Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Combined Statistical Area (CSA) and MSA, 2011 (details in table note)
Note: Sample size (Obs) for many cells are small and should be used with care.
Area definitions beginning May 2004 do not match prior definitions.
Codes Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CSAs (combination of 2 or more MSAs; separate MSAs are shown further down):
CSA Code
118 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 284 202,842 23,471 24,180 11.6 11.9
Private 242 173,597 9,376 10,085 5.4 5.8
Public 42 29,246 14,095 14,095 48.2 48.2
Priv Const 9 7,075 3,465 3,465 49.0 49.0
Priv Manuf 56 39,916 4,024 4,733 10.1 11.9
715 Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MS-NH-CT-ME Total 3,395 2,437,336 331,001 346,675 13.6 14.2
Private 2,972 2,127,650 137,612 148,096 6.5 7.0
Public 423 309,686 193,389 198,579 62.4 64.1
Priv Const 137 93,548 16,021 17,101 17.1 18.3
Priv Manuf 421 257,141 9,614 11,716 3.7 4.6
720 Bridgeport-New Haven-Stamford, CT Total 2,027 779,564 120,814 125,685 15.5 16.1
Private 1,741 671,263 52,097 55,181 7.8 8.2
Public 286 108,301 68,717 70,505 63.4 65.1
Priv Const 84 33,078 5,440 5,440 16.4 16.4
Priv Manuf 214 80,884 9,075 9,075 11.2 11.2
176 Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI Total 3,744 3,986,993 638,802 685,958 16.0 17.2
Private 3,260 3,484,504 382,741 421,275 11.0 12.1
Public 484 502,489 256,061 264,683 51.0 52.7
Priv Const 150 165,242 55,323 55,323 33.5 33.5
Priv Manuf 482 516,924 80,028 87,150 15.5 16.9
184 Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH Total 1,216 1,290,627 164,061 184,428 12.7 14.3
Private 1,063 1,130,692 81,790 96,487 7.2 8.5
Public 153 159,935 82,271 87,941 51.4 55.0
Priv Const 44 46,133 9,793 10,741 21.2 23.3
Priv Manuf 204 215,186 25,731 31,025 12.0 14.4
212 Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH Total 354 376,522 30,045 33,363 8.0 8.9
Private 281 299,632 13,401 13,401 4.5 4.5
Public 73 76,889 16,643 19,961 21.6 26.0
Priv Const 15 16,025 3,138 3,138 19.6 19.6
Priv Manuf 45 47,128 6,005 6,005 12.7 12.7
216 Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO Total 2,216 1,314,270 105,630 118,708 8.0 9.0
Private 1,896 1,127,646 54,134 60,794 4.8 5.4
Public 320 186,624 51,496 57,914 27.6 31.0
Priv Const 123 77,237 5,966 6,596 7.7 8.5
Priv Manuf 168 100,056 2,446 2,446 2.4 2.4
220 Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI Total 1,915 2,065,992 352,828 367,840 17.1 17.8
Private 1,677 1,809,583 211,645 220,970 11.7 12.2
Public 238 256,409 141,183 146,870 55.1 57.3
Priv Const 56 62,687 18,869 18,869 30.1 30.1
Priv Manuf 324 345,309 74,213 74,213 21.5 21.5
260 Fresno-Madera, CA Total 389 415,071 68,623 71,655 16.5 17.3
Private 303 325,546 21,957 21,957 6.7 6.7
Public 86 89,525 46,666 49,698 52.1 55.5
Priv Const 13 14,650 3,168 3,168 21.6 21.6
Priv Manuf 34 36,775 3,146 3,146 8.6 8.6
266 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI Total 589 596,954 98,413 102,130 16.5 17.1
Private 516 525,759 57,287 58,145 10.9 11.1
Public 73 71,195 41,126 43,985 57.8 61.8
Priv Const 39 40,026 3,613 3,613 9.0 9.0
Priv Manuf 114 114,325 18,661 19,518 16.3 17.1
268 Greensboro--Winston-Salem-High Point, NC Total 459 547,811 12,500 13,674 2.3 2.5
Private 396 475,759 6,501 7,675 1.4 1.6
Public 63 72,053 5,999 5,999 8.3 8.3
Priv Const 25 31,059 0 1,175 0.0 3.8
Priv Manuf 82 95,404 2,825 2,825 3.0 3.0
272 Greenville-Anderson-Seneca, SC Total 300 270,554 4,447 7,215 1.6 2.7
Private 279 253,390 3,781 6,548 1.5 2.6
Public 21 17,163 667 667 3.9 3.9
Priv Const 18 16,820 0 735 0.0 4.4
Priv Manuf 58 52,875 1,445 1,445 2.7 2.7
290 Huntsville-Decatur, AL Total 255 265,076 28,129 29,162 10.6 11.0
Private 203 213,443 11,126 11,126 5.2 5.2
Public 52 51,633 17,003 18,037 32.9 34.9
Priv Const 13 16,742 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 55 56,475 3,300 3,300 5.8 5.8
294 Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN Total 805 866,892 62,478 68,689 7.2 7.9
Private 719 776,205 40,003 44,221 5.2 5.7
Public 86 90,688 22,475 24,468 24.8 27.0
Priv Const 43 48,614 7,593 8,555 15.6 17.6
Priv Manuf 97 101,690 12,164 12,164 12.0 12.0
304 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, VA Total 133 150,144 2,999 2,999 2.0 2.0
Private 118 133,493 1,038 1,038 0.8 0.8
Public 15 16,651 1,961 1,961 11.8 11.8
Priv Const 9 10,700 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 20 23,856 0 0 0.0 0.0
348 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA Total 6,280 6,650,115 1,111,238 1,177,099 16.7 17.7
Private 5,322 5,651,197 523,197 561,925 9.3 9.9
Public 958 998,917 588,041 615,175 58.9 61.6
Priv Const 320 350,176 56,955 60,349 16.3 17.2
Priv Manuf 805 860,234 47,129 50,459 5.5 5.9
356 Macon-Warner-Robins-Fort Valley, GA Total 129 145,886 8,946 12,009 6.1 8.2
Private 103 116,880 4,450 4,450 3.8 3.8
Public 26 29,006 4,497 7,559 15.5 26.1
Priv Const 10 11,585 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 16 18,240 1,362 1,362 7.5 7.5
376 Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI Total 1,056 756,962 94,698 101,947 12.5 13.5
Private 933 666,802 42,192 47,258 6.3 7.1
Public 123 90,159 52,507 54,689 58.2 60.7
Priv Const 40 29,265 4,778 6,133 16.3 21.0
Priv Manuf 161 114,359 18,526 19,412 16.2 17.0
378 Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI Total 2,867 1,576,896 215,607 228,437 13.7 14.5
Private 2,494 1,378,003 99,400 108,998 7.2 7.9
Public 373 198,893 116,207 119,440 58.4 60.1
Priv Const 110 65,030 19,342 19,964 29.7 30.7
Priv Manuf 417 230,151 10,015 10,015 4.4 4.4
408 New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 7,605 8,498,393 1,775,137 1,935,333 20.9 22.8
Private 6,398 7,158,458 847,453 972,612 11.8 13.6
Public 1,207 1,339,935 927,683 962,722 69.2 71.8
Priv Const 342 393,213 84,314 92,935 21.4 23.6
Priv Manuf 508 550,119 44,509 53,569 8.1 9.7
428 Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 3,774 2,444,246 349,984 383,564 14.3 15.7
Private 3,245 2,107,970 164,435 187,635 7.8 8.9
Public 529 336,276 185,549 195,929 55.2 58.3
Priv Const 186 117,356 29,619 30,967 25.2 26.4
Priv Manuf 330 198,562 23,960 24,900 12.1 12.5
450 Raleigh-Durham-Cary, NC Total 698 845,236 14,807 30,641 1.8 3.6
Private 580 705,120 6,676 15,073 0.9 2.1
Public 118 140,116 8,131 15,568 5.8 11.1
Priv Const 50 69,408 1,122 1,122 1.6 1.6
Priv Manuf 46 55,284 0 0 0.0 0.0
482 Salt Lake City-Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 1,339 767,630 47,823 57,622 6.2 7.5
Private 1,126 649,097 22,997 25,835 3.5 4.0
Public 213 118,533 24,826 31,787 20.9 26.8
Priv Const 73 43,540 2,943 3,644 6.8 8.4
Priv Manuf 166 95,752 4,391 6,528 4.6 6.8
488 San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Total 3,030 3,280,504 515,667 557,886 15.7 17.0
Private 2,541 2,759,391 237,513 257,334 8.6 9.3
Public 489 521,113 278,155 300,551 53.4 57.7
Priv Const 135 153,608 33,095 37,044 21.5 24.1
Priv Manuf 339 361,687 21,182 21,182 5.9 5.9
500 Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA part Total 1,791 1,739,027 323,715 356,372 18.6 20.5
Private 1,450 1,417,732 151,099 166,999 10.7 11.8
Public 341 321,294 172,616 189,373 53.7 58.9
Priv Const 79 78,153 18,985 21,175 24.3 27.1
Priv Manuf 207 197,846 40,575 43,256 20.5 21.9
548 Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 8,011 3,966,375 384,227 440,682 9.7 11.1
Private 5,935 2,988,079 148,808 167,342 5.0 5.6
Public 2,076 978,297 235,419 273,340 24.1 27.9
Priv Const 354 209,476 17,468 22,764 8.3 10.9
Priv Manuf 247 139,903 7,043 7,583 5.0 5.4
MSAs (sorted alphabetically):
FIPS Code
10420 Akron, OH Total 304 322,547 40,389 45,959 12.5 14.2
Private 268 284,232 20,402 23,590 7.2 8.3
Public 36 38,315 19,987 22,369 52.2 58.4
10500 Albany, GA Total 99 112,650 4,303 5,455 3.8 4.8
Private 78 89,362 2,574 2,574 2.9 2.9
Public 21 23,288 1,729 2,882 7.4 12.4
10580 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Total 357 385,475 135,028 137,095 35.0 35.6
Private 270 293,667 60,710 62,777 20.7 21.4
Public 87 91,808 74,318 74,318 80.9 80.9
10740 Albuquerque, NM Total 652 389,852 29,907 34,416 7.7 8.8
Private 493 297,954 9,604 10,201 3.2 3.4
Public 159 91,898 20,303 24,215 22.1 26.3
10900 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Total 456 475,619 77,666 83,252 16.3 17.5
Private 402 419,829 46,339 48,979 11.0 11.7
Public 54 55,790 31,327 34,274 56.2 61.4
11020 Altoona, PA Total 81 83,290 19,925 19,925 23.9 23.9
Private 63 65,158 10,147 10,147 15.6 15.6
Public 18 18,132 9,778 9,778 53.9 53.9
11100 Amarillo, TX Total 106 119,530 7,797 7,797 6.5 6.5
Private 89 101,578 5,483 5,483 5.4 5.4
Public 17 17,951 2,314 2,314 12.9 12.9
11300 Anderson, IN Total 70 75,004 9,016 9,016 12.0 12.0
Private 62 67,094 4,849 4,849 7.2 7.2
Public 8 7,910 4,167 4,167 52.7 52.7
11340 Anderson, SC Total 60 52,341 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 53 46,606 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 7 5,735 0 0 0.0 0.0
11460 Ann Arbor, MI Total 119 125,511 19,541 20,751 15.6 16.5
Private 99 104,891 14,957 14,957 14.3 14.3
Public 20 20,620 4,584 5,793 22.2 28.1
11500 Anniston-Oxford, AL Total 119 147,922 9,084 11,111 6.1 7.5
Private 96 117,751 1,482 2,703 1.3 2.3
Public 23 30,171 7,601 8,407 25.2 27.9
11540 Appleton,WI Total 178 127,480 12,372 13,081 9.7 10.3
Private 153 109,668 5,305 6,014 4.8 5.5
Public 25 17,812 7,067 7,067 39.7 39.7
11700 Asheville, NC Total 128 159,950 1,080 2,166 0.7 1.4
Private 106 132,322 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 22 27,628 1,080 2,166 3.9 7.8
12020 Athens-Clark County, GA Total 46 48,998 1,291 1,291 2.6 2.6
Private 37 38,726 1,291 1,291 3.3 3.3
Public 9 10,272 0 0 0.0 0.0
12060 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA Total 1,957 2,301,539 89,128 102,839 3.9 4.5
Private 1,686 1,985,530 49,546 58,683 2.5 3.0
Public 271 316,008 39,582 44,157 12.5 14.0
12100 Atlantic City, NJ Total 144 151,876 25,160 26,990 16.6 17.8
Private 124 131,139 13,790 14,656 10.5 11.2
Public 20 20,738 11,371 12,335 54.8 59.5
12260 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Total 195 197,409 16,679 30,520 8.4 15.5
Private 143 142,510 9,520 15,802 6.7 11.1
Public 52 54,899 7,159 14,718 13.0 26.8
12420 Austin-Round Rock, TX Total 731 833,078 32,726 45,449 3.9 5.5
Private 603 690,036 10,789 13,234 1.6 1.9
Public 128 143,042 21,937 32,215 15.3 22.5
12540 Bakersfield, CA Total 243 261,127 43,127 45,839 16.5 17.6
Private 190 206,145 15,653 15,653 7.6 7.6
Public 53 54,982 27,474 30,185 50.0 54.9
12580 Baltimore-Towson, MD Total 2,080 1,211,691 131,230 148,676 10.8 12.3
Private 1,614 940,977 49,548 54,626 5.3 5.8
Public 466 270,714 81,682 94,050 30.2 34.7
70750 Bangor, ME Total 333 61,796 6,857 7,885 11.1 12.8
Private 275 50,371 2,076 2,076 4.1 4.1
Public 58 11,425 4,781 5,808 41.8 50.8
70900 Barnstable Town, MA Total 100 105,527 15,609 15,609 14.8 14.8
Private 85 91,130 5,563 5,563 6.1 6.1
Public 15 14,397 10,046 10,046 69.8 69.8
12940 Baton Rouge, LA Total 267 313,335 21,850 24,328 7.0 7.8
Private 230 273,853 15,489 15,489 5.7 5.7
Public 37 39,483 6,361 8,839 16.1 22.4
13140 Beaumont-Port Author, TX Total 146 163,848 14,556 17,305 8.9 10.6
Private 116 130,497 6,596 8,465 5.1 6.5
Public 30 33,351 7,961 8,840 23.9 26.5
13380 Bellingham, WA Total 79 72,744 14,981 14,981 20.6 20.6
Private 65 59,634 7,409 7,409 12.4 12.4
Public 14 13,111 7,572 7,572 57.8 57.8
13460 Bend, OR Total 149 101,413 17,232 17,232 17.0 17.0
Private 123 84,758 6,992 6,992 8.2 8.2
Public 26 16,655 10,239 10,239 61.5 61.5
13740 Billings, MT Total 225 60,117 7,645 8,697 12.7 14.5
Private 186 50,578 2,755 3,302 5.4 6.5
Public 39 9,539 4,890 5,396 51.3 56.6
13780 Binghamton, NY Total 107 111,690 30,818 31,864 27.6 28.5
Private 74 78,385 6,436 6,436 8.2 8.2
Public 33 33,305 24,381 25,427 73.2 76.3
13820 Birmingham-Hoover, AL Total 479 501,161 32,809 35,606 6.5 7.1
Private 391 413,912 19,469 20,427 4.7 4.9
Public 88 87,250 13,340 15,179 15.3 17.4
14020 Bloomington, IN Total 97 105,088 14,099 14,971 13.4 14.2
Private 82 90,239 10,202 11,074 11.3 12.3
Public 15 14,849 3,897 3,897 26.2 26.2
14060 Bloomington-Normal IL Total 108 114,162 9,316 11,314 8.2 9.9
Private 93 98,522 3,886 5,884 3.9 6.0
Public 15 15,641 5,430 5,430 34.7 34.7
14260 Boise City-Nampa, ID Total 723 243,715 11,580 14,492 4.8 5.9
Private 612 207,618 5,305 6,635 2.6 3.2
Public 111 36,097 6,274 7,857 17.4 21.8
71650 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH Total 3,124 2,146,263 288,492 300,231 13.4 14.0
Private 2,741 1,879,398 117,980 125,951 6.3 6.7
Public 383 266,865 170,512 174,281 63.9 65.3
14500 Boulder, CO Total 290 173,925 6,395 7,630 3.7 4.4
Private 246 147,152 2,324 3,559 1.6 2.4
Public 44 26,774 4,072 4,072 15.2 15.2
14540 Bowling Green, KY Total 32 21,396 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 30 20,318 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 2 1,078 0 0 0.0 0.0
14740 Bremerton-Silverdale, WA Total 106 101,525 28,222 32,668 27.8 32.2
Private 58 56,831 5,759 6,744 10.1 11.9
Public 48 44,693 22,463 25,924 50.3 58.0
71950 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT Total 979 376,554 49,030 50,445 13.0 13.4
Private 849 326,811 17,896 18,644 5.5 5.7
Public 130 49,743 31,133 31,801 62.6 63.9
15180 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX Total 88 95,563 4,569 4,569 4.8 4.8
Private 64 69,924 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 24 25,639 4,569 4,569 17.8 17.8
15380 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY Total 455 498,754 136,331 137,481 27.3 27.6
Private 385 424,746 77,889 77,889 18.3 18.3
Public 70 74,007 58,442 59,592 79.0 80.5
72400 Burlington-South Burlington, VT Total 864 98,190 9,415 11,548 9.6 11.8
Private 741 84,560 3,521 4,983 4.2 5.9
Public 123 13,630 5,894 6,565 43.2 48.2
15940 Canton-Massillon, OH Total 144 155,789 35,934 35,934 23.1 23.1
Private 125 135,648 19,748 19,748 14.6 14.6
Public 19 20,141 16,185 16,185 80.4 80.4
15980 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL Total 195 238,470 19,924 27,962 8.4 11.7
Private 167 204,511 3,880 7,299 1.9 3.6
Public 28 33,959 16,044 20,664 47.2 60.8
16300 Cedar Rapids, IA Total 250 100,576 7,558 9,050 7.5 9.0
Private 225 90,642 3,146 3,808 3.5 4.2
Public 25 9,934 4,412 5,242 44.4 52.8
16580 Champaign-Urbana, IL Total 139 149,750 27,692 30,880 18.5 20.6
Private 104 112,178 9,436 9,436 8.4 8.4
Public 35 37,572 18,256 21,444 48.6 57.1
16620 Charleston, WV Total 347 147,066 17,696 20,091 12.0 13.7
Private 264 113,396 10,188 11,574 9.0 10.2
Public 83 33,670 7,508 8,517 22.3 25.3
16700 Charleston-North Charleston, SC Total 321 287,815 17,015 23,670 5.9 8.2
Private 249 226,407 7,223 11,258 3.2 5.0
Public 72 61,408 9,792 12,411 15.9 20.2
16740 Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC Total 657 749,999 22,860 25,883 3.0 3.5
Private 588 673,828 13,694 14,628 2.0 2.2
Public 69 76,171 9,166 11,254 12.0 14.8
16860 Chattanooga, TN-GA Total 192 212,139 10,599 11,563 5.0 5.5
Private 154 170,867 4,383 4,383 2.6 2.6
Public 38 41,271 6,215 7,180 15.1 17.4
16980 Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IN-IN-WI Total 3,566 3,800,203 606,666 650,906 16.0 17.1
Private 3,113 3,328,762 363,486 399,105 10.9 12.0
Public 453 471,441 243,180 251,801 51.6 53.4
17020 Chico, CA Total 94 99,368 22,197 24,424 22.3 24.6
Private 80 84,425 16,513 16,513 19.6 19.6
Public 14 14,943 5,685 7,912 38.0 52.9
17140 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Total 936 896,960 77,259 87,496 8.6 9.8
Private 837 801,994 48,032 54,973 6.0 6.9
Public 99 94,966 29,227 32,522 30.8 34.2
17460 Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Total 912 968,080 123,672 138,469 12.8 14.3
Private 795 846,460 61,388 72,897 7.3 8.6
Public 117 121,619 62,285 65,572 51.2 53.9
17660 Coeur d'Alene, ID Total 130 44,404 738 1,452 1.7 3.3
Private 117 39,932 411 757 1.0 1.9
Public 13 4,472 327 695 7.3 15.6
17820 Colorado Springs, CO Total 423 246,236 18,651 20,953 7.6 8.5
Private 341 199,022 7,349 9,165 3.7 4.6
Public 82 47,214 11,302 11,787 23.9 25.0
17860 Columbia, MO Total 97 86,989 5,517 5,517 6.3 6.3
Private 66 58,673 3,514 3,514 6.0 6.0
Public 31 28,317 2,002 2,002 7.1 7.1
17900 Columbia, SC Total 316 278,033 5,352 7,035 1.9 2.5
Private 238 210,543 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 78 67,490 5,352 7,035 7.9 10.4
17980 Columbus, GA-AL Total 58 65,272 2,976 4,043 4.6 6.2
Private 40 45,117 0 1,067 0.0 2.4
Public 18 20,155 2,976 2,976 14.8 14.8
18140 Columbus, OH Total 711 779,838 100,224 108,806 12.9 14.0
Private 591 649,149 48,943 56,523 7.5 8.7
Public 120 130,690 51,281 52,283 39.2 40.0
18580 Corpus Christi, TX Total 159 175,326 5,853 5,853 3.3 3.3
Private 123 136,492 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 36 38,833 5,853 5,853 15.1 15.1
19100 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Total 2,453 2,829,576 176,471 211,444 6.2 7.5
Private 2,141 2,473,250 80,790 95,377 3.3 3.9
Public 312 356,326 95,681 116,067 26.9 32.6
72850 Danbury, CT Total 171 64,215 9,170 9,546 14.3 14.9
Private 154 58,091 4,550 4,926 7.8 8.5
Public 17 6,124 4,620 4,620 75.4 75.4
19340 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL Total 279 166,584 31,173 31,942 18.7 19.2
Private 244 145,910 17,970 18,341 12.3 12.6
Public 35 20,675 13,203 13,601 63.9 65.8
19380 Dayton, OH Total 329 348,706 28,116 29,268 8.1 8.4
Private 260 276,228 12,343 12,343 4.5 4.5
Public 69 72,478 15,773 16,924 21.8 23.4
19460 Decatur, Al Total 65 66,520 6,782 6,782 10.2 10.2
Private 56 58,048 1,798 1,798 3.1 3.1
Public 9 8,472 4,984 4,984 58.8 58.8
19500 Decatur, IL Total 111 115,105 24,313 25,218 21.1 21.9
Private 99 102,927 17,802 17,802 17.3 17.3
Public 12 12,179 6,511 7,416 53.5 60.9
19660 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL Total 162 197,085 5,679 8,089 2.9 4.1
Private 144 175,978 1,174 2,482 0.7 1.4
Public 18 21,107 4,505 5,607 21.3 26.6
19740 Denver-Aurora, CO Total 1,926 1,140,344 99,234 111,078 8.7 9.7
Private 1,650 980,494 51,810 57,236 5.3 5.8
Public 276 159,850 47,424 53,842 29.7 33.7
19780 Des Moines, IA Total 644 260,465 26,603 31,631 10.2 12.1
Private 566 229,474 12,546 13,684 5.5 6.0
Public 78 30,990 14,057 17,948 45.4 57.9
19820 Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Total 1,564 1,688,605 263,652 276,407 15.6 16.4
Private 1,376 1,483,732 146,194 154,472 9.9 10.4
Public 188 204,872 117,458 121,935 57.3 59.5
20100 Dover, DE Total 440 60,648 7,034 7,726 11.6 12.7
Private 335 46,128 2,663 2,803 5.8 6.1
Public 105 14,520 4,371 4,923 30.1 33.9
20260 Duluth, MN-WI Total 156 86,756 25,318 26,067 29.2 30.0
Private 129 72,242 13,560 14,309 18.8 19.8
Public 27 14,514 11,758 11,758 81.0 81.0
20500 Durham, NC Total 203 239,354 3,299 8,792 1.4 3.7
Private 168 196,228 2,100 6,409 1.1 3.3
Public 35 43,126 1,199 2,384 2.8 5.5
20740 Eau Claire, WI Total 218 157,570 21,635 22,283 13.7 14.1
Private 179 130,526 6,333 6,333 4.9 4.9
Public 39 27,044 15,302 15,951 56.6 59.0
20940 El Centro, CA Total 79 87,339 20,650 20,650 23.6 23.6
Private 57 64,826 5,418 5,418 8.4 8.4
Public 22 22,513 15,233 15,233 67.7 67.7
21340 El Paso, TX Total 270 302,583 19,836 26,788 6.6 8.9
Private 221 247,697 6,816 8,927 2.8 3.6
Public 49 54,885 13,021 17,861 23.7 32.5
21500 Erie, PA Total 99 105,734 16,429 17,556 15.5 16.6
Private 93 99,789 12,505 12,505 12.5 12.5
Public 6 5,946 3,923 5,050 66.0 84.9
21660 Eugene-Springfield, OR Total 221 151,775 26,977 29,217 17.8 19.2
Private 179 123,902 11,694 13,241 9.4 10.7
Public 42 27,873 15,283 15,976 54.8 57.3
21780 Evansville, IN-KY Total 104 106,281 12,629 13,531 11.9 12.7
Private 94 96,970 9,816 9,816 10.1 10.1
Public 10 9,312 2,812 3,715 30.2 39.9
22020 Fargo, ND-MN Total 677 91,218 6,008 8,744 6.6 9.6
Private 590 79,682 2,527 4,355 3.2 5.5
Public 87 11,536 3,481 4,389 30.2 38.0
22140 Farmington, NM Total 54 32,691 1,423 3,552 4.4 10.9
Private 42 26,169 1,423 1,968 5.4 7.5
Public 12 6,522 0 1,585 0.0 24.3
22180 Fayetteville, NC Total 106 127,356 13,991 16,015 11.0 12.6
Private 73 89,234 8,533 8,533 9.6 9.6
Public 33 38,122 5,458 7,482 14.3 19.6
22220 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO Total 266 188,708 4,549 5,881 2.4 3.1
Private 228 163,571 602 1,433 0.4 0.9
Public 38 25,137 3,947 4,448 15.7 17.7
22420 Flint, MI Total 129 140,072 39,718 40,765 28.4 29.1
Private 109 119,745 28,102 29,149 23.5 24.3
Public 20 20,327 11,616 11,616 57.1 57.1
22460 Florence, AL Total 115 126,305 20,552 22,268 16.3 17.6
Private 85 96,192 7,689 9,405 8.0 9.8
Public 30 30,113 12,863 12,863 42.7 42.7
22660 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO Total 251 145,593 10,374 11,515 7.1 7.9
Private 199 115,159 2,428 2,428 2.1 2.1
Public 52 30,434 7,946 9,087 26.1 29.9
22900 Fort Smith, AR-OK Total 135 96,559 8,322 11,237 8.6 11.6
Private 119 85,966 6,680 9,595 7.8 11.2
Public 16 10,593 1,643 1,643 15.5 15.5
23020 Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL Total 95 113,336 2,061 2,061 1.8 1.8
Private 81 97,039 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 14 16,298 2,061 2,061 12.6 12.6
23060 Fort Wayne, IN Total 158 169,726 24,709 26,989 14.6 15.9
Private 148 158,936 19,594 20,987 12.3 13.2
Public 10 10,789 5,115 6,002 47.4 55.6
23420 Fresno, CA Total 277 295,218 53,168 55,182 18.0 18.7
Private 211 226,485 12,848 12,848 5.7 5.7
Public 66 68,733 40,320 42,334 58.7 61.6
23540 Gainesville, FL Total 86 102,493 2,706 2,706 2.6 2.6
Private 58 68,829 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 28 33,664 2,706 2,706 8.0 8.0
24340 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI Total 374 376,783 62,420 64,224 16.6 17.0
Private 323 326,919 33,959 34,817 10.4 10.6
Public 51 49,864 28,461 29,408 57.1 59.0
24540 Greeley, CO Total 223 133,051 7,073 8,840 5.3 6.6
Private 195 116,818 3,565 4,747 3.1 4.1
Public 28 16,233 3,508 4,093 21.6 25.2
24580 Green Bay, WI Total 169 119,453 17,148 18,548 14.4 15.5
Private 147 104,459 6,800 6,800 6.5 6.5
Public 22 14,994 10,348 11,748 69.0 78.4
24660 Greensboro-High Point, NC Total 301 354,652 6,855 8,029 1.9 2.3
Private 253 299,882 5,247 6,421 1.7 2.1
Public 48 54,770 1,608 1,608 2.9 2.9
24860 Greenville, SC Total 240 218,212 4,447 7,215 2.0 3.3
Private 226 206,784 3,781 6,548 1.8 3.2
Public 14 11,429 667 667 5.8 5.8
25060 Gulfport-Biloxi, MS Total 94 70,726 2,722 5,510 3.8 7.8
Private 67 49,641 1,420 2,653 2.9 5.3
Public 27 21,085 1,302 2,857 6.2 13.5
25180 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Total 98 56,023 4,895 6,033 8.7 10.8
Private 83 47,721 2,809 2,809 5.9 5.9
Public 15 8,302 2,086 3,224 25.1 38.8
25420 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Total 249 255,430 56,536 56,536 22.1 22.1
Private 204 210,251 31,600 31,600 15.0 15.0
Public 45 45,178 24,936 24,936 55.2 55.2
25500 Harrisonburg, VA Total 108 98,787 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 93 84,253 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 15 14,534 0 0 0.0 0.0
73450 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Total 1,356 527,518 93,346 99,234 17.7 18.8
Private 1,143 446,345 35,772 39,674 8.0 8.9
Public 213 81,173 57,575 59,560 70.9 73.4
25860 Hickory-Morgantown-Lenoir, NC Total 95 111,749 3,500 3,500 3.1 3.1
Private 78 91,898 1,182 1,182 1.3 1.3
Public 17 19,852 2,318 2,318 11.7 11.7
26100 Holland-Grand Haven, MI Total 122 122,257 18,808 18,808 15.4 15.4
Private 107 107,630 10,094 10,094 9.4 9.4
Public 15 14,626 8,714 8,714 59.6 59.6
26180 Honolulu, HI Total 1,936 389,732 80,028 84,517 20.5 21.7
Private 1,521 307,546 40,798 42,988 13.3 14.0
Public 415 82,186 39,231 41,530 47.7 50.5
26420 Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX Total 2,043 2,538,655 98,114 124,290 3.9 4.9
Private 1,813 2,259,005 60,332 76,801 2.7 3.4
Public 230 279,650 37,782 47,489 13.5 17.0
26580 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Total 123 51,931 7,490 8,291 14.4 16.0
Private 88 36,727 3,335 3,740 9.1 10.2
Public 35 15,204 4,155 4,551 27.3 29.9
26620 Huntsville, AL Total 190 198,555 21,347 22,381 10.8 11.3
Private 147 155,395 9,327 9,327 6.0 6.0
Public 43 43,160 12,020 13,053 27.8 30.2
26900 Indianapolis, IN Total 735 791,888 53,462 59,673 6.8 7.5
Private 657 709,111 35,154 39,372 5.0 5.6
Public 78 82,777 18,308 20,300 22.1 24.5
26980 Iowa City, IA Total 229 91,832 11,686 19,725 12.7 21.5
Private 142 57,357 2,594 2,971 4.5 5.2
Public 87 34,475 9,092 16,754 26.4 48.6
27100 Jackson, MI Total 96 96,674 21,255 21,255 22.0 22.0
Private 80 80,588 10,020 10,020 12.4 12.4
Public 16 16,087 11,235 11,235 69.8 69.8
27140 Jackson, MS Total 282 224,330 10,101 10,788 4.5 4.8
Private 208 166,538 4,331 4,331 2.6 2.6
Public 74 57,792 5,770 6,456 10.0 11.2
27260 Jacksonville, FL Total 500 601,868 38,262 43,968 6.4 7.3
Private 436 527,231 22,642 24,747 4.3 4.7
Public 64 74,637 15,620 19,221 20.9 25.8
27340 Jacksonville, NC Total 75 89,867 6,418 8,483 7.1 9.4
Private 48 56,518 3,900 3,900 6.9 6.9
Public 27 33,350 2,517 4,582 7.5 13.7
27500 Janesville, WI Total 125 91,128 9,751 10,343 10.7 11.4
Private 117 85,453 7,598 7,598 8.9 8.9
Public 8 5,675 2,154 2,746 37.9 48.4
27740 Johnson City, TN Total 59 66,032 1,962 1,962 3.0 3.0
Private 52 59,053 1,038 1,038 1.8 1.8
Public 7 6,979 924 924 13.2 13.2
27780 Johnstown, PA Total 65 67,302 13,936 13,936 20.7 20.7
Private 53 55,248 7,036 7,036 12.7 12.7
Public 12 12,053 6,900 6,900 57.2 57.2
27900 Joplin, MO Total 119 104,767 9,196 9,932 8.8 9.5
Private 106 93,247 6,379 6,379 6.8 6.8
Public 13 11,521 2,817 3,553 24.5 30.8
28020 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI Total 123 122,434 15,224 17,164 12.4 14.0
Private 96 96,247 8,494 8,494 8.8 8.8
Public 27 26,187 6,730 8,670 25.7 33.1
28100 Kankakee-Bradley, IL Total 95 101,608 19,542 19,542 19.2 19.2
Private 81 87,014 9,859 9,859 11.3 11.3
Public 14 14,595 9,683 9,683 66.3 66.3
28140 Kansas City, MO-KS Total 1,401 942,870 110,742 133,265 11.7 14.1
Private 1,209 813,549 72,693 84,157 8.9 10.3
Public 192 129,321 38,049 49,108 29.4 38.0
28660 Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX Total 90 98,052 3,977 3,977 4.1 4.1
Private 61 68,411 912 912 1.3 1.3
Public 29 29,641 3,065 3,065 10.3 10.3
28700 Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA Total 74 84,112 1,037 1,037 1.2 1.2
Private 66 74,440 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 8 9,672 1,037 1,037 10.7 10.7
28740 Kingston, NY Total 98 109,393 22,626 23,931 20.7 21.9
Private 82 92,235 9,921 9,921 10.8 10.8
Public 16 17,158 12,705 14,010 74.1 81.7
28940 Knoxville, TN Total 174 208,200 4,387 4,387 2.1 2.1
Private 150 178,507 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 24 29,693 4,387 4,387 14.8 14.8
29100 La Crosse, WI Total 172 120,928 19,052 19,052 15.8 15.8
Private 153 107,451 11,744 11,744 10.9 10.9
Public 19 13,477 7,308 7,308 54.2 54.2
29180 Lafayette, LA Total 175 197,140 1,967 1,967 1.0 1.0
Private 148 168,776 1,967 1,967 1.2 1.2
Public 27 28,364 0 0 0.0 0.0
29340 Lake Charles, LA Total 89 107,023 9,557 11,030 8.9 10.3
Private 68 83,473 5,617 7,091 6.7 8.5
Public 21 23,551 3,940 3,940 16.7 16.7
29460 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL Total 141 166,965 7,114 8,684 4.3 5.2
Private 122 146,354 5,945 7,515 4.1 5.1
Public 19 20,612 1,169 1,169 5.7 5.7
29540 Lancaster, PA Total 180 186,774 20,013 22,068 10.7 11.8
Private 165 171,494 12,021 14,075 7.0 8.2
Public 15 15,280 7,993 7,993 52.3 52.3
29620 Lansing-East Lansing, MI Total 184 188,726 32,534 36,384 17.2 19.3
Private 152 155,405 22,496 24,327 14.5 15.7
Public 32 33,321 10,038 12,057 30.1 36.2
29700 Laredo, TX Total 125 136,525 5,085 5,085 3.7 3.7
Private 94 102,442 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 31 34,083 5,085 5,085 14.9 14.9
29740 Las Cruses, NM Total 145 89,066 3,485 4,226 3.9 4.7
Private 106 65,766 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 39 23,300 3,485 4,226 15.0 18.1
29820 Las Vegas-Paradise, NM Total 1,743 750,155 126,599 142,984 16.9 19.1
Private 1,541 663,745 86,435 97,300 13.0 14.7
Public 202 86,409 40,164 45,684 46.5 52.9
29940 Lawrence, KS Total 176 87,459 7,103 9,600 8.1 11.0
Private 120 60,617 1,980 1,980 3.3 3.3
Public 56 26,842 5,123 7,619 19.1 28.4
30020 Lawton, OK Total 101 79,039 5,852 6,556 7.4 8.3
Private 72 56,136 3,465 3,465 6.2 6.2
Public 29 22,903 2,387 3,091 10.4 13.5
74500 Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner, MA Total 75 79,615 20,445 21,867 25.7 27.5
Private 59 62,731 10,936 10,936 17.4 17.4
Public 16 16,884 9,510 10,932 56.3 64.7
30460 Lexington-Fayette, KY Total 329 232,830 13,290 16,161 5.7 6.9
Private 240 170,010 9,047 9,047 5.3 5.3
Public 89 62,820 4,243 7,115 6.8 11.3
30780 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Total 503 339,699 13,656 15,310 4.0 4.5
Private 395 266,846 4,603 5,703 1.7 2.1
Public 108 72,853 9,053 9,607 12.4 13.2
30980 Longview, TX Total 77 88,098 1,110 1,110 1.3 1.3
Private 70 79,745 1,110 1,110 1.4 1.4
Public 7 8,353 0 0 0.0 0.0
31100 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Total 4,705 4,962,653 788,227 828,036 15.9 16.7
Private 4,055 4,290,334 395,231 417,489 9.2 9.7
Public 650 672,319 392,996 410,547 58.5 61.1
31140 Louisville, KY-IN Total 618 510,698 57,533 68,286 11.3 13.4
Private 551 458,638 41,595 48,118 9.1 10.5
Public 67 52,060 15,939 20,168 30.6 38.7
31180 Lubbock, TX Total 61 68,468 0 1,287 0.0 1.9
Private 47 53,020 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 14 15,448 0 1,287 0.0 8.3
31340 Lynchburg, VA Total 105 102,353 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 93 91,605 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 12 10,748 0 0 0.0 0.0
31420 Macon,, GA Total 63 73,227 5,491 5,491 7.5 7.5
Private 52 60,745 2,080 2,080 3.4 3.4
Public 11 12,481 3,411 3,411 27.3 27.3
31460 Madera, CA Total 112 119,852 15,455 16,473 12.9 13.7
Private 92 99,061 9,109 9,109 9.2 9.2
Public 20 20,792 6,346 7,365 30.5 35.4
31540 Madison, WI Total 375 266,785 48,333 52,498 18.1 19.7
Private 281 200,528 15,004 15,776 7.5 7.9
Public 94 66,258 33,329 36,722 50.3 55.4
32580 McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX Total 191 217,858 3,445 4,552 1.6 2.1
Private 149 172,105 961 961 0.6 0.6
Public 42 45,753 2,484 3,591 5.4 7.8
32780 Medford, OR Total 111 78,596 14,316 15,588 18.2 19.8
Private 91 65,066 6,033 6,033 9.3 9.3
Public 20 13,531 8,283 9,555 61.2 70.6
32820 Memphis, TN-MS-AR Total 510 606,646 40,673 44,509 6.7 7.3
Private 437 524,063 22,708 23,827 4.3 4.5
Public 73 82,583 17,965 20,683 21.8 25.0
32900 Merced, CA Total 97 100,546 23,151 23,151 23.0 23.0
Private 78 81,167 10,928 10,928 13.5 13.5
Public 19 19,378 12,222 12,222 63.1 63.1
33100 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL Total 1,823 2,224,473 172,634 192,149 7.8 8.6
Private 1,573 1,924,573 53,108 60,591 2.8 3.1
Public 250 299,901 119,527 131,558 39.9 43.9
33140 Michigan City-La Porte, IN Total 83 85,182 12,594 15,509 14.8 18.2
Private 66 68,729 9,396 12,311 13.7 17.9
Public 17 16,453 3,198 3,198 19.4 19.4
33260 Midland, TX Total 82 94,364 0 943 0.0 1.0
Private 68 79,715 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 14 14,649 0 943 0.0 6.4
33340 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Total 897 644,066 74,610 81,207 11.6 12.6
Private 797 571,022 32,662 37,729 5.7 6.6
Public 100 73,044 41,948 43,478 57.4 59.5
33460 Minneapolis-St Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Total 2,739 1,508,562 206,194 219,025 13.7 14.5
Private 2,380 1,316,880 95,027 104,625 7.2 7.9
Public 359 191,682 111,167 114,400 58.0 59.7
33660 Mobile, AL Total 142 145,011 11,801 11,801 8.1 8.1
Private 120 121,767 8,997 8,997 7.4 7.4
Public 22 23,244 2,804 2,804 12.1 12.1
33700 Modesto, CA Total 198 211,031 49,533 50,634 23.5 24.0
Private 161 173,158 22,568 23,668 13.0 13.7
Public 37 37,874 26,966 26,966 71.2 71.2
33740 Monroe, LA Total 180 213,871 7,663 7,663 3.6 3.6
Private 150 177,563 5,828 5,828 3.3 3.3
Public 30 36,307 1,835 1,835 5.1 5.1
33780 Monroe, MI Total 103 111,805 29,917 29,917 26.8 26.8
Private 93 101,215 22,392 22,392 22.1 22.1
Public 10 10,590 7,525 7,525 71.1 71.1
33860 Montgomery, AL Total 108 113,353 15,700 17,549 13.9 15.5
Private 80 86,947 4,440 4,440 5.1 5.1
Public 28 26,407 11,261 13,109 42.6 49.6
34740 Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI Total 93 97,914 17,185 19,097 17.6 19.5
Private 86 91,209 13,234 13,234 14.5 14.5
Public 7 6,705 3,951 5,863 58.9 87.4
34820 Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC Total 131 115,938 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 118 105,210 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 13 10,728 0 0 0.0 0.0
34900 Napa, CA Total 68 73,719 15,909 15,909 21.6 21.6
Private 60 65,362 9,377 9,377 14.3 14.3
Public 8 8,358 6,532 6,532 78.2 78.2
34940 Naples-Marco Island, FL Total 82 98,546 8,429 8,429 8.6 8.6
Private 74 88,730 4,699 4,699 5.3 5.3
Public 8 9,816 3,730 3,730 38.0 38.0
34980 Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN Total 593 712,158 39,558 46,966 5.6 6.6
Private 501 603,725 17,854 19,022 3.0 3.2
Public 92 108,434 21,704 27,943 20.0 25.8
75700 New Haven, CT Total 695 269,224 47,441 50,152 17.6 18.6
Private 589 229,024 22,021 23,981 9.6 10.5
Public 106 40,200 25,420 26,171 63.2 65.1
35380 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Total 413 478,003 18,045 26,267 3.8 5.5
Private 344 400,287 9,344 10,311 2.3 2.6
Public 69 77,716 8,701 15,956 11.2 20.5
35620 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Total 7,166 8,007,227 1,651,373 1,806,266 20.6 22.6
Private 6,029 6,743,040 776,685 897,845 11.5 13.3
Public 1,137 1,264,187 874,688 908,421 69.2 71.9
35660 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI Total 61 59,937 13,426 13,426 22.4 22.4
Private 49 48,727 8,489 8,489 17.4 17.4
Public 12 11,210 4,937 4,937 44.0 44.0
76450 Norwich-New London, CT-RI Total 267 102,424 19,820 20,878 19.4 20.4
Private 222 85,315 12,522 13,252 14.7 15.5
Public 45 17,109 7,298 7,626 42.7 44.6
36100 Ocala, FL Total 64 76,586 2,585 5,069 3.4 6.6
Private 48 57,107 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 16 19,479 2,585 5,069 13.3 26.0
36140 Ocean City, NJ Total 24 23,470 3,796 3,796 16.2 16.2
Private 19 18,433 2,837 2,837 15.4 15.4
Public 5 5,037 960 960 19.0 19.0
36260 Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 442 251,019 20,595 27,685 8.2 11.0
Private 335 192,138 8,447 9,148 4.4 4.8
Public 107 58,881 12,148 18,537 20.6 31.5
36420 Oklahoma City, OK Total 732 553,705 38,371 50,668 6.9 9.2
Private 583 442,677 15,423 18,171 3.5 4.1
Public 149 111,028 22,948 32,497 20.7 29.3
36500 Olympia, WA Total 134 126,682 34,936 39,279 27.6 31.0
Private 78 76,597 5,370 6,987 7.0 9.1
Public 56 50,085 29,566 32,292 59.0 64.5
36540 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA Total 1,276 395,826 33,270 41,080 8.4 10.4
Private 1,062 330,841 13,220 15,081 4.0 4.6
Public 214 64,985 20,051 25,999 30.9 40.0
36740 Orlando, FL Total 745 896,341 39,469 45,076 4.4 5.0
Private 645 778,479 25,631 26,880 3.3 3.5
Public 100 117,862 13,839 18,196 11.7 15.4
36780 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 106 75,362 11,099 11,099 14.7 14.7
Private 89 63,929 4,071 4,071 6.4 6.4
Public 17 11,433 7,028 7,028 61.5 61.5
37100 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA Total 303 318,331 50,151 50,151 15.8 15.8
Private 245 257,528 15,408 15,408 6.0 6.0
Public 58 60,803 34,743 34,743 57.1 57.1
37340 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL Total 185 221,247 13,470 14,682 6.1 6.6
Private 158 188,664 3,685 3,685 2.0 2.0
Public 27 32,584 9,785 10,997 30.0 33.8
37460 Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL Total 77 90,909 2,305 2,305 2.5 2.5
Private 64 75,954 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 13 14,955 2,305 2,305 15.4 15.4
37860 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL Total 151 191,927 10,491 21,537 5.5 11.2
Private 119 149,386 4,299 8,235 2.9 5.5
Public 32 42,540 6,192 13,302 14.6 31.3
37900 Peoria, IL Total 158 165,074 26,906 28,945 16.3 17.5
Private 132 137,203 18,351 20,390 13.4 14.9
Public 26 27,871 8,555 8,555 30.7 30.7
37980 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE Total 3,723 2,385,831 337,128 370,707 14.1 15.5
Private 3,210 2,067,136 162,067 185,267 7.8 9.0
Public 513 318,695 175,060 185,440 54.9 58.2
38060 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ Total 1,292 1,712,421 92,951 110,378 5.4 6.4
Private 1,118 1,486,552 54,418 60,892 3.7 4.1
Public 174 225,869 38,534 49,486 17.1 21.9
38300 Pittsburgh, PA Total 1,017 1,061,233 162,880 173,092 15.3 16.3
Private 890 932,654 93,278 98,273 10.0 10.5
Public 127 128,579 69,602 74,819 54.1 58.2
38940 Port St. Lucie-Fort Pierce, FL Total 138 166,755 5,944 10,956 3.6 6.6
Private 119 144,590 2,345 6,373 1.6 4.4
Public 19 22,165 3,599 4,582 16.2 20.7
76750 Portland-South Portland, ME Total 959 176,475 14,586 18,383 8.3 10.4
Private 825 152,020 2,501 3,495 1.6 2.3
Public 134 24,455 12,085 14,888 49.4 60.9
38900 Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA Total 1,370 984,349 158,349 165,917 16.1 16.9
Private 1,179 843,195 71,034 74,695 8.4 8.9
Public 191 141,153 87,315 91,222 61.9 64.6
39100 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY Total 227 254,723 76,925 80,922 30.2 31.8
Private 193 217,402 53,109 57,107 24.4 26.3
Public 34 37,321 23,816 23,816 63.8 63.8
39140 Prescott, AZ Total 66 85,973 6,988 7,980 8.1 9.3
Private 49 63,696 5,613 5,613 8.8 8.8
Public 17 22,277 1,375 2,367 6.2 10.6
77200 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, MA-RI Total 2,966 572,220 99,549 102,675 17.4 17.9
Private 2,510 494,232 48,347 50,698 9.8 10.3
Public 456 77,988 51,202 51,977 65.7 66.6
39340 Provo-Orem, UT Total 282 161,130 6,037 7,764 3.7 4.8
Private 235 136,138 2,299 3,560 1.7 2.6
Public 47 24,992 3,737 4,203 15.0 16.8
39380 Pueblo, CO Total 158 91,834 13,549 15,739 14.8 17.1
Private 123 72,011 6,231 6,757 8.7 9.4
Public 35 19,824 7,318 8,982 36.9 45.3
39460 Punta Gorda, FL Total 60 73,987 8,054 8,054 10.9 10.9
Private 51 63,456 1,139 1,139 1.8 1.8
Public 9 10,530 6,915 6,915 65.7 65.7
39540 Racine, WI Total 159 112,896 20,088 20,740 17.8 18.4
Private 136 95,780 9,529 9,529 9.9 9.9
Public 23 17,116 10,559 11,211 61.7 65.5
39580 Raleigh-Cary, NC Total 495 605,881 11,508 21,849 1.9 3.6
Private 412 508,891 4,576 8,665 0.9 1.7
Public 83 96,990 6,932 13,184 7.1 13.6
39740 Reading, PA Total 198 208,181 15,403 17,333 7.4 8.3
Private 175 184,481 6,948 7,944 3.8 4.3
Public 23 23,699 8,454 9,389 35.7 39.6
39900 Reno-Sparks, NV Total 452 192,078 14,535 17,338 7.6 9.0
Private 393 168,117 6,997 8,444 4.2 5.0
Public 59 23,960 7,538 8,893 31.5 37.1
40060 Richmond, VA Total 667 618,243 33,831 37,412 5.5 6.1
Private 535 497,781 12,746 13,781 2.6 2.8
Public 132 120,462 21,085 23,632 17.5 19.6
40140 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Total 1,272 1,369,131 272,860 298,913 19.9 21.8
Private 1,022 1,103,335 112,558 129,028 10.2 11.7
Public 250 265,796 160,302 169,885 60.3 63.9
40220 Roanoke, VA Total 111 105,838 1,856 2,789 1.8 2.6
Private 99 95,334 1,856 1,856 1.9 1.9
Public 12 10,504 0 934 0.0 8.9
40380 Rochester, NY Total 405 435,982 57,155 60,295 13.1 13.8
Private 337 365,292 10,303 11,334 2.8 3.1
Public 68 70,691 46,852 48,961 66.3 69.3
77350 Rochester-Dover, NH-ME Total 362 57,185 7,381 9,297 12.9 16.3
Private 283 44,813 1,660 2,467 3.7 5.5
Public 79 12,372 5,721 6,830 46.2 55.2
40420 Rockford, IL Total 144 152,583 29,107 29,107 19.1 19.1
Private 126 134,141 16,934 16,934 12.6 12.6
Public 18 18,443 12,173 12,173 66.0 66.0
40900 Sacramento--Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA Total 720 773,915 187,843 203,423 24.3 26.3
Private 555 599,542 75,864 80,502 12.7 13.4
Public 165 174,373 111,979 122,921 64.2 70.5
40980 Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI Total 77 76,293 19,896 19,896 26.1 26.1
Private 65 64,915 12,223 12,223 18.8 18.8
Public 12 11,378 7,673 7,673 67.4 67.4
41420 Salem, OR Total 205 139,655 27,787 31,065 19.9 22.2
Private 154 106,505 10,489 11,792 9.8 11.1
Public 51 33,150 17,298 19,273 52.2 58.1
41500 Salinas, CA Total 149 156,422 18,277 18,277 11.7 11.7
Private 116 123,285 5,210 5,210 4.2 4.2
Public 33 33,137 13,067 13,067 39.4 39.4
41540 Salisbury, MD Total 96 54,421 6,891 6,891 12.7 12.7
Private 72 40,570 2,192 2,192 5.4 5.4
Public 24 13,851 4,699 4,699 33.9 33.9
41620 Salt Lake City, UT Total 897 516,611 27,228 29,937 5.3 5.8
Private 791 456,959 14,550 16,687 3.2 3.7
Public 106 59,652 12,678 13,250 21.3 22.2
41700 San Antonio, TX Total 703 787,913 43,697 49,361 5.5 6.3
Private 594 668,416 19,336 21,446 2.9 3.2
Public 109 119,497 24,361 27,915 20.4 23.4
41740 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA Total 1,064 1,080,376 155,515 166,506 14.4 15.4
Private 864 881,322 52,570 60,309 6.0 6.8
Public 200 199,053 102,945 106,197 51.7 53.4
41860 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA Total 1,716 1,850,037 282,530 311,995 15.3 16.9
Private 1,429 1,544,050 130,058 142,296 8.4 9.2
Public 287 305,987 152,472 169,699 49.8 55.5
41940 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Total 793 860,815 108,933 115,189 12.7 13.4
Private 687 747,056 40,326 42,550 5.4 5.7
Public 106 113,759 68,606 72,639 60.3 63.9
42020 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA Total 62 67,063 22,221 22,221 33.1 33.1
Private 42 45,700 7,379 7,379 16.1 16.1
Public 20 21,363 14,842 14,842 69.5 69.5
42060 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA Total 135 147,019 14,637 15,586 10.0 10.6
Private 105 114,379 4,250 5,199 3.7 4.5
Public 30 32,640 10,387 10,387 31.8 31.8
42140 Santa Fe, NM Total 69 42,502 4,294 4,294 10.1 10.1
Private 49 30,358 1,974 1,974 6.5 6.5
Public 20 12,145 2,320 2,320 19.1 19.1
42220 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA Total 197 214,157 42,422 44,694 19.8 20.9
Private 163 178,155 24,817 27,089 13.9 15.2
Public 34 36,001 17,605 17,605 48.9 48.9
42100 Santa-Cruz-Watsonville, CA Total 93 103,044 23,942 25,078 23.2 24.3
Private 69 76,832 7,757 7,757 10.1 10.1
Public 24 26,211 16,184 17,321 61.7 66.1
42260 Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL Total 210 253,139 21,348 23,543 8.4 9.3
Private 183 220,884 9,382 11,578 4.2 5.2
Public 27 32,255 11,966 11,966 37.1 37.1
42340 Savannah, GA Total 211 238,585 16,789 17,820 7.0 7.5
Private 165 185,865 9,246 9,246 5.0 5.0
Public 46 52,721 7,543 8,574 14.3 16.3
42540 Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA Total 208 216,825 30,943 35,322 14.3 16.3
Private 183 190,777 18,060 19,079 9.5 10.0
Public 25 26,048 12,883 16,243 49.5 62.4
42660 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA Total 1,551 1,510,819 260,556 284,425 17.2 18.8
Private 1,314 1,284,304 139,970 153,269 10.9 11.9
Public 237 226,516 120,586 131,157 53.2 57.9
43340 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA Total 127 146,860 7,610 8,777 5.2 6.0
Private 98 114,000 4,422 4,422 3.9 3.9
Public 29 32,860 3,188 4,355 9.7 13.3
43620 Sioux Falls, SD Total 856 123,423 7,069 8,187 5.7 6.6
Private 768 110,679 3,619 4,291 3.3 3.9
Public 88 12,744 3,450 3,896 27.1 30.6
43780 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI Total 92 98,290 12,245 12,245 12.5 12.5
Private 77 82,483 5,486 5,486 6.7 6.7
Public 15 15,807 6,759 6,759 42.8 42.8
43900 Spartanburg, SC Total 116 104,031 4,985 6,834 4.8 6.6
Private 94 84,000 0 905 0.0 1.1
Public 22 20,031 4,985 5,929 24.9 29.6
44060 Spokane, WA Total 188 179,636 30,627 31,693 17.0 17.6
Private 160 153,354 16,959 16,959 11.1 11.1
Public 28 26,281 13,668 14,734 52.0 56.1
44100 Springfield, IL Total 114 119,849 23,850 23,850 19.9 19.9
Private 79 84,033 5,919 5,919 7.0 7.0
Public 35 35,816 17,931 17,931 50.1 50.1
78100 Springfield, MA-CT Total 239 255,291 56,720 60,917 22.2 23.9
Private 190 203,746 23,588 27,785 11.6 13.6
Public 49 51,546 33,132 33,132 64.3 64.3
44180 Springfield, MO Total 203 178,168 7,926 7,926 4.4 4.4
Private 170 148,244 2,552 2,552 1.7 1.7
Public 33 29,924 5,374 5,374 18.0 18.0
44220 Springfield, OH Total 25 27,816 1,928 4,095 6.9 14.7
Private 21 23,405 1,058 1,058 4.5 4.5
Public 4 4,411 870 3,037 19.7 68.8
41060 St. Cloud, MN Total 128 68,333 9,413 9,413 13.8 13.8
Private 114 61,123 4,373 4,373 7.2 7.2
Public 14 7,211 5,040 5,040 69.9 69.9
41180 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 1,330 1,254,089 169,424 189,427 13.5 15.1
Private 1,203 1,130,769 122,741 132,027 10.9 11.7
Public 127 123,320 46,683 57,400 37.9 46.5
44700 Stockton, CA Total 218 234,096 56,090 57,313 24.0 24.5
Private 171 184,992 21,413 21,413 11.6 11.6
Public 47 49,104 34,677 35,900 70.6 73.1
45060 Syracuse, NY Total 246 260,877 60,826 64,139 23.3 24.6
Private 201 212,267 29,249 30,313 13.8 14.3
Public 45 48,610 31,576 33,826 65.0 69.6
45220 Tallahassee, FL Total 91 109,706 6,624 7,619 6.0 6.9
Private 57 68,529 965 965 1.4 1.4
Public 34 41,177 5,659 6,654 13.7 16.2
45300 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL Total 923 1,105,453 61,748 84,939 5.6 7.7
Private 793 952,747 28,095 38,595 2.9 4.1
Public 130 152,707 33,653 46,343 22.0 30.3
45780 Toledo, OH Total 230 241,282 39,968 43,032 16.6 17.8
Private 200 210,262 27,487 28,447 13.1 13.5
Public 30 31,020 12,482 14,585 40.2 47.0
45820 Topeka, KS Total 233 114,524 11,810 14,911 10.3 13.0
Private 182 90,250 8,491 8,916 9.4 9.9
Public 51 24,274 3,319 5,995 13.7 24.7
45940 Trenton-Ewing, NJ Total 114 127,051 24,213 24,213 19.1 19.1
Private 94 105,781 7,739 7,739 7.3 7.3
Public 20 21,270 16,474 16,474 77.5 77.5
46060 Tucson, AZ Total 319 430,605 25,621 34,435 6.0 8.0
Private 249 334,602 13,124 20,309 3.9 6.1
Public 70 96,003 12,497 14,126 13.0 14.7
46140 Tulsa, OK Total 519 415,158 29,399 31,382 7.1 7.6
Private 459 369,770 17,315 19,298 4.7 5.2
Public 60 45,388 12,084 12,084 26.6 26.6
46220 Tuscaloosa, AL Total 65 68,208 4,450 4,450 6.5 6.5
Private 51 54,311 2,973 2,973 5.5 5.5
Public 14 13,896 1,477 1,477 10.6 10.6
46540 Utica-Rome, NY Total 119 127,838 32,903 33,856 25.7 26.5
Private 90 96,732 9,054 9,054 9.4 9.4
Public 29 31,106 23,849 24,802 76.7 79.7
46660 Valdosta, GA Total 74 84,139 0 2,281 0.0 2.7
Private 46 52,499 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 28 31,640 0 2,281 0.0 7.2
46700 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA Total 163 178,732 41,932 45,021 23.5 25.2
Private 133 147,936 25,177 28,266 17.0 19.1
Public 30 30,796 16,755 16,755 54.4 54.4
46940 Vero Beach, FL Total 81 100,007 3,525 3,525 3.5 3.5
Private 67 82,545 1,957 1,957 2.4 2.4
Public 14 17,462 1,568 1,568 9.0 9.0
47020 Victoria, TX Total 146 163,755 7,177 7,177 4.4 4.4
Private 118 134,028 3,166 3,166 2.4 2.4
Public 28 29,727 4,011 4,011 13.5 13.5
47220 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ Total 51 58,415 12,856 12,856 22.0 22.0
Private 35 40,834 2,368 2,368 5.8 5.8
Public 16 17,581 10,488 10,488 59.7 59.7
47260 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Total 716 671,679 22,838 26,598 3.4 4.0
Private 577 544,124 8,306 9,254 1.5 1.7
Public 139 127,555 14,532 17,344 11.4 13.6
47300 Visalia-Porterville, CA Total 138 152,283 23,761 24,663 15.6 16.2
Private 108 119,279 4,091 4,994 3.4 4.2
Public 30 33,003 19,670 19,670 59.6 59.6
47380 Waco, TX Total 92 104,323 6,524 6,524 6.3 6.3
Private 71 79,728 3,295 3,295 4.1 4.1
Public 21 24,596 3,229 3,229 13.1 13.1
47580 Warner Robins, GA Total 66 72,660 3,455 6,518 4.8 9.0
Private 51 56,135 2,370 2,370 4.2 4.2
Public 15 16,525 1,086 4,148 6.6 25.1
47900 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Total 5,931 2,754,684 252,997 292,006 9.2 10.6
Private 4,321 2,047,102 99,259 112,716 4.8 5.5
Public 1,610 707,582 153,737 179,291 21.7 25.3
78700 Waterbury, CT Total 182 69,570 15,173 15,542 21.8 22.3
Private 149 57,337 7,630 7,630 13.3 13.3
Public 33 12,234 7,544 7,912 61.7 64.7
47940 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA Total 207 83,882 15,144 16,747 18.1 20.0
Private 174 70,757 9,330 10,123 13.2 14.3
Public 33 13,125 5,815 6,624 44.3 50.5
48140 Wausau, WI Total 141 102,174 16,294 17,204 15.9 16.8
Private 129 94,160 11,569 12,480 12.3 13.3
Public 12 8,014 4,725 4,725 59.0 59.0
48620 Wichita, KS Total 480 244,086 23,239 31,319 9.5 12.8
Private 403 206,243 10,949 15,252 5.3 7.4
Public 77 37,843 12,290 16,067 32.5 42.5
49180 Winston-Salem, NC Total 158 193,160 5,645 5,645 2.9 2.9
Private 143 175,877 1,254 1,254 0.7 0.7
Public 15 17,283 4,391 4,391 25.4 25.4
79600 Worcester, MA-CT Total 196 211,458 22,064 24,577 10.4 11.6
Private 172 185,521 8,697 11,210 4.7 6.0
Public 24 25,937 13,367 13,367 51.5 51.5
49420 Yakima, WA Total 120 117,639 13,264 14,912 11.3 12.7
Private 103 101,673 7,482 8,358 7.4 8.2
Public 17 15,966 5,781 6,554 36.2 41.1
49620 York-Hanover, PA Total 188 196,304 17,559 23,696 8.9 12.1
Private 161 168,837 7,179 7,179 4.3 4.3
Public 27 27,467 10,380 16,517 37.8 60.1
49660 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH Total 146 149,001 28,380 29,265 19.0 19.6
Private 135 137,245 19,639 20,524 14.3 15.0
Public 11 11,756 8,741 8,741 74.4 74.4
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2011. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas in the CPS beginning May 2004 are based
on 2003 Census definitions; areas are not necessarily compatible with those from earlier years.
Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
2012 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.