Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Combined Statistical Area (CSA) and MSA, 2013 (details in table note)
Note: Sample size (Obs) for many cells are small and should be used with care.
Area definitions beginning May 2004 do not match prior definitions.
Codes Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CSAs (combination of 2 or more MSAs; separate MSAs are shown further down):
CSA Code
118 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 287 210,651 28,558 30,542 13.6 14.5
Private 249 183,340 14,453 16,436 7.9 9.0
Public 38 27,310 14,105 14,105 51.6 51.6
Priv Const 10 7,693 2,097 2,097 27.3 27.3
Priv Manuf 67 49,838 8,985 9,638 18.0 19.3
715 Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MS-NH-CT-ME Total 3,355 2,537,570 318,274 344,577 12.5 13.6
Private 2,934 2,202,076 137,995 154,844 6.3 7.0
Public 421 335,494 180,279 189,733 53.7 56.6
Priv Const 126 92,914 20,744 20,744 22.3 22.3
Priv Manuf 403 236,547 10,389 14,696 4.4 6.2
720 Bridgeport-New Haven-Stamford, CT Total 1,947 806,404 99,688 105,650 12.4 13.1
Private 1,713 712,452 43,691 46,593 6.1 6.5
Public 234 93,952 55,997 59,057 59.6 62.9
Priv Const 85 35,892 6,051 6,051 16.9 16.9
Priv Manuf 219 87,887 6,653 7,505 7.6 8.5
176 Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI Total 3,957 4,153,970 677,364 698,777 16.3 16.8
Private 3,450 3,632,411 393,908 410,057 10.8 11.3
Public 507 521,560 283,456 288,720 54.3 55.4
Priv Const 183 194,818 76,685 76,685 39.4 39.4
Priv Manuf 481 501,059 58,358 62,606 11.6 12.5
184 Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH Total 1,113 1,192,822 121,638 143,034 10.2 12.0
Private 993 1,066,381 68,640 82,872 6.4 7.8
Public 120 126,441 52,998 60,162 41.9 47.6
Priv Const 56 59,282 14,075 15,005 23.7 25.3
Priv Manuf 189 201,234 14,124 16,377 7.0 8.1
212 Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH Total 342 376,136 32,407 34,438 8.6 9.2
Private 289 317,144 6,006 6,908 1.9 2.2
Public 53 58,991 26,401 27,530 44.8 46.7
Priv Const 15 16,229 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 45 47,243 0 0 0.0 0.0
216 Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO Total 2,372 1,368,131 110,839 135,204 8.1 9.9
Private 2,020 1,168,966 60,771 69,528 5.2 5.9
Public 352 199,165 50,068 65,676 25.1 33.0
Priv Const 137 81,557 7,209 8,369 8.8 10.3
Priv Manuf 168 95,553 2,125 4,865 2.2 5.1
220 Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI Total 1,964 2,118,034 360,932 373,462 17.0 17.6
Private 1,768 1,908,028 238,338 244,604 12.5 12.8
Public 196 210,006 122,594 128,858 58.4 61.4
Priv Const 61 65,878 14,677 14,677 22.3 22.3
Priv Manuf 380 406,596 81,710 84,704 20.1 20.8
260 Fresno-Madera, CA Total 392 427,980 54,687 58,109 12.8 13.6
Private 308 337,873 12,911 14,296 3.8 4.2
Public 84 90,107 41,777 43,812 46.4 48.6
Priv Const 22 23,737 2,006 2,006 8.4 8.4
Priv Manuf 23 25,844 0 0 0.0 0.0
266 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI Total 606 621,336 75,659 77,545 12.2 12.5
Private 521 533,111 25,717 27,603 4.8 5.2
Public 85 88,225 49,942 49,942 56.6 56.6
Priv Const 23 23,644 1,001 1,001 4.2 4.2
Priv Manuf 126 130,432 10,692 11,582 8.2 8.9
268 Greensboro--Winston-Salem-High Point, NC Total 469 562,861 12,962 30,823 2.3 5.5
Private 400 477,770 5,835 15,065 1.2 3.2
Public 69 85,090 7,127 15,758 8.4 18.5
Priv Const 14 16,974 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 87 103,060 2,433 7,524 2.4 7.3
272 Greenville-Anderson-Seneca, SC Total 342 324,707 8,211 8,211 2.5 2.5
Private 303 288,924 7,026 7,026 2.4 2.4
Public 39 35,783 1,185 1,185 3.3 3.3
Priv Const 11 10,730 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 58 54,874 3,391 3,391 6.2 6.2
290 Huntsville-Decatur, AL Total 276 309,874 60,378 63,905 19.5 20.6
Private 213 239,067 36,527 36,527 15.3 15.3
Public 63 70,807 23,851 27,377 33.7 38.7
Priv Const 17 17,962 2,821 2,821 15.7 15.7
Priv Manuf 46 49,015 10,339 10,339 21.1 21.1
294 Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN Total 775 849,436 50,755 63,888 6.0 7.5
Private 675 740,929 32,532 39,012 4.4 5.3
Public 100 108,506 18,223 24,876 16.8 22.9
Priv Const 35 39,489 11,707 11,707 29.6 29.6
Priv Manuf 108 115,285 10,230 10,230 8.9 8.9
304 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, VA Total 118 138,480 4,713 4,713 3.4 3.4
Private 108 126,610 2,362 2,362 1.9 1.9
Public 10 11,870 2,351 2,351 19.8 19.8
Priv Const 8 9,659 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 12 13,946 2,362 2,362 16.9 16.9
348 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA Total 6,590 7,044,752 1,087,022 1,151,451 15.4 16.3
Private 5,631 6,026,644 536,698 576,493 8.9 9.6
Public 959 1,018,108 550,324 574,958 54.1 56.5
Priv Const 323 350,591 50,849 56,844 14.5 16.2
Priv Manuf 787 846,163 64,347 69,198 7.6 8.2
356 Macon-Warner-Robins-Fort Valley, GA Total 119 136,979 1,644 8,105 1.2 5.9
Private 77 87,183 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 42 49,796 1,644 8,105 3.3 16.3
Priv Const 4 4,392 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 13 15,261 0 0 0.0 0.0
376 Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI Total 1,068 782,823 86,302 91,567 11.0 11.7
Private 944 695,309 48,404 52,185 7.0 7.5
Public 124 87,514 37,898 39,382 43.3 45.0
Priv Const 51 37,529 11,778 12,427 31.4 33.1
Priv Manuf 207 148,020 19,381 19,381 13.1 13.1
378 Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI Total 3,016 1,715,110 231,250 243,548 13.5 14.2
Private 2,654 1,511,659 123,033 128,126 8.1 8.5
Public 362 203,451 108,217 115,422 53.2 56.7
Priv Const 106 62,183 20,616 20,616 33.2 33.2
Priv Manuf 446 250,836 18,744 19,674 7.5 7.8
408 New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 7,229 8,508,655 1,752,212 1,859,068 20.6 21.8
Private 6,104 7,215,452 891,364 968,189 12.4 13.4
Public 1,125 1,293,204 860,848 890,880 66.6 68.9
Priv Const 328 395,633 96,109 100,153 24.3 25.3
Priv Manuf 479 556,411 47,957 52,999 8.6 9.5
428 Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 3,778 2,573,214 374,116 390,312 14.5 15.2
Private 3,265 2,252,877 196,303 205,871 8.7 9.1
Public 513 320,338 177,813 184,441 55.5 57.6
Priv Const 181 116,481 32,713 33,172 28.1 28.5
Priv Manuf 347 250,654 24,960 24,960 10.0 10.0
450 Raleigh-Durham-Cary, NC Total 751 920,816 27,717 41,171 3.0 4.5
Private 623 765,977 14,692 23,499 1.9 3.1
Public 128 154,839 13,025 17,672 8.4 11.4
Priv Const 48 61,293 0 1,305 0.0 2.1
Priv Manuf 59 71,866 1,222 2,621 1.7 3.6
482 Salt Lake City-Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 1,490 827,402 34,020 45,380 4.1 5.5
Private 1,247 695,686 18,114 22,213 2.6 3.2
Public 243 131,717 15,907 23,167 12.1 17.6
Priv Const 80 44,630 1,753 2,457 3.9 5.5
Priv Manuf 171 95,566 3,201 3,201 3.3 3.3
488 San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Total 3,163 3,559,474 585,701 605,374 16.5 17.0
Private 2,695 3,040,203 289,922 298,180 9.5 9.8
Public 468 519,270 295,779 307,194 57.0 59.2
Priv Const 158 181,021 40,220 41,205 22.2 22.8
Priv Manuf 366 408,908 24,241 26,387 5.9 6.5
500 Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA part Total 1,904 1,864,144 344,604 358,892 18.5 19.3
Private 1,602 1,576,742 185,763 195,107 11.8 12.4
Public 302 287,402 158,840 163,786 55.3 57.0
Priv Const 97 97,510 23,654 26,962 24.3 27.7
Priv Manuf 220 214,054 51,168 51,168 23.9 23.9
548 Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 7,961 4,094,797 393,727 453,072 9.6 11.1
Private 5,943 3,102,767 143,909 164,691 4.6 5.3
Public 2,018 992,030 249,818 288,381 25.2 29.1
Priv Const 397 262,838 19,801 23,028 7.5 8.8
Priv Manuf 245 150,165 11,939 12,889 8.0 8.6
MSAs (sorted alphabetically):
FIPS Code
10420 Akron, OH Total 295 315,380 25,307 28,282 8.0 9.0
Private 262 281,028 12,691 13,763 4.5 4.9
Public 33 34,352 12,617 14,519 36.7 42.3
10500 Albany, GA Total 92 101,137 8,730 8,730 8.6 8.6
Private 67 74,915 7,764 7,764 10.4 10.4
Public 25 26,222 965 965 3.7 3.7
10580 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Total 387 431,863 168,331 177,789 39.0 41.2
Private 304 341,389 94,586 100,725 27.7 29.5
Public 83 90,474 73,745 77,065 81.5 85.2
10740 Albuquerque, NM Total 675 426,152 29,521 35,696 6.9 8.4
Private 471 298,106 6,538 8,295 2.2 2.8
Public 204 128,046 22,982 27,401 17.9 21.4
10900 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Total 439 467,038 54,250 55,222 11.6 11.8
Private 388 413,655 29,951 30,923 7.2 7.5
Public 51 53,383 24,299 24,299 45.5 45.5
11020 Altoona, PA Total 112 120,912 25,444 25,444 21.0 21.0
Private 89 96,458 8,629 8,629 8.9 8.9
Public 23 24,455 16,814 16,814 68.8 68.8
11100 Amarillo, TX Total 109 127,560 8,233 8,233 6.5 6.5
Private 98 115,796 7,126 7,126 6.2 6.2
Public 11 11,765 1,107 1,107 9.4 9.4
11300 Anderson, IN Total 76 84,518 4,696 5,800 5.6 6.9
Private 71 79,434 4,696 4,696 5.9 5.9
Public 5 5,084 0 1,104 0.0 21.7
11340 Anderson, SC Total 79 72,023 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 64 60,159 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 15 11,864 0 0 0.0 0.0
11460 Ann Arbor, MI Total 120 128,519 25,603 26,706 19.9 20.8
Private 111 118,508 17,744 17,744 15.0 15.0
Public 9 10,012 7,859 8,962 78.5 89.5
11500 Anniston-Oxford, AL Total 89 116,833 5,590 9,189 4.8 7.9
Private 63 83,090 3,969 5,072 4.8 6.1
Public 26 33,742 1,621 4,117 4.8 12.2
11540 Appleton,WI Total 180 134,008 16,365 17,705 12.2 13.2
Private 157 116,967 6,699 8,040 5.7 6.9
Public 23 17,041 9,665 9,665 56.7 56.7
11700 Asheville, NC Total 111 129,054 5,066 6,107 3.9 4.7
Private 88 102,171 1,109 1,109 1.1 1.1
Public 23 26,883 3,957 4,998 14.7 18.6
12020 Athens-Clark County, GA Total 56 54,715 2,782 4,107 5.1 7.5
Private 32 31,379 885 2,210 2.8 7.0
Public 24 23,336 1,897 1,897 8.1 8.1
12060 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA Total 2,026 2,371,757 144,967 162,091 6.1 6.8
Private 1,740 2,037,113 91,768 102,037 4.5 5.0
Public 286 334,644 53,198 60,055 15.9 17.9
12100 Atlantic City, NJ Total 146 160,112 44,839 48,223 28.0 30.1
Private 126 137,294 32,471 34,564 23.7 25.2
Public 20 22,818 12,368 13,659 54.2 59.9
12260 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Total 180 184,055 13,032 20,896 7.1 11.4
Private 139 143,065 5,967 13,831 4.2 9.7
Public 41 40,989 7,065 7,065 17.2 17.2
12420 Austin-Round Rock, TX Total 695 833,134 30,791 34,285 3.7 4.1
Private 575 692,320 10,600 12,985 1.5 1.9
Public 120 140,814 20,190 21,300 14.3 15.1
12540 Bakersfield, CA Total 258 285,346 58,560 59,706 20.5 20.9
Private 202 225,816 21,740 22,885 9.6 10.1
Public 56 59,530 36,821 36,821 61.9 61.9
12580 Baltimore-Towson, MD Total 2,027 1,254,951 135,188 150,130 10.8 12.0
Private 1,584 983,461 49,863 59,151 5.1 6.0
Public 443 271,490 85,325 90,979 31.4 33.5
70750 Bangor, ME Total 287 59,281 5,205 7,001 8.8 11.8
Private 245 50,900 2,871 3,897 5.6 7.7
Public 42 8,381 2,334 3,103 27.8 37.0
70900 Barnstable Town, MA Total 72 77,743 10,766 10,766 13.8 13.8
Private 60 65,499 5,476 5,476 8.4 8.4
Public 12 12,244 5,290 5,290 43.2 43.2
12940 Baton Rouge, LA Total 311 335,745 14,793 16,082 4.4 4.8
Private 268 291,066 5,353 6,642 1.8 2.3
Public 43 44,679 9,440 9,440 21.1 21.1
13140 Beaumont-Port Author, TX Total 150 172,722 17,859 17,859 10.3 10.3
Private 130 150,808 12,441 12,441 8.2 8.2
Public 20 21,915 5,417 5,417 24.7 24.7
13380 Bellingham, WA Total 102 96,968 11,715 11,715 12.1 12.1
Private 85 81,688 2,878 2,878 3.5 3.5
Public 17 15,281 8,837 8,837 57.8 57.8
13460 Bend, OR Total 160 108,515 4,626 5,399 4.3 5.0
Private 146 98,852 616 1,389 0.6 1.4
Public 14 9,663 4,010 4,010 41.5 41.5
13740 Billings, MT Total 240 67,491 10,123 10,805 15.0 16.0
Private 213 60,884 7,213 7,670 11.8 12.6
Public 27 6,607 2,910 3,135 44.0 47.4
13780 Binghamton, NY Total 98 109,830 23,795 26,043 21.7 23.7
Private 80 90,078 14,191 14,191 15.8 15.8
Public 18 19,752 9,603 11,852 48.6 60.0
13820 Birmingham-Hoover, AL Total 471 521,695 61,169 66,443 11.7 12.7
Private 403 448,421 40,628 45,902 9.1 10.2
Public 68 73,274 20,541 20,541 28.0 28.0
14020 Bloomington, IN Total 136 147,774 15,333 15,333 10.4 10.4
Private 105 115,477 7,581 7,581 6.6 6.6
Public 31 32,297 7,752 7,752 24.0 24.0
14060 Bloomington-Normal IL Total 72 81,034 7,719 7,719 9.5 9.5
Private 67 75,654 4,583 4,583 6.1 6.1
Public 5 5,381 3,136 3,136 58.3 58.3
14260 Boise City-Nampa, ID Total 710 253,901 9,542 12,473 3.8 4.9
Private 576 207,191 2,759 2,759 1.3 1.3
Public 134 46,710 6,783 9,714 14.5 20.8
71650 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH Total 3,094 2,242,508 279,031 300,078 12.4 13.4
Private 2,714 1,952,541 118,833 133,753 6.1 6.9
Public 380 289,967 160,197 166,325 55.2 57.4
14500 Boulder, CO Total 263 152,386 4,457 7,462 2.9 4.9
Private 223 129,458 2,303 2,303 1.8 1.8
Public 40 22,927 2,154 5,159 9.4 22.5
14540 Bowling Green, KY Total 45 31,175 2,831 3,386 9.1 10.9
Private 38 26,155 2,831 3,386 10.8 12.9
Public 7 5,019 0 0 0.0 0.0
14740 Bremerton-Silverdale, WA Total 84 82,488 16,612 19,899 20.1 24.1
Private 51 51,270 4,969 4,969 9.7 9.7
Public 33 31,217 11,644 14,931 37.3 47.8
71950 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT Total 879 364,324 39,841 42,451 10.9 11.7
Private 777 322,684 13,948 14,364 4.3 4.5
Public 102 41,640 25,893 28,087 62.2 67.5
15180 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX Total 103 120,698 3,290 3,290 2.7 2.7
Private 73 86,116 1,157 1,157 1.3 1.3
Public 30 34,582 2,132 2,132 6.2 6.2
15380 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY Total 481 544,097 121,763 127,016 22.4 23.3
Private 407 465,385 69,157 73,372 14.9 15.8
Public 74 78,712 52,605 53,644 66.8 68.2
72400 Burlington-South Burlington, VT Total 932 106,873 10,109 12,419 9.5 11.6
Private 762 87,819 3,921 4,209 4.5 4.8
Public 170 19,054 6,188 8,210 32.5 43.1
15940 Canton-Massillon, OH Total 155 157,445 22,901 25,045 14.5 15.9
Private 141 143,761 14,993 17,138 10.4 11.9
Public 14 13,684 7,908 7,908 57.8 57.8
15980 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL Total 203 251,224 22,163 29,497 8.8 11.7
Private 176 219,185 4,993 6,482 2.3 3.0
Public 27 32,039 17,170 23,015 53.6 71.8
16300 Cedar Rapids, IA Total 226 92,568 9,893 11,908 10.7 12.9
Private 205 84,190 8,297 9,132 9.9 10.8
Public 21 8,378 1,596 2,777 19.0 33.1
16580 Champaign-Urbana, IL Total 143 157,426 22,626 24,836 14.4 15.8
Private 92 100,979 6,476 6,476 6.4 6.4
Public 51 56,447 16,150 18,361 28.6 32.5
16620 Charleston, WV Total 278 122,109 10,490 11,626 8.6 9.5
Private 221 98,364 5,042 5,395 5.1 5.5
Public 57 23,746 5,447 6,231 22.9 26.2
16700 Charleston-North Charleston, SC Total 312 291,460 7,035 8,479 2.4 2.9
Private 249 234,574 5,543 5,543 2.4 2.4
Public 63 56,886 1,492 2,935 2.6 5.2
16740 Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC Total 655 780,689 24,302 30,092 3.1 3.9
Private 595 707,077 12,969 18,759 1.8 2.7
Public 60 73,612 11,333 11,333 15.4 15.4
16860 Chattanooga, TN-GA Total 212 244,584 8,401 11,725 3.4 4.8
Private 174 202,383 3,013 3,013 1.5 1.5
Public 38 42,201 5,388 8,711 12.8 20.6
16980 Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IN-IN-WI Total 3,776 3,959,263 633,493 653,834 16.0 16.5
Private 3,294 3,463,836 369,129 384,206 10.7 11.1
Public 482 495,427 264,364 269,628 53.4 54.4
17020 Chico, CA Total 56 60,883 14,691 14,691 24.1 24.1
Private 45 48,403 7,813 7,813 16.1 16.1
Public 11 12,480 6,879 6,879 55.1 55.1
17140 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Total 949 927,672 96,260 121,463 10.4 13.1
Private 858 840,270 65,298 85,650 7.8 10.2
Public 91 87,402 30,962 35,813 35.4 41.0
17460 Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Total 818 877,442 96,330 114,752 11.0 13.1
Private 731 785,353 55,949 69,109 7.1 8.8
Public 87 92,089 40,381 45,643 43.8 49.6
17660 Coeur d'Alene, ID Total 139 51,598 2,354 2,794 4.6 5.4
Private 114 42,692 1,327 1,767 3.1 4.1
Public 25 8,906 1,027 1,027 11.5 11.5
17820 Colorado Springs, CO Total 453 260,609 14,023 18,979 5.4 7.3
Private 388 223,339 7,041 8,782 3.2 3.9
Public 65 37,270 6,982 10,197 18.7 27.4
17860 Columbia, MO Total 78 74,078 2,665 2,665 3.6 3.6
Private 49 47,283 1,794 1,794 3.8 3.8
Public 29 26,795 871 871 3.3 3.3
17900 Columbia, SC Total 372 353,390 8,575 10,411 2.4 2.9
Private 299 286,625 1,878 1,878 0.7 0.7
Public 73 66,765 6,696 8,532 10.0 12.8
17980 Columbus, GA-AL Total 86 94,317 1,844 1,844 2.0 2.0
Private 71 77,898 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 15 16,418 1,844 1,844 11.2 11.2
18140 Columbus, OH Total 665 747,241 85,781 92,360 11.5 12.4
Private 550 619,774 30,771 30,771 5.0 5.0
Public 115 127,467 55,010 61,589 43.2 48.3
18580 Corpus Christi, TX Total 136 158,700 13,471 21,615 8.5 13.6
Private 108 126,812 5,924 6,979 4.7 5.5
Public 28 31,888 7,547 14,637 23.7 45.9
19100 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Total 2,559 3,091,502 163,758 211,587 5.3 6.8
Private 2,261 2,736,589 82,738 115,268 3.0 4.2
Public 298 354,913 81,020 96,319 22.8 27.1
72850 Danbury, CT Total 156 66,248 6,993 7,367 10.6 11.1
Private 144 61,269 3,456 3,829 5.6 6.2
Public 12 4,980 3,538 3,538 71.0 71.0
19340 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL Total 244 138,013 22,044 24,394 16.0 17.7
Private 221 126,089 15,629 17,179 12.4 13.6
Public 23 11,924 6,415 7,215 53.8 60.5
19380 Dayton, OH Total 299 327,394 29,196 31,228 8.9 9.5
Private 253 276,523 6,006 6,908 2.2 2.5
Public 46 50,872 23,191 24,319 45.6 47.8
19460 Decatur, Al Total 100 111,766 18,284 19,867 16.4 17.8
Private 76 83,903 10,819 10,819 12.9 12.9
Public 24 27,862 7,464 9,047 26.8 32.5
19500 Decatur, IL Total 82 85,215 18,852 18,852 22.1 22.1
Private 68 70,832 10,715 10,715 15.1 15.1
Public 14 14,383 8,138 8,138 56.6 56.6
19660 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL Total 149 179,793 16,565 16,565 9.2 9.2
Private 126 152,351 5,893 5,893 3.9 3.9
Public 23 27,442 10,671 10,671 38.9 38.9
19740 Denver-Aurora, CO Total 2,109 1,215,745 106,382 127,742 8.8 10.5
Private 1,797 1,039,507 58,468 67,224 5.6 6.5
Public 312 176,238 47,914 60,518 27.2 34.3
19780 Des Moines, IA Total 765 313,873 31,847 35,247 10.1 11.2
Private 659 270,712 13,972 15,906 5.2 5.9
Public 106 43,161 17,874 19,340 41.4 44.8
19820 Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Total 1,611 1,745,862 291,893 302,312 16.7 17.3
Private 1,441 1,563,753 187,539 192,798 12.0 12.3
Public 170 182,109 104,354 109,514 57.3 60.1
20100 Dover, DE Total 458 66,882 7,031 7,421 10.5 11.1
Private 336 49,939 1,814 1,814 3.6 3.6
Public 122 16,943 5,217 5,607 30.8 33.1
20260 Duluth, MN-WI Total 167 93,399 26,932 28,596 28.8 30.6
Private 133 74,268 16,398 16,909 22.1 22.8
Public 34 19,131 10,534 11,688 55.1 61.1
20500 Durham, NC Total 254 315,100 6,088 12,166 1.9 3.9
Private 199 246,995 3,764 5,196 1.5 2.1
Public 55 68,105 2,324 6,970 3.4 10.2
20740 Eau Claire, WI Total 158 115,473 9,055 10,977 7.8 9.5
Private 143 105,241 5,473 7,395 5.2 7.0
Public 15 10,232 3,582 3,582 35.0 35.0
20940 El Centro, CA Total 84 87,415 21,844 21,844 25.0 25.0
Private 60 62,645 1,060 1,060 1.7 1.7
Public 24 24,770 20,785 20,785 83.9 83.9
21340 El Paso, TX Total 266 303,308 25,434 34,075 8.4 11.2
Private 192 219,788 6,303 7,363 2.9 3.4
Public 74 83,520 19,130 26,712 22.9 32.0
21500 Erie, PA Total 105 111,765 30,584 31,690 27.4 28.4
Private 93 99,317 23,388 24,494 23.5 24.7
Public 12 12,449 7,196 7,196 57.8 57.8
21660 Eugene-Springfield, OR Total 195 133,302 21,880 23,086 16.4 17.3
Private 145 98,307 4,818 5,397 4.9 5.5
Public 50 34,996 17,062 17,689 48.8 50.5
21780 Evansville, IN-KY Total 100 107,905 10,079 11,579 9.3 10.7
Private 91 96,915 8,736 8,736 9.0 9.0
Public 9 10,990 1,343 2,843 12.2 25.9
22020 Fargo, ND-MN Total 724 99,304 5,512 6,978 5.6 7.0
Private 616 84,720 1,326 2,149 1.6 2.5
Public 108 14,584 4,186 4,830 28.7 33.1
22140 Farmington, NM Total 51 33,600 1,059 1,059 3.2 3.2
Private 40 27,113 542 542 2.0 2.0
Public 11 6,487 518 518 8.0 8.0
22180 Fayetteville, NC Total 100 126,056 5,467 5,467 4.3 4.3
Private 71 90,962 1,079 1,079 1.2 1.2
Public 29 35,095 4,388 4,388 12.5 12.5
22220 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO Total 257 175,163 4,633 4,633 2.6 2.6
Private 231 158,154 667 667 0.4 0.4
Public 26 17,008 3,966 3,966 23.3 23.3
22420 Flint, MI Total 125 133,370 27,956 28,964 21.0 21.7
Private 112 119,399 18,667 19,675 15.6 16.5
Public 13 13,971 9,289 9,289 66.5 66.5
22460 Florence, AL Total 87 93,924 12,289 12,289 13.1 13.1
Private 69 74,448 3,503 3,503 4.7 4.7
Public 18 19,476 8,786 8,786 45.1 45.1
22660 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO Total 266 153,937 2,855 3,970 1.9 2.6
Private 222 128,377 1,641 1,641 1.3 1.3
Public 44 25,560 1,213 2,329 4.7 9.1
22900 Fort Smith, AR-OK Total 143 95,811 3,100 3,552 3.2 3.7
Private 125 84,977 1,959 1,959 2.3 2.3
Public 18 10,834 1,141 1,593 10.5 14.7
23020 Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL Total 100 131,287 4,690 5,925 3.6 4.5
Private 89 115,208 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 11 16,079 4,690 5,925 29.2 36.8
23060 Fort Wayne, IN Total 169 180,245 25,213 29,208 14.0 16.2
Private 149 159,012 19,549 20,539 12.3 12.9
Public 20 21,233 5,664 8,669 26.7 40.8
23420 Fresno, CA Total 320 350,018 46,764 48,799 13.4 13.9
Private 249 273,044 12,911 12,911 4.7 4.7
Public 71 76,974 33,853 35,889 44.0 46.6
23540 Gainesville, FL Total 85 103,925 3,487 4,401 3.4 4.2
Private 53 64,698 0 914 0.0 1.4
Public 32 39,228 3,487 3,487 8.9 8.9
24340 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI Total 386 394,036 50,601 51,491 12.8 13.1
Private 332 337,614 19,305 20,195 5.7 6.0
Public 54 56,422 31,297 31,297 55.5 55.5
24540 Greeley, CO Total 193 112,097 13,258 13,798 11.8 12.3
Private 158 92,334 7,464 8,004 8.1 8.7
Public 35 19,762 5,794 5,794 29.3 29.3
24580 Green Bay, WI Total 173 128,444 13,658 16,399 10.6 12.8
Private 146 108,973 8,378 10,454 7.7 9.6
Public 27 19,472 5,281 5,945 27.1 30.5
24660 Greensboro-High Point, NC Total 305 368,585 10,416 27,488 2.8 7.5
Private 261 313,026 5,835 14,276 1.9 4.6
Public 44 55,559 4,581 13,212 8.2 23.8
24860 Greenville, SC Total 263 252,684 8,211 8,211 3.2 3.2
Private 239 228,765 7,026 7,026 3.1 3.1
Public 24 23,919 1,185 1,185 5.0 5.0
25060 Gulfport-Biloxi, MS Total 77 61,708 685 685 1.1 1.1
Private 63 51,803 685 685 1.3 1.3
Public 14 9,905 0 0 0.0 0.0
25180 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Total 99 60,364 7,483 8,033 12.4 13.3
Private 78 48,317 2,381 2,381 4.9 4.9
Public 21 12,047 5,101 5,652 42.3 46.9
25420 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Total 263 276,080 33,677 40,726 12.2 14.8
Private 221 232,063 22,737 25,805 9.8 11.1
Public 42 44,016 10,941 14,921 24.9 33.9
25500 Harrisonburg, VA Total 114 102,518 5,006 6,925 4.9 6.8
Private 89 80,400 4,132 4,132 5.1 5.1
Public 25 22,118 875 2,794 4.0 12.6
73450 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Total 1,242 506,244 69,510 73,543 13.7 14.5
Private 1,059 431,917 28,520 31,627 6.6 7.3
Public 183 74,327 40,990 41,916 55.1 56.4
25860 Hickory-Morgantown-Lenoir, NC Total 88 102,672 4,384 5,478 4.3 5.3
Private 73 85,254 1,127 1,127 1.3 1.3
Public 15 17,418 3,256 4,351 18.7 25.0
26100 Holland-Grand Haven, MI Total 117 119,253 12,178 12,178 10.2 10.2
Private 104 106,426 3,547 3,547 3.3 3.3
Public 13 12,827 8,631 8,631 67.3 67.3
26180 Honolulu, HI Total 1,915 406,286 90,192 96,078 22.2 23.6
Private 1,483 314,177 43,126 46,974 13.7 15.0
Public 432 92,109 47,067 49,104 51.1 53.3
26420 Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX Total 2,156 2,774,719 127,727 159,357 4.6 5.7
Private 1,891 2,441,320 64,183 86,616 2.6 3.5
Public 265 333,399 63,544 72,740 19.1 21.8
26580 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Total 110 49,030 5,886 5,886 12.0 12.0
Private 85 37,668 2,641 2,641 7.0 7.0
Public 25 11,362 3,246 3,246 28.6 28.6
26620 Huntsville, AL Total 176 198,108 42,094 44,038 21.2 22.2
Private 137 155,164 25,708 25,708 16.6 16.6
Public 39 42,945 16,387 18,330 38.2 42.7
26900 Indianapolis, IN Total 699 764,918 46,059 58,089 6.0 7.6
Private 604 661,495 27,836 34,317 4.2 5.2
Public 95 103,422 18,223 23,772 17.6 23.0
26980 Iowa City, IA Total 202 82,851 10,528 17,156 12.7 20.7
Private 116 47,959 2,345 2,828 4.9 5.9
Public 86 34,892 8,183 14,328 23.5 41.1
27100 Jackson, MI Total 89 89,822 14,898 19,835 16.6 22.1
Private 74 74,597 5,842 9,689 7.8 13.0
Public 15 15,225 9,056 10,146 59.5 66.6
27140 Jackson, MS Total 286 234,732 8,787 8,787 3.7 3.7
Private 222 180,428 4,916 4,916 2.7 2.7
Public 64 54,304 3,871 3,871 7.1 7.1
27260 Jacksonville, FL Total 502 625,619 60,807 76,218 9.7 12.2
Private 428 535,972 32,232 39,619 6.0 7.4
Public 74 89,647 28,575 36,598 31.9 40.8
27340 Jacksonville, NC Total 86 108,027 2,984 6,632 2.8 6.1
Private 57 72,101 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 29 35,925 2,984 6,632 8.3 18.5
27500 Janesville, WI Total 128 94,557 15,885 15,885 16.8 16.8
Private 110 81,610 9,978 9,978 12.2 12.2
Public 18 12,947 5,907 5,907 45.6 45.6
27740 Johnson City, TN Total 56 67,347 3,592 3,592 5.3 5.3
Private 50 60,140 1,241 1,241 2.1 2.1
Public 6 7,207 2,351 2,351 32.6 32.6
27780 Johnstown, PA Total 75 80,399 14,190 14,190 17.6 17.6
Private 62 66,938 6,842 6,842 10.2 10.2
Public 13 13,462 7,348 7,348 54.6 54.6
27900 Joplin, MO Total 96 89,852 1,883 2,770 2.1 3.1
Private 88 82,602 1,883 1,883 2.3 2.3
Public 8 7,250 0 887 0.0 12.2
28020 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI Total 139 142,278 21,493 21,493 15.1 15.1
Private 120 123,609 9,953 9,953 8.1 8.1
Public 19 18,669 11,540 11,540 61.8 61.8
28100 Kankakee-Bradley, IL Total 100 106,187 28,591 29,662 26.9 27.9
Private 83 88,671 15,172 16,243 17.1 18.3
Public 17 17,517 13,420 13,420 76.6 76.6
28140 Kansas City, MO-KS Total 1,355 940,207 71,737 90,561 7.6 9.6
Private 1,184 822,612 45,891 51,860 5.6 6.3
Public 171 117,595 25,846 38,701 22.0 32.9
28660 Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX Total 98 108,942 1,069 3,253 1.0 3.0
Private 67 75,895 1,069 1,069 1.4 1.4
Public 31 33,047 0 2,184 0.0 6.6
28700 Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA Total 62 71,134 1,121 1,121 1.6 1.6
Private 58 66,471 1,121 1,121 1.7 1.7
Public 4 4,663 0 0 0.0 0.0
28740 Kingston, NY Total 82 93,977 27,496 28,698 29.3 30.5
Private 64 73,230 11,748 11,748 16.0 16.0
Public 18 20,747 15,749 16,950 75.9 81.7
28940 Knoxville, TN Total 204 249,234 15,538 15,538 6.2 6.2
Private 169 206,372 7,049 7,049 3.4 3.4
Public 35 42,862 8,489 8,489 19.8 19.8
29100 La Crosse, WI Total 156 115,645 14,279 14,279 12.3 12.3
Private 136 101,882 6,319 6,319 6.2 6.2
Public 20 13,763 7,960 7,960 57.8 57.8
29180 Lafayette, LA Total 170 177,929 12,174 14,870 6.8 8.4
Private 143 151,846 8,329 11,026 5.5 7.3
Public 27 26,083 3,844 3,844 14.7 14.7
29340 Lake Charles, LA Total 90 96,267 6,179 7,155 6.4 7.4
Private 81 87,470 3,100 3,100 3.5 3.5
Public 9 8,797 3,079 4,054 35.0 46.1
29460 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL Total 157 188,113 7,866 9,147 4.2 4.9
Private 135 161,913 6,800 8,081 4.2 5.0
Public 22 26,199 1,066 1,066 4.1 4.1
29540 Lancaster, PA Total 203 215,584 13,974 14,866 6.5 6.9
Private 190 202,582 8,722 9,614 4.3 4.7
Public 13 13,002 5,252 5,252 40.4 40.4
29620 Lansing-East Lansing, MI Total 176 181,901 32,194 32,194 17.7 17.7
Private 146 151,547 19,861 19,861 13.1 13.1
Public 30 30,355 12,333 12,333 40.6 40.6
29700 Laredo, TX Total 122 141,555 5,642 6,763 4.0 4.8
Private 98 113,918 0 1,121 0.0 1.0
Public 24 27,637 5,642 5,642 20.4 20.4
29740 Las Cruses, NM Total 126 86,905 2,227 2,227 2.6 2.6
Private 85 58,928 603 603 1.0 1.0
Public 41 27,976 1,624 1,624 5.8 5.8
29820 Las Vegas-Paradise, NM Total 1,689 830,833 138,517 151,443 16.7 18.2
Private 1,484 731,079 97,298 104,098 13.3 14.2
Public 205 99,754 41,219 47,345 41.3 47.5
29940 Lawrence, KS Total 181 92,360 7,698 7,698 8.3 8.3
Private 137 69,778 3,610 3,610 5.2 5.2
Public 44 22,583 4,089 4,089 18.1 18.1
30020 Lawton, OK Total 92 80,052 4,874 5,730 6.1 7.2
Private 69 60,629 1,652 2,508 2.7 4.1
Public 23 19,423 3,222 3,222 16.6 16.6
74500 Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner, MA Total 67 74,210 13,138 16,463 17.7 22.2
Private 53 59,324 7,784 7,784 13.1 13.1
Public 14 14,886 5,354 8,679 36.0 58.3
30460 Lexington-Fayette, KY Total 331 243,638 9,164 11,449 3.8 4.7
Private 262 191,125 5,352 6,099 2.8 3.2
Public 69 52,513 3,812 5,350 7.3 10.2
30780 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Total 486 320,769 9,728 11,110 3.0 3.5
Private 391 258,818 3,637 4,550 1.4 1.8
Public 95 61,952 6,092 6,559 9.8 10.6
30980 Longview, TX Total 94 106,475 907 907 0.9 0.9
Private 87 99,152 907 907 0.9 0.9
Public 7 7,323 0 0 0.0 0.0
31100 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Total 4,992 5,272,243 683,146 722,827 13.0 13.7
Private 4,340 4,593,386 338,128 362,645 7.4 7.9
Public 652 678,857 345,018 360,182 50.8 53.1
31140 Louisville, KY-IN Total 680 594,025 84,672 90,013 14.3 15.2
Private 598 524,013 59,381 61,841 11.3 11.8
Public 82 70,012 25,290 28,172 36.1 40.2
31180 Lubbock, TX Total 70 78,641 6,991 9,091 8.9 11.6
Private 63 71,108 4,976 7,076 7.0 10.0
Public 7 7,533 2,015 2,015 26.8 26.8
31340 Lynchburg, VA Total 99 96,987 0 1,574 0.0 1.6
Private 79 78,202 0 1,574 0.0 2.0
Public 20 18,785 0 0 0.0 0.0
31420 Macon,, GA Total 54 64,971 1,644 1,644 2.5 2.5
Private 36 41,868 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 18 23,103 1,644 1,644 7.1 7.1
31460 Madera, CA Total 72 77,962 7,924 9,309 10.2 11.9
Private 59 64,829 0 1,386 0.0 2.1
Public 13 13,132 7,924 7,924 60.3 60.3
31540 Madison, WI Total 391 292,430 35,857 36,506 12.3 12.5
Private 281 210,496 14,090 14,090 6.7 6.7
Public 110 81,935 21,767 22,416 26.6 27.4
32580 McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX Total 225 261,212 5,505 5,505 2.1 2.1
Private 193 225,565 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 32 35,647 5,505 5,505 15.4 15.4
32780 Medford, OR Total 80 53,678 8,794 9,396 16.4 17.5
Private 65 43,871 2,837 3,440 6.5 7.8
Public 15 9,808 5,957 5,957 60.7 60.7
32820 Memphis, TN-MS-AR Total 491 594,011 57,256 62,021 9.6 10.4
Private 403 486,045 25,650 27,658 5.3 5.7
Public 88 107,966 31,606 34,363 29.3 31.8
32900 Merced, CA Total 98 106,181 22,665 28,056 21.3 26.4
Private 78 86,208 7,583 12,974 8.8 15.0
Public 20 19,973 15,082 15,082 75.5 75.5
33100 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL Total 1,873 2,324,101 134,949 156,837 5.8 6.7
Private 1,618 2,005,264 34,585 43,750 1.7 2.2
Public 255 318,837 100,364 113,087 31.5 35.5
33140 Michigan City-La Porte, IN Total 81 88,520 15,280 15,280 17.3 17.3
Private 73 79,904 9,608 9,608 12.0 12.0
Public 8 8,616 5,672 5,672 65.8 65.8
33260 Midland, TX Total 62 73,599 4,702 4,702 6.4 6.4
Private 53 63,163 3,671 3,671 5.8 5.8
Public 9 10,435 1,031 1,031 9.9 9.9
33340 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Total 924 681,883 67,797 72,457 9.9 10.6
Private 820 607,473 34,537 38,318 5.7 6.3
Public 104 74,410 33,259 34,139 44.7 45.9
33460 Minneapolis-St Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Total 2,890 1,642,790 220,410 232,708 13.4 14.2
Private 2,542 1,447,073 116,986 122,079 8.1 8.4
Public 348 195,716 103,424 110,629 52.8 56.5
33660 Mobile, AL Total 126 143,232 10,432 10,432 7.3 7.3
Private 114 130,139 6,520 6,520 5.0 5.0
Public 12 13,093 3,911 3,911 29.9 29.9
33700 Modesto, CA Total 199 215,566 64,190 81,327 29.8 37.7
Private 164 178,614 41,861 55,247 23.4 30.9
Public 35 36,952 22,329 26,079 60.4 70.6
33740 Monroe, LA Total 184 196,752 6,633 8,967 3.4 4.6
Private 150 161,386 5,641 6,736 3.5 4.2
Public 34 35,367 993 2,230 2.8 6.3
33780 Monroe, MI Total 108 110,283 15,480 15,480 14.0 14.0
Private 104 106,367 14,387 14,387 13.5 13.5
Public 4 3,915 1,093 1,093 27.9 27.9
33860 Montgomery, AL Total 143 162,505 13,793 13,793 8.5 8.5
Private 109 125,709 1,878 1,878 1.5 1.5
Public 34 36,796 11,916 11,916 32.4 32.4
34740 Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI Total 103 108,047 12,879 13,876 11.9 12.8
Private 85 89,071 2,865 3,861 3.2 4.3
Public 18 18,976 10,014 10,014 52.8 52.8
34820 Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC Total 125 111,720 3,445 3,445 3.1 3.1
Private 101 90,524 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 24 21,196 3,445 3,445 16.3 16.3
34900 Napa, CA Total 93 105,454 23,749 24,797 22.5 23.5
Private 73 84,019 7,533 7,533 9.0 9.0
Public 20 21,435 16,216 17,264 75.7 80.5
34940 Naples-Marco Island, FL Total 104 129,154 4,767 4,767 3.7 3.7
Private 94 117,688 1,152 1,152 1.0 1.0
Public 10 11,466 3,614 3,614 31.5 31.5
34980 Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN Total 643 787,695 35,276 44,828 4.5 5.7
Private 572 699,048 16,896 23,126 2.4 3.3
Public 71 88,647 18,380 21,703 20.7 24.5
75700 New Haven, CT Total 726 299,622 39,800 41,605 13.3 13.9
Private 636 264,268 21,372 22,310 8.1 8.4
Public 90 35,354 18,428 19,295 52.1 54.6
35380 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Total 428 463,222 21,019 33,443 4.5 7.2
Private 371 403,724 9,654 20,236 2.4 5.0
Public 57 59,498 11,365 13,207 19.1 22.2
35620 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Total 6,786 7,987,790 1,618,407 1,716,277 20.3 21.5
Private 5,744 6,791,197 826,259 898,907 12.2 13.2
Public 1,042 1,196,593 792,147 817,370 66.2 68.3
35660 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI Total 53 51,391 5,053 5,703 9.8 11.1
Private 44 43,006 4,221 4,871 9.8 11.3
Public 9 8,385 833 833 9.9 9.9
76450 Norwich-New London, CT-RI Total 241 99,604 16,911 16,911 17.0 17.0
Private 204 83,780 10,270 10,270 12.3 12.3
Public 37 15,824 6,641 6,641 42.0 42.0
36100 Ocala, FL Total 84 100,968 4,907 4,907 4.9 4.9
Private 74 89,546 2,624 2,624 2.9 2.9
Public 10 11,422 2,283 2,283 20.0 20.0
36140 Ocean City, NJ Total 37 41,391 8,973 8,973 21.7 21.7
Private 32 36,410 5,026 5,026 13.8 13.8
Public 5 4,981 3,946 3,946 79.2 79.2
36260 Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 469 260,726 12,280 18,490 4.7 7.1
Private 380 211,619 5,017 7,804 2.4 3.7
Public 89 49,106 7,263 10,685 14.8 21.8
36420 Oklahoma City, OK Total 727 603,925 54,454 79,157 9.0 13.1
Private 575 484,098 21,190 32,660 4.4 6.7
Public 152 119,827 33,263 46,497 27.8 38.8
36500 Olympia, WA Total 120 115,392 30,165 31,033 26.1 26.9
Private 75 72,803 6,569 6,569 9.0 9.0
Public 45 42,589 23,596 24,463 55.4 57.4
36540 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA Total 1,354 447,512 32,453 39,071 7.3 8.7
Private 1,166 387,538 17,281 19,222 4.5 5.0
Public 188 59,973 15,173 19,849 25.3 33.1
36740 Orlando, FL Total 785 987,512 30,775 40,708 3.1 4.1
Private 706 890,356 18,173 24,724 2.0 2.8
Public 79 97,156 12,602 15,984 13.0 16.5
36780 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 107 76,643 12,193 12,836 15.9 16.7
Private 92 66,373 7,753 8,397 11.7 12.7
Public 15 10,270 4,440 4,440 43.2 43.2
37100 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA Total 311 333,920 66,049 71,204 19.8 21.3
Private 263 280,641 38,255 41,306 13.6 14.7
Public 48 53,279 27,794 29,898 52.2 56.1
37340 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL Total 170 207,972 13,324 19,155 6.4 9.2
Private 143 175,182 4,808 7,044 2.7 4.0
Public 27 32,790 8,516 12,111 26.0 36.9
37460 Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL Total 68 80,121 1,062 1,062 1.3 1.3
Private 56 66,221 1,062 1,062 1.6 1.6
Public 12 13,900 0 0 0.0 0.0
37860 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL Total 130 158,295 6,962 14,205 4.4 9.0
Private 110 134,111 3,410 5,886 2.5 4.4
Public 20 24,184 3,552 8,319 14.7 34.4
37900 Peoria, IL Total 158 165,798 22,177 22,177 13.4 13.4
Private 143 150,395 15,926 15,926 10.6 10.6
Public 15 15,403 6,252 6,252 40.6 40.6
37980 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE Total 3,713 2,498,845 354,327 370,524 14.2 14.8
Private 3,207 2,187,299 182,914 192,482 8.4 8.8
Public 506 311,546 171,414 178,042 55.0 57.1
38060 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ Total 1,268 1,698,586 83,278 104,463 4.9 6.1
Private 1,107 1,488,260 47,277 51,111 3.2 3.4
Public 161 210,327 36,001 53,352 17.1 25.4
38300 Pittsburgh, PA Total 1,036 1,099,640 129,784 142,929 11.8 13.0
Private 929 987,138 73,743 81,554 7.5 8.3
Public 107 112,501 56,041 61,375 49.8 54.6
38940 Port St. Lucie-Fort Pierce, FL Total 136 169,367 3,687 3,687 2.2 2.2
Private 123 153,738 2,518 2,518 1.6 1.6
Public 13 15,629 1,170 1,170 7.5 7.5
76750 Portland-South Portland, ME Total 989 197,155 19,248 21,076 9.8 10.7
Private 839 168,154 4,370 5,037 2.6 3.0
Public 150 29,000 14,879 16,039 51.3 55.3
38900 Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA Total 1,276 938,566 135,918 145,276 14.5 15.5
Private 1,122 823,769 71,806 78,031 8.7 9.5
Public 154 114,797 64,112 67,245 55.8 58.6
39100 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY Total 243 296,489 83,742 91,527 28.2 30.9
Private 206 251,757 51,904 56,081 20.6 22.3
Public 37 44,732 31,838 35,446 71.2 79.2
39140 Prescott, AZ Total 45 55,955 1,303 1,303 2.3 2.3
Private 36 44,934 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 9 11,021 1,303 1,303 11.8 11.8
77200 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, MA-RI Total 2,830 570,808 91,235 95,536 16.0 16.7
Private 2,418 490,076 40,672 43,806 8.3 8.9
Public 412 80,732 50,562 51,730 62.6 64.1
39340 Provo-Orem, UT Total 331 181,328 4,627 6,305 2.6 3.5
Private 271 149,229 1,219 1,828 0.8 1.2
Public 60 32,099 3,408 4,477 10.6 13.9
39380 Pueblo, CO Total 146 83,885 7,380 8,564 8.8 10.2
Private 111 63,664 4,094 4,094 6.4 6.4
Public 35 20,222 3,285 4,470 16.2 22.1
39460 Punta Gorda, FL Total 38 45,857 5,004 6,214 10.9 13.6
Private 33 39,699 2,423 3,633 6.1 9.2
Public 5 6,158 2,581 2,581 41.9 41.9
39540 Racine, WI Total 144 100,940 18,505 19,110 18.3 18.9
Private 124 87,835 13,867 13,867 15.8 15.8
Public 20 13,104 4,638 5,243 35.4 40.0
39580 Raleigh-Cary, NC Total 497 605,716 21,629 29,004 3.6 4.8
Private 424 518,982 10,928 18,303 2.1 3.5
Public 73 86,734 10,702 10,702 12.3 12.3
39740 Reading, PA Total 163 172,670 10,028 10,028 5.8 5.8
Private 155 164,634 7,932 7,932 4.8 4.8
Public 8 8,036 2,096 2,096 26.1 26.1
39900 Reno-Sparks, NV Total 436 206,244 22,263 24,577 10.8 11.9
Private 374 178,540 10,419 10,921 5.8 6.1
Public 62 27,705 11,844 13,656 42.8 49.3
40060 Richmond, VA Total 645 594,291 27,401 32,450 4.6 5.5
Private 515 479,748 12,987 14,643 2.7 3.1
Public 130 114,543 14,414 17,807 12.6 15.5
40140 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Total 1,287 1,438,589 337,827 357,419 23.5 24.8
Private 1,028 1,152,617 160,315 172,542 13.9 15.0
Public 259 285,972 177,512 184,877 62.1 64.6
40220 Roanoke, VA Total 111 99,511 6,756 9,324 6.8 9.4
Private 84 75,730 4,254 5,925 5.6 7.8
Public 27 23,780 2,502 3,398 10.5 14.3
40380 Rochester, NY Total 436 497,774 89,916 91,979 18.1 18.5
Private 365 419,395 34,521 34,521 8.2 8.2
Public 71 78,379 55,395 57,458 70.7 73.3
77350 Rochester-Dover, NH-ME Total 371 60,772 5,635 6,913 9.3 11.4
Private 314 51,542 1,279 1,279 2.5 2.5
Public 57 9,229 4,356 5,634 47.2 61.0
40420 Rockford, IL Total 136 140,431 35,191 35,191 25.1 25.1
Private 109 113,887 13,415 13,415 11.8 11.8
Public 27 26,544 21,776 21,776 82.0 82.0
40900 Sacramento--Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA Total 754 823,253 186,420 210,251 22.6 25.5
Private 564 617,832 77,381 82,925 12.5 13.4
Public 190 205,421 109,039 127,325 53.1 62.0
40980 Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI Total 85 87,245 23,596 23,596 27.0 27.0
Private 75 77,465 16,809 16,809 21.7 21.7
Public 10 9,780 6,787 6,787 69.4 69.4
41420 Salem, OR Total 219 153,630 23,626 26,816 15.4 17.5
Private 177 126,071 8,826 9,594 7.0 7.6
Public 42 27,559 14,800 17,222 53.7 62.5
41500 Salinas, CA Total 158 173,004 19,456 21,531 11.2 12.4
Private 129 142,502 9,645 11,720 6.8 8.2
Public 29 30,503 9,810 9,810 32.2 32.2
41540 Salisbury, MD Total 94 55,759 3,478 3,478 6.2 6.2
Private 75 44,365 486 486 1.1 1.1
Public 19 11,394 2,992 2,992 26.3 26.3
41620 Salt Lake City, UT Total 1,021 566,677 21,740 26,890 3.8 4.7
Private 867 484,066 13,096 14,408 2.7 3.0
Public 154 82,611 8,644 12,482 10.5 15.1
41700 San Antonio, TX Total 744 900,624 38,300 47,508 4.3 5.3
Private 610 742,540 10,243 14,138 1.4 1.9
Public 134 158,084 28,057 33,370 17.7 21.1
41740 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA Total 1,096 1,158,826 171,360 178,827 14.8 15.4
Private 882 938,246 58,653 63,061 6.3 6.7
Public 214 220,580 112,707 115,766 51.1 52.5
41860 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA Total 1,816 2,050,055 328,739 336,497 16.0 16.4
Private 1,548 1,754,177 173,443 176,578 9.9 10.1
Public 268 295,878 155,296 159,919 52.5 54.0
41940 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Total 856 959,216 127,313 132,570 13.3 13.8
Private 759 851,187 62,644 66,769 7.4 7.8
Public 97 108,029 64,669 65,801 59.9 60.9
42020 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA Total 91 97,453 23,897 23,897 24.5 24.5
Private 69 74,162 6,450 6,450 8.7 8.7
Public 22 23,291 17,446 17,446 74.9 74.9
42060 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA Total 131 144,339 15,675 15,675 10.9 10.9
Private 107 118,115 3,145 3,145 2.7 2.7
Public 24 26,224 12,530 12,530 47.8 47.8
42140 Santa Fe, NM Total 56 35,372 561 561 1.6 1.6
Private 38 23,556 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 18 11,817 561 561 4.7 4.7
42220 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA Total 168 184,103 49,492 52,546 26.9 28.5
Private 132 145,162 20,129 20,129 13.9 13.9
Public 36 38,941 29,363 32,417 75.4 83.2
42100 Santa-Cruz-Watsonville, CA Total 87 94,444 14,133 15,130 15.0 16.0
Private 71 76,624 4,316 5,314 5.6 6.9
Public 16 17,820 9,817 9,817 55.1 55.1
42260 Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL Total 228 274,375 24,922 27,143 9.1 9.9
Private 190 229,317 10,447 12,669 4.6 5.5
Public 38 45,058 14,474 14,474 32.1 32.1
42340 Savannah, GA Total 259 288,805 14,282 14,282 4.9 4.9
Private 208 231,266 4,353 4,353 1.9 1.9
Public 51 57,538 9,929 9,929 17.3 17.3
42540 Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA Total 237 248,265 38,584 41,527 15.5 16.7
Private 203 213,575 16,347 17,235 7.7 8.1
Public 34 34,691 22,236 24,292 64.1 70.0
42660 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA Total 1,700 1,666,265 297,827 307,961 17.9 18.5
Private 1,476 1,452,669 174,225 183,569 12.0 12.6
Public 224 213,596 123,601 124,392 57.9 58.2
43340 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA Total 162 170,327 6,683 6,683 3.9 3.9
Private 125 131,504 3,017 3,017 2.3 2.3
Public 37 38,824 3,666 3,666 9.4 9.4
43620 Sioux Falls, SD Total 844 133,191 8,018 9,085 6.0 6.8
Private 762 120,603 4,436 4,856 3.7 4.0
Public 82 12,588 3,582 4,229 28.5 33.6
43780 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI Total 108 119,454 4,262 5,185 3.6 4.3
Private 98 109,218 4,262 5,185 3.9 4.7
Public 10 10,235 0 0 0.0 0.0
43900 Spartanburg, SC Total 117 107,859 0 3,150 0.0 2.9
Private 104 96,749 0 2,230 0.0 2.3
Public 13 11,110 0 920 0.0 8.3
44060 Spokane, WA Total 175 166,218 29,502 32,051 17.7 19.3
Private 149 144,150 18,144 20,692 12.6 14.4
Public 26 22,068 11,358 11,358 51.5 51.5
44100 Springfield, IL Total 102 108,227 21,522 21,522 19.9 19.9
Private 79 84,915 8,741 8,741 10.3 10.3
Public 23 23,311 12,780 12,780 54.8 54.8
78100 Springfield, MA-CT Total 232 262,328 47,179 49,382 18.0 18.8
Private 190 218,361 15,736 16,952 7.2 7.8
Public 42 43,967 31,443 32,430 71.5 73.8
44180 Springfield, MO Total 195 177,074 3,924 3,924 2.2 2.2
Private 167 152,715 2,903 2,903 1.9 1.9
Public 28 24,359 1,021 1,021 4.2 4.2
44220 Springfield, OH Total 43 48,742 3,211 3,211 6.6 6.6
Private 36 40,622 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 7 8,120 3,211 3,211 39.5 39.5
41060 St. Cloud, MN Total 126 72,321 10,840 10,840 15.0 15.0
Private 112 64,586 6,047 6,047 9.4 9.4
Public 14 7,735 4,793 4,793 62.0 62.0
41180 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 1,296 1,228,786 146,024 158,987 11.9 12.9
Private 1,140 1,081,015 102,420 110,557 9.5 10.2
Public 156 147,771 43,604 48,430 29.5 32.8
44700 Stockton, CA Total 273 321,841 53,942 56,011 16.8 17.4
Private 237 280,817 24,041 25,011 8.6 8.9
Public 36 41,023 29,901 31,001 72.9 75.6
45060 Syracuse, NY Total 243 264,842 61,210 63,502 23.1 24.0
Private 192 208,569 20,899 20,899 10.0 10.0
Public 51 56,274 40,311 42,604 71.6 75.7
45220 Tallahassee, FL Total 94 124,109 8,811 8,811 7.1 7.1
Private 67 89,740 2,625 2,625 2.9 2.9
Public 27 34,370 6,186 6,186 18.0 18.0
45300 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL Total 1,002 1,229,244 35,876 72,942 2.9 5.9
Private 880 1,083,115 11,026 34,267 1.0 3.2
Public 122 146,129 24,850 38,675 17.0 26.5
45780 Toledo, OH Total 266 272,164 56,311 57,610 20.7 21.2
Private 211 216,835 24,724 26,024 11.4 12.0
Public 55 55,329 31,587 31,587 57.1 57.1
45820 Topeka, KS Total 208 105,355 10,376 10,376 9.8 9.8
Private 163 83,565 5,913 5,913 7.1 7.1
Public 45 21,790 4,463 4,463 20.5 20.5
45940 Trenton-Ewing, NJ Total 118 130,399 22,567 22,567 17.3 17.3
Private 90 99,267 1,454 1,454 1.5 1.5
Public 28 31,132 21,114 21,114 67.8 67.8
46060 Tucson, AZ Total 325 449,431 17,356 18,568 3.9 4.1
Private 253 351,892 5,653 6,865 1.6 2.0
Public 72 97,538 11,703 11,703 12.0 12.0
46140 Tulsa, OK Total 479 404,444 28,350 29,150 7.0 7.2
Private 420 355,282 12,194 12,194 3.4 3.4
Public 59 49,162 16,156 16,956 32.9 34.5
46220 Tuscaloosa, AL Total 87 101,536 9,228 9,228 9.1 9.1
Private 69 81,129 4,573 4,573 5.6 5.6
Public 18 20,406 4,655 4,655 22.8 22.8
46540 Utica-Rome, NY Total 95 101,708 29,811 30,763 29.3 30.2
Private 73 79,474 11,483 11,483 14.4 14.4
Public 22 22,234 18,328 19,279 82.4 86.7
46660 Valdosta, GA Total 59 62,695 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 41 43,762 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 18 18,933 0 0 0.0 0.0
46700 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA Total 143 166,202 42,276 43,833 25.4 26.4
Private 112 129,035 21,858 21,858 16.9 16.9
Public 31 37,168 20,418 21,976 54.9 59.1
46940 Vero Beach, FL Total 78 92,522 4,438 4,438 4.8 4.8
Private 64 75,710 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 14 16,812 4,438 4,438 26.4 26.4
47020 Victoria, TX Total 149 176,072 6,757 7,859 3.8 4.5
Private 116 137,434 2,544 2,544 1.9 1.9
Public 33 38,637 4,213 5,315 10.9 13.8
47220 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ Total 65 74,369 19,788 19,788 26.6 26.6
Private 58 65,578 13,389 13,389 20.4 20.4
Public 7 8,791 6,399 6,399 72.8 72.8
47260 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Total 787 742,016 36,759 47,745 5.0 6.4
Private 604 573,207 21,242 27,744 3.7 4.8
Public 183 168,809 15,517 20,001 9.2 11.8
47300 Visalia-Porterville, CA Total 120 129,562 23,392 24,374 18.1 18.8
Private 91 98,943 4,212 4,212 4.3 4.3
Public 29 30,619 19,180 20,161 62.6 65.8
47380 Waco, TX Total 84 97,261 2,258 3,405 2.3 3.5
Private 69 79,787 0 1,147 0.0 1.4
Public 15 17,474 2,258 2,258 12.9 12.9
47580 Warner Robins, GA Total 65 72,007 0 6,461 0.0 9.0
Private 41 45,315 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 24 26,693 0 6,461 0.0 24.2
47900 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Total 5,934 2,839,846 258,539 302,942 9.1 10.7
Private 4,359 2,119,306 94,046 105,540 4.4 5.0
Public 1,575 720,540 164,493 197,402 22.8 27.4
78700 Waterbury, CT Total 186 76,210 13,053 14,227 17.1 18.7
Private 156 64,232 4,915 6,090 7.7 9.5
Public 30 11,978 8,138 8,138 67.9 67.9
47940 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA Total 243 99,977 12,312 13,160 12.3 13.2
Private 213 87,996 7,725 8,572 8.8 9.7
Public 30 11,981 4,587 4,587 38.3 38.3
48140 Wausau, WI Total 115 79,480 7,883 7,883 9.9 9.9
Private 105 72,985 6,580 6,580 9.0 9.0
Public 10 6,495 1,303 1,303 20.1 20.1
48620 Wichita, KS Total 482 245,619 29,389 33,123 12.0 13.5
Private 420 214,444 20,293 23,116 9.5 10.8
Public 62 31,175 9,097 10,007 29.2 32.1
49180 Winston-Salem, NC Total 164 194,275 2,546 3,335 1.3 1.7
Private 139 164,744 0 789 0.0 0.5
Public 25 29,531 2,546 2,546 8.6 8.6
79600 Worcester, MA-CT Total 194 220,853 26,106 28,035 11.8 12.7
Private 167 190,211 11,378 13,307 6.0 7.0
Public 27 30,641 14,728 14,728 48.1 48.1
49420 Yakima, WA Total 107 106,881 17,514 18,377 16.4 17.2
Private 85 85,804 4,741 4,741 5.5 5.5
Public 22 21,077 12,773 13,636 60.6 64.7
49620 York-Hanover, PA Total 173 180,943 19,392 22,362 10.7 12.4
Private 146 153,363 4,059 6,054 2.6 3.9
Public 27 27,580 15,333 16,308 55.6 59.1
49660 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH Total 191 199,860 44,816 49,898 22.4 25.0
Private 165 172,545 28,853 33,935 16.7 19.7
Public 26 27,315 15,962 15,962 58.4 58.4
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2013. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas in the CPS beginning May 2004 are based
on 2003 Census definitions; areas are not necessarily compatible with those from earlier years.
Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
2014 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.