Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Combined Statistical Area (CSA) and MSA, 2014 (details in table note)
Note: Sample size (Obs) for many cells are small and should be used with care.
Area definitions beginning May 2004 do not match prior definitions.
Codes Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CSAs (combination of 2 or more MSAs; separate MSAs are shown further down):
CSA Code
118 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 272 219,024 24,617 27,377 11.2 12.5
Private 236 190,544 15,412 16,892 8.1 8.9
Public 36 28,480 9,206 10,485 32.3 36.8
Priv Const 13 10,571 1,528 1,528 14.5 14.5
Priv Manuf 64 51,339 12,236 12,236 23.8 23.8
715 Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MS-NH-CT-ME Total 3,330 2,597,545 315,457 336,474 12.1 13.0
Private 2,886 2,246,653 113,810 126,922 5.1 5.6
Public 444 350,892 201,647 209,552 57.5 59.7
Priv Const 149 112,246 19,617 19,771 17.5 17.6
Priv Manuf 385 236,379 11,116 11,299 4.7 4.8
720 Bridgeport-New Haven-Stamford, CT Total 1,685 808,197 118,689 123,757 14.7 15.3
Private 1,463 703,967 48,628 50,507 6.9 7.2
Public 222 104,230 70,062 73,250 67.2 70.3
Priv Const 79 36,039 6,680 6,680 18.5 18.5
Priv Manuf 171 83,678 6,619 6,619 7.9 7.9
176 Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI Total 3,986 4,187,752 641,001 680,298 15.3 16.2
Private 3,495 3,677,103 354,215 378,911 9.6 10.3
Public 491 510,649 286,786 301,387 56.2 59.0
Priv Const 172 180,612 67,514 69,357 37.4 38.4
Priv Manuf 529 553,853 70,861 75,116 12.8 13.6
184 Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH Total 1,139 1,234,025 148,169 159,065 12.0 12.9
Private 1,015 1,101,974 74,870 79,605 6.8 7.2
Public 124 132,050 73,300 79,460 55.5 60.2
Priv Const 47 49,398 11,799 11,799 23.9 23.9
Priv Manuf 191 204,446 20,710 21,939 10.1 10.7
212 Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH Total 354 388,821 47,402 54,917 12.2 14.1
Private 298 327,453 20,817 23,995 6.4 7.3
Public 56 61,368 26,585 30,922 43.3 50.4
Priv Const 14 15,004 3,998 3,998 26.6 26.6
Priv Manuf 45 48,641 0 0 0.0 0.0
216 Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO Total 2,196 1,461,057 119,056 139,648 8.1 9.6
Private 1,859 1,233,202 70,527 78,415 5.7 6.4
Public 337 227,856 48,529 61,232 21.3 26.9
Priv Const 151 106,535 9,367 9,902 8.8 9.3
Priv Manuf 138 94,085 6,315 6,315 6.7 6.7
220 Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI Total 1,997 2,198,405 328,810 351,123 15.0 16.0
Private 1,779 1,963,311 203,908 219,862 10.4 11.2
Public 218 235,094 124,902 131,261 53.1 55.8
Priv Const 67 72,870 20,906 20,906 28.7 28.7
Priv Manuf 390 420,921 78,813 79,742 18.7 18.9
260 Fresno-Madera, CA Total 390 418,813 77,566 82,653 18.5 19.7
Private 287 312,431 17,518 19,402 5.6 6.2
Public 103 106,382 60,048 63,251 56.4 59.5
Priv Const 23 26,279 1,932 1,932 7.3 7.3
Priv Manuf 22 23,870 0 0 0.0 0.0
266 Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI Total 599 633,466 65,169 72,044 10.3 11.4
Private 540 573,646 36,892 43,045 6.4 7.5
Public 59 59,820 28,277 28,999 47.3 48.5
Priv Const 16 16,998 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 119 125,153 10,745 13,162 8.6 10.5
268 Greensboro--Winston-Salem-High Point, NC Total 487 572,387 15,814 21,757 2.8 3.8
Private 415 484,356 7,242 8,527 1.5 1.8
Public 72 88,031 8,573 13,231 9.7 15.0
Priv Const 23 30,734 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 104 119,481 3,569 4,854 3.0 4.1
272 Greenville-Anderson-Seneca, SC Total 344 322,884 5,175 7,298 1.6 2.3
Private 302 283,040 3,059 4,551 1.1 1.6
Public 42 39,844 2,117 2,747 5.3 6.9
Priv Const 19 17,409 837 1,628 4.8 9.4
Priv Manuf 57 52,652 1,056 1,056 2.0 2.0
290 Huntsville-Decatur, AL Total 300 279,488 25,236 32,567 9.0 11.7
Private 234 223,403 13,035 16,927 5.8 7.6
Public 66 56,085 12,201 15,640 21.8 27.9
Priv Const 14 13,661 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 49 48,669 2,398 2,398 4.9 4.9
294 Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN Total 778 850,284 57,249 67,278 6.7 7.9
Private 688 753,556 41,400 50,184 5.5 6.7
Public 90 96,728 15,849 17,095 16.4 17.7
Priv Const 40 44,672 13,839 17,537 31.0 39.3
Priv Manuf 110 119,223 12,222 13,140 10.3 11.0
304 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, VA Total 128 128,444 0 1,384 0.0 1.1
Private 102 104,779 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 26 23,665 0 1,384 0.0 5.8
Priv Const 4 3,969 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 19 19,870 0 0 0.0 0.0
348 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA Total 6,679 7,179,828 1,101,048 1,179,586 15.3 16.4
Private 5,754 6,195,972 549,971 603,105 8.9 9.7
Public 925 983,857 551,076 576,481 56.0 58.6
Priv Const 341 375,027 46,907 50,546 12.5 13.5
Priv Manuf 775 831,368 47,845 53,260 5.8 6.4
356 Macon-Warner-Robins-Fort Valley, GA Total 123 142,238 10,273 12,397 7.2 8.7
Private 94 110,620 2,292 2,292 2.1 2.1
Public 29 31,618 7,981 10,105 25.2 32.0
Priv Const 3 4,162 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 11 11,530 0 0 0.0 0.0
376 Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI Total 999 759,478 77,143 81,536 10.2 10.7
Private 883 671,634 47,650 50,771 7.1 7.6
Public 116 87,844 29,494 30,766 33.6 35.0
Priv Const 34 25,351 9,349 9,349 36.9 36.9
Priv Manuf 193 144,570 18,725 18,725 13.0 13.0
378 Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI Total 2,616 1,695,941 232,176 244,074 13.7 14.4
Private 2,275 1,476,762 110,162 118,634 7.5 8.0
Public 341 219,178 122,014 125,440 55.7 57.2
Priv Const 100 65,444 26,193 26,701 40.0 40.8
Priv Manuf 381 242,053 12,340 14,321 5.1 5.9
408 New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 7,472 8,650,118 1,841,900 1,938,694 21.3 22.4
Private 6,323 7,347,263 950,778 1,024,079 12.9 13.9
Public 1,149 1,302,855 891,122 914,615 68.4 70.2
Priv Const 374 445,568 123,489 127,258 27.7 28.6
Priv Manuf 461 527,203 44,104 47,311 8.4 9.0
428 Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 3,721 2,613,479 369,748 392,460 14.1 15.0
Private 3,272 2,315,452 188,947 204,624 8.2 8.8
Public 449 298,027 180,801 187,835 60.7 63.0
Priv Const 166 107,543 24,283 27,289 22.6 25.4
Priv Manuf 348 252,625 30,331 30,580 12.0 12.1
450 Raleigh-Durham-Cary, NC Total 738 873,081 8,705 16,020 1.0 1.8
Private 621 733,895 1,171 2,344 0.2 0.3
Public 117 139,186 7,534 13,676 5.4 9.8
Priv Const 50 61,063 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 52 60,073 0 0 0.0 0.0
482 Salt Lake City-Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 1,477 814,622 33,705 39,936 4.1 4.9
Private 1,218 671,144 15,442 18,062 2.3 2.7
Public 259 143,478 18,263 21,874 12.7 15.2
Priv Const 107 63,546 1,031 1,518 1.6 2.4
Priv Manuf 165 91,478 2,604 3,016 2.8 3.3
488 San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Total 3,189 3,627,609 618,011 648,944 17.0 17.9
Private 2,721 3,102,209 315,918 332,192 10.2 10.7
Public 468 525,399 302,093 316,751 57.5 60.3
Priv Const 160 186,248 45,419 46,967 24.4 25.2
Priv Manuf 370 419,249 26,310 28,280 6.3 6.7
500 Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA part Total 1,864 1,829,848 310,816 339,976 17.0 18.6
Private 1,591 1,568,969 181,472 195,892 11.6 12.5
Public 273 260,879 129,345 144,084 49.6 55.2
Priv Const 99 100,604 27,680 29,856 27.5 29.7
Priv Manuf 213 212,348 42,841 45,505 20.2 21.4
548 Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV Total 7,591 4,120,427 394,726 456,400 9.6 11.1
Private 5,629 3,087,837 134,936 159,888 4.4 5.2
Public 1,962 1,032,590 259,789 296,512 25.2 28.7
Priv Const 335 223,396 14,876 20,436 6.7 9.1
Priv Manuf 210 141,729 10,282 10,713 7.3 7.6
MSAs (sorted alphabetically):
FIPS Code
10420 Akron, OH Total 312 340,042 36,751 40,923 10.8 12.0
Private 282 308,189 18,294 20,512 5.9 6.7
Public 30 31,853 18,458 20,412 57.9 64.1
10500 Albany, GA Total 90 97,094 7,116 8,304 7.3 8.6
Private 64 69,750 6,151 7,339 8.8 10.5
Public 26 27,344 965 965 3.5 3.5
10580 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Total 374 419,270 156,636 169,051 37.4 40.3
Private 287 322,717 83,049 94,400 25.7 29.3
Public 87 96,553 73,588 74,651 76.2 77.3
10740 Albuquerque, NM Total 786 398,411 24,631 32,476 6.2 8.2
Private 576 287,937 9,926 10,690 3.4 3.7
Public 210 110,474 14,705 21,786 13.3 19.7
10900 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Total 384 409,620 49,563 51,604 12.1 12.6
Private 343 365,178 31,410 32,509 8.6 8.9
Public 41 44,442 18,153 19,095 40.8 43.0
11020 Altoona, PA Total 91 98,208 17,127 18,096 17.4 18.4
Private 76 82,252 5,260 5,260 6.4 6.4
Public 15 15,956 11,867 12,836 74.4 80.4
11100 Amarillo, TX Total 92 109,417 6,400 8,414 5.8 7.7
Private 79 95,592 3,453 4,362 3.6 4.6
Public 13 13,825 2,947 4,052 21.3 29.3
11300 Anderson, IN Total 55 56,484 6,817 6,817 12.1 12.1
Private 51 52,316 6,817 6,817 13.0 13.0
Public 4 4,168 0 0 0.0 0.0
11340 Anderson, SC Total 66 58,680 0 701 0.0 1.2
Private 58 52,070 0 701 0.0 1.3
Public 8 6,610 0 0 0.0 0.0
11460 Ann Arbor, MI Total 134 147,170 19,666 22,058 13.4 15.0
Private 107 117,044 8,350 10,743 7.1 9.2
Public 27 30,126 11,315 11,315 37.6 37.6
11500 Anniston-Oxford, AL Total 83 98,848 4,116 6,064 4.2 6.1
Private 65 78,820 3,099 3,099 3.9 3.9
Public 18 20,029 1,018 2,965 5.1 14.8
11540 Appleton,WI Total 175 145,028 16,902 18,382 11.7 12.7
Private 148 123,070 8,579 10,059 7.0 8.2
Public 27 21,958 8,323 8,323 37.9 37.9
11700 Asheville, NC Total 126 156,043 1,143 2,430 0.7 1.6
Private 105 129,713 0 1,288 0.0 1.0
Public 21 26,331 1,143 1,143 4.3 4.3
12020 Athens-Clark County, GA Total 59 64,700 1,914 1,914 3.0 3.0
Private 39 42,637 1,914 1,914 4.5 4.5
Public 20 22,064 0 0 0.0 0.0
12060 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA Total 2,000 2,371,577 100,382 106,991 4.2 4.5
Private 1,742 2,069,829 64,604 69,192 3.1 3.3
Public 258 301,748 35,778 37,799 11.9 12.5
12100 Atlantic City, NJ Total 131 138,294 41,557 44,765 30.0 32.4
Private 103 108,286 24,403 24,403 22.5 22.5
Public 28 30,008 17,154 20,362 57.2 67.9
12260 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Total 177 188,144 17,055 24,720 9.1 13.1
Private 144 152,385 7,190 12,862 4.7 8.4
Public 33 35,759 9,865 11,858 27.6 33.2
12420 Austin-Round Rock, TX Total 744 892,103 24,105 28,760 2.7 3.2
Private 617 740,445 7,058 10,806 1.0 1.5
Public 127 151,659 17,047 17,954 11.2 11.8
12540 Bakersfield, CA Total 282 301,623 44,047 47,099 14.6 15.6
Private 231 249,430 15,892 17,921 6.4 7.2
Public 51 52,192 28,155 29,178 53.9 55.9
12580 Baltimore-Towson, MD Total 1,771 1,245,454 136,382 147,290 11.0 11.8
Private 1,385 978,928 45,738 50,639 4.7 5.2
Public 386 266,526 90,644 96,651 34.0 36.3
70750 Bangor, ME Total 244 59,565 5,693 6,734 9.6 11.3
Private 204 50,243 2,902 2,902 5.8 5.8
Public 40 9,321 2,791 3,832 29.9 41.1
70900 Barnstable Town, MA Total 65 70,385 12,564 14,702 17.9 20.9
Private 55 60,635 5,998 7,103 9.9 11.7
Public 10 9,750 6,566 7,599 67.3 77.9
12940 Baton Rouge, LA Total 439 379,070 20,171 23,588 5.3 6.2
Private 363 316,859 15,503 16,864 4.9 5.3
Public 76 62,211 4,668 6,725 7.5 10.8
13140 Beaumont-Port Author, TX Total 143 168,676 16,576 16,576 9.8 9.8
Private 121 143,739 11,860 11,860 8.3 8.3
Public 22 24,937 4,717 4,717 18.9 18.9
13380 Bellingham, WA Total 99 104,544 10,166 10,166 9.7 9.7
Private 90 96,155 3,513 3,513 3.7 3.7
Public 9 8,389 6,653 6,653 79.3 79.3
13460 Bend, OR Total 158 108,184 8,098 8,811 7.5 8.1
Private 142 97,441 3,449 3,449 3.5 3.5
Public 16 10,742 4,649 5,362 43.3 49.9
13740 Billings, MT Total 341 77,584 8,066 9,315 10.4 12.0
Private 317 72,290 5,703 6,333 7.9 8.8
Public 24 5,295 2,364 2,981 44.6 56.3
13780 Binghamton, NY Total 101 103,642 27,959 28,909 27.0 27.9
Private 70 74,601 6,271 7,221 8.4 9.7
Public 31 29,041 21,688 21,688 74.7 74.7
13820 Birmingham-Hoover, AL Total 536 519,698 78,061 85,658 15.0 16.5
Private 455 442,344 49,577 55,335 11.2 12.5
Public 81 77,354 28,484 30,323 36.8 39.2
14020 Bloomington, IN Total 127 147,342 26,205 27,201 17.8 18.5
Private 100 118,936 17,739 17,739 14.9 14.9
Public 27 28,406 8,466 9,462 29.8 33.3
14060 Bloomington-Normal IL Total 85 94,764 6,870 6,870 7.2 7.2
Private 76 84,268 2,177 2,177 2.6 2.6
Public 9 10,496 4,693 4,693 44.7 44.7
14260 Boise City-Nampa, ID Total 812 271,138 12,874 17,364 4.7 6.4
Private 671 224,675 5,232 6,671 2.3 3.0
Public 141 46,463 7,643 10,693 16.4 23.0
71650 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH Total 3,033 2,274,787 271,485 290,743 11.9 12.8
Private 2,637 1,975,919 94,666 106,019 4.8 5.4
Public 396 298,868 176,819 184,724 59.2 61.8
14500 Boulder, CO Total 257 167,781 8,412 11,502 5.0 6.9
Private 214 139,676 3,213 4,818 2.3 3.4
Public 43 28,105 5,199 6,685 18.5 23.8
14540 Bowling Green, KY Total 57 44,431 2,426 3,817 5.5 8.6
Private 46 35,920 1,698 3,089 4.7 8.6
Public 11 8,512 728 728 8.6 8.6
14740 Bremerton-Silverdale, WA Total 83 79,141 19,843 20,734 25.1 26.2
Private 52 50,050 4,566 4,566 9.1 9.1
Public 31 29,090 15,277 16,168 52.5 55.6
71950 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT Total 784 370,404 49,494 52,020 13.4 14.0
Private 682 321,981 15,732 16,166 4.9 5.0
Public 102 48,423 33,762 35,855 69.7 74.0
15180 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX Total 85 99,092 1,072 4,726 1.1 4.8
Private 63 74,152 0 2,574 0.0 3.5
Public 22 24,940 1,072 2,153 4.3 8.6
15380 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY Total 430 489,178 122,252 124,348 25.0 25.4
Private 366 418,515 68,032 68,032 16.3 16.3
Public 64 70,663 54,219 56,315 76.7 79.7
72400 Burlington-South Burlington, VT Total 910 109,777 12,223 14,087 11.1 12.8
Private 768 93,445 4,985 5,759 5.3 6.2
Public 142 16,332 7,238 8,328 44.3 51.0
15940 Canton-Massillon, OH Total 177 176,336 24,233 30,095 13.7 17.1
Private 152 150,763 14,289 15,231 9.5 10.1
Public 25 25,573 9,945 14,864 38.9 58.1
15980 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL Total 221 282,518 12,320 13,693 4.4 4.8
Private 196 252,708 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 25 29,810 12,320 13,693 41.3 45.9
16300 Cedar Rapids, IA Total 191 88,872 10,656 11,921 12.0 13.4
Private 167 78,030 5,916 5,916 7.6 7.6
Public 24 10,842 4,740 6,005 43.7 55.4
16580 Champaign-Urbana, IL Total 145 154,268 22,629 23,739 14.7 15.4
Private 96 100,726 6,118 6,118 6.1 6.1
Public 49 53,542 16,512 17,621 30.8 32.9
16620 Charleston, WV Total 399 142,297 6,768 8,367 4.8 5.9
Private 326 116,321 4,589 4,964 3.9 4.3
Public 73 25,976 2,178 3,403 8.4 13.1
16700 Charleston-North Charleston, SC Total 337 303,532 2,373 2,373 0.8 0.8
Private 276 250,022 797 797 0.3 0.3
Public 61 53,510 1,576 1,576 2.9 2.9
16740 Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC Total 747 869,034 20,163 22,457 2.3 2.6
Private 679 791,463 16,811 17,804 2.1 2.2
Public 68 77,571 3,351 4,652 4.3 6.0
16860 Chattanooga, TN-GA Total 197 215,699 17,379 17,379 8.1 8.1
Private 164 180,824 5,131 5,131 2.8 2.8
Public 33 34,875 12,249 12,249 35.1 35.1
16980 Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IN-IN-WI Total 3,849 4,036,097 618,593 655,702 15.3 16.2
Private 3,377 3,545,269 342,039 366,735 9.6 10.3
Public 472 490,828 276,554 288,967 56.3 58.9
17020 Chico, CA Total 68 73,608 6,278 8,637 8.5 11.7
Private 53 57,278 1,295 1,295 2.3 2.3
Public 15 16,330 4,983 7,342 30.5 45.0
17140 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Total 937 934,108 93,928 115,522 10.1 12.4
Private 850 851,466 63,849 80,763 7.5 9.5
Public 87 82,643 30,079 34,759 36.4 42.1
17460 Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Total 827 893,982 111,418 118,142 12.5 13.2
Private 733 793,785 56,576 59,093 7.1 7.4
Public 94 100,197 54,842 59,049 54.7 58.9
17660 Coeur d'Alene, ID Total 184 61,419 5,404 5,404 8.8 8.8
Private 149 49,903 2,031 2,031 4.1 4.1
Public 35 11,516 3,373 3,373 29.3 29.3
17820 Colorado Springs, CO Total 377 242,838 65,436 68,119 26.9 28.1
Private 305 196,612 49,035 49,661 24.9 25.3
Public 72 46,226 16,402 18,457 35.5 39.9
17860 Columbia, MO Total 86 87,061 3,436 6,015 3.9 6.9
Private 55 56,760 3,436 3,436 6.1 6.1
Public 31 30,302 0 2,579 0.0 8.5
17900 Columbia, SC Total 397 367,056 4,148 7,427 1.1 2.0
Private 334 311,943 818 818 0.3 0.3
Public 63 55,113 3,330 6,610 6.0 12.0
17980 Columbus, GA-AL Total 84 93,612 3,129 5,166 3.3 5.5
Private 70 77,799 987 987 1.3 1.3
Public 14 15,813 2,142 4,178 13.5 26.4
18140 Columbus, OH Total 686 792,712 69,845 81,228 8.8 10.2
Private 569 659,130 20,749 26,545 3.1 4.0
Public 117 133,582 49,096 54,683 36.8 40.9
18580 Corpus Christi, TX Total 154 179,505 12,751 21,120 7.1 11.8
Private 126 147,723 8,230 12,091 5.6 8.2
Public 28 31,782 4,521 9,029 14.2 28.4
19100 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Total 2,586 3,128,909 166,135 205,092 5.3 6.6
Private 2,288 2,774,443 88,540 118,288 3.2 4.3
Public 298 354,466 77,595 86,804 21.9 24.5
72850 Danbury, CT Total 119 51,547 5,660 5,660 11.0 11.0
Private 107 45,127 1,129 1,129 2.5 2.5
Public 12 6,420 4,531 4,531 70.6 70.6
19340 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL Total 268 174,426 23,315 24,170 13.4 13.9
Private 243 159,861 17,483 18,338 10.9 11.5
Public 25 14,565 5,832 5,832 40.0 40.0
19380 Dayton, OH Total 318 348,414 42,889 49,282 12.3 14.1
Private 266 292,003 19,555 21,609 6.7 7.4
Public 52 56,411 23,335 27,672 41.4 49.1
19460 Decatur, Al Total 78 88,746 12,023 13,606 13.5 15.3
Private 65 72,649 4,351 4,351 6.0 6.0
Public 13 16,097 7,671 9,254 47.7 57.5
19500 Decatur, IL Total 107 113,485 23,432 23,432 20.6 20.6
Private 91 96,830 12,034 12,034 12.4 12.4
Public 16 16,655 11,398 11,398 68.4 68.4
19660 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL Total 169 212,482 11,722 14,061 5.5 6.6
Private 159 199,744 8,873 8,873 4.4 4.4
Public 10 12,738 2,849 5,189 22.4 40.7
19740 Denver-Aurora, CO Total 1,939 1,293,276 110,644 128,145 8.6 9.9
Private 1,645 1,093,526 67,314 73,598 6.2 6.7
Public 294 199,750 43,330 54,548 21.7 27.3
19780 Des Moines, IA Total 679 319,104 30,054 35,891 9.4 11.2
Private 594 279,689 16,546 19,113 5.9 6.8
Public 85 39,415 13,507 16,778 34.3 42.6
19820 Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Total 1,594 1,757,055 261,053 277,673 14.9 15.8
Private 1,426 1,576,349 161,664 171,925 10.3 10.9
Public 168 180,706 99,389 105,747 55.0 58.5
20100 Dover, DE Total 441 68,660 8,425 9,066 12.3 13.2
Private 309 48,835 2,185 2,411 4.5 4.9
Public 132 19,825 6,240 6,655 31.5 33.6
20260 Duluth, MN-WI Total 178 100,271 29,971 29,971 29.9 29.9
Private 146 82,254 16,042 16,042 19.5 19.5
Public 32 18,017 13,929 13,929 77.3 77.3
20500 Durham, NC Total 229 274,683 3,516 3,516 1.3 1.3
Private 180 214,679 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 49 60,004 3,516 3,516 5.9 5.9
20740 Eau Claire, WI Total 130 93,734 7,929 7,929 8.5 8.5
Private 118 85,491 5,542 5,542 6.5 6.5
Public 12 8,244 2,387 2,387 29.0 29.0
20940 El Centro, CA Total 74 78,286 22,410 23,524 28.6 30.0
Private 50 52,508 3,187 3,187 6.1 6.1
Public 24 25,779 19,223 20,337 74.6 78.9
21340 El Paso, TX Total 265 310,177 22,621 41,573 7.3 13.4
Private 195 231,300 5,139 9,715 2.2 4.2
Public 70 78,876 17,482 31,857 22.2 40.4
21500 Erie, PA Total 104 113,687 21,742 21,742 19.1 19.1
Private 95 103,809 15,032 15,032 14.5 14.5
Public 9 9,878 6,709 6,709 67.9 67.9
21660 Eugene-Springfield, OR Total 186 126,275 23,036 24,148 18.2 19.1
Private 141 95,195 5,967 5,967 6.3 6.3
Public 45 31,080 17,070 18,181 54.9 58.5
21780 Evansville, IN-KY Total 110 122,959 10,138 11,089 8.2 9.0
Private 102 115,281 8,058 8,058 7.0 7.0
Public 8 7,678 2,081 3,032 27.1 39.5
22020 Fargo, ND-MN Total 708 98,239 6,051 7,415 6.2 7.5
Private 612 85,258 2,516 3,037 3.0 3.6
Public 96 12,981 3,535 4,378 27.2 33.7
22140 Farmington, NM Total 74 32,231 1,529 2,010 4.7 6.2
Private 60 26,565 991 991 3.7 3.7
Public 14 5,666 538 1,019 9.5 18.0
22180 Fayetteville, NC Total 90 116,701 2,670 3,610 2.3 3.1
Private 66 87,681 2,670 3,610 3.0 4.1
Public 24 29,019 0 0 0.0 0.0
22220 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO Total 385 230,438 7,309 8,377 3.2 3.6
Private 351 209,255 2,217 2,711 1.1 1.3
Public 34 21,182 5,092 5,666 24.0 26.7
22420 Flint, MI Total 148 160,153 23,185 26,486 14.5 16.5
Private 129 139,602 10,961 14,262 7.9 10.2
Public 19 20,551 12,224 12,224 59.5 59.5
22460 Florence, AL Total 122 117,765 12,382 13,019 10.5 11.1
Private 97 91,856 5,196 5,196 5.7 5.7
Public 25 25,909 7,186 7,823 27.7 30.2
22660 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO Total 239 157,427 4,047 5,219 2.6 3.3
Private 201 132,998 1,501 1,501 1.1 1.1
Public 38 24,429 2,546 3,718 10.4 15.2
22900 Fort Smith, AR-OK Total 148 82,393 5,507 6,076 6.7 7.4
Private 133 73,676 2,793 3,362 3.8 4.6
Public 15 8,717 2,714 2,714 31.1 31.1
23020 Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL Total 105 136,342 2,625 4,478 1.9 3.3
Private 95 124,543 0 1,853 0.0 1.5
Public 10 11,799 2,625 2,625 22.3 22.3
23060 Fort Wayne, IN Total 193 211,690 23,386 27,974 11.0 13.2
Private 171 188,357 13,887 18,476 7.4 9.8
Public 22 23,333 9,498 9,498 40.7 40.7
23420 Fresno, CA Total 323 350,305 63,469 68,556 18.1 19.6
Private 239 262,624 12,763 14,647 4.9 5.6
Public 84 87,680 50,706 53,909 57.8 61.5
23540 Gainesville, FL Total 91 112,859 7,912 9,147 7.0 8.1
Private 62 77,086 1,466 1,466 1.9 1.9
Public 29 35,773 6,445 7,680 18.0 21.5
24340 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI Total 425 453,465 40,840 45,801 9.0 10.1
Private 384 411,663 21,104 26,065 5.1 6.3
Public 41 41,802 19,736 19,736 47.2 47.2
24540 Greeley, CO Total 169 112,675 7,569 8,616 6.7 7.6
Private 138 90,852 6,510 7,557 7.2 8.3
Public 31 21,822 1,059 1,059 4.9 4.9
24580 Green Bay, WI Total 195 154,823 11,407 12,602 7.4 8.1
Private 165 132,857 5,228 6,423 3.9 4.8
Public 30 21,966 6,179 6,179 28.1 28.1
24660 Greensboro-High Point, NC Total 311 368,921 8,055 11,520 2.2 3.1
Private 260 304,964 2,460 3,745 0.8 1.2
Public 51 63,957 5,595 7,775 8.7 12.2
24860 Greenville, SC Total 278 264,204 5,175 6,597 2.0 2.5
Private 244 230,970 3,059 3,850 1.3 1.7
Public 34 33,234 2,117 2,747 6.4 8.3
25060 Gulfport-Biloxi, MS Total 63 45,289 1,544 1,544 3.4 3.4
Private 55 39,715 1,544 1,544 3.9 3.9
Public 8 5,574 0 0 0.0 0.0
25180 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Total 126 59,589 11,238 11,409 18.9 19.1
Private 97 46,775 4,040 4,040 8.6 8.6
Public 29 12,813 7,198 7,369 56.2 57.5
25420 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Total 249 269,265 34,546 34,546 12.8 12.8
Private 204 221,166 12,221 12,221 5.5 5.5
Public 45 48,098 22,324 22,324 46.4 46.4
25500 Harrisonburg, VA Total 86 77,783 2,557 2,557 3.3 3.3
Private 71 65,127 1,823 1,823 2.8 2.8
Public 15 12,657 735 735 5.8 5.8
73450 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Total 1,096 520,981 72,728 78,229 14.0 15.0
Private 934 446,093 30,373 33,450 6.8 7.5
Public 162 74,888 42,355 44,779 56.6 59.8
25860 Hickory-Morgantown-Lenoir, NC Total 106 128,100 4,305 6,397 3.4 5.0
Private 87 103,360 1,036 2,074 1.0 2.0
Public 19 24,740 3,269 4,324 13.2 17.5
26100 Holland-Grand Haven, MI Total 92 94,672 11,785 11,785 12.4 12.4
Private 86 88,532 7,454 7,454 8.4 8.4
Public 6 6,140 4,331 4,331 70.5 70.5
26180 Honolulu, HI Total 1,974 440,166 89,333 95,493 20.3 21.7
Private 1,515 340,087 43,769 45,237 12.9 13.3
Public 459 100,079 45,564 50,257 45.5 50.2
26420 Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX Total 2,215 2,924,006 156,508 194,303 5.4 6.6
Private 1,954 2,578,041 81,471 108,940 3.2 4.2
Public 261 345,965 75,037 85,364 21.7 24.7
26580 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Total 205 62,103 6,542 7,291 10.5 11.7
Private 148 45,755 3,395 3,395 7.4 7.4
Public 57 16,348 3,146 3,896 19.2 23.8
26620 Huntsville, AL Total 242 215,212 20,451 27,782 9.5 12.9
Private 184 167,856 10,137 14,029 6.0 8.4
Public 58 47,356 10,314 13,754 21.8 29.0
26900 Indianapolis, IN Total 723 793,800 50,432 60,461 6.4 7.6
Private 637 701,240 34,583 43,367 4.9 6.2
Public 86 92,560 15,849 17,095 17.1 18.5
26980 Iowa City, IA Total 194 97,672 12,532 20,227 12.8 20.7
Private 109 54,274 3,376 3,676 6.2 6.8
Public 85 43,398 9,156 16,551 21.1 38.1
27100 Jackson, MI Total 98 100,939 21,597 27,686 21.4 27.4
Private 79 81,182 12,562 15,446 15.5 19.0
Public 19 19,757 9,035 12,240 45.7 62.0
27140 Jackson, MS Total 360 222,827 4,183 4,601 1.9 2.1
Private 271 166,134 2,603 2,603 1.6 1.6
Public 89 56,693 1,580 1,998 2.8 3.5
27260 Jacksonville, FL Total 541 684,610 62,956 71,427 9.2 10.4
Private 469 596,482 30,734 34,482 5.2 5.8
Public 72 88,128 32,221 36,945 36.6 41.9
27340 Jacksonville, NC Total 77 88,982 3,923 10,228 4.4 11.5
Private 49 57,725 1,633 2,775 2.8 4.8
Public 28 31,257 2,290 7,453 7.3 23.8
27500 Janesville, WI Total 96 80,754 9,629 9,629 11.9 11.9
Private 84 70,481 5,848 5,848 8.3 8.3
Public 12 10,274 3,781 3,781 36.8 36.8
27740 Johnson City, TN Total 70 67,498 0 1,384 0.0 2.1
Private 56 54,080 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 14 13,418 0 1,384 0.0 10.3
27780 Johnstown, PA Total 68 71,680 15,592 15,592 21.8 21.8
Private 52 55,234 5,462 5,462 9.9 9.9
Public 16 16,446 10,130 10,130 61.6 61.6
27900 Joplin, MO Total 88 83,642 1,601 1,601 1.9 1.9
Private 80 76,550 1,601 1,601 2.1 2.1
Public 8 7,092 0 0 0.0 0.0
28020 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI Total 134 137,167 23,615 26,440 17.2 19.3
Private 114 118,032 8,775 10,654 7.4 9.0
Public 20 19,135 14,840 15,785 77.6 82.5
28100 Kankakee-Bradley, IL Total 67 72,076 13,914 14,960 19.3 20.8
Private 55 59,588 5,801 5,801 9.7 9.7
Public 12 12,488 8,113 9,159 65.0 73.3
28140 Kansas City, MO-KS Total 1,279 908,107 73,473 84,821 8.1 9.3
Private 1,105 784,915 44,702 48,954 5.7 6.2
Public 174 123,192 28,771 35,867 23.4 29.1
28660 Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX Total 103 118,700 7,586 7,586 6.4 6.4
Private 81 93,983 3,448 3,448 3.7 3.7
Public 22 24,717 4,138 4,138 16.7 16.7
28700 Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA Total 58 60,946 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 46 50,699 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 12 10,247 0 0 0.0 0.0
28740 Kingston, NY Total 74 87,146 17,677 20,045 20.3 23.0
Private 56 66,131 968 2,290 1.5 3.5
Public 18 21,015 16,709 17,755 79.5 84.5
28940 Knoxville, TN Total 277 281,850 11,610 12,910 4.1 4.6
Private 227 232,031 2,144 3,443 0.9 1.5
Public 50 49,819 9,467 9,467 19.0 19.0
29100 La Crosse, WI Total 173 128,653 12,084 12,752 9.4 9.9
Private 142 107,007 5,380 5,380 5.0 5.0
Public 31 21,646 6,704 7,373 31.0 34.1
29180 Lafayette, LA Total 236 222,110 8,025 8,025 3.6 3.6
Private 196 188,204 3,634 3,634 1.9 1.9
Public 40 33,906 4,391 4,391 13.0 13.0
29340 Lake Charles, LA Total 94 88,291 11,103 13,574 12.6 15.4
Private 83 78,210 8,975 8,975 11.5 11.5
Public 11 10,081 2,128 4,599 21.1 45.6
29460 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL Total 160 201,526 9,567 12,083 4.7 6.0
Private 138 172,886 3,448 4,411 2.0 2.6
Public 22 28,640 6,119 7,672 21.4 26.8
29540 Lancaster, PA Total 203 220,889 19,462 22,628 8.8 10.2
Private 187 202,807 11,177 14,344 5.5 7.1
Public 16 18,082 8,284 8,284 45.8 45.8
29620 Lansing-East Lansing, MI Total 172 181,920 34,408 37,528 18.9 20.6
Private 144 153,831 23,597 25,875 15.3 16.8
Public 28 28,089 10,811 11,652 38.5 41.5
29700 Laredo, TX Total 103 118,154 5,627 5,627 4.8 4.8
Private 78 89,332 1,925 1,925 2.2 2.2
Public 25 28,821 3,702 3,702 12.8 12.8
29740 Las Cruses, NM Total 160 79,893 4,318 6,479 5.4 8.1
Private 113 55,895 2,255 3,565 4.0 6.4
Public 47 23,998 2,063 2,914 8.6 12.1
29820 Las Vegas-Paradise, NM Total 1,643 840,136 145,557 163,908 17.3 19.5
Private 1,450 744,120 113,386 122,817 15.2 16.5
Public 193 96,016 32,171 41,092 33.5 42.8
29940 Lawrence, KS Total 151 76,287 7,173 8,100 9.4 10.6
Private 108 54,743 4,580 4,580 8.4 8.4
Public 43 21,544 2,592 3,520 12.0 16.3
30020 Lawton, OK Total 83 68,696 857 3,839 1.2 5.6
Private 68 57,361 0 1,493 0.0 2.6
Public 15 11,336 857 2,346 7.6 20.7
74500 Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner, MA Total 58 64,772 13,521 13,521 20.9 20.9
Private 45 51,161 7,682 7,682 15.0 15.0
Public 13 13,612 5,839 5,839 42.9 42.9
30460 Lexington-Fayette, KY Total 306 241,395 11,366 14,505 4.7 6.0
Private 250 197,262 8,289 9,082 4.2 4.6
Public 56 44,133 3,076 5,423 7.0 12.3
30780 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Total 520 304,604 17,243 19,062 5.7 6.3
Private 432 254,026 8,422 10,241 3.3 4.0
Public 88 50,578 8,821 8,821 17.4 17.4
30980 Longview, TX Total 95 110,931 2,904 5,026 2.6 4.5
Private 86 100,788 1,634 3,756 1.6 3.7
Public 9 10,142 1,270 1,270 12.5 12.5
31100 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA Total 5,049 5,334,199 734,622 789,211 13.8 14.8
Private 4,428 4,686,678 373,329 412,361 8.0 8.8
Public 621 647,520 361,293 376,850 55.8 58.2
31140 Louisville, KY-IN Total 627 529,298 83,023 94,089 15.7 17.8
Private 536 453,478 47,201 56,062 10.4 12.4
Public 91 75,820 35,821 38,026 47.2 50.2
31180 Lubbock, TX Total 74 87,515 13,599 20,761 15.5 23.7
Private 60 70,860 7,211 13,293 10.2 18.8
Public 14 16,654 6,388 7,468 38.4 44.8
31340 Lynchburg, VA Total 96 92,264 4,521 5,264 4.9 5.7
Private 81 77,802 1,807 2,551 2.3 3.3
Public 15 14,462 2,713 2,713 18.8 18.8
31420 Macon,, GA Total 53 62,016 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 46 54,513 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 7 7,504 0 0 0.0 0.0
31460 Madera, CA Total 75 76,805 14,097 14,097 18.4 18.4
Private 54 55,998 4,755 4,755 8.5 8.5
Public 21 20,808 9,342 9,342 44.9 44.9
31540 Madison, WI Total 390 339,738 40,116 45,612 11.8 13.4
Private 291 256,651 15,108 17,584 5.9 6.9
Public 99 83,087 25,008 28,028 30.1 33.7
32580 McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX Total 197 231,885 948 2,064 0.4 0.9
Private 167 197,897 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 30 33,988 948 2,064 2.8 6.1
32780 Medford, OR Total 115 77,032 10,410 10,410 13.5 13.5
Private 102 68,587 6,431 6,431 9.4 9.4
Public 13 8,445 3,979 3,979 47.1 47.1
32820 Memphis, TN-MS-AR Total 561 557,626 40,509 44,257 7.3 7.9
Private 473 468,521 13,236 13,919 2.8 3.0
Public 88 89,105 27,273 30,338 30.6 34.0
32900 Merced, CA Total 96 102,351 24,324 27,022 23.8 26.4
Private 75 80,632 12,445 15,143 15.4 18.8
Public 21 21,719 11,879 11,879 54.7 54.7
33100 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL Total 1,975 2,467,352 146,430 169,220 5.9 6.9
Private 1,715 2,146,184 40,766 53,803 1.9 2.5
Public 260 321,169 105,664 115,417 32.9 35.9
33140 Michigan City-La Porte, IN Total 70 79,579 8,494 9,637 10.7 12.1
Private 63 72,246 6,375 6,375 8.8 8.8
Public 7 7,333 2,119 3,262 28.9 44.5
33260 Midland, TX Total 82 95,096 4,444 4,444 4.7 4.7
Private 71 83,169 2,300 2,300 2.8 2.8
Public 11 11,927 2,144 2,144 18.0 18.0
33340 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Total 874 670,510 59,511 62,477 8.9 9.3
Private 775 594,051 36,460 38,810 6.1 6.5
Public 99 76,459 23,051 23,667 30.1 31.0
33460 Minneapolis-St Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Total 2,529 1,643,603 223,079 233,663 13.6 14.2
Private 2,198 1,430,730 103,905 111,658 7.3 7.8
Public 331 212,873 119,175 122,005 56.0 57.3
33660 Mobile, AL Total 138 129,979 10,845 12,016 8.3 9.2
Private 122 115,617 3,274 3,274 2.8 2.8
Public 16 14,363 7,571 8,742 52.7 60.9
33700 Modesto, CA Total 208 226,492 61,381 78,164 27.1 34.5
Private 184 200,657 43,118 58,866 21.5 29.3
Public 24 25,835 18,263 19,298 70.7 74.7
33740 Monroe, LA Total 161 159,268 7,648 10,471 4.8 6.6
Private 137 135,181 3,008 5,830 2.2 4.3
Public 24 24,087 4,640 4,640 19.3 19.3
33780 Monroe, MI Total 121 134,026 24,906 24,906 18.6 18.6
Private 117 130,316 22,933 22,933 17.6 17.6
Public 4 3,710 1,974 1,974 53.2 53.2
33860 Montgomery, AL Total 153 149,259 14,374 14,374 9.6 9.6
Private 120 119,388 2,500 2,500 2.1 2.1
Public 33 29,870 11,874 11,874 39.8 39.8
34740 Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI Total 82 85,329 12,543 14,457 14.7 16.9
Private 70 73,451 8,333 9,525 11.3 13.0
Public 12 11,878 4,210 4,932 35.4 41.5
34820 Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC Total 105 95,154 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 90 82,613 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 15 12,542 0 0 0.0 0.0
34900 Napa, CA Total 90 101,252 17,220 17,220 17.0 17.0
Private 75 84,862 6,374 6,374 7.5 7.5
Public 15 16,389 10,846 10,846 66.2 66.2
34940 Naples-Marco Island, FL Total 84 103,723 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 78 96,929 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 6 6,794 0 0 0.0 0.0
34980 Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN Total 655 718,858 19,353 24,686 2.7 3.4
Private 588 648,435 12,768 13,705 2.0 2.1
Public 67 70,423 6,585 10,981 9.4 15.6
75700 New Haven, CT Total 631 320,061 53,020 54,309 16.6 17.0
Private 546 280,266 28,051 28,620 10.0 10.2
Public 85 39,795 24,969 25,689 62.7 64.6
35380 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Total 524 488,716 18,844 27,406 3.9 5.6
Private 463 431,477 13,465 21,029 3.1 4.9
Public 61 57,239 5,378 6,377 9.4 11.1
35620 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Total 7,105 8,227,311 1,737,492 1,829,519 21.1 22.2
Private 6,032 7,009,858 911,283 983,262 13.0 14.0
Public 1,073 1,217,453 826,210 846,257 67.9 69.5
35660 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI Total 63 61,535 3,745 3,745 6.1 6.1
Private 62 60,617 2,826 2,826 4.7 4.7
Public 1 918 918 918 100.0 100.0
76450 Norwich-New London, CT-RI Total 229 107,551 15,924 16,778 14.8 15.6
Private 188 88,362 8,049 8,467 9.1 9.6
Public 41 19,188 7,875 8,311 41.0 43.3
36100 Ocala, FL Total 88 105,932 1,374 1,374 1.3 1.3
Private 74 90,013 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 14 15,919 1,374 1,374 8.6 8.6
36140 Ocean City, NJ Total 22 22,489 6,524 6,524 29.0 29.0
Private 17 17,434 2,475 2,475 14.2 14.2
Public 5 5,055 4,049 4,049 80.1 80.1
36260 Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 516 280,564 12,744 15,776 4.5 5.6
Private 418 227,223 7,263 8,521 3.2 3.7
Public 98 53,341 5,481 7,255 10.3 13.6
36420 Oklahoma City, OK Total 751 571,308 38,046 44,002 6.7 7.7
Private 605 464,140 11,025 14,009 2.4 3.0
Public 146 107,168 27,021 29,992 25.2 28.0
36500 Olympia, WA Total 135 131,236 31,351 33,998 23.9 25.9
Private 87 87,853 7,952 7,952 9.1 9.1
Public 48 43,383 23,399 26,046 53.9 60.0
36540 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA Total 1,287 457,686 41,531 49,512 9.1 10.8
Private 1,100 391,517 17,571 20,508 4.5 5.2
Public 187 66,169 23,960 29,004 36.2 43.8
36740 Orlando, FL Total 770 1,005,846 55,232 66,613 5.5 6.6
Private 694 909,596 36,472 45,065 4.0 5.0
Public 76 96,249 18,760 21,548 19.5 22.4
36780 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 97 73,996 7,715 8,995 10.4 12.2
Private 88 67,474 6,832 6,832 10.1 10.1
Public 9 6,522 883 2,162 13.5 33.2
37100 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA Total 317 339,367 74,659 78,389 22.0 23.1
Private 261 281,956 37,186 38,044 13.2 13.5
Public 56 57,411 37,474 40,345 65.3 70.3
37340 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL Total 165 201,794 6,441 7,537 3.2 3.7
Private 139 170,400 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 26 31,393 6,441 7,537 20.5 24.0
37460 Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL Total 76 86,723 1,789 2,393 2.1 2.8
Private 67 77,452 1,789 1,789 2.3 2.3
Public 9 9,271 0 604 0.0 6.5
37860 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL Total 137 170,494 13,995 15,112 8.2 8.9
Private 111 139,043 2,320 2,320 1.7 1.7
Public 26 31,451 11,675 12,792 37.1 40.7
37900 Peoria, IL Total 161 167,338 24,675 26,661 14.7 15.9
Private 146 152,208 15,694 17,680 10.3 11.6
Public 15 15,130 8,981 8,981 59.4 59.4
37980 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE Total 3,658 2,541,857 352,283 373,852 13.9 14.7
Private 3,220 2,256,688 178,843 193,377 7.9 8.6
Public 438 285,169 173,441 180,475 60.8 63.3
38060 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ Total 1,453 1,773,307 85,436 110,314 4.8 6.2
Private 1,301 1,589,720 49,176 61,723 3.1 3.9
Public 152 183,587 36,259 48,591 19.8 26.5
38300 Pittsburgh, PA Total 988 1,091,588 158,142 170,593 14.5 15.6
Private 883 977,727 95,655 103,019 9.8 10.5
Public 105 113,861 62,487 67,574 54.9 59.3
38940 Port St. Lucie-Fort Pierce, FL Total 126 157,941 12,366 17,262 7.8 10.9
Private 110 138,174 7,445 7,445 5.4 5.4
Public 16 19,767 4,922 9,818 24.9 49.7
76750 Portland-South Portland, ME Total 849 199,090 20,477 23,914 10.3 12.0
Private 725 170,408 6,745 8,184 4.0 4.8
Public 124 28,682 13,732 15,730 47.9 54.8
38900 Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA Total 1,315 966,461 151,417 164,108 15.7 17.0
Private 1,134 835,560 72,571 82,613 8.7 9.9
Public 181 130,900 78,846 81,495 60.2 62.3
39100 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY Total 175 206,510 63,982 65,204 31.0 31.6
Private 140 166,174 30,320 30,320 18.2 18.2
Public 35 40,336 33,661 34,884 83.5 86.5
39140 Prescott, AZ Total 54 61,048 1,470 2,915 2.4 4.8
Private 43 47,746 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 11 13,302 1,470 2,915 11.0 21.9
77200 Providence-Fall River-Warwick, MA-RI Total 2,643 602,877 92,648 96,657 15.4 16.0
Private 2,237 505,247 30,061 32,561 5.9 6.4
Public 406 97,630 62,587 64,096 64.1 65.7
39340 Provo-Orem, UT Total 310 167,147 3,069 5,676 1.8 3.4
Private 268 144,616 1,368 1,819 0.9 1.3
Public 42 22,531 1,701 3,857 7.5 17.1
39380 Pueblo, CO Total 148 85,122 6,430 7,018 7.6 8.2
Private 114 65,175 3,319 3,319 5.1 5.1
Public 34 19,947 3,111 3,699 15.6 18.5
39460 Punta Gorda, FL Total 39 49,640 1,362 1,362 2.7 2.7
Private 34 43,762 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 5 5,878 1,362 1,362 23.2 23.2
39540 Racine, WI Total 125 88,968 17,633 19,059 19.8 21.4
Private 108 77,583 11,190 11,960 14.4 15.4
Public 17 11,385 6,443 7,099 56.6 62.4
39580 Raleigh-Cary, NC Total 509 598,398 5,189 12,504 0.9 2.1
Private 441 519,216 1,171 2,344 0.2 0.5
Public 68 79,182 4,018 10,160 5.1 12.8
39740 Reading, PA Total 161 177,023 9,607 10,711 5.4 6.1
Private 149 164,597 5,582 5,582 3.4 3.4
Public 12 12,426 4,025 5,129 32.4 41.3
39900 Reno-Sparks, NV Total 340 158,567 11,615 13,028 7.3 8.2
Private 277 129,041 3,898 3,898 3.0 3.0
Public 63 29,526 7,717 9,131 26.1 30.9
40060 Richmond, VA Total 641 616,994 31,912 39,304 5.2 6.4
Private 521 507,211 14,104 15,976 2.8 3.1
Public 120 109,783 17,808 23,328 16.2 21.2
40140 Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Total 1,313 1,506,263 291,766 311,985 19.4 20.7
Private 1,065 1,227,337 139,457 152,699 11.4 12.4
Public 248 278,925 152,309 159,286 54.6 57.1
40220 Roanoke, VA Total 88 85,287 5,378 6,950 6.3 8.1
Private 73 70,753 2,656 4,228 3.8 6.0
Public 15 14,534 2,722 2,722 18.7 18.7
40380 Rochester, NY Total 411 467,722 68,927 72,100 14.7 15.4
Private 351 400,294 24,930 25,958 6.2 6.5
Public 60 67,429 43,997 46,142 65.2 68.4
77350 Rochester-Dover, NH-ME Total 254 42,059 4,420 5,559 10.5 13.2
Private 207 34,219 1,077 1,401 3.1 4.1
Public 47 7,840 3,344 4,158 42.7 53.0
40420 Rockford, IL Total 137 140,804 25,501 25,501 18.1 18.1
Private 117 120,564 13,147 13,147 10.9 10.9
Public 20 20,240 12,354 12,354 61.0 61.0
40900 Sacramento--Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA Total 778 825,040 171,353 191,255 20.8 23.2
Private 595 635,649 73,070 78,196 11.5 12.3
Public 183 189,391 98,284 113,059 51.9 59.7
40980 Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI Total 67 67,067 13,565 14,410 20.2 21.5
Private 62 62,460 10,101 10,945 16.2 17.5
Public 5 4,607 3,465 3,465 75.2 75.2
41420 Salem, OR Total 239 163,491 25,624 26,999 15.7 16.5
Private 197 135,636 9,711 10,419 7.2 7.7
Public 42 27,855 15,913 16,580 57.1 59.5
41500 Salinas, CA Total 140 153,259 17,445 19,598 11.4 12.8
Private 120 132,488 15,483 17,636 11.7 13.3
Public 20 20,770 1,962 1,962 9.4 9.4
41540 Salisbury, MD Total 165 67,793 2,237 2,790 3.3 4.1
Private 143 60,519 278 662 0.5 1.1
Public 22 7,274 1,960 2,128 26.9 29.3
41620 Salt Lake City, UT Total 961 534,058 20,960 24,160 3.9 4.5
Private 800 443,921 8,179 9,541 1.8 2.1
Public 161 90,136 12,782 14,618 14.2 16.2
41700 San Antonio, TX Total 775 925,243 36,806 47,713 4.0 5.2
Private 653 783,597 14,754 18,210 1.9 2.3
Public 122 141,646 22,052 29,503 15.6 20.8
41740 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA Total 1,075 1,188,728 149,395 161,357 12.6 13.6
Private 882 977,728 49,820 57,973 5.1 5.9
Public 193 210,999 99,575 103,384 47.2 49.0
41860 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA Total 1,869 2,135,150 358,998 383,657 16.8 18.0
Private 1,614 1,851,080 202,204 216,410 10.9 11.7
Public 255 284,070 156,794 167,248 55.2 58.9
41940 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Total 835 939,381 147,491 151,703 15.7 16.1
Private 723 813,795 70,938 73,008 8.7 9.0
Public 112 125,587 76,553 78,695 61.0 62.7
42020 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA Total 86 92,183 25,909 25,909 28.1 28.1
Private 65 70,242 13,946 13,946 19.9 19.9
Public 21 21,942 11,962 11,962 54.5 54.5
42060 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA Total 153 172,699 15,406 16,408 8.9 9.5
Private 131 148,742 6,846 6,846 4.6 4.6
Public 22 23,956 8,561 9,562 35.7 39.9
42140 Santa Fe, NM Total 83 40,432 3,213 3,808 7.9 9.4
Private 60 26,907 669 669 2.5 2.5
Public 23 13,525 2,544 3,139 18.8 23.2
42220 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA Total 160 185,323 33,791 34,827 18.2 18.8
Private 127 147,086 9,586 9,586 6.5 6.5
Public 33 38,237 24,205 25,241 63.3 66.0
42100 Santa-Cruz-Watsonville, CA Total 85 91,372 13,742 13,742 15.0 15.0
Private 71 75,714 4,693 4,693 6.2 6.2
Public 14 15,657 9,048 9,048 57.8 57.8
42260 Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL Total 194 239,468 21,226 25,685 8.9 10.7
Private 170 208,280 12,572 17,031 6.0 8.2
Public 24 31,189 8,654 8,654 27.7 27.7
42340 Savannah, GA Total 233 249,055 14,869 19,023 6.0 7.6
Private 183 196,263 7,976 12,130 4.1 6.2
Public 50 52,792 6,893 6,893 13.1 13.1
42540 Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA Total 234 254,691 35,608 37,727 14.0 14.8
Private 206 225,235 19,469 19,469 8.6 8.6
Public 28 29,457 16,139 18,258 54.8 62.0
42660 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA Total 1,691 1,662,426 270,021 295,643 16.2 17.8
Private 1,481 1,459,877 170,887 185,307 11.7 12.7
Public 210 202,549 99,134 110,336 48.9 54.5
43340 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA Total 210 176,327 11,271 13,682 6.4 7.8
Private 168 141,189 5,288 6,332 3.7 4.5
Public 42 35,138 5,983 7,350 17.0 20.9
43620 Sioux Falls, SD Total 862 137,381 7,460 10,063 5.4 7.3
Private 759 120,441 4,296 4,582 3.6 3.8
Public 103 16,940 3,164 5,481 18.7 32.4
43780 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI Total 117 125,432 8,697 8,697 6.9 6.9
Private 110 118,264 5,668 5,668 4.8 4.8
Public 7 7,167 3,029 3,029 42.3 42.3
43900 Spartanburg, SC Total 153 140,025 0 3,358 0.0 2.4
Private 143 131,563 0 1,561 0.0 1.2
Public 10 8,462 0 1,797 0.0 21.2
44060 Spokane, WA Total 185 185,863 30,907 34,274 16.6 18.4
Private 160 159,831 19,253 21,643 12.0 13.5
Public 25 26,032 11,653 12,630 44.8 48.5
44100 Springfield, IL Total 92 92,896 20,541 21,539 22.1 23.2
Private 72 72,047 9,680 9,680 13.4 13.4
Public 20 20,848 10,862 11,860 52.1 56.9
78100 Springfield, MA-CT Total 266 290,588 57,507 63,665 19.8 21.9
Private 206 222,732 17,622 18,364 7.9 8.2
Public 60 67,856 39,884 45,301 58.8 66.8
44180 Springfield, MO Total 170 161,340 5,610 5,610 3.5 3.5
Private 148 140,860 925 925 0.7 0.7
Public 22 20,480 4,685 4,685 22.9 22.9
44220 Springfield, OH Total 46 51,542 6,403 7,526 12.4 14.6
Private 38 42,252 1,262 2,385 3.0 5.6
Public 8 9,290 5,141 5,141 55.3 55.3
41060 St. Cloud, MN Total 87 52,337 9,096 10,411 17.4 19.9
Private 77 46,032 6,257 6,976 13.6 15.2
Public 10 6,305 2,839 3,435 45.0 54.5
41180 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 1,283 1,291,239 149,472 169,895 11.6 13.2
Private 1,135 1,143,227 94,026 104,578 8.2 9.1
Public 148 148,012 55,446 65,317 37.5 44.1
44700 Stockton, CA Total 289 316,750 66,316 68,437 20.9 21.6
Private 244 271,719 33,521 35,642 12.3 13.1
Public 45 45,031 32,795 32,795 72.8 72.8
45060 Syracuse, NY Total 225 251,829 53,698 55,088 21.3 21.9
Private 182 203,448 18,076 19,466 8.9 9.6
Public 43 48,381 35,622 35,622 73.6 73.6
45220 Tallahassee, FL Total 116 146,570 7,946 7,946 5.4 5.4
Private 82 104,204 1,459 1,459 1.4 1.4
Public 34 42,366 6,488 6,488 15.3 15.3
45300 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL Total 1,018 1,282,050 48,425 88,432 3.8 6.9
Private 901 1,134,961 16,472 47,838 1.5 4.2
Public 117 147,089 31,953 40,595 21.7 27.6
45780 Toledo, OH Total 259 270,036 49,940 50,903 18.5 18.9
Private 225 234,463 31,152 32,115 13.3 13.7
Public 34 35,573 18,789 18,789 52.8 52.8
45820 Topeka, KS Total 236 119,230 19,791 22,852 16.6 19.2
Private 192 96,372 10,946 12,399 11.4 12.9
Public 44 22,858 8,845 10,453 38.7 45.7
45940 Trenton-Ewing, NJ Total 130 142,470 24,933 26,110 17.5 18.3
Private 105 116,236 8,207 8,207 7.1 7.1
Public 25 26,234 16,726 17,903 63.8 68.2
46060 Tucson, AZ Total 406 508,529 33,216 39,338 6.5 7.7
Private 318 398,288 14,973 17,549 3.8 4.4
Public 88 110,242 18,243 21,789 16.5 19.8
46140 Tulsa, OK Total 504 388,210 22,892 25,625 5.9 6.6
Private 442 341,381 9,495 9,942 2.8 2.9
Public 62 46,830 13,397 15,683 28.6 33.5
46220 Tuscaloosa, AL Total 97 114,147 14,255 15,491 12.5 13.6
Private 73 87,151 4,059 4,059 4.7 4.7
Public 24 26,996 10,196 11,433 37.8 42.3
46540 Utica-Rome, NY Total 87 98,497 22,107 22,107 22.4 22.4
Private 69 78,618 7,572 7,572 9.6 9.6
Public 18 19,879 14,535 14,535 73.1 73.1
46660 Valdosta, GA Total 52 61,218 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 36 43,951 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 16 17,268 0 0 0.0 0.0
46700 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA Total 166 193,399 52,690 53,716 27.2 27.8
Private 123 143,258 23,361 23,361 16.3 16.3
Public 43 50,141 29,329 30,355 58.5 60.5
46940 Vero Beach, FL Total 70 84,024 6,911 6,911 8.2 8.2
Private 62 74,837 2,526 2,526 3.4 3.4
Public 8 9,187 4,385 4,385 47.7 47.7
47020 Victoria, TX Total 108 126,381 1,326 1,326 1.0 1.0
Private 96 111,576 1,326 1,326 1.2 1.2
Public 12 14,805 0 0 0.0 0.0
47220 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ Total 63 71,621 17,465 18,608 24.4 26.0
Private 52 58,764 10,104 11,247 17.2 19.1
Public 11 12,858 7,361 7,361 57.2 57.2
47260 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Total 747 726,662 26,145 43,163 3.6 5.9
Private 566 554,802 16,597 25,641 3.0 4.6
Public 181 171,860 9,548 17,521 5.6 10.2
47300 Visalia-Porterville, CA Total 111 121,955 29,017 29,017 23.8 23.8
Private 78 85,040 6,174 6,174 7.3 7.3
Public 33 36,915 22,843 22,843 61.9 61.9
47380 Waco, TX Total 77 89,910 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 68 78,992 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 9 10,918 0 0 0.0 0.0
47580 Warner Robins, GA Total 70 80,222 10,273 12,397 12.8 15.5
Private 48 56,107 2,292 2,292 4.1 4.1
Public 22 24,115 7,981 10,105 33.1 41.9
47900 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Total 5,820 2,874,973 258,344 309,110 9.0 10.8
Private 4,244 2,108,910 89,199 109,249 4.2 5.2
Public 1,576 766,063 169,145 199,861 22.1 26.1
78700 Waterbury, CT Total 151 66,185 10,515 11,767 15.9 17.8
Private 128 56,593 3,715 4,592 6.6 8.1
Public 23 9,592 6,800 7,175 70.9 74.8
47940 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA Total 206 96,818 12,336 13,553 12.7 14.0
Private 175 82,821 8,831 8,831 10.7 10.7
Public 31 13,997 3,505 4,722 25.0 33.7
48140 Wausau, WI Total 117 97,704 4,866 5,744 5.0 5.9
Private 103 87,286 3,409 3,409 3.9 3.9
Public 14 10,419 1,457 2,335 14.0 22.4
48620 Wichita, KS Total 534 274,786 22,050 28,855 8.0 10.5
Private 454 232,732 14,616 17,576 6.3 7.6
Public 80 42,054 7,433 11,280 17.7 26.8
49180 Winston-Salem, NC Total 176 203,466 7,759 10,237 3.8 5.0
Private 155 179,391 4,782 4,782 2.7 2.7
Public 21 24,075 2,978 5,456 12.4 22.7
79600 Worcester, MA-CT Total 239 257,986 30,451 32,211 11.8 12.5
Private 204 219,573 11,463 13,222 5.2 6.0
Public 35 38,413 18,989 18,989 49.4 49.4
49420 Yakima, WA Total 110 109,548 13,130 16,151 12.0 14.7
Private 90 89,987 2,287 4,446 2.5 4.9
Public 20 19,560 10,842 11,705 55.4 59.8
49620 York-Hanover, PA Total 161 177,196 15,490 16,523 8.7 9.3
Private 139 153,133 9,818 9,818 6.4 6.4
Public 22 24,063 5,672 6,705 23.6 27.9
49660 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH Total 193 193,647 34,903 44,051 18.0 22.7
Private 177 177,424 25,047 34,194 14.1 19.3
Public 16 16,224 9,857 9,857 60.8 60.8
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2014. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas in the CPS beginning May 2004 are based
on 2003 Census definitions; areas are not necessarily compatible with those from earlier years.
Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
During 2014, Census changed FIPS codes for several CBSAs, dropped small CBSAs from the survey in November 2014, and added
new CBSAs. Our 2014 estimates account for the code changes. We include 2014 estimates for exiting CBSAs using November 2013
through October 2014 CPS files. The new entering CBSAs will be included in tables for 2015 and beyond.
2015 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.