Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 1991 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by CPS size code):
7 Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH Total 5,144 1,840,994 296,796 317,329 16.1 17.2
Private 4,451 1,594,693 143,817 159,825 9.0 10.0
Public 693 246,302 152,979 157,504 62.1 63.9
Priv Const 142 50,997 10,865 10,865 21.3 21.3
Priv Manuf 973 346,360 39,298 44,374 11.3 12.8
30 Buffalo-Niagra Falls, NY Total 867 496,588 159,285 166,014 32.1 33.4
Private 727 418,143 99,216 103,206 23.7 24.7
Public 140 78,445 60,069 62,808 76.6 80.1
Priv Const 29 16,729 7,283 7,283 43.5 43.5
Priv Manuf 182 104,160 46,913 47,470 45.0 45.6
3 Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI Total 5,354 3,618,947 768,735 833,929 21.2 23.0
Private 4,639 3,142,666 534,875 577,498 17.0 18.4
Public 715 476,282 233,860 256,431 49.1 53.8
Priv Const 215 153,980 78,545 86,596 51.0 56.2
Priv Manuf 1,132 778,315 181,744 187,853 23.4 24.1
22 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,380 792,283 136,461 146,762 17.2 18.5
Private 1,195 686,696 95,732 98,469 13.9 14.3
Public 185 105,587 40,729 48,293 38.6 45.7
Priv Const 54 31,085 5,913 5,913 19.0 19.0
Priv Manuf 329 185,019 53,254 54,927 28.8 29.7
11 Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH Total 1,949 1,092,898 216,488 232,611 19.8 21.3
Private 1,664 933,991 138,884 149,107 14.9 16.0
Public 285 158,907 77,604 83,504 48.8 52.5
Priv Const 70 39,874 13,751 13,751 34.5 34.5
Priv Manuf 442 250,030 62,208 65,824 24.9 26.3
10 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 2,151 1,994,139 144,461 170,192 7.2 8.5
Private 1,871 1,736,300 93,815 110,172 5.4 6.3
Public 280 257,839 50,647 60,021 19.6 23.3
Priv Const 80 76,553 3,563 3,563 4.7 4.7
Priv Manuf 401 367,654 38,072 44,396 10.4 12.1
21 Denver-Boulder, CO Total 1,289 900,447 91,296 108,820 10.1 12.1
Private 1,078 752,995 60,714 65,984 8.1 8.8
Public 211 147,452 30,582 42,836 20.7 29.1
Priv Const 47 32,604 5,077 5,077 15.6 15.6
Priv Manuf 176 124,359 9,764 11,133 7.9 9.0
6 Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI Total 3,923 1,956,354 490,562 520,712 25.1 26.6
Private 3,357 1,678,817 327,092 343,770 19.5 20.5
Public 566 277,537 163,470 176,942 58.9 63.8
Priv Const 141 70,908 27,964 27,964 39.4 39.4
Priv Manuf 989 495,542 171,869 178,852 34.7 36.1
36 Hartford-New Britain-Middletown, CT Total 588 508,436 98,174 102,691 19.3 20.2
Private 506 437,864 49,963 52,825 11.4 12.1
Public 82 70,571 48,211 49,866 68.3 70.7
Priv Const 21 17,464 3,845 3,845 22.0 22.0
Priv Manuf 118 102,554 13,836 16,698 13.5 16.3
8 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,755 1,649,645 97,216 114,728 5.9 7.0
Private 1,511 1,422,616 61,222 74,330 4.3 5.2
Public 244 227,030 35,994 40,398 15.9 17.8
Priv Const 154 143,693 7,790 8,799 5.4 6.1
Priv Manuf 225 209,488 22,010 24,701 10.5 11.8
2 Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA Total 8,231 5,896,121 1,038,543 1,203,779 17.6 20.4
Private 7,068 5,052,968 631,366 710,998 12.5 14.1
Public 1,163 843,153 407,177 492,781 48.3 58.4
Priv Const 371 285,055 67,317 71,066 23.6 24.9
Priv Manuf 1,745 1,246,299 181,408 199,266 14.6 16.0
12 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 1,875 1,267,674 118,484 175,538 9.3 13.8
Private 1,580 1,067,935 32,477 59,654 3.0 5.6
Public 295 199,738 86,007 115,884 43.1 58.0
Priv Const 87 62,520 3,556 4,267 5.7 6.8
Priv Manuf 198 135,421 3,474 6,775 2.6 5.0
24 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 1,073 816,872 198,040 206,802 24.2 25.3
Private 916 697,884 132,907 137,228 19.0 19.7
Public 157 118,988 65,134 69,574 54.7 58.5
Priv Const 33 25,863 12,650 12,650 48.9 48.9
Priv Manuf 303 232,300 82,307 82,307 35.4 35.4
1 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Total 13,742 7,167,650 1,945,711 2,092,990 27.1 29.2
Private 11,373 5,922,740 1,081,467 1,185,705 18.3 20.0
Public 2,369 1,244,910 864,244 907,285 69.4 72.9
Priv Const 530 276,112 111,498 118,169 40.4 42.8
Priv Manuf 2,190 1,118,895 242,260 260,441 21.7 23.3
4 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 5,322 2,490,425 548,766 610,611 22.0 24.5
Private 4,489 2,097,394 332,643 370,732 15.9 17.7
Public 833 393,031 216,123 239,879 55.0 61.0
Priv Const 224 100,022 38,992 39,692 39.0 39.7
Priv Manuf 997 453,436 130,127 140,527 28.7 31.0
13 Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA Total 1,500 930,101 201,769 221,242 21.7 23.8
Private 1,304 808,784 133,222 140,463 16.5 17.4
Public 196 121,317 68,547 80,780 56.5 66.6
Priv Const 76 47,719 16,088 16,088 33.7 33.7
Priv Manuf 222 137,331 43,656 45,975 31.8 33.5
26 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA Total 1,000 673,565 123,047 142,657 18.3 21.2
Private 863 580,537 71,940 84,026 12.4 14.5
Public 137 93,028 51,107 58,631 54.9 63.0
Priv Const 42 28,811 12,486 14,255 43.3 49.5
Priv Manuf 190 126,968 17,650 18,434 13.9 14.5
34 Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River, RI-MA Total 1,818 509,618 106,986 112,651 21.0 22.1
Private 1,520 424,545 49,625 51,114 11.7 12.0
Public 298 85,073 57,361 61,537 67.4 72.3
Priv Const 71 20,077 4,762 4,762 23.7 23.7
Priv Manuf 439 121,123 15,921 16,286 13.1 13.4
14 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 990 1,032,574 183,886 197,117 17.8 19.1
Private 843 895,371 152,420 154,426 17.0 17.2
Public 147 137,202 31,466 42,691 22.9 31.1
Priv Const 46 47,286 18,071 18,071 38.2 38.2
Priv Manuf 195 202,801 60,210 61,570 29.7 30.4
5 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,715 2,719,694 538,625 584,651 19.8 21.5
Private 2,328 2,330,232 336,956 364,820 14.5 15.7
Public 387 389,462 201,670 219,831 51.8 56.4
Priv Const 111 115,956 34,414 35,587 29.7 30.7
Priv Manuf 558 550,998 64,463 67,097 11.7 12.2
18 Seattle-Tacoma, WA Total 1,253 1,213,184 277,835 316,511 22.9 26.1
Private 1,040 1,009,605 171,486 197,971 17.0 19.6
Public 213 203,578 106,349 118,540 52.2 58.2
Priv Const 55 52,188 12,674 15,022 24.3 28.8
Priv Manuf 236 229,231 72,317 83,715 31.5 36.5
9 Washington, DC-MD-VA Total 3,237 1,961,490 221,957 278,914 11.3 14.2
Private 2,202 1,350,411 124,778 137,482 9.2 10.2
Public 1,035 611,079 97,179 141,432 15.9 23.1
Priv Const 104 85,565 10,035 10,260 11.7 12.0
Priv Manuf 161 120,062 13,711 14,770 11.4 12.3
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH, PMSA Total 489 270,289 49,970 56,196 18.5 20.8
Private 399 221,229 31,350 34,811 14.2 15.7
Public 90 49,060 18,620 21,385 38.0 43.6
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 642 373,093 103,268 112,329 27.7 30.1
Private 434 254,088 31,604 36,009 12.4 14.2
Public 208 119,005 71,664 76,321 60.2 64.1
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 712 210,496 27,549 32,531 13.1 15.5
Private 525 155,700 13,033 13,382 8.4 8.6
Public 187 54,795 14,516 19,149 26.5 34.9
240 Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ MSA Total 454 279,049 58,683 62,345 21.0 22.3
Private 411 252,974 45,405 47,849 17.9 18.9
Public 43 26,075 13,278 14,495 50.9 55.6
280 Altoona, PA MSA Total 131 80,602 14,679 16,589 18.2 20.6
Private 108 66,364 9,195 11,104 13.9 16.7
Public 23 14,238 5,485 5,485 38.5 38.5
360 Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA PMSA Total 1,083 1,107,383 153,052 168,031 13.8 15.2
Private 965 987,633 99,051 103,042 10.0 10.4
Public 118 119,750 54,000 64,989 45.1 54.3
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 1,471 114,798 22,342 24,751 19.5 21.6
Private 1,104 86,843 9,359 10,121 10.8 11.7
Public 367 27,955 12,983 14,630 46.4 52.3
400 Anderson, IN MSA Total 108 100,387 31,715 34,135 31.6 34.0
Private 97 87,806 26,339 26,339 30.0 30.0
Public 11 12,581 5,376 7,796 42.7 62.0
405 Anderson, SC MSA Total 162 93,792 6,859 6,859 7.3 7.3
Private 135 79,713 5,466 5,466 6.9 6.9
Public 27 14,079 1,393 1,393 9.9 9.9
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 186 91,724 19,317 20,369 21.1 22.2
Private 127 63,762 7,255 7,723 11.4 12.1
Public 59 27,962 12,062 12,647 43.1 45.2
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenaht, WI MSA Total 183 135,961 36,329 39,458 26.7 29.0
Private 159 118,241 23,725 25,336 20.1 21.4
Public 24 17,719 12,604 14,123 71.1 79.7
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 178 66,165 6,302 6,302 9.5 9.5
Private 146 54,147 3,250 3,250 6.0 6.0
Public 32 12,018 3,052 3,052 25.4 25.4
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,032 1,440,715 101,939 137,659 7.1 9.6
Private 877 1,229,152 72,805 92,140 5.9 7.5
Public 155 211,563 29,134 45,519 13.8 21.5
600 Augusta, GA-SC MSA Total 173 154,829 11,203 14,633 7.2 9.5
Private 134 112,977 8,785 9,957 7.8 8.8
Public 39 41,852 2,418 4,676 5.8 11.2
620 Aurora-Elgin, IL PMSA Total 263 166,713 35,122 36,533 21.1 21.9
Private 229 145,914 22,678 24,089 15.5 16.5
Public 34 20,800 12,444 12,444 59.8 59.8
640 Austin, TX MSA Total 479 474,908 28,893 39,072 6.1 8.2
Private 319 311,608 9,305 10,878 3.0 3.5
Public 160 163,300 19,588 28,194 12.0 17.3
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 224 221,652 39,952 41,808 18.0 18.9
Private 184 183,486 17,354 17,354 9.5 9.5
Public 40 38,167 22,598 24,454 59.2 64.1
720 Baltimore, MD MSA Total 969 1,076,270 160,053 183,266 14.9 17.0
Private 736 818,623 91,866 97,705 11.2 11.9
Public 233 257,647 68,186 85,561 26.5 33.2
760 Baton Rouge, LA MSA Total 250 219,591 15,470 16,211 7.0 7.4
Private 195 171,773 13,771 14,512 8.0 8.4
Public 55 47,818 1,699 1,699 3.6 3.6
780 Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 124 61,464 17,825 21,207 29.0 34.5
Private 100 49,511 11,752 13,146 23.7 26.6
Public 24 11,953 6,074 8,061 50.8 67.4
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, FL MSA Total 185 162,879 22,145 22,145 13.6 13.6
Private 165 144,807 19,424 19,424 13.4 13.4
Public 20 18,072 2,721 2,721 15.1 15.1
845 Beaver County, PA PMSA Total 89 53,992 18,070 18,070 33.5 33.5
Private 75 45,887 12,327 12,327 26.9 26.9
Public 14 8,105 5,742 5,742 70.9 70.9
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 146 131,809 26,576 28,635 20.2 21.7
Private 116 103,465 12,089 12,089 11.7 11.7
Public 30 28,343 14,487 16,546 51.1 58.4
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 96 45,881 5,585 5,585 12.2 12.2
Private 89 42,652 4,242 4,242 9.9 9.9
Public 7 3,229 1,343 1,343 41.6 41.6
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 1,302 544,833 117,638 122,636 21.6 22.5
Private 1,129 473,910 71,530 74,366 15.1 15.7
Public 173 70,923 46,107 48,270 65.0 68.1
920 Biloxi-Gulfport, MS MSA Total 159 61,400 5,155 7,289 8.4 11.9
Private 122 46,895 2,790 4,104 5.9 8.8
Public 37 14,505 2,366 3,185 16.3 22.0
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 200 115,243 22,845 23,461 19.8 20.4
Private 177 102,044 13,119 13,735 12.9 13.5
Public 23 13,199 9,726 9,726 73.7 73.7
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 519 379,229 43,258 50,678 11.4 13.4
Private 443 322,164 30,375 32,338 9.4 10.0
Public 76 57,065 12,882 18,341 22.6 32.1
1040 Bloomington-Normal, IL MSA Total 159 96,494 15,797 17,056 16.4 17.7
Private 134 82,042 12,194 12,194 14.9 14.9
Public 25 14,452 3,603 4,862 24.9 33.6
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 586 110,126 6,642 7,371 6.0 6.7
Private 479 90,066 3,131 3,343 3.5 3.7
Public 107 20,061 3,511 4,028 17.5 20.1
1120 Boston, MA PMSR Total 3,404 1,222,032 193,972 207,377 15.9 17.0
Private 2,950 1,059,404 91,422 103,488 8.6 9.8
Public 454 162,628 102,550 103,888 63.1 63.9
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 178 122,315 9,959 11,277 8.1 9.2
Private 140 96,164 7,189 8,507 7.5 8.8
Public 38 26,151 2,770 2,770 10.6 10.6
1140 Bradenton, FL MSA Total 135 104,040 10,974 16,522 10.5 15.9
Private 105 77,470 3,375 4,854 4.4 6.3
Public 30 26,570 7,599 11,668 28.6 43.9
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 80 74,247 1,625 2,414 2.2 3.3
Private 71 66,644 1,625 1,625 2.4 2.4
Public 9 7,603 0 788 0.0 10.4
1160 Bridgeport-Milford, CT PMSA Total 280 253,807 43,523 46,137 17.1 18.2
Private 254 229,225 23,456 26,070 10.2 11.4
Public 26 24,583 20,068 20,068 81.6 81.6
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 205 75,506 13,587 13,928 18.0 18.4
Private 180 66,639 8,191 8,191 12.3 12.3
Public 25 8,866 5,396 5,738 60.9 64.7
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX MSA Total 124 76,575 4,110 4,638 5.4 6.1
Private 97 60,031 1,099 1,099 1.8 1.8
Public 27 16,544 3,011 3,540 18.2 21.4
1280 Buffalo, NY PMSA Total 676 387,486 119,168 125,896 30.8 32.5
Private 565 325,782 72,292 76,281 22.2 23.4
Public 111 61,705 46,876 49,615 76.0 80.4
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 425 72,050 6,867 8,308 9.5 11.5
Private 361 60,981 2,142 2,414 3.5 4.0
Public 64 11,069 4,725 5,894 42.7 53.2
1320 Canton, OH MSA Total 297 181,297 47,624 49,578 26.3 27.3
Private 254 155,890 36,295 37,257 23.3 23.9
Public 43 25,407 11,330 12,322 44.6 48.5
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 170 84,427 13,408 20,542 15.9 24.3
Private 146 72,768 7,947 10,809 10.9 14.9
Public 24 11,659 5,461 9,733 46.8 83.5
1400 Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, IL MSA Total 132 106,981 13,083 14,491 12.2 13.5
Private 97 80,362 5,014 5,014 6.2 6.2
Public 35 26,618 8,069 9,477 30.3 35.6
1440 Charleston, SC MSA Total 332 192,603 17,584 21,924 9.1 11.4
Private 224 130,962 6,338 7,872 4.8 6.0
Public 108 61,640 11,246 14,052 18.2 22.8
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 279 91,616 13,516 14,189 14.8 15.5
Private 217 71,292 10,373 10,373 14.6 14.6
Public 62 20,324 3,142 3,815 15.5 18.8
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 1,562 608,448 38,333 46,039 6.3 7.6
Private 1,392 542,875 27,513 32,745 5.1 6.0
Public 170 65,573 10,820 13,294 16.5 20.3
1560 Chattanooga, TN-A MSA Total 214 206,204 32,379 35,268 15.7 17.1
Private 169 163,495 15,419 15,419 9.4 9.4
Public 45 42,709 16,960 19,849 39.7 46.5
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 4,209 2,733,954 569,709 625,187 20.8 22.9
Private 3,637 2,362,760 373,317 409,398 15.8 17.3
Public 572 371,194 196,392 215,789 52.9 58.1
1620 Chico, CA MSA Total 89 87,349 14,735 19,907 16.9 22.8
Private 67 65,244 3,768 5,966 5.8 9.1
Public 22 22,104 10,968 13,941 49.6 63.1
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 1,137 656,290 111,198 120,390 16.9 18.3
Private 979 565,527 77,096 79,833 13.6 14.1
Public 158 90,763 34,102 40,557 37.6 44.7
1680 Cleveland, OH PMSA Total 1,279 722,015 143,087 151,910 19.8 21.0
Private 1,104 622,881 88,951 95,171 14.3 15.3
Public 175 99,134 54,136 56,739 54.6 57.2
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 232 160,816 15,796 19,902 9.8 12.4
Private 179 124,263 6,744 6,744 5.4 5.4
Public 53 36,553 9,052 13,158 24.8 36.0
1740 Colombia, MO MSA Total 100 86,709 4,204 6,927 4.8 8.0
Private 63 54,419 918 918 1.7 1.7
Public 37 32,289 3,286 6,010 10.2 18.6
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 361 216,733 11,401 12,485 5.3 5.8
Private 270 163,144 6,376 7,460 3.9 4.6
Public 91 53,589 5,025 5,025 9.4 9.4
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 77 104,261 7,593 9,779 7.3 9.4
Private 53 72,666 4,171 4,171 5.7 5.7
Public 24 31,594 3,422 5,608 10.8 17.8
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 1,102 616,666 102,657 112,712 16.6 18.3
Private 896 501,636 46,106 49,304 9.2 9.8
Public 206 115,030 56,551 63,408 49.2 55.1
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 211 130,617 9,572 13,351 7.3 10.2
Private 161 99,838 2,802 4,675 2.8 4.7
Public 50 30,779 6,770 8,676 22.0 28.2
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,482 1,359,311 79,764 97,510 5.9 7.2
Private 1,295 1,187,590 52,170 63,487 4.4 5.3
Public 187 171,721 27,594 34,023 16.1 19.8
1930 Danbury, CT PMSR Total 125 83,821 10,749 10,749 12.8 12.8
Private 114 75,888 6,028 6,028 7.9 7.9
Public 11 7,934 4,722 4,722 59.5 59.5
1960 Davenport-Rock Island-Moline, IA-IL MSA Total 239 132,103 25,175 27,449 19.1 20.8
Private 209 115,249 18,921 18,921 16.4 16.4
Public 30 16,853 6,254 8,528 37.1 50.6
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 696 384,132 69,323 78,403 18.0 20.4
Private 587 325,564 50,594 55,031 15.5 16.9
Public 109 58,568 18,729 23,373 32.0 39.9
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 186 129,671 9,950 11,460 7.7 8.8
Private 152 106,864 3,767 4,593 3.5 4.3
Public 34 22,807 6,183 6,867 27.1 30.1
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 1,111 778,133 81,336 97,543 10.5 12.5
Private 938 656,831 53,525 57,477 8.1 8.8
Public 173 121,301 27,812 40,066 22.9 33.0
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 364 177,549 26,403 33,042 14.9 18.6
Private 305 148,558 16,188 16,654 10.9 11.2
Public 59 28,991 10,216 16,388 35.2 56.5
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 3,737 1,864,630 471,246 500,343 25.3 26.8
Private 3,230 1,615,055 319,838 336,047 19.8 20.8
Public 507 249,575 151,408 164,295 60.7 65.8
2240 Duluth, MN-WI MSA Total 89 77,733 27,991 31,100 36.0 40.0
Private 74 64,535 21,778 22,452 33.7 34.8
Public 15 13,198 6,213 8,648 47.1 65.5
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 332 208,169 17,404 27,904 8.4 13.4
Private 254 159,001 5,925 8,014 3.7 5.0
Public 78 49,168 11,479 19,890 23.3 40.5
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 170 110,931 32,543 33,860 29.3 30.5
Private 151 98,038 26,127 27,445 26.6 28.0
Public 19 12,894 6,416 6,416 49.8 49.8
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 182 115,917 21,049 22,108 18.2 19.1
Private 147 94,544 9,932 9,932 10.5 10.5
Public 35 21,374 11,117 12,176 52.0 57.0
2440 Evansville, IN-KY MSA Total 128 109,273 20,399 20,399 18.7 18.7
Private 118 101,043 14,506 14,506 14.4 14.4
Public 10 8,230 5,893 5,893 71.6 71.6
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 222 81,592 5,622 8,685 6.9 10.6
Private 167 61,257 2,841 3,672 4.6 6.0
Public 55 20,335 2,781 5,013 13.7 24.7
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale, AR MSA Total 121 48,616 316 3,651 0.6 7.5
Private 98 39,035 0 1,878 0.0 4.8
Public 23 9,582 316 1,773 3.3 18.5
2640 Flint, MI MSA Total 366 179,978 67,990 69,768 37.8 38.8
Private 313 154,500 52,203 53,561 33.8 34.7
Public 53 25,478 15,787 16,207 62.0 63.6
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 128 89,328 16,379 18,762 18.3 21.0
Private 96 68,694 8,678 8,678 12.6 12.6
Public 32 20,634 7,700 10,084 37.3 48.9
2655 Florence, SC MSA Total 117 68,067 6,053 6,526 8.9 9.6
Private 97 56,520 3,495 3,495 6.2 6.2
Public 20 11,547 2,557 3,031 22.1 26.2
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 159 108,665 3,449 3,449 3.2 3.2
Private 122 83,879 2,819 2,819 3.4 3.4
Public 37 24,786 631 631 2.5 2.5
2680 Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach, FL PMSA Total 702 466,122 43,840 66,138 9.4 14.2
Private 584 387,357 10,923 16,436 2.8 4.2
Public 118 78,765 32,917 49,701 41.8 63.1
2700 Fort Myers, FL MSA Total 182 130,541 9,247 12,377 7.1 9.5
Private 160 114,808 1,888 3,371 1.6 2.9
Public 22 15,733 7,359 9,006 46.8 57.2
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 157 64,604 5,455 5,832 8.4 9.0
Private 137 56,318 3,814 4,192 6.8 7.4
Public 20 8,286 1,640 1,640 19.8 19.8
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 129 85,641 10,827 16,090 12.6 18.8
Private 100 65,938 5,375 6,577 8.2 10.0
Public 29 19,702 5,452 9,513 27.7 48.3
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 95 170,291 24,524 24,524 14.4 14.4
Private 87 156,077 21,513 21,513 13.8 13.8
Public 8 14,214 3,011 3,011 21.2 21.2
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 669 634,827 64,697 72,682 10.2 11.4
Private 576 548,710 41,644 46,685 7.6 8.5
Public 93 86,118 23,053 25,997 26.8 30.2
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 262 272,471 54,209 60,910 19.9 22.4
Private 199 207,374 28,695 28,695 13.8 13.8
Public 63 65,097 25,515 32,215 39.2 49.5
2880 Gadsden, AL MSA Total 123 80,033 12,631 14,759 15.8 18.4
Private 99 65,871 7,220 8,682 11.0 13.2
Public 24 14,162 5,411 6,077 38.2 42.9
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 149 97,851 6,578 9,277 6.7 9.5
Private 87 57,160 719 719 1.3 1.3
Public 62 40,691 5,859 8,558 14.4 21.0
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 107 97,580 12,838 12,838 13.2 13.2
Private 77 68,885 10,207 10,207 14.8 14.8
Public 30 28,695 2,631 2,631 9.2 9.2
2960 Gary-Hammond, IN PMSA Total 118 224,158 78,250 80,725 34.9 36.0
Private 106 201,610 76,772 79,247 38.1 39.3
Public 12 22,548 1,478 1,478 6.6 6.6
3000 Grand Rapids, MI MSA Total 597 289,138 41,930 43,294 14.5 15.0
Private 530 257,392 23,424 23,424 9.1 9.1
Public 67 31,746 18,506 19,870 58.3 62.6
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 1,259 468,209 28,101 38,165 6.0 8.2
Private 1,130 419,338 17,541 24,650 4.2 5.9
Public 129 48,871 10,560 13,516 21.6 27.7
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg, SC MSA Total 544 314,491 4,229 9,688 1.3 3.1
Private 484 280,034 3,048 3,048 1.1 1.1
Public 60 34,456 1,181 6,641 3.4 19.3
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 243 135,992 25,263 26,372 18.6 19.4
Private 216 121,169 18,636 18,636 15.4 15.4
Public 27 14,824 6,627 7,736 44.7 52.2
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 300 183,230 28,578 32,716 15.6 17.9
Private 236 143,985 15,121 16,244 10.5 11.3
Public 64 39,245 13,457 16,472 34.3 42.0
3280 Hartford, CT PMSA Total 393 366,923 69,482 73,408 18.9 20.0
Private 333 311,632 33,928 36,200 10.9 11.6
Public 60 55,291 35,553 37,208 64.3 67.3
3290 Hickory, NC MSA Total 297 105,567 1,829 3,540 1.7 3.4
Private 273 97,291 1,155 1,155 1.2 1.2
Public 24 8,275 674 2,385 8.1 28.8
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,355 351,465 90,529 92,635 25.8 26.4
Private 1,027 265,635 50,101 50,345 18.9 19.0
Public 328 85,829 40,428 42,289 47.1 49.3
3350 Houma-Thibodaux, LA MSA Total 147 129,390 1,348 2,402 1.0 1.9
Private 123 107,286 1,348 2,402 1.3 2.2
Public 24 22,104 0 0 0.0 0.0
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,568 1,477,819 82,753 99,477 5.6 6.7
Private 1,363 1,287,086 49,390 62,498 3.8 4.9
Public 205 190,733 33,364 36,979 17.5 19.4
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 131 42,935 6,225 11,188 14.5 26.1
Private 105 34,596 4,662 7,718 13.5 22.3
Public 26 8,339 1,563 3,471 18.7 41.6
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 144 108,674 6,758 9,927 6.2 9.1
Private 103 77,954 2,692 4,127 3.5 5.3
Public 41 30,720 4,066 5,800 13.2 18.9
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 326 579,220 78,097 90,142 13.5 15.6
Private 268 480,886 51,987 53,550 10.8 11.1
Public 58 98,334 26,110 36,591 26.6 37.2
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 123 59,231 14,806 15,297 25.0 25.8
Private 109 52,625 10,624 10,624 20.2 20.2
Public 14 6,606 4,183 4,673 63.3 70.7
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 432 184,801 15,379 19,797 8.3 10.7
Private 326 139,598 9,860 12,231 7.1 8.8
Public 106 45,204 5,519 7,565 12.2 16.7
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 593 404,838 45,266 63,406 11.2 15.7
Private 487 334,047 22,014 26,669 6.6 8.0
Public 106 70,790 23,252 36,737 32.8 51.9
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 550 234,690 62,608 68,148 26.7 29.0
Private 476 203,265 41,896 44,892 20.6 22.1
Public 74 31,425 20,712 23,256 65.9 74.0
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 155 137,742 21,413 23,993 15.5 17.4
Private 133 118,097 16,230 18,810 13.7 15.9
Public 22 19,645 5,183 5,183 26.4 26.4
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 123 77,700 24,664 24,664 31.7 31.7
Private 107 67,636 19,035 19,035 28.1 28.1
Public 16 10,064 5,628 5,628 55.9 55.9
3690 Joliet, IL PMSA Total 345 222,316 50,853 52,988 22.9 23.8
Private 295 190,273 37,772 39,186 19.9 20.6
Public 50 32,043 13,081 13,802 40.8 43.1
3710 Joplin, MO MSA Total 134 114,107 7,095 7,868 6.2 6.9
Private 115 98,119 5,492 6,266 5.6 6.4
Public 19 15,987 1,602 1,602 10.0 10.0
3720 Kalamazoo, MI MSA Total 185 88,378 17,668 18,701 20.0 21.2
Private 156 74,664 11,609 12,642 15.5 16.9
Public 29 13,713 6,059 6,059 44.2 44.2
3740 Kankakee, IL MSA Total 108 67,125 17,059 17,644 25.4 26.3
Private 95 59,231 11,404 11,989 19.3 20.2
Public 13 7,893 5,655 5,655 71.6 71.6
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 1,037 790,753 133,254 146,984 16.9 18.6
Private 836 642,608 94,591 101,827 14.7 15.8
Public 201 148,145 38,663 45,158 26.1 30.5
3810 Killeen-Temple, TX MSA Total 119 103,271 4,563 5,288 4.4 5.1
Private 70 61,240 1,602 1,602 2.6 2.6
Public 49 42,031 2,961 3,686 7.0 8.8
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 316 286,248 40,158 43,632 14.0 15.2
Private 259 235,370 29,504 32,978 12.5 14.0
Public 57 50,877 10,654 10,654 20.9 20.9
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 100 88,607 5,695 8,021 6.4 9.1
Private 85 75,108 3,702 6,028 4.9 8.0
Public 15 13,499 1,993 1,993 14.8 14.8
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 106 92,205 8,796 10,652 9.5 11.6
Private 95 81,838 7,795 9,651 9.5 11.8
Public 11 10,367 1,001 1,001 9.7 9.7
3965 Lake County, IL PMSA Total 419 271,806 34,802 38,497 12.8 14.2
Private 372 242,109 24,337 25,578 10.1 10.6
Public 47 29,697 10,465 12,918 35.2 43.5
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 279 184,813 20,758 26,805 11.2 14.5
Private 244 161,990 13,671 18,545 8.4 11.4
Public 35 22,823 7,088 8,259 31.1 36.2
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 280 173,673 18,377 18,941 10.6 10.9
Private 261 162,150 15,350 15,913 9.5 9.8
Public 19 11,523 3,028 3,028 26.3 26.3
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 370 175,752 43,495 46,924 24.7 26.7
Private 266 126,513 21,821 22,839 17.2 18.1
Public 104 49,239 21,675 24,086 44.0 48.9
4120 Las Vegas, NV MSA Total 1,356 342,871 73,303 82,957 21.4 24.2
Private 1,155 292,083 52,678 57,315 18.0 19.6
Public 201 50,788 20,625 25,642 40.6 50.5
4160 Lawrence-Haverhill, MA-NH PMSA Total 315 111,588 24,203 25,667 21.7 23.0
Private 264 93,314 14,210 14,560 15.2 15.6
Public 51 18,274 9,993 11,107 54.7 60.8
4200 Lawton, OK MSA Total 87 54,166 2,554 2,554 4.7 4.7
Private 58 37,406 750 750 2.0 2.0
Public 29 16,760 1,804 1,804 10.8 10.8
4280 Lexington-Fayette, KY MSA Total 187 139,796 9,241 9,241 6.6 6.6
Private 144 107,316 5,291 5,291 4.9 4.9
Public 43 32,481 3,950 3,950 12.2 12.2
4320 Lima, OH MSA Total 141 78,409 21,097 21,644 26.9 27.6
Private 131 72,966 16,600 17,147 22.8 23.5
Public 10 5,443 4,497 4,497 82.6 82.6
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 421 116,676 15,879 17,437 13.6 14.9
Private 324 89,637 8,839 9,612 9.9 10.7
Public 97 27,039 7,040 7,825 26.0 28.9
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 582 242,285 32,959 41,568 13.6 17.2
Private 451 186,401 15,547 19,153 8.3 10.3
Public 131 55,884 17,412 22,415 31.2 40.1
4440 Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 181 100,594 23,431 24,505 23.3 24.4
Private 161 89,882 18,583 19,125 20.7 21.3
Public 20 10,712 4,848 5,380 45.3 50.2
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 6,020 3,631,144 635,456 745,827 17.5 20.5
Private 5,200 3,138,364 392,214 453,945 12.5 14.5
Public 820 492,780 243,241 291,882 49.4 59.2
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 617 458,868 84,351 96,665 18.4 21.1
Private 544 406,069 70,745 75,980 17.4 18.7
Public 73 52,799 13,606 20,685 25.8 39.2
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 343 121,049 19,955 21,420 16.5 17.7
Private 293 103,318 8,358 9,083 8.1 8.8
Public 50 17,731 11,596 12,337 65.4 69.6
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 100 88,034 4,165 4,165 4.7 4.7
Private 86 75,273 2,339 2,339 3.1 3.1
Public 14 12,760 1,826 1,826 14.3 14.3
4680 Macon-Warner Robins, GA MSA Total 91 124,557 9,245 15,436 7.4 12.4
Private 70 96,276 6,786 6,786 7.0 7.0
Public 21 28,281 2,459 8,650 8.7 30.6
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 220 164,481 33,475 40,104 20.4 24.4
Private 154 114,596 9,653 11,898 8.4 10.4
Public 66 49,885 23,822 28,205 47.8 56.5
4760 Manchester, NH MSA Total 209 65,210 7,709 10,496 11.8 16.1
Private 184 57,178 4,478 5,357 7.8 9.4
Public 25 8,032 3,231 5,139 40.2 64.0
4800 Mansfield, OH MSA Total 167 91,320 14,075 14,651 15.4 16.0
Private 151 82,779 10,893 10,893 13.2 13.2
Public 16 8,541 3,182 3,758 37.3 44.0
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 179 111,197 6,594 7,911 5.9 7.1
Private 116 71,116 1,424 2,043 2.0 2.9
Public 63 40,082 5,170 5,869 12.9 14.6
4890 Medford, OR MSA Total 121 72,503 9,260 9,955 12.8 13.7
Private 101 60,112 4,748 4,748 7.9 7.9
Public 20 12,391 4,512 5,207 36.4 42.0
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 230 149,782 11,410 13,187 7.6 8.8
Private 204 133,217 6,765 7,381 5.1 5.5
Public 26 16,564 4,645 5,805 28.0 35.0
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 384 356,741 26,790 37,203 7.5 10.4
Private 320 298,914 15,953 19,681 5.3 6.6
Public 64 57,827 10,837 17,523 18.7 30.3
5000 Miami-Hialeah, FL PMSA Total 1,173 801,552 74,644 109,400 9.3 13.6
Private 996 680,579 21,554 43,218 3.2 6.4
Public 177 120,974 53,090 66,182 43.9 54.7
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 1,061 439,194 89,866 95,117 20.5 21.7
Private 908 375,444 55,331 58,979 14.7 15.7
Public 153 63,750 34,535 36,137 54.2 56.7
5080 Milwaukee, WI PMSA Total 882 672,413 152,212 156,728 22.6 23.3
Private 755 575,903 101,961 104,212 17.7 18.1
Public 127 96,510 50,251 52,516 52.1 54.4
5120 Minneapolis-St, Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 1,340 1,255,728 271,402 285,608 21.6 22.7
Private 1,144 1,076,761 165,295 173,222 15.4 16.1
Public 196 178,967 106,106 112,386 59.3 62.8
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 177 128,449 12,536 14,070 9.8 11.0
Private 149 107,627 8,881 9,591 8.3 8.9
Public 28 20,822 3,655 4,478 17.6 21.5
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 142 138,804 55,256 55,256 39.8 39.8
Private 117 114,782 38,229 38,229 33.3 33.3
Public 25 24,022 17,027 17,027 70.9 70.9
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 860 356,299 84,767 87,921 23.8 24.7
Private 692 288,531 44,707 45,108 15.5 15.6
Public 168 67,768 40,060 42,813 59.1 63.2
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 106 91,015 5,813 7,760 6.4 8.5
Private 83 71,738 4,636 5,550 6.5 7.7
Public 23 19,277 1,177 2,209 6.1 11.5
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 222 162,749 13,153 15,715 8.1 9.7
Private 165 119,608 5,517 6,419 4.6 5.4
Public 57 43,141 7,636 9,297 17.7 21.6
5320 Muskegon, MI MSA Total 136 65,151 18,029 18,875 27.7 29.0
Private 118 56,535 12,166 12,166 21.5 21.5
Public 18 8,615 5,864 6,709 68.1 77.9
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 474 432,852 41,098 48,715 9.5 11.3
Private 410 374,808 23,382 25,434 6.2 6.8
Public 64 58,045 17,716 23,281 30.5 40.1
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 1,837 1,070,944 301,065 321,871 28.1 30.1
Private 1,444 842,904 142,457 155,140 16.9 18.4
Public 393 228,040 158,608 166,731 69.6 73.1
5400 New Bedford, MA MSA Total 174 60,569 12,873 13,249 21.3 21.9
Private 152 53,032 8,156 8,156 15.4 15.4
Public 22 7,537 4,716 5,092 62.6 67.6
5440 New Britain, CT PMSA Total 96 66,602 15,305 15,896 23.0 23.9
Private 84 58,318 8,303 8,894 14.2 15.3
Public 12 8,284 7,002 7,002 84.5 84.5
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT MSA Total 223 201,382 44,050 46,732 21.9 23.2
Private 190 171,682 23,411 26,093 13.6 15.2
Public 33 29,700 20,639 20,639 69.5 69.5
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 120 84,638 20,172 23,753 23.8 28.1
Private 94 65,974 10,457 10,457 15.8 15.8
Public 26 18,664 9,715 13,297 52.1 71.2
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 526 479,402 39,323 53,193 8.2 11.1
Private 425 387,992 20,009 25,746 5.2 6.6
Public 101 91,411 19,314 27,448 21.1 30.0
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 5,292 3,048,822 979,684 1,059,198 32.1 34.7
Private 4,311 2,481,967 551,271 614,861 22.2 24.8
Public 981 566,855 428,413 444,337 75.6 78.4
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,908 807,416 187,559 206,082 23.2 25.5
Private 1,620 684,193 114,974 127,909 16.8 18.7
Public 288 123,222 72,585 78,174 58.9 63.4
5700 Niagara Falls, NY PMSA Total 191 109,102 40,117 40,117 36.8 36.8
Private 162 92,362 26,924 26,924 29.2 29.2
Public 29 16,740 13,193 13,193 78.8 78.8
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA MSA Total 537 526,316 52,283 77,731 9.9 14.8
Private 396 385,513 28,281 39,719 7.3 10.3
Public 141 140,803 24,002 38,013 17.0 27.0
5760 Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 84 55,136 7,095 9,081 12.9 16.5
Private 71 46,890 3,062 4,487 6.5 9.6
Public 13 8,246 4,033 4,595 48.9 55.7
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 802 811,371 198,437 217,117 24.5 26.8
Private 673 682,681 127,542 143,517 18.7 21.0
Public 129 128,690 70,895 73,600 55.1 57.2
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 148 105,010 4,422 8,008 4.2 7.6
Private 120 83,631 3,821 4,502 4.6 5.4
Public 28 21,379 600 3,507 2.8 16.4
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 608 374,058 40,190 45,459 10.7 12.2
Private 470 290,369 16,327 17,108 5.6 5.9
Public 138 83,689 23,863 28,351 28.5 33.9
5910 Olympia, WA MSA Total 168 162,268 41,530 43,968 25.6 27.1
Private 114 110,253 22,165 22,165 20.1 20.1
Public 54 52,015 19,365 21,804 37.2 41.9
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 872 246,590 31,689 47,588 12.9 19.3
Private 726 206,042 18,439 27,123 8.9 13.2
Public 146 40,547 13,250 20,465 32.7 50.5
5950 Orange County, NY PMSA Total 296 175,586 50,461 54,242 28.7 30.9
Private 217 129,919 20,590 20,590 15.8 15.8
Public 79 45,667 29,871 33,652 65.4 73.7
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 698 463,359 39,365 49,835 8.5 10.8
Private 598 398,014 21,125 27,187 5.3 6.8
Public 100 65,346 18,240 22,648 27.9 34.7
6000 Oxnard-Ventura, CA PMSA Total 277 280,014 53,848 60,380 19.2 21.6
Private 231 232,573 33,405 35,360 14.4 15.2
Public 46 47,441 20,443 25,020 43.1 52.7
6060 Pawtucket-Woonsocket-Attleboro, RI-MA PMSA Total 219 56,833 10,589 11,601 18.6 20.4
Private 192 49,443 6,206 6,493 12.6 13.1
Public 27 7,391 4,382 5,107 59.3 69.1
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 194 131,408 13,073 20,898 9.9 15.9
Private 154 104,817 5,757 7,103 5.5 6.8
Public 40 26,591 7,316 13,795 27.5 51.9
6120 Peoria, IL MSA Total 228 142,742 29,859 29,859 20.9 20.9
Private 210 131,547 21,207 21,207 16.1 16.1
Public 18 11,195 8,653 8,653 77.3 77.3
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 3,554 2,028,418 422,758 468,457 20.8 23.1
Private 2,989 1,714,521 257,365 284,938 15.0 16.6
Public 565 313,897 165,393 183,519 52.7 58.5
6200 Phoenix, AZ MSA Total 1,188 969,811 79,248 98,305 8.2 10.1
Private 1,009 822,180 42,273 49,418 5.1 6.0
Public 179 147,631 36,975 48,887 25.0 33.1
6280 Pittsburgh, PA PMSA Total 1,411 876,109 183,699 203,173 21.0 23.2
Private 1,229 762,897 120,894 128,135 15.8 16.8
Public 182 113,212 62,804 75,038 55.5 66.3
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 329 91,014 15,029 18,655 16.5 20.5
Private 268 74,753 7,606 9,397 10.2 12.6
Public 61 16,261 7,423 9,258 45.6 56.9
6440 Portland, OR PMSA Total 902 579,619 101,726 120,412 17.6 20.8
Private 787 507,100 62,882 74,044 12.4 14.6
Public 115 72,519 38,844 46,367 53.6 63.9
6450 Portsmouth-Dover-Rochester, NH-ME MSA Total 247 80,579 7,385 7,736 9.2 9.6
Private 191 63,454 2,275 2,625 3.6 4.1
Public 56 17,124 5,111 5,111 29.8 29.8
6460 Poughkeepsie, NY MSA Total 220 126,694 38,369 43,798 30.3 34.6
Private 174 99,628 16,057 19,215 16.1 19.3
Public 46 27,066 22,312 24,583 82.4 90.8
6480 Providence, RI PMSA Total 973 258,736 52,993 56,937 20.5 22.0
Private 812 215,388 23,058 24,260 10.7 11.3
Public 161 43,349 29,934 32,677 69.1 75.4
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 211 64,511 4,205 5,096 6.5 7.9
Private 188 57,749 1,929 2,562 3.3 4.4
Public 23 6,762 2,276 2,534 33.7 37.5
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 115 77,972 10,554 14,342 13.5 18.4
Private 98 66,703 7,138 7,689 10.7 11.5
Public 17 11,269 3,416 6,653 30.3 59.0
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 191 144,459 45,828 50,075 31.7 34.7
Private 161 121,981 30,945 33,017 25.4 27.1
Public 30 22,478 14,883 17,058 66.2 75.9
6640 Raleigh-Durham, NC MSA Total 929 343,020 13,752 16,859 4.0 4.9
Private 759 280,120 7,742 9,380 2.8 3.3
Public 170 62,901 6,010 7,479 9.6 11.9
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 260 161,777 31,629 34,022 19.6 21.0
Private 217 134,963 17,726 17,726 13.1 13.1
Public 43 26,815 13,903 16,295 51.8 60.8
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 289 73,124 6,000 7,883 8.2 10.8
Private 251 63,720 3,082 3,900 4.8 6.1
Public 38 9,403 2,918 3,984 31.0 42.4
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 359 350,688 21,147 41,558 6.0 11.9
Private 295 285,721 14,222 21,716 5.0 7.6
Public 64 64,967 6,925 19,843 10.7 30.5
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 851 877,580 196,187 229,541 22.4 26.2
Private 672 694,398 106,696 118,651 15.4 17.1
Public 179 183,182 89,492 110,890 48.9 60.5
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 187 178,763 18,906 21,726 10.6 12.2
Private 162 155,799 10,536 13,356 6.8 8.6
Public 25 22,964 8,370 8,370 36.4 36.4
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 832 477,267 78,608 91,086 16.5 19.1
Private 716 410,932 44,012 52,428 10.7 12.8
Public 116 66,335 34,596 38,658 52.2 58.3
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 160 98,312 17,570 18,207 17.9 18.5
Private 152 93,313 13,894 13,894 14.9 14.9
Public 8 4,999 3,676 4,313 73.5 86.3
6920 Sacramento, CA MSA Total 585 579,497 134,542 161,942 23.2 27.9
Private 431 426,785 52,860 59,143 12.4 13.9
Public 154 152,712 81,682 102,799 53.5 67.3
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 373 180,327 48,892 50,305 27.1 27.9
Private 317 153,549 38,737 39,685 25.2 25.8
Public 56 26,778 10,155 10,621 37.9 39.7
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL PMSA Total 637 802,952 123,516 131,038 15.4 16.3
Private 565 714,414 104,226 105,586 14.6 14.8
Public 72 88,538 19,290 25,452 21.8 28.7
7080 Salem, OR MSA Total 160 101,380 26,901 30,660 26.5 30.2
Private 111 70,382 9,929 11,097 14.1 15.8
Public 49 30,998 16,972 19,563 54.8 63.1
7090 Salem-Gloucester, MA PMSA Total 328 121,028 21,721 23,869 17.9 19.7
Private 282 104,489 11,472 13,263 11.0 12.7
Public 46 16,539 10,249 10,606 62.0 64.1
7120 Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, CA MSA Total 96 96,605 17,896 19,774 18.5 20.5
Private 75 75,808 9,651 9,651 12.7 12.7
Public 21 20,797 8,245 10,123 39.6 48.7
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,375 430,497 42,162 57,687 9.8 13.4
Private 1,049 329,270 18,316 22,031 5.6 6.7
Public 326 101,227 23,846 35,656 23.6 35.2
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 754 466,233 23,077 30,688 4.9 6.6
Private 588 364,071 11,396 12,885 3.1 3.5
Public 166 102,162 11,680 17,804 11.4 17.4
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 871 872,250 101,954 137,131 11.7 15.7
Private 725 724,588 52,196 65,961 7.2 9.1
Public 146 147,661 49,758 71,170 33.7 48.2
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 749 740,899 166,503 179,814 22.5 24.3
Private 643 633,678 114,271 121,824 18.0 19.2
Public 106 107,220 52,232 57,990 48.7 54.1
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 733 734,385 103,760 114,796 14.1 15.6
Private 647 645,936 63,816 68,153 9.9 10.6
Public 86 88,449 39,944 46,643 45.2 52.7
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 135 138,447 18,132 18,132 13.1 13.1
Private 113 116,585 11,418 11,418 9.8 9.8
Public 22 21,862 6,713 6,713 30.7 30.7
7485 Santa Cruz, CA PMSA Total 93 93,151 14,235 15,113 15.3 16.2
Private 79 79,541 6,399 6,399 8.0 8.0
Public 14 13,610 7,836 8,714 57.6 64.0
7500 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA PMSA Total 159 161,202 23,609 25,729 14.6 16.0
Private 139 141,218 11,807 11,807 8.4 8.4
Public 20 19,983 11,801 13,922 59.1 69.7
7510 Sarasota, FL MSA Total 174 108,665 6,978 9,398 6.4 8.6
Private 148 92,017 0 1,127 0.0 1.2
Public 26 16,648 6,978 8,271 41.9 49.7
7520 Savannah, GA MSA Total 79 101,237 7,978 7,978 7.9 7.9
Private 58 70,685 5,733 5,733 8.1 8.1
Public 21 30,552 2,245 2,245 7.3 7.3
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA MSA Total 471 289,103 59,604 63,501 20.6 22.0
Private 412 253,232 41,946 44,536 16.6 17.6
Public 59 35,871 17,658 18,965 49.2 52.9
7600 Seattle, WA PMSA Total 990 958,179 220,643 247,477 23.0 25.8
Private 835 809,907 143,258 163,465 17.7 20.2
Public 155 148,272 77,385 84,013 52.2 56.7
7610 Sharon, PA MSA Total 142 89,180 22,205 22,889 24.9 25.7
Private 117 73,660 14,013 14,696 19.0 20.0
Public 25 15,521 8,192 8,192 52.8 52.8
7680 Shreveport, LA MSA Total 144 123,784 14,128 15,988 11.4 12.9
Private 117 100,416 8,549 9,455 8.5 9.4
Public 27 23,368 5,579 6,533 23.9 28.0
7720 Sioux City, IA-NE MSA Total 106 54,691 5,305 6,917 9.7 12.6
Private 87 45,761 1,633 2,235 3.6 4.9
Public 19 8,930 3,672 4,682 41.1 52.4
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 592 62,456 6,415 8,081 10.3 12.9
Private 528 55,821 3,863 4,990 6.9 8.9
Public 64 6,635 2,552 3,091 38.5 46.6
7800 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN MSA Total 122 116,415 10,319 11,577 8.9 9.9
Private 106 100,468 6,983 6,983 7.0 7.0
Public 16 15,947 3,335 4,594 20.9 28.8
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 141 132,124 25,833 29,543 19.6 22.4
Private 122 112,935 17,723 20,578 15.7 18.2
Public 19 19,189 8,111 8,965 42.3 46.7
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 138 84,956 20,928 23,516 24.6 27.7
Private 89 54,336 4,559 4,559 8.4 8.4
Public 49 30,620 16,369 18,956 53.5 61.9
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 133 122,204 9,007 9,007 7.4 7.4
Private 118 109,296 6,161 6,161 5.6 5.6
Public 15 12,908 2,846 2,846 22.0 22.0
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 584 205,632 45,751 52,016 22.2 25.3
Private 499 175,628 25,943 29,781 14.8 17.0
Public 85 30,004 19,808 22,235 66.0 74.1
8040 Stamford, CT PMSA Total 147 97,102 10,696 11,806 11.0 12.2
Private 137 90,605 6,166 7,277 6.8 8.0
Public 10 6,497 4,529 4,529 69.7 69.7
8120 Stockton, CA MSA Total 165 164,856 43,525 48,228 26.4 29.3
Private 134 134,799 26,643 28,636 19.8 21.2
Public 31 30,057 16,882 19,592 56.2 65.2
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 531 303,762 81,941 86,748 27.0 28.6
Private 435 251,023 47,617 49,024 19.0 19.5
Public 96 52,739 34,324 37,724 65.1 71.5
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 263 255,005 57,192 69,034 22.4 27.1
Private 205 199,698 28,228 34,506 14.1 17.3
Public 58 55,307 28,964 34,527 52.4 62.4
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 162 106,027 6,018 11,630 5.7 11.0
Private 98 63,617 1,994 2,626 3.1 4.1
Public 64 42,410 4,025 9,004 9.5 21.2
8280 Tampa-St, Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,333 854,897 52,327 72,197 6.1 8.4
Private 1,134 727,934 22,338 27,027 3.1 3.7
Public 199 126,964 29,989 45,171 23.6 35.6
8320 Terre Haute, IN MSA Total 71 63,592 15,853 15,853 24.9 24.9
Private 60 53,859 12,965 12,965 24.1 24.1
Public 11 9,733 2,888 2,888 29.7 29.7
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 480 268,388 72,665 77,474 27.1 28.9
Private 413 230,601 52,718 54,957 22.9 23.8
Public 67 37,787 19,947 22,517 52.8 59.6
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 124 56,673 8,129 11,452 14.3 20.2
Private 98 44,582 3,741 5,562 8.4 12.5
Public 26 12,090 4,387 5,890 36.3 48.7
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 360 150,378 50,996 60,031 33.9 39.9
Private 275 114,773 24,462 30,281 21.3 26.4
Public 85 35,605 26,533 29,750 74.5 83.6
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 253 203,973 8,157 9,238 4.0 4.5
Private 201 161,480 3,433 3,433 2.1 2.1
Public 52 42,494 4,723 5,805 11.1 13.7
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 519 314,654 34,016 36,035 10.8 11.5
Private 446 270,305 17,253 18,055 6.4 6.7
Public 73 44,349 16,763 17,980 37.8 40.5
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 141 105,225 17,173 17,173 16.3 16.3
Private 96 72,753 12,874 12,874 17.7 17.7
Public 45 32,471 4,299 4,299 13.2 13.2
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 234 132,924 41,737 44,507 31.4 33.5
Private 159 91,119 16,041 16,613 17.6 18.2
Public 75 41,804 25,696 27,894 61.5 66.7
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 179 178,687 32,081 32,081 18.0 18.0
Private 147 147,178 13,119 13,119 8.9 8.9
Public 32 31,509 18,962 18,962 60.2 60.2
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 167 166,997 15,041 17,879 9.0 10.7
Private 131 129,779 2,820 2,820 2.2 2.2
Public 36 37,217 12,221 15,059 32.8 40.5
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 99 90,366 1,004 1,004 1.1 1.1
Private 85 77,446 1,004 1,004 1.3 1.3
Public 14 12,919 0 0 0.0 0.0
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA MSA Total 3,237 1,961,490 221,957 278,914 11.3 14.2
Private 2,202 1,350,411 124,778 137,482 9.2 10.2
Public 1,035 611,079 97,179 141,432 15.9 23.1
8880 Waterbury, CT MSA Total 192 132,627 29,445 30,876 22.2 23.3
Private 163 112,779 13,196 14,628 11.7 13.0
Public 29 19,848 16,248 16,248 81.9 81.9
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 104 50,958 8,570 13,161 16.8 25.8
Private 86 41,613 5,864 6,761 14.1 16.2
Public 18 9,346 2,706 6,399 29.0 68.5
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL MSA Total 462 304,070 33,017 40,333 10.9 13.3
Private 378 248,770 5,808 7,791 2.3 3.1
Public 84 55,300 27,209 32,542 49.2 58.8
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 76 25,731 6,638 8,116 25.8 31.5
Private 64 21,870 5,756 6,517 26.3 29.8
Public 12 3,861 882 1,599 22.8 41.4
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 524 238,442 37,150 51,281 15.6 21.5
Private 437 199,665 24,583 33,014 12.3 16.5
Public 87 38,777 12,568 18,267 32.4 47.1
9140 Williamsport, PA MSA Total 144 88,472 15,781 15,781 17.8 17.8
Private 138 84,796 12,770 12,770 15.1 15.1
Public 6 3,676 3,011 3,011 81.9 81.9
9160 Wilmington, DE-NJ-MD PMSA Total 1,174 214,120 35,851 39,807 16.7 18.6
Private 1,038 189,862 25,832 28,211 13.6 14.9
Public 136 24,258 10,020 11,596 41.3 47.8
9240 Worcester, MA MSA Total 517 183,613 25,900 27,658 14.1 15.1
Private 433 153,434 11,344 12,007 7.4 7.8
Public 84 30,180 14,556 15,650 48.2 51.9
9280 York, PA MSA Total 289 182,360 27,768 29,566 15.2 16.2
Private 241 151,876 18,813 18,813 12.4 12.4
Public 48 30,484 8,955 10,753 29.4 35.3
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 347 188,314 64,113 67,356 34.0 35.8
Private 308 167,301 49,217 52,460 29.4 31.4
Public 39 21,014 14,896 14,896 70.9 70.9
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 95 92,400 18,871 20,740 20.4 22.4
Private 68 66,537 8,154 8,154 12.3 12.3
Public 27 25,862 10,717 12,587 41.4 48.7
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 1991. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2001 tables are based
on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS. For five CMSAs during 1986-94, counts for the component PMSAs do not add to the CMSA total because the CPS
failed to assign some households to PMSAs. This causes employment estimates in the component PMSAs to be understated.
CMSA employment counts are correct for these five urban areas during 1986-93, but are understated in 1994. The five CMSAs
are: Boston, Hartford, Philadelphia, Providence, and St. Louis.
2002 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.