Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 1998 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
7 Boston-Worcester-Lawrence, MA-NH-ME-CT Total 4,047 2,538,860 375,891 413,926 14.8 16.3
Private 3,557 2,237,113 205,397 229,605 9.2 10.3
Public 490 301,747 170,494 184,321 56.5 61.1
Priv Const 160 103,399 31,608 32,929 30.6 31.8
Priv Manuf 735 442,903 50,842 55,668 11.5 12.6
14 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI Total 5,040 3,749,316 723,570 772,333 19.3 20.6
Private 4,426 3,294,196 488,982 519,625 14.8 15.8
Public 614 455,121 234,588 252,708 51.5 55.5
Priv Const 219 165,996 71,241 72,810 42.9 43.9
Priv Manuf 963 719,420 141,823 145,787 19.7 20.3
21 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,094 821,598 130,097 142,228 15.8 17.3
Private 984 740,975 98,288 104,215 13.3 14.1
Public 110 80,622 31,809 38,013 39.5 47.1
Priv Const 52 41,212 7,328 8,057 17.8 19.5
Priv Manuf 254 187,852 39,437 40,858 21.0 21.8
28 Cleveland-Akron, OH Total 1,912 1,402,380 245,784 255,957 17.5 18.3
Private 1,683 1,228,442 158,107 166,865 12.9 13.6
Public 229 173,938 87,677 89,092 50.4 51.2
Priv Const 80 59,883 18,176 18,176 30.4 30.4
Priv Manuf 401 289,812 57,801 60,667 19.9 20.9
31 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 2,270 2,580,500 149,794 179,277 5.8 6.9
Private 2,033 2,319,295 86,724 108,674 3.7 4.7
Public 237 261,205 63,069 70,603 24.1 27.0
Priv Const 120 142,201 4,180 5,370 2.9 3.8
Priv Manuf 373 421,652 20,074 25,243 4.8 6.0
34 Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO Total 1,589 1,202,179 117,390 132,048 9.8 11.0
Private 1,324 1,000,208 69,434 73,598 6.9 7.4
Public 265 201,971 47,956 58,450 23.7 28.9
Priv Const 99 75,208 6,392 6,392 8.5 8.5
Priv Manuf 172 127,825 9,774 9,774 7.6 7.6
35 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI Total 3,530 2,487,568 553,988 576,657 22.3 23.2
Private 3,130 2,208,221 399,300 416,488 18.1 18.9
Public 400 279,347 154,687 160,169 55.4 57.3
Priv Const 150 109,438 41,480 43,519 37.9 39.8
Priv Manuf 866 609,516 218,856 223,417 35.9 36.7
42 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,815 2,098,149 141,141 174,217 6.7 8.3
Private 1,561 1,808,181 73,666 87,442 4.1 4.8
Public 254 289,968 67,474 86,776 23.3 29.9
Priv Const 158 184,729 4,481 5,750 2.4 3.1
Priv Manuf 240 282,492 27,637 30,823 9.8 10.9
49 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA Total 6,986 6,399,367 973,617 1,094,335 15.2 17.1
Private 6,016 5,526,740 495,293 549,357 9.0 9.9
Public 970 872,628 478,324 544,978 54.8 62.5
Priv Const 328 323,422 59,698 60,494 18.5 18.7
Priv Manuf 1,240 1,118,027 85,843 96,115 7.7 8.6
56 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 1,822 1,622,307 131,487 167,826 8.1 10.3
Private 1,593 1,425,674 55,411 71,935 3.9 5.0
Public 229 196,632 76,076 95,891 38.7 48.8
Priv Const 101 93,480 7,687 8,554 8.2 9.2
Priv Manuf 146 133,391 3,456 6,410 2.6 4.8
63 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 872 884,094 186,007 189,186 21.0 21.4
Private 768 780,212 113,746 115,707 14.6 14.8
Public 104 103,882 72,261 73,479 69.6 70.7
Priv Const 36 36,571 14,737 14,737 40.3 40.3
Priv Manuf 230 232,421 54,858 56,819 23.6 24.4
70 New York-Northern NJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 11,044 8,560,060 2,061,029 2,176,019 24.1 25.4
Private 9,221 7,159,754 1,096,753 1,178,061 15.3 16.5
Public 1,823 1,400,306 964,276 997,958 68.9 71.3
Priv Const 436 349,787 99,742 105,507 28.5 30.2
Priv Manuf 1,369 1,065,390 184,373 198,444 17.3 18.6
77 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 4,355 2,594,758 453,128 494,450 17.5 19.1
Private 3,794 2,254,326 268,363 297,651 11.9 13.2
Public 561 340,432 184,765 196,799 54.3 57.8
Priv Const 161 94,013 29,070 30,101 30.9 32.0
Priv Manuf 609 366,286 69,009 71,507 18.8 19.5
79 Portland-Salem, OR-WA Total 1,292 1,016,568 175,458 186,256 17.3 18.3
Private 1,088 859,313 89,849 97,985 10.5 11.4
Public 204 157,255 85,609 88,271 54.4 56.1
Priv Const 82 69,252 12,297 12,981 17.8 18.7
Priv Manuf 227 176,810 21,997 23,597 12.4 13.3
82 Sacramento-Yolo, CA Total 561 689,981 128,284 154,016 18.6 22.3
Private 424 524,868 50,509 58,943 9.6 11.2
Public 137 165,113 77,775 95,074 47.1 57.6
Priv Const 23 28,701 2,203 2,203 7.7 7.7
Priv Manuf 44 52,783 8,303 8,303 15.7 15.7
84 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,422 3,026,829 545,158 581,846 18.0 19.2
Private 2,060 2,586,393 319,984 333,667 12.4 12.9
Public 362 440,436 225,175 248,179 51.1 56.3
Priv Const 112 145,857 48,522 48,522 33.3 33.3
Priv Manuf 429 534,556 41,135 45,186 7.7 8.5
91 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA Total 1,359 1,621,644 338,094 378,722 20.8 23.4
Private 1,110 1,326,426 208,880 229,593 15.7 17.3
Public 249 295,218 129,214 149,129 43.8 50.5
Priv Const 73 88,273 20,304 20,304 23.0 23.0
Priv Manuf 247 296,058 65,243 77,103 22.0 26.0
97 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 3,963 3,390,188 409,076 471,905 12.1 13.9
Private 2,916 2,532,958 181,344 197,322 7.2 7.8
Public 1,047 857,230 227,732 274,583 26.6 32.0
Priv Const 159 165,434 24,978 25,133 15.1 15.2
Priv Manuf 211 224,470 31,874 34,614 14.2 15.4
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH PMSA Total 451 316,082 53,743 54,862 17.0 17.4
Private 383 268,378 31,437 32,556 11.7 12.1
Public 68 47,704 22,306 22,306 46.8 46.8
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 388 300,629 68,561 72,537 22.8 24.1
Private 298 230,372 26,287 29,573 11.4 12.8
Public 90 70,258 42,274 42,964 60.2 61.2
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 896 291,283 27,564 36,209 9.5 12.4
Private 724 237,301 14,231 15,851 6.0 6.7
Public 172 53,982 13,333 20,358 24.7 37.7
240 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA MSA Total 387 271,268 43,504 45,658 16.0 16.8
Private 339 238,644 29,241 29,877 12.3 12.5
Public 48 32,623 14,263 15,781 43.7 48.4
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 836 121,675 23,435 25,158 19.3 20.7
Private 633 93,100 8,098 8,744 8.7 9.4
Public 203 28,576 15,337 16,414 53.7 57.4
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 444 314,307 45,122 48,487 14.4 15.4
Private 376 265,119 29,622 30,262 11.2 11.4
Public 68 49,188 15,500 18,225 31.5 37.1
450 Anniston, AL MSA Total 72 64,118 6,225 7,903 9.7 12.3
Private 55 48,424 2,681 2,681 5.5 5.5
Public 17 15,695 3,544 5,223 22.6 33.3
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI MSA Total 136 135,763 29,249 32,432 21.5 23.9
Private 124 123,036 21,753 22,964 17.7 18.7
Public 12 12,727 7,496 9,468 58.9 74.4
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 146 103,261 2,501 2,501 2.4 2.4
Private 128 90,859 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 18 12,403 2,501 2,501 20.2 20.2
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,548 1,867,448 136,163 152,962 7.3 8.2
Private 1,328 1,607,826 68,575 74,243 4.3 4.6
Public 220 259,623 67,588 78,719 26.0 30.3
560 Atlantic-Cape May, NJ PMSA Total 187 136,716 36,396 38,375 26.6 28.1
Private 154 113,259 22,043 24,022 19.5 21.2
Public 33 23,457 14,353 14,353 61.2 61.2
600 Augusta-Aiken, GA-SC MSA Total 172 177,342 3,212 5,181 1.8 2.9
Private 129 135,752 0 1,969 0.0 1.5
Public 43 41,590 3,212 3,212 7.7 7.7
640 Austin-San Marcos, TX MSA Total 444 488,103 15,592 16,674 3.2 3.4
Private 342 375,710 5,578 5,578 1.5 1.5
Public 102 112,394 10,013 11,095 8.9 9.9
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 194 244,947 41,273 44,664 16.8 18.2
Private 142 179,436 9,530 10,805 5.3 6.0
Public 52 65,511 31,742 33,859 48.5 51.7
720 Baltimore, MD PMSA Total 863 1,128,098 158,920 178,982 14.1 15.9
Private 653 853,263 66,111 69,877 7.7 8.2
Public 210 274,836 92,810 109,105 33.8 39.7
760 Balton Rouge, LA MSA Total 287 253,115 16,817 22,459 6.6 8.9
Private 213 187,679 8,044 9,066 4.3 4.8
Public 74 65,436 8,774 13,393 13.4 20.5
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA Total 148 162,137 15,529 16,513 9.6 10.2
Private 116 127,598 9,760 9,760 7.6 7.6
Public 32 34,539 5,769 6,754 16.7 19.6
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 123 143,644 32,650 33,831 22.7 23.6
Private 106 124,163 22,639 23,819 18.2 19.2
Public 17 19,481 10,012 10,012 51.4 51.4
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 69 51,184 8,041 8,041 15.7 15.7
Private 65 47,753 5,934 5,934 12.4 12.4
Public 4 3,430 2,107 2,107 61.4 61.4
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 806 587,162 122,350 129,537 20.8 22.1
Private 707 516,012 80,501 87,036 15.6 16.9
Public 99 71,151 41,850 42,501 58.8 59.7
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 136 105,413 25,440 25,440 24.1 24.1
Private 101 78,023 8,410 8,410 10.8 10.8
Public 35 27,390 17,030 17,030 62.2 62.2
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 535 489,852 37,877 50,130 7.7 10.2
Private 459 420,413 23,898 32,461 5.7 7.7
Public 76 69,439 13,979 17,669 20.1 25.4
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 841 202,602 11,110 14,671 5.5 7.2
Private 706 170,647 4,892 6,741 2.9 4.0
Public 135 31,955 6,219 7,930 19.5 24.8
1120 Boston, MA-NH PMSA Total 2,137 1,529,752 232,133 258,221 15.2 16.9
Private 1,895 1,359,917 131,072 151,033 9.6 11.1
Public 242 169,835 101,061 107,188 59.5 63.1
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 185 139,798 7,222 8,535 5.2 6.1
Private 151 112,648 3,952 3,952 3.5 3.5
Public 34 27,150 3,270 4,583 12.0 16.9
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 79 88,133 8,979 8,979 10.2 10.2
Private 68 77,495 6,091 6,091 7.9 7.9
Public 11 10,638 2,888 2,888 27.1 27.1
1160 Bridgeport, CT PMSA Total 221 191,423 37,999 39,720 19.9 20.7
Private 195 170,353 23,454 24,302 13.8 14.3
Public 26 21,070 14,546 15,418 69.0 73.2
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 198 138,254 22,211 22,935 16.1 16.6
Private 171 119,869 10,961 10,961 9.1 9.1
Public 27 18,385 11,251 11,974 61.2 65.1
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen-San Benito, TX MSA Total 91 103,499 8,942 9,777 8.6 9.4
Private 68 77,235 1,929 2,764 2.5 3.6
Public 23 26,264 7,013 7,013 26.7 26.7
1280 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA Total 655 510,083 135,141 139,949 26.5 27.4
Private 535 417,998 70,527 74,478 16.9 17.8
Public 120 92,085 64,614 65,471 70.2 71.1
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 464 76,918 7,481 8,316 9.7 10.8
Private 408 67,598 4,149 4,462 6.1 6.6
Public 56 9,320 3,332 3,854 35.8 41.4
1320 Canton-Massillon, OH MSA Total 217 152,819 33,348 36,084 21.8 23.6
Private 192 135,705 24,747 25,996 18.2 19.2
Public 25 17,115 8,601 10,088 50.3 58.9
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 139 85,029 11,950 11,950 14.1 14.1
Private 118 72,781 8,259 8,259 11.3 11.3
Public 21 12,247 3,691 3,691 30.1 30.1
1440 Charleston-North Charleston, SC MSA Total 263 253,552 16,216 17,128 6.4 6.8
Private 198 191,967 10,149 11,061 5.3 5.8
Public 65 61,585 6,067 6,067 9.9 9.9
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 313 116,335 8,877 9,241 7.6 7.9
Private 246 91,409 5,067 5,067 5.5 5.5
Public 67 24,927 3,810 4,174 15.3 16.7
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 840 634,183 31,188 38,000 4.9 6.0
Private 745 563,570 24,454 27,652 4.3 4.9
Public 95 70,612 6,734 10,348 9.5 14.7
1560 Chattanooga, TN-GA MSA Total 200 235,350 24,558 26,917 10.4 11.4
Private 172 200,603 15,625 16,833 7.8 8.4
Public 28 34,748 8,933 10,084 25.7 29.0
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 4,822 3,485,119 659,181 700,655 18.9 20.1
Private 4,230 3,058,373 435,328 461,593 14.2 15.1
Public 592 426,746 223,853 239,062 52.5 56.0
1620 Chico-Paradise, CA MSA Total 109 136,163 24,062 25,781 17.7 18.9
Private 85 106,552 6,611 8,331 6.2 7.8
Public 24 29,611 17,451 17,451 58.9 58.9
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 948 715,097 111,413 121,415 15.6 17.0
Private 847 641,239 81,171 86,417 12.7 13.5
Public 101 73,857 30,242 34,998 40.9 47.4
1660 Clarksville-Hopkinsville, TN-KY MSA Total 92 104,843 8,724 13,262 8.3 12.6
Private 68 78,543 4,574 6,862 5.8 8.7
Public 24 26,299 4,150 6,400 15.8 24.3
1680 Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 1,461 1,086,298 192,042 201,094 17.7 18.5
Private 1,300 960,064 126,671 134,309 13.2 14.0
Public 161 126,234 65,371 66,786 51.8 52.9
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 299 224,242 18,838 19,699 8.4 8.8
Private 264 197,393 10,195 11,056 5.2 5.6
Public 35 26,849 8,643 8,643 32.2 32.2
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 245 226,611 15,141 15,984 6.7 7.1
Private 173 160,781 5,564 5,564 3.5 3.5
Public 72 65,830 9,577 10,420 14.5 15.8
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 273 326,888 16,989 20,202 5.2 6.2
Private 208 253,693 5,375 6,586 2.1 2.6
Public 65 73,195 11,614 13,617 15.9 18.6
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 929 694,277 94,500 104,027 13.6 15.0
Private 757 568,381 49,572 52,846 8.7 9.3
Public 172 125,896 44,927 51,182 35.7 40.7
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 122 142,579 2,728 2,728 1.9 1.9
Private 94 109,287 2,728 2,728 2.5 2.5
Public 28 33,291 0 0 0.0 0.0
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,558 1,790,922 90,564 108,397 5.1 6.1
Private 1,392 1,606,788 51,002 65,494 3.2 4.1
Public 166 184,134 39,561 42,903 21.5 23.3
1930 Danbury, CT PMSA Total 118 104,238 17,422 17,422 16.7 16.7
Private 107 94,897 8,824 8,824 9.3 9.3
Public 11 9,341 8,598 8,598 92.0 92.0
1960 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL MSA Total 294 190,999 36,135 38,597 18.9 20.2
Private 257 167,656 25,043 25,043 14.9 14.9
Public 37 23,343 11,092 13,554 47.5 58.1
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 587 421,819 68,091 77,264 16.1 18.3
Private 500 359,759 43,175 48,615 12.0 13.5
Public 87 62,061 24,915 28,649 40.1 46.2
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 160 133,549 5,466 10,114 4.1 7.6
Private 138 114,986 661 2,512 0.6 2.2
Public 22 18,562 4,805 7,602 25.9 41.0
2030 Decatur, AL MSA Total 156 137,047 10,655 11,345 7.8 8.3
Private 131 115,915 3,185 3,875 2.7 3.3
Public 25 21,132 7,470 7,470 35.4 35.4
2040 Decatur, IL MSA Total 150 192,103 40,062 40,062 20.9 20.9
Private 130 165,876 31,959 31,959 19.3 19.3
Public 20 26,227 8,103 8,103 30.9 30.9
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 1,290 976,309 103,705 115,665 10.6 11.8
Private 1,078 815,753 60,518 64,682 7.4 7.9
Public 212 160,556 43,187 50,984 26.9 31.8
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 372 223,756 37,794 43,326 16.9 19.4
Private 321 194,838 26,299 28,135 13.5 14.4
Public 51 28,918 11,495 15,191 39.7 52.5
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 2,812 1,981,789 456,667 475,308 23.0 24.0
Private 2,526 1,784,116 330,287 346,835 18.5 19.4
Public 286 197,672 126,380 128,474 63.9 65.0
2190 Dover, DE MSA Total 276 53,377 7,664 8,561 14.4 16.0
Private 213 41,066 3,340 3,666 8.1 8.9
Public 63 12,311 4,324 4,895 35.1 39.8
2240 Duluth-Superior, MN-WI MSA Total 138 120,343 36,616 37,348 30.4 31.0
Private 112 97,968 22,256 22,256 22.7 22.7
Public 26 22,375 14,360 15,092 64.2 67.4
2281 Dutchess County, NY PMSA Total 138 108,182 23,422 25,746 21.7 23.8
Private 114 89,732 9,368 11,692 10.4 13.0
Public 24 18,450 14,054 14,054 76.2 76.2
2290 Eau Claire, WI MSA Total 135 134,533 22,764 25,618 16.9 19.0
Private 114 113,547 8,915 9,856 7.9 8.7
Public 21 20,986 13,849 15,762 66.0 75.1
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 213 246,213 14,013 18,729 5.7 7.6
Private 172 200,727 4,585 4,585 2.3 2.3
Public 41 45,486 9,428 14,144 20.7 31.1
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 163 113,936 23,049 24,350 20.2 21.4
Private 137 96,937 13,455 14,757 13.9 15.2
Public 26 16,999 9,593 9,593 56.4 56.4
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 170 130,860 20,186 20,186 15.4 15.4
Private 148 114,938 10,608 10,608 9.2 9.2
Public 22 15,922 9,578 9,578 60.2 60.2
2440 Evansville-Henderson, IN-KY MSA Total 100 118,781 20,840 20,840 17.5 17.5
Private 92 110,297 17,736 17,736 16.1 16.1
Public 8 8,484 3,104 3,104 36.6 36.6
2520 Fargo-Moorhead, ND-MN MSA Total 505 68,471 8,665 9,222 12.7 13.5
Private 422 57,372 4,238 4,514 7.4 7.9
Public 83 11,099 4,427 4,708 39.9 42.4
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 114 86,344 5,337 8,793 6.2 10.2
Private 84 63,878 1,162 2,582 1.8 4.0
Public 30 22,466 4,174 6,211 18.6 27.6
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR MSA Total 290 144,832 2,416 4,021 1.7 2.8
Private 255 127,851 517 1,636 0.4 1.3
Public 35 16,982 1,899 2,385 11.2 14.0
2600 Fitchburg-Leominster, MA PMSA Total 124 86,863 16,799 16,799 19.3 19.3
Private 101 71,591 5,507 5,507 7.7 7.7
Public 23 15,271 11,292 11,292 73.9 73.9
2640 Flint, MI PMSA Total 274 191,472 52,199 52,862 27.3 27.6
Private 228 158,986 39,392 39,392 24.8 24.8
Public 46 32,486 12,808 13,470 39.4 41.5
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 119 105,584 15,542 20,697 14.7 19.6
Private 96 85,953 8,198 9,180 9.5 10.7
Public 23 19,631 7,344 11,517 37.4 58.7
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 142 105,617 4,123 4,988 3.9 4.7
Private 112 82,859 1,356 2,221 1.6 2.7
Public 30 22,758 2,768 2,768 12.2 12.2
2680 Fort Lauderdale, FL PMSA Total 855 739,663 65,395 79,523 8.8 10.8
Private 747 649,031 22,637 27,143 3.5 4.2
Public 108 90,632 42,758 52,381 47.2 57.8
2700 Fort Myers-Cape Coral, FL MSA Total 209 173,620 6,447 8,117 3.7 4.7
Private 191 158,981 685 1,574 0.4 1.0
Public 18 14,639 5,762 6,543 39.4 44.7
2710 Fort Pierce-Port St. Lucie, FL MSA Total 109 92,043 1,663 3,986 1.8 4.3
Private 96 80,806 855 2,370 1.1 2.9
Public 13 11,237 808 1,617 7.2 14.4
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 159 80,749 8,701 10,815 10.8 13.4
Private 146 74,516 8,262 10,376 11.1 13.9
Public 13 6,232 439 439 7.0 7.0
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 103 91,530 2,307 2,307 2.5 2.5
Private 83 73,558 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 20 17,972 2,307 2,307 12.8 12.8
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 177 208,187 34,927 36,976 16.8 17.8
Private 156 183,697 25,766 26,740 14.0 14.6
Public 21 24,490 9,161 10,236 37.4 41.8
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 712 789,579 59,230 70,880 7.5 9.0
Private 641 712,508 35,722 43,180 5.0 6.1
Public 71 77,071 23,508 27,700 30.5 35.9
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 263 339,030 56,623 69,683 16.7 20.6
Private 201 262,117 23,872 28,341 9.1 10.8
Public 62 76,914 32,751 41,342 42.6 53.8
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 114 97,274 10,255 11,996 10.5 12.3
Private 70 61,159 2,456 2,456 4.0 4.0
Public 44 36,115 7,799 9,539 21.6 26.4
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 131 156,533 27,913 31,023 17.8 19.8
Private 91 109,263 15,375 15,375 14.1 14.1
Public 40 47,269 12,538 15,648 26.5 33.1
2960 Gary, IN PMSA Total 218 264,198 64,389 71,678 24.4 27.1
Private 196 235,823 53,654 58,032 22.8 24.6
Public 22 28,375 10,735 13,646 37.8 48.1
3000 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI MSA Total 746 531,860 83,028 88,504 15.6 16.6
Private 666 476,958 55,024 59,149 11.5 12.4
Public 80 54,903 28,003 29,355 51.0 53.5
3060 Greeley, CO PMSA Total 114 86,071 6,464 7,848 7.5 9.1
Private 95 71,807 4,964 4,964 6.9 6.9
Public 19 14,265 1,499 2,884 10.5 20.2
3080 Green Bay, WI MSA Total 220 223,060 41,054 43,029 18.4 19.3
Private 179 181,848 16,409 17,512 9.0 9.6
Public 41 41,212 24,645 25,517 59.8 61.9
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 771 569,563 33,601 35,777 5.9 6.3
Private 684 505,367 25,274 27,450 5.0 5.4
Public 87 64,197 8,327 8,327 13.0 13.0
3150 Greenville, NC MSA Total 111 96,179 3,399 3,399 3.5 3.5
Private 85 74,756 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 26 21,424 3,399 3,399 15.9 15.9
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC MSA Total 519 482,413 6,128 6,128 1.3 1.3
Private 464 433,046 4,558 4,558 1.1 1.1
Public 55 49,367 1,570 1,570 3.2 3.2
3180 Hagerstown, MD PMSA Total 83 83,384 14,084 17,174 16.9 20.6
Private 61 61,355 5,879 5,879 9.6 9.6
Public 22 22,029 8,205 11,294 37.2 51.3
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 146 106,501 18,684 20,813 17.5 19.5
Private 137 99,736 17,117 17,797 17.2 17.8
Public 9 6,765 1,568 3,015 23.2 44.6
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 403 276,289 48,605 59,297 17.6 21.5
Private 330 227,717 28,708 31,302 12.6 13.7
Public 73 48,572 19,897 27,995 41.0 57.6
3280 Hartford, CT MSA Total 608 518,619 94,577 97,530 18.2 18.8
Private 544 463,180 61,283 63,343 13.2 13.7
Public 64 55,439 33,295 34,187 60.1 61.7
3290 Hickory-Morgantown, NC MSA Total 155 116,689 0 956 0.0 0.8
Private 140 105,828 0 956 0.0 0.9
Public 15 10,861 0 0 0.0 0.0
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,164 383,485 95,010 99,353 24.8 25.9
Private 925 304,919 57,673 59,057 18.9 19.4
Public 239 78,566 37,337 40,295 47.5 51.3
3350 Houma, LA MSA Total 104 84,481 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 86 70,348 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 18 14,133 0 0 0.0 0.0
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,605 1,853,483 104,249 134,215 5.6 7.2
Private 1,402 1,621,422 52,201 65,976 3.2 4.1
Public 203 232,061 52,048 68,239 22.4 29.4
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 121 45,095 6,325 7,311 14.0 16.2
Private 96 36,188 4,283 4,646 11.8 12.8
Public 25 8,907 2,043 2,664 22.9 29.9
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 121 105,734 7,673 10,892 7.3 10.3
Private 94 81,871 3,989 4,783 4.9 5.8
Public 27 23,862 3,684 6,109 15.4 25.6
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 560 667,365 72,985 91,884 10.9 13.8
Private 502 597,518 54,725 61,793 9.2 10.3
Public 58 69,848 18,260 30,091 26.1 43.1
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 133 202,404 43,656 50,996 21.6 25.2
Private 110 168,464 22,564 28,461 13.4 16.9
Public 23 33,940 21,092 22,534 62.1 66.4
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 325 204,435 11,535 15,031 5.6 7.4
Private 241 152,041 6,466 7,045 4.3 4.6
Public 84 52,394 5,069 7,986 9.7 15.2
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 556 485,606 42,559 49,604 8.8 10.2
Private 482 423,290 23,874 27,599 5.6 6.5
Public 74 62,316 18,685 22,005 30.0 35.3
3610 Jamestown, NY MSA Total 153 120,093 29,759 29,759 24.8 24.8
Private 135 106,381 21,469 21,469 20.2 20.2
Public 18 13,712 8,290 8,290 60.5 60.5
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 335 257,232 62,078 65,363 24.1 25.4
Private 306 233,247 50,121 52,708 21.5 22.6
Public 29 23,986 11,957 12,655 49.9 52.8
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 151 168,950 6,339 6,339 3.8 3.8
Private 128 143,599 4,319 4,319 3.0 3.0
Public 23 25,352 2,020 2,020 8.0 8.0
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 107 72,536 7,460 9,513 10.3 13.1
Private 97 66,076 6,077 7,445 9.2 11.3
Public 10 6,460 1,383 2,068 21.4 32.0
3720 Kalamazoo-Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 242 171,988 38,266 38,266 22.2 22.2
Private 197 140,202 18,647 18,647 13.3 13.3
Public 45 31,786 19,619 19,619 61.7 61.7
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 1,034 861,131 92,964 107,047 10.8 12.4
Private 876 733,310 62,305 63,884 8.5 8.7
Public 158 127,821 30,658 43,164 24.0 33.8
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 261 298,258 27,119 32,623 9.1 10.9
Private 224 254,954 13,975 19,479 5.5 7.6
Public 37 43,304 13,143 13,143 30.4 30.4
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 169 150,846 0 1,719 0.0 1.1
Private 148 131,906 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 21 18,941 0 1,719 0.0 9.1
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 118 104,836 11,824 11,824 11.3 11.3
Private 99 86,781 10,245 10,245 11.8 11.8
Public 19 18,055 1,580 1,580 8.8 8.8
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 205 178,976 7,228 8,475 4.0 4.7
Private 173 151,634 2,740 2,740 1.8 1.8
Public 32 27,342 4,488 5,735 16.4 21.0
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 285 196,106 18,106 20,121 9.2 10.3
Private 261 179,045 13,773 14,465 7.7 8.1
Public 24 17,061 4,334 5,656 25.4 33.2
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 346 243,170 62,138 63,868 25.6 26.3
Private 264 187,407 34,519 35,283 18.4 18.8
Public 82 55,763 27,618 28,585 49.5 51.3
4080 Laredo, TX MSA Total 93 111,144 10,063 10,063 9.1 9.1
Private 68 82,875 2,375 2,375 2.9 2.9
Public 25 28,268 7,688 7,688 27.2 27.2
4100 Las Cruces, NM MSA Total 205 71,011 5,750 7,538 8.1 10.6
Private 137 48,378 1,726 1,726 3.6 3.6
Public 68 22,633 4,024 5,812 17.8 25.7
4120 Las Vegas, NV-AZ MSA Total 1,418 545,523 107,553 115,462 19.7 21.2
Private 1,281 495,196 85,981 91,429 17.4 18.5
Public 137 50,327 21,572 24,033 42.9 47.8
4160 Lawrence, MA-NH PMSA Total 153 109,828 14,728 16,234 13.4 14.8
Private 140 100,761 9,708 10,499 9.6 10.4
Public 13 9,067 5,020 5,735 55.4 63.3
4280 Lexington, KY MSA Total 275 229,162 26,673 39,228 11.6 17.1
Private 233 194,822 22,028 25,052 11.3 12.9
Public 42 34,340 4,646 14,176 13.5 41.3
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 345 120,586 14,511 18,140 12.0 15.0
Private 266 93,654 7,580 8,288 8.1 8.8
Public 79 26,932 6,931 9,852 25.7 36.6
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 430 227,940 15,259 17,171 6.7 7.5
Private 328 174,796 4,899 5,385 2.8 3.1
Public 102 53,144 10,360 11,786 19.5 22.2
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 4,977 3,793,732 567,276 639,632 15.0 16.9
Private 4,294 3,281,746 306,955 343,387 9.4 10.5
Public 683 511,986 260,321 296,246 50.8 57.9
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 580 510,470 82,266 94,861 16.1 18.6
Private 496 437,865 58,555 61,099 13.4 14.0
Public 84 72,605 23,711 33,762 32.7 46.5
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 262 188,567 23,386 26,756 12.4 14.2
Private 227 162,937 11,900 13,237 7.3 8.1
Public 35 25,629 11,486 13,519 44.8 52.7
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 106 112,998 3,889 6,276 3.4 5.6
Private 82 88,210 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 24 24,789 3,889 6,276 15.7 25.3
4680 Macon, GA MSA Total 117 145,360 14,168 16,408 9.7 11.3
Private 90 112,378 5,415 6,586 4.8 5.9
Public 27 32,982 8,753 9,821 26.5 29.8
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 221 214,119 41,830 43,754 19.5 20.4
Private 169 164,479 22,135 22,135 13.5 13.5
Public 52 49,640 19,695 21,619 39.7 43.6
4760 Manchester, NH PMSA Total 232 73,665 8,947 10,628 12.1 14.4
Private 200 63,710 4,141 4,938 6.5 7.8
Public 32 9,954 4,807 5,691 48.3 57.2
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 108 125,009 4,849 14,065 3.9 11.3
Private 77 90,919 1,166 2,333 1.3 2.6
Public 31 34,090 3,684 11,732 10.8 34.4
4890 Medford-Ashland, OR MSA Total 119 91,476 10,672 11,887 11.7 13.0
Private 103 79,070 4,511 5,726 5.7 7.2
Public 16 12,406 6,161 6,161 49.7 49.7
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 222 189,607 11,463 14,106 6.0 7.4
Private 197 168,534 7,199 8,137 4.3 4.8
Public 25 21,073 4,264 5,969 20.2 28.3
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 354 453,206 46,497 59,678 10.3 13.2
Private 303 389,490 27,442 37,136 7.0 9.5
Public 51 63,716 19,056 22,542 29.9 35.4
4940 Merced, CA MSA Total 105 134,945 21,617 22,952 16.0 17.0
Private 88 114,419 10,854 10,854 9.5 9.5
Public 17 20,526 10,763 12,098 52.4 58.9
5000 Miami, FL PMSA Total 967 882,644 66,092 88,303 7.5 10.0
Private 846 776,644 32,774 44,792 4.2 5.8
Public 121 106,000 33,318 43,510 31.4 41.0
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 724 534,587 112,776 117,807 21.1 22.0
Private 617 456,906 63,115 66,686 13.8 14.6
Public 107 77,682 49,661 51,121 63.9 65.8
5080 Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI PMSA Total 715 729,455 157,850 161,028 21.6 22.1
Private 625 639,487 96,560 98,521 15.1 15.4
Public 90 89,968 61,290 62,507 68.1 69.5
5120 Minneapolis-St., Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 1,542 1,425,322 271,319 286,319 19.0 20.1
Private 1,317 1,219,003 149,818 153,274 12.3 12.6
Public 225 206,319 121,501 133,045 58.9 64.5
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 210 184,714 17,998 17,998 9.7 9.7
Private 179 157,966 5,785 5,785 3.7 3.7
Public 31 26,748 12,213 12,213 45.7 45.7
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 145 181,506 42,954 50,925 23.7 28.1
Private 110 137,882 19,234 24,645 13.9 17.9
Public 35 43,624 23,720 26,280 54.4 60.2
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 568 408,153 87,047 91,137 21.3 22.3
Private 477 344,163 41,974 43,388 12.2 12.6
Public 91 63,990 45,073 47,749 70.4 74.6
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 115 100,197 6,958 7,986 6.9 8.0
Private 91 80,017 5,520 5,520 6.9 6.9
Public 24 20,180 1,438 2,466 7.1 12.2
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 126 118,338 4,082 4,985 3.4 4.2
Private 91 85,962 2,364 2,364 2.8 2.8
Public 35 32,376 1,717 2,621 5.3 8.1
5330 Myrtle Beach, SC MSA Total 75 72,888 1,092 1,976 1.5 2.7
Private 66 64,627 0 884 0.0 1.4
Public 9 8,262 1,092 1,092 13.2 13.2
5345 Naples, FL MSA Total 110 93,658 2,775 3,628 3.0 3.9
Private 101 85,776 823 1,676 1.0 2.0
Public 9 7,882 1,952 1,952 24.8 24.8
5350 Nashua, NH PMSA Total 285 91,085 8,588 8,928 9.4 9.8
Private 259 82,784 2,195 2,195 2.7 2.7
Public 26 8,300 6,392 6,732 77.0 81.1
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 476 559,130 29,892 32,114 5.3 5.7
Private 409 482,033 17,102 19,324 3.5 4.0
Public 67 77,097 12,790 12,790 16.6 16.6
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 1,498 1,194,218 316,899 327,488 26.5 27.4
Private 1,209 968,394 146,235 152,189 15.1 15.7
Public 289 225,824 170,664 175,299 75.6 77.6
5400 New Bedford, MA PMSA Total 127 90,546 22,040 23,447 24.3 25.9
Private 109 77,825 16,369 16,369 21.0 21.0
Public 18 12,721 5,671 7,078 44.6 55.6
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT PMSA Total 294 258,049 42,799 44,718 16.6 17.3
Private 242 213,946 19,097 20,071 8.9 9.4
Public 52 44,103 23,702 24,647 53.7 55.9
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 128 108,027 25,323 25,323 23.4 23.4
Private 104 88,748 11,124 11,124 12.5 12.5
Public 24 19,279 14,199 14,199 73.7 73.7
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 619 567,718 59,676 77,567 10.5 13.7
Private 507 463,422 25,803 34,105 5.6 7.4
Public 112 104,296 33,873 43,461 32.5 41.7
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 4,462 3,460,888 896,253 944,596 25.9 27.3
Private 3,698 2,867,370 487,513 524,800 17.0 18.3
Public 764 593,518 408,740 419,796 68.9 70.7
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,238 930,114 219,730 239,144 23.6 25.7
Private 1,042 785,290 123,031 137,973 15.7 17.6
Public 196 144,824 96,699 101,170 66.8 69.9
5660 Newburgh, NY-PA PMSA Total 168 136,228 47,864 51,984 35.1 38.2
Private 109 89,844 11,811 13,717 13.1 15.3
Public 59 46,385 36,053 38,266 77.7 82.5
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA Total 520 641,501 42,523 47,412 6.6 7.4
Private 397 490,237 18,694 19,839 3.8 4.0
Public 123 151,264 23,829 27,573 15.8 18.2
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 760 943,714 216,332 231,023 22.9 24.5
Private 616 766,286 121,698 127,764 15.9 16.7
Public 144 177,428 94,634 103,258 53.3 58.2
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 84 70,977 3,907 5,436 5.5 7.7
Private 69 58,940 1,574 1,574 2.7 2.7
Public 15 12,037 2,333 3,862 19.4 32.1
5800 Odessa-Midland, TX MSA Total 102 110,169 3,274 3,274 3.0 3.0
Private 86 92,857 2,115 2,115 2.3 2.3
Public 16 17,313 1,160 1,160 6.7 6.7
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 813 486,680 42,403 48,922 8.7 10.1
Private 638 382,598 20,547 24,086 5.4 6.3
Public 175 104,082 21,856 24,835 21.0 23.9
5910 Olympia, WA PMSA Total 128 157,004 30,717 39,767 19.6 25.3
Private 73 90,292 13,758 15,213 15.2 16.8
Public 55 66,712 16,958 24,554 25.4 36.8
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 940 321,410 36,448 44,692 11.3 13.9
Private 818 278,636 19,878 24,421 7.1 8.8
Public 122 42,774 16,571 20,271 38.7 47.4
5945 Orange County, CA PMSA Total 977 1,252,728 144,180 172,458 11.5 13.8
Private 861 1,110,972 61,755 71,621 5.6 6.4
Public 116 141,756 82,425 100,837 58.1 71.1
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 808 717,865 34,792 59,059 4.8 8.2
Private 722 641,497 19,820 32,005 3.1 5.0
Public 86 76,368 14,973 27,054 19.6 35.4
6015 Panama City, FL MSA Total 88 74,830 2,523 3,399 3.4 4.5
Private 67 57,596 1,689 2,566 2.9 4.5
Public 21 17,233 833 833 4.8 4.8
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 162 137,577 8,281 10,073 6.0 7.3
Private 119 102,124 3,787 4,778 3.7 4.7
Public 43 35,453 4,493 5,294 12.7 14.9
6120 Peoria-Pekin, IL MSA Total 249 168,130 37,144 37,144 22.1 22.1
Private 226 153,310 31,425 31,425 20.5 20.5
Public 23 14,820 5,718 5,718 38.6 38.6
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 2,913 2,171,402 368,710 405,602 17.0 18.7
Private 2,535 1,889,130 216,243 241,456 11.4 12.8
Public 378 282,272 152,466 164,146 54.0 58.2
6200 Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA Total 1,474 1,235,742 78,044 95,080 6.3 7.7
Private 1,291 1,087,691 42,221 50,246 3.9 4.6
Public 183 148,051 35,823 44,835 24.2 30.3
6280 Pittsburgh, PA MSA Total 1,432 1,002,484 172,693 183,354 17.2 18.3
Private 1,278 896,354 110,270 117,472 12.3 13.1
Public 154 106,130 62,423 65,882 58.8 62.1
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 328 103,152 12,132 12,945 11.8 12.5
Private 289 91,246 5,513 5,513 6.0 6.0
Public 39 11,905 6,619 7,432 55.6 62.4
6440 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA PMSA Total 1,101 872,756 150,912 160,380 17.3 18.4
Private 948 753,243 80,346 88,482 10.7 11.7
Public 153 119,513 70,566 71,898 59.0 60.2
6450 Portsmouth-Rochester, NH-ME PMSA Total 375 119,267 10,304 11,902 8.6 10.0
Private 323 102,830 5,685 5,685 5.5 5.5
Public 52 16,437 4,619 6,217 28.1 37.8
6480 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA MSA Total 1,617 493,434 93,351 96,964 18.9 19.7
Private 1,401 432,635 48,641 50,889 11.2 11.8
Public 216 60,799 44,710 46,076 73.5 75.8
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 355 138,516 8,321 10,160 6.0 7.3
Private 315 123,378 2,942 4,313 2.4 3.5
Public 40 15,138 5,378 5,847 35.5 38.6
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 100 75,536 11,125 11,125 14.7 14.7
Private 75 56,805 3,161 3,161 5.6 5.6
Public 25 18,730 7,963 7,963 42.5 42.5
6580 Punta Gorda, FL MSA Total 86 72,022 12,792 13,643 17.8 18.9
Private 68 56,792 3,314 3,314 5.8 5.8
Public 18 15,231 9,478 10,328 62.2 67.8
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 157 154,639 28,158 28,158 18.2 18.2
Private 143 140,725 17,186 17,186 12.2 12.2
Public 14 13,915 10,972 10,972 78.9 78.9
6640 Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MSA Total 770 591,049 23,848 31,113 4.0 5.3
Private 602 467,449 11,125 14,529 2.4 3.1
Public 168 123,599 12,722 16,584 10.3 13.4
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 245 169,426 29,933 30,666 17.7 18.1
Private 223 154,466 18,572 18,572 12.0 12.0
Public 22 14,960 11,361 12,094 75.9 80.8
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 379 140,822 16,772 22,230 11.9 15.8
Private 309 114,447 8,237 11,250 7.2 9.8
Public 70 26,375 8,535 10,980 32.4 41.6
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 370 444,751 30,417 33,856 6.8 7.6
Private 313 376,640 24,248 25,098 6.4 6.7
Public 57 68,111 6,169 8,759 9.1 12.9
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 824 1,076,765 212,756 230,388 19.8 21.4
Private 692 908,231 108,201 114,808 11.9 12.6
Public 132 168,533 104,555 115,579 62.0 68.6
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 118 146,023 15,904 15,904 10.9 10.9
Private 106 131,506 12,664 12,664 9.6 9.6
Public 12 14,517 3,240 3,240 22.3 22.3
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 640 503,550 89,197 95,090 17.7 18.9
Private 541 428,018 38,030 41,327 8.9 9.7
Public 99 75,532 51,167 53,763 67.7 71.2
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 269 185,685 28,244 30,056 15.2 16.2
Private 243 166,954 19,533 20,717 11.7 12.4
Public 26 18,731 8,711 9,339 46.5 49.9
6920 Sacramento, CA PMSA Total 526 647,522 118,686 144,418 18.3 22.3
Private 399 494,440 46,962 55,395 9.5 11.2
Public 127 153,082 71,724 89,023 46.9 58.2
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 240 173,270 44,887 44,887 25.9 25.9
Private 212 153,745 32,853 32,853 21.4 21.4
Public 28 19,524 12,034 12,034 61.6 61.6
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL MSA Total 1,084 1,174,826 209,516 228,216 17.8 19.4
Private 955 1,037,730 151,160 159,012 14.6 15.3
Public 129 137,096 58,356 69,203 42.6 50.5
7080 Salem, OR PMSA Total 191 143,812 24,546 25,876 17.1 18.0
Private 140 106,070 9,503 9,503 9.0 9.0
Public 51 37,742 15,043 16,373 39.9 43.4
7120 Salinas, CA MSA Total 98 123,783 16,557 16,557 13.4 13.4
Private 81 102,668 10,343 10,343 10.1 10.1
Public 17 21,115 6,214 6,214 29.4 29.4
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,620 629,219 47,391 61,803 7.5 9.8
Private 1,339 523,284 23,986 28,902 4.6 5.5
Public 281 105,936 23,405 32,902 22.1 31.1
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 577 654,240 43,369 49,787 6.6 7.6
Private 467 531,670 20,020 20,823 3.8 3.9
Public 110 122,570 23,350 28,963 19.1 23.6
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 870 1,098,968 137,686 156,516 12.5 14.2
Private 718 910,227 61,821 65,776 6.8 7.2
Public 152 188,741 75,865 90,740 40.2 48.1
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 698 869,763 137,751 145,199 15.8 16.7
Private 615 769,415 90,385 92,797 11.7 12.1
Public 83 100,347 47,366 52,402 47.2 52.2
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 657 828,975 111,331 116,316 13.4 14.0
Private 588 743,376 74,270 78,101 10.0 10.5
Public 69 85,600 37,060 38,215 43.3 44.6
7460 San Luis Obispo-Atascadero-Paso Robles, CA MSA Total 121 155,178 26,334 26,334 17.0 17.0
Private 96 123,606 8,958 8,958 7.2 7.2
Public 25 31,572 17,376 17,376 55.0 55.0
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 155 200,504 21,799 28,861 10.9 14.4
Private 132 172,622 12,886 14,032 7.5 8.1
Public 23 27,882 8,913 14,829 32.0 53.2
7490 Santa Fe, NM MSA Total 172 54,305 4,563 4,791 8.4 8.8
Private 114 36,162 2,605 2,605 7.2 7.2
Public 58 18,143 1,958 2,186 10.8 12.0
7500 Santa Rosa, CA PMSA Total 138 170,436 34,656 37,837 20.3 22.2
Private 112 140,627 14,821 14,821 10.5 10.5
Public 26 29,810 19,835 23,016 66.5 77.2
7510 Sarasota-Bradenton, FL MSA Total 212 178,685 17,685 21,202 9.9 11.9
Private 180 151,840 6,482 8,361 4.3 5.5
Public 32 26,845 11,203 12,841 41.7 47.8
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre-Hazelton, PA MSA Total 319 220,754 45,267 50,705 20.5 23.0
Private 264 182,696 25,180 28,554 13.8 15.6
Public 55 38,057 20,087 22,150 52.8 58.2
7600 Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA PMSA Total 972 1,161,908 209,892 231,199 18.1 19.9
Private 839 1,004,588 139,482 154,031 13.9 15.3
Public 133 157,319 70,410 77,168 44.8 49.1
7680 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA MSA Total 208 185,178 11,718 16,646 6.3 9.0
Private 180 160,474 8,960 11,382 5.6 7.1
Public 28 24,703 2,758 5,265 11.2 21.3
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 429 65,225 5,924 7,394 9.1 11.3
Private 375 57,100 3,559 4,149 6.2 7.3
Public 54 8,125 2,365 3,246 29.1 39.9
7800 South Bend, IN MSA Total 87 105,462 17,684 18,573 16.8 17.6
Private 78 94,943 9,559 10,447 10.1 11.0
Public 9 10,519 8,126 8,126 77.2 77.2
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 168 196,741 36,872 38,802 18.7 19.7
Private 147 173,561 26,092 28,022 15.0 16.1
Public 21 23,180 10,780 10,780 46.5 46.5
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 152 103,711 16,321 19,325 15.7 18.6
Private 103 70,186 5,516 5,516 7.9 7.9
Public 49 33,525 10,805 13,809 32.2 41.2
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 65 79,884 8,778 11,494 11.0 14.4
Private 58 71,115 6,351 7,753 8.9 10.9
Public 7 8,769 2,427 3,742 27.7 42.7
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 374 266,055 57,069 61,161 21.4 23.0
Private 305 218,295 28,077 30,026 12.9 13.8
Public 69 47,761 28,992 31,136 60.7 65.2
8040 Stamford-Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 174 154,909 13,258 15,120 8.6 9.8
Private 161 142,541 4,776 5,420 3.4 3.8
Public 13 12,368 8,483 9,700 68.6 78.4
8120 Stockton-Lodi, CA MSA Total 142 183,566 40,728 49,339 22.2 26.9
Private 107 140,026 22,773 26,422 16.3 18.9
Public 35 43,540 17,956 22,917 41.2 52.6
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 317 250,489 53,479 56,749 21.3 22.7
Private 268 212,354 30,339 32,951 14.3 15.5
Public 49 38,134 23,140 23,798 60.7 62.4
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 259 302,732 97,485 107,755 32.2 35.6
Private 198 231,545 55,639 60,348 24.0 26.1
Public 61 71,187 41,846 47,407 58.8 66.6
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 138 117,877 7,768 19,858 6.6 16.8
Private 74 64,156 846 1,576 1.3 2.5
Public 64 53,721 6,922 18,282 12.9 34.0
8280 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,107 965,848 58,567 80,731 6.1 8.4
Private 949 830,189 17,804 27,436 2.1 3.3
Public 158 135,659 40,763 53,295 30.0 39.3
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 361 254,784 64,696 67,661 25.4 26.6
Private 308 218,197 42,532 44,108 19.5 20.2
Public 53 36,588 22,164 23,553 60.6 64.4
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 89 48,092 3,856 3,856 8.0 8.0
Private 68 36,511 2,292 2,292 6.3 6.3
Public 21 11,581 1,563 1,563 13.5 13.5
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 207 152,012 41,808 46,916 27.5 30.9
Private 159 116,785 18,554 20,873 15.9 17.9
Public 48 35,226 23,254 26,043 66.0 73.9
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 403 341,128 26,748 29,431 7.8 8.6
Private 323 275,218 16,678 18,717 6.1 6.8
Public 80 65,910 10,070 10,714 15.3 16.3
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 558 330,729 34,478 38,581 10.4 11.7
Private 494 293,882 22,077 23,828 7.5 8.1
Public 64 36,846 12,401 14,753 33.7 40.0
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 103 91,585 8,567 10,260 9.4 11.2
Private 90 80,063 4,210 4,977 5.3 6.2
Public 13 11,522 4,357 5,283 37.8 45.9
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 158 126,971 27,931 30,560 22.0 24.1
Private 116 95,651 10,782 11,855 11.3 12.4
Public 42 31,319 17,149 18,705 54.8 59.7
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 169 213,941 45,088 51,471 21.1 24.1
Private 129 166,689 18,809 20,184 11.3 12.1
Public 40 47,251 26,279 31,288 55.6 66.2
8735 Ventura, CA PMSA Total 208 276,143 49,404 51,856 17.9 18.8
Private 169 225,791 18,381 19,541 8.1 8.7
Public 39 50,352 31,023 32,316 61.6 64.2
8760 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ PMSA Total 71 52,012 16,229 16,229 31.2 31.2
Private 61 44,937 10,567 10,567 23.5 23.5
Public 10 7,074 5,662 5,662 80.0 80.0
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 118 149,370 18,474 22,485 12.4 15.1
Private 102 129,108 11,150 11,150 8.6 8.6
Public 16 20,261 7,324 11,335 36.1 55.9
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 116 129,669 5,196 5,196 4.0 4.0
Private 96 106,566 2,275 2,275 2.1 2.1
Public 20 23,103 2,921 2,921 12.6 12.6
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA Total 3,017 2,178,706 236,071 275,749 10.8 12.7
Private 2,202 1,618,341 109,354 121,566 6.8 7.5
Public 815 560,365 126,717 154,183 22.6 27.5
8880 Waterbury, CT PMSA Total 93 82,664 19,322 19,322 23.4 23.4
Private 78 70,275 8,380 8,380 11.9 11.9
Public 15 12,389 10,942 10,942 88.3 88.3
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 82 49,865 8,431 10,384 16.9 20.8
Private 75 45,448 6,548 7,969 14.4 17.5
Public 7 4,417 1,883 2,415 42.6 54.7
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL MSA Total 443 382,287 20,063 22,516 5.2 5.9
Private 388 335,091 2,378 3,981 0.7 1.2
Public 55 47,196 17,685 18,534 37.5 39.3
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 126 47,292 5,970 5,970 12.6 12.6
Private 112 41,974 3,724 3,724 8.9 8.9
Public 14 5,318 2,246 2,246 42.2 42.2
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 453 242,301 27,178 32,619 11.2 13.5
Private 397 213,958 22,110 26,884 10.3 12.6
Public 56 28,344 5,069 5,735 17.9 20.2
9160 Wilmington-Newark, DE-MD PMSA Total 1,184 234,629 31,793 34,244 13.6 14.6
Private 1,044 206,999 19,509 21,606 9.4 10.4
Public 140 27,629 12,284 12,638 44.5 45.7
9200 Wilmington, NC MSA Total 75 62,060 2,893 5,249 4.7 8.5
Private 61 51,829 2,305 3,024 4.4 5.8
Public 14 10,231 588 2,225 5.7 21.8
9240 Worcester, MA-CT PMSA Total 154 111,033 16,754 18,076 15.1 16.3
Private 132 94,887 7,859 9,181 8.3 9.7
Public 22 16,146 8,895 8,895 55.1 55.1
9270 Yolo, CA PMSA Total 35 42,460 9,598 9,598 22.6 22.6
Private 25 30,429 3,547 3,547 11.7 11.7
Public 10 12,031 6,051 6,051 50.3 50.3
9280 York, PA MSA Total 295 201,640 30,062 34,030 14.9 16.9
Private 257 175,931 16,675 18,011 9.5 10.2
Public 38 25,709 13,387 16,019 52.1 62.3
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 443 394,315 101,451 110,687 25.7 28.1
Private 379 342,683 66,630 72,630 19.4 21.2
Public 64 51,632 34,821 38,056 67.4 73.7
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 119 147,182 37,356 39,864 25.4 27.1
Private 84 105,666 20,412 20,412 19.3 19.3
Public 35 41,516 16,944 19,452 40.8 46.9
9360 Yuma, AZ MSA Total 87 74,829 7,033 10,306 9.4 13.8
Private 69 59,944 6,010 8,582 10.0 14.3
Public 18 14,885 1,023 1,724 6.9 11.6
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 1998. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2001 tables are based
on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS.
2002 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.