Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 1997 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
7 Boston-Worcester-Lawrence, MA-NH-ME-CT Total 4,005 2,513,305 350,454 385,093 13.9 15.3
Private 3,523 2,217,152 189,870 213,553 8.6 9.6
Public 482 296,152 160,584 171,540 54.2 57.9
Priv Const 161 100,317 23,081 24,266 23.0 24.2
Priv Manuf 754 453,461 41,970 43,405 9.3 9.6
14 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI Total 5,093 3,768,167 710,318 765,028 18.9 20.3
Private 4,471 3,313,168 499,496 540,176 15.1 16.3
Public 622 454,999 210,822 224,852 46.3 49.4
Priv Const 263 203,622 94,094 97,024 46.2 47.6
Priv Manuf 954 711,399 144,435 154,391 20.3 21.7
21 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,160 863,739 121,825 140,712 14.1 16.3
Private 1,001 748,284 78,883 85,828 10.5 11.5
Public 159 115,455 42,942 54,884 37.2 47.5
Priv Const 52 41,805 7,054 8,637 16.9 20.7
Priv Manuf 241 179,682 39,557 40,227 22.0 22.4
28 Cleveland-Akron, OH Total 1,914 1,390,005 263,229 279,008 18.9 20.1
Private 1,661 1,201,219 156,435 165,872 13.0 13.8
Public 253 188,787 106,794 113,136 56.6 59.9
Priv Const 68 50,983 18,000 18,703 35.3 36.7
Priv Manuf 432 309,270 61,838 65,276 20.0 21.1
31 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 2,153 2,385,652 152,128 182,182 6.4 7.6
Private 1,911 2,118,723 77,381 96,047 3.7 4.5
Public 242 266,928 74,746 86,135 28.0 32.3
Priv Const 123 139,965 2,029 2,029 1.4 1.4
Priv Manuf 380 417,217 28,324 33,286 6.8 8.0
34 Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO Total 1,536 1,145,184 118,020 138,136 10.3 12.1
Private 1,310 974,097 72,839 86,270 7.5 8.9
Public 226 171,087 45,180 51,866 26.4 30.3
Priv Const 96 69,976 9,289 10,349 13.3 14.8
Priv Manuf 193 141,417 11,964 12,746 8.5 9.0
35 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI Total 3,416 2,382,154 607,289 643,329 25.5 27.0
Private 3,002 2,096,599 427,056 452,145 20.4 21.6
Public 414 285,556 180,233 191,184 63.1 67.0
Priv Const 140 100,017 39,587 40,900 39.6 40.9
Priv Manuf 812 567,148 221,033 229,179 39.0 40.4
42 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,811 2,032,487 158,510 196,711 7.8 9.7
Private 1,565 1,759,190 101,358 125,873 5.8 7.2
Public 246 273,297 57,152 70,838 20.9 25.9
Priv Const 145 168,597 12,012 18,917 7.1 11.2
Priv Manuf 250 281,567 36,048 36,048 12.8 12.8
49 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA Total 6,799 6,151,289 912,672 1,037,078 14.8 16.9
Private 5,862 5,306,729 490,773 556,556 9.2 10.5
Public 937 844,560 421,899 480,522 50.0 56.9
Priv Const 272 269,544 48,870 48,870 18.1 18.1
Priv Manuf 1,371 1,246,725 101,120 121,700 8.1 9.8
56 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 1,738 1,551,521 107,306 134,293 6.9 8.7
Private 1,515 1,357,587 43,940 57,370 3.2 4.2
Public 223 193,934 63,366 76,923 32.7 39.7
Priv Const 91 84,488 6,811 6,811 8.1 8.1
Priv Manuf 154 141,589 2,636 3,315 1.9 2.3
63 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 892 900,627 177,204 192,269 19.7 21.3
Private 797 806,764 109,127 120,262 13.5 14.9
Public 95 93,863 68,077 72,008 72.5 76.7
Priv Const 30 30,997 12,074 12,074 39.0 39.0
Priv Manuf 227 228,356 43,673 50,576 19.1 22.1
70 New York-Northern NJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 11,049 8,526,754 2,064,495 2,187,173 24.2 25.7
Private 9,237 7,144,121 1,115,998 1,199,847 15.6 16.8
Public 1,812 1,382,633 948,497 987,327 68.6 71.4
Priv Const 426 336,374 111,688 118,670 33.2 35.3
Priv Manuf 1,573 1,208,570 230,178 242,274 19.0 20.0
77 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 4,247 2,549,303 454,869 492,263 17.8 19.3
Private 3,668 2,188,635 255,079 277,222 11.7 12.7
Public 579 360,668 199,790 215,042 55.4 59.6
Priv Const 178 107,552 27,325 28,207 25.4 26.2
Priv Manuf 635 376,611 74,690 75,141 19.8 20.0
79 Portland-Salem, OR-WA Total 1,227 974,029 182,515 199,969 18.7 20.5
Private 1,051 840,151 106,794 116,394 12.7 13.9
Public 176 133,878 75,721 83,575 56.6 62.4
Priv Const 83 68,325 20,721 20,721 30.3 30.3
Priv Manuf 220 179,606 31,990 35,151 17.8 19.6
82 Sacramento-Yolo, CA Total 518 642,164 125,676 147,411 19.6 23.0
Private 380 472,082 51,302 53,814 10.9 11.4
Public 138 170,082 74,373 93,597 43.7 55.0
Priv Const 23 27,640 2,329 2,329 8.4 8.4
Priv Manuf 45 55,480 8,204 8,204 14.8 14.8
84 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,398 2,970,439 531,900 573,871 17.9 19.3
Private 2,053 2,547,652 322,496 340,039 12.7 13.3
Public 345 422,787 209,403 233,833 49.5 55.3
Priv Const 106 132,196 37,063 38,102 28.0 28.8
Priv Manuf 446 553,633 47,840 50,063 8.6 9.0
91 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA Total 1,266 1,532,017 318,909 360,807 20.8 23.6
Private 1,043 1,264,144 183,620 210,386 14.5 16.6
Public 223 267,873 135,289 150,422 50.5 56.2
Priv Const 73 88,498 24,961 26,058 28.2 29.4
Priv Manuf 210 254,003 63,590 70,326 25.0 27.7
97 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 3,939 3,280,592 434,202 508,168 13.2 15.5
Private 2,865 2,478,829 201,126 233,283 8.1 9.4
Public 1,074 801,763 233,076 274,884 29.1 34.3
Priv Const 168 180,047 17,903 19,834 9.9 11.0
Priv Manuf 214 223,254 37,734 41,195 16.9 18.5
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH PMSA Total 441 310,064 62,188 66,743 20.1 21.5
Private 376 264,168 36,021 39,001 13.6 14.8
Public 65 45,896 26,168 27,741 57.0 60.4
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 402 308,759 76,427 77,904 24.8 25.2
Private 304 234,165 24,854 25,558 10.6 10.9
Public 98 74,593 51,573 52,346 69.1 70.2
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 846 276,631 22,825 32,404 8.3 11.7
Private 657 215,000 11,925 13,724 5.5 6.4
Public 189 61,631 10,900 18,680 17.7 30.3
240 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA MSA Total 391 276,888 54,120 54,746 19.5 19.8
Private 350 248,089 37,104 37,104 15.0 15.0
Public 41 28,799 17,016 17,642 59.1 61.3
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 864 120,440 24,602 25,979 20.4 21.6
Private 640 89,284 9,945 10,142 11.1 11.4
Public 224 31,156 14,658 15,837 47.0 50.8
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 403 279,496 63,583 67,937 22.7 24.3
Private 349 242,624 42,345 45,277 17.5 18.7
Public 54 36,872 21,238 22,660 57.6 61.5
450 Anniston, AL MSA Total 75 66,559 7,632 9,271 11.5 13.9
Private 62 55,994 6,107 6,958 10.9 12.4
Public 13 10,564 1,526 2,313 14.4 21.9
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI MSA Total 146 147,168 32,395 35,711 22.0 24.3
Private 133 133,993 24,610 27,060 18.4 20.2
Public 13 13,175 7,785 8,651 59.1 65.7
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 128 91,003 3,157 3,157 3.5 3.5
Private 110 78,746 2,459 2,459 3.1 3.1
Public 18 12,257 698 698 5.7 5.7
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,526 1,803,494 110,652 133,316 6.1 7.4
Private 1,293 1,534,565 69,495 80,649 4.5 5.3
Public 233 268,929 41,157 52,667 15.3 19.6
560 Atlantic-Cape May, NJ PMSA Total 158 112,084 27,867 32,519 24.9 29.0
Private 121 86,016 11,998 15,099 13.9 17.6
Public 37 26,068 15,869 17,420 60.9 66.8
600 Augusta-Aiken, GA-SC MSA Total 163 165,119 8,573 8,573 5.2 5.2
Private 129 131,331 5,761 5,761 4.4 4.4
Public 34 33,788 2,812 2,812 8.3 8.3
640 Austin-San Marcos, TX MSA Total 455 496,172 14,576 16,455 2.9 3.3
Private 346 379,117 3,132 3,132 0.8 0.8
Public 109 117,055 11,445 13,324 9.8 11.4
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 178 225,061 44,801 44,801 19.9 19.9
Private 131 166,991 13,763 13,763 8.2 8.2
Public 47 58,069 31,037 31,037 53.4 53.4
720 Baltimore, MD PMSA Total 901 1,138,975 189,613 208,124 16.6 18.3
Private 685 861,892 82,203 89,244 9.5 10.4
Public 216 277,083 107,410 118,880 38.8 42.9
760 Balton Rouge, LA MSA Total 294 247,403 13,402 21,148 5.4 8.5
Private 226 190,416 6,758 9,434 3.5 5.0
Public 68 56,987 6,644 11,714 11.7 20.6
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA Total 155 166,393 17,335 22,722 10.4 13.7
Private 125 133,802 13,210 16,322 9.9 12.2
Public 30 32,590 4,125 6,399 12.7 19.6
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 126 150,208 31,543 34,040 21.0 22.7
Private 111 132,333 20,412 21,593 15.4 16.3
Public 15 17,875 11,131 12,446 62.3 69.6
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 57 41,646 8,875 8,875 21.3 21.3
Private 53 39,042 8,186 8,186 21.0 21.0
Public 4 2,603 690 690 26.5 26.5
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 855 614,091 125,344 135,808 20.4 22.1
Private 752 540,394 77,161 84,225 14.3 15.6
Public 103 73,697 48,183 51,583 65.4 70.0
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 152 118,300 31,420 32,232 26.6 27.2
Private 120 93,534 11,384 11,384 12.2 12.2
Public 32 24,766 20,037 20,848 80.9 84.2
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 499 439,994 41,586 47,507 9.5 10.8
Private 422 372,036 25,625 29,143 6.9 7.8
Public 77 67,957 15,961 18,364 23.5 27.0
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 794 185,652 13,971 16,088 7.5 8.7
Private 669 157,007 6,090 7,069 3.9 4.5
Public 125 28,645 7,881 9,020 27.5 31.5
1120 Boston, MA-NH PMSA Total 2,134 1,524,777 220,784 244,746 14.5 16.1
Private 1,889 1,352,912 128,743 147,156 9.5 10.9
Public 245 171,865 92,041 97,590 53.6 56.8
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 159 117,749 9,807 13,726 8.3 11.7
Private 138 102,395 5,484 9,403 5.4 9.2
Public 21 15,354 4,323 4,323 28.2 28.2
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 63 72,179 6,123 7,176 8.5 9.9
Private 57 65,586 4,926 5,979 7.5 9.1
Public 6 6,593 1,197 1,197 18.2 18.2
1160 Bridgeport, CT PMSA Total 239 204,772 36,482 36,482 17.8 17.8
Private 216 185,816 25,043 25,043 13.5 13.5
Public 23 18,956 11,440 11,440 60.3 60.3
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 170 116,877 17,923 19,922 15.3 17.0
Private 149 103,002 7,993 9,384 7.8 9.1
Public 21 13,876 9,930 10,538 71.6 75.9
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen-San Benito, TX MSA Total 99 112,306 3,264 4,438 2.9 4.0
Private 83 94,708 1,106 2,280 1.2 2.4
Public 16 17,598 2,158 2,158 12.3 12.3
1280 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA Total 667 518,541 143,626 148,355 27.7 28.6
Private 538 419,398 70,332 73,465 16.8 17.5
Public 129 99,144 73,295 74,891 73.9 75.5
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 495 80,432 6,584 7,416 8.2 9.2
Private 433 70,519 2,954 3,241 4.2 4.6
Public 62 9,913 3,629 4,175 36.6 42.1
1320 Canton-Massillon, OH MSA Total 235 168,238 35,088 36,418 20.9 21.6
Private 210 150,456 24,650 25,334 16.4 16.8
Public 25 17,782 10,438 11,084 58.7 62.3
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 144 86,634 11,928 14,635 13.8 16.9
Private 130 78,702 8,668 10,727 11.0 13.6
Public 14 7,932 3,261 3,908 41.1 49.3
1440 Charleston-North Charleston, SC MSA Total 274 261,427 5,564 14,179 2.1 5.4
Private 209 198,593 3,954 7,848 2.0 4.0
Public 65 62,833 1,610 6,331 2.6 10.1
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 337 121,412 17,959 17,959 14.8 14.8
Private 267 96,637 13,102 13,102 13.6 13.6
Public 70 24,775 4,857 4,857 19.6 19.6
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 885 660,463 43,475 55,440 6.6 8.4
Private 791 592,241 32,544 38,425 5.5 6.5
Public 94 68,222 10,931 17,015 16.0 24.9
1560 Chattanooga, TN-GA MSA Total 190 219,661 24,762 25,758 11.3 11.7
Private 162 185,648 16,505 16,505 8.9 8.9
Public 28 34,013 8,257 9,253 24.3 27.2
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 4,889 3,519,457 640,857 690,815 18.2 19.6
Private 4,284 3,084,303 438,229 474,158 14.2 15.4
Public 605 435,154 202,627 216,657 46.6 49.8
1620 Chico-Paradise, CA MSA Total 91 111,337 20,576 23,123 18.5 20.8
Private 70 86,228 4,976 4,976 5.8 5.8
Public 21 25,109 15,600 18,147 62.1 72.3
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 1,006 748,533 100,095 116,072 13.4 15.5
Private 872 650,979 67,525 74,469 10.4 11.4
Public 134 97,555 32,570 41,603 33.4 42.6
1660 Clarksville-Hopkinsville, TN-KY MSA Total 80 92,065 7,273 9,200 7.9 10.0
Private 59 67,423 5,191 6,151 7.7 9.1
Public 21 24,642 2,082 3,050 8.4 12.4
1680 Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 1,473 1,079,942 201,040 212,265 18.6 19.7
Private 1,285 937,051 120,414 126,871 12.9 13.5
Public 188 142,891 80,626 85,395 56.4 59.8
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 265 199,948 15,182 16,922 7.6 8.5
Private 231 174,515 8,701 9,595 5.0 5.5
Public 34 25,432 6,481 7,327 25.5 28.8
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 246 229,475 8,893 13,816 3.9 6.0
Private 175 164,110 4,650 5,449 2.8 3.3
Public 71 65,365 4,242 8,367 6.5 12.8
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 273 325,868 27,549 27,549 8.5 8.5
Private 212 257,074 9,494 9,494 3.7 3.7
Public 61 68,794 18,055 18,055 26.2 26.2
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 847 629,721 83,553 94,658 13.3 15.0
Private 696 520,513 47,007 53,325 9.0 10.2
Public 151 109,208 36,546 41,333 33.5 37.8
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 117 131,084 6,799 6,799 5.2 5.2
Private 89 99,291 2,587 2,587 2.6 2.6
Public 28 31,792 4,212 4,212 13.2 13.2
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,443 1,606,062 69,170 92,200 4.3 5.7
Private 1,302 1,449,371 36,425 51,633 2.5 3.6
Public 141 156,691 32,745 40,567 20.9 25.9
1930 Danbury, CT PMSA Total 116 101,933 16,566 16,566 16.3 16.3
Private 101 88,687 5,965 5,965 6.7 6.7
Public 15 13,246 10,601 10,601 80.0 80.0
1960 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL MSA Total 264 176,569 35,271 40,446 20.0 22.9
Private 208 140,323 20,835 22,208 14.8 15.8
Public 56 36,246 14,436 18,239 39.8 50.3
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 579 410,233 76,681 83,395 18.7 20.3
Private 490 346,970 51,468 52,796 14.8 15.2
Public 89 63,263 25,213 30,599 39.9 48.4
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 146 123,468 10,739 13,072 8.7 10.6
Private 122 102,675 3,166 3,166 3.1 3.1
Public 24 20,793 7,572 9,905 36.4 47.6
2030 Decatur, AL MSA Total 160 139,664 26,930 28,520 19.3 20.4
Private 127 110,401 12,262 13,852 11.1 12.5
Public 33 29,263 14,668 14,668 50.1 50.1
2040 Decatur, IL MSA Total 142 184,002 36,843 36,843 20.0 20.0
Private 118 153,660 23,839 23,839 15.5 15.5
Public 24 30,342 13,004 13,004 42.9 42.9
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 1,258 939,052 98,872 113,434 10.5 12.1
Private 1,071 797,315 61,684 70,367 7.7 8.8
Public 187 141,738 37,188 43,067 26.2 30.4
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 343 207,086 30,692 36,952 14.8 17.8
Private 299 181,567 23,248 25,135 12.8 13.8
Public 44 25,518 7,444 11,817 29.2 46.3
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 2,736 1,914,220 484,176 515,150 25.3 26.9
Private 2,404 1,684,333 335,082 356,528 19.9 21.2
Public 332 229,887 149,094 158,622 64.9 69.0
2190 Dover, DE MSA Total 265 53,925 7,377 8,763 13.7 16.2
Private 207 42,348 4,305 4,915 10.2 11.6
Public 58 11,576 3,073 3,848 26.5 33.2
2240 Duluth-Superior, MN-WI MSA Total 155 142,310 38,083 38,946 26.8 27.4
Private 135 123,840 27,108 27,971 21.9 22.6
Public 20 18,469 10,975 10,975 59.4 59.4
2281 Dutchess County, NY PMSA Total 135 110,067 28,669 31,153 26.0 28.3
Private 106 86,989 11,057 13,541 12.7 15.6
Public 29 23,078 17,612 17,612 76.3 76.3
2290 Eau Claire, WI MSA Total 135 136,768 20,025 24,065 14.6 17.6
Private 114 115,628 9,158 10,003 7.9 8.7
Public 21 21,140 10,867 14,061 51.4 66.5
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 214 249,248 19,132 20,191 7.7 8.1
Private 170 199,957 9,215 9,215 4.6 4.6
Public 44 49,290 9,918 10,976 20.1 22.3
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 163 118,056 22,372 23,748 19.0 20.1
Private 147 107,108 15,535 16,911 14.5 15.8
Public 16 10,948 6,837 6,837 62.4 62.4
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 170 127,714 22,918 26,801 17.9 21.0
Private 140 105,668 11,380 14,445 10.8 13.7
Public 30 22,046 11,538 12,356 52.3 56.0
2440 Evansville-Henderson, IN-KY MSA Total 107 127,966 13,545 14,655 10.6 11.5
Private 92 110,447 7,923 7,923 7.2 7.2
Public 15 17,519 5,622 6,732 32.1 38.4
2520 Fargo-Moorhead, ND-MN MSA Total 510 69,238 7,618 8,670 11.0 12.5
Private 438 59,682 3,895 4,302 6.5 7.2
Public 72 9,556 3,722 4,368 39.0 45.7
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 108 78,617 4,666 6,072 5.9 7.7
Private 85 62,138 3,161 3,758 5.1 6.0
Public 23 16,479 1,505 2,314 9.1 14.0
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR MSA Total 268 132,641 2,781 4,222 2.1 3.2
Private 231 114,695 424 424 0.4 0.4
Public 37 17,946 2,357 3,799 13.1 21.2
2600 Fitchburg-Leominster, MA PMSA Total 139 96,590 15,696 17,036 16.3 17.6
Private 115 80,147 6,899 7,548 8.6 9.4
Public 24 16,443 8,797 9,488 53.5 57.7
2640 Flint, MI PMSA Total 277 188,438 59,530 60,241 31.6 32.0
Private 249 169,641 49,629 50,340 29.3 29.7
Public 28 18,797 9,901 9,901 52.7 52.7
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 138 117,036 8,116 16,126 6.9 13.8
Private 110 94,119 4,856 4,856 5.2 5.2
Public 28 22,917 3,261 11,270 14.2 49.2
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 148 111,905 9,283 10,804 8.3 9.7
Private 119 90,376 3,785 3,785 4.2 4.2
Public 29 21,529 5,498 7,019 25.5 32.6
2680 Fort Lauderdale, FL PMSA Total 771 675,953 57,931 74,904 8.6 11.1
Private 669 589,105 23,417 30,952 4.0 5.3
Public 102 86,848 34,514 43,952 39.7 50.6
2700 Fort Myers-Cape Coral, FL MSA Total 190 157,687 5,581 10,598 3.5 6.7
Private 173 143,537 1,530 1,530 1.1 1.1
Public 17 14,149 4,051 9,068 28.6 64.1
2710 Fort Pierce-Port St. Lucie, FL MSA Total 117 101,393 3,242 5,839 3.2 5.8
Private 102 87,950 2,424 2,424 2.8 2.8
Public 15 13,443 817 3,415 6.1 25.4
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 134 67,711 5,836 7,906 8.6 11.7
Private 109 55,336 3,353 5,424 6.1 9.8
Public 25 12,375 2,482 2,482 20.1 20.1
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 99 83,185 6,581 8,283 7.9 10.0
Private 84 70,889 4,977 4,977 7.0 7.0
Public 15 12,296 1,604 3,306 13.0 26.9
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 182 219,208 29,380 29,380 13.4 13.4
Private 160 192,998 21,028 21,028 10.9 10.9
Public 22 26,210 8,352 8,352 31.9 31.9
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 710 779,590 82,958 89,982 10.6 11.5
Private 609 669,352 40,956 44,414 6.1 6.6
Public 101 110,237 42,002 45,568 38.1 41.3
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 271 343,720 72,030 79,765 21.0 23.2
Private 221 281,446 44,411 46,753 15.8 16.6
Public 50 62,274 27,618 33,012 44.3 53.0
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 83 72,711 5,649 7,954 7.8 10.9
Private 54 47,705 788 788 1.7 1.7
Public 29 25,006 4,861 7,165 19.4 28.7
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 139 162,024 21,624 22,620 13.3 14.0
Private 96 114,051 18,248 19,244 16.0 16.9
Public 43 47,973 3,376 3,376 7.0 7.0
2960 Gary, IN PMSA Total 204 248,711 69,461 74,213 27.9 29.8
Private 187 228,865 61,266 66,018 26.8 28.8
Public 17 19,846 8,195 8,195 41.3 41.3
3000 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI MSA Total 740 508,877 77,144 81,187 15.2 16.0
Private 678 466,893 51,512 54,182 11.0 11.6
Public 62 41,984 25,632 27,005 61.1 64.3
3060 Greeley, CO PMSA Total 119 88,384 9,341 10,976 10.6 12.4
Private 101 74,387 5,672 6,500 7.6 8.7
Public 18 13,996 3,669 4,476 26.2 32.0
3080 Green Bay, WI MSA Total 231 225,347 37,116 38,822 16.5 17.2
Private 197 192,604 18,779 19,738 9.8 10.2
Public 34 32,743 18,337 19,084 56.0 58.3
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 740 525,309 26,935 31,282 5.1 6.0
Private 652 461,755 16,679 19,644 3.6 4.3
Public 88 63,554 10,256 11,639 16.1 18.3
3150 Greenville, NC MSA Total 134 118,247 2,611 2,611 2.2 2.2
Private 98 87,049 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 36 31,197 2,611 2,611 8.4 8.4
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC MSA Total 530 481,667 12,037 12,037 2.5 2.5
Private 469 426,982 7,279 7,279 1.7 1.7
Public 61 54,684 4,758 4,758 8.7 8.7
3180 Hagerstown, MD PMSA Total 116 114,204 14,525 18,136 12.7 15.9
Private 90 90,607 4,720 6,420 5.2 7.1
Public 26 23,597 9,805 11,717 41.6 49.7
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 154 115,206 21,730 24,640 18.9 21.4
Private 129 97,305 11,359 11,359 11.7 11.7
Public 25 17,901 10,371 13,281 57.9 74.2
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 459 316,566 46,071 54,023 14.6 17.1
Private 378 261,801 23,807 24,431 9.1 9.3
Public 81 54,765 22,264 29,592 40.7 54.0
3280 Hartford, CT MSA Total 596 517,429 83,917 94,398 16.2 18.2
Private 522 451,845 44,969 54,014 10.0 12.0
Public 74 65,584 38,948 40,384 59.4 61.6
3290 Hickory-Morgantown, NC MSA Total 150 112,209 3,263 4,039 2.9 3.6
Private 140 104,678 1,585 2,361 1.5 2.3
Public 10 7,531 1,678 1,678 22.3 22.3
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,206 374,587 94,137 101,778 25.1 27.2
Private 948 295,989 51,510 54,390 17.4 18.4
Public 258 78,598 42,627 47,388 54.2 60.3
3350 Houma, LA MSA Total 108 88,699 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 90 73,256 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 18 15,443 0 0 0.0 0.0
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,609 1,798,284 130,763 166,914 7.3 9.3
Private 1,412 1,579,553 78,184 100,649 4.9 6.4
Public 197 218,730 52,579 66,265 24.0 30.3
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 140 49,558 7,421 9,327 15.0 18.8
Private 114 40,245 5,495 5,903 13.7 14.7
Public 26 9,313 1,926 3,424 20.7 36.8
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 132 109,630 9,100 10,781 8.3 9.8
Private 109 89,503 7,031 7,031 7.9 7.9
Public 23 20,127 2,069 3,750 10.3 18.6
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 550 662,735 47,600 58,708 7.2 8.9
Private 490 590,498 34,605 37,501 5.9 6.4
Public 60 72,236 12,995 21,208 18.0 29.4
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 124 191,041 30,614 32,684 16.0 17.1
Private 109 168,840 20,327 22,397 12.0 13.3
Public 15 22,201 10,287 10,287 46.3 46.3
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 312 186,089 9,622 12,514 5.2 6.7
Private 236 141,258 5,465 7,845 3.9 5.6
Public 76 44,831 4,157 4,670 9.3 10.4
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 548 472,541 36,702 47,347 7.8 10.0
Private 455 393,037 9,962 16,388 2.5 4.2
Public 93 79,504 26,740 30,958 33.6 38.9
3610 Jamestown, NY MSA Total 148 115,132 32,512 33,231 28.2 28.9
Private 131 102,708 24,359 24,359 23.7 23.7
Public 17 12,424 8,153 8,872 65.6 71.4
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 304 227,009 67,518 71,228 29.7 31.4
Private 267 198,150 50,801 53,704 25.6 27.1
Public 37 28,859 16,717 17,524 57.9 60.7
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 131 145,515 9,265 9,265 6.4 6.4
Private 117 130,602 6,038 6,038 4.6 4.6
Public 14 14,913 3,227 3,227 21.6 21.6
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 111 76,596 13,267 14,070 17.3 18.4
Private 96 66,448 8,637 9,440 13.0 14.2
Public 15 10,147 4,629 4,629 45.6 45.6
3720 Kalamazoo-Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 230 161,864 32,287 36,780 19.9 22.7
Private 185 129,684 15,533 17,466 12.0 13.5
Public 45 32,179 16,754 19,314 52.1 60.0
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 1,020 859,710 91,989 112,631 10.7 13.1
Private 851 718,393 63,568 67,384 8.8 9.4
Public 169 141,317 28,421 45,247 20.1 32.0
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 259 296,554 25,348 32,768 8.5 11.0
Private 209 238,976 13,751 16,890 5.8 7.1
Public 50 57,578 11,597 15,878 20.1 27.6
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 186 155,133 6,489 7,357 4.2 4.7
Private 159 131,089 1,480 1,480 1.1 1.1
Public 27 24,043 5,009 5,877 20.8 24.4
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 110 97,487 8,975 8,975 9.2 9.2
Private 97 85,683 8,274 8,274 9.7 9.7
Public 13 11,804 701 701 5.9 5.9
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 190 167,462 7,916 9,526 4.7 5.7
Private 163 144,062 2,340 2,340 1.6 1.6
Public 27 23,400 5,576 7,186 23.8 30.7
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 265 185,389 22,282 24,314 12.0 13.1
Private 236 165,043 11,773 12,461 7.1 7.5
Public 29 20,345 10,509 11,853 51.7 58.3
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 323 221,982 62,956 64,800 28.4 29.2
Private 237 164,180 33,483 34,125 20.4 20.8
Public 86 57,802 29,473 30,676 51.0 53.1
4080 Laredo, TX MSA Total 94 109,223 5,955 8,596 5.5 7.9
Private 68 79,222 1,183 1,183 1.5 1.5
Public 26 30,001 4,772 7,413 15.9 24.7
4100 Las Cruces, NM MSA Total 171 57,833 6,687 8,436 11.6 14.6
Private 108 36,731 2,907 3,373 7.9 9.2
Public 63 21,102 3,780 5,063 17.9 24.0
4120 Las Vegas, NV-AZ MSA Total 1,364 535,835 114,219 126,231 21.3 23.6
Private 1,210 475,772 87,054 95,929 18.3 20.2
Public 154 60,063 27,166 30,302 45.2 50.5
4160 Lawrence, MA-NH PMSA Total 161 113,018 17,584 19,631 15.6 17.4
Private 138 97,157 8,049 10,095 8.3 10.4
Public 23 15,861 9,536 9,536 60.1 60.1
4280 Lexington, KY MSA Total 237 195,586 16,932 29,269 8.7 15.0
Private 195 161,466 8,039 12,878 5.0 8.0
Public 42 34,120 8,893 16,391 26.1 48.0
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 329 116,955 15,567 17,498 13.3 15.0
Private 250 89,361 6,970 8,273 7.8 9.3
Public 79 27,594 8,597 9,224 31.2 33.4
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 452 227,969 13,213 14,792 5.8 6.5
Private 365 184,948 8,024 9,114 4.3 4.9
Public 87 43,021 5,189 5,678 12.1 13.2
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 4,896 3,693,197 528,127 607,978 14.3 16.5
Private 4,246 3,210,302 306,464 352,943 9.5 11.0
Public 650 482,896 221,662 255,035 45.9 52.8
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 567 507,581 88,285 94,016 17.4 18.5
Private 500 448,558 68,045 70,003 15.2 15.6
Public 67 59,023 20,240 24,013 34.3 40.7
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 227 162,280 20,997 21,675 12.9 13.4
Private 200 143,141 9,807 9,807 6.9 6.9
Public 27 19,138 11,190 11,868 58.5 62.0
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 82 88,417 999 999 1.1 1.1
Private 69 74,790 999 999 1.3 1.3
Public 13 13,627 0 0 0.0 0.0
4680 Macon, GA MSA Total 121 142,488 10,356 13,935 7.3 9.8
Private 93 112,136 5,146 5,146 4.6 4.6
Public 28 30,352 5,210 8,790 17.2 29.0
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 241 230,803 58,172 64,269 25.2 27.8
Private 164 158,162 18,550 20,448 11.7 12.9
Public 77 72,641 39,622 43,821 54.5 60.3
4760 Manchester, NH PMSA Total 226 73,392 11,839 12,896 16.1 17.6
Private 193 63,039 5,063 5,502 8.0 8.7
Public 33 10,353 6,775 7,395 65.4 71.4
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 114 128,427 5,912 10,333 4.6 8.0
Private 85 97,999 0 1,186 0.0 1.2
Public 29 30,428 5,912 9,146 19.4 30.1
4890 Medford-Ashland, OR MSA Total 98 75,746 10,888 10,888 14.4 14.4
Private 88 68,661 7,108 7,108 10.4 10.4
Public 10 7,085 3,780 3,780 53.4 53.4
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 206 175,370 8,155 13,977 4.7 8.0
Private 177 152,338 5,612 7,420 3.7 4.9
Public 29 23,032 2,543 6,557 11.0 28.5
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 368 465,080 60,436 69,612 13.0 15.0
Private 310 396,459 35,196 41,969 8.9 10.6
Public 58 68,620 25,240 27,644 36.8 40.3
4940 Merced, CA MSA Total 112 142,195 13,047 15,361 9.2 10.8
Private 96 122,797 4,849 5,974 3.9 4.9
Public 16 19,398 8,199 9,386 42.3 48.4
5000 Miami, FL PMSA Total 967 875,568 49,375 59,389 5.6 6.8
Private 846 768,481 20,522 26,418 2.7 3.4
Public 121 107,086 28,852 32,971 26.9 30.8
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 744 540,103 99,096 106,294 18.3 19.7
Private 652 476,018 62,054 67,265 13.0 14.1
Public 92 64,086 37,042 39,029 57.8 60.9
5080 Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI PMSA Total 691 701,301 141,799 153,347 20.2 21.9
Private 613 624,362 85,566 95,395 13.7 15.3
Public 78 76,940 56,234 57,952 73.1 75.3
5120 Minneapolis-St., Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 1,458 1,338,815 258,842 271,070 19.3 20.2
Private 1,262 1,162,039 147,759 152,528 12.7 13.1
Public 196 176,776 111,083 118,543 62.8 67.1
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 194 170,241 15,191 16,285 8.9 9.6
Private 167 146,260 6,658 7,751 4.6 5.3
Public 27 23,981 8,534 8,534 35.6 35.6
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 142 177,264 43,825 53,989 24.7 30.5
Private 118 148,949 30,805 38,653 20.7 26.0
Public 24 28,315 13,020 15,337 46.0 54.2
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 664 467,996 106,191 114,509 22.7 24.5
Private 547 387,716 52,698 56,237 13.6 14.5
Public 117 80,280 53,493 58,273 66.6 72.6
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 123 104,524 7,693 7,693 7.4 7.4
Private 92 77,478 7,693 7,693 9.9 9.9
Public 31 27,046 0 0 0.0 0.0
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 153 137,714 3,480 6,228 2.5 4.5
Private 117 105,663 819 2,821 0.8 2.7
Public 36 32,051 2,661 3,406 8.3 10.6
5330 Myrtle Beach, SC MSA Total 74 68,659 928 928 1.4 1.4
Private 66 61,018 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 8 7,641 928 928 12.1 12.1
5345 Naples, FL MSA Total 120 106,626 1,541 2,383 1.4 2.2
Private 101 89,113 1,541 1,541 1.7 1.7
Public 19 17,513 0 842 0.0 4.8
5350 Nashua, NH PMSA Total 291 96,065 6,195 6,479 6.4 6.7
Private 265 87,449 1,457 1,457 1.7 1.7
Public 26 8,616 4,739 5,022 55.0 58.3
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 460 527,949 33,343 43,496 6.3 8.2
Private 393 450,668 19,462 20,422 4.3 4.5
Public 67 77,282 13,881 23,074 18.0 29.9
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 1,501 1,203,494 303,343 320,891 25.2 26.7
Private 1,214 976,185 135,296 147,953 13.9 15.2
Public 287 227,309 168,047 172,938 73.9 76.1
5400 New Bedford, MA PMSA Total 112 78,711 9,950 9,950 12.6 12.6
Private 103 72,390 6,308 6,308 8.7 8.7
Public 9 6,321 3,642 3,642 57.6 57.6
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT PMSA Total 264 231,641 32,985 34,598 14.2 14.9
Private 231 204,067 19,377 19,377 9.5 9.5
Public 33 27,575 13,609 15,221 49.4 55.2
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 130 109,003 26,340 26,340 24.2 24.2
Private 113 95,093 19,249 19,249 20.2 20.2
Public 17 13,910 7,091 7,091 51.0 51.0
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 609 542,632 34,668 50,728 6.4 9.3
Private 507 452,358 20,170 26,568 4.5 5.9
Public 102 90,274 14,499 24,160 16.1 26.8
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 4,347 3,388,817 930,091 977,504 27.4 28.8
Private 3,575 2,792,469 512,043 546,870 18.3 19.6
Public 772 596,348 418,048 430,634 70.1 72.2
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,271 939,504 206,322 225,305 22.0 24.0
Private 1,079 798,897 120,791 133,187 15.1 16.7
Public 192 140,607 85,532 92,118 60.8 65.5
5660 Newburgh, NY-PA PMSA Total 149 121,641 37,142 38,636 30.5 31.8
Private 109 88,754 10,523 11,239 11.9 12.7
Public 40 32,888 26,618 27,396 80.9 83.3
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA Total 527 652,833 35,949 40,255 5.5 6.2
Private 411 512,297 18,867 18,867 3.7 3.7
Public 116 140,536 17,082 21,388 12.2 15.2
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 719 884,560 181,212 197,435 20.5 22.3
Private 587 725,337 104,529 109,206 14.4 15.1
Public 132 159,222 76,683 88,229 48.2 55.4
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 96 83,967 3,837 7,063 4.6 8.4
Private 81 71,618 0 2,482 0.0 3.5
Public 15 12,349 3,837 4,581 31.1 37.1
5800 Odessa-Midland, TX MSA Total 108 118,020 4,365 6,213 3.7 5.3
Private 93 102,447 3,195 3,195 3.1 3.1
Public 15 15,573 1,170 3,018 7.5 19.4
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 747 451,469 40,990 50,473 9.1 11.2
Private 590 354,737 21,141 22,984 6.0 6.5
Public 157 96,732 19,849 27,489 20.5 28.4
5910 Olympia, WA PMSA Total 113 137,440 31,293 34,870 22.8 25.4
Private 69 84,888 13,648 13,648 16.1 16.1
Public 44 52,552 17,646 21,223 33.6 40.4
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 951 328,494 33,806 40,509 10.3 12.3
Private 811 280,508 21,389 23,378 7.6 8.3
Public 140 47,987 12,417 17,131 25.9 35.7
5945 Orange County, CA PMSA Total 909 1,161,521 135,903 155,091 11.7 13.4
Private 807 1,036,446 64,865 74,795 6.3 7.2
Public 102 125,075 71,039 80,296 56.8 64.2
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 764 678,615 40,654 55,550 6.0 8.2
Private 688 611,423 27,840 35,004 4.6 5.7
Public 76 67,192 12,814 20,546 19.1 30.6
6015 Panama City, FL MSA Total 98 82,380 1,596 2,409 1.9 2.9
Private 76 64,558 770 770 1.2 1.2
Public 22 17,822 825 1,639 4.6 9.2
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 174 153,035 9,320 13,735 6.1 9.0
Private 133 117,368 2,599 3,433 2.2 2.9
Public 41 35,667 6,721 10,302 18.8 28.9
6120 Peoria-Pekin, IL MSA Total 231 158,517 38,152 39,683 24.1 25.0
Private 206 141,678 32,665 33,508 23.1 23.7
Public 25 16,839 5,488 6,175 32.6 36.7
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 2,885 2,142,820 381,657 411,752 17.8 19.2
Private 2,481 1,841,826 212,332 229,705 11.5 12.5
Public 404 300,994 169,325 182,046 56.3 60.5
6200 Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA Total 1,442 1,234,842 86,047 103,511 7.0 8.4
Private 1,255 1,078,331 53,161 61,652 4.9 5.7
Public 187 156,511 32,886 41,858 21.0 26.7
6280 Pittsburgh, PA MSA Total 1,401 996,604 180,498 191,047 18.1 19.2
Private 1,226 871,913 117,252 124,429 13.4 14.3
Public 175 124,691 63,247 66,618 50.7 53.4
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 346 110,533 10,425 11,420 9.4 10.3
Private 303 97,151 4,890 4,890 5.0 5.0
Public 43 13,382 5,534 6,530 41.4 48.8
6440 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA PMSA Total 1,042 835,513 147,969 158,661 17.7 19.0
Private 918 739,950 93,930 101,990 12.7 13.8
Public 124 95,563 54,039 56,671 56.5 59.3
6450 Portsmouth-Rochester, NH-ME PMSA Total 352 114,554 11,087 12,906 9.7 11.3
Private 304 99,130 6,281 6,281 6.3 6.3
Public 48 15,424 4,806 6,625 31.2 43.0
6480 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA MSA Total 1,627 498,499 93,113 96,046 18.7 19.3
Private 1,394 432,422 43,498 44,967 10.1 10.4
Public 233 66,076 49,616 51,078 75.1 77.3
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 379 143,133 12,684 14,413 8.9 10.1
Private 315 120,503 5,550 6,228 4.6 5.2
Public 64 22,629 7,134 8,185 31.5 36.2
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 93 71,344 8,270 9,196 11.6 12.9
Private 75 56,885 2,736 3,661 4.8 6.4
Public 18 14,459 5,535 5,535 38.3 38.3
6580 Punta Gorda, FL MSA Total 78 65,298 8,641 10,293 13.2 15.8
Private 62 51,632 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 16 13,666 8,641 10,293 63.2 75.3
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 201 199,326 35,405 38,922 17.8 19.5
Private 184 182,403 23,561 24,866 12.9 13.6
Public 17 16,923 11,844 14,056 70.0 83.1
6640 Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MSA Total 814 638,888 14,353 17,664 2.2 2.8
Private 633 500,122 7,795 9,247 1.6 1.8
Public 181 138,766 6,558 8,417 4.7 6.1
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 242 174,260 30,787 31,500 17.7 18.1
Private 207 148,903 18,809 18,809 12.6 12.6
Public 35 25,357 11,978 12,691 47.2 50.1
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 357 135,183 20,593 45,566 15.2 33.7
Private 292 110,804 11,914 28,929 10.8 26.1
Public 65 24,379 8,679 16,636 35.6 68.2
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 324 385,340 23,919 28,918 6.2 7.5
Private 269 320,059 17,986 21,905 5.6 6.8
Public 55 65,281 5,933 7,013 9.1 10.7
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 767 1,006,737 192,469 212,458 19.1 21.1
Private 633 833,372 98,983 108,357 11.9 13.0
Public 134 173,365 93,486 104,101 53.9 60.0
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 105 130,923 14,241 14,241 10.9 10.9
Private 95 118,978 10,487 10,487 8.8 8.8
Public 10 11,945 3,755 3,755 31.4 31.4
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 637 499,971 94,910 101,038 19.0 20.2
Private 544 428,530 50,199 52,624 11.7 12.3
Public 93 71,441 44,711 48,414 62.6 67.8
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 243 166,701 22,580 23,853 13.5 14.3
Private 221 151,736 15,240 15,870 10.0 10.5
Public 22 14,965 7,340 7,983 49.0 53.3
6920 Sacramento, CA PMSA Total 469 583,028 112,621 134,357 19.3 23.0
Private 348 433,485 46,711 49,223 10.8 11.4
Public 121 149,543 65,910 85,134 44.1 56.9
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 226 157,848 39,145 40,025 24.8 25.4
Private 206 143,492 32,137 33,017 22.4 23.0
Public 20 14,357 7,009 7,009 48.8 48.8
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL MSA Total 1,073 1,148,252 231,728 241,583 20.2 21.0
Private 945 1,018,951 180,814 184,189 17.7 18.1
Public 128 129,301 50,913 57,394 39.4 44.4
7080 Salem, OR PMSA Total 185 138,516 34,546 41,308 24.9 29.8
Private 133 100,201 12,865 14,404 12.8 14.4
Public 52 38,315 21,682 26,904 56.6 70.2
7120 Salinas, CA MSA Total 74 91,434 9,936 9,936 10.9 10.9
Private 64 79,878 9,936 9,936 12.4 12.4
Public 10 11,556 0 0 0.0 0.0
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,612 608,404 55,420 65,746 9.1 10.8
Private 1,294 490,572 26,317 29,645 5.4 6.0
Public 318 117,832 29,103 36,101 24.7 30.6
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 573 648,097 35,417 43,338 5.5 6.7
Private 465 524,160 19,064 22,718 3.6 4.3
Public 108 123,937 16,353 20,620 13.2 16.6
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 891 1,130,488 139,945 162,081 12.4 14.3
Private 747 952,626 53,649 68,319 5.6 7.2
Public 144 177,862 86,296 93,761 48.5 52.7
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 706 884,298 141,925 158,057 16.0 17.9
Private 632 792,263 100,960 110,156 12.7 13.9
Public 74 92,035 40,965 47,901 44.5 52.0
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 646 803,573 117,320 122,029 14.6 15.2
Private 582 724,083 78,661 80,987 10.9 11.2
Public 64 79,490 38,659 41,043 48.6 51.6
7460 San Luis Obispo-Atascadero-Paso Robles, CA MSA Total 108 134,180 30,771 30,771 22.9 22.9
Private 85 105,638 9,758 9,758 9.2 9.2
Public 23 28,541 21,013 21,013 73.6 73.6
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 111 140,264 19,952 27,867 14.2 19.9
Private 89 114,374 7,834 11,082 6.8 9.7
Public 22 25,890 12,118 16,785 46.8 64.8
7490 Santa Fe, NM MSA Total 157 49,666 2,964 3,656 6.0 7.4
Private 114 36,078 1,953 2,262 5.4 6.3
Public 43 13,588 1,011 1,394 7.4 10.3
7500 Santa Rosa, CA PMSA Total 131 158,271 31,998 34,060 20.2 21.5
Private 104 126,656 9,548 9,548 7.5 7.5
Public 27 31,615 22,450 24,511 71.0 77.5
7510 Sarasota-Bradenton, FL MSA Total 225 190,688 14,189 17,342 7.4 9.1
Private 198 168,367 6,881 9,241 4.1 5.5
Public 27 22,321 7,308 8,101 32.7 36.3
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre-Hazelton, PA MSA Total 347 244,672 49,815 53,661 20.4 21.9
Private 287 202,968 27,114 27,954 13.4 13.8
Public 60 41,703 22,701 25,707 54.4 61.6
7600 Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA PMSA Total 903 1,098,435 192,873 210,086 17.6 19.1
Private 784 953,477 118,763 132,630 12.5 13.9
Public 119 144,959 74,111 77,456 51.1 53.4
7680 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA MSA Total 196 171,598 15,764 18,290 9.2 10.7
Private 161 141,163 9,472 9,472 6.7 6.7
Public 35 30,436 6,292 8,818 20.7 29.0
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 394 58,734 5,880 7,027 10.0 12.0
Private 352 52,365 3,156 3,715 6.0 7.1
Public 42 6,368 2,724 3,312 42.8 52.0
7800 South Bend, IN MSA Total 89 106,223 19,605 20,745 18.5 19.5
Private 82 98,430 16,347 16,347 16.6 16.6
Public 7 7,793 3,258 4,398 41.8 56.4
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 171 201,149 36,162 39,367 18.0 19.6
Private 144 170,154 19,030 20,999 11.2 12.3
Public 27 30,995 17,132 18,368 55.3 59.3
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 140 94,895 15,212 20,164 16.0 21.2
Private 96 64,784 4,885 5,539 7.5 8.5
Public 44 30,111 10,327 14,625 34.3 48.6
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 73 91,904 7,907 9,021 8.6 9.8
Private 61 77,790 3,393 4,507 4.4 5.8
Public 12 14,114 4,514 4,514 32.0 32.0
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 348 243,629 48,993 52,598 20.1 21.6
Private 273 191,910 21,213 22,796 11.1 11.9
Public 75 51,718 27,780 29,802 53.7 57.6
8040 Stamford-Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 164 144,686 19,607 20,488 13.6 14.2
Private 149 130,631 8,384 9,265 6.4 7.1
Public 15 14,054 11,223 11,223 79.9 79.9
8120 Stockton-Lodi, CA MSA Total 136 171,504 25,127 31,952 14.7 18.6
Private 104 133,098 14,182 15,662 10.7 11.8
Public 32 38,406 10,946 16,290 28.5 42.4
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 311 239,544 51,149 55,610 21.4 23.2
Private 257 198,469 27,244 29,859 13.7 15.0
Public 54 41,075 23,906 25,750 58.2 62.7
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 250 296,142 94,742 115,851 32.0 39.1
Private 190 225,779 51,209 64,108 22.7 28.4
Public 60 70,363 43,533 51,743 61.9 73.5
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 120 101,572 3,932 9,521 3.9 9.4
Private 64 55,527 864 864 1.6 1.6
Public 56 46,045 3,067 8,656 6.7 18.8
8280 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,055 922,810 66,419 89,304 7.2 9.7
Private 919 805,805 22,065 30,412 2.7 3.8
Public 136 117,005 44,354 58,892 37.9 50.3
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 338 237,561 58,411 61,159 24.6 25.7
Private 308 216,948 46,275 48,231 21.3 22.2
Public 30 20,614 12,136 12,927 58.9 62.7
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 104 54,989 6,788 9,704 12.3 17.6
Private 76 40,711 3,401 4,973 8.4 12.2
Public 28 14,278 3,388 4,731 23.7 33.1
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 203 147,567 36,887 39,460 25.0 26.7
Private 157 115,182 13,102 14,273 11.4 12.4
Public 46 32,385 23,785 25,187 73.4 77.8
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 391 342,216 34,146 38,789 10.0 11.3
Private 318 279,590 20,697 23,935 7.4 8.6
Public 73 62,626 13,449 14,855 21.5 23.7
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 520 313,253 31,404 35,598 10.0 11.4
Private 454 274,227 20,233 22,022 7.4 8.0
Public 66 39,026 11,171 13,576 28.6 34.8
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 110 91,741 9,564 10,370 10.4 11.3
Private 93 78,441 5,594 5,594 7.1 7.1
Public 17 13,300 3,970 4,777 29.9 35.9
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 183 145,368 37,957 41,424 26.1 28.5
Private 136 108,684 11,972 14,681 11.0 13.5
Public 47 36,684 25,985 26,743 70.8 72.9
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 196 239,737 59,444 62,291 24.8 26.0
Private 148 179,312 28,798 30,142 16.1 16.8
Public 48 60,425 30,646 32,149 50.7 53.2
8735 Ventura, CA PMSA Total 227 289,834 56,173 61,551 19.4 21.2
Private 176 226,610 20,461 20,461 9.0 9.0
Public 51 63,225 35,712 41,090 56.5 65.0
8760 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ PMSA Total 90 65,346 19,219 19,219 29.4 29.4
Private 79 57,278 13,404 13,404 23.4 23.4
Public 11 8,069 5,815 5,815 72.1 72.1
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 132 172,184 21,199 22,509 12.3 13.1
Private 114 149,859 8,634 9,943 5.8 6.6
Public 18 22,325 12,565 12,565 56.3 56.3
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 108 118,735 3,624 3,624 3.1 3.1
Private 88 95,661 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 20 23,074 3,624 3,624 15.7 15.7
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA Total 2,922 2,027,413 230,064 281,907 11.3 13.9
Private 2,090 1,526,330 114,203 137,619 7.5 9.0
Public 832 501,083 115,861 144,288 23.1 28.8
8880 Waterbury, CT PMSA Total 93 83,433 18,251 18,251 21.9 21.9
Private 82 74,166 11,704 11,704 15.8 15.8
Public 11 9,267 6,548 6,548 70.7 70.7
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 68 42,668 8,510 9,913 19.9 23.2
Private 57 35,826 5,377 6,205 15.0 17.3
Public 11 6,842 3,133 3,709 45.8 54.2
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL MSA Total 435 378,578 34,148 42,669 9.0 11.3
Private 383 335,149 13,344 20,130 4.0 6.0
Public 52 43,430 20,805 22,538 47.9 51.9
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 136 48,317 6,390 6,390 13.2 13.2
Private 122 43,307 4,586 4,586 10.6 10.6
Public 14 5,010 1,804 1,804 36.0 36.0
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 433 230,715 18,691 26,964 8.1 11.7
Private 385 205,772 15,119 22,332 7.3 10.9
Public 48 24,943 3,572 4,632 14.3 18.6
9160 Wilmington-Newark, DE-MD PMSA Total 1,114 229,052 26,126 28,773 11.4 12.6
Private 987 203,516 17,344 19,013 8.5 9.3
Public 127 25,536 8,781 9,761 34.4 38.2
9200 Wilmington, NC MSA Total 67 47,643 1,403 1,403 2.9 2.9
Private 59 42,658 1,403 1,403 3.3 3.3
Public 8 4,985 0 0 0.0 0.0
9240 Worcester, MA-CT PMSA Total 193 137,040 18,399 19,852 13.4 14.5
Private 167 118,786 9,269 10,016 7.8 8.4
Public 26 18,255 9,130 9,836 50.0 53.9
9270 Yolo, CA PMSA Total 49 59,136 13,055 13,055 22.1 22.1
Private 32 38,597 4,591 4,591 11.9 11.9
Public 17 20,539 8,463 8,463 41.2 41.2
9280 York, PA MSA Total 292 206,134 26,880 28,987 13.0 14.1
Private 259 183,500 16,691 16,691 9.1 9.1
Public 33 22,634 10,188 12,296 45.0 54.3
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 440 414,945 107,808 115,690 26.0 27.9
Private 391 373,032 81,560 85,533 21.9 22.9
Public 49 41,913 26,248 30,156 62.6 71.9
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 122 151,216 31,432 32,601 20.8 21.6
Private 92 116,112 12,188 12,188 10.5 10.5
Public 30 35,105 19,245 20,413 54.8 58.2
9360 Yuma, AZ MSA Total 88 77,599 7,755 8,578 10.0 11.1
Private 75 66,540 3,673 4,495 5.5 6.8
Public 13 11,059 4,083 4,083 36.9 36.9
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 1997. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2001 tables are based
on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS.
2002 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.