Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Combined Statistical Area (CSA) and MSA, 2015-2016 (details in table note)
Note: Sample size (Obs) for many cells are small and should be used with care.
Area definitions beginning August 2015 do not match prior definitions.
Code Metropolitan Area Sector Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
CSAs (combination of 2 or more MSAs; separate MSAs are shown further down):
CSA Code
104 Albany-Schenectady, NY Total 437 500,141 154,367 165,938 30.9 33.2
Private 329 377,782 68,473 79,055 18.1 20.9
Public 108 122,359 85,894 86,883 70.2 71.0
Priv Const 15 17,887 3,274 3,274 18.3 18.3
Priv Manuf 46 51,244 11,084 12,364 21.6 24.1
106 Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas, NM Total 1,495 416,662 29,036 34,929 7.0 8.4
Private 1,144 320,293 13,509 16,214 4.2 5.1
Public 351 96,370 15,526 18,715 16.1 19.4
Priv Const 74 21,649 2,671 2,671 12.3 12.3
Priv Manuf 67 18,007 0 261 0.0 1.4
118 Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 218 234,880 22,663 23,618 9.6 10.1
Private 199 215,434 18,717 18,717 8.7 8.7
Public 19 19,446 3,947 4,901 20.3 25.2
Priv Const 13 12,650 2,943 2,943 23.3 23.3
Priv Manuf 55 61,235 13,935 13,935 22.8 22.8
122 Atlanta--Athens-Clarke County--Sandy Springs, Total 2,322 2,748,561 96,768 115,749 3.5 4.2
Private 2,046 2,438,714 61,637 71,921 2.5 2.9
Public 276 309,847 35,131 43,829 11.3 14.1
Priv Const 147 180,644 4,067 4,067 2.3 2.3
Priv Manuf 241 280,058 6,677 6,677 2.4 2.4
148 Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Total 6,584 3,790,402 444,611 481,795 11.7 12.7
Private 5,743 3,324,331 199,952 223,991 6.0 6.7
Public 841 466,071 244,660 257,804 52.5 55.3
Priv Const 298 178,815 25,105 26,017 14.0 14.5
Priv Manuf 815 429,145 25,223 26,832 5.9 6.3
162 Cape Coral-Fort Myers-Naples, FL Total 277 328,040 7,900 11,469 2.4 3.5
Private 247 293,993 3,451 4,645 1.2 1.6
Public 30 34,046 4,449 6,824 13.1 20.0
Priv Const 30 36,103 2,360 2,360 6.5 6.5
Priv Manuf 10 11,932 0 0 0.0 0.0
168 Cedar Rapids-Iowa City, IA Total 288 212,350 21,194 28,744 10.0 13.5
Private 210 154,529 9,050 10,844 5.9 7.0
Public 78 57,821 12,144 17,900 21.0 31.0
Priv Const 14 10,568 1,661 2,701 15.7 25.6
Priv Manuf 35 25,154 2,305 3,059 9.2 12.2
170 Charleston-Huntington-Ashland, WV-OH-KY Total 754 158,938 17,171 19,091 10.8 12.0
Private 594 126,135 9,611 10,445 7.6 8.3
Public 160 32,803 7,560 8,647 23.0 26.4
Priv Const 22 4,621 1,404 1,404 30.4 30.4
Priv Manuf 61 13,353 1,816 1,816 13.6 13.6
174 Chattanooga-Cleveland-Dalton, TN-GA-AL Total 296 280,475 19,090 20,908 6.8 7.5
Private 259 245,671 9,244 10,448 3.8 4.3
Public 37 34,804 9,846 10,460 28.3 30.1
Priv Const 21 19,179 1,668 1,668 8.7 8.7
Priv Manuf 45 44,226 2,019 2,019 4.6 4.6
184 Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Total 1,236 1,409,089 193,647 225,510 13.7 16.0
Private 1,076 1,229,450 106,381 128,889 8.7 10.5
Public 160 179,639 87,265 96,621 48.6 53.8
Priv Const 51 58,528 12,106 13,534 20.7 23.1
Priv Manuf 207 235,543 31,870 34,213 13.5 14.5
194 Columbus-Auburn-Opelika, GA-AL Total 247 203,055 7,076 9,790 3.5 4.8
Private 188 156,669 815 2,946 0.5 1.9
Public 59 46,386 6,262 6,844 13.5 14.8
Priv Const 7 6,978 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 28 21,708 0 839 0.0 3.9
206 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK Total 2,672 3,486,493 141,808 191,032 4.1 5.5
Private 2,344 3,070,343 78,520 112,216 2.6 3.7
Public 328 416,150 63,288 78,816 15.2 18.9
Priv Const 190 253,012 7,327 7,327 2.9 2.9
Priv Manuf 254 330,643 12,879 14,320 3.9 4.3
216 Denver-Aurora, CO Total 1,408 1,645,746 119,506 138,561 7.3 8.4
Private 1,214 1,427,346 71,215 81,478 5.0 5.7
Public 194 218,400 48,292 57,083 22.1 26.1
Priv Const 107 127,985 11,597 14,230 9.1 11.1
Priv Manuf 102 117,972 12,719 12,719 10.8 10.8
220 Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI Total 1,882 2,187,142 301,385 319,130 13.8 14.6
Private 1,668 1,947,367 185,486 197,717 9.5 10.2
Public 214 239,775 115,899 121,413 48.3 50.6
Priv Const 69 79,170 14,090 14,090 17.8 17.8
Priv Manuf 358 412,722 74,466 77,757 18.0 18.8
238 El Paso-Las Cruces, TX-NM Total 500 352,438 16,211 37,756 4.6 10.7
Private 385 273,460 7,025 13,048 2.6 4.8
Public 115 78,978 9,186 24,708 11.6 31.3
Priv Const 21 11,706 1,072 1,072 9.2 9.2
Priv Manuf 26 21,979 259 259 1.2 1.2
266 Grand Rapids-Wyoming-Muskegon, MI Total 534 608,182 55,121 59,691 9.1 9.8
Private 481 549,277 27,406 30,686 5.0 5.6
Public 53 58,905 27,715 29,006 47.1 49.2
Priv Const 23 24,821 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 123 144,448 14,809 14,809 10.3 10.3
268 Greensboro--Winston-Salem--High Point, NC Total 594 687,288 23,594 31,751 3.4 4.6
Private 532 618,971 10,387 15,204 1.7 2.5
Public 62 68,317 13,207 16,547 19.3 24.2
Priv Const 29 34,738 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 137 158,430 992 992 0.6 0.6
273 Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Total 623 506,232 6,919 12,001 1.4 2.4
Private 540 439,788 2,979 5,632 0.7 1.3
Public 83 66,445 3,940 6,369 5.9 9.6
Priv Const 34 27,261 0 952 0.0 3.5
Priv Manuf 120 98,909 740 740 0.7 0.7
276 Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA Total 396 443,772 41,895 45,524 9.4 10.3
Private 339 380,462 25,731 25,731 6.8 6.8
Public 57 63,309 16,164 19,793 25.5 31.3
Priv Const 25 28,842 5,624 5,624 19.5 19.5
Priv Manuf 46 51,532 5,700 5,700 11.1 11.1
278 Hartford-West Hartford, CT Total 744 664,337 112,100 120,566 16.9 18.1
Private 607 539,714 39,414 45,046 7.3 8.3
Public 137 124,623 72,686 75,521 58.3 60.6
Priv Const 24 20,868 2,002 2,734 9.6 13.1
Priv Manuf 82 71,504 7,915 9,140 11.1 12.8
304 Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA Total 231 208,897 11,028 12,525 5.3 6.0
Private 193 173,020 5,916 6,612 3.4 3.8
Public 38 35,878 5,112 5,913 14.2 16.5
Priv Const 9 8,056 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 35 30,656 3,535 3,535 11.5 11.5
310 Kalamazoo-Battle Creek-Portage, MI Total 185 215,273 38,524 46,556 17.9 21.6
Private 160 186,994 21,487 27,048 11.5 14.5
Public 25 28,279 17,037 19,508 60.2 69.0
Priv Const 6 6,871 2,061 2,061 30.0 30.0
Priv Manuf 37 46,439 9,102 11,473 19.6 24.7
340 Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Total 982 422,009 20,485 24,262 4.9 5.7
Private 754 327,163 9,895 10,776 3.0 3.3
Public 228 94,846 10,589 13,487 11.2 14.2
Priv Const 57 24,767 362 362 1.5 1.5
Priv Manuf 101 44,243 2,089 2,407 4.7 5.4
348 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA Total 6,403 7,392,925 1,153,545 1,258,165 15.6 17.0
Private 5,547 6,408,445 616,823 689,308 9.6 10.8
Public 856 984,480 536,723 568,857 54.5 57.8
Priv Const 353 417,030 68,746 77,546 16.5 18.6
Priv Manuf 722 830,276 46,537 53,629 5.6 6.5
356 Macon-Warner Robins, GA Total 140 161,357 4,713 5,637 2.9 3.5
Private 104 121,019 2,212 3,137 1.8 2.6
Public 36 40,339 2,500 2,500 6.2 6.2
Priv Const 3 4,614 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 11 13,414 0 0 0.0 0.0
357 Madison-Janesville-Beloit, WI Total 389 427,743 27,376 29,269 6.4 6.8
Private 313 344,645 12,387 14,280 3.6 4.1
Public 76 83,098 14,989 14,989 18.0 18.0
Priv Const 13 13,758 2,179 2,179 15.8 15.8
Priv Manuf 48 50,271 5,141 5,141 10.2 10.2
370 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL Total 2,210 2,693,883 170,158 204,525 6.3 7.6
Private 1,942 2,371,491 65,566 79,159 2.8 3.3
Public 268 322,392 104,592 125,366 32.4 38.9
Priv Const 133 171,073 2,297 3,437 1.3 2.0
Priv Manuf 100 123,957 2,383 2,383 1.9 1.9
376 Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI Total 805 878,192 64,859 77,605 7.4 8.8
Private 696 761,126 34,602 35,722 4.5 4.7
Public 109 117,066 30,257 41,883 25.8 35.8
Priv Const 33 33,046 7,564 7,564 22.9 22.9
Priv Manuf 157 164,852 12,933 12,933 7.8 7.8
380 Mobile-Daphne-Fairhope, AL Total 477 298,087 25,141 29,884 8.4 10.0
Private 403 253,463 11,197 14,455 4.4 5.7
Public 74 44,624 13,944 15,429 31.2 34.6
Priv Const 28 17,708 946 946 5.3 5.3
Priv Manuf 63 39,775 3,544 3,544 8.9 8.9
408 New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA Total 8,591 10,034,052 2,030,405 2,163,653 20.2 21.6
Private 7,345 8,601,247 1,075,151 1,171,820 12.5 13.6
Public 1,246 1,432,805 955,253 991,834 66.7 69.2
Priv Const 435 515,933 137,381 142,760 26.6 27.7
Priv Manuf 610 689,767 37,350 39,507 5.4 5.7
422 Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL Total 1,016 1,259,948 72,487 75,950 5.8 6.0
Private 903 1,119,684 31,210 33,447 2.8 3.0
Public 113 140,264 41,277 42,503 29.4 30.3
Priv Const 56 70,052 1,169 1,169 1.7 1.7
Priv Manuf 51 62,637 1,115 1,115 1.8 1.8
428 Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 3,969 3,179,980 405,201 437,309 12.7 13.8
Private 3,433 2,801,111 215,655 239,013 7.7 8.5
Public 536 378,869 189,546 198,296 50.0 52.3
Priv Const 214 169,627 28,555 28,782 16.8 17.0
Priv Manuf 340 283,869 21,788 21,993 7.7 7.7
438 Portland-Lewiston-South Portland, ME Total 733 308,118 35,497 43,444 11.5 14.1
Private 621 263,361 10,578 12,943 4.0 4.9
Public 112 44,757 24,920 30,501 55.7 68.1
Priv Const 28 12,008 696 696 5.8 5.8
Priv Manuf 74 31,694 3,333 4,083 10.5 12.9
440 Portland-Vancouver-Salem, OR-WA Total 1,679 1,223,480 161,071 180,088 13.2 14.7
Private 1,454 1,062,040 74,194 85,862 7.0 8.1
Public 225 161,440 86,877 94,225 53.8 58.4
Priv Const 83 61,458 11,760 12,439 19.1 20.2
Priv Manuf 234 169,015 9,999 10,859 5.9 6.4
450 Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC Total 763 868,599 17,896 31,257 2.1 3.6
Private 654 747,206 3,224 11,224 0.4 1.5
Public 109 121,393 14,671 20,033 12.1 16.5
Priv Const 53 63,499 0 0 0.0 0.0
Priv Manuf 64 73,405 0 0 0.0 0.0
482 Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT Total 2,142 1,046,409 43,023 58,710 4.1 5.6
Private 1,828 896,085 20,409 26,158 2.3 2.9
Public 314 150,324 22,614 32,552 15.0 21.7
Priv Const 140 69,523 2,459 2,459 3.5 3.5
Priv Manuf 268 131,821 2,507 3,445 1.9 2.6
488 San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Total 3,146 3,775,093 622,141 664,485 16.5 17.6
Private 2,693 3,236,396 313,926 343,613 9.7 10.6
Public 453 538,697 308,215 320,873 57.2 59.6
Priv Const 141 174,805 52,865 56,217 30.2 32.2
Priv Manuf 362 431,610 24,434 29,145 5.7 6.8
500 Seattle-Tacoma, WA Total 1,733 1,847,972 298,660 321,103 16.2 17.4
Private 1,476 1,587,840 167,384 181,322 10.5 11.4
Public 257 260,132 131,276 139,782 50.5 53.7
Priv Const 85 90,934 23,743 23,743 26.1 26.1
Priv Manuf 207 221,738 54,384 55,474 24.5 25.0
515 South Bend-Elkhart-Mishawaka, IN-MI Total 360 374,610 30,554 35,536 8.2 9.5
Private 324 337,390 17,895 17,895 5.3 5.3
Public 36 37,220 12,658 17,640 34.0 47.4
Priv Const 14 14,759 1,084 1,084 7.3 7.3
Priv Manuf 119 123,796 7,892 7,892 6.4 6.4
518 Spokane-Spokane Valley-Coeur d'Alene, WA-ID Total 501 312,638 52,377 54,606 16.8 17.5
Private 410 250,213 20,507 20,507 8.2 8.2
Public 91 62,425 31,870 34,098 51.1 54.6
Priv Const 22 10,820 2,301 2,301 21.3 21.3
Priv Manuf 57 36,363 3,485 3,485 9.6 9.6
546 Visalia-Porterville-Hanford, CA Total 244 287,262 44,623 48,558 15.5 16.9
Private 201 236,513 11,054 14,022 4.7 5.9
Public 43 50,749 33,569 34,536 66.1 68.1
Priv Const 4 5,170 1,219 1,219 23.6 23.6
Priv Manuf 19 22,645 0 0 0.0 0.0
548 Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Total 7,038 4,679,177 405,591 469,781 8.7 10.0
Private 5,273 3,574,445 163,797 193,691 4.6 5.4
Public 1,765 1,104,732 241,794 276,090 21.9 25.0
Priv Const 271 252,863 29,758 34,447 11.8 13.6
Priv Manuf 222 205,964 15,219 15,219 7.4 7.4
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (sorted alphabetically):
FIPS Code
10180 Abilene, TX Total 92 114,672 0 1,235 0.0 1.1
Private 80 100,876 0 1,235 0.0 1.2
Public 12 13,796 0 0 0.0 0.0
10420 Akron, OH Total 300 335,372 51,689 54,715 15.4 16.3
Private 261 291,565 30,736 33,762 10.5 11.6
Public 39 43,807 20,954 20,954 47.8 47.8
10580 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Total 345 400,310 134,784 146,355 33.7 36.6
Private 253 294,632 62,260 72,842 21.1 24.7
Public 92 105,679 72,525 73,514 68.6 69.6
10740 Albuquerque, NM Total 1,318 366,934 26,543 31,897 7.2 8.7
Private 1,019 285,242 11,903 14,367 4.2 5.0
Public 299 81,692 14,640 17,531 17.9 21.5
10900 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Total 304 344,327 40,527 43,368 11.8 12.6
Private 276 314,357 25,170 27,172 8.0 8.6
Public 28 29,970 15,356 16,197 51.2 54.0
11100 Amarillo, TX Total 106 127,331 2,296 2,296 1.8 1.8
Private 91 109,316 1,164 1,164 1.1 1.1
Public 15 18,015 1,132 1,132 6.3 6.3
11460 Ann Arbor, MI Total 149 168,399 21,285 21,285 12.6 12.6
Private 103 115,121 5,898 5,898 5.1 5.1
Public 46 53,278 15,387 15,387 28.9 28.9
11540 Appleton, WI Total 132 140,998 12,410 13,365 8.8 9.5
Private 121 130,288 9,604 9,604 7.4 7.4
Public 11 10,711 2,806 3,761 26.2 35.1
11700 Asheville, NC Total 163 183,256 6,009 8,552 3.3 4.7
Private 136 152,250 992 992 0.7 0.7
Public 27 31,007 5,017 7,560 16.2 24.4
12020 Athens-Clarke County, GA Total 70 79,894 955 955 1.2 1.2
Private 50 57,527 955 955 1.7 1.7
Public 20 22,366 0 0 0.0 0.0
12060 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Total 2,150 2,546,563 90,952 108,658 3.6 4.3
Private 1,903 2,269,636 57,922 68,206 2.6 3.0
Public 247 276,927 33,031 40,452 11.9 14.6
12100 Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ Total 98 100,579 15,065 17,869 15.0 17.8
Private 71 72,460 5,015 6,912 6.9 9.5
Public 27 28,119 10,050 10,956 35.7 39.0
12220 Auburn-Opelika, AL Total 171 116,579 6,288 7,421 5.4 6.4
Private 129 89,167 815 1,365 0.9 1.5
Public 42 27,412 5,474 6,056 20.0 22.1
12260 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Total 164 160,256 10,672 16,790 6.7 10.5
Private 135 131,856 7,039 10,205 5.3 7.7
Public 29 28,401 3,633 6,585 12.8 23.2
12420 Austin-Round Rock, TX Total 772 943,529 16,889 21,767 1.8 2.3
Private 656 804,189 3,591 3,591 0.4 0.4
Public 116 139,340 13,298 18,175 9.5 13.0
12540 Bakersfield, CA Total 220 262,365 33,515 34,487 12.8 13.1
Private 175 209,930 9,570 9,570 4.6 4.6
Public 45 52,435 23,945 24,916 45.7 47.5
12580 Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD Total 1,043 1,312,657 131,564 149,008 10.0 11.4
Private 824 1,038,643 53,035 65,169 5.1 6.3
Public 219 274,014 78,529 83,839 28.7 30.6
12620 Bangor, ME Total 123 47,848 3,617 4,344 7.6 9.1
Private 110 42,831 2,952 3,679 6.9 8.6
Public 13 5,017 665 665 13.3 13.3
12700 Barnstable Town, MA Total 63 54,086 11,944 11,944 22.1 22.1
Private 50 43,425 5,323 5,323 12.3 12.3
Public 13 10,662 6,621 6,621 62.1 62.1
12940 Baton Rouge, LA Total 676 364,497 18,064 21,044 5.0 5.8
Private 547 296,110 7,869 8,786 2.7 3.0
Public 129 68,387 10,194 12,258 14.9 17.9
12980 Battle Creek, MI Total 78 92,072 20,105 23,289 21.8 25.3
Private 65 77,879 8,914 11,136 11.4 14.3
Public 13 14,192 11,191 12,153 78.9 85.6
13140 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX Total 144 179,096 15,149 15,149 8.5 8.5
Private 126 155,843 5,561 5,561 3.6 3.6
Public 18 23,253 9,588 9,588 41.2 41.2
13460 Bend-Redmond, OR Total 154 103,984 8,264 8,264 7.9 7.9
Private 141 95,385 5,031 5,031 5.3 5.3
Public 13 8,599 3,234 3,234 37.6 37.6
13740 Billings, MT Total 501 68,581 7,747 9,100 11.3 13.3
Private 452 61,970 5,303 5,781 8.6 9.3
Public 49 6,610 2,443 3,319 37.0 50.2
13780 Binghamton, NY Total 213 236,458 42,651 42,651 18.0 18.0
Private 175 196,081 18,794 18,794 9.6 9.6
Public 38 40,377 23,857 23,857 59.1 59.1
13820 Birmingham-Hoover, AL Total 677 427,558 58,009 62,336 13.6 14.6
Private 591 375,056 39,704 43,393 10.6 11.6
Public 86 52,503 18,305 18,942 34.9 36.1
13980 Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA Total 48 54,339 2,540 2,540 4.7 4.7
Private 34 38,088 2,540 2,540 6.7 6.7
Public 14 16,251 0 0 0.0 0.0
14010 Bloomington, IL Total 103 113,687 18,694 18,694 16.4 16.4
Private 84 93,532 7,291 7,291 7.8 7.8
Public 19 20,155 11,404 11,404 56.6 56.6
14020 Bloomington, IN Total 67 67,393 3,720 4,687 5.5 7.0
Private 50 50,466 2,688 2,688 5.3 5.3
Public 17 16,927 1,032 1,999 6.1 11.8
14260 Boise City, ID Total 1,002 268,205 13,612 15,226 5.1 5.7
Private 837 224,488 6,420 7,498 2.9 3.3
Public 165 43,718 7,192 7,728 16.5 17.7
14460 Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Total 3,317 2,366,918 248,921 273,482 10.5 11.6
Private 2,935 2,101,758 113,129 130,322 5.4 6.2
Public 382 265,160 135,792 143,161 51.2 54.0
14500 Boulder, CO Total 116 139,234 8,709 8,709 6.3 6.3
Private 99 120,450 3,246 3,246 2.7 2.7
Public 17 18,784 5,463 5,463 29.1 29.1
14540 Bowling Green, KY Total 92 82,356 3,392 3,392 4.1 4.1
Private 76 67,740 1,382 1,382 2.0 2.0
Public 16 14,616 2,010 2,010 13.8 13.8
14860 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT Total 423 391,441 52,964 52,964 13.5 13.5
Private 364 338,761 18,399 18,399 5.4 5.4
Public 59 52,680 34,565 34,565 65.6 65.6
15180 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX Total 87 106,540 2,381 4,447 2.2 4.2
Private 55 66,658 0 2,066 0.0 3.1
Public 32 39,881 2,381 2,381 6.0 6.0
15380 Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY Total 403 490,584 103,163 108,272 21.0 22.1
Private 342 418,209 58,142 59,463 13.9 14.2
Public 61 72,375 45,021 48,809 62.2 67.4
15500 Burlington, NC Total 103 120,313 4,269 4,269 3.5 3.5
Private 91 107,221 4,269 4,269 4.0 4.0
Public 12 13,092 0 0 0.0 0.0
15540 Burlington-South Burlington, VT Total 841 104,289 15,545 17,594 14.9 16.9
Private 688 85,770 6,547 7,266 7.6 8.5
Public 153 18,519 8,997 10,328 48.6 55.8
15680 California-Lexington Park, MD Total 94 111,134 16,570 17,969 14.9 16.2
Private 61 71,370 8,470 9,869 11.9 13.8
Public 33 39,764 8,100 8,100 20.4 20.4
15940 Canton-Massillon, OH Total 182 201,096 25,985 33,301 12.9 16.6
Private 162 179,662 16,406 21,668 9.1 12.1
Public 20 21,434 9,579 11,633 44.7 54.3
15980 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL Total 181 213,502 5,417 5,417 2.5 2.5
Private 163 193,656 3,451 3,451 1.8 1.8
Public 18 19,846 1,966 1,966 9.9 9.9
16060 Carbondale-Marion, IL Total 74 81,070 22,815 22,815 28.1 28.1
Private 62 67,947 13,182 13,182 19.4 19.4
Public 12 13,123 9,632 9,632 73.4 73.4
16300 Cedar Rapids, IA Total 158 114,755 10,278 16,501 9.0 14.4
Private 140 102,067 7,615 9,409 7.5 9.2
Public 18 12,687 2,663 7,092 21.0 55.9
16540 Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA Total 104 121,294 25,416 25,416 21.0 21.0
Private 86 101,171 17,293 17,293 17.1 17.1
Public 18 20,123 8,123 8,123 40.4 40.4
16580 Champaign-Urbana, IL Total 97 108,387 12,573 13,995 11.6 12.9
Private 64 71,824 4,042 4,042 5.6 5.6
Public 33 36,563 8,531 9,953 23.3 27.2
16620 Charleston, WV Total 366 77,504 9,457 10,526 12.2 13.6
Private 288 61,618 5,482 6,111 8.9 9.9
Public 78 15,887 3,975 4,414 25.0 27.8
16700 Charleston-North Charleston, SC Total 363 295,448 666 4,403 0.2 1.5
Private 303 247,551 666 4,403 0.3 1.8
Public 60 47,897 0 0 0.0 0.0
16740 Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC Total 1,065 1,149,422 49,470 58,759 4.3 5.1
Private 968 1,046,627 29,740 33,615 2.8 3.2
Public 97 102,795 19,730 25,144 19.2 24.5
16820 Charlottesville, VA Total 114 134,931 2,904 4,709 2.2 3.5
Private 82 98,733 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 32 36,199 2,904 4,709 8.0 13.0
16860 Chattanooga, TN-GA Total 228 219,216 14,235 16,053 6.5 7.3
Private 196 188,854 6,896 8,100 3.7 4.3
Public 32 30,362 7,339 7,953 24.2 26.2
16980 Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Total 3,899 4,364,825 625,083 650,721 14.3 14.9
Private 3,480 3,908,904 376,230 392,512 9.6 10.0
Public 419 455,921 248,853 258,208 54.6 56.6
17020 Chico, CA Total 101 111,301 28,276 28,276 25.4 25.4
Private 79 87,666 15,281 15,281 17.4 17.4
Public 22 23,636 12,995 12,995 55.0 55.0
17140 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN Total 869 940,135 95,041 124,958 10.1 13.3
Private 763 826,412 53,565 76,272 6.5 9.2
Public 106 113,723 41,476 48,686 36.5 42.8
17300 Clarksville, TN-KY Total 158 146,799 9,740 11,280 6.6 7.7
Private 124 115,738 3,603 4,428 3.1 3.8
Public 34 31,061 6,137 6,853 19.8 22.1
17420 Cleveland, TN Total 68 61,259 4,855 4,855 7.9 7.9
Private 63 56,817 2,348 2,348 4.1 4.1
Public 5 4,442 2,507 2,507 56.4 56.4
17460 Cleveland-Elyria, OH Total 754 872,622 115,972 137,494 13.3 15.8
Private 653 758,223 59,239 73,459 7.8 9.7
Public 101 114,399 56,733 64,035 49.6 56.0
17660 Coeur d'Alene, ID Total 261 68,944 2,660 3,101 3.9 4.5
Private 224 59,614 783 783 1.3 1.3
Public 37 9,329 1,877 2,318 20.1 24.8
17780 College Station-Bryan, TX Total 66 85,817 3,342 3,342 3.9 3.9
Private 40 53,342 1,098 1,098 2.1 2.1
Public 26 32,474 2,244 2,244 6.9 6.9
17820 Colorado Springs, CO Total 220 264,354 87,888 89,167 33.2 33.7
Private 184 220,558 62,276 63,555 28.2 28.8
Public 36 43,796 25,611 25,611 58.5 58.5
17900 Columbia, SC Total 460 383,134 8,241 10,855 2.2 2.8
Private 358 302,301 1,744 2,432 0.6 0.8
Public 102 80,834 6,498 8,423 8.0 10.4
17980 Columbus, GA-AL Total 76 86,477 788 2,369 0.9 2.7
Private 59 67,502 0 1,581 0.0 2.3
Public 17 18,975 788 788 4.2 4.2
18140 Columbus, OH Total 820 982,827 106,644 117,993 10.9 12.0
Private 684 822,598 46,064 53,229 5.6 6.5
Public 136 160,229 60,581 64,763 37.8 40.4
18580 Corpus Christi, TX Total 138 169,955 9,033 9,033 5.3 5.3
Private 115 141,605 4,547 4,547 3.2 3.2
Public 23 28,351 4,487 4,487 15.8 15.8
19100 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Total 2,587 3,387,172 138,245 186,049 4.1 5.5
Private 2,274 2,988,817 78,520 112,216 2.6 3.8
Public 313 398,354 59,725 73,834 15.0 18.5
19300 Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, AL Total 216 131,960 6,678 8,909 5.1 6.8
Private 181 112,229 1,207 2,725 1.1 2.4
Public 35 19,732 5,471 6,184 27.7 31.3
19340 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL Total 173 153,798 20,745 23,652 13.5 15.4
Private 162 145,437 18,434 20,754 12.7 14.3
Public 11 8,361 2,310 2,897 27.6 34.6
19380 Dayton, OH Total 250 281,705 32,368 36,563 11.5 13.0
Private 199 225,836 11,144 13,318 4.9 5.9
Public 51 55,870 21,224 23,245 38.0 41.6
19660 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL Total 179 207,717 9,956 9,956 4.8 4.8
Private 156 180,714 2,353 2,353 1.3 1.3
Public 23 27,003 7,603 7,603 28.2 28.2
19740 Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Total 1,170 1,364,414 100,242 118,272 7.3 8.7
Private 1,014 1,189,423 59,870 70,133 5.0 5.9
Public 156 174,991 40,372 48,139 23.1 27.5
19780 Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA Total 436 318,445 29,008 33,574 9.1 10.5
Private 375 274,650 11,488 13,795 4.2 5.0
Public 61 43,795 17,520 19,779 40.0 45.2
19820 Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Total 1,524 1,780,820 234,811 250,294 13.2 14.1
Private 1,384 1,623,585 155,065 165,033 9.6 10.2
Public 140 157,235 79,746 85,260 50.7 54.2
20100 Dover, DE Total 362 80,916 10,827 11,637 13.4 14.4
Private 262 59,889 3,239 4,048 5.4 6.8
Public 100 21,028 7,588 7,588 36.1 36.1
20500 Durham-Chapel Hill, NC Total 227 261,736 5,978 8,694 2.3 3.3
Private 187 217,065 1,083 2,421 0.5 1.1
Public 40 44,671 4,895 6,273 11.0 14.0
20700 East Stroudsburg, PA Total 101 117,636 15,274 15,274 13.0 13.0
Private 92 105,754 8,305 8,305 7.9 7.9
Public 9 11,882 6,969 6,969 58.6 58.6
21140 Elkhart-Goshen, IN Total 139 138,956 8,041 9,999 5.8 7.2
Private 124 124,921 2,022 2,022 1.6 1.6
Public 15 14,035 6,019 7,977 42.9 56.8
21340 El Paso, TX Total 230 279,377 14,408 34,395 5.2 12.3
Private 176 216,359 6,258 12,281 2.9 5.7
Public 54 63,019 8,150 22,114 12.9 35.1
21500 Erie, PA Total 118 139,241 21,327 26,085 15.3 18.7
Private 98 116,791 6,638 10,060 5.7 8.6
Public 20 22,450 14,689 16,024 65.4 71.4
21660 Eugene, OR Total 192 133,346 24,615 26,057 18.5 19.5
Private 157 109,672 9,249 10,691 8.4 9.7
Public 35 23,674 15,366 15,366 64.9 64.9
21780 Evansville, IN-KY Total 108 110,615 7,269 7,269 6.6 6.6
Private 103 105,402 5,367 5,367 5.1 5.1
Public 5 5,213 1,901 1,901 36.5 36.5
22020 Fargo, ND-MN Total 690 94,033 7,122 7,963 7.6 8.5
Private 587 80,045 2,560 3,034 3.2 3.8
Public 103 13,988 4,562 4,929 32.6 35.2
22140 Farmington, NM Total 160 46,363 2,520 3,838 5.4 8.3
Private 133 38,627 1,257 1,569 3.3 4.1
Public 27 7,736 1,263 2,269 16.3 29.3
22180 Fayetteville, NC Total 102 121,249 5,271 5,271 4.3 4.3
Private 71 87,533 2,080 2,080 2.4 2.4
Public 31 33,716 3,191 3,191 9.5 9.5
22220 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO Total 593 254,439 6,747 8,968 2.7 3.5
Private 536 230,798 1,106 2,556 0.5 1.1
Public 57 23,640 5,641 6,413 23.9 27.1
22420 Flint, MI Total 126 143,788 22,171 24,434 15.4 17.0
Private 109 126,528 11,426 13,689 9.0 10.8
Public 17 17,260 10,745 10,745 62.3 62.3
22500 Florence, SC Total 55 47,297 0 825 0.0 1.7
Private 42 36,768 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 13 10,529 0 825 0.0 7.8
22520 Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL Total 143 90,155 6,416 7,086 7.1 7.9
Private 127 80,578 5,236 5,906 6.5 7.3
Public 16 9,577 1,180 1,180 12.3 12.3
22660 Fort Collins, CO Total 121 142,502 8,159 9,090 5.7 6.4
Private 101 120,781 5,150 5,150 4.3 4.3
Public 20 21,721 3,008 3,939 13.9 18.1
22900 Fort Smith, AR-OK Total 161 68,374 2,273 3,467 3.3 5.1
Private 140 60,031 1,499 2,308 2.5 3.8
Public 21 8,343 775 1,159 9.3 13.9
23060 Fort Wayne, IN Total 225 234,558 19,234 22,184 8.2 9.5
Private 204 211,692 14,754 15,700 7.0 7.4
Public 21 22,865 4,480 6,484 19.6 28.4
23420 Fresno, CA Total 306 372,182 65,075 74,189 17.5 19.9
Private 234 284,818 16,092 16,092 5.6 5.6
Public 72 87,364 48,984 58,097 56.1 66.5
23540 Gainesville, FL Total 101 122,491 9,499 11,849 7.8 9.7
Private 62 76,471 2,208 3,392 2.9 4.4
Public 39 46,020 7,291 8,458 15.8 18.4
23580 Gainesville, GA Total 102 122,105 4,861 6,137 4.0 5.0
Private 93 111,552 2,760 2,760 2.5 2.5
Public 9 10,553 2,101 3,377 19.9 32.0
24020 Glens Falls, NY Total 92 99,830 19,582 19,582 19.6 19.6
Private 76 83,150 6,213 6,213 7.5 7.5
Public 16 16,680 13,369 13,369 80.2 80.2
24140 Goldsboro, NC Total 120 142,177 7,564 8,606 5.3 6.1
Private 105 124,148 3,635 3,635 2.9 2.9
Public 15 18,029 3,929 4,972 21.8 27.6
24340 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI Total 449 507,540 42,658 47,228 8.4 9.3
Private 408 462,912 22,656 25,936 4.9 5.6
Public 41 44,628 20,002 21,292 44.8 47.7
24540 Greeley, CO Total 122 142,098 10,555 11,579 7.4 8.1
Private 101 117,473 8,098 8,098 6.9 6.9
Public 21 24,625 2,457 3,481 10.0 14.1
24580 Green Bay, WI Total 136 142,492 15,275 15,275 10.7 10.7
Private 119 125,815 5,806 5,806 4.6 4.6
Public 17 16,677 9,468 9,468 56.8 56.8
24660 Greensboro-High Point, NC Total 271 316,199 9,517 15,689 3.0 5.0
Private 243 284,932 3,101 7,040 1.1 2.5
Public 28 31,266 6,416 8,649 20.5 27.7
24780 Greenville, NC Total 127 155,415 3,845 8,352 2.5 5.4
Private 107 131,738 1,358 5,866 1.0 4.5
Public 20 23,678 2,487 2,487 10.5 10.5
24860 Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC Total 478 387,349 3,979 5,660 1.0 1.5
Private 406 329,940 827 1,565 0.3 0.5
Public 72 57,409 3,152 4,095 5.5 7.1
25180 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Total 268 57,433 4,018 5,123 7.0 8.9
Private 204 44,337 2,602 2,602 5.9 5.9
Public 64 13,096 1,416 2,521 10.8 19.2
25260 Hanford-Corcoran, CA Total 106 123,072 27,291 29,826 22.2 24.2
Private 78 90,687 7,571 9,139 8.3 10.1
Public 28 32,385 19,720 20,687 60.9 63.9
25420 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Total 235 262,404 26,971 29,614 10.3 11.3
Private 198 221,602 12,844 12,844 5.8 5.8
Public 37 40,801 14,126 16,769 34.6 41.1
25540 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Total 610 545,014 88,013 94,584 16.1 17.4
Private 501 444,788 26,633 30,370 6.0 6.8
Public 109 100,226 61,380 64,215 61.2 64.1
25860 Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC Total 123 140,857 3,783 11,449 2.7 8.1
Private 104 118,923 0 4,174 0.0 3.5
Public 19 21,934 3,783 7,276 17.2 33.2
25940 Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC Total 85 69,121 1,652 1,652 2.4 2.4
Private 74 60,345 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 11 8,776 1,652 1,652 18.8 18.8
26420 Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Total 2,027 2,686,639 114,561 143,099 4.3 5.3
Private 1,771 2,347,614 58,903 80,983 2.5 3.4
Public 256 339,025 55,658 62,116 16.4 18.3
26580 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Total 388 81,434 7,714 8,566 9.5 10.5
Private 306 64,517 4,129 4,334 6.4 6.7
Public 82 16,916 3,585 4,232 21.2 25.0
26620 Huntsville, AL Total 296 190,211 23,583 26,070 12.4 13.7
Private 226 146,732 8,942 10,799 6.1 7.4
Public 70 43,480 14,641 15,271 33.7 35.1
26820 Idaho Falls, ID Total 162 44,677 3,577 4,591 8.0 10.3
Private 136 37,681 1,731 2,239 4.6 5.9
Public 26 6,996 1,845 2,352 26.4 33.6
26900 Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN Total 863 890,037 60,084 70,267 6.8 7.9
Private 755 780,223 34,984 41,252 4.5 5.3
Public 108 109,814 25,100 29,015 22.9 26.4
26980 Iowa City, IA Total 130 97,595 10,916 12,243 11.2 12.5
Private 70 52,461 1,435 1,435 2.7 2.7
Public 60 45,134 9,481 10,808 21.0 23.9
27100 Jackson, MI Total 109 125,319 27,278 32,072 21.8 25.6
Private 101 116,392 18,351 23,145 15.8 19.9
Public 8 8,927 8,927 8,927 100.0 100.0
27140 Jackson, MS Total 561 238,043 12,791 15,533 5.4 6.5
Private 417 179,797 8,992 10,076 5.0 5.6
Public 144 58,246 3,800 5,457 6.5 9.4
27260 Jacksonville, FL Total 546 673,138 45,168 56,799 6.7 8.4
Private 469 578,868 21,160 29,397 3.7 5.1
Public 77 94,271 24,008 27,402 25.5 29.1
27340 Jacksonville, NC Total 82 96,330 5,263 6,215 5.5 6.5
Private 62 72,486 2,677 2,677 3.7 3.7
Public 20 23,845 2,586 3,537 10.8 14.8
27500 Janesville-Beloit, WI Total 80 85,613 5,740 5,740 6.7 6.7
Private 72 77,818 3,872 3,872 5.0 5.0
Public 8 7,796 1,868 1,868 24.0 24.0
27740 Johnson City, TN Total 108 99,005 5,077 5,878 5.1 5.9
Private 88 79,813 3,381 3,381 4.2 4.2
Public 20 19,191 1,696 2,497 8.8 13.0
27780 Johnstown, PA Total 64 73,138 20,818 22,217 28.5 30.4
Private 49 56,392 8,595 8,595 15.2 15.2
Public 15 16,746 12,223 13,622 73.0 81.3
27980 Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI Total 250 59,068 12,759 13,387 21.6 22.7
Private 214 50,701 7,387 7,574 14.6 14.9
Public 36 8,366 5,373 5,813 64.2 69.5
28020 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI Total 107 123,201 18,419 23,267 15.0 18.9
Private 95 109,114 12,573 15,912 11.5 14.6
Public 12 14,087 5,846 7,355 41.5 52.2
28140 Kansas City, MO-KS Total 1,251 1,069,751 85,303 93,429 8.0 8.7
Private 1,078 932,107 49,594 52,534 5.3 5.6
Public 173 137,644 35,709 40,895 25.9 29.7
28420 Kennewick-Richland, WA Total 174 182,495 43,502 44,882 23.8 24.6
Private 138 144,018 19,353 19,353 13.4 13.4
Public 36 38,477 24,149 25,529 62.8 66.3
28660 Killeen-Temple, TX Total 91 111,047 5,390 7,794 4.9 7.0
Private 67 82,711 0 1,150 0.0 1.4
Public 24 28,336 5,390 6,645 19.0 23.4
28700 Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA Total 123 109,893 5,951 6,647 5.4 6.0
Private 105 93,206 2,535 3,231 2.7 3.5
Public 18 16,687 3,416 3,416 20.5 20.5
28940 Knoxville, TN Total 387 356,013 17,483 20,108 4.9 5.6
Private 314 288,888 6,566 7,523 2.3 2.6
Public 73 67,126 10,917 12,585 16.3 18.7
29180 Lafayette, LA Total 412 205,161 10,671 12,272 5.2 6.0
Private 363 179,696 4,910 5,446 2.7 3.0
Public 49 25,465 5,760 6,826 22.6 26.8
29200 Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN Total 91 90,839 9,340 12,158 10.3 13.4
Private 82 81,743 8,455 10,218 10.3 12.5
Public 9 9,096 885 1,939 9.7 21.3
29340 Lake Charles, LA Total 199 100,574 6,055 8,010 6.0 8.0
Private 167 84,663 4,436 5,465 5.2 6.5
Public 32 15,911 1,619 2,546 10.2 16.0
29460 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL Total 183 217,786 26,249 26,249 12.1 12.1
Private 155 185,695 11,543 11,543 6.2 6.2
Public 28 32,091 14,706 14,706 45.8 45.8
29540 Lancaster, PA Total 217 247,905 22,965 24,315 9.3 9.8
Private 195 222,851 8,069 9,418 3.6 4.2
Public 22 25,053 14,896 14,896 59.5 59.5
29620 Lansing-East Lansing, MI Total 189 215,211 40,860 41,873 19.0 19.5
Private 149 171,998 23,027 24,041 13.4 14.0
Public 40 43,213 17,833 17,833 41.3 41.3
29700 Laredo, TX Total 70 88,497 0 0 0.0 0.0
Private 62 78,354 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 8 10,143 0 0 0.0 0.0
29740 Las Cruces, NM Total 270 73,060 1,802 3,360 2.5 4.6
Private 209 57,101 766 766 1.3 1.3
Public 61 15,959 1,036 2,594 6.5 16.3
29820 Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV Total 1,456 920,324 151,259 182,347 16.4 19.8
Private 1,257 793,502 106,090 117,382 13.4 14.8
Public 199 126,822 45,168 64,965 35.6 51.2
30340 Lewiston-Auburn, ME Total 138 63,006 6,760 7,110 10.7 11.3
Private 126 57,833 3,933 3,933 6.8 6.8
Public 12 5,173 2,827 3,178 54.6 61.4
30460 Lexington-Fayette, KY Total 251 222,545 16,430 19,922 7.4 9.0
Private 202 180,762 8,939 9,980 4.9 5.5
Public 49 41,783 7,492 9,942 17.9 23.8
30780 Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Total 740 317,910 13,231 16,663 4.2 5.2
Private 582 252,761 5,602 6,482 2.2 2.6
Public 158 65,149 7,628 10,181 11.7 15.6
30980 Longview, TX Total 132 157,208 7,964 9,053 5.1 5.8
Private 117 139,806 6,551 7,640 4.7 5.5
Public 15 17,403 1,413 1,413 8.1 8.1
31080 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA Total 4,759 5,431,268 781,295 850,397 14.4 15.7
Private 4,180 4,771,959 434,939 478,741 9.1 10.0
Public 579 659,309 346,356 371,656 52.5 56.4
31140 Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN Total 614 568,264 85,093 97,937 15.0 17.2
Private 524 487,517 55,635 63,924 11.4 13.1
Public 90 80,747 29,458 34,013 36.5 42.1
31180 Lubbock, TX Total 85 103,419 20,839 23,819 20.1 23.0
Private 70 85,517 12,210 13,905 14.3 16.3
Public 15 17,902 8,629 9,914 48.2 55.4
31420 Macon, GA Total 53 61,560 3,646 3,646 5.9 5.9
Private 45 52,578 1,145 1,145 2.2 2.2
Public 8 8,982 2,500 2,500 27.8 27.8
31540 Madison, WI Total 309 342,130 21,636 23,529 6.3 6.9
Private 241 266,828 8,515 10,408 3.2 3.9
Public 68 75,302 13,121 13,121 17.4 17.4
31700 Manchester-Nashua, NH Total 822 211,140 21,985 23,815 10.4 11.3
Private 730 187,781 8,536 8,787 4.5 4.7
Public 92 23,359 13,449 15,027 57.6 64.3
32580 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Total 200 241,965 5,785 8,836 2.4 3.7
Private 164 199,159 0 1,287 0.0 0.6
Public 36 42,806 5,785 7,549 13.5 17.6
32780 Medford, OR Total 157 109,692 10,300 11,549 9.4 10.5
Private 140 98,158 7,369 7,982 7.5 8.1
Public 17 11,534 2,931 3,567 25.4 30.9
32820 Memphis, TN-MS-AR Total 794 586,774 32,133 38,880 5.5 6.6
Private 700 524,562 21,513 27,370 4.1 5.2
Public 94 62,213 10,619 11,511 17.1 18.5
33100 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL Total 2,080 2,534,315 161,994 195,224 6.4 7.7
Private 1,833 2,236,324 63,294 76,887 2.8 3.4
Public 247 297,991 98,699 118,337 33.1 39.7
33340 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Total 705 771,130 47,323 60,069 6.1 7.8
Private 603 661,729 20,191 21,311 3.1 3.2
Public 102 109,402 27,132 38,758 24.8 35.4
33460 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Total 1,630 1,771,537 241,751 254,649 13.6 14.4
Private 1,405 1,529,182 121,191 129,867 7.9 8.5
Public 225 242,354 120,560 124,782 49.7 51.5
33660 Mobile, AL Total 261 166,127 18,462 20,975 11.1 12.6
Private 222 141,235 9,989 11,730 7.1 8.3
Public 39 24,892 8,473 9,245 34.0 37.1
33700 Modesto, CA Total 189 230,234 41,633 46,037 18.1 20.0
Private 159 195,276 16,589 19,527 8.5 10.0
Public 30 34,958 25,045 26,510 71.6 75.8
33740 Monroe, LA Total 143 69,270 3,237 4,224 4.7 6.1
Private 117 56,560 1,719 2,269 3.0 4.0
Public 26 12,710 1,518 1,954 11.9 15.4
33780 Monroe, MI Total 83 94,135 23,118 23,118 24.6 24.6
Private 72 82,134 13,097 13,097 15.9 15.9
Public 11 12,002 10,021 10,021 83.5 83.5
33860 Montgomery, AL Total 220 143,652 10,603 11,454 7.4 8.0
Private 167 109,519 2,883 2,883 2.6 2.6
Public 53 34,134 7,720 8,571 22.6 25.1
34060 Morgantown, WV Total 247 52,739 4,395 5,166 8.3 9.8
Private 177 38,196 2,144 2,542 5.6 6.7
Public 70 14,543 2,252 2,624 15.5 18.0
34580 Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA Total 120 129,013 26,941 26,941 20.9 20.9
Private 98 106,631 13,077 13,077 12.3 12.3
Public 22 22,382 13,864 13,864 61.9 61.9
34740 Muskegon, MI Total 85 100,642 12,463 12,463 12.4 12.4
Private 73 86,365 4,749 4,749 5.5 5.5
Public 12 14,277 7,713 7,713 54.0 54.0
34820 Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC-NC Total 159 129,808 2,012 2,645 1.5 2.0
Private 135 109,896 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 24 19,912 2,012 2,645 10.1 13.3
34940 Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL Total 96 114,537 2,483 6,052 2.2 5.3
Private 84 100,337 0 1,194 0.0 1.2
Public 12 14,200 2,483 4,858 17.5 34.2
34980 Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN Total 952 861,281 53,308 59,557 6.2 6.9
Private 819 745,042 38,480 41,342 5.2 5.5
Public 133 116,238 14,829 18,215 12.8 15.7
35300 New Haven-Milford, CT Total 401 364,489 70,406 73,391 19.3 20.1
Private 348 320,023 37,059 39,248 11.6 12.3
Public 53 44,465 33,347 34,143 75.0 76.8
35380 New Orleans-Metairie, LA Total 920 499,688 26,267 31,834 5.3 6.4
Private 764 416,157 10,406 12,552 2.5 3.0
Public 156 83,531 15,861 19,282 19.0 23.1
35620 New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA Total 7,239 8,684,545 1,837,810 1,965,231 21.2 22.6
Private 6,162 7,411,458 983,509 1,075,986 13.3 14.5
Public 1,077 1,273,087 854,301 889,245 67.1 69.8
35660 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI Total 74 83,718 13,136 13,136 15.7 15.7
Private 67 76,153 9,843 9,843 12.9 12.9
Public 7 7,564 3,293 3,293 43.5 43.5
35840 North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL Total 257 294,956 16,456 17,743 5.6 6.0
Private 230 264,126 6,374 7,661 2.4 2.9
Public 27 30,830 10,082 10,082 32.7 32.7
35980 Norwich-New London, CT Total 134 119,323 24,087 25,982 20.2 21.8
Private 106 94,926 12,781 14,676 13.5 15.5
Public 28 24,397 11,306 11,306 46.3 46.3
36100 Ocala, FL Total 94 114,680 4,386 5,488 3.8 4.8
Private 74 90,872 1,176 1,176 1.3 1.3
Public 20 23,808 3,210 4,312 13.5 18.1
36220 Odessa, TX Total 108 135,150 4,588 4,588 3.4 3.4
Private 89 113,282 1,259 1,259 1.1 1.1
Public 19 21,867 3,330 3,330 15.2 15.2
36260 Ogden-Clearfield, UT Total 597 288,708 11,491 16,176 4.0 5.6
Private 487 235,883 4,472 5,782 1.9 2.5
Public 110 52,825 7,019 10,394 13.3 19.7
36420 Oklahoma City, OK Total 802 560,779 28,722 47,337 5.1 8.4
Private 642 450,736 11,530 20,310 2.6 4.5
Public 160 110,044 17,192 27,027 15.6 24.6
36540 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA Total 980 420,028 31,453 35,718 7.5 8.5
Private 847 364,973 15,469 16,883 4.2 4.6
Public 133 55,056 15,984 18,835 29.0 34.2
36740 Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL Total 837 1,052,231 62,531 65,994 5.9 6.3
Private 747 938,969 28,856 31,093 3.1 3.3
Public 90 113,261 33,674 34,900 29.7 30.8
36780 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Total 86 93,881 10,253 10,253 10.9 10.9
Private 78 85,146 9,113 9,113 10.7 10.7
Public 8 8,735 1,140 1,140 13.1 13.1
37100 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA Total 279 324,765 38,685 42,096 11.9 13.0
Private 244 284,823 21,209 23,549 7.4 8.3
Public 35 39,942 17,475 18,548 43.8 46.4
37340 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL Total 180 207,218 9,155 11,334 4.4 5.5
Private 151 175,061 2,445 2,445 1.4 1.4
Public 29 32,157 6,710 8,889 20.9 27.6
37460 Panama City, FL Total 104 123,344 7,404 7,404 6.0 6.0
Private 83 99,433 4,989 4,989 5.0 5.0
Public 21 23,911 2,415 2,415 10.1 10.1
37860 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL Total 142 170,259 18,673 19,848 11.0 11.7
Private 116 140,423 7,246 7,246 5.2 5.2
Public 26 29,836 11,426 12,602 38.3 42.2
37900 Peoria, IL Total 127 135,380 27,305 29,474 20.2 21.8
Private 110 117,465 16,322 18,492 13.9 15.7
Public 17 17,915 10,982 10,982 61.3 61.3
37980 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD Total 3,307 2,747,948 353,360 381,854 12.9 13.9
Private 2,919 2,441,328 194,613 215,264 8.0 8.8
Public 388 306,620 158,747 166,591 51.8 54.3
38060 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ Total 1,818 1,867,129 69,294 88,848 3.7 4.8
Private 1,622 1,668,253 36,747 45,530 2.2 2.7
Public 196 198,876 32,547 43,318 16.4 21.8
38220 Pine Bluff, AR Total 242 104,099 7,254 7,600 7.0 7.3
Private 172 74,402 4,293 4,293 5.8 5.8
Public 70 29,697 2,961 3,306 10.0 11.1
38300 Pittsburgh, PA Total 906 1,049,362 127,432 134,158 12.1 12.8
Private 802 929,017 63,793 66,885 6.9 7.2
Public 104 120,345 63,640 67,273 52.9 55.9
38860 Portland-South Portland, ME Total 595 245,113 28,738 36,334 11.7 14.8
Private 495 205,528 6,645 9,010 3.2 4.4
Public 100 39,584 22,093 27,324 55.8 69.0
38900 Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA Total 1,449 1,065,159 141,159 158,829 13.3 14.9
Private 1,266 932,542 67,584 78,573 7.2 8.4
Public 183 132,618 73,575 80,256 55.5 60.5
38940 Port St. Lucie, FL Total 130 159,568 8,164 9,301 5.1 5.8
Private 109 135,167 2,272 2,272 1.7 1.7
Public 21 24,401 5,892 7,029 24.1 28.8
39140 Prescott, AZ Total 73 77,239 4,436 4,436 5.7 5.7
Private 58 61,759 2,430 2,430 3.9 3.9
Public 15 15,480 2,006 2,006 13.0 13.0
39300 Providence-Warwick, RI-MA Total 1,918 747,267 113,101 121,441 15.1 16.3
Private 1,628 636,850 54,137 59,951 8.5 9.4
Public 290 110,417 58,964 61,489 53.4 55.7
39340 Provo-Orem, UT Total 482 231,768 10,024 15,999 4.3 6.9
Private 424 204,104 5,317 7,311 2.6 3.6
Public 58 27,664 4,707 8,689 17.0 31.4
39540 Racine, WI Total 100 107,062 17,536 17,536 16.4 16.4
Private 93 99,398 14,411 14,411 14.5 14.5
Public 7 7,664 3,125 3,125 40.8 40.8
39580 Raleigh, NC Total 536 606,863 11,918 22,563 2.0 3.7
Private 467 530,141 2,142 8,803 0.4 1.7
Public 69 76,723 9,776 13,760 12.7 17.9
39740 Reading, PA Total 159 202,369 17,441 17,441 8.6 8.6
Private 148 189,967 10,980 10,980 5.8 5.8
Public 11 12,402 6,461 6,461 52.1 52.1
39820 Redding, CA Total 96 108,222 13,612 14,680 12.6 13.6
Private 73 81,830 4,210 4,210 5.1 5.1
Public 23 26,392 9,402 10,471 35.6 39.7
40060 Richmond, VA Total 513 607,900 36,866 41,730 6.1 6.9
Private 418 495,830 20,838 22,203 4.2 4.5
Public 95 112,070 16,028 19,527 14.3 17.4
40140 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA Total 1,365 1,636,892 333,566 365,672 20.4 22.3
Private 1,123 1,351,663 160,674 187,019 11.9 13.8
Public 242 285,229 172,892 178,653 60.6 62.6
40220 Roanoke, VA Total 83 101,347 2,381 3,580 2.3 3.5
Private 78 96,156 2,381 3,580 2.5 3.7
Public 5 5,191 0 0 0.0 0.0
40380 Rochester, NY Total 423 491,505 85,459 89,265 17.4 18.2
Private 359 419,882 46,601 49,246 11.1 11.7
Public 64 71,623 38,858 40,019 54.3 55.9
40420 Rockford, IL Total 118 127,179 16,117 16,117 12.7 12.7
Private 103 110,660 8,795 8,795 7.9 7.9
Public 15 16,520 7,322 7,322 44.3 44.3
40900 Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA Total 865 997,332 191,095 211,685 19.2 21.2
Private 665 768,748 67,621 79,479 8.8 10.3
Public 200 228,585 123,474 132,207 54.0 57.8
40980 Saginaw, MI Total 62 66,015 21,837 21,837 33.1 33.1
Private 57 60,911 17,885 17,885 29.4 29.4
Public 5 5,104 3,952 3,952 77.4 77.4
41100 St. George, UT Total 89 41,613 2,321 2,321 5.6 5.6
Private 73 34,294 858 858 2.5 2.5
Public 16 7,319 1,463 1,463 20.0 20.0
41180 St. Louis, MO-IL Total 1,184 1,324,834 156,470 169,897 11.8 12.8
Private 1,042 1,162,449 107,841 112,383 9.3 9.7
Public 142 162,385 48,629 57,514 29.9 35.4
41420 Salem, OR Total 230 158,321 19,912 21,259 12.6 13.4
Private 188 129,498 6,610 7,289 5.1 5.6
Public 42 28,823 13,302 13,970 46.2 48.5
41500 Salinas, CA Total 149 169,955 27,045 29,618 15.9 17.4
Private 117 133,974 8,712 8,712 6.5 6.5
Public 32 35,981 18,334 20,906 51.0 58.1
41540 Salisbury, MD-DE Total 428 149,142 14,449 17,872 9.7 12.0
Private 357 123,372 4,836 7,877 3.9 6.4
Public 71 25,770 9,613 9,995 37.3 38.8
41620 Salt Lake City, UT Total 1,063 525,933 21,508 26,535 4.1 5.0
Private 917 456,098 10,620 13,066 2.3 2.9
Public 146 69,835 10,888 13,469 15.6 19.3
41700 San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX Total 830 1,001,097 37,417 43,489 3.7 4.3
Private 689 836,025 11,917 13,052 1.4 1.6
Public 141 165,072 25,501 30,438 15.4 18.4
41740 San Diego-Carlsbad, CA Total 1,185 1,408,278 174,744 197,090 12.4 14.0
Private 973 1,163,667 62,707 84,040 5.4 7.2
Public 212 244,611 112,037 113,050 45.8 46.2
41860 San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA Total 1,762 2,121,675 330,339 351,923 15.6 16.6
Private 1,529 1,847,003 184,079 196,190 10.0 10.6
Public 233 274,671 146,260 155,733 53.2 56.7
41940 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Total 742 886,690 114,262 122,541 12.9 13.8
Private 650 773,032 43,584 49,741 5.6 6.4
Public 92 113,658 70,678 72,800 62.2 64.1
42020 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, CA Total 77 84,242 20,698 20,698 24.6 24.6
Private 54 60,003 6,293 6,293 10.5 10.5
Public 23 24,239 14,405 14,405 59.4 59.4
42100 Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA Total 114 126,988 26,107 26,107 20.6 20.6
Private 95 106,584 9,969 9,969 9.4 9.4
Public 19 20,404 16,137 16,137 79.1 79.1
42140 Santa Fe, NM Total 177 49,728 2,493 3,032 5.0 6.1
Private 125 35,050 1,607 1,848 4.6 5.3
Public 52 14,678 887 1,184 6.0 8.1
42200 Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA Total 165 189,425 16,289 18,855 8.6 10.0
Private 133 154,177 6,514 9,080 4.2 5.9
Public 32 35,248 9,775 9,775 27.7 27.7
42220 Santa Rosa, CA Total 123 147,536 27,761 28,824 18.8 19.5
Private 93 111,834 10,489 10,489 9.4 9.4
Public 30 35,702 17,272 18,335 48.4 51.4
42340 Savannah, GA Total 137 157,335 7,850 7,850 5.0 5.0
Private 122 141,726 5,266 5,266 3.7 3.7
Public 15 15,609 2,584 2,584 16.6 16.6
42540 Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton, PA Total 230 264,335 30,087 33,547 11.4 12.7
Private 206 238,293 16,370 16,370 6.9 6.9
Public 24 26,042 13,716 17,177 52.7 66.0
42660 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA Total 1,613 1,718,959 271,719 294,162 15.8 17.1
Private 1,378 1,481,209 154,307 168,245 10.4 11.4
Public 235 237,750 117,412 125,918 49.4 53.0
43300 Sherman-Denison, TX Total 85 99,321 3,563 4,983 3.6 5.0
Private 70 81,526 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 15 17,796 3,563 4,983 20.0 28.0
43340 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA Total 352 173,583 6,992 7,453 4.0 4.3
Private 288 143,547 3,058 3,058 2.1 2.1
Public 64 30,036 3,934 4,395 13.1 14.6
43620 Sioux Falls, SD Total 744 147,605 8,137 8,945 5.5 6.1
Private 649 129,053 3,411 3,411 2.6 2.6
Public 95 18,552 4,726 5,534 25.5 29.8
43780 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI Total 147 151,937 9,377 12,401 6.2 8.2
Private 133 136,316 6,031 6,031 4.4 4.4
Public 14 15,621 3,346 6,370 21.4 40.8
43900 Spartanburg, SC Total 145 118,884 2,940 6,341 2.5 5.3
Private 134 109,848 2,152 4,067 2.0 3.7
Public 11 9,036 788 2,274 8.7 25.2
44060 Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA Total 240 243,694 49,716 51,505 20.4 21.1
Private 186 190,599 19,724 19,724 10.3 10.3
Public 54 53,096 29,993 31,781 56.5 59.9
44100 Springfield, IL Total 135 142,094 52,667 58,068 37.1 40.9
Private 104 109,768 30,450 33,669 27.7 30.7
Public 31 32,325 22,217 24,399 68.7 75.5
44140 Springfield, MA Total 282 242,835 56,600 62,051 23.3 25.6
Private 226 193,327 18,080 21,038 9.4 10.9
Public 56 49,508 38,520 41,013 77.8 82.8
44180 Springfield, MO Total 189 208,237 12,922 12,922 6.2 6.2
Private 157 173,538 5,583 5,583 3.2 3.2
Public 32 34,699 7,339 7,339 21.2 21.2
44700 Stockton-Lodi, CA Total 258 318,182 71,441 80,540 22.5 25.3
Private 216 268,469 39,435 48,534 14.7 18.1
Public 42 49,714 32,006 32,006 64.4 64.4
45060 Syracuse, NY Total 233 273,278 60,546 62,748 22.2 23.0
Private 178 209,184 14,927 15,982 7.1 7.6
Public 55 64,094 45,620 46,766 71.2 73.0
45220 Tallahassee, FL Total 132 165,428 11,190 14,895 6.8 9.0
Private 87 108,665 1,212 3,439 1.1 3.2
Public 45 56,763 9,977 11,455 17.6 20.2
45300 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL Total 1,141 1,367,203 52,064 87,729 3.8 6.4
Private 1,002 1,203,302 22,137 48,197 1.8 4.0
Public 139 163,901 29,927 39,532 18.3 24.1
45460 Terre Haute, IN Total 99 98,253 4,011 4,011 4.1 4.1
Private 81 80,577 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 18 17,676 4,011 4,011 22.7 22.7
45780 Toledo, OH Total 244 276,179 52,148 54,227 18.9 19.6
Private 207 235,829 35,361 36,617 15.0 15.5
Public 37 40,350 16,787 17,610 41.6 43.6
45820 Topeka, KS Total 165 99,939 27,812 28,987 27.8 29.0
Private 144 88,049 20,750 21,925 23.6 24.9
Public 21 11,890 7,062 7,062 59.4 59.4
45940 Trenton, NJ Total 123 131,614 13,425 13,425 10.2 10.2
Private 103 110,894 2,709 2,709 2.4 2.4
Public 20 20,720 10,716 10,716 51.7 51.7
46060 Tucson, AZ Total 385 409,275 17,527 19,770 4.3 4.8
Private 309 325,147 8,798 11,041 2.7 3.4
Public 76 84,128 8,730 8,730 10.4 10.4
46140 Tulsa, OK Total 595 410,318 22,266 23,641 5.4 5.8
Private 527 363,034 13,925 14,529 3.8 4.0
Public 68 47,284 8,341 9,112 17.6 19.3
46340 Tyler, TX Total 98 118,138 4,778 5,838 4.0 4.9
Private 84 101,791 0 1,060 0.0 1.0
Public 14 16,347 4,778 4,778 29.2 29.2
46520 Urban Honolulu, HI Total 1,820 436,988 89,284 96,587 20.4 22.1
Private 1,414 340,368 46,800 51,246 13.7 15.1
Public 406 96,620 42,483 45,341 44.0 46.9
46540 Utica-Rome, NY Total 103 116,807 29,198 29,198 25.0 25.0
Private 80 90,637 13,009 13,009 14.4 14.4
Public 23 26,169 16,189 16,189 61.9 61.9
46700 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA Total 147 174,021 52,231 54,551 30.0 31.3
Private 110 129,474 26,370 28,690 20.4 22.2
Public 37 44,547 25,861 25,861 58.1 58.1
47220 Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ Total 43 48,168 8,509 8,509 17.7 17.7
Private 33 37,468 1,809 1,809 4.8 4.8
Public 10 10,700 6,700 6,700 62.6 62.6
47260 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Total 540 646,078 39,356 56,385 6.1 8.7
Private 421 508,724 19,576 25,753 3.8 5.1
Public 119 137,354 19,780 30,633 14.4 22.3
47300 Visalia-Porterville, CA Total 138 164,190 17,332 18,732 10.6 11.4
Private 123 145,827 3,483 4,883 2.4 3.3
Public 15 18,363 13,849 13,849 75.4 75.4
47380 Waco, TX Total 101 125,062 0 1,640 0.0 1.3
Private 89 109,808 0 0 0.0 0.0
Public 12 15,254 0 1,640 0.0 10.8
47580 Warner Robins, GA Total 87 99,797 1,067 1,992 1.1 2.0
Private 59 68,441 1,067 1,992 1.6 2.9
Public 28 31,356 0 0 0.0 0.0
47900 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Total 5,443 2,971,898 222,572 266,815 7.5 9.0
Private 4,031 2,236,363 80,577 96,939 3.6 4.3
Public 1,412 735,535 141,995 169,876 19.3 23.1
47940 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA Total 161 115,670 12,009 14,135 10.4 12.2
Private 133 94,701 5,379 6,849 5.7 7.2
Public 28 20,969 6,630 7,286 31.6 34.7
48060 Watertown-Fort Drum, NY Total 99 111,678 18,347 22,532 16.4 20.2
Private 75 86,389 4,645 5,745 5.4 6.7
Public 24 25,289 13,703 16,787 54.2 66.4
48140 Wausau, WI Total 93 99,937 9,934 9,934 9.9 9.9
Private 81 88,137 6,115 6,115 6.9 6.9
Public 12 11,800 3,819 3,819 32.4 32.4
48620 Wichita, KS Total 482 299,014 20,151 32,390 6.7 10.8
Private 409 255,848 11,079 17,318 4.3 6.8
Public 73 43,167 9,072 15,072 21.0 34.9
48660 Wichita Falls, TX Total 86 108,576 4,851 4,851 4.5 4.5
Private 65 82,709 2,475 2,475 3.0 3.0
Public 21 25,867 2,376 2,376 9.2 9.2
48700 Williamsport, PA Total 89 105,173 13,829 16,343 13.1 15.5
Private 79 92,821 7,439 8,649 8.0 9.3
Public 10 12,352 6,390 7,694 51.7 62.3
49020 Winchester, VA-WV Total 86 104,761 5,450 5,450 5.2 5.2
Private 67 82,561 1,819 1,819 2.2 2.2
Public 19 22,200 3,632 3,632 16.4 16.4
49180 Winston-Salem, NC Total 220 250,776 9,808 11,792 3.9 4.7
Private 198 226,817 3,017 3,895 1.3 1.7
Public 22 23,959 6,791 7,898 28.3 33.0
49340 Worcester, MA-CT Total 464 410,991 48,661 51,113 11.8 12.4
Private 400 354,518 18,826 19,607 5.3 5.5
Public 64 56,473 29,835 31,506 52.8 55.8
49620 York-Hanover, PA Total 161 181,368 14,925 15,911 8.2 8.8
Private 141 158,860 12,887 12,887 8.1 8.1
Public 20 22,508 2,037 3,023 9.1 13.4
49660 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Total 191 211,873 30,078 36,979 14.2 17.5
Private 170 189,423 20,415 27,316 10.8 14.4
Public 21 22,450 9,663 9,663 43.0 43.0
49740 Yuma, AZ Total 112 129,041 9,689 11,240 7.5 8.7
Private 87 99,336 4,443 5,995 4.5 6.0
Public 25 29,705 5,245 5,245 17.7 17.7
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, August 2015-July 2016. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage
and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective
bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed
workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Metropolitan areas in the CPS beginning August 2015 tables are based
on 2013 Census definitions used in the CPS beginning August 2015; geographic areas may not be fully compatible with CPS area
definitions prior to August 2015.
CSAs at the top of the table identified by Census CSA code; CBSAs in the remainder of the table are identified by Census FIPS codes.
2016 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.