Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Occupation, 2011 (details in table note)      
COC Occupation (Standard Occupational Classification) Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
MANAGEMENT, BUSINESS, AND FINANCIAL OCCUPATIONS 23,297 17,181,149 850,449 1,038,121 4.9 6.0
10 Chief executives 1,404 1,034,779 15,692 23,540 1.5 2.3
20 General and operations managers 1,322 948,964 38,615 44,414 4.1 4.7
40 Advertising and promotions managers 91 72,787 105 477 0.1 0.7
50 Marketing and sales managers 1,194 943,051 11,765 12,877 1.2 1.4
60 Public relations managers 102 65,300 4,675 5,732 7.2 8.8
100 Administrative services managers 175 122,519 11,579 11,579 9.5 9.5
110 Computer and information systems managers 712 542,835 19,571 24,952 3.6 4.6
120 Financial managers 1,462 1,094,447 27,937 37,137 2.6 3.4
135 Compensation and benefits managers 25 21,217 108 108 0.5 0.5
136 Human resources managers 291 218,404 9,149 10,102 4.2 4.6
137 Training and development managers 52 36,932 2,102 2,201 5.7 6.0
140 Industrial production managers 357 253,317 2,651 4,026 1.0 1.6
150 Purchasing managers 256 192,971 10,615 14,205 5.5 7.4
160 Transportation, storage, and distribution managers 319 243,517 10,305 11,122 4.2 4.6
205 Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers 188 111,229 1,252 1,252 1.1 1.1
220 Construction managers 638 486,176 33,674 40,463 6.9 8.3
230 Education administrators 1,137 806,158 140,931 173,799 17.5 21.6
300 Engineering managers 136 101,072 5,253 6,365 5.2 6.3
310 Food service managers 959 757,016 13,337 23,350 1.8 3.1
330 Gaming managers 39 21,721 329 329 1.5 1.5
340 Lodging managers 145 97,648 4,584 4,584 4.7 4.7
350 Medical and health services managers 665 474,491 24,446 32,272 5.2 6.8
360 Natural sciences managers 17 13,122 0 0 0.0 0.0
410 Property, real estate, and community association managers 485 368,198 15,170 17,145 4.1 4.7
420 Social and community service managers 495 310,634 20,119 22,000 6.5 7.1
425 Emergency management directors 7 5,805 1,120 1,120 19.3 19.3
430 Managers, all other 3,034 2,231,847 112,261 142,317 5.0 6.4
500 Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes 33 27,520 955 2,072 3.5 7.5
510 Purchasing agents and buyers, farm products 11 6,908 0 1,067 0.0 15.4
520 Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products 207 149,731 4,058 4,440 2.7 3.0
530 Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products 337 240,049 19,852 24,692 8.3 10.3
540 Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators 365 280,199 15,988 18,089 5.7 6.5
565 Compliance officers 258 181,810 25,850 28,892 14.2 15.9
600 Cost estimators 150 113,458 2,107 2,107 1.9 1.9
630 Human resource workers 747 556,491 54,527 61,231 9.8 11.0
640 Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists 90 58,006 6,209 7,725 10.7 13.3
650 Training and development specialists 181 128,046 9,423 11,003 7.4 8.6
700 Logisticians 98 80,531 8,330 10,190 10.3 12.7
710 Management analysts 707 508,191 11,338 15,379 2.2 3.0
725 Meeting, convention, and event planners 128 95,404 2,699 2,699 2.8 2.8
726 Fundraisers 117 71,246 5,031 5,156 7.1 7.2
735 Market research analysts and marketing specialists 224 177,634 1,222 3,941 0.7 2.2
740 Business operations specialists, all other 388 266,698 23,313 27,061 8.7 10.1
800 Accountants and auditors 1,995 1,507,480 60,352 69,769 4.0 4.6
810 Appraisers and assessors of real estate 82 54,134 5,818 5,818 10.7 10.7
820 Budget analysts 83 55,146 7,298 7,298 13.2 13.2
830 Credit analysts 37 22,170 530 530 2.4 2.4
840 Financial analysts 76 67,261 1,718 1,718 2.6 2.6
850 Personal financial advisors 369 288,650 5,325 6,914 1.8 2.4
860 Insurance underwriters 155 110,816 1,463 2,621 1.3 2.4
900 Financial examiners 15 7,154 1,356 1,356 19.0 19.0
910 Loan counselors and officers 439 316,145 3,080 5,154 1.0 1.6
930 Tax examiners, collectors, and revenue agents 90 69,241 28,396 35,329 41.0 51.0
940 Tax preparers 97 78,586 2,171 3,709 2.8 4.7
950 Financial specialists, all other 102 76,830 4,695 4,695 6.1 6.1
PROFESSIONAL AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS 38,504 28,305,041 5,038,063 5,647,697 17.8 20.0
1005 Computer and information research scientists 24 19,447 1,084 1,084 5.6 5.6
1006 Computer systems analysts 513 381,349 25,300 26,671 6.6 7.0
1007 Information security analysts 63 45,556 340 340 0.7 0.7
1010 Computer programmers 571 438,014 15,086 16,552 3.4 3.8
1020 Software developers, applications and systems software 1,283 1,008,474 17,104 24,885 1.7 2.5
1030 Web developers 179 134,758 5,135 6,667 3.8 4.9
1050 Computer support specialists 601 462,889 24,346 31,528 5.3 6.8
1060 Database administrators 182 141,054 7,021 8,092 5.0 5.7
1105 Network and computer systems administrators 326 230,254 6,248 10,769 2.7 4.7
1106 Computer network architects 127 98,041 3,425 4,046 3.5 4.1
1107 Computer occupations, all other 382 298,572 19,506 23,431 6.5 7.8
1200 Actuaries 29 18,515 946 946 5.1 5.1
1220 Operations research analysts 184 120,657 8,438 10,304 7.0 8.5
1240 Mathematicians, statisticians and miscellaneous mathematical science occupations 9 6,435 0 0 0.0 0.0
1300 Architects, except naval 170 119,999 1,486 1,686 1.2 1.4
1310 Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists 59 34,836 4,779 4,779 13.7 13.7
1320 Aerospace engineers 161 136,517 12,616 16,062 9.2 11.8
1340 Agricultural and biomedical engineers 17 14,884 0 0 0.0 0.0
1350 Chemical engineers 89 72,740 2,005 2,005 2.8 2.8
1360 Civil engineers 468 350,447 27,317 32,805 7.8 9.4
1400 Computer hardware engineers 99 80,075 3,537 4,576 4.4 5.7
1410 Electrical and electronic engineers 369 289,564 12,894 16,795 4.5 5.8
1420 Environmental engineers 54 38,160 5,225 5,225 13.7 13.7
1430 Industrial engineers, including health and safety 244 182,211 8,000 9,393 4.4 5.2
1440 Marine engineers and naval architects 12 7,653 546 695 7.1 9.1
1450 Materials engineers 45 31,999 353 353 1.1 1.1
1460 Mechanical engineers 387 315,192 23,122 25,583 7.3 8.1
1500 Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers 15 8,848 0 0 0.0 0.0
1510 Nuclear engineers 30 22,639 0 0 0.0 0.0
1520 Petroleum engineers 26 19,274 0 0 0.0 0.0
1530 Engineers, all other 409 326,413 17,669 24,276 5.4 7.4
1540 Drafters 188 140,230 6,587 6,587 4.7 4.7
1550 Engineering technicians, except drafters 509 365,316 57,285 67,954 15.7 18.6
1560 Surveying and mapping technicians 81 56,075 7,648 8,703 13.6 15.5
1600 Agricultural and food scientists 61 33,990 1,501 2,196 4.4 6.5
1610 Biological scientists 167 113,312 15,620 19,471 13.8 17.2
1640 Conservation scientists and foresters 48 23,004 3,065 3,682 13.3 16.0
1650 Medical scientists and life scientists, all other 206 155,403 7,055 8,808 4.5 5.7
1700 Astronomers and physicists 25 19,681 0 0 0.0 0.0
1710 Atmospheric and space scientists 13 7,338 2,022 2,527 27.5 34.4
1720 Chemists and materials scientists 119 86,467 11,389 13,107 13.2 15.2
1740 Environmental scientists and geoscientists 131 91,593 14,902 18,852 16.3 20.6
1760 Physical scientists, all other 223 150,190 8,444 10,408 5.6 6.9
1800 Economists 53 20,157 4,882 5,105 24.2 25.3
1820 Psychologists 176 128,144 36,089 38,799 28.2 30.3
1840 Urban and regional planners 37 21,490 3,199 4,263 14.9 19.8
1860 Miscellaneous social scientists, including survey researchers and sociologists 101 54,837 2,789 4,545 5.1 8.3
1900 Agricultural and food science technicians 28 15,599 2,975 2,975 19.1 19.1
1910 Biological technicians 32 20,792 3,215 3,465 15.5 16.7
1920 Chemical technicians 92 70,297 4,561 5,661 6.5 8.1
1930 Geological and petroleum technicians 15 7,236 1,175 1,175 16.2 16.2
1965 Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians 208 144,920 14,972 17,528 10.3 12.1
2000 Counselors 986 685,506 148,503 171,278 21.7 25.0
2010 Social workers 1,026 738,543 145,738 159,414 19.7 21.6
2015 Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists 115 89,006 39,743 40,825 44.7 45.9
2016 Social and human service assistants 188 130,754 18,442 22,796 14.1 17.4
2025 Miscellaneous community and social service specialists, including health educators and community hea 115 79,197 14,292 14,292 18.0 18.0
2040 Clergy 566 413,528 5,056 6,990 1.2 1.7
2050 Directors, religious activities and education 63 48,248 0 0 0.0 0.0
2060 Religious workers, all other 105 84,292 1,224 1,224 1.5 1.5
2100 Lawyers, Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers 1,138 810,771 35,684 53,112 4.4 6.6
2105 Judicial law clerks 13 5,122 509 509 9.9 9.9
2145 Paralegals and legal assistants 500 385,443 12,472 17,015 3.2 4.4
2160 Miscellaneous legal support workers 249 176,796 19,724 21,895 11.2 12.4
2200 Postsecondary teachers 1,870 1,331,979 257,268 299,095 19.3 22.5
2300 Preschool and kindergarten teachers 882 687,733 124,141 140,164 18.1 20.4
2310 Elementary and middle school teachers 3,795 2,793,591 1,404,673 1,534,338 50.3 54.9
2320 Secondary school teachers 1,568 1,127,250 606,531 665,096 53.8 59.0
2330 Special education teachers 568 398,982 232,940 256,813 58.4 64.4
2340 Other teachers and instructors 899 660,693 56,585 63,842 8.6 9.7
2400 Archivists, curators, and museum technicians 80 44,635 2,525 2,525 5.7 5.7
2430 Librarians 281 187,968 44,927 50,187 23.9 26.7
2440 Library technicians 51 35,683 6,566 7,000 18.4 19.6
2540 Teacher assistants 1,310 937,977 299,143 328,371 31.9 35.0
2550 Other education, training, and library workers 176 122,609 27,377 29,290 22.3 23.9
2600 Artists and related workers 95 65,449 5,830 5,830 8.9 8.9
2630 Designers 694 536,142 25,240 28,726 4.7 5.4
2700 Actors 20 17,601 3,445 3,445 19.6 19.6
2710 Producers and directors 153 118,599 11,442 13,280 9.6 11.2
2720 Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers 268 219,017 8,748 10,098 4.0 4.6
2740 Dancers and choreographers 18 11,172 444 444 4.0 4.0
2750 Musicians, singers, and related workers 113 94,667 8,643 9,613 9.1 10.2
2760 Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other 18 13,027 2,652 2,652 20.4 20.4
2800 Announcers 54 39,990 3,956 4,431 9.9 11.1
2810 News analysts, reporters and correspondents 115 65,633 6,054 6,054 9.2 9.2
2825 Public relations specialists 198 133,692 4,813 8,343 3.6 6.2
2830 Editors 206 148,440 11,878 13,015 8.0 8.8
2840 Technical writers 75 53,623 0 0 0.0 0.0
2850 Writers and authors 163 109,007 5,986 5,986 5.5 5.5
2860 Miscellaneous media and communication workers 97 74,814 8,576 9,196 11.5 12.3
2900 Broadcast and sound engineering technicians and radio operators, other media and communication equip 112 92,282 11,671 11,671 12.6 12.6
2910 Photographers 88 72,844 1,551 2,930 2.1 4.0
2920 Television, video, and motion picture camera operators and editors 38 34,748 9,488 9,488 27.3 27.3
3000 Chiropractors 14 10,048 0 875 0.0 8.7
3010 Dentists 81 65,721 2,792 3,383 4.2 5.1
3030 Dietitians and nutritionists 133 93,680 9,115 10,967 9.7 11.7
3040 Optometrists 17 14,111 1,067 1,067 7.6 7.6
3050 Pharmacists 336 244,223 17,124 21,753 7.0 8.9
3060 Physicians and surgeons 846 614,865 44,372 61,461 7.2 10.0
3110 Physician assistants 136 93,975 9,934 13,495 10.6 14.4
3140 Audiologists 22 18,796 588 1,644 3.1 8.7
3150 Occupational therapists 134 101,161 13,975 16,959 13.8 16.8
3160 Physical therapists 273 203,968 17,697 20,843 8.7 10.2
3200 Radiation therapists 19 13,540 1,249 2,284 9.2 16.9
3210 Recreational therapists 19 14,257 2,901 2,901 20.4 20.4
3220 Respiratory therapists 176 139,819 11,309 12,169 8.1 8.7
3230 Speech-language pathologists 162 120,015 36,469 36,777 30.4 30.6
3245 Exercise physiologists and therapists, all other 161 113,923 16,988 17,678 14.9 15.5
3250 Veterinarians 69 50,307 461 1,805 0.9 3.6
3255 Registered nurses 3,731 2,702,162 487,205 535,613 18.0 19.8
3256 Nurse anesthetists 43 29,557 895 2,571 3.0 8.7
3258 Nurse midwives and nurse practitioners 142 99,953 18,690 22,758 18.7 22.8
3260 Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other 11 9,683 1,241 1,241 12.8 12.8
3300 Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians 432 331,617 29,337 35,003 8.8 10.6
3310 Dental hygienists 196 141,743 2,909 2,909 2.1 2.1
3320 Diagnostic related technologists and technicians 450 343,494 37,384 39,580 10.9 11.5
3400 Emergency medical technicians and paramedics 223 190,120 33,032 37,283 17.4 19.6
3420 Health diagnosing and treating practitioner support technicians 674 511,222 52,331 60,330 10.2 11.8
3500 Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses 705 537,783 55,343 59,213 10.3 11.0
3510 Medical records and health information technicians 162 119,318 11,903 11,903 10.0 10.0
3520 Opticians, dispensing 63 43,798 1,671 1,671 3.8 3.8
3535 Miscellaneous health technologists and technicians 185 149,519 11,373 12,276 7.6 8.2
3540 Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations, including podiatrists 96 71,114 7,699 9,033 10.8 12.7
3600 Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides 2,548 1,903,151 203,048 221,653 10.7 11.6
3610 Occupational therapist assistants and aides 22 16,920 2,140 2,140 12.7 12.7
3620 Physical therapist assistants and aides 102 75,602 188 2,457 0.2 3.3
3630 Massage therapists 104 79,283 0 0 0.0 0.0
3640 Dental assistants 397 312,132 3,966 8,002 1.3 2.6
3645 Medical assistants 499 396,264 17,538 20,562 4.4 5.2
3646 Medical transcriptionists 85 54,982 1,543 2,277 2.8 4.1
3647 Pharmacy aides 54 44,422 6,035 6,202 13.6 14.0
3648 Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers 45 29,263 0 0 0.0 0.0
3649 Phlebotomists 155 114,612 10,426 10,732 9.1 9.4
3655 Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations, including medical equipment preparers 208 151,378 21,616 21,616 14.3 14.3
SERVICE OCCUPATIONS 29,494 22,541,840 2,425,044 2,649,793 10.8 11.8
3700 First-line supervisors/managers of correctional officers 49 42,074 10,147 11,517 24.1 27.4
3710 First-line supervisors/managers of police and detectives 132 105,487 50,289 51,678 47.7 49.0
3720 First-line supervisors/managers of fire fighting and prevention workers 58 43,738 27,145 27,377 62.1 62.6
3730 Supervisors, protective service workers, all other 130 100,062 8,230 8,756 8.2 8.8
3740 Fire fighters 384 310,626 197,558 209,585 63.6 67.5
3750 Fire inspectors 22 17,934 6,433 6,433 35.9 35.9
3800 Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers 566 450,836 182,936 197,426 40.6 43.8
3820 Detectives and criminal investigators 192 153,673 74,564 80,258 48.5 52.2
3840 Miscellaneous law enforcement workers 6 5,763 970 970 16.8 16.8
3850 Police officers 861 666,777 407,589 427,810 61.1 64.2
3900 Animal control workers 11 8,302 2,696 2,696 32.5 32.5
3910 Private detectives and investigators 125 95,884 8,287 13,864 8.6 14.5
3930 Security guards and gaming surveillance officers 1,184 962,255 96,291 103,162 10.0 10.7
3940 Crossing guards 96 62,123 8,831 10,392 14.2 16.7
3945 Transportation security screeners 38 26,080 6,619 6,841 25.4 26.2
3955 Lifeguards and other recreational and all other protective service workers 206 142,977 12,796 12,955 8.9 9.1
4000 Chefs and head cooks 433 349,322 9,591 11,473 2.7 3.3
4010 First-line supervisors/managers of food preparation and serving workers 625 468,230 24,265 26,958 5.2 5.8
4020 Cooks 2,509 1,940,685 83,166 95,094 4.3 4.9
4030 Food preparation workers 1,004 744,472 35,973 44,024 4.8 5.9
4040 Bartenders 505 387,410 9,995 10,406 2.6 2.7
4050 Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food 451 336,909 43,886 49,051 13.0 14.6
4060 Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop 357 271,801 3,793 4,767 1.4 1.8
4110 Waiters and waitresses 2,639 2,113,227 32,097 36,156 1.5 1.7
4120 Food servers, nonrestaurant 235 175,783 27,614 30,823 15.7 17.5
4130 Food preparation and serving related workers, all other, inc. dining/cafeteria attendants & bartende 417 344,159 25,471 29,847 7.4 8.7
4140 Dishwashers 386 279,454 3,952 6,389 1.4 2.3
4150 Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop 364 293,762 5,875 7,052 2.0 2.4
4200 First-line supervisors/managers of housekeeping and janitorial workers 294 196,197 19,609 21,144 10.0 10.8
4210 First-line supervisors/managers of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers 141 102,819 7,862 8,380 7.6 8.2
4220 Janitors and building cleaners 2,794 2,050,941 311,201 340,139 15.2 16.6
4230 Maids and housekeeping cleaners 1,717 1,250,379 91,010 96,536 7.3 7.7
4240 Pest control workers 66 58,465 1,557 1,557 2.7 2.7
4250 Grounds maintenance workers 1,127 942,415 57,371 63,142 6.1 6.7
4300 First-line supervisors/managers of gaming workers 151 108,493 2,737 2,737 2.5 2.5
4320 First-line supervisors/managers of personal service workers 110 78,796 2,578 2,578 3.3 3.3
4340 Animal trainers 28 22,799 2,659 2,659 11.7 11.7
4350 Nonfarm animal caretakers 178 143,944 4,039 4,039 2.8 2.8
4400 Gaming services workers 175 114,758 7,032 8,428 6.1 7.3
4410 Motion picture projectionists 14 8,101 1,405 1,405 17.3 17.3
4420 Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers 52 41,675 833 833 2.0 2.0
4430 Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers 221 172,678 12,319 12,319 7.1 7.1
4460 Embalmers and funeral attendants 16 9,808 0 132 0.0 1.3
4465 Morticians, undertakers, and funeral directors 25 18,690 1,208 1,208 6.5 6.5
4500 Barbers 44 37,357 0 0 0.0 0.0
4510 Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists 604 467,054 7,689 12,250 1.6 2.6
4520 Miscellaneous personal appearance workers 241 200,785 2,093 2,093 1.0 1.0
4530 Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges 90 76,219 21,946 22,607 28.8 29.7
4540 Tour and travel guides 46 23,972 0 0 0.0 0.0
4600 Child care workers 1,162 872,535 44,301 53,425 5.1 6.1
4610 Personal and home care aides 1,351 974,307 111,866 126,623 11.5 13.0
4620 Recreation and fitness workers 438 332,531 12,874 13,471 3.9 4.1
4640 Residential advisors 82 57,249 20,640 21,842 36.1 38.2
4650 Personal care and service workers, all other 103 83,416 3,049 4,151 3.7 5.0
SALES AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS 16,975 13,207,136 401,244 455,385 3.0 3.4
4700 First-line supervisors/managers of retail sales workers 3,174 2,405,534 91,828 107,074 3.8 4.5
4710 First-line supervisors/managers of non-retail sales workers 950 723,530 13,002 17,365 1.8 2.4
4720 Cashiers 4,091 3,154,542 165,923 180,076 5.3 5.7
4740 Counter and rental clerks 181 143,482 3,326 3,326 2.3 2.3
4750 Parts salespersons 179 140,066 0 0 0.0 0.0
4760 Retail salespersons 3,911 3,069,133 49,941 57,168 1.6 1.9
4800 Advertising sales agents 282 228,053 12,119 13,974 5.3 6.1
4810 Insurance sales agents 567 422,066 3,265 5,157 0.8 1.2
4820 Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents 290 228,362 1,137 2,839 0.5 1.2
4830 Travel agents 76 56,899 595 595 1.0 1.0
4840 Sales representatives, services, all other 525 443,513 6,345 8,837 1.4 2.0
4850 Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing 1,496 1,185,519 25,467 28,102 2.1 2.4
4900 Models, demonstrators, and product promoters 79 61,834 3,013 3,013 4.9 4.9
4920 Real estate brokers and sales agents 607 493,874 14,261 16,726 2.9 3.4
4930 Sales engineers 40 30,238 0 0 0.0 0.0
4940 Telemarketers 129 114,545 1,472 1,472 1.3 1.3
4950 Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers 152 108,278 1,274 1,384 1.2 1.3
4965 Sales and related workers, all other 246 197,665 8,276 8,276 4.2 4.2
OFFICE AND ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT OCCUPATIONS 23,454 17,392,247 1,711,655 1,905,519 9.8 11.0
5000 First-line supervisors/managers of office and administrative support workers 1,868 1,394,572 82,542 96,811 5.9 6.9
5010 Switchboard operators, including answering service 54 37,458 3,473 3,473 9.3 9.3
5020 Telephone operators 55 42,063 1,947 4,020 4.6 9.6
5030 Communications equipment operators, all other 15 8,017 0 0 0.0 0.0
5100 Bill and account collectors 257 193,850 10,296 10,296 5.3 5.3
5110 Billing and posting clerks and machine operators 601 456,372 18,777 22,196 4.1 4.9
5120 Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks 1,626 1,143,144 44,916 53,089 3.9 4.6
5130 Gaming cage workers 10 3,559 527 527 14.8 14.8
5140 Payroll and timekeeping clerks 214 156,961 20,198 23,563 12.9 15.0
5150 Procurement clerks 40 25,845 4,167 4,167 16.1 16.1
5160 Tellers 551 411,724 5,773 8,198 1.4 2.0
5165 Financial clerks, all other 90 66,445 2,350 2,350 3.5 3.5
5200 Brokerage clerks 15 12,775 0 0 0.0 0.0
5220 Court, municipal, and license clerks 100 77,882 22,786 25,029 29.3 32.1
5230 Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks 71 47,591 1,758 1,758 3.7 3.7
5240 Customer service representatives 2,485 1,908,907 119,542 136,235 6.3 7.1
5250 Eligibility interviewers, government programs 116 83,229 25,673 27,813 30.8 33.4
5260 File Clerks 437 340,554 39,809 48,081 11.7 14.1
5300 Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks 197 140,839 9,184 9,184 6.5 6.5
5310 Interviewers, except eligibility and loan 220 164,333 17,532 17,532 10.7 10.7
5320 Library assistants, clerical 149 115,386 19,804 23,542 17.2 20.4
5330 Loan interviewers and clerks 157 116,965 104 710 0.1 0.6
5340 New accounts clerks 41 32,132 0 0 0.0 0.0
5350 Correspondence clerks and order clerks 153 115,633 6,920 6,920 6.0 6.0
5360 Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping 67 49,661 2,789 3,241 5.6 6.5
5400 Receptionists and information clerks 1,694 1,259,610 55,149 60,060 4.4 4.8
5410 Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks 145 93,449 20,510 23,294 21.9 24.9
5420 Information and record clerks, all other 170 126,830 13,908 16,461 11.0 13.0
5500 Cargo and freight agents 12 8,313 1,965 1,965 23.6 23.6
5510 Couriers and messengers 305 229,088 54,560 57,249 23.8 25.0
5520 Dispatchers 323 234,884 44,011 50,641 18.7 21.6
5530 Meter readers, utilities 35 27,355 10,649 11,583 38.9 42.3
5540 Postal service clerks 185 140,852 106,648 109,751 75.7 77.9
5550 Postal service mail carriers 462 348,514 255,823 272,568 73.4 78.2
5560 Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators 83 59,701 41,203 44,617 69.0 74.7
5600 Production, planning, and expediting clerks 340 239,611 18,764 20,488 7.8 8.6
5610 Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks 711 550,753 47,919 54,674 8.7 9.9
5620 Stock clerks and order fillers 1,946 1,546,420 108,359 123,315 7.0 8.0
5630 Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping 93 67,160 3,971 3,971 5.9 5.9
5700 Secretaries and administrative assistants 3,937 2,745,363 217,747 251,433 7.9 9.2
5800 Computer operators 173 136,999 18,301 20,675 13.4 15.1
5810 Data entry keyers 453 337,612 21,014 21,936 6.2 6.5
5820 Word processors and typists 180 140,620 30,760 31,645 21.9 22.5
5840 Insurance claims and policy processing clerks 343 258,851 8,131 8,745 3.1 3.4
5850 Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service 132 100,969 13,952 14,771 13.8 14.6
5860 Office clerks, general 1,376 1,054,810 116,977 129,150 11.1 12.2
5900 Office machine operators, except computer 60 48,323 4,008 4,311 8.3 8.9
5910 Proofreaders and copy markers 13 10,606 0 0 0.0 0.0
5920 Statistical assistants 21 14,080 5,024 5,024 35.7 35.7
5940 Office and administrative support workers, including desktop publishers 658 452,655 31,433 38,459 6.9 8.5
FARMING, FISHING, AND FORESTRY OCCUPATIONS 1,343 939,556 31,425 37,452 3.3 4.0
6005 First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers 54 38,946 0 0 0.0 0.0
6010 Agricultural inspectors 28 23,658 6,461 7,081 27.3 29.9
6040 Graders and sorters, agricultural products 117 94,593 10,008 10,184 10.6 10.8
6050 Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders 1,021 711,266 11,484 15,831 1.6 2.2
6100 Fishing and hunting workers 27 15,187 0 0 0.0 0.0
6120 Forest and conservation workers 14 7,800 1,642 2,241 21.0 28.7
6130 Logging workers 71 41,649 1,830 2,115 4.4 5.1
CONSTRUCTION AND EXTRACTION OCCUPATIONS 7,264 5,573,007 1,065,655 1,121,464 19.1 20.1
6200 First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers 692 503,233 83,967 93,577 16.7 18.6
6210 Boilermakers 21 18,297 7,060 7,060 38.6 38.6
6220 Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons 132 112,424 25,003 25,003 22.2 22.2
6230 Carpenters 1,045 824,468 114,284 121,235 13.9 14.7
6240 Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers 156 137,411 12,126 12,126 8.8 8.8
6250 Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers 72 63,704 14,427 14,427 22.6 22.6
6260 Construction laborers 1,238 1,016,371 118,220 121,285 11.6 11.9
6300 Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators 29 19,640 4,935 4,935 25.1 25.1
6320 Construction equipment operators, except Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators 526 361,036 120,650 127,130 33.4 35.2
6330 Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers 137 117,800 12,190 14,395 10.3 12.2
6355 Electricians 793 566,612 196,079 208,186 34.6 36.7
6360 Glaziers 55 44,475 5,832 6,523 13.1 14.7
6400 Insulation workers 62 42,946 8,183 9,317 19.1 21.7
6420 Painters, construction and maintenance and paperhangers 388 325,803 32,162 33,629 9.9 10.3
6440 Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters 573 441,058 127,814 130,170 29.0 29.5
6460 Plasterers and stucco masons 22 19,445 2,486 2,486 12.8 12.8
6500 Reinforcing iron and rebar workers 6 5,443 1,207 1,207 22.2 22.2
6515 Roofers 200 168,238 8,704 9,974 5.2 5.9
6520 Sheet metal workers 155 114,957 33,021 34,878 28.7 30.3
6530 Structural iron and steel workers 84 68,909 32,214 32,214 46.7 46.7
6600 Helpers, construction trades 68 64,421 9,354 10,208 14.5 15.8
6660 Construction and building inspectors 88 58,612 8,763 10,697 15.0 18.3
6700 Elevator installers and repairers 41 31,229 18,113 18,752 58.0 60.0
6710 Fence erectors 38 34,645 1,713 1,713 4.9 4.9
6720 Hazardous materials removal workers 38 25,988 4,379 4,379 16.9 16.9
6730 Highway maintenance workers 134 98,767 31,893 33,289 32.3 33.7
6740 Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators 17 8,014 1,482 2,730 18.5 34.1
6750 Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners 11 9,002 2,976 2,976 33.1 33.1
6765 Miscellaneous construction and related workers, including photovoltaic installers 36 31,171 4,196 4,196 13.5 13.5
6800 Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining 64 43,211 369 369 0.9 0.9
6820 Earth drillers, except oil and gas 33 16,913 1,909 2,454 11.3 14.5
6830 Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters 14 9,641 2,426 2,426 25.2 25.2
6840 Mining machine operators 141 72,230 12,703 12,703 17.6 17.6
6920 Roustabouts, oil and gas 35 17,705 0 0 0.0 0.0
6940 Other extraction workers, including roof bolters and helpers 86 53,014 3,585 3,585 6.8 6.8
INSTALLATION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OCCUPATIONS 5,805 4,442,101 742,976 802,128 16.7 18.1
7000 First-line supervisors/managers of mechanics, installers, and repairers 448 329,575 38,353 44,603 11.6 13.5
7010 Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers 361 275,248 11,049 14,648 4.0 5.3
7020 Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers 192 148,698 41,678 41,678 28.0 28.0
7030 Avionics technicians 21 16,898 7,414 8,514 43.9 50.4
7040 Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers 34 28,131 2,798 2,798 9.9 9.9
7100 Electrical and electronics repairers, transportation equipment, industrial and utility 22 14,833 6,721 7,570 45.3 51.0
7110 Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles 20 16,072 7,885 7,885 49.1 49.1
7120 Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers 40 33,873 1,633 2,659 4.8 7.9
7130 Security and fire alarm systems installers 59 45,236 6,516 7,750 14.4 17.1
7140 Aircraft mechanics and service technicians 184 148,406 47,343 54,766 31.9 36.9
7150 Automotive body and related repairers 142 111,844 3,785 4,464 3.4 4.0
7160 Automotive glass installers and repairers 19 10,573 716 716 6.8 6.8
7200 Automotive service technicians and mechanics 879 708,230 34,201 40,322 4.8 5.7
7210 Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists 405 293,283 60,095 63,540 20.5 21.7
7220 Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics 297 187,183 41,395 45,395 22.1 24.3
7240 Small engine mechanics 54 43,149 4,292 4,292 9.9 9.9
7260 Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers 111 88,250 3,441 3,932 3.9 4.5
7300 Control and valve installers and repairers 32 25,364 3,212 4,797 12.7 18.9
7315 Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers 380 298,836 53,084 56,585 17.8 18.9
7320 Home appliance repairers 39 28,283 349 2,056 1.2 7.3
7330 Industrial and refractory machinery mechanics 564 433,125 87,672 92,246 20.2 21.3
7340 Maintenance and repair workers, general 528 392,891 60,561 65,125 15.4 16.6
7350 Maintenance workers, machinery 46 36,143 8,250 8,250 22.8 22.8
7360 Millwrights 75 57,707 23,610 24,466 40.9 42.4
7410 Electrical power-line installers and repairers 152 112,545 60,259 60,641 53.5 53.9
7420 Telecommunications line installers and repairers 252 203,414 70,176 72,340 34.5 35.6
7430 Precision instrument and equipment repairers 91 65,145 10,854 11,466 16.7 17.6
7510 Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers 50 39,126 4,369 5,400 11.2 13.8
7520 Commercial divers 4 701 133 133 19.0 19.0
7540 Locksmiths and safe repairers 25 17,771 1,116 1,970 6.3 11.1
7550 Manufactured building and mobile home installers 10 8,380 0 0 0.0 0.0
7560 Riggers 18 14,908 5,218 6,106 35.0 41.0
7610 Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers 27 22,268 3,792 3,792 17.0 17.0
7630 Other installation, maintenance, repair workers, including wind turbine techs, divers, train switch 200 170,212 18,921 19,063 11.1 11.2
PRODUCTION OCCUPATIONS 10,045 7,737,639 1,102,667 1,157,551 14.3 15.0
7700 First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers 889 676,025 62,079 71,140 9.2 10.5
7710 Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers 23 19,364 4,825 4,825 24.9 24.9
7720 Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers 204 158,810 17,648 17,935 11.1 11.3
7730 Engine and other machine assemblers 39 30,129 8,646 8,646 28.7 28.7
7740 Structural metal fabricators and fitters 40 32,728 9,136 9,136 27.9 27.9
7750 Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators 1,025 837,063 135,401 140,793 16.2 16.8
7800 Bakers 248 185,493 20,373 20,373 11.0 11.0
7810 Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers 431 319,007 73,944 74,350 23.2 23.3
7830 Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders 15 11,057 4,510 4,510 40.8 40.8
7840 Food batchmakers 120 85,809 11,018 12,291 12.8 14.3
7850 Food cooking machine operators and tenders 25 22,632 3,339 3,555 14.8 15.7
7855 Food processing workers, all other 156 113,841 22,394 22,394 19.7 19.7
7900 Computer control programmers and operators 85 70,947 4,184 4,184 5.9 5.9
7920 Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 13 10,638 1,095 1,095 10.3 10.3
7940 Rolling machine setters, operators; tenders and forging machine setters, operators; tenders, metal a 10 8,712 4,277 4,277 49.1 49.1
7950 Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 120 98,916 14,752 17,314 14.9 17.5
8000 Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and pl 75 63,538 9,910 9,910 15.6 15.6
8010 Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 16 14,964 2,282 2,282 15.3 15.3
8030 Machinists 531 405,150 62,557 66,499 15.4 16.4
8040 Metal furnace and kiln operators and tenders 23 19,427 3,569 3,569 18.4 18.4
8100 Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 58 48,873 5,834 7,768 11.9 15.9
8130 Tool and die makers 83 64,563 10,094 10,094 15.6 15.6
8140 Welding, soldering, and brazing workers 662 478,423 87,499 94,328 18.3 19.7
8200 Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 19 14,779 1,610 1,610 10.9 10.9
8210 Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners 8 6,614 1,080 1,080 16.3 16.3
8220 Metalworkers and plastic workers, all other 448 376,662 50,589 55,854 13.4 14.8
8250 Prepress technicians and workers 51 39,357 3,336 3,336 8.5 8.5
8255 Printing press operators 267 200,553 34,822 34,822 17.4 17.4
8256 Print binding and finishing workers 24 15,452 2,276 2,276 14.7 14.7
8300 Laundry and dry-cleaning workers 233 161,620 9,389 10,298 5.8 6.4
8310 Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials 63 48,138 4,170 4,170 8.7 8.7
8320 Sewing machine operators 165 137,356 4,369 4,369 3.2 3.2
8330 Shoe and leather workers and repairers 11 9,283 953 953 10.3 10.3
8350 Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers 59 52,779 1,096 1,096 2.1 2.1
8400 Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders 7 6,520 0 0 0.0 0.0
8410 Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders 10 8,892 0 0 0.0 0.0
8420 Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders 20 20,142 0 0 0.0 0.0
8450 Upholsterers 43 37,100 1,734 1,734 4.7 4.7
8460 Miscellaneous textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, except upholsterers 21 15,670 2,730 2,730 17.4 17.4
8500 Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters 60 43,342 2,112 2,112 4.9 4.9
8510 Furniture finishers 13 11,125 887 887 8.0 8.0
8530 Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood 45 34,314 1,659 2,777 4.8 8.1
8540 Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing 29 19,079 920 920 4.8 4.8
8550 Miscellaneous woodworkers, including model makers and pattern makers 14 11,285 1,162 1,302 10.3 11.5
8600 Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers 71 52,641 16,317 16,411 31.0 31.2
8610 Stationary engineers and boiler operators 139 95,020 28,369 28,990 29.9 30.5
8620 Water and liquid waste treatment plant and system operators 98 77,225 26,986 27,399 34.9 35.5
8630 Miscellaneous plant and system operators 55 37,345 12,877 12,877 34.5 34.5
8640 Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders 86 65,238 14,775 15,498 22.6 23.8
8650 Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers 134 100,425 12,082 12,082 12.0 12.0
8710 Cutting workers 108 84,554 8,548 8,661 10.1 10.2
8720 Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders 45 33,047 8,718 8,718 26.4 26.4
8730 Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders 19 11,682 3,163 3,163 27.1 27.1
8740 Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers 845 649,508 64,202 69,367 9.9 10.7
8750 Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers 25 16,702 759 759 4.5 4.5
8760 Medical, dental, and ophthalmic laboratory technicians 115 81,213 4,814 5,697 5.9 7.0
8800 Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders 389 287,879 50,141 53,829 17.4 18.7
8810 Painting workers 151 116,673 11,737 11,737 10.1 10.1
8830 Photographic process workers and processing machine operators 58 40,571 977 977 2.4 2.4
8850 Cementing and gluing machine operators and tenders 15 10,893 748 748 6.9 6.9
8860 Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders 17 13,764 2,162 2,162 15.7 15.7
8910 Etchers and engravers 10 7,699 1,018 1,018 13.2 13.2
8920 Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic 32 25,830 1,072 1,072 4.2 4.2
8930 Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders 46 31,823 8,153 8,153 25.6 25.6
8940 Tire builders 19 17,163 5,219 5,219 30.4 30.4
8950 Helpers--production workers 63 58,852 2,405 2,405 4.1 4.1
8965 Production workers, including semiconductor processors and cooling and freezing equipment operators 917 713,298 102,479 106,150 14.4 14.9
TRANSPORTATION AND MATERIAL MOVING OCCUPATIONS 10,078 7,890,405 1,385,491 1,465,907 17.6 18.6
9000 Supervisors, transportation and material moving workers 292 225,906 22,195 25,313 9.8 11.2
9030 Aircraft pilots and flight engineers 150 110,054 64,747 66,487 58.8 60.4
9040 Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists 53 41,173 22,792 24,067 55.4 58.5
9050 Flight attendants 107 84,997 49,994 49,994 58.8 58.8
9110 Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians 15 10,326 1,537 1,537 14.9 14.9
9120 Bus drivers 790 558,265 204,760 217,938 36.7 39.0
9130 Driver/sales workers and truck drivers 3,656 2,794,506 343,449 362,066 12.3 13.0
9140 Taxi drivers and chauffeurs 338 267,006 26,104 28,283 9.8 10.6
9150 Motor vehicle operators, all other 74 60,638 6,457 7,027 10.6 11.6
9200 Locomotive engineers and operators 71 43,664 35,800 35,800 82.0 82.0
9240 Railroad brake, signal, switch operators, conductors and yardmasters 69 52,170 44,203 45,450 84.7 87.1
9260 Subway, streetcar, and other rail transportation workers 18 15,719 9,178 9,178 58.4 58.4
9300 Sailors and marine oilers, and ship engineers 27 23,536 4,231 5,603 18.0 23.8
9310 Ship and boat captains and operators 47 41,015 2,027 2,186 4.9 5.3
9350 Parking lot attendants 103 81,453 3,642 3,642 4.5 4.5
9360 Service station attendants 100 74,098 1,346 2,509 1.8 3.4
9410 Transportation inspectors 46 33,267 11,297 12,619 34.0 37.9
9415 Transportation attendants, except flight attendants 38 26,124 13,087 14,558 50.1 55.7
9420 Other transportation workers, including bridge and lock tenders 25 16,492 5,820 5,820 35.3 35.3
9510 Crane and tower operators 74 63,391 25,374 25,374 40.0 40.0
9520 Dredge, excavating, and loading machine operators 65 38,542 7,147 7,484 18.5 19.4
9560 Hoist and winch operators, and conveyor operators and tenders 6 6,070 0 0 0.0 0.0
9600 Industrial truck and tractor operators 580 524,206 89,428 95,002 17.1 18.1
9610 Cleaners of vehicles and equipment 363 306,704 23,519 27,661 7.7 9.0
9620 Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand 2,214 1,782,762 292,691 309,017 16.4 17.3
9630 Machine feeders and offbearers 44 36,620 7,991 7,991 21.8 21.8
9640 Packers and packagers, hand 470 393,646 25,353 31,085 6.4 7.9
9650 Pumping station operators 47 26,276 1,512 1,512 5.8 5.8
9720 Refuse and recyclable material collectors 85 70,738 14,186 14,283 20.1 20.2
9750 Material moving workers, including mine shuttle operators and tank car, truck, and ship loaders 73 52,879 13,155 13,155 24.9 24.9
               
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2011. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: COC=2010 Census occupation code
used in CPS, Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are
union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers
who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.
* Revised February 2013 to be time compatable with codes adopted in May 2012 that collapsed very
small occupations into larger ones.
2012, 2013 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.