Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Combined Statistical Area (CSA) and MSA, 2010 (details in table note)
Note: Sample size (Obs) for many cells are small and should be used with care.
Area definitions beginning May 2004 do not match prior definitions.
Codes Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CSAs (combination of 2 or more MSAs; separate MSAs are shown further down):
CSA Code
118 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 249 176,186 28,985 32,079 16.5 18.2
Private 217 153,785 15,686 18,780 10.2 12.2
Public 32 22,401 13,299 13,299 59.4 59.4
Priv Const 10 6,798 2,915 2,915 42.9 42.9
Priv Manuf 55 39,180 5,412 6,185 13.8 15.8
715 Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MS-NH-CT-ME Total 3,362 2,393,401 299,784 321,851 12.5 13.4
Private 2,960 2,103,745 131,203 146,355 6.2 7.0
Public 402 289,656 168,581 175,496 58.2 60.6
Priv Const 130 93,211 13,791 13,791 14.8 14.8
Priv Manuf 425 253,682 16,454 21,049 6.5 8.3
720 Bridgeport-New Haven-Stamford, CT Total 2,013 769,191 120,955 126,941 15.7 16.5
Private 1,745 668,950 52,226 55,832 7.8 8.3
Public 268 100,241 68,729 71,108 68.6 70.9
Priv Const 76 29,559 5,378 5,378 18.2 18.2
Priv Manuf 233 89,061 9,470 9,869 10.6 11.1
176 Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI Total 3,861 3,966,186 648,942 677,078 16.4 17.1
Private 3,297 3,397,651 344,905 360,985 10.2 10.6
Public 564 568,535 304,038 316,094 53.5 55.6
Priv Const 132 137,423 49,149 49,905 35.8 36.3
Priv Manuf 491 504,478 71,243 73,159 14.1 14.5
184 Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH Total 1,168 1,217,131 176,969 187,471 14.5 15.4
Private 994 1,039,716 87,501 93,835 8.4 9.0
Public 174 177,416 89,468 93,636 50.4 52.8
Priv Const 44 45,400 13,001 13,001 28.6 28.6
Priv Manuf 186 192,558 28,861 29,866 15.0 15.5
212 Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH Total 369 389,591 27,042 31,022 6.9 8.0
Private 288 306,074 10,882 10,882 3.6 3.6
Public 81 83,517 16,160 20,140 19.3 24.1
Priv Const 11 11,352 2,149 2,149 18.9 18.9
Priv Manuf 41 42,383 3,353 3,353 7.9 7.9
216 Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO Total 2,246 1,304,931 97,472 117,672 7.5 9.0
Private 1,911 1,113,634 47,706 60,105 4.3 5.4
Public 335 191,298 49,767 57,567 26.0 30.1
Priv Const 122 73,214 4,317 5,590 5.9 7.6
Priv Manuf 152 88,591 2,201 3,299 2.5 3.7
220 Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI Total 1,962 2,054,551 312,742 333,789 15.2 16.2
Private 1,705 1,789,950 187,328 198,547 10.5 11.1
Public 257 264,602 125,415 135,241 47.4 51.1
Priv Const 43 47,401 10,653 10,653 22.5 22.5
Priv Manuf 313 322,715 53,541 57,496 16.6 17.8
260 Fresno-Madera, CA Total 397 421,317 80,337 84,877 19.1 20.1
Private 314 336,054 29,926 31,264 8.9 9.3
Public 83 85,263 50,411 53,613 59.1 62.9
Priv Const 20 22,473 4,009 4,009 17.8 17.8
Priv Manuf 33 34,838 5,909 5,909 17.0 17.0
266 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI Total 596 599,254 86,271 87,225 14.4 14.6
Private 527 529,994 48,552 49,505 9.2 9.3
Public 69 69,260 37,719 37,719 54.5 54.5
Priv Const 26 25,490 6,263 6,263 24.6 24.6
Priv Manuf 132 131,589 17,114 17,114 13.0 13.0
268 Greensboro--Winston-Salem-High Point, NC Total 489 565,459 20,934 25,590 3.7 4.5
Private 417 482,479 11,537 13,014 2.4 2.7
Public 72 82,981 9,397 12,575 11.3 15.2
Priv Const 26 30,641 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 82 90,591 5,984 5,984 6.6 6.6
272 Greenville-Anderson-Seneca, SC Total 301 255,727 7,252 9,693 2.8 3.8
Private 271 230,738 4,479 6,159 1.9 2.7
Public 30 24,990 2,773 3,534 11.1 14.1
Priv Const 17 15,417 850 850 5.5 5.5
Priv Manuf 54 45,029 868 1,780 1.9 4.0
290 Huntsville-Decatur, AL Total 245 260,425 21,520 25,233 8.3 9.7
Private 208 221,895 9,571 10,748 4.3 4.8
Public 37 38,529 11,949 14,486 31.0 37.6
Priv Const 16 18,077 960 960 5.3 5.3
Priv Manuf 47 48,276 3,832 5,009 7.9 10.4
294 Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN Total 812 819,749 61,478 76,749 7.5 9.4
Private 692 700,089 31,852 37,280 4.5 5.3
Public 120 119,661 29,626 39,469 24.8 33.0
Priv Const 38 38,071 6,171 6,171 16.2 16.2
Priv Manuf 109 111,055 7,442 7,442 6.7 6.7
304 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, VA Total 138 152,792 5,751 6,592 3.8 4.3
Private 121 133,217 2,286 3,127 1.7 2.3
Public 17 19,575 3,465 3,465 17.7 17.7
Priv Const 8 8,776 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 22 23,460 1,189 1,189 5.1 5.1
348 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA Total 6,402 6,649,308 1,107,391 1,164,486 16.7 17.5
Private 5,351 5,566,906 498,271 531,856 9.0 9.6
Public 1,051 1,082,402 609,120 632,629 56.3 58.4
Priv Const 326 356,387 56,549 58,651 15.9 16.5
Priv Manuf 754 782,183 57,096 61,214 7.3 7.8
356 Macon-Warner-Robins-Fort Valley, GA Total 102 108,992 12,480 12,480 11.5 11.5
Private 75 80,065 4,651 4,651 5.8 5.8
Public 27 28,927 7,829 7,829 27.1 27.1
Priv Const 4 4,518 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 5 5,298 0 0 0.0 0.0
376 Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI Total 1,102 777,718 108,793 114,227 14.0 14.7
Private 973 686,193 52,473 55,251 7.6 8.1
Public 129 91,525 56,320 58,977 61.5 64.4
Priv Const 40 29,383 7,918 7,918 26.9 26.9
Priv Manuf 198 135,389 19,518 20,330 14.4 15.0
378 Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI Total 2,906 1,583,029 240,171 248,465 15.2 15.7
Private 2,485 1,359,821 110,723 113,314 8.1 8.3
Public 421 223,208 129,448 135,151 58.0 60.5
Priv Const 81 45,457 11,620 11,620 25.6 25.6
Priv Manuf 406 223,563 15,800 16,389 7.1 7.3
408 New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 7,693 8,393,297 1,802,019 1,926,248 21.5 22.9
Private 6,419 7,000,196 864,148 956,643 12.3 13.7
Public 1,274 1,393,101 937,870 969,605 67.3 69.6
Priv Const 357 402,529 100,257 106,158 24.9 26.4
Priv Manuf 491 521,154 45,999 52,369 8.8 10.0
428 Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 3,688 2,345,021 384,662 413,938 16.4 17.7
Private 3,115 1,970,060 187,581 205,378 9.5 10.4
Public 573 374,962 197,082 208,560 52.6 55.6
Priv Const 150 89,661 28,894 30,103 32.2 33.6
Priv Manuf 334 194,785 17,000 17,262 8.7 8.9
450 Raleigh-Durham-Cary, NC Total 666 768,595 15,688 29,958 2.0 3.9
Private 530 616,571 8,219 15,610 1.3 2.5
Public 136 152,024 7,469 14,348 4.9 9.4
Priv Const 38 47,855 1,505 1,505 3.1 3.1
Priv Manuf 69 79,241 895 2,038 1.1 2.6
482 Salt Lake City-Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 1,297 741,732 45,111 59,488 6.1 8.0
Private 1,051 603,058 21,371 26,320 3.5 4.4
Public 246 138,674 23,740 33,167 17.1 23.9
Priv Const 80 46,534 4,695 5,267 10.1 11.3
Priv Manuf 140 77,865 4,349 4,885 5.6 6.3
488 San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Total 3,051 3,272,339 551,642 581,559 16.9 17.8
Private 2,592 2,791,069 280,461 296,082 10.0 10.6
Public 459 481,270 271,181 285,477 56.3 59.3
Priv Const 149 167,332 19,623 21,776 11.7 13.0
Priv Manuf 342 363,871 29,917 30,789 8.2 8.5
500 Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA part Total 1,820 1,776,271 337,203 372,466 19.0 21.0
Private 1,482 1,451,344 159,804 179,944 11.0 12.4
Public 338 324,927 177,399 192,522 54.6 59.3
Priv Const 100 100,080 16,400 16,400 16.4 16.4
Priv Manuf 210 206,531 46,030 50,571 22.3 24.5
548 Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 7,815 3,903,700 361,093 412,812 9.3 10.6
Private 5,795 2,936,524 141,352 157,021 4.8 5.3
Public 2,020 967,176 219,741 255,791 22.7 26.4
Priv Const 328 200,985 10,948 12,191 5.4 6.1
Priv Manuf 257 155,935 10,929 12,442 7.0 8.0
MSAs (sorted alphabetically):
FIPS Code
10420 Akron, OH Total 270 278,282 32,658 33,672 11.7 12.1
Private 236 243,554 14,872 15,886 6.1 6.5
Public 34 34,727 17,786 17,786 51.2 51.2
10500 Albany, GA Total 98 104,836 2,107 3,188 2.0 3.0
Private 67 72,635 1,094 1,094 1.5 1.5
Public 31 32,201 1,013 2,094 3.1 6.5
10580 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Total 396 431,980 143,797 152,341 33.3 35.3
Private 294 322,769 65,432 72,913 20.3 22.6
Public 102 109,211 78,365 79,428 71.8 72.7
10740 Albuquerque, NM Total 690 409,621 34,465 41,687 8.4 10.2
Private 493 296,788 11,413 12,670 3.8 4.3
Public 197 112,833 23,051 29,017 20.4 25.7
10900 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Total 447 452,975 64,787 68,561 14.3 15.1
Private 386 391,696 30,978 33,721 7.9 8.6
Public 61 61,279 33,809 34,840 55.2 56.9
11020 Altoona, PA Total 96 96,428 17,443 17,443 18.1 18.1
Private 86 85,881 10,788 10,788 12.6 12.6
Public 10 10,547 6,655 6,655 63.1 63.1
11100 Amarillo, TX Total 106 119,538 3,090 9,090 2.6 7.6
Private 91 103,013 2,001 6,903 1.9 6.7
Public 15 16,525 1,089 2,186 6.6 13.2
11300 Anderson, IN Total 75 75,252 5,525 5,525 7.3 7.3
Private 64 64,416 3,257 3,257 5.1 5.1
Public 11 10,835 2,268 2,268 20.9 20.9
11340 Anderson, SC Total 62 50,958 1,819 1,819 3.6 3.6
Private 55 45,015 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 7 5,943 1,819 1,819 30.6 30.6
11460 Ann Arbor, MI Total 123 127,812 16,924 16,924 13.2 13.2
Private 99 104,011 12,030 12,030 11.6 11.6
Public 24 23,801 4,894 4,894 20.6 20.6
11500 Anniston-Oxford, AL Total 122 137,543 15,315 16,191 11.1 11.8
Private 81 90,080 2,249 2,249 2.5 2.5
Public 41 47,463 13,066 13,942 27.5 29.4
11540 Appleton,WI Total 142 100,975 13,770 16,091 13.6 15.9
Private 126 89,710 8,902 11,223 9.9 12.5
Public 16 11,265 4,868 4,868 43.2 43.2
11700 Asheville, NC Total 127 144,742 2,757 3,842 1.9 2.7
Private 106 121,294 2,757 3,842 2.3 3.2
Public 21 23,448 0 0 0.0 0.0
12020 Athens-Clark County, GA Total 43 45,548 882 882 1.9 1.9
Private 37 39,514 882 882 2.2 2.2
Public 6 6,034 0 0 0.0 0.0
12060 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA Total 2,039 2,271,456 83,924 97,377 3.7 4.3
Private 1,760 1,967,879 46,458 51,066 2.4 2.6
Public 279 303,578 37,466 46,311 12.3 15.3
12100 Atlantic City, NJ Total 144 144,073 29,694 30,898 20.6 21.4
Private 121 123,487 18,030 19,234 14.6 15.6
Public 23 20,586 11,664 11,664 56.7 56.7
12260 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Total 189 186,527 10,289 26,699 5.5 14.3
Private 145 142,228 7,163 18,250 5.0 12.8
Public 44 44,298 3,126 8,449 7.1 19.1
12420 Austin-Round Rock, TX Total 665 742,870 37,032 41,263 5.0 5.6
Private 559 627,427 13,098 16,294 2.1 2.6
Public 106 115,442 23,935 24,969 20.7 21.6
12540 Bakersfield, CA Total 249 262,589 43,184 44,710 16.4 17.0
Private 193 203,205 17,361 18,888 8.5 9.3
Public 56 59,384 25,823 25,823 43.5 43.5
12580 Baltimore-Towson, MD Total 2,107 1,248,620 135,417 154,034 10.8 12.3
Private 1,642 972,645 48,200 56,953 5.0 5.9
Public 465 275,975 87,217 97,081 31.6 35.2
70750 Bangor, ME Total 369 62,967 6,696 7,214 10.6 11.5
Private 326 55,664 3,305 3,674 5.9 6.6
Public 43 7,303 3,391 3,540 46.4 48.5
70900 Barnstable Town, MA Total 106 106,428 23,769 24,852 22.3 23.4
Private 85 85,084 8,331 8,331 9.8 9.8
Public 21 21,345 15,438 16,521 72.3 77.4
12940 Baton Rouge, LA Total 274 325,219 13,513 14,518 4.2 4.5
Private 221 264,964 7,447 7,447 2.8 2.8
Public 53 60,255 6,065 7,070 10.1 11.7
13140 Beaumont-Port Author, TX Total 133 145,248 15,211 16,279 10.5 11.2
Private 106 115,687 6,829 6,829 5.9 5.9
Public 27 29,560 8,382 9,450 28.4 32.0
13380 Bellingham, WA Total 85 83,675 13,839 13,839 16.5 16.5
Private 71 70,266 3,472 3,472 4.9 4.9
Public 14 13,409 10,368 10,368 77.3 77.3
13460 Bend, OR Total 141 93,460 13,388 14,661 14.3 15.7
Private 117 78,456 7,649 7,649 9.7 9.7
Public 24 15,004 5,739 7,011 38.2 46.7
13740 Billings, MT Total 209 55,693 6,284 6,882 11.3 12.4
Private 174 46,846 2,500 2,500 5.3 5.3
Public 35 8,848 3,784 4,382 42.8 49.5
13780 Binghamton, NY Total 112 120,242 25,367 25,367 21.1 21.1
Private 88 94,543 5,079 5,079 5.4 5.4
Public 24 25,699 20,288 20,288 78.9 78.9
13820 Birmingham-Hoover, AL Total 477 501,700 46,060 50,716 9.2 10.1
Private 393 414,931 23,435 23,435 5.6 5.6
Public 84 86,769 22,625 27,281 26.1 31.4
14020 Bloomington, IN Total 110 113,046 10,357 13,356 9.2 11.8
Private 88 92,451 7,286 9,282 7.9 10.0
Public 22 20,594 3,071 4,074 14.9 19.8
14060 Bloomington-Normal IL Total 119 122,719 7,812 9,803 6.4 8.0
Private 108 112,085 3,955 4,953 3.5 4.4
Public 11 10,634 3,857 4,849 36.3 45.6
14260 Boise City-Nampa, ID Total 671 232,206 11,559 15,454 5.0 6.7
Private 550 191,913 4,528 5,971 2.4 3.1
Public 121 40,292 7,030 9,483 17.4 23.5
71650 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH Total 3,107 2,116,589 265,964 288,031 12.6 13.6
Private 2,744 1,868,168 118,953 134,105 6.4 7.2
Public 363 248,420 147,011 153,926 59.2 62.0
14500 Boulder, CO Total 263 154,712 4,949 4,949 3.2 3.2
Private 224 132,633 1,629 1,629 1.2 1.2
Public 39 22,079 3,320 3,320 15.0 15.0
14540 Bowling Green, KY Total 28 18,492 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 25 16,589 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 3 1,902 0 0 0.0 0.0
14740 Bremerton-Silverdale, WA Total 110 105,785 36,836 42,090 34.8 39.8
Private 60 57,981 10,516 11,455 18.1 19.8
Public 50 47,804 26,320 30,636 55.1 64.1
71950 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT Total 957 368,366 48,691 51,485 13.2 14.0
Private 847 326,277 20,173 21,940 6.2 6.7
Public 110 42,089 28,518 29,545 67.8 70.2
15180 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX Total 95 104,477 13,206 14,250 12.6 13.6
Private 70 76,778 1,306 1,306 1.7 1.7
Public 25 27,699 11,899 12,944 43.0 46.7
15380 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY Total 445 494,935 123,923 131,889 25.0 26.6
Private 373 415,838 67,900 74,711 16.3 18.0
Public 72 79,097 56,023 57,179 70.8 72.3
72400 Burlington-South Burlington, VT Total 960 101,815 12,002 13,545 11.8 13.3
Private 825 87,716 5,550 6,451 6.3 7.4
Public 135 14,100 6,452 7,093 45.8 50.3
15940 Canton-Massillon, OH Total 165 166,867 29,462 32,494 17.7 19.5
Private 145 146,031 16,607 18,545 11.4 12.7
Public 20 20,836 12,855 13,949 61.7 66.9
15980 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL Total 183 216,565 26,542 34,363 12.3 15.9
Private 153 182,240 9,301 14,886 5.1 8.2
Public 30 34,325 17,241 19,478 50.2 56.7
16300 Cedar Rapids, IA Total 281 111,287 11,307 12,894 10.2 11.6
Private 247 98,145 5,942 6,335 6.1 6.5
Public 34 13,142 5,365 6,559 40.8 49.9
16580 Champaign-Urbana, IL Total 156 161,202 24,575 27,763 15.2 17.2
Private 117 120,351 8,188 9,231 6.8 7.7
Public 39 40,852 16,387 18,533 40.1 45.4
16620 Charleston, WV Total 328 134,632 17,046 17,464 12.7 13.0
Private 250 103,864 9,427 9,845 9.1 9.5
Public 78 30,769 7,619 7,619 24.8 24.8
16700 Charleston-North Charleston, SC Total 307 257,330 18,193 29,765 7.1 11.6
Private 240 202,220 7,546 14,974 3.7 7.4
Public 67 55,110 10,648 14,790 19.3 26.8
16740 Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC Total 737 812,624 23,598 27,573 2.9 3.4
Private 673 744,994 13,563 16,835 1.8 2.3
Public 64 67,631 10,034 10,738 14.8 15.9
16860 Chattanooga, TN-GA Total 198 210,967 12,632 12,632 6.0 6.0
Private 175 187,935 9,503 9,503 5.1 5.1
Public 23 23,032 3,128 3,128 13.6 13.6
16980 Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IN-IN-WI Total 3,700 3,799,385 618,113 642,641 16.3 16.9
Private 3,168 3,263,833 326,108 339,575 10.0 10.4
Public 532 535,552 292,006 303,066 54.5 56.6
17020 Chico, CA Total 73 75,487 19,388 19,388 25.7 25.7
Private 65 67,564 11,466 11,466 17.0 17.0
Public 8 7,923 7,923 7,923 100.0 100.0
17140 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Total 906 849,042 73,108 81,298 8.6 9.6
Private 819 770,547 53,122 58,253 6.9 7.6
Public 87 78,495 19,986 23,045 25.5 29.4
17460 Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Total 898 938,850 144,311 153,799 15.4 16.4
Private 758 796,162 72,629 77,949 9.1 9.8
Public 140 142,688 71,682 75,850 50.2 53.2
17660 Coeur d'Alene, ID Total 147 51,493 3,277 3,615 6.4 7.0
Private 133 46,511 1,464 1,464 3.1 3.1
Public 14 4,982 1,813 2,151 36.4 43.2
17820 Colorado Springs, CO Total 424 241,943 6,575 8,962 2.7 3.7
Private 345 198,054 1,996 3,222 1.0 1.6
Public 79 43,888 4,579 5,739 10.4 13.1
17860 Columbia, MO Total 100 84,667 6,060 7,673 7.2 9.1
Private 64 54,246 3,363 3,363 6.2 6.2
Public 36 30,421 2,697 4,310 8.9 14.2
17900 Columbia, SC Total 334 280,185 20,700 23,052 7.4 8.2
Private 249 207,137 7,033 7,033 3.4 3.4
Public 85 73,048 13,667 16,019 18.7 21.9
17980 Columbus, GA-AL Total 84 91,945 4,241 4,241 4.6 4.6
Private 60 67,068 755 755 1.1 1.1
Public 24 24,877 3,486 3,486 14.0 14.0
18140 Columbus, OH Total 695 738,943 86,069 95,460 11.6 12.9
Private 573 612,275 31,592 35,656 5.2 5.8
Public 122 126,668 54,477 59,803 43.0 47.2
18580 Corpus Christi, TX Total 148 168,324 4,405 5,629 2.6 3.3
Private 109 124,610 1,017 1,017 0.8 0.8
Public 39 43,714 3,387 4,611 7.7 10.5
19100 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Total 2,517 2,839,297 152,624 194,386 5.4 6.8
Private 2,184 2,464,049 83,302 99,921 3.4 4.1
Public 333 375,248 69,322 94,465 18.5 25.2
72850 Danbury, CT Total 159 59,429 7,906 8,231 13.3 13.9
Private 146 54,696 4,237 4,563 7.7 8.3
Public 13 4,732 3,669 3,669 77.5 77.5
19340 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL Total 257 150,728 23,094 23,871 15.3 15.8
Private 222 131,827 17,700 17,700 13.4 13.4
Public 35 18,900 5,394 6,170 28.5 32.6
19380 Dayton, OH Total 338 355,408 25,932 28,094 7.3 7.9
Private 264 280,178 10,882 10,882 3.9 3.9
Public 74 75,230 15,050 17,212 20.0 22.9
19460 Decatur, Al Total 79 82,314 8,404 8,404 10.2 10.2
Private 67 69,778 1,888 1,888 2.7 2.7
Public 12 12,536 6,516 6,516 52.0 52.0
19500 Decatur, IL Total 102 101,789 13,389 13,389 13.2 13.2
Private 91 90,843 9,604 9,604 10.6 10.6
Public 11 10,946 3,785 3,785 34.6 34.6
19660 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL Total 165 191,171 11,310 14,000 5.9 7.3
Private 138 160,763 2,194 3,632 1.4 2.3
Public 27 30,408 9,116 10,368 30.0 34.1
19740 Denver-Aurora, CO Total 1,983 1,150,219 92,524 112,723 8.0 9.8
Private 1,687 981,001 46,077 58,476 4.7 6.0
Public 296 169,218 46,447 54,247 27.4 32.1
19780 Des Moines, IA Total 672 270,634 28,282 33,065 10.5 12.2
Private 588 236,717 12,545 14,766 5.3 6.2
Public 84 33,918 15,736 18,299 46.4 54.0
19820 Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Total 1,618 1,693,357 248,739 266,849 14.7 15.8
Private 1,410 1,478,708 137,748 148,967 9.3 10.1
Public 208 214,649 110,991 117,882 51.7 54.9
20100 Dover, DE Total 432 60,104 9,566 10,115 15.9 16.8
Private 297 41,635 3,684 3,684 8.8 8.8
Public 135 18,470 5,882 6,431 31.8 34.8
20260 Duluth, MN-WI Total 151 81,463 21,877 21,877 26.9 26.9
Private 129 69,861 14,422 14,422 20.6 20.6
Public 22 11,601 7,454 7,454 64.3 64.3
20500 Durham, NC Total 216 248,829 4,733 9,287 1.9 3.7
Private 177 204,382 3,569 7,006 1.7 3.4
Public 39 44,446 1,164 2,281 2.6 5.1
20740 Eau Claire, WI Total 180 132,314 14,825 15,554 11.2 11.8
Private 148 109,541 7,252 7,252 6.6 6.6
Public 32 22,774 7,573 8,302 33.3 36.5
20940 El Centro, CA Total 84 95,647 27,661 31,126 28.9 32.5
Private 54 63,123 6,990 8,028 11.1 12.7
Public 30 32,524 20,670 23,098 63.6 71.0
21340 El Paso, TX Total 245 277,506 20,418 29,245 7.4 10.5
Private 198 222,920 3,786 8,771 1.7 3.9
Public 47 54,586 16,632 20,474 30.5 37.5
21500 Erie, PA Total 78 79,978 16,214 16,214 20.3 20.3
Private 72 74,260 13,266 13,266 17.9 17.9
Public 6 5,718 2,948 2,948 51.6 51.6
21660 Eugene-Springfield, OR Total 213 142,996 24,025 25,532 16.8 17.9
Private 185 124,858 16,111 17,618 12.9 14.1
Public 28 18,138 7,914 7,914 43.6 43.6
21780 Evansville, IN-KY Total 97 100,174 14,633 14,633 14.6 14.6
Private 80 83,074 6,355 6,355 7.6 7.6
Public 17 17,100 8,278 8,278 48.4 48.4
22020 Fargo, ND-MN Total 700 90,750 7,551 8,908 8.3 9.8
Private 609 79,002 4,737 5,311 6.0 6.7
Public 91 11,748 2,814 3,597 24.0 30.6
22140 Farmington, NM Total 66 38,477 934 1,373 2.4 3.6
Private 52 30,873 934 934 3.0 3.0
Public 14 7,604 0 439 0.0 5.8
22180 Fayetteville, NC Total 117 132,396 14,487 16,348 10.9 12.3
Private 76 87,488 7,945 9,048 9.1 10.3
Public 41 44,907 6,543 7,300 14.6 16.3
22220 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO Total 279 186,857 5,646 7,045 3.0 3.8
Private 236 158,901 2,979 2,979 1.9 1.9
Public 43 27,956 2,667 4,066 9.5 14.5
22420 Flint, MI Total 134 143,514 28,489 30,396 19.9 21.2
Private 121 130,073 24,016 24,016 18.5 18.5
Public 13 13,441 4,472 6,380 33.3 47.5
22460 Florence, AL Total 104 107,523 9,959 11,137 9.3 10.4
Private 82 84,764 1,916 3,094 2.3 3.6
Public 22 22,759 8,043 8,043 35.3 35.3
22660 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO Total 226 127,681 7,847 8,443 6.1 6.6
Private 186 105,230 3,393 3,989 3.2 3.8
Public 40 22,451 4,454 4,454 19.8 19.8
22900 Fort Smith, AR-OK Total 126 89,658 4,836 5,304 5.4 5.9
Private 110 78,737 4,098 4,098 5.2 5.2
Public 16 10,921 737 1,205 6.8 11.0
23020 Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL Total 99 118,369 2,512 6,310 2.1 5.3
Private 75 90,376 0 1,314 0.0 1.5
Public 24 27,993 2,512 4,996 9.0 17.8
23060 Fort Wayne, IN Total 152 153,719 17,296 19,928 11.3 13.0
Private 132 133,851 10,027 11,629 7.5 8.7
Public 20 19,869 7,269 8,299 36.6 41.8
23420 Fresno, CA Total 301 321,395 56,665 60,237 17.6 18.7
Private 236 253,446 17,202 18,540 6.8 7.3
Public 65 67,948 39,464 41,697 58.1 61.4
23540 Gainesville, FL Total 82 94,416 2,072 2,072 2.2 2.2
Private 52 60,642 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 30 33,774 2,072 2,072 6.1 6.1
24340 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI Total 373 373,387 57,601 57,601 15.4 15.4
Private 324 323,869 29,477 29,477 9.1 9.1
Public 49 49,519 28,124 28,124 56.8 56.8
24540 Greeley, CO Total 208 120,343 5,617 5,617 4.7 4.7
Private 171 99,367 2,820 2,820 2.8 2.8
Public 37 20,976 2,796 2,796 13.3 13.3
24580 Green Bay, WI Total 167 121,089 13,133 13,860 10.8 11.4
Private 139 101,140 5,872 5,872 5.8 5.8
Public 28 19,948 7,260 7,988 36.4 40.0
24660 Greensboro-High Point, NC Total 311 360,084 14,121 17,284 3.9 4.8
Private 264 305,749 9,324 10,802 3.0 3.5
Public 47 54,335 4,796 6,482 8.8 11.9
24860 Greenville, SC Total 239 204,770 5,433 7,873 2.7 3.8
Private 216 185,723 4,479 6,159 2.4 3.3
Public 23 19,047 953 1,715 5.0 9.0
25060 Gulfport-Biloxi, MS Total 82 60,994 3,852 4,628 6.3 7.6
Private 69 52,301 3,217 3,993 6.2 7.6
Public 13 8,693 635 635 7.3 7.3
25180 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Total 106 62,330 6,367 7,432 10.2 11.9
Private 78 46,356 2,885 2,885 6.2 6.2
Public 28 15,974 3,481 4,547 21.8 28.5
25420 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Total 275 277,004 51,322 54,264 18.5 19.6
Private 216 219,718 26,917 27,948 12.3 12.7
Public 59 57,285 24,405 26,316 42.6 45.9
25500 Harrisonburg, VA Total 107 94,702 2,433 3,539 2.6 3.7
Private 89 79,582 2,433 3,539 3.1 4.4
Public 18 15,120 0 0 0.0 0.0
73450 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Total 1,414 535,903 93,968 98,258 17.5 18.3
Private 1,169 444,668 37,199 39,598 8.4 8.9
Public 245 91,235 56,770 58,660 62.2 64.3
25860 Hickory-Morgantown-Lenoir, NC Total 80 92,005 3,452 3,452 3.8 3.8
Private 66 75,814 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 14 16,191 3,452 3,452 21.3 21.3
26100 Holland-Grand Haven, MI Total 122 124,315 9,397 9,397 7.6 7.6
Private 110 111,888 3,205 3,205 2.9 2.9
Public 12 12,427 6,193 6,193 49.8 49.8
26180 Honolulu, HI Total 1,883 376,782 78,749 84,359 20.9 22.4
Private 1,481 294,887 39,598 43,651 13.4 14.8
Public 402 81,895 39,151 40,708 47.8 49.7
26420 Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX Total 1,995 2,413,226 130,083 157,924 5.4 6.5
Private 1,736 2,110,624 76,315 92,665 3.6 4.4
Public 259 302,602 53,768 65,259 17.8 21.6
26580 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Total 128 53,594 9,169 9,976 17.1 18.6
Private 100 42,459 6,900 7,707 16.3 18.2
Public 28 11,135 2,270 2,270 20.4 20.4
26620 Huntsville, AL Total 166 178,110 13,116 16,829 7.4 9.4
Private 141 152,117 7,683 8,859 5.1 5.8
Public 25 25,994 5,434 7,970 20.9 30.7
26900 Indianapolis, IN Total 737 744,498 55,953 71,224 7.5 9.6
Private 628 635,672 28,595 34,023 4.5 5.4
Public 109 108,825 27,359 37,201 25.1 34.2
26980 Iowa City, IA Total 220 88,761 9,239 15,220 10.4 17.1
Private 137 54,756 1,167 2,359 2.1 4.3
Public 83 34,005 8,072 12,861 23.7 37.8
27100 Jackson, MI Total 102 100,091 27,901 27,901 27.9 27.9
Private 86 84,318 15,228 15,228 18.1 18.1
Public 16 15,773 12,672 12,672 80.3 80.3
27140 Jackson, MS Total 277 212,158 9,312 9,312 4.4 4.4
Private 192 148,902 4,677 4,677 3.1 3.1
Public 85 63,256 4,635 4,635 7.3 7.3
27260 Jacksonville, FL Total 490 576,006 35,357 41,602 6.1 7.2
Private 412 486,605 15,971 15,971 3.3 3.3
Public 78 89,402 19,386 25,631 21.7 28.7
27340 Jacksonville, NC Total 78 91,574 3,446 6,955 3.8 7.6
Private 57 66,642 0 2,239 0.0 3.4
Public 21 24,932 3,446 4,716 13.8 18.9
27500 Janesville, WI Total 125 91,933 15,654 17,903 17.0 19.5
Private 106 78,514 8,325 9,202 10.6 11.7
Public 19 13,419 7,329 8,701 54.6 64.8
27740 Johnson City, TN Total 66 72,080 2,301 3,142 3.2 4.4
Private 57 61,492 1,097 1,938 1.8 3.2
Public 9 10,588 1,204 1,204 11.4 11.4
27780 Johnstown, PA Total 55 54,915 15,186 16,124 27.7 29.4
Private 42 42,385 4,831 5,769 11.4 13.6
Public 13 12,530 10,355 10,355 82.6 82.6
27900 Joplin, MO Total 95 81,577 4,906 5,776 6.0 7.1
Private 89 76,630 3,081 3,081 4.0 4.0
Public 6 4,947 1,825 2,695 36.9 54.5
28020 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI Total 129 131,127 13,765 13,765 10.5 10.5
Private 105 108,599 6,475 6,475 6.0 6.0
Public 24 22,528 7,289 7,289 32.4 32.4
28100 Kankakee-Bradley, IL Total 75 76,202 19,714 22,327 25.9 29.3
Private 59 59,434 9,537 12,150 16.0 20.4
Public 16 16,768 10,177 10,177 60.7 60.7
28140 Kansas City, MO-KS Total 1,313 867,899 81,334 91,114 9.4 10.5
Private 1,147 755,727 55,239 59,515 7.3 7.9
Public 166 112,172 26,095 31,600 23.3 28.2
28660 Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX Total 79 82,916 4,531 5,556 5.5 6.7
Private 53 55,322 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 26 27,595 4,531 5,556 16.4 20.1
28700 Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA Total 72 80,712 3,450 3,450 4.3 4.3
Private 64 71,725 1,189 1,189 1.7 1.7
Public 8 8,987 2,261 2,261 25.2 25.2
28740 Kingston, NY Total 84 91,870 23,075 23,968 25.1 26.1
Private 64 71,419 9,475 10,367 13.3 14.5
Public 20 20,451 13,601 13,601 66.5 66.5
28940 Knoxville, TN Total 199 226,389 5,075 5,075 2.2 2.2
Private 165 183,027 1,328 1,328 0.7 0.7
Public 34 43,362 3,747 3,747 8.6 8.6
29100 La Crosse, WI Total 156 111,853 16,543 18,175 14.8 16.2
Private 128 91,254 6,750 8,383 7.4 9.2
Public 28 20,599 9,793 9,793 47.5 47.5
29180 Lafayette, LA Total 179 205,030 1,272 2,453 0.6 1.2
Private 145 167,974 1,272 2,453 0.8 1.5
Public 34 37,056 0 0 0.0 0.0
29340 Lake Charles, LA Total 97 111,774 6,795 8,839 6.1 7.9
Private 79 90,623 6,795 8,839 7.5 9.8
Public 18 21,150 0 0 0.0 0.0
29460 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL Total 159 184,373 7,743 8,898 4.2 4.8
Private 132 154,700 6,764 7,919 4.4 5.1
Public 27 29,673 979 979 3.3 3.3
29540 Lancaster, PA Total 182 182,665 14,143 14,143 7.7 7.7
Private 166 167,246 6,255 6,255 3.7 3.7
Public 16 15,419 7,887 7,887 51.2 51.2
29620 Lansing-East Lansing, MI Total 188 186,081 43,992 46,758 23.6 25.1
Private 154 153,220 29,798 31,730 19.4 20.7
Public 34 32,861 14,193 15,028 43.2 45.7
29700 Laredo, TX Total 114 124,905 10,530 12,708 8.4 10.2
Private 87 94,042 1,028 3,206 1.1 3.4
Public 27 30,863 9,502 9,502 30.8 30.8
29740 Las Cruses, NM Total 148 91,482 5,043 5,521 5.5 6.0
Private 102 63,288 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 46 28,194 5,043 5,521 17.9 19.6
29820 Las Vegas-Paradise, NM Total 1,746 733,513 118,332 128,133 16.1 17.5
Private 1,519 638,834 76,446 82,383 12.0 12.9
Public 227 94,679 41,887 45,750 44.2 48.3
29940 Lawrence, KS Total 181 92,474 5,664 7,104 6.1 7.7
Private 125 65,264 1,402 1,402 2.1 2.1
Public 56 27,209 4,262 5,703 15.7 21.0
30020 Lawton, OK Total 99 72,632 2,635 4,064 3.6 5.6
Private 68 50,226 728 2,156 1.4 4.3
Public 31 22,406 1,907 1,907 8.5 8.5
74500 Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner, MA Total 76 81,363 14,435 14,435 17.7 17.7
Private 62 66,075 4,477 4,477 6.8 6.8
Public 14 15,288 9,958 9,958 65.1 65.1
30460 Lexington-Fayette, KY Total 297 211,529 13,938 13,938 6.6 6.6
Private 235 167,922 8,262 8,262 4.9 4.9
Public 62 43,607 5,677 5,677 13.0 13.0
30780 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Total 468 318,488 14,728 17,778 4.6 5.6
Private 371 251,698 6,497 9,086 2.6 3.6
Public 97 66,791 8,230 8,692 12.3 13.0
30980 Longview, TX Total 68 77,241 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 59 66,786 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 9 10,455 0 0 0.0 0.0
31100 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Total 4,853 5,000,335 784,690 829,849 15.7 16.6
Private 4,118 4,246,820 363,267 392,880 8.6 9.3
Public 735 753,516 421,423 436,969 55.9 58.0
31140 Louisville, KY-IN Total 594 478,581 65,800 69,777 13.7 14.6
Private 517 420,255 48,896 52,185 11.6 12.4
Public 77 58,326 16,904 17,593 29.0 30.2
31180 Lubbock, TX Total 72 83,636 1,060 1,060 1.3 1.3
Private 48 55,634 1,060 1,060 1.9 1.9
Public 24 28,002 0 0 0.0 0.0
31340 Lynchburg, VA Total 100 94,166 922 922 1.0 1.0
Private 89 83,510 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 11 10,656 922 922 8.7 8.7
31420 Macon,, GA Total 53 57,118 5,995 5,995 10.5 10.5
Private 47 50,421 3,441 3,441 6.8 6.8
Public 6 6,697 2,555 2,555 38.1 38.1
31460 Madera, CA Total 96 99,922 23,671 24,640 23.7 24.7
Private 78 82,608 12,724 12,724 15.4 15.4
Public 18 17,315 10,947 11,916 63.2 68.8
31540 Madison, WI Total 373 268,420 56,595 60,784 21.1 22.6
Private 267 192,368 19,278 20,804 10.0 10.8
Public 106 76,051 37,318 39,980 49.1 52.6
32580 McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX Total 203 228,086 9,439 18,273 4.1 8.0
Private 167 189,248 4,701 5,610 2.5 3.0
Public 36 38,838 4,738 12,663 12.2 32.6
32780 Medford, OR Total 100 67,093 8,167 9,965 12.2 14.9
Private 87 58,761 6,113 6,113 10.4 10.4
Public 13 8,332 2,055 3,852 24.7 46.2
32820 Memphis, TN-MS-AR Total 519 568,815 29,589 30,643 5.2 5.4
Private 440 485,523 12,547 12,547 2.6 2.6
Public 79 83,292 17,042 18,096 20.5 21.7
32900 Merced, CA Total 86 88,122 30,800 31,810 35.0 36.1
Private 64 65,545 13,063 14,073 19.9 21.5
Public 22 22,577 17,738 17,738 78.6 78.6
33100 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL Total 1,824 2,124,462 131,744 151,873 6.2 7.1
Private 1,579 1,842,672 40,233 50,804 2.2 2.8
Public 245 281,790 91,511 101,069 32.5 35.9
33140 Michigan City-La Porte, IN Total 86 90,599 11,115 12,110 12.3 13.4
Private 70 74,384 9,260 9,260 12.4 12.4
Public 16 16,215 1,855 2,850 11.4 17.6
33260 Midland, TX Total 86 95,122 1,179 4,166 1.2 4.4
Private 68 74,582 1,179 2,267 1.6 3.0
Public 18 20,540 0 1,899 0.0 9.2
33340 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Total 957 677,012 83,005 87,918 12.3 13.0
Private 854 603,693 39,727 41,984 6.6 7.0
Public 103 73,319 43,277 45,934 59.0 62.7
33460 Minneapolis-St Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Total 2,774 1,511,810 229,599 237,893 15.2 15.7
Private 2,369 1,296,916 107,965 110,556 8.3 8.5
Public 405 214,893 121,633 127,336 56.6 59.3
33660 Mobile, AL Total 136 147,458 17,840 17,840 12.1 12.1
Private 112 121,752 5,658 5,658 4.6 4.6
Public 24 25,706 12,182 12,182 47.4 47.4
33700 Modesto, CA Total 176 184,677 39,633 48,841 21.5 26.4
Private 143 151,238 13,398 19,684 8.9 13.0
Public 33 33,439 26,235 29,157 78.5 87.2
33740 Monroe, LA Total 183 211,702 8,027 12,765 3.8 6.0
Private 152 177,693 3,143 6,916 1.8 3.9
Public 31 34,009 4,885 5,849 14.4 17.2
33780 Monroe, MI Total 87 89,869 18,591 19,619 20.7 21.8
Private 75 77,158 13,534 13,534 17.5 17.5
Public 12 12,711 5,057 6,086 39.8 47.9
33860 Montgomery, AL Total 127 135,934 15,499 16,312 11.4 12.0
Private 93 103,364 1,703 1,703 1.6 1.6
Public 34 32,569 13,796 14,609 42.4 44.9
34740 Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI Total 101 101,552 19,273 20,227 19.0 19.9
Private 93 94,238 15,870 16,824 16.8 17.9
Public 8 7,314 3,403 3,403 46.5 46.5
34820 Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC Total 160 136,139 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 137 116,590 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 23 19,549 0 0 0.0 0.0
34900 Napa, CA Total 82 86,118 17,151 19,249 19.9 22.4
Private 71 74,530 12,151 12,151 16.3 16.3
Public 11 11,588 5,000 7,099 43.1 61.3
34940 Naples-Marco Island, FL Total 60 70,659 956 956 1.4 1.4
Private 57 67,055 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 3 3,605 956 956 26.5 26.5
34980 Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN Total 636 732,228 31,740 41,514 4.3 5.7
Private 549 631,461 13,004 21,568 2.1 3.4
Public 87 100,766 18,735 19,945 18.6 19.8
75700 New Haven, CT Total 694 263,809 49,900 52,768 18.9 20.0
Private 577 220,891 21,257 22,772 9.6 10.3
Public 117 42,918 28,643 29,996 66.7 69.9
35380 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Total 419 497,194 23,060 31,593 4.6 6.4
Private 343 410,875 17,096 19,940 4.2 4.9
Public 76 86,320 5,964 11,653 6.9 13.5
35620 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Total 7,284 7,947,234 1,700,237 1,822,738 21.4 22.9
Private 6,084 6,637,029 818,418 910,020 12.3 13.7
Public 1,200 1,310,205 881,819 912,718 67.3 69.7
35660 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI Total 54 52,139 17,428 17,428 33.4 33.4
Private 42 41,136 12,365 12,365 30.1 30.1
Public 12 11,002 5,063 5,063 46.0 46.0
76450 Norwich-New London, CT-RI Total 282 107,444 18,573 18,573 17.3 17.3
Private 239 91,594 11,058 11,058 12.1 12.1
Public 43 15,850 7,515 7,515 47.4 47.4
36100 Ocala, FL Total 69 77,854 2,744 2,744 3.5 3.5
Private 60 66,966 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 9 10,888 2,744 2,744 25.2 25.2
36140 Ocean City, NJ Total 33 31,886 924 924 2.9 2.9
Private 25 23,901 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 8 7,984 924 924 11.6 11.6
36260 Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 426 242,461 19,626 27,434 8.1 11.3
Private 308 175,698 6,755 7,923 3.8 4.5
Public 118 66,763 12,870 19,511 19.3 29.2
36420 Oklahoma City, OK Total 738 529,019 30,838 42,585 5.8 8.0
Private 596 427,997 16,237 23,321 3.8 5.4
Public 142 101,021 14,601 19,264 14.5 19.1
36500 Olympia, WA Total 130 122,518 37,908 38,866 30.9 31.7
Private 73 69,039 5,595 6,554 8.1 9.5
Public 57 53,478 32,312 32,312 60.4 60.4
36540 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA Total 1,298 400,398 37,283 47,430 9.3 11.8
Private 1,088 335,543 16,243 18,507 4.8 5.5
Public 210 64,854 21,040 28,923 32.4 44.6
36740 Orlando, FL Total 758 867,296 31,157 45,898 3.6 5.3
Private 640 735,078 10,658 15,121 1.4 2.1
Public 118 132,219 20,499 30,777 15.5 23.3
36780 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 107 75,212 15,215 15,988 20.2 21.3
Private 91 64,075 6,784 7,556 10.6 11.8
Public 16 11,137 8,432 8,432 75.7 75.7
37100 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA Total 330 347,054 34,388 41,166 9.9 11.9
Private 269 284,285 17,422 18,356 6.1 6.5
Public 61 62,769 16,966 22,810 27.0 36.3
37340 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL Total 214 247,340 19,053 19,053 7.7 7.7
Private 185 214,573 10,239 10,239 4.8 4.8
Public 29 32,766 8,814 8,814 26.9 26.9
37460 Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL Total 103 118,295 3,691 4,888 3.1 4.1
Private 94 107,912 0 1,197 0.0 1.1
Public 9 10,383 3,691 3,691 35.5 35.5
37860 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL Total 161 203,661 10,066 14,891 4.9 7.3
Private 136 173,057 6,734 7,912 3.9 4.6
Public 25 30,604 3,332 6,979 10.9 22.8
37900 Peoria, IL Total 186 187,790 27,906 29,918 14.9 15.9
Private 163 164,711 20,939 22,950 12.7 13.9
Public 23 23,079 6,967 6,967 30.2 30.2
37980 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE Total 3,649 2,305,250 375,857 405,133 16.3 17.6
Private 3,087 1,941,657 186,502 204,299 9.6 10.5
Public 562 363,594 189,355 200,833 52.1 55.2
38060 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ Total 1,283 1,729,520 110,746 131,939 6.4 7.6
Private 1,090 1,472,666 48,027 55,162 3.3 3.7
Public 193 256,854 62,719 76,776 24.4 29.9
38300 Pittsburgh, PA Total 976 990,285 149,143 161,280 15.1 16.3
Private 870 883,146 95,265 102,366 10.8 11.6
Public 106 107,139 53,878 58,914 50.3 55.0
38940 Port St. Lucie-Fort Pierce, FL Total 152 176,490 7,908 9,151 4.5 5.2
Private 125 144,891 2,305 3,548 1.6 2.4
Public 27 31,599 5,603 5,603 17.7 17.7
76750 Portland-South Portland, ME Total 1,018 174,313 15,760 18,093 9.0 10.4
Private 885 151,688 4,165 4,672 2.7 3.1
Public 133 22,625 11,595 13,420 51.2 59.3
38900 Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA Total 1,306 940,003 149,045 165,343 15.9 17.6
Private 1,090 785,703 59,768 69,077 7.6 8.8
Public 216 154,300 89,277 96,266 57.9 62.4
39100 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY Total 227 249,145 66,195 66,195 26.6 26.6
Private 192 209,294 34,303 34,303 16.4 16.4
Public 35 39,851 31,892 31,892 80.0 80.0
39140 Prescott, AZ Total 53 71,930 4,270 4,270 5.9 5.9
Private 37 49,926 4,270 4,270 8.6 8.6
Public 16 22,003 0 0 0.0 0.0
77200 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, MA-RI Total 3,088 581,005 91,957 96,527 15.8 16.6
Private 2,634 501,332 43,465 46,138 8.7 9.2
Public 454 79,673 48,492 50,389 60.9 63.2
39340 Provo-Orem, UT Total 288 163,730 9,668 10,726 5.9 6.6
Private 235 134,658 1,716 2,313 1.3 1.7
Public 53 29,072 7,952 8,413 27.4 28.9
39380 Pueblo, CO Total 142 81,190 11,807 13,387 14.5 16.5
Private 121 69,487 7,048 7,516 10.1 10.8
Public 21 11,703 4,759 5,871 40.7 50.2
39460 Punta Gorda, FL Total 62 71,213 3,608 4,750 5.1 6.7
Private 50 57,107 1,256 1,256 2.2 2.2
Public 12 14,106 2,352 3,494 16.7 24.8
39540 Racine, WI Total 145 100,706 25,788 26,309 25.6 26.1
Private 119 82,499 12,746 13,267 15.4 16.1
Public 26 18,206 13,043 13,043 71.6 71.6
39580 Raleigh-Cary, NC Total 450 519,766 10,954 20,671 2.1 4.0
Private 353 412,189 4,650 8,604 1.1 2.1
Public 97 107,577 6,305 12,067 5.9 11.2
39740 Reading, PA Total 214 214,848 22,000 28,079 10.2 13.1
Private 185 186,429 6,935 12,086 3.7 6.5
Public 29 28,419 15,065 15,993 53.0 56.3
39900 Reno-Sparks, NV Total 408 169,196 14,772 18,795 8.7 11.1
Private 349 144,799 8,928 10,578 6.2 7.3
Public 59 24,397 5,843 8,217 24.0 33.7
40060 Richmond, VA Total 687 619,704 30,981 40,031 5.0 6.5
Private 547 493,113 22,058 24,159 4.5 4.9
Public 140 126,591 8,924 15,872 7.0 12.5
40140 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Total 1,219 1,301,918 288,312 293,471 22.1 22.5
Private 964 1,035,801 117,581 120,621 11.4 11.6
Public 255 266,117 170,731 172,850 64.2 65.0
40220 Roanoke, VA Total 105 96,862 4,788 4,788 4.9 4.9
Private 91 84,135 3,145 3,145 3.7 3.7
Public 14 12,726 1,643 1,643 12.9 12.9
40380 Rochester, NY Total 473 523,862 94,639 102,661 18.1 19.6
Private 391 434,444 30,869 34,175 7.1 7.9
Public 82 89,418 63,769 68,486 71.3 76.6
77350 Rochester-Dover, NH-ME Total 367 58,053 6,062 7,552 10.4 13.0
Private 288 45,684 1,186 1,610 2.6 3.5
Public 79 12,369 4,876 5,942 39.4 48.0
40420 Rockford, IL Total 152 154,845 13,266 16,297 8.6 10.5
Private 135 137,491 5,534 8,565 4.0 6.2
Public 17 17,354 7,732 7,732 44.6 44.6
40900 Sacramento--Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA Total 782 827,513 202,736 217,155 24.5 26.2
Private 594 631,866 81,559 89,970 12.9 14.2
Public 188 195,647 121,177 127,185 61.9 65.0
40980 Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI Total 84 83,675 14,714 14,714 17.6 17.6
Private 72 71,538 8,800 8,800 12.3 12.3
Public 12 12,137 5,914 5,914 48.7 48.7
41420 Salem, OR Total 204 136,943 21,924 22,599 16.0 16.5
Private 159 107,915 4,830 4,830 4.5 4.5
Public 45 29,028 17,095 17,769 58.9 61.2
41500 Salinas, CA Total 146 150,696 17,220 17,220 11.4 11.4
Private 125 129,796 8,655 8,655 6.7 6.7
Public 21 20,900 8,565 8,565 41.0 41.0
41540 Salisbury, MD Total 100 57,716 6,635 6,635 11.5 11.5
Private 74 42,562 3,188 3,188 7.5 7.5
Public 26 15,154 3,447 3,447 22.7 22.7
41620 Salt Lake City, UT Total 871 499,271 25,485 32,054 5.1 6.4
Private 743 427,360 14,615 18,398 3.4 4.3
Public 128 71,911 10,870 13,656 15.1 19.0
41700 San Antonio, TX Total 746 835,149 52,152 55,902 6.2 6.7
Private 617 695,402 14,561 17,198 2.1 2.5
Public 129 139,747 37,591 38,704 26.9 27.7
41740 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA Total 1,047 1,071,814 148,041 163,270 13.8 15.2
Private 832 855,850 44,868 47,249 5.2 5.5
Public 215 215,965 103,173 116,020 47.8 53.7
41860 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA Total 1,753 1,879,803 308,789 321,660 16.4 17.1
Private 1,489 1,605,415 168,060 174,089 10.5 10.8
Public 264 274,387 140,729 147,571 51.3 53.8
41940 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Total 767 826,000 115,809 124,762 14.0 15.1
Private 678 730,670 54,935 61,015 7.5 8.4
Public 89 95,330 60,873 63,747 63.9 66.9
42020 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA Total 90 93,811 23,584 25,697 25.1 27.4
Private 61 64,427 6,164 6,164 9.6 9.6
Public 29 29,383 17,420 19,533 59.3 66.5
42060 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA Total 135 143,412 15,725 17,794 11.0 12.4
Private 106 113,453 5,313 6,437 4.7 5.7
Public 29 29,959 10,412 11,357 34.8 37.9
42140 Santa Fe, NM Total 57 34,889 1,976 2,886 5.7 8.3
Private 43 26,695 0 909 0.0 3.4
Public 14 8,194 1,976 1,976 24.1 24.1
42220 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA Total 209 223,398 42,168 43,263 18.9 19.4
Private 178 191,660 23,036 23,036 12.0 12.0
Public 31 31,738 19,132 20,227 60.3 63.7
42100 Santa-Cruz-Watsonville, CA Total 88 92,928 24,847 26,233 26.7 28.2
Private 60 63,866 5,844 5,844 9.2 9.2
Public 28 29,063 19,002 20,389 65.4 70.2
42260 Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL Total 210 240,822 16,922 19,200 7.0 8.0
Private 184 212,422 9,101 10,361 4.3 4.9
Public 26 28,401 7,821 8,839 27.5 31.1
42340 Savannah, GA Total 209 225,135 11,822 11,822 5.3 5.3
Private 168 180,970 3,264 3,264 1.8 1.8
Public 41 44,166 8,558 8,558 19.4 19.4
42540 Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA Total 213 218,223 28,837 32,023 13.2 14.7
Private 191 196,122 15,795 18,043 8.1 9.2
Public 22 22,100 13,042 13,979 59.0 63.3
42660 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA Total 1,580 1,547,968 262,459 291,510 17.0 18.8
Private 1,349 1,324,324 143,692 161,936 10.9 12.2
Public 231 223,644 118,767 129,574 53.1 57.9
43340 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA Total 140 164,376 17,246 19,301 10.5 11.7
Private 101 120,003 7,500 9,556 6.3 8.0
Public 39 44,372 9,745 9,745 22.0 22.0
43620 Sioux Falls, SD Total 856 121,248 8,468 10,118 7.0 8.3
Private 775 109,876 5,036 5,968 4.6 5.4
Public 81 11,373 3,432 4,150 30.2 36.5
43780 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI Total 99 103,156 5,051 5,051 4.9 4.9
Private 91 94,520 3,013 3,013 3.2 3.2
Public 8 8,636 2,038 2,038 23.6 23.6
43900 Spartanburg, SC Total 127 106,077 4,411 5,284 4.2 5.0
Private 105 87,722 2,314 3,187 2.6 3.6
Public 22 18,355 2,097 2,097 11.4 11.4
44060 Spokane, WA Total 195 194,641 31,778 31,778 16.3 16.3
Private 167 167,116 17,511 17,511 10.5 10.5
Public 28 27,525 14,268 14,268 51.8 51.8
44100 Springfield, IL Total 97 100,158 16,238 16,238 16.2 16.2
Private 69 71,637 6,208 6,208 8.7 8.7
Public 28 28,521 10,030 10,030 35.2 35.2
78100 Springfield, MA-CT Total 270 279,533 65,073 70,334 23.3 25.2
Private 219 226,585 25,240 30,500 11.1 13.5
Public 51 52,947 39,834 39,834 75.2 75.2
44180 Springfield, MO Total 191 161,493 7,855 7,855 4.9 4.9
Private 172 145,085 3,358 3,358 2.3 2.3
Public 19 16,407 4,496 4,496 27.4 27.4
44220 Springfield, OH Total 31 34,183 1,110 2,928 3.2 8.6
Private 24 25,896 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 7 8,287 1,110 2,928 13.4 35.3
41060 St. Cloud, MN Total 132 71,220 10,572 10,572 14.8 14.8
Private 116 62,905 2,758 2,758 4.4 4.4
Public 16 8,315 7,814 7,814 94.0 94.0
41180 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 1,377 1,242,460 176,820 193,432 14.2 15.6
Private 1,219 1,097,630 133,643 141,194 12.2 12.9
Public 158 144,829 43,177 52,237 29.8 36.1
44700 Stockton, CA Total 206 217,788 62,513 66,490 28.7 30.5
Private 160 170,067 29,521 31,489 17.4 18.5
Public 46 47,721 32,992 35,000 69.1 73.3
45060 Syracuse, NY Total 254 276,811 52,949 57,403 19.1 20.7
Private 204 223,476 26,353 27,648 11.8 12.4
Public 50 53,335 26,596 29,754 49.9 55.8
45220 Tallahassee, FL Total 77 96,286 4,304 4,304 4.5 4.5
Private 36 45,453 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 41 50,834 4,304 4,304 8.5 8.5
45300 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL Total 910 1,044,548 48,514 73,086 4.6 7.0
Private 785 900,896 18,451 33,670 2.0 3.7
Public 125 143,653 30,063 39,415 20.9 27.4
45780 Toledo, OH Total 265 266,194 44,461 45,515 16.7 17.1
Private 222 223,288 23,850 24,904 10.7 11.2
Public 43 42,906 20,611 20,611 48.0 48.0
45820 Topeka, KS Total 223 110,780 13,078 15,739 11.8 14.2
Private 169 83,704 7,691 8,686 9.2 10.4
Public 54 27,076 5,388 7,053 19.9 26.0
45940 Trenton-Ewing, NJ Total 98 105,047 12,511 13,346 11.9 12.7
Private 79 82,454 1,952 1,952 2.4 2.4
Public 19 22,593 10,559 11,394 46.7 50.4
46060 Tucson, AZ Total 339 469,716 35,440 48,991 7.5 10.4
Private 258 361,026 17,857 22,074 4.9 6.1
Public 81 108,690 17,583 26,917 16.2 24.8
46140 Tulsa, OK Total 567 423,400 25,041 29,545 5.9 7.0
Private 487 363,676 12,285 14,468 3.4 4.0
Public 80 59,724 12,757 15,076 21.4 25.2
46220 Tuscaloosa, AL Total 80 79,502 6,668 6,668 8.4 8.4
Private 60 60,491 2,947 2,947 4.9 4.9
Public 20 19,011 3,720 3,720 19.6 19.6
46540 Utica-Rome, NY Total 123 138,939 30,172 30,172 21.7 21.7
Private 99 112,485 11,472 11,472 10.2 10.2
Public 24 26,454 18,700 18,700 70.7 70.7
46660 Valdosta, GA Total 77 82,636 909 3,525 1.1 4.3
Private 47 50,467 0 1,587 0.0 3.1
Public 30 32,169 909 1,938 2.8 6.0
46700 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA Total 152 164,092 42,879 46,392 26.1 28.3
Private 116 124,927 16,435 19,947 13.2 16.0
Public 36 39,165 26,445 26,445 67.5 67.5
46940 Vero Beach, FL Total 70 81,725 3,242 3,242 4.0 4.0
Private 60 70,473 1,017 1,017 1.4 1.4
Public 10 11,252 2,225 2,225 19.8 19.8
47020 Victoria, TX Total 168 188,390 5,381 6,470 2.9 3.4
Private 135 152,361 1,316 2,406 0.9 1.6
Public 33 36,029 4,064 4,064 11.3 11.3
47220 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ Total 39 39,771 8,805 8,805 22.1 22.1
Private 28 28,403 1,078 1,078 3.8 3.8
Public 11 11,368 7,727 7,727 68.0 68.0
47260 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Total 743 691,980 33,261 37,073 4.8 5.4
Private 579 543,926 17,442 18,548 3.2 3.4
Public 164 148,054 15,818 18,525 10.7 12.5
47300 Visalia-Porterville, CA Total 112 116,950 17,090 17,090 14.6 14.6
Private 87 90,842 3,417 3,417 3.8 3.8
Public 25 26,109 13,673 13,673 52.4 52.4
47380 Waco, TX Total 110 123,690 1,058 1,058 0.9 0.9
Private 96 108,207 1,058 1,058 1.0 1.0
Public 14 15,483 0 0 0.0 0.0
47580 Warner Robins, GA Total 49 51,874 6,485 6,485 12.5 12.5
Private 28 29,644 1,210 1,210 4.1 4.1
Public 21 22,230 5,275 5,275 23.7 23.7
47900 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Total 5,708 2,655,081 225,676 258,778 8.5 9.7
Private 4,153 1,963,879 93,152 100,068 4.7 5.1
Public 1,555 691,202 132,524 158,710 19.2 23.0
78700 Waterbury, CT Total 203 77,588 14,457 14,457 18.6 18.6
Private 175 67,086 6,558 6,558 9.8 9.8
Public 28 10,501 7,900 7,900 75.2 75.2
47940 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA Total 252 99,955 13,188 15,299 13.2 15.3
Private 216 85,608 9,297 9,734 10.9 11.4
Public 36 14,347 3,891 5,565 27.1 38.8
48140 Wausau, WI Total 139 100,213 10,051 10,704 10.0 10.7
Private 126 90,840 5,636 6,289 6.2 6.9
Public 13 9,373 4,415 4,415 47.1 47.1
48620 Wichita, KS Total 466 235,216 22,962 31,996 9.8 13.6
Private 391 199,166 15,611 21,297 7.8 10.7
Public 75 36,051 7,352 10,699 20.4 29.7
49180 Winston-Salem, NC Total 178 205,375 6,813 8,306 3.3 4.0
Private 153 176,730 2,212 2,212 1.3 1.3
Public 25 28,646 4,601 6,094 16.1 21.3
79600 Worcester, MA-CT Total 179 195,449 19,386 19,386 9.9 9.9
Private 154 169,502 7,773 7,773 4.6 4.6
Public 25 25,947 11,613 11,613 44.8 44.8
49420 Yakima, WA Total 132 130,427 24,041 30,284 18.4 23.2
Private 110 107,898 9,570 13,100 8.9 12.1
Public 22 22,528 14,471 17,184 64.2 76.3
49620 York-Hanover, PA Total 181 185,172 25,850 27,959 14.0 15.1
Private 155 158,661 10,625 10,625 6.7 6.7
Public 26 26,511 15,225 17,334 57.4 65.4
49660 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH Total 153 152,469 20,117 23,361 13.2 15.3
Private 140 139,799 14,095 17,338 10.1 12.4
Public 13 12,670 6,022 6,022 47.5 47.5
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2010. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas in the CPS beginning May 2004 are based
on 2003 Census definitions; areas are not necessarily compatible with those from earlier years.
Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
2011 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.