Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 1992 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by CPS size code):
7 Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH Total 5,138 1,853,277 292,095 317,281 15.8 17.1
Private 4,447 1,605,135 146,218 162,510 9.1 10.1
Public 691 248,142 145,877 154,770 58.8 62.4
Priv Const 136 49,226 12,631 12,631 25.7 25.7
Priv Manuf 909 327,582 40,385 43,748 12.3 13.4
30 Buffalo-Niagra Falls, NY Total 866 518,374 149,827 156,321 28.9 30.2
Private 704 421,778 84,718 87,752 20.1 20.8
Public 162 96,596 65,109 68,569 67.4 71.0
Priv Const 28 16,928 5,797 6,995 34.2 41.3
Priv Manuf 152 88,294 32,008 32,008 36.3 36.3
3 Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI Total 5,150 3,613,596 761,927 810,172 21.1 22.4
Private 4,486 3,158,826 525,470 556,872 16.6 17.6
Public 664 454,770 236,457 253,300 52.0 55.7
Priv Const 197 146,552 76,916 77,494 52.5 52.9
Priv Manuf 1,034 749,907 173,642 180,007 23.2 24.0
22 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,358 768,536 134,925 149,397 17.6 19.4
Private 1,164 657,202 89,083 94,496 13.6 14.4
Public 194 111,334 45,842 54,901 41.2 49.3
Priv Const 50 28,301 9,163 10,256 32.4 36.2
Priv Manuf 318 175,819 46,189 47,822 26.3 27.2
11 Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH Total 2,027 1,135,983 213,540 231,038 18.8 20.3
Private 1,730 968,866 139,111 146,933 14.4 15.2
Public 297 167,116 74,429 84,105 44.5 50.3
Priv Const 64 35,971 13,047 13,047 36.3 36.3
Priv Manuf 479 268,510 59,268 60,972 22.1 22.7
10 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 2,011 1,932,957 145,983 178,167 7.6 9.2
Private 1,765 1,693,143 99,133 117,370 5.9 6.9
Public 246 239,814 46,850 60,797 19.5 25.4
Priv Const 77 77,817 5,519 5,519 7.1 7.1
Priv Manuf 347 330,330 35,196 44,591 10.7 13.5
21 Denver-Boulder, CO Total 1,297 895,896 101,144 113,014 11.3 12.6
Private 1,077 744,941 67,217 70,182 9.0 9.4
Public 220 150,955 33,928 42,832 22.5 28.4
Priv Const 65 47,643 5,639 5,639 11.8 11.8
Priv Manuf 156 106,784 9,580 9,580 9.0 9.0
6 Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI Total 3,968 1,978,591 499,596 532,861 25.3 26.9
Private 3,412 1,704,003 332,218 355,644 19.5 20.9
Public 556 274,588 167,378 177,217 61.0 64.5
Priv Const 137 69,636 21,960 23,921 31.5 34.4
Priv Manuf 992 501,648 177,249 183,106 35.3 36.5
36 Hartford-New Britain-Middletown, CT Total 603 539,976 103,431 109,068 19.2 20.2
Private 526 472,419 56,499 59,809 12.0 12.7
Public 77 67,557 46,932 49,259 69.5 72.9
Priv Const 14 13,628 3,704 3,704 27.2 27.2
Priv Manuf 120 106,526 23,117 23,117 21.7 21.7
8 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,760 1,706,077 132,757 172,478 7.8 10.1
Private 1,493 1,450,544 81,968 104,063 5.7 7.2
Public 267 255,533 50,789 68,415 19.9 26.8
Priv Const 142 135,851 6,733 7,669 5.0 5.6
Priv Manuf 249 244,468 25,803 32,790 10.6 13.4
2 Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA Total 7,755 5,903,537 1,027,327 1,189,475 17.4 20.1
Private 6,691 5,078,077 618,767 694,530 12.2 13.7
Public 1,064 825,459 408,560 494,945 49.5 60.0
Priv Const 314 251,804 53,013 56,309 21.1 22.4
Priv Manuf 1,659 1,265,244 175,708 195,896 13.9 15.5
12 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 1,772 1,289,230 126,969 168,391 9.8 13.1
Private 1,487 1,082,984 47,771 64,354 4.4 5.9
Public 285 206,246 79,198 104,037 38.4 50.4
Priv Const 77 57,473 4,851 6,153 8.4 10.7
Priv Manuf 172 128,213 4,966 6,405 3.9 5.0
24 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 1,062 823,582 177,124 191,060 21.5 23.2
Private 934 726,682 119,030 128,378 16.4 17.7
Public 128 96,900 58,094 62,682 60.0 64.7
Priv Const 44 34,785 14,072 14,072 40.5 40.5
Priv Manuf 314 242,921 62,087 67,467 25.6 27.8
1 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Total 13,353 6,983,295 1,841,571 1,968,336 26.4 28.2
Private 11,041 5,754,688 995,696 1,083,865 17.3 18.8
Public 2,312 1,228,607 845,875 884,472 68.8 72.0
Priv Const 470 249,212 97,125 103,340 39.0 41.5
Priv Manuf 2,073 1,064,275 219,501 231,533 20.6 21.8
4 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 5,286 2,516,647 498,249 571,936 19.8 22.7
Private 4,429 2,111,837 289,927 329,629 13.7 15.6
Public 857 404,810 208,322 242,308 51.5 59.9
Priv Const 219 102,264 32,212 33,241 31.5 32.5
Priv Manuf 916 421,056 107,549 115,190 25.5 27.4
13 Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA Total 1,544 950,385 185,572 196,055 19.5 20.6
Private 1,355 834,363 117,436 121,699 14.1 14.6
Public 189 116,022 68,136 74,356 58.7 64.1
Priv Const 72 44,644 12,103 12,103 27.1 27.1
Priv Manuf 210 129,339 41,660 42,235 32.2 32.7
26 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA Total 1,000 685,403 114,000 127,008 16.6 18.5
Private 861 587,493 66,558 72,441 11.3 12.3
Public 139 97,910 47,442 54,567 48.5 55.7
Priv Const 37 24,812 6,807 7,693 27.4 31.0
Priv Manuf 177 123,555 17,411 18,761 14.1 15.2
34 Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River, RI-MA Total 1,836 515,116 100,299 109,279 19.5 21.2
Private 1,545 431,672 50,333 56,909 11.7 13.2
Public 291 83,445 49,965 52,370 59.9 62.8
Priv Const 52 15,010 2,771 2,771 18.5 18.5
Priv Manuf 449 125,779 17,599 22,092 14.0 17.6
14 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 1,027 1,075,639 197,009 213,056 18.3 19.8
Private 894 940,355 160,210 169,100 17.0 18.0
Public 133 135,284 36,799 43,955 27.2 32.5
Priv Const 38 36,447 19,498 19,498 53.5 53.5
Priv Manuf 180 188,354 57,924 58,682 30.8 31.2
5 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,506 2,752,539 589,178 649,715 21.4 23.6
Private 2,117 2,330,076 364,583 392,944 15.6 16.9
Public 389 422,462 224,594 256,770 53.2 60.8
Priv Const 94 107,503 34,619 34,619 32.2 32.2
Priv Manuf 447 484,982 53,716 59,256 11.1 12.2
18 Seattle-Tacoma, WA Total 1,159 1,211,084 284,646 316,005 23.5 26.1
Private 963 1,007,185 170,193 187,191 16.9 18.6
Public 196 203,899 114,452 128,813 56.1 63.2
Priv Const 47 49,830 15,686 16,488 31.5 33.1
Priv Manuf 207 217,332 58,215 65,162 26.8 30.0
9 Washington, DC-MD-VA Total 3,030 1,894,939 228,584 280,589 12.1 14.8
Private 2,115 1,356,142 115,927 137,651 8.5 10.2
Public 915 538,797 112,657 142,938 20.9 26.5
Priv Const 110 97,339 12,495 13,696 12.8 14.1
Priv Manuf 117 79,680 7,332 9,649 9.2 12.1
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH, PMSA Total 516 282,425 47,206 51,291 16.7 18.2
Private 442 242,998 34,906 35,382 14.4 14.6
Public 74 39,428 12,300 15,909 31.2 40.4
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 556 327,525 85,644 89,061 26.1 27.2
Private 384 226,496 23,745 24,293 10.5 10.7
Public 172 101,029 61,898 64,769 61.3 64.1
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 721 228,372 25,214 31,725 11.0 13.9
Private 561 176,474 10,353 11,723 5.9 6.6
Public 160 51,898 14,861 20,002 28.6 38.5
240 Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ MSA Total 434 262,972 61,025 63,976 23.2 24.3
Private 379 230,141 40,192 41,360 17.5 18.0
Public 55 32,831 20,833 22,617 63.5 68.9
280 Altoona, PA MSA Total 129 77,061 20,874 21,385 27.1 27.8
Private 111 66,378 13,655 13,655 20.6 20.6
Public 18 10,683 7,219 7,730 67.6 72.4
360 Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA PMSA Total 1,072 1,191,534 145,652 177,197 12.2 14.9
Private 962 1,067,416 88,087 95,351 8.3 8.9
Public 110 124,118 57,565 81,846 46.4 65.9
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 1,333 111,312 21,897 23,437 19.7 21.1
Private 1,002 84,864 7,848 8,271 9.2 9.7
Public 331 26,448 14,049 15,166 53.1 57.3
400 Anderson, IN MSA Total 99 88,502 24,448 25,349 27.6 28.6
Private 90 80,868 20,298 21,200 25.1 26.2
Public 9 7,634 4,149 4,149 54.4 54.4
405 Anderson, SC MSA Total 179 109,955 5,135 6,152 4.7 5.6
Private 159 99,239 3,226 4,243 3.3 4.3
Public 20 10,716 1,909 1,909 17.8 17.8
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 230 112,900 26,803 28,392 23.7 25.1
Private 142 70,406 8,332 9,441 11.8 13.4
Public 88 42,494 18,471 18,952 43.5 44.6
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenaht, WI MSA Total 193 146,727 34,975 37,867 23.8 25.8
Private 168 128,214 23,045 23,712 18.0 18.5
Public 25 18,512 11,931 14,155 64.4 76.5
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 179 66,985 3,704 3,704 5.5 5.5
Private 140 52,476 1,478 1,478 2.8 2.8
Public 39 14,509 2,226 2,226 15.3 15.3
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,052 1,447,841 103,860 122,262 7.2 8.4
Private 919 1,270,602 82,689 89,878 6.5 7.1
Public 133 177,240 21,171 32,384 11.9 18.3
600 Augusta, GA-SC MSA Total 194 186,137 10,140 10,140 5.4 5.4
Private 159 147,027 7,669 7,669 5.2 5.2
Public 35 39,111 2,471 2,471 6.3 6.3
620 Aurora-Elgin, IL PMSA Total 273 180,353 40,752 43,264 22.6 24.0
Private 236 156,774 28,808 30,740 18.4 19.6
Public 37 23,580 11,945 12,524 50.7 53.1
640 Austin, TX MSA Total 481 470,499 26,198 32,299 5.6 6.9
Private 341 342,076 8,679 9,532 2.5 2.8
Public 140 128,424 17,519 22,767 13.6 17.7
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 189 202,853 47,231 49,503 23.3 24.4
Private 159 170,469 32,977 32,977 19.3 19.3
Public 30 32,384 14,254 16,526 44.0 51.0
720 Baltimore, MD MSA Total 953 1,111,613 187,707 215,934 16.9 19.4
Private 730 857,906 98,511 108,915 11.5 12.7
Public 223 253,707 89,196 107,019 35.2 42.2
760 Baton Rouge, LA MSA Total 209 185,400 17,125 19,458 9.2 10.5
Private 146 126,590 10,629 12,073 8.4 9.5
Public 63 58,810 6,496 7,384 11.0 12.6
780 Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 116 57,709 18,115 19,548 31.4 33.9
Private 90 45,297 10,268 10,268 22.7 22.7
Public 26 12,412 7,847 9,280 63.2 74.8
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, FL MSA Total 166 152,387 15,362 15,362 10.1 10.1
Private 147 134,230 13,674 13,674 10.2 10.2
Public 19 18,157 1,688 1,688 9.3 9.3
845 Beaver County, PA PMSA Total 110 66,237 16,484 16,997 24.9 25.7
Private 94 56,880 10,234 10,748 18.0 18.9
Public 16 9,357 6,250 6,250 66.8 66.8
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 145 141,159 34,990 37,519 24.8 26.6
Private 118 114,179 15,741 17,433 13.8 15.3
Public 27 26,981 19,248 20,086 71.3 74.4
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 101 49,583 7,911 7,911 16.0 16.0
Private 89 44,073 5,233 5,233 11.9 11.9
Public 12 5,510 2,679 2,679 48.6 48.6
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 1,323 548,435 110,494 118,567 20.1 21.6
Private 1,150 475,496 64,951 70,618 13.7 14.9
Public 173 72,939 45,544 47,949 62.4 65.7
920 Biloxi-Gulfport, MS MSA Total 152 58,943 4,894 6,466 8.3 11.0
Private 111 43,777 2,286 2,638 5.2 6.0
Public 41 15,165 2,609 3,828 17.2 25.2
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 167 100,058 15,036 15,582 15.0 15.6
Private 134 80,575 4,873 4,873 6.0 6.0
Public 33 19,482 10,162 10,709 52.2 55.0
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 534 374,875 38,933 44,258 10.4 11.8
Private 449 313,974 28,073 29,146 8.9 9.3
Public 85 60,902 10,860 15,112 17.8 24.8
1040 Bloomington-Normal, IL MSA Total 149 95,399 13,047 17,453 13.7 18.3
Private 129 83,222 9,489 10,889 11.4 13.1
Public 20 12,177 3,558 6,565 29.2 53.9
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 549 109,108 4,852 7,003 4.4 6.4
Private 456 90,344 2,838 3,823 3.1 4.2
Public 93 18,764 2,015 3,181 10.7 17.0
1120 Boston, MA PMSR Total 3,377 1,220,432 197,684 215,108 16.2 17.6
Private 2,903 1,049,071 96,700 108,785 9.2 10.4
Public 474 171,361 100,984 106,323 58.9 62.0
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 193 134,808 13,421 13,421 10.0 10.0
Private 147 102,447 8,068 8,068 7.9 7.9
Public 46 32,361 5,353 5,353 16.5 16.5
1140 Bradenton, FL MSA Total 109 99,384 7,398 11,020 7.4 11.1
Private 88 80,073 4,479 4,479 5.6 5.6
Public 21 19,311 2,919 6,541 15.1 33.9
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 72 68,172 6,970 6,970 10.2 10.2
Private 62 58,776 6,145 6,145 10.5 10.5
Public 10 9,396 825 825 8.8 8.8
1160 Bridgeport-Milford, CT PMSA Total 253 225,620 40,133 40,133 17.8 17.8
Private 228 203,933 28,449 28,449 14.0 14.0
Public 25 21,687 11,684 11,684 53.9 53.9
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 234 84,778 17,537 19,285 20.7 22.7
Private 209 75,747 11,701 13,449 15.4 17.8
Public 25 9,031 5,836 5,836 64.6 64.6
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX MSA Total 96 61,527 4,000 4,662 6.5 7.6
Private 74 47,335 1,443 2,106 3.0 4.4
Public 22 14,192 2,557 2,557 18.0 18.0
1280 Buffalo, NY PMSA Total 659 396,326 111,343 116,732 28.1 29.5
Private 532 320,184 60,092 63,125 18.8 19.7
Public 127 76,142 51,252 53,607 67.3 70.4
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 409 71,482 8,523 9,782 11.9 13.7
Private 330 58,199 2,599 3,148 4.5 5.4
Public 79 13,283 5,924 6,634 44.6 49.9
1320 Canton, OH MSA Total 308 189,328 46,076 52,837 24.3 27.9
Private 264 164,108 31,257 35,827 19.0 21.8
Public 44 25,220 14,819 17,009 58.8 67.4
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 188 94,950 14,438 19,689 15.2 20.7
Private 163 82,491 8,182 11,436 9.9 13.9
Public 25 12,459 6,256 8,254 50.2 66.2
1400 Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, IL MSA Total 139 118,920 13,126 13,735 11.0 11.5
Private 109 95,331 9,298 9,298 9.8 9.8
Public 30 23,589 3,829 4,438 16.2 18.8
1440 Charleston, SC MSA Total 298 184,185 12,777 14,769 6.9 8.0
Private 206 128,499 5,944 5,944 4.6 4.6
Public 92 55,686 6,834 8,825 12.3 15.8
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 249 85,428 9,708 9,708 11.4 11.4
Private 212 72,936 8,414 8,414 11.5 11.5
Public 37 12,492 1,294 1,294 10.4 10.4
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 1,512 599,537 42,986 48,564 7.2 8.1
Private 1,330 526,014 28,297 31,348 5.4 6.0
Public 182 73,523 14,689 17,216 20.0 23.4
1560 Chattanooga, TN-A MSA Total 176 167,387 31,345 37,934 18.7 22.7
Private 133 125,886 12,121 13,807 9.6 11.0
Public 43 41,501 19,224 24,127 46.3 58.1
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 3,982 2,675,305 549,743 587,378 20.5 22.0
Private 3,455 2,321,563 359,342 384,752 15.5 16.6
Public 527 353,743 190,400 202,626 53.8 57.3
1620 Chico, CA MSA Total 99 106,066 16,246 20,295 15.3 19.1
Private 80 85,763 8,690 9,605 10.1 11.2
Public 19 20,303 7,556 10,690 37.2 52.7
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 1,134 645,181 111,762 125,172 17.3 19.4
Private 965 547,728 71,273 76,686 13.0 14.0
Public 169 97,453 40,489 48,486 41.5 49.8
1680 Cleveland, OH PMSA Total 1,327 750,910 135,850 146,952 18.1 19.6
Private 1,132 639,375 81,547 88,894 12.8 13.9
Public 195 111,535 54,303 58,058 48.7 52.1
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 244 170,627 9,974 13,892 5.8 8.1
Private 202 141,913 6,311 6,903 4.4 4.9
Public 42 28,714 3,663 6,988 12.8 24.3
1740 Colombia, MO MSA Total 105 88,656 7,821 12,999 8.8 14.7
Private 65 54,980 1,937 3,019 3.5 5.5
Public 40 33,676 5,883 9,980 17.5 29.6
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 338 207,151 9,819 11,166 4.7 5.4
Private 240 147,961 3,408 4,755 2.3 3.2
Public 98 59,190 6,411 6,411 10.8 10.8
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 77 99,001 14,287 15,436 14.4 15.6
Private 57 73,209 4,840 5,988 6.6 8.2
Public 20 25,792 9,448 9,448 36.6 36.6
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 1,117 627,391 100,428 111,683 16.0 17.8
Private 905 508,114 46,544 50,584 9.2 10.0
Public 212 119,278 53,883 61,100 45.2 51.2
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 196 125,382 14,256 14,962 11.4 11.9
Private 160 102,880 3,986 3,986 3.9 3.9
Public 36 22,502 10,270 10,976 45.6 48.8
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,347 1,292,883 86,614 102,601 6.7 7.9
Private 1,189 1,136,158 56,305 66,968 5.0 5.9
Public 158 156,725 30,309 35,633 19.3 22.7
1930 Danbury, CT PMSR Total 132 87,616 9,285 9,285 10.6 10.6
Private 123 81,870 5,994 5,994 7.3 7.3
Public 9 5,746 3,291 3,291 57.3 57.3
1960 Davenport-Rock Island-Moline, IA-IL MSA Total 243 135,433 30,199 37,309 22.3 27.5
Private 206 114,587 21,434 24,879 18.7 21.7
Public 37 20,846 8,765 12,430 42.0 59.6
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 741 408,173 70,636 83,513 17.3 20.5
Private 610 336,148 47,983 52,247 14.3 15.5
Public 131 72,025 22,653 31,266 31.5 43.4
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 185 138,399 9,213 14,212 6.7 10.3
Private 146 110,366 3,328 4,019 3.0 3.6
Public 39 28,032 5,886 10,193 21.0 36.4
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 1,104 761,088 87,723 99,592 11.5 13.1
Private 930 642,494 59,148 62,114 9.2 9.7
Public 174 118,594 28,575 37,479 24.1 31.6
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 384 190,581 23,304 31,688 12.2 16.6
Private 334 166,183 11,731 15,743 7.1 9.5
Public 50 24,397 11,573 15,945 47.4 65.4
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 3,738 1,865,691 472,793 504,469 25.3 27.0
Private 3,270 1,633,597 323,886 346,204 19.8 21.2
Public 468 232,094 148,907 158,265 64.2 68.2
2240 Duluth, MN-WI MSA Total 96 86,661 27,103 29,638 31.3 34.2
Private 76 67,908 18,658 20,360 27.5 30.0
Public 20 18,753 8,445 9,277 45.0 49.5
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 362 230,277 8,724 33,717 3.8 14.6
Private 275 174,068 3,091 6,288 1.8 3.6
Public 87 56,209 5,633 27,429 10.0 48.8
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 176 113,466 32,244 33,481 28.4 29.5
Private 157 100,108 25,063 25,063 25.0 25.0
Public 19 13,358 7,181 8,418 53.8 63.0
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 200 130,739 28,571 29,811 21.9 22.8
Private 158 103,632 16,344 17,006 15.8 16.4
Public 42 27,107 12,228 12,805 45.1 47.2
2440 Evansville, IN-KY MSA Total 131 117,530 21,640 22,389 18.4 19.0
Private 116 103,828 14,424 15,172 13.9 14.6
Public 15 13,702 7,217 7,217 52.7 52.7
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 224 83,137 3,378 6,288 4.1 7.6
Private 166 61,714 1,556 2,325 2.5 3.8
Public 58 21,423 1,821 3,963 8.5 18.5
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale, AR MSA Total 111 46,426 1,701 2,919 3.7 6.3
Private 85 35,671 0 465 0.0 1.3
Public 26 10,756 1,701 2,454 15.8 22.8
2640 Flint, MI MSA Total 355 177,234 67,482 68,065 38.1 38.4
Private 305 153,191 50,698 51,281 33.1 33.5
Public 50 24,043 16,784 16,784 69.8 69.8
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 141 102,783 20,229 22,889 19.7 22.3
Private 116 86,247 15,556 15,556 18.0 18.0
Public 25 16,536 4,674 7,333 28.3 44.3
2655 Florence, SC MSA Total 107 67,339 1,615 2,253 2.4 3.3
Private 89 56,172 481 1,119 0.9 2.0
Public 18 11,167 1,134 1,134 10.2 10.2
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 145 98,027 3,409 3,409 3.5 3.5
Private 113 76,166 2,107 2,107 2.8 2.8
Public 32 21,861 1,303 1,303 6.0 6.0
2680 Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach, FL PMSA Total 664 476,659 50,280 72,146 10.5 15.1
Private 553 396,391 17,593 26,213 4.4 6.6
Public 111 80,267 32,687 45,933 40.7 57.2
2700 Fort Myers, FL MSA Total 221 168,531 7,795 9,266 4.6 5.5
Private 185 141,465 1,371 1,371 1.0 1.0
Public 36 27,066 6,423 7,894 23.7 29.2
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 155 67,833 5,918 6,476 8.7 9.5
Private 137 60,226 3,350 3,907 5.6 6.5
Public 18 7,607 2,569 2,569 33.8 33.8
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 111 75,995 4,012 4,647 5.3 6.1
Private 94 63,889 2,443 2,443 3.8 3.8
Public 17 12,106 1,569 2,204 13.0 18.2
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 85 153,031 26,147 26,147 17.1 17.1
Private 70 124,949 20,001 20,001 16.0 16.0
Public 15 28,081 6,146 6,146 21.9 21.9
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 664 640,074 59,369 75,565 9.3 11.8
Private 576 556,985 42,828 50,401 7.7 9.0
Public 88 83,089 16,541 25,164 19.9 30.3
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 206 242,016 40,437 47,214 16.7 19.5
Private 165 195,720 19,258 21,162 9.8 10.8
Public 41 46,296 21,179 26,052 45.7 56.3
2880 Gadsden, AL MSA Total 115 72,910 16,976 16,976 23.3 23.3
Private 96 61,801 10,427 10,427 16.9 16.9
Public 19 11,109 6,548 6,548 58.9 58.9
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 161 113,329 4,397 9,658 3.9 8.5
Private 103 71,867 2,067 3,416 2.9 4.8
Public 58 41,462 2,330 6,242 5.6 15.1
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 118 107,438 10,302 11,231 9.6 10.5
Private 93 83,542 9,360 9,360 11.2 11.2
Public 25 23,897 942 1,871 3.9 7.8
2960 Gary-Hammond, IN PMSA Total 117 236,611 75,639 77,530 32.0 32.8
Private 109 220,237 71,564 71,564 32.5 32.5
Public 8 16,374 4,075 5,965 24.9 36.4
3000 Grand Rapids, MI MSA Total 600 295,840 43,732 46,034 14.8 15.6
Private 528 260,559 22,089 23,482 8.5 9.0
Public 72 35,281 21,643 22,552 61.3 63.9
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 1,222 464,660 25,035 30,041 5.4 6.5
Private 1,073 407,118 15,534 19,425 3.8 4.8
Public 149 57,542 9,501 10,616 16.5 18.4
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg, SC MSA Total 515 313,272 8,081 13,994 2.6 4.5
Private 453 275,124 5,154 5,154 1.9 1.9
Public 62 38,148 2,927 8,840 7.7 23.2
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 224 123,355 23,164 24,225 18.8 19.6
Private 199 109,473 17,810 17,810 16.3 16.3
Public 25 13,882 5,353 6,415 38.6 46.2
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 309 187,670 30,127 38,219 16.1 20.4
Private 231 139,565 15,786 16,438 11.3 11.8
Public 78 48,105 14,341 21,781 29.8 45.3
3280 Hartford, CT PMSA Total 406 394,901 71,543 76,548 18.1 19.4
Private 350 342,499 38,362 41,040 11.2 12.0
Public 56 52,402 33,182 35,509 63.3 67.8
3290 Hickory, NC MSA Total 289 104,004 2,375 2,721 2.3 2.6
Private 264 95,329 663 663 0.7 0.7
Public 25 8,675 1,712 2,058 19.7 23.7
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,347 360,124 89,779 94,500 24.9 26.2
Private 1,010 269,099 50,165 51,469 18.6 19.1
Public 337 91,025 39,615 43,031 43.5 47.3
3350 Houma-Thibodaux, LA MSA Total 149 134,756 1,088 1,995 0.8 1.5
Private 126 113,461 1,088 1,995 1.0 1.8
Public 23 21,295 0 0 0.0 0.0
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,570 1,530,466 115,484 154,276 7.5 10.1
Private 1,338 1,308,226 66,462 88,557 5.1 6.8
Public 232 222,240 49,022 65,719 22.1 29.6
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 125 42,013 8,669 13,676 20.6 32.6
Private 95 31,953 6,252 8,976 19.6 28.1
Public 30 10,060 2,417 4,700 24.0 46.7
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 153 112,747 2,918 6,390 2.6 5.7
Private 120 88,911 1,264 2,179 1.4 2.5
Public 33 23,836 1,654 4,212 6.9 17.7
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 312 594,471 93,742 109,199 15.8 18.4
Private 256 487,635 78,535 78,535 16.1 16.1
Public 56 106,836 15,207 30,664 14.2 28.7
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 114 55,957 18,137 18,137 32.4 32.4
Private 96 46,977 11,507 11,507 24.5 24.5
Public 18 8,980 6,630 6,630 73.8 73.8
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 419 175,018 10,214 14,860 5.8 8.5
Private 302 125,776 6,512 8,531 5.2 6.8
Public 117 49,242 3,702 6,330 7.5 12.9
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 522 376,076 41,435 56,919 11.0 15.1
Private 437 312,083 18,174 24,743 5.8 7.9
Public 85 63,993 23,261 32,176 36.3 50.3
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 526 221,521 71,385 73,084 32.2 33.0
Private 451 189,384 50,789 52,086 26.8 27.5
Public 75 32,136 20,596 20,998 64.1 65.3
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 163 141,335 15,062 16,623 10.7 11.8
Private 148 128,044 12,390 13,952 9.7 10.9
Public 15 13,290 2,671 2,671 20.1 20.1
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 131 80,552 28,198 29,323 35.0 36.4
Private 109 67,100 19,618 19,618 29.2 29.2
Public 22 13,452 8,580 9,705 63.8 72.1
3690 Joliet, IL PMSA Total 362 240,859 54,437 58,501 22.6 24.3
Private 324 215,432 39,008 41,680 18.1 19.3
Public 38 25,426 15,429 16,820 60.7 66.2
3710 Joplin, MO MSA Total 143 118,175 12,689 15,304 10.7 13.0
Private 120 99,402 8,529 11,144 8.6 11.2
Public 23 18,773 4,160 4,160 22.2 22.2
3720 Kalamazoo, MI MSA Total 202 95,424 21,628 23,023 22.7 24.1
Private 173 82,154 13,563 13,983 16.5 17.0
Public 29 13,270 8,065 9,040 60.8 68.1
3740 Kankakee, IL MSA Total 94 61,592 8,868 8,868 14.4 14.4
Private 84 55,319 5,613 5,613 10.1 10.1
Public 10 6,273 3,255 3,255 51.9 51.9
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 1,062 809,753 119,904 131,131 14.8 16.2
Private 877 671,902 86,532 90,222 12.9 13.4
Public 185 137,851 33,372 40,910 24.2 29.7
3810 Killeen-Temple, TX MSA Total 106 95,868 5,664 6,475 5.9 6.8
Private 75 67,433 2,674 2,674 4.0 4.0
Public 31 28,435 2,990 3,801 10.5 13.4
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 312 275,138 33,485 38,911 12.2 14.1
Private 245 215,280 24,008 26,643 11.2 12.4
Public 67 59,858 9,477 12,267 15.8 20.5
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 99 90,139 3,918 4,940 4.3 5.5
Private 80 73,527 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 19 16,612 3,918 4,940 23.6 29.7
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 116 103,291 14,343 15,196 13.9 14.7
Private 99 87,577 9,671 9,671 11.0 11.0
Public 17 15,714 4,672 5,525 29.7 35.2
3965 Lake County, IL PMSA Total 416 280,468 41,355 43,500 14.7 15.5
Private 362 244,820 26,746 28,136 10.9 11.5
Public 54 35,647 14,608 15,364 41.0 43.1
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 246 168,800 14,409 18,896 8.5 11.2
Private 213 146,948 6,309 8,403 4.3 5.7
Public 33 21,852 8,101 10,493 37.1 48.0
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 244 149,904 14,781 16,037 9.9 10.7
Private 224 137,404 10,205 10,834 7.4 7.9
Public 20 12,500 4,576 5,202 36.6 41.6
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 342 165,503 45,531 47,121 27.5 28.5
Private 238 114,748 20,848 21,950 18.2 19.1
Public 104 50,755 24,683 25,171 48.6 49.6
4120 Las Vegas, NV MSA Total 1,306 356,672 82,319 91,210 23.1 25.6
Private 1,123 306,022 59,168 63,972 19.3 20.9
Public 183 50,650 23,151 27,238 45.7 53.8
4160 Lawrence-Haverhill, MA-NH PMSA Total 321 115,039 24,807 24,807 21.6 21.6
Private 274 98,135 13,842 13,842 14.1 14.1
Public 47 16,905 10,966 10,966 64.9 64.9
4200 Lawton, OK MSA Total 115 71,243 1,667 1,667 2.3 2.3
Private 74 45,903 1,200 1,200 2.6 2.6
Public 41 25,340 467 467 1.8 1.8
4280 Lexington-Fayette, KY MSA Total 209 151,035 4,148 4,148 2.7 2.7
Private 165 119,269 3,524 3,524 3.0 3.0
Public 44 31,766 625 625 2.0 2.0
4320 Lima, OH MSA Total 129 70,948 19,260 19,260 27.1 27.1
Private 114 62,646 15,252 15,252 24.3 24.3
Public 15 8,302 4,008 4,008 48.3 48.3
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 422 114,690 17,340 19,503 15.1 17.0
Private 309 84,547 7,919 8,482 9.4 10.0
Public 113 30,143 9,421 11,021 31.3 36.6
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 556 246,814 26,988 36,623 10.9 14.8
Private 431 191,453 11,100 16,184 5.8 8.5
Public 125 55,361 15,888 20,439 28.7 36.9
4440 Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 184 102,647 30,484 32,795 29.7 31.9
Private 156 86,493 22,657 22,657 26.2 26.2
Public 28 16,154 7,826 10,138 48.4 62.8
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 5,621 3,510,732 616,161 705,330 17.6 20.1
Private 4,868 3,039,711 384,287 437,275 12.6 14.4
Public 753 471,021 231,874 268,055 49.2 56.9
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 631 465,980 80,747 98,827 17.3 21.2
Private 556 413,015 64,794 74,571 15.7 18.1
Public 75 52,965 15,953 24,256 30.1 45.8
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 345 124,443 14,425 14,425 11.6 11.6
Private 306 110,789 6,388 6,388 5.8 5.8
Public 39 13,654 8,037 8,037 58.9 58.9
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 107 98,742 2,040 3,826 2.1 3.9
Private 90 83,229 1,132 2,008 1.4 2.4
Public 17 15,513 908 1,818 5.9 11.7
4680 Macon-Warner Robins, GA MSA Total 77 95,373 7,585 9,851 8.0 10.3
Private 58 72,441 6,545 6,545 9.0 9.0
Public 19 22,933 1,040 3,306 4.5 14.4
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 237 182,004 36,554 39,628 20.1 21.8
Private 165 126,094 12,885 13,653 10.2 10.8
Public 72 55,910 23,669 25,974 42.3 46.5
4760 Manchester, NH MSA Total 217 68,335 7,915 10,621 11.6 15.5
Private 192 60,184 2,849 4,518 4.7 7.5
Public 25 8,150 5,067 6,103 62.2 74.9
4800 Mansfield, OH MSA Total 168 91,708 21,462 22,432 23.4 24.5
Private 143 77,837 14,897 14,897 19.1 19.1
Public 25 13,871 6,565 7,535 47.3 54.3
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 179 114,362 6,069 7,448 5.3 6.5
Private 127 81,968 1,805 1,805 2.2 2.2
Public 52 32,394 4,265 5,643 13.2 17.4
4890 Medford, OR MSA Total 120 72,339 11,788 12,863 16.3 17.8
Private 102 61,126 6,039 6,039 9.9 9.9
Public 18 11,212 5,749 6,824 51.3 60.9
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 216 145,735 18,497 23,716 12.7 16.3
Private 184 123,729 15,664 16,909 12.7 13.7
Public 32 22,005 2,834 6,807 12.9 30.9
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 385 350,661 31,447 44,394 9.0 12.7
Private 316 287,828 18,450 23,753 6.4 8.3
Public 69 62,833 12,996 20,641 20.7 32.9
5000 Miami-Hialeah, FL PMSA Total 1,108 812,572 76,689 96,245 9.4 11.8
Private 934 686,593 30,179 38,141 4.4 5.6
Public 174 125,979 46,511 58,104 36.9 46.1
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 1,055 435,181 93,960 99,691 21.6 22.9
Private 908 374,110 55,435 59,896 14.8 16.0
Public 147 61,071 38,525 39,795 63.1 65.2
5080 Milwaukee, WI PMSA Total 857 668,434 132,530 142,601 19.8 21.3
Private 751 587,543 87,051 92,535 14.8 15.7
Public 106 80,891 45,479 50,067 56.2 61.9
5120 Minneapolis-St, Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 1,318 1,230,083 270,278 283,910 22.0 23.1
Private 1,130 1,055,765 172,142 182,200 16.3 17.3
Public 188 174,317 98,135 101,710 56.3 58.3
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 161 111,288 8,408 14,509 7.6 13.0
Private 135 92,844 5,790 7,860 6.2 8.5
Public 26 18,443 2,618 6,650 14.2 36.1
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 133 140,994 46,270 53,218 32.8 37.7
Private 106 112,880 31,659 35,839 28.0 31.7
Public 27 28,113 14,611 17,379 52.0 61.8
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 865 359,291 77,813 86,211 21.7 24.0
Private 689 286,550 35,713 40,351 12.5 14.1
Public 176 72,741 42,100 45,860 57.9 63.0
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 113 99,186 9,189 10,123 9.3 10.2
Private 94 82,633 5,635 5,635 6.8 6.8
Public 19 16,554 3,554 4,488 21.5 27.1
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 247 184,228 20,575 20,575 11.2 11.2
Private 196 148,794 12,485 12,485 8.4 8.4
Public 51 35,434 8,091 8,091 22.8 22.8
5320 Muskegon, MI MSA Total 134 66,245 23,146 23,146 34.9 34.9
Private 111 55,026 15,279 15,279 27.8 27.8
Public 23 11,219 7,867 7,867 70.1 70.1
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 526 467,700 41,590 45,706 8.9 9.8
Private 470 417,727 24,141 25,667 5.8 6.1
Public 56 49,973 17,449 20,038 34.9 40.1
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 1,684 1,012,621 284,246 310,854 28.1 30.7
Private 1,358 817,548 141,968 159,275 17.4 19.5
Public 326 195,073 142,278 151,580 72.9 77.7
5400 New Bedford, MA MSA Total 163 56,213 16,267 16,602 28.9 29.5
Private 137 47,312 10,897 10,897 23.0 23.0
Public 26 8,901 5,370 5,704 60.3 64.1
5440 New Britain, CT PMSA Total 88 63,539 11,731 11,731 18.5 18.5
Private 81 58,336 6,528 6,528 11.2 11.2
Public 7 5,203 5,203 5,203 100.0 100.0
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT MSA Total 222 202,776 36,023 42,311 17.8 20.9
Private 197 179,906 24,100 29,546 13.4 16.4
Public 25 22,870 11,923 12,766 52.1 55.8
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 94 65,981 12,741 14,092 19.3 21.4
Private 82 57,829 7,235 8,586 12.5 14.8
Public 12 8,152 5,506 5,506 67.5 67.5
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 509 481,815 39,704 47,442 8.2 9.8
Private 400 377,596 16,076 19,064 4.3 5.0
Public 109 104,218 23,628 28,378 22.7 27.2
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 5,144 3,001,965 915,934 982,479 30.5 32.7
Private 4,153 2,420,381 485,240 533,686 20.0 22.0
Public 991 581,584 430,693 448,793 74.1 77.2
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,931 807,117 181,871 189,774 22.5 23.5
Private 1,632 682,458 108,359 112,907 15.9 16.5
Public 299 124,659 73,511 76,868 59.0 61.7
5700 Niagara Falls, NY PMSA Total 207 122,049 38,483 39,589 31.5 32.4
Private 172 101,595 24,626 24,626 24.2 24.2
Public 35 20,454 13,857 14,962 67.7 73.2
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA MSA Total 541 572,806 63,050 95,278 11.0 16.6
Private 379 400,844 36,322 50,839 9.1 12.7
Public 162 171,962 26,728 44,439 15.5 25.8
5760 Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 72 46,225 4,832 6,059 10.5 13.1
Private 68 43,306 1,912 3,140 4.4 7.3
Public 4 2,919 2,919 2,919 100.0 100.0
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 745 830,635 190,568 205,197 22.9 24.7
Private 620 694,031 113,660 122,563 16.4 17.7
Public 125 136,604 76,908 82,634 56.3 60.5
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 132 91,080 5,539 8,618 6.1 9.5
Private 102 68,496 4,173 4,173 6.1 6.1
Public 30 22,584 1,366 4,445 6.0 19.7
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 633 387,672 41,415 45,216 10.7 11.7
Private 501 309,957 21,185 22,433 6.8 7.2
Public 132 77,715 20,230 22,783 26.0 29.3
5910 Olympia, WA MSA Total 137 147,503 32,600 33,599 22.1 22.8
Private 97 105,401 17,587 17,587 16.7 16.7
Public 40 42,102 15,013 16,012 35.7 38.0
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 867 238,713 27,405 44,406 11.5 18.6
Private 735 202,928 15,481 26,318 7.6 13.0
Public 132 35,785 11,924 18,087 33.3 50.5
5950 Orange County, NY PMSA Total 245 159,438 45,671 46,249 28.6 29.0
Private 168 107,789 14,864 15,442 13.8 14.3
Public 77 51,650 30,806 30,806 59.6 59.6
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 638 458,076 30,619 45,613 6.7 10.0
Private 556 396,878 15,522 25,777 3.9 6.5
Public 82 61,198 15,097 19,837 24.7 32.4
6000 Oxnard-Ventura, CA PMSA Total 302 332,797 52,787 61,788 15.9 18.6
Private 256 281,131 30,246 33,478 10.8 11.9
Public 46 51,666 22,541 28,310 43.6 54.8
6060 Pawtucket-Woonsocket-Attleboro, RI-MA PMSA Total 227 59,839 11,464 14,451 19.2 24.1
Private 204 53,448 6,778 9,765 12.7 18.3
Public 23 6,392 4,685 4,685 73.3 73.3
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 185 136,592 11,384 15,516 8.3 11.4
Private 143 106,121 3,731 4,941 3.5 4.7
Public 42 30,472 7,652 10,575 25.1 34.7
6120 Peoria, IL MSA Total 234 151,456 31,176 34,220 20.6 22.6
Private 204 131,513 23,265 23,834 17.7 18.1
Public 30 19,944 7,911 10,386 39.7 52.1
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 3,633 2,060,372 391,243 449,823 19.0 21.8
Private 3,059 1,743,002 233,865 266,460 13.4 15.3
Public 574 317,370 157,378 183,363 49.6 57.8
6200 Phoenix, AZ MSA Total 1,160 983,922 63,336 88,410 6.4 9.0
Private 998 849,146 37,695 51,401 4.4 6.1
Public 162 134,777 25,641 37,009 19.0 27.5
6280 Pittsburgh, PA PMSA Total 1,434 884,148 169,088 179,058 19.1 20.3
Private 1,261 777,483 107,202 110,951 13.8 14.3
Public 173 106,665 61,886 68,106 58.0 63.9
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 352 99,781 13,861 15,604 13.9 15.6
Private 297 84,877 7,062 8,343 8.3 9.8
Public 55 14,905 6,799 7,261 45.6 48.7
6440 Portland, OR PMSA Total 917 598,084 93,547 106,555 15.6 17.8
Private 794 517,671 57,530 63,413 11.1 12.2
Public 123 80,413 36,017 43,142 44.8 53.7
6450 Portsmouth-Dover-Rochester, NH-ME MSA Total 207 69,918 7,119 9,192 10.2 13.1
Private 171 58,773 2,889 3,809 4.9 6.5
Public 36 11,145 4,230 5,383 38.0 48.3
6460 Poughkeepsie, NY MSA Total 180 108,614 30,619 31,972 28.2 29.4
Private 138 83,191 11,682 13,036 14.0 15.7
Public 42 25,423 18,936 18,936 74.5 74.5
6480 Providence, RI PMSA Total 1,016 270,239 51,718 55,202 19.1 20.4
Private 853 225,619 26,223 27,707 11.6 12.3
Public 163 44,620 25,495 27,495 57.1 61.6
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 197 60,087 3,752 5,265 6.2 8.8
Private 185 56,607 2,222 3,445 3.9 6.1
Public 12 3,480 1,530 1,820 44.0 52.3
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 92 63,942 8,381 11,131 13.1 17.4
Private 68 47,637 3,766 3,766 7.9 7.9
Public 24 16,305 4,615 7,364 28.3 45.2
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 205 155,148 44,594 48,458 28.7 31.2
Private 183 139,139 31,979 35,843 23.0 25.8
Public 22 16,009 12,615 12,615 78.8 78.8
6640 Raleigh-Durham, NC MSA Total 929 361,281 12,027 13,988 3.3 3.9
Private 743 289,172 4,533 5,282 1.6 1.8
Public 186 72,108 7,494 8,706 10.4 12.1
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 283 172,510 32,035 33,144 18.6 19.2
Private 240 146,813 17,650 17,650 12.0 12.0
Public 43 25,698 14,385 15,494 56.0 60.3
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 266 74,015 6,674 8,532 9.0 11.5
Private 232 64,812 3,261 4,548 5.0 7.0
Public 34 9,202 3,413 3,984 37.1 43.3
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 373 387,046 33,147 48,673 8.6 12.6
Private 298 306,709 26,781 35,113 8.7 11.4
Public 75 80,337 6,366 13,560 7.9 16.9
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 760 868,474 212,727 245,160 24.5 28.2
Private 605 689,819 116,147 128,426 16.8 18.6
Public 155 178,655 96,580 116,734 54.1 65.3
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 177 184,509 21,606 22,669 11.7 12.3
Private 150 156,910 12,594 13,657 8.0 8.7
Public 27 27,599 9,012 9,012 32.7 32.7
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 770 454,837 67,731 76,150 14.9 16.7
Private 660 389,616 29,787 31,641 7.6 8.1
Public 110 65,221 37,944 44,509 58.2 68.2
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 179 113,959 18,433 18,433 16.2 16.2
Private 173 110,249 16,642 16,642 15.1 15.1
Public 6 3,710 1,790 1,790 48.3 48.3
6920 Sacramento, CA MSA Total 550 600,843 104,158 145,906 17.3 24.3
Private 397 436,848 42,172 49,659 9.7 11.4
Public 153 163,994 61,986 96,247 37.8 58.7
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 387 190,094 50,885 52,271 26.8 27.5
Private 341 167,339 39,367 40,753 23.5 24.4
Public 46 22,755 11,518 11,518 50.6 50.6
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL PMSA Total 667 831,225 131,100 139,606 15.8 16.8
Private 588 732,842 107,241 113,162 14.6 15.4
Public 79 98,383 23,859 26,444 24.3 26.9
7080 Salem, OR MSA Total 153 97,770 21,972 24,303 22.5 24.9
Private 106 67,681 7,207 7,207 10.6 10.6
Public 47 30,089 14,765 17,096 49.1 56.8
7090 Salem-Gloucester, MA PMSA Total 342 125,960 19,526 22,788 15.5 18.1
Private 306 112,947 11,155 12,957 9.9 11.5
Public 36 13,014 8,371 9,831 64.3 75.5
7120 Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, CA MSA Total 90 101,311 15,580 16,499 15.4 16.3
Private 72 81,106 5,189 5,189 6.4 6.4
Public 18 20,205 10,392 11,310 51.4 56.0
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,426 453,849 41,075 61,047 9.1 13.5
Private 1,119 355,381 18,830 25,377 5.3 7.1
Public 307 98,467 22,244 35,670 22.6 36.2
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 738 479,815 19,866 27,968 4.1 5.8
Private 568 370,073 6,365 6,977 1.7 1.9
Public 170 109,741 13,501 20,992 12.3 19.1
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 825 911,462 122,300 165,536 13.4 18.2
Private 651 721,641 57,736 68,923 8.0 9.6
Public 174 189,822 64,563 96,613 34.0 50.9
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 716 763,719 181,562 202,585 23.8 26.5
Private 610 651,157 122,861 135,223 18.9 20.8
Public 106 112,561 58,701 67,362 52.1 59.8
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 667 734,757 130,605 142,330 17.8 19.4
Private 588 646,743 85,536 91,589 13.2 14.2
Public 79 88,014 45,069 50,741 51.2 57.7
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 122 138,820 16,324 21,110 11.8 15.2
Private 99 112,934 5,141 5,141 4.6 4.6
Public 23 25,887 11,184 15,970 43.2 61.7
7485 Santa Cruz, CA PMSA Total 89 103,667 14,291 16,201 13.8 15.6
Private 76 89,629 6,413 6,413 7.2 7.2
Public 13 14,038 7,879 9,788 56.1 69.7
7500 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA PMSA Total 113 126,646 23,129 25,354 18.3 20.0
Private 96 107,098 12,525 12,525 11.7 11.7
Public 17 19,548 10,604 12,829 54.2 65.6
7510 Sarasota, FL MSA Total 126 86,175 4,097 6,796 4.8 7.9
Private 100 68,091 686 686 1.0 1.0
Public 26 18,084 3,412 6,111 18.9 33.8
7520 Savannah, GA MSA Total 103 130,639 7,833 7,833 6.0 6.0
Private 83 104,368 5,706 5,706 5.5 5.5
Public 20 26,271 2,127 2,127 8.1 8.1
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA MSA Total 476 289,504 67,849 74,873 23.4 25.9
Private 407 247,406 44,609 45,861 18.0 18.5
Public 69 42,097 23,240 29,012 55.2 68.9
7600 Seattle, WA PMSA Total 945 985,634 229,617 257,947 23.3 26.2
Private 797 831,124 140,092 156,212 16.9 18.8
Public 148 154,510 89,525 101,736 57.9 65.8
7610 Sharon, PA MSA Total 127 77,119 21,059 22,940 27.3 29.7
Private 102 61,880 12,465 14,345 20.1 23.2
Public 25 15,239 8,594 8,594 56.4 56.4
7680 Shreveport, LA MSA Total 140 121,684 14,936 15,630 12.3 12.8
Private 112 97,394 11,575 11,575 11.9 11.9
Public 28 24,290 3,361 4,055 13.8 16.7
7720 Sioux City, IA-NE MSA Total 124 63,409 8,141 9,258 12.8 14.6
Private 99 51,350 2,731 2,731 5.3 5.3
Public 25 12,059 5,410 6,526 44.9 54.1
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 586 63,245 7,792 8,886 12.3 14.1
Private 509 54,932 4,797 5,361 8.7 9.8
Public 77 8,313 2,995 3,525 36.0 42.4
7800 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN MSA Total 92 95,416 13,140 14,150 13.8 14.8
Private 80 83,106 8,909 8,909 10.7 10.7
Public 12 12,310 4,230 5,241 34.4 42.6
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 139 144,936 29,226 32,971 20.2 22.7
Private 120 124,377 15,216 16,887 12.2 13.6
Public 19 20,559 14,009 16,084 68.1 78.2
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 134 86,896 18,406 19,103 21.2 22.0
Private 88 56,881 3,350 3,350 5.9 5.9
Public 46 30,014 15,056 15,753 50.2 52.5
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 118 112,234 10,560 10,560 9.4 9.4
Private 104 99,146 7,495 7,495 7.6 7.6
Public 14 13,088 3,065 3,065 23.4 23.4
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 516 180,188 34,284 37,005 19.0 20.5
Private 455 159,072 19,071 20,470 12.0 12.9
Public 61 21,116 15,213 16,535 72.0 78.3
8040 Stamford, CT PMSA Total 123 78,264 5,948 5,948 7.6 7.6
Private 113 71,863 2,021 2,021 2.8 2.8
Public 10 6,401 3,927 3,927 61.4 61.4
8120 Stockton, CA MSA Total 137 153,012 27,400 31,973 17.9 20.9
Private 117 131,532 18,137 19,214 13.8 14.6
Public 20 21,480 9,263 12,759 43.1 59.4
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 503 295,326 88,014 89,222 29.8 30.2
Private 411 242,372 50,986 52,193 21.0 21.5
Public 92 52,954 37,029 37,029 69.9 69.9
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 214 225,450 55,029 58,057 24.4 25.8
Private 166 176,061 30,101 30,979 17.1 17.6
Public 48 49,389 24,928 27,078 50.5 54.8
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 171 131,231 9,070 16,532 6.9 12.6
Private 88 68,447 2,940 2,940 4.3 4.3
Public 83 62,785 6,131 13,592 9.8 21.6
8280 Tampa-St, Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,240 857,237 60,134 81,495 7.0 9.5
Private 1,047 724,778 24,414 30,831 3.4 4.3
Public 193 132,459 35,720 50,664 27.0 38.2
8320 Terre Haute, IN MSA Total 72 64,777 14,824 14,824 22.9 22.9
Private 67 60,126 13,101 13,101 21.8 21.8
Public 5 4,650 1,723 1,723 37.1 37.1
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 477 263,147 65,992 71,849 25.1 27.3
Private 398 219,059 39,583 44,907 18.1 20.5
Public 79 44,088 26,409 26,943 59.9 61.1
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 134 60,366 5,401 7,691 8.9 12.7
Private 107 48,451 2,984 3,922 6.2 8.1
Public 27 11,915 2,417 3,769 20.3 31.6
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 341 142,478 39,503 47,907 27.7 33.6
Private 248 103,675 14,173 17,489 13.7 16.9
Public 93 38,803 25,330 30,417 65.3 78.4
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 250 210,846 13,401 16,705 6.4 7.9
Private 204 172,080 8,168 10,771 4.7 6.3
Public 46 38,766 5,233 5,935 13.5 15.3
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 511 304,096 34,465 40,142 11.3 13.2
Private 439 260,776 22,969 23,948 8.8 9.2
Public 72 43,319 11,496 16,194 26.5 37.4
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 131 91,205 14,758 17,198 16.2 18.9
Private 90 61,950 8,567 9,385 13.8 15.2
Public 41 29,256 6,191 7,813 21.2 26.7
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 225 132,836 29,872 32,919 22.5 24.8
Private 170 99,870 11,441 12,673 11.5 12.7
Public 55 32,966 18,432 20,246 55.9 61.4
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 176 193,115 49,023 58,049 25.4 30.1
Private 127 141,419 23,589 24,633 16.7 17.4
Public 49 51,697 25,434 33,416 49.2 64.6
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 141 155,272 13,895 18,080 8.9 11.6
Private 108 118,734 5,142 5,142 4.3 4.3
Public 33 36,538 8,753 12,938 24.0 35.4
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 105 100,130 4,610 5,634 4.6 5.6
Private 89 85,880 3,819 4,843 4.4 5.6
Public 16 14,250 791 791 5.6 5.6
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA MSA Total 3,030 1,894,939 228,584 280,589 12.1 14.8
Private 2,115 1,356,142 115,927 137,651 8.5 10.2
Public 915 538,797 112,657 142,938 20.9 26.5
8880 Waterbury, CT MSA Total 195 133,474 29,224 30,033 21.9 22.5
Private 169 115,688 17,295 17,295 14.9 14.9
Public 26 17,786 11,929 12,738 67.1 71.6
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 144 71,413 10,845 16,401 15.2 23.0
Private 116 57,452 6,178 8,183 10.8 14.2
Public 28 13,961 4,667 8,219 33.4 58.9
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL MSA Total 435 302,252 23,726 29,871 7.8 9.9
Private 365 254,274 5,563 6,701 2.2 2.6
Public 70 47,978 18,163 23,170 37.9 48.3
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 92 31,900 5,582 5,582 17.5 17.5
Private 80 27,859 4,327 4,327 15.5 15.5
Public 12 4,041 1,256 1,256 31.1 31.1
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 581 265,089 34,157 46,134 12.9 17.4
Private 495 225,918 21,479 29,330 9.5 13.0
Public 86 39,171 12,678 16,804 32.4 42.9
9140 Williamsport, PA MSA Total 134 79,230 11,852 13,710 15.0 17.3
Private 126 74,430 9,723 10,943 13.1 14.7
Public 8 4,800 2,129 2,767 44.4 57.6
9160 Wilmington, DE-NJ-MD PMSA Total 1,078 213,160 36,694 42,122 17.2 19.8
Private 936 184,587 23,289 25,804 12.6 14.0
Public 142 28,574 13,405 16,318 46.9 57.1
9240 Worcester, MA MSA Total 549 194,061 29,878 32,737 15.4 16.9
Private 466 165,021 13,588 16,096 8.2 9.8
Public 83 29,040 16,290 16,641 56.1 57.3
9280 York, PA MSA Total 325 202,749 21,521 27,110 10.6 13.4
Private 280 175,369 15,336 17,577 8.7 10.0
Public 45 27,379 6,186 9,532 22.6 34.8
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 357 196,030 59,172 62,271 30.2 31.8
Private 303 166,484 41,349 41,881 24.8 25.2
Public 54 29,546 17,823 20,390 60.3 69.0
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 103 115,568 22,128 22,128 19.1 19.1
Private 69 77,616 4,029 4,029 5.2 5.2
Public 34 37,952 18,099 18,099 47.7 47.7
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 1992. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2001 tables are based
on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS. For five CMSAs during 1986-94, counts for the component PMSAs do not add to the CMSA total because the CPS
failed to assign some households to PMSAs. This causes employment estimates in the component PMSAs to be understated.
CMSA employment counts are correct for these five urban areas during 1986-93, but are understated in 1994. The five CMSAs
are: Boston, Hartford, Philadelphia, Providence, and St. Louis.
2002 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.