Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Combined Statistical Area (CSA) and MSA, 2006 (details in table note)
Note: Sample size (Obs) for many cells are small and should be used with care.
Area definitions beginning May 2004 do not match prior definitions.
Codes Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CSAs (combination of 2 or more MSAs; separate MSAs are shown further down):
CSA Code
118 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 238 173,168 28,320 29,008 16.4 16.8
Private 208 151,894 14,625 15,314 9.6 10.1
Public 30 21,273 13,695 13,695 64.4 64.4
Priv Const 11 8,660 3,291 3,291 38.0 38.0
Priv Manuf 73 53,668 10,029 10,029 18.7 18.7
715 Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MS-NH-CT-ME Total 3,399 2,367,123 325,679 344,232 13.8 14.5
Private 2,984 2,098,582 166,846 179,759 8.0 8.6
Public 415 268,541 158,833 164,473 59.1 61.2
Priv Const 169 116,438 21,812 21,812 18.7 18.7
Priv Manuf 434 233,232 28,876 30,205 12.4 13.0
720 Bridgeport-New Haven-Stamford, CT Total 2,111 835,478 125,776 135,077 15.1 16.2
Private 1,843 730,190 58,035 64,690 7.9 8.9
Public 268 105,288 67,741 70,387 64.3 66.9
Priv Const 108 42,652 7,265 8,532 17.0 20.0
Priv Manuf 282 110,611 9,699 10,111 8.8 9.1
176 Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI Total 4,055 4,223,038 684,315 714,349 16.2 16.9
Private 3,535 3,689,745 414,652 432,849 11.2 11.7
Public 520 533,293 269,663 281,500 50.6 52.8
Priv Const 229 244,793 92,735 94,693 37.9 38.7
Priv Manuf 527 542,332 86,823 88,754 16.0 16.4
184 Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH Total 1,239 1,237,842 172,626 182,950 13.9 14.8
Private 1,079 1,075,469 99,159 106,246 9.2 9.9
Public 160 162,373 73,467 76,705 45.2 47.2
Priv Const 62 62,341 16,471 16,471 26.4 26.4
Priv Manuf 217 214,804 28,447 29,551 13.2 13.8
212 Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH Total 408 410,421 45,598 55,802 11.1 13.6
Private 338 341,288 19,789 23,703 5.8 6.9
Public 70 69,133 25,809 32,099 37.3 46.4
Priv Const 16 16,096 3,499 3,499 21.7 21.7
Priv Manuf 66 67,685 6,597 6,597 9.7 9.7
216 Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO Total 2,270 1,269,734 96,175 107,592 7.6 8.5
Private 1,939 1,086,526 50,034 55,671 4.6 5.1
Public 331 183,207 46,140 51,922 25.2 28.3
Priv Const 154 87,252 5,933 6,918 6.8 7.9
Priv Manuf 185 103,631 988 988 1.0 1.0
220 Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI Total 2,207 2,277,405 497,814 515,490 21.9 22.6
Private 1,914 1,983,729 326,910 337,401 16.5 17.0
Public 293 293,676 170,905 178,089 58.2 60.6
Priv Const 92 97,549 26,653 26,653 27.3 27.3
Priv Manuf 465 476,974 141,806 145,825 29.7 30.6
260 Fresno-Madera, CA Total 403 416,580 56,203 63,913 13.5 15.3
Private 329 341,955 24,490 26,436 7.2 7.7
Public 74 74,625 31,713 37,477 42.5 50.2
Priv Const 22 22,471 6,544 6,544 29.1 29.1
Priv Manuf 34 36,963 6,619 6,619 17.9 17.9
266 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI Total 655 638,384 88,110 90,908 13.8 14.2
Private 580 567,203 46,444 48,424 8.2 8.5
Public 75 71,181 41,666 42,484 58.5 59.7
Priv Const 28 28,249 2,117 2,117 7.5 7.5
Priv Manuf 150 145,921 23,466 23,466 16.1 16.1
268 Greensboro--Winston-Salem-High Point, NC Total 540 585,268 14,314 16,742 2.4 2.9
Private 475 514,789 5,899 7,314 1.1 1.4
Public 65 70,479 8,415 9,428 11.9 13.4
Priv Const 35 40,918 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 97 102,664 2,160 2,160 2.1 2.1
272 Greenville-Anderson-Seneca, SC Total 325 257,066 5,195 7,545 2.0 2.9
Private 285 225,395 1,692 1,692 0.8 0.8
Public 40 31,671 3,503 5,853 11.1 18.5
Priv Const 31 27,130 843 843 3.1 3.1
Priv Manuf 80 61,937 0 0 0.0 0.0
290 Huntsville-Decatur, AL Total 266 266,032 16,494 17,994 6.2 6.8
Private 217 216,688 7,319 8,084 3.4 3.7
Public 49 49,344 9,175 9,910 18.6 20.1
Priv Const 16 17,922 854 854 4.8 4.8
Priv Manuf 57 55,749 3,757 3,757 6.7 6.7
294 Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN Total 839 838,925 82,020 90,503 9.8 10.8
Private 726 727,739 49,161 54,452 6.8 7.5
Public 113 111,186 32,859 36,051 29.6 32.4
Priv Const 60 63,019 9,525 9,525 15.1 15.1
Priv Manuf 128 130,030 20,918 22,056 16.1 17.0
304 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, VA Total 163 167,053 10,055 10,055 6.0 6.0
Private 142 146,478 4,921 4,921 3.4 3.4
Public 21 20,575 5,135 5,135 25.0 25.0
Priv Const 7 7,061 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 35 35,742 1,936 1,936 5.4 5.4
348 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA Total 6,755 7,123,286 1,085,788 1,163,065 15.2 16.3
Private 5,838 6,160,708 546,013 584,140 8.9 9.5
Public 917 962,578 539,775 578,925 56.1 60.1
Priv Const 471 499,943 79,090 81,972 15.8 16.4
Priv Manuf 878 916,615 57,407 61,692 6.3 6.7
356 Macon-Warner-Robins-Fort Valley, GA Total 122 129,851 4,094 6,232 3.2 4.8
Private 93 98,525 991 1,834 1.0 1.9
Public 29 31,326 3,102 4,398 9.9 14.0
Priv Const 8 7,994 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 17 18,490 0 0 0.0 0.0
376 Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI Total 1,127 822,994 106,894 115,453 13.0 14.0
Private 1,007 738,826 57,768 64,429 7.8 8.7
Public 120 84,168 49,126 51,025 58.4 60.6
Priv Const 43 33,264 10,895 11,544 32.8 34.7
Priv Manuf 192 139,271 17,908 19,773 12.9 14.2
378 Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI Total 2,953 1,600,798 243,275 258,283 15.2 16.1
Private 2,580 1,401,516 133,832 142,044 9.5 10.1
Public 373 199,282 109,443 116,239 54.9 58.3
Priv Const 141 78,034 19,229 19,824 24.6 25.4
Priv Manuf 467 251,928 24,159 26,056 9.6 10.3
408 New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 7,893 8,521,071 1,993,649 2,092,206 23.4 24.6
Private 6,563 7,103,523 1,011,266 1,069,214 14.2 15.1
Public 1,330 1,417,548 982,383 1,022,992 69.3 72.2
Priv Const 430 468,103 115,238 118,298 24.6 25.3
Priv Manuf 629 664,878 77,975 82,305 11.7 12.4
428 Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 4,107 2,518,471 364,561 390,706 14.5 15.5
Private 3,556 2,181,550 182,612 198,697 8.4 9.1
Public 551 336,922 181,949 192,009 54.0 57.0
Priv Const 253 134,807 27,015 27,177 20.0 20.2
Priv Manuf 424 250,217 40,788 41,959 16.3 16.8
450 Raleigh-Durham-Cary, NC Total 697 760,319 23,469 24,348 3.1 3.2
Private 590 642,045 10,995 11,874 1.7 1.8
Public 107 118,274 12,474 12,474 10.5 10.5
Priv Const 66 76,421 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 73 75,929 2,239 3,118 2.9 4.1
482 Salt Lake City-Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 1,534 697,589 39,020 42,348 5.6 6.1
Private 1,254 574,192 17,343 17,763 3.0 3.1
Public 280 123,397 21,677 24,585 17.6 19.9
Priv Const 113 52,219 3,608 3,608 6.9 6.9
Priv Manuf 176 78,566 4,593 4,593 5.8 5.8
488 San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Total 3,031 3,248,137 519,385 554,400 16.0 17.1
Private 2,606 2,797,342 278,164 295,621 9.9 10.6
Public 425 450,795 241,221 258,779 53.5 57.4
Priv Const 188 205,208 55,579 55,579 27.1 27.1
Priv Manuf 346 373,732 11,472 13,633 3.1 3.6
500 Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA part Total 1,927 1,746,752 322,514 342,339 18.5 19.6
Private 1,619 1,471,594 176,301 185,610 12.0 12.6
Public 308 275,158 146,212 156,729 53.1 57.0
Priv Const 112 104,285 27,574 27,574 26.4 26.4
Priv Manuf 253 225,473 40,286 41,988 17.9 18.6
548 Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 7,847 3,933,965 378,279 449,093 9.6 11.4
Private 5,973 3,036,208 171,378 205,793 5.6 6.8
Public 1,874 897,757 206,902 243,300 23.0 27.1
Priv Const 528 316,540 22,412 34,200 7.1 10.8
Priv Manuf 271 154,895 18,411 19,955 11.9 12.9
MSAs (sorted alphabetically):
FIPS Code
10420 Akron, OH Total 312 310,004 31,418 31,418 10.1 10.1
Private 270 267,507 17,112 17,112 6.4 6.4
Public 42 42,496 14,306 14,306 33.7 33.7
10500 Albany, GA Total 77 78,027 1,581 6,420 2.0 8.2
Private 63 63,840 1,581 4,260 2.5 6.7
Public 14 14,187 0 2,160 0.0 15.2
10580 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Total 430 429,339 130,671 137,728 30.4 32.1
Private 321 322,004 55,843 60,934 17.3 18.9
Public 109 107,336 74,828 76,795 69.7 71.5
10740 Albuquerque, NM Total 750 378,118 38,788 51,512 10.3 13.6
Private 589 297,481 18,211 23,412 6.1 7.9
Public 161 80,637 20,577 28,100 25.5 34.8
10900 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Total 474 458,717 69,566 72,627 15.2 15.8
Private 411 399,349 38,221 38,221 9.6 9.6
Public 63 59,368 31,344 34,405 52.8 58.0
11020 Altoona, PA Total 91 87,527 10,044 10,044 11.5 11.5
Private 74 71,932 4,728 4,728 6.6 6.6
Public 17 15,595 5,316 5,316 34.1 34.1
11100 Amarillo, TX Total 113 122,028 12,305 12,305 10.1 10.1
Private 91 98,559 6,136 6,136 6.2 6.2
Public 22 23,469 6,169 6,169 26.3 26.3
11300 Anderson, IN Total 87 85,395 19,413 20,469 22.7 24.0
Private 72 70,687 11,254 11,254 15.9 15.9
Public 15 14,708 8,159 9,215 55.5 62.7
11340 Anderson, SC Total 82 65,051 2,683 3,527 4.1 5.4
Private 70 55,513 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 12 9,538 2,683 3,527 28.1 37.0
11460 Ann Arbor, MI Total 128 134,123 29,382 30,542 21.9 22.8
Private 97 103,373 15,451 15,451 14.9 14.9
Public 31 30,750 13,931 15,090 45.3 49.1
11500 Anniston-Oxford, AL Total 93 100,300 11,351 11,351 11.3 11.3
Private 62 65,672 953 953 1.5 1.5
Public 31 34,629 10,398 10,398 30.0 30.0
11540 Appleton,WI Total 143 103,575 16,712 16,712 16.1 16.1
Private 129 94,043 10,389 10,389 11.0 11.0
Public 14 9,532 6,324 6,324 66.3 66.3
11700 Asheville, NC Total 200 214,048 9,958 9,958 4.7 4.7
Private 156 167,608 2,120 2,120 1.3 1.3
Public 44 46,439 7,838 7,838 16.9 16.9
12020 Athens-Clark County, GA Total 61 63,602 1,109 1,109 1.7 1.7
Private 47 49,506 1,109 1,109 2.2 2.2
Public 14 14,096 0 0 0.0 0.0
12060 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA Total 2,198 2,327,570 119,552 149,656 5.1 6.4
Private 1,904 2,021,178 79,449 99,665 3.9 4.9
Public 294 306,391 40,103 49,992 13.1 16.3
12100 Atlantic City, NJ Total 130 125,401 26,418 26,418 21.1 21.1
Private 112 107,807 14,034 14,034 13.0 13.0
Public 18 17,593 12,384 12,384 70.4 70.4
12260 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Total 227 217,093 4,083 7,006 1.9 3.2
Private 188 179,189 2,467 2,467 1.4 1.4
Public 39 37,903 1,616 4,539 4.3 12.0
12420 Austin-Round Rock, TX Total 739 825,717 24,766 32,359 3.0 3.9
Private 574 644,657 5,993 9,440 0.9 1.5
Public 165 181,060 18,773 22,918 10.4 12.7
12540 Bakersfield, CA Total 289 291,753 63,041 66,144 21.6 22.7
Private 214 217,028 26,007 27,073 12.0 12.5
Public 75 74,725 37,035 39,071 49.6 52.3
12580 Baltimore-Towson, MD Total 2,073 1,209,982 163,578 191,851 13.5 15.9
Private 1,629 950,776 78,824 93,311 8.3 9.8
Public 444 259,206 84,754 98,540 32.7 38.0
70750 Bangor, ME Total 307 54,747 7,872 8,364 14.4 15.3
Private 248 44,615 3,250 3,405 7.3 7.6
Public 59 10,132 4,623 4,959 45.6 48.9
70900 Barnstable Town, MA Total 75 75,890 14,671 14,671 19.3 19.3
Private 63 64,372 6,894 6,894 10.7 10.7
Public 12 11,518 7,777 7,777 67.5 67.5
12940 Baton Rouge, LA Total 278 299,648 22,948 27,640 7.7 9.2
Private 223 241,990 15,965 19,825 6.6 8.2
Public 55 57,658 6,983 7,815 12.1 13.6
13140 Beaumont-Port Author, TX Total 131 141,434 9,685 10,824 6.8 7.7
Private 103 110,954 5,624 5,624 5.1 5.1
Public 28 30,480 4,062 5,200 13.3 17.1
13380 Bellingham, WA Total 81 71,729 11,918 13,892 16.6 19.4
Private 67 59,095 6,806 7,544 11.5 12.8
Public 14 12,634 5,112 6,348 40.5 50.2
13460 Bend, OR Total 155 105,166 7,760 7,760 7.4 7.4
Private 137 93,265 5,215 5,215 5.6 5.6
Public 18 11,901 2,545 2,545 21.4 21.4
13740 Billings, MT Total 263 60,205 9,010 9,708 15.0 16.1
Private 220 50,662 3,423 3,929 6.8 7.8
Public 43 9,543 5,587 5,779 58.5 60.6
13780 Binghamton, NY Total 86 88,611 13,846 13,846 15.6 15.6
Private 73 75,747 5,644 5,644 7.5 7.5
Public 13 12,864 8,202 8,202 63.8 63.8
13820 Birmingham-Hoover, AL Total 573 585,449 56,735 61,164 9.7 10.4
Private 485 496,671 31,334 33,308 6.3 6.7
Public 88 88,778 25,400 27,856 28.6 31.4
14020 Bloomington, IN Total 127 122,482 17,674 17,674 14.4 14.4
Private 78 74,479 4,579 4,579 6.1 6.1
Public 49 48,002 13,095 13,095 27.3 27.3
14060 Bloomington-Normal IL Total 109 114,448 10,329 11,146 9.0 9.7
Private 91 96,743 4,919 4,919 5.1 5.1
Public 18 17,705 5,410 6,227 30.6 35.2
14260 Boise City-Nampa, ID Total 771 236,121 12,262 13,864 5.2 5.9
Private 656 202,344 6,816 7,381 3.4 3.6
Public 115 33,777 5,446 6,483 16.1 19.2
71650 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH Total 3,092 2,050,415 281,273 297,643 13.7 14.5
Private 2,724 1,829,813 148,081 158,810 8.1 8.7
Public 368 220,602 133,193 138,832 60.4 62.9
14500 Boulder, CO Total 299 167,913 7,480 8,016 4.5 4.8
Private 246 138,244 3,100 3,636 2.2 2.6
Public 53 29,670 4,380 4,380 14.8 14.8
14540 Bowling Green, KY Total 49 34,136 4,681 6,693 13.7 19.6
Private 40 28,263 4,681 5,488 16.6 19.4
Public 9 5,873 0 1,204 0.0 20.5
14740 Bremerton-Silverdale, WA Total 102 88,960 14,010 16,857 15.7 18.9
Private 71 61,739 2,489 2,489 4.0 4.0
Public 31 27,221 11,520 14,367 42.3 52.8
71950 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT Total 1,010 400,674 59,032 62,865 14.7 15.7
Private 886 352,469 28,283 30,634 8.0 8.7
Public 124 48,206 30,750 32,231 63.8 66.9
15180 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX Total 105 108,336 6,899 6,899 6.4 6.4
Private 82 83,607 2,293 2,293 2.7 2.7
Public 23 24,729 4,606 4,606 18.6 18.6
15380 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY Total 508 514,975 132,252 134,517 25.7 26.1
Private 418 426,787 69,895 72,160 16.4 16.9
Public 90 88,188 62,357 62,357 70.7 70.7
72400 Burlington-South Burlington, VT Total 899 101,304 10,361 11,568 10.2 11.4
Private 759 85,888 4,949 5,176 5.8 6.0
Public 140 15,415 5,412 6,392 35.1 41.5
15940 Canton-Massillon, OH Total 190 183,129 35,916 39,817 19.6 21.7
Private 162 155,233 23,092 25,010 14.9 16.1
Public 28 27,896 12,824 14,807 46.0 53.1
15980 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL Total 185 197,037 21,301 30,510 10.8 15.5
Private 155 165,159 1,928 6,012 1.2 3.6
Public 30 31,878 19,373 24,498 60.8 76.9
16300 Cedar Rapids, IA Total 260 105,734 13,362 17,473 12.6 16.5
Private 220 89,504 8,806 9,691 9.8 10.8
Public 40 16,229 4,557 7,782 28.1 47.9
16580 Champaign-Urbana, IL Total 140 138,115 25,922 30,931 18.8 22.4
Private 95 94,716 7,217 9,115 7.6 9.6
Public 45 43,399 18,705 21,815 43.1 50.3
16620 Charleston, WV Total 371 139,033 18,642 23,768 13.4 17.1
Private 280 105,717 9,000 12,061 8.5 11.4
Public 91 33,316 9,641 11,707 28.9 35.1
16700 Charleston-North Charleston, SC Total 341 275,095 12,920 17,515 4.7 6.4
Private 268 217,991 8,557 8,557 3.9 3.9
Public 73 57,104 4,363 8,958 7.6 15.7
16740 Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC Total 756 797,991 22,576 29,010 2.8 3.6
Private 673 710,543 16,288 21,178 2.3 3.0
Public 83 87,448 6,288 7,833 7.2 9.0
16860 Chattanooga, TN-GA Total 208 215,973 16,839 18,662 7.8 8.6
Private 170 176,197 6,681 7,638 3.8 4.3
Public 38 39,776 10,158 11,024 25.5 27.7
16980 Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IN-IN-WI Total 3,838 3,998,365 653,883 682,916 16.4 17.1
Private 3,347 3,495,526 390,345 407,541 11.2 11.7
Public 491 502,839 263,537 275,375 52.4 54.8
17020 Chico, CA Total 77 80,094 18,810 19,798 23.5 24.7
Private 61 63,243 11,465 12,454 18.1 19.7
Public 16 16,850 7,345 7,345 43.6 43.6
17140 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Total 1,033 976,002 118,342 130,007 12.1 13.3
Private 925 872,349 70,625 73,293 8.1 8.4
Public 108 103,654 47,717 56,714 46.0 54.7
17460 Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Total 927 927,838 141,207 151,532 15.2 16.3
Private 809 807,962 82,046 89,134 10.2 11.0
Public 118 119,876 59,161 62,398 49.4 52.1
17660 Coeur d'Alene, ID Total 156 47,450 2,626 3,275 5.5 6.9
Private 136 41,405 1,577 1,896 3.8 4.6
Public 20 6,045 1,049 1,379 17.4 22.8
17820 Colorado Springs, CO Total 454 249,987 17,302 18,916 6.9 7.6
Private 388 214,220 9,136 10,280 4.3 4.8
Public 66 35,767 8,166 8,636 22.8 24.1
17860 Columbia, MO Total 121 105,661 5,722 5,722 5.4 5.4
Private 73 65,085 2,240 2,240 3.4 3.4
Public 48 40,576 3,482 3,482 8.6 8.6
17900 Columbia, SC Total 357 287,332 5,766 6,683 2.0 2.3
Private 256 207,704 2,025 2,025 1.0 1.0
Public 101 79,628 3,741 4,658 4.7 5.8
17980 Columbus, GA-AL Total 119 124,451 4,681 7,397 3.8 5.9
Private 101 106,122 3,585 5,436 3.4 5.1
Public 18 18,329 1,096 1,961 6.0 10.7
18140 Columbus, OH Total 798 842,674 108,698 118,203 12.9 14.0
Private 650 689,019 42,687 45,487 6.2 6.6
Public 148 153,655 66,011 72,715 43.0 47.3
18580 Corpus Christi, TX Total 166 174,635 3,382 4,253 1.9 2.4
Private 135 141,053 1,004 1,875 0.7 1.3
Public 31 33,582 2,378 2,378 7.1 7.1
19100 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Total 2,440 2,758,710 143,274 165,682 5.2 6.0
Private 2,167 2,458,455 80,122 88,016 3.3 3.6
Public 273 300,255 63,152 77,666 21.0 25.9
72850 Danbury, CT Total 145 57,216 6,317 6,706 11.0 11.7
Private 124 49,094 2,237 2,626 4.6 5.3
Public 21 8,122 4,080 4,080 50.2 50.2
19340 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL Total 275 170,070 20,498 22,401 12.1 13.2
Private 245 149,767 12,159 13,710 8.1 9.2
Public 30 20,303 8,339 8,691 41.1 42.8
19380 Dayton, OH Total 342 343,486 38,617 46,001 11.2 13.4
Private 285 287,282 18,883 20,875 6.6 7.3
Public 57 56,204 19,734 25,125 35.1 44.7
19460 Decatur, Al Total 91 93,163 12,449 12,449 13.4 13.4
Private 78 80,178 5,117 5,117 6.4 6.4
Public 13 12,986 7,331 7,331 56.5 56.5
19500 Decatur, IL Total 90 87,220 17,230 19,038 19.8 21.8
Private 81 78,587 14,015 15,823 17.8 20.1
Public 9 8,634 3,215 3,215 37.2 37.2
19660 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL Total 172 178,557 22,830 23,997 12.8 13.4
Private 135 140,012 3,326 4,493 2.4 3.2
Public 37 38,545 19,504 19,504 50.6 50.6
19740 Denver-Aurora, CO Total 1,971 1,101,820 88,695 99,576 8.0 9.0
Private 1,693 948,283 46,934 52,034 4.9 5.5
Public 278 153,538 41,760 47,542 27.2 31.0
19780 Des Moines, IA Total 661 263,716 32,135 36,807 12.2 14.0
Private 573 228,673 19,091 19,869 8.3 8.7
Public 88 35,043 13,044 16,938 37.2 48.3
19820 Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Total 1,829 1,891,941 413,049 429,566 21.8 22.7
Private 1,586 1,646,976 268,994 279,485 16.3 17.0
Public 243 244,965 144,056 150,081 58.8 61.3
20100 Dover, DE Total 499 67,420 6,837 7,474 10.1 11.1
Private 396 53,944 3,403 3,642 6.3 6.8
Public 103 13,476 3,434 3,832 25.5 28.4
20260 Duluth, MN-WI Total 156 83,455 23,432 23,994 28.1 28.8
Private 125 67,031 13,880 14,443 20.7 21.5
Public 31 16,424 9,552 9,552 58.2 58.2
20500 Durham, NC Total 206 224,866 6,936 7,815 3.1 3.5
Private 165 178,710 2,054 2,933 1.1 1.6
Public 41 46,156 4,882 4,882 10.6 10.6
20740 Eau Claire, WI Total 160 117,129 13,049 16,072 11.1 13.7
Private 129 94,530 6,570 6,570 6.9 6.9
Public 31 22,599 6,479 9,502 28.7 42.0
20940 El Centro, CA Total 69 69,852 11,199 11,199 16.0 16.0
Private 51 51,969 1,191 1,191 2.3 2.3
Public 18 17,883 10,008 10,008 56.0 56.0
21340 El Paso, TX Total 249 261,465 16,124 16,124 6.2 6.2
Private 190 199,608 4,011 4,011 2.0 2.0
Public 59 61,857 12,112 12,112 19.6 19.6
21500 Erie, PA Total 103 100,109 11,564 11,564 11.6 11.6
Private 94 91,293 9,702 9,702 10.6 10.6
Public 9 8,816 1,862 1,862 21.1 21.1
21660 Eugene-Springfield, OR Total 206 138,092 17,533 18,861 12.7 13.7
Private 173 115,899 7,462 7,462 6.4 6.4
Public 33 22,193 10,071 11,399 45.4 51.4
21780 Evansville, IN-KY Total 111 113,621 10,656 11,984 9.4 10.5
Private 98 100,200 7,786 7,786 7.8 7.8
Public 13 13,422 2,870 4,198 21.4 31.3
22020 Fargo, ND-MN Total 638 81,501 6,801 6,930 8.3 8.5
Private 531 67,871 2,997 2,997 4.4 4.4
Public 107 13,630 3,805 3,934 27.9 28.9
22140 Farmington, NM Total 98 46,946 1,300 1,300 2.8 2.8
Private 78 37,063 1,300 1,300 3.5 3.5
Public 20 9,883 0 0 0.0 0.0
22180 Fayetteville, NC Total 113 124,216 8,017 9,872 6.5 7.9
Private 68 75,693 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 45 48,523 8,017 9,872 16.5 20.3
22220 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO Total 261 173,001 1,763 3,071 1.0 1.8
Private 230 153,443 1,237 2,041 0.8 1.3
Public 31 19,558 526 1,030 2.7 5.3
22420 Flint, MI Total 160 160,642 35,313 35,313 22.0 22.0
Private 147 148,617 26,364 26,364 17.7 17.7
Public 13 12,025 8,949 8,949 74.4 74.4
22460 Florence, AL Total 89 91,420 10,081 10,081 11.0 11.0
Private 79 81,926 4,565 4,565 5.6 5.6
Public 10 9,494 5,517 5,517 58.1 58.1
22660 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO Total 251 139,254 6,862 8,771 4.9 6.3
Private 211 117,582 2,225 3,538 1.9 3.0
Public 40 21,672 4,637 5,233 21.4 24.1
22900 Fort Smith, AR-OK Total 185 125,130 6,838 8,138 5.5 6.5
Private 165 111,397 4,859 4,859 4.4 4.4
Public 20 13,733 1,979 3,279 14.4 23.9
23020 Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL Total 112 117,160 5,462 5,462 4.7 4.7
Private 89 95,331 2,549 2,549 2.7 2.7
Public 23 21,829 2,913 2,913 13.3 13.3
23060 Fort Wayne, IN Total 184 190,784 11,802 14,624 6.2 7.7
Private 167 174,956 7,835 10,657 4.5 6.1
Public 17 15,828 3,967 3,967 25.1 25.1
23420 Fresno, CA Total 295 304,830 40,763 46,476 13.4 15.2
Private 236 245,344 18,237 20,183 7.4 8.2
Public 59 59,486 22,525 26,293 37.9 44.2
23540 Gainesville, FL Total 100 107,642 3,462 3,462 3.2 3.2
Private 71 76,397 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 29 31,245 3,462 3,462 11.1 11.1
24340 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI Total 414 405,738 55,409 57,154 13.7 14.1
Private 367 360,462 30,148 31,076 8.4 8.6
Public 47 45,276 25,261 26,079 55.8 57.6
24540 Greeley, CO Total 219 121,705 8,759 11,115 7.2 9.1
Private 188 105,131 4,387 5,532 4.2 5.3
Public 31 16,574 4,372 5,583 26.4 33.7
24580 Green Bay, WI Total 222 163,143 18,745 18,745 11.5 11.5
Private 199 146,568 6,645 6,645 4.5 4.5
Public 23 16,575 12,100 12,100 73.0 73.0
24660 Greensboro-High Point, NC Total 374 403,031 8,947 9,959 2.2 2.5
Private 334 359,644 3,306 3,306 0.9 0.9
Public 40 43,387 5,641 6,653 13.0 15.3
24860 Greenville, SC Total 243 192,015 2,512 4,018 1.3 2.1
Private 215 169,882 1,692 1,692 1.0 1.0
Public 28 22,133 820 2,326 3.7 10.5
25060 Gulfport-Biloxi, MS Total 92 67,742 6,129 6,705 9.0 9.9
Private 68 48,872 2,142 2,142 4.4 4.4
Public 24 18,871 3,988 4,563 21.1 24.2
25180 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Total 139 79,242 6,795 7,824 8.6 9.9
Private 125 70,986 3,252 3,806 4.6 5.4
Public 14 8,255 3,543 4,018 42.9 48.7
25420 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Total 260 255,361 45,335 49,291 17.8 19.3
Private 215 212,190 26,533 28,095 12.5 13.2
Public 45 43,171 18,802 21,196 43.6 49.1
25500 Harrisonburg, VA Total 129 106,422 7,547 9,288 7.1 8.7
Private 110 91,349 7,547 8,523 8.3 9.3
Public 19 15,073 0 765 0.0 5.1
73450 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Total 1,339 517,020 82,447 87,754 15.9 17.0
Private 1,123 432,850 32,030 35,578 7.4 8.2
Public 216 84,170 50,417 52,175 59.9 62.0
25860 Hickory-Morgantown-Lenoir, NC Total 143 155,098 998 2,097 0.6 1.4
Private 128 139,439 998 998 0.7 0.7
Public 15 15,659 0 1,099 0.0 7.0
26100 Holland-Grand Haven, MI Total 123 116,045 9,575 9,575 8.3 8.3
Private 109 103,443 1,788 1,788 1.7 1.7
Public 14 12,602 7,787 7,787 61.8 61.8
26180 Honolulu, HI Total 1,904 402,628 99,197 104,608 24.6 26.0
Private 1,461 309,764 50,137 52,761 16.2 17.0
Public 443 92,864 49,060 51,846 52.8 55.8
26420 Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX Total 1,933 2,270,613 134,734 150,946 5.9 6.6
Private 1,677 1,975,595 71,732 77,778 3.6 3.9
Public 256 295,017 63,002 73,169 21.4 24.8
26580 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Total 134 51,727 7,666 8,378 14.8 16.2
Private 98 37,762 3,064 3,775 8.1 10.0
Public 36 13,966 4,603 4,603 33.0 33.0
26620 Huntsville, AL Total 175 172,869 4,045 5,546 2.3 3.2
Private 139 136,510 2,201 2,967 1.6 2.2
Public 36 36,358 1,844 2,579 5.1 7.1
26900 Indianapolis, IN Total 752 753,530 62,607 70,034 8.3 9.3
Private 654 657,052 37,907 43,198 5.8 6.6
Public 98 96,478 24,700 26,836 25.6 27.8
26980 Iowa City, IA Total 264 107,607 11,031 19,204 10.3 17.8
Private 164 67,171 2,564 2,954 3.8 4.4
Public 100 40,436 8,467 16,249 20.9 40.2
27100 Jackson, MI Total 150 146,783 27,728 30,507 18.9 20.8
Private 125 122,585 14,519 16,414 11.8 13.4
Public 25 24,198 13,209 14,093 54.6 58.2
27140 Jackson, MS Total 301 231,161 5,519 6,112 2.4 2.6
Private 235 182,200 1,219 1,812 0.7 1.0
Public 66 48,961 4,300 4,300 8.8 8.8
27260 Jacksonville, FL Total 555 593,956 27,951 30,722 4.7 5.2
Private 492 528,869 12,720 15,491 2.4 2.9
Public 63 65,088 15,231 15,231 23.4 23.4
27340 Jacksonville, NC Total 49 55,637 2,349 3,300 4.2 5.9
Private 37 42,916 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 12 12,721 2,349 3,300 18.5 25.9
27500 Janesville, WI Total 137 102,067 24,271 24,271 23.8 23.8
Private 123 91,818 16,909 16,909 18.4 18.4
Public 14 10,250 7,362 7,362 71.8 71.8
27740 Johnson City, TN Total 86 87,638 6,238 6,238 7.1 7.1
Private 72 73,902 3,070 3,070 4.2 4.2
Public 14 13,736 3,167 3,167 23.1 23.1
27780 Johnstown, PA Total 76 76,209 13,602 13,602 17.8 17.8
Private 60 60,537 4,309 4,309 7.1 7.1
Public 16 15,672 9,294 9,294 59.3 59.3
27900 Joplin, MO Total 109 90,559 2,490 3,454 2.7 3.8
Private 94 77,555 1,562 2,527 2.0 3.3
Public 15 13,004 928 928 7.1 7.1
28020 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI Total 180 174,803 27,461 28,332 15.7 16.2
Private 144 141,062 8,481 8,481 6.0 6.0
Public 36 33,741 18,979 19,851 56.2 58.8
28100 Kankakee-Bradley, IL Total 112 121,559 13,823 13,823 11.4 11.4
Private 95 102,568 11,282 11,282 11.0 11.0
Public 17 18,991 2,541 2,541 13.4 13.4
28140 Kansas City, MO-KS Total 1,381 896,323 89,092 95,481 9.9 10.7
Private 1,235 804,374 68,994 71,865 8.6 8.9
Public 146 91,949 20,097 23,616 21.9 25.7
28660 Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX Total 131 136,484 4,331 5,342 3.2 3.9
Private 104 109,705 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 27 26,779 4,331 5,342 16.2 19.9
28700 Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA Total 77 79,415 3,818 3,818 4.8 4.8
Private 70 72,576 1,850 1,850 2.5 2.5
Public 7 6,839 1,968 1,968 28.8 28.8
28740 Kingston, NY Total 112 113,343 21,971 21,971 19.4 19.4
Private 87 88,126 3,891 3,891 4.4 4.4
Public 25 25,217 18,080 18,080 71.7 71.7
28940 Knoxville, TN Total 190 202,527 12,332 12,332 6.1 6.1
Private 165 176,304 4,511 4,511 2.6 2.6
Public 25 26,224 7,821 7,821 29.8 29.8
29100 La Crosse, WI Total 137 100,503 11,889 12,694 11.8 12.6
Private 117 86,780 2,907 2,907 3.3 3.3
Public 20 13,723 8,982 9,787 65.4 71.3
29180 Lafayette, LA Total 224 247,663 5,879 5,879 2.4 2.4
Private 195 215,778 4,764 4,764 2.2 2.2
Public 29 31,885 1,115 1,115 3.5 3.5
29340 Lake Charles, LA Total 104 110,568 3,906 5,055 3.5 4.6
Private 81 89,090 2,983 4,131 3.3 4.6
Public 23 21,478 924 924 4.3 4.3
29460 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL Total 182 191,066 2,907 2,907 1.5 1.5
Private 166 174,576 2,907 2,907 1.7 1.7
Public 16 16,489 0 0 0.0 0.0
29540 Lancaster, PA Total 232 225,796 24,059 24,928 10.7 11.0
Private 200 194,843 7,458 8,327 3.8 4.3
Public 32 30,953 16,600 16,600 53.6 53.6
29620 Lansing-East Lansing, MI Total 212 209,903 57,082 60,458 27.2 28.8
Private 163 161,573 29,806 31,077 18.4 19.2
Public 49 48,330 27,276 29,381 56.4 60.8
29700 Laredo, TX Total 98 101,451 4,124 7,024 4.1 6.9
Private 75 78,753 1,080 2,076 1.4 2.6
Public 23 22,698 3,044 4,948 13.4 21.8
29740 Las Cruses, NM Total 138 69,511 2,560 3,592 3.7 5.2
Private 108 55,437 1,811 2,390 3.3 4.3
Public 30 14,074 749 1,202 5.3 8.5
29820 Las Vegas-Paradise, NM Total 2,080 818,933 133,868 149,433 16.3 18.2
Private 1,885 744,129 106,165 116,342 14.3 15.6
Public 195 74,804 27,702 33,091 37.0 44.2
29940 Lawrence, KS Total 155 74,661 5,360 6,532 7.2 8.7
Private 122 59,821 2,295 3,070 3.8 5.1
Public 33 14,839 3,065 3,461 20.7 23.3
30020 Lawton, OK Total 112 80,281 2,634 5,212 3.3 6.5
Private 89 65,188 1,476 2,830 2.3 4.3
Public 23 15,093 1,158 2,382 7.7 15.8
74500 Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner, MA Total 106 108,492 14,430 16,613 13.3 15.3
Private 87 89,749 5,059 7,242 5.6 8.1
Public 19 18,743 9,371 9,371 50.0 50.0
30460 Lexington-Fayette, KY Total 312 219,033 13,826 15,360 6.3 7.0
Private 236 165,515 8,298 9,152 5.0 5.5
Public 76 53,518 5,527 6,209 10.3 11.6
30780 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Total 445 291,671 22,657 24,780 7.8 8.5
Private 340 222,778 13,355 13,355 6.0 6.0
Public 105 68,893 9,302 11,425 13.5 16.6
30980 Longview, TX Total 79 81,119 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 64 66,045 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 15 15,074 0 0 0.0 0.0
31100 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Total 5,099 5,363,159 780,248 841,720 14.5 15.7
Private 4,428 4,658,697 397,243 428,976 8.5 9.2
Public 671 704,462 383,005 412,743 54.4 58.6
31140 Louisville, KY-IN Total 626 468,245 67,719 76,434 14.5 16.3
Private 541 405,202 47,934 52,107 11.8 12.9
Public 85 63,043 19,786 24,327 31.4 38.6
31180 Lubbock, TX Total 92 98,241 1,008 1,008 1.0 1.0
Private 78 84,441 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 14 13,800 1,008 1,008 7.3 7.3
31340 Lynchburg, VA Total 131 117,836 4,738 4,738 4.0 4.0
Private 115 104,276 3,150 3,150 3.0 3.0
Public 16 13,560 1,589 1,589 11.7 11.7
31420 Macon,, GA Total 66 71,432 991 991 1.4 1.4
Private 55 58,912 991 991 1.7 1.7
Public 11 12,519 0 0 0.0 0.0
31460 Madera, CA Total 108 111,750 15,440 17,437 13.8 15.6
Private 93 96,611 6,253 6,253 6.5 6.5
Public 15 15,138 9,187 11,184 60.7 73.9
31540 Madison, WI Total 392 285,998 51,990 58,438 18.2 20.4
Private 303 221,744 19,636 19,636 8.9 8.9
Public 89 64,254 32,354 38,801 50.4 60.4
32580 McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX Total 175 182,546 0 20,891 0.0 11.4
Private 131 135,465 0 2,412 0.0 1.8
Public 44 47,080 0 18,479 0.0 39.2
32780 Medford, OR Total 111 73,995 5,200 5,200 7.0 7.0
Private 96 64,784 2,784 2,784 4.3 4.3
Public 15 9,211 2,416 2,416 26.2 26.2
32820 Memphis, TN-MS-AR Total 562 606,294 25,793 31,212 4.3 5.1
Private 484 516,681 8,598 8,598 1.7 1.7
Public 78 89,613 17,195 22,614 19.2 25.2
32900 Merced, CA Total 74 76,180 15,692 17,744 20.6 23.3
Private 55 56,634 8,919 8,919 15.7 15.7
Public 19 19,547 6,772 8,825 34.6 45.1
33100 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL Total 2,160 2,281,472 134,537 157,606 5.9 6.9
Private 1,876 1,978,476 49,287 59,636 2.5 3.0
Public 284 302,996 85,250 97,971 28.1 32.3
33140 Michigan City-La Porte, IN Total 105 103,114 16,610 17,611 16.1 17.1
Private 93 91,651 13,025 14,026 14.2 15.3
Public 12 11,463 3,585 3,585 31.3 31.3
33260 Midland, TX Total 81 87,532 2,139 4,363 2.4 5.0
Private 65 70,212 900 900 1.3 1.3
Public 16 17,320 1,239 3,463 7.2 20.0
33340 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Total 961 702,773 82,029 89,233 11.7 12.7
Private 855 628,696 40,809 46,114 6.5 7.3
Public 106 74,077 41,220 43,119 55.6 58.2
33460 Minneapolis-St Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Total 2,815 1,525,965 235,932 248,482 15.5 16.3
Private 2,452 1,332,365 128,665 134,941 9.7 10.1
Public 363 193,600 107,267 113,541 55.4 58.6
33660 Mobile, AL Total 155 157,579 14,641 16,996 9.3 10.8
Private 124 126,466 5,682 6,682 4.5 5.3
Public 31 31,113 8,959 10,315 28.8 33.2
33700 Modesto, CA Total 203 216,319 33,243 39,595 15.4 18.3
Private 166 178,202 19,067 23,412 10.7 13.1
Public 37 38,116 14,176 16,183 37.2 42.5
33740 Monroe, LA Total 187 205,997 18,523 19,228 9.0 9.3
Private 159 176,961 15,693 16,398 8.9 9.3
Public 28 29,036 2,830 2,830 9.7 9.7
33780 Monroe, MI Total 90 90,699 20,070 20,070 22.1 22.1
Private 84 84,763 16,101 16,101 19.0 19.0
Public 6 5,936 3,969 3,969 66.9 66.9
33860 Montgomery, AL Total 154 152,690 19,699 25,121 12.9 16.5
Private 112 112,583 5,929 7,629 5.3 6.8
Public 42 40,107 13,769 17,492 34.3 43.6
34740 Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI Total 118 116,601 23,126 24,178 19.8 20.7
Private 104 103,298 14,507 15,560 14.0 15.1
Public 14 13,303 8,618 8,618 64.8 64.8
34820 Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC Total 113 90,860 1,960 1,960 2.2 2.2
Private 101 80,052 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 12 10,809 1,960 1,960 18.1 18.1
34900 Napa, CA Total 81 82,670 12,147 12,147 14.7 14.7
Private 69 70,048 3,877 3,877 5.5 5.5
Public 12 12,622 8,270 8,270 65.5 65.5
34940 Naples-Marco Island, FL Total 120 122,493 2,912 3,790 2.4 3.1
Private 111 112,695 1,939 2,817 1.7 2.5
Public 9 9,798 972 972 9.9 9.9
34980 Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN Total 675 721,925 55,703 64,085 7.7 8.9
Private 580 617,575 35,560 39,515 5.8 6.4
Public 95 104,350 20,143 24,571 19.3 23.5
75700 New Haven, CT Total 730 290,907 47,508 51,487 16.3 17.7
Private 630 250,951 20,129 23,308 8.0 9.3
Public 100 39,957 27,379 28,179 68.5 70.5
35380 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Total 353 392,239 27,945 33,087 7.1 8.4
Private 301 336,152 11,701 12,888 3.5 3.8
Public 52 56,087 16,244 20,199 29.0 36.0
35620 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Total 7,369 7,968,820 1,858,761 1,954,367 23.3 24.5
Private 6,147 6,663,845 952,617 1,009,652 14.3 15.2
Public 1,222 1,304,975 906,144 944,715 69.4 72.4
35660 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI Total 61 60,604 11,991 14,451 19.8 23.8
Private 57 56,876 10,337 12,797 18.2 22.5
Public 4 3,728 1,654 1,654 44.4 44.4
76450 Norwich-New London, CT-RI Total 265 103,904 16,029 16,029 15.4 15.4
Private 196 76,015 7,317 7,317 9.6 9.6
Public 69 27,888 8,712 8,712 31.2 31.2
36100 Ocala, FL Total 106 110,127 948 1,930 0.9 1.8
Private 98 101,446 948 948 0.9 0.9
Public 8 8,680 0 982 0.0 11.3
36140 Ocean City, NJ Total 31 30,699 10,066 10,066 32.8 32.8
Private 20 19,683 3,765 3,765 19.1 19.1
Public 11 11,016 6,302 6,302 57.2 57.2
36260 Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 460 207,270 9,913 10,306 4.8 5.0
Private 352 160,013 4,312 4,312 2.7 2.7
Public 108 47,257 5,601 5,994 11.9 12.7
36420 Oklahoma City, OK Total 836 600,775 56,860 68,964 9.5 11.5
Private 663 479,571 21,012 24,914 4.4 5.2
Public 173 121,204 35,848 44,050 29.6 36.3
36500 Olympia, WA Total 123 110,205 31,038 33,502 28.2 30.4
Private 83 75,453 16,091 16,091 21.3 21.3
Public 40 34,752 14,947 17,411 43.0 50.1
36540 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA Total 1,254 388,783 29,005 33,051 7.5 8.5
Private 1,095 339,770 13,502 15,227 4.0 4.5
Public 159 49,013 15,503 17,824 31.6 36.4
36740 Orlando, FL Total 956 1,009,063 44,753 67,788 4.4 6.7
Private 865 914,617 29,217 42,994 3.2 4.7
Public 91 94,445 15,536 24,794 16.4 26.3
36780 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 95 69,592 11,607 12,296 16.7 17.7
Private 79 57,851 4,237 4,925 7.3 8.5
Public 16 11,741 7,371 7,371 62.8 62.8
37100 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA Total 337 350,224 51,365 52,357 14.7 14.9
Private 293 306,143 27,006 27,006 8.8 8.8
Public 44 44,082 24,359 25,351 55.3 57.5
37340 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL Total 285 297,156 17,589 20,837 5.9 7.0
Private 238 247,481 4,007 4,007 1.6 1.6
Public 47 49,675 13,582 16,830 27.3 33.9
37460 Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL Total 95 99,972 8,306 9,365 8.3 9.4
Private 77 81,162 4,199 4,199 5.2 5.2
Public 18 18,811 4,107 5,166 21.8 27.5
37860 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL Total 157 163,695 5,970 6,959 3.6 4.3
Private 131 136,650 2,935 2,935 2.1 2.1
Public 26 27,046 3,034 4,024 11.2 14.9
37900 Peoria, IL Total 194 190,376 25,016 26,121 13.1 13.7
Private 181 178,175 19,507 20,612 10.9 11.6
Public 13 12,200 5,509 5,509 45.2 45.2
37980 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE Total 4,044 2,450,759 343,160 368,350 14.0 15.0
Private 3,513 2,135,008 177,144 193,229 8.3 9.1
Public 531 315,750 166,016 175,121 52.6 55.5
38060 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ Total 1,695 1,853,726 144,505 184,520 7.8 10.0
Private 1,462 1,598,250 75,303 101,992 4.7 6.4
Public 233 255,476 69,203 82,528 27.1 32.3
38300 Pittsburgh, PA Total 1,055 1,041,931 152,517 161,331 14.6 15.5
Private 938 927,473 87,690 94,334 9.5 10.2
Public 117 114,458 64,827 66,997 56.6 58.5
38940 Port St. Lucie-Fort Pierce, FL Total 127 132,033 4,356 4,356 3.3 3.3
Private 102 105,168 2,456 2,456 2.3 2.3
Public 25 26,865 1,901 1,901 7.1 7.1
76750 Portland-South Portland, ME Total 1,068 186,838 19,034 22,500 10.2 12.0
Private 935 163,984 7,469 8,565 4.6 5.2
Public 133 22,854 11,565 13,936 50.6 61.0
38900 Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA Total 1,309 924,121 148,663 158,158 16.1 17.1
Private 1,120 796,244 75,214 77,750 9.4 9.8
Public 189 127,877 73,449 80,407 57.4 62.9
39100 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY Total 266 283,895 80,790 83,741 28.5 29.5
Private 221 235,938 44,883 45,796 19.0 19.4
Public 45 47,957 35,907 37,945 74.9 79.1
39140 Prescott, AZ Total 73 80,686 4,252 6,425 5.3 8.0
Private 58 64,883 2,303 3,339 3.5 5.1
Public 15 15,803 1,950 3,086 12.3 19.5
77200 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, MA-RI Total 3,283 611,932 92,828 96,758 15.2 15.8
Private 2,839 526,279 38,505 40,929 7.3 7.8
Public 444 85,653 54,323 55,828 63.4 65.2
39340 Provo-Orem, UT Total 389 175,685 9,517 12,081 5.4 6.9
Private 329 149,373 3,217 5,336 2.2 3.6
Public 60 26,312 6,300 6,745 23.9 25.6
39380 Pueblo, CO Total 168 92,688 9,533 10,169 10.3 11.0
Private 140 76,988 5,961 6,597 7.7 8.6
Public 28 15,701 3,572 3,572 22.7 22.7
39460 Punta Gorda, FL Total 66 70,582 3,607 5,842 5.1 8.3
Private 59 63,291 3,607 3,607 5.7 5.7
Public 7 7,290 0 2,234 0.0 30.6
39540 Racine, WI Total 166 120,221 24,865 26,221 20.7 21.8
Private 152 110,130 16,959 18,315 15.4 16.6
Public 14 10,090 7,906 7,906 78.4 78.4
39580 Raleigh-Cary, NC Total 491 535,453 16,532 16,532 3.1 3.1
Private 425 463,335 8,941 8,941 1.9 1.9
Public 66 72,118 7,592 7,592 10.5 10.5
39740 Reading, PA Total 196 189,517 22,407 23,520 11.8 12.4
Private 169 163,457 9,914 11,027 6.1 6.7
Public 27 26,059 12,493 12,493 47.9 47.9
39900 Reno-Sparks, NV Total 486 189,359 16,299 20,156 8.6 10.6
Private 410 160,492 8,988 10,467 5.6 6.5
Public 76 28,866 7,311 9,690 25.3 33.6
40060 Richmond, VA Total 642 562,652 10,684 14,696 1.9 2.6
Private 516 455,935 7,081 8,626 1.6 1.9
Public 126 106,717 3,603 6,069 3.4 5.7
40140 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Total 1,319 1,409,903 254,175 268,988 18.0 19.1
Private 1,117 1,195,869 121,763 128,158 10.2 10.7
Public 202 214,034 132,412 140,831 61.9 65.8
40220 Roanoke, VA Total 115 100,695 8,902 8,902 8.8 8.8
Private 101 88,653 6,406 6,406 7.2 7.2
Public 14 12,042 2,496 2,496 20.7 20.7
40380 Rochester, NY Total 486 494,285 72,424 74,553 14.7 15.1
Private 405 416,225 28,161 29,310 6.8 7.0
Public 81 78,060 44,263 45,243 56.7 58.0
77350 Rochester-Dover, NH-ME Total 385 58,186 5,809 6,817 10.0 11.7
Private 325 49,278 1,904 1,904 3.9 3.9
Public 60 8,908 3,905 4,913 43.8 55.2
40420 Rockford, IL Total 156 151,547 23,257 25,406 15.3 16.8
Private 133 128,979 11,872 12,896 9.2 10.0
Public 23 22,568 11,385 12,510 50.4 55.4
40900 Sacramento--Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA Total 776 804,022 163,448 170,710 20.3 21.2
Private 593 616,994 52,110 55,277 8.4 9.0
Public 183 187,028 111,338 115,432 59.5 61.7
40980 Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI Total 75 75,090 16,214 17,522 21.6 23.3
Private 64 65,178 9,967 11,275 15.3 17.3
Public 11 9,913 6,248 6,248 63.0 63.0
41420 Salem, OR Total 254 173,132 24,430 26,363 14.1 15.2
Private 201 139,832 7,891 7,891 5.6 5.6
Public 53 33,300 16,539 18,472 49.7 55.5
41500 Salinas, CA Total 154 162,369 36,049 39,807 22.2 24.5
Private 121 129,199 11,785 13,716 9.1 10.6
Public 33 33,170 24,264 26,090 73.2 78.7
41540 Salisbury, MD Total 97 54,503 8,061 8,061 14.8 14.8
Private 75 41,838 1,635 1,635 3.9 3.9
Public 22 12,665 6,426 6,426 50.7 50.7
41620 Salt Lake City, UT Total 1,074 490,319 29,107 32,042 5.9 6.5
Private 902 414,179 13,031 13,451 3.1 3.2
Public 172 76,140 16,076 18,591 21.1 24.4
41700 San Antonio, TX Total 682 761,169 31,379 39,608 4.1 5.2
Private 570 640,519 12,096 13,227 1.9 2.1
Public 112 120,649 19,283 26,380 16.0 21.9
41740 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA Total 1,107 1,142,688 141,812 158,547 12.4 13.9
Private 914 944,460 64,976 70,334 6.9 7.4
Public 193 198,228 76,836 88,213 38.8 44.5
41860 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA Total 1,698 1,829,610 302,467 324,667 16.5 17.7
Private 1,471 1,589,281 182,121 194,385 11.5 12.2
Public 227 240,329 120,346 130,282 50.1 54.2
41940 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Total 820 884,258 118,151 125,575 13.4 14.2
Private 724 783,085 59,570 62,783 7.6 8.0
Public 96 101,174 58,581 62,793 57.9 62.1
42020 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA Total 93 98,060 20,586 21,548 21.0 22.0
Private 68 71,218 6,020 6,020 8.5 8.5
Public 25 26,843 14,566 15,528 54.3 57.8
42060 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA Total 176 188,434 10,763 10,763 5.7 5.7
Private 155 165,130 7,774 7,774 4.7 4.7
Public 21 23,305 2,989 2,989 12.8 12.8
42140 Santa Fe, NM Total 82 41,735 3,792 6,322 9.1 15.1
Private 67 34,751 1,037 3,163 3.0 9.1
Public 15 6,983 2,754 3,159 39.4 45.2
42220 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA Total 177 185,537 31,546 32,883 17.0 17.7
Private 141 146,708 11,042 11,042 7.5 7.5
Public 36 38,829 20,503 21,840 52.8 56.2
42100 Santa-Cruz-Watsonville, CA Total 101 103,983 12,731 15,683 12.2 15.1
Private 86 87,043 9,648 11,628 11.1 13.4
Public 15 16,941 3,083 4,055 18.2 23.9
42260 Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL Total 295 308,481 12,301 16,494 4.0 5.3
Private 257 269,125 5,829 6,874 2.2 2.6
Public 38 39,355 6,471 9,620 16.4 24.4
42340 Savannah, GA Total 236 248,652 10,349 13,593 4.2 5.5
Private 193 203,139 5,420 5,420 2.7 2.7
Public 43 45,513 4,929 8,173 10.8 18.0
42540 Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA Total 261 257,109 37,451 40,205 14.6 15.6
Private 224 222,269 13,625 15,451 6.1 7.0
Public 37 34,840 23,826 24,754 68.4 71.1
42660 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA Total 1,702 1,547,587 277,466 291,980 17.9 18.9
Private 1,465 1,334,402 157,721 167,030 11.8 12.5
Public 237 213,185 119,745 124,951 56.2 58.6
43340 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA Total 145 158,994 17,485 18,461 11.0 11.6
Private 116 128,624 8,022 8,998 6.2 7.0
Public 29 30,370 9,463 9,463 31.2 31.2
43620 Sioux Falls, SD Total 829 116,165 8,825 9,423 7.6 8.1
Private 734 103,399 4,209 4,209 4.1 4.1
Public 95 12,766 4,616 5,214 36.2 40.8
43780 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI Total 113 114,937 13,216 13,216 11.5 11.5
Private 102 103,574 9,475 9,475 9.1 9.1
Public 11 11,363 3,740 3,740 32.9 32.9
43900 Spartanburg, SC Total 184 145,232 1,218 1,218 0.8 0.8
Private 167 132,123 1,218 1,218 0.9 0.9
Public 17 13,109 0 0 0.0 0.0
44060 Spokane, WA Total 239 216,529 30,468 34,675 14.1 16.0
Private 211 192,832 18,723 21,288 9.7 11.0
Public 28 23,697 11,745 13,386 49.6 56.5
44100 Springfield, IL Total 101 99,945 31,186 31,994 31.2 32.0
Private 74 74,199 13,875 14,683 18.7 19.8
Public 27 25,747 17,311 17,311 67.2 67.2
78100 Springfield, MA-CT Total 281 295,817 45,768 53,136 15.5 18.0
Private 234 247,743 22,471 28,694 9.1 11.6
Public 47 48,075 23,297 24,441 48.5 50.8
44180 Springfield, MO Total 179 150,043 12,342 13,172 8.2 8.8
Private 155 130,060 4,557 4,557 3.5 3.5
Public 24 19,984 7,785 8,616 39.0 43.1
44220 Springfield, OH Total 66 66,935 6,981 9,801 10.4 14.6
Private 53 54,006 906 2,828 1.7 5.2
Public 13 12,929 6,075 6,973 47.0 53.9
41060 St. Cloud, MN Total 138 74,833 7,342 9,801 9.8 13.1
Private 128 69,151 5,167 7,102 7.5 10.3
Public 10 5,682 2,175 2,698 38.3 47.5
41180 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 1,612 1,390,567 198,932 212,034 14.3 15.2
Private 1,442 1,242,513 150,593 156,426 12.1 12.6
Public 170 148,054 48,339 55,609 32.6 37.6
44700 Stockton, CA Total 196 203,586 38,030 42,238 18.7 20.7
Private 175 181,941 24,495 28,703 13.5 15.8
Public 21 21,645 13,535 13,535 62.5 62.5
45060 Syracuse, NY Total 285 283,451 54,645 57,316 19.3 20.2
Private 231 231,679 19,062 19,062 8.2 8.2
Public 54 51,772 35,583 38,254 68.7 73.9
45220 Tallahassee, FL Total 96 107,076 3,167 8,130 3.0 7.6
Private 59 67,439 1,226 3,235 1.8 4.8
Public 37 39,637 1,941 4,896 4.9 12.4
45300 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL Total 1,134 1,184,033 55,604 75,318 4.7 6.4
Private 967 1,011,145 17,902 23,182 1.8 2.3
Public 167 172,887 37,702 52,136 21.8 30.2
45780 Toledo, OH Total 304 290,326 50,626 52,989 17.4 18.3
Private 263 252,189 34,061 35,531 13.5 14.1
Public 41 38,136 16,565 17,458 43.4 45.8
45820 Topeka, KS Total 253 121,573 13,106 14,464 10.8 11.9
Private 183 88,959 8,536 8,937 9.6 10.0
Public 70 32,614 4,570 5,528 14.0 16.9
45940 Trenton-Ewing, NJ Total 146 155,013 32,127 32,127 20.7 20.7
Private 108 115,614 9,875 9,875 8.5 8.5
Public 38 39,399 22,252 22,252 56.5 56.5
46060 Tucson, AZ Total 334 368,729 25,846 30,012 7.0 8.1
Private 268 295,122 7,593 10,636 2.6 3.6
Public 66 73,608 18,254 19,376 24.8 26.3
46140 Tulsa, OK Total 541 391,041 18,719 19,464 4.8 5.0
Private 482 348,792 10,605 11,351 3.0 3.3
Public 59 42,249 8,114 8,114 19.2 19.2
46220 Tuscaloosa, AL Total 95 95,627 1,533 2,339 1.6 2.4
Private 86 86,342 0 806 0.0 0.9
Public 9 9,285 1,533 1,533 16.5 16.5
46540 Utica-Rome, NY Total 110 109,964 21,397 23,143 19.5 21.0
Private 80 82,477 4,980 5,855 6.0 7.1
Public 30 27,487 16,417 17,288 59.7 62.9
46660 Valdosta, GA Total 79 80,236 5,945 7,115 7.4 8.9
Private 66 67,042 3,655 4,826 5.5 7.2
Public 13 13,195 2,289 2,289 17.3 17.3
46700 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA Total 154 162,078 42,343 43,445 26.1 26.8
Private 115 121,177 11,906 11,906 9.8 9.8
Public 39 40,901 30,437 31,539 74.4 77.1
46940 Vero Beach, FL Total 103 106,147 2,470 2,470 2.3 2.3
Private 92 95,482 2,470 2,470 2.6 2.6
Public 11 10,665 0 0 0.0 0.0
47020 Victoria, TX Total 194 207,059 9,018 11,828 4.4 5.7
Private 164 176,231 4,923 4,923 2.8 2.8
Public 30 30,828 4,095 6,905 13.3 22.4
47220 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ Total 63 67,713 21,401 22,356 31.6 33.0
Private 43 46,542 5,468 5,468 11.7 11.7
Public 20 21,171 15,934 16,888 75.3 79.8
47260 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Total 711 625,557 32,777 37,717 5.2 6.0
Private 571 503,948 19,495 21,159 3.9 4.2
Public 140 121,608 13,281 16,558 10.9 13.6
47300 Visalia-Porterville, CA Total 150 154,716 20,689 23,959 13.4 15.5
Private 122 125,250 6,182 7,074 4.9 5.6
Public 28 29,465 14,507 16,885 49.2 57.3
47380 Waco, TX Total 112 117,811 5,451 5,451 4.6 4.6
Private 97 102,287 2,587 2,587 2.5 2.5
Public 15 15,524 2,863 2,863 18.4 18.4
47580 Warner Robins, GA Total 56 58,419 3,102 5,241 5.3 9.0
Private 38 39,613 0 843 0.0 2.1
Public 18 18,806 3,102 4,398 16.5 23.4
47900 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Total 5,774 2,723,984 214,701 257,242 7.9 9.4
Private 4,344 2,085,432 92,554 112,482 4.4 5.4
Public 1,430 638,552 122,147 144,760 19.1 22.7
78700 Waterbury, CT Total 226 86,680 12,919 14,019 14.9 16.2
Private 203 77,677 7,386 8,122 9.5 10.5
Public 23 9,003 5,532 5,897 61.4 65.5
47940 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA Total 253 103,923 14,038 18,142 13.5 17.5
Private 215 88,687 7,131 8,606 8.0 9.7
Public 38 15,236 6,907 9,536 45.3 62.6
48140 Wausau, WI Total 139 102,006 22,105 25,067 21.7 24.6
Private 127 93,449 17,180 20,142 18.4 21.6
Public 12 8,558 4,925 4,925 57.5 57.5
48620 Wichita, KS Total 551 259,102 23,700 28,206 9.1 10.9
Private 473 223,451 15,438 19,102 6.9 8.5
Public 78 35,651 8,262 9,104 23.2 25.5
49180 Winston-Salem, NC Total 166 182,237 5,367 6,783 2.9 3.7
Private 141 155,145 2,592 4,008 1.7 2.6
Public 25 27,092 2,774 2,774 10.2 10.2
79600 Worcester, MA-CT Total 201 208,216 29,976 29,976 14.4 14.4
Private 173 179,020 13,706 13,706 7.7 7.7
Public 28 29,195 16,270 16,270 55.7 55.7
49420 Yakima, WA Total 125 112,302 18,425 21,409 16.4 19.1
Private 100 90,827 8,137 10,200 9.0 11.2
Public 25 21,475 10,287 11,209 47.9 52.2
49620 York-Hanover, PA Total 180 174,241 12,071 13,905 6.9 8.0
Private 159 154,489 7,191 8,085 4.7 5.2
Public 21 19,752 4,880 5,821 24.7 29.5
49660 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH Total 189 180,289 43,405 44,302 24.1 24.6
Private 171 163,852 34,403 35,300 21.0 21.5
Public 18 16,437 9,002 9,002 54.8 54.8
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2006. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas in the CPS beginning May 2004 are based
on 2003 Census definitions; areas are not necessarily compatible with those from earlier years.
Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
2007 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.