Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Combined Statistical Area (CSA) and MSA, 2012 (details in table note)
Note: Sample size (Obs) for many cells are small and should be used with care.
Area definitions beginning May 2004 do not match prior definitions.
Codes Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CSAs (combination of 2 or more MSAs; separate MSAs are shown further down):
CSA Code
118 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 271 197,304 24,976 26,329 12.7 13.3
Private 233 169,818 10,606 11,959 6.2 7.0
Public 38 27,486 14,370 14,370 52.3 52.3
Priv Const 8 5,910 1,415 1,415 23.9 23.9
Priv Manuf 52 38,249 4,994 4,994 13.1 13.1
715 Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MS-NH-CT-ME Total 3430 2,478,518 324,585 363,506 13.1 14.7
Private 3012 2,170,441 143,716 173,268 6.6 8.0
Public 418 308,077 180,869 190,238 58.7 61.8
Priv Const 127 84,945 12,580 13,992 14.8 16.5
Priv Manuf 382 216,640 13,226 15,336 6.1 7.1
720 Bridgeport-New Haven-Stamford, CT Total 2022 804,832 105,813 115,384 13.1 14.3
Private 1752 699,954 41,404 48,249 5.9 6.9
Public 270 104,879 64,409 67,135 61.4 64.0
Priv Const 81 32,456 1,896 2,301 5.8 7.1
Priv Manuf 221 87,670 7,189 8,363 8.2 9.5
176 Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI Total 3932 4,114,991 574,633 613,756 14.0 14.9
Private 3473 3,639,790 343,324 367,994 9.4 10.1
Public 459 475,201 231,309 245,762 48.7 51.7
Priv Const 161 171,155 66,986 70,706 39.1 41.3
Priv Manuf 482 505,424 63,158 69,690 12.5 13.8
184 Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH Total 1161 1,259,497 160,746 172,731 12.8 13.7
Private 1028 1,117,718 88,590 95,533 7.9 8.5
Public 133 141,778 72,156 77,198 50.9 54.4
Priv Const 43 46,203 12,658 12,658 27.4 27.4
Priv Manuf 195 209,558 27,987 29,156 13.4 13.9
212 Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH Total 336 370,659 26,505 28,363 7.2 7.7
Private 283 313,004 15,626 15,626 5.0 5.0
Public 53 57,655 10,879 12,737 18.9 22.1
Priv Const 10 10,846 2,057 2,057 19.0 19.0
Priv Manuf 44 46,909 3,945 3,945 8.4 8.4
216 Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO Total 2242 1,306,918 100,704 116,021 7.7 8.9
Private 1898 1,112,849 52,522 57,631 4.7 5.2
Public 344 194,069 48,182 58,390 24.8 30.1
Priv Const 131 77,796 8,285 8,793 10.6 11.3
Priv Manuf 172 100,593 3,056 3,056 3.0 3.0
220 Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI Total 1943 2,035,210 354,408 364,470 17.4 17.9
Private 1738 1,822,209 231,787 239,647 12.7 13.2
Public 205 213,001 122,621 124,823 57.6 58.6
Priv Const 53 56,090 9,114 9,114 16.2 16.2
Priv Manuf 363 380,302 88,762 89,710 23.3 23.6
260 Fresno-Madera, CA Total 424 456,435 72,208 75,529 15.8 16.5
Private 325 351,922 21,061 22,152 6.0 6.3
Public 99 104,513 51,147 53,377 48.9 51.1
Priv Const 15 16,159 1,082 1,082 6.7 6.7
Priv Manuf 30 32,160 0 0 0.0 0.0
266 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI Total 617 619,058 84,091 87,930 13.6 14.2
Private 537 538,915 34,504 37,369 6.4 6.9
Public 80 80,143 49,587 50,561 61.9 63.1
Priv Const 20 19,840 4,603 4,603 23.2 23.2
Priv Manuf 116 115,196 8,282 10,164 7.2 8.8
268 Greensboro--Winston-Salem-High Point, NC Total 487 575,598 10,287 18,322 1.8 3.2
Private 424 502,165 4,637 6,940 0.9 1.4
Public 63 73,432 5,650 11,381 7.7 15.5
Priv Const 24 31,451 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 84 97,237 1,316 1,316 1.4 1.4
272 Greenville-Anderson-Seneca, SC Total 309 273,469 3,929 4,767 1.4 1.7
Private 285 253,439 3,122 3,122 1.2 1.2
Public 24 20,030 807 1,645 4.0 8.2
Priv Const 20 18,370 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 47 42,286 0 0 0.0 0.0
290 Huntsville-Decatur, AL Total 271 283,279 55,924 58,209 19.7 20.5
Private 212 221,623 28,689 30,974 12.9 14.0
Public 59 61,657 27,235 27,235 44.2 44.2
Priv Const 13 15,787 1,774 1,774 11.2 11.2
Priv Manuf 55 55,075 6,196 6,196 11.2 11.2
294 Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN Total 812 876,181 61,415 67,223 7.0 7.7
Private 725 782,508 42,779 44,307 5.5 5.7
Public 87 93,673 18,636 22,916 19.9 24.5
Priv Const 35 38,709 7,058 7,058 18.2 18.2
Priv Manuf 107 116,781 13,417 14,944 11.5 12.8
304 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, VA Total 116 137,188 3,434 3,434 2.5 2.5
Private 100 118,433 2,267 2,267 1.9 1.9
Public 16 18,755 1,167 1,167 6.2 6.2
Priv Const 7 8,509 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 17 20,864 2,267 2,267 10.9 10.9
348 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA Total 6324 6,777,709 1,107,478 1,184,595 16.3 17.5
Private 5405 5,796,181 527,133 564,066 9.1 9.7
Public 919 981,528 580,345 620,529 59.1 63.2
Priv Const 314 342,007 53,826 55,027 15.7 16.1
Priv Manuf 745 788,608 32,999 39,140 4.2 5.0
356 Macon-Warner-Robins-Fort Valley, GA Total 111 127,394 6,499 8,940 5.1 7.0
Private 85 97,760 2,967 2,967 3.0 3.0
Public 26 29,634 3,532 5,972 11.9 20.2
Priv Const 5 5,734 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 9 10,240 0 0 0.0 0.0
376 Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI Total 1053 781,879 79,817 85,628 10.2 11.0
Private 939 698,343 36,469 38,517 5.2 5.5
Public 114 83,535 43,348 47,112 51.9 56.4
Priv Const 38 27,387 6,795 7,523 24.8 27.5
Priv Manuf 193 144,382 13,415 14,040 9.3 9.7
378 Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI Total 2963 1,633,248 215,878 225,169 13.2 13.8
Private 2597 1,436,038 111,029 117,497 7.7 8.2
Public 366 197,210 104,850 107,672 53.2 54.6
Priv Const 125 73,169 21,344 21,891 29.2 29.9
Priv Manuf 419 231,933 15,849 16,391 6.8 7.1
408 New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 7409 8,425,788 1,706,089 1,826,942 20.2 21.7
Private 6265 7,141,561 817,335 916,295 11.4 12.8
Public 1144 1,284,227 888,754 910,647 69.2 70.9
Priv Const 335 384,512 80,412 82,981 20.9 21.6
Priv Manuf 490 543,288 32,942 41,361 6.1 7.6
428 Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 3813 2,566,225 374,433 401,648 14.6 15.7
Private 3260 2,199,224 165,755 182,487 7.5 8.3
Public 553 367,001 208,678 219,162 56.9 59.7
Priv Const 175 116,139 29,222 30,218 25.2 26.0
Priv Manuf 364 239,619 24,959 27,372 10.4 11.4
450 Raleigh-Durham-Cary, NC Total 740 889,674 22,542 35,892 2.5 4.0
Private 612 738,609 11,263 18,817 1.5 2.5
Public 128 151,065 11,279 17,076 7.5 11.3
Priv Const 55 69,950 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 68 81,666 2,334 2,334 2.9 2.9
482 Salt Lake City-Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 1401 777,087 41,017 50,753 5.3 6.5
Private 1160 643,873 21,028 26,392 3.3 4.1
Public 241 133,214 19,989 24,361 15.0 18.3
Priv Const 62 35,094 2,024 2,024 5.8 5.8
Priv Manuf 186 101,647 4,027 4,805 4.0 4.7
488 San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Total 3122 3,470,831 559,054 597,632 16.1 17.2
Private 2659 2,966,129 250,405 268,495 8.4 9.1
Public 463 504,702 308,649 329,137 61.2 65.2
Priv Const 157 179,883 31,373 32,390 17.4 18.0
Priv Manuf 337 373,267 16,666 17,688 4.5 4.7
500 Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA part Total 1836 1,805,319 320,252 337,989 17.7 18.7
Private 1498 1,482,764 156,505 167,148 10.6 11.3
Public 338 322,555 163,747 170,841 50.8 53.0
Priv Const 71 71,059 12,570 13,602 17.7 19.1
Priv Manuf 251 243,844 54,222 56,865 22.2 23.3
548 Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 7965 4,108,913 353,636 412,640 8.6 10.0
Private 5933 3,113,953 148,368 167,553 4.8 5.4
Public 2032 994,960 205,269 245,087 20.6 24.6
Priv Const 371 228,693 21,384 24,461 9.4 10.7
Priv Manuf 229 143,908 10,215 10,215 7.1 7.1
MSAs (sorted alphabetically):
FIPS Code
10420 Akron, OH Total 296 322,667 31,910 32,951 9.9 10.2
Private 274 298,638 20,892 21,933 7.0 7.3
Public 22 24,030 11,018 11,018 45.9 45.9
10500 Albany, GA Total 82 93,619 4,634 5,708 4.9 6.1
Private 57 64,479 2,049 2,049 3.2 3.2
Public 25 29,140 2,585 3,658 8.9 12.6
10580 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Total 388 414,003 155,557 160,520 37.6 38.8
Private 295 318,920 80,881 82,873 25.4 26.0
Public 93 95,083 74,676 77,647 78.5 81.7
10740 Albuquerque, NM Total 658 426,470 35,003 43,285 8.2 10.1
Private 487 316,647 10,888 13,722 3.4 4.3
Public 171 109,823 24,115 29,563 22.0 26.9
10900 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Total 452 472,509 63,220 68,765 13.4 14.6
Private 398 417,098 37,560 39,921 9.0 9.6
Public 54 55,411 25,659 28,845 46.3 52.1
11020 Altoona, PA Total 98 102,248 22,114 22,114 21.6 21.6
Private 80 83,593 10,086 10,086 12.1 12.1
Public 18 18,655 12,028 12,028 64.5 64.5
11100 Amarillo, TX Total 128 144,267 15,755 15,755 10.9 10.9
Private 113 127,432 11,617 11,617 9.1 9.1
Public 15 16,835 4,137 4,137 24.6 24.6
11300 Anderson, IN Total 68 72,561 7,492 7,492 10.3 10.3
Private 59 63,746 4,315 4,315 6.8 6.8
Public 9 8,815 3,176 3,176 36.0 36.0
11340 Anderson, SC Total 71 60,018 2,357 2,357 3.9 3.9
Private 62 52,588 1,551 1,551 2.9 2.9
Public 9 7,430 807 807 10.9 10.9
11460 Ann Arbor, MI Total 118 124,256 22,358 22,358 18.0 18.0
Private 104 109,266 14,014 14,014 12.8 12.8
Public 14 14,991 8,344 8,344 55.7 55.7
11500 Anniston-Oxford, AL Total 121 162,304 9,104 14,400 5.6 8.9
Private 95 124,780 2,927 2,927 2.3 2.3
Public 26 37,523 6,177 11,473 16.5 30.6
11540 Appleton,WI Total 166 121,986 13,179 14,532 10.8 11.9
Private 141 103,212 4,293 5,646 4.2 5.5
Public 25 18,774 8,887 8,887 47.3 47.3
11700 Asheville, NC Total 123 146,885 7,196 8,192 4.9 5.6
Private 104 124,925 1,302 1,302 1.0 1.0
Public 19 21,960 5,893 6,890 26.8 31.4
12020 Athens-Clark County, GA Total 56 61,783 3,176 3,176 5.1 5.1
Private 38 41,196 3,176 3,176 7.7 7.7
Public 18 20,587 0 0 0.0 0.0
12060 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA Total 1928 2,334,754 95,416 113,286 4.1 4.9
Private 1678 2,036,252 62,817 79,561 3.1 3.9
Public 250 298,502 32,599 33,726 10.9 11.3
12100 Atlantic City, NJ Total 125 135,122 19,983 20,855 14.8 15.4
Private 111 120,534 13,794 13,794 11.4 11.4
Public 14 14,588 6,189 7,061 42.4 48.4
12260 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Total 194 202,245 17,434 30,942 8.6 15.3
Private 148 152,261 7,330 14,148 4.8 9.3
Public 46 49,984 10,103 16,794 20.2 33.6
12420 Austin-Round Rock, TX Total 749 853,967 42,646 49,103 5.0 5.7
Private 615 701,277 15,893 18,042 2.3 2.6
Public 134 152,690 26,753 31,061 17.5 20.3
12540 Bakersfield, CA Total 256 281,521 49,789 57,361 17.7 20.4
Private 198 219,480 20,064 23,215 9.1 10.6
Public 58 62,041 29,725 34,146 47.9 55.0
12580 Baltimore-Towson, MD Total 2024 1,245,268 121,815 140,215 9.8 11.3
Private 1564 963,091 42,503 51,219 4.4 5.3
Public 460 282,177 79,312 88,996 28.1 31.5
70750 Bangor, ME Total 326 63,396 8,980 11,232 14.2 17.7
Private 269 52,439 4,503 4,879 8.6 9.3
Public 57 10,956 4,477 6,353 40.9 58.0
70900 Barnstable Town, MA Total 97 102,664 22,492 23,361 21.9 22.8
Private 84 89,314 12,251 12,251 13.7 13.7
Public 13 13,350 10,241 11,110 76.7 83.2
12940 Baton Rouge, LA Total 268 310,806 25,788 32,007 8.3 10.3
Private 223 260,742 14,232 17,953 5.5 6.9
Public 45 50,064 11,556 14,054 23.1 28.1
13140 Beaumont-Port Author, TX Total 142 161,556 18,500 19,589 11.5 12.1
Private 127 145,221 12,059 13,148 8.3 9.1
Public 15 16,335 6,442 6,442 39.4 39.4
13380 Bellingham, WA Total 85 79,193 17,254 17,254 21.8 21.8
Private 69 65,610 6,728 6,728 10.3 10.3
Public 16 13,583 10,526 10,526 77.5 77.5
13460 Bend, OR Total 144 98,838 14,451 14,451 14.6 14.6
Private 117 80,005 2,601 2,601 3.3 3.3
Public 27 18,834 11,850 11,850 62.9 62.9
13740 Billings, MT Total 211 58,204 9,438 10,138 16.2 17.4
Private 177 49,601 4,478 5,178 9.0 10.4
Public 34 8,603 4,960 4,960 57.7 57.7
13780 Binghamton, NY Total 84 87,996 19,586 21,521 22.3 24.5
Private 62 64,927 3,517 3,517 5.4 5.4
Public 22 23,069 16,069 18,005 69.7 78.0
13820 Birmingham-Hoover, AL Total 473 520,149 28,898 35,534 5.6 6.8
Private 401 444,031 16,948 20,185 3.8 4.5
Public 72 76,118 11,950 15,348 15.7 20.2
14020 Bloomington, IN Total 128 136,517 13,141 17,181 9.6 12.6
Private 98 106,277 7,950 8,932 7.5 8.4
Public 30 30,240 5,191 8,249 17.2 27.3
14060 Bloomington-Normal IL Total 101 104,898 9,206 9,206 8.8 8.8
Private 85 89,080 3,170 3,170 3.6 3.6
Public 16 15,819 6,036 6,036 38.2 38.2
14260 Boise City-Nampa, ID Total 745 257,982 11,695 13,456 4.5 5.2
Private 622 216,089 5,659 6,538 2.6 3.0
Public 123 41,892 6,035 6,918 14.4 16.5
71650 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH Total 3145 2,165,269 284,857 312,324 13.2 14.4
Private 2765 1,898,544 124,884 146,270 6.6 7.7
Public 380 266,725 159,973 166,054 60.0 62.3
14500 Boulder, CO Total 268 154,564 10,462 10,958 6.8 7.1
Private 214 123,593 1,023 1,519 0.8 1.2
Public 54 30,971 9,439 9,439 30.5 30.5
14540 Bowling Green, KY Total 35 23,580 681 1,836 2.9 7.8
Private 27 18,183 681 681 3.7 3.7
Public 8 5,396 0 1,155 0.0 21.4
14740 Bremerton-Silverdale, WA Total 84 82,330 15,147 17,109 18.4 20.8
Private 55 54,888 5,181 5,181 9.4 9.4
Public 29 27,442 9,966 11,928 36.3 43.5
71950 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT Total 949 378,412 41,209 47,281 10.9 12.5
Private 832 332,782 14,351 18,837 4.3 5.7
Public 117 45,630 26,858 28,444 58.9 62.3
15180 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX Total 94 109,476 2,308 2,308 2.1 2.1
Private 70 82,005 1,123 1,123 1.4 1.4
Public 24 27,471 1,185 1,185 4.3 4.3
15380 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY Total 458 495,113 101,336 106,629 20.5 21.5
Private 399 434,312 56,681 60,121 13.1 13.8
Public 59 60,801 44,655 46,508 73.4 76.5
72400 Burlington-South Burlington, VT Total 912 102,918 10,429 12,807 10.1 12.4
Private 782 88,706 4,289 5,105 4.8 5.8
Public 130 14,213 6,140 7,702 43.2 54.2
15940 Canton-Massillon, OH Total 166 180,023 27,825 30,805 15.5 17.1
Private 146 159,074 17,871 20,850 11.2 13.1
Public 20 20,949 9,955 9,955 47.5 47.5
15980 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL Total 216 266,432 13,570 23,446 5.1 8.8
Private 185 230,064 7,974 10,465 3.5 4.5
Public 31 36,368 5,596 12,981 15.4 35.7
16300 Cedar Rapids, IA Total 241 96,731 12,820 15,495 13.3 16.0
Private 215 86,150 7,431 9,350 8.6 10.9
Public 26 10,581 5,389 6,145 50.9 58.1
16580 Champaign-Urbana, IL Total 150 159,627 22,944 27,075 14.4 17.0
Private 97 102,024 8,492 8,492 8.3 8.3
Public 53 57,603 14,452 18,583 25.1 32.3
16620 Charleston, WV Total 312 132,053 10,586 12,168 8.0 9.2
Private 239 101,950 4,830 6,020 4.7 5.9
Public 73 30,103 5,756 6,148 19.1 20.4
16700 Charleston-North Charleston, SC Total 316 281,583 11,149 13,878 4.0 4.9
Private 233 209,454 4,223 6,952 2.0 3.3
Public 83 72,129 6,926 6,926 9.6 9.6
16740 Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC Total 690 798,364 27,559 33,099 3.5 4.1
Private 627 730,025 23,025 25,948 3.2 3.6
Public 63 68,339 4,534 7,151 6.6 10.5
16860 Chattanooga, TN-GA Total 208 237,498 13,921 13,921 5.9 5.9
Private 170 192,056 5,843 5,843 3.0 3.0
Public 38 45,442 8,078 8,078 17.8 17.8
16980 Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IN-IN-WI Total 3757 3,929,044 528,172 564,784 13.4 14.4
Private 3327 3,484,418 313,761 338,431 9.0 9.7
Public 430 444,626 214,411 226,353 48.2 50.9
17020 Chico, CA Total 79 82,088 13,741 17,639 16.7 21.5
Private 64 67,315 7,286 9,256 10.8 13.7
Public 15 14,773 6,455 8,383 43.7 56.7
17140 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Total 943 922,093 83,337 91,195 9.0 9.9
Private 840 819,067 52,371 55,710 6.4 6.8
Public 103 103,025 30,966 35,485 30.1 34.4
17460 Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Total 865 936,830 128,837 139,780 13.8 14.9
Private 754 819,081 67,699 73,601 8.3 9.0
Public 111 117,749 61,138 66,180 51.9 56.2
17660 Coeur d'Alene, ID Total 138 49,956 2,125 2,125 4.3 4.3
Private 121 43,923 1,342 1,342 3.1 3.1
Public 17 6,032 782 782 13.0 13.0
17820 Colorado Springs, CO Total 455 261,968 22,130 23,688 8.4 9.0
Private 379 217,496 11,746 12,784 5.4 5.9
Public 76 44,472 10,384 10,904 23.4 24.5
17860 Columbia, MO Total 83 73,923 1,897 2,725 2.6 3.7
Private 54 48,455 1,001 1,829 2.1 3.8
Public 29 25,467 896 896 3.5 3.5
17900 Columbia, SC Total 329 282,850 8,282 10,778 2.9 3.8
Private 244 211,366 798 798 0.4 0.4
Public 85 71,484 7,483 9,980 10.5 14.0
17980 Columbus, GA-AL Total 79 89,965 4,777 6,697 5.3 7.4
Private 59 68,558 3,615 4,523 5.3 6.6
Public 20 21,407 1,162 2,174 5.4 10.2
18140 Columbus, OH Total 653 726,662 93,521 102,301 12.9 14.1
Private 553 617,147 49,126 54,803 8.0 8.9
Public 100 109,515 44,395 47,498 40.5 43.4
18580 Corpus Christi, TX Total 131 158,596 8,629 10,588 5.4 6.7
Private 106 128,004 2,109 4,067 1.6 3.2
Public 25 30,592 6,520 6,520 21.3 21.3
19100 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Total 2510 3,000,735 198,634 243,256 6.6 8.1
Private 2210 2,644,436 107,794 139,210 4.1 5.3
Public 300 356,299 90,840 104,046 25.5 29.2
72850 Danbury, CT Total 179 71,953 9,632 10,026 13.4 13.9
Private 159 64,255 4,327 4,721 6.7 7.3
Public 20 7,698 5,305 5,305 68.9 68.9
19340 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL Total 276 160,418 22,596 23,425 14.1 14.6
Private 241 141,162 12,788 13,190 9.1 9.3
Public 35 19,256 9,808 10,235 50.9 53.2
19380 Dayton, OH Total 302 333,224 24,370 26,228 7.3 7.9
Private 254 280,750 14,598 14,598 5.2 5.2
Public 48 52,474 9,772 11,630 18.6 22.2
19460 Decatur, Al Total 97 99,643 17,342 17,342 17.4 17.4
Private 77 79,140 4,550 4,550 5.7 5.7
Public 20 20,503 12,792 12,792 62.4 62.4
19500 Decatur, IL Total 97 98,591 21,290 23,332 21.6 23.7
Private 79 79,975 9,616 10,653 12.0 13.3
Public 18 18,616 11,673 12,679 62.7 68.1
19660 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL Total 148 182,334 14,711 15,739 8.1 8.6
Private 125 155,716 2,103 2,103 1.4 1.4
Public 23 26,617 12,608 13,637 47.4 51.2
19740 Denver-Aurora, CO Total 1974 1,152,353 90,242 105,063 7.8 9.1
Private 1684 989,255 51,498 56,112 5.2 5.7
Public 290 163,098 38,744 48,952 23.8 30.0
19780 Des Moines, IA Total 685 275,911 22,653 27,855 8.2 10.1
Private 592 239,260 7,997 7,997 3.3 3.3
Public 93 36,651 14,656 19,858 40.0 54.2
19820 Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Total 1589 1,663,054 284,003 292,024 17.1 17.6
Private 1420 1,488,506 176,936 182,755 11.9 12.3
Public 169 174,549 107,067 109,270 61.3 62.6
20100 Dover, DE Total 421 61,421 5,812 6,826 9.5 11.1
Private 320 47,006 2,303 2,463 4.9 5.2
Public 101 14,415 3,509 4,363 24.3 30.3
20260 Duluth, MN-WI Total 145 80,774 25,502 27,125 31.6 33.6
Private 114 63,168 14,105 15,728 22.3 24.9
Public 31 17,606 11,396 11,396 64.7 64.7
20500 Durham, NC Total 235 283,640 6,577 11,437 2.3 4.0
Private 182 222,068 2,308 5,102 1.0 2.3
Public 53 61,572 4,269 6,335 6.9 10.3
20740 Eau Claire, WI Total 190 140,451 11,771 13,229 8.4 9.4
Private 168 124,563 5,323 6,068 4.3 4.9
Public 22 15,889 6,449 7,160 40.6 45.1
20940 El Centro, CA Total 93 103,154 29,132 30,347 28.2 29.4
Private 56 62,111 2,062 3,277 3.3 5.3
Public 37 41,043 27,070 27,070 66.0 66.0
21340 El Paso, TX Total 267 305,295 20,824 23,134 6.8 7.6
Private 205 236,065 8,473 8,473 3.6 3.6
Public 62 69,231 12,350 14,661 17.8 21.2
21500 Erie, PA Total 116 120,881 20,510 21,414 17.0 17.7
Private 104 108,494 11,110 12,014 10.2 11.1
Public 12 12,387 9,400 9,400 75.9 75.9
21660 Eugene-Springfield, OR Total 207 142,436 20,719 21,391 14.5 15.0
Private 158 109,616 6,572 6,572 6.0 6.0
Public 49 32,820 14,147 14,818 43.1 45.2
21780 Evansville, IN-KY Total 110 118,339 17,827 17,827 15.1 15.1
Private 101 108,967 13,214 13,214 12.1 12.1
Public 9 9,372 4,613 4,613 49.2 49.2
22020 Fargo, ND-MN Total 667 91,865 4,841 6,370 5.3 6.9
Private 580 79,987 1,532 2,499 1.9 3.1
Public 87 11,878 3,309 3,871 27.9 32.6
22140 Farmington, NM Total 54 34,346 2,356 3,515 6.9 10.2
Private 44 27,552 1,344 1,820 4.9 6.6
Public 10 6,793 1,011 1,695 14.9 25.0
22180 Fayetteville, NC Total 99 126,224 4,664 4,664 3.7 3.7
Private 73 95,018 2,075 2,075 2.2 2.2
Public 26 31,207 2,589 2,589 8.3 8.3
22220 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO Total 267 191,429 3,187 4,016 1.7 2.1
Private 239 172,518 610 610 0.4 0.4
Public 28 18,910 2,578 3,406 13.6 18.0
22420 Flint, MI Total 136 141,408 17,699 18,815 12.5 13.3
Private 119 123,062 11,736 12,852 9.5 10.4
Public 17 18,346 5,963 5,963 32.5 32.5
22460 Florence, AL Total 75 81,157 13,186 13,186 16.2 16.2
Private 60 64,914 5,082 5,082 7.8 7.8
Public 15 16,244 8,104 8,104 49.9 49.9
22660 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO Total 249 143,450 7,731 7,731 5.4 5.4
Private 210 120,963 3,608 3,608 3.0 3.0
Public 39 22,487 4,123 4,123 18.3 18.3
22900 Fort Smith, AR-OK Total 142 106,205 4,245 5,884 4.0 5.5
Private 124 93,986 2,513 3,043 2.7 3.2
Public 18 12,219 1,732 2,841 14.2 23.2
23020 Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL Total 92 113,317 2,165 6,078 1.9 5.4
Private 74 90,462 0 1,097 0.0 1.2
Public 18 22,856 2,165 4,981 9.5 21.8
23060 Fort Wayne, IN Total 163 178,045 21,475 22,567 12.1 12.7
Private 148 164,209 18,700 18,700 11.4 11.4
Public 15 13,835 2,775 3,867 20.1 27.9
23420 Fresno, CA Total 333 361,514 62,870 66,190 17.4 18.3
Private 248 271,481 17,671 18,762 6.5 6.9
Public 85 90,033 45,198 47,428 50.2 52.7
23540 Gainesville, FL Total 74 89,307 2,206 4,553 2.5 5.1
Private 45 54,189 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 29 35,118 2,206 4,553 6.3 13.0
24340 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI Total 388 390,932 54,696 57,560 14.0 14.7
Private 333 335,081 18,915 21,780 5.6 6.5
Public 55 55,851 35,780 35,780 64.1 64.1
24540 Greeley, CO Total 204 119,406 10,085 10,085 8.4 8.4
Private 172 101,199 3,814 3,814 3.8 3.8
Public 32 18,208 6,271 6,271 34.4 34.4
24580 Green Bay, WI Total 174 130,743 13,818 14,531 10.6 11.1
Private 153 115,834 7,397 7,397 6.4 6.4
Public 21 14,909 6,421 7,134 43.1 47.9
24660 Greensboro-High Point, NC Total 304 358,055 6,098 11,648 1.7 3.3
Private 261 307,928 2,428 3,292 0.8 1.1
Public 43 50,127 3,670 8,355 7.3 16.7
24860 Greenville, SC Total 238 213,451 1,572 2,410 0.7 1.1
Private 223 200,851 1,572 1,572 0.8 0.8
Public 15 12,600 0 838 0.0 6.7
25060 Gulfport-Biloxi, MS Total 92 76,403 1,716 6,075 2.2 8.0
Private 65 54,264 1,082 1,774 2.0 3.3
Public 27 22,139 634 4,301 2.9 19.4
25180 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Total 98 60,188 3,144 4,630 5.2 7.7
Private 79 49,467 1,558 2,061 3.1 4.2
Public 19 10,720 1,586 2,570 14.8 24.0
25420 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Total 274 288,625 40,351 44,483 14.0 15.4
Private 236 248,908 25,983 26,945 10.4 10.8
Public 38 39,717 14,369 17,538 36.2 44.2
25500 Harrisonburg, VA Total 109 100,259 2,574 3,436 2.6 3.4
Private 80 73,260 1,718 1,718 2.3 2.3
Public 29 26,999 856 1,718 3.2 6.4
73450 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Total 1247 508,984 74,552 79,014 14.6 15.5
Private 1068 432,988 29,820 33,073 6.9 7.6
Public 179 75,996 44,731 45,941 58.9 60.5
25860 Hickory-Morgantown-Lenoir, NC Total 92 107,052 2,072 3,324 1.9 3.1
Private 77 89,810 1,038 1,038 1.2 1.2
Public 15 17,242 1,034 2,286 6.0 13.3
26100 Holland-Grand Haven, MI Total 116 116,156 14,082 14,082 12.1 12.1
Private 105 105,638 8,935 8,935 8.5 8.5
Public 11 10,517 5,146 5,146 48.9 48.9
26180 Honolulu, HI Total 1835 390,772 80,413 85,384 20.6 21.9
Private 1421 302,718 42,923 44,729 14.2 14.8
Public 414 88,054 37,491 40,655 42.6 46.2
26420 Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX Total 2111 2,650,958 142,002 167,610 5.4 6.3
Private 1844 2,322,949 72,037 90,492 3.1 3.9
Public 267 328,009 69,965 77,118 21.3 23.5
26580 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Total 117 51,380 4,975 4,975 9.7 9.7
Private 93 41,009 1,333 1,333 3.3 3.3
Public 24 10,371 3,643 3,643 35.1 35.1
26620 Huntsville, AL Total 174 183,636 38,582 40,867 21.0 22.3
Private 135 142,483 24,138 26,424 16.9 18.5
Public 39 41,153 14,443 14,443 35.1 35.1
26900 Indianapolis, IN Total 744 803,620 53,923 59,731 6.7 7.4
Private 666 718,761 38,464 39,991 5.4 5.6
Public 78 84,858 15,459 19,740 18.2 23.3
26980 Iowa City, IA Total 219 89,473 12,192 18,668 13.6 20.9
Private 139 56,847 2,880 2,880 5.1 5.1
Public 80 32,626 9,312 15,788 28.5 48.4
27100 Jackson, MI Total 95 94,004 20,120 20,120 21.4 21.4
Private 79 78,009 10,172 10,172 13.0 13.0
Public 16 15,995 9,948 9,948 62.2 62.2
27140 Jackson, MS Total 292 239,152 16,678 19,096 7.0 8.0
Private 225 183,375 7,316 8,030 4.0 4.4
Public 67 55,777 9,362 11,065 16.8 19.8
27260 Jacksonville, FL Total 484 577,443 47,529 55,506 8.2 9.6
Private 419 502,147 29,612 32,198 5.9 6.4
Public 65 75,296 17,917 23,308 23.8 31.0
27340 Jacksonville, NC Total 81 103,203 4,125 5,300 4.0 5.1
Private 62 79,468 0 1,174 0.0 1.5
Public 19 23,735 4,125 4,125 17.4 17.4
27500 Janesville, WI Total 138 102,125 13,297 13,297 13.0 13.0
Private 130 96,474 11,945 11,945 12.4 12.4
Public 8 5,651 1,352 1,352 23.9 23.9
27740 Johnson City, TN Total 56 67,288 1,182 1,182 1.8 1.8
Private 49 58,837 1,182 1,182 2.0 2.0
Public 7 8,452 0 0 0.0 0.0
27780 Johnstown, PA Total 77 79,115 15,981 15,981 20.2 20.2
Private 63 65,112 7,066 7,066 10.9 10.9
Public 14 14,004 8,915 8,915 63.7 63.7
27900 Joplin, MO Total 105 97,705 3,048 3,048 3.1 3.1
Private 91 85,008 1,976 1,976 2.3 2.3
Public 14 12,697 1,072 1,072 8.4 8.4
28020 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI Total 129 125,375 14,553 15,556 11.6 12.4
Private 106 102,106 6,372 6,372 6.2 6.2
Public 23 23,269 8,181 9,184 35.2 39.5
28100 Kankakee-Bradley, IL Total 105 110,391 38,977 38,977 35.3 35.3
Private 88 92,378 23,974 23,974 26.0 26.0
Public 17 18,013 15,003 15,003 83.3 83.3
28140 Kansas City, MO-KS Total 1356 939,593 100,807 118,678 10.7 12.6
Private 1149 797,059 59,674 68,991 7.5 8.7
Public 207 142,535 41,134 49,687 28.9 34.9
28660 Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX Total 96 102,832 2,909 2,909 2.8 2.8
Private 68 73,690 908 908 1.2 1.2
Public 28 29,142 2,001 2,001 6.9 6.9
28700 Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA Total 60 69,900 2,252 2,252 3.2 3.2
Private 51 59,596 1,085 1,085 1.8 1.8
Public 9 10,304 1,167 1,167 11.3 11.3
28740 Kingston, NY Total 99 114,922 31,135 31,135 27.1 27.1
Private 81 94,898 15,350 15,350 16.2 16.2
Public 18 20,024 15,785 15,785 78.8 78.8
28940 Knoxville, TN Total 224 264,455 10,774 12,769 4.1 4.8
Private 202 239,503 8,734 9,710 3.6 4.1
Public 22 24,952 2,040 3,058 8.2 12.3
29100 La Crosse, WI Total 170 123,495 14,519 15,150 11.8 12.3
Private 148 107,759 9,154 9,785 8.5 9.1
Public 22 15,736 5,365 5,365 34.1 34.1
29180 Lafayette, LA Total 180 211,440 5,106 6,149 2.4 2.9
Private 156 184,902 2,012 3,054 1.1 1.7
Public 24 26,539 3,095 3,095 11.7 11.7
29340 Lake Charles, LA Total 69 82,407 4,910 4,910 6.0 6.0
Private 53 65,391 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 16 17,017 4,910 4,910 28.9 28.9
29460 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL Total 145 174,752 7,523 8,280 4.3 4.7
Private 122 148,827 2,158 2,158 1.4 1.4
Public 23 25,925 5,365 6,122 20.7 23.6
29540 Lancaster, PA Total 192 201,233 15,589 16,559 7.7 8.2
Private 179 188,105 7,441 8,411 4.0 4.5
Public 13 13,129 8,148 8,148 62.1 62.1
29620 Lansing-East Lansing, MI Total 157 157,348 25,659 27,843 16.3 17.7
Private 143 144,340 20,152 22,336 14.0 15.5
Public 14 13,008 5,506 5,506 42.3 42.3
29700 Laredo, TX Total 109 125,321 7,136 12,869 5.7 10.3
Private 84 96,867 911 3,007 0.9 3.1
Public 25 28,455 6,225 9,863 21.9 34.7
29740 Las Cruses, NM Total 139 89,262 3,029 3,477 3.4 3.9
Private 91 59,917 527 975 0.9 1.6
Public 48 29,345 2,502 2,502 8.5 8.5
29820 Las Vegas-Paradise, NM Total 1738 801,166 133,070 148,279 16.6 18.5
Private 1534 706,538 93,165 101,920 13.2 14.4
Public 204 94,628 39,906 46,359 42.2 49.0
29940 Lawrence, KS Total 164 84,981 10,647 11,765 12.5 13.8
Private 111 57,236 3,930 3,930 6.9 6.9
Public 53 27,745 6,718 7,836 24.2 28.2
30020 Lawton, OK Total 90 78,798 2,543 3,216 3.2 4.1
Private 63 56,162 985 985 1.8 1.8
Public 27 22,636 1,557 2,231 6.9 9.9
74500 Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner, MA Total 68 71,397 14,234 15,296 19.9 21.4
Private 52 54,270 3,916 3,916 7.2 7.2
Public 16 17,127 10,318 11,380 60.2 66.4
30460 Lexington-Fayette, KY Total 347 249,269 13,451 14,294 5.4 5.7
Private 262 188,343 6,797 6,797 3.6 3.6
Public 85 60,926 6,654 7,497 10.9 12.3
30780 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Total 509 350,817 10,748 12,813 3.1 3.7
Private 416 286,940 3,972 6,037 1.4 2.1
Public 93 63,877 6,776 6,776 10.6 10.6
30980 Longview, TX Total 73 82,611 3,140 3,140 3.8 3.8
Private 67 75,672 2,216 2,216 2.9 2.9
Public 6 6,939 924 924 13.3 13.3
31100 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Total 4784 5,089,266 702,181 749,650 13.8 14.7
Private 4156 4,428,644 334,492 358,617 7.6 8.1
Public 628 660,623 367,689 391,033 55.7 59.2
31140 Louisville, KY-IN Total 687 579,643 73,219 83,521 12.6 14.4
Private 609 510,109 53,427 60,181 10.5 11.8
Public 78 69,534 19,792 23,340 28.5 33.6
31180 Lubbock, TX Total 82 92,857 0 1,138 0.0 1.2
Private 68 77,882 0 1,138 0.0 1.5
Public 14 14,975 0 0 0.0 0.0
31340 Lynchburg, VA Total 107 104,883 1,880 1,880 1.8 1.8
Private 90 88,426 1,016 1,016 1.1 1.1
Public 17 16,457 864 864 5.3 5.3
31420 Macon,, GA Total 50 58,552 3,465 3,465 5.9 5.9
Private 44 50,685 2,066 2,066 4.1 4.1
Public 6 7,867 1,400 1,400 17.8 17.8
31460 Madera, CA Total 91 94,921 9,338 9,338 9.8 9.8
Private 77 80,441 3,390 3,390 4.2 4.2
Public 14 14,480 5,948 5,948 41.1 41.1
31540 Madison, WI Total 385 283,613 28,272 32,153 10.0 11.3
Private 280 206,309 10,650 11,838 5.2 5.7
Public 105 77,304 17,622 20,315 22.8 26.3
32580 McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX Total 225 260,256 8,851 9,984 3.4 3.8
Private 194 224,492 3,064 4,197 1.4 1.9
Public 31 35,764 5,787 5,787 16.2 16.2
32780 Medford, OR Total 97 71,197 10,195 10,195 14.3 14.3
Private 81 60,707 3,153 3,153 5.2 5.2
Public 16 10,489 7,042 7,042 67.1 67.1
32820 Memphis, TN-MS-AR Total 518 615,378 42,794 43,836 7.0 7.1
Private 433 512,565 23,138 24,179 4.5 4.7
Public 85 102,812 19,656 19,656 19.1 19.1
32900 Merced, CA Total 115 121,780 33,718 37,100 27.7 30.5
Private 92 97,580 18,461 20,730 18.9 21.2
Public 23 24,199 15,258 16,370 63.0 67.6
33100 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL Total 1933 2,421,459 166,760 185,071 6.9 7.6
Private 1663 2,086,336 46,679 54,616 2.2 2.6
Public 270 335,123 120,081 130,455 35.8 38.9
33140 Michigan City-La Porte, IN Total 70 75,556 7,484 9,994 9.9 13.2
Private 58 62,994 5,589 5,589 8.9 8.9
Public 12 12,562 1,895 4,405 15.1 35.1
33260 Midland, TX Total 67 75,307 1,006 1,006 1.3 1.3
Private 56 63,241 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 11 12,066 1,006 1,006 8.3 8.3
33340 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Total 901 673,144 66,148 69,977 9.8 10.4
Private 806 602,898 29,151 29,878 4.8 5.0
Public 95 70,246 36,997 40,098 52.7 57.1
33460 Minneapolis-St Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Total 2828 1,560,613 204,833 212,537 13.1 13.6
Private 2482 1,373,976 106,283 111,680 7.7 8.1
Public 346 186,637 98,550 100,857 52.8 54.0
33660 Mobile, AL Total 121 131,617 5,550 6,629 4.2 5.0
Private 100 107,859 1,201 1,201 1.1 1.1
Public 21 23,758 4,349 5,429 18.3 22.8
33700 Modesto, CA Total 209 223,280 60,610 71,212 27.1 31.9
Private 177 191,572 40,852 48,264 21.3 25.2
Public 32 31,709 19,758 22,948 62.3 72.4
33740 Monroe, LA Total 161 196,310 5,332 6,262 2.7 3.2
Private 139 170,718 5,332 5,332 3.1 3.1
Public 22 25,592 0 929 0.0 3.6
33780 Monroe, MI Total 100 106,491 30,348 31,273 28.5 29.4
Private 95 101,375 29,101 30,026 28.7 29.6
Public 5 5,115 1,247 1,247 24.4 24.4
33860 Montgomery, AL Total 121 132,260 19,467 23,749 14.7 18.0
Private 92 100,574 8,266 9,345 8.2 9.3
Public 29 31,686 11,201 14,405 35.3 45.5
34740 Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI Total 113 111,970 15,313 16,288 13.7 14.5
Private 99 98,196 6,653 6,653 6.8 6.8
Public 14 13,774 8,660 9,635 62.9 69.9
34820 Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC Total 153 138,494 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 135 122,730 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 18 15,764 0 0 0.0 0.0
34900 Napa, CA Total 83 90,490 12,691 16,834 14.0 18.6
Private 72 79,037 5,431 9,573 6.9 12.1
Public 11 11,452 7,260 7,260 63.4 63.4
34940 Naples-Marco Island, FL Total 90 108,509 5,218 5,218 4.8 4.8
Private 82 98,884 1,009 1,009 1.0 1.0
Public 8 9,625 4,209 4,209 43.7 43.7
34980 Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN Total 608 748,395 21,802 31,752 2.9 4.2
Private 520 641,721 11,293 16,608 1.8 2.6
Public 88 106,674 10,508 15,144 9.9 14.2
75700 New Haven, CT Total 716 283,444 43,266 46,371 15.3 16.4
Private 610 242,815 19,259 21,224 7.9 8.7
Public 106 40,628 24,007 25,147 59.1 61.9
35380 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Total 417 499,243 37,233 48,780 7.5 9.8
Private 360 433,146 17,645 26,812 4.1 6.2
Public 57 66,097 19,588 21,967 29.6 33.2
35620 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Total 6929 7,876,632 1,558,153 1,673,427 19.8 21.2
Private 5873 6,691,334 747,270 840,650 11.2 12.6
Public 1056 1,185,298 810,884 832,777 68.4 70.3
35660 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI Total 51 47,820 6,026 6,026 12.6 12.6
Private 48 45,217 5,103 5,103 11.3 11.3
Public 3 2,603 922 922 35.4 35.4
76450 Norwich-New London, CT-RI Total 273 110,994 22,080 22,994 19.9 20.7
Private 224 91,405 11,716 12,630 12.8 13.8
Public 49 19,588 10,364 10,364 52.9 52.9
36100 Ocala, FL Total 69 82,216 905 905 1.1 1.1
Private 58 69,984 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 11 12,231 905 905 7.4 7.4
36140 Ocean City, NJ Total 42 45,500 1,671 1,671 3.7 3.7
Private 33 36,225 888 888 2.5 2.5
Public 9 9,275 783 783 8.4 8.4
36260 Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 461 251,663 14,518 19,298 5.8 7.7
Private 364 198,989 6,048 9,516 3.0 4.8
Public 97 52,673 8,470 9,783 16.1 18.6
36420 Oklahoma City, OK Total 711 575,703 53,384 66,437 9.3 11.5
Private 567 462,079 19,860 24,823 4.3 5.4
Public 144 113,624 33,524 41,614 29.5 36.6
36500 Olympia, WA Total 125 118,862 28,971 30,843 24.4 25.9
Private 80 77,738 6,082 7,222 7.8 9.3
Public 45 41,124 22,890 23,620 55.7 57.4
36540 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA Total 1307 417,724 26,313 34,090 6.3 8.2
Private 1090 350,684 12,462 16,762 3.6 4.8
Public 217 67,040 13,852 17,328 20.7 25.8
36740 Orlando, FL Total 749 917,285 38,989 47,475 4.3 5.2
Private 666 820,079 18,911 23,043 2.3 2.8
Public 83 97,206 20,077 24,432 20.7 25.1
36780 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 105 75,318 11,797 11,797 15.7 15.7
Private 92 66,606 6,313 6,313 9.5 9.5
Public 13 8,712 5,483 5,483 62.9 62.9
37100 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA Total 306 320,282 63,872 63,872 19.9 19.9
Private 266 278,792 39,757 39,757 14.3 14.3
Public 40 41,490 24,115 24,115 58.1 58.1
37340 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL Total 179 218,531 19,450 23,477 8.9 10.7
Private 150 183,378 5,103 8,038 2.8 4.4
Public 29 35,153 14,347 15,438 40.8 43.9
37460 Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL Total 64 76,665 0 2,169 0.0 2.8
Private 53 64,058 0 1,084 0.0 1.7
Public 11 12,607 0 1,085 0.0 8.6
37860 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL Total 154 189,891 10,482 11,766 5.5 6.2
Private 126 155,769 5,635 5,635 3.6 3.6
Public 28 34,121 4,847 6,131 14.2 18.0
37900 Peoria, IL Total 174 177,603 24,361 26,423 13.7 14.9
Private 146 149,559 12,164 14,226 8.1 9.5
Public 28 28,044 12,197 12,197 43.5 43.5
37980 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE Total 3752 2,490,320 348,786 376,001 14.0 15.1
Private 3215 2,141,370 157,144 173,877 7.3 8.1
Public 537 348,950 191,641 202,125 54.9 57.9
38060 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ Total 1320 1,674,022 77,900 97,334 4.7 5.8
Private 1151 1,463,657 46,675 51,619 3.2 3.5
Public 169 210,366 31,225 45,714 14.8 21.7
38300 Pittsburgh, PA Total 995 1,026,809 154,751 164,421 15.1 16.0
Private 883 914,308 89,285 97,054 9.8 10.6
Public 112 112,501 65,466 67,367 58.2 59.9
38940 Port St. Lucie-Fort Pierce, FL Total 139 171,248 5,601 6,821 3.3 4.0
Private 120 147,562 1,143 2,362 0.8 1.6
Public 19 23,686 4,459 4,459 18.8 18.8
76750 Portland-South Portland, ME Total 947 182,710 14,990 17,600 8.2 9.6
Private 820 158,639 3,783 4,148 2.4 2.6
Public 127 24,071 11,207 13,451 46.6 55.9
38900 Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA Total 1280 922,061 139,414 146,034 15.1 15.8
Private 1111 798,453 76,594 79,613 9.6 10.0
Public 169 123,608 62,820 66,421 50.8 53.7
39100 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY Total 255 297,724 88,872 93,516 29.9 31.4
Private 211 245,761 49,286 53,930 20.1 21.9
Public 44 51,963 39,586 39,586 76.2 76.2
39140 Prescott, AZ Total 63 77,499 2,185 5,571 2.8 7.2
Private 49 59,625 2,185 2,185 3.7 3.7
Public 14 17,874 0 3,386 0.0 18.9
77200 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, MA-RI Total 2906 562,761 94,553 99,385 16.8 17.7
Private 2445 481,140 45,065 47,656 9.4 9.9
Public 461 81,621 49,488 51,729 60.6 63.4
39340 Provo-Orem, UT Total 323 177,281 7,535 9,209 4.3 5.2
Private 266 146,895 1,595 3,269 1.1 2.2
Public 57 30,386 5,940 5,940 19.5 19.5
39380 Pueblo, CO Total 163 95,760 8,286 8,286 8.7 8.7
Private 129 75,537 3,318 3,318 4.4 4.4
Public 34 20,223 4,968 4,968 24.6 24.6
39460 Punta Gorda, FL Total 47 57,085 6,140 7,725 10.8 13.5
Private 38 46,380 2,605 4,191 5.6 9.0
Public 9 10,705 3,535 3,535 33.0 33.0
39540 Racine, WI Total 152 108,734 13,669 15,652 12.6 14.4
Private 133 95,445 7,318 8,638 7.7 9.1
Public 19 13,289 6,352 7,013 47.8 52.8
39580 Raleigh-Cary, NC Total 505 606,034 15,964 24,455 2.6 4.0
Private 430 516,541 8,954 13,714 1.7 2.7
Public 75 89,493 7,010 10,741 7.8 12.0
39740 Reading, PA Total 170 180,852 10,645 10,645 5.9 5.9
Private 159 168,898 7,367 7,367 4.4 4.4
Public 11 11,955 3,278 3,278 27.4 27.4
39900 Reno-Sparks, NV Total 435 195,530 20,990 23,481 10.7 12.0
Private 391 176,601 11,986 13,183 6.8 7.5
Public 44 18,929 9,004 10,298 47.6 54.4
40060 Richmond, VA Total 663 614,846 19,097 29,541 3.1 4.8
Private 544 511,242 8,437 12,826 1.7 2.5
Public 119 103,604 10,660 16,715 10.3 16.1
40140 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Total 1234 1,368,161 341,425 371,073 25.0 27.1
Private 983 1,088,745 152,884 165,692 14.0 15.2
Public 251 279,415 188,541 205,381 67.5 73.5
40220 Roanoke, VA Total 99 92,125 4,694 4,694 5.1 5.1
Private 84 78,272 2,765 2,765 3.5 3.5
Public 15 13,853 1,929 1,929 13.9 13.9
40380 Rochester, NY Total 409 441,484 59,285 64,328 13.4 14.6
Private 353 382,796 22,042 24,127 5.8 6.3
Public 56 58,688 37,244 40,201 63.5 68.5
77350 Rochester-Dover, NH-ME Total 370 59,677 6,433 8,056 10.8 13.5
Private 301 48,732 1,584 2,136 3.3 4.4
Public 69 10,946 4,849 5,920 44.3 54.1
40420 Rockford, IL Total 142 143,720 27,346 28,278 19.0 19.7
Private 117 119,159 9,984 9,984 8.4 8.4
Public 25 24,561 17,362 18,294 70.7 74.5
40900 Sacramento--Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA Total 780 836,746 188,956 204,327 22.6 24.4
Private 589 637,351 65,439 67,942 10.3 10.7
Public 191 199,396 123,516 136,385 61.9 68.4
40980 Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI Total 77 76,431 21,389 21,389 28.0 28.0
Private 65 64,675 12,963 12,963 20.0 20.0
Public 12 11,756 8,426 8,426 71.7 71.7
41420 Salem, OR Total 206 150,252 28,591 31,078 19.0 20.7
Private 155 114,214 6,877 8,725 6.0 7.6
Public 51 36,038 21,714 22,353 60.3 62.0
41500 Salinas, CA Total 173 184,673 16,601 16,601 9.0 9.0
Private 140 150,131 2,102 2,102 1.4 1.4
Public 33 34,542 14,500 14,500 42.0 42.0
41540 Salisbury, MD Total 91 53,067 3,572 3,572 6.7 6.7
Private 70 40,694 1,124 1,124 2.8 2.8
Public 21 12,373 2,447 2,447 19.8 19.8
41620 Salt Lake City, UT Total 940 525,424 26,499 31,455 5.0 6.0
Private 796 444,884 14,980 16,877 3.4 3.8
Public 144 80,541 11,519 14,578 14.3 18.1
41700 San Antonio, TX Total 740 860,389 38,564 48,737 4.5 5.7
Private 637 741,844 14,283 19,139 1.9 2.6
Public 103 118,545 24,281 29,598 20.5 25.0
41740 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA Total 1119 1,145,354 206,376 215,878 18.0 18.8
Private 908 930,383 76,353 82,981 8.2 8.9
Public 211 214,972 130,023 132,897 60.5 61.8
41860 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA Total 1772 1,980,522 314,134 335,941 15.9 17.0
Private 1514 1,697,885 143,430 152,115 8.4 9.0
Public 258 282,638 170,704 183,826 60.4 65.0
41940 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Total 820 903,152 121,317 127,594 13.4 14.1
Private 718 794,164 51,485 52,502 6.5 6.6
Public 102 108,988 69,832 75,091 64.1 68.9
42020 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA Total 63 67,035 18,315 20,392 27.3 30.4
Private 46 48,619 6,834 6,834 14.1 14.1
Public 17 18,416 11,481 13,558 62.3 73.6
42060 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA Total 151 163,561 12,377 13,516 7.6 8.3
Private 111 120,152 3,022 4,161 2.5 3.5
Public 40 43,409 9,355 9,355 21.6 21.6
42140 Santa Fe, NM Total 58 35,891 1,632 1,632 4.5 4.5
Private 39 24,384 1,632 1,632 6.7 6.7
Public 19 11,507 0 0 0.0 0.0
42220 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA Total 192 210,858 44,854 46,946 21.3 22.3
Private 159 174,014 20,508 22,599 11.8 13.0
Public 33 36,844 24,346 24,346 66.1 66.1
42100 Santa-Cruz-Watsonville, CA Total 96 104,038 19,590 19,590 18.8 18.8
Private 78 84,348 10,390 10,390 12.3 12.3
Public 18 19,689 9,200 9,200 46.7 46.7
42260 Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL Total 253 308,257 23,782 31,260 7.7 10.1
Private 214 261,621 11,825 16,741 4.5 6.4
Public 39 46,637 11,957 14,519 25.6 31.1
42340 Savannah, GA Total 228 261,716 17,955 22,534 6.9 8.6
Private 187 214,822 10,633 11,973 4.9 5.6
Public 41 46,894 7,323 10,561 15.6 22.5
42540 Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA Total 230 242,341 40,162 41,143 16.6 17.0
Private 199 210,721 20,837 20,837 9.9 9.9
Public 31 31,620 19,325 20,305 61.1 64.2
42660 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA Total 1627 1,604,127 276,133 290,037 17.2 18.1
Private 1363 1,350,138 145,242 154,744 10.8 11.5
Public 264 253,989 130,891 135,293 51.5 53.3
43340 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA Total 138 156,977 14,665 14,665 9.3 9.3
Private 107 120,314 6,327 6,327 5.3 5.3
Public 31 36,663 8,337 8,337 22.7 22.7
43620 Sioux Falls, SD Total 807 118,762 7,478 8,820 6.3 7.4
Private 718 105,869 3,129 3,557 3.0 3.4
Public 89 12,893 4,349 5,263 33.7 40.8
43780 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI Total 100 106,533 11,805 11,805 11.1 11.1
Private 79 84,684 1,770 1,770 2.1 2.1
Public 21 21,849 10,035 10,035 45.9 45.9
43900 Spartanburg, SC Total 115 101,950 4,893 12,648 4.8 12.4
Private 98 86,999 1,879 6,676 2.2 7.7
Public 17 14,952 3,013 5,971 20.2 39.9
44060 Spokane, WA Total 170 163,070 27,968 30,612 17.2 18.8
Private 143 137,993 15,721 16,616 11.4 12.0
Public 27 25,077 12,247 13,996 48.8 55.8
44100 Springfield, IL Total 88 93,437 13,087 13,087 14.0 14.0
Private 69 74,707 3,255 3,255 4.4 4.4
Public 19 18,730 9,832 9,832 52.5 52.5
78100 Springfield, MA-CT Total 225 247,124 47,109 57,557 19.1 23.3
Private 184 204,327 23,418 30,399 11.5 14.9
Public 41 42,797 23,690 27,158 55.4 63.5
44180 Springfield, MO Total 198 174,926 7,625 7,625 4.4 4.4
Private 172 152,016 5,542 5,542 3.6 3.6
Public 26 22,910 2,083 2,083 9.1 9.1
44220 Springfield, OH Total 34 37,435 2,135 2,135 5.7 5.7
Private 29 32,254 1,028 1,028 3.2 3.2
Public 5 5,181 1,107 1,107 21.4 21.4
41060 St. Cloud, MN Total 135 72,635 11,045 12,632 15.2 17.4
Private 115 62,062 4,746 5,817 7.6 9.4
Public 20 10,573 6,300 6,815 59.6 64.5
41180 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 1301 1,236,140 139,000 151,139 11.2 12.2
Private 1156 1,096,707 96,269 100,285 8.8 9.1
Public 145 139,433 42,731 50,854 30.6 36.5
44700 Stockton, CA Total 222 248,312 51,000 52,175 20.5 21.0
Private 185 208,755 18,333 19,508 8.8 9.3
Public 37 39,557 32,667 32,667 82.6 82.6
45060 Syracuse, NY Total 267 284,258 55,510 62,634 19.5 22.0
Private 214 229,169 25,061 30,212 10.9 13.2
Public 53 55,088 30,449 32,423 55.3 58.9
45220 Tallahassee, FL Total 99 122,171 6,601 9,223 5.4 7.5
Private 59 72,337 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 40 49,833 6,601 9,223 13.2 18.5
45300 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL Total 960 1,152,627 42,292 78,474 3.7 6.8
Private 844 1,014,386 14,490 36,350 1.4 3.6
Public 116 138,241 27,802 42,124 20.1 30.5
45780 Toledo, OH Total 232 242,887 40,947 42,775 16.9 17.6
Private 189 200,257 16,996 16,996 8.5 8.5
Public 43 42,630 23,951 25,779 56.2 60.5
45820 Topeka, KS Total 204 101,765 10,740 11,211 10.6 11.0
Private 150 75,410 4,472 4,472 5.9 5.9
Public 54 26,356 6,269 6,739 23.8 25.6
45940 Trenton-Ewing, NJ Total 126 136,509 27,928 28,864 20.5 21.1
Private 100 109,567 5,429 6,365 5.0 5.8
Public 26 26,942 22,499 22,499 83.5 83.5
46060 Tucson, AZ Total 305 414,765 24,934 33,393 6.0 8.1
Private 245 334,828 10,702 16,532 3.2 4.9
Public 60 79,937 14,233 16,861 17.8 21.1
46140 Tulsa, OK Total 490 422,281 28,712 35,296 6.8 8.4
Private 421 360,139 15,760 18,024 4.4 5.0
Public 69 62,142 12,952 17,272 20.8 27.8
46220 Tuscaloosa, AL Total 65 65,872 8,504 8,504 12.9 12.9
Private 51 51,515 4,099 4,099 8.0 8.0
Public 14 14,357 4,405 4,405 30.7 30.7
46540 Utica-Rome, NY Total 104 109,730 35,476 36,675 32.3 33.4
Private 76 80,314 11,481 12,679 14.3 15.8
Public 28 29,416 23,995 23,995 81.6 81.6
46660 Valdosta, GA Total 60 69,253 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 38 45,017 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 22 24,237 0 0 0.0 0.0
46700 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA Total 159 181,771 46,467 50,728 25.6 27.9
Private 118 136,682 19,161 21,315 14.0 15.6
Public 41 45,089 27,306 29,413 60.6 65.2
46940 Vero Beach, FL Total 72 91,243 3,682 3,682 4.0 4.0
Private 53 66,899 1,588 1,588 2.4 2.4
Public 19 24,344 2,095 2,095 8.6 8.6
47020 Victoria, TX Total 137 155,434 4,508 5,471 2.9 3.5
Private 107 121,709 1,128 1,128 0.9 0.9
Public 30 33,725 3,380 4,344 10.0 12.9
47220 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ Total 61 75,905 25,647 25,647 33.8 33.8
Private 45 57,854 8,610 8,610 14.9 14.9
Public 16 18,051 17,037 17,037 94.4 94.4
47260 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Total 741 709,558 37,656 47,035 5.3 6.6
Private 604 580,818 25,907 30,715 4.5 5.3
Public 137 128,740 11,749 16,320 9.1 12.7
47300 Visalia-Porterville, CA Total 128 138,751 28,532 29,506 20.6 21.3
Private 97 106,786 7,777 7,777 7.3 7.3
Public 31 31,965 20,755 21,729 64.9 68.0
47380 Waco, TX Total 99 117,790 7,835 7,835 6.7 6.7
Private 79 95,354 3,285 3,285 3.4 3.4
Public 20 22,436 4,551 4,551 20.3 20.3
47580 Warner Robins, GA Total 61 68,842 3,034 5,474 4.4 8.0
Private 41 47,075 901 901 1.9 1.9
Public 20 21,767 2,132 4,573 9.8 21.0
47900 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Total 5941 2,863,645 231,822 272,425 8.1 9.5
Private 4369 2,150,862 105,864 116,334 4.9 5.4
Public 1572 712,783 125,957 156,091 17.7 21.9
78700 Waterbury, CT Total 178 71,024 11,706 11,706 16.5 16.5
Private 151 60,101 3,467 3,467 5.8 5.8
Public 27 10,923 8,239 8,239 75.4 75.4
47940 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA Total 221 91,692 11,491 13,375 12.5 14.6
Private 176 72,950 4,661 4,661 6.4 6.4
Public 45 18,742 6,830 8,714 36.4 46.5
48140 Wausau, WI Total 157 116,231 12,526 12,526 10.8 10.8
Private 139 103,670 6,299 6,299 6.1 6.1
Public 18 12,562 6,227 6,227 49.6 49.6
48620 Wichita, KS Total 490 250,349 22,404 28,591 8.9 11.4
Private 413 211,818 13,238 17,567 6.2 8.3
Public 77 38,531 9,166 11,024 23.8 28.6
49180 Winston-Salem, NC Total 183 217,543 4,189 6,674 1.9 3.1
Private 163 194,238 2,209 3,648 1.1 1.9
Public 20 23,306 1,980 3,026 8.5 13.0
79600 Worcester, MA-CT Total 217 241,852 25,494 35,885 10.5 14.8
Private 195 217,627 14,916 23,082 6.9 10.6
Public 22 24,225 10,578 12,803 43.7 52.9
49420 Yakima, WA Total 115 112,765 18,730 19,699 16.6 17.5
Private 90 90,029 6,484 7,452 7.2 8.3
Public 25 22,736 12,246 12,246 53.9 53.9
49620 York-Hanover, PA Total 172 181,726 12,930 17,129 7.1 9.4
Private 143 152,305 2,850 6,022 1.9 4.0
Public 29 29,421 10,080 11,107 34.3 37.8
49660 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH Total 153 160,443 35,322 41,727 22.0 26.0
Private 131 136,982 22,709 26,183 16.6 19.1
Public 22 23,462 12,613 15,544 53.8 66.3
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2012. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas in the CPS beginning May 2004 are based
on 2003 Census definitions; areas are not necessarily compatible with those from earlier years.
Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
2013 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.