Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 1993 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by CPS size code):
7 Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH Total 5,202 1,919,836 299,971 325,106 15.6 16.9
Private 4,527 1,670,303 150,131 164,276 9.0 9.8
Public 675 249,532 149,840 160,830 60.0 64.5
Priv Const 171 63,848 16,858 16,858 26.4 26.4
Priv Manuf 899 332,483 39,456 42,970 11.9 12.9
30 Buffalo-Niagra Falls, NY Total 898 538,079 156,954 167,001 29.2 31.0
Private 741 444,624 88,882 94,220 20.0 21.2
Public 157 93,455 68,073 72,781 72.8 77.9
Priv Const 37 22,768 7,523 8,118 33.0 35.7
Priv Manuf 177 104,851 43,161 43,786 41.2 41.8
3 Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI Total 4,997 3,634,278 792,096 849,029 21.8 23.4
Private 4,335 3,153,543 544,407 580,283 17.3 18.4
Public 662 480,734 247,689 268,746 51.5 55.9
Priv Const 210 157,666 82,451 82,451 52.3 52.3
Priv Manuf 919 695,222 169,036 177,418 24.3 25.5
22 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,350 793,691 136,761 150,110 17.2 18.9
Private 1,133 665,170 78,429 86,004 11.8 12.9
Public 217 128,522 58,332 64,105 45.4 49.9
Priv Const 45 26,370 7,583 8,130 28.8 30.8
Priv Manuf 276 159,121 37,811 40,398 23.8 25.4
11 Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH Total 2,033 1,155,575 238,029 253,672 20.6 22.0
Private 1,747 994,819 166,264 177,921 16.7 17.9
Public 286 160,756 71,766 75,751 44.6 47.1
Priv Const 77 44,782 17,754 18,976 39.6 42.4
Priv Manuf 496 282,957 68,182 71,019 24.1 25.1
10 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 1,980 1,937,199 157,697 184,949 8.1 9.5
Private 1,728 1,689,020 108,640 122,573 6.4 7.3
Public 252 248,179 49,056 62,376 19.8 25.1
Priv Const 98 96,826 5,505 5,505 5.7 5.7
Priv Manuf 346 342,037 38,531 41,427 11.3 12.1
21 Denver-Boulder, CO Total 1,410 953,789 99,396 115,932 10.4 12.2
Private 1,173 792,599 62,288 65,587 7.9 8.3
Public 237 161,190 37,108 50,344 23.0 31.2
Priv Const 59 41,277 7,174 7,174 17.4 17.4
Priv Manuf 193 129,534 5,966 7,210 4.6 5.6
6 Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI Total 3,903 2,004,353 496,376 527,007 24.8 26.3
Private 3,330 1,712,480 330,989 349,498 19.3 20.4
Public 573 291,874 165,386 177,508 56.7 60.8
Priv Const 118 61,750 21,009 22,091 34.0 35.8
Priv Manuf 987 509,180 177,742 183,597 34.9 36.1
36 Hartford-New Britain-Middletown, CT Total 594 517,231 94,575 100,753 18.3 19.5
Private 513 446,222 49,595 55,302 11.1 12.4
Public 81 71,009 44,981 45,451 63.3 64.0
Priv Const 15 12,304 5,427 5,427 44.1 44.1
Priv Manuf 113 97,803 15,739 17,531 16.1 17.9
8 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,688 1,683,124 139,702 165,978 8.3 9.9
Private 1,431 1,430,180 76,571 85,565 5.4 6.0
Public 257 252,944 63,131 80,414 25.0 31.8
Priv Const 122 120,228 10,905 10,905 9.1 9.1
Priv Manuf 219 220,963 24,509 27,262 11.1 12.3
2 Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA Total 7,502 5,880,855 1,005,740 1,135,901 17.1 19.3
Private 6,393 5,012,807 579,863 639,021 11.6 12.7
Public 1,109 868,048 425,878 496,880 49.1 57.2
Priv Const 285 244,575 57,061 60,795 23.3 24.9
Priv Manuf 1,462 1,154,586 119,894 134,125 10.4 11.6
12 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 1,711 1,279,233 107,284 146,457 8.4 11.4
Private 1,455 1,087,319 45,228 59,164 4.2 5.4
Public 256 191,914 62,056 87,293 32.3 45.5
Priv Const 93 72,173 2,884 2,884 4.0 4.0
Priv Manuf 166 127,639 6,204 9,542 4.9 7.5
24 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 1,063 834,060 181,593 190,233 21.8 22.8
Private 910 715,093 113,229 118,777 15.8 16.6
Public 153 118,967 68,363 71,456 57.5 60.1
Priv Const 39 30,682 14,967 14,967 48.8 48.8
Priv Manuf 278 217,564 60,936 64,095 28.0 29.5
1 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Total 13,179 7,071,890 1,894,154 2,036,837 26.8 28.8
Private 10,879 5,816,539 1,013,342 1,108,940 17.4 19.1
Public 2,300 1,255,351 880,813 927,897 70.2 73.9
Priv Const 436 241,665 93,477 98,293 38.7 40.7
Priv Manuf 1,902 1,005,927 198,581 210,586 19.7 20.9
4 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 5,079 2,489,807 473,782 529,908 19.0 21.3
Private 4,299 2,111,942 279,572 311,456 13.2 14.7
Public 780 377,865 194,210 218,452 51.4 57.8
Priv Const 209 105,693 29,167 32,483 27.6 30.7
Priv Manuf 883 418,587 80,499 84,998 19.2 20.3
13 Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA Total 1,480 946,812 189,009 203,755 20.0 21.5
Private 1,304 835,223 123,672 130,264 14.8 15.6
Public 176 111,589 65,337 73,491 58.6 65.9
Priv Const 54 35,146 9,178 9,178 26.1 26.1
Priv Manuf 185 118,415 40,989 42,219 34.6 35.7
26 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA Total 995 712,565 118,667 125,995 16.7 17.7
Private 827 592,181 58,101 61,641 9.8 10.4
Public 168 120,384 60,566 64,354 50.3 53.5
Priv Const 42 31,123 4,715 4,715 15.2 15.2
Priv Manuf 154 114,277 20,672 20,672 18.1 18.1
34 Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River, RI-MA Total 1,746 486,202 90,139 94,182 18.5 19.4
Private 1,497 416,054 42,625 45,294 10.2 10.9
Public 249 70,148 47,513 48,888 67.7 69.7
Priv Const 51 14,808 3,326 3,326 22.5 22.5
Priv Manuf 434 121,126 17,005 17,218 14.0 14.2
14 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 955 1,037,905 202,329 228,005 19.5 22.0
Private 827 907,432 172,037 184,596 19.0 20.3
Public 128 130,473 30,292 43,409 23.2 33.3
Priv Const 36 38,208 24,568 24,568 64.3 64.3
Priv Manuf 177 200,418 66,287 70,593 33.1 35.2
5 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,331 2,683,002 554,038 593,181 20.6 22.1
Private 1,959 2,250,383 332,122 351,094 14.8 15.6
Public 372 432,619 221,917 242,087 51.3 56.0
Priv Const 103 122,886 31,940 33,088 26.0 26.9
Priv Manuf 396 447,462 52,153 53,551 11.7 12.0
18 Seattle-Tacoma, WA Total 1,045 1,175,742 292,034 321,228 24.8 27.3
Private 871 983,368 186,566 207,208 19.0 21.1
Public 174 192,375 105,467 114,020 54.8 59.3
Priv Const 49 55,840 18,056 20,320 32.3 36.4
Priv Manuf 162 179,238 50,406 59,376 28.1 33.1
9 Washington, DC-MD-VA Total 2,988 1,949,574 236,237 292,671 12.1 15.0
Private 2,058 1,377,246 112,796 139,158 8.2 10.1
Public 930 572,328 123,441 153,514 21.6 26.8
Priv Const 95 77,150 11,357 12,581 14.7 16.3
Priv Manuf 129 83,643 6,003 6,616 7.2 7.9
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH, PMSA Total 528 296,595 48,189 53,073 16.2 17.9
Private 451 254,845 31,887 34,665 12.5 13.6
Public 77 41,750 16,302 18,408 39.0 44.1
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 596 354,666 100,951 106,869 28.5 30.1
Private 418 250,064 32,087 35,582 12.8 14.2
Public 178 104,602 68,865 71,286 65.8 68.2
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 731 249,705 22,243 29,325 8.9 11.7
Private 587 200,453 11,797 13,575 5.9 6.8
Public 144 49,251 10,446 15,751 21.2 32.0
240 Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ MSA Total 427 267,773 58,342 61,907 21.8 23.1
Private 371 233,719 34,941 36,135 14.9 15.5
Public 56 34,054 23,401 25,772 68.7 75.7
280 Altoona, PA MSA Total 124 77,216 20,970 21,503 27.2 27.8
Private 103 64,082 13,560 13,560 21.2 21.2
Public 21 13,134 7,410 7,943 56.4 60.5
360 Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA PMSA Total 991 1,162,185 135,001 162,189 11.6 14.0
Private 874 1,026,225 85,744 95,660 8.4 9.3
Public 117 135,960 49,257 66,528 36.2 48.9
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 1,333 112,558 22,699 25,266 20.2 22.4
Private 993 84,101 9,193 10,034 10.9 11.9
Public 340 28,457 13,506 15,232 47.5 53.5
400 Anderson, IN MSA Total 91 77,820 25,263 25,729 32.5 33.1
Private 81 70,048 19,802 19,802 28.3 28.3
Public 10 7,771 5,461 5,927 70.3 76.3
405 Anderson, SC MSA Total 142 92,955 5,546 8,124 6.0 8.7
Private 125 82,439 3,204 4,707 3.9 5.7
Public 17 10,516 2,342 3,417 22.3 32.5
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 208 104,347 24,575 25,630 23.6 24.6
Private 124 62,539 8,551 8,551 13.7 13.7
Public 84 41,808 16,024 17,078 38.3 40.8
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenaht, WI MSA Total 197 154,634 34,332 40,932 22.2 26.5
Private 171 134,040 22,463 28,100 16.8 21.0
Public 26 20,594 11,868 12,832 57.6 62.3
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 216 83,426 3,182 3,182 3.8 3.8
Private 180 69,543 1,095 1,095 1.6 1.6
Public 36 13,883 2,087 2,087 15.0 15.0
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,022 1,427,236 96,665 115,671 6.8 8.1
Private 862 1,209,722 69,308 83,982 5.7 6.9
Public 160 217,513 27,357 31,689 12.6 14.6
600 Augusta, GA-SC MSA Total 180 174,451 6,316 7,027 3.6 4.0
Private 149 138,548 6,316 7,027 4.6 5.1
Public 31 35,902 0 0 0.0 0.0
620 Aurora-Elgin, IL PMSA Total 268 184,436 30,271 34,957 16.4 19.0
Private 231 159,310 20,329 23,640 12.8 14.8
Public 37 25,127 9,942 11,316 39.6 45.0
640 Austin, TX MSA Total 509 534,643 49,549 62,648 9.3 11.7
Private 363 386,780 11,155 14,545 2.9 3.8
Public 146 147,863 38,394 48,104 26.0 32.5
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 187 215,544 45,143 48,357 20.9 22.4
Private 143 165,281 23,559 25,742 14.3 15.6
Public 44 50,263 21,584 22,614 42.9 45.0
720 Baltimore, MD MSA Total 881 1,114,717 172,224 191,777 15.5 17.2
Private 660 835,567 84,292 88,169 10.1 10.6
Public 221 279,150 87,932 103,608 31.5 37.1
760 Baton Rouge, LA MSA Total 216 208,662 9,793 12,536 4.7 6.0
Private 167 159,708 8,040 8,858 5.0 5.5
Public 49 48,954 1,754 3,678 3.6 7.5
780 Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 107 55,761 16,556 17,084 29.7 30.6
Private 89 47,233 11,352 11,880 24.0 25.2
Public 18 8,528 5,204 5,204 61.0 61.0
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, FL MSA Total 214 203,039 25,662 27,796 12.6 13.7
Private 176 166,815 17,942 17,942 10.8 10.8
Public 38 36,224 7,720 9,854 21.3 27.2
845 Beaver County, PA PMSA Total 135 84,393 21,869 23,127 25.9 27.4
Private 124 77,587 18,151 18,755 23.4 24.2
Public 11 6,806 3,717 4,372 54.6 64.2
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 149 154,975 33,788 35,059 21.8 22.6
Private 127 132,630 18,711 19,981 14.1 15.1
Public 22 22,345 15,077 15,077 67.5 67.5
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 106 53,481 8,202 8,202 15.3 15.3
Private 91 46,301 4,965 4,965 10.7 10.7
Public 15 7,180 3,237 3,237 45.1 45.1
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 1,325 567,525 107,428 114,903 18.9 20.2
Private 1,152 494,999 66,314 70,977 13.4 14.3
Public 173 72,526 41,114 43,926 56.7 60.6
920 Biloxi-Gulfport, MS MSA Total 147 59,830 3,562 4,689 6.0 7.8
Private 111 44,876 2,250 2,250 5.0 5.0
Public 36 14,954 1,312 2,439 8.8 16.3
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 152 93,010 19,249 21,098 20.7 22.7
Private 118 72,452 7,871 9,144 10.9 12.6
Public 34 20,558 11,378 11,953 55.3 58.1
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 524 385,307 50,345 60,483 13.1 15.7
Private 436 321,929 31,742 36,088 9.9 11.2
Public 88 63,379 18,604 24,396 29.4 38.5
1040 Bloomington-Normal, IL MSA Total 143 97,671 16,096 17,519 16.5 17.9
Private 118 80,576 10,961 11,662 13.6 14.5
Public 25 17,095 5,135 5,858 30.0 34.3
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 571 112,494 6,514 8,047 5.8 7.2
Private 473 92,593 3,016 3,777 3.3 4.1
Public 98 19,900 3,498 4,269 17.6 21.5
1120 Boston, MA PMSR Total 3,454 1,281,948 220,335 235,142 17.2 18.3
Private 2,973 1,103,047 111,053 119,917 10.1 10.9
Public 481 178,901 109,282 115,225 61.1 64.4
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 216 146,618 9,545 13,737 6.5 9.4
Private 173 117,269 4,731 5,366 4.0 4.6
Public 43 29,349 4,813 8,370 16.4 28.5
1140 Bradenton, FL MSA Total 110 99,356 9,927 13,001 10.0 13.1
Private 90 82,903 2,911 2,911 3.5 3.5
Public 20 16,452 7,016 10,091 42.6 61.3
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 64 62,903 3,860 10,244 6.1 16.3
Private 53 51,884 3,860 5,101 7.4 9.8
Public 11 11,019 0 5,143 0.0 46.7
1160 Bridgeport-Milford, CT PMSA Total 257 235,981 40,079 45,106 17.0 19.1
Private 223 204,843 20,969 24,840 10.2 12.1
Public 34 31,139 19,110 20,266 61.4 65.1
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 243 93,575 14,851 16,781 15.9 17.9
Private 209 80,803 7,697 8,905 9.5 11.0
Public 34 12,772 7,154 7,877 56.0 61.7
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX MSA Total 98 67,465 2,772 3,369 4.1 5.0
Private 79 54,344 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 19 13,121 2,772 3,369 21.1 25.7
1280 Buffalo, NY PMSA Total 681 410,796 112,315 121,738 27.3 29.6
Private 559 337,582 60,955 65,670 18.1 19.5
Public 122 73,215 51,360 56,068 70.1 76.6
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 376 74,656 6,630 7,953 8.9 10.7
Private 316 63,403 1,426 2,096 2.2 3.3
Public 60 11,253 5,204 5,858 46.3 52.1
1320 Canton, OH MSA Total 287 160,445 45,867 49,184 28.6 30.7
Private 238 133,187 32,521 33,666 24.4 25.3
Public 49 27,258 13,345 15,519 49.0 56.9
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 190 97,882 15,116 18,187 15.4 18.6
Private 168 87,121 10,244 11,328 11.8 13.0
Public 22 10,760 4,872 6,859 45.3 63.7
1400 Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, IL MSA Total 116 82,262 16,165 16,165 19.7 19.7
Private 89 61,410 7,571 7,571 12.3 12.3
Public 27 20,852 8,594 8,594 41.2 41.2
1440 Charleston, SC MSA Total 324 206,489 8,278 10,170 4.0 4.9
Private 230 148,471 2,863 2,863 1.9 1.9
Public 94 58,018 5,415 7,307 9.3 12.6
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 241 82,940 8,125 8,428 9.8 10.2
Private 197 68,072 5,567 5,567 8.2 8.2
Public 44 14,869 2,557 2,861 17.2 19.2
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 1,455 596,200 36,433 45,892 6.1 7.7
Private 1,263 518,353 23,860 32,074 4.6 6.2
Public 192 77,847 12,573 13,818 16.2 17.7
1560 Chattanooga, TN-A MSA Total 172 173,533 24,352 26,666 14.0 15.4
Private 137 138,038 10,915 12,201 7.9 8.8
Public 35 35,494 13,437 14,464 37.9 40.8
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 3,859 2,689,554 595,392 641,136 22.1 23.8
Private 3,347 2,329,435 397,397 425,400 17.1 18.3
Public 512 360,119 197,995 215,737 55.0 59.9
1620 Chico, CA MSA Total 83 96,820 20,588 21,669 21.3 22.4
Private 65 76,095 6,895 6,895 9.1 9.1
Public 18 20,725 13,692 14,774 66.1 71.3
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 1,132 669,861 119,290 131,609 17.8 19.6
Private 937 553,439 65,399 72,458 11.8 13.1
Public 195 116,422 53,891 59,151 46.3 50.8
1680 Cleveland, OH PMSA Total 1,305 746,734 147,622 154,878 19.8 20.7
Private 1,118 640,279 98,978 105,668 15.5 16.5
Public 187 106,455 48,644 49,210 45.7 46.2
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 247 165,053 11,766 14,952 7.1 9.1
Private 209 140,022 7,923 9,249 5.7 6.6
Public 38 25,031 3,843 5,703 15.4 22.8
1740 Colombia, MO MSA Total 115 99,169 7,236 9,063 7.3 9.1
Private 62 54,310 1,978 1,978 3.6 3.6
Public 53 44,859 5,258 7,085 11.7 15.8
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 292 190,601 9,940 13,056 5.2 6.8
Private 209 137,947 2,911 4,699 2.1 3.4
Public 83 52,653 7,028 8,357 13.3 15.9
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 77 98,408 8,099 10,507 8.2 10.7
Private 61 78,247 5,431 5,431 6.9 6.9
Public 16 20,161 2,668 5,076 13.2 25.2
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 1,130 651,452 108,887 118,438 16.7 18.2
Private 925 532,931 54,426 57,172 10.2 10.7
Public 205 118,521 54,461 61,266 46.0 51.7
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 227 149,223 21,921 23,866 14.7 16.0
Private 177 115,747 10,598 10,598 9.2 9.2
Public 50 33,476 11,324 13,269 33.8 39.6
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,298 1,271,929 83,705 96,824 6.6 7.6
Private 1,137 1,109,928 53,448 61,643 4.8 5.6
Public 161 162,001 30,257 35,181 18.7 21.7
1930 Danbury, CT PMSR Total 128 87,942 11,889 11,889 13.5 13.5
Private 121 83,208 8,690 8,690 10.4 10.4
Public 7 4,735 3,199 3,199 67.6 67.6
1960 Davenport-Rock Island-Moline, IA-IL MSA Total 241 137,290 25,022 31,092 18.2 22.6
Private 198 112,792 15,127 16,953 13.4 15.0
Public 43 24,497 9,895 14,138 40.4 57.7
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 751 420,238 63,225 75,645 15.0 18.0
Private 638 357,608 38,595 45,002 10.8 12.6
Public 113 62,630 24,630 30,643 39.3 48.9
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 178 139,345 12,362 16,274 8.9 11.7
Private 148 115,226 2,481 4,151 2.2 3.6
Public 30 24,119 9,881 12,122 41.0 50.3
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 1,194 807,172 89,852 102,195 11.1 12.7
Private 1,000 675,331 57,557 60,221 8.5 8.9
Public 194 131,841 32,294 41,974 24.5 31.8
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 381 196,247 21,354 28,603 10.9 14.6
Private 333 170,573 11,340 14,143 6.6 8.3
Public 48 25,674 10,014 14,461 39.0 56.3
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 3,695 1,900,006 471,801 501,377 24.8 26.4
Private 3,206 1,649,940 322,438 340,947 19.5 20.7
Public 489 250,066 149,363 160,430 59.7 64.2
2240 Duluth, MN-WI MSA Total 89 81,942 24,326 26,352 29.7 32.2
Private 66 61,236 14,978 17,004 24.5 27.8
Public 23 20,705 9,347 9,347 45.1 45.1
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 343 228,589 20,568 37,178 9.0 16.3
Private 250 165,742 6,048 9,778 3.6 5.9
Public 93 62,847 14,520 27,399 23.1 43.6
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 176 111,483 15,840 15,840 14.2 14.2
Private 164 104,342 12,294 12,294 11.8 11.8
Public 12 7,142 3,545 3,545 49.6 49.6
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 201 137,780 24,972 28,368 18.1 20.6
Private 162 111,463 10,834 12,948 9.7 11.6
Public 39 26,318 14,137 15,420 53.7 58.6
2440 Evansville, IN-KY MSA Total 152 130,073 23,895 23,895 18.4 18.4
Private 141 119,467 19,275 19,275 16.1 16.1
Public 11 10,606 4,620 4,620 43.6 43.6
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 196 74,812 4,728 6,261 6.3 8.4
Private 141 53,971 1,930 1,930 3.6 3.6
Public 55 20,840 2,798 4,331 13.4 20.8
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale, AR MSA Total 69 30,476 1,581 1,581 5.2 5.2
Private 57 25,193 875 875 3.5 3.5
Public 12 5,283 705 705 13.3 13.3
2640 Flint, MI MSA Total 334 171,016 53,238 53,238 31.1 31.1
Private 295 151,512 41,290 41,290 27.3 27.3
Public 39 19,504 11,948 11,948 61.3 61.3
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 133 96,336 13,348 15,204 13.9 15.8
Private 123 89,723 11,476 13,332 12.8 14.9
Public 10 6,613 1,872 1,872 28.3 28.3
2655 Florence, SC MSA Total 114 71,821 3,290 3,290 4.6 4.6
Private 91 56,987 1,480 1,480 2.6 2.6
Public 23 14,834 1,810 1,810 12.2 12.2
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 145 98,625 5,861 5,861 5.9 5.9
Private 120 81,923 2,714 2,714 3.3 3.3
Public 25 16,703 3,148 3,148 18.8 18.8
2680 Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach, FL PMSA Total 662 484,503 44,680 67,086 9.2 13.8
Private 551 403,768 18,747 24,584 4.6 6.1
Public 111 80,735 25,933 42,502 32.1 52.6
2700 Fort Myers, FL MSA Total 196 172,718 10,637 11,365 6.2 6.6
Private 164 141,107 559 559 0.4 0.4
Public 32 31,612 10,078 10,806 31.9 34.2
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 172 76,780 4,593 6,057 6.0 7.9
Private 150 67,430 3,321 4,786 4.9 7.1
Public 22 9,350 1,271 1,271 13.6 13.6
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 110 75,071 3,905 5,943 5.2 7.9
Private 81 55,497 731 1,312 1.3 2.4
Public 29 19,573 3,174 4,631 16.2 23.7
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 93 163,499 31,735 31,735 19.4 19.4
Private 82 142,101 27,744 27,744 19.5 19.5
Public 11 21,398 3,991 3,991 18.7 18.7
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 682 665,271 73,991 88,125 11.1 13.2
Private 591 579,092 55,192 60,930 9.5 10.5
Public 91 86,179 18,800 27,195 21.8 31.6
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 183 215,005 41,726 46,369 19.4 21.6
Private 144 169,142 18,828 21,252 11.1 12.6
Public 39 45,863 22,898 25,118 49.9 54.8
2880 Gadsden, AL MSA Total 94 64,613 11,225 11,225 17.4 17.4
Private 77 53,801 6,608 6,608 12.3 12.3
Public 17 10,812 4,617 4,617 42.7 42.7
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 149 107,656 3,300 7,410 3.1 6.9
Private 93 68,164 1,465 1,465 2.1 2.1
Public 56 39,493 1,835 5,945 4.6 15.1
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 127 122,427 15,207 17,042 12.4 13.9
Private 98 94,993 13,162 14,017 13.9 14.8
Public 29 27,434 2,045 3,025 7.5 11.0
2960 Gary-Hammond, IN PMSA Total 128 252,343 78,946 80,229 31.3 31.8
Private 113 222,232 67,920 69,204 30.6 31.1
Public 15 30,111 11,026 11,026 36.6 36.6
3000 Grand Rapids, MI MSA Total 608 328,288 47,448 51,513 14.5 15.7
Private 540 291,693 26,805 27,761 9.2 9.5
Public 68 36,594 20,643 23,752 56.4 64.9
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 1,233 468,765 28,504 33,776 6.1 7.2
Private 1,078 408,299 15,556 18,963 3.8 4.6
Public 155 60,466 12,948 14,813 21.4 24.5
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg, SC MSA Total 455 292,175 6,758 12,578 2.3 4.3
Private 404 259,304 6,256 8,134 2.4 3.1
Public 51 32,871 502 4,444 1.5 13.5
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 218 123,830 17,472 18,500 14.1 14.9
Private 196 111,730 13,030 13,546 11.7 12.1
Public 22 12,100 4,441 4,954 36.7 40.9
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 350 220,884 37,714 46,622 17.1 21.1
Private 283 179,021 19,047 22,773 10.6 12.7
Public 67 41,863 18,667 23,849 44.6 57.0
3280 Hartford, CT PMSA Total 373 358,053 65,656 66,766 18.3 18.6
Private 319 306,099 33,799 34,909 11.0 11.4
Public 54 51,955 31,857 31,857 61.3 61.3
3290 Hickory, NC MSA Total 281 106,044 1,894 1,894 1.8 1.8
Private 256 96,794 699 699 0.7 0.7
Public 25 9,250 1,195 1,195 12.9 12.9
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,272 362,663 93,416 98,418 25.8 27.1
Private 975 276,121 51,674 54,980 18.7 19.9
Public 297 86,542 41,742 43,438 48.2 50.2
3350 Houma-Thibodaux, LA MSA Total 105 103,984 1,143 1,885 1.1 1.8
Private 89 86,783 1,143 1,885 1.3 2.2
Public 16 17,201 0 0 0.0 0.0
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,497 1,497,794 120,635 138,692 8.1 9.3
Private 1,280 1,283,303 59,549 66,447 4.6 5.2
Public 217 214,491 61,086 72,245 28.5 33.7
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 136 47,129 6,985 12,822 14.8 27.2
Private 101 35,076 4,575 7,328 13.0 20.9
Public 35 12,054 2,410 5,494 20.0 45.6
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 156 115,457 3,166 3,953 2.7 3.4
Private 118 87,700 1,581 1,581 1.8 1.8
Public 38 27,757 1,585 2,372 5.7 8.5
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 331 598,280 77,139 88,071 12.9 14.7
Private 274 492,965 52,626 54,893 10.7 11.1
Public 57 105,315 24,513 33,178 23.3 31.5
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 127 65,048 19,377 20,398 29.8 31.4
Private 107 54,041 10,364 10,866 19.2 20.1
Public 20 11,007 9,013 9,532 81.9 86.6
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 390 170,660 10,976 16,901 6.4 9.9
Private 296 130,163 9,302 11,004 7.1 8.5
Public 94 40,497 1,674 5,897 4.1 14.6
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 503 367,239 43,508 59,849 11.8 16.3
Private 417 301,846 21,358 29,039 7.1 9.6
Public 86 65,393 22,150 30,810 33.9 47.1
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 472 212,075 68,153 72,389 32.1 34.1
Private 395 177,168 43,333 45,918 24.5 25.9
Public 77 34,907 24,820 26,471 71.1 75.8
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 141 126,551 16,756 17,621 13.2 13.9
Private 129 115,987 13,736 14,601 11.8 12.6
Public 12 10,564 3,020 3,020 28.6 28.6
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 118 75,310 23,387 24,747 31.1 32.9
Private 99 63,514 14,941 16,301 23.5 25.7
Public 19 11,797 8,446 8,446 71.6 71.6
3690 Joliet, IL PMSA Total 329 226,566 50,930 53,617 22.5 23.7
Private 284 196,214 36,187 37,540 18.4 19.1
Public 45 30,352 14,743 16,078 48.6 53.0
3710 Joplin, MO MSA Total 120 102,185 11,452 13,737 11.2 13.4
Private 102 86,446 8,429 9,338 9.8 10.8
Public 18 15,739 3,024 4,398 19.2 27.9
3720 Kalamazoo, MI MSA Total 193 96,460 17,764 17,764 18.4 18.4
Private 171 85,457 10,691 10,691 12.5 12.5
Public 22 11,003 7,073 7,073 64.3 64.3
3740 Kankakee, IL MSA Total 100 67,653 18,501 19,106 27.3 28.2
Private 86 58,426 14,476 15,081 24.8 25.8
Public 14 9,227 4,025 4,025 43.6 43.6
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 1,033 816,800 108,482 121,101 13.3 14.8
Private 847 672,881 69,400 75,005 10.3 11.1
Public 186 143,919 39,082 46,096 27.2 32.0
3810 Killeen-Temple, TX MSA Total 102 96,579 2,477 4,094 2.6 4.2
Private 76 71,237 2,477 3,171 3.5 4.5
Public 26 25,341 0 923 0.0 3.6
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 286 269,610 31,172 36,664 11.6 13.6
Private 235 221,039 22,002 25,904 10.0 11.7
Public 51 48,571 9,170 10,760 18.9 22.2
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 95 89,595 5,355 6,437 6.0 7.2
Private 72 67,824 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 23 21,771 5,355 6,437 24.6 29.6
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 101 99,569 16,641 19,026 16.7 19.1
Private 78 78,169 9,754 10,490 12.5 13.4
Public 23 21,400 6,887 8,536 32.2 39.9
3965 Lake County, IL PMSA Total 413 281,378 36,557 39,089 13.0 13.9
Private 360 246,352 22,573 24,500 9.2 9.9
Public 53 35,025 13,984 14,590 39.9 41.7
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 250 186,263 10,737 12,696 5.8 6.8
Private 218 164,036 5,813 7,196 3.5 4.4
Public 32 22,227 4,924 5,501 22.2 24.7
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 248 161,101 22,731 25,210 14.1 15.6
Private 220 143,295 12,560 14,374 8.8 10.0
Public 28 17,807 10,171 10,836 57.1 60.9
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 370 186,203 59,431 61,050 31.9 32.8
Private 242 121,942 24,500 25,013 20.1 20.5
Public 128 64,261 34,931 36,037 54.4 56.1
4120 Las Vegas, NV MSA Total 1,237 368,725 77,897 85,873 21.1 23.3
Private 1,096 326,196 58,604 64,109 18.0 19.7
Public 141 42,528 19,293 21,764 45.4 51.2
4160 Lawrence-Haverhill, MA-NH PMSA Total 318 116,268 20,696 21,021 17.8 18.1
Private 278 101,437 9,803 9,803 9.7 9.7
Public 40 14,831 10,894 11,219 73.5 75.6
4200 Lawton, OK MSA Total 119 72,657 1,576 1,576 2.2 2.2
Private 78 48,092 1,576 1,576 3.3 3.3
Public 41 24,565 0 0 0.0 0.0
4280 Lexington-Fayette, KY MSA Total 232 173,034 16,064 17,316 9.3 10.0
Private 192 144,591 13,215 13,215 9.1 9.1
Public 40 28,442 2,849 4,101 10.0 14.4
4320 Lima, OH MSA Total 120 67,485 16,999 18,623 25.2 27.6
Private 104 58,711 13,181 14,240 22.5 24.3
Public 16 8,774 3,818 4,383 43.5 50.0
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 415 117,654 16,265 21,097 13.8 17.9
Private 302 86,143 7,464 8,542 8.7 9.9
Public 113 31,511 8,802 12,555 27.9 39.8
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 548 248,576 25,984 32,810 10.5 13.2
Private 450 204,930 17,504 21,573 8.5 10.5
Public 98 43,646 8,479 11,236 19.4 25.7
4440 Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 200 112,246 42,218 45,722 37.6 40.7
Private 178 99,695 35,399 37,588 35.5 37.7
Public 22 12,551 6,819 8,134 54.3 64.8
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 5,431 3,434,505 596,116 671,710 17.4 19.6
Private 4,637 2,934,045 344,216 381,354 11.7 13.0
Public 794 500,460 251,900 290,356 50.3 58.0
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 626 460,011 76,287 84,885 16.6 18.5
Private 538 397,003 52,799 56,622 13.3 14.3
Public 88 63,008 23,488 28,263 37.3 44.9
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 319 116,436 12,736 13,081 10.9 11.2
Private 284 103,760 5,829 6,174 5.6 6.0
Public 35 12,675 6,907 6,907 54.5 54.5
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 82 78,777 2,159 2,159 2.7 2.7
Private 68 65,616 1,077 1,077 1.6 1.6
Public 14 13,161 1,082 1,082 8.2 8.2
4680 Macon-Warner Robins, GA MSA Total 95 130,071 12,535 15,102 9.6 11.6
Private 64 87,734 9,717 9,717 11.1 11.1
Public 31 42,337 2,818 5,385 6.7 12.7
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 229 177,824 30,397 35,025 17.1 19.7
Private 164 127,555 10,638 10,638 8.3 8.3
Public 65 50,270 19,759 24,387 39.3 48.5
4760 Manchester, NH MSA Total 192 59,679 6,690 8,744 11.2 14.7
Private 161 50,157 2,326 3,335 4.6 6.6
Public 31 9,522 4,364 5,409 45.8 56.8
4800 Mansfield, OH MSA Total 180 101,317 22,058 22,587 21.8 22.3
Private 157 88,341 15,448 15,448 17.5 17.5
Public 23 12,976 6,610 7,139 50.9 55.0
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 168 109,231 3,209 6,144 2.9 5.6
Private 134 87,369 664 664 0.8 0.8
Public 34 21,862 2,545 5,480 11.6 25.1
4890 Medford, OR MSA Total 107 69,177 15,425 17,372 22.3 25.1
Private 87 55,961 7,690 8,427 13.7 15.1
Public 20 13,216 7,735 8,945 58.5 67.7
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 240 164,535 20,429 28,239 12.4 17.2
Private 204 139,899 13,313 16,896 9.5 12.1
Public 36 24,636 7,115 11,343 28.9 46.0
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 355 333,563 40,194 49,844 12.0 14.9
Private 278 262,397 18,004 21,385 6.9 8.2
Public 77 71,166 22,190 28,458 31.2 40.0
5000 Miami-Hialeah, FL PMSA Total 1,049 794,731 62,604 79,371 7.9 10.0
Private 904 683,551 26,481 34,580 3.9 5.1
Public 145 111,180 36,123 44,791 32.5 40.3
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 1,139 483,560 91,803 100,850 19.0 20.9
Private 979 415,275 49,350 54,813 11.9 13.2
Public 160 68,285 42,453 46,036 62.2 67.4
5080 Milwaukee, WI PMSA Total 875 686,864 150,064 157,946 21.8 23.0
Private 744 585,079 94,030 99,578 16.1 17.0
Public 131 101,785 56,033 58,369 55.1 57.3
5120 Minneapolis-St, Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 1,359 1,278,177 271,744 287,493 21.3 22.5
Private 1,144 1,078,654 156,042 164,108 14.5 15.2
Public 215 199,523 115,702 123,385 58.0 61.8
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 167 121,435 19,329 19,329 15.9 15.9
Private 147 107,506 12,335 12,335 11.5 11.5
Public 20 13,929 6,993 6,993 50.2 50.2
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 121 139,402 39,987 45,202 28.7 32.4
Private 98 113,326 22,358 24,549 19.7 21.7
Public 23 26,077 17,629 20,653 67.6 79.2
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 824 352,638 71,111 76,902 20.2 21.8
Private 683 292,411 37,179 40,473 12.7 13.8
Public 141 60,227 33,932 36,429 56.3 60.5
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 108 103,697 9,449 10,309 9.1 9.9
Private 89 85,592 5,425 5,425 6.3 6.3
Public 19 18,105 4,024 4,884 22.2 27.0
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 185 154,155 12,488 12,488 8.1 8.1
Private 147 125,762 8,836 8,836 7.0 7.0
Public 38 28,392 3,652 3,652 12.9 12.9
5320 Muskegon, MI MSA Total 133 66,761 19,237 19,237 28.8 28.8
Private 107 53,906 12,760 12,760 23.7 23.7
Public 26 12,855 6,477 6,477 50.4 50.4
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 517 480,935 45,723 48,464 9.5 10.1
Private 453 420,544 29,044 30,778 6.9 7.3
Public 64 60,392 16,678 17,686 27.6 29.3
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 1,798 1,081,453 308,475 332,196 28.5 30.7
Private 1,422 855,767 137,889 154,769 16.1 18.1
Public 376 225,685 170,586 177,427 75.6 78.6
5400 New Bedford, MA MSA Total 209 74,270 17,125 17,481 23.1 23.5
Private 174 61,807 9,409 9,764 15.2 15.8
Public 35 12,462 7,716 7,716 61.9 61.9
5440 New Britain, CT PMSA Total 86 58,153 5,855 6,325 10.1 10.9
Private 81 55,372 4,135 4,135 7.5 7.5
Public 5 2,781 1,720 2,190 61.8 78.7
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT MSA Total 226 209,965 48,984 52,025 23.3 24.8
Private 194 179,704 29,661 31,610 16.5 17.6
Public 32 30,261 19,323 20,415 63.9 67.5
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 129 90,714 17,852 19,324 19.7 21.3
Private 109 76,501 12,448 13,921 16.3 18.2
Public 20 14,213 5,404 5,404 38.0 38.0
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 470 478,466 53,916 68,180 11.3 14.2
Private 369 374,749 21,531 24,586 5.7 6.6
Public 101 103,717 32,385 43,594 31.2 42.0
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 5,125 3,032,541 971,393 1,044,749 32.0 34.5
Private 4,139 2,445,796 523,517 575,869 21.4 23.5
Public 986 586,745 447,876 468,880 76.3 79.9
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,728 755,086 177,638 189,974 23.5 25.2
Private 1,452 634,718 106,363 112,210 16.8 17.7
Public 276 120,368 71,275 77,764 59.2 64.6
5700 Niagara Falls, NY PMSA Total 217 127,283 44,639 45,264 35.1 35.6
Private 182 107,042 27,927 28,551 26.1 26.7
Public 35 20,241 16,713 16,713 82.6 82.6
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA MSA Total 488 547,165 64,456 96,303 11.8 17.6
Private 369 416,615 32,196 45,273 7.7 10.9
Public 119 130,550 32,260 51,030 24.7 39.1
5760 Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 82 52,628 4,465 5,108 8.5 9.7
Private 76 48,617 1,910 2,553 3.9 5.3
Public 6 4,011 2,555 2,555 63.7 63.7
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 703 818,271 186,924 204,324 22.8 25.0
Private 576 669,013 114,199 124,919 17.1 18.7
Public 127 149,259 72,725 79,405 48.7 53.2
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 134 98,358 2,352 4,675 2.4 4.8
Private 115 83,954 902 902 1.1 1.1
Public 19 14,405 1,451 3,773 10.1 26.2
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 658 383,483 40,767 46,126 10.6 12.0
Private 513 301,031 24,338 24,798 8.1 8.2
Public 145 82,452 16,430 21,328 19.9 25.9
5910 Olympia, WA MSA Total 142 155,753 37,360 42,517 24.0 27.3
Private 97 106,955 24,323 25,391 22.7 23.7
Public 45 48,798 13,036 17,126 26.7 35.1
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 869 242,721 29,333 39,642 12.1 16.3
Private 747 208,978 15,581 22,787 7.5 10.9
Public 122 33,744 13,752 16,856 40.8 50.0
5950 Orange County, NY PMSA Total 186 135,437 32,253 33,304 23.8 24.6
Private 133 95,330 11,263 11,263 11.8 11.8
Public 53 40,107 20,990 22,041 52.3 55.0
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 686 526,729 30,276 44,249 5.7 8.4
Private 601 462,191 14,153 18,988 3.1 4.1
Public 85 64,537 16,122 25,261 25.0 39.1
6000 Oxnard-Ventura, CA PMSA Total 296 343,837 61,511 65,352 17.9 19.0
Private 244 283,520 37,945 37,945 13.4 13.4
Public 52 60,317 23,567 27,407 39.1 45.4
6060 Pawtucket-Woonsocket-Attleboro, RI-MA PMSA Total 211 52,991 11,878 12,838 22.4 24.2
Private 191 47,732 7,415 8,375 15.5 17.5
Public 20 5,260 4,463 4,463 84.8 84.8
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 219 175,859 11,549 19,541 6.6 11.1
Private 168 135,193 4,812 6,236 3.6 4.6
Public 51 40,666 6,737 13,305 16.6 32.7
6120 Peoria, IL MSA Total 200 135,037 30,892 32,855 22.9 24.3
Private 170 115,219 22,381 22,381 19.4 19.4
Public 30 19,819 8,511 10,474 42.9 52.9
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 3,462 2,039,713 368,951 415,350 18.1 20.4
Private 2,950 1,748,219 227,749 255,845 13.0 14.6
Public 512 291,494 141,202 159,506 48.4 54.7
6200 Phoenix, AZ MSA Total 1,085 950,344 65,228 92,759 6.9 9.8
Private 930 817,261 37,296 51,776 4.6 6.3
Public 155 133,083 27,932 40,983 21.0 30.8
6280 Pittsburgh, PA PMSA Total 1,345 862,420 167,141 180,628 19.4 20.9
Private 1,180 757,637 105,520 111,509 13.9 14.7
Public 165 104,783 61,620 69,119 58.8 66.0
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 324 94,424 10,894 11,390 11.5 12.1
Private 279 81,336 3,474 3,474 4.3 4.3
Public 45 13,088 7,420 7,916 56.7 60.5
6440 Portland, OR PMSA Total 900 607,759 101,140 108,468 16.6 17.8
Private 751 508,871 50,888 54,428 10.0 10.7
Public 149 98,888 50,253 54,040 50.8 54.6
6450 Portsmouth-Dover-Rochester, NH-ME MSA Total 204 69,150 9,564 10,840 13.8 15.7
Private 168 57,754 3,978 4,541 6.9 7.9
Public 36 11,396 5,586 6,300 49.0 55.3
6460 Poughkeepsie, NY MSA Total 162 100,847 28,552 29,752 28.3 29.5
Private 123 77,003 10,045 10,045 13.0 13.0
Public 39 23,845 18,507 19,707 77.6 82.6
6480 Providence, RI PMSA Total 994 262,229 47,695 49,656 18.2 18.9
Private 845 222,465 20,975 22,683 9.4 10.2
Public 149 39,765 26,720 26,973 67.2 67.8
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 163 54,419 3,060 4,442 5.6 8.2
Private 150 49,957 1,868 2,887 3.7 5.8
Public 13 4,463 1,192 1,555 26.7 34.8
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 102 65,946 11,501 12,746 17.4 19.3
Private 81 52,535 6,242 6,242 11.9 11.9
Public 21 13,411 5,259 6,504 39.2 48.5
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 188 147,196 31,529 32,286 21.4 21.9
Private 166 130,014 19,199 19,199 14.8 14.8
Public 22 17,181 12,330 13,087 71.8 76.2
6640 Raleigh-Durham, NC MSA Total 992 382,014 18,426 23,281 4.8 6.1
Private 773 296,658 9,815 11,904 3.3 4.0
Public 219 85,356 8,611 11,377 10.1 13.3
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 248 156,907 33,489 34,011 21.3 21.7
Private 216 137,014 19,633 19,633 14.3 14.3
Public 32 19,893 13,856 14,378 69.7 72.3
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 228 68,584 7,471 13,789 10.9 20.1
Private 189 56,923 4,314 5,715 7.6 10.0
Public 39 11,661 3,157 8,074 27.1 69.2
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 387 420,976 43,603 49,676 10.4 11.8
Private 310 335,524 31,295 33,880 9.3 10.1
Public 77 85,452 12,307 15,795 14.4 18.5
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 784 940,328 213,112 236,651 22.7 25.2
Private 638 769,018 111,958 124,062 14.6 16.1
Public 146 171,310 101,154 112,589 59.0 65.7
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 163 176,722 16,708 17,978 9.5 10.2
Private 143 155,149 9,415 9,415 6.1 6.1
Public 20 21,572 7,293 8,563 33.8 39.7
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 807 485,678 82,057 86,778 16.9 17.9
Private 673 404,989 29,350 31,690 7.2 7.8
Public 134 80,689 52,707 55,088 65.3 68.3
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 182 121,786 16,529 16,529 13.6 13.6
Private 174 116,510 14,045 14,045 12.1 12.1
Public 8 5,276 2,483 2,483 47.1 47.1
6920 Sacramento, CA MSA Total 518 610,274 121,539 151,740 19.9 24.9
Private 362 430,118 43,041 48,392 10.0 11.3
Public 156 180,156 78,498 103,348 43.6 57.4
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 366 187,009 45,987 49,375 24.6 26.4
Private 315 161,120 31,453 32,497 19.5 20.2
Public 51 25,889 14,535 16,878 56.1 65.2
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL PMSA Total 607 791,503 147,798 166,768 18.7 21.1
Private 538 702,431 128,352 136,142 18.3 19.4
Public 69 89,073 19,446 30,626 21.8 34.4
7080 Salem, OR MSA Total 151 102,273 19,264 21,169 18.8 20.7
Private 97 65,717 6,301 6,301 9.6 9.6
Public 54 36,556 12,963 14,868 35.5 40.7
7090 Salem-Gloucester, MA PMSA Total 322 120,087 17,935 21,549 14.9 17.9
Private 288 107,650 8,776 11,309 8.2 10.5
Public 34 12,437 9,159 10,240 73.6 82.3
7120 Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, CA MSA Total 95 116,176 19,842 22,177 17.1 19.1
Private 73 89,906 7,958 9,165 8.9 10.2
Public 22 26,270 11,884 13,013 45.2 49.5
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,385 475,346 53,848 73,631 11.3 15.5
Private 1,094 374,775 23,037 29,384 6.1 7.8
Public 291 100,571 30,810 44,247 30.6 44.0
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 718 475,720 29,357 35,841 6.2 7.5
Private 572 379,143 12,988 14,849 3.4 3.9
Public 146 96,577 16,369 20,993 16.9 21.7
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 831 970,743 126,740 166,071 13.1 17.1
Private 673 788,044 53,383 64,272 6.8 8.2
Public 158 182,700 73,357 101,798 40.2 55.7
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 668 757,248 187,036 195,002 24.7 25.8
Private 565 639,217 123,666 130,770 19.3 20.5
Public 103 118,030 63,369 64,232 53.7 54.4
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 587 671,688 100,888 104,325 15.0 15.5
Private 508 580,772 52,251 52,251 9.0 9.0
Public 79 90,916 48,637 52,075 53.5 57.3
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 117 141,308 16,835 21,569 11.9 15.3
Private 93 113,487 5,124 6,265 4.5 5.5
Public 24 27,821 11,711 15,303 42.1 55.0
7485 Santa Cruz, CA PMSA Total 94 113,389 15,521 16,674 13.7 14.7
Private 78 93,658 8,005 8,005 8.5 8.5
Public 16 19,731 7,516 8,670 38.1 43.9
7500 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA PMSA Total 136 155,721 19,716 23,319 12.7 15.0
Private 121 137,993 11,563 12,711 8.4 9.2
Public 15 17,729 8,153 10,608 46.0 59.8
7510 Sarasota, FL MSA Total 156 110,699 6,571 7,813 5.9 7.1
Private 137 97,471 1,501 2,166 1.5 2.2
Public 19 13,227 5,070 5,647 38.3 42.7
7520 Savannah, GA MSA Total 88 116,718 7,343 7,343 6.3 6.3
Private 68 91,397 6,269 6,269 6.9 6.9
Public 20 25,321 1,074 1,074 4.2 4.2
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA MSA Total 430 269,785 53,719 66,490 19.9 24.6
Private 361 225,665 31,729 37,598 14.1 16.7
Public 69 44,120 21,989 28,893 49.8 65.5
7600 Seattle, WA PMSA Total 864 971,757 239,852 265,963 24.7 27.4
Private 728 821,445 156,199 174,753 19.0 21.3
Public 136 150,312 83,654 91,209 55.7 60.7
7610 Sharon, PA MSA Total 118 73,848 19,271 20,721 26.1 28.1
Private 99 61,874 12,334 13,784 19.9 22.3
Public 19 11,973 6,937 6,937 57.9 57.9
7680 Shreveport, LA MSA Total 124 114,734 22,949 22,949 20.0 20.0
Private 101 93,911 10,385 10,385 11.1 11.1
Public 23 20,823 12,564 12,564 60.3 60.3
7720 Sioux City, IA-NE MSA Total 111 56,515 8,577 9,662 15.2 17.1
Private 92 46,452 3,900 3,900 8.4 8.4
Public 19 10,063 4,677 5,761 46.5 57.3
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 604 61,681 6,399 8,478 10.4 13.7
Private 528 53,824 4,043 4,660 7.5 8.7
Public 76 7,857 2,355 3,818 30.0 48.6
7800 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN MSA Total 83 84,934 9,182 9,599 10.8 11.3
Private 76 78,150 7,331 7,748 9.4 9.9
Public 7 6,785 1,851 1,851 27.3 27.3
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 124 137,504 27,548 28,741 20.0 20.9
Private 105 116,529 14,778 14,778 12.7 12.7
Public 19 20,975 12,769 13,962 60.9 66.6
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 130 88,179 18,151 18,151 20.6 20.6
Private 69 47,177 3,121 3,121 6.6 6.6
Public 61 41,002 15,030 15,030 36.7 36.7
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 110 106,559 10,242 10,242 9.6 9.6
Private 98 96,100 7,795 7,795 8.1 8.1
Public 12 10,459 2,447 2,447 23.4 23.4
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 588 211,921 45,378 48,814 21.4 23.0
Private 486 175,323 21,892 23,212 12.5 13.2
Public 102 36,597 23,486 25,602 64.2 70.0
8040 Stamford, CT PMSA Total 115 75,024 9,467 9,467 12.6 12.6
Private 104 68,408 6,565 6,565 9.6 9.6
Public 11 6,615 2,902 2,902 43.9 43.9
8120 Stockton, CA MSA Total 131 155,249 37,962 42,501 24.5 27.4
Private 104 125,884 23,046 25,251 18.3 20.1
Public 27 29,365 14,916 17,250 50.8 58.7
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 445 265,126 68,104 69,446 25.7 26.2
Private 347 206,698 35,616 36,959 17.2 17.9
Public 98 58,429 32,487 32,487 55.6 55.6
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 181 203,985 52,182 55,266 25.6 27.1
Private 143 161,922 30,368 32,455 18.8 20.0
Public 38 42,062 21,814 22,811 51.9 54.2
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 146 126,622 13,123 21,180 10.4 16.7
Private 77 67,720 1,892 1,892 2.8 2.8
Public 69 58,902 11,231 19,288 19.1 32.7
8280 Tampa-St, Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,257 897,168 63,162 90,222 7.0 10.1
Private 1,081 768,813 26,698 34,600 3.5 4.5
Public 176 128,354 36,464 55,622 28.4 43.3
8320 Terre Haute, IN MSA Total 97 85,749 16,635 17,294 19.4 20.2
Private 85 76,182 13,784 14,443 18.1 19.0
Public 12 9,567 2,851 2,851 29.8 29.8
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 463 262,986 67,617 74,632 25.7 28.4
Private 385 219,057 40,881 44,982 18.7 20.5
Public 78 43,928 26,737 29,650 60.9 67.5
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 119 57,725 7,610 12,148 13.2 21.0
Private 97 47,355 4,764 7,349 10.1 15.5
Public 22 10,371 2,846 4,799 27.4 46.3
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 295 128,695 38,316 42,402 29.8 32.9
Private 215 93,997 15,265 16,094 16.2 17.1
Public 80 34,698 23,051 26,308 66.4 75.8
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 276 240,054 25,369 29,420 10.6 12.3
Private 208 179,558 12,189 12,997 6.8 7.2
Public 68 60,496 13,180 16,424 21.8 27.1
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 552 321,051 34,979 38,892 10.9 12.1
Private 462 269,200 23,564 25,734 8.8 9.6
Public 90 51,851 11,415 13,159 22.0 25.4
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 141 104,885 17,423 23,140 16.6 22.1
Private 105 78,021 12,406 13,632 15.9 17.5
Public 36 26,864 5,017 9,508 18.7 35.4
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 214 132,010 38,610 42,518 29.2 32.2
Private 156 96,447 15,212 16,679 15.8 17.3
Public 58 35,563 23,398 25,839 65.8 72.7
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 143 166,685 43,954 49,536 26.4 29.7
Private 111 129,729 22,438 22,438 17.3 17.3
Public 32 36,955 21,515 27,097 58.2 73.3
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 152 182,013 19,036 19,036 10.5 10.5
Private 129 155,135 4,788 4,788 3.1 3.1
Public 23 26,878 14,248 14,248 53.0 53.0
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 123 119,479 3,721 3,721 3.1 3.1
Private 102 99,689 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 21 19,790 3,721 3,721 18.8 18.8
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA MSA Total 2,988 1,949,574 236,237 292,671 12.1 15.0
Private 2,058 1,377,246 112,796 139,158 8.2 10.1
Public 930 572,328 123,441 153,514 21.6 26.8
8880 Waterbury, CT MSA Total 161 113,337 24,662 25,388 21.8 22.4
Private 140 98,071 12,446 13,172 12.7 13.4
Public 21 15,266 12,216 12,216 80.0 80.0
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 151 77,414 11,346 14,794 14.7 19.1
Private 131 67,263 7,798 9,260 11.6 13.8
Public 20 10,151 3,548 5,533 35.0 54.5
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL MSA Total 480 342,663 24,000 31,581 7.0 9.2
Private 397 285,218 7,262 10,067 2.5 3.5
Public 83 57,445 16,738 21,514 29.1 37.5
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 85 30,454 6,348 6,659 20.8 21.9
Private 74 26,445 4,881 5,191 18.5 19.6
Public 11 4,008 1,467 1,467 36.6 36.6
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 526 248,980 23,527 35,666 9.4 14.3
Private 444 209,983 14,124 21,849 6.7 10.4
Public 82 38,998 9,403 13,816 24.1 35.4
9140 Williamsport, PA MSA Total 124 77,670 11,404 11,404 14.7 14.7
Private 113 70,036 7,630 7,630 10.9 10.9
Public 11 7,635 3,773 3,773 49.4 49.4
9160 Wilmington, DE-NJ-MD PMSA Total 1,089 219,573 36,597 40,996 16.7 18.7
Private 959 192,788 25,116 27,655 13.0 14.3
Public 130 26,785 11,482 13,341 42.9 49.8
9240 Worcester, MA MSA Total 533 192,778 27,892 31,497 14.5 16.3
Private 440 159,350 9,424 11,574 5.9 7.3
Public 93 33,429 18,469 19,923 55.2 59.6
9280 York, PA MSA Total 359 245,394 43,826 51,143 17.9 20.8
Private 309 213,678 30,532 32,536 14.3 15.2
Public 50 31,716 13,294 18,607 41.9 58.7
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 366 206,225 62,665 64,945 30.4 31.5
Private 311 175,921 41,473 43,226 23.6 24.6
Public 55 30,305 21,192 21,719 69.9 71.7
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 108 127,036 15,393 23,014 12.1 18.1
Private 77 91,505 3,423 3,423 3.7 3.7
Public 31 35,531 11,970 19,591 33.7 55.1
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 1993. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2001 tables are based
on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS. For five CMSAs during 1986-94, counts for the component PMSAs do not add to the CMSA total because the CPS
failed to assign some households to PMSAs. This causes employment estimates in the component PMSAs to be understated.
CMSA employment counts are correct for these five urban areas during 1986-93, but are understated in 1994. The five CMSAs
are: Boston, Hartford, Philadelphia, Providence, and St. Louis.
2002 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.