Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by CMSA, MSA & PMSA, 1999 (details in table note)
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
7 Boston-Worcester-Lawrence, MA-NH-ME-CT Total 4,110 2,541,899 391,005 411,554 15.4 16.2
Private 3,586 2,224,352 229,563 241,558 10.3 10.9
Public 524 317,547 161,442 169,996 50.8 53.5
Priv Const 167 107,013 31,760 33,115 29.7 30.9
Priv Manuf 665 399,877 51,603 54,189 12.9 13.6
14 Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI Total 5,215 3,895,193 739,064 792,497 19.0 20.3
Private 4,535 3,390,379 486,928 526,803 14.4 15.5
Public 680 504,813 252,135 265,694 49.9 52.6
Priv Const 224 166,855 85,430 88,380 51.2 53.0
Priv Manuf 866 644,277 128,638 137,449 20.0 21.3
21 Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Total 1,147 844,240 119,072 137,687 14.1 16.3
Private 1,017 747,328 84,147 94,203 11.3 12.6
Public 130 96,912 34,925 43,483 36.0 44.9
Priv Const 66 48,632 8,100 10,009 16.7 20.6
Priv Manuf 223 160,774 37,287 39,238 23.2 24.4
28 Cleveland-Akron, OH Total 1,938 1,434,208 213,279 220,656 14.9 15.4
Private 1,713 1,268,586 129,298 133,085 10.2 10.5
Public 225 165,622 83,981 87,571 50.7 52.9
Priv Const 83 62,655 21,546 21,546 34.4 34.4
Priv Manuf 386 281,173 48,157 48,961 17.1 17.4
31 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Total 2,268 2,575,230 129,852 148,268 5.0 5.8
Private 2,028 2,307,908 86,020 94,246 3.7 4.1
Public 240 267,321 43,832 54,023 16.4 20.2
Priv Const 123 144,114 6,995 6,995 4.9 4.9
Priv Manuf 343 385,830 24,338 25,290 6.3 6.6
34 Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO Total 1,634 1,219,260 118,788 131,610 9.7 10.8
Private 1,363 1,018,253 57,474 62,423 5.6 6.1
Public 271 201,007 61,314 69,187 30.5 34.4
Priv Const 88 68,950 8,176 8,176 11.9 11.9
Priv Manuf 195 145,393 7,936 9,269 5.5 6.4
35 Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI Total 3,578 2,585,104 583,417 618,296 22.6 23.9
Private 3,125 2,262,647 405,139 431,537 17.9 19.1
Public 453 322,457 178,278 186,759 55.3 57.9
Priv Const 155 113,326 40,993 41,684 36.2 36.8
Priv Manuf 851 613,684 203,534 210,889 33.2 34.4
42 Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX Total 1,912 2,161,553 147,704 178,599 6.8 8.3
Private 1,678 1,906,921 84,170 103,409 4.4 5.4
Public 234 254,631 63,534 75,190 25.0 29.5
Priv Const 141 159,418 11,299 16,696 7.1 10.5
Priv Manuf 256 286,230 22,930 25,007 8.0 8.7
49 Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA Total 6,988 6,457,941 980,224 1,086,737 15.2 16.8
Private 6,013 5,543,641 508,469 563,560 9.2 10.2
Public 975 914,300 471,756 523,177 51.6 57.2
Priv Const 322 308,855 52,589 53,370 17.0 17.3
Priv Manuf 1,247 1,146,799 85,106 96,131 7.4 8.4
56 Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL Total 1,885 1,676,501 127,353 151,382 7.6 9.0
Private 1,631 1,451,744 50,289 61,093 3.5 4.2
Public 254 224,757 77,064 90,289 34.3 40.2
Priv Const 119 106,623 7,744 8,692 7.3 8.2
Priv Manuf 153 137,837 2,692 2,692 2.0 2.0
63 Milwaukee-Racine, WI Total 863 898,980 189,755 198,187 21.1 22.0
Private 754 785,511 108,973 114,539 13.9 14.6
Public 109 113,469 80,782 83,648 71.2 73.7
Priv Const 46 47,463 19,560 20,633 41.2 43.5
Priv Manuf 223 226,342 49,196 51,861 21.7 22.9
70 New York-Northern NJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 10,900 8,530,482 2,017,799 2,134,583 23.7 25.0
Private 9,105 7,147,411 1,058,950 1,141,395 14.8 16.0
Public 1,795 1,383,071 958,848 993,188 69.3 71.8
Priv Const 421 335,869 106,964 111,022 31.8 33.1
Priv Manuf 1,346 1,045,164 155,854 168,837 14.9 16.2
77 Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 4,451 2,675,184 477,836 519,819 17.9 19.4
Private 3,835 2,298,127 274,171 295,937 11.9 12.9
Public 616 377,057 203,665 223,882 54.0 59.4
Priv Const 190 109,261 31,587 32,558 28.9 29.8
Priv Manuf 611 355,076 64,759 66,817 18.2 18.8
79 Portland-Salem, OR-WA Total 1,303 1,010,188 151,246 162,056 15.0 16.0
Private 1,136 884,449 87,823 93,501 9.9 10.6
Public 167 125,739 63,423 68,555 50.4 54.5
Priv Const 55 46,112 9,694 9,694 21.0 21.0
Priv Manuf 225 172,995 24,801 26,397 14.3 15.3
82 Sacramento-Yolo, CA Total 555 694,802 150,780 169,294 21.7 24.4
Private 416 524,472 58,723 61,476 11.2 11.7
Public 139 170,330 92,056 107,818 54.0 63.3
Priv Const 33 41,268 13,304 13,304 32.2 32.2
Priv Manuf 35 43,867 6,257 6,257 14.3 14.3
84 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Total 2,580 3,294,373 605,692 654,337 18.4 19.9
Private 2,214 2,831,249 352,802 378,659 12.5 13.4
Public 366 463,125 252,890 275,678 54.6 59.5
Priv Const 142 183,180 65,931 65,931 36.0 36.0
Priv Manuf 408 517,399 51,668 58,093 10.0 11.2
91 Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA Total 1,365 1,655,064 351,926 401,794 21.3 24.3
Private 1,128 1,371,730 219,155 250,819 16.0 18.3
Public 237 283,334 132,771 150,975 46.9 53.3
Priv Const 80 99,424 30,665 30,665 30.8 30.8
Priv Manuf 221 261,447 66,888 74,575 25.6 28.5
97 Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 4,181 3,537,207 435,203 532,605 12.3 15.1
Private 3,080 2,647,649 196,748 222,175 7.4 8.4
Public 1,101 889,557 238,456 310,430 26.8 34.9
Priv Const 176 173,730 15,668 15,668 9.0 9.0
Priv Manuf 230 231,371 43,271 44,517 18.7 19.2
MSAs and PMSAs (sorted by FIPS code):
80 Akron, OH PMSA Total 476 334,835 48,895 50,914 14.6 15.2
Private 412 290,408 22,740 24,166 7.8 8.3
Public 64 44,427 26,155 26,748 58.9 60.2
160 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA Total 362 286,433 76,790 77,619 26.8 27.1
Private 260 206,237 21,430 21,430 10.4 10.4
Public 102 80,196 55,360 56,189 69.0 70.1
200 Albuquerque, NM MSA Total 926 297,555 28,414 36,734 9.5 12.3
Private 714 231,505 13,747 15,050 5.9 6.5
Public 212 66,050 14,667 21,684 22.2 32.8
240 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA MSA Total 386 265,477 43,313 45,476 16.3 17.1
Private 350 240,940 27,007 27,611 11.2 11.5
Public 36 24,538 16,306 17,866 66.5 72.8
380 Anchorage, AK MSA Total 865 117,831 22,416 25,044 19.0 21.3
Private 652 89,722 9,739 10,680 10.9 11.9
Public 213 28,109 12,677 14,364 45.1 51.1
440 Ann Arbor, MI PMSA Total 442 316,551 56,938 62,292 18.0 19.7
Private 355 255,909 32,659 37,328 12.8 14.6
Public 87 60,642 24,279 24,963 40.0 41.2
450 Anniston, AL MSA Total 94 84,744 5,157 8,278 6.1 9.8
Private 81 71,333 1,603 3,964 2.2 5.6
Public 13 13,411 3,555 4,314 26.5 32.2
460 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI MSA Total 126 127,731 20,659 23,431 16.2 18.3
Private 120 122,323 17,955 20,727 14.7 16.9
Public 6 5,408 2,704 2,704 50.0 50.0
480 Asheville, NC MSA Total 152 112,192 5,529 5,529 4.9 4.9
Private 123 90,141 711 711 0.8 0.8
Public 29 22,052 4,818 4,818 21.8 21.8
520 Atlanta, GA MSA Total 1,470 1,909,628 129,308 159,040 6.8 8.3
Private 1,289 1,672,825 89,275 107,763 5.3 6.4
Public 181 236,803 40,033 51,277 16.9 21.7
560 Atlantic-Cape May, NJ PMSA Total 208 146,237 33,940 36,140 23.2 24.7
Private 167 117,265 16,196 17,660 13.8 15.1
Public 41 28,972 17,744 18,480 61.2 63.8
600 Augusta-Aiken, GA-SC MSA Total 168 198,129 5,640 9,978 2.8 5.0
Private 127 153,895 3,007 6,225 2.0 4.0
Public 41 44,234 2,633 3,753 6.0 8.5
640 Austin-San Marcos, TX MSA Total 461 504,710 24,008 25,023 4.8 5.0
Private 370 406,068 9,220 10,235 2.3 2.5
Public 91 98,643 14,788 14,788 15.0 15.0
680 Bakersfield, CA MSA Total 214 272,143 40,539 44,061 14.9 16.2
Private 165 210,368 13,659 13,659 6.5 6.5
Public 49 61,775 26,881 30,402 43.5 49.2
720 Baltimore, MD PMSA Total 896 1,175,630 187,190 214,053 15.9 18.2
Private 684 895,833 89,208 91,282 10.0 10.2
Public 212 279,797 97,982 122,771 35.0 43.9
760 Balton Rouge, LA MSA Total 254 220,250 19,695 21,774 8.9 9.9
Private 191 166,629 10,480 10,480 6.3 6.3
Public 63 53,621 9,216 11,295 17.2 21.1
840 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA Total 156 166,496 10,356 10,356 6.2 6.2
Private 127 136,658 7,374 7,374 5.4 5.4
Public 29 29,838 2,982 2,982 10.0 10.0
860 Bellingham, WA MSA Total 109 130,640 27,572 31,288 21.1 23.9
Private 89 105,758 15,297 16,589 14.5 15.7
Public 20 24,882 12,275 14,699 49.3 59.1
870 Benton Harbor, MI MSA Total 66 48,965 9,949 9,949 20.3 20.3
Private 62 45,917 9,046 9,046 19.7 19.7
Public 4 3,048 903 903 29.6 29.6
875 Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA Total 809 581,800 103,490 109,007 17.8 18.7
Private 710 512,614 61,337 65,014 12.0 12.7
Public 99 69,186 42,152 43,992 60.9 63.6
960 Binghamton, NY MSA Total 128 100,238 19,135 19,135 19.1 19.1
Private 99 77,671 3,777 3,777 4.9 4.9
Public 29 22,567 15,358 15,358 68.1 68.1
1000 Birmingham, AL MSA Total 545 486,246 45,139 46,032 9.3 9.5
Private 480 425,784 25,142 26,035 5.9 6.1
Public 65 60,462 19,997 19,997 33.1 33.1
1080 Boise City, ID MSA Total 813 200,017 14,174 18,293 7.1 9.1
Private 693 171,061 6,687 9,199 3.9 5.4
Public 120 28,956 7,487 9,094 25.9 31.4
1120 Boston, MA-NH PMSA Total 2,135 1,516,015 236,224 248,636 15.6 16.4
Private 1,872 1,333,842 142,690 150,374 10.7 11.3
Public 263 182,173 93,533 98,262 51.3 53.9
1125 Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA Total 213 158,605 8,861 11,046 5.6 7.0
Private 169 125,043 3,090 4,459 2.5 3.6
Public 44 33,562 5,771 6,587 17.2 19.6
1145 Brazoria, TX PMSA Total 99 106,773 14,206 16,402 13.3 15.4
Private 87 94,210 8,133 10,328 8.6 11.0
Public 12 12,563 6,073 6,073 48.3 48.3
1160 Bridgeport, CT PMSA Total 212 183,053 43,262 44,063 23.6 24.1
Private 184 160,043 24,394 24,394 15.2 15.2
Public 28 23,010 18,868 19,669 82.0 85.5
1200 Brockton, MA PMSA Total 216 150,452 29,772 30,481 19.8 20.3
Private 184 128,696 18,243 18,952 14.2 14.7
Public 32 21,756 11,529 11,529 53.0 53.0
1240 Brownsville-Harlingen-San Benito, TX MSA Total 104 113,252 7,521 7,521 6.6 6.6
Private 76 83,109 1,001 1,001 1.2 1.2
Public 28 30,143 6,520 6,520 21.6 21.6
1280 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA Total 649 521,172 142,327 154,066 27.3 29.6
Private 526 423,772 73,390 80,723 17.3 19.0
Public 123 97,399 68,936 73,344 70.8 75.3
1305 Burlington, VT MSA Total 450 77,942 7,304 8,519 9.4 10.9
Private 399 69,426 3,827 4,508 5.5 6.5
Public 51 8,515 3,477 4,010 40.8 47.1
1320 Canton-Massillon, OH MSA Total 237 165,341 39,160 42,382 23.7 25.6
Private 205 142,563 26,792 26,792 18.8 18.8
Public 32 22,777 12,368 15,590 54.3 68.4
1360 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA Total 139 83,909 11,951 12,514 14.2 14.9
Private 122 74,271 7,871 7,871 10.6 10.6
Public 17 9,638 4,080 4,643 42.3 48.2
1440 Charleston-North Charleston, SC MSA Total 254 260,167 17,268 17,268 6.6 6.6
Private 201 209,345 10,305 10,305 4.9 4.9
Public 53 50,822 6,962 6,962 13.7 13.7
1480 Charleston, WV MSA Total 308 113,941 11,326 11,668 9.9 10.2
Private 262 97,450 7,529 7,529 7.7 7.7
Public 46 16,491 3,797 4,139 23.0 25.1
1520 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA Total 858 671,905 37,127 42,222 5.5 6.3
Private 751 590,075 22,158 24,981 3.8 4.2
Public 107 81,831 14,968 17,241 18.3 21.1
1560 Chattanooga, TN-GA MSA Total 177 203,514 14,187 20,161 7.0 9.9
Private 150 171,860 10,264 10,264 6.0 6.0
Public 27 31,654 3,923 9,897 12.4 31.3
1600 Chicago, IL PMSA Total 5,006 3,637,728 679,540 728,932 18.7 20.0
Private 4,348 3,160,651 433,046 468,879 13.7 14.8
Public 658 477,077 246,495 260,053 51.7 54.5
1620 Chico-Paradise, CA MSA Total 111 141,826 14,144 16,545 10.0 11.7
Private 99 127,358 9,185 9,185 7.2 7.2
Public 12 14,468 4,959 7,360 34.3 50.9
1640 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA Total 983 723,563 98,870 112,193 13.7 15.5
Private 874 641,936 69,833 77,308 10.9 12.0
Public 109 81,628 29,037 34,885 35.6 42.7
1660 Clarksville-Hopkinsville, TN-KY MSA Total 81 90,318 10,098 10,098 11.2 11.2
Private 57 65,361 3,295 3,295 5.0 5.0
Public 24 24,957 6,803 6,803 27.3 27.3
1680 Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA Total 1,462 1,099,373 164,384 169,742 15.0 15.4
Private 1,301 978,178 106,558 108,919 10.9 11.1
Public 161 121,195 57,826 60,823 47.7 50.2
1720 Colorado Springs, CO MSA Total 323 244,044 14,839 17,827 6.1 7.3
Private 274 208,563 8,115 8,784 3.9 4.2
Public 49 35,481 6,725 9,044 19.0 25.5
1760 Columbia, SC MSA Total 261 254,469 2,743 2,743 1.1 1.1
Private 186 181,691 1,886 1,886 1.0 1.0
Public 75 72,778 858 858 1.2 1.2
1800 Columbus, GA-AL MSA Total 274 341,343 20,369 27,551 6.0 8.1
Private 220 276,448 14,706 14,706 5.3 5.3
Public 54 64,895 5,663 12,845 8.7 19.8
1840 Columbus, OH MSA Total 1,022 752,180 96,992 109,387 12.9 14.5
Private 851 628,212 49,329 54,751 7.9 8.7
Public 171 123,968 47,663 54,636 38.4 44.1
1880 Corpus Christi, TX MSA Total 119 129,544 2,040 3,039 1.6 2.3
Private 96 104,864 1,012 2,011 1.0 1.9
Public 23 24,680 1,028 1,028 4.2 4.2
1920 Dallas, TX PMSA Total 1,583 1,823,356 80,548 90,804 4.4 5.0
Private 1,421 1,641,338 52,861 56,788 3.2 3.5
Public 162 182,018 27,687 34,016 15.2 18.7
1930 Danbury, CT PMSA Total 133 111,631 17,233 19,704 15.4 17.7
Private 114 96,254 5,206 6,845 5.4 7.1
Public 19 15,377 12,027 12,858 78.2 83.6
1960 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL MSA Total 291 186,202 27,033 30,265 14.5 16.3
Private 244 156,938 16,531 17,128 10.5 10.9
Public 47 29,265 10,502 13,137 35.9 44.9
2000 Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA Total 591 422,382 71,845 75,874 17.0 18.0
Private 500 359,159 46,561 47,305 13.0 13.2
Public 91 63,223 25,284 28,569 40.0 45.2
2020 Daytona Beach, FL MSA Total 130 106,994 7,416 12,630 6.9 11.8
Private 107 88,923 3,611 5,969 4.1 6.7
Public 23 18,071 3,805 6,661 21.1 36.9
2030 Decatur, AL MSA Total 160 138,691 10,634 14,006 7.7 10.1
Private 140 121,612 5,572 7,180 4.6 5.9
Public 20 17,079 5,062 6,825 29.6 40.0
2040 Decatur, IL MSA Total 155 206,915 49,900 49,900 24.1 24.1
Private 135 179,709 37,983 37,983 21.1 21.1
Public 20 27,205 11,917 11,917 43.8 43.8
2080 Denver, CO PMSA Total 1,268 948,786 104,287 114,924 11.0 12.1
Private 1,064 798,135 50,311 53,891 6.3 6.8
Public 204 150,650 53,975 61,033 35.8 40.5
2120 Des Moines, IA MSA Total 404 246,603 38,558 40,279 15.6 16.3
Private 356 217,901 26,626 26,626 12.2 12.2
Public 48 28,702 11,932 13,653 41.6 47.6
2160 Detroit, MI PMSA Total 2,865 2,074,320 473,671 502,460 22.8 24.2
Private 2,550 1,848,599 338,434 360,163 18.3 19.5
Public 315 225,721 135,236 142,298 59.9 63.0
2190 Dover, DE MSA Total 292 57,946 8,980 10,286 15.5 17.8
Private 229 45,717 4,856 5,462 10.6 11.9
Public 63 12,229 4,125 4,824 33.7 39.4
2240 Duluth-Superior, MN-WI MSA Total 127 113,305 35,781 36,517 31.6 32.2
Private 96 86,547 18,397 19,133 21.3 22.1
Public 31 26,758 17,384 17,384 65.0 65.0
2281 Dutchess County, NY PMSA Total 155 123,014 22,831 25,918 18.6 21.1
Private 121 96,504 7,987 9,600 8.3 9.9
Public 34 26,510 14,844 16,317 56.0 61.6
2290 Eau Claire, WI MSA Total 149 149,514 22,115 22,951 14.8 15.4
Private 121 120,875 6,893 6,893 5.7 5.7
Public 28 28,639 15,222 16,058 53.2 56.1
2320 El Paso, TX MSA Total 191 215,040 12,974 13,963 6.0 6.5
Private 154 174,492 3,344 3,344 1.9 1.9
Public 37 40,548 9,630 10,619 23.8 26.2
2360 Erie, PA MSA Total 176 121,582 23,350 24,121 19.2 19.8
Private 141 98,086 9,666 10,437 9.9 10.6
Public 35 23,496 13,684 13,684 58.2 58.2
2400 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA Total 172 127,384 25,853 25,853 20.3 20.3
Private 133 99,815 8,174 8,174 8.2 8.2
Public 39 27,569 17,679 17,679 64.1 64.1
2440 Evansville-Henderson, IN-KY MSA Total 113 133,413 17,738 18,997 13.3 14.2
Private 101 119,788 15,474 15,474 12.9 12.9
Public 12 13,626 2,265 3,523 16.6 25.9
2520 Fargo-Moorhead, ND-MN MSA Total 457 60,424 5,574 6,362 9.2 10.5
Private 378 50,107 2,347 2,471 4.7 4.9
Public 79 10,317 3,228 3,891 31.3 37.7
2560 Fayetteville, NC MSA Total 121 93,956 4,437 6,601 4.7 7.0
Private 96 75,269 787 787 1.0 1.0
Public 25 18,688 3,651 5,815 19.5 31.1
2580 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR MSA Total 305 158,145 4,012 6,208 2.5 3.9
Private 262 136,830 1,191 2,411 0.9 1.8
Public 43 21,314 2,822 3,797 13.2 17.8
2600 Fitchburg-Leominster, MA PMSA Total 117 81,024 13,334 13,334 16.5 16.5
Private 97 68,100 8,069 8,069 11.8 11.8
Public 20 12,924 5,265 5,265 40.7 40.7
2640 Flint, MI PMSA Total 271 194,233 52,809 53,544 27.2 27.6
Private 220 158,140 34,046 34,046 21.5 21.5
Public 51 36,093 18,763 19,498 52.0 54.0
2650 Florence, AL MSA Total 96 81,550 24,091 24,091 29.5 29.5
Private 70 59,631 8,870 8,870 14.9 14.9
Public 26 21,919 15,222 15,222 69.4 69.4
2670 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA Total 150 111,368 7,238 7,898 6.5 7.1
Private 115 85,148 1,300 1,300 1.5 1.5
Public 35 26,220 5,938 6,599 22.6 25.2
2680 Fort Lauderdale, FL PMSA Total 881 770,091 73,875 86,935 9.6 11.3
Private 759 662,470 27,811 32,016 4.2 4.8
Public 122 107,620 46,064 54,919 42.8 51.0
2700 Fort Myers-Cape Coral, FL MSA Total 241 202,423 9,678 17,438 4.8 8.6
Private 210 176,822 2,690 4,493 1.5 2.5
Public 31 25,601 6,988 12,945 27.3 50.6
2710 Fort Pierce-Port St. Lucie, FL MSA Total 101 83,554 5,782 6,560 6.9 7.9
Private 84 69,787 1,836 1,836 2.6 2.6
Public 17 13,767 3,946 4,724 28.7 34.3
2720 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA Total 143 73,519 4,296 6,717 5.8 9.1
Private 133 68,290 3,296 5,717 4.8 8.4
Public 10 5,229 1,000 1,000 19.1 19.1
2750 Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA Total 112 100,519 4,230 5,092 4.2 5.1
Private 84 75,601 2,322 2,322 3.1 3.1
Public 28 24,918 1,909 2,770 7.7 11.1
2760 Fort Wayne, IN MSA Total 173 211,116 37,590 38,799 17.8 18.4
Private 158 194,350 30,545 31,754 15.7 16.3
Public 15 16,767 7,045 7,045 42.0 42.0
2800 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA Total 685 751,874 49,303 57,465 6.6 7.6
Private 607 666,570 33,159 37,458 5.0 5.6
Public 78 85,303 16,144 20,007 18.9 23.5
2840 Fresno, CA MSA Total 264 341,493 80,889 88,537 23.7 25.9
Private 199 258,713 34,226 35,529 13.2 13.7
Public 65 82,780 46,663 53,008 56.4 64.0
2900 Gainesville, FL MSA Total 102 89,193 6,364 10,243 7.1 11.5
Private 61 55,187 1,654 2,467 3.0 4.5
Public 41 34,007 4,710 7,776 13.9 22.9
2920 Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA Total 136 155,952 11,947 12,911 7.7 8.3
Private 105 120,417 8,666 9,630 7.2 8.0
Public 31 35,535 3,281 3,281 9.2 9.2
2960 Gary, IN PMSA Total 209 257,465 59,523 63,565 23.1 24.7
Private 187 229,728 53,882 57,924 23.5 25.2
Public 22 27,737 5,641 5,641 20.3 20.3
3000 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI MSA Total 806 566,730 74,919 81,469 13.2 14.4
Private 736 518,393 50,668 53,948 9.8 10.4
Public 70 48,337 24,251 27,521 50.2 56.9
3060 Greeley, CO PMSA Total 153 111,868 5,640 5,640 5.0 5.0
Private 130 95,074 4,073 4,073 4.3 4.3
Public 23 16,794 1,567 1,567 9.3 9.3
3080 Green Bay, WI MSA Total 200 206,857 25,309 26,148 12.2 12.6
Private 176 183,170 10,207 10,207 5.6 5.6
Public 24 23,687 15,102 15,941 63.8 67.3
3120 Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA Total 797 591,804 19,806 21,459 3.3 3.6
Private 709 527,379 12,868 14,521 2.4 2.8
Public 88 64,425 6,938 6,938 10.8 10.8
3150 Greenville, NC MSA Total 109 99,064 882 882 0.9 0.9
Private 88 80,600 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 21 18,463 882 882 4.8 4.8
3160 Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC MSA Total 461 441,987 5,153 5,153 1.2 1.2
Private 399 383,711 2,549 2,549 0.7 0.7
Public 62 58,276 2,604 2,604 4.5 4.5
3180 Hagerstown, MD PMSA Total 102 105,414 15,217 19,263 14.4 18.3
Private 81 83,911 7,289 9,392 8.7 11.2
Public 21 21,503 7,928 9,871 36.9 45.9
3200 Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA Total 164 120,676 20,202 25,494 16.7 21.1
Private 143 105,392 14,315 16,895 13.6 16.0
Public 21 15,284 5,888 8,598 38.5 56.3
3240 Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA Total 408 276,609 55,534 63,095 20.1 22.8
Private 318 217,378 29,701 31,191 13.7 14.3
Public 90 59,230 25,833 31,904 43.6 53.9
3280 Hartford, CT MSA Total 613 528,780 91,991 100,815 17.4 19.1
Private 518 445,975 44,832 49,832 10.1 11.2
Public 95 82,805 47,158 50,982 57.0 61.6
3290 Hickory-Morgantown, NC MSA Total 170 127,179 2,047 2,737 1.6 2.2
Private 152 114,420 760 760 0.7 0.7
Public 18 12,759 1,287 1,977 10.1 15.5
3320 Honolulu, HI MSA Total 1,143 377,068 83,856 91,138 22.2 24.2
Private 863 285,686 37,726 40,622 13.2 14.2
Public 280 91,382 46,131 50,516 50.5 55.3
3350 Houma, LA MSA Total 95 77,646 844 844 1.1 1.1
Private 75 60,629 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 20 17,017 844 844 5.0 5.0
3360 Houston, TX PMSA Total 1,677 1,898,827 121,551 149,286 6.4 7.9
Private 1,486 1,692,294 67,371 83,450 4.0 4.9
Public 191 206,533 54,180 65,836 26.2 31.9
3400 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA Total 149 54,744 6,186 6,503 11.3 11.9
Private 123 45,878 4,238 4,238 9.2 9.2
Public 26 8,867 1,948 2,265 22.0 25.5
3440 Huntsville, AL MSA Total 148 125,748 9,739 13,587 7.7 10.8
Private 115 98,404 3,110 3,110 3.2 3.2
Public 33 27,343 6,629 10,477 24.2 38.3
3480 Indianapolis, IN MSA Total 543 671,694 81,577 92,582 12.1 13.8
Private 488 603,439 56,618 58,759 9.4 9.7
Public 55 68,255 24,959 33,823 36.6 49.6
3520 Jackson, MI MSA Total 114 175,104 46,755 46,755 26.7 26.7
Private 96 147,525 34,037 34,037 23.1 23.1
Public 18 27,579 12,718 12,718 46.1 46.1
3560 Jackson, MS MSA Total 305 193,933 10,346 14,544 5.3 7.5
Private 246 157,579 6,729 8,490 4.3 5.4
Public 59 36,354 3,617 6,054 10.0 16.7
3600 Jacksonville, FL MSA Total 582 504,079 32,393 38,290 6.4 7.6
Private 504 437,878 15,986 17,474 3.7 4.0
Public 78 66,201 16,407 20,816 24.8 31.4
3610 Jamestown, NY MSA Total 148 120,672 26,061 26,764 21.6 22.2
Private 130 107,112 17,907 17,907 16.7 16.7
Public 18 13,559 8,153 8,857 60.1 65.3
3640 Jersey City, NJ PMSA Total 332 249,510 59,277 61,572 23.8 24.7
Private 294 221,662 46,202 48,497 20.8 21.9
Public 38 27,848 13,075 13,075 47.0 47.0
3660 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA Total 165 178,239 5,262 7,140 3.0 4.0
Private 144 156,169 4,225 6,103 2.7 3.9
Public 21 22,069 1,037 1,037 4.7 4.7
3680 Johnstown, PA MSA Total 119 80,944 15,196 15,805 18.8 19.5
Private 104 70,556 9,625 10,234 13.6 14.5
Public 15 10,388 5,571 5,571 53.6 53.6
3720 Kalamazoo-Battle Creek, MI MSA Total 244 174,142 33,645 34,222 19.3 19.7
Private 206 148,470 21,763 21,763 14.7 14.7
Public 38 25,673 11,882 12,459 46.3 48.5
3760 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA Total 1,046 900,163 111,199 121,631 12.4 13.5
Private 895 760,801 77,091 79,860 10.1 10.5
Public 151 139,362 34,108 41,771 24.5 30.0
3840 Knoxville, TN MSA Total 288 325,897 23,233 25,960 7.1 8.0
Private 246 279,299 15,123 17,851 5.4 6.4
Public 42 46,598 8,110 8,110 17.4 17.4
3880 Lafayette, LA MSA Total 195 175,060 1,520 4,814 0.9 2.7
Private 159 142,635 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 36 32,425 1,520 4,814 4.7 14.8
3960 Lake Charles, LA MSA Total 118 103,148 10,271 12,086 10.0 11.7
Private 103 90,102 8,706 9,766 9.7 10.8
Public 15 13,046 1,565 2,320 12.0 17.8
3980 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA Total 197 166,737 6,057 7,732 3.6 4.6
Private 173 146,406 3,210 4,885 2.2 3.3
Public 24 20,331 2,847 2,847 14.0 14.0
4000 Lancaster, PA MSA Total 294 202,152 19,041 20,342 9.4 10.1
Private 278 191,482 15,152 16,453 7.9 8.6
Public 16 10,670 3,889 3,889 36.4 36.4
4040 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA Total 327 231,360 63,122 64,450 27.3 27.9
Private 261 185,917 40,431 41,759 21.7 22.5
Public 66 45,444 22,691 22,691 49.9 49.9
4080 Laredo, TX MSA Total 87 100,684 7,181 7,181 7.1 7.1
Private 68 79,486 3,731 3,731 4.7 4.7
Public 19 21,198 3,450 3,450 16.3 16.3
4100 Las Cruces, NM MSA Total 211 68,937 3,679 4,136 5.3 6.0
Private 165 53,570 1,290 1,474 2.4 2.8
Public 46 15,367 2,389 2,662 15.5 17.3
4120 Las Vegas, NV-AZ MSA Total 1,590 582,100 132,071 140,447 22.7 24.1
Private 1,407 517,355 100,194 105,042 19.4 20.3
Public 183 64,745 31,878 35,404 49.2 54.7
4160 Lawrence, MA-NH PMSA Total 144 103,773 14,174 14,174 13.7 13.7
Private 128 92,710 8,447 8,447 9.1 9.1
Public 16 11,063 5,728 5,728 51.8 51.8
4280 Lexington, KY MSA Total 314 254,229 26,152 38,157 10.3 15.0
Private 249 201,600 19,345 23,374 9.6 11.6
Public 65 52,630 6,807 14,783 12.9 28.1
4360 Lincoln, NE MSA Total 358 121,012 9,849 13,345 8.1 11.0
Private 285 96,647 4,225 4,580 4.4 4.7
Public 73 24,365 5,624 8,765 23.1 36.0
4400 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA Total 469 271,532 30,978 34,019 11.4 12.5
Private 373 218,870 19,727 21,648 9.0 9.9
Public 96 52,662 11,251 12,371 21.4 23.5
4480 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA Total 4,943 3,787,745 578,434 641,063 15.3 16.9
Private 4,287 3,288,819 320,222 354,774 9.7 10.8
Public 656 498,926 258,213 286,289 51.8 57.4
4520 Louisville, KY-IN MSA Total 556 491,594 69,277 73,020 14.1 14.9
Private 491 438,661 57,064 58,999 13.0 13.4
Public 65 52,932 12,213 14,021 23.1 26.5
4560 Lowell, MA-NH PMSA Total 241 171,421 25,515 27,642 14.9 16.1
Private 210 149,778 11,473 12,180 7.7 8.1
Public 31 21,643 14,042 15,462 64.9 71.4
4600 Lubbock, TX MSA Total 116 123,582 1,057 2,094 0.9 1.7
Private 88 95,375 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 28 28,207 1,057 2,094 3.7 7.4
4680 Macon, GA MSA Total 90 115,954 14,218 15,606 12.3 13.5
Private 67 88,824 7,664 9,052 8.6 10.2
Public 23 27,130 6,554 6,554 24.2 24.2
4720 Madison, WI MSA Total 210 205,206 42,967 46,100 20.9 22.5
Private 169 163,849 21,356 23,506 13.0 14.3
Public 41 41,357 21,611 22,594 52.3 54.6
4760 Manchester, NH PMSA Total 249 80,483 5,605 6,213 7.0 7.7
Private 229 74,255 2,041 2,650 2.7 3.6
Public 20 6,227 3,564 3,564 57.2 57.2
4880 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA Total 125 141,741 4,057 18,768 2.9 13.2
Private 87 100,038 2,798 4,890 2.8 4.9
Public 38 41,703 1,259 13,878 3.0 33.3
4890 Medford-Ashland, OR MSA Total 114 85,840 13,057 16,392 15.2 19.1
Private 94 71,090 5,692 6,562 8.0 9.2
Public 20 14,750 7,365 9,830 49.9 66.6
4900 Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA Total 234 194,793 12,660 13,403 6.5 6.9
Private 199 165,941 5,846 5,846 3.5 3.5
Public 35 28,853 6,814 7,556 23.6 26.2
4920 Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA Total 359 435,612 48,160 55,154 11.1 12.7
Private 298 361,258 24,321 28,186 6.7 7.8
Public 61 74,354 23,839 26,968 32.1 36.3
4940 Merced, CA MSA Total 104 133,591 31,497 31,497 23.6 23.6
Private 87 111,150 15,466 15,466 13.9 13.9
Public 17 22,441 16,031 16,031 71.4 71.4
5000 Miami, FL PMSA Total 1,004 906,410 53,478 64,447 5.9 7.1
Private 872 789,274 22,478 29,077 2.8 3.7
Public 132 117,137 31,000 35,370 26.5 30.2
5015 Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ PMSA Total 711 518,392 87,779 100,625 16.9 19.4
Private 590 432,027 37,281 45,390 8.6 10.5
Public 121 86,365 50,497 55,236 58.5 64.0
5080 Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI PMSA Total 720 752,921 159,815 166,538 21.2 22.1
Private 630 657,727 89,967 94,744 13.7 14.4
Public 90 95,194 69,848 71,794 73.4 75.4
5120 Minneapolis-St., Paul, MN-WI MSA Total 1,563 1,468,433 281,003 297,402 19.1 20.3
Private 1,348 1,269,851 175,080 179,635 13.8 14.1
Public 215 198,582 105,923 117,766 53.3 59.3
5160 Mobile, AL MSA Total 212 178,284 19,165 19,165 10.7 10.7
Private 171 145,407 9,633 9,633 6.6 6.6
Public 41 32,877 9,532 9,532 29.0 29.0
5170 Modesto, CA MSA Total 142 179,462 31,998 36,710 17.8 20.5
Private 113 144,183 19,578 20,815 13.6 14.4
Public 29 35,279 12,420 15,895 35.2 45.1
5190 Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA Total 595 444,130 94,516 101,404 21.3 22.8
Private 497 373,836 45,142 48,531 12.1 13.0
Public 98 70,294 49,374 52,873 70.2 75.2
5200 Monroe, LA MSA Total 136 120,916 7,502 11,378 6.2 9.4
Private 110 99,371 5,411 5,411 5.4 5.4
Public 26 21,545 2,091 5,967 9.7 27.7
5240 Montgomery, AL MSA Total 139 124,589 2,511 3,278 2.0 2.6
Private 111 99,325 1,609 1,609 1.6 1.6
Public 28 25,264 902 1,669 3.6 6.6
5330 Myrtle Beach, SC MSA Total 82 83,549 954 954 1.1 1.1
Private 66 66,656 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 16 16,893 954 954 5.6 5.6
5345 Naples, FL MSA Total 136 118,691 6,524 7,368 5.5 6.2
Private 124 108,571 2,489 2,489 2.3 2.3
Public 12 10,121 4,035 4,878 39.9 48.2
5350 Nashua, NH PMSA Total 295 94,615 7,206 7,487 7.6 7.9
Private 269 86,832 4,008 4,008 4.6 4.6
Public 26 7,783 3,197 3,478 41.1 44.7
5360 Nashville, TN MSA Total 504 564,759 32,824 37,912 5.8 6.7
Private 429 481,301 23,698 26,480 4.9 5.5
Public 75 83,458 9,126 11,432 10.9 13.7
5380 Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA Total 1,477 1,206,552 325,910 336,996 27.0 27.9
Private 1,156 949,099 143,044 148,794 15.1 15.7
Public 321 257,452 182,866 188,201 71.0 73.1
5400 New Bedford, MA PMSA Total 114 77,973 15,532 15,532 19.9 19.9
Private 99 68,445 10,531 10,531 15.4 15.4
Public 15 9,528 5,001 5,001 52.5 52.5
5480 New Haven-Meriden, CT PMSA Total 249 216,005 47,658 48,377 22.1 22.4
Private 199 173,618 20,862 20,862 12.0 12.0
Public 50 42,387 26,796 27,515 63.2 64.9
5520 New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA Total 129 108,257 19,292 19,292 17.8 17.8
Private 104 87,231 5,608 5,608 6.4 6.4
Public 25 21,025 13,684 13,684 65.1 65.1
5560 New Orleans, LA MSA Total 668 606,386 63,028 79,157 10.4 13.1
Private 554 506,273 30,875 39,733 6.1 7.8
Public 114 100,113 32,153 39,424 32.1 39.4
5600 New York, NY PMSA Total 4,372 3,466,014 893,765 934,570 25.8 27.0
Private 3,698 2,937,790 500,309 536,319 17.0 18.3
Public 674 528,224 393,456 398,251 74.5 75.4
5640 Newark, NJ PMSA Total 1,184 883,294 204,314 225,236 23.1 25.5
Private 995 743,742 113,055 130,291 15.2 17.5
Public 189 139,552 91,259 94,945 65.4 68.0
5660 Newburgh, NY-PA PMSA Total 177 145,344 49,628 54,627 34.1 37.6
Private 120 99,043 15,491 16,268 15.6 16.4
Public 57 46,301 34,138 38,359 73.7 82.8
5720 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA Total 528 648,561 41,557 49,828 6.4 7.7
Private 420 515,026 23,536 26,169 4.6 5.1
Public 108 133,535 18,021 23,658 13.5 17.7
5775 Oakland, CA PMSA Total 798 1,030,839 227,312 242,244 22.1 23.5
Private 673 867,615 137,615 144,927 15.9 16.7
Public 125 163,223 89,697 97,317 55.0 59.6
5790 Ocala, FL MSA Total 94 81,731 2,150 2,947 2.6 3.6
Private 84 73,624 1,518 1,518 2.1 2.1
Public 10 8,106 631 1,428 7.8 17.6
5800 Odessa-Midland, TX MSA Total 117 123,369 4,450 4,450 3.6 3.6
Private 93 97,042 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 24 26,327 4,450 4,450 16.9 16.9
5880 Oklahoma City, OK MSA Total 790 490,389 44,746 48,439 9.1 9.9
Private 594 370,802 16,932 17,630 4.6 4.8
Public 196 119,587 27,814 30,809 23.3 25.8
5910 Olympia, WA PMSA Total 127 155,203 35,357 44,916 22.8 28.9
Private 81 99,362 13,636 22,120 13.7 22.3
Public 46 55,841 21,720 22,797 38.9 40.8
5920 Omaha, NE-IA MSA Total 962 327,479 35,207 44,767 10.8 13.7
Private 818 279,347 19,281 24,255 6.9 8.7
Public 144 48,132 15,926 20,512 33.1 42.6
5945 Orange County, CA PMSA Total 959 1,243,016 123,196 143,372 9.9 11.5
Private 849 1,102,048 58,260 66,539 5.3 6.0
Public 110 140,968 64,936 76,833 46.1 54.5
5960 Orlando, FL MSA Total 891 794,704 62,159 92,774 7.8 11.7
Private 785 702,280 44,963 58,986 6.4 8.4
Public 106 92,424 17,196 33,788 18.6 36.6
6015 Panama City, FL MSA Total 85 72,301 1,600 2,406 2.2 3.3
Private 68 57,951 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 17 14,349 1,600 2,406 11.2 16.8
6080 Pensacola, FL MSA Total 173 145,780 7,874 12,320 5.4 8.5
Private 148 125,370 3,166 5,865 2.5 4.7
Public 25 20,410 4,708 6,455 23.1 31.6
6120 Peoria-Pekin, IL MSA Total 222 150,562 25,267 25,267 16.8 16.8
Private 209 141,875 22,093 22,093 15.6 15.6
Public 13 8,687 3,174 3,174 36.5 36.5
6160 Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA Total 3,016 2,244,103 395,384 431,952 17.6 19.2
Private 2,600 1,935,165 225,454 244,012 11.7 12.6
Public 416 308,938 169,930 187,940 55.0 60.8
6200 Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA Total 1,654 1,382,031 86,705 108,661 6.3 7.9
Private 1,441 1,208,876 51,500 63,765 4.3 5.3
Public 213 173,156 35,205 44,896 20.3 25.9
6280 Pittsburgh, PA MSA Total 1,406 975,544 172,278 182,540 17.7 18.7
Private 1,260 877,001 110,761 117,779 12.6 13.4
Public 146 98,544 61,518 64,761 62.4 65.7
6400 Portland, ME MSA Total 342 107,882 10,918 12,632 10.1 11.7
Private 296 93,682 4,973 5,230 5.3 5.6
Public 46 14,200 5,945 7,402 41.9 52.1
6440 Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA PMSA Total 1,125 881,410 123,244 133,340 14.0 15.1
Private 995 782,613 74,506 80,184 9.5 10.2
Public 130 98,797 48,738 53,156 49.3 53.8
6450 Portsmouth-Rochester, NH-ME PMSA Total 402 126,053 14,316 16,638 11.4 13.2
Private 335 105,524 7,524 8,393 7.1 8.0
Public 67 20,529 6,792 8,245 33.1 40.2
6480 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA MSA Total 1,705 496,523 85,274 89,652 17.2 18.1
Private 1,473 428,552 40,423 43,182 9.4 10.1
Public 232 67,971 44,851 46,469 66.0 68.4
6520 Provo-Orem, UT MSA Total 384 148,939 6,063 8,623 4.1 5.8
Private 341 132,439 3,530 5,712 2.7 4.3
Public 43 16,500 2,532 2,911 15.3 17.6
6560 Pueblo, CO MSA Total 96 74,461 9,381 10,295 12.6 13.8
Private 65 50,015 2,311 3,225 4.6 6.4
Public 31 24,446 7,070 7,070 28.9 28.9
6580 Punta Gorda, FL MSA Total 83 70,064 7,812 10,214 11.1 14.6
Private 64 53,703 755 755 1.4 1.4
Public 19 16,362 7,056 9,459 43.1 57.8
6600 Racine, WI PMSA Total 143 146,059 29,940 31,649 20.5 21.7
Private 124 127,784 19,007 19,795 14.9 15.5
Public 19 18,274 10,933 11,854 59.8 64.9
6640 Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MSA Total 734 567,572 13,617 19,852 2.4 3.5
Private 559 434,614 6,499 9,956 1.5 2.3
Public 175 132,958 7,117 9,896 5.4 7.4
6680 Reading, PA MSA Total 246 169,656 28,207 28,207 16.6 16.6
Private 222 153,555 18,892 18,892 12.3 12.3
Public 24 16,101 9,315 9,315 57.9 57.9
6720 Reno, NV MSA Total 391 139,683 14,814 17,168 10.6 12.3
Private 317 113,820 6,004 7,116 5.3 6.3
Public 74 25,863 8,810 10,052 34.1 38.9
6760 Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA Total 401 484,025 36,833 38,562 7.6 8.0
Private 332 403,987 24,707 26,435 6.1 6.5
Public 69 80,038 12,126 12,126 15.2 15.2
6780 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA Total 876 1,151,916 237,325 250,632 20.6 21.8
Private 694 913,949 103,894 111,989 11.4 12.3
Public 182 237,967 133,432 138,643 56.1 58.3
6800 Roanoke, VA MSA Total 114 139,846 32,440 36,412 23.2 26.0
Private 100 122,319 22,453 24,947 18.4 20.4
Public 14 17,527 9,986 11,465 57.0 65.4
6840 Rochester, NY MSA Total 556 447,838 69,090 71,398 15.4 15.9
Private 457 369,520 23,563 23,563 6.4 6.4
Public 99 78,318 45,527 47,836 58.1 61.1
6880 Rockford, IL MSA Total 260 176,629 26,565 27,826 15.0 15.8
Private 232 158,212 18,494 19,110 11.7 12.1
Public 28 18,417 8,071 8,716 43.8 47.3
6920 Sacramento, CA PMSA Total 515 645,870 139,520 155,805 21.6 24.1
Private 388 489,769 49,914 52,667 10.2 10.8
Public 127 156,101 89,606 103,138 57.4 66.1
6960 Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA Total 251 179,579 46,230 47,021 25.7 26.2
Private 226 162,544 36,281 37,072 22.3 22.8
Public 25 17,035 9,949 9,949 58.4 58.4
7040 St. Louis, MO-IL MSA Total 1,108 1,207,333 216,986 225,247 18.0 18.7
Private 984 1,078,272 175,338 179,051 16.3 16.6
Public 124 129,061 41,648 46,196 32.3 35.8
7080 Salem, OR PMSA Total 178 128,778 28,002 28,716 21.7 22.3
Private 141 101,836 13,317 13,317 13.1 13.1
Public 37 26,942 14,685 15,399 54.5 57.2
7120 Salinas, CA MSA Total 108 133,933 23,837 23,837 17.8 17.8
Private 85 105,727 12,608 12,608 11.9 11.9
Public 23 28,207 11,229 11,229 39.8 39.8
7160 Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA Total 1,686 645,717 47,003 53,087 7.3 8.2
Private 1,396 538,282 19,443 22,243 3.6 4.1
Public 290 107,435 27,560 30,843 25.7 28.7
7240 San Antonio, TX MSA Total 622 688,454 53,884 60,483 7.8 8.8
Private 506 561,659 25,445 28,509 4.5 5.1
Public 116 126,795 28,439 31,974 22.4 25.2
7320 San Diego, CA MSA Total 917 1,160,183 152,863 179,310 13.2 15.5
Private 774 983,269 75,659 84,307 7.7 8.6
Public 143 176,915 77,204 95,003 43.6 53.7
7360 San Francisco, CA PMSA Total 710 896,562 154,731 172,230 17.3 19.2
Private 612 776,074 92,938 101,515 12.0 13.1
Public 98 120,487 61,793 70,716 51.3 58.7
7400 San Jose, CA PMSA Total 726 927,569 137,726 149,598 14.8 16.1
Private 642 821,206 76,376 83,319 9.3 10.1
Public 84 106,363 61,350 66,279 57.7 62.3
7460 San Luis Obispo-Atascadero-Paso Robles, CA MSA Total 138 173,870 32,490 33,679 18.7 19.4
Private 113 143,340 14,493 14,493 10.1 10.1
Public 25 30,530 17,997 19,185 58.9 62.8
7480 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA Total 146 186,941 28,188 29,529 15.1 15.8
Private 114 147,767 13,281 13,281 9.0 9.0
Public 32 39,174 14,907 16,248 38.1 41.5
7490 Santa Fe, NM MSA Total 155 47,158 4,757 5,588 10.1 11.8
Private 91 28,131 1,793 2,054 6.4 7.3
Public 64 19,027 2,963 3,534 15.6 18.6
7500 Santa Rosa, CA PMSA Total 153 189,575 26,570 30,912 14.0 16.3
Private 133 164,952 16,995 20,020 10.3 12.1
Public 20 24,623 9,575 10,892 38.9 44.2
7510 Sarasota-Bradenton, FL MSA Total 224 183,729 9,151 13,150 5.0 7.2
Private 198 161,363 4,090 7,312 2.5 4.5
Public 26 22,366 5,061 5,838 22.6 26.1
7560 Scranton-Wilkes Barre-Hazelton, PA MSA Total 355 241,484 51,149 55,824 21.2 23.1
Private 302 206,011 30,127 32,567 14.6 15.8
Public 53 35,474 21,021 23,257 59.3 65.6
7600 Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA PMSA Total 977 1,185,535 223,166 246,775 18.8 20.8
Private 837 1,017,057 146,130 158,294 14.4 15.6
Public 140 168,477 77,036 88,482 45.7 52.5
7680 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA MSA Total 196 171,104 9,019 13,564 5.3 7.9
Private 165 143,523 9,019 9,019 6.3 6.3
Public 31 27,580 0 4,545 0.0 16.5
7760 Sioux Falls, SD MSA Total 455 70,387 5,736 7,362 8.1 10.5
Private 406 62,965 3,136 4,024 5.0 6.4
Public 49 7,423 2,601 3,339 35.0 45.0
7800 South Bend, IN MSA Total 90 110,848 14,419 14,419 13.0 13.0
Private 82 101,190 9,683 9,683 9.6 9.6
Public 8 9,658 4,736 4,736 49.0 49.0
7840 Spokane, WA MSA Total 182 214,547 37,269 38,376 17.4 17.9
Private 154 182,240 20,281 21,388 11.1 11.7
Public 28 32,308 16,988 16,988 52.6 52.6
7880 Springfield, IL MSA Total 149 103,277 21,872 23,190 21.2 22.5
Private 99 68,997 6,930 6,930 10.0 10.0
Public 50 34,280 14,942 16,260 43.6 47.4
7920 Springfield, MO MSA Total 60 74,836 14,516 14,516 19.4 19.4
Private 51 64,152 11,270 11,270 17.6 17.6
Public 9 10,684 3,246 3,246 30.4 30.4
8000 Springfield, MA MSA Total 397 283,071 58,435 66,769 20.6 23.6
Private 307 220,171 22,021 25,355 10.0 11.5
Public 90 62,900 36,414 41,415 57.9 65.8
8040 Stamford-Norwalk, CT PMSA Total 149 131,768 9,753 9,753 7.4 7.4
Private 141 125,041 4,432 4,432 3.5 3.5
Public 8 6,727 5,321 5,321 79.1 79.1
8120 Stockton-Lodi, CA MSA Total 151 196,453 38,247 46,359 19.5 23.6
Private 114 149,169 19,200 20,488 12.9 13.7
Public 37 47,284 19,047 25,870 40.3 54.7
8160 Syracuse, NY MSA Total 292 241,772 53,966 54,799 22.3 22.7
Private 239 200,248 24,391 25,223 12.2 12.6
Public 53 41,525 29,576 29,576 71.2 71.2
8200 Tacoma, WA PMSA Total 261 314,326 93,404 110,102 29.7 35.0
Private 210 255,311 59,389 70,405 23.3 27.6
Public 51 59,015 34,015 39,697 57.6 67.3
8240 Tallahassee, FL MSA Total 120 100,279 9,661 22,940 9.6 22.9
Private 69 58,573 1,953 2,701 3.3 4.6
Public 51 41,706 7,708 20,239 18.5 48.5
8280 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Total 1,090 959,337 49,932 66,360 5.2 6.9
Private 946 835,795 22,582 30,693 2.7 3.7
Public 144 123,542 27,350 35,666 22.1 28.9
8400 Toledo, OH MSA Total 398 276,909 70,150 71,836 25.3 25.9
Private 332 231,695 45,766 47,452 19.8 20.5
Public 66 45,214 24,383 24,383 53.9 53.9
8440 Topeka, KS MSA Total 89 50,737 5,431 6,528 10.7 12.9
Private 73 41,786 3,722 4,317 8.9 10.3
Public 16 8,951 1,709 2,211 19.1 24.7
8480 Trenton, NJ PMSA Total 230 169,782 35,581 39,929 21.0 23.5
Private 186 138,429 19,511 21,459 14.1 15.5
Public 44 31,353 16,070 18,470 51.3 58.9
8520 Tucson, AZ MSA Total 386 335,089 28,500 33,083 8.5 9.9
Private 302 264,103 17,612 19,329 6.7 7.3
Public 84 70,986 10,888 13,754 15.3 19.4
8560 Tulsa, OK MSA Total 602 365,816 36,862 43,985 10.1 12.0
Private 515 314,659 19,712 21,533 6.3 6.8
Public 87 51,156 17,150 22,452 33.5 43.9
8600 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA Total 100 87,916 11,930 13,960 13.6 15.9
Private 79 68,224 4,097 4,097 6.0 6.0
Public 21 19,692 7,833 9,863 39.8 50.1
8680 Utica-Rome, NY MSA Total 179 142,219 29,763 34,298 20.9 24.1
Private 130 104,686 11,470 13,890 11.0 13.3
Public 49 37,532 18,293 20,409 48.7 54.4
8720 Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA Total 193 249,829 59,353 59,353 23.8 23.8
Private 154 201,401 28,878 28,878 14.3 14.3
Public 39 48,428 30,475 30,475 62.9 62.9
8735 Ventura, CA PMSA Total 210 275,264 41,268 51,670 15.0 18.8
Private 183 238,824 26,093 30,258 10.9 12.7
Public 27 36,440 15,175 21,412 41.6 58.8
8760 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ PMSA Total 76 56,007 17,580 18,298 31.4 32.7
Private 61 45,012 11,085 11,803 24.6 26.2
Public 15 10,994 6,495 6,495 59.1 59.1
8780 Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA Total 111 140,600 24,133 29,134 17.2 20.7
Private 84 106,756 8,029 10,471 7.5 9.8
Public 27 33,844 16,105 18,663 47.6 55.1
8800 Waco, TX MSA Total 126 138,359 3,848 6,797 2.8 4.9
Private 106 115,576 1,108 3,258 1.0 2.8
Public 20 22,784 2,740 3,539 12.0 15.5
8840 Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA Total 3,183 2,256,163 232,796 299,289 10.3 13.3
Private 2,315 1,667,905 100,251 121,501 6.0 7.3
Public 868 588,258 132,545 177,788 22.5 30.2
8880 Waterbury, CT PMSA Total 115 100,193 22,802 22,802 22.8 22.8
Private 100 87,710 14,698 14,698 16.8 16.8
Public 15 12,483 8,104 8,104 64.9 64.9
8920 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA Total 92 56,721 7,936 8,534 14.0 15.0
Private 84 51,754 7,275 7,275 14.1 14.1
Public 8 4,967 661 1,258 13.3 25.3
8960 West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL MSA Total 446 375,656 19,681 24,314 5.2 6.5
Private 391 329,471 5,123 6,814 1.6 2.1
Public 55 46,185 14,558 17,500 31.5 37.9
9000 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA Total 115 42,113 11,233 11,233 26.7 26.7
Private 99 36,589 8,523 8,523 23.3 23.3
Public 16 5,524 2,710 2,710 49.1 49.1
9040 Wichita, KS MSA Total 461 256,438 34,947 43,234 13.6 16.9
Private 412 229,307 31,592 35,046 13.8 15.3
Public 49 27,131 3,355 8,188 12.4 30.2
9160 Wilmington-Newark, DE-MD PMSA Total 1,151 228,837 30,931 33,429 13.5 14.6
Private 1,007 200,685 21,436 22,462 10.7 11.2
Public 144 28,153 9,495 10,967 33.7 39.0
9200 Wilmington, NC MSA Total 62 48,158 3,459 3,459 7.2 7.2
Private 48 37,955 1,278 1,278 3.4 3.4
Public 14 10,203 2,181 2,181 21.4 21.4
9240 Worcester, MA-CT PMSA Total 197 140,090 29,327 31,416 20.9 22.4
Private 163 116,170 16,535 17,955 14.2 15.5
Public 34 23,921 12,792 13,461 53.5 56.3
9270 Yolo, CA PMSA Total 40 48,932 11,260 13,489 23.0 27.6
Private 28 34,703 8,810 8,810 25.4 25.4
Public 12 14,228 2,451 4,680 17.2 32.9
9280 York, PA MSA Total 303 208,318 27,204 30,307 13.1 14.5
Private 274 188,699 15,323 17,783 8.1 9.4
Public 29 19,619 11,881 12,525 60.6 63.8
9320 Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA Total 421 369,551 95,893 100,628 25.9 27.2
Private 368 328,764 66,674 70,185 20.3 21.3
Public 53 40,788 29,219 30,443 71.6 74.6
9340 Yuba City, CA MSA Total 131 164,141 27,486 29,969 16.7 18.3
Private 102 127,842 13,908 13,908 10.9 10.9
Public 29 36,299 13,578 16,061 37.4 44.2
9360 Yuma, AZ MSA Total 100 82,669 4,936 7,567 6.0 9.2
Private 84 69,546 2,334 4,089 3.4 5.9
Public 16 13,122 2,602 3,477 19.8 26.5
                 
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 1999. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas shown in the 1995-2001 tables are based
on 1993 Census definitions used in the CPS; those shown in the 1986-1994 tables are based on 1984 Census definitions.
CMSAs at the top of the table and the MSAs and PMSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes included
in the CPS.
2002 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.