Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Combined Statistical Area (CSA) and MSA, 2009 (details in table note)
Note: Sample size (Obs) for many cells are small and should be used with care.
Area definitions beginning May 2004 do not match prior definitions.
Codes Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CSAs (combination of 2 or more MSAs; separate MSAs are shown further down):
CSA Code
118 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 250 182,329 28,928 29,647 15.9 16.3
Private 224 163,400 15,656 15,656 9.6 9.6
Public 26 18,928 13,272 13,991 70.1 73.9
Priv Const 13 9,893 1,692 1,692 17.1 17.1
Priv Manuf 62 46,272 10,485 10,485 22.7 22.7
715 Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MS-NH-CT-ME Total 3,413 2,388,225 376,114 405,318 15.7 17.0
Private 2,970 2,064,726 181,463 201,552 8.8 9.8
Public 443 323,499 194,651 203,766 60.2 63.0
Priv Const 118 81,368 20,100 20,386 24.7 25.1
Priv Manuf 429 244,304 21,005 23,130 8.6 9.5
720 Bridgeport-New Haven-Stamford, CT Total 2,078 790,939 124,871 132,586 15.8 16.8
Private 1,800 686,930 58,169 63,531 8.5 9.2
Public 278 104,008 66,702 69,055 64.1 66.4
Priv Const 103 40,142 6,999 7,385 17.4 18.4
Priv Manuf 256 95,365 8,909 9,276 9.3 9.7
176 Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI Total 3,915 4,027,169 708,757 739,747 17.6 18.4
Private 3,340 3,446,249 395,635 417,020 11.5 12.1
Public 575 580,919 313,122 322,727 53.9 55.6
Priv Const 187 199,038 82,898 82,898 41.6 41.6
Priv Manuf 469 479,316 72,269 74,472 15.1 15.5
184 Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH Total 1,192 1,221,277 185,854 196,028 15.2 16.1
Private 1,023 1,048,942 93,082 99,150 8.9 9.5
Public 169 172,335 92,773 96,878 53.8 56.2
Priv Const 52 52,698 15,529 15,529 29.5 29.5
Priv Manuf 191 193,183 18,883 18,883 9.8 9.8
212 Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH Total 383 391,466 43,314 43,314 11.1 11.1
Private 311 317,329 15,083 15,083 4.8 4.8
Public 72 74,138 28,231 28,231 38.1 38.1
Priv Const 17 17,252 3,827 3,827 22.2 22.2
Priv Manuf 49 49,224 0 0 0.0 0.0
216 Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO Total 2,318 1,334,520 99,061 115,295 7.4 8.6
Private 1,984 1,146,905 54,408 62,641 4.7 5.5
Public 334 187,615 44,653 52,654 23.8 28.1
Priv Const 118 70,035 4,200 4,200 6.0 6.0
Priv Manuf 167 95,185 4,545 4,545 4.8 4.8
220 Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI Total 1,953 2,027,770 367,904 388,732 18.1 19.2
Private 1,705 1,773,532 213,566 225,166 12.0 12.7
Public 248 254,238 154,338 163,565 60.7 64.3
Priv Const 55 57,178 11,411 11,411 20.0 20.0
Priv Manuf 298 306,554 60,717 64,459 19.8 21.0
260 Fresno-Madera, CA Total 407 429,732 86,759 87,752 20.2 20.4
Private 322 342,472 28,568 28,568 8.3 8.3
Public 85 87,260 58,191 59,184 66.7 67.8
Priv Const 18 18,653 1,097 1,097 5.9 5.9
Priv Manuf 42 44,207 7,836 7,836 17.7 17.7
266 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI Total 620 610,545 78,187 83,895 12.8 13.7
Private 553 545,712 37,483 41,233 6.9 7.6
Public 67 64,832 40,704 42,662 62.8 65.8
Priv Const 31 31,362 923 923 2.9 2.9
Priv Manuf 129 125,139 16,284 17,195 13.0 13.7
268 Greensboro--Winston-Salem-High Point, NC Total 521 601,297 25,764 28,757 4.3 4.8
Private 443 511,797 11,469 13,026 2.2 2.5
Public 78 89,500 14,296 15,731 16.0 17.6
Priv Const 30 33,673 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 82 91,885 4,759 4,759 5.2 5.2
272 Greenville-Anderson-Seneca, SC Total 343 278,142 4,382 4,382 1.6 1.6
Private 307 250,234 4,382 4,382 1.8 1.8
Public 36 27,907 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Const 24 19,657 1,372 1,372 7.0 7.0
Priv Manuf 70 56,230 828 828 1.5 1.5
290 Huntsville-Decatur, AL Total 238 243,430 21,339 23,581 8.8 9.7
Private 197 200,859 5,558 6,595 2.8 3.3
Public 41 42,571 15,782 16,986 37.1 39.9
Priv Const 11 11,334 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 50 49,520 4,622 4,622 9.3 9.3
294 Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN Total 847 848,011 64,466 77,856 7.6 9.2
Private 729 732,040 33,290 38,985 4.5 5.3
Public 118 115,972 31,176 38,870 26.9 33.5
Priv Const 40 42,616 8,171 8,171 19.2 19.2
Priv Manuf 108 108,871 6,993 6,993 6.4 6.4
304 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, VA Total 135 148,922 5,512 8,945 3.7 6.0
Private 117 128,898 2,024 4,345 1.6 3.4
Public 18 20,024 3,488 4,600 17.4 23.0
Priv Const 12 13,239 0 1,007 0.0 7.6
Priv Manuf 19 21,010 0 1,314 0.0 6.3
348 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA Total 6,513 6,828,645 1,123,481 1,194,165 16.5 17.5
Private 5,548 5,825,019 563,725 603,995 9.7 10.4
Public 965 1,003,626 559,756 590,170 55.8 58.8
Priv Const 347 383,252 75,975 78,226 19.8 20.4
Priv Manuf 799 840,708 55,812 58,895 6.6 7.0
356 Macon-Warner-Robins-Fort Valley, GA Total 106 120,170 14,151 14,151 11.8 11.8
Private 86 96,343 6,298 6,298 6.5 6.5
Public 20 23,827 7,853 7,853 33.0 33.0
Priv Const 3 3,352 1,114 1,114 33.2 33.2
Priv Manuf 12 13,554 1,318 1,318 9.7 9.7
376 Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI Total 1,105 808,851 126,227 129,738 15.6 16.0
Private 972 716,334 63,134 65,384 8.8 9.1
Public 133 92,517 63,093 64,354 68.2 69.6
Priv Const 38 28,384 8,428 9,230 29.7 32.5
Priv Manuf 184 135,383 25,169 25,169 18.6 18.6
378 Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI Total 2,818 1,502,042 229,320 239,477 15.3 15.9
Private 2,419 1,291,690 111,260 116,643 8.6 9.0
Public 399 210,353 118,060 122,834 56.1 58.4
Priv Const 89 47,644 14,852 15,518 31.2 32.6
Priv Manuf 402 211,739 16,578 17,622 7.8 8.3
408 New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 7,681 8,401,255 1,897,217 2,053,126 22.6 24.4
Private 6,386 6,979,184 911,131 1,029,002 13.1 14.7
Public 1,295 1,422,071 986,086 1,024,124 69.3 72.0
Priv Const 397 449,234 121,868 126,225 27.1 28.1
Priv Manuf 573 596,724 51,916 60,912 8.7 10.2
428 Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 3,822 2,420,512 437,225 464,434 18.1 19.2
Private 3,282 2,057,955 223,322 239,219 10.9 11.6
Public 540 362,557 213,904 225,215 59.0 62.1
Priv Const 161 95,856 26,338 26,476 27.5 27.6
Priv Manuf 350 223,798 27,612 27,880 12.3 12.5
450 Raleigh-Durham-Cary, NC Total 701 808,522 13,311 21,406 1.6 2.6
Private 565 655,837 3,219 6,901 0.5 1.1
Public 136 152,685 10,093 14,505 6.6 9.5
Priv Const 36 45,191 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 68 77,544 0 0 0.0 0.0
482 Salt Lake City-Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 1,307 728,577 45,512 53,534 6.2 7.3
Private 1,049 589,914 26,053 28,085 4.4 4.8
Public 258 138,663 19,458 25,449 14.0 18.4
Priv Const 75 43,535 4,670 4,670 10.7 10.7
Priv Manuf 172 94,667 6,190 6,807 6.5 7.2
488 San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Total 3,107 3,369,843 548,004 589,513 16.3 17.5
Private 2,665 2,898,130 276,158 304,473 9.5 10.5
Public 442 471,713 271,846 285,040 57.6 60.4
Priv Const 143 158,908 31,685 32,724 19.9 20.6
Priv Manuf 376 407,616 36,011 42,727 8.8 10.5
500 Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA part Total 1,924 1,794,078 353,704 379,126 19.7 21.1
Private 1,563 1,458,584 184,761 192,558 12.7 13.2
Public 361 335,494 168,942 186,568 50.4 55.6
Priv Const 99 96,690 22,206 22,206 23.0 23.0
Priv Manuf 221 206,017 56,588 59,589 27.5 28.9
548 Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 7,786 3,814,642 379,977 433,760 10.0 11.4
Private 5,716 2,823,854 160,925 183,122 5.7 6.5
Public 2,070 990,788 219,052 250,639 22.1 25.3
Priv Const 376 201,135 19,657 21,241 9.8 10.6
Priv Manuf 224 126,016 12,267 12,267 9.7 9.7
MSAs (sorted alphabetically):
FIPS Code
10420 Akron, OH Total 295 296,591 38,154 38,154 12.9 12.9
Private 260 261,957 19,903 19,903 7.6 7.6
Public 35 34,634 18,251 18,251 52.7 52.7
10500 Albany, GA Total 91 99,432 8,335 8,335 8.4 8.4
Private 62 67,571 2,177 2,177 3.2 3.2
Public 29 31,861 6,158 6,158 19.3 19.3
10580 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Total 408 423,454 141,858 144,782 33.5 34.2
Private 279 291,570 42,900 44,874 14.7 15.4
Public 129 131,883 98,959 99,909 75.0 75.8
10740 Albuquerque, NM Total 679 382,241 32,872 41,426 8.6 10.8
Private 511 289,786 11,714 13,070 4.0 4.5
Public 168 92,455 21,158 28,356 22.9 30.7
10900 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Total 426 422,972 57,780 60,224 13.7 14.2
Private 375 373,045 30,269 30,269 8.1 8.1
Public 51 49,927 27,510 29,954 55.1 60.0
11020 Altoona, PA Total 92 90,083 10,951 10,951 12.2 12.2
Private 87 85,220 8,032 8,032 9.4 9.4
Public 5 4,863 2,918 2,918 60.0 60.0
11100 Amarillo, TX Total 80 88,275 5,790 12,063 6.6 13.7
Private 64 70,840 3,614 7,843 5.1 11.1
Public 16 17,436 2,176 4,220 12.5 24.2
11300 Anderson, IN Total 67 67,616 8,056 8,056 11.9 11.9
Private 55 53,908 5,893 5,893 10.9 10.9
Public 12 13,708 2,163 2,163 15.8 15.8
11340 Anderson, SC Total 70 54,017 1,569 1,569 2.9 2.9
Private 64 49,486 1,569 1,569 3.2 3.2
Public 6 4,531 0 0 0.0 0.0
11460 Ann Arbor, MI Total 128 134,195 23,712 24,786 17.7 18.5
Private 106 111,210 10,822 10,822 9.7 9.7
Public 22 22,985 12,890 13,964 56.1 60.8
11500 Anniston-Oxford, AL Total 99 102,335 16,885 16,885 16.5 16.5
Private 69 71,375 5,529 5,529 7.7 7.7
Public 30 30,961 11,356 11,356 36.7 36.7
11540 Appleton,WI Total 144 106,467 18,270 18,270 17.2 17.2
Private 129 95,588 10,885 10,885 11.4 11.4
Public 15 10,879 7,385 7,385 67.9 67.9
11700 Asheville, NC Total 155 174,361 2,304 6,882 1.3 3.9
Private 128 144,454 0 1,136 0.0 0.8
Public 27 29,907 2,304 5,746 7.7 19.2
12020 Athens-Clark County, GA Total 49 56,253 1,244 1,244 2.2 2.2
Private 42 48,699 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 7 7,553 1,244 1,244 16.5 16.5
12060 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA Total 2,012 2,314,554 104,752 133,862 4.5 5.8
Private 1,712 1,974,810 58,522 70,943 3.0 3.6
Public 300 339,743 46,230 62,919 13.6 18.5
12100 Atlantic City, NJ Total 151 144,845 37,250 37,250 25.7 25.7
Private 128 123,680 22,238 22,238 18.0 18.0
Public 23 21,165 15,013 15,013 70.9 70.9
12260 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Total 188 187,116 11,580 19,179 6.2 10.2
Private 152 151,646 8,584 15,381 5.7 10.1
Public 36 35,470 2,996 3,799 8.4 10.7
12420 Austin-Round Rock, TX Total 723 815,438 27,165 27,165 3.3 3.3
Private 607 684,678 14,595 14,595 2.1 2.1
Public 116 130,760 12,570 12,570 9.6 9.6
12540 Bakersfield, CA Total 242 261,081 36,565 39,588 14.0 15.2
Private 192 207,555 16,904 16,904 8.1 8.1
Public 50 53,526 19,661 22,684 36.7 42.4
12580 Baltimore-Towson, MD Total 2,139 1,233,521 163,196 181,364 13.2 14.7
Private 1,636 939,681 72,598 78,011 7.7 8.3
Public 503 293,841 90,598 103,353 30.8 35.2
70750 Bangor, ME Total 354 60,978 7,382 9,040 12.1 14.8
Private 288 49,619 3,646 4,150 7.3 8.4
Public 66 11,358 3,736 4,890 32.9 43.1
70900 Barnstable Town, MA Total 96 96,538 24,335 25,446 25.2 26.4
Private 75 74,889 5,891 5,891 7.9 7.9
Public 21 21,648 18,445 19,555 85.2 90.3
12940 Baton Rouge, LA Total 276 309,174 18,828 20,079 6.1 6.5
Private 226 254,414 12,828 14,079 5.0 5.5
Public 50 54,761 6,000 6,000 11.0 11.0
13140 Beaumont-Port Author, TX Total 154 170,099 15,924 18,152 9.4 10.7
Private 135 150,165 12,418 14,647 8.3 9.8
Public 19 19,933 3,506 3,506 17.6 17.6
13380 Bellingham, WA Total 101 96,269 14,255 14,255 14.8 14.8
Private 88 84,301 7,091 7,091 8.4 8.4
Public 13 11,968 7,164 7,164 59.9 59.9
13460 Bend, OR Total 144 91,932 9,141 10,322 9.9 11.2
Private 123 78,967 3,066 3,650 3.9 4.6
Public 21 12,965 6,075 6,671 46.9 51.5
13740 Billings, MT Total 216 56,359 5,699 7,128 10.1 12.6
Private 192 50,348 2,765 3,271 5.5 6.5
Public 24 6,010 2,934 3,857 48.8 64.2
13780 Binghamton, NY Total 106 109,357 20,040 20,040 18.3 18.3
Private 81 84,280 3,311 3,311 3.9 3.9
Public 25 25,077 16,728 16,728 66.7 66.7
13820 Birmingham-Hoover, AL Total 518 545,087 49,136 52,832 9.0 9.7
Private 427 450,666 27,006 28,836 6.0 6.4
Public 91 94,421 22,130 23,996 23.4 25.4
14020 Bloomington, IN Total 124 124,387 11,231 23,099 9.0 18.6
Private 99 101,136 7,559 16,552 7.5 16.4
Public 25 23,251 3,672 6,547 15.8 28.2
14060 Bloomington-Normal IL Total 135 134,443 9,186 11,132 6.8 8.3
Private 114 115,430 1,944 3,890 1.7 3.4
Public 21 19,013 7,241 7,241 38.1 38.1
14260 Boise City-Nampa, ID Total 671 226,782 13,381 17,523 5.9 7.7
Private 553 186,802 5,574 7,324 3.0 3.9
Public 118 39,980 7,807 10,199 19.5 25.5
71650 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH Total 3,135 2,087,361 332,698 359,892 15.9 17.2
Private 2,728 1,802,977 158,045 176,124 8.8 9.8
Public 407 284,383 174,653 183,768 61.4 64.6
14500 Boulder, CO Total 260 150,210 8,139 10,656 5.4 7.1
Private 214 124,954 1,767 3,102 1.4 2.5
Public 46 25,256 6,371 7,554 25.2 29.9
14540 Bowling Green, KY Total 40 29,108 747 747 2.6 2.6
Private 34 24,831 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 6 4,277 747 747 17.5 17.5
14740 Bremerton-Silverdale, WA Total 106 100,178 23,007 28,520 23.0 28.5
Private 61 57,222 3,709 3,709 6.5 6.5
Public 45 42,956 19,298 24,811 44.9 57.8
71950 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT Total 940 354,888 50,156 54,296 14.1 15.3
Private 818 309,570 19,773 22,906 6.4 7.4
Public 122 45,318 30,382 31,391 67.0 69.3
15180 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX Total 86 93,976 4,280 6,535 4.6 7.0
Private 67 73,572 2,267 3,423 3.1 4.7
Public 19 20,404 2,013 3,112 9.9 15.3
15380 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY Total 431 465,055 108,771 114,933 23.4 24.7
Private 381 412,504 67,985 74,147 16.5 18.0
Public 50 52,551 40,786 40,786 77.6 77.6
72400 Burlington-South Burlington, VT Total 924 99,519 11,377 13,352 11.4 13.4
Private 773 83,396 4,852 5,523 5.8 6.6
Public 151 16,122 6,525 7,829 40.5 48.6
15940 Canton-Massillon, OH Total 149 146,254 25,417 27,308 17.4 18.7
Private 135 130,991 15,689 17,580 12.0 13.4
Public 14 15,263 9,727 9,727 63.7 63.7
15980 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL Total 175 201,531 15,605 21,160 7.7 10.5
Private 146 168,796 3,478 4,422 2.1 2.6
Public 29 32,735 12,127 16,738 37.0 51.1
16300 Cedar Rapids, IA Total 287 112,481 14,365 16,313 12.8 14.5
Private 257 101,048 9,691 10,877 9.6 10.8
Public 30 11,433 4,674 5,436 40.9 47.5
16580 Champaign-Urbana, IL Total 130 134,715 29,648 29,648 22.0 22.0
Private 95 98,978 10,554 10,554 10.7 10.7
Public 35 35,737 19,094 19,094 53.4 53.4
16620 Charleston, WV Total 348 137,697 22,989 25,417 16.7 18.5
Private 273 107,954 13,448 14,652 12.5 13.6
Public 75 29,742 9,541 10,765 32.1 36.2
16700 Charleston-North Charleston, SC Total 350 282,244 23,277 29,680 8.2 10.5
Private 273 219,841 11,411 14,649 5.2 6.7
Public 77 62,403 11,866 15,031 19.0 24.1
16740 Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC Total 659 717,087 16,818 22,312 2.3 3.1
Private 600 654,328 9,447 12,300 1.4 1.9
Public 59 62,759 7,371 10,011 11.7 16.0
16860 Chattanooga, TN-GA Total 204 224,904 7,829 7,829 3.5 3.5
Private 181 200,095 5,614 5,614 2.8 2.8
Public 23 24,809 2,215 2,215 8.9 8.9
16980 Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IN-IN-WI Total 3,727 3,833,158 671,529 700,042 17.5 18.3
Private 3,192 3,291,916 375,717 397,103 11.4 12.1
Public 535 541,242 295,812 302,939 54.7 56.0
17020 Chico, CA Total 76 80,660 22,835 22,835 28.3 28.3
Private 60 64,787 12,000 12,000 18.5 18.5
Public 16 15,873 10,835 10,835 68.3 68.3
17140 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Total 976 916,394 88,029 97,788 9.6 10.7
Private 865 816,448 59,791 63,338 7.3 7.8
Public 111 99,946 28,239 34,450 28.3 34.5
17460 Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Total 897 924,686 147,701 157,874 16.0 17.1
Private 763 786,985 73,179 79,247 9.3 10.1
Public 134 137,701 74,522 78,628 54.1 57.1
17660 Coeur d'Alene, ID Total 154 51,702 2,062 2,737 4.0 5.3
Private 141 46,962 1,088 1,485 2.3 3.2
Public 13 4,740 974 1,252 20.5 26.4
17820 Colorado Springs, CO Total 417 239,585 13,340 15,764 5.6 6.6
Private 337 195,029 7,820 7,820 4.0 4.0
Public 80 44,557 5,520 7,944 12.4 17.8
17860 Columbia, MO Total 125 105,427 6,409 8,219 6.1 7.8
Private 65 54,753 3,069 3,069 5.6 5.6
Public 60 50,673 3,341 5,150 6.6 10.2
17900 Columbia, SC Total 322 263,572 19,579 21,706 7.4 8.2
Private 240 197,850 6,477 7,292 3.3 3.7
Public 82 65,721 13,101 14,414 19.9 21.9
17980 Columbus, GA-AL Total 90 112,406 1,412 2,577 1.3 2.3
Private 64 77,840 1,412 1,412 1.8 1.8
Public 26 34,566 0 1,165 0.0 3.4
18140 Columbus, OH Total 710 731,091 80,019 88,573 10.9 12.1
Private 596 615,677 30,743 34,525 5.0 5.6
Public 114 115,414 49,276 54,049 42.7 46.8
18580 Corpus Christi, TX Total 168 185,132 10,568 12,424 5.7 6.7
Private 131 144,523 5,420 6,399 3.8 4.4
Public 37 40,609 5,148 6,025 12.7 14.8
19100 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Total 2,492 2,839,775 142,962 165,306 5.0 5.8
Private 2,179 2,491,676 77,143 87,659 3.1 3.5
Public 313 348,099 65,819 77,647 18.9 22.3
72850 Danbury, CT Total 181 70,618 8,264 8,575 11.7 12.1
Private 152 59,896 2,160 2,160 3.6 3.6
Public 29 10,722 6,104 6,415 56.9 59.8
19340 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL Total 236 134,045 17,769 19,060 13.3 14.2
Private 208 118,572 10,042 10,042 8.5 8.5
Public 28 15,473 7,727 9,018 49.9 58.3
19380 Dayton, OH Total 338 346,724 38,202 38,202 11.0 11.0
Private 274 281,299 12,074 12,074 4.3 4.3
Public 64 65,426 26,128 26,128 39.9 39.9
19460 Decatur, Al Total 83 81,975 13,632 14,669 16.6 17.9
Private 68 66,747 936 1,973 1.4 3.0
Public 15 15,228 12,696 12,696 83.4 83.4
19500 Decatur, IL Total 96 96,170 15,861 15,861 16.5 16.5
Private 83 83,298 8,370 8,370 10.0 10.0
Public 13 12,872 7,491 7,491 58.2 58.2
19660 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL Total 163 185,576 19,863 19,863 10.7 10.7
Private 131 148,611 5,883 5,883 4.0 4.0
Public 32 36,965 13,980 13,980 37.8 37.8
19740 Denver-Aurora, CO Total 2,058 1,184,310 90,923 104,639 7.7 8.8
Private 1,770 1,021,951 52,641 59,539 5.2 5.8
Public 288 162,359 38,282 45,100 23.6 27.8
19780 Des Moines, IA Total 717 279,128 29,581 34,877 10.6 12.5
Private 620 242,015 11,595 13,164 4.8 5.4
Public 97 37,114 17,986 21,713 48.5 58.5
19820 Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Total 1,575 1,634,433 284,171 300,862 17.4 18.4
Private 1,386 1,442,673 169,800 178,338 11.8 12.4
Public 189 191,760 114,371 122,524 59.6 63.9
20100 Dover, DE Total 416 58,965 8,552 9,286 14.5 15.7
Private 289 41,287 2,127 2,432 5.2 5.9
Public 127 17,678 6,425 6,853 36.3 38.8
20260 Duluth, MN-WI Total 161 87,073 21,474 21,474 24.7 24.7
Private 127 69,199 11,670 11,670 16.9 16.9
Public 34 17,874 9,804 9,804 54.9 54.9
20500 Durham, NC Total 216 244,800 3,342 5,599 1.4 2.3
Private 167 190,960 1,109 1,109 0.6 0.6
Public 49 53,840 2,233 4,490 4.1 8.3
20740 Eau Claire, WI Total 159 117,472 16,438 16,438 14.0 14.0
Private 131 96,891 6,045 6,045 6.2 6.2
Public 28 20,581 10,394 10,394 50.5 50.5
20940 El Centro, CA Total 107 134,385 28,268 28,268 21.0 21.0
Private 61 78,243 5,686 5,686 7.3 7.3
Public 46 56,142 22,582 22,582 40.2 40.2
21340 El Paso, TX Total 253 279,087 21,448 23,283 7.7 8.3
Private 206 227,530 11,535 11,535 5.1 5.1
Public 47 51,557 9,912 11,748 19.2 22.8
21500 Erie, PA Total 101 101,858 20,604 22,600 20.2 22.2
Private 91 92,330 13,925 14,949 15.1 16.2
Public 10 9,528 6,680 7,651 70.1 80.3
21660 Eugene-Springfield, OR Total 219 140,568 20,891 22,209 14.9 15.8
Private 190 120,835 9,923 10,517 8.2 8.7
Public 29 19,733 10,968 11,692 55.6 59.3
21780 Evansville, IN-KY Total 101 105,257 12,945 12,945 12.3 12.3
Private 86 88,476 5,966 5,966 6.7 6.7
Public 15 16,781 6,979 6,979 41.6 41.6
22020 Fargo, ND-MN Total 635 83,811 5,499 6,836 6.6 8.2
Private 549 72,596 2,399 2,930 3.3 4.0
Public 86 11,215 3,100 3,906 27.6 34.8
22140 Farmington, NM Total 74 43,021 1,191 1,191 2.8 2.8
Private 62 36,273 618 618 1.7 1.7
Public 12 6,747 573 573 8.5 8.5
22180 Fayetteville, NC Total 112 127,526 8,629 9,670 6.8 7.6
Private 78 89,665 5,673 5,673 6.3 6.3
Public 34 37,861 2,956 3,996 7.8 10.6
22220 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO Total 304 194,273 6,298 6,967 3.2 3.6
Private 267 170,993 4,527 4,527 2.6 2.6
Public 37 23,280 1,771 2,440 7.6 10.5
22420 Flint, MI Total 153 159,766 34,001 37,063 21.3 23.2
Private 129 134,232 16,520 19,581 12.3 14.6
Public 24 25,534 17,481 17,481 68.5 68.5
22460 Florence, AL Total 88 88,546 14,818 15,953 16.7 18.0
Private 75 75,868 6,402 7,536 8.4 9.9
Public 13 12,678 8,416 8,416 66.4 66.4
22660 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO Total 221 124,928 3,741 4,859 3.0 3.9
Private 180 101,924 1,151 2,269 1.1 2.2
Public 41 23,004 2,590 2,590 11.3 11.3
22900 Fort Smith, AR-OK Total 118 77,175 6,182 7,539 8.0 9.8
Private 106 69,456 5,027 5,633 7.2 8.1
Public 12 7,719 1,155 1,906 15.0 24.7
23020 Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL Total 88 101,273 7,070 8,277 7.0 8.2
Private 68 78,602 995 995 1.3 1.3
Public 20 22,671 6,075 7,282 26.8 32.1
23060 Fort Wayne, IN Total 149 145,977 18,766 23,437 12.9 16.1
Private 129 127,135 8,746 12,482 6.9 9.8
Public 20 18,842 10,020 10,955 53.2 58.1
23420 Fresno, CA Total 316 332,346 63,860 64,852 19.2 19.5
Private 242 256,377 14,986 14,986 5.8 5.8
Public 74 75,969 48,873 49,866 64.3 65.6
23540 Gainesville, FL Total 75 88,734 4,880 4,880 5.5 5.5
Private 49 59,039 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 26 29,694 4,880 4,880 16.4 16.4
24340 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI Total 412 406,164 56,658 60,443 13.9 14.9
Private 364 360,283 27,376 30,075 7.6 8.3
Public 48 45,881 29,282 30,368 63.8 66.2
24540 Greeley, CO Total 206 117,018 6,273 8,071 5.4 6.9
Private 175 98,847 3,314 3,314 3.4 3.4
Public 31 18,171 2,959 4,757 16.3 26.2
24580 Green Bay, WI Total 195 139,822 18,956 20,260 13.6 14.5
Private 167 120,149 9,909 9,909 8.2 8.2
Public 28 19,673 9,047 10,351 46.0 52.6
24660 Greensboro-High Point, NC Total 315 362,657 12,982 14,417 3.6 4.0
Private 271 311,400 6,987 6,987 2.2 2.2
Public 44 51,257 5,996 7,430 11.7 14.5
24860 Greenville, SC Total 273 224,125 2,814 2,814 1.3 1.3
Private 243 200,748 2,814 2,814 1.4 1.4
Public 30 23,377 0 0 0.0 0.0
25060 Gulfport-Biloxi, MS Total 74 53,920 3,412 3,412 6.3 6.3
Private 61 44,895 1,518 1,518 3.4 3.4
Public 13 9,024 1,894 1,894 21.0 21.0
25180 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Total 112 62,104 8,981 11,124 14.5 17.9
Private 85 47,402 3,504 4,020 7.4 8.5
Public 27 14,702 5,477 7,104 37.3 48.3
25420 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Total 288 288,213 47,430 52,582 16.5 18.2
Private 241 241,938 27,839 28,721 11.5 11.9
Public 47 46,275 19,591 23,861 42.3 51.6
25500 Harrisonburg, VA Total 98 91,219 1,455 2,500 1.6 2.7
Private 87 81,404 1,455 1,455 1.8 1.8
Public 11 9,815 0 1,045 0.0 10.6
73450 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Total 1,368 516,142 107,026 114,400 20.7 22.2
Private 1,102 417,583 37,715 42,799 9.0 10.2
Public 266 98,559 69,311 71,601 70.3 72.6
25860 Hickory-Morgantown-Lenoir, NC Total 88 95,103 2,210 3,159 2.3 3.3
Private 69 75,586 2,210 2,210 2.9 2.9
Public 19 19,517 0 950 0.0 4.9
26100 Holland-Grand Haven, MI Total 111 109,125 9,453 10,325 8.7 9.5
Private 98 96,073 1,806 1,806 1.9 1.9
Public 13 13,052 7,647 8,519 58.6 65.3
26180 Honolulu, HI Total 1,888 388,574 86,222 88,656 22.2 22.8
Private 1,460 299,367 42,213 43,886 14.1 14.7
Public 428 89,207 44,009 44,770 49.3 50.2
26420 Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX Total 1,948 2,321,046 120,514 150,494 5.2 6.5
Private 1,721 2,059,999 73,783 93,787 3.6 4.6
Public 227 261,047 46,732 56,707 17.9 21.7
26580 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Total 139 57,443 9,020 9,020 15.7 15.7
Private 125 51,807 7,506 7,506 14.5 14.5
Public 14 5,635 1,514 1,514 26.9 26.9
26620 Huntsville, AL Total 155 161,456 7,707 8,912 4.8 5.5
Private 129 134,112 4,622 4,622 3.4 3.4
Public 26 27,343 3,085 4,290 11.3 15.7
26900 Indianapolis, IN Total 780 780,396 56,410 69,800 7.2 8.9
Private 674 678,132 27,397 33,092 4.0 4.9
Public 106 102,264 29,013 36,707 28.4 35.9
26980 Iowa City, IA Total 225 87,941 12,263 16,557 13.9 18.8
Private 139 54,333 2,725 3,496 5.0 6.4
Public 86 33,608 9,539 13,061 28.4 38.9
27100 Jackson, MI Total 97 94,634 25,666 26,653 27.1 28.2
Private 81 79,090 17,197 18,184 21.7 23.0
Public 16 15,544 8,469 8,469 54.5 54.5
27140 Jackson, MS Total 306 225,746 8,347 8,347 3.7 3.7
Private 221 163,703 4,284 4,284 2.6 2.6
Public 85 62,043 4,064 4,064 6.5 6.5
27260 Jacksonville, FL Total 484 567,832 37,313 41,655 6.6 7.3
Private 402 470,159 8,804 8,804 1.9 1.9
Public 82 97,674 28,508 32,850 29.2 33.6
27340 Jacksonville, NC Total 75 82,891 2,239 2,239 2.7 2.7
Private 58 63,977 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 17 18,915 2,239 2,239 11.8 11.8
27500 Janesville, WI Total 106 78,445 18,487 18,487 23.6 23.6
Private 91 66,810 7,635 7,635 11.4 11.4
Public 15 11,635 10,851 10,851 93.3 93.3
27740 Johnson City, TN Total 66 72,922 3,170 5,492 4.3 7.5
Private 54 59,503 900 3,221 1.5 5.4
Public 12 13,419 2,270 2,270 16.9 16.9
27780 Johnstown, PA Total 57 55,111 13,268 13,268 24.1 24.1
Private 49 47,235 6,612 6,612 14.0 14.0
Public 8 7,876 6,655 6,655 84.5 84.5
27900 Joplin, MO Total 100 83,616 7,291 7,291 8.7 8.7
Private 91 76,280 4,530 4,530 5.9 5.9
Public 9 7,337 2,762 2,762 37.6 37.6
28020 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI Total 149 144,854 31,583 32,457 21.8 22.4
Private 113 110,086 14,942 14,942 13.6 13.6
Public 36 34,768 16,641 17,515 47.9 50.4
28100 Kankakee-Bradley, IL Total 106 110,116 23,626 23,626 21.5 21.5
Private 81 85,492 10,607 10,607 12.4 12.4
Public 25 24,624 13,019 13,019 52.9 52.9
28140 Kansas City, MO-KS Total 1,337 891,660 76,261 88,266 8.6 9.9
Private 1,172 777,734 52,942 59,055 6.8 7.6
Public 165 113,927 23,319 29,211 20.5 25.6
28660 Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX Total 87 93,550 2,879 3,835 3.1 4.1
Private 58 63,328 1,018 1,018 1.6 1.6
Public 29 30,221 1,861 2,817 6.2 9.3
28700 Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA Total 69 76,000 2,341 3,453 3.1 4.5
Private 63 69,395 1,123 1,123 1.6 1.6
Public 6 6,605 1,218 2,329 18.4 35.3
28740 Kingston, NY Total 98 108,489 36,111 37,043 33.3 34.1
Private 76 84,019 16,261 17,194 19.4 20.5
Public 22 24,470 19,850 19,850 81.1 81.1
28940 Knoxville, TN Total 210 240,631 12,329 14,551 5.1 6.0
Private 165 189,236 7,724 8,897 4.1 4.7
Public 45 51,395 4,605 5,654 9.0 11.0
29100 La Crosse, WI Total 139 100,949 14,770 14,770 14.6 14.6
Private 115 83,725 5,354 5,354 6.4 6.4
Public 24 17,224 9,416 9,416 54.7 54.7
29180 Lafayette, LA Total 205 231,649 3,484 3,484 1.5 1.5
Private 167 190,538 1,318 1,318 0.7 0.7
Public 38 41,111 2,166 2,166 5.3 5.3
29340 Lake Charles, LA Total 98 107,927 3,256 3,256 3.0 3.0
Private 71 78,602 3,256 3,256 4.1 4.1
Public 27 29,324 0 0 0.0 0.0
29460 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL Total 168 190,175 11,947 13,012 6.3 6.8
Private 147 167,701 10,938 10,938 6.5 6.5
Public 21 22,474 1,009 2,074 4.5 9.2
29540 Lancaster, PA Total 218 219,115 10,477 12,464 4.8 5.7
Private 205 206,576 5,910 7,897 2.9 3.8
Public 13 12,538 4,567 4,567 36.4 36.4
29620 Lansing-East Lansing, MI Total 182 180,224 56,218 60,635 31.2 33.6
Private 138 135,443 27,796 30,186 20.5 22.3
Public 44 44,781 28,422 30,449 63.5 68.0
29700 Laredo, TX Total 92 99,318 6,787 8,728 6.8 8.8
Private 77 83,390 2,021 3,008 2.4 3.6
Public 15 15,928 4,766 5,721 29.9 35.9
29740 Las Cruses, NM Total 122 70,645 3,447 5,785 4.9 8.2
Private 79 45,268 0 560 0.0 1.2
Public 43 25,377 3,447 5,225 13.6 20.6
29820 Las Vegas-Paradise, NM Total 1,896 806,577 143,065 152,743 17.7 18.9
Private 1,646 701,739 106,158 112,353 15.1 16.0
Public 250 104,838 36,908 40,390 35.2 38.5
29940 Lawrence, KS Total 174 85,684 4,893 7,791 5.7 9.1
Private 117 57,911 2,148 2,585 3.7 4.5
Public 57 27,773 2,745 5,207 9.9 18.7
30020 Lawton, OK Total 99 79,100 931 2,459 1.2 3.1
Private 77 61,952 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 22 17,148 931 2,459 5.4 14.3
74500 Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner, MA Total 90 97,864 18,115 18,115 18.5 18.5
Private 73 79,518 6,534 6,534 8.2 8.2
Public 17 18,346 11,580 11,580 63.1 63.1
30460 Lexington-Fayette, KY Total 311 221,704 10,132 12,507 4.6 5.6
Private 238 170,873 6,550 8,276 3.8 4.8
Public 73 50,831 3,582 4,230 7.0 8.3
30780 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Total 488 326,546 10,264 11,785 3.1 3.6
Private 402 267,864 3,273 3,273 1.2 1.2
Public 86 58,681 6,991 8,513 11.9 14.5
30980 Longview, TX Total 57 64,492 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 46 52,278 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 11 12,214 0 0 0.0 0.0
31100 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Total 4,919 5,100,422 766,855 813,370 15.0 15.9
Private 4,267 4,427,427 390,467 419,072 8.8 9.5
Public 652 672,995 376,388 394,299 55.9 58.6
31140 Louisville, KY-IN Total 597 460,599 61,283 71,742 13.3 15.6
Private 518 399,594 42,887 49,361 10.7 12.4
Public 79 61,005 18,396 22,381 30.2 36.7
31180 Lubbock, TX Total 73 79,968 5,071 5,071 6.3 6.3
Private 52 56,856 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 21 23,112 5,071 5,071 21.9 21.9
31340 Lynchburg, VA Total 126 117,732 1,724 2,409 1.5 2.0
Private 109 102,997 0 685 0.0 0.7
Public 17 14,735 1,724 1,724 11.7 11.7
31420 Macon,, GA Total 57 64,246 6,003 6,003 9.3 9.3
Private 50 55,346 3,788 3,788 6.8 6.8
Public 7 8,900 2,215 2,215 24.9 24.9
31460 Madera, CA Total 91 97,386 22,900 22,900 23.5 23.5
Private 80 86,095 13,582 13,582 15.8 15.8
Public 11 11,291 9,318 9,318 82.5 82.5
31540 Madison, WI Total 378 275,614 50,496 52,524 18.3 19.1
Private 270 199,831 14,393 15,156 7.2 7.6
Public 108 75,783 36,103 37,368 47.6 49.3
32580 McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX Total 220 244,059 4,430 17,392 1.8 7.1
Private 177 195,471 1,086 2,241 0.6 1.1
Public 43 48,588 3,344 15,151 6.9 31.2
32780 Medford, OR Total 90 57,825 2,068 2,068 3.6 3.6
Private 83 52,983 1,346 1,346 2.5 2.5
Public 7 4,842 722 722 14.9 14.9
32820 Memphis, TN-MS-AR Total 471 528,167 25,231 30,327 4.8 5.7
Private 399 448,651 9,501 12,541 2.1 2.8
Public 72 79,515 15,731 17,786 19.8 22.4
32900 Merced, CA Total 96 100,536 31,298 33,385 31.1 33.2
Private 73 76,565 12,942 14,000 16.9 18.3
Public 23 23,971 18,357 19,386 76.6 80.9
33100 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL Total 1,788 2,113,294 120,450 133,679 5.7 6.3
Private 1,528 1,806,354 23,867 28,725 1.3 1.6
Public 260 306,940 96,583 104,954 31.5 34.2
33140 Michigan City-La Porte, IN Total 82 83,895 13,602 16,079 16.2 19.2
Private 67 68,841 9,311 9,311 13.5 13.5
Public 15 15,054 4,291 6,768 28.5 45.0
33260 Midland, TX Total 79 86,210 1,021 1,021 1.2 1.2
Private 71 77,687 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 8 8,523 1,021 1,021 12.0 12.0
33340 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Total 950 698,845 98,141 101,651 14.0 14.5
Private 845 626,045 49,382 51,632 7.9 8.2
Public 105 72,800 48,759 50,019 67.0 68.7
33460 Minneapolis-St Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Total 2,700 1,437,781 220,761 230,397 15.4 16.0
Private 2,313 1,233,833 106,182 111,045 8.6 9.0
Public 387 203,948 114,579 119,352 56.2 58.5
33660 Mobile, AL Total 138 142,353 12,846 13,929 9.0 9.8
Private 114 118,408 3,830 3,830 3.2 3.2
Public 24 23,945 9,016 10,099 37.7 42.2
33700 Modesto, CA Total 170 182,605 34,645 41,094 19.0 22.5
Private 135 146,621 11,032 14,253 7.5 9.7
Public 35 35,984 23,613 26,841 65.6 74.6
33740 Monroe, LA Total 190 208,412 12,607 12,607 6.0 6.0
Private 161 177,612 2,830 2,830 1.6 1.6
Public 29 30,800 9,777 9,777 31.7 31.7
33780 Monroe, MI Total 97 99,376 26,020 26,020 26.2 26.2
Private 84 85,418 16,424 16,424 19.2 19.2
Public 13 13,959 9,596 9,596 68.7 68.7
33860 Montgomery, AL Total 127 125,021 14,299 14,299 11.4 11.4
Private 89 86,387 844 844 1.0 1.0
Public 38 38,634 13,455 13,455 34.8 34.8
34740 Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI Total 97 95,256 12,076 13,127 12.7 13.8
Private 91 89,357 8,302 9,352 9.3 10.5
Public 6 5,899 3,775 3,775 64.0 64.0
34820 Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC Total 167 132,460 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 143 113,966 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 24 18,494 0 0 0.0 0.0
34900 Napa, CA Total 78 81,371 15,376 16,313 18.9 20.0
Private 65 67,909 6,171 6,171 9.1 9.1
Public 13 13,462 9,205 10,142 68.4 75.3
34940 Naples-Marco Island, FL Total 69 80,135 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 62 72,534 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 7 7,601 0 0 0.0 0.0
34980 Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN Total 592 670,370 34,077 46,300 5.1 6.9
Private 501 570,106 18,208 25,647 3.2 4.5
Public 91 100,265 15,869 20,653 15.8 20.6
75700 New Haven, CT Total 740 283,568 48,852 51,446 17.2 18.1
Private 637 244,442 25,015 27,245 10.2 11.1
Public 103 39,126 23,837 24,201 60.9 61.9
35380 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Total 386 446,318 37,706 42,275 8.4 9.5
Private 324 372,863 21,252 24,976 5.7 6.7
Public 62 73,455 16,454 17,299 22.4 23.6
35620 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Total 7,240 7,925,318 1,766,585 1,917,730 22.3 24.2
Private 6,042 6,609,780 856,807 970,933 13.0 14.7
Public 1,198 1,315,538 909,778 946,797 69.2 72.0
35660 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI Total 55 52,500 8,721 9,650 16.6 18.4
Private 46 44,022 3,867 4,796 8.8 10.9
Public 9 8,478 4,854 4,854 57.2 57.2
76450 Norwich-New London, CT-RI Total 268 99,937 17,494 18,622 17.5 18.6
Private 216 80,299 8,649 9,351 10.8 11.6
Public 52 19,638 8,845 9,270 45.0 47.2
36100 Ocala, FL Total 82 92,277 1,164 2,441 1.3 2.6
Private 68 76,132 0 1,277 0.0 1.7
Public 14 16,145 1,164 1,164 7.2 7.2
36140 Ocean City, NJ Total 30 27,437 2,816 3,716 10.3 13.5
Private 23 21,085 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 7 6,353 2,816 3,716 44.3 58.5
36260 Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 456 252,280 17,775 22,948 7.0 9.1
Private 350 195,149 7,695 8,368 3.9 4.3
Public 106 57,131 10,080 14,580 17.6 25.5
36420 Oklahoma City, OK Total 768 559,349 33,353 44,579 6.0 8.0
Private 628 459,437 12,296 15,565 2.7 3.4
Public 140 99,911 21,056 29,014 21.1 29.0
36500 Olympia, WA Total 153 137,049 33,143 35,686 24.2 26.0
Private 98 89,529 13,499 13,499 15.1 15.1
Public 55 47,520 19,644 22,188 41.3 46.7
36540 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA Total 1,328 400,300 42,461 50,994 10.6 12.7
Private 1,103 333,193 15,561 20,371 4.7 6.1
Public 225 67,106 26,900 30,623 40.1 45.6
36740 Orlando, FL Total 773 891,486 40,395 50,443 4.5 5.7
Private 682 788,037 18,761 21,754 2.4 2.8
Public 91 103,448 21,633 28,689 20.9 27.7
36780 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 106 75,862 10,659 11,377 14.0 15.0
Private 95 67,812 4,771 4,771 7.0 7.0
Public 11 8,050 5,888 6,606 73.1 82.1
37100 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA Total 350 373,297 57,568 64,037 15.4 17.2
Private 297 317,727 33,958 38,212 10.7 12.0
Public 53 55,570 23,610 25,825 42.5 46.5
37340 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL Total 181 212,873 18,591 19,765 8.7 9.3
Private 145 171,177 9,533 9,533 5.6 5.6
Public 36 41,696 9,058 10,231 21.7 24.5
37460 Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL Total 110 122,255 2,564 4,847 2.1 4.0
Private 92 101,805 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 18 20,450 2,564 4,847 12.5 23.7
37860 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL Total 156 178,464 11,852 19,099 6.6 10.7
Private 131 149,413 5,428 9,931 3.6 6.6
Public 25 29,051 6,424 9,168 22.1 31.6
37900 Peoria, IL Total 172 172,957 24,219 25,210 14.0 14.6
Private 148 149,759 13,260 14,251 8.9 9.5
Public 24 23,198 10,960 10,960 47.2 47.2
37980 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE Total 3,788 2,384,389 417,050 444,258 17.5 18.6
Private 3,262 2,036,748 216,220 232,116 10.6 11.4
Public 526 347,642 200,830 212,142 57.8 61.0
38060 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ Total 1,271 1,718,136 110,425 137,866 6.4 8.0
Private 1,088 1,480,828 51,340 62,131 3.5 4.2
Public 183 237,308 59,085 75,734 24.9 31.9
38300 Pittsburgh, PA Total 1,029 1,003,933 156,874 163,730 15.6 16.3
Private 929 907,328 101,872 106,721 11.2 11.8
Public 100 96,605 55,003 57,009 56.9 59.0
38940 Port St. Lucie-Fort Pierce, FL Total 153 180,707 11,001 11,001 6.1 6.1
Private 121 143,399 1,350 1,350 0.9 0.9
Public 32 37,308 9,651 9,651 25.9 25.9
76750 Portland-South Portland, ME Total 1,004 172,470 15,985 19,670 9.3 11.4
Private 873 150,384 5,990 7,051 4.0 4.7
Public 131 22,085 9,995 12,619 45.3 57.1
38900 Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA Total 1,266 871,824 138,880 147,429 15.9 16.9
Private 1,091 749,218 64,299 69,108 8.6 9.2
Public 175 122,606 74,581 78,321 60.8 63.9
39100 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY Total 230 252,778 64,574 68,406 25.5 27.1
Private 187 204,184 26,289 29,102 12.9 14.3
Public 43 48,594 38,285 39,305 78.8 80.9
39140 Prescott, AZ Total 65 90,992 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 55 77,507 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 10 13,484 0 0 0.0 0.0
77200 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, MA-RI Total 2,979 559,154 96,713 103,173 17.3 18.5
Private 2,510 472,218 40,555 46,026 8.6 9.7
Public 469 86,936 56,157 57,147 64.6 65.7
39340 Provo-Orem, UT Total 346 193,219 12,290 14,359 6.4 7.4
Private 285 159,944 1,538 2,477 1.0 1.5
Public 61 33,275 10,752 11,881 32.3 35.7
39380 Pueblo, CO Total 151 84,700 14,797 15,768 17.5 18.6
Private 120 67,546 6,899 7,379 10.2 10.9
Public 31 17,154 7,899 8,388 46.0 48.9
39460 Punta Gorda, FL Total 53 61,278 4,756 4,756 7.8 7.8
Private 44 50,523 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 9 10,755 4,756 4,756 44.2 44.2
39540 Racine, WI Total 155 110,007 28,086 28,086 25.5 25.5
Private 127 90,289 13,752 13,752 15.2 15.2
Public 28 19,718 14,335 14,335 72.7 72.7
39580 Raleigh-Cary, NC Total 485 563,722 9,969 15,807 1.8 2.8
Private 398 464,877 2,109 5,792 0.5 1.2
Public 87 98,844 7,860 10,016 8.0 10.1
39740 Reading, PA Total 191 189,068 21,686 22,509 11.5 11.9
Private 168 166,798 7,028 7,851 4.2 4.7
Public 23 22,270 14,658 14,658 65.8 65.8
39900 Reno-Sparks, NV Total 453 189,238 16,787 19,141 8.9 10.1
Private 381 159,816 7,669 8,924 4.8 5.6
Public 72 29,421 9,118 10,216 31.0 34.7
40060 Richmond, VA Total 676 621,745 38,722 43,316 6.2 7.0
Private 531 489,808 19,518 20,610 4.0 4.2
Public 145 131,937 19,204 22,706 14.6 17.2
40140 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Total 1,244 1,354,926 299,058 316,758 22.1 23.4
Private 984 1,079,866 139,300 146,712 12.9 13.6
Public 260 275,061 159,758 170,046 58.1 61.8
40220 Roanoke, VA Total 116 107,624 9,135 9,135 8.5 8.5
Private 93 87,318 4,217 4,217 4.8 4.8
Public 23 20,306 4,918 4,918 24.2 24.2
40380 Rochester, NY Total 494 520,296 101,053 103,233 19.4 19.8
Private 391 412,644 20,048 20,048 4.9 4.9
Public 103 107,652 81,005 83,185 75.2 77.3
77350 Rochester-Dover, NH-ME Total 356 52,735 4,684 5,598 8.9 10.6
Private 297 44,120 1,882 2,339 4.3 5.3
Public 59 8,616 2,802 3,259 32.5 37.8
40420 Rockford, IL Total 148 149,439 26,073 28,306 17.4 18.9
Private 124 126,076 12,020 14,253 9.5 11.3
Public 24 23,363 14,053 14,053 60.1 60.1
40900 Sacramento--Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA Total 764 810,558 190,188 208,992 23.5 25.8
Private 575 611,767 70,488 78,220 11.5 12.8
Public 189 198,791 119,700 130,772 60.2 65.8
40980 Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI Total 71 70,105 15,904 15,904 22.7 22.7
Private 58 57,224 9,042 9,042 15.8 15.8
Public 13 12,881 6,862 6,862 53.3 53.3
41420 Salem, OR Total 243 158,786 31,850 36,019 20.1 22.7
Private 182 119,172 6,986 8,953 5.9 7.5
Public 61 39,614 24,864 27,066 62.8 68.3
41500 Salinas, CA Total 148 157,748 26,532 28,264 16.8 17.9
Private 123 131,934 13,448 13,448 10.2 10.2
Public 25 25,814 13,084 14,816 50.7 57.4
41540 Salisbury, MD Total 116 65,627 8,801 9,981 13.4 15.2
Private 91 51,249 3,246 3,246 6.3 6.3
Public 25 14,378 5,555 6,735 38.6 46.8
41620 Salt Lake City, UT Total 851 476,297 27,737 30,586 5.8 6.4
Private 699 394,766 18,358 19,717 4.7 5.0
Public 152 81,532 9,379 10,869 11.5 13.3
41700 San Antonio, TX Total 713 813,534 34,970 40,374 4.3 5.0
Private 605 693,271 12,290 14,605 1.8 2.1
Public 108 120,263 22,681 25,769 18.9 21.4
41740 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA Total 1,073 1,097,261 154,170 171,367 14.1 15.6
Private 853 877,184 57,561 66,964 6.6 7.6
Public 220 220,077 96,609 104,402 43.9 47.4
41860 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA Total 1,762 1,910,555 313,475 340,677 16.4 17.8
Private 1,541 1,674,865 187,942 204,858 11.2 12.2
Public 221 235,689 125,533 135,819 53.3 57.6
41940 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Total 813 881,121 118,053 129,375 13.4 14.7
Private 706 766,131 45,273 55,656 5.9 7.3
Public 107 114,989 72,780 73,719 63.3 64.1
42020 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA Total 112 120,817 22,905 24,908 19.0 20.6
Private 87 94,587 5,148 5,148 5.4 5.4
Public 25 26,230 17,757 19,760 67.7 75.3
42060 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA Total 118 128,791 24,306 24,306 18.9 18.9
Private 96 104,558 11,012 11,012 10.5 10.5
Public 22 24,233 13,294 13,294 54.9 54.9
42140 Santa Fe, NM Total 74 43,201 505 505 1.2 1.2
Private 61 36,547 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 13 6,654 505 505 7.6 7.6
42220 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA Total 203 220,243 43,547 44,563 19.8 20.2
Private 167 181,608 18,093 19,109 10.0 10.5
Public 36 38,634 25,454 25,454 65.9 65.9
42100 Santa-Cruz-Watsonville, CA Total 92 99,572 16,653 16,653 16.7 16.7
Private 69 75,906 5,374 5,374 7.1 7.1
Public 23 23,666 11,279 11,279 47.7 47.7
42260 Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL Total 232 267,174 14,852 17,643 5.6 6.6
Private 204 236,160 8,207 9,321 3.5 3.9
Public 28 31,014 6,645 8,322 21.4 26.8
42340 Savannah, GA Total 205 227,055 4,480 11,125 2.0 4.9
Private 169 187,188 4,480 5,275 2.4 2.8
Public 36 39,867 0 5,850 0.0 14.7
42540 Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA Total 213 211,422 36,058 40,098 17.1 19.0
Private 182 181,118 16,506 18,537 9.1 10.2
Public 31 30,304 19,553 21,560 64.5 71.1
42660 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA Total 1,665 1,556,851 297,554 314,920 19.1 20.2
Private 1,404 1,311,833 167,554 175,350 12.8 13.4
Public 261 245,018 130,000 139,569 53.1 57.0
43340 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA Total 137 153,359 9,970 12,444 6.5 8.1
Private 103 114,717 2,059 2,059 1.8 1.8
Public 34 38,642 7,911 10,385 20.5 26.9
43620 Sioux Falls, SD Total 833 121,338 6,540 7,987 5.4 6.6
Private 760 110,973 4,258 5,330 3.8 4.8
Public 73 10,365 2,281 2,657 22.0 25.6
43780 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI Total 99 103,876 10,715 11,668 10.3 11.2
Private 82 85,627 6,908 7,862 8.1 9.2
Public 17 18,249 3,807 3,807 20.9 20.9
43900 Spartanburg, SC Total 119 94,834 6,251 6,251 6.6 6.6
Private 99 79,276 1,516 1,516 1.9 1.9
Public 20 15,558 4,734 4,734 30.4 30.4
44060 Spokane, WA Total 172 161,611 24,969 25,798 15.4 16.0
Private 146 137,605 11,659 11,659 8.5 8.5
Public 26 24,006 13,310 14,139 55.4 58.9
44100 Springfield, IL Total 82 85,613 18,761 19,848 21.9 23.2
Private 63 65,400 4,908 5,995 7.5 9.2
Public 19 20,213 13,853 13,853 68.5 68.5
78100 Springfield, MA-CT Total 280 294,211 49,301 54,645 16.8 18.6
Private 224 237,216 17,522 19,648 7.4 8.3
Public 56 56,994 31,778 34,997 55.8 61.4
44180 Springfield, MO Total 174 143,081 14,224 14,224 9.9 9.9
Private 150 122,122 8,633 8,633 7.1 7.1
Public 24 20,958 5,591 5,591 26.7 26.7
44220 Springfield, OH Total 45 44,742 5,112 5,112 11.4 11.4
Private 37 36,030 3,009 3,009 8.4 8.4
Public 8 8,712 2,103 2,103 24.1 24.1
41060 St. Cloud, MN Total 118 64,261 8,559 9,080 13.3 14.1
Private 106 57,856 5,077 5,598 8.8 9.7
Public 12 6,405 3,482 3,482 54.4 54.4
41180 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 1,391 1,252,951 170,059 186,972 13.6 14.9
Private 1,247 1,125,527 122,965 136,602 10.9 12.1
Public 144 127,425 47,094 50,371 37.0 39.5
44700 Stockton, CA Total 197 214,997 57,962 60,501 27.0 28.1
Private 155 169,370 26,361 27,216 15.6 16.1
Public 42 45,627 31,601 33,285 69.3 73.0
45060 Syracuse, NY Total 241 254,885 53,598 60,000 21.0 23.5
Private 189 200,520 18,353 21,288 9.2 10.6
Public 52 54,366 35,245 38,712 64.8 71.2
45220 Tallahassee, FL Total 95 119,367 12,555 12,555 10.5 10.5
Private 44 50,484 1,313 1,313 2.6 2.6
Public 51 68,884 11,242 11,242 16.3 16.3
45300 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL Total 971 1,107,489 52,845 78,700 4.8 7.1
Private 823 940,994 11,333 27,580 1.2 2.9
Public 148 166,495 41,511 51,120 24.9 30.7
45780 Toledo, OH Total 244 236,643 39,683 47,690 16.8 20.2
Private 200 195,060 19,930 27,000 10.2 13.8
Public 44 41,584 19,753 20,690 47.5 49.8
45820 Topeka, KS Total 232 112,624 10,268 11,610 9.1 10.3
Private 170 83,297 4,922 5,342 5.9 6.4
Public 62 29,326 5,346 6,268 18.2 21.4
45940 Trenton-Ewing, NJ Total 113 114,670 29,947 29,947 26.1 26.1
Private 81 81,201 11,774 11,774 14.5 14.5
Public 32 33,469 18,173 18,173 54.3 54.3
46060 Tucson, AZ Total 319 434,505 32,336 37,427 7.4 8.6
Private 267 365,091 20,076 21,630 5.5 5.9
Public 52 69,414 12,260 15,797 17.7 22.8
46140 Tulsa, OK Total 550 412,115 29,509 33,519 7.2 8.1
Private 460 344,478 10,897 13,617 3.2 4.0
Public 90 67,637 18,612 19,902 27.5 29.4
46220 Tuscaloosa, AL Total 76 72,845 5,404 5,404 7.4 7.4
Private 65 61,526 1,117 1,117 1.8 1.8
Public 11 11,319 4,287 4,287 37.9 37.9
46540 Utica-Rome, NY Total 132 143,866 27,906 29,719 19.4 20.7
Private 111 121,473 8,365 9,192 6.9 7.6
Public 21 22,392 19,540 20,527 87.3 91.7
46660 Valdosta, GA Total 71 77,200 0 5,747 0.0 7.4
Private 56 61,055 0 977 0.0 1.6
Public 15 16,145 0 4,770 0.0 29.5
46700 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA Total 159 176,982 40,900 41,932 23.1 23.7
Private 117 131,711 13,305 13,305 10.1 10.1
Public 42 45,271 27,594 28,626 61.0 63.2
46940 Vero Beach, FL Total 65 76,618 2,263 2,263 3.0 3.0
Private 52 62,478 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 13 14,140 2,263 2,263 16.0 16.0
47020 Victoria, TX Total 185 201,162 5,858 5,858 2.9 2.9
Private 148 163,537 2,069 2,069 1.3 1.3
Public 37 37,625 3,789 3,789 10.1 10.1
47220 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ Total 34 36,122 20,176 20,176 55.9 55.9
Private 20 21,207 7,102 7,102 33.5 33.5
Public 14 14,915 13,074 13,074 87.7 87.7
47260 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Total 745 707,642 28,698 32,918 4.1 4.7
Private 566 539,173 17,050 17,795 3.2 3.3
Public 179 168,469 11,648 15,123 6.9 9.0
47300 Visalia-Porterville, CA Total 114 123,866 20,885 20,885 16.9 16.9
Private 83 91,473 2,412 2,412 2.6 2.6
Public 31 32,392 18,473 18,473 57.0 57.0
47380 Waco, TX Total 103 113,534 4,439 4,439 3.9 3.9
Private 88 97,442 1,054 1,054 1.1 1.1
Public 15 16,092 3,386 3,386 21.0 21.0
47580 Warner Robins, GA Total 49 55,924 8,148 8,148 14.6 14.6
Private 36 40,996 2,510 2,510 6.1 6.1
Public 13 14,928 5,638 5,638 37.8 37.8
47900 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Total 5,647 2,581,121 216,781 252,397 8.4 9.8
Private 4,080 1,884,174 88,327 105,111 4.7 5.6
Public 1,567 696,947 128,454 147,286 18.4 21.1
78700 Waterbury, CT Total 217 81,865 17,598 18,268 21.5 22.3
Private 193 73,023 11,220 11,220 15.4 15.4
Public 24 8,842 6,378 7,048 72.1 79.7
47940 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA Total 232 90,492 11,958 14,206 13.2 15.7
Private 196 77,043 7,673 8,450 10.0 11.0
Public 36 13,449 4,286 5,755 31.9 42.8
48140 Wausau, WI Total 134 96,535 14,136 14,770 14.6 15.3
Private 116 83,437 7,691 8,325 9.2 10.0
Public 18 13,098 6,445 6,445 49.2 49.2
48620 Wichita, KS Total 504 252,012 21,467 28,143 8.5 11.2
Private 430 217,232 15,194 18,555 7.0 8.5
Public 74 34,780 6,273 9,588 18.0 27.6
49180 Winston-Salem, NC Total 206 238,639 12,782 14,340 5.4 6.0
Private 172 200,397 4,482 6,040 2.2 3.0
Public 34 38,243 8,300 8,300 21.7 21.7
79600 Worcester, MA-CT Total 188 203,001 25,302 27,311 12.5 13.5
Private 169 182,231 16,884 18,893 9.3 10.4
Public 19 20,770 8,418 8,418 40.5 40.5
49420 Yakima, WA Total 131 123,416 24,184 27,063 19.6 21.9
Private 107 99,888 9,053 9,053 9.1 9.1
Public 24 23,528 15,130 18,009 64.3 76.5
49620 York-Hanover, PA Total 173 172,470 27,354 30,551 15.9 17.7
Private 141 140,147 11,500 11,500 8.2 8.2
Public 32 32,323 15,855 19,052 49.1 58.9
49660 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH Total 171 170,883 34,925 36,668 20.4 21.5
Private 151 151,707 23,056 24,799 15.2 16.3
Public 20 19,176 11,869 11,869 61.9 61.9
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2009. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas in the CPS beginning May 2004 are based
on 2003 Census definitions; areas are not necessarily compatible with those from earlier years.
Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
2010 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.