Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 1996 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
7 Boston-Worcester-Lawrence, MA-NH-ME-CT Total 3,758 2,400,221 340,072 372,813 14.2 15.5
Private 3,284 2,109,199 171,271 192,784 8.1 9.1
Public 474 291,022 168,801 180,029 58.0 61.9
Priv Const 156 100,034 28,686 28,686 28.7 28.7
Priv Manuf 730 451,731 37,303 43,335 8.3 9.6
14 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI Total 5,077 3,755,885 752,369 816,000 20.0 21.7
Private 4,464 3,310,866 521,570 564,748 15.8 17.1
Public 613 445,019 230,798 251,252 51.9 56.5
Priv Const 225 172,297 67,611 69,812 39.2 40.5
Priv Manuf 1,010 760,149 167,356 177,416 22.0 23.3
21 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,092 821,918 129,819 142,598 15.8 17.3
Private 936 703,154 78,651 85,786 11.2 12.2
Public 156 118,763 51,168 56,813 43.1 47.8
Priv Const 54 42,801 5,608 5,608 13.1 13.1
Priv Manuf 220 164,801 36,681 37,757 22.3 22.9
28 Cleveland-Akron, OH Total 1,873 1,342,954 265,708 275,949 19.8 20.5
Private 1,616 1,158,172 161,314 166,578 13.9 14.4
Public 257 184,782 104,393 109,371 56.5 59.2
Priv Const 82 60,077 10,857 10,857 18.1 18.1
Priv Manuf 440 313,741 77,242 78,022 24.6 24.9
31 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 2,022 2,216,741 133,547 166,012 6.0 7.5
Private 1,795 1,970,286 76,115 95,236 3.9 4.8
Public 227 246,454 57,432 70,776 23.3 28.7
Priv Const 109 124,160 5,996 7,402 4.8 6.0
Priv Manuf 361 393,347 23,487 27,063 6.0 6.9
34 Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO Total 1,416 1,091,237 118,990 129,704 10.9 11.9
Private 1,207 934,307 76,512 80,688 8.2 8.6
Public 209 156,930 42,479 49,016 27.1 31.2
Priv Const 79 62,255 9,826 9,826 15.8 15.8
Priv Manuf 195 151,357 12,474 13,321 8.2 8.8
35 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI Total 3,393 2,359,275 615,981 653,932 26.1 27.7
Private 2,991 2,083,806 439,273 468,905 21.1 22.5
Public 402 275,470 176,708 185,027 64.1 67.2
Priv Const 133 94,931 29,095 29,095 30.6 30.6
Priv Manuf 924 646,919 265,773 271,250 41.1 41.9
42 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,776 1,928,373 165,963 186,176 8.6 9.7
Private 1,520 1,660,592 94,847 105,997 5.7 6.4
Public 256 267,781 71,116 80,179 26.6 29.9
Priv Const 138 158,472 12,462 16,879 7.9 10.7
Priv Manuf 221 240,756 24,285 28,709 10.1 11.9
49 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA Total 6,495 5,914,289 911,064 1,023,528 15.4 17.3
Private 5,612 5,107,466 485,659 547,259 9.5 10.7
Public 883 806,822 425,404 476,269 52.7 59.0
Priv Const 243 233,686 40,184 43,099 17.2 18.4
Priv Manuf 1,277 1,179,101 94,658 110,077 8.0 9.3
56 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 1,721 1,519,149 124,738 152,472 8.2 10.0
Private 1,485 1,310,788 53,206 62,863 4.1 4.8
Public 236 208,361 71,532 89,609 34.3 43.0
Priv Const 99 90,574 8,971 10,070 9.9 11.1
Priv Manuf 147 129,117 5,579 6,379 4.3 4.9
63 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 913 902,768 190,057 197,303 21.1 21.9
Private 797 788,750 118,528 121,552 15.0 15.4
Public 116 114,018 71,528 75,751 62.7 66.4
Priv Const 34 33,142 14,113 14,113 42.6 42.6
Priv Manuf 219 214,352 58,413 58,413 27.3 27.3
70 New York-Northern NJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 10,728 8,236,486 2,026,876 2,138,151 24.6 26.0
Private 8,960 6,896,695 1,090,075 1,163,919 15.8 16.9
Public 1,768 1,339,790 936,801 974,231 69.9 72.7
Priv Const 407 318,712 126,595 131,389 39.7 41.2
Priv Manuf 1,509 1,154,339 193,994 208,214 16.8 18.0
77 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 4,338 2,565,329 448,089 503,882 17.5 19.6
Private 3,748 2,224,970 271,945 303,804 12.2 13.7
Public 590 340,359 176,144 200,077 51.8 58.8
Priv Const 155 93,794 30,679 30,679 32.7 32.7
Priv Manuf 689 398,341 85,553 91,692 21.5 23.0
79 Portland-Salem, OR-WA Total 1,187 930,316 178,157 189,220 19.2 20.3
Private 1,016 801,361 105,388 112,390 13.2 14.0
Public 171 128,955 72,769 76,830 56.4 59.6
Priv Const 70 56,131 9,813 11,378 17.5 20.3
Priv Manuf 198 158,234 41,716 41,716 26.4 26.4
82 Sacramento-Yolo, CA Total 519 645,240 125,284 149,108 19.4 23.1
Private 398 497,474 56,649 63,714 11.4 12.8
Public 121 147,766 68,635 85,394 46.4 57.8
Priv Const 20 25,197 4,849 4,849 19.2 19.2
Priv Manuf 45 58,412 10,040 10,040 17.2 17.2
84 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,307 2,896,024 546,806 606,340 18.9 20.9
Private 1,974 2,485,740 323,704 354,296 13.0 14.3
Public 333 410,283 223,102 252,044 54.4 61.4
Priv Const 89 112,623 35,636 35,636 31.6 31.6
Priv Manuf 437 549,630 49,316 53,596 9.0 9.8
91 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA Total 1,186 1,444,680 306,202 337,183 21.2 23.3
Private 972 1,182,734 188,118 207,849 15.9 17.6
Public 214 261,946 118,084 129,335 45.1 49.4
Priv Const 54 64,471 18,498 19,749 28.7 30.6
Priv Manuf 175 208,849 62,108 73,546 29.7 35.2
97 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 4,096 3,333,169 429,202 506,057 12.9 15.2
Private 2,879 2,439,398 182,930 202,355 7.5 8.3
Public 1,217 893,771 246,272 303,702 27.6 34.0
Priv Const 165 162,844 16,706 16,706 10.3 10.3
Priv Manuf 233 231,189 37,592 39,945 16.3 17.3
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH PMSA Total 447 318,841 59,730 61,894 18.7 19.4
Private 384 274,264 34,078 34,890 12.4 12.7
Public 63 44,576 25,652 27,005 57.5 60.6
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 426 327,721 97,747 104,352 29.8 31.8
Private 310 239,940 32,101 34,382 13.4 14.3
Public 116 87,782 65,646 69,970 74.8 79.7
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 821 270,637 26,814 35,743 9.9 13.2
Private 630 207,633 12,998 15,456 6.3 7.4
Public 191 63,004 13,815 20,287 21.9 32.2
240 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA MSA Total 379 262,240 54,177 56,370 20.7 21.5
Private 339 235,181 38,391 39,930 16.3 17.0
Public 40 27,059 15,786 16,441 58.3 60.8
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 842 117,842 25,345 26,746 21.5 22.7
Private 622 88,524 9,085 9,814 10.3 11.1
Public 220 29,318 16,260 16,932 55.5 57.8
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 410 283,382 59,925 68,094 21.1 24.0
Private 362 250,150 44,017 49,451 17.6 19.8
Public 48 33,231 15,908 18,643 47.9 56.1
450 Anniston, AL MSA Total 77 67,892 6,981 8,566 10.3 12.6
Private 67 59,404 4,664 6,249 7.9 10.5
Public 10 8,488 2,318 2,318 27.3 27.3
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI MSA Total 181 172,147 32,528 38,257 18.9 22.2
Private 166 157,768 22,009 26,912 14.0 17.1
Public 15 14,378 10,519 11,345 73.2 78.9
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 128 91,734 5,683 5,683 6.2 6.2
Private 108 77,942 4,286 4,286 5.5 5.5
Public 20 13,792 1,397 1,397 10.1 10.1
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,437 1,729,451 134,190 156,884 7.8 9.1
Private 1,218 1,466,806 94,396 109,739 6.4 7.5
Public 219 262,645 39,795 47,145 15.2 18.0
560 Atlantic-Cape May, NJ PMSA Total 180 125,977 35,690 35,690 28.3 28.3
Private 150 106,006 26,173 26,173 24.7 24.7
Public 30 19,970 9,517 9,517 47.7 47.7
600 Augusta-Aiken, GA-SC MSA Total 169 182,670 12,309 14,278 6.7 7.8
Private 139 151,564 8,406 9,541 5.5 6.3
Public 30 31,106 3,903 4,737 12.5 15.2
640 Austin-San Marcos, TX MSA Total 452 477,729 25,327 30,755 5.3 6.4
Private 327 346,424 11,995 11,995 3.5 3.5
Public 125 131,305 13,332 18,760 10.2 14.3
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 183 227,387 34,520 38,162 15.2 16.8
Private 147 183,554 16,580 16,580 9.0 9.0
Public 36 43,833 17,940 21,582 40.9 49.2
720 Baltimore, MD PMSA Total 962 1,190,133 190,515 222,716 16.0 18.7
Private 723 899,078 81,179 89,487 9.0 10.0
Public 239 291,056 109,336 133,229 37.6 45.8
760 Balton Rouge, LA MSA Total 283 251,947 19,646 26,059 7.8 10.3
Private 207 183,395 10,446 12,880 5.7 7.0
Public 76 68,552 9,200 13,179 13.4 19.2
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA Total 154 163,844 13,346 17,273 8.1 10.5
Private 132 139,474 10,290 11,427 7.4 8.2
Public 22 24,370 3,056 5,845 12.5 24.0
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 116 141,367 18,362 19,817 13.0 14.0
Private 103 124,829 12,469 12,469 10.0 10.0
Public 13 16,538 5,893 7,348 35.6 44.4
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 78 53,658 7,335 8,747 13.7 16.3
Private 71 49,000 5,341 6,753 10.9 13.8
Public 7 4,657 1,994 1,994 42.8 42.8
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 843 605,626 129,822 140,711 21.4 23.2
Private 734 527,984 78,219 86,749 14.8 16.4
Public 109 77,642 51,603 53,962 66.5 69.5
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 137 103,453 21,120 21,120 20.4 20.4
Private 106 79,971 4,973 4,973 6.2 6.2
Public 31 23,481 16,147 16,147 68.8 68.8
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 467 417,980 52,276 60,803 12.5 14.5
Private 390 347,720 28,610 32,128 8.2 9.2
Public 77 70,260 23,665 28,675 33.7 40.8
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 718 168,565 13,033 15,252 7.7 9.0
Private 598 140,668 6,316 7,041 4.5 5.0
Public 120 27,897 6,717 8,211 24.1 29.4
1120 Boston, MA-NH PMSA Total 1,986 1,434,928 217,911 238,584 15.2 16.6
Private 1,739 1,258,090 111,435 125,809 8.9 10.0
Public 247 176,838 106,476 112,774 60.2 63.8
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 156 119,456 10,241 11,727 8.6 9.8
Private 129 99,092 4,427 4,427 4.5 4.5
Public 27 20,364 5,813 7,300 28.5 35.8
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 64 71,405 8,056 9,102 11.3 12.7
Private 58 65,363 4,131 5,177 6.3 7.9
Public 6 6,042 3,925 3,925 65.0 65.0
1160 Bridgeport, CT PMSA Total 228 204,750 35,943 35,943 17.6 17.6
Private 208 186,859 23,002 23,002 12.3 12.3
Public 20 17,891 12,941 12,941 72.3 72.3
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 174 122,086 21,443 21,443 17.6 17.6
Private 152 106,609 11,463 11,463 10.8 10.8
Public 22 15,477 9,981 9,981 64.5 64.5
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen-San Benito, TX MSA Total 104 116,111 5,402 8,342 4.7 7.2
Private 83 93,222 2,016 3,820 2.2 4.1
Public 21 22,889 3,386 4,522 14.8 19.8
1280 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA Total 594 461,265 123,152 126,613 26.7 27.4
Private 487 379,852 62,027 64,793 16.3 17.1
Public 107 81,413 61,125 61,820 75.1 75.9
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 480 76,772 7,169 8,966 9.3 11.7
Private 398 64,004 2,779 3,764 4.3 5.9
Public 82 12,768 4,390 5,202 34.4 40.7
1320 Canton-Massillon, OH MSA Total 261 185,995 37,826 42,609 20.3 22.9
Private 224 160,394 24,769 28,142 15.4 17.5
Public 37 25,601 13,057 14,467 51.0 56.5
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 155 93,401 14,391 16,727 15.4 17.9
Private 140 84,696 10,129 10,806 12.0 12.8
Public 15 8,705 4,263 5,920 49.0 68.0
1440 Charleston-North Charleston, SC MSA Total 251 234,688 12,440 20,507 5.3 8.7
Private 193 181,170 7,474 11,671 4.1 6.4
Public 58 53,518 4,966 8,836 9.3 16.5
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 373 133,343 16,247 17,621 12.2 13.2
Private 314 112,353 12,872 13,232 11.5 11.8
Public 59 20,990 3,375 4,389 16.1 20.9
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 866 657,848 38,165 45,905 5.8 7.0
Private 780 592,732 24,743 30,405 4.2 5.1
Public 86 65,116 13,422 15,499 20.6 23.8
1560 Chattanooga, TN-GA MSA Total 190 219,133 20,900 23,243 9.5 10.6
Private 161 185,558 11,560 11,560 6.2 6.2
Public 29 33,575 9,340 11,683 27.8 34.8
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 4,893 3,528,005 681,360 739,037 19.3 20.9
Private 4,300 3,106,613 453,794 492,190 14.6 15.8
Public 593 421,392 227,566 246,846 54.0 58.6
1620 Chico-Paradise, CA MSA Total 110 138,496 16,077 19,664 11.6 14.2
Private 89 112,487 7,638 7,638 6.8 6.8
Public 21 26,009 8,439 12,026 32.4 46.2
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 923 696,233 109,296 119,836 15.7 17.2
Private 790 594,081 68,374 75,509 11.5 12.7
Public 133 102,152 40,921 44,327 40.1 43.4
1660 Clarksville-Hopkinsville, TN-KY MSA Total 64 71,515 5,924 5,924 8.3 8.3
Private 47 52,269 3,258 3,258 6.2 6.2
Public 17 19,246 2,666 2,666 13.9 13.9
1680 Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 1,426 1,024,113 205,978 214,055 20.1 20.9
Private 1,232 883,907 127,236 131,688 14.4 14.9
Public 194 140,206 78,741 82,367 56.2 58.7
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 276 207,553 12,430 16,433 6.0 7.9
Private 235 176,467 7,318 9,778 4.1 5.5
Public 41 31,085 5,112 6,655 16.4 21.4
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 260 244,390 14,037 14,972 5.7 6.1
Private 179 168,743 6,839 6,839 4.1 4.1
Public 81 75,647 7,198 8,133 9.5 10.8
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 248 293,856 21,534 29,508 7.3 10.0
Private 212 251,426 14,014 17,686 5.6 7.0
Public 36 42,430 7,520 11,821 17.7 27.9
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 865 639,575 82,011 88,265 12.8 13.8
Private 689 511,376 39,650 41,692 7.8 8.2
Public 176 128,199 42,361 46,573 33.0 36.3
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 101 107,337 8,033 12,346 7.5 11.5
Private 72 76,746 956 1,961 1.2 2.6
Public 29 30,591 7,077 10,385 23.1 33.9
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,348 1,481,510 60,047 81,298 4.1 5.5
Private 1,218 1,339,981 32,162 44,248 2.4 3.3
Public 130 141,529 27,885 37,051 19.7 26.2
1930 Danbury, CT PMSA Total 118 106,280 20,592 21,560 19.4 20.3
Private 101 90,883 8,846 9,813 9.7 10.8
Public 17 15,397 11,747 11,747 76.3 76.3
1960 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL MSA Total 225 145,841 30,029 33,857 20.6 23.2
Private 184 118,601 16,209 18,144 13.7 15.3
Public 41 27,240 13,819 15,714 50.7 57.7
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 563 408,245 74,565 83,337 18.3 20.4
Private 474 344,561 49,736 54,278 14.4 15.8
Public 89 63,684 24,828 29,058 39.0 45.6
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 156 133,355 9,316 15,964 7.0 12.0
Private 121 103,135 2,598 5,978 2.5 5.8
Public 35 30,221 6,718 9,986 22.2 33.0
2030 Decatur, AL MSA Total 168 148,301 21,938 22,719 14.8 15.3
Private 139 123,070 14,363 15,144 11.7 12.3
Public 29 25,232 7,575 7,575 30.0 30.0
2040 Decatur, IL MSA Total 162 213,906 51,001 51,001 23.8 23.8
Private 134 178,840 33,524 33,524 18.7 18.7
Public 28 35,067 17,477 17,477 49.8 49.8
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 1,150 887,954 104,914 111,672 11.8 12.6
Private 986 765,218 68,249 70,626 8.9 9.2
Public 164 122,736 36,665 41,046 29.9 33.4
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 377 226,947 33,423 39,145 14.7 17.2
Private 333 200,999 21,727 23,612 10.8 11.7
Public 44 25,948 11,696 15,533 45.1 59.9
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 2,705 1,887,136 490,832 518,645 26.0 27.5
Private 2,382 1,666,057 343,562 365,790 20.6 22.0
Public 323 221,079 147,270 152,855 66.6 69.1
2190 Dover, DE MSA Total 258 51,616 7,321 7,896 14.2 15.3
Private 212 42,256 3,671 3,868 8.7 9.2
Public 46 9,360 3,650 4,028 39.0 43.0
2240 Duluth-Superior, MN-WI MSA Total 130 119,283 27,702 28,648 23.2 24.0
Private 114 104,411 21,098 21,098 20.2 20.2
Public 16 14,872 6,603 7,550 44.4 50.8
2281 Dutchess County, NY PMSA Total 125 102,267 27,787 29,320 27.2 28.7
Private 94 76,940 7,819 8,639 10.2 11.2
Public 31 25,327 19,968 20,680 78.8 81.7
2290 Eau Claire, WI MSA Total 124 119,827 22,904 22,904 19.1 19.1
Private 105 102,424 10,837 10,837 10.6 10.6
Public 19 17,403 12,067 12,067 69.3 69.3
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 213 241,281 14,191 20,257 5.9 8.4
Private 160 183,025 2,382 4,675 1.3 2.6
Public 53 58,256 11,810 15,582 20.3 26.7
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 144 101,184 17,811 20,014 17.6 19.8
Private 132 92,720 14,196 16,399 15.3 17.7
Public 12 8,464 3,616 3,616 42.7 42.7
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 151 113,345 17,448 20,338 15.4 17.9
Private 124 93,705 8,304 9,934 8.9 10.6
Public 27 19,639 9,144 10,404 46.6 53.0
2440 Evansville-Henderson, IN-KY MSA Total 88 103,476 17,316 17,316 16.7 16.7
Private 78 91,109 9,846 9,846 10.8 10.8
Public 10 12,367 7,470 7,470 60.4 60.4
2520 Fargo-Moorhead, ND-MN MSA Total 467 62,664 8,113 9,331 12.9 14.9
Private 402 54,033 4,688 4,970 8.7 9.2
Public 65 8,631 3,426 4,361 39.7 50.5
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 107 79,625 5,568 8,776 7.0 11.0
Private 78 57,303 2,437 2,437 4.3 4.3
Public 29 22,323 3,131 6,339 14.0 28.4
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR MSA Total 282 137,227 2,753 3,744 2.0 2.7
Private 246 119,659 942 1,476 0.8 1.2
Public 36 17,568 1,811 2,268 10.3 12.9
2600 Fitchburg-Leominster, MA PMSA Total 119 85,170 12,935 14,331 15.2 16.8
Private 101 72,282 6,277 6,900 8.7 9.5
Public 18 12,888 6,657 7,431 51.7 57.7
2640 Flint, MI PMSA Total 278 188,758 65,224 67,193 34.6 35.6
Private 247 167,598 51,694 53,663 30.8 32.0
Public 31 21,159 13,530 13,530 63.9 63.9
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 116 100,774 15,250 16,869 15.1 16.7
Private 92 80,711 6,004 6,004 7.4 7.4
Public 24 20,063 9,246 10,864 46.1 54.2
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 158 121,970 13,535 15,056 11.1 12.3
Private 127 98,360 7,926 7,926 8.1 8.1
Public 31 23,610 5,609 7,130 23.8 30.2
2680 Fort Lauderdale, FL PMSA Total 748 643,795 62,221 75,837 9.7 11.8
Private 649 556,343 28,216 32,920 5.1 5.9
Public 99 87,453 34,006 42,917 38.9 49.1
2700 Fort Myers-Cape Coral, FL MSA Total 179 146,030 6,557 12,003 4.5 8.2
Private 151 123,216 0 2,393 0.0 1.9
Public 28 22,814 6,557 9,610 28.7 42.1
2710 Fort Pierce-Port St. Lucie, FL MSA Total 106 92,034 7,166 7,166 7.8 7.8
Private 85 73,448 686 686 0.9 0.9
Public 21 18,587 6,480 6,480 34.9 34.9
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 166 80,590 7,658 8,977 9.5 11.1
Private 142 69,293 4,884 5,711 7.0 8.2
Public 24 11,297 2,774 3,266 24.6 28.9
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 106 89,756 6,331 10,411 7.1 11.6
Private 85 72,026 939 1,746 1.3 2.4
Public 21 17,730 5,391 8,665 30.4 48.9
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 156 193,404 39,476 41,485 20.4 21.5
Private 144 177,858 32,423 33,456 18.2 18.8
Public 12 15,546 7,052 8,029 45.4 51.6
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 674 735,231 73,500 84,714 10.0 11.5
Private 577 630,306 43,953 50,989 7.0 8.1
Public 97 104,925 29,547 33,725 28.2 32.1
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 269 347,223 61,907 72,404 17.8 20.9
Private 221 286,104 28,973 34,205 10.1 12.0
Public 48 61,119 32,933 38,200 53.9 62.5
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 79 66,800 4,896 8,955 7.3 13.4
Private 50 42,918 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 29 23,882 4,896 8,955 20.5 37.5
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 121 135,310 11,735 11,735 8.7 8.7
Private 80 90,313 9,680 9,680 10.7 10.7
Public 41 44,998 2,055 2,055 4.6 4.6
2960 Gary, IN PMSA Total 184 227,880 71,009 76,963 31.2 33.8
Private 164 204,253 67,776 72,558 33.2 35.5
Public 20 23,627 3,233 4,406 13.7 18.6
3000 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI MSA Total 662 449,693 59,204 63,322 13.2 14.1
Private 594 405,114 35,389 38,895 8.7 9.6
Public 68 44,579 23,815 24,427 53.4 54.8
3060 Greeley, CO PMSA Total 110 83,827 3,836 6,305 4.6 7.5
Private 92 69,996 3,836 5,635 5.5 8.0
Public 18 13,830 0 671 0.0 4.8
3080 Green Bay, WI MSA Total 203 195,212 25,977 26,821 13.3 13.7
Private 179 173,258 16,152 16,152 9.3 9.3
Public 24 21,953 9,825 10,669 44.8 48.6
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 733 511,225 17,395 24,284 3.4 4.8
Private 656 457,570 7,722 9,876 1.7 2.2
Public 77 53,655 9,673 14,409 18.0 26.9
3150 Greenville, NC MSA Total 132 114,110 6,372 7,924 5.6 6.9
Private 96 84,175 1,108 1,108 1.3 1.3
Public 36 29,934 5,264 6,816 17.6 22.8
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC MSA Total 489 458,035 5,455 8,557 1.2 1.9
Private 432 406,531 1,767 3,906 0.4 1.0
Public 57 51,505 3,688 4,651 7.2 9.0
3180 Hagerstown, MD PMSA Total 122 116,974 16,847 20,945 14.4 17.9
Private 93 91,280 11,498 12,893 12.6 14.1
Public 29 25,694 5,349 8,052 20.8 31.3
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 169 125,684 20,524 22,762 16.3 18.1
Private 146 109,073 10,277 10,277 9.4 9.4
Public 23 16,612 10,247 12,485 61.7 75.2
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 428 294,292 37,991 48,196 12.9 16.4
Private 342 234,828 19,169 23,927 8.2 10.2
Public 86 59,463 18,821 24,269 31.7 40.8
3280 Hartford, CT MSA Total 570 513,918 90,960 99,082 17.7 19.3
Private 483 436,914 39,316 45,673 9.0 10.5
Public 87 77,004 51,644 53,409 67.1 69.4
3290 Hickory-Morgantown, NC MSA Total 190 136,563 3,349 4,985 2.5 3.7
Private 161 115,260 2,702 2,702 2.3 2.3
Public 29 21,302 647 2,283 3.0 10.7
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,233 370,708 87,945 93,067 23.7 25.1
Private 963 289,830 48,096 50,732 16.6 17.5
Public 270 80,878 39,849 42,335 49.3 52.3
3350 Houma, LA MSA Total 81 71,193 1,569 1,569 2.2 2.2
Private 64 55,561 1,569 1,569 2.8 2.8
Public 17 15,631 0 0 0.0 0.0
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,591 1,721,658 146,171 165,339 8.5 9.6
Private 1,382 1,504,917 81,036 91,141 5.4 6.1
Public 209 216,742 65,136 74,198 30.1 34.2
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 136 47,162 8,976 9,748 19.0 20.7
Private 108 37,256 5,801 6,195 15.6 16.6
Public 28 9,906 3,175 3,553 32.1 35.9
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 143 122,705 3,738 4,635 3.0 3.8
Private 118 101,344 2,038 2,935 2.0 2.9
Public 25 21,362 1,700 1,700 8.0 8.0
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 549 666,107 53,808 60,601 8.1 9.1
Private 498 604,698 37,997 39,533 6.3 6.5
Public 51 61,408 15,810 21,068 25.7 34.3
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 124 191,251 41,770 46,503 21.8 24.3
Private 110 170,103 25,453 30,187 15.0 17.7
Public 14 21,148 16,316 16,316 77.2 77.2
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 301 177,428 10,071 15,774 5.7 8.9
Private 240 140,524 6,232 10,246 4.4 7.3
Public 61 36,904 3,839 5,528 10.4 15.0
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 502 436,068 32,240 42,100 7.4 9.7
Private 429 371,865 19,556 23,576 5.3 6.3
Public 73 64,203 12,685 18,524 19.8 28.9
3610 Jamestown, NY MSA Total 131 99,730 34,186 34,959 34.3 35.1
Private 104 80,042 18,204 18,978 22.7 23.7
Public 27 19,688 15,981 15,981 81.2 81.2
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 328 246,985 76,238 85,433 30.9 34.6
Private 282 211,898 55,215 62,414 26.1 29.5
Public 46 35,087 21,023 23,020 59.9 65.6
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 123 140,095 12,861 13,763 9.2 9.8
Private 106 120,615 8,501 8,501 7.0 7.0
Public 17 19,480 4,360 5,262 22.4 27.0
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 109 75,495 13,001 13,735 17.2 18.2
Private 91 62,661 7,407 8,141 11.8 13.0
Public 18 12,835 5,595 5,595 43.6 43.6
3720 Kalamazoo-Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 220 152,938 27,544 30,466 18.0 19.9
Private 177 121,773 11,131 13,373 9.1 11.0
Public 43 31,164 16,413 17,093 52.7 54.8
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 1,024 862,116 114,234 126,429 13.3 14.7
Private 846 708,380 82,163 85,163 11.6 12.0
Public 178 153,736 32,071 41,267 20.9 26.8
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 257 296,076 25,948 31,153 8.8 10.5
Private 185 213,540 17,749 21,727 8.3 10.2
Public 72 82,536 8,199 9,426 9.9 11.4
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 200 174,548 4,309 6,899 2.5 4.0
Private 167 146,435 1,898 2,591 1.3 1.8
Public 33 28,113 2,411 4,308 8.6 15.3
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 98 86,655 8,810 8,810 10.2 10.2
Private 88 78,610 7,987 7,987 10.2 10.2
Public 10 8,045 822 822 10.2 10.2
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 238 206,071 14,228 16,781 6.9 8.1
Private 202 175,862 8,481 10,257 4.8 5.8
Public 36 30,209 5,747 6,524 19.0 21.6
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 272 187,771 24,041 25,281 12.8 13.5
Private 240 166,106 15,204 15,881 9.2 9.6
Public 32 21,665 8,837 9,400 40.8 43.4
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 307 207,359 64,439 65,139 31.1 31.4
Private 220 149,593 28,691 28,691 19.2 19.2
Public 87 57,766 35,748 36,447 61.9 63.1
4080 Laredo, TX MSA Total 87 95,147 2,105 5,045 2.2 5.3
Private 67 73,995 1,168 1,168 1.6 1.6
Public 20 21,152 937 3,877 4.4 18.3
4100 Las Cruces, NM MSA Total 145 48,859 3,563 3,937 7.3 8.1
Private 103 34,478 1,423 1,423 4.1 4.1
Public 42 14,381 2,140 2,514 14.9 17.5
4120 Las Vegas, NV-AZ MSA Total 1,244 492,540 110,674 121,189 22.5 24.6
Private 1,118 444,087 81,799 88,186 18.4 19.9
Public 126 48,453 28,875 33,003 59.6 68.1
4160 Lawrence, MA-NH PMSA Total 148 105,331 17,646 19,704 16.8 18.7
Private 130 92,548 8,533 10,590 9.2 11.4
Public 18 12,784 9,114 9,114 71.3 71.3
4280 Lexington, KY MSA Total 240 199,089 13,567 17,960 6.8 9.0
Private 192 160,475 9,196 9,196 5.7 5.7
Public 48 38,614 4,370 8,764 11.3 22.7
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 324 112,796 12,437 18,417 11.0 16.3
Private 264 92,560 8,489 9,466 9.2 10.2
Public 60 20,235 3,947 8,950 19.5 44.2
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 486 242,240 18,941 22,180 7.8 9.2
Private 384 193,239 12,812 14,447 6.6 7.5
Public 102 49,001 6,129 7,733 12.5 15.8
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 4,632 3,500,807 517,165 585,269 14.8 16.7
Private 4,037 3,060,974 285,822 329,850 9.3 10.8
Public 595 439,833 231,343 255,419 52.6 58.1
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 510 459,606 55,886 63,431 12.2 13.8
Private 451 404,592 44,950 46,583 11.1 11.5
Public 59 55,014 10,936 16,848 19.9 30.6
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 223 162,452 13,843 16,504 8.5 10.2
Private 199 145,376 5,699 7,615 3.9 5.2
Public 24 17,076 8,144 8,889 47.7 52.1
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 76 80,763 1,691 1,691 2.1 2.1
Private 58 61,185 924 924 1.5 1.5
Public 18 19,578 767 767 3.9 3.9
4680 Macon, GA MSA Total 117 144,231 7,731 11,164 5.4 7.7
Private 94 117,553 6,055 7,580 5.2 6.4
Public 23 26,678 1,676 3,584 6.3 13.4
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 209 196,077 45,620 51,632 23.3 26.3
Private 135 127,435 12,805 14,557 10.0 11.4
Public 74 68,643 32,815 37,075 47.8 54.0
4760 Manchester, NH PMSA Total 214 70,375 10,299 12,001 14.6 17.1
Private 177 58,525 3,948 3,948 6.7 6.7
Public 37 11,849 6,350 8,052 53.6 68.0
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 106 115,991 3,288 12,606 2.8 10.9
Private 69 76,568 2,320 2,320 3.0 3.0
Public 37 39,423 968 10,285 2.5 26.1
4890 Medford-Ashland, OR MSA Total 101 77,548 9,832 11,537 12.7 14.9
Private 94 72,228 6,699 8,404 9.3 11.6
Public 7 5,321 3,133 3,133 58.9 58.9
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 215 181,864 5,673 11,412 3.1 6.3
Private 184 156,246 4,017 4,888 2.6 3.1
Public 31 25,619 1,656 6,525 6.5 25.5
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 374 468,000 49,134 63,434 10.5 13.6
Private 304 383,216 25,758 34,439 6.7 9.0
Public 70 84,784 23,376 28,995 27.6 34.2
4940 Merced, CA MSA Total 115 148,136 26,212 32,080 17.7 21.7
Private 91 118,576 11,325 13,781 9.6 11.6
Public 24 29,560 14,887 18,299 50.4 61.9
5000 Miami, FL PMSA Total 973 875,353 62,517 76,635 7.1 8.8
Private 836 754,445 24,991 29,943 3.3 4.0
Public 137 120,908 37,526 46,692 31.0 38.6
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 720 516,932 102,172 106,955 19.8 20.7
Private 625 450,425 64,199 66,914 14.3 14.9
Public 95 66,507 37,973 40,041 57.1 60.2
5080 Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI PMSA Total 737 730,750 155,107 161,504 21.2 22.1
Private 642 637,228 97,499 99,674 15.3 15.6
Public 95 93,522 57,608 61,830 61.6 66.1
5120 Minneapolis-St., Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 1,400 1,302,672 257,844 269,182 19.8 20.7
Private 1,200 1,119,029 142,195 145,681 12.7 13.0
Public 200 183,643 115,649 123,500 63.0 67.3
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 189 166,424 15,756 19,594 9.5 11.8
Private 158 139,124 9,447 13,285 6.8 9.5
Public 31 27,300 6,309 6,309 23.1 23.1
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 127 153,822 39,615 45,775 25.8 29.8
Private 102 122,282 23,282 27,097 19.0 22.2
Public 25 31,540 16,333 18,678 51.8 59.2
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 679 475,387 95,971 100,555 20.2 21.2
Private 574 403,702 51,475 54,327 12.8 13.5
Public 105 71,684 44,496 46,228 62.1 64.5
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 121 105,808 9,710 9,710 9.2 9.2
Private 96 83,267 9,010 9,010 10.8 10.8
Public 25 22,541 700 700 3.1 3.1
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 158 145,833 10,781 13,099 7.4 9.0
Private 126 115,380 8,009 8,642 6.9 7.5
Public 32 30,452 2,773 4,457 9.1 14.6
5330 Myrtle Beach, SC MSA Total 74 70,454 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 66 62,739 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 8 7,715 0 0 0.0 0.0
5345 Naples, FL MSA Total 128 107,966 751 751 0.7 0.7
Private 115 96,759 751 751 0.8 0.8
Public 13 11,208 0 0 0.0 0.0
5350 Nashua, NH PMSA Total 251 83,498 8,709 9,048 10.4 10.8
Private 218 72,387 2,798 2,798 3.9 3.9
Public 33 11,111 5,911 6,249 53.2 56.2
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 460 536,445 52,511 60,397 9.8 11.3
Private 401 466,797 39,582 43,860 8.5 9.4
Public 59 69,648 12,929 16,537 18.6 23.7
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 1,453 1,170,019 304,926 315,619 26.1 27.0
Private 1,172 947,815 139,155 144,479 14.7 15.2
Public 281 222,204 165,772 171,139 74.6 77.0
5400 New Bedford, MA PMSA Total 101 73,380 10,127 10,127 13.8 13.8
Private 92 67,384 7,364 7,364 10.9 10.9
Public 9 5,996 2,763 2,763 46.1 46.1
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT PMSA Total 203 186,511 31,039 32,948 16.6 17.7
Private 173 160,495 15,878 15,878 9.9 9.9
Public 30 26,016 15,161 17,071 58.3 65.6
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 129 115,137 21,136 21,136 18.4 18.4
Private 113 101,507 13,366 13,366 13.2 13.2
Public 16 13,630 7,771 7,771 57.0 57.0
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 538 495,335 44,787 60,409 9.0 12.2
Private 441 407,639 21,336 27,125 5.2 6.7
Public 97 87,696 23,451 33,283 26.7 38.0
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 4,278 3,281,957 928,924 973,634 28.3 29.7
Private 3,537 2,719,048 515,032 547,208 18.9 20.1
Public 741 562,909 413,892 426,427 73.5 75.8
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,133 832,688 174,144 190,349 20.9 22.9
Private 961 707,348 94,634 105,041 13.4 14.9
Public 172 125,340 79,510 85,308 63.4 68.1
5660 Newburgh, NY-PA PMSA Total 148 115,579 28,953 29,830 25.1 25.8
Private 109 85,773 9,123 9,123 10.6 10.6
Public 39 29,806 19,830 20,707 66.5 69.5
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA Total 508 627,386 49,153 59,263 7.8 9.4
Private 388 481,623 22,132 26,880 4.6 5.6
Public 120 145,763 27,020 32,383 18.5 22.2
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 746 927,402 202,760 217,017 21.9 23.4
Private 616 766,802 118,295 123,689 15.4 16.1
Public 130 160,600 84,465 93,328 52.6 58.1
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 91 80,789 4,617 7,793 5.7 9.6
Private 72 63,688 1,586 2,468 2.5 3.9
Public 19 17,101 3,031 5,325 17.7 31.1
5800 Odessa-Midland, TX MSA Total 110 117,882 3,807 3,807 3.2 3.2
Private 84 91,396 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 26 26,486 3,807 3,807 14.4 14.4
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 724 440,184 61,986 74,673 14.1 17.0
Private 550 335,114 32,332 37,403 9.6 11.2
Public 174 105,069 29,654 37,270 28.2 35.5
5910 Olympia, WA PMSA Total 128 160,988 37,228 43,667 23.1 27.1
Private 82 102,740 19,224 20,178 18.7 19.6
Public 46 58,248 18,004 23,489 30.9 40.3
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 938 326,459 26,444 30,683 8.1 9.4
Private 797 278,420 15,511 16,027 5.6 5.8
Public 141 48,038 10,933 14,656 22.8 30.5
5945 Orange County, CA PMSA Total 915 1,174,437 149,344 169,377 12.7 14.4
Private 793 1,022,819 73,830 77,396 7.2 7.6
Public 122 151,619 75,515 91,981 49.8 60.7
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 736 645,922 41,381 54,934 6.4 8.5
Private 649 570,297 19,344 29,615 3.4 5.2
Public 87 75,625 22,037 25,319 29.1 33.5
6015 Panama City, FL MSA Total 95 79,129 7,988 11,943 10.1 15.1
Private 70 59,069 5,617 6,387 9.5 10.8
Public 25 20,061 2,371 5,556 11.8 27.7
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 192 167,319 8,467 11,876 5.1 7.1
Private 156 135,964 4,305 4,305 3.2 3.2
Public 36 31,355 4,163 7,572 13.3 24.1
6120 Peoria-Pekin, IL MSA Total 233 160,546 34,178 36,157 21.3 22.5
Private 206 142,598 24,817 26,068 17.4 18.3
Public 27 17,948 9,360 10,089 52.2 56.2
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 2,961 2,155,528 369,245 419,678 17.1 19.5
Private 2,570 1,875,872 218,489 247,713 11.6 13.2
Public 391 279,655 150,756 171,965 53.9 61.5
6200 Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA Total 1,472 1,199,786 70,568 85,959 5.9 7.2
Private 1,289 1,052,288 38,375 47,266 3.6 4.5
Public 183 147,498 32,193 38,694 21.8 26.2
6280 Pittsburgh, PA MSA Total 1,386 972,932 194,046 203,862 19.9 21.0
Private 1,210 851,396 124,591 130,472 14.6 15.3
Public 176 121,535 69,455 73,389 57.1 60.4
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 330 107,051 9,421 12,118 8.8 11.3
Private 289 94,254 5,234 5,874 5.6 6.2
Public 41 12,798 4,188 6,243 32.7 48.8
6440 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA PMSA Total 991 784,584 138,569 147,463 17.7 18.8
Private 873 694,787 90,609 96,885 13.0 13.9
Public 118 89,796 47,960 50,578 53.4 56.3
6450 Portsmouth-Rochester, NH-ME PMSA Total 324 104,986 12,309 14,193 11.7 13.5
Private 274 89,015 4,842 6,067 5.4 6.8
Public 50 15,971 7,466 8,127 46.7 50.9
6480 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA MSA Total 1,582 483,763 86,400 90,243 17.9 18.7
Private 1,357 421,307 41,903 45,009 9.9 10.7
Public 225 62,457 44,497 45,234 71.2 72.4
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 319 119,580 4,670 5,382 3.9 4.5
Private 268 101,432 2,403 3,115 2.4 3.1
Public 51 18,148 2,267 2,267 12.5 12.5
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 60 46,937 9,588 9,588 20.4 20.4
Private 45 35,591 4,442 4,442 12.5 12.5
Public 15 11,345 5,146 5,146 45.4 45.4
6580 Punta Gorda, FL MSA Total 68 54,966 5,435 10,095 9.9 18.4
Private 54 44,068 0 780 0.0 1.8
Public 14 10,899 5,435 9,314 49.9 85.5
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 176 172,018 34,950 35,799 20.3 20.8
Private 155 151,522 21,029 21,879 13.9 14.4
Public 21 20,496 13,921 13,921 67.9 67.9
6640 Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MSA Total 792 618,902 21,223 25,802 3.4 4.2
Private 619 480,069 6,805 9,308 1.4 1.9
Public 173 138,833 14,418 16,495 10.4 11.9
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 283 199,995 28,051 28,773 14.0 14.4
Private 257 181,431 19,246 19,969 10.6 11.0
Public 26 18,565 8,805 8,805 47.4 47.4
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 356 134,034 22,062 39,597 16.5 29.5
Private 296 112,402 13,331 25,340 11.9 22.5
Public 60 21,632 8,731 14,257 40.4 65.9
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 333 404,263 24,735 27,504 6.1 6.8
Private 270 329,394 17,199 19,969 5.2 6.1
Public 63 74,868 7,536 7,536 10.1 10.1
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 737 965,765 199,825 220,216 20.7 22.8
Private 612 804,058 108,289 122,295 13.5 15.2
Public 125 161,707 91,536 97,921 56.6 60.6
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 98 124,576 7,873 9,004 6.3 7.2
Private 91 115,137 6,786 7,917 5.9 6.9
Public 7 9,439 1,087 1,087 11.5 11.5
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 675 526,320 90,741 96,843 17.2 18.4
Private 582 455,523 42,606 44,254 9.4 9.7
Public 93 70,797 48,135 52,589 68.0 74.3
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 277 190,919 20,966 22,252 11.0 11.7
Private 256 176,871 15,621 16,907 8.8 9.6
Public 21 14,048 5,344 5,344 38.0 38.0
6920 Sacramento, CA PMSA Total 472 587,006 111,448 135,272 19.0 23.0
Private 364 455,110 52,586 59,651 11.6 13.1
Public 108 131,896 58,862 75,621 44.6 57.3
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 253 173,853 44,237 44,237 25.4 25.4
Private 232 159,124 36,376 36,376 22.9 22.9
Public 21 14,729 7,862 7,862 53.4 53.4
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL MSA Total 1,019 1,096,361 217,001 233,991 19.8 21.3
Private 881 951,711 166,127 172,320 17.5 18.1
Public 138 144,649 50,874 61,672 35.2 42.6
7080 Salem, OR PMSA Total 196 145,733 39,588 41,757 27.2 28.7
Private 143 106,574 14,779 15,505 13.9 14.5
Public 53 39,159 24,809 26,252 63.4 67.0
7120 Salinas, CA MSA Total 93 117,479 28,773 28,773 24.5 24.5
Private 84 106,755 23,863 23,863 22.4 22.4
Public 9 10,724 4,911 4,911 45.8 45.8
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,585 591,920 57,146 77,760 9.7 13.1
Private 1,250 469,349 23,759 30,373 5.1 6.5
Public 335 122,571 33,387 47,388 27.2 38.7
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 579 634,537 33,584 47,583 5.3 7.5
Private 445 488,839 16,178 20,003 3.3 4.1
Public 134 145,698 17,406 27,581 11.9 18.9
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 800 1,010,930 133,031 163,538 13.2 16.2
Private 670 849,606 60,495 71,398 7.1 8.4
Public 130 161,324 72,536 92,140 45.0 57.1
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 626 787,818 136,667 160,157 17.3 20.3
Private 553 698,895 100,374 115,198 14.4 16.5
Public 73 88,922 36,293 44,959 40.8 50.6
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 625 794,523 115,578 127,565 14.5 16.1
Private 569 725,564 73,961 80,627 10.2 11.1
Public 56 68,958 41,617 46,938 60.4 68.1
7460 San Luis Obispo-Atascadero-Paso Robles, CA MSA Total 107 134,040 31,200 36,107 23.3 26.9
Private 81 101,994 9,849 11,050 9.7 10.8
Public 26 32,047 21,351 25,057 66.6 78.2
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 106 136,714 15,477 17,836 11.3 13.0
Private 75 98,702 3,608 4,736 3.7 4.8
Public 31 38,012 11,869 13,100 31.2 34.5
7490 Santa Fe, NM MSA Total 156 52,020 3,986 5,056 7.7 9.7
Private 112 38,164 2,499 3,252 6.5 8.5
Public 44 13,856 1,487 1,803 10.7 13.0
7500 Santa Rosa, CA PMSA Total 132 161,091 28,975 33,757 18.0 21.0
Private 104 127,551 5,963 7,221 4.7 5.7
Public 28 33,539 23,012 26,536 68.6 79.1
7510 Sarasota-Bradenton, FL MSA Total 211 177,420 16,630 20,686 9.4 11.7
Private 187 158,050 5,161 7,705 3.3 4.9
Public 24 19,370 11,469 12,980 59.2 67.0
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre-Hazelton, PA MSA Total 363 252,441 57,915 66,536 22.9 26.4
Private 313 218,730 37,627 42,086 17.2 19.2
Public 50 33,711 20,288 24,450 60.2 72.5
7600 Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA PMSA Total 833 1,012,434 196,044 215,089 19.4 21.2
Private 705 856,968 120,669 134,913 14.1 15.7
Public 128 155,466 75,375 80,176 48.5 51.6
7680 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA MSA Total 200 174,075 17,442 21,609 10.0 12.4
Private 161 141,532 9,298 10,109 6.6 7.1
Public 39 32,543 8,144 11,500 25.0 35.3
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 362 51,900 5,012 6,007 9.7 11.6
Private 336 48,427 2,797 3,414 5.8 7.0
Public 26 3,473 2,214 2,593 63.7 74.7
7800 South Bend, IN MSA Total 88 109,087 14,515 17,872 13.3 16.4
Private 80 99,197 11,912 11,912 12.0 12.0
Public 8 9,890 2,603 5,960 26.3 60.3
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 163 196,390 23,319 26,893 11.9 13.7
Private 136 163,909 3,957 4,931 2.4 3.0
Public 27 32,481 19,362 21,962 59.6 67.6
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 162 111,880 18,413 21,156 16.5 18.9
Private 115 79,770 7,757 8,492 9.7 10.6
Public 47 32,110 10,656 12,664 33.2 39.4
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 98 119,262 13,326 13,326 11.2 11.2
Private 82 99,433 6,690 6,690 6.7 6.7
Public 16 19,828 6,637 6,637 33.5 33.5
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 322 235,409 48,988 55,745 20.8 23.7
Private 250 184,720 20,348 24,264 11.0 13.1
Public 72 50,689 28,641 31,482 56.5 62.1
8040 Stamford-Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 163 148,076 10,355 10,355 7.0 7.0
Private 151 136,129 5,579 5,579 4.1 4.1
Public 12 11,947 4,776 4,776 40.0 40.0
8120 Stockton-Lodi, CA MSA Total 139 172,888 30,002 36,265 17.4 21.0
Private 106 133,188 16,598 20,403 12.5 15.3
Public 33 39,700 13,404 15,862 33.8 40.0
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 300 229,920 45,914 52,543 20.0 22.9
Private 246 187,007 22,280 25,241 11.9 13.5
Public 54 42,913 23,634 27,302 55.1 63.6
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 225 271,258 72,931 78,427 26.9 28.9
Private 185 223,026 48,226 52,758 21.6 23.7
Public 40 48,232 24,705 25,670 51.2 53.2
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 144 124,099 10,405 19,641 8.4 15.8
Private 82 70,621 664 2,605 0.9 3.7
Public 62 53,478 9,741 17,036 18.2 31.9
8280 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,015 885,122 66,278 86,970 7.5 9.8
Private 861 751,729 28,046 40,397 3.7 5.4
Public 154 133,393 38,232 46,573 28.7 34.9
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 308 219,308 58,646 63,020 26.7 28.7
Private 275 196,213 47,834 50,111 24.4 25.5
Public 33 23,095 10,812 12,909 46.8 55.9
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 107 54,548 2,549 3,511 4.7 6.4
Private 86 44,837 2,029 2,510 4.5 5.6
Public 21 9,711 519 1,001 5.3 10.3
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 198 142,027 40,623 45,551 28.6 32.1
Private 145 104,595 14,181 17,033 13.6 16.3
Public 53 37,431 26,442 28,518 70.6 76.2
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 379 312,711 26,117 37,268 8.4 11.9
Private 307 252,597 14,380 20,531 5.7 8.1
Public 72 60,114 11,738 16,738 19.5 27.8
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 520 315,308 36,051 39,019 11.4 12.4
Private 458 277,433 26,654 28,459 9.6 10.3
Public 62 37,874 9,397 10,559 24.8 27.9
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 108 91,204 13,819 15,266 15.2 16.7
Private 93 79,325 8,962 8,962 11.3 11.3
Public 15 11,879 4,857 6,304 40.9 53.1
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 191 146,850 43,051 47,001 29.3 32.0
Private 135 104,495 9,702 12,973 9.3 12.4
Public 56 42,355 33,349 34,029 78.7 80.3
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 178 225,191 62,826 67,844 27.9 30.1
Private 132 166,927 25,110 27,561 15.0 16.5
Public 46 58,264 37,717 40,283 64.7 69.1
8735 Ventura, CA PMSA Total 211 273,279 44,729 48,665 16.4 17.8
Private 170 219,615 17,718 17,718 8.1 8.1
Public 41 53,664 27,011 30,946 50.3 57.7
8760 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ PMSA Total 86 63,185 17,245 18,751 27.3 29.7
Private 71 52,370 12,156 12,926 23.2 24.7
Public 15 10,816 5,089 5,825 47.0 53.9
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 107 137,236 13,228 15,969 9.6 11.6
Private 90 116,882 1,074 3,815 0.9 3.3
Public 17 20,354 12,154 12,154 59.7 59.7
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 129 141,078 7,264 8,266 5.1 5.9
Private 108 119,280 2,488 2,488 2.1 2.1
Public 21 21,798 4,776 5,778 21.9 26.5
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA Total 3,012 2,026,062 221,841 262,396 10.9 13.0
Private 2,063 1,449,041 90,254 99,974 6.2 6.9
Public 949 577,021 131,587 162,422 22.8 28.1
8880 Waterbury, CT PMSA Total 111 101,403 19,387 19,387 19.1 19.1
Private 94 86,801 7,720 7,720 8.9 8.9
Public 17 14,603 11,667 11,667 79.9 79.9
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 63 37,599 7,497 8,062 19.9 21.4
Private 57 34,179 5,160 5,160 15.1 15.1
Public 6 3,421 2,337 2,902 68.3 84.8
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL MSA Total 433 363,388 29,378 35,370 8.1 9.7
Private 376 315,886 13,063 16,516 4.1 5.2
Public 57 47,502 16,315 18,854 34.3 39.7
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 127 45,938 9,198 9,588 20.0 20.9
Private 105 37,488 6,989 7,378 18.6 19.7
Public 22 8,450 2,209 2,209 26.1 26.1
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 420 219,447 24,938 30,817 11.4 14.0
Private 369 192,901 17,207 21,085 8.9 10.9
Public 51 26,547 7,731 9,733 29.1 36.7
9160 Wilmington-Newark, DE-MD PMSA Total 1,111 220,639 25,909 29,762 11.7 13.5
Private 957 190,722 15,127 16,992 7.9 8.9
Public 154 29,918 10,782 12,770 36.0 42.7
9200 Wilmington, NC MSA Total 56 40,318 2,096 2,096 5.2 5.2
Private 47 34,134 2,096 2,096 6.1 6.1
Public 9 6,184 0 0 0.0 0.0
9240 Worcester, MA-CT PMSA Total 218 158,015 14,850 16,879 9.4 10.7
Private 202 146,984 8,912 10,230 6.1 7.0
Public 16 11,031 5,938 6,649 53.8 60.3
9270 Yolo, CA PMSA Total 47 58,234 13,836 13,836 23.8 23.8
Private 34 42,363 4,063 4,063 9.6 9.6
Public 13 15,870 9,773 9,773 61.6 61.6
9280 York, PA MSA Total 273 190,899 26,760 29,715 14.0 15.6
Private 251 175,738 22,556 24,777 12.8 14.1
Public 22 15,161 4,203 4,937 27.7 32.6
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 416 382,826 104,671 108,129 27.3 28.2
Private 377 345,761 81,311 84,769 23.5 24.5
Public 39 37,065 23,360 23,360 63.0 63.0
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 102 125,015 19,086 21,255 15.3 17.0
Private 82 101,021 8,422 8,422 8.3 8.3
Public 20 23,994 10,664 12,832 44.4 53.5
9360 Yuma, AZ MSA Total 86 71,244 727 2,144 1.0 3.0
Private 70 58,299 0 755 0.0 1.3
Public 16 12,945 727 1,389 5.6 10.7
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 1996. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2001 tables are based
on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS.
2002 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.