Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 1990 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by CPS size code):
7 Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH Total 5,475 1,925,838 304,542 329,210 15.8 17.1
Private 4,773 1,680,864 155,471 170,313 9.2 10.1
Public 702 244,974 149,071 158,898 60.9 64.9
Priv Const 205 72,058 15,578 15,874 21.6 22.0
Priv Manuf 1,154 400,676 51,640 53,226 12.9 13.3
30 Buffalo-Niagra Falls, NY Total 907 508,074 143,664 150,941 28.3 29.7
Private 751 421,173 88,151 92,696 20.9 22.0
Public 156 86,901 55,513 58,246 63.9 67.0
Priv Const 42 24,624 6,341 6,885 25.8 28.0
Priv Manuf 186 104,738 47,338 47,871 45.2 45.7
3 Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI Total 5,436 3,676,727 780,666 847,663 21.2 23.1
Private 4,730 3,206,327 552,820 594,274 17.2 18.5
Public 706 470,399 227,846 253,389 48.4 53.9
Priv Const 229 159,746 75,883 78,453 47.5 49.1
Priv Manuf 1,109 771,527 198,522 209,729 25.7 27.2
22 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,294 750,870 133,112 151,319 17.7 20.2
Private 1,099 635,978 88,138 92,070 13.9 14.5
Public 195 114,893 44,974 59,249 39.1 51.6
Priv Const 59 34,642 7,968 9,199 23.0 26.6
Priv Manuf 266 153,399 40,954 42,635 26.7 27.8
11 Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH Total 2,087 1,165,389 231,621 251,278 19.9 21.6
Private 1,786 996,764 156,057 166,370 15.7 16.7
Public 301 168,625 75,564 84,908 44.8 50.4
Priv Const 86 48,991 17,748 17,748 36.2 36.2
Priv Manuf 483 269,971 71,985 75,655 26.7 28.0
10 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 2,203 1,902,125 134,613 158,750 7.1 8.3
Private 1,926 1,664,907 83,861 99,028 5.0 5.9
Public 277 237,218 50,752 59,722 21.4 25.2
Priv Const 107 92,961 2,136 2,136 2.3 2.3
Priv Manuf 429 368,932 31,776 41,315 8.6 11.2
21 Denver-Boulder, CO Total 1,276 897,614 97,864 111,489 10.9 12.4
Private 1,041 730,814 57,176 64,126 7.8 8.8
Public 235 166,800 40,688 47,363 24.4 28.4
Priv Const 47 34,105 2,935 2,935 8.6 8.6
Priv Manuf 179 125,618 12,064 12,064 9.6 9.6
6 Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI Total 3,955 1,979,620 532,016 568,476 26.9 28.7
Private 3,379 1,697,120 366,842 392,313 21.6 23.1
Public 576 282,499 165,174 176,163 58.5 62.4
Priv Const 131 65,827 21,179 22,662 32.2 34.4
Priv Manuf 1,014 517,245 197,245 204,633 38.1 39.6
36 Hartford-New Britain-Middletown, CT Total 615 518,807 88,028 95,308 17.0 18.4
Private 553 465,131 54,256 60,698 11.7 13.0
Public 62 53,677 33,773 34,610 62.9 64.5
Priv Const 24 20,848 3,514 4,433 16.9 21.3
Priv Manuf 152 127,239 26,733 27,399 21.0 21.5
8 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,858 1,655,487 97,823 126,252 5.9 7.6
Private 1,632 1,453,150 67,463 86,221 4.6 5.9
Public 226 202,337 30,361 40,030 15.0 19.8
Priv Const 158 142,887 8,517 11,015 6.0 7.7
Priv Manuf 277 248,209 23,407 24,017 9.4 9.7
2 Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA Total 8,491 6,085,722 1,068,809 1,257,601 17.6 20.7
Private 7,316 5,235,469 670,077 762,032 12.8 14.6
Public 1,175 850,253 398,732 495,569 46.9 58.3
Priv Const 468 355,937 87,281 93,604 24.5 26.3
Priv Manuf 1,815 1,299,695 192,226 220,992 14.8 17.0
12 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 2,027 1,272,848 131,557 162,370 10.3 12.8
Private 1,732 1,089,919 49,878 60,397 4.6 5.5
Public 295 182,928 81,679 101,973 44.7 55.7
Priv Const 101 65,306 8,312 9,047 12.7 13.9
Priv Manuf 253 163,012 5,717 8,038 3.5 4.9
24 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 1,078 829,257 208,390 218,341 25.1 26.3
Private 933 718,176 138,679 146,441 19.3 20.4
Public 145 111,081 69,711 71,900 62.8 64.7
Priv Const 43 33,388 16,195 16,817 48.5 50.4
Priv Manuf 256 200,037 67,932 69,228 34.0 34.6
1 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Total 14,207 7,475,826 1,984,876 2,168,844 26.6 29.0
Private 11,789 6,203,626 1,115,828 1,243,599 18.0 20.0
Public 2,418 1,272,201 869,048 925,245 68.3 72.7
Priv Const 622 334,196 124,621 132,258 37.3 39.6
Priv Manuf 2,343 1,205,193 271,109 293,418 22.5 24.3
4 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 5,546 2,569,032 555,899 633,396 21.6 24.7
Private 4,714 2,178,537 336,916 391,103 15.5 18.0
Public 832 390,495 218,983 242,293 56.1 62.0
Priv Const 289 134,267 49,298 51,285 36.7 38.2
Priv Manuf 1,050 467,286 114,613 128,578 24.5 27.5
13 Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA Total 1,460 902,895 204,768 219,187 22.7 24.3
Private 1,298 802,514 144,433 154,549 18.0 19.3
Public 162 100,381 60,336 64,638 60.1 64.4
Priv Const 94 58,386 16,355 18,385 28.0 31.5
Priv Manuf 251 154,674 59,004 60,841 38.1 39.3
26 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA Total 1,007 662,303 131,346 147,290 19.8 22.2
Private 873 575,614 85,060 93,318 14.8 16.2
Public 134 86,688 46,286 53,972 53.4 62.3
Priv Const 47 32,191 10,864 11,385 33.7 35.4
Priv Manuf 218 148,478 37,247 39,868 25.1 26.9
34 Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River, RI-MA Total 1,987 523,039 97,085 103,651 18.6 19.8
Private 1,703 448,654 47,882 52,973 10.7 11.8
Public 284 74,385 49,203 50,678 66.1 68.1
Priv Const 97 26,373 4,800 6,074 18.2 23.0
Priv Manuf 483 124,800 18,216 19,103 14.6 15.3
14 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 981 1,028,040 191,335 213,293 18.6 20.7
Private 837 894,517 163,361 176,211 18.3 19.7
Public 144 133,522 27,974 37,082 21.0 27.8
Priv Const 41 43,155 25,440 25,440 59.0 59.0
Priv Manuf 216 226,736 67,482 71,218 29.8 31.4
5 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,806 2,663,214 519,244 570,826 19.5 21.4
Private 2,407 2,286,262 334,791 364,493 14.6 15.9
Public 399 376,952 184,454 206,332 48.9 54.7
Priv Const 160 155,502 46,537 48,610 29.9 31.3
Priv Manuf 567 534,068 70,910 79,987 13.3 15.0
18 Seattle-Tacoma, WA Total 1,301 1,173,193 254,127 296,238 21.7 25.3
Private 1,129 1,019,384 174,122 199,377 17.1 19.6
Public 172 153,809 80,005 96,861 52.0 63.0
Priv Const 62 58,094 14,171 14,171 24.4 24.4
Priv Manuf 245 220,411 68,042 78,108 30.9 35.4
9 Washington, DC-MD-VA Total 3,466 1,987,117 241,628 297,945 12.2 15.0
Private 2,339 1,364,258 117,702 131,650 8.6 9.6
Public 1,127 622,859 123,926 166,295 19.9 26.7
Priv Const 170 132,814 16,500 17,773 12.4 13.4
Priv Manuf 170 117,212 5,520 6,439 4.7 5.5
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH, PMSA Total 482 266,174 46,758 50,248 17.6 18.9
Private 411 227,562 33,966 35,635 14.9 15.7
Public 71 38,612 12,792 14,613 33.1 37.8
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 702 403,276 123,933 134,293 30.7 33.3
Private 502 289,423 43,245 49,591 14.9 17.1
Public 200 113,853 80,688 84,703 70.9 74.4
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 784 219,155 21,016 26,145 9.6 11.9
Private 616 173,363 14,680 15,391 8.5 8.9
Public 168 45,792 6,337 10,753 13.8 23.5
240 Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ MSA Total 432 267,631 50,903 55,197 19.0 20.6
Private 388 241,020 36,669 39,217 15.2 16.3
Public 44 26,612 14,234 15,980 53.5 60.0
280 Altoona, PA MSA Total 127 78,433 18,870 18,870 24.1 24.1
Private 107 66,346 12,310 12,310 18.6 18.6
Public 20 12,087 6,560 6,560 54.3 54.3
360 Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA PMSA Total 1,166 1,147,596 142,355 182,117 12.4 15.9
Private 1,030 1,013,581 94,155 105,983 9.3 10.5
Public 136 134,014 48,200 76,133 36.0 56.8
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 1,424 107,312 21,904 23,428 20.4 21.8
Private 1,058 79,252 8,386 8,871 10.6 11.2
Public 366 28,060 13,518 14,557 48.2 51.9
400 Anderson, IN MSA Total 109 102,399 32,833 34,082 32.1 33.3
Private 97 89,991 29,118 29,118 32.4 32.4
Public 12 12,408 3,715 4,965 29.9 40.0
405 Anderson, SC MSA Total 172 92,723 6,159 7,215 6.6 7.8
Private 150 81,343 3,584 4,640 4.4 5.7
Public 22 11,381 2,575 2,575 22.6 22.6
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 197 97,199 20,750 21,222 21.3 21.8
Private 139 69,070 10,536 11,007 15.3 15.9
Public 58 28,129 10,215 10,215 36.3 36.3
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenaht, WI MSA Total 192 145,578 33,300 36,207 22.9 24.9
Private 170 128,428 23,600 25,708 18.4 20.0
Public 22 17,150 9,700 10,499 56.6 61.2
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 211 73,217 3,635 4,697 5.0 6.4
Private 174 60,280 1,727 1,727 2.9 2.9
Public 37 12,938 1,908 2,970 14.7 23.0
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,047 1,420,415 114,987 139,441 8.1 9.8
Private 883 1,203,244 77,341 92,935 6.4 7.7
Public 164 217,171 37,647 46,507 17.3 21.4
600 Augusta, GA-SC MSA Total 200 171,312 15,719 18,942 9.2 11.1
Private 153 123,508 13,396 13,396 10.8 10.8
Public 47 47,804 2,323 5,546 4.9 11.6
620 Aurora-Elgin, IL PMSA Total 254 162,314 24,779 27,182 15.3 16.7
Private 215 137,963 17,156 18,987 12.4 13.8
Public 39 24,351 7,624 8,195 31.3 33.7
640 Austin, TX MSA Total 497 467,726 24,504 30,372 5.2 6.5
Private 359 335,581 9,127 10,837 2.7 3.2
Public 138 132,145 15,377 19,535 11.6 14.8
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 242 228,260 44,425 45,433 19.5 19.9
Private 197 186,768 21,216 21,216 11.4 11.4
Public 45 41,492 23,209 24,218 55.9 58.4
720 Baltimore, MD MSA Total 979 1,084,921 148,277 169,824 13.7 15.7
Private 752 834,652 77,126 85,333 9.2 10.2
Public 227 250,269 71,151 84,490 28.4 33.8
760 Baton Rouge, LA MSA Total 223 209,288 13,077 13,077 6.2 6.2
Private 161 153,172 8,411 8,411 5.5 5.5
Public 62 56,116 4,666 4,666 8.3 8.3
780 Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 125 59,644 17,790 19,270 29.8 32.3
Private 104 49,743 13,164 13,635 26.5 27.4
Public 21 9,900 4,626 5,635 46.7 56.9
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, FL MSA Total 201 164,270 19,149 24,580 11.7 15.0
Private 168 138,987 18,390 21,936 13.2 15.8
Public 33 25,284 759 2,643 3.0 10.5
845 Beaver County, PA PMSA Total 90 54,673 13,234 13,880 24.2 25.4
Private 81 49,134 10,221 10,867 20.8 22.1
Public 9 5,540 3,013 3,013 54.4 54.4
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 148 130,060 31,001 33,898 23.8 26.1
Private 121 104,993 19,035 21,932 18.1 20.9
Public 27 25,067 11,966 11,966 47.7 47.7
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 101 47,572 11,616 11,616 24.4 24.4
Private 85 39,785 7,781 7,781 19.6 19.6
Public 16 7,787 3,835 3,835 49.2 49.2
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 1,402 607,270 124,897 132,818 20.6 21.9
Private 1,222 531,254 83,432 88,162 15.7 16.6
Public 180 76,016 41,465 44,656 54.5 58.7
920 Biloxi-Gulfport, MS MSA Total 166 66,033 4,082 5,212 6.2 7.9
Private 127 50,509 3,033 3,443 6.0 6.8
Public 39 15,524 1,049 1,769 6.8 11.4
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 199 111,911 22,869 23,353 20.4 20.9
Private 164 92,758 8,949 8,949 9.6 9.6
Public 35 19,153 13,920 14,404 72.7 75.2
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 476 360,089 42,235 46,508 11.7 12.9
Private 395 298,202 30,922 32,860 10.4 11.0
Public 81 61,887 11,313 13,648 18.3 22.1
1040 Bloomington-Normal, IL MSA Total 145 89,077 17,568 18,176 19.7 20.4
Private 134 82,558 15,882 15,882 19.2 19.2
Public 11 6,519 1,686 2,294 25.9 35.2
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 554 98,577 5,672 7,160 5.8 7.3
Private 451 80,362 2,726 2,905 3.4 3.6
Public 103 18,216 2,946 4,255 16.2 23.4
1120 Boston, MA PMSR Total 3,629 1,293,241 204,913 221,029 15.8 17.1
Private 3,164 1,129,200 104,537 114,524 9.3 10.1
Public 465 164,041 100,376 106,505 61.2 64.9
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 176 124,069 7,648 9,841 6.2 7.9
Private 137 96,620 3,410 4,904 3.5 5.1
Public 39 27,449 4,238 4,937 15.4 18.0
1140 Bradenton, FL MSA Total 137 90,317 5,392 7,788 6.0 8.6
Private 115 74,903 3,478 4,588 4.6 6.1
Public 22 15,414 1,914 3,200 12.4 20.8
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 77 69,585 5,397 6,999 7.8 10.1
Private 69 63,033 4,576 5,399 7.3 8.6
Public 8 6,552 821 1,600 12.5 24.4
1160 Bridgeport-Milford, CT PMSA Total 288 256,197 40,840 44,643 15.9 17.4
Private 253 223,021 23,649 24,251 10.6 10.9
Public 35 33,175 17,191 20,392 51.8 61.5
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 221 83,916 17,843 19,603 21.3 23.4
Private 185 71,323 10,560 11,663 14.8 16.4
Public 36 12,592 7,283 7,940 57.8 63.1
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX MSA Total 138 84,419 4,275 4,742 5.1 5.6
Private 102 62,895 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 36 21,524 4,275 4,742 19.9 22.0
1280 Buffalo, NY PMSA Total 733 411,469 111,519 118,228 27.1 28.7
Private 613 344,496 66,780 71,325 19.4 20.7
Public 120 66,973 44,739 46,903 66.8 70.0
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 427 67,457 8,172 9,548 12.1 14.2
Private 360 56,898 3,468 4,170 6.1 7.3
Public 67 10,559 4,704 5,377 44.5 50.9
1320 Canton, OH MSA Total 257 140,515 39,082 41,378 27.8 29.4
Private 219 120,216 30,411 31,012 25.3 25.8
Public 38 20,298 8,671 10,367 42.7 51.1
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 156 77,788 12,588 19,919 16.2 25.6
Private 134 67,132 8,563 11,963 12.8 17.8
Public 22 10,656 4,025 7,956 37.8 74.7
1400 Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, IL MSA Total 119 75,488 11,468 12,158 15.2 16.1
Private 77 47,984 2,593 2,593 5.4 5.4
Public 42 27,504 8,875 9,564 32.3 34.8
1440 Charleston, SC MSA Total 324 180,225 8,664 10,827 4.8 6.0
Private 242 134,570 3,395 4,021 2.5 3.0
Public 82 45,656 5,269 6,805 11.5 14.9
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 315 103,929 12,919 15,723 12.4 15.1
Private 257 84,240 9,049 11,226 10.7 13.3
Public 58 19,689 3,870 4,497 19.7 22.8
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 1,592 596,910 36,756 46,495 6.2 7.8
Private 1,437 539,786 27,233 31,883 5.0 5.9
Public 155 57,125 9,523 14,612 16.7 25.6
1560 Chattanooga, TN-A MSA Total 182 178,734 33,129 34,048 18.5 19.0
Private 146 144,402 16,411 17,330 11.4 12.0
Public 36 34,331 16,718 16,718 48.7 48.7
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 4,385 2,856,850 584,209 638,021 20.4 22.3
Private 3,801 2,478,042 398,137 429,423 16.1 17.3
Public 584 378,808 186,072 208,598 49.1 55.1
1620 Chico, CA MSA Total 73 76,413 16,951 21,282 22.2 27.9
Private 51 53,646 4,205 4,205 7.8 7.8
Public 22 22,767 12,746 17,077 56.0 75.0
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 1,086 635,948 111,489 124,337 17.5 19.6
Private 919 536,225 73,366 75,618 13.7 14.1
Public 167 99,723 38,123 48,719 38.2 48.9
1680 Cleveland, OH PMSA Total 1,385 776,903 162,533 178,700 20.9 23.0
Private 1,177 659,074 104,759 113,403 15.9 17.2
Public 208 117,829 57,774 65,297 49.0 55.4
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 196 137,070 8,780 13,162 6.4 9.6
Private 148 103,936 4,822 4,822 4.6 4.6
Public 48 33,134 3,959 8,340 11.9 25.2
1740 Colombia, MO MSA Total 101 85,750 2,352 4,223 2.7 4.9
Private 65 55,579 753 753 1.4 1.4
Public 36 30,170 1,600 3,470 5.3 11.5
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 365 205,493 9,118 12,048 4.4 5.9
Private 268 150,601 4,026 5,796 2.7 3.8
Public 97 54,893 5,092 6,251 9.3 11.4
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 81 105,371 8,383 8,383 8.0 8.0
Private 62 79,217 2,414 2,414 3.0 3.0
Public 19 26,154 5,969 5,969 22.8 22.8
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 1,124 639,598 87,562 104,185 13.7 16.3
Private 930 530,720 49,213 54,060 9.3 10.2
Public 194 108,878 38,350 50,125 35.2 46.0
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 185 107,660 9,674 12,457 9.0 11.6
Private 139 81,308 5,714 6,372 7.0 7.8
Public 46 26,352 3,960 6,085 15.0 23.1
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,507 1,300,274 72,844 87,989 5.6 6.8
Private 1,329 1,149,035 43,853 53,149 3.8 4.6
Public 178 151,239 28,992 34,840 19.2 23.0
1930 Danbury, CT PMSR Total 129 84,141 8,514 8,514 10.1 10.1
Private 121 78,794 4,383 4,383 5.6 5.6
Public 8 5,347 4,132 4,132 77.3 77.3
1960 Davenport-Rock Island-Moline, IA-IL MSA Total 230 127,869 27,006 28,145 21.1 22.0
Private 193 106,820 15,377 15,377 14.4 14.4
Public 37 21,049 11,628 12,768 55.2 60.7
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 691 380,983 63,505 70,133 16.7 18.4
Private 591 326,014 48,526 51,428 14.9 15.8
Public 100 54,970 14,978 18,705 27.2 34.0
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 227 153,506 3,005 8,215 2.0 5.4
Private 190 129,895 630 1,756 0.5 1.4
Public 37 23,611 2,375 6,459 10.1 27.4
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 1,100 773,545 90,216 101,647 11.7 13.1
Private 904 634,194 53,766 59,222 8.5 9.3
Public 196 139,351 36,450 42,426 26.2 30.4
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 360 179,821 35,193 41,911 19.6 23.3
Private 292 145,586 20,555 22,095 14.1 15.2
Public 68 34,235 14,638 19,816 42.8 57.9
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 3,758 1,882,421 511,265 547,254 27.2 29.1
Private 3,240 1,628,050 356,306 381,306 21.9 23.4
Public 518 254,370 154,959 165,948 60.9 65.2
2240 Duluth, MN-WI MSA Total 76 64,911 17,073 17,935 26.3 27.6
Private 59 50,535 9,038 9,038 17.9 17.9
Public 17 14,376 8,035 8,897 55.9 61.9
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 342 211,812 12,297 23,388 5.8 11.0
Private 273 170,642 7,271 8,775 4.3 5.1
Public 69 41,170 5,026 14,613 12.2 35.5
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 148 92,514 19,507 19,507 21.1 21.1
Private 132 82,553 13,794 13,794 16.7 16.7
Public 16 9,961 5,713 5,713 57.4 57.4
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 176 111,557 22,565 27,538 20.2 24.7
Private 140 89,690 9,241 12,504 10.3 13.9
Public 36 21,867 13,324 15,034 60.9 68.8
2440 Evansville, IN-KY MSA Total 139 119,737 18,138 18,138 15.1 15.1
Private 128 109,124 13,328 13,328 12.2 12.2
Public 11 10,613 4,810 4,810 45.3 45.3
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 228 80,926 4,081 5,564 5.0 6.9
Private 182 64,710 2,659 3,021 4.1 4.7
Public 46 16,216 1,422 2,542 8.8 15.7
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale, AR MSA Total 132 55,648 2,114 2,114 3.8 3.8
Private 107 45,007 1,269 1,269 2.8 2.8
Public 25 10,641 844 844 7.9 7.9
2640 Flint, MI MSA Total 366 176,007 63,540 65,250 36.1 37.1
Private 318 153,432 49,880 51,246 32.5 33.4
Public 48 22,575 13,660 14,004 60.5 62.0
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 128 94,317 11,539 14,569 12.2 15.4
Private 103 75,932 9,075 9,075 12.0 12.0
Public 25 18,385 2,464 5,494 13.4 29.9
2655 Florence, SC MSA Total 127 71,404 3,860 5,369 5.4 7.5
Private 103 58,144 3,355 4,344 5.8 7.5
Public 24 13,260 505 1,024 3.8 7.7
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 169 116,450 9,345 9,345 8.0 8.0
Private 134 93,198 4,751 4,751 5.1 5.1
Public 35 23,251 4,595 4,595 19.8 19.8
2680 Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach, FL PMSA Total 749 459,077 42,087 60,667 9.2 13.2
Private 636 390,108 15,334 18,995 3.9 4.9
Public 113 68,969 26,753 41,671 38.8 60.4
2700 Fort Myers, FL MSA Total 174 110,905 2,592 4,333 2.3 3.9
Private 144 91,704 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 30 19,201 2,592 4,333 13.5 22.6
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 151 64,244 6,943 7,335 10.8 11.4
Private 135 58,020 5,754 6,147 9.9 10.6
Public 16 6,224 1,189 1,189 19.1 19.1
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 146 91,251 8,651 21,742 9.5 23.8
Private 96 59,114 3,434 4,639 5.8 7.8
Public 50 32,137 5,217 17,102 16.2 53.2
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 84 138,391 27,864 27,864 20.1 20.1
Private 79 129,570 27,864 27,864 21.5 21.5
Public 5 8,821 0 0 0.0 0.0
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 696 601,852 61,769 70,760 10.3 11.8
Private 597 515,873 40,008 45,879 7.8 8.9
Public 99 85,979 21,760 24,882 25.3 28.9
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 314 302,353 53,710 63,337 17.8 20.9
Private 243 233,744 28,020 30,065 12.0 12.9
Public 71 68,609 25,690 33,271 37.4 48.5
2880 Gadsden, AL MSA Total 117 78,763 17,082 18,495 21.7 23.5
Private 92 62,477 9,015 9,670 14.4 15.5
Public 25 16,286 8,067 8,824 49.5 54.2
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 176 109,302 5,453 8,396 5.0 7.7
Private 99 61,004 734 734 1.2 1.2
Public 77 48,297 4,719 7,663 9.8 15.9
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 128 113,202 12,135 14,622 10.7 12.9
Private 105 92,479 12,135 13,962 13.1 15.1
Public 23 20,723 0 660 0.0 3.2
2960 Gary-Hammond, IN PMSA Total 125 220,331 86,102 87,720 39.1 39.8
Private 113 199,167 72,660 74,278 36.5 37.3
Public 12 21,164 13,442 13,442 63.5 63.5
3000 Grand Rapids, MI MSA Total 659 318,951 47,622 48,114 14.9 15.1
Private 592 287,141 30,387 30,387 10.6 10.6
Public 67 31,809 17,235 17,727 54.2 55.7
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 1,301 467,360 28,226 37,507 6.0 8.0
Private 1,152 413,534 19,498 26,479 4.7 6.4
Public 149 53,826 8,728 11,028 16.2 20.5
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg, SC MSA Total 549 297,191 3,693 8,599 1.2 2.9
Private 495 267,878 2,007 2,571 0.7 1.0
Public 54 29,313 1,686 6,028 5.8 20.6
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 208 114,922 21,623 26,982 18.8 23.5
Private 180 99,753 14,772 16,452 14.8 16.5
Public 28 15,170 6,851 10,530 45.2 69.4
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 312 190,210 31,221 39,759 16.4 20.9
Private 240 146,631 18,491 21,349 12.6 14.6
Public 72 43,579 12,730 18,409 29.2 42.2
3280 Hartford, CT PMSA Total 387 358,142 58,550 63,072 16.3 17.6
Private 343 315,933 31,698 36,220 10.0 11.5
Public 44 42,209 26,852 26,852 63.6 63.6
3290 Hickory, NC MSA Total 308 105,316 3,156 3,497 3.0 3.3
Private 282 96,801 1,757 1,757 1.8 1.8
Public 26 8,515 1,399 1,740 16.4 20.4
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,332 329,681 86,010 90,394 26.1 27.4
Private 1,026 253,618 49,933 51,970 19.7 20.5
Public 306 76,063 36,076 38,425 47.4 50.5
3350 Houma-Thibodaux, LA MSA Total 130 118,468 2,637 2,637 2.2 2.2
Private 110 99,484 1,797 1,797 1.8 1.8
Public 20 18,984 840 840 4.4 4.4
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,653 1,472,700 80,291 104,631 5.5 7.1
Private 1,458 1,297,638 50,751 66,861 3.9 5.2
Public 195 175,062 29,540 37,770 16.9 21.6
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 136 44,465 6,829 13,588 15.4 30.6
Private 107 35,168 5,614 9,129 16.0 26.0
Public 29 9,297 1,215 4,459 13.1 48.0
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 166 125,161 4,225 9,723 3.4 7.8
Private 131 97,667 3,583 4,293 3.7 4.4
Public 35 27,494 642 5,430 2.3 19.8
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 354 609,992 70,144 80,856 11.5 13.3
Private 309 537,983 52,473 55,674 9.8 10.3
Public 45 72,009 17,671 25,181 24.5 35.0
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 148 71,403 15,490 15,490 21.7 21.7
Private 124 59,579 9,233 9,233 15.5 15.5
Public 24 11,824 6,257 6,257 52.9 52.9
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 418 174,815 10,861 15,142 6.2 8.7
Private 330 138,226 8,325 10,051 6.0 7.3
Public 88 36,589 2,535 5,091 6.9 13.9
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 622 383,910 49,938 59,846 13.0 15.6
Private 493 306,212 23,282 26,476 7.6 8.6
Public 129 77,697 26,656 33,370 34.3 42.9
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 497 220,464 67,555 71,845 30.6 32.6
Private 428 190,992 47,217 50,176 24.7 26.3
Public 69 29,472 20,338 21,669 69.0 73.5
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 160 145,954 21,623 21,623 14.8 14.8
Private 143 131,005 18,016 18,016 13.8 13.8
Public 17 14,949 3,606 3,606 24.1 24.1
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 138 86,307 23,979 23,979 27.8 27.8
Private 121 75,940 18,510 18,510 24.4 24.4
Public 17 10,367 5,469 5,469 52.8 52.8
3690 Joliet, IL PMSA Total 279 180,070 39,207 42,462 21.8 23.6
Private 245 157,830 29,635 32,890 18.8 20.8
Public 34 22,240 9,572 9,572 43.0 43.0
3710 Joplin, MO MSA Total 151 128,244 9,508 10,387 7.4 8.1
Private 137 116,793 8,726 9,606 7.5 8.2
Public 14 11,451 781 781 6.8 6.8
3720 Kalamazoo, MI MSA Total 199 95,832 14,161 14,691 14.8 15.3
Private 158 76,206 7,555 8,084 9.9 10.6
Public 41 19,625 6,607 6,607 33.7 33.7
3740 Kankakee, IL MSA Total 118 72,825 13,074 14,809 18.0 20.3
Private 96 58,568 9,348 9,978 16.0 17.0
Public 22 14,257 3,726 4,831 26.1 33.9
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 1,092 829,421 123,268 140,953 14.9 17.0
Private 903 693,343 96,218 105,100 13.9 15.2
Public 189 136,077 27,050 35,853 19.9 26.3
3810 Killeen-Temple, TX MSA Total 136 110,163 4,535 5,342 4.1 4.8
Private 87 69,469 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 49 40,694 4,535 5,342 11.1 13.1
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 285 262,067 37,474 46,046 14.3 17.6
Private 237 219,249 32,259 33,893 14.7 15.5
Public 48 42,818 5,215 12,153 12.2 28.4
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 94 84,035 9,330 10,096 11.1 12.0
Private 80 71,819 5,844 5,844 8.1 8.1
Public 14 12,216 3,485 4,251 28.5 34.8
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 81 73,256 6,324 6,324 8.6 8.6
Private 71 64,134 6,324 6,324 9.9 9.9
Public 10 9,123 0 0 0.0 0.0
3965 Lake County, IL PMSA Total 393 257,161 46,368 52,278 18.0 20.3
Private 356 233,325 35,232 38,696 15.1 16.6
Public 37 23,837 11,136 13,582 46.7 57.0
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 320 193,499 17,848 22,763 9.2 11.8
Private 285 172,277 14,338 18,070 8.3 10.5
Public 35 21,222 3,510 4,693 16.5 22.1
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 314 196,336 28,146 31,871 14.3 16.2
Private 288 180,698 22,174 23,570 12.3 13.0
Public 26 15,638 5,972 8,300 38.2 53.1
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 372 178,351 49,717 53,068 27.9 29.8
Private 276 131,903 31,291 32,324 23.7 24.5
Public 96 46,448 18,426 20,745 39.7 44.7
4120 Las Vegas, NV MSA Total 1,296 317,344 61,051 67,787 19.2 21.4
Private 1,146 282,337 48,577 52,787 17.2 18.7
Public 150 35,007 12,474 15,000 35.6 42.8
4160 Lawrence-Haverhill, MA-NH PMSA Total 337 118,624 24,023 24,389 20.3 20.6
Private 287 100,990 13,509 13,509 13.4 13.4
Public 50 17,634 10,513 10,880 59.6 61.7
4200 Lawton, OK MSA Total 89 51,373 4,681 7,257 9.1 14.1
Private 57 33,682 1,853 2,225 5.5 6.6
Public 32 17,691 2,828 5,032 16.0 28.4
4280 Lexington-Fayette, KY MSA Total 196 148,298 10,475 11,431 7.1 7.7
Private 148 112,160 8,403 8,403 7.5 7.5
Public 48 36,138 2,072 3,029 5.7 8.4
4320 Lima, OH MSA Total 152 83,976 21,686 22,244 25.8 26.5
Private 139 76,953 17,789 17,789 23.1 23.1
Public 13 7,023 3,897 4,455 55.5 63.4
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 393 110,931 15,407 17,202 13.9 15.5
Private 299 84,540 10,187 10,496 12.1 12.4
Public 94 26,390 5,220 6,706 19.8 25.4
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 534 225,058 28,646 34,035 12.7 15.1
Private 411 172,423 14,800 17,055 8.6 9.9
Public 123 52,635 13,845 16,980 26.3 32.3
4440 Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 220 122,312 22,331 22,331 18.3 18.3
Private 198 110,128 17,332 17,332 15.7 15.7
Public 22 12,185 4,998 4,998 41.0 41.0
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 6,116 3,739,875 665,684 772,293 17.8 20.7
Private 5,312 3,254,810 424,206 489,849 13.0 15.1
Public 804 485,065 241,478 282,444 49.8 58.2
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 641 487,930 91,391 99,241 18.7 20.3
Private 549 419,774 60,159 64,733 14.3 15.4
Public 92 68,156 31,232 34,507 45.8 50.6
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 328 115,345 16,378 17,733 14.2 15.4
Private 273 96,043 6,392 7,382 6.7 7.7
Public 55 19,302 9,986 10,351 51.7 53.6
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 100 85,402 8,213 8,213 9.6 9.6
Private 84 71,879 3,063 3,063 4.3 4.3
Public 16 13,523 5,151 5,151 38.1 38.1
4680 Macon-Warner Robins, GA MSA Total 97 123,403 12,456 21,106 10.1 17.1
Private 77 98,153 6,944 7,967 7.1 8.1
Public 20 25,250 5,512 13,139 21.8 52.0
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 248 188,044 32,108 35,782 17.1 19.0
Private 180 136,702 9,745 11,159 7.1 8.2
Public 68 51,343 22,363 24,623 43.6 48.0
4760 Manchester, NH MSA Total 237 68,592 8,252 9,311 12.0 13.6
Private 200 57,945 3,584 3,830 6.2 6.6
Public 37 10,647 4,668 5,481 43.8 51.5
4800 Mansfield, OH MSA Total 174 93,021 20,577 23,242 22.1 25.0
Private 148 79,514 14,161 15,242 17.8 19.2
Public 26 13,507 6,416 8,000 47.5 59.2
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 210 126,890 5,394 7,154 4.3 5.6
Private 154 92,007 2,352 3,057 2.6 3.3
Public 56 34,884 3,042 4,097 8.7 11.7
4890 Medford, OR MSA Total 122 76,745 8,689 10,455 11.3 13.6
Private 95 59,822 3,263 3,263 5.5 5.5
Public 27 16,923 5,425 7,191 32.1 42.5
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 260 161,193 16,532 24,348 10.3 15.1
Private 215 133,479 7,425 13,090 5.6 9.8
Public 45 27,714 9,107 11,257 32.9 40.6
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 357 333,810 36,462 46,924 10.9 14.1
Private 301 280,568 25,095 27,610 8.9 9.8
Public 56 53,242 11,368 19,315 21.4 36.3
5000 Miami-Hialeah, FL PMSA Total 1,278 813,771 89,470 101,703 11.0 12.5
Private 1,096 699,811 34,544 41,402 4.9 5.9
Public 182 113,960 54,926 60,302 48.2 52.9
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 1,093 464,915 106,211 116,950 22.8 25.2
Private 929 395,694 61,346 69,151 15.5 17.5
Public 164 69,222 44,866 47,798 64.8 69.1
5080 Milwaukee, WI PMSA Total 897 688,295 168,361 177,676 24.5 25.8
Private 784 600,949 112,105 119,868 18.7 19.9
Public 113 87,345 56,256 57,808 64.4 66.2
5120 Minneapolis-St, Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 1,390 1,262,495 263,455 286,188 20.9 22.7
Private 1,171 1,065,352 152,242 163,974 14.3 15.4
Public 219 197,144 111,212 122,214 56.4 62.0
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 193 138,941 16,766 21,926 12.1 15.8
Private 165 119,286 12,017 14,882 10.1 12.5
Public 28 19,655 4,750 7,044 24.2 35.8
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 155 145,803 44,831 46,690 30.7 32.0
Private 131 123,689 33,057 34,916 26.7 28.2
Public 24 22,114 11,774 11,774 53.2 53.2
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 850 366,514 80,893 85,331 22.1 23.3
Private 680 292,332 44,845 46,232 15.3 15.8
Public 170 74,182 36,048 39,099 48.6 52.7
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 124 111,816 2,415 2,415 2.2 2.2
Private 101 92,310 784 784 0.8 0.8
Public 23 19,507 1,631 1,631 8.4 8.4
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 195 148,087 17,129 17,129 11.6 11.6
Private 140 107,379 6,364 6,364 5.9 5.9
Public 55 40,708 10,765 10,765 26.4 26.4
5320 Muskegon, MI MSA Total 151 70,919 19,133 19,133 27.0 27.0
Private 135 63,372 14,918 14,918 23.5 23.5
Public 16 7,547 4,215 4,215 55.8 55.8
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 481 450,954 43,505 48,200 9.6 10.7
Private 405 379,353 27,432 28,427 7.2 7.5
Public 76 71,601 16,074 19,773 22.4 27.6
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 2,086 1,185,540 326,050 351,821 27.5 29.7
Private 1,642 936,570 149,268 166,470 15.9 17.8
Public 444 248,970 176,783 185,351 71.0 74.4
5400 New Bedford, MA MSA Total 208 71,254 13,175 13,175 18.5 18.5
Private 177 60,862 8,513 8,513 14.0 14.0
Public 31 10,392 4,662 4,662 44.9 44.9
5440 New Britain, CT PMSA Total 103 71,538 11,767 14,524 16.4 20.3
Private 95 66,018 8,987 10,907 13.6 16.5
Public 8 5,520 2,780 3,617 50.4 65.5
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT MSA Total 234 208,283 44,302 55,736 21.3 26.8
Private 193 172,018 26,045 33,685 15.1 19.6
Public 41 36,266 18,257 22,050 50.3 60.8
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 158 103,731 26,169 31,166 25.2 30.0
Private 130 84,582 14,768 17,155 17.5 20.3
Public 28 19,149 11,401 14,011 59.5 73.2
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 488 456,533 33,934 45,713 7.4 10.0
Private 411 385,880 18,788 25,262 4.9 6.5
Public 77 70,652 15,146 20,451 21.4 28.9
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 5,499 3,155,389 965,532 1,066,412 30.6 33.8
Private 4,533 2,604,370 556,318 629,269 21.4 24.2
Public 966 551,018 409,214 437,143 74.3 79.3
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,824 801,703 191,738 215,276 23.9 26.9
Private 1,544 677,854 114,069 132,659 16.8 19.6
Public 280 123,849 77,669 82,617 62.7 66.7
5700 Niagara Falls, NY PMSA Total 174 96,605 32,145 32,713 33.3 33.9
Private 138 76,676 21,370 21,370 27.9 27.9
Public 36 19,929 10,775 11,343 54.1 56.9
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA MSA Total 567 525,058 55,393 86,160 10.5 16.4
Private 424 394,472 25,178 34,792 6.4 8.8
Public 143 130,586 30,215 51,368 23.1 39.3
5760 Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 83 51,978 6,236 6,236 12.0 12.0
Private 73 46,193 3,430 3,430 7.4 7.4
Public 10 5,784 2,806 2,806 48.5 48.5
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 810 769,318 191,579 207,015 24.9 26.9
Private 672 640,444 133,432 141,149 20.8 22.0
Public 138 128,874 58,148 65,866 45.1 51.1
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 153 105,027 8,169 9,389 7.8 8.9
Private 132 88,794 5,358 5,358 6.0 6.0
Public 21 16,233 2,810 4,031 17.3 24.8
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 669 410,334 46,778 60,817 11.4 14.8
Private 506 312,287 23,201 27,373 7.4 8.8
Public 163 98,047 23,578 33,444 24.0 34.1
5910 Olympia, WA MSA Total 159 142,522 31,783 34,754 22.3 24.4
Private 106 94,610 19,118 20,163 20.2 21.3
Public 53 47,912 12,666 14,592 26.4 30.5
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 824 234,801 31,360 42,901 13.4 18.3
Private 698 199,325 18,628 26,445 9.3 13.3
Public 126 35,476 12,732 16,456 35.9 46.4
5950 Orange County, NY PMSA Total 311 185,991 54,017 56,606 29.0 30.4
Private 231 138,801 21,515 23,059 15.5 16.6
Public 80 47,190 32,502 33,547 68.9 71.1
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 748 455,260 29,368 37,701 6.5 8.3
Private 653 398,013 16,065 21,467 4.0 5.4
Public 95 57,247 13,303 16,233 23.2 28.4
6000 Oxnard-Ventura, CA PMSA Total 283 276,096 43,976 58,040 15.9 21.0
Private 226 220,636 22,882 28,735 10.4 13.0
Public 57 55,460 21,094 29,305 38.0 52.8
6060 Pawtucket-Woonsocket-Attleboro, RI-MA PMSA Total 235 55,152 12,582 13,582 22.8 24.6
Private 209 49,131 7,606 8,606 15.5 17.5
Public 26 6,021 4,976 4,976 82.6 82.6
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 201 127,089 14,716 15,990 11.6 12.6
Private 164 104,286 4,086 5,361 3.9 5.1
Public 37 22,803 10,629 10,629 46.6 46.6
6120 Peoria, IL MSA Total 225 140,425 33,543 34,732 23.9 24.7
Private 206 128,595 27,298 28,487 21.2 22.2
Public 19 11,830 6,245 6,245 52.8 52.8
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 3,728 2,121,069 447,316 504,391 21.1 23.8
Private 3,161 1,806,574 270,048 309,782 14.9 17.1
Public 567 314,495 177,268 194,608 56.4 61.9
6200 Phoenix, AZ MSA Total 1,255 964,909 79,042 94,071 8.2 9.7
Private 1,064 816,769 40,995 46,027 5.0 5.6
Public 191 148,140 38,047 48,044 25.7 32.4
6280 Pittsburgh, PA PMSA Total 1,370 848,222 191,534 205,307 22.6 24.2
Private 1,217 753,381 134,211 143,682 17.8 19.1
Public 153 94,841 57,323 61,625 60.4 65.0
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 405 105,928 17,387 24,672 16.4 23.3
Private 338 88,681 6,829 11,445 7.7 12.9
Public 67 17,247 10,558 13,227 61.2 76.7
6440 Portland, OR PMSA Total 881 549,362 106,291 119,384 19.3 21.7
Private 763 476,841 66,990 72,398 14.0 15.2
Public 118 72,521 39,300 46,987 54.2 64.8
6450 Portsmouth-Dover-Rochester, NH-ME MSA Total 253 75,521 9,332 10,450 12.4 13.8
Private 206 61,260 3,993 4,221 6.5 6.9
Public 47 14,260 5,339 6,229 37.4 43.7
6460 Poughkeepsie, NY MSA Total 241 133,506 33,900 39,634 25.4 29.7
Private 200 110,423 17,286 19,455 15.7 17.6
Public 41 23,083 16,614 20,180 72.0 87.4
6480 Providence, RI PMSA Total 1,090 270,244 43,820 47,354 16.2 17.5
Private 942 233,708 21,719 24,245 9.3 10.4
Public 148 36,537 22,102 23,109 60.5 63.2
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 197 60,010 5,536 6,285 9.2 10.5
Private 175 53,609 2,376 3,125 4.4 5.8
Public 22 6,402 3,160 3,160 49.4 49.4
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 118 82,176 14,997 17,304 18.2 21.1
Private 96 67,664 10,514 12,084 15.5 17.9
Public 22 14,512 4,483 5,220 30.9 36.0
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 181 140,962 40,028 40,665 28.4 28.8
Private 149 117,227 26,574 26,574 22.7 22.7
Public 32 23,735 13,455 14,092 56.7 59.4
6640 Raleigh-Durham, NC MSA Total 1,040 370,351 14,969 18,249 4.0 4.9
Private 840 300,357 7,225 8,664 2.4 2.9
Public 200 69,994 7,743 9,585 11.1 13.7
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 244 150,767 30,731 31,335 20.4 20.8
Private 212 131,170 19,834 19,834 15.1 15.1
Public 32 19,597 10,897 11,501 55.6 58.7
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 313 78,680 7,266 7,781 9.2 9.9
Private 274 68,987 3,519 4,035 5.1 5.8
Public 39 9,693 3,746 3,746 38.7 38.7
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 407 371,905 26,185 35,631 7.0 9.6
Private 318 289,916 18,505 23,893 6.4 8.2
Public 89 81,989 7,680 11,738 9.4 14.3
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 926 922,155 216,794 245,152 23.5 26.6
Private 748 746,442 128,834 137,465 17.3 18.4
Public 178 175,713 87,960 107,687 50.1 61.3
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 185 170,995 15,771 16,654 9.2 9.7
Private 158 147,158 8,421 9,304 5.7 6.3
Public 27 23,837 7,350 7,350 30.8 30.8
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 830 468,545 58,709 64,249 12.5 13.7
Private 728 411,308 26,787 29,565 6.5 7.2
Public 102 57,237 31,922 34,684 55.8 60.6
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 173 108,240 13,772 14,366 12.7 13.3
Private 160 99,848 9,835 9,835 9.9 9.9
Public 13 8,392 3,937 4,531 46.9 54.0
6920 Sacramento, CA MSA Total 611 575,733 138,660 167,256 24.1 29.1
Private 431 407,495 56,154 60,097 13.8 14.7
Public 180 168,238 82,506 107,159 49.0 63.7
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 400 194,596 48,846 51,696 25.1 26.6
Private 347 169,397 36,439 38,849 21.5 22.9
Public 53 25,199 12,407 12,847 49.2 51.0
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL PMSA Total 642 809,615 128,549 146,806 15.9 18.1
Private 575 725,745 117,804 129,960 16.2 17.9
Public 67 83,870 10,745 16,846 12.8 20.1
7080 Salem, OR MSA Total 178 110,576 23,426 27,401 21.2 24.8
Private 131 81,216 7,381 8,079 9.1 9.9
Public 47 29,360 16,045 19,322 54.6 65.8
7090 Salem-Gloucester, MA PMSA Total 358 128,063 22,582 25,287 17.6 19.7
Private 311 111,870 10,442 12,082 9.3 10.8
Public 47 16,192 12,140 13,206 75.0 81.6
7120 Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, CA MSA Total 113 118,407 21,723 26,258 18.3 22.2
Private 84 88,696 8,213 9,129 9.3 10.3
Public 29 29,711 13,510 17,129 45.5 57.7
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,375 425,805 44,772 64,692 10.5 15.2
Private 1,075 333,803 20,269 27,277 6.1 8.2
Public 300 92,002 24,503 37,415 26.6 40.7
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 702 411,571 19,564 26,483 4.8 6.4
Private 565 332,282 9,667 13,359 2.9 4.0
Public 137 79,288 9,897 13,124 12.5 16.6
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 942 893,283 112,004 138,849 12.5 15.5
Private 804 763,134 68,783 78,592 9.0 10.3
Public 138 130,149 43,221 60,257 33.2 46.3
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 781 734,113 167,200 183,425 22.8 25.0
Private 673 632,685 111,144 122,421 17.6 19.3
Public 108 101,428 56,056 61,004 55.3 60.1
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 740 703,111 82,531 91,562 11.7 13.0
Private 655 621,591 46,746 52,327 7.5 8.4
Public 85 81,519 35,784 39,235 43.9 48.1
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 147 139,147 21,792 24,513 15.7 17.6
Private 126 120,366 12,391 14,273 10.3 11.9
Public 21 18,782 9,401 10,240 50.1 54.5
7485 Santa Cruz, CA PMSA Total 119 112,703 18,053 21,719 16.0 19.3
Private 97 91,651 8,728 10,500 9.5 11.5
Public 22 21,052 9,325 11,219 44.3 53.3
7500 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA PMSA Total 177 174,621 22,257 26,582 12.7 15.2
Private 163 161,091 12,667 16,022 7.9 9.9
Public 14 13,530 9,590 10,560 70.9 78.0
7510 Sarasota, FL MSA Total 166 99,994 6,960 8,206 7.0 8.2
Private 142 84,860 662 662 0.8 0.8
Public 24 15,134 6,297 7,544 41.6 49.8
7520 Savannah, GA MSA Total 77 100,814 4,588 5,845 4.6 5.8
Private 60 76,716 4,588 5,845 6.0 7.6
Public 17 24,097 0 0 0.0 0.0
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA MSA Total 439 268,996 64,348 69,152 23.9 25.7
Private 379 232,103 43,404 45,755 18.7 19.7
Public 60 36,893 20,944 23,396 56.8 63.4
7600 Seattle, WA PMSA Total 1,045 937,730 202,637 234,882 21.6 25.0
Private 916 823,907 144,874 165,781 17.6 20.1
Public 129 113,822 57,764 69,101 50.7 60.7
7610 Sharon, PA MSA Total 144 90,242 23,679 23,679 26.2 26.2
Private 122 77,142 15,205 15,205 19.7 19.7
Public 22 13,101 8,474 8,474 64.7 64.7
7680 Shreveport, LA MSA Total 154 132,066 14,794 21,781 11.2 16.5
Private 128 110,043 8,299 9,366 7.5 8.5
Public 26 22,023 6,496 12,415 29.5 56.4
7720 Sioux City, IA-NE MSA Total 103 51,688 7,677 11,337 14.9 21.9
Private 90 45,329 5,373 8,070 11.9 17.8
Public 13 6,359 2,303 3,268 36.2 51.4
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 598 62,522 5,446 6,934 8.7 11.1
Private 525 54,807 3,395 4,005 6.2 7.3
Public 73 7,715 2,051 2,929 26.6 38.0
7800 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN MSA Total 130 119,861 24,625 25,618 20.5 21.4
Private 117 108,283 18,934 19,927 17.5 18.4
Public 13 11,577 5,691 5,691 49.2 49.2
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 136 122,726 32,086 34,060 26.1 27.8
Private 109 98,708 15,622 16,508 15.8 16.7
Public 27 24,019 16,464 17,552 68.5 73.1
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 144 88,586 23,357 30,285 26.4 34.2
Private 93 58,030 5,899 9,314 10.2 16.1
Public 51 30,556 17,458 20,971 57.1 68.6
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 113 100,846 6,323 6,323 6.3 6.3
Private 94 84,612 2,637 2,637 3.1 3.1
Public 19 16,234 3,686 3,686 22.7 22.7
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 659 230,536 55,849 60,886 24.2 26.4
Private 543 190,627 31,550 33,654 16.6 17.7
Public 116 39,908 24,299 27,231 60.9 68.2
8040 Stamford, CT PMSA Total 145 95,725 12,392 12,392 12.9 12.9
Private 133 87,750 6,357 6,357 7.2 7.2
Public 12 7,975 6,035 6,035 75.7 75.7
8120 Stockton, CA MSA Total 179 167,931 38,680 48,958 23.0 29.2
Private 142 133,392 22,106 26,770 16.6 20.1
Public 37 34,539 16,574 22,188 48.0 64.2
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 574 318,719 102,298 105,633 32.1 33.1
Private 463 259,205 60,151 61,893 23.2 23.9
Public 111 59,514 42,148 43,740 70.8 73.5
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 256 235,464 51,490 61,356 21.9 26.1
Private 213 195,477 29,248 33,596 15.0 17.2
Public 43 39,987 22,241 27,760 55.6 69.4
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 206 124,550 3,346 9,191 2.7 7.4
Private 126 76,667 600 1,276 0.8 1.7
Public 80 47,883 2,746 7,915 5.7 16.5
8280 Tampa-St, Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,375 828,119 45,361 61,225 5.5 7.4
Private 1,182 714,389 25,572 29,348 3.6 4.1
Public 193 113,730 19,789 31,877 17.4 28.0
8320 Terre Haute, IN MSA Total 89 73,129 8,238 8,238 11.3 11.3
Private 73 59,904 6,161 6,161 10.3 10.3
Public 16 13,225 2,077 2,077 15.7 15.7
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 464 258,282 83,560 89,750 32.4 34.7
Private 388 216,342 59,592 62,520 27.5 28.9
Public 76 41,940 23,968 27,230 57.1 64.9
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 127 55,873 9,659 16,419 17.3 29.4
Private 94 41,197 6,113 9,265 14.8 22.5
Public 33 14,676 3,546 7,155 24.2 48.8
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 353 148,802 42,095 54,568 28.3 36.7
Private 279 117,581 21,945 30,686 18.7 26.1
Public 74 31,221 20,151 23,882 64.5 76.5
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 278 213,456 9,787 11,580 4.6 5.4
Private 224 171,730 3,710 4,338 2.2 2.5
Public 54 41,726 6,077 7,243 14.6 17.4
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 525 314,163 39,311 42,465 12.5 13.5
Private 451 269,347 26,148 26,148 9.7 9.7
Public 74 44,817 13,163 16,317 29.4 36.4
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 137 105,605 13,514 14,302 12.8 13.5
Private 95 74,068 9,720 9,720 13.1 13.1
Public 42 31,537 3,794 4,583 12.0 14.5
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 267 146,583 43,367 48,710 29.6 33.2
Private 198 109,633 17,020 19,123 15.5 17.4
Public 69 36,951 26,347 29,586 71.3 80.1
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 179 169,349 37,624 40,521 22.2 23.9
Private 147 138,799 22,074 22,074 15.9 15.9
Public 32 30,549 15,550 18,447 50.9 60.4
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 181 173,167 20,244 21,303 11.7 12.3
Private 147 140,286 7,959 7,959 5.7 5.7
Public 34 32,880 12,285 13,344 37.4 40.6
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 127 141,737 4,928 4,928 3.5 3.5
Private 103 117,792 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 24 23,946 4,928 4,928 20.6 20.6
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA MSA Total 3,466 1,987,117 241,628 297,945 12.2 15.0
Private 2,339 1,364,258 117,702 131,650 8.6 9.6
Public 1,127 622,859 123,926 166,295 19.9 26.7
8880 Waterbury, CT MSA Total 201 131,169 30,593 32,540 23.3 24.8
Private 174 113,547 18,350 19,691 16.2 17.3
Public 27 17,622 12,243 12,849 69.5 72.9
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 110 56,312 11,432 14,548 20.3 25.8
Private 90 46,112 8,043 8,539 17.4 18.5
Public 20 10,200 3,388 6,008 33.2 58.9
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL MSA Total 540 332,010 27,284 33,313 8.2 10.0
Private 460 281,277 8,532 12,625 3.0 4.5
Public 80 50,733 18,752 20,688 37.0 40.8
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 85 31,369 8,388 8,388 26.7 26.7
Private 76 28,072 8,061 8,061 28.7 28.7
Public 9 3,297 327 327 9.9 9.9
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 559 252,035 29,928 40,998 11.9 16.3
Private 477 215,223 20,946 27,537 9.7 12.8
Public 82 36,812 8,982 13,461 24.4 36.6
9140 Williamsport, PA MSA Total 150 93,038 14,670 15,307 15.8 16.5
Private 142 88,235 11,809 12,446 13.4 14.1
Public 8 4,803 2,861 2,861 59.6 59.6
9160 Wilmington, DE-NJ-MD PMSA Total 1,244 205,376 30,150 34,276 14.7 16.7
Private 1,105 182,313 20,600 23,284 11.3 12.8
Public 139 23,063 9,550 10,992 41.4 47.7
9240 Worcester, MA MSA Total 520 187,350 26,993 27,674 14.4 14.8
Private 465 167,827 15,790 16,470 9.4 9.8
Public 55 19,522 11,203 11,203 57.4 57.4
9280 York, PA MSA Total 347 218,393 35,255 40,150 16.1 18.4
Private 302 190,889 25,902 27,643 13.6 14.5
Public 45 27,504 9,353 12,506 34.0 45.5
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 362 200,089 67,910 74,938 33.9 37.5
Private 323 178,466 57,764 63,231 32.4 35.4
Public 39 21,622 10,146 11,707 46.9 54.1
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 132 126,065 31,295 31,295 24.8 24.8
Private 98 93,761 10,455 10,455 11.2 11.2
Public 34 32,304 20,840 20,840 64.5 64.5
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 1990. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2001 tables are based
on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS. For five CMSAs during 1986-94, counts for the component PMSAs do not add to the CMSA total because the CPS
failed to assign some households to PMSAs. This causes employment estimates in the component PMSAs to be understated.
CMSA employment counts are correct for these five urban areas during 1986-93, but are understated in 1994. The five CMSAs
are: Boston, Hartford, Philadelphia, Providence, and St. Louis.
2002 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.