Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 1994 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by CPS size code):
7 Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH Total 4,142 1,543,923 232,552 251,716 15.1 16.3
Private 3,595 1,343,380 114,028 124,534 8.5 9.3
Public 547 200,543 118,524 127,182 59.1 63.4
Priv Const 135 50,948 10,762 11,490 21.1 22.6
Priv Manuf 662 241,622 21,067 22,776 8.7 9.4
30 Buffalo-Niagra Falls, NY Total 801 522,127 150,092 160,387 28.7 30.7
Private 661 432,872 88,263 93,678 20.4 21.6
Public 140 89,255 61,829 66,709 69.3 74.7
Priv Const 23 14,634 2,573 2,573 17.6 17.6
Priv Manuf 159 103,535 41,175 41,729 39.8 40.3
3 Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI Total 4,975 3,687,446 772,656 825,829 21.0 22.4
Private 4,349 3,231,325 545,372 579,266 16.9 17.9
Public 626 456,120 227,284 246,563 49.8 54.1
Priv Const 206 164,795 91,545 93,267 55.6 56.6
Priv Manuf 980 748,165 173,920 180,827 23.2 24.2
22 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,320 835,199 120,378 138,715 14.4 16.6
Private 1,140 721,805 76,234 86,939 10.6 12.0
Public 180 113,394 44,145 51,776 38.9 45.7
Priv Const 62 39,499 6,736 7,465 17.1 18.9
Priv Manuf 291 184,104 40,178 45,719 21.8 24.8
11 Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH Total 1,957 1,190,409 216,516 230,098 18.2 19.3
Private 1,697 1,034,937 148,167 156,344 14.3 15.1
Public 260 155,472 68,349 73,754 44.0 47.4
Priv Const 82 51,498 15,676 15,676 30.4 30.4
Priv Manuf 467 286,734 66,490 68,220 23.2 23.8
10 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 1,934 2,035,241 162,206 199,447 8.0 9.8
Private 1,670 1,765,226 105,115 127,663 6.0 7.2
Public 264 270,015 57,091 71,784 21.1 26.6
Priv Const 100 115,959 2,640 3,542 2.3 3.1
Priv Manuf 332 344,514 32,685 37,844 9.5 11.0
21 Denver-Boulder, CO Total 1,378 1,024,849 120,214 146,583 11.7 14.3
Private 1,143 852,941 66,302 77,498 7.8 9.1
Public 235 171,907 53,912 69,085 31.4 40.2
Priv Const 68 50,978 8,159 8,159 16.0 16.0
Priv Manuf 165 123,858 8,834 10,969 7.1 8.9
6 Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI Total 3,767 2,014,431 485,596 527,457 24.1 26.2
Private 3,296 1,766,930 342,677 374,081 19.4 21.2
Public 471 247,500 142,919 153,376 57.7 62.0
Priv Const 117 63,669 27,302 28,433 42.9 44.7
Priv Manuf 979 522,341 177,832 183,891 34.0 35.2
36 Hartford-New Britain-Middletown, CT Total 429 396,467 70,910 73,408 17.9 18.5
Private 361 334,771 33,176 33,937 9.9 10.1
Public 68 61,696 37,733 39,471 61.2 64.0
Priv Const 12 10,723 4,054 4,054 37.8 37.8
Priv Manuf 62 57,920 5,256 5,256 9.1 9.1
8 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,751 1,874,572 143,991 167,987 7.7 9.0
Private 1,507 1,615,998 83,515 92,038 5.2 5.7
Public 244 258,574 60,476 75,949 23.4 29.4
Priv Const 112 120,713 6,580 7,518 5.5 6.2
Priv Manuf 216 231,392 29,780 30,618 12.9 13.2
2 Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA Total 7,123 5,928,754 979,447 1,088,066 16.5 18.4
Private 6,056 5,072,283 535,463 580,943 10.6 11.5
Public 1,067 856,471 443,984 507,123 51.8 59.2
Priv Const 296 261,386 60,745 61,342 23.2 23.5
Priv Manuf 1,363 1,158,018 118,684 133,285 10.2 11.5
12 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 1,710 1,363,441 130,391 168,773 9.6 12.4
Private 1,446 1,159,704 48,839 64,732 4.2 5.6
Public 264 203,737 81,552 104,041 40.0 51.1
Priv Const 106 90,462 7,774 9,369 8.6 10.4
Priv Manuf 147 117,786 3,138 4,459 2.7 3.8
24 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 955 840,511 155,916 164,041 18.6 19.5
Private 835 737,104 95,860 101,240 13.0 13.7
Public 120 103,407 60,056 62,801 58.1 60.7
Priv Const 30 26,254 11,819 11,819 45.0 45.0
Priv Manuf 260 229,783 52,382 55,013 22.8 23.9
1 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Total 13,095 7,211,597 1,970,210 2,100,847 27.3 29.1
Private 10,832 5,956,836 1,064,005 1,148,592 17.9 19.3
Public 2,263 1,254,761 906,204 952,255 72.2 75.9
Priv Const 430 244,355 78,655 83,436 32.2 34.1
Priv Manuf 1,900 1,026,984 211,822 226,873 20.6 22.1
4 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 4,849 2,413,483 456,356 499,251 18.9 20.7
Private 4,133 2,057,540 268,419 295,434 13.0 14.4
Public 716 355,944 187,938 203,817 52.8 57.3
Priv Const 181 85,610 25,579 26,434 29.9 30.9
Priv Manuf 840 406,475 90,509 93,413 22.3 23.0
13 Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA Total 1,415 917,585 200,295 212,732 21.8 23.2
Private 1,249 810,764 135,019 144,918 16.7 17.9
Public 166 106,821 65,276 67,814 61.1 63.5
Priv Const 53 35,788 11,400 11,400 31.9 31.9
Priv Manuf 176 115,010 40,306 42,921 35.0 37.3
26 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA Total 1,033 773,422 145,266 152,342 18.8 19.7
Private 854 641,756 75,184 79,846 11.7 12.4
Public 179 131,666 70,082 72,496 53.2 55.1
Priv Const 41 32,972 7,154 7,891 21.7 23.9
Priv Manuf 177 133,032 25,107 26,498 18.9 19.9
34 Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River, RI-MA Total 1,358 362,488 63,754 68,160 17.6 18.8
Private 1,180 316,551 29,655 33,342 9.4 10.5
Public 178 45,937 34,100 34,818 74.2 75.8
Priv Const 53 14,496 2,377 2,886 16.4 19.9
Priv Manuf 324 86,842 10,876 11,375 12.5 13.1
14 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 712 921,044 179,796 190,266 19.5 20.7
Private 631 816,091 143,240 151,063 17.6 18.5
Public 81 104,954 36,556 39,203 34.8 37.4
Priv Const 31 41,108 27,351 27,351 66.5 66.5
Priv Manuf 129 166,783 52,291 53,577 31.4 32.1
5 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,348 2,780,740 566,120 642,476 20.4 23.1
Private 1,969 2,337,667 322,583 355,774 13.8 15.2
Public 379 443,072 243,537 286,702 55.0 64.7
Priv Const 93 116,501 34,131 34,131 29.3 29.3
Priv Manuf 410 476,475 46,876 52,624 9.8 11.0
18 Seattle-Tacoma, WA Total 1,034 1,213,499 267,640 314,755 22.1 25.9
Private 875 1,029,657 170,394 201,792 16.5 19.6
Public 159 183,842 97,246 112,963 52.9 61.4
Priv Const 55 65,745 18,479 18,479 28.1 28.1
Priv Manuf 156 183,418 52,389 70,265 28.6 38.3
9 Washington, DC-MD-VA Total 3,136 2,051,757 245,027 314,320 11.9 15.3
Private 2,160 1,466,778 112,303 143,100 7.7 9.8
Public 976 584,979 132,724 171,220 22.7 29.3
Priv Const 101 75,810 12,887 14,169 17.0 18.7
Priv Manuf 143 108,644 9,703 10,085 8.9 9.3
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH, PMSA Total 514 311,379 55,925 58,183 18.0 18.7
Private 451 273,942 39,873 40,423 14.6 14.8
Public 63 37,437 16,051 17,761 42.9 47.4
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 592 383,959 108,771 113,683 28.3 29.6
Private 414 268,864 30,815 33,256 11.5 12.4
Public 178 115,095 77,956 80,426 67.7 69.9
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 693 244,756 26,632 32,857 10.9 13.4
Private 545 191,826 12,754 14,590 6.6 7.6
Public 148 52,930 13,878 18,268 26.2 34.5
240 Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ MSA Total 426 267,470 60,538 64,845 22.6 24.2
Private 375 236,021 39,160 40,405 16.6 17.1
Public 51 31,449 21,378 24,439 68.0 77.7
280 Altoona, PA MSA Total 118 73,635 15,677 16,952 21.3 23.0
Private 105 65,357 9,835 11,111 15.0 17.0
Public 13 8,278 5,841 5,841 70.6 70.6
360 Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA PMSA Total 971 1,210,113 135,889 155,296 11.2 12.8
Private 861 1,077,277 84,512 91,456 7.8 8.5
Public 110 132,836 51,378 63,840 38.7 48.1
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 1,215 125,448 23,195 26,737 18.5 21.3
Private 925 95,373 9,922 11,625 10.4 12.2
Public 290 30,074 13,273 15,111 44.1 50.2
400 Anderson, IN MSA Total 91 82,268 17,421 19,701 21.2 23.9
Private 86 78,384 16,583 18,863 21.2 24.1
Public 5 3,884 838 838 21.6 21.6
405 Anderson, SC MSA Total 155 117,473 5,440 5,440 4.6 4.6
Private 137 105,401 3,663 3,663 3.5 3.5
Public 18 12,072 1,777 1,777 14.7 14.7
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 246 131,114 28,793 31,505 22.0 24.0
Private 182 98,746 15,567 17,732 15.8 18.0
Public 64 32,368 13,226 13,773 40.9 42.6
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenaht, WI MSA Total 197 174,739 31,465 37,056 18.0 21.2
Private 171 152,162 18,563 20,941 12.2 13.8
Public 26 22,577 12,902 16,115 57.1 71.4
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 208 85,022 4,272 4,677 5.0 5.5
Private 178 72,897 3,215 3,215 4.4 4.4
Public 30 12,125 1,057 1,462 8.7 12.1
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,349 1,634,303 147,590 173,971 9.0 10.6
Private 1,126 1,352,479 92,513 109,070 6.8 8.1
Public 223 281,824 55,077 64,902 19.5 23.0
600 Augusta, GA-SC MSA Total 211 208,315 17,577 19,542 8.4 9.4
Private 160 160,513 9,907 11,198 6.2 7.0
Public 51 47,802 7,670 8,344 16.0 17.5
620 Aurora-Elgin, IL PMSA Total 301 208,724 27,195 28,582 13.0 13.7
Private 274 190,698 19,700 20,428 10.3 10.7
Public 27 18,026 7,495 8,154 41.6 45.2
640 Austin, TX MSA Total 478 550,171 30,595 38,698 5.6 7.0
Private 330 384,993 7,460 9,206 1.9 2.4
Public 148 165,178 23,136 29,492 14.0 17.9
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 174 218,423 42,877 50,252 19.6 23.0
Private 136 172,063 17,772 20,398 10.3 11.9
Public 38 46,360 25,105 29,854 54.2 64.4
720 Baltimore, MD MSA Total 833 1,126,035 185,634 213,132 16.5 18.9
Private 654 887,661 96,830 109,996 10.9 12.4
Public 179 238,374 88,803 103,136 37.3 43.3
760 Baton Rouge, LA MSA Total 221 209,429 11,962 14,976 5.7 7.2
Private 182 174,247 9,649 11,391 5.5 6.5
Public 39 35,182 2,313 3,585 6.6 10.2
780 Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 121 64,170 15,919 18,350 24.8 28.6
Private 103 54,612 12,178 13,165 22.3 24.1
Public 18 9,557 3,741 5,185 39.1 54.2
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, FL MSA Total 181 172,639 20,573 22,328 11.9 12.9
Private 147 139,615 15,986 16,891 11.5 12.1
Public 34 33,024 4,586 5,437 13.9 16.5
845 Beaver County, PA PMSA Total 113 70,846 19,155 21,000 27.0 29.6
Private 99 62,108 13,431 14,632 21.6 23.6
Public 14 8,738 5,724 6,368 65.5 72.9
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 124 141,574 27,767 28,929 19.6 20.4
Private 101 116,740 19,467 19,467 16.7 16.7
Public 23 24,833 8,300 9,462 33.4 38.1
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 89 45,838 8,448 9,271 18.4 20.2
Private 79 40,758 5,970 6,793 14.6 16.7
Public 10 5,080 2,478 2,478 48.8 48.8
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 1,304 578,151 113,269 123,300 19.6 21.3
Private 1,142 507,301 66,592 74,018 13.1 14.6
Public 162 70,851 46,678 49,282 65.9 69.6
920 Biloxi-Gulfport, MS MSA Total 169 78,333 4,888 5,655 6.2 7.2
Private 142 66,348 3,091 3,859 4.7 5.8
Public 27 11,985 1,797 1,797 15.0 15.0
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 136 90,770 19,954 19,954 22.0 22.0
Private 114 76,475 10,929 10,929 14.3 14.3
Public 22 14,295 9,025 9,025 63.1 63.1
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 499 402,137 52,409 69,943 13.0 17.4
Private 434 350,171 32,205 43,478 9.2 12.4
Public 65 51,966 20,203 26,465 38.9 50.9
1040 Bloomington-Normal, IL MSA Total 166 112,835 12,837 13,499 11.4 12.0
Private 143 97,464 9,391 9,391 9.6 9.6
Public 23 15,370 3,446 4,108 22.4 26.7
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 583 128,154 10,553 13,079 8.2 10.2
Private 468 103,247 4,003 5,085 3.9 4.9
Public 115 24,908 6,549 7,994 26.3 32.1
1120 Boston, MA PMSR Total 2,955 1,105,259 174,195 188,652 15.8 17.1
Private 2,553 957,394 88,043 96,194 9.2 10.0
Public 402 147,865 86,152 92,457 58.3 62.5
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 196 145,363 9,665 13,999 6.6 9.6
Private 150 111,129 3,569 5,035 3.2 4.5
Public 46 34,234 6,095 8,964 17.8 26.2
1140 Bradenton, FL MSA Total 126 110,690 8,088 14,247 7.3 12.9
Private 102 91,656 603 603 0.7 0.7
Public 24 19,034 7,485 13,643 39.3 71.7
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 69 73,753 5,430 8,541 7.4 11.6
Private 60 63,408 3,603 5,764 5.7 9.1
Public 9 10,346 1,827 2,777 17.7 26.8
1160 Bridgeport-Milford, CT PMSA Total 171 160,753 26,250 27,210 16.3 16.9
Private 151 141,173 12,514 12,514 8.9 8.9
Public 20 19,581 13,736 14,695 70.1 75.0
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 182 69,734 11,340 12,028 16.3 17.2
Private 152 58,440 5,197 5,197 8.9 8.9
Public 30 11,294 6,143 6,831 54.4 60.5
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX MSA Total 94 78,335 5,064 5,064 6.5 6.5
Private 65 54,545 622 622 1.1 1.1
Public 29 23,790 4,442 4,442 18.7 18.7
1280 Buffalo, NY PMSA Total 634 416,772 115,546 123,839 27.7 29.7
Private 515 340,026 63,916 67,330 18.8 19.8
Public 119 76,746 51,630 56,509 67.3 73.6
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 267 50,064 3,144 3,764 6.3 7.5
Private 231 43,630 1,538 1,710 3.5 3.9
Public 36 6,433 1,606 2,054 25.0 31.9
1320 Canton, OH MSA Total 273 162,254 34,648 41,241 21.4 25.4
Private 230 136,796 21,455 25,893 15.7 18.9
Public 43 25,458 13,193 15,349 51.8 60.3
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 165 88,438 11,358 14,680 12.8 16.6
Private 146 78,687 8,676 10,875 11.0 13.8
Public 19 9,751 2,682 3,805 27.5 39.0
1400 Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, IL MSA Total 80 58,098 9,103 11,081 15.7 19.1
Private 54 39,424 3,337 3,904 8.5 9.9
Public 26 18,674 5,765 7,177 30.9 38.4
1440 Charleston, SC MSA Total 260 192,419 10,640 19,702 5.5 10.2
Private 196 145,715 4,843 5,761 3.3 4.0
Public 64 46,704 5,797 13,941 12.4 29.9
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 247 87,514 10,899 11,217 12.5 12.8
Private 201 71,512 7,602 7,602 10.6 10.6
Public 46 16,002 3,297 3,615 20.6 22.6
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 1,323 599,620 34,404 41,918 5.7 7.0
Private 1,175 536,218 24,833 30,635 4.6 5.7
Public 148 63,402 9,570 11,284 15.1 17.8
1560 Chattanooga, TN-A MSA Total 152 163,715 14,453 16,478 8.8 10.1
Private 132 143,210 8,667 9,429 6.1 6.6
Public 20 20,506 5,785 7,049 28.2 34.4
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 3,812 2,694,070 563,402 607,153 20.9 22.5
Private 3,302 2,330,380 372,169 400,446 16.0 17.2
Public 510 363,689 191,233 206,707 52.6 56.8
1620 Chico, CA MSA Total 80 95,219 28,620 28,620 30.1 30.1
Private 58 69,592 7,910 7,910 11.4 11.4
Public 22 25,628 20,710 20,710 80.8 80.8
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 1,094 697,842 94,367 112,145 13.5 16.1
Private 941 600,877 57,117 67,822 9.5 11.3
Public 153 96,965 37,250 44,323 38.4 45.7
1680 Cleveland, OH PMSA Total 1,210 737,196 132,615 142,727 18.0 19.4
Private 1,035 632,016 85,424 92,436 13.5 14.6
Public 175 105,181 47,191 50,290 44.9 47.8
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 244 183,875 10,878 14,394 5.9 7.8
Private 205 155,172 9,508 11,069 6.1 7.1
Public 39 28,703 1,370 3,326 4.8 11.6
1740 Colombia, MO MSA Total 76 66,694 2,476 3,395 3.7 5.1
Private 46 40,944 735 735 1.8 1.8
Public 30 25,750 1,741 2,660 6.8 10.3
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 273 201,613 6,000 8,315 3.0 4.1
Private 198 145,480 1,418 2,867 1.0 2.0
Public 75 56,134 4,581 5,448 8.2 9.7
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 91 113,360 3,994 5,860 3.5 5.2
Private 70 88,043 813 813 0.9 0.9
Public 21 25,317 3,181 5,046 12.6 19.9
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 1,099 673,182 104,192 111,262 15.5 16.5
Private 908 556,517 56,526 59,341 10.2 10.7
Public 191 116,665 47,666 51,921 40.9 44.5
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 199 150,234 20,280 27,025 13.5 18.0
Private 148 113,692 8,449 12,309 7.4 10.8
Public 51 36,542 11,832 14,717 32.4 40.3
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,289 1,358,278 88,017 110,054 6.5 8.1
Private 1,122 1,187,227 56,899 71,076 4.8 6.0
Public 167 171,051 31,118 38,978 18.2 22.8
1930 Danbury, CT PMSR Total 97 67,981 10,896 10,896 16.0 16.0
Private 94 65,849 8,764 8,764 13.3 13.3
Public 3 2,132 2,132 2,132 100.0 100.0
1960 Davenport-Rock Island-Moline, IA-IL MSA Total 251 149,039 28,228 30,298 18.9 20.3
Private 211 126,256 16,866 17,392 13.4 13.8
Public 40 22,783 11,362 12,906 49.9 56.6
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 675 408,581 67,297 77,422 16.5 18.9
Private 574 347,443 44,529 51,292 12.8 14.8
Public 101 61,137 22,768 26,130 37.2 42.7
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 143 112,918 8,964 10,702 7.9 9.5
Private 122 96,568 4,137 5,080 4.3 5.3
Public 21 16,350 4,827 5,622 29.5 34.4
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 1,182 879,485 110,549 132,583 12.6 15.1
Private 993 741,812 62,733 72,463 8.5 9.8
Public 189 137,673 47,817 60,121 34.7 43.7
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 347 190,129 21,573 27,852 11.3 14.6
Private 303 166,026 12,501 14,480 7.5 8.7
Public 44 24,103 9,072 13,371 37.6 55.5
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 3,521 1,883,317 456,803 495,952 24.3 26.3
Private 3,114 1,668,184 327,110 356,350 19.6 21.4
Public 407 215,132 129,693 139,602 60.3 64.9
2240 Duluth, MN-WI MSA Total 110 102,852 33,599 34,765 32.7 33.8
Private 86 80,955 18,497 18,497 22.8 22.8
Public 24 21,897 15,102 16,268 69.0 74.3
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 320 255,265 25,077 36,819 9.8 14.4
Private 237 189,546 7,959 8,560 4.2 4.5
Public 83 65,719 17,119 28,259 26.0 43.0
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 152 97,576 19,592 19,592 20.1 20.1
Private 145 93,329 17,693 17,693 19.0 19.0
Public 7 4,247 1,899 1,899 44.7 44.7
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 171 121,715 20,977 20,977 17.2 17.2
Private 144 102,919 8,673 8,673 8.4 8.4
Public 27 18,796 12,305 12,305 65.5 65.5
2440 Evansville, IN-KY MSA Total 111 103,626 22,748 24,773 22.0 23.9
Private 99 91,558 17,406 18,362 19.0 20.1
Public 12 12,068 5,341 6,411 44.3 53.1
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 191 79,376 4,894 8,815 6.2 11.1
Private 131 55,474 1,233 1,557 2.2 2.8
Public 60 23,902 3,661 7,258 15.3 30.4
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale, AR MSA Total 101 46,903 2,950 3,956 6.3 8.4
Private 83 38,217 2,295 2,295 6.0 6.0
Public 18 8,686 655 1,662 7.5 19.1
2640 Flint, MI MSA Total 327 173,837 61,933 63,354 35.6 36.4
Private 279 148,980 43,721 44,182 29.3 29.7
Public 48 24,857 18,212 19,172 73.3 77.1
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 112 86,617 14,836 14,836 17.1 17.1
Private 96 73,131 8,665 8,665 11.8 11.8
Public 16 13,487 6,171 6,171 45.8 45.8
2655 Florence, SC MSA Total 77 52,787 2,607 2,607 4.9 4.9
Private 59 40,979 934 934 2.3 2.3
Public 18 11,807 1,673 1,673 14.2 14.2
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 179 136,314 8,608 9,617 6.3 7.1
Private 148 113,329 4,344 4,344 3.8 3.8
Public 31 22,986 4,264 5,273 18.6 22.9
2680 Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach, FL PMSA Total 717 548,335 61,592 82,350 11.2 15.0
Private 609 467,662 24,669 32,442 5.3 6.9
Public 108 80,673 36,922 49,908 45.8 61.9
2700 Fort Myers, FL MSA Total 162 119,369 4,587 6,437 3.8 5.4
Private 144 105,520 1,384 3,233 1.3 3.1
Public 18 13,849 3,203 3,203 23.1 23.1
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 162 78,744 7,528 8,437 9.6 10.7
Private 137 67,010 4,198 4,583 6.3 6.8
Public 25 11,734 3,330 3,854 28.4 32.8
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 120 87,360 2,461 4,126 2.8 4.7
Private 79 58,368 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 41 28,992 2,461 4,126 8.5 14.2
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 102 165,539 41,826 41,826 25.3 25.3
Private 90 147,403 36,817 36,817 25.0 25.0
Public 12 18,137 5,010 5,010 27.6 27.6
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 645 676,963 74,189 89,393 11.0 13.2
Private 548 577,998 48,216 56,586 8.3 9.8
Public 97 98,964 25,973 32,806 26.2 33.1
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 218 277,237 51,390 57,195 18.5 20.6
Private 167 212,973 22,158 24,882 10.4 11.7
Public 51 64,264 29,232 32,312 45.5 50.3
2880 Gadsden, AL MSA Total 92 65,336 10,995 11,611 16.8 17.8
Private 73 52,131 5,644 6,260 10.8 12.0
Public 19 13,205 5,351 5,351 40.5 40.5
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 142 105,348 8,952 15,221 8.5 14.4
Private 90 67,973 1,487 2,950 2.2 4.3
Public 52 37,375 7,465 12,271 20.0 32.8
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 119 120,987 20,125 21,145 16.6 17.5
Private 85 86,779 17,749 17,749 20.5 20.5
Public 34 34,209 2,376 3,396 6.9 9.9
2960 Gary-Hammond, IN PMSA Total 172 302,247 100,486 103,865 33.2 34.4
Private 161 281,110 93,101 93,972 33.1 33.4
Public 11 21,136 7,385 9,893 34.9 46.8
3000 Grand Rapids, MI MSA Total 599 348,806 49,918 52,773 14.3 15.1
Private 537 316,763 31,937 33,918 10.1 10.7
Public 62 32,043 17,981 18,855 56.1 58.8
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 1,213 507,332 22,725 29,809 4.5 5.9
Private 1,057 442,789 11,786 15,811 2.7 3.6
Public 156 64,543 10,939 13,998 16.9 21.7
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg, SC MSA Total 424 303,909 4,812 6,169 1.6 2.0
Private 387 278,532 1,253 1,824 0.4 0.7
Public 37 25,378 3,559 4,344 14.0 17.1
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 226 137,357 26,012 26,570 18.9 19.3
Private 199 120,928 19,117 19,117 15.8 15.8
Public 27 16,429 6,895 7,453 42.0 45.4
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 353 224,199 42,526 47,494 19.0 21.2
Private 291 185,137 22,471 23,041 12.1 12.4
Public 62 39,062 20,055 24,453 51.3 62.6
3280 Hartford, CT PMSA Total 305 304,624 55,040 56,999 18.1 18.7
Private 257 256,934 25,589 26,350 10.0 10.3
Public 48 47,690 29,451 30,649 61.8 64.3
3290 Hickory, NC MSA Total 281 114,356 3,621 4,948 3.2 4.3
Private 259 105,541 2,015 2,962 1.9 2.8
Public 22 8,815 1,606 1,987 18.2 22.5
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,111 319,396 88,348 95,027 27.7 29.8
Private 884 252,724 51,891 56,241 20.5 22.3
Public 227 66,671 36,457 38,786 54.7 58.2
3350 Houma-Thibodaux, LA MSA Total 97 103,164 1,801 1,801 1.7 1.7
Private 80 83,695 1,801 1,801 2.2 2.2
Public 17 19,469 0 0 0.0 0.0
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,563 1,679,832 118,437 138,301 7.1 8.2
Private 1,362 1,465,811 62,164 68,525 4.2 4.7
Public 201 214,020 56,273 69,776 26.3 32.6
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 144 50,953 8,606 8,927 16.9 17.5
Private 115 41,171 6,607 6,927 16.0 16.8
Public 29 9,782 1,999 1,999 20.4 20.4
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 165 130,216 11,541 13,040 8.9 10.0
Private 127 102,559 7,440 7,440 7.3 7.3
Public 38 27,657 4,101 5,600 14.8 20.2
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 366 604,873 66,203 74,234 10.9 12.3
Private 320 526,567 37,885 38,984 7.2 7.4
Public 46 78,306 28,318 35,249 36.2 45.0
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 141 72,934 21,802 24,763 29.9 34.0
Private 114 58,927 11,849 13,764 20.1 23.4
Public 27 14,007 9,954 10,999 71.1 78.5
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 411 202,333 11,703 17,469 5.8 8.6
Private 329 162,858 8,358 11,894 5.1 7.3
Public 82 39,475 3,346 5,575 8.5 14.1
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 539 401,340 42,628 58,694 10.6 14.6
Private 468 350,540 28,645 38,552 8.2 11.0
Public 71 50,800 13,983 20,142 27.5 39.6
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 447 209,474 53,973 58,147 25.8 27.8
Private 396 185,397 38,824 42,998 20.9 23.2
Public 51 24,077 15,149 15,149 62.9 62.9
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 109 112,592 17,846 18,777 15.8 16.7
Private 100 103,459 13,970 14,902 13.5 14.4
Public 9 9,133 3,876 3,876 42.4 42.4
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 145 93,305 18,801 21,240 20.2 22.8
Private 122 78,744 11,411 12,666 14.5 16.1
Public 23 14,561 7,391 8,574 50.8 58.9
3690 Joliet, IL PMSA Total 328 230,454 53,241 56,477 23.1 24.5
Private 297 209,788 44,242 46,840 21.1 22.3
Public 31 20,666 8,999 9,637 43.5 46.6
3710 Joplin, MO MSA Total 112 103,510 11,938 11,938 11.5 11.5
Private 95 88,579 9,652 9,652 10.9 10.9
Public 17 14,930 2,286 2,286 15.3 15.3
3720 Kalamazoo, MI MSA Total 209 107,586 23,217 24,242 21.6 22.5
Private 168 86,676 12,550 13,142 14.5 15.2
Public 41 20,910 10,668 11,100 51.0 53.1
3740 Kankakee, IL MSA Total 98 66,931 15,077 16,301 22.5 24.4
Private 85 58,242 8,898 9,558 15.3 16.4
Public 13 8,689 6,179 6,743 71.1 77.6
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 939 793,992 99,121 116,009 12.5 14.6
Private 765 655,825 67,735 72,661 10.3 11.1
Public 174 138,167 31,387 43,348 22.7 31.4
3810 Killeen-Temple, TX MSA Total 112 106,974 5,879 8,599 5.5 8.0
Private 75 71,817 3,055 3,920 4.3 5.5
Public 37 35,157 2,824 4,678 8.0 13.3
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 253 257,929 23,091 25,200 9.0 9.8
Private 215 219,187 16,281 17,240 7.4 7.9
Public 38 38,742 6,810 7,959 17.6 20.5
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 118 114,232 4,019 6,424 3.5 5.6
Private 96 94,024 0 2,406 0.0 2.6
Public 22 20,208 4,019 4,019 19.9 19.9
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 109 103,829 11,434 16,164 11.0 15.6
Private 85 80,824 8,938 9,720 11.1 12.0
Public 24 23,005 2,496 6,444 10.9 28.0
3965 Lake County, IL PMSA Total 362 251,951 28,332 29,753 11.2 11.8
Private 315 219,349 16,159 17,580 7.4 8.0
Public 47 32,602 12,172 12,172 37.3 37.3
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 232 184,777 7,382 14,272 4.0 7.7
Private 203 163,345 5,915 9,295 3.6 5.7
Public 29 21,432 1,467 4,977 6.8 23.2
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 282 183,162 23,435 23,435 12.8 12.8
Private 252 164,168 13,664 13,664 8.3 8.3
Public 30 18,994 9,772 9,772 51.4 51.4
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 403 209,552 69,161 72,622 33.0 34.7
Private 290 151,898 36,596 38,642 24.1 25.4
Public 113 57,654 32,565 33,980 56.5 58.9
4120 Las Vegas, NV MSA Total 1,254 431,970 90,873 100,396 21.0 23.2
Private 1,127 389,267 69,395 77,540 17.8 19.9
Public 127 42,702 21,478 22,856 50.3 53.5
4160 Lawrence-Haverhill, MA-NH PMSA Total 288 105,118 16,712 17,928 15.9 17.1
Private 251 91,915 7,988 8,567 8.7 9.3
Public 37 13,202 8,723 9,360 66.1 70.9
4200 Lawton, OK MSA Total 55 33,826 2,614 3,115 7.7 9.2
Private 40 24,747 520 520 2.1 2.1
Public 15 9,079 2,094 2,594 23.1 28.6
4280 Lexington-Fayette, KY MSA Total 222 174,817 5,724 6,561 3.3 3.8
Private 177 138,623 4,462 5,298 3.2 3.8
Public 45 36,194 1,262 1,262 3.5 3.5
4320 Lima, OH MSA Total 121 69,892 15,130 15,707 21.6 22.5
Private 106 61,631 11,273 11,273 18.3 18.3
Public 15 8,261 3,857 4,435 46.7 53.7
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 391 117,458 18,165 21,965 15.5 18.7
Private 288 86,719 9,381 9,651 10.8 11.1
Public 103 30,739 8,784 12,314 28.6 40.1
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 482 233,490 24,997 32,679 10.7 14.0
Private 389 189,897 16,468 20,350 8.7 10.7
Public 93 43,592 8,529 12,329 19.6 28.3
4440 Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 233 141,833 27,976 29,189 19.7 20.6
Private 211 128,979 22,869 23,486 17.7 18.2
Public 22 12,854 5,107 5,703 39.7 44.4
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 5,170 3,483,385 611,890 671,266 17.6 19.3
Private 4,398 2,981,113 336,017 365,349 11.3 12.3
Public 772 502,272 275,872 305,917 54.9 60.9
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 583 464,885 75,519 94,692 16.2 20.4
Private 507 400,178 55,672 65,088 13.9 16.3
Public 76 64,706 19,846 29,604 30.7 45.8
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 269 98,827 13,290 14,598 13.4 14.8
Private 234 86,267 5,322 6,306 6.2 7.3
Public 35 12,559 7,969 8,293 63.4 66.0
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 90 90,476 3,164 3,164 3.5 3.5
Private 68 69,021 1,332 1,332 1.9 1.9
Public 22 21,454 1,832 1,832 8.5 8.5
4680 Macon-Warner Robins, GA MSA Total 128 153,270 15,189 19,986 9.9 13.0
Private 96 114,460 10,998 15,041 9.6 13.1
Public 32 38,810 4,192 4,946 10.8 12.7
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 207 181,683 27,260 31,615 15.0 17.4
Private 148 130,604 7,580 7,580 5.8 5.8
Public 59 51,079 19,680 24,035 38.5 47.1
4760 Manchester, NH MSA Total 110 37,776 5,842 8,950 15.5 23.7
Private 92 31,798 3,434 4,525 10.8 14.2
Public 18 5,979 2,408 4,425 40.3 74.0
4800 Mansfield, OH MSA Total 128 74,252 11,469 11,469 15.4 15.4
Private 110 64,062 7,231 7,231 11.3 11.3
Public 18 10,191 4,238 4,238 41.6 41.6
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 141 114,743 3,730 11,025 3.3 9.6
Private 110 91,032 2,019 4,113 2.2 4.5
Public 31 23,710 1,712 6,912 7.2 29.2
4890 Medford, OR MSA Total 111 81,784 12,084 12,820 14.8 15.7
Private 92 67,339 3,399 3,399 5.0 5.0
Public 19 14,446 8,685 9,421 60.1 65.2
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 230 166,865 11,710 16,486 7.0 9.9
Private 193 140,006 6,106 7,343 4.4 5.2
Public 37 26,859 5,604 9,143 20.9 34.0
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 391 421,760 52,830 62,065 12.5 14.7
Private 325 355,108 32,644 39,402 9.2 11.1
Public 66 66,652 20,186 22,663 30.3 34.0
5000 Miami-Hialeah, FL PMSA Total 993 815,106 68,799 86,424 8.4 10.6
Private 837 692,042 24,170 32,291 3.5 4.7
Public 156 123,064 44,629 54,133 36.3 44.0
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 1,209 532,751 115,595 126,488 21.7 23.7
Private 1,021 452,069 62,236 69,501 13.8 15.4
Public 188 80,682 53,359 56,987 66.1 70.6
5080 Milwaukee, WI PMSA Total 811 714,072 129,226 135,623 18.1 19.0
Private 712 628,288 81,220 85,479 12.9 13.6
Public 99 85,784 48,006 50,144 56.0 58.5
5120 Minneapolis-St, Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 1,326 1,321,772 254,875 276,211 19.3 20.9
Private 1,148 1,148,595 151,842 163,285 13.2 14.2
Public 178 173,176 103,033 112,925 59.5 65.2
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 180 143,600 19,757 21,200 13.8 14.8
Private 143 112,948 8,876 9,558 7.9 8.5
Public 37 30,652 10,881 11,642 35.5 38.0
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 117 142,310 43,806 48,547 30.8 34.1
Private 94 114,552 23,673 24,572 20.7 21.5
Public 23 27,758 20,133 23,975 72.5 86.4
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 865 378,197 88,608 95,630 23.4 25.3
Private 705 309,645 49,395 53,510 16.0 17.3
Public 160 68,553 39,213 42,120 57.2 61.4
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 111 105,371 3,838 3,838 3.6 3.6
Private 95 91,152 2,118 2,118 2.3 2.3
Public 16 14,220 1,720 1,720 12.1 12.1
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 154 131,986 7,060 7,943 5.3 6.0
Private 122 104,729 665 665 0.6 0.6
Public 32 27,257 6,394 7,277 23.5 26.7
5320 Muskegon, MI MSA Total 155 79,952 20,431 20,431 25.6 25.6
Private 120 61,751 11,992 11,992 19.4 19.4
Public 35 18,201 8,439 8,439 46.4 46.4
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 503 529,335 52,676 55,614 10.0 10.5
Private 423 443,808 36,134 38,183 8.1 8.6
Public 80 85,527 16,542 17,431 19.3 20.4
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 1,672 1,113,098 310,733 327,941 27.9 29.5
Private 1,342 897,876 150,377 160,537 16.7 17.9
Public 330 215,223 160,356 167,404 74.5 77.8
5400 New Bedford, MA MSA Total 193 68,857 15,553 16,947 22.6 24.6
Private 162 58,313 7,852 9,246 13.5 15.9
Public 31 10,544 7,701 7,701 73.0 73.0
5440 New Britain, CT PMSA Total 102 78,107 13,809 13,809 17.7 17.7
Private 86 66,204 7,089 7,089 10.7 10.7
Public 16 11,904 6,719 6,719 56.4 56.4
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT MSA Total 203 196,868 52,470 52,470 26.7 26.7
Private 161 157,612 25,518 25,518 16.2 16.2
Public 42 39,257 26,953 26,953 68.7 68.7
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 126 94,064 17,760 19,009 18.9 20.2
Private 112 85,004 12,745 13,994 15.0 16.5
Public 14 9,060 5,015 5,015 55.4 55.4
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 492 493,995 46,726 56,414 9.5 11.4
Private 399 401,410 15,149 19,264 3.8 4.8
Public 93 92,586 31,577 37,151 34.1 40.1
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 5,260 3,116,391 987,568 1,053,163 31.7 33.8
Private 4,245 2,511,095 529,257 573,130 21.1 22.8
Public 1,015 605,295 458,311 480,033 75.7 79.3
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,708 773,290 191,947 206,703 24.8 26.7
Private 1,436 652,326 108,830 116,405 16.7 17.8
Public 272 120,964 83,117 90,299 68.7 74.6
5700 Niagara Falls, NY PMSA Total 167 105,356 34,547 36,548 32.8 34.7
Private 146 92,846 24,347 26,348 26.2 28.4
Public 21 12,510 10,200 10,200 81.5 81.5
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA MSA Total 522 553,757 52,211 76,293 9.4 13.8
Private 375 412,621 23,266 32,093 5.6 7.8
Public 147 141,136 28,945 44,200 20.5 31.3
5760 Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 103 79,567 14,896 14,896 18.7 18.7
Private 90 69,639 7,203 7,203 10.3 10.3
Public 13 9,928 7,694 7,694 77.5 77.5
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 683 825,915 181,090 198,176 21.9 24.0
Private 560 680,238 111,960 117,695 16.5 17.3
Public 123 145,677 69,129 80,481 47.5 55.2
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 103 86,388 6,856 6,856 7.9 7.9
Private 93 78,627 3,683 3,683 4.7 4.7
Public 10 7,762 3,174 3,174 40.9 40.9
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 717 415,035 44,562 57,194 10.7 13.8
Private 550 320,158 25,552 26,551 8.0 8.3
Public 167 94,877 19,010 30,642 20.0 32.3
5910 Olympia, WA MSA Total 141 160,492 46,971 55,786 29.3 34.8
Private 90 102,483 20,312 21,866 19.8 21.3
Public 51 58,009 26,659 33,920 46.0 58.5
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 841 251,049 24,299 30,313 9.7 12.1
Private 730 218,448 13,348 16,594 6.1 7.6
Public 111 32,600 10,950 13,719 33.6 42.1
5950 Orange County, NY PMSA Total 184 151,452 49,354 49,354 32.6 32.6
Private 141 117,806 24,888 24,888 21.1 21.1
Public 43 33,646 24,466 24,466 72.7 72.7
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 664 512,982 41,048 52,180 8.0 10.2
Private 581 452,569 20,005 25,920 4.4 5.7
Public 83 60,413 21,042 26,260 34.8 43.5
6000 Oxnard-Ventura, CA PMSA Total 249 299,076 48,708 65,057 16.3 21.8
Private 191 232,816 19,620 25,943 8.4 11.1
Public 58 66,260 29,087 39,114 43.9 59.0
6060 Pawtucket-Woonsocket-Attleboro, RI-MA PMSA Total 197 52,951 10,287 12,214 19.4 23.1
Private 178 47,652 6,586 8,228 13.8 17.3
Public 19 5,300 3,701 3,987 69.8 75.2
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 234 184,095 20,316 24,375 11.0 13.2
Private 171 133,957 5,344 7,455 4.0 5.6
Public 63 50,138 14,972 16,920 29.9 33.7
6120 Peoria, IL MSA Total 210 140,276 26,818 29,467 19.1 21.0
Private 185 123,903 19,097 21,060 15.4 17.0
Public 25 16,373 7,721 8,407 47.2 51.3
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 3,358 2,011,392 383,160 418,410 19.0 20.8
Private 2,855 1,718,765 227,561 251,452 13.2 14.6
Public 503 292,627 155,600 166,958 53.2 57.1
6200 Phoenix, AZ MSA Total 1,155 1,022,174 70,257 92,018 6.9 9.0
Private 975 864,842 39,380 47,175 4.6 5.5
Public 180 157,332 30,878 44,843 19.6 28.5
6280 Pittsburgh, PA PMSA Total 1,302 846,739 181,140 191,732 21.4 22.6
Private 1,150 748,656 121,588 130,286 16.2 17.4
Public 152 98,084 59,552 61,445 60.7 62.6
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 226 70,402 10,037 10,891 14.3 15.5
Private 201 62,661 4,654 5,156 7.4 8.2
Public 25 7,741 5,383 5,735 69.5 74.1
6440 Portland, OR PMSA Total 900 626,310 115,656 121,495 18.5 19.4
Private 744 519,620 57,406 60,830 11.0 11.7
Public 156 106,690 58,250 60,665 54.6 56.9
6450 Portsmouth-Dover-Rochester, NH-ME MSA Total 241 83,135 5,591 7,478 6.7 9.0
Private 210 72,843 2,440 3,049 3.3 4.2
Public 31 10,291 3,152 4,429 30.6 43.0
6460 Poughkeepsie, NY MSA Total 155 104,993 26,496 28,881 25.2 27.5
Private 124 84,862 10,205 10,799 12.0 12.7
Public 31 20,131 16,291 18,082 80.9 89.8
6480 Providence, RI PMSA Total 1,019 266,844 45,702 47,842 17.1 17.9
Private 877 231,437 18,873 20,580 8.2 8.9
Public 142 35,407 26,830 27,263 75.8 77.0
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 156 59,136 4,317 4,317 7.3 7.3
Private 141 53,811 1,846 1,846 3.4 3.4
Public 15 5,325 2,471 2,471 46.4 46.4
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 88 65,353 14,670 15,418 22.4 23.6
Private 69 52,411 7,745 8,493 14.8 16.2
Public 19 12,942 6,925 6,925 53.5 53.5
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 144 126,439 26,689 28,419 21.1 22.5
Private 123 108,816 14,640 15,761 13.5 14.5
Public 21 17,623 12,049 12,657 68.4 71.8
6640 Raleigh-Durham, NC MSA Total 988 415,302 18,168 20,960 4.4 5.0
Private 763 321,581 9,336 10,863 2.9 3.4
Public 225 93,721 8,832 10,097 9.4 10.8
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 253 163,299 34,575 35,749 21.2 21.9
Private 213 137,988 18,810 19,447 13.6 14.1
Public 40 25,311 15,765 16,303 62.3 64.4
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 208 68,202 9,035 10,505 13.2 15.4
Private 172 56,186 4,486 4,486 8.0 8.0
Public 36 12,015 4,549 6,019 37.9 50.1
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 382 392,809 29,229 37,093 7.4 9.4
Private 289 305,262 16,090 19,045 5.3 6.2
Public 93 87,546 13,139 18,048 15.0 20.6
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 733 936,181 182,961 196,447 19.5 21.0
Private 606 781,078 95,314 98,195 12.2 12.6
Public 127 155,103 87,647 98,252 56.5 63.3
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 150 162,911 13,858 14,988 8.5 9.2
Private 131 142,296 12,554 12,554 8.8 8.8
Public 19 20,615 1,305 2,434 6.3 11.8
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 751 486,616 92,069 96,739 18.9 19.9
Private 623 405,106 33,732 36,617 8.3 9.0
Public 128 81,510 58,337 60,122 71.6 73.8
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 199 136,494 19,487 20,165 14.3 14.8
Private 182 125,431 13,069 13,747 10.4 11.0
Public 17 11,063 6,418 6,418 58.0 58.0
6920 Sacramento, CA MSA Total 537 653,277 124,498 145,806 19.1 22.3
Private 380 467,250 39,373 40,394 8.4 8.6
Public 157 186,026 85,126 105,412 45.8 56.7
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 383 203,675 45,667 46,203 22.4 22.7
Private 345 184,360 33,246 33,246 18.0 18.0
Public 38 19,315 12,421 12,957 64.3 67.1
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL PMSA Total 611 848,298 164,858 175,327 19.4 20.7
Private 544 753,424 133,010 140,834 17.7 18.7
Public 67 94,874 31,847 34,494 33.6 36.4
7080 Salem, OR MSA Total 159 114,329 25,929 32,646 22.7 28.6
Private 112 80,741 9,551 11,737 11.8 14.5
Public 47 33,588 16,378 20,910 48.8 62.3
7090 Salem-Gloucester, MA PMSA Total 315 117,183 15,403 16,543 13.1 14.1
Private 281 104,573 6,844 7,635 6.5 7.3
Public 34 12,610 8,560 8,908 67.9 70.6
7120 Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, CA MSA Total 94 128,746 34,981 36,364 27.2 28.2
Private 76 104,811 18,479 18,479 17.6 17.6
Public 18 23,935 16,502 17,885 68.9 74.7
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,466 570,137 60,905 80,765 10.7 14.2
Private 1,166 455,439 25,004 32,016 5.5 7.0
Public 300 114,698 35,900 48,749 31.3 42.5
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 617 491,556 23,627 31,268 4.8 6.4
Private 511 410,586 11,451 15,105 2.8 3.7
Public 106 80,970 12,176 16,163 15.0 20.0
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 785 943,015 137,717 162,188 14.6 17.2
Private 649 778,819 65,866 73,225 8.5 9.4
Public 136 164,196 71,851 88,963 43.8 54.2
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 672 791,548 198,378 227,892 25.1 28.8
Private 564 664,257 122,110 139,448 18.4 21.0
Public 108 127,291 76,268 88,444 59.9 69.5
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 658 766,947 113,193 127,526 14.8 16.6
Private 579 677,836 58,463 68,581 8.6 10.1
Public 79 89,110 54,730 58,945 61.4 66.1
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 121 156,520 16,265 20,056 10.4 12.8
Private 99 131,235 7,186 7,186 5.5 5.5
Public 22 25,285 9,079 12,870 35.9 50.9
7485 Santa Cruz, CA PMSA Total 83 101,964 10,357 13,843 10.2 13.6
Private 71 86,913 3,656 3,656 4.2 4.2
Public 12 15,051 6,702 10,188 44.5 67.7
7500 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA PMSA Total 114 136,709 18,404 21,994 13.5 16.1
Private 95 114,275 9,420 9,420 8.2 8.2
Public 19 22,433 8,984 12,574 40.0 56.1
7510 Sarasota, FL MSA Total 126 92,143 6,635 9,610 7.2 10.4
Private 114 83,351 2,979 5,214 3.6 6.3
Public 12 8,792 3,656 4,395 41.6 50.0
7520 Savannah, GA MSA Total 63 81,987 10,141 10,141 12.4 12.4
Private 44 58,422 6,426 6,426 11.0 11.0
Public 19 23,566 3,715 3,715 15.8 15.8
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA MSA Total 393 249,008 51,618 57,537 20.7 23.1
Private 338 214,828 31,016 34,415 14.4 16.0
Public 55 34,180 20,602 23,122 60.3 67.6
7600 Seattle, WA PMSA Total 841 990,280 213,010 251,694 21.5 25.4
Private 714 843,256 138,184 164,006 16.4 19.4
Public 127 147,024 74,826 87,688 50.9 59.6
7610 Sharon, PA MSA Total 80 51,554 19,006 19,006 36.9 36.9
Private 70 45,094 13,799 13,799 30.6 30.6
Public 10 6,460 5,207 5,207 80.6 80.6
7680 Shreveport, LA MSA Total 161 148,024 17,331 20,857 11.7 14.1
Private 135 124,751 12,019 12,019 9.6 9.6
Public 26 23,273 5,312 8,838 22.8 38.0
7720 Sioux City, IA-NE MSA Total 115 61,226 7,130 8,533 11.6 13.9
Private 100 53,526 5,619 5,619 10.5 10.5
Public 15 7,700 1,510 2,914 19.6 37.8
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 526 60,026 6,104 7,939 10.2 13.2
Private 470 53,774 4,694 5,613 8.7 10.4
Public 56 6,251 1,409 2,326 22.5 37.2
7800 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN MSA Total 93 97,804 13,390 14,616 13.7 14.9
Private 80 84,223 7,733 8,959 9.2 10.6
Public 13 13,581 5,657 5,657 41.7 41.7
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 118 135,071 31,762 34,855 23.5 25.8
Private 101 115,532 19,557 22,649 16.9 19.6
Public 17 19,539 12,205 12,205 62.5 62.5
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 104 71,938 17,778 19,861 24.7 27.6
Private 65 45,694 4,485 5,162 9.8 11.3
Public 39 26,244 13,293 14,698 50.7 56.0
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 100 96,936 10,896 13,436 11.2 13.9
Private 84 81,172 10,026 11,203 12.4 13.8
Public 16 15,763 870 2,233 5.5 14.2
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 583 211,115 39,125 42,373 18.5 20.1
Private 480 174,009 22,028 22,763 12.7 13.1
Public 103 37,106 17,096 19,610 46.1 52.8
8040 Stamford, CT PMSA Total 75 50,490 7,120 7,120 14.1 14.1
Private 69 46,660 5,125 5,125 11.0 11.0
Public 6 3,830 1,995 1,995 52.1 52.1
8120 Stockton, CA MSA Total 134 167,782 14,725 19,412 8.8 11.6
Private 115 146,463 6,781 9,340 4.6 6.4
Public 19 21,319 7,944 10,072 37.3 47.2
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 411 266,851 62,829 69,779 23.5 26.1
Private 333 216,875 28,494 33,065 13.1 15.2
Public 78 49,976 34,335 36,714 68.7 73.5
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 193 223,219 54,630 63,061 24.5 28.3
Private 161 186,401 32,210 37,786 17.3 20.3
Public 32 36,818 22,420 25,275 60.9 68.6
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 163 135,615 6,731 13,763 5.0 10.1
Private 100 82,905 650 650 0.8 0.8
Public 63 52,710 6,081 13,113 11.5 24.9
8280 Tampa-St, Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,200 905,977 64,880 88,236 7.2 9.7
Private 1,049 794,249 30,563 41,725 3.8 5.3
Public 151 111,727 34,317 46,511 30.7 41.6
8320 Terre Haute, IN MSA Total 72 68,070 11,981 11,981 17.6 17.6
Private 58 54,427 6,006 6,006 11.0 11.0
Public 14 13,644 5,975 5,975 43.8 43.8
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 382 231,388 66,684 71,675 28.8 31.0
Private 323 195,751 46,023 49,076 23.5 25.1
Public 59 35,637 20,661 22,598 58.0 63.4
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 114 56,031 12,103 14,104 21.6 25.2
Private 87 42,636 7,738 9,283 18.1 21.8
Public 27 13,395 4,365 4,821 32.6 36.0
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 321 144,735 34,027 38,574 23.5 26.7
Private 251 114,312 15,192 17,022 13.3 14.9
Public 70 30,424 18,834 21,552 61.9 70.8
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 319 296,558 31,479 38,258 10.6 12.9
Private 256 238,412 16,808 19,536 7.0 8.2
Public 63 58,146 14,672 18,722 25.2 32.2
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 568 330,753 32,025 35,028 9.7 10.6
Private 500 293,118 23,090 23,692 7.9 8.1
Public 68 37,635 8,935 11,336 23.7 30.1
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 140 111,838 25,719 25,719 23.0 23.0
Private 101 78,701 14,363 14,363 18.3 18.3
Public 39 33,137 11,355 11,355 34.3 34.3
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 205 137,513 37,884 41,008 27.5 29.8
Private 160 108,938 16,955 19,562 15.6 18.0
Public 45 28,574 20,929 21,446 73.2 75.1
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 138 157,658 44,698 53,044 28.4 33.6
Private 100 114,148 16,974 16,974 14.9 14.9
Public 38 43,510 27,725 36,070 63.7 82.9
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 146 173,937 24,948 26,095 14.3 15.0
Private 119 142,074 10,218 11,365 7.2 8.0
Public 27 31,862 14,730 14,730 46.2 46.2
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 121 120,038 2,706 3,686 2.3 3.1
Private 90 90,709 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 31 29,329 2,706 3,686 9.2 12.6
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA MSA Total 3,136 2,051,757 245,027 314,320 11.9 15.3
Private 2,160 1,466,778 112,303 143,100 7.7 9.8
Public 976 584,979 132,724 171,220 22.7 29.3
8880 Waterbury, CT MSA Total 152 122,592 26,953 26,953 22.0 22.0
Private 130 104,459 14,179 14,179 13.6 13.6
Public 22 18,133 12,774 12,774 70.4 70.4
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 126 66,694 10,508 11,441 15.8 17.2
Private 105 55,402 4,905 5,839 8.9 10.5
Public 21 11,292 5,603 5,603 49.6 49.6
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL MSA Total 511 377,694 30,279 36,335 8.0 9.6
Private 437 323,578 11,396 15,357 3.5 4.7
Public 74 54,116 18,883 20,978 34.9 38.8
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 105 38,516 5,175 5,628 13.4 14.6
Private 86 31,511 3,691 3,691 11.7 11.7
Public 19 7,005 1,484 1,937 21.2 27.6
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 485 254,770 29,927 51,168 11.7 20.1
Private 413 217,697 21,131 38,725 9.7 17.8
Public 72 37,073 8,796 12,444 23.7 33.6
9140 Williamsport, PA MSA Total 113 72,077 8,673 8,673 12.0 12.0
Private 104 66,210 5,218 5,218 7.9 7.9
Public 9 5,867 3,455 3,455 58.9 58.9
9160 Wilmington, DE-NJ-MD PMSA Total 1,107 228,305 29,908 33,006 13.1 14.5
Private 978 201,469 21,133 22,429 10.5 11.1
Public 129 26,836 8,774 10,577 32.7 39.4
9240 Worcester, MA MSA Total 610 221,859 27,061 29,153 12.2 13.1
Private 530 193,077 12,684 13,387 6.6 6.9
Public 80 28,782 14,376 15,766 49.9 54.8
9280 York, PA MSA Total 334 229,273 40,218 42,566 17.5 18.6
Private 284 195,334 24,280 25,189 12.4 12.9
Public 50 33,939 15,938 17,377 47.0 51.2
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 332 199,808 58,001 61,004 29.0 30.5
Private 287 173,765 40,865 42,691 23.5 24.6
Public 45 26,043 17,136 18,314 65.8 70.3
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 102 114,242 28,854 31,188 25.3 27.3
Private 81 90,404 13,106 14,257 14.5 15.8
Public 21 23,838 15,747 16,931 66.1 71.0
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 1994. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2001 tables are based
on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS. For five CMSAs during 1986-94, counts for the component PMSAs do not add to the CMSA total because the CPS
failed to assign some households to PMSAs. This causes employment estimates in the component PMSAs to be understated.
CMSA employment counts are correct for these five urban areas during 1986-93, but are understated in 1994. The five CMSAs
are: Boston, Hartford, Philadelphia, Providence, and St. Louis.
2002 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.