Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Combined Statistical Area (CSA) and MSA, 2008 (details in table note)
Note: Sample size (Obs) for many cells are small and should be used with care.
Area definitions beginning May 2004 do not match prior definitions.
Codes Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CSAs (combination of 2 or more MSAs; separate MSAs are shown further down):
CSA Code
118 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 266 196,265 35,081 38,870 17.9 19.8
Private 248 183,678 25,280 29,070 13.8 15.8
Public 18 12,588 9,800 9,800 77.9 77.9
Priv Const 14 10,631 1,449 1,449 13.6 13.6
Priv Manuf 82 60,803 17,452 18,263 28.7 30.0
715 Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MS-NH-CT-ME Total 3,590 2,536,440 370,146 401,291 14.6 15.8
Private 3,099 2,179,952 152,817 172,192 7.0 7.9
Public 491 356,488 217,329 229,099 61.0 64.3
Priv Const 132 95,161 18,815 18,815 19.8 19.8
Priv Manuf 471 244,791 14,240 17,941 5.8 7.3
720 Bridgeport-New Haven-Stamford, CT Total 2,059 818,745 131,836 140,957 16.1 17.2
Private 1,777 706,963 62,025 69,264 8.8 9.8
Public 282 111,782 69,811 71,693 62.5 64.1
Priv Const 99 41,002 7,121 7,121 17.4 17.4
Priv Manuf 274 107,216 10,351 11,615 9.7 10.8
176 Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI Total 4,058 4,230,599 692,931 734,279 16.4 17.4
Private 3,514 3,675,121 422,374 449,125 11.5 12.2
Public 544 555,478 270,557 285,154 48.7 51.3
Priv Const 221 243,380 100,516 102,882 41.3 42.3
Priv Manuf 506 526,041 82,080 87,107 15.6 16.6
184 Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH Total 1,219 1,280,986 169,548 185,351 13.2 14.5
Private 1,049 1,102,543 86,348 93,299 7.8 8.5
Public 170 178,444 83,200 92,053 46.6 51.6
Priv Const 51 52,057 15,625 16,529 30.0 31.8
Priv Manuf 214 226,571 25,903 25,903 11.4 11.4
212 Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH Total 397 408,017 49,264 52,105 12.1 12.8
Private 320 329,729 26,219 26,219 8.0 8.0
Public 77 78,288 23,045 25,886 29.4 33.1
Priv Const 18 17,440 3,021 3,021 17.3 17.3
Priv Manuf 57 60,170 8,042 8,042 13.4 13.4
216 Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO Total 2,269 1,346,330 105,821 120,702 7.9 9.0
Private 1,949 1,160,812 60,121 65,684 5.2 5.7
Public 320 185,518 45,700 55,018 24.6 29.7
Priv Const 157 96,979 6,314 6,314 6.5 6.5
Priv Manuf 171 98,058 6,418 7,071 6.5 7.2
220 Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI Total 2,078 2,214,963 433,199 448,982 19.6 20.3
Private 1,835 1,962,758 270,111 284,795 13.8 14.5
Public 243 252,205 163,089 164,187 64.7 65.1
Priv Const 68 74,123 19,855 20,927 26.8 28.2
Priv Manuf 382 413,756 104,280 109,794 25.2 26.5
260 Fresno-Madera, CA Total 393 426,631 60,992 66,423 14.3 15.6
Private 337 366,468 27,690 28,912 7.6 7.9
Public 56 60,163 33,302 37,511 55.4 62.3
Priv Const 26 30,109 1,297 2,518 4.3 8.4
Priv Manuf 45 47,987 8,433 8,433 17.6 17.6
266 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI Total 632 637,761 105,411 109,361 16.5 17.1
Private 541 549,586 52,291 53,218 9.5 9.7
Public 91 88,176 53,119 56,143 60.2 63.7
Priv Const 26 26,994 3,084 3,084 11.4 11.4
Priv Manuf 145 145,335 27,646 27,646 19.0 19.0
268 Greensboro--Winston-Salem-High Point, NC Total 480 534,893 30,379 30,379 5.7 5.7
Private 419 468,123 14,140 14,140 3.0 3.0
Public 61 66,770 16,239 16,239 24.3 24.3
Priv Const 35 38,720 1,087 1,087 2.8 2.8
Priv Manuf 91 100,513 8,691 8,691 8.6 8.6
272 Greenville-Anderson-Seneca, SC Total 324 269,224 2,879 5,973 1.1 2.2
Private 281 233,436 0 1,501 0.0 0.6
Public 43 35,789 2,879 4,472 8.0 12.5
Priv Const 23 19,479 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 72 58,022 0 717 0.0 1.2
290 Huntsville-Decatur, AL Total 264 288,552 24,907 26,788 8.6 9.3
Private 218 239,145 8,187 8,187 3.4 3.4
Public 46 49,407 16,720 18,600 33.8 37.6
Priv Const 14 16,491 1,083 1,083 6.6 6.6
Priv Manuf 47 51,942 3,754 3,754 7.2 7.2
294 Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN Total 826 818,787 79,949 91,160 9.8 11.1
Private 726 719,500 53,535 58,336 7.4 8.1
Public 100 99,287 26,414 32,824 26.6 33.1
Priv Const 38 37,765 8,206 8,206 21.7 21.7
Priv Manuf 120 122,936 15,401 15,401 12.5 12.5
304 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, VA Total 151 168,250 5,030 6,042 3.0 3.6
Private 128 142,231 4,014 4,014 2.8 2.8
Public 23 26,019 1,016 2,029 3.9 7.8
Priv Const 9 10,966 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 19 20,470 1,983 1,983 9.7 9.7
348 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA Total 6,741 7,170,873 1,240,910 1,320,543 17.3 18.4
Private 5,731 6,109,856 646,446 686,580 10.6 11.2
Public 1,010 1,061,017 594,464 633,963 56.0 59.8
Priv Const 415 458,099 74,017 76,700 16.2 16.7
Priv Manuf 915 974,330 90,602 95,624 9.3 9.8
356 Macon-Warner-Robins-Fort Valley, GA Total 102 113,366 4,562 5,574 4.0 4.9
Private 82 91,515 1,325 2,337 1.4 2.6
Public 20 21,850 3,238 3,238 14.8 14.8
Priv Const 3 2,907 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 18 20,253 1,325 1,325 6.5 6.5
376 Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI Total 1,144 852,505 112,843 118,533 13.2 13.9
Private 1,007 750,243 60,312 62,788 8.0 8.4
Public 137 102,262 52,531 55,745 51.4 54.5
Priv Const 53 39,248 12,678 12,678 32.3 32.3
Priv Manuf 211 158,120 25,133 26,670 15.9 16.9
378 Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI Total 2,881 1,539,465 245,979 259,398 16.0 16.8
Private 2,493 1,334,589 129,106 134,197 9.7 10.1
Public 388 204,876 116,872 125,201 57.0 61.1
Priv Const 109 58,750 18,265 18,869 31.1 32.1
Priv Manuf 419 220,963 22,912 24,017 10.4 10.9
408 New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 7,778 8,600,374 1,880,556 2,027,878 21.9 23.6
Private 6,513 7,207,544 937,282 1,056,176 13.0 14.7
Public 1,265 1,392,831 943,274 971,702 67.7 69.8
Priv Const 420 472,841 122,803 131,297 26.0 27.8
Priv Manuf 588 620,525 56,273 62,414 9.1 10.1
428 Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 4,018 2,560,153 450,247 471,170 17.6 18.4
Private 3,481 2,222,475 262,394 277,248 11.8 12.5
Public 537 337,678 187,852 193,923 55.6 57.4
Priv Const 203 128,343 30,292 30,292 23.6 23.6
Priv Manuf 416 267,193 33,046 34,007 12.4 12.7
450 Raleigh-Durham-Cary, NC Total 689 778,509 21,083 28,368 2.7 3.6
Private 551 621,292 8,485 10,706 1.4 1.7
Public 138 157,216 12,598 17,663 8.0 11.2
Priv Const 54 61,734 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 52 58,899 1,324 2,207 2.2 3.7
482 Salt Lake City-Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 1,400 729,881 44,784 55,033 6.1 7.5
Private 1,129 590,385 22,350 26,519 3.8 4.5
Public 271 139,496 22,435 28,515 16.1 20.4
Priv Const 86 45,682 3,723 3,723 8.2 8.2
Priv Manuf 162 84,564 2,097 3,389 2.5 4.0
488 San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Total 3,215 3,500,045 675,224 705,105 19.3 20.1
Private 2,737 2,987,854 353,336 368,725 11.8 12.3
Public 478 512,191 321,889 336,380 62.8 65.7
Priv Const 202 229,711 70,441 70,441 30.7 30.7
Priv Manuf 406 439,758 23,925 28,244 5.4 6.4
500 Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA part Total 2,003 1,867,813 379,387 414,385 20.3 22.2
Private 1,643 1,532,281 202,804 221,176 13.2 14.4
Public 360 335,532 176,582 193,210 52.6 57.6
Priv Const 144 136,595 39,389 41,026 28.8 30.0
Priv Manuf 258 240,091 63,165 64,599 26.3 26.9
548 Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 7,999 3,958,195 385,797 451,181 9.7 11.4
Private 5,931 2,983,103 156,866 182,625 5.3 6.1
Public 2,068 975,092 228,931 268,556 23.5 27.5
Priv Const 439 243,712 24,860 25,832 10.2 10.6
Priv Manuf 270 153,204 14,636 16,287 9.6 10.6
MSAs (sorted alphabetically):
FIPS Code
10420 Akron, OH Total 311 320,012 41,254 43,040 12.9 13.4
Private 266 274,336 26,044 26,947 9.5 9.8
Public 45 45,676 15,210 16,093 33.3 35.2
10500 Albany, GA Total 88 96,227 8,612 9,679 8.9 10.1
Private 69 75,400 4,196 5,263 5.6 7.0
Public 19 20,826 4,416 4,416 21.2 21.2
10580 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Total 391 419,750 141,227 145,284 33.6 34.6
Private 281 306,326 55,757 58,757 18.2 19.2
Public 110 113,424 85,470 86,527 75.4 76.3
10740 Albuquerque, NM Total 742 407,863 36,164 50,432 8.9 12.4
Private 552 307,393 14,205 16,388 4.6 5.3
Public 190 100,470 21,959 34,044 21.9 33.9
10900 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Total 464 462,697 60,741 66,624 13.1 14.4
Private 411 410,731 31,599 33,684 7.7 8.2
Public 53 51,966 29,142 32,940 56.1 63.4
11020 Altoona, PA Total 89 85,635 11,371 12,375 13.3 14.5
Private 81 77,720 7,459 7,459 9.6 9.6
Public 8 7,915 3,912 4,915 49.4 62.1
11100 Amarillo, TX Total 86 94,731 4,838 5,865 5.1 6.2
Private 72 80,310 4,838 5,865 6.0 7.3
Public 14 14,422 0 0 0.0 0.0
11300 Anderson, IN Total 85 84,994 14,636 14,636 17.2 17.2
Private 75 74,901 8,300 8,300 11.1 11.1
Public 10 10,093 6,336 6,336 62.8 62.8
11340 Anderson, SC Total 70 55,306 829 829 1.5 1.5
Private 57 45,122 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 13 10,184 829 829 8.1 8.1
11460 Ann Arbor, MI Total 112 120,357 30,481 30,481 25.3 25.3
Private 90 97,814 16,885 16,885 17.3 17.3
Public 22 22,543 13,597 13,597 60.3 60.3
11500 Anniston-Oxford, AL Total 91 95,490 11,318 12,048 11.9 12.6
Private 66 68,970 4,225 4,955 6.1 7.2
Public 25 26,520 7,093 7,093 26.7 26.7
11540 Appleton,WI Total 167 123,267 17,549 20,623 14.2 16.7
Private 154 114,138 11,208 14,281 9.8 12.5
Public 13 9,129 6,341 6,341 69.5 69.5
11700 Asheville, NC Total 173 197,163 6,768 9,151 3.4 4.6
Private 142 162,350 3,108 3,108 1.9 1.9
Public 31 34,813 3,659 6,043 10.5 17.4
12020 Athens-Clark County, GA Total 54 63,869 6,020 6,020 9.4 9.4
Private 40 48,458 2,277 2,277 4.7 4.7
Public 14 15,411 3,743 3,743 24.3 24.3
12060 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA Total 2,148 2,487,962 94,825 118,819 3.8 4.8
Private 1,828 2,116,193 61,989 74,819 2.9 3.5
Public 320 371,769 32,836 44,001 8.8 11.8
12100 Atlantic City, NJ Total 130 123,699 36,512 38,444 29.5 31.1
Private 104 98,908 23,375 24,246 23.6 24.5
Public 26 24,791 13,137 14,198 53.0 57.3
12260 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Total 221 209,769 8,032 13,927 3.8 6.6
Private 168 159,415 5,267 7,143 3.3 4.5
Public 53 50,354 2,765 6,784 5.5 13.5
12420 Austin-Round Rock, TX Total 737 863,776 24,143 31,427 2.8 3.6
Private 602 709,334 11,513 16,437 1.6 2.3
Public 135 154,442 12,630 14,990 8.2 9.7
12540 Bakersfield, CA Total 273 291,439 53,604 61,758 18.4 21.2
Private 222 237,012 23,994 30,183 10.1 12.7
Public 51 54,427 29,610 31,575 54.4 58.0
12580 Baltimore-Towson, MD Total 2,120 1,237,474 160,952 190,280 13.0 15.4
Private 1,647 961,574 70,763 82,389 7.4 8.6
Public 473 275,900 90,189 107,892 32.7 39.1
70750 Bangor, ME Total 337 61,687 9,360 10,688 15.2 17.3
Private 262 48,012 2,714 3,042 5.7 6.3
Public 75 13,675 6,646 7,646 48.6 55.9
70900 Barnstable Town, MA Total 73 73,572 14,321 14,321 19.5 19.5
Private 57 57,749 5,396 5,396 9.3 9.3
Public 16 15,823 8,925 8,925 56.4 56.4
12940 Baton Rouge, LA Total 291 324,531 16,716 19,169 5.2 5.9
Private 227 257,046 8,334 10,038 3.2 3.9
Public 64 67,486 8,382 9,131 12.4 13.5
13140 Beaumont-Port Author, TX Total 140 151,745 8,673 11,652 5.7 7.7
Private 125 135,460 5,195 7,166 3.8 5.3
Public 15 16,285 3,478 4,486 21.4 27.5
13380 Bellingham, WA Total 111 103,092 20,684 20,684 20.1 20.1
Private 91 85,271 10,964 10,964 12.9 12.9
Public 20 17,822 9,720 9,720 54.5 54.5
13460 Bend, OR Total 137 89,787 9,180 9,180 10.2 10.2
Private 119 78,055 2,994 2,994 3.8 3.8
Public 18 11,733 6,186 6,186 52.7 52.7
13740 Billings, MT Total 263 62,852 7,580 8,409 12.1 13.4
Private 241 57,762 4,654 5,333 8.1 9.2
Public 22 5,090 2,926 3,076 57.5 60.4
13780 Binghamton, NY Total 113 122,919 26,790 26,790 21.8 21.8
Private 80 87,302 4,676 4,676 5.4 5.4
Public 33 35,617 22,114 22,114 62.1 62.1
13820 Birmingham-Hoover, AL Total 538 590,638 51,141 55,121 8.7 9.3
Private 437 484,304 25,045 27,062 5.2 5.6
Public 101 106,334 26,096 28,059 24.5 26.4
14020 Bloomington, IN Total 129 128,525 11,460 17,050 8.9 13.3
Private 88 87,874 4,005 6,004 4.6 6.8
Public 41 40,651 7,455 11,046 18.3 27.2
14060 Bloomington-Normal IL Total 128 132,301 17,439 17,439 13.2 13.2
Private 106 111,109 7,840 7,840 7.1 7.1
Public 22 21,192 9,599 9,599 45.3 45.3
14260 Boise City-Nampa, ID Total 712 232,462 17,534 18,721 7.5 8.1
Private 588 192,808 9,354 10,277 4.9 5.3
Public 124 39,654 8,180 8,443 20.6 21.3
71650 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH Total 3,294 2,226,399 322,026 350,316 14.5 15.7
Private 2,853 1,922,283 130,918 150,293 6.8 7.8
Public 441 304,116 191,107 200,023 62.8 65.8
14500 Boulder, CO Total 274 162,364 9,924 11,137 6.1 6.9
Private 225 134,073 3,486 3,486 2.6 2.6
Public 49 28,291 6,438 7,651 22.8 27.0
14540 Bowling Green, KY Total 55 37,469 1,502 1,502 4.0 4.0
Private 43 29,242 694 694 2.4 2.4
Public 12 8,226 808 808 9.8 9.8
14740 Bremerton-Silverdale, WA Total 110 104,454 26,334 31,922 25.2 30.6
Private 65 61,504 8,576 9,405 13.9 15.3
Public 45 42,950 17,758 22,516 41.3 52.4
71950 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT Total 989 392,529 54,716 58,872 13.9 15.0
Private 853 339,512 23,263 26,253 6.9 7.7
Public 136 53,018 31,454 32,618 59.3 61.5
15180 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX Total 103 114,092 1,225 2,412 1.1 2.1
Private 85 93,902 1,225 2,412 1.3 2.6
Public 18 20,191 0 0 0.0 0.0
15380 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY Total 440 484,002 126,969 128,126 26.2 26.5
Private 361 396,431 65,877 65,877 16.6 16.6
Public 79 87,572 61,092 62,249 69.8 71.1
72400 Burlington-South Burlington, VT Total 863 93,906 8,773 11,172 9.3 11.9
Private 728 79,588 4,125 5,158 5.2 6.5
Public 135 14,318 4,648 6,014 32.5 42.0
15940 Canton-Massillon, OH Total 171 171,139 25,793 29,104 15.1 17.0
Private 151 151,347 15,052 17,209 9.9 11.4
Public 20 19,791 10,740 11,895 54.3 60.1
15980 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL Total 210 241,596 21,181 25,915 8.8 10.7
Private 175 201,315 2,755 4,051 1.4 2.0
Public 35 40,281 18,427 21,864 45.7 54.3
16300 Cedar Rapids, IA Total 261 103,010 8,481 10,396 8.2 10.1
Private 236 93,172 6,034 6,824 6.5 7.3
Public 25 9,838 2,447 3,572 24.9 36.3
16580 Champaign-Urbana, IL Total 156 166,957 27,016 30,412 16.2 18.2
Private 111 119,710 7,062 8,272 5.9 6.9
Public 45 47,248 19,954 22,141 42.2 46.9
16620 Charleston, WV Total 395 150,383 25,529 29,688 17.0 19.7
Private 315 121,104 16,659 18,642 13.8 15.4
Public 80 29,279 8,869 11,046 30.3 37.7
16700 Charleston-North Charleston, SC Total 342 278,415 25,033 27,701 9.0 9.9
Private 271 221,280 12,636 13,488 5.7 6.1
Public 71 57,135 12,397 14,214 21.7 24.9
16740 Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC Total 731 797,058 21,926 32,472 2.8 4.1
Private 662 727,505 14,804 20,681 2.0 2.8
Public 69 69,553 7,123 11,791 10.2 17.0
16860 Chattanooga, TN-GA Total 214 243,242 8,025 9,903 3.3 4.1
Private 188 213,208 8,025 9,903 3.8 4.6
Public 26 30,035 0 0 0.0 0.0
16980 Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IN-IN-WI Total 3,837 4,001,096 657,130 695,525 16.4 17.4
Private 3,328 3,481,733 403,844 427,641 11.6 12.3
Public 509 519,362 253,287 267,884 48.8 51.6
17020 Chico, CA Total 74 78,690 21,866 23,818 27.8 30.3
Private 56 60,658 11,770 12,746 19.4 21.0
Public 18 18,033 10,096 11,072 56.0 61.4
17140 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Total 1,019 957,045 109,591 117,629 11.5 12.3
Private 886 833,484 64,697 66,790 7.8 8.0
Public 133 123,561 44,894 50,839 36.3 41.1
17460 Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Total 908 960,974 128,294 142,311 13.4 14.8
Private 783 828,206 60,305 66,352 7.3 8.0
Public 125 132,767 67,989 75,959 51.2 57.2
17660 Coeur d'Alene, ID Total 133 45,411 1,990 1,990 4.4 4.4
Private 121 40,779 1,684 1,684 4.1 4.1
Public 12 4,632 305 305 6.6 6.6
17820 Colorado Springs, CO Total 457 268,355 20,625 21,767 7.7 8.1
Private 370 218,412 11,580 12,158 5.3 5.6
Public 87 49,944 9,045 9,609 18.1 19.2
17860 Columbia, MO Total 112 96,876 1,700 2,756 1.8 2.8
Private 67 58,512 850 850 1.5 1.5
Public 45 38,363 849 1,906 2.2 5.0
17900 Columbia, SC Total 352 301,143 11,211 22,603 3.7 7.5
Private 286 247,331 6,916 12,864 2.8 5.2
Public 66 53,811 4,295 9,739 8.0 18.1
17980 Columbus, GA-AL Total 106 136,773 3,787 5,035 2.8 3.7
Private 81 105,945 3,787 3,787 3.6 3.6
Public 25 30,827 0 1,248 0.0 4.0
18140 Columbus, OH Total 746 783,857 83,248 89,065 10.6 11.4
Private 615 648,613 28,078 31,076 4.3 4.8
Public 131 135,244 55,170 57,990 40.8 42.9
18580 Corpus Christi, TX Total 153 168,992 3,333 3,333 2.0 2.0
Private 120 132,701 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 33 36,291 3,333 3,333 9.2 9.2
19100 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Total 2,433 2,825,898 141,233 169,330 5.0 6.0
Private 2,134 2,485,484 66,607 81,467 2.7 3.3
Public 299 340,415 74,626 87,864 21.9 25.8
72850 Danbury, CT Total 179 71,286 8,390 8,390 11.8 11.8
Private 159 63,734 3,181 3,181 5.0 5.0
Public 20 7,551 5,208 5,208 69.0 69.0
19340 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL Total 210 125,490 14,775 16,568 11.8 13.2
Private 185 106,657 8,401 8,806 7.9 8.3
Public 25 18,833 6,374 7,762 33.8 41.2
19380 Dayton, OH Total 340 351,649 39,163 40,999 11.1 11.7
Private 275 285,692 21,061 21,061 7.4 7.4
Public 65 65,957 18,102 19,938 27.4 30.2
19460 Decatur, Al Total 85 94,781 17,967 17,967 19.0 19.0
Private 66 74,559 2,212 2,212 3.0 3.0
Public 19 20,222 15,755 15,755 77.9 77.9
19500 Decatur, IL Total 89 90,942 15,978 15,978 17.6 17.6
Private 80 81,509 11,144 11,144 13.7 13.7
Public 9 9,433 4,834 4,834 51.2 51.2
19660 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL Total 168 190,445 21,329 21,329 11.2 11.2
Private 148 166,320 4,720 4,720 2.8 2.8
Public 20 24,126 16,610 16,610 68.8 68.8
19740 Denver-Aurora, CO Total 1,995 1,183,966 95,897 109,565 8.1 9.3
Private 1,724 1,026,739 56,635 62,198 5.5 6.1
Public 271 157,227 39,262 47,368 25.0 30.1
19780 Des Moines, IA Total 768 300,789 25,144 32,452 8.4 10.8
Private 653 256,449 9,251 12,397 3.6 4.8
Public 115 44,340 15,893 20,056 35.8 45.2
19820 Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Total 1,729 1,842,318 347,856 362,593 18.9 19.7
Private 1,544 1,649,971 222,573 236,211 13.5 14.3
Public 185 192,347 125,283 126,382 65.1 65.7
20100 Dover, DE Total 484 69,601 9,883 10,844 14.2 15.6
Private 330 47,857 3,443 3,691 7.2 7.7
Public 154 21,744 6,441 7,153 29.6 32.9
20260 Duluth, MN-WI Total 154 81,770 27,291 28,389 33.4 34.7
Private 120 64,410 14,198 14,783 22.0 23.0
Public 34 17,360 13,092 13,606 75.4 78.4
20500 Durham, NC Total 214 244,698 3,503 3,503 1.4 1.4
Private 163 185,569 973 973 0.5 0.5
Public 51 59,129 2,530 2,530 4.3 4.3
20740 Eau Claire, WI Total 174 130,557 10,651 10,651 8.2 8.2
Private 151 114,276 3,450 3,450 3.0 3.0
Public 23 16,281 7,201 7,201 44.2 44.2
20940 El Centro, CA Total 97 116,432 38,662 39,825 33.2 34.2
Private 54 63,850 9,643 10,806 15.1 16.9
Public 43 52,582 29,019 29,019 55.2 55.2
21340 El Paso, TX Total 247 272,985 27,703 33,277 10.1 12.2
Private 196 216,649 14,959 19,442 6.9 9.0
Public 51 56,337 12,744 13,836 22.6 24.6
21500 Erie, PA Total 104 102,293 24,915 24,915 24.4 24.4
Private 92 90,488 15,976 15,976 17.7 17.7
Public 12 11,805 8,939 8,939 75.7 75.7
21660 Eugene-Springfield, OR Total 221 150,335 23,731 23,731 15.8 15.8
Private 187 128,275 10,658 10,658 8.3 8.3
Public 34 22,060 13,074 13,074 59.3 59.3
21780 Evansville, IN-KY Total 117 123,507 15,762 17,557 12.8 14.2
Private 106 112,504 11,668 12,545 10.4 11.2
Public 11 11,004 4,094 5,012 37.2 45.6
22020 Fargo, ND-MN Total 641 83,751 5,690 6,859 6.8 8.2
Private 529 69,421 2,529 3,036 3.6 4.4
Public 112 14,330 3,161 3,823 22.1 26.7
22140 Farmington, NM Total 96 54,077 1,362 2,799 2.5 5.2
Private 74 42,292 892 1,833 2.1 4.3
Public 22 11,785 470 966 4.0 8.2
22180 Fayetteville, NC Total 112 131,579 5,394 6,435 4.1 4.9
Private 82 98,114 1,934 2,974 2.0 3.0
Public 30 33,465 3,461 3,461 10.3 10.3
22220 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO Total 296 192,361 4,002 5,580 2.1 2.9
Private 263 171,221 2,739 3,283 1.6 1.9
Public 33 21,139 1,263 2,297 6.0 10.9
22420 Flint, MI Total 126 133,742 33,121 34,167 24.8 25.5
Private 102 108,840 16,193 17,239 14.9 15.8
Public 24 24,901 16,928 16,928 68.0 68.0
22460 Florence, AL Total 86 94,183 10,704 12,027 11.4 12.8
Private 73 81,204 5,295 5,295 6.5 6.5
Public 13 12,979 5,409 6,733 41.7 51.9
22660 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO Total 221 129,425 7,771 8,988 6.0 6.9
Private 177 104,089 2,338 3,554 2.2 3.4
Public 44 25,337 5,434 5,434 21.4 21.4
22900 Fort Smith, AR-OK Total 156 101,946 10,191 14,973 10.0 14.7
Private 135 89,441 8,369 9,512 9.4 10.6
Public 21 12,504 1,822 5,460 14.6 43.7
23020 Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL Total 99 113,059 7,786 9,086 6.9 8.0
Private 76 88,177 2,348 3,648 2.7 4.1
Public 23 24,882 5,438 5,438 21.9 21.9
23060 Fort Wayne, IN Total 186 188,188 24,344 26,527 12.9 14.1
Private 154 156,459 11,704 11,704 7.5 7.5
Public 32 31,728 12,640 14,824 39.8 46.7
23420 Fresno, CA Total 301 327,945 40,542 44,907 12.4 13.7
Private 255 278,358 15,877 17,098 5.7 6.1
Public 46 49,587 24,665 27,809 49.7 56.1
23540 Gainesville, FL Total 91 103,003 8,996 12,415 8.7 12.1
Private 53 58,672 1,379 2,575 2.4 4.4
Public 38 44,332 7,617 9,840 17.2 22.2
24340 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI Total 424 428,914 71,871 74,827 16.8 17.4
Private 354 361,671 30,359 31,286 8.4 8.7
Public 70 67,243 41,512 43,541 61.7 64.8
24540 Greeley, CO Total 232 141,077 7,979 7,979 5.7 5.7
Private 200 120,902 6,889 6,889 5.7 5.7
Public 32 20,175 1,090 1,090 5.4 5.4
24580 Green Bay, WI Total 208 151,788 25,633 26,746 16.9 17.6
Private 177 129,402 12,983 14,096 10.0 10.9
Public 31 22,386 12,650 12,650 56.5 56.5
24660 Greensboro-High Point, NC Total 290 319,415 20,920 20,920 6.5 6.5
Private 252 278,219 11,116 11,116 4.0 4.0
Public 38 41,196 9,804 9,804 23.8 23.8
24860 Greenville, SC Total 254 213,918 2,050 5,144 1.0 2.4
Private 224 188,314 0 1,501 0.0 0.8
Public 30 25,604 2,050 3,643 8.0 14.2
25060 Gulfport-Biloxi, MS Total 88 69,765 6,287 8,068 9.0 11.6
Private 71 57,113 5,395 6,510 9.4 11.4
Public 17 12,652 892 1,558 7.0 12.3
25180 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Total 110 63,414 6,213 7,423 9.8 11.7
Private 89 51,352 2,309 2,309 4.5 4.5
Public 21 12,062 3,904 5,114 32.4 42.4
25420 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Total 290 287,140 43,587 48,277 15.2 16.8
Private 241 238,755 29,412 31,215 12.3 13.1
Public 49 48,385 14,175 17,062 29.3 35.3
25500 Harrisonburg, VA Total 105 95,653 656 656 0.7 0.7
Private 96 86,971 656 656 0.8 0.8
Public 9 8,682 0 0 0.0 0.0
73450 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Total 1,398 556,035 97,965 102,330 17.6 18.4
Private 1,157 461,706 33,454 36,210 7.2 7.8
Public 241 94,329 64,512 66,120 68.4 70.1
25860 Hickory-Morgantown-Lenoir, NC Total 110 119,460 2,032 7,071 1.7 5.9
Private 87 94,685 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 23 24,775 2,032 7,071 8.2 28.5
26100 Holland-Grand Haven, MI Total 102 102,862 8,267 8,267 8.0 8.0
Private 93 94,367 4,442 4,442 4.7 4.7
Public 9 8,495 3,825 3,825 45.0 45.0
26180 Honolulu, HI Total 1,912 404,314 91,566 97,183 22.6 24.0
Private 1,498 316,495 48,308 51,071 15.3 16.1
Public 414 87,819 43,258 46,112 49.3 52.5
26420 Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX Total 1,877 2,313,503 94,007 106,974 4.1 4.6
Private 1,636 2,021,324 54,081 61,526 2.7 3.0
Public 241 292,179 39,926 45,448 13.7 15.6
26580 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Total 154 60,613 7,535 8,037 12.4 13.3
Private 131 52,010 5,712 5,712 11.0 11.0
Public 23 8,603 1,822 2,324 21.2 27.0
26620 Huntsville, AL Total 179 193,770 6,940 8,821 3.6 4.6
Private 152 164,585 5,975 5,975 3.6 3.6
Public 27 29,185 965 2,845 3.3 9.7
26900 Indianapolis, IN Total 741 733,793 65,313 76,524 8.9 10.4
Private 651 644,599 45,235 50,036 7.0 7.8
Public 90 89,194 20,078 26,488 22.5 29.7
26980 Iowa City, IA Total 256 101,877 14,393 17,564 14.1 17.2
Private 150 59,659 3,589 3,985 6.0 6.7
Public 106 42,218 10,804 13,579 25.6 32.2
27100 Jackson, MI Total 80 81,006 15,690 16,667 19.4 20.6
Private 68 69,286 9,924 10,901 14.3 15.7
Public 12 11,720 5,766 5,766 49.2 49.2
27140 Jackson, MS Total 303 237,300 5,177 5,694 2.2 2.4
Private 225 178,186 686 686 0.4 0.4
Public 78 59,113 4,491 5,008 7.6 8.5
27260 Jacksonville, FL Total 502 572,181 42,317 52,591 7.4 9.2
Private 433 493,795 15,396 21,305 3.1 4.3
Public 69 78,386 26,922 31,286 34.3 39.9
27340 Jacksonville, NC Total 70 78,295 1,189 3,738 1.5 4.8
Private 61 67,951 0 1,153 0.0 1.7
Public 9 10,344 1,189 2,585 11.5 25.0
27500 Janesville, WI Total 99 73,297 30,948 32,317 42.2 44.1
Private 91 66,993 24,645 26,014 36.8 38.8
Public 8 6,304 6,304 6,304 100.0 100.0
27740 Johnson City, TN Total 90 98,073 4,091 5,103 4.2 5.2
Private 77 84,282 3,074 3,074 3.6 3.6
Public 13 13,790 1,016 2,029 7.4 14.7
27780 Johnstown, PA Total 74 69,720 10,157 11,111 14.6 15.9
Private 65 61,646 4,899 5,853 7.9 9.5
Public 9 8,074 5,258 5,258 65.1 65.1
27900 Joplin, MO Total 122 106,686 9,220 10,117 8.6 9.5
Private 107 93,749 4,827 5,724 5.1 6.1
Public 15 12,938 4,393 4,393 34.0 34.0
28020 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI Total 176 182,464 29,858 30,951 16.4 17.0
Private 140 144,994 12,355 12,355 8.5 8.5
Public 36 37,470 17,502 18,596 46.7 49.6
28100 Kankakee-Bradley, IL Total 126 135,891 19,542 22,495 14.4 16.6
Private 104 112,562 8,053 11,006 7.2 9.8
Public 22 23,329 11,489 11,489 49.2 49.2
28140 Kansas City, MO-KS Total 1,338 890,211 78,394 92,234 8.8 10.4
Private 1,187 787,213 56,469 64,541 7.2 8.2
Public 151 102,999 21,925 27,693 21.3 26.9
28660 Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX Total 104 110,843 1,912 4,146 1.7 3.7
Private 71 75,309 971 971 1.3 1.3
Public 33 35,534 942 3,175 2.7 8.9
28700 Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA Total 61 70,177 939 939 1.3 1.3
Private 51 57,949 939 939 1.6 1.6
Public 10 12,228 0 0 0.0 0.0
28740 Kingston, NY Total 94 103,311 31,308 31,308 30.3 30.3
Private 72 79,736 9,679 9,679 12.1 12.1
Public 22 23,575 21,629 21,629 91.7 91.7
28940 Knoxville, TN Total 183 207,793 8,279 10,500 4.0 5.1
Private 145 164,739 4,520 4,520 2.7 2.7
Public 38 43,054 3,759 5,981 8.7 13.9
29100 La Crosse, WI Total 138 99,713 12,690 14,296 12.7 14.3
Private 119 86,185 5,512 7,119 6.4 8.3
Public 19 13,527 7,177 7,177 53.1 53.1
29180 Lafayette, LA Total 204 231,963 2,537 2,537 1.1 1.1
Private 181 206,524 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 23 25,439 2,537 2,537 10.0 10.0
29340 Lake Charles, LA Total 105 115,229 7,533 11,201 6.5 9.7
Private 77 86,436 3,577 6,173 4.1 7.1
Public 28 28,793 3,956 5,028 13.7 17.5
29460 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL Total 194 220,624 18,412 23,974 8.3 10.9
Private 159 180,510 9,632 13,089 5.3 7.3
Public 35 40,114 8,780 10,885 21.9 27.1
29540 Lancaster, PA Total 225 219,364 17,979 21,506 8.2 9.8
Private 205 200,119 9,313 11,133 4.7 5.6
Public 20 19,245 8,667 10,373 45.0 53.9
29620 Lansing-East Lansing, MI Total 197 199,256 44,724 45,710 22.4 22.9
Private 159 162,442 27,653 27,653 17.0 17.0
Public 38 36,815 17,071 18,057 46.4 49.0
29700 Laredo, TX Total 109 119,858 5,425 10,818 4.5 9.0
Private 82 89,954 0 2,179 0.0 2.4
Public 27 29,904 5,425 8,639 18.1 28.9
29740 Las Cruses, NM Total 119 66,380 3,012 3,789 4.5 5.7
Private 82 46,345 1,165 1,165 2.5 2.5
Public 37 20,035 1,847 2,624 9.2 13.1
29820 Las Vegas-Paradise, NM Total 2,012 880,062 155,959 166,035 17.7 18.9
Private 1,809 793,153 123,882 129,764 15.6 16.4
Public 203 86,909 32,077 36,270 36.9 41.7
29940 Lawrence, KS Total 180 87,378 6,318 8,727 7.2 10.0
Private 134 66,192 2,303 2,690 3.5 4.1
Public 46 21,186 4,015 6,036 19.0 28.5
30020 Lawton, OK Total 106 82,021 5,017 7,063 6.1 8.6
Private 83 64,383 2,988 4,340 4.6 6.7
Public 23 17,638 2,029 2,724 11.5 15.4
74500 Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner, MA Total 103 106,865 23,320 25,266 21.8 23.6
Private 79 82,421 7,878 7,878 9.6 9.6
Public 24 24,445 15,442 17,389 63.2 71.1
30460 Lexington-Fayette, KY Total 312 221,182 8,148 8,148 3.7 3.7
Private 232 165,085 4,074 4,074 2.5 2.5
Public 80 56,097 4,074 4,074 7.3 7.3
30780 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Total 484 321,390 18,022 19,203 5.6 6.0
Private 384 256,571 7,731 8,244 3.0 3.2
Public 100 64,819 10,291 10,959 15.9 16.9
30980 Longview, TX Total 54 60,591 1,383 1,383 2.3 2.3
Private 48 53,874 1,383 1,383 2.6 2.6
Public 6 6,717 0 0 0.0 0.0
31100 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Total 5,034 5,328,742 839,020 905,438 15.7 17.0
Private 4,336 4,595,614 444,753 480,195 9.7 10.4
Public 698 733,127 394,267 425,243 53.8 58.0
31140 Louisville, KY-IN Total 629 472,676 63,065 68,264 13.3 14.4
Private 563 422,388 48,294 53,494 11.4 12.7
Public 66 50,287 14,770 14,770 29.4 29.4
31180 Lubbock, TX Total 72 79,768 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 60 66,547 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 12 13,222 0 0 0.0 0.0
31340 Lynchburg, VA Total 133 122,709 4,619 6,534 3.8 5.3
Private 109 101,432 1,655 2,690 1.6 2.7
Public 24 21,277 2,965 3,844 13.9 18.1
31420 Macon,, GA Total 52 56,310 3,238 4,250 5.7 7.5
Private 42 45,762 0 1,012 0.0 2.2
Public 10 10,548 3,238 3,238 30.7 30.7
31460 Madera, CA Total 92 98,686 20,450 21,517 20.7 21.8
Private 82 88,110 11,814 11,814 13.4 13.4
Public 10 10,576 8,637 9,703 81.7 91.7
31540 Madison, WI Total 387 288,402 48,402 52,779 16.8 18.3
Private 290 218,087 17,042 18,400 7.8 8.4
Public 97 70,315 31,360 34,379 44.6 48.9
32580 McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX Total 221 240,295 4,251 20,400 1.8 8.5
Private 159 173,147 2,008 3,250 1.2 1.9
Public 62 67,149 2,243 17,149 3.3 25.5
32780 Medford, OR Total 98 65,192 7,164 7,164 11.0 11.0
Private 84 56,317 2,720 2,720 4.8 4.8
Public 14 8,875 4,444 4,444 50.1 50.1
32820 Memphis, TN-MS-AR Total 491 548,806 40,066 44,314 7.3 8.1
Private 427 479,507 19,140 22,713 4.0 4.7
Public 64 69,298 20,926 21,601 30.2 31.2
32900 Merced, CA Total 103 108,086 21,314 22,376 19.7 20.7
Private 85 88,631 11,177 12,239 12.6 13.8
Public 18 19,455 10,137 10,137 52.1 52.1
33100 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL Total 1,978 2,269,393 141,424 159,519 6.2 7.0
Private 1,682 1,929,790 36,912 45,111 1.9 2.3
Public 296 339,602 104,512 114,408 30.8 33.7
33140 Michigan City-La Porte, IN Total 95 93,612 16,259 16,259 17.4 17.4
Private 82 80,826 10,477 10,477 13.0 13.0
Public 13 12,786 5,782 5,782 45.2 45.2
33260 Midland, TX Total 83 90,749 2,532 4,127 2.8 4.5
Private 71 77,915 0 1,595 0.0 2.0
Public 12 12,834 2,532 2,532 19.7 19.7
33340 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Total 968 724,611 86,108 90,951 11.9 12.6
Private 858 641,887 44,736 47,213 7.0 7.4
Public 110 82,723 41,371 43,738 50.0 52.9
33460 Minneapolis-St Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Total 2,769 1,480,049 239,179 251,997 16.2 17.0
Private 2,390 1,279,835 124,300 129,390 9.7 10.1
Public 379 200,214 114,880 122,607 57.4 61.2
33660 Mobile, AL Total 145 156,837 11,698 12,920 7.5 8.2
Private 115 126,547 3,013 3,013 2.4 2.4
Public 30 30,290 8,685 9,907 28.7 32.7
33700 Modesto, CA Total 204 218,551 47,235 50,370 21.6 23.0
Private 164 176,345 27,276 27,276 15.5 15.5
Public 40 42,206 19,959 23,094 47.3 54.7
33740 Monroe, LA Total 188 215,505 16,050 16,050 7.4 7.4
Private 163 189,155 10,880 10,880 5.8 5.8
Public 25 26,350 5,170 5,170 19.6 19.6
33780 Monroe, MI Total 111 118,547 21,740 21,740 18.3 18.3
Private 99 106,133 14,459 14,459 13.6 13.6
Public 12 12,414 7,281 7,281 58.6 58.6
33860 Montgomery, AL Total 113 115,024 8,927 14,439 7.8 12.6
Private 72 73,136 773 1,643 1.1 2.2
Public 41 41,888 8,154 12,796 19.5 30.5
34740 Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI Total 106 105,985 25,273 26,267 23.8 24.8
Private 94 93,548 17,490 17,490 18.7 18.7
Public 12 12,438 7,783 8,777 62.6 70.6
34820 Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC Total 141 115,298 1,531 2,577 1.3 2.2
Private 121 98,711 0 1,046 0.0 1.1
Public 20 16,587 1,531 1,531 9.2 9.2
34900 Napa, CA Total 71 73,851 12,197 12,197 16.5 16.5
Private 61 63,546 4,095 4,095 6.4 6.4
Public 10 10,305 8,102 8,102 78.6 78.6
34940 Naples-Marco Island, FL Total 77 86,925 4,415 6,733 5.1 7.7
Private 66 75,051 2,351 2,351 3.1 3.1
Public 11 11,874 2,064 4,382 17.4 36.9
34980 Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN Total 606 711,461 37,777 47,893 5.3 6.7
Private 523 611,767 19,847 25,605 3.2 4.2
Public 83 99,694 17,931 22,289 18.0 22.4
75700 New Haven, CT Total 693 275,532 56,177 61,143 20.4 22.2
Private 591 233,835 28,936 33,185 12.4 14.2
Public 102 41,698 27,241 27,958 65.3 67.0
35380 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Total 404 449,284 19,712 28,403 4.4 6.3
Private 350 390,893 8,293 11,120 2.1 2.8
Public 54 58,391 11,419 17,282 19.6 29.6
35620 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Total 7,314 8,098,628 1,746,041 1,883,313 21.6 23.3
Private 6,152 6,816,871 885,179 998,342 13.0 14.6
Public 1,162 1,281,757 860,861 884,970 67.2 69.0
35660 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI Total 56 54,931 12,260 17,218 22.3 31.3
Private 49 48,375 9,261 13,440 19.1 27.8
Public 7 6,556 2,999 3,778 45.7 57.6
76450 Norwich-New London, CT-RI Total 244 95,428 19,256 19,979 20.2 20.9
Private 184 72,673 7,412 7,723 10.2 10.6
Public 60 22,756 11,845 12,256 52.1 53.9
36100 Ocala, FL Total 90 100,790 7,143 8,960 7.1 8.9
Private 63 71,551 1,458 1,458 2.0 2.0
Public 27 29,239 5,685 7,503 19.4 25.7
36140 Ocean City, NJ Total 27 26,565 4,794 4,794 18.0 18.0
Private 24 23,389 3,821 3,821 16.3 16.3
Public 3 3,175 973 973 30.7 30.7
36260 Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 452 235,908 18,087 25,264 7.7 10.7
Private 349 181,899 5,852 8,273 3.2 4.5
Public 103 54,009 12,235 16,991 22.7 31.5
36420 Oklahoma City, OK Total 752 561,438 50,079 63,071 8.9 11.2
Private 608 453,544 23,857 29,455 5.3 6.5
Public 144 107,894 26,222 33,616 24.3 31.2
36500 Olympia, WA Total 149 138,846 29,620 32,044 21.3 23.1
Private 101 94,353 10,837 10,837 11.5 11.5
Public 48 44,494 18,783 21,207 42.2 47.7
36540 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA Total 1,332 406,122 41,188 49,616 10.1 12.2
Private 1,127 343,969 20,124 23,008 5.9 6.7
Public 205 62,153 21,064 26,608 33.9 42.8
36740 Orlando, FL Total 795 909,981 40,924 59,329 4.5 6.5
Private 706 809,825 15,998 22,619 2.0 2.8
Public 89 100,155 24,927 36,709 24.9 36.7
36780 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 99 72,998 17,532 18,247 24.0 25.0
Private 94 69,539 14,073 14,788 20.2 21.3
Public 5 3,459 3,459 3,459 100.0 100.0
37100 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA Total 345 359,739 93,651 99,962 26.0 27.8
Private 280 293,289 56,985 59,010 19.4 20.1
Public 65 66,449 36,666 40,952 55.2 61.6
37340 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL Total 211 244,165 10,290 12,279 4.2 5.0
Private 179 207,663 4,783 4,783 2.3 2.3
Public 32 36,501 5,507 7,496 15.1 20.5
37460 Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL Total 102 117,307 3,277 3,277 2.8 2.8
Private 82 94,339 1,011 1,011 1.1 1.1
Public 20 22,969 2,266 2,266 9.9 9.9
37860 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL Total 167 192,247 22,563 25,876 11.7 13.5
Private 130 150,619 4,102 4,102 2.7 2.7
Public 37 41,628 18,461 21,774 44.3 52.3
37900 Peoria, IL Total 163 164,237 28,907 28,907 17.6 17.6
Private 136 136,631 14,555 14,555 10.7 10.7
Public 27 27,606 14,351 14,351 52.0 52.0
37980 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE Total 3,968 2,504,387 421,945 442,869 16.8 17.7
Private 3,448 2,186,456 249,035 263,888 11.4 12.1
Public 520 317,931 172,910 178,981 54.4 56.3
38060 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ Total 1,482 1,870,655 173,675 195,051 9.3 10.4
Private 1,294 1,636,064 126,450 135,330 7.7 8.3
Public 188 234,592 47,225 59,721 20.1 25.5
38300 Pittsburgh, PA Total 1,185 1,136,168 181,852 188,551 16.0 16.6
Private 1,068 1,024,533 116,325 119,233 11.4 11.6
Public 117 111,634 65,527 69,318 58.7 62.1
38940 Port St. Lucie-Fort Pierce, FL Total 136 157,199 6,800 8,025 4.3 5.1
Private 116 133,821 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 20 23,378 6,800 8,025 29.1 34.3
76750 Portland-South Portland, ME Total 987 178,102 17,981 21,053 10.1 11.8
Private 849 153,590 5,986 6,857 3.9 4.5
Public 138 24,512 11,995 14,196 48.9 57.9
38900 Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA Total 1,313 959,228 148,156 155,507 15.4 16.2
Private 1,158 846,649 82,776 87,157 9.8 10.3
Public 155 112,579 65,380 68,350 58.1 60.7
39100 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY Total 252 273,593 68,456 78,506 25.0 28.7
Private 206 222,918 33,924 39,656 15.2 17.8
Public 46 50,675 34,532 38,850 68.1 76.7
39140 Prescott, AZ Total 48 63,830 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 39 51,827 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 9 12,004 0 0 0.0 0.0
77200 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, MA-RI Total 3,067 566,367 99,287 103,364 17.5 18.3
Private 2,612 484,738 46,879 49,095 9.7 10.1
Public 455 81,629 52,408 54,268 64.2 66.5
39340 Provo-Orem, UT Total 397 210,754 10,521 11,683 5.0 5.5
Private 314 168,007 3,284 4,446 2.0 2.6
Public 83 42,747 7,238 7,238 16.9 16.9
39380 Pueblo, CO Total 176 102,017 12,824 16,625 12.6 16.3
Private 130 76,500 5,810 6,936 7.6 9.1
Public 46 25,517 7,013 9,689 27.5 38.0
39460 Punta Gorda, FL Total 54 58,336 1,937 3,316 3.3 5.7
Private 45 49,105 0 1,379 0.0 2.8
Public 9 9,231 1,937 1,937 21.0 21.0
39540 Racine, WI Total 176 127,894 26,735 27,583 20.9 21.6
Private 149 108,355 15,575 15,575 14.4 14.4
Public 27 19,539 11,159 12,007 57.1 61.5
39580 Raleigh-Cary, NC Total 475 533,810 17,579 24,865 3.3 4.7
Private 388 435,723 7,511 9,732 1.7 2.2
Public 87 98,087 10,068 15,133 10.3 15.4
39740 Reading, PA Total 205 204,651 22,472 24,293 11.0 11.9
Private 182 182,112 10,088 10,994 5.5 6.0
Public 23 22,538 12,384 13,300 54.9 59.0
39900 Reno-Sparks, NV Total 470 201,263 23,500 28,789 11.7 14.3
Private 387 167,681 11,283 13,827 6.7 8.2
Public 83 33,582 12,217 14,962 36.4 44.6
40060 Richmond, VA Total 643 597,823 22,236 26,667 3.7 4.5
Private 528 492,473 13,991 14,716 2.8 3.0
Public 115 105,350 8,246 11,951 7.8 11.3
40140 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Total 1,362 1,482,393 308,239 315,143 20.8 21.3
Private 1,115 1,220,952 144,709 147,375 11.9 12.1
Public 247 261,441 163,531 167,768 62.5 64.2
40220 Roanoke, VA Total 144 128,857 6,980 8,992 5.4 7.0
Private 118 105,087 753 1,552 0.7 1.5
Public 26 23,770 6,227 7,440 26.2 31.3
40380 Rochester, NY Total 461 497,411 92,255 95,173 18.5 19.1
Private 379 409,489 29,027 29,027 7.1 7.1
Public 82 87,922 63,228 66,146 71.9 75.2
77350 Rochester-Dover, NH-ME Total 376 56,207 6,218 7,473 11.1 13.3
Private 312 46,792 1,768 2,718 3.8 5.8
Public 64 9,415 4,449 4,754 47.3 50.5
40420 Rockford, IL Total 154 159,131 25,517 26,546 16.0 16.7
Private 137 142,007 19,110 20,139 13.5 14.2
Public 17 17,124 6,407 6,407 37.4 37.4
40900 Sacramento--Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA Total 774 823,578 206,514 213,073 25.1 25.9
Private 566 608,012 68,175 70,391 11.2 11.6
Public 208 215,566 138,339 142,682 64.2 66.2
40980 Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI Total 69 68,446 14,986 15,802 21.9 23.1
Private 61 60,223 11,968 11,968 19.9 19.9
Public 8 8,224 3,019 3,834 36.7 46.6
41420 Salem, OR Total 246 171,618 38,419 39,072 22.4 22.8
Private 190 135,969 12,480 12,480 9.2 9.2
Public 56 35,649 25,939 26,592 72.8 74.6
41500 Salinas, CA Total 156 165,649 30,172 33,165 18.2 20.0
Private 125 133,646 10,451 11,383 7.8 8.5
Public 31 32,004 19,721 21,782 61.6 68.1
41540 Salisbury, MD Total 117 67,909 8,076 8,633 11.9 12.7
Private 92 54,335 3,654 3,654 6.7 6.7
Public 25 13,574 4,422 4,979 32.6 36.7
41620 Salt Lake City, UT Total 948 493,973 26,697 29,770 5.4 6.0
Private 780 408,486 16,497 18,246 4.0 4.5
Public 168 85,486 10,200 11,524 11.9 13.5
41700 San Antonio, TX Total 682 816,922 32,665 38,454 4.0 4.7
Private 580 696,560 12,565 17,271 1.8 2.5
Public 102 120,362 20,101 21,182 16.7 17.6
41740 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA Total 1,133 1,176,543 142,784 155,475 12.1 13.2
Private 926 966,948 61,107 70,762 6.3 7.3
Public 207 209,595 81,676 84,713 39.0 40.4
41860 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA Total 1,853 2,018,882 384,626 404,242 19.1 20.0
Private 1,593 1,738,551 221,668 231,017 12.8 13.3
Public 260 280,331 162,957 173,225 58.1 61.8
41940 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Total 850 930,769 150,468 156,684 16.2 16.8
Private 741 812,727 71,808 75,650 8.8 9.3
Public 109 118,041 78,660 81,034 66.6 68.6
42020 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA Total 99 108,157 31,088 38,163 28.7 35.3
Private 70 77,748 8,770 8,770 11.3 11.3
Public 29 30,410 22,318 29,393 73.4 96.7
42060 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA Total 110 120,513 17,010 17,010 14.1 14.1
Private 97 106,898 8,087 8,087 7.6 7.6
Public 13 13,615 8,924 8,924 65.5 65.5
42140 Santa Fe, NM Total 75 41,087 4,293 4,708 10.4 11.5
Private 61 34,033 2,050 2,050 6.0 6.0
Public 14 7,053 2,243 2,658 31.8 37.7
42220 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA Total 186 194,898 49,083 49,083 25.2 25.2
Private 150 157,959 19,023 19,023 12.0 12.0
Public 36 36,938 30,060 30,060 81.4 81.4
42100 Santa-Cruz-Watsonville, CA Total 91 98,027 16,779 17,755 17.1 18.1
Private 70 75,935 5,382 5,382 7.1 7.1
Public 21 22,091 11,397 12,373 51.6 56.0
42260 Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL Total 265 294,389 24,225 34,806 8.2 11.8
Private 228 254,471 14,007 14,007 5.5 5.5
Public 37 39,918 10,218 20,799 25.6 52.1
42340 Savannah, GA Total 241 265,081 9,070 9,070 3.4 3.4
Private 196 218,249 4,395 4,395 2.0 2.0
Public 45 46,832 4,675 4,675 10.0 10.0
42540 Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA Total 231 224,841 44,444 45,368 19.8 20.2
Private 195 189,788 17,102 18,027 9.0 9.5
Public 36 35,053 27,342 27,342 78.0 78.0
42660 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA Total 1,744 1,624,513 323,433 350,420 19.9 21.6
Private 1,477 1,376,424 183,392 200,933 13.3 14.6
Public 267 248,088 140,041 149,487 56.4 60.3
43340 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA Total 145 168,599 15,734 17,546 9.3 10.4
Private 113 133,091 9,791 9,791 7.4 7.4
Public 32 35,507 5,943 7,755 16.7 21.8
43620 Sioux Falls, SD Total 858 128,360 7,306 8,800 5.7 6.9
Private 774 115,829 4,257 4,840 3.7 4.2
Public 84 12,531 3,049 3,961 24.3 31.6
43780 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI Total 133 140,558 16,702 17,635 11.9 12.5
Private 121 127,422 9,786 10,718 7.7 8.4
Public 12 13,136 6,916 6,916 52.7 52.7
43900 Spartanburg, SC Total 150 126,377 2,134 3,682 1.7 2.9
Private 130 109,643 872 2,420 0.8 2.2
Public 20 16,734 1,262 1,262 7.5 7.5
44060 Spokane, WA Total 159 153,644 31,386 32,342 20.4 21.1
Private 127 124,111 12,057 13,013 9.7 10.5
Public 32 29,533 19,329 19,329 65.4 65.4
44100 Springfield, IL Total 88 93,189 23,061 25,759 24.7 27.6
Private 66 69,837 6,841 8,542 9.8 12.2
Public 22 23,352 16,220 17,217 69.5 73.7
78100 Springfield, MA-CT Total 253 255,749 48,625 52,865 19.0 20.7
Private 202 205,972 25,454 26,366 12.4 12.8
Public 51 49,777 23,171 26,499 46.5 53.2
44180 Springfield, MO Total 176 151,236 18,137 18,913 12.0 12.5
Private 147 126,415 8,238 8,238 6.5 6.5
Public 29 24,821 9,899 10,675 39.9 43.0
44220 Springfield, OH Total 57 56,369 10,101 11,105 17.9 19.7
Private 45 44,037 5,158 5,158 11.7 11.7
Public 12 12,331 4,943 5,948 40.1 48.2
41060 St. Cloud, MN Total 112 59,416 6,799 7,401 11.4 12.5
Private 103 54,754 4,807 4,807 8.8 8.8
Public 9 4,662 1,993 2,594 42.7 55.6
41180 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 1,444 1,312,054 195,452 219,507 14.9 16.7
Private 1,304 1,183,767 143,864 163,132 12.2 13.8
Public 140 128,287 51,588 56,375 40.2 43.9
44700 Stockton, CA Total 202 218,233 69,057 74,270 31.6 34.0
Private 163 177,585 39,623 43,851 22.3 24.7
Public 39 40,648 29,434 30,419 72.4 74.8
45060 Syracuse, NY Total 248 266,965 59,546 60,509 22.3 22.7
Private 201 216,973 24,670 24,670 11.4 11.4
Public 47 49,992 34,876 35,839 69.8 71.7
45220 Tallahassee, FL Total 79 91,482 5,674 10,374 6.2 11.3
Private 46 51,762 1,459 1,459 2.8 2.8
Public 33 39,719 4,216 8,915 10.6 22.4
45300 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL Total 1,064 1,196,959 64,318 85,053 5.4 7.1
Private 914 1,031,639 19,369 31,401 1.9 3.0
Public 150 165,320 44,948 53,652 27.2 32.5
45780 Toledo, OH Total 265 267,444 52,077 56,914 19.5 21.3
Private 219 222,600 33,845 35,673 15.2 16.0
Public 46 44,844 18,232 21,241 40.7 47.4
45820 Topeka, KS Total 231 112,460 7,038 8,030 6.3 7.1
Private 187 92,186 3,323 3,323 3.6 3.6
Public 44 20,274 3,715 4,707 18.3 23.2
45940 Trenton-Ewing, NJ Total 118 124,842 34,752 34,752 27.8 27.8
Private 83 88,019 8,499 8,499 9.7 9.7
Public 35 36,823 26,252 26,252 71.3 71.3
46060 Tucson, AZ Total 326 431,676 32,812 36,783 7.6 8.5
Private 268 353,877 18,337 18,337 5.2 5.2
Public 58 77,799 14,475 18,446 18.6 23.7
46140 Tulsa, OK Total 594 447,459 24,548 30,074 5.5 6.7
Private 527 396,993 11,965 14,421 3.0 3.6
Public 67 50,467 12,583 15,653 24.9 31.0
46220 Tuscaloosa, AL Total 81 84,834 10,619 10,619 12.5 12.5
Private 61 63,276 3,405 3,405 5.4 5.4
Public 20 21,558 7,214 7,214 33.5 33.5
46540 Utica-Rome, NY Total 111 123,107 24,832 25,899 20.2 21.0
Private 94 104,888 7,810 8,877 7.4 8.5
Public 17 18,219 17,022 17,022 93.4 93.4
46660 Valdosta, GA Total 65 69,651 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 47 50,932 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 18 18,719 0 0 0.0 0.0
46700 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA Total 164 183,619 62,072 65,145 33.8 35.5
Private 122 139,135 31,359 33,558 22.5 24.1
Public 42 44,484 30,713 31,587 69.0 71.0
46940 Vero Beach, FL Total 87 96,825 6,716 8,080 6.9 8.3
Private 69 77,301 1,625 1,625 2.1 2.1
Public 18 19,524 5,091 6,456 26.1 33.1
47020 Victoria, TX Total 171 189,591 8,207 8,207 4.3 4.3
Private 143 159,727 3,370 3,370 2.1 2.1
Public 28 29,864 4,837 4,837 16.2 16.2
47220 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ Total 50 55,765 28,301 28,301 50.8 50.8
Private 33 36,019 13,359 13,359 37.1 37.1
Public 17 19,747 14,942 14,942 75.7 75.7
47260 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Total 751 709,632 24,369 27,202 3.4 3.8
Private 559 530,673 13,208 14,029 2.5 2.6
Public 192 178,959 11,161 13,172 6.2 7.4
47300 Visalia-Porterville, CA Total 125 137,152 26,733 28,637 19.5 20.9
Private 91 101,044 5,546 5,546 5.5 5.5
Public 34 36,108 21,186 23,091 58.7 63.9
47380 Waco, TX Total 111 122,603 3,552 4,620 2.9 3.8
Private 97 107,352 0 1,068 0.0 1.0
Public 14 15,251 3,552 3,552 23.3 23.3
47580 Warner Robins, GA Total 50 57,056 1,325 1,325 2.3 2.3
Private 40 45,753 1,325 1,325 2.9 2.9
Public 10 11,302 0 0 0.0 0.0
47900 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Total 5,879 2,720,721 224,845 260,900 8.3 9.6
Private 4,284 2,021,529 86,103 100,236 4.3 5.0
Public 1,595 699,192 138,742 160,664 19.8 23.0
78700 Waterbury, CT Total 198 79,398 12,553 12,553 15.8 15.8
Private 174 69,883 6,645 6,645 9.5 9.5
Public 24 9,515 5,908 5,908 62.1 62.1
47940 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA Total 203 79,907 9,044 11,584 11.3 14.5
Private 180 70,702 4,324 6,109 6.1 8.6
Public 23 9,205 4,720 5,476 51.3 59.5
48140 Wausau, WI Total 149 107,552 13,986 13,986 13.0 13.0
Private 137 98,715 11,773 11,773 11.9 11.9
Public 12 8,837 2,212 2,212 25.0 25.0
48620 Wichita, KS Total 531 257,450 31,392 38,530 12.2 15.0
Private 439 213,889 22,284 24,793 10.4 11.6
Public 92 43,561 9,108 13,736 20.9 31.5
49180 Winston-Salem, NC Total 190 215,478 9,459 9,459 4.4 4.4
Private 167 189,904 3,024 3,024 1.6 1.6
Public 23 25,574 6,435 6,435 25.2 25.2
79600 Worcester, MA-CT Total 193 203,176 24,800 25,708 12.2 12.7
Private 167 175,248 14,021 14,021 8.0 8.0
Public 26 27,928 10,779 11,687 38.6 41.8
49420 Yakima, WA Total 137 129,532 16,682 20,620 12.9 15.9
Private 114 108,319 6,657 8,771 6.1 8.1
Public 23 21,213 10,025 11,849 47.3 55.9
49620 York-Hanover, PA Total 163 157,649 29,356 30,255 18.6 19.2
Private 132 128,559 14,871 14,871 11.6 11.6
Public 31 29,090 14,485 15,384 49.8 52.9
49660 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH Total 185 188,293 42,790 45,763 22.7 24.3
Private 161 163,386 29,003 31,975 17.8 19.6
Public 24 24,907 13,787 13,787 55.4 55.4
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2008. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas in the CPS beginning May 2004 are based
on 2003 Census definitions; areas are not necessarily compatible with those from earlier years.
Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
2009 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.