56 19,728 840 2,291 4.3 11.6
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale, AR MSA Total 150 64,627 5,231 7,943 8.1 12.3
Private 118 51,040 2,236 3,629 4.4 7.1
Public 32 13,587 2,995 4,314 22.0 31.8
2640 Flint, MI MSA Total 385 197,622 73,680 76,287 37.3 38.6
Private 335 171,856 56,445 57,003 32.8 33.2
Public 50 25,766 17,235 19,284 66.9 74.8
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 128 99,362 10,041 12,357 10.1 12.4
Private 105 80,559 4,677 4,677 5.8 5.8
Public 23 18,803 5,363 7,679 28.5 40.8
2655 Florence, SC MSA Total 112 63,074 3,668 5,288 5.8 8.4
Private 90 49,647 3,099 3,647 6.2 7.3
Public 22 13,426 569 1,641 4.2 12.2
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 130 91,829 4,910 4,910 5.3 5.3
Private 99 70,076 1,371 1,371 2.0 2.0
Public 31 21,753 3,539 3,539 16.3 16.3
2680 Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach, FL PMSA Total 796 476,311 31,580 42,529 6.6 8.9
Private 695 415,359 7,923 12,231 1.9 2.9
Public 101 60,952 23,657 30,298 38.8 49.7
2700 Fort Myers, FL MSA Total 180 104,166 4,102 6,957 3.9 6.7
Private 155 89,624 1,081 1,081 1.2 1.2
Public 25 14,542 3,021 5,876 20.8 40.4
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 145 63,144 6,731 9,303 10.7 14.7
Private 131 57,285 5,507 7,580 9.6 13.2
Public 14 5,859 1,225 1,723 20.9 29.4
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 124 72,744 5,641 14,690 7.8 20.2
Private 88 51,727 2,635 3,547 5.1 6.9
Public 36 21,018 3,006 11,143 14.3 53.0
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 101 162,256 39,323 39,323 24.2 24.2
Private 91 145,296 33,411 33,411 23.0 23.0
Public 10 16,960 5,912 5,912 34.9 34.9
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 740 598,412 63,636 71,507 10.6 11.9
Private 648 522,359 41,497 49,367 7.9 9.5
Public 92 76,053 22,140 22,140 29.1 29.1
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 269 259,973 50,000 52,681 19.2 20.3
Private 214 209,124 23,098 23,098 11.0 11.0
Public 55 50,849 26,903 29,583 52.9 58.2
2880 Gadsden, AL MSA Total 131 90,316 22,700 23,446 25.1 26.0
Private 113 77,542 17,040 17,040 22.0 22.0
Public 18 12,774 5,660 6,406 44.3 50.2
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 183 106,909 6,277 12,664 5.9 11.8
Private 103 59,801 1,761 1,761 2.9 2.9
Public 80 47,108 4,517 10,904 9.6 23.1
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 131 106,378 11,323 13,645 10.6 12.8
Private 95 77,214 10,593 10,593 13.7 13.7
Public 36 29,164 730 3,052 2.5 10.5
2960 Gary-Hammond, IN PMSA Total 155 270,037 98,107 99,776 36.3 36.9
Private 143 250,811 89,122 90,790 35.5 36.2
Public 12 19,226 8,986 8,986 46.7 46.7
3000 Grand Rapids, MI MSA Total 637 322,241 50,678 52,684 15.7 16.3
Private 568 286,885 29,604 30,585 10.3 10.7
Public 69 35,357 21,073 22,099 59.6 62.5
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 1,271 451,213 21,684 27,911 4.8 6.2
Private 1,111 394,381 13,856 18,274 3.5 4.6
Public 160 56,832 7,829 9,637 13.8 17.0
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg, SC MSA Total 531 293,312 5,793 8,512 2.0 2.9
Private 492 271,555 2,951 4,225 1.1 1.6
Public 39 21,757 2,842 4,287 13.1 19.7
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 189 105,770 14,207 15,795 13.4 14.9
Private 170 95,471 10,967 10,967 11.5 11.5
Public 19 10,299 3,241 4,828 31.5 46.9
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 295 181,559 34,173 37,325 18.8 20.6
Private 219 134,494 13,814 13,814 10.3 10.3
Public 76 47,066 20,359 23,511 43.3 50.0
3280 Hartford, CT PMSA Total 374 360,611 54,608 59,889 15.1 16.6
Private 336 324,261 32,183 35,413 9.9 10.9
Public 38 36,350 22,425 24,476 61.7 67.3
3290 Hickory, NC MSA Total 302 104,816 3,052 3,727 2.9 3.6
Private 277 96,154 2,452 3,126 2.5 3.3
Public 25 8,661 600 600 6.9 6.9
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,374 328,963 86,509 89,735 26.3 27.3
Private 1,050 250,514 47,155 47,947 18.8 19.1
Public 324 78,449 39,354 41,788 50.2 53.3
3350 Houma-Thibodaux, LA MSA Total 129 121,382 2,917 8,211 2.4 6.8
Private 104 97,072 944 1,978 1.0 2.0
Public 25 24,310 1,973 6,233 8.1 25.6
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,762 1,505,629 99,898 128,604 6.6 8.5
Private 1,544 1,319,084 60,870 78,435 4.6 5.9
Public 218 186,545 39,028 50,169 20.9 26.9
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 148 50,018 8,206 11,805 16.4 23.6
Private 122 41,425 7,237 8,852 17.5 21.4
Public 26 8,593 969 2,953 11.3 34.4
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 153 118,736 5,805 11,641 4.9 9.8
Private 123 94,869 4,340 6,078 4.6 6.4
Public 30 23,867 1,465 5,564 6.1 23.3
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 367 609,924 76,109 85,837 12.5 14.1
Private 319 529,892 66,733 68,688 12.6 13.0
Public 48 80,032 9,376 17,150 11.7 21.4
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 122 62,167 17,039 17,531 27.4 28.2
Private 98 49,739 8,543 8,543 17.2 17.2
Public 24 12,428 8,496 8,987 68.4 72.3
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 361 157,217 10,847 12,347 6.9 7.9
Private 276 121,072 7,924 8,403 6.5 6.9
Public 85 36,145 2,923 3,944 8.1 10.9
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 658 399,089 46,071 59,075 11.5 14.8
Private 528 322,801 18,993 26,719 5.9 8.3
Public 130 76,288 27,077 32,356 35.5 42.4
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 489 229,217 66,076 68,210 28.8 29.8
Private 424 199,764 47,185 48,933 23.6 24.5
Public 65 29,453 18,892 19,277 64.1 65.5
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 177 159,491 19,140 21,337 12.0 13.4
Private 162 146,376 16,179 18,377 11.1 12.6
Public 15 13,115 2,960 2,960 22.6 22.6
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 154 95,910 23,208 23,208 24.2 24.2
Private 131 82,054 16,471 16,471 20.1 20.1
Public 23 13,856 6,737 6,737 48.6 48.6
3690 Joliet, IL PMSA Total 254 161,459 35,449 37,848 22.0 23.4
Private 222 140,842 25,533 26,754 18.1 19.0
Public 32 20,617 9,915 11,094 48.1 53.8
3710 Joplin, MO MSA Total 124 104,175 8,828 10,629 8.5 10.2
Private 110 92,151 6,133 7,072 6.7 7.7
Public 14 12,024 2,695 3,557 22.4 29.6
3720 Kalamazoo, MI MSA Total 182 90,932 15,666 17,128 17.2 18.8
Private 150 75,598 10,280 11,328 13.6 15.0
Public 32 15,333 5,386 5,800 35.1 37.8
3740 Kankakee, IL MSA Total 134 84,879 21,440 21,440 25.3 25.3
Private 109 68,773 15,757 15,757 22.9 22.9
Public 25 16,106 5,683 5,683 35.3 35.3
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 1,083 835,681 130,174 152,875 15.6 18.3
Private 896 689,910 92,544 99,840 13.4 14.5
Public 187 145,771 37,631 53,036 25.8 36.4
3810 Killeen-Temple, TX MSA Total 136 105,251 5,952 5,952 5.7 5.7
Private 100 78,107 2,226 2,226 2.8 2.8
Public 36 27,144 3,726 3,726 13.7 13.7
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 272 249,277 28,611 37,432 11.5 15.0
Private 217 198,956 23,001 25,586 11.6 12.9
Public 55 50,321 5,609 11,846 11.1 23.5
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 90 79,173 5,169 6,292 6.5 7.9
Private 81 71,215 2,529 2,529 3.6 3.6
Public 9 7,958 2,640 3,763 33.2 47.3
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 76 66,538 5,831 7,528 8.8 11.3
Private 57 50,256 3,295 4,991 6.6 9.9
Public 19 16,282 2,537 2,537 15.6 15.6
3965 Lake County, IL PMSA Total 385 244,996 30,779 35,536 12.6 14.5
Private 343 218,560 26,476 27,070 12.1 12.4
Public 42 26,436 4,303 8,466 16.3 32.0
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 261 155,345 14,454 17,409 9.3 11.2
Private 226 134,442 12,164 13,329 9.0 9.9
Public 35 20,903 2,290 4,080 11.0 19.5
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 286 179,320 25,359 30,856 14.1 17.2
Private 263 165,261 17,212 20,949 10.4 12.7
Public 23 14,058 8,147 9,906 58.0 70.5
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 350 178,302 50,866 56,652 28.5 31.8
Private 259 131,843 31,191 32,848 23.7 24.9
Public 91 46,458 19,674 23,804 42.3 51.2
4120 Las Vegas, NV MSA Total 1,185 302,575 71,017 78,957 23.5 26.1
Private 1,061 272,009 56,615 61,924 20.8 22.8
Public 124 30,565 14,402 17,033 47.1 55.7
4160 Lawrence-Haverhill, MA-NH PMSA Total 342 117,382 24,490 25,477 20.9 21.7
Private 294 101,214 16,727 16,727 16.5 16.5
Public 48 16,169 7,764 8,750 48.0 54.1
4200 Lawton, OK MSA Total 101 58,270 2,519 3,694 4.3 6.3
Private 69 40,596 489 489 1.2 1.2
Public 32 17,674 2,030 3,206 11.5 18.1
4280 Lexington-Fayette, KY MSA Total 189 141,614 8,734 10,181 6.2 7.2
Private 154 116,766 6,223 6,223 5.3 5.3
Public 35 24,848 2,511 3,958 10.1 15.9
4320 Lima, OH MSA Total 145 79,017 23,534 25,217 29.8 31.9
Private 124 67,627 17,513 18,108 25.9 26.8
Public 21 11,390 6,020 7,108 52.9 62.4
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 365 106,917 13,406 16,840 12.5 15.8
Private 277 81,130 8,102 9,366 10.0 11.5
Public 88 25,788 5,304 7,474 20.6 29.0
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 439 192,116 25,919 30,571 13.5 15.9
Private 350 153,512 14,514 16,257 9.5 10.6
Public 89 38,604 11,404 14,315 29.5 37.1
4440 Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 188 106,433 26,731 29,441 25.1 27.7
Private 166 94,061 20,790 21,800 22.1 23.2
Public 22 12,371 5,942 7,641 48.0 61.8
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 3,442 3,675,538 666,936 774,668 18.1 21.1
Private 2,965 3,169,166 425,759 491,324 13.4 15.5
Public 477 506,372 241,177 283,344 47.6 56.0
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 613 462,516 95,375 104,221 20.6 22.5
Private 529 399,999 69,290 74,056 17.3 18.5
Public 84 62,517 26,085 30,165 41.7 48.3
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 303 107,326 16,962 17,974 15.8 16.7
Private 253 89,568 6,876 7,205 7.7 8.0
Public 50 17,758 10,086 10,770 56.8 60.6
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 108 91,704 3,515 6,998 3.8 7.6
Private 88 74,184 662 3,217 0.9 4.3
Public 20 17,520 2,853 3,782 16.3 21.6
4680 Macon-Warner Robins, GA MSA Total 99 120,570 7,099 14,120 5.9 11.7
Private 79 98,163 7,099 11,835 7.2 12.1
Public 20 22,407 0 2,285 0.0 10.2
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 233 178,868 33,098 39,424 18.5 22.0
Private 162 124,467 13,132 13,854 10.6 11.1
Public 71 54,401 19,965 25,570 36.7 47.0
4760 Manchester, NH MSA Total 225 63,920 8,378 8,918 13.1 14.0
Private 188 53,439 3,038 3,038 5.7 5.7
Public 37 10,482 5,339 5,879 50.9 56.1
4800 Mansfield, OH MSA Total 179 97,149 28,740 31,024 29.6 31.9
Private 145 79,037 20,716 21,331 26.2 27.0
Public 34 18,112 8,024 9,693 44.3 53.5
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 216 149,618 17,647 19,845 11.8 13.3
Private 161 107,970 4,710 5,267 4.4 4.9
Public 55 41,647 12,937 14,578 31.1 35.0
4890 Medford, OR MSA Total 127 78,273 15,463 16,899 19.8 21.6
Private 100 61,736 6,986 7,721 11.3 12.5
Public 27 16,538 8,477 9,178 51.3 55.5
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 260 165,799 15,606 21,953 9.4 13.2
Private 220 140,436 9,327 14,059 6.6 10.0
Public 40 25,363 6,279 7,893 24.8 31.1
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 355 341,823 39,016 47,063 11.4 13.8
Private 307 295,597 26,905 30,181 9.1 10.2
Public 48 46,226 12,111 16,882 26.2 36.5
5000 Miami-Hialeah, FL PMSA Total 1,276 823,155 65,342 84,554 7.9 10.3
Private 1,081 700,210 23,000 32,659 3.3 4.7
Public 195 122,945 42,343 51,895 34.4 42.2
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 1,097 477,414 111,418 115,093 23.3 24.1
Private 927 403,223 72,360 74,337 17.9 18.4
Public 170 74,191 39,058 40,756 52.6 54.9
5080 Milwaukee, WI PMSA Total 883 698,235 149,268 156,274 21.4 22.4
Private 769 609,513 100,904 104,716 16.6 17.2
Public 114 88,722 48,363 51,558 54.5 58.1
5120 Minneapolis-St, Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 1,395 1,264,795 252,084 272,303 19.9 21.5
Private 1,198 1,088,821 163,216 173,768 15.0 16.0
Public 197 175,974 88,868 98,534 50.5 56.0
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 178 130,489 13,874 18,597 10.6 14.3
Private 157 115,268 7,769 10,489 6.7 9.1
Public 21 15,221 6,105 8,108 40.1 53.3
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 149 139,539 41,606 48,087 29.8 34.5
Private 125 117,331 36,578 39,364 31.2 33.5
Public 24 22,208 5,028 8,723 22.6 39.3
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 827 369,932 75,887 79,006 20.5 21.4
Private 668 296,464 41,638 43,053 14.0 14.5
Public 159 73,468 34,249 35,953 46.6 48.9
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 120 112,901 7,063 7,910 6.3 7.0
Private 104 97,482 7,063 7,910 7.2 8.1
Public 16 15,419 0 0 0.0 0.0
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 198 149,448 10,447 13,826 7.0 9.3
Private 142 107,917 5,599 5,599 5.2 5.2
Public 56 41,531 4,848 8,228 11.7 19.8
5320 Muskegon, MI MSA Total 162 78,506 23,690 24,112 30.2 30.7
Private 140 67,786 16,761 16,761 24.7 24.7
Public 22 10,720 6,929 7,350 64.6 68.6
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 452 419,066 42,489 51,866 10.1 12.4
Private 395 367,249 35,325 40,125 9.6 10.9
Public 57 51,817 7,164 11,741 13.8 22.7
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 1,428 1,138,076 298,155 311,548 26.2 27.4
Private 1,143 911,586 154,774 164,599 17.0 18.1
Public 285 226,490 143,381 146,949 63.3 64.9
5400 New Bedford, MA MSA Total 183 64,709 12,110 12,793 18.7 19.8
Private 154 54,773 7,399 7,747 13.5 14.1
Public 29 9,937 4,711 5,046 47.4 50.8
5440 New Britain, CT PMSA Total 123 89,609 17,731 18,362 19.8 20.5
Private 109 79,582 14,467 15,098 18.2 19.0
Public 14 10,027 3,263 3,263 32.5 32.5
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT MSA Total 210 190,471 42,826 45,776 22.5 24.0
Private 177 160,415 22,311 24,195 13.9 15.1
Public 33 30,056 20,516 21,581 68.3 71.8
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 166 114,454 23,499 25,566 20.5 22.3
Private 135 92,541 12,429 14,495 13.4 15.7
Public 31 21,913 11,071 11,071 50.5 50.5
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 519 488,569 47,447 55,918 9.7 11.4
Private 433 407,186 22,536 28,173 5.5 6.9
Public 86 81,384 24,910 27,745 30.6 34.1
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 3,829 3,138,576 1,008,321 1,089,731 32.1 34.7
Private 3,123 2,560,438 585,134 640,664 22.9 25.0
Public 706 578,137 423,187 449,066 73.2 77.7
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,825 825,572 179,728 199,176 21.8 24.1
Private 1,571 712,771 116,044 127,551 16.3 17.9
Public 254 112,801 63,684 71,625 56.5 63.5
5700 Niagara Falls, NY PMSA Total 110 82,362 34,025 34,025 41.3 41.3
Private 83 63,186 20,221 20,221 32.0 32.0
Public 27 19,175 13,804 13,804 72.0 72.0
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA MSA Total 557 527,772 69,728 87,937 13.2 16.7
Private 393 371,414 25,601 33,295 6.9 9.0
Public 164 156,357 44,127 54,642 28.2 34.9
5760 Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 71 53,662 3,968 5,395 7.4 10.1
Private 66 50,219 1,916 3,343 3.8 6.7
Public 5 3,443 2,052 2,052 59.6 59.6
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 676 836,939 187,586 210,269 22.4 25.1
Private 568 706,863 140,201 148,418 19.8 21.0
Public 108 130,076 47,385 61,851 36.4 47.5
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 150 99,077 7,205 9,161 7.3 9.2
Private 131 87,871 3,726 5,682 4.2 6.5
Public 19 11,207 3,479 3,479 31.0 31.0
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 656 424,849 47,122 58,054 11.1 13.7
Private 509 335,145 27,029 29,814 8.1 8.9
Public 147 89,704 20,093 28,241 22.4 31.5
5910 Olympia, WA MSA Total 127 110,514 23,524 26,010 21.3 23.5
Private 80 69,706 13,298 13,298 19.1 19.1
Public 47 40,809 10,225 12,712 25.1 31.1
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 784 230,972 32,418 46,557 14.0 20.2
Private 673 198,535 19,977 29,473 10.1 14.8
Public 111 32,437 12,441 17,084 38.4 52.7
5950 Orange County, NY PMSA Total 275 167,230 41,910 49,244 25.1 29.4
Private 205 125,214 19,193 19,736 15.3 15.8
Public 70 42,016 22,716 29,507 54.1 70.2
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 773 463,122 37,724 55,089 8.1 11.9
Private 672 403,669 21,599 29,127 5.4 7.2
Public 101 59,452 16,124 25,963 27.1 43.7
6000 Oxnard-Ventura, CA PMSA Total 192 245,470 31,361 35,279 12.8 14.4
Private 163 213,129 21,908 21,908 10.3 10.3
Public 29 32,342 9,454 13,371 29.2 41.3
6060 Pawtucket-Woonsocket-Attleboro, RI-MA PMSA Total 282 68,137 14,575 15,024 21.4 22.0
Private 256 61,959 9,920 10,369 16.0 16.7
Public 26 6,178 4,654 4,654 75.3 75.3
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 197 118,072 11,778 15,234 10.0 12.9
Private 160 96,190 2,159 3,279 2.2 3.4
Public 37 21,882 9,619 11,955 44.0 54.6
6120 Peoria, IL MSA Total 238 145,907 31,372 32,575 21.5 22.3
Private 209 128,366 25,141 26,343 19.6 20.5
Public 29 17,542 6,231 6,231 35.5 35.5
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 3,741 2,198,313 440,339 510,211 20.0 23.2
Private 3,156 1,861,044 269,753 310,335 14.5 16.7
Public 585 337,269 170,585 199,876 50.6 59.3
6200 Phoenix, AZ MSA Total 1,196 887,603 62,709 73,103 7.1 8.2
Private 1,028 761,326 37,043 42,581 4.9 5.6
Public 168 126,277 25,665 30,523 20.3 24.2
6280 Pittsburgh, PA PMSA Total 1,351 854,890 189,755 208,617 22.2 24.4
Private 1,205 762,088 135,984 146,947 17.8 19.3
Public 146 92,801 53,771 61,670 57.9 66.5
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 442 108,960 17,474 20,289 16.0 18.6
Private 378 93,476 8,719 9,905 9.3 10.6
Public 64 15,483 8,755 10,385 56.5 67.1
6440 Portland, OR PMSA Total 885 556,338 117,283 131,304 21.1 23.6
Private 753 473,706 80,070 85,621 16.9 18.1
Public 132 82,632 37,213 45,683 45.0 55.3
6450 Portsmouth-Dover-Rochester, NH-ME MSA Total 260 73,247 6,491 8,107 8.9 11.1
Private 226 63,786 3,636 4,157 5.7 6.5
Public 34 9,460 2,855 3,951 30.2 41.8
6460 Poughkeepsie, NY MSA Total 175 131,679 21,069 22,018 16.0 16.7
Private 149 112,316 9,490 9,490 8.4 8.4
Public 26 19,364 11,580 12,528 59.8 64.7
6480 Providence, RI PMSA Total 1,108 274,234 50,116 52,750 18.3 19.2
Private 951 236,403 24,757 27,160 10.5 11.5
Public 157 37,831 25,358 25,590 67.0 67.6
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 165 49,631 5,194 7,631 10.5 15.4
Private 146 43,882 2,396 4,218 5.5 9.6
Public 19 5,749 2,797 3,413 48.7 59.4
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 92 65,917 8,924 11,368 13.5 17.2
Private 77 55,312 5,476 6,576 9.9 11.9
Public 15 10,605 3,448 4,792 32.5 45.2
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 177 144,880 28,945 32,488 20.0 22.4
Private 156 127,833 18,263 20,073 14.3 15.7
Public 21 17,048 10,682 12,414 62.7 72.8
6640 Raleigh-Durham, NC MSA Total 1,070 382,794 13,941 17,408 3.6 4.5
Private 851 305,400 5,658 7,712 1.9 2.5
Public 219 77,395 8,283 9,696 10.7 12.5
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 294 180,192 42,994 44,235 23.9 24.5
Private 262 160,617 33,179 33,179 20.7 20.7
Public 32 19,575 9,815 11,056 50.1 56.5
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 291 75,514 5,017 7,378 6.6 9.8
Private 258 67,274 2,532 3,079 3.8 4.6
Public 33 8,240 2,485 4,299 30.2 52.2
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 402 369,975 36,204 47,071 9.8 12.7
Private 331 305,232 28,119 30,656 9.2 10.0
Public 71 64,743 8,085 16,415 12.5 25.4
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 643 850,484 204,610 233,973 24.1 27.5
Private 535 708,648 126,291 140,733 17.8 19.9
Public 108 141,836 78,320 93,240 55.2 65.7
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 174 164,847 16,218 18,154 9.8 11.0
Private 149 141,840 10,211 12,147 7.2 8.6
Public 25 23,008 6,007 6,007 26.1 26.1
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 631 492,668 66,166 73,848 13.4 15.0
Private 559 436,030 38,313 42,054 8.8 9.6
Public 72 56,638 27,853 31,794 49.2 56.1
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 184 113,094 13,070 13,663 11.6 12.1
Private 172 105,898 9,419 10,012 8.9 9.5
Public 12 7,196 3,651 3,651 50.7 50.7
6920 Sacramento, CA MSA Total 480 596,991 145,588 187,676 24.4 31.4
Private 338 425,664 54,831 72,774 12.9 17.1
Public 142 171,327 90,757 114,903 53.0 67.1
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 427 216,263 58,236 63,914 26.9 29.6
Private 380 192,776 47,059 51,729 24.4 26.8
Public 47 23,487 11,177 12,185 47.6 51.9
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL PMSA Total 644 807,314 149,065 164,259 18.5 20.3
Private 573 718,792 126,768 130,049 17.6 18.1
Public 71 88,522 22,296 34,210 25.2 38.6
7080 Salem, OR MSA Total 180 113,399 27,068 34,067 23.9 30.0
Private 136 85,974 13,340 16,125 15.5 18.8
Public 44 27,425 13,727 17,941 50.1 65.4
7090 Salem-Gloucester, MA PMSA Total 389 136,845 22,003 23,440 16.1 17.1
Private 341 120,214 11,898 12,994 9.9 10.8
Public 48 16,631 10,105 10,446 60.8 62.8
7120 Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, CA MSA Total 111 116,647 23,653 27,647 20.3 23.7
Private 89 94,301 10,330 11,452 11.0 12.1
Public 22 22,346 13,323 16,195 59.6 72.5
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,416 440,732 47,440 63,822 10.8 14.5
Private 1,111 347,155 23,255 27,872 6.7 8.0
Public 305 93,577 24,185 35,951 25.8 38.4
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 719 436,216 20,303 23,265 4.7 5.3
Private 554 335,065 6,579 7,575 2.0 2.3
Public 165 101,151 13,724 15,689 13.6 15.5
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 730 916,855 159,591 184,090 17.4 20.1
Private 617 774,878 81,163 96,531 10.5 12.5
Public 113 141,977 78,428 87,559 55.2 61.7
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 648 810,493 163,638 180,789 20.2 22.3
Private 546 686,051 101,494 107,852 14.8 15.7
Public 102 124,442 62,143 72,936 49.9 58.6
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 575 709,268 97,800 113,006 13.8 15.9
Private 498 615,300 58,639 62,572 9.5 10.2
Public 77 93,968 39,161 50,434 41.7 53.7
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 130 122,488 12,101 12,101 9.9 9.9
Private 106 99,959 5,616 5,616 5.6 5.6
Public 24 22,529 6,485 6,485 28.8 28.8
7485 Santa Cruz, CA PMSA Total 114 107,402 19,379 21,119 18.0 19.7
Private 90 84,618 6,116 6,116 7.2 7.2
Public 24 22,783 13,263 15,003 58.2 65.9
7500 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA PMSA Total 167 162,462 21,991 25,701 13.5 15.8
Private 149 146,006 10,944 12,790 7.5 8.8
Public 18 16,456 11,047 12,911 67.1 78.5
7510 Sarasota, FL MSA Total 145 85,370 5,293 9,323 6.2 10.9
Private 113 66,056 491 1,479 0.7 2.2
Public 32 19,314 4,802 7,844 24.9 40.6
7520 Savannah, GA MSA Total 102 133,255 5,113 6,257 3.8 4.7
Private 84 109,730 5,113 5,113 4.7 4.7
Public 18 23,524 0 1,144 0.0 4.9
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA MSA Total 437 269,613 66,560 71,416 24.7 26.5
Private 363 223,828 44,341 46,252 19.8 20.7
Public 74 45,785 22,219 25,165 48.5 55.0
7600 Seattle, WA PMSA Total 992 929,092 225,391 269,415 24.3 29.0
Private 823 772,887 147,460 177,704 19.1 23.0
Public 169 156,205 77,931 91,711 49.9 58.7
7610 Sharon, PA MSA Total 129 79,721 23,198 23,198 29.1 29.1
Private 113 70,272 15,501 15,501 22.1 22.1
Public 16 9,449 7,697 7,697 81.5 81.5
7680 Shreveport, LA MSA Total 133 114,923 9,137 21,155 8.0 18.4
Private 100 86,799 6,616 7,464 7.6 8.6
Public 33 28,124 2,521 13,691 9.0 48.7
7720 Sioux City, IA-NE MSA Total 99 51,658 8,778 11,868 17.0 23.0
Private 86 44,976 6,361 7,934 14.1 17.6
Public 13 6,682 2,417 3,935 36.2 58.9
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 615 65,202 7,073 9,213 10.8 14.1
Private 529 56,196 3,181 4,277 5.7 7.6
Public 86 9,006 3,892 4,936 43.2 54.8
7800 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN MSA Total 120 109,952 22,940 22,940 20.9 20.9
Private 106 97,730 16,923 16,923 17.3 17.3
Public 14 12,222 6,017 6,017 49.2 49.2
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 159 143,879 32,181 37,018 22.4 25.7
Private 132 119,430 16,779 18,691 14.0 15.7
Public 27 24,449 15,402 18,327 63.0 75.0
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 133 80,398 16,976 24,390 21.1 30.3
Private 83 50,187 7,067 9,672 14.1 19.3
Public 50 30,211 9,909 14,718 32.8 48.7
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 103 84,678 10,790 10,790 12.7 12.7
Private 86 70,597 7,534 7,534 10.7 10.7
Public 17 14,081 3,256 3,256 23.1 23.1
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 638 219,617 46,788 52,394 21.3 23.9
Private 547 188,333 27,063 30,628 14.4 16.3
Public 91 31,285 19,725 21,766 63.1 69.6
8040 Stamford, CT PMSA Total 104 72,574 12,487 12,487 17.2 17.2
Private 95 66,625 7,905 7,905 11.9 11.9
Public 9 5,950 4,581 4,581 77.0 77.0
8120 Stockton, CA MSA Total 180 170,742 35,194 41,010 20.6 24.0
Private 144 135,003 16,145 17,101 12.0 12.7
Public 36 35,739 19,049 23,909 53.3 66.9
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 390 301,307 76,213 83,051 25.3 27.6
Private 329 252,558 47,063 49,789 18.6 19.7
Public 61 48,748 29,149 33,262 59.8 68.2
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 225 208,453 49,734 57,508 23.9 27.6
Private 189 175,035 35,557 40,751 20.3 23.3
Public 36 33,418 14,177 16,757 42.4 50.1
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 206 134,913 4,293 7,746 3.2 5.7
Private 141 94,054 608 608 0.6 0.6
Public 65 40,859 3,686 7,138 9.0 17.5
8280 Tampa-St, Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,412 846,905 50,967 67,085 6.0 7.9
Private 1,230 738,045 22,600 30,095 3.1 4.1
Public 182 108,861 28,367 36,991 26.1 34.0
8320 Terre Haute, IN MSA Total 85 68,057 9,474 9,474 13.9 13.9
Private 73 58,631 6,333 6,333 10.8 10.8
Public 12 9,426 3,141 3,141 33.3 33.3
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 484 271,519 89,224 96,175 32.9 35.4
Private 407 229,899 61,012 65,613 26.5 28.5
Public 77 41,620 28,212 30,562 67.8 73.4
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 125 56,723 4,122 7,675 7.3 13.5
Private 101 44,990 3,250 5,840 7.2 13.0
Public 24 11,733 872 1,836 7.4 15.6
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 356 154,530 34,904 42,966 22.6 27.8
Private 265 115,178 15,409 16,387 13.4 14.2
Public 91 39,352 19,495 26,579 49.5 67.5
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 338 252,228 20,352 25,865 8.1 10.3
Private 265 197,613 8,257 10,906 4.2 5.5
Public 73 54,616 12,095 14,959 22.1 27.4
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 555 332,709 31,147 32,743 9.4 9.8
Private 494 296,733 22,451 22,451 7.6 7.6
Public 61 35,975 8,696 10,292 24.2 28.6
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 144 113,496 12,434 13,239 11.0 11.7
Private 91 70,129 7,006 7,006 10.0 10.0
Public 53 43,367 5,428 6,233 12.5 14.4
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 246 143,375 44,630 46,299 31.1 32.3
Private 189 110,590 22,677 23,321 20.5 21.1
Public 57 32,785 21,953 22,978 67.0 70.1
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 168 157,986 45,770 46,561 29.0 29.5
Private 120 112,940 25,485 25,485 22.6 22.6
Public 48 45,046 20,285 21,076 45.0 46.8
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 172 170,896 21,662 29,084 12.7 17.0
Private 146 146,537 10,197 12,043 7.0 8.2
Public 26 24,358 11,465 17,041 47.1 70.0
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 120 112,652 12,507 15,093 11.1 13.4
Private 90 84,243 3,637 4,657 4.3 5.5
Public 30 28,409 8,870 10,436 31.2 36.7
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA MSA Total 3,420 1,989,714 239,504 297,581 12.0 15.0
Private 2,334 1,392,828 115,103 133,722 8.3 9.6
Public 1,086 596,887 124,402 163,859 20.8 27.5
8880 Waterbury, CT MSA Total 210 143,113 24,485 24,485 17.1 17.1
Private 188 127,936 14,559 14,559 11.4 11.4
Public 22 15,177 9,925 9,925 65.4 65.4
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 97 50,370 10,604 12,198 21.1 24.2
Private 75 39,387 6,596 6,596 16.7 16.7
Public 22 10,983 4,008 5,602 36.5 51.0
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL MSA Total 572 345,726 19,756 26,336 5.7 7.6
Private 504 305,764 7,087 9,972 2.3 3.3
Public 68 39,962 12,669 16,364 31.7 40.9
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 93 36,032 9,681 9,681 26.9 26.9
Private 86 33,430 8,782 8,782 26.3 26.3
Public 7 2,602 900 900 34.6 34.6
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 527 238,352 33,355 40,090 14.0 16.8
Private 463 209,907 22,347 26,724 10.6 12.7
Public 64 28,445 11,008 13,366 38.7 47.0
9140 Williamsport, PA MSA Total 151 92,884 13,443 16,545 14.5 17.8
Private 130 79,609 9,120 10,939 11.5 13.7
Public 21 13,275 4,323 5,606 32.6 42.2
9160 Wilmington, DE-NJ-MD PMSA Total 1,313 208,453 32,237 35,601 15.5 17.1
Private 1,166 185,125 22,081 23,843 11.9 12.9
Public 147 23,328 10,157 11,758 43.5 50.4
9240 Worcester, MA MSA Total 537 190,191 31,933 33,746 16.8 17.7
Private 461 163,705 19,027 19,388 11.6 11.8
Public 76 26,486 12,906 14,358 48.7 54.2
9280 York, PA MSA Total 344 214,211 35,012 38,584 16.3 18.0
Private 309 192,368 27,559 29,804 14.3 15.5
Public 35 21,842 7,453 8,780 34.1 40.2
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 393 217,450 70,885 73,127 32.6 33.6
Private 351 194,693 58,731 59,843 30.2 30.7
Public 42 22,757 12,155 13,284 53.4 58.4
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 135 124,878 32,760 32,760 26.2 26.2
Private 103 95,001 14,198 14,198 14.9 14.9
Public 32 29,877 18,562 18,562 62.1 62.1
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 1989. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2001 tables are based
on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS. For five CMSAs during 1986-94, counts for the component PMSAs do not add to the CMSA total because the CPS
failed to assign some households to PMSAs. This causes employment estimates in the component PMSAs to be understated.
CMSA employment counts are correct for these five urban areas during 1986-93, but are understated in 1994. The five CMSAs
are: Boston, Hartford, Philadelphia, Providence, and St. Louis.
2002 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.