Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Occupation, 2009 (details in table note)    
COC Occupation (Standard Occupational Classification) Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
MANAGEMENT, BUSINESS, AND FINANCIAL OCCUPATIONS 23,555 16,977,747 821,558 996,616 4.8 5.9
10 Chief executives 1,584 1,162,006 22,140 31,967 1.9 2.8
20 General and operations managers 1,369 947,254 17,472 22,370 1.8 2.4
40 Advertising and promotions managers 82 64,033 986 2,311 1.5 3.6
50 Marketing and sales managers 1,211 903,284 11,823 14,132 1.3 1.6
60 Public relations managers 97 66,194 191 764 0.3 1.2
100 Administrative services managers 161 109,712 5,748 6,751 5.2 6.2
110 Computer and information systems managers 615 448,034 14,914 19,118 3.3 4.3
120 Financial managers 1,573 1,134,611 28,945 36,142 2.6 3.2
130 Human resources managers 404 292,369 6,819 7,802 2.3 2.7
140 Industrial production managers 340 236,790 4,942 7,121 2.1 3.0
150 Purchasing managers 258 186,911 8,106 10,020 4.3 5.4
160 Transportation, storage, and distribution managers 299 217,435 12,840 13,953 5.9 6.4
200 Farm, ranch, and other agricultural managers 172 101,674 1,626 1,626 1.6 1.6
220 Construction managers 645 472,040 35,928 38,699 7.6 8.2
230 Education administrators 1,061 751,428 129,988 152,341 17.3 20.3
300 Engineering managers 156 117,879 954 1,286 0.8 1.1
310 Food service managers 889 687,379 5,380 9,280 0.8 1.4
320 Funeral directors 44 30,737 2,086 2,086 6.8 6.8
330 Gaming managers 37 18,247 2,316 2,316 12.7 12.7
340 Lodging managers 159 115,128 1,543 2,338 1.3 2.0
350 Medical and health services managers 728 512,702 26,304 36,292 5.1 7.1
360 Natural sciences managers 21 11,689 0 0 0.0 0.0
410 Property, real estate, and community association managers 502 388,626 7,821 12,233 2.0 3.1
420 Social and community service managers 536 331,864 13,236 14,553 4.0 4.4
430 Managers, all other 3,157 2,240,118 111,106 139,042 5.0 6.2
500 Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes 30 23,783 0 1,079 0.0 4.5
510 Purchasing agents and buyers, farm products 13 6,336 0 0 0.0 0.0
520 Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products 208 150,122 0 98 0.0 0.1
530 Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products 327 231,986 15,993 17,644 6.9 7.6
540 Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators 361 269,108 15,221 18,101 5.7 6.7
560 Compliance officers, except agriculture, construction, health and safety, and transportation 281 201,386 41,871 47,916 20.8 23.8
600 Cost estimators 151 111,393 8,335 8,335 7.5 7.5
620 Human resources, training, and labor relations specialists 1,166 831,258 74,915 80,099 9.0 9.6
700 Logisticians 83 61,107 3,278 6,418 5.4 10.5
710 Management analysts 611 419,114 17,306 24,863 4.1 5.9
720 Meeting and convention planners 63 45,375 1,244 1,244 2.7 2.7
730 Other business operations specialists 476 327,029 36,911 46,895 11.3 14.3
800 Accountants and auditors 2,079 1,558,162 60,932 73,193 3.9 4.7
810 Appraisers and assessors of real estate 88 63,038 6,943 6,943 11.0 11.0
820 Budget analysts 85 57,420 8,688 9,224 15.1 16.1
830 Credit analysts 43 25,264 1,262 1,262 5.0 5.0
840 Financial analysts 101 75,248 1,076 2,233 1.4 3.0
850 Personal financial advisors 398 328,056 5,995 7,646 1.8 2.3
860 Insurance underwriters 127 93,248 0 1,100 0.0 1.2
900 Financial examiners 11 7,380 3,045 3,121 41.3 42.3
910 Loan counselors and officers 470 337,660 6,410 8,626 1.9 2.6
930 Tax examiners, collectors, and revenue agents 99 74,379 31,691 37,662 42.6 50.6
940 Tax prepares 103 73,081 5,622 6,768 7.7 9.3
950 Financial specialists, all other 81 58,667 1,608 1,608 2.7 2.7
PROFESSIONAL AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS 38,843 27,867,293 5,205,647 5,824,425 18.7 20.9
1000 Computer scientists and systems analysts 914 695,801 44,471 48,228 6.4 6.9
1010 Computer programmers 597 457,768 18,613 21,875 4.1 4.8
1020 Computer software engineers 1,223 924,966 20,715 29,295 2.2 3.2
1040 Computer support specialists 506 392,474 28,369 32,498 7.2 8.3
1060 Database administrators 137 101,520 9,456 11,337 9.3 11.2
1100 Network and computer systems administrators 293 206,033 9,434 12,299 4.6 6.0
1110 Network systems and data communications analysts 494 358,589 24,051 26,701 6.7 7.4
1200 Actuaries 29 21,433 1,942 1,942 9.1 9.1
1210 Mathematicians 4 3,749 0 0 0.0 0.0
1220 Operations research analysts 152 103,470 13,551 16,359 13.1 15.8
1230 Statisticians 52 35,841 4,207 4,843 11.7 13.5
1240 Miscellaneous mathematical science occupations 6 4,296 325 1,516 7.6 35.3
1300 Architects, except naval 207 143,459 5,098 5,250 3.6 3.7
1310 Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists 65 48,120 4,218 6,926 8.8 14.4
1320 Aerospace engineers 158 130,639 17,652 18,686 13.5 14.3
1330 Agricultural engineers 5 1,772 0 211 0.0 11.9
1340 Biomedical engineers 22 18,184 1,673 1,673 9.2 9.2
1350 Chemical engineers 79 61,802 3,233 3,233 5.2 5.2
1360 Civil engineers 449 303,890 27,739 31,045 9.1 10.2
1400 Computer hardware engineers 70 52,153 980 980 1.9 1.9
1410 Electrical and electronic engineers 382 294,638 17,343 20,700 5.9 7.0
1420 Environmental engineers 47 30,085 4,944 5,932 16.4 19.7
1430 Industrial engineers, including health and safety 235 181,641 16,109 17,259 8.9 9.5
1440 Marine engineers and naval architects 20 9,772 1,011 1,011 10.3 10.3
1450 Materials engineers 36 26,474 2,211 2,211 8.3 8.3
1460 Mechanical engineers 370 291,307 11,604 16,896 4.0 5.8
1500 Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers 18 10,039 657 657 6.5 6.5
1510 Nuclear engineers 18 12,513 0 188 0.0 1.5
1520 Petroleum engineers 25 18,943 0 156 0.0 0.8
1530 Engineers, all other 433 311,870 13,558 16,621 4.3 5.3
1540 Drafters 201 138,608 8,647 10,152 6.2 7.3
1550 Engineering technicians, except drafters 491 353,935 52,259 60,505 14.8 17.1
1560 Surveying and mapping technicians 95 72,603 4,856 7,398 6.7 10.2
1600 Agricultural and food scientists 53 29,525 1,122 1,228 3.8 4.2
1610 Biological scientists 164 101,081 10,510 13,474 10.4 13.3
1640 Conservation scientists and foresters 43 22,642 3,665 4,916 16.2 21.7
1650 Medical scientists 217 168,055 10,453 11,379 6.2 6.8
1700 Astronomers and physicists 15 11,208 0 0 0.0 0.0
1710 Atmospheric and space scientists 13 6,405 290 290 4.5 4.5
1720 Chemists and materials scientists 144 113,697 4,690 8,012 4.1 7.0
1740 Environmental scientists and geoscientists 151 90,709 6,872 7,414 7.6 8.2
1760 Physical scientists, all other 168 124,853 5,332 8,562 4.3 6.9
1800 Economists 64 32,825 4,765 5,393 14.5 16.4
1810 Market and survey researchers 132 89,825 1,734 2,340 1.9 2.6
1820 Psychologists 154 107,427 35,223 39,595 32.8 36.9
1830 Sociologists 1 966 966 966 100.0 100.0
1840 Urban and regional planners 39 26,176 4,371 4,371 16.7 16.7
1860 Miscellaneous social scientists and related workers 66 32,814 1,260 1,587 3.8 4.8
1900 Agricultural and food science technicians 39 29,931 5,080 5,080 17.0 17.0
1910 Biological technicians 35 22,476 1,566 1,566 7.0 7.0
1920 Chemical technicians 74 52,217 5,411 6,028 10.4 11.5
1930 Geological and petroleum technicians 23 14,202 1,788 1,788 12.6 12.6
1940 Nuclear technicians 3 1,680 0 0 0.0 0.0
1960 Other life, physical, and social science technicians 199 140,961 17,210 17,210 12.2 12.2
2000 Counselors 940 667,777 124,705 138,875 18.7 20.8
2010 Social workers 1,006 698,165 170,830 179,632 24.5 25.7
2020 Miscellaneous community and social service specialists 491 340,944 63,581 69,047 18.6 20.3
2040 Clergy 589 427,730 5,426 7,573 1.3 1.8
2050 Directors, religious activities and education 86 63,232 157 157 0.2 0.2
2060 Religious workers, all other 90 70,958 1,190 1,190 1.7 1.7
2100 Lawyers, Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers 1,121 760,346 53,647 65,423 7.1 8.6
2140 Paralegals and legal assistants 495 355,309 7,380 12,093 2.1 3.4
2150 Miscellaneous legal support workers 341 219,029 17,506 19,359 8.0 8.8
2200 Postsecondary teachers 1,926 1,303,624 226,167 258,644 17.3 19.8
2300 Preschool and kindergarten teachers 881 662,963 124,053 146,892 18.7 22.2
2310 Elementary and middle school teachers 3,845 2,820,155 1,448,498 1,581,003 51.4 56.1
2320 Secondary school teachers 1,707 1,230,397 684,154 750,708 55.6 61.0
2330 Special education teachers 556 374,455 222,692 242,057 59.5 64.6
2340 Other teachers and instructors 779 567,656 38,650 45,890 6.8 8.1
2400 Archivists, curators, and museum technicians 82 39,435 6,502 7,595 16.5 19.3
2430 Librarians 320 202,746 50,575 58,192 24.9 28.7
2440 Library technicians 73 48,157 11,427 14,175 23.7 29.4
2540 Teacher assistants 1,422 986,912 343,975 376,992 34.9 38.2
2550 Other education, training, and library workers 125 81,698 15,587 20,760 19.1 25.4
2600 Artists and related workers 96 80,386 4,539 4,539 5.6 5.6
2630 Designers 725 546,158 21,725 25,709 4.0 4.7
2700 Actors 19 16,588 5,088 5,088 30.7 30.7
2710 Producers and directors 130 97,759 13,184 13,723 13.5 14.0
2720 Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers 302 229,206 25,450 30,586 11.1 13.3
2740 Dancers and choreographers 16 11,962 0 0 0.0 0.0
2750 Musicians, singers, and related workers 95 74,830 3,272 5,191 4.4 6.9
2760 Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other 31 24,378 3,971 4,440 16.3 18.2
2800 Announcers 51 36,770 0 279 0.0 0.8
2810 News analysts, reporters and correspondents 111 69,899 5,405 6,063 7.7 8.7
2820 Public relations specialists 185 117,635 9,052 9,395 7.7 8.0
2830 Editors 209 138,508 10,696 13,046 7.7 9.4
2840 Technical writers 73 44,269 0 0 0.0 0.0
2850 Writers and authors 136 88,931 2,745 3,873 3.1 4.4
2860 Miscellaneous media and communication workers 97 73,822 12,808 14,331 17.3 19.4
2900 Broadcast and sound engineering technicians and radio operators 104 77,473 10,603 11,600 13.7 15.0
2910 Photographers 103 81,681 2,091 2,091 2.6 2.6
2920 Television, video, and motion picture camera operators and editors 43 30,232 5,184 6,843 17.1 22.6
2960 Media and communication equipment workers, all other 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0
3000 Chiropractors 17 11,832 0 0 0.0 0.0
3010 Dentists 71 57,458 3,174 3,174 5.5 5.5
3030 Dietitians and nutritionists 118 88,721 12,933 15,225 14.6 17.2
3040 Optometrists 17 10,181 1,062 1,062 10.4 10.4
3050 Pharmacists 335 255,222 15,046 20,029 5.9 7.8
3060 Physicians and surgeons 933 679,927 39,230 58,845 5.8 8.7
3110 Physician assistants 135 85,629 7,020 8,839 8.2 10.3
3120 Podiatrists 13 12,383 2,252 2,252 18.2 18.2
3130 Registered nurses 3,923 2,757,484 512,830 569,262 18.6 20.6
3140 Audiologists 19 15,390 892 1,292 5.8 8.4
3150 Occupational therapists 136 97,320 13,057 19,666 13.4 20.2
3160 Physical therapists 236 153,402 9,587 12,812 6.2 8.4
3200 Radiation therapists 23 17,286 1,438 1,438 8.3 8.3
3210 Recreational therapists 27 21,628 6,826 6,826 31.6 31.6
3220 Respiratory therapists 160 114,759 11,820 12,954 10.3 11.3
3230 Speech-language pathologists 170 117,584 47,658 49,791 40.5 42.3
3240 Therapists, all other 132 98,110 2,115 3,239 2.2 3.3
3250 Veterinarians 64 43,799 1,132 1,814 2.6 4.1
3260 Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other 8 7,563 0 0 0.0 0.0
3300 Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians 470 356,843 36,925 42,408 10.3 11.9
3310 Dental hygienists 205 131,494 2,956 4,090 2.2 3.1
3320 Diagnostic related technologists and technicians 460 337,318 34,401 39,278 10.2 11.6
3400 Emergency medical technicians and paramedics 216 158,289 44,152 46,311 27.9 29.3
3410 Health diagnosing and treating practitioner support technicians 619 462,031 52,304 53,547 11.3 11.6
3500 Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses 828 631,135 73,106 83,923 11.6 13.3
3510 Medical records and health information technicians 158 111,350 9,857 12,650 8.9 11.4
3520 Opticians, dispensing 64 41,912 2,550 3,721 6.1 8.9
3530 Miscellaneous health technologists and technicians 181 141,142 6,524 7,756 4.6 5.5
3540 Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations 74 49,865 11,052 13,386 22.2 26.8
3600 Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides 2,631 1,936,515 240,103 266,928 12.4 13.8
3610 Occupational therapist assistants and aides 19 13,704 916 2,580 6.7 18.8
3620 Physical therapist assistants and aides 104 76,157 3,694 3,813 4.9 5.0
3630 Massage therapists 105 78,667 0 1,007 0.0 1.3
3640 Dental assistants 385 280,981 1,439 1,439 0.5 0.5
3650 Medical assistants and other healthcare support occupations 1,048 773,057 71,193 77,171 9.2 10.0
SERVICE OCCUPATIONS 29,918 22,363,920 2,588,408 2,829,822 11.6 12.7
3700 First-line supervisors/managers of correctional officers 74 53,623 21,300 24,190 39.7 45.1
3710 First-line supervisors/managers of police and detectives 135 100,081 41,138 47,098 41.1 47.1
3720 First-line supervisors/managers of fire fighting and prevention workers 71 55,092 33,344 34,192 60.5 62.1
3730 Supervisors, protective service workers, all other 119 89,053 8,742 9,771 9.8 11.0
3740 Fire fighters 378 279,151 202,357 208,492 72.5 74.7
3750 Fire inspectors 26 18,496 11,332 11,430 61.3 61.8
3800 Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers 556 440,993 202,802 213,928 46.0 48.5
3820 Detectives and criminal investigators 169 132,682 53,268 58,951 40.1 44.4
3830 Fish and game wardens 8 5,021 2,823 2,823 56.2 56.2
3840 Parking enforcement workers 11 7,858 3,774 4,128 48.0 52.5
3850 Police and sheriff's patrol officers 864 694,525 398,926 416,675 57.4 60.0
3860 Transit and railroad police 4 3,555 149 149 4.2 4.2
3900 Animal control workers 16 11,397 5,581 5,581 49.0 49.0
3910 Private detectives and investigators 94 69,423 9,334 10,463 13.4 15.1
3920 Security guards and gaming surveillance officers 1,147 923,509 93,971 104,397 10.2 11.3
3940 Crossing guards 90 67,904 13,905 17,364 20.5 25.6
3950 Lifeguards and other protective service workers 224 167,477 7,868 10,236 4.7 6.1
4000 Chefs and head cooks 454 342,188 12,266 15,114 3.6 4.4
4010 First-line supervisors/managers of food preparation and serving workers 740 551,757 25,576 29,650 4.6 5.4
4020 Cooks 2,584 1,938,807 90,486 108,603 4.7 5.6
4030 Food preparation workers 1,016 749,171 45,057 47,752 6.0 6.4
4040 Bartenders 544 382,931 13,282 14,696 3.5 3.8
4050 Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food 496 343,911 36,166 40,543 10.5 11.8
4060 Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop 387 270,911 5,870 7,776 2.2 2.9
4110 Waiters and waitresses 2,642 2,026,215 41,631 53,080 2.1 2.6
4120 Food servers, nonrestaurant 215 171,408 17,987 21,060 10.5 12.3
4130 Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers 438 316,729 30,469 31,509 9.6 9.9
4140 Dishwashers 371 260,355 11,122 13,505 4.3 5.2
4150 Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop 353 256,997 4,396 5,651 1.7 2.2
4160 Food preparation and serving related workers, all other 11 9,279 0 0 0.0 0.0
4200 First-line supervisors/managers of housekeeping and janitorial workers 255 183,977 17,603 17,603 9.6 9.6
4210 First-line supervisors/managers of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers 129 100,658 7,218 10,655 7.2 10.6
4220 Janitors and building cleaners 2,820 2,035,604 343,774 372,772 16.9 18.3
4230 Maids and housekeeping cleaners 1,784 1,317,153 98,514 109,830 7.5 8.3
4240 Pest control workers 64 46,620 2,150 2,150 4.6 4.6
4250 Grounds maintenance workers 1,197 907,667 51,263 56,592 5.6 6.2
4300 First-line supervisors/managers of gaming workers 155 100,317 1,262 1,262 1.3 1.3
4320 First-line supervisors/managers of personal service workers 104 78,429 2,124 2,124 2.7 2.7
4340 Animal trainers 27 18,861 0 0 0.0 0.0
4350 Nonfarm animal caretakers 152 113,816 4,341 4,612 3.8 4.1
4400 Gaming services workers 178 118,373 8,587 8,587 7.3 7.3
4410 Motion picture projectionists 13 7,469 1,279 1,279 17.1 17.1
4420 Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers 56 42,965 1,982 1,982 4.6 4.6
4430 Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers 227 156,594 9,982 10,915 6.4 7.0
4460 Funeral service workers 15 8,014 0 0 0.0 0.0
4500 Barbers 38 37,399 0 0 0.0 0.0
4510 Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists 620 489,308 5,575 7,398 1.1 1.5
4520 Miscellaneous personal appearance workers 244 202,306 4,575 5,574 2.3 2.8
4530 Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges 103 75,937 15,126 18,551 19.9 24.4
4540 Tour and travel guides 49 24,769 1,505 1,505 6.1 6.1
4550 Transportation attendants 165 136,763 80,040 83,778 58.5 61.3
4600 Child care workers 1,198 899,423 46,988 54,762 5.2 6.1
4610 Personal and home care aides 1,157 877,291 88,422 95,591 10.1 10.9
4620 Recreation and fitness workers 435 325,543 7,308 9,806 2.2 3.0
4640 Residential advisors 84 74,859 17,613 20,750 23.5 27.7
4650 Personal care and service workers, all other 120 84,224 8,912 9,999 10.6 11.9
SALES AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS 17,854 13,331,012 411,415 479,731 3.1 3.6
4700 First-line supervisors/managers of retail sales workers 3,478 2,472,407 104,793 119,197 4.2 4.8
4710 First-line supervisors/managers of non-retail sales workers 1,143 864,657 13,227 15,488 1.5 1.8
4720 Cashiers 4,072 3,055,253 161,080 176,563 5.3 5.8
4740 Counter and rental clerks 191 154,307 5,086 5,086 3.3 3.3
4750 Parts salespersons 140 103,068 2,536 2,801 2.5 2.7
4760 Retail salespersons 3,996 3,034,837 43,368 54,064 1.4 1.8
4800 Advertising sales agents 251 192,078 1,948 1,948 1.0 1.0
4810 Insurance sales agents 616 438,221 4,488 11,150 1.0 2.5
4820 Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents 336 273,451 3,680 4,633 1.3 1.7
4830 Travel agents 81 60,440 544 544 0.9 0.9
4840 Sales representatives, services, all other 577 455,109 23,640 30,224 5.2 6.6
4850 Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing 1,594 1,206,328 17,839 22,490 1.5 1.9
4900 Models, demonstrators, and product promoters 66 49,940 1,071 1,071 2.1 2.1
4920 Real estate brokers and sales agents 632 472,170 15,292 17,971 3.2 3.8
4930 Sales engineers 39 30,981 0 676 0.0 2.2
4940 Telemarketers 155 108,465 905 2,146 0.8 2.0
4950 Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers 154 120,639 1,976 3,480 1.6 2.9
4960 Sales and related workers, all other 333 238,661 9,943 10,197 4.2 4.3
OFFICE AND ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT OCCUPATIONS 24,232 17,666,829 1,819,813 2,019,271 10.3 11.4
5000 First-line supervisors/managers of office and administrative support workers 2,139 1,588,980 89,201 102,198 5.6 6.4
5010 Switchboard operators, including answering service 70 49,780 5,437 7,025 10.9 14.1
5020 Telephone operators 60 43,896 3,965 4,294 9.0 9.8
5030 Communications equipment operators, all other 17 14,231 1,607 1,607 11.3 11.3
5100 Bill and account collectors 296 198,812 8,586 8,586 4.3 4.3
5110 Billing and posting clerks and machine operators 631 469,340 24,479 28,056 5.2 6.0
5120 Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks 1,684 1,140,323 47,544 55,443 4.2 4.9
5130 Gaming cage workers 16 9,241 1,233 1,348 13.3 14.6
5140 Payroll and timekeeping clerks 187 139,150 17,174 19,133 12.3 13.8
5150 Procurement clerks 30 21,484 3,333 3,333 15.5 15.5
5160 Tellers 594 440,351 5,848 6,193 1.3 1.4
5200 Brokerage clerks 6 5,033 0 0 0.0 0.0
5210 Correspondence clerks 15 6,658 1,017 2,173 15.3 32.6
5220 Court, municipal, and license clerks 140 100,786 34,824 36,398 34.6 36.1
5230 Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks 75 49,098 0 0 0.0 0.0
5240 Customer service representatives 2,509 1,874,742 113,549 130,923 6.1 7.0
5250 Eligibility interviewers, government programs 85 61,048 23,096 24,571 37.8 40.2
5260 File Clerks 428 314,458 40,813 41,503 13.0 13.2
5300 Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks 215 146,259 5,378 6,715 3.7 4.6
5310 Interviewers, except eligibility and loan 200 139,270 11,318 11,577 8.1 8.3
5320 Library assistants, clerical 173 124,224 16,452 19,189 13.2 15.4
5330 Loan interviewers and clerks 154 108,966 1,318 1,999 1.2 1.8
5340 New accounts clerks 39 25,966 0 0 0.0 0.0
5350 Order clerks 132 102,179 7,122 8,464 7.0 8.3
5360 Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping 61 43,954 7,988 7,988 18.2 18.2
5400 Receptionists and information clerks 1,760 1,285,361 64,397 75,074 5.0 5.8
5410 Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks 158 105,470 25,204 26,372 23.9 25.0
5420 Information and record clerks, all other 138 103,203 11,370 16,839 11.0 16.3
5500 Cargo and freight agents 26 21,925 4,189 4,189 19.1 19.1
5510 Couriers and messengers 295 233,459 49,268 51,610 21.1 22.1
5520 Dispatchers 373 265,993 48,608 52,296 18.3 19.7
5530 Meter readers, utilities 54 42,370 14,180 14,180 33.5 33.5
5540 Postal service clerks 211 163,113 105,223 111,670 64.5 68.5
5550 Postal service mail carriers 496 365,033 248,676 267,180 68.1 73.2
5560 Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators 109 79,995 51,477 57,049 64.4 71.3
5600 Production, planning, and expediting clerks 378 265,854 24,152 27,510 9.1 10.3
5610 Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks 609 463,593 45,834 48,761 9.9 10.5
5620 Stock clerks and order fillers 1,833 1,397,474 157,156 170,137 11.2 12.2
5630 Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping 76 57,326 11,145 11,145 19.4 19.4
5700 Secretaries and administrative assistants 4,298 3,024,369 236,052 275,054 7.8 9.1
5800 Computer operators 149 114,150 10,122 11,517 8.9 10.1
5810 Data entry keyers 480 356,115 33,677 36,787 9.5 10.3
5820 Word processors and typists 209 156,983 36,612 39,656 23.3 25.3
5830 Desktop publishers 4 2,419 124 124 5.1 5.1
5840 Insurance claims and policy processing clerks 330 245,716 4,824 4,824 2.0 2.0
5850 Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service 139 95,832 13,350 15,151 13.9 15.8
5860 Office clerks, general 1,326 1,009,100 108,614 119,914 10.8 11.9
5900 Office machine operators, except computer 62 45,962 4,730 4,730 10.3 10.3
5910 Proofreaders and copy markers 10 6,840 856 856 12.5 12.5
5920 Statistical assistants 23 17,527 2,172 2,172 12.4 12.4
5930 Office and administrative support workers, all other 730 523,417 36,517 45,758 7.0 8.7
FARMING, FISHING, AND FORESTRY OCCUPATIONS 1,256 880,102 24,303 25,800 2.8 2.9
6000 First-line supervisors/managers of farming, fishing, and forestry workers 52 37,072 1,534 1,534 4.1 4.1
6010 Agricultural inspectors 28 18,190 7,948 7,948 43.7 43.7
6020 Animal breeders 2 1,235 0 0 0.0 0.0
6040 Graders and sorters, agricultural products 103 77,873 6,124 6,124 7.9 7.9
6050 Miscellaneous agricultural workers 957 674,928 4,138 4,781 0.6 0.7
6100 Fishers and related fishing workers 26 10,124 118 971 1.2 9.6
6110 Hunters and trappers 1 1,034 0 0 0.0 0.0
6120 Forest and conservation workers 25 17,132 2,284 2,284 13.3 13.3
6130 Logging workers 62 42,514 2,158 2,158 5.1 5.1
CONSTRUCTION AND EXTRACTION OCCUPATIONS 7,733 5,819,964 1,220,406 1,268,574 21.0 21.8
6200 First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers 761 549,620 101,965 103,553 18.6 18.8
6210 Boilermakers 31 22,619 7,511 9,843 33.2 43.5
6220 Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons 154 118,480 24,653 25,880 20.8 21.8
6230 Carpenters 1,078 805,250 151,720 156,033 18.8 19.4
6240 Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers 169 154,780 11,267 12,715 7.3 8.2
6250 Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers 77 60,752 9,104 9,104 15.0 15.0
6260 Construction laborers 1,375 1,127,007 163,385 173,915 14.5 15.4
6300 Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators 25 16,955 3,813 3,813 22.5 22.5
6310 Pile-driver operators 4 4,029 1,101 1,101 27.3 27.3
6320 Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators 540 333,584 92,958 95,010 27.9 28.5
6330 Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers 170 132,079 20,802 22,060 15.7 16.7
6350 Electricians 913 671,583 232,974 240,689 34.7 35.8
6360 Glaziers 53 39,235 4,762 4,762 12.1 12.1
6400 Insulation workers 43 29,176 7,610 8,714 26.1 29.9
6420 Painters, construction and maintenance 411 355,566 30,056 30,937 8.5 8.7
6430 Paperhangers 2 2,039 936 936 45.9 45.9
6440 Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters 592 435,668 140,385 146,078 32.2 33.5
6460 Plasterers and stucco masons 30 27,698 2,789 2,789 10.1 10.1
6500 Reinforcing iron and rebar workers 10 8,800 4,135 4,135 47.0 47.0
6510 Roofers 211 180,483 12,481 12,481 6.9 6.9
6520 Sheet metal workers 173 133,273 47,120 47,682 35.4 35.8
6530 Structural iron and steel workers 72 55,648 22,984 22,984 41.3 41.3
6600 Helpers, construction trades 80 68,107 4,698 5,677 6.9 8.3
6660 Construction and building inspectors 114 77,059 15,835 19,333 20.5 25.1
6700 Elevator installers and repairers 41 34,891 21,587 21,587 61.9 61.9
6710 Fence erectors 34 27,146 860 860 3.2 3.2
6720 Hazardous materials removal workers 43 30,372 7,100 7,100 23.4 23.4
6730 Highway maintenance workers 168 112,388 45,271 45,526 40.3 40.5
6740 Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators 16 12,394 7,580 8,597 61.2 69.4
6750 Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners 9 6,557 1,935 2,447 29.5 37.3
6760 Miscellaneous construction and related workers 33 30,350 1,508 1,508 5.0 5.0
6800 Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining 48 23,535 1,703 1,947 7.2 8.3
6820 Earth drillers, except oil and gas 25 14,689 1,240 1,240 8.4 8.4
6830 Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters 13 10,525 488 488 4.6 4.6
6840 Mining machine operators 102 52,033 12,694 13,180 24.4 25.3
6910 Roof bolters, mining 9 4,665 416 416 8.9 8.9
6920 Roustabouts, oil and gas 14 4,951 0 0 0.0 0.0
6930 Helpers--extraction workers 9 5,739 0 477 0.0 8.3
6940 Other extraction workers 81 40,240 2,980 2,980 7.4 7.4
INSTALLATION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OCCUPATIONS 6,111 4,531,323 744,119 793,359 16.4 17.5
7000 First-line supervisors/managers of mechanics, installers, and repairers 472 322,754 42,090 45,986 13.0 14.2
7010 Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers 398 312,147 21,796 24,400 7.0 7.8
7020 Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers 216 157,304 51,435 53,440 32.7 34.0
7030 Avionics technicians 18 13,816 716 716 5.2 5.2
7040 Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers 45 31,505 6,261 6,375 19.9 20.2
7050 Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment 8 6,984 1,634 1,634 23.4 23.4
7100 Electrical and electronics repairers, industrial and utility 21 12,823 6,063 6,063 47.3 47.3
7110 Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles 26 20,132 8,757 8,757 43.5 43.5
7120 Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers 68 61,124 2,396 2,396 3.9 3.9
7130 Security and fire alarm systems installers 82 61,598 6,658 6,658 10.8 10.8
7140 Aircraft mechanics and service technicians 156 130,448 41,706 46,315 32.0 35.5
7150 Automotive body and related repairers 179 137,248 4,754 6,016 3.5 4.4
7160 Automotive glass installers and repairers 28 21,048 0 0 0.0 0.0
7200 Automotive service technicians and mechanics 883 667,133 41,303 47,720 6.2 7.2
7210 Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists 434 313,844 74,872 80,633 23.9 25.7
7220 Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics 342 213,451 46,356 49,570 21.7 23.2
7240 Small engine mechanics 72 46,600 3,589 3,589 7.7 7.7
7260 Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers 109 87,622 535 820 0.6 0.9
7300 Control and valve installers and repairers 41 25,799 10,481 12,129 40.6 47.0
7310 Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers 400 325,272 51,518 53,501 15.8 16.4
7320 Home appliance repairers 48 37,684 1,186 1,186 3.1 3.1
7330 Industrial and refractory machinery mechanics 549 412,167 94,012 97,471 22.8 23.6
7340 Maintenance and repair workers, general 573 407,024 57,707 61,980 14.2 15.2
7350 Maintenance workers, machinery 49 34,569 7,770 7,770 22.5 22.5
7360 Millwrights 68 50,081 19,811 21,323 39.6 42.6
7410 Electrical power-line installers and repairers 178 129,813 56,916 59,304 43.8 45.7
7420 Telecommunications line installers and repairers 231 184,101 40,673 41,764 22.1 22.7
7430 Precision instrument and equipment repairers 67 48,201 10,176 11,251 21.1 23.3
7510 Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers 57 38,652 4,253 4,253 11.0 11.0
7520 Commercial divers 5 3,566 0 0 0.0 0.0
7540 Locksmiths and safe repairers 32 25,720 2,690 2,690 10.5 10.5
7550 Manufactured building and mobile home installers 4 3,774 0 0 0.0 0.0
7560 Riggers 15 5,998 3,687 3,687 61.5 61.5
7600 Signal and track switch repairers 8 5,930 5,930 5,930 100.0 100.0
7610 Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers 26 24,551 1,465 1,465 6.0 6.0
7620 Other installation, maintenance, and repair workers 203 150,839 14,923 16,568 9.9 11.0
PRODUCTION OCCUPATIONS 9,886 7,309,296 1,081,645 1,164,138 14.8 15.9
7700 First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers 956 711,677 65,718 73,955 9.2 10.4
7710 Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers 24 16,990 4,896 4,896 28.8 28.8
7720 Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers 183 140,717 18,236 19,752 13.0 14.0
7730 Engine and other machine assemblers 22 16,974 3,347 3,347 19.7 19.7
7740 Structural metal fabricators and fitters 24 18,143 6,384 6,384 35.2 35.2
7750 Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators 1,073 836,080 130,404 140,457 15.6 16.8
7800 Bakers 235 172,319 22,190 25,078 12.9 14.6
7810 Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers 399 287,646 62,625 66,412 21.8 23.1
7830 Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders 18 12,712 4,353 4,353 34.2 34.2
7840 Food batchmakers 105 74,502 9,371 9,906 12.6 13.3
7850 Food cooking machine operators and tenders 12 6,787 1,486 1,486 21.9 21.9
7900 Computer control programmers and operators 89 67,218 7,221 7,221 10.7 10.7
7920 Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 7 4,253 852 852 20.0 20.0
7930 Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 15 11,151 5,413 5,413 48.5 48.5
7940 Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 15 9,954 4,472 4,472 44.9 44.9
7950 Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 102 78,955 17,473 19,248 22.1 24.4
7960 Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 8 4,978 431 431 8.7 8.7
8000 Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and pl 56 44,082 11,987 12,380 27.2 28.1
8010 Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 23 16,512 2,503 2,503 15.2 15.2
8020 Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 8 4,607 1,426 1,532 31.0 33.2
8030 Machinists 501 360,955 56,424 59,612 15.6 16.5
8040 Metal furnace and kiln operators and tenders 25 19,020 3,803 4,872 20.0 25.6
8060 Model makers and patternmakers, metal and plastic 8 4,539 2,532 2,532 55.8 55.8
8100 Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 47 36,989 4,891 4,891 13.2 13.2
8120 Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 14 8,235 2,238 2,238 27.2 27.2
8130 Tool and die makers 63 48,387 13,100 14,897 27.1 30.8
8140 Welding, soldering, and brazing workers 623 440,133 85,808 94,184 19.5 21.4
8150 Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 9 6,745 0 0 0.0 0.0
8160 Lay-out workers, metal and plastic 11 6,367 2,197 2,197 34.5 34.5
8200 Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 15 11,115 0 0 0.0 0.0
8210 Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners 6 3,874 0 0 0.0 0.0
8220 Metalworkers and plastic workers, all other 344 276,682 53,034 53,171 19.2 19.2
8230 Bookbinders and bindery workers 36 23,272 1,409 1,409 6.1 6.1
8240 Job printers 66 43,506 3,797 3,797 8.7 8.7
8250 Prepress technicians and workers 56 44,093 6,221 7,275 14.1 16.5
8260 Printing machine operators 217 158,781 21,833 21,981 13.8 13.8
8300 Laundry and dry-cleaning workers 266 183,928 15,271 16,499 8.3 9.0
8310 Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials 71 56,316 2,943 2,943 5.2 5.2
8320 Sewing machine operators 211 166,526 7,518 8,112 4.5 4.9
8330 Shoe and leather workers and repairers 9 5,589 131 131 2.3 2.3
8340 Shoe machine operators and tenders 8 4,563 701 701 15.4 15.4
8350 Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers 56 45,164 887 887 2.0 2.0
8360 Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders 3 2,358 564 564 23.9 23.9
8400 Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders 10 5,975 0 0 0.0 0.0
8410 Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders 6 3,931 0 0 0.0 0.0
8420 Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders 15 15,580 0 0 0.0 0.0
8430 Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers 1 1,220 0 0 0.0 0.0
8440 Fabric and apparel patternmakers 5 3,831 0 0 0.0 0.0
8450 Upholsterers 45 38,222 1,675 1,675 4.4 4.4
8460 Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other 16 10,874 0 0 0.0 0.0
8500 Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters 49 33,864 1,364 1,364 4.0 4.0
8510 Furniture finishers 14 9,915 0 0 0.0 0.0
8520 Model makers and patternmakers, wood 1 386 0 0 0.0 0.0
8530 Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood 41 29,425 2,989 3,101 10.2 10.5
8540 Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing 35 25,741 1,100 2,281 4.3 8.9
8550 Woodworkers, all other 25 15,461 0 0 0.0 0.0
8600 Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers 64 37,584 14,827 16,482 39.5 43.9
8610 Stationary engineers and boiler operators 150 99,757 35,710 37,147 35.8 37.2
8620 Water and liquid waste treatment plant and system operators 104 72,336 23,706 25,450 32.8 35.2
8630 Miscellaneous plant and system operators 66 42,979 11,133 11,133 25.9 25.9
8640 Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders 72 49,739 15,541 15,697 31.2 31.6
8650 Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers 134 104,418 10,945 11,869 10.5 11.4
8710 Cutting workers 111 80,317 13,749 14,689 17.1 18.3
8720 Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders 43 30,821 5,727 6,242 18.6 20.3
8730 Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders 14 11,718 2,933 2,933 25.0 25.0
8740 Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers 828 587,542 74,736 82,647 12.7 14.1
8750 Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers 34 25,259 0 0 0.0 0.0
8760 Medical, dental, and ophthalmic laboratory technicians 116 89,869 1,591 1,591 1.8 1.8
8800 Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders 333 221,486 26,912 30,463 12.2 13.8
8810 Painting workers 204 156,468 15,104 18,856 9.7 12.1
8830 Photographic process workers and processing machine operators 69 50,971 2,097 2,097 4.1 4.1
8840 Semiconductor processors 4 2,362 0 0 0.0 0.0
8850 Cementing and gluing machine operators and tenders 17 14,533 2,545 2,545 17.5 17.5
8860 Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders 10 7,307 2,847 2,847 39.0 39.0
8900 Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders 5 3,066 1,829 1,829 59.6 59.6
8910 Etchers and engravers 12 7,441 406 406 5.5 5.5
8920 Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic 43 29,456 2,638 2,638 9.0 9.0
8930 Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders 52 39,894 12,851 15,095 32.2 37.8
8940 Tire builders 21 20,489 5,888 5,888 28.7 28.7
8950 Helpers--production workers 51 36,118 6,512 7,298 18.0 20.2
8960 Production workers, all other 1,027 799,549 118,198 126,901 14.8 15.9
TRANSPORTATION AND MATERIAL MOVING OCCUPATIONS 10,339 7,742,386 1,409,971 1,501,866 18.2 19.4
9000 Supervisors, transportation and material moving workers 270 206,392 24,096 27,615 11.7 13.4
9030 Aircraft pilots and flight engineers 160 119,044 69,522 71,572 58.4 60.1
9040 Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists 42 30,710 20,080 20,640 65.4 67.2
9110 Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians 13 11,286 1,127 1,127 10.0 10.0
9120 Bus drivers 888 663,188 207,670 226,611 31.3 34.2
9130 Driver/sales workers and truck drivers 3,809 2,802,029 375,966 396,285 13.4 14.1
9140 Taxi drivers and chauffeurs 362 281,394 23,605 24,911 8.4 8.9
9150 Motor vehicle operators, all other 79 54,147 3,189 4,082 5.9 7.5
9200 Locomotive engineers and operators 87 55,772 41,083 42,110 73.7 75.5
9230 Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators 7 4,826 1,734 1,734 35.9 35.9
9240 Railroad conductors and yardmasters 79 51,352 41,333 43,016 80.5 83.8
9260 Subway, streetcar, and other rail transportation workers 15 11,864 6,677 6,677 56.3 56.3
9300 Sailors and marine oilers 25 19,243 4,614 4,614 24.0 24.0
9310 Ship and boat captains and operators 42 29,648 6,422 6,422 21.7 21.7
9330 Ship engineers 9 6,434 3,955 3,955 61.5 61.5
9340 Bridge and lock tenders 4 3,008 1,380 2,430 45.9 80.8
9350 Parking lot attendants 110 91,726 9,488 9,488 10.3 10.3
9360 Service station attendants 124 82,549 5,269 6,568 6.4 8.0
9410 Transportation inspectors 67 48,422 21,514 23,130 44.4 47.8
9420 Other transportation workers 24 18,247 4,121 5,666 22.6 31.1
9500 Conveyor operators and tenders 8 8,304 1,901 1,901 22.9 22.9
9510 Crane and tower operators 84 61,675 26,802 27,673 43.5 44.9
9520 Dredge, excavating, and loading machine operators 58 34,536 6,870 7,160 19.9 20.7
9560 Hoist and winch operators 6 4,557 1,772 1,772 38.9 38.9
9600 Industrial truck and tractor operators 608 511,975 74,925 80,699 14.6 15.8
9610 Cleaners of vehicles and equipment 372 284,220 15,013 15,927 5.3 5.6
9620 Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand 2,263 1,695,037 314,827 335,561 18.6 19.8
9630 Machine feeders and offbearers 47 30,870 8,430 8,546 27.3 27.7
9640 Packers and packagers, hand 473 364,307 48,828 55,050 13.4 15.1
9650 Pumping station operators 48 28,829 3,314 4,479 11.5 15.5
9720 Refuse and recyclable material collectors 87 69,877 16,598 16,598 23.8 23.8
9730 Shuttle car operators 5 3,489 962 962 27.6 27.6
9740 Tank car, truck, and ship loaders 4 4,194 1,448 1,448 34.5 34.5
9750 Material moving workers, all other 60 49,236 15,437 15,437 31.4 31.4
               
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2009. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: COC=1990 Census occupation code
used in CPS, Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are
union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers
who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.
2010 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.