Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 1995 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
7 Boston-Worcester-Lawrence, MA-NH-ME-CT Total 4,639 2,413,074 358,944 395,556 14.9 16.4
Private 4,019 2,105,857 178,384 201,491 8.5 9.6
Public 620 307,217 180,560 194,065 58.8 63.2
Priv Const 197 100,366 22,676 23,432 22.6 23.3
Priv Manuf 856 441,913 40,824 46,629 9.2 10.6
14 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI Total 5,103 3,783,414 780,950 838,725 20.6 22.2
Private 4,465 3,319,213 537,948 577,934 16.2 17.4
Public 638 464,201 243,003 260,791 52.3 56.2
Priv Const 231 176,221 83,609 86,191 47.4 48.9
Priv Manuf 1,040 775,125 174,069 182,900 22.5 23.6
21 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,126 813,085 120,726 136,508 14.8 16.8
Private 972 699,626 75,765 84,352 10.8 12.1
Public 154 113,459 44,961 52,155 39.6 46.0
Priv Const 50 37,279 4,344 4,969 11.7 13.3
Priv Manuf 220 158,395 36,387 36,387 23.0 23.0
28 Cleveland-Akron, OH Total 1,912 1,310,511 253,241 267,721 19.3 20.4
Private 1,654 1,131,298 152,077 161,107 13.4 14.2
Public 258 179,213 101,164 106,613 56.4 59.5
Priv Const 85 59,438 15,117 15,117 25.4 25.4
Priv Manuf 454 311,429 68,037 70,155 21.8 22.5
31 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 2,025 2,237,122 143,663 177,964 6.4 8.0
Private 1,792 1,982,729 89,706 110,929 4.5 5.6
Public 233 254,393 53,958 67,035 21.2 26.4
Priv Const 106 119,524 7,005 8,170 5.9 6.8
Priv Manuf 361 394,519 23,253 27,914 5.9 7.1
34 Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO Total 1,433 1,110,776 119,791 135,439 10.8 12.2
Private 1,207 938,952 75,503 82,921 8.0 8.8
Public 226 171,825 44,287 52,518 25.8 30.6
Priv Const 86 70,027 10,351 10,351 14.8 14.8
Priv Manuf 184 141,438 13,222 13,971 9.3 9.9
35 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI Total 3,658 2,312,910 607,497 651,224 26.3 28.2
Private 3,219 2,041,011 443,769 476,525 21.7 23.3
Public 439 271,899 163,728 174,699 60.2 64.3
Priv Const 128 82,345 27,440 27,440 33.3 33.3
Priv Manuf 1,009 640,826 266,457 274,545 41.6 42.8
42 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,711 1,867,634 139,580 157,992 7.5 8.5
Private 1,467 1,613,158 81,996 91,028 5.1 5.6
Public 244 254,476 57,584 66,964 22.6 26.3
Priv Const 133 152,708 8,157 9,120 5.3 6.0
Priv Manuf 206 224,404 22,865 26,143 10.2 11.6
49 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA Total 6,463 5,809,892 893,272 1,004,599 15.4 17.3
Private 5,601 5,022,763 481,431 537,755 9.6 10.7
Public 862 787,129 411,841 466,844 52.3 59.3
Priv Const 246 231,216 44,088 47,854 19.1 20.7
Priv Manuf 1,300 1,179,436 94,509 110,896 8.0 9.4
56 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 1,696 1,498,067 119,001 152,781 7.9 10.2
Private 1,456 1,286,034 52,999 61,758 4.1 4.8
Public 240 212,033 66,002 91,023 31.1 42.9
Priv Const 92 85,590 6,637 7,735 7.8 9.0
Priv Manuf 138 122,334 3,781 4,581 3.1 3.7
63 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 915 894,223 195,700 205,302 21.9 23.0
Private 798 780,605 119,873 124,689 15.4 16.0
Public 117 113,618 75,827 80,613 66.7 71.0
Priv Const 34 32,795 12,362 12,362 37.7 37.7
Priv Manuf 237 229,582 59,736 59,736 26.0 26.0
70 New York-Northern NJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 11,867 8,106,741 2,024,217 2,130,164 25.0 26.3
Private 9,874 6,758,867 1,083,845 1,153,464 16.0 17.1
Public 1,993 1,347,874 940,372 976,700 69.8 72.5
Priv Const 410 286,952 114,652 118,005 40.0 41.1
Priv Manuf 1,634 1,114,950 189,773 200,657 17.0 18.0
77 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 4,460 2,527,855 449,066 508,524 17.8 20.1
Private 3,837 2,184,928 278,517 311,108 12.7 14.2
Public 623 342,927 170,549 197,416 49.7 57.6
Priv Const 176 104,896 42,060 42,060 40.1 40.1
Priv Manuf 719 398,384 88,230 94,651 22.1 23.8
79 Portland-Salem, OR-WA Total 1,180 917,295 181,921 194,983 19.8 21.3
Private 999 779,396 100,268 107,273 12.9 13.8
Public 181 137,899 81,653 87,711 59.2 63.6
Priv Const 63 48,873 7,302 8,866 14.9 18.1
Priv Manuf 187 144,628 34,570 35,325 23.9 24.4
82 Sacramento-Yolo, CA Total 545 685,635 131,225 155,707 19.1 22.7
Private 416 526,770 59,829 65,431 11.4 12.4
Public 129 158,864 71,397 90,275 44.9 56.8
Priv Const 25 31,326 5,763 5,763 18.4 18.4
Priv Manuf 43 56,382 8,984 8,984 15.9 15.9
84 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,298 2,865,634 553,734 608,602 19.3 21.2
Private 1,961 2,447,745 332,996 364,769 13.6 14.9
Public 337 417,888 220,738 243,833 52.8 58.3
Priv Const 80 100,077 31,021 31,021 31.0 31.0
Priv Manuf 435 535,737 54,546 57,131 10.2 10.7
91 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA Total 1,200 1,442,472 310,924 336,170 21.6 23.3
Private 994 1,199,820 194,420 210,567 16.2 17.5
Public 206 242,653 116,504 125,603 48.0 51.8
Priv Const 60 72,738 22,371 23,673 30.8 32.5
Priv Manuf 182 218,874 65,707 74,703 30.0 34.1
97 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 4,101 3,323,878 410,962 493,695 12.4 14.9
Private 2,866 2,414,943 171,992 193,639 7.1 8.0
Public 1,235 908,935 238,970 300,056 26.3 33.0
Priv Const 167 169,475 16,694 16,694 9.9 9.9
Priv Manuf 251 245,414 38,862 43,387 15.8 17.7
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH PMSA Total 466 316,818 59,570 62,453 18.8 19.7
Private 395 268,607 31,396 32,926 11.7 12.3
Public 71 48,212 28,174 29,527 58.4 61.2
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 414 320,583 97,786 104,495 30.5 32.6
Private 299 231,967 30,515 33,485 13.2 14.4
Public 115 88,616 67,271 71,010 75.9 80.1
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 810 274,840 30,094 38,469 10.9 14.0
Private 629 213,350 13,422 15,012 6.3 7.0
Public 181 61,490 16,672 23,457 27.1 38.1
240 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA MSA Total 370 250,180 53,326 56,081 21.3 22.4
Private 326 221,148 36,466 38,005 16.5 17.2
Public 44 29,032 16,860 18,076 58.1 62.3
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 830 117,241 25,563 27,267 21.8 23.3
Private 615 88,130 10,195 10,805 11.6 12.3
Public 215 29,111 15,368 16,462 52.8 56.5
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 481 297,046 56,036 65,280 18.9 22.0
Private 415 257,043 40,239 46,238 15.7 18.0
Public 66 40,003 15,798 19,042 39.5 47.6
450 Anniston, AL MSA Total 76 67,940 11,377 13,090 16.7 19.3
Private 65 57,850 7,210 7,845 12.5 13.6
Public 11 10,090 4,166 5,245 41.3 52.0
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI MSA Total 176 166,881 29,004 32,689 17.4 19.6
Private 162 152,953 19,201 22,885 12.6 15.0
Public 14 13,927 9,804 9,804 70.4 70.4
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 162 92,894 4,208 4,208 4.5 4.5
Private 136 78,269 2,755 2,755 3.5 3.5
Public 26 14,625 1,453 1,453 9.9 9.9
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,400 1,706,512 121,758 142,820 7.1 8.4
Private 1,197 1,461,085 91,859 104,466 6.3 7.1
Public 203 245,427 29,900 38,354 12.2 15.6
560 Atlantic-Cape May, NJ PMSA Total 197 121,561 32,313 32,313 26.6 26.6
Private 166 102,724 23,781 23,781 23.2 23.2
Public 31 18,838 8,532 8,532 45.3 45.3
600 Augusta-Aiken, GA-SC MSA Total 164 181,536 12,020 13,156 6.6 7.2
Private 135 148,997 10,708 11,843 7.2 7.9
Public 29 32,539 1,313 1,313 4.0 4.0
640 Austin-San Marcos, TX MSA Total 465 488,328 26,712 36,584 5.5 7.5
Private 341 358,449 12,586 15,793 3.5 4.4
Public 124 129,879 14,126 20,791 10.9 16.0
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 196 246,594 37,922 40,406 15.4 16.4
Private 153 194,145 14,675 14,675 7.6 7.6
Public 43 52,449 23,248 25,731 44.3 49.1
720 Baltimore, MD PMSA Total 926 1,148,396 162,329 199,378 14.1 17.4
Private 689 857,637 61,907 71,676 7.2 8.4
Public 237 290,758 100,422 127,701 34.5 43.9
760 Balton Rouge, LA MSA Total 274 243,874 19,960 31,906 8.2 13.1
Private 201 179,409 12,973 19,562 7.2 10.9
Public 73 64,465 6,987 12,344 10.8 19.1
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA Total 151 162,672 14,394 18,321 8.8 11.3
Private 126 134,303 10,282 11,420 7.7 8.5
Public 25 28,370 4,112 6,901 14.5 24.3
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 126 154,719 18,017 19,473 11.6 12.6
Private 109 132,804 10,364 10,364 7.8 7.8
Public 17 21,915 7,654 9,109 34.9 41.6
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 80 51,119 6,245 8,215 12.2 16.1
Private 72 46,142 4,309 6,280 9.3 13.6
Public 8 4,977 1,936 1,936 38.9 38.9
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 993 608,629 123,629 133,649 20.3 22.0
Private 873 534,675 73,780 80,924 13.8 15.1
Public 120 73,954 49,850 52,725 67.4 71.3
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 134 102,365 19,080 20,636 18.6 20.2
Private 103 78,752 3,643 3,643 4.6 4.6
Public 31 23,613 15,437 16,993 65.4 72.0
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 450 408,458 50,583 61,856 12.4 15.1
Private 371 337,182 28,895 32,363 8.6 9.6
Public 79 71,276 21,688 29,493 30.4 41.4
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 737 173,890 13,437 16,401 7.7 9.4
Private 612 144,926 5,832 6,784 4.0 4.7
Public 125 28,964 7,605 9,617 26.3 33.2
1120 Boston, MA-NH PMSA Total 2,546 1,430,102 222,824 245,175 15.6 17.1
Private 2,208 1,243,105 112,780 127,694 9.1 10.3
Public 338 186,996 110,044 117,481 58.8 62.8
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 163 128,733 11,363 12,112 8.8 9.4
Private 128 100,455 3,857 4,606 3.8 4.6
Public 35 28,277 7,506 7,506 26.5 26.5
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 64 71,461 8,255 10,466 11.6 14.6
Private 57 64,311 5,318 7,529 8.3 11.7
Public 7 7,150 2,937 2,937 41.1 41.1
1160 Bridgeport, CT PMSA Total 223 201,843 37,469 37,469 18.6 18.6
Private 202 183,128 21,622 21,622 11.8 11.8
Public 21 18,716 15,847 15,847 84.7 84.7
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 200 110,774 20,635 21,028 18.6 19.0
Private 171 95,551 11,201 11,594 11.7 12.1
Public 29 15,223 9,434 9,434 62.0 62.0
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen-San Benito, TX MSA Total 101 114,422 4,451 6,026 3.9 5.3
Private 81 92,281 2,016 3,591 2.2 3.9
Public 20 22,141 2,435 2,435 11.0 11.0
1280 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA Total 598 471,796 123,330 127,485 26.1 27.0
Private 492 389,938 64,961 66,659 16.7 17.1
Public 106 81,858 58,368 60,825 71.3 74.3
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 467 75,030 6,946 8,349 9.3 11.1
Private 389 62,762 2,620 3,211 4.2 5.1
Public 78 12,268 4,326 5,138 35.3 41.9
1320 Canton-Massillon, OH MSA Total 284 192,126 38,340 43,231 20.0 22.5
Private 243 165,796 23,760 26,406 14.3 15.9
Public 41 26,330 14,580 16,825 55.4 63.9
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 145 87,664 13,257 15,386 15.1 17.6
Private 130 79,166 8,983 8,983 11.3 11.3
Public 15 8,498 4,274 6,403 50.3 75.3
1440 Charleston-North Charleston, SC MSA Total 264 252,565 14,411 24,853 5.7 9.8
Private 202 192,749 8,883 14,465 4.6 7.5
Public 62 59,816 5,528 10,389 9.2 17.4
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 360 125,425 16,502 17,876 13.2 14.3
Private 299 104,364 12,965 13,325 12.4 12.8
Public 61 21,061 3,537 4,551 16.8 21.6
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 1,062 679,333 33,478 41,671 4.9 6.1
Private 946 606,644 21,652 27,228 3.6 4.5
Public 116 72,690 11,826 14,443 16.3 19.9
1560 Chattanooga, TN-GA MSA Total 180 210,432 22,827 25,171 10.8 12.0
Private 148 172,460 14,580 14,580 8.5 8.5
Public 32 37,972 8,247 10,591 21.7 27.9
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 4,907 3,544,089 704,721 756,200 19.9 21.3
Private 4,285 3,098,263 467,425 501,116 15.1 16.2
Public 622 445,827 237,296 255,085 53.2 57.2
1620 Chico-Paradise, CA MSA Total 92 117,680 14,823 17,513 12.6 14.9
Private 71 90,752 6,225 7,740 6.9 8.5
Public 21 26,928 8,598 9,773 31.9 36.3
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 961 695,637 102,927 116,673 14.8 16.8
Private 829 597,385 65,267 73,854 10.9 12.4
Public 132 98,252 37,660 42,819 38.3 43.6
1660 Clarksville-Hopkinsville, TN-KY MSA Total 64 73,553 6,076 6,076 8.3 8.3
Private 50 56,984 3,410 3,410 6.0 6.0
Public 14 16,569 2,666 2,666 16.1 16.1
1680 Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 1,446 993,693 193,671 205,268 19.5 20.7
Private 1,259 862,692 120,681 128,182 14.0 14.9
Public 187 131,001 72,990 77,086 55.7 58.8
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 284 215,454 14,903 18,226 6.9 8.5
Private 240 181,817 8,399 10,157 4.6 5.6
Public 44 33,638 6,504 8,069 19.3 24.0
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 262 247,998 10,791 12,723 4.4 5.1
Private 179 170,047 4,583 5,581 2.7 3.3
Public 83 77,951 6,208 7,143 8.0 9.2
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 236 277,238 15,545 21,963 5.6 7.9
Private 194 228,154 8,193 10,369 3.6 4.5
Public 42 49,084 7,353 11,594 15.0 23.6
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 909 643,354 75,849 84,706 11.8 13.2
Private 743 527,048 35,522 38,082 6.7 7.2
Public 166 116,307 40,327 46,624 34.7 40.1
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 96 106,154 7,376 10,686 6.9 10.1
Private 73 81,114 3,261 4,267 4.0 5.3
Public 23 25,040 4,115 6,420 16.4 25.6
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,353 1,508,335 76,256 96,130 5.1 6.4
Private 1,208 1,347,487 46,325 58,341 3.4 4.3
Public 145 160,848 29,932 37,789 18.6 23.5
1930 Danbury, CT PMSA Total 115 104,187 23,504 23,504 22.6 22.6
Private 95 86,410 11,148 11,148 12.9 12.9
Public 20 17,777 12,356 12,356 69.5 69.5
1960 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL MSA Total 233 148,718 27,836 33,492 18.7 22.5
Private 190 120,252 14,205 16,053 11.8 13.3
Public 43 28,466 13,631 17,438 47.9 61.3
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 606 419,558 73,151 83,252 17.4 19.8
Private 518 358,059 47,697 53,360 13.3 14.9
Public 88 61,498 25,454 29,892 41.4 48.6
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 157 134,872 8,539 13,427 6.3 10.0
Private 126 107,873 2,630 5,136 2.4 4.8
Public 31 26,999 5,909 8,291 21.9 30.7
2030 Decatur, AL MSA Total 177 156,589 23,261 23,261 14.9 14.9
Private 147 129,878 14,741 14,741 11.4 11.4
Public 30 26,711 8,520 8,520 31.9 31.9
2040 Decatur, IL MSA Total 170 185,677 44,022 44,022 23.7 23.7
Private 144 157,872 31,885 31,885 20.2 20.2
Public 26 27,805 12,137 12,137 43.6 43.6
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 1,162 899,332 102,939 115,164 11.4 12.8
Private 987 768,312 66,827 70,821 8.7 9.2
Public 175 131,020 36,112 44,343 27.6 33.8
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 371 222,538 28,489 33,690 12.8 15.1
Private 323 193,966 17,996 19,400 9.3 10.0
Public 48 28,572 10,493 14,290 36.7 50.0
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 2,905 1,847,762 487,461 519,418 26.4 28.1
Private 2,564 1,635,621 352,525 376,756 21.6 23.0
Public 341 212,141 134,936 142,662 63.6 67.2
2190 Dover, DE MSA Total 244 50,251 7,581 7,753 15.1 15.4
Private 199 40,800 3,984 3,984 9.8 9.8
Public 45 9,451 3,597 3,769 38.1 39.9
2240 Duluth-Superior, MN-WI MSA Total 122 115,117 26,069 27,015 22.6 23.5
Private 109 102,774 21,056 21,056 20.5 20.5
Public 13 12,343 5,013 5,959 40.6 48.3
2281 Dutchess County, NY PMSA Total 122 98,694 24,513 25,225 24.8 25.6
Private 97 78,404 8,834 8,834 11.3 11.3
Public 25 20,291 15,678 16,390 77.3 80.8
2290 Eau Claire, WI MSA Total 128 125,171 25,423 26,452 20.3 21.1
Private 108 106,103 12,263 13,293 11.6 12.5
Public 20 19,068 13,159 13,159 69.0 69.0
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 215 244,633 12,281 18,226 5.0 7.5
Private 162 188,425 1,293 1,293 0.7 0.7
Public 53 56,209 10,988 16,933 19.5 30.1
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 146 98,956 19,589 21,792 19.8 22.0
Private 135 91,359 16,191 18,394 17.7 20.1
Public 11 7,597 3,398 3,398 44.7 44.7
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 154 115,158 17,329 19,335 15.0 16.8
Private 128 97,337 8,514 8,514 8.7 8.7
Public 26 17,821 8,814 10,821 49.5 60.7
2440 Evansville-Henderson, IN-KY MSA Total 87 100,450 12,866 12,866 12.8 12.8
Private 78 89,946 9,519 9,519 10.6 10.6
Public 9 10,503 3,348 3,348 31.9 31.9
2520 Fargo-Moorhead, ND-MN MSA Total 465 61,972 8,464 9,519 13.7 15.4
Private 398 53,346 4,834 5,238 9.1 9.8
Public 67 8,626 3,630 4,281 42.1 49.6
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 131 81,627 5,818 9,026 7.1 11.1
Private 93 57,520 1,840 1,840 3.2 3.2
Public 38 24,107 3,978 7,186 16.5 29.8
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR MSA Total 281 140,463 3,210 4,769 2.3 3.4
Private 239 119,037 849 1,384 0.7 1.2
Public 42 21,427 2,360 3,385 11.0 15.8
2600 Fitchburg-Leominster, MA PMSA Total 162 90,215 14,615 16,838 16.2 18.7
Private 143 78,883 7,546 8,583 9.6 10.9
Public 19 11,333 7,070 8,255 62.4 72.8
2640 Flint, MI PMSA Total 272 168,102 64,000 66,526 38.1 39.6
Private 240 148,347 51,006 53,531 34.4 36.1
Public 32 19,755 12,995 12,995 65.8 65.8
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 114 100,527 16,488 18,988 16.4 18.9
Private 90 79,837 6,998 7,849 8.8 9.8
Public 24 20,690 9,490 11,139 45.9 53.8
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 165 129,669 12,584 14,105 9.7 10.9
Private 141 111,637 7,004 7,004 6.3 6.3
Public 24 18,032 5,580 7,101 30.9 39.4
2680 Fort Lauderdale, FL PMSA Total 743 637,532 62,054 78,311 9.7 12.3
Private 644 549,466 26,990 30,797 4.9 5.6
Public 99 88,066 35,064 47,514 39.8 54.0
2700 Fort Myers-Cape Coral, FL MSA Total 192 158,179 8,360 11,560 5.3 7.3
Private 162 133,572 0 1,594 0.0 1.2
Public 30 24,607 8,360 9,966 34.0 40.5
2710 Fort Pierce-Port St. Lucie, FL MSA Total 94 82,462 7,320 9,002 8.9 10.9
Private 72 61,964 0 1,683 0.0 2.7
Public 22 20,498 7,320 7,320 35.7 35.7
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 162 80,913 8,016 9,235 9.9 11.4
Private 139 69,883 5,772 6,991 8.3 10.0
Public 23 11,030 2,243 2,243 20.3 20.3
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 99 85,214 4,767 9,704 5.6 11.4
Private 77 66,074 0 806 0.0 1.2
Public 22 19,140 4,767 8,897 24.9 46.5
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 158 190,941 40,543 44,823 21.2 23.5
Private 147 177,800 33,197 34,230 18.7 19.3
Public 11 13,141 7,345 10,593 55.9 80.6
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 672 728,787 67,407 81,834 9.2 11.2
Private 584 635,242 43,381 52,588 6.8 8.3
Public 88 93,545 24,026 29,246 25.7 31.3
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 272 353,001 60,923 69,681 17.3 19.7
Private 224 291,575 26,947 29,464 9.2 10.1
Public 48 61,425 33,976 40,216 55.3 65.5
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 87 75,595 4,103 5,783 5.4 7.7
Private 58 51,675 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 29 23,920 4,103 5,783 17.2 24.2
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 116 127,982 12,426 13,415 9.7 10.5
Private 79 88,108 10,433 10,433 11.8 11.8
Public 37 39,874 1,992 2,981 5.0 7.5
2960 Gary, IN PMSA Total 196 239,325 76,229 82,525 31.9 34.5
Private 180 220,951 70,523 76,818 31.9 34.8
Public 16 18,374 5,707 5,707 31.1 31.1
3000 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI MSA Total 698 434,906 59,177 62,541 13.6 14.4
Private 626 391,413 37,850 41,214 9.7 10.5
Public 72 43,493 21,327 21,327 49.0 49.0
3060 Greeley, CO PMSA Total 108 82,712 5,489 8,163 6.6 9.9
Private 92 70,184 4,819 7,494 6.9 10.7
Public 16 12,527 670 670 5.3 5.3
3080 Green Bay, WI MSA Total 191 180,857 24,487 25,331 13.5 14.0
Private 167 158,713 15,607 15,607 9.8 9.8
Public 24 22,144 8,880 9,724 40.1 43.9
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 947 542,815 27,565 30,898 5.1 5.7
Private 844 482,496 12,757 13,986 2.6 2.9
Public 103 60,319 14,807 16,912 24.5 28.0
3150 Greenville, NC MSA Total 116 87,748 6,232 8,183 7.1 9.3
Private 82 64,054 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 34 23,694 6,232 8,183 26.3 34.5
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC MSA Total 486 459,498 7,517 10,850 1.6 2.4
Private 429 407,704 2,871 4,364 0.7 1.1
Public 57 51,794 4,646 6,486 9.0 12.5
3180 Hagerstown, MD PMSA Total 126 122,904 17,705 19,670 14.4 16.0
Private 100 99,635 13,203 13,203 13.3 13.3
Public 26 23,269 4,502 6,468 19.3 27.8
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 165 117,448 17,799 19,834 15.2 16.9
Private 143 102,241 10,498 10,498 10.3 10.3
Public 22 15,207 7,301 9,336 48.0 61.4
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 407 274,650 38,277 46,334 13.9 16.9
Private 329 221,825 18,705 21,449 8.4 9.7
Public 78 52,825 19,572 24,885 37.1 47.1
3280 Hartford, CT MSA Total 569 512,593 99,784 107,369 19.5 20.9
Private 474 427,952 41,168 47,785 9.6 11.2
Public 95 84,641 58,615 59,584 69.3 70.4
3290 Hickory-Morgantown, NC MSA Total 207 120,497 366 2,397 0.3 2.0
Private 176 103,170 366 366 0.4 0.4
Public 31 17,328 0 2,031 0.0 11.7
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,248 361,810 81,270 88,252 22.5 24.4
Private 973 282,057 46,995 49,887 16.7 17.7
Public 275 79,753 34,275 38,366 43.0 48.1
3350 Houma, LA MSA Total 84 74,139 1,420 1,420 1.9 1.9
Private 65 56,911 1,420 1,420 2.5 2.5
Public 19 17,227 0 0 0.0 0.0
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,531 1,668,191 118,899 134,111 7.1 8.0
Private 1,331 1,460,739 66,244 73,065 4.5 5.0
Public 200 207,452 52,655 61,045 25.4 29.4
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 132 44,501 8,451 9,155 19.0 20.6
Private 102 34,614 5,341 5,341 15.4 15.4
Public 30 9,887 3,110 3,814 31.5 38.6
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 146 124,927 4,637 4,637 3.7 3.7
Private 117 100,626 2,983 2,983 3.0 3.0
Public 29 24,301 1,654 1,654 6.8 6.8
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 547 662,695 64,502 76,650 9.7 11.6
Private 490 593,777 45,121 50,437 7.6 8.5
Public 57 68,918 19,381 26,213 28.1 38.0
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 144 167,574 35,493 40,227 21.2 24.0
Private 134 154,429 25,536 30,270 16.5 19.6
Public 10 13,145 9,957 9,957 75.7 75.7
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 321 190,439 12,246 17,113 6.4 9.0
Private 258 153,000 10,060 12,818 6.6 8.4
Public 63 37,439 2,186 4,295 5.8 11.5
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 504 440,967 26,475 34,611 6.0 7.8
Private 439 383,654 15,219 17,486 4.0 4.6
Public 65 57,313 11,255 17,125 19.6 29.9
3610 Jamestown, NY MSA Total 142 109,582 39,881 41,575 36.4 37.9
Private 110 85,474 20,225 21,919 23.7 25.6
Public 32 24,108 19,656 19,656 81.5 81.5
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 392 249,050 74,018 84,230 29.7 33.8
Private 337 212,238 52,049 59,347 24.5 28.0
Public 55 36,812 21,969 24,883 59.7 67.6
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 125 144,753 13,056 15,303 9.0 10.6
Private 106 122,487 9,797 9,797 8.0 8.0
Public 19 22,266 3,259 5,507 14.6 24.7
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 105 71,143 11,285 12,643 15.9 17.8
Private 88 59,348 7,332 8,690 12.4 14.6
Public 17 11,795 3,953 3,953 33.5 33.5
3720 Kalamazoo-Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 259 162,260 33,082 36,491 20.4 22.5
Private 212 130,661 15,917 17,484 12.2 13.4
Public 47 31,598 17,165 19,006 54.3 60.1
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 966 820,372 99,133 117,675 12.1 14.3
Private 810 683,974 69,398 74,913 10.1 11.0
Public 156 136,399 29,735 42,762 21.8 31.4
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 241 285,159 29,605 34,233 10.4 12.0
Private 177 211,622 22,528 25,928 10.6 12.3
Public 64 73,538 7,078 8,305 9.6 11.3
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 207 182,844 3,599 5,078 2.0 2.8
Private 178 158,024 1,898 2,591 1.2 1.6
Public 29 24,820 1,701 2,487 6.9 10.0
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 87 80,067 8,493 8,493 10.6 10.6
Private 72 67,379 6,506 6,506 9.7 9.7
Public 15 12,688 1,988 1,988 15.7 15.7
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 246 222,794 15,523 21,227 7.0 9.5
Private 208 190,103 10,589 15,517 5.6 8.2
Public 38 32,691 4,934 5,710 15.1 17.5
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 278 185,858 21,184 23,228 11.4 12.5
Private 245 163,724 14,547 15,225 8.9 9.3
Public 33 22,134 6,636 8,003 30.0 36.2
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 350 216,808 67,782 68,481 31.3 31.6
Private 250 155,479 31,263 31,263 20.1 20.1
Public 100 61,329 36,519 37,218 59.5 60.7
4080 Laredo, TX MSA Total 90 101,834 2,290 5,572 2.2 5.5
Private 67 76,591 1,353 1,353 1.8 1.8
Public 23 25,243 937 4,218 3.7 16.7
4100 Las Cruces, NM MSA Total 136 46,225 3,923 4,297 8.5 9.3
Private 92 30,779 1,074 1,074 3.5 3.5
Public 44 15,446 2,849 3,223 18.4 20.9
4120 Las Vegas, NV-AZ MSA Total 1,196 479,782 104,262 113,350 21.7 23.6
Private 1,075 432,590 78,690 85,993 18.2 19.9
Public 121 47,192 25,572 27,357 54.2 58.0
4160 Lawrence, MA-NH PMSA Total 204 108,704 20,684 22,821 19.0 21.0
Private 168 92,079 8,826 10,551 9.6 11.5
Public 36 16,624 11,858 12,270 71.3 73.8
4280 Lexington, KY MSA Total 232 190,691 13,850 18,104 7.3 9.5
Private 186 154,428 9,702 9,702 6.3 6.3
Public 46 36,263 4,148 8,403 11.4 23.2
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 330 114,527 11,588 18,922 10.1 16.5
Private 263 92,302 7,281 8,737 7.9 9.5
Public 67 22,225 4,307 10,184 19.4 45.8
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 484 245,137 23,606 26,333 9.6 10.7
Private 383 195,677 16,282 17,404 8.3 8.9
Public 101 49,460 7,324 8,929 14.8 18.1
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 4,675 3,487,786 506,357 575,469 14.5 16.5
Private 4,097 3,063,495 280,102 321,586 9.1 10.5
Public 578 424,292 226,255 253,883 53.3 59.8
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 519 457,619 58,975 68,105 12.9 14.9
Private 450 394,815 43,677 45,533 11.1 11.5
Public 69 62,804 15,298 22,572 24.4 35.9
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 272 160,577 14,244 17,729 8.9 11.0
Private 246 146,571 7,204 9,943 4.9 6.8
Public 26 14,006 7,040 7,785 50.3 55.6
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 73 79,308 2,825 2,825 3.6 3.6
Private 54 58,933 2,058 2,058 3.5 3.5
Public 19 20,375 767 767 3.8 3.8
4680 Macon, GA MSA Total 118 143,489 10,104 13,612 7.0 9.5
Private 95 117,573 6,980 8,504 5.9 7.2
Public 23 25,917 3,124 5,107 12.1 19.7
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 207 194,619 42,830 48,604 22.0 25.0
Private 134 126,961 11,166 12,803 8.8 10.1
Public 73 67,658 31,664 35,801 46.8 52.9
4760 Manchester, NH PMSA Total 222 74,046 12,879 14,329 17.4 19.4
Private 186 62,530 6,505 6,505 10.4 10.4
Public 36 11,516 6,374 7,824 55.3 67.9
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 99 109,625 4,222 11,535 3.9 10.5
Private 66 73,742 2,320 2,320 3.1 3.1
Public 33 35,883 1,901 9,215 5.3 25.7
4890 Medford-Ashland, OR MSA Total 101 82,133 8,966 12,288 10.9 15.0
Private 89 72,619 4,935 8,257 6.8 11.4
Public 12 9,515 4,031 4,031 42.4 42.4
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 218 183,863 7,471 14,202 4.1 7.7
Private 188 158,874 5,815 8,496 3.7 5.3
Public 30 24,989 1,656 5,707 6.6 22.8
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 369 476,175 47,325 66,360 9.9 13.9
Private 303 391,973 22,904 35,723 5.8 9.1
Public 66 84,202 24,420 30,637 29.0 36.4
4940 Merced, CA MSA Total 113 147,467 31,346 40,600 21.3 27.5
Private 86 112,403 13,903 19,599 12.4 17.4
Public 27 35,064 17,443 21,001 49.7 59.9
5000 Miami, FL PMSA Total 953 860,535 56,947 74,470 6.6 8.7
Private 812 736,568 26,009 30,960 3.5 4.2
Public 141 123,967 30,938 43,509 25.0 35.1
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 815 494,373 96,111 102,800 19.4 20.8
Private 687 418,895 53,586 57,643 12.8 13.8
Public 128 75,478 42,525 45,157 56.3 59.8
5080 Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI PMSA Total 754 740,368 159,353 168,956 21.5 22.8
Private 654 642,997 96,069 100,884 14.9 15.7
Public 100 97,371 63,285 68,071 65.0 69.9
5120 Minneapolis-St., Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 1,385 1,309,556 265,810 280,699 20.3 21.4
Private 1,181 1,119,452 143,096 146,824 12.8 13.1
Public 204 190,103 122,714 133,875 64.6 70.4
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 183 160,548 13,494 17,332 8.4 10.8
Private 153 133,957 8,004 11,841 6.0 8.8
Public 30 26,591 5,491 5,491 20.6 20.6
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 124 151,076 39,080 45,638 25.9 30.2
Private 99 119,256 24,704 27,357 20.7 22.9
Public 25 31,820 14,376 18,282 45.2 57.5
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 712 434,459 95,274 101,770 21.9 23.4
Private 591 362,998 50,163 54,811 13.8 15.1
Public 121 71,461 45,112 46,960 63.1 65.7
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 116 102,180 9,868 9,868 9.7 9.7
Private 97 84,634 8,132 8,132 9.6 9.6
Public 19 17,546 1,736 1,736 9.9 9.9
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 139 130,164 9,692 12,167 7.4 9.3
Private 111 102,867 6,159 6,949 6.0 6.8
Public 28 27,297 3,533 5,218 12.9 19.1
5330 Myrtle Beach, SC MSA Total 80 75,221 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 71 66,825 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 9 8,396 0 0 0.0 0.0
5345 Naples, FL MSA Total 108 90,948 1,572 1,572 1.7 1.7
Private 96 80,367 751 751 0.9 0.9
Public 12 10,581 821 821 7.8 7.8
5350 Nashua, NH PMSA Total 254 84,424 10,802 10,802 12.8 12.8
Private 218 72,794 3,596 3,596 4.9 4.9
Public 36 11,630 7,206 7,206 62.0 62.0
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 441 535,452 42,606 49,913 8.0 9.3
Private 378 454,993 32,357 38,108 7.1 8.4
Public 63 80,459 10,250 11,805 12.7 14.7
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 1,445 1,171,746 313,041 324,030 26.7 27.7
Private 1,155 941,262 144,023 150,326 15.3 16.0
Public 290 230,484 169,018 173,703 73.3 75.4
5400 New Bedford, MA PMSA Total 139 77,953 15,275 15,275 19.6 19.6
Private 120 69,400 8,988 8,988 13.0 13.0
Public 19 8,553 6,287 6,287 73.5 73.5
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT PMSA Total 210 194,044 37,563 39,796 19.4 20.5
Private 176 165,012 19,626 20,869 11.9 12.6
Public 34 29,032 17,937 18,927 61.8 65.2
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 133 118,192 26,958 27,780 22.8 23.5
Private 113 101,747 15,479 15,479 15.2 15.2
Public 20 16,445 11,479 12,302 69.8 74.8
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 548 503,397 42,155 53,639 8.4 10.7
Private 449 416,079 18,262 22,765 4.4 5.5
Public 99 87,318 23,893 30,873 27.4 35.4
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 4,820 3,182,991 918,216 959,562 28.8 30.1
Private 4,005 2,647,904 520,208 548,928 19.6 20.7
Public 815 535,087 398,007 410,634 74.4 76.7
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,345 837,910 168,385 179,547 20.1 21.4
Private 1,115 696,373 80,281 86,949 11.5 12.5
Public 230 141,537 88,104 92,598 62.2 65.4
5660 Newburgh, NY-PA PMSA Total 167 133,336 36,559 37,436 27.4 28.1
Private 122 97,975 14,769 14,769 15.1 15.1
Public 45 35,361 21,789 22,666 61.6 64.1
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA Total 501 618,757 53,845 68,042 8.7 11.0
Private 376 466,057 23,897 28,898 5.1 6.2
Public 125 152,699 29,948 39,144 19.6 25.6
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 770 958,760 234,229 251,027 24.4 26.2
Private 625 781,719 142,116 151,400 18.2 19.4
Public 145 177,041 92,114 99,627 52.0 56.3
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 82 73,435 3,897 7,219 5.3 9.8
Private 68 60,243 1,586 2,468 2.6 4.1
Public 14 13,192 2,312 4,751 17.5 36.0
5800 Odessa-Midland, TX MSA Total 118 126,966 7,800 10,489 6.1 8.3
Private 86 92,679 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 32 34,287 7,800 10,489 22.7 30.6
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 721 437,521 58,341 70,432 13.3 16.1
Private 553 335,806 29,069 32,910 8.7 9.8
Public 168 101,715 29,272 37,522 28.8 36.9
5910 Olympia, WA PMSA Total 125 151,037 35,989 40,791 23.8 27.0
Private 84 103,550 18,814 19,769 18.2 19.1
Public 41 47,487 17,175 21,022 36.2 44.3
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 929 320,625 27,282 30,983 8.5 9.7
Private 802 276,797 15,198 16,274 5.5 5.9
Public 127 43,828 12,084 14,710 27.6 33.6
5945 Orange County, CA PMSA Total 920 1,179,570 143,167 166,574 12.1 14.1
Private 797 1,027,336 70,518 76,788 6.9 7.5
Public 123 152,234 72,648 89,785 47.7 59.0
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 728 636,926 35,679 55,288 5.6 8.7
Private 653 571,868 17,836 30,761 3.1 5.4
Public 75 65,058 17,843 24,527 27.4 37.7
6015 Panama City, FL MSA Total 88 73,235 8,767 10,321 12.0 14.1
Private 63 52,868 5,607 5,607 10.6 10.6
Public 25 20,367 3,159 4,714 15.5 23.1
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 179 155,912 7,486 10,057 4.8 6.5
Private 146 126,868 2,337 2,337 1.8 1.8
Public 33 29,044 5,149 7,719 17.7 26.6
6120 Peoria-Pekin, IL MSA Total 241 168,978 34,874 36,191 20.6 21.4
Private 211 148,496 24,628 25,216 16.6 17.0
Public 30 20,482 10,246 10,974 50.0 53.6
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 3,074 2,125,861 375,137 429,857 17.6 20.2
Private 2,659 1,843,848 229,542 259,438 12.4 14.1
Public 415 282,014 145,595 170,419 51.6 60.4
6200 Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA Total 1,466 1,204,812 68,230 85,980 5.7 7.1
Private 1,289 1,060,784 37,906 48,123 3.6 4.5
Public 177 144,029 30,324 37,858 21.1 26.3
6280 Pittsburgh, PA MSA Total 1,423 980,005 197,496 210,905 20.2 21.5
Private 1,242 857,309 125,720 134,586 14.7 15.7
Public 181 122,695 71,776 76,319 58.5 62.2
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 323 103,203 11,310 12,668 11.0 12.3
Private 281 90,140 6,578 6,578 7.3 7.3
Public 42 13,063 4,731 6,090 36.2 46.6
6440 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA PMSA Total 988 775,455 144,423 154,733 18.6 20.0
Private 862 677,543 88,707 94,402 13.1 13.9
Public 126 97,912 55,716 60,331 56.9 61.6
6450 Portsmouth-Rochester, NH-ME PMSA Total 324 104,769 10,430 12,863 10.0 12.3
Private 278 90,482 4,146 5,364 4.6 5.9
Public 46 14,286 6,284 7,499 44.0 52.5
6480 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA MSA Total 1,591 477,506 89,089 93,885 18.7 19.7
Private 1,366 413,038 43,577 47,200 10.6 11.4
Public 225 64,468 45,512 46,684 70.6 72.4
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 311 115,533 5,762 6,756 5.0 5.8
Private 265 99,464 3,188 4,182 3.2 4.2
Public 46 16,069 2,574 2,574 16.0 16.0
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 69 52,674 11,681 13,071 22.2 24.8
Private 52 39,994 5,185 5,873 13.0 14.7
Public 17 12,680 6,496 7,198 51.2 56.8
6580 Punta Gorda, FL MSA Total 67 54,783 2,486 6,356 4.5 11.6
Private 55 45,085 0 780 0.0 1.7
Public 12 9,697 2,486 5,575 25.6 57.5
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 161 153,855 36,347 36,347 23.6 23.6
Private 144 137,608 23,805 23,805 17.3 17.3
Public 17 16,247 12,542 12,542 77.2 77.2
6640 Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MSA Total 885 571,640 17,521 23,340 3.1 4.1
Private 698 447,795 6,012 8,855 1.3 2.0
Public 187 123,845 11,509 14,485 9.3 11.7
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 287 196,780 26,419 26,419 13.4 13.4
Private 256 175,507 17,715 17,715 10.1 10.1
Public 31 21,273 8,704 8,704 40.9 40.9
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 350 133,998 24,441 43,245 18.2 32.3
Private 281 108,744 13,902 24,823 12.8 22.8
Public 69 25,254 10,539 18,421 41.7 72.9
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 334 414,781 22,480 30,166 5.4 7.3
Private 279 348,063 13,899 19,111 4.0 5.5
Public 55 66,719 8,581 11,055 12.9 16.6
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 723 953,159 215,590 231,801 22.6 24.3
Private 591 780,903 119,317 127,887 15.3 16.4
Public 132 172,256 96,273 103,914 55.9 60.3
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 115 150,839 8,017 9,236 5.3 6.1
Private 103 133,709 6,738 7,957 5.0 6.0
Public 12 17,129 1,279 1,279 7.5 7.5
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 649 512,441 79,259 88,049 15.5 17.2
Private 568 450,614 39,411 43,576 8.7 9.7
Public 81 61,827 39,848 44,473 64.5 71.9
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 276 192,970 27,067 27,067 14.0 14.0
Private 257 180,115 19,696 19,696 10.9 10.9
Public 19 12,855 7,371 7,371 57.3 57.3
6920 Sacramento, CA PMSA Total 495 623,982 115,091 139,573 18.4 22.4
Private 382 484,188 54,463 60,066 11.2 12.4
Public 113 139,795 60,628 79,507 43.4 56.9
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 283 175,389 42,957 43,784 24.5 25.0
Private 255 158,759 35,136 35,962 22.1 22.7
Public 28 16,629 7,822 7,822 47.0 47.0
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL MSA Total 1,008 1,084,845 208,724 225,580 19.2 20.8
Private 871 940,932 160,855 165,013 17.1 17.5
Public 137 143,913 47,869 60,567 33.3 42.1
7080 Salem, OR PMSA Total 192 141,840 37,498 40,251 26.4 28.4
Private 137 101,852 11,561 12,870 11.4 12.6
Public 55 39,988 25,937 27,380 64.9 68.5
7120 Salinas, CA MSA Total 104 133,360 29,891 29,891 22.4 22.4
Private 92 118,652 24,856 24,856 20.9 20.9
Public 12 14,707 5,035 5,035 34.2 34.2
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,578 582,295 58,640 75,432 10.1 13.0
Private 1,249 463,449 22,691 29,780 4.9 6.4
Public 329 118,846 35,949 45,651 30.2 38.4
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 549 608,394 35,450 49,300 5.8 8.1
Private 429 478,395 17,872 23,048 3.7 4.8
Public 120 129,999 17,578 26,253 13.5 20.2
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 760 948,506 119,831 145,304 12.6 15.3
Private 640 802,254 58,550 65,829 7.3 8.2
Public 120 146,252 61,281 79,475 41.9 54.3
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 609 764,395 124,355 144,900 16.3 19.0
Private 531 665,009 87,062 99,379 13.1 14.9
Public 78 99,386 37,293 45,521 37.5 45.8
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 620 773,105 101,420 110,341 13.1 14.3
Private 574 717,180 66,126 73,826 9.2 10.3
Public 46 55,925 35,294 36,515 63.1 65.3
7460 San Luis Obispo-Atascadero-Paso Robles, CA MSA Total 104 130,572 30,679 35,721 23.5 27.4
Private 78 97,754 11,320 13,713 11.6 14.0
Public 26 32,817 19,359 22,008 59.0 67.1
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 105 138,106 21,538 26,484 15.6 19.2
Private 75 101,382 6,695 7,824 6.6 7.7
Public 30 36,724 14,843 18,660 40.4 50.8
7490 Santa Fe, NM MSA Total 154 52,886 4,168 5,803 7.9 11.0
Private 103 36,068 2,323 3,344 6.4 9.3
Public 51 16,818 1,845 2,459 11.0 14.6
7500 Santa Rosa, CA PMSA Total 129 156,372 26,803 32,947 17.1 21.1
Private 104 126,444 8,950 10,208 7.1 8.1
Public 25 29,928 17,853 22,739 59.7 76.0
7510 Sarasota-Bradenton, FL MSA Total 209 175,588 18,113 20,398 10.3 11.6
Private 183 154,803 6,790 7,610 4.4 4.9
Public 26 20,786 11,322 12,788 54.5 61.5
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre-Hazelton, PA MSA Total 369 251,946 54,164 63,958 21.5 25.4
Private 320 219,356 35,045 41,380 16.0 18.9
Public 49 32,590 19,120 22,578 58.7 69.3
7600 Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA PMSA Total 853 1,029,078 199,080 213,698 19.3 20.8
Private 729 882,324 124,656 134,987 14.1 15.3
Public 124 146,754 74,423 78,711 50.7 53.6
7680 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA MSA Total 195 167,623 21,010 24,329 12.5 14.5
Private 158 136,295 11,568 12,380 8.5 9.1
Public 37 31,328 9,441 11,949 30.1 38.1
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 378 54,587 5,609 6,195 10.3 11.3
Private 351 50,947 3,592 4,041 7.1 7.9
Public 27 3,640 2,017 2,154 55.4 59.2
7800 South Bend, IN MSA Total 99 117,306 12,714 16,072 10.8 13.7
Private 88 104,385 10,111 10,111 9.7 9.7
Public 11 12,921 2,603 5,960 20.1 46.1
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 153 185,229 24,802 28,439 13.4 15.4
Private 131 158,226 6,523 7,560 4.1 4.8
Public 22 27,003 18,279 20,879 67.7 77.3
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 154 106,699 15,960 17,939 15.0 16.8
Private 113 78,613 6,419 7,153 8.2 9.1
Public 41 28,086 9,541 10,786 34.0 38.4
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 91 108,291 13,369 15,256 12.3 14.1
Private 80 94,893 7,947 9,833 8.4 10.4
Public 11 13,398 5,423 5,423 40.5 40.5
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 400 220,897 46,591 51,195 21.1 23.2
Private 319 178,836 18,665 21,610 10.4 12.1
Public 81 42,060 27,926 29,586 66.4 70.3
8040 Stamford-Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 164 152,259 16,839 16,839 11.1 11.1
Private 148 136,693 7,736 7,736 5.7 5.7
Public 16 15,566 9,103 9,103 58.5 58.5
8120 Stockton-Lodi, CA MSA Total 145 178,593 34,080 42,779 19.1 24.0
Private 112 139,844 18,914 24,279 13.5 17.4
Public 33 38,750 15,165 18,500 39.1 47.7
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 307 236,454 48,955 56,295 20.7 23.8
Private 257 196,721 25,973 28,985 13.2 14.7
Public 50 39,732 22,982 27,311 57.8 68.7
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 222 262,357 75,855 81,682 28.9 31.1
Private 181 213,945 50,949 55,811 23.8 26.1
Public 41 48,412 24,906 25,871 51.4 53.4
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 155 133,144 11,310 20,507 8.5 15.4
Private 89 76,442 664 2,605 0.9 3.4
Public 66 56,702 10,646 17,902 18.8 31.6
8280 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,035 901,798 63,815 77,697 7.1 8.6
Private 887 772,693 31,065 37,971 4.0 4.9
Public 148 129,105 32,751 39,726 25.4 30.8
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 336 224,344 59,129 65,221 26.4 29.1
Private 294 197,333 47,215 51,211 23.9 26.0
Public 42 27,011 11,913 14,010 44.1 51.9
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 94 48,796 4,854 6,233 9.9 12.8
Private 76 40,241 3,277 4,174 8.1 10.4
Public 18 8,556 1,577 2,059 18.4 24.1
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 244 149,938 39,315 44,526 26.2 29.7
Private 183 113,641 15,639 19,177 13.8 16.9
Public 61 36,297 23,676 25,349 65.2 69.8
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 367 304,224 20,702 28,555 6.8 9.4
Private 306 252,736 10,027 14,214 4.0 5.6
Public 61 51,488 10,676 14,342 20.7 27.9
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 501 307,863 33,809 37,333 11.0 12.1
Private 436 268,900 24,609 26,974 9.2 10.0
Public 65 38,963 9,200 10,359 23.6 26.6
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 110 94,834 10,630 12,076 11.2 12.7
Private 96 83,468 6,751 6,751 8.1 8.1
Public 14 11,366 3,879 5,326 34.1 46.9
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 194 150,633 49,990 54,505 33.2 36.2
Private 138 107,816 14,699 18,534 13.6 17.2
Public 56 42,817 35,292 35,971 82.4 84.0
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 170 213,001 66,926 69,387 31.4 32.6
Private 127 157,393 28,742 29,956 18.3 19.0
Public 43 55,608 38,184 39,431 68.7 70.9
8735 Ventura, CA PMSA Total 145 189,377 28,157 30,756 14.9 16.2
Private 116 151,030 11,493 11,493 7.6 7.6
Public 29 38,347 16,664 19,262 43.5 50.2
8760 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ PMSA Total 89 57,051 16,622 17,392 29.1 30.5
Private 72 47,195 10,718 11,488 22.7 24.3
Public 17 9,856 5,904 5,904 59.9 59.9
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 107 132,726 13,269 16,010 10.0 12.1
Private 88 110,160 1,074 3,815 1.0 3.5
Public 19 22,566 12,195 12,195 54.0 54.0
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 128 141,378 5,889 9,550 4.2 6.8
Private 106 117,734 2,982 4,632 2.5 3.9
Public 22 23,644 2,907 4,918 12.3 20.8
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA Total 3,049 2,052,579 230,928 274,647 11.3 13.4
Private 2,077 1,457,671 96,882 108,760 6.6 7.5
Public 972 594,907 134,046 165,887 22.5 27.9
8880 Waterbury, CT PMSA Total 100 93,281 19,782 19,782 21.2 21.2
Private 88 83,259 10,380 10,380 12.5 12.5
Public 12 10,022 9,402 9,402 93.8 93.8
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 67 39,794 8,138 9,216 20.4 23.2
Private 58 34,432 4,460 4,460 13.0 13.0
Public 9 5,361 3,678 4,756 68.6 88.7
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL MSA Total 435 366,600 26,647 30,020 7.3 8.2
Private 373 313,813 10,559 11,353 3.4 3.6
Public 62 52,787 16,087 18,667 30.5 35.4
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 141 50,589 8,730 9,119 17.3 18.0
Private 115 41,096 6,290 6,680 15.3 16.3
Public 26 9,492 2,440 2,440 25.7 25.7
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 404 214,604 24,897 31,697 11.6 14.8
Private 346 184,076 16,226 20,257 8.8 11.0
Public 58 30,529 8,671 11,440 28.4 37.5
9160 Wilmington-Newark, DE-MD PMSA Total 1,100 223,381 24,993 28,961 11.2 13.0
Private 940 191,161 14,475 16,400 7.6 8.6
Public 160 32,220 10,518 12,561 32.6 39.0
9200 Wilmington, NC MSA Total 91 51,320 2,096 2,096 4.1 4.1
Private 79 44,452 2,096 2,096 4.7 4.7
Public 12 6,868 0 0 0.0 0.0
9240 Worcester, MA-CT PMSA Total 316 171,510 16,553 18,694 9.7 10.9
Private 281 154,460 7,591 8,672 4.9 5.6
Public 35 17,050 8,962 10,023 52.6 58.8
9270 Yolo, CA PMSA Total 50 61,653 16,134 16,134 26.2 26.2
Private 34 42,583 5,365 5,365 12.6 12.6
Public 16 19,070 10,768 10,768 56.5 56.5
9280 York, PA MSA Total 281 189,144 26,193 30,896 13.8 16.3
Private 257 173,626 22,395 25,784 12.9 14.9
Public 24 15,517 3,798 5,112 24.5 32.9
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 421 341,086 97,315 100,752 28.5 29.5
Private 385 307,136 74,700 78,137 24.3 25.4
Public 36 33,950 22,615 22,615 66.6 66.6
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 101 124,974 20,560 25,183 16.5 20.2
Private 81 101,046 6,916 8,253 6.8 8.2
Public 20 23,928 13,644 16,930 57.0 70.8
9360 Yuma, AZ MSA Total 79 64,778 2,899 3,561 4.5 5.5
Private 61 50,458 632 632 1.3 1.3
Public 18 14,320 2,267 2,929 15.8 20.5
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files. Because new area identifiers began
in September 1995, calculation of metropolitan figures for 1995 are based on the September 1995 through August 1996 CPS monthly
files. Sample includes employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size,
Employment=wage and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered
by a collective bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of
employed workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2001 tables are
based on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS.
2002 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.