Union Membership, Coverage, Density and Employment by Occupation, 2012 (details in table note)      
COC Occupation (Standard Occupational Classification) Obs Employment Members Covered %Mem %Cov
MANAGEMENT, BUSINESS, AND FINANCIAL OCCUPATIONS 24,148 18,137,155 842,593 1,006,879 4.6 5.6
10 Chief executives 1,416 1,047,234 14,891 22,330 1.4 2.1
20 General and operations managers 1,354 1,013,020 23,710 33,386 2.3 3.3
40 Advertising and promotions managers 84 68,151 1,128 1,128 1.7 1.7
50 Marketing and sales managers 1,233 964,292 17,969 24,173 1.9 2.5
60 Public relations managers 88 56,382 3,057 3,941 5.4 7.0
100 Administrative services managers 188 146,286 8,429 9,061 5.8 6.2
110 Computer and information systems managers 750 585,791 16,744 22,830 2.9 3.9
120 Financial managers 1,494 1,163,198 23,716 30,652 2.0 2.6
135 Compensation and benefits managers 23 16,907 2,810 2,810 16.6 16.6
136 Human resources managers 314 223,784 9,883 11,911 4.4 5.3
137 Training and development managers 46 35,095 1,731 1,731 4.9 4.9
140 Industrial production managers 311 226,671 7,254 8,536 3.2 3.8
150 Purchasing managers 268 214,961 5,512 5,756 2.6 2.7
160 Transportation, storage, and distribution managers 358 282,563 9,300 11,125 3.3 3.9
205 Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers 195 120,393 499 499 0.4 0.4
220 Construction managers 625 483,136 25,957 30,398 5.4 6.3
230 Education administrators 1,085 774,532 117,173 136,039 15.1 17.6
300 Engineering managers 143 112,302 6,047 6,047 5.4 5.4
310 Food service managers 927 769,464 9,044 14,229 1.2 1.8
330 Gaming managers 32 24,415 0 0 0.0 0.0
340 Lodging managers 151 109,279 3,487 3,487 3.2 3.2
350 Medical and health services managers 729 533,223 27,281 30,505 5.1 5.7
360 Natural sciences managers 19 17,939 0 0 0.0 0.0
410 Property, real estate, and community association managers 532 406,111 13,275 18,550 3.3 4.6
420 Social and community service managers 480 298,408 13,971 16,931 4.7 5.7
425 Emergency management directors 8 4,948 556 1,203 11.2 24.3
430 Managers, all other 3,418 2,545,212 135,896 161,256 5.3 6.3
500 Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes 44 36,007 569 569 1.6 1.6
510 Purchasing agents and buyers, farm products 14 8,408 935 1,039 11.1 12.4
520 Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products 230 170,593 3,331 5,397 2.0 3.2
530 Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products 333 248,833 22,604 25,156 9.1 10.1
540 Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators 401 313,926 17,925 19,724 5.7 6.3
565 Compliance officers 274 197,131 34,905 38,542 17.7 19.6
600 Cost estimators 127 96,873 6,633 6,633 6.8 6.8
630 Human resource workers 760 590,812 40,885 45,853 6.9 7.8
640 Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists 105 79,193 9,728 10,743 12.3 13.6
650 Training and development specialists 176 128,497 6,367 7,252 5.0 5.6
700 Logisticians 115 93,493 2,833 5,234 3.0 5.6
710 Management analysts 728 532,747 14,013 17,127 2.6 3.2
725 Meeting, convention, and event planners 142 102,357 4,339 4,339 4.2 4.2
726 Fundraisers 107 73,600 0 0 0.0 0.0
735 Market research analysts and marketing specialists 246 190,901 1,780 3,698 0.9 1.9
740 Business operations specialists, all other 360 241,215 17,575 19,901 7.3 8.3
800 Accountants and auditors 2,121 1,607,653 88,500 103,311 5.5 6.4
810 Appraisers and assessors of real estate 77 52,618 8,064 8,178 15.3 15.5
820 Budget analysts 81 54,176 6,481 8,093 12.0 14.9
830 Credit analysts 48 33,672 931 931 2.8 2.8
840 Financial analysts 98 79,864 4,723 5,256 5.9 6.6
850 Personal financial advisors 378 294,872 4,872 6,014 1.7 2.0
860 Insurance underwriters 129 94,260 1,548 1,548 1.6 1.6
900 Financial examiners 20 11,339 2,630 3,518 23.2 31.0
910 Loan counselors and officers 449 321,845 7,428 11,057 2.3 3.4
930 Tax examiners, collectors, and revenue agents 109 87,023 30,212 34,556 34.7 39.7
940 Tax preparers 90 69,439 354 1,590 0.5 2.3
950 Financial specialists, all other 109 78,130 3,107 3,107 4.0 4.0
PROFESSIONAL AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS 38,699 28,722,433 4,900,339 5,498,284 17.1 19.1
1005 Computer and information research scientists 35 30,177 1,951 1,951 6.5 6.5
1006 Computer systems analysts 574 452,394 20,697 26,304 4.6 5.8
1007 Information security analysts 69 53,269 1,348 1,348 2.5 2.5
1010 Computer programmers 583 457,692 11,956 16,247 2.6 3.5
1020 Software developers, applications and systems software 1,321 1,030,887 15,298 25,178 1.5 2.4
1030 Web developers 185 138,546 4,057 4,786 2.9 3.5
1050 Computer support specialists 612 457,309 24,281 30,795 5.3 6.7
1060 Database administrators 139 101,172 6,346 6,346 6.3 6.3
1105 Network and computer systems administrators 287 216,215 13,638 14,405 6.3 6.7
1106 Computer network architects 149 116,428 4,729 5,537 4.1 4.8
1107 Computer occupations, all other 419 308,888 17,776 23,033 5.8 7.5
1200 Actuaries 34 22,405 0 0 0.0 0.0
1220 Operations research analysts 212 132,821 9,403 14,982 7.1 11.3
1240 Mathematicians, statisticians and miscellaneous mathematical science occupations 54 35,749 129 129 0.4 0.4
1300 Architects, except naval 179 137,966 3,284 5,457 2.4 4.0
1310 Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists 72 46,505 4,943 7,234 10.6 15.6
1320 Aerospace engineers 153 124,478 16,322 16,322 13.1 13.1
1340 Agricultural and biomedical engineers 14 11,269 0 0 0.0 0.0
1350 Chemical engineers 84 71,426 5,137 5,137 7.2 7.2
1360 Civil engineers 457 350,389 32,506 37,316 9.3 10.6
1400 Computer hardware engineers 95 78,095 1,893 3,359 2.4 4.3
1410 Electrical and electronic engineers 398 323,150 19,576 24,143 6.1 7.5
1420 Environmental engineers 58 42,868 10,709 10,709 25.0 25.0
1430 Industrial engineers, including health and safety 265 208,072 4,194 7,540 2.0 3.6
1440 Marine engineers and naval architects 20 9,417 1,929 3,106 20.5 33.0
1450 Materials engineers 47 36,060 1,120 1,120 3.1 3.1
1460 Mechanical engineers 359 291,272 13,188 14,398 4.5 4.9
1500 Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers 15 8,648 0 0 0.0 0.0
1510 Nuclear engineers 14 11,025 1,502 2,558 13.6 23.2
1520 Petroleum engineers 41 32,575 109 109 0.3 0.3
1530 Engineers, all other 431 327,525 12,563 14,125 3.8 4.3
1540 Drafters 192 139,629 8,376 8,986 6.0 6.4
1550 Engineering technicians, except drafters 512 380,769 59,307 66,713 15.6 17.5
1560 Surveying and mapping technicians 99 70,934 8,871 11,116 12.5 15.7
1600 Agricultural and food scientists 64 36,778 1,649 1,836 4.5 5.0
1610 Biological scientists 156 99,806 11,316 13,280 11.3 13.3
1640 Conservation scientists and foresters 42 18,517 3,696 3,696 20.0 20.0
1650 Medical scientists and life scientists, all other 190 133,164 10,156 12,164 7.6 9.1
1700 Astronomers and physicists 31 22,478 0 0 0.0 0.0
1710 Atmospheric and space scientists 26 14,350 2,097 3,848 14.6 26.8
1720 Chemists and materials scientists 124 100,586 6,156 7,683 6.1 7.6
1740 Environmental scientists and geoscientists 140 98,848 10,779 11,453 10.9 11.6
1760 Physical scientists, all other 223 157,609 10,949 13,176 6.9 8.4
1800 Economists 57 24,451 639 1,619 2.6 6.6
1820 Psychologists 160 114,913 28,818 30,230 25.1 26.3
1840 Urban and regional planners 47 31,980 7,194 7,380 22.5 23.1
1860 Miscellaneous social scientists, including survey researchers and sociologists 96 61,431 4,219 4,570 6.9 7.4
1900 Agricultural and food science technicians 39 31,689 3,203 3,203 10.1 10.1
1910 Biological technicians 24 18,083 827 827 4.6 4.6
1920 Chemical technicians 87 64,650 7,766 8,776 12.0 13.6
1930 Geological and petroleum technicians 28 22,170 1,151 1,151 5.2 5.2
1965 Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians 227 162,075 19,149 23,362 11.8 14.4
2000 Counselors 902 618,086 124,705 140,639 20.2 22.8
2010 Social workers 1,001 739,165 149,949 168,358 20.3 22.8
2015 Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists 112 86,410 29,733 30,645 34.4 35.5
2016 Social and human service assistants 214 154,874 29,666 33,462 19.2 21.6
2025 Miscellaneous community and social service specialists, including health educators and community hea 149 97,100 14,279 18,040 14.7 18.6
2040 Clergy 547 412,612 7,836 8,927 1.9 2.2
2050 Directors, religious activities and education 64 51,657 2,501 3,406 4.8 6.6
2060 Religious workers, all other 98 76,177 1,505 1,505 2.0 2.0
2100 Lawyers, Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers 1,137 793,525 40,642 51,208 5.1 6.5
2105 Judicial law clerks 18 12,727 0 0 0.0 0.0
2145 Paralegals and legal assistants 521 414,595 6,113 9,510 1.5 2.3
2160 Miscellaneous legal support workers 284 205,102 22,413 25,790 10.9 12.6
2200 Postsecondary teachers 1,863 1,328,252 248,262 298,020 18.7 22.4
2300 Preschool and kindergarten teachers 853 665,103 111,247 126,313 16.7 19.0
2310 Elementary and middle school teachers 3,746 2,777,165 1,326,336 1,458,993 47.8 52.5
2320 Secondary school teachers 1,551 1,158,967 627,487 678,252 54.1 58.5
2330 Special education teachers 526 359,155 203,507 218,823 56.7 60.9
2340 Other teachers and instructors 907 696,633 46,526 55,258 6.7 7.9
2400 Archivists, curators, and museum technicians 70 45,922 1,078 1,326 2.3 2.9
2430 Librarians 283 184,963 59,941 66,298 32.4 35.8
2440 Library technicians 65 46,817 9,753 11,066 20.8 23.6
2540 Teacher assistants 1,258 911,012 282,250 320,885 31.0 35.2
2550 Other education, training, and library workers 210 145,436 24,305 27,786 16.7 19.1
2600 Artists and related workers 108 82,774 2,758 6,076 3.3 7.3
2630 Designers 726 557,219 21,861 23,619 3.9 4.2
2700 Actors 26 22,970 11,164 11,164 48.6 48.6
2710 Producers and directors 129 87,474 5,317 5,317 6.1 6.1
2720 Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers 273 212,842 17,944 19,789 8.4 9.3
2740 Dancers and choreographers 15 13,298 240 240 1.8 1.8
2750 Musicians, singers, and related workers 123 110,730 12,479 12,479 11.3 11.3
2760 Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other 21 18,155 545 1,430 3.0 7.9
2800 Announcers 51 37,447 2,350 2,350 6.3 6.3
2810 News analysts, reporters and correspondents 121 73,096 9,433 11,069 12.9 15.1
2825 Public relations specialists 219 145,993 11,789 12,879 8.1 8.8
2830 Editors 194 145,684 6,521 8,736 4.5 6.0
2840 Technical writers 84 60,648 5,784 5,879 9.5 9.7
2850 Writers and authors 151 106,982 3,816 3,816 3.6 3.6
2860 Miscellaneous media and communication workers 91 71,267 11,545 11,545 16.2 16.2
2900 Broadcast and sound engineering technicians and radio operators, other media and communication equip 117 93,565 13,964 15,532 14.9 16.6
2910 Photographers 78 62,574 2,203 2,203 3.5 3.5
2920 Television, video, and motion picture camera operators and editors 44 40,073 2,965 2,965 7.4 7.4
3000 Chiropractors 17 12,147 0 273 0.0 2.2
3010 Dentists 94 67,653 641 641 0.9 0.9
3030 Dietitians and nutritionists 134 98,693 5,450 7,166 5.5 7.3
3040 Optometrists 12 9,898 2,110 2,110 21.3 21.3
3050 Pharmacists 362 274,061 16,287 17,995 5.9 6.6
3060 Physicians and surgeons 925 709,562 44,633 61,529 6.3 8.7
3110 Physician assistants 146 101,953 2,148 6,588 2.1 6.5
3140 Audiologists 14 9,010 0 0 0.0 0.0
3150 Occupational therapists 157 113,362 16,395 17,861 14.5 15.8
3160 Physical therapists 257 195,857 17,544 20,683 9.0 10.6
3200 Radiation therapists 13 11,692 0 0 0.0 0.0
3210 Recreational therapists 18 14,460 2,203 2,203 15.2 15.2
3220 Respiratory therapists 145 104,884 7,829 8,042 7.5 7.7
3230 Speech-language pathologists 179 126,190 34,772 40,576 27.6 32.2
3245 Exercise physiologists and therapists, all other 159 113,998 7,421 9,365 6.5 8.2
3250 Veterinarians 78 58,732 670 1,648 1.1 2.8
3255 Registered nurses 3,800 2,793,983 506,448 548,080 18.1 19.6
3256 Nurse anesthetists 40 25,949 1,868 1,868 7.2 7.2
3258 Nurse midwives and nurse practitioners 146 99,238 12,718 14,884 12.8 15.0
3260 Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other 6 4,762 0 0 0.0 0.0
3300 Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians 406 304,925 32,804 37,523 10.8 12.3
3310 Dental hygienists 211 153,140 433 433 0.3 0.3
3320 Diagnostic related technologists and technicians 400 303,512 28,081 32,284 9.3 10.6
3400 Emergency medical technicians and paramedics 210 164,178 37,723 38,644 23.0 23.5
3420 Health diagnosing and treating practitioner support technicians 714 553,961 44,911 47,621 8.1 8.6
3500 Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses 663 523,022 56,742 63,381 10.8 12.1
3510 Medical records and health information technicians 117 84,664 7,228 7,539 8.5 8.9
3520 Opticians, dispensing 69 51,709 0 3,069 0.0 5.9
3535 Miscellaneous health technologists and technicians 168 138,512 12,580 13,811 9.1 10.0
3540 Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations, including podiatrists 107 74,060 15,024 16,062 20.3 21.7
3600 Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides 2,614 2,060,804 220,943 251,531 10.7 12.2
3610 Occupational therapist assistants and aides 24 17,266 0 0 0.0 0.0
3620 Physical therapist assistants and aides 84 66,940 1,398 3,251 2.1 4.9
3630 Massage therapists 113 88,278 1,282 1,282 1.5 1.5
3640 Dental assistants 364 277,404 1,414 2,226 0.5 0.8
3645 Medical assistants 513 409,116 13,968 22,786 3.4 5.6
3646 Medical transcriptionists 68 43,827 868 868 2.0 2.0
3647 Pharmacy aides 57 48,822 2,478 2,478 5.1 5.1
3648 Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers 58 48,671 2,155 2,155 4.4 4.4
3649 Phlebotomists 155 119,711 9,310 11,796 7.8 9.9
3655 Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations, including medical equipment preparers 219 163,716 22,201 22,358 13.6 13.7
SERVICE OCCUPATIONS 29,198 23,127,041 2,402,421 2,627,827 10.4 11.4
3700 First-line supervisors/managers of correctional officers 62 53,132 23,265 24,028 43.8 45.2
3710 First-line supervisors/managers of police and detectives 143 108,397 48,095 50,196 44.4 46.3
3720 First-line supervisors/managers of fire fighting and prevention workers 78 61,757 39,702 41,203 64.3 66.7
3730 Supervisors, protective service workers, all other 110 85,051 5,444 5,444 6.4 6.4
3740 Fire fighters 353 292,770 199,747 202,725 68.2 69.2
3750 Fire inspectors 24 15,653 3,770 4,247 24.1 27.1
3800 Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers 459 374,750 178,424 184,758 47.6 49.3
3820 Detectives and criminal investigators 203 156,675 57,686 63,739 36.8 40.7
3840 Miscellaneous law enforcement workers 20 7,914 1,585 1,758 20.0 22.2
3850 Police officers 803 653,759 372,916 389,964 57.0 59.6
3900 Animal control workers 15 9,261 2,759 2,759 29.8 29.8
3910 Private detectives and investigators 111 85,721 10,510 11,809 12.3 13.8
3930 Security guards and gaming surveillance officers 1,117 925,092 98,623 108,501 10.7 11.7
3940 Crossing guards 78 63,946 11,025 11,025 17.2 17.2
3945 Transportation security screeners 34 25,625 7,793 9,050 30.4 35.3
3955 Lifeguards and other recreational and all other protective service workers 222 151,864 6,364 7,451 4.2 4.9
4000 Chefs and head cooks 452 365,351 15,465 16,995 4.2 4.7
4010 First-line supervisors/managers of food preparation and serving workers 655 506,428 20,154 27,193 4.0 5.4
4020 Cooks 2,440 1,969,890 82,174 102,499 4.2 5.2
4030 Food preparation workers 1,132 891,920 42,162 46,778 4.7 5.2
4040 Bartenders 537 402,962 5,517 7,664 1.4 1.9
4050 Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food 429 343,835 39,800 41,684 11.6 12.1
4060 Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop 290 245,449 6,482 9,024 2.6 3.7
4110 Waiters and waitresses 2,608 2,146,419 34,634 40,325 1.6 1.9
4120 Food servers, nonrestaurant 275 212,864 21,142 24,444 9.9 11.5
4130 Food preparation and serving related workers, all other, inc. dining/cafeteria attendants & bartende 463 377,046 21,460 26,255 5.7 7.0
4140 Dishwashers 366 273,824 6,975 10,689 2.5 3.9
4150 Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop 322 254,995 2,246 5,438 0.9 2.1
4200 First-line supervisors/managers of housekeeping and janitorial workers 236 175,142 13,577 17,844 7.8 10.2
4210 First-line supervisors/managers of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers 143 116,206 7,740 9,551 6.7 8.2
4220 Janitors and building cleaners 2,736 2,096,641 317,719 338,339 15.2 16.1
4230 Maids and housekeeping cleaners 1,644 1,283,999 93,617 102,403 7.3 8.0
4240 Pest control workers 74 65,018 3,786 3,786 5.8 5.8
4250 Grounds maintenance workers 1,177 992,745 61,473 68,201 6.2 6.9
4300 First-line supervisors/managers of gaming workers 148 108,923 3,357 3,357 3.1 3.1
4320 First-line supervisors/managers of personal service workers 116 96,919 4,754 4,754 4.9 4.9
4340 Animal trainers 19 15,161 2,011 2,011 13.3 13.3
4350 Nonfarm animal caretakers 180 140,200 1,847 3,932 1.3 2.8
4400 Gaming services workers 147 97,793 5,069 5,069 5.2 5.2
4410 Motion picture projectionists 4 630 0 0 0.0 0.0
4420 Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers 58 48,296 2,467 2,467 5.1 5.1
4430 Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers 227 177,731 14,962 16,582 8.4 9.3
4460 Embalmers and funeral attendants 19 15,061 0 0 0.0 0.0
4465 Morticians, undertakers, and funeral directors 35 24,578 0 0 0.0 0.0
4500 Barbers 63 63,017 1,150 2,181 1.8 3.5
4510 Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists 603 482,832 7,338 7,510 1.5 1.6
4520 Miscellaneous personal appearance workers 272 241,176 1,595 4,633 0.7 1.9
4530 Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges 84 67,017 13,272 14,045 19.8 21.0
4540 Tour and travel guides 54 34,882 2,279 2,279 6.5 6.5
4600 Child care workers 1,170 907,392 49,657 54,748 5.5 6.0
4610 Personal and home care aides 1,297 999,454 120,813 130,184 12.1 13.0
4620 Recreation and fitness workers 443 336,411 11,125 14,233 3.3 4.2
4640 Residential advisors 81 58,517 19,633 19,633 33.6 33.6
4650 Personal care and service workers, all other 93 72,314 1,080 1,258 1.5 1.7
SALES AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS 16,833 13,385,318 388,722 464,262 2.9 3.5
4700 First-line supervisors/managers of retail sales workers 3,212 2,477,180 89,456 104,288 3.6 4.2
4710 First-line supervisors/managers of non-retail sales workers 1,035 828,425 24,531 31,562 3.0 3.8
4720 Cashiers 3,941 3,242,273 161,215 179,816 5.0 5.5
4740 Counter and rental clerks 171 132,903 8,465 9,616 6.4 7.2
4750 Parts salespersons 148 99,476 0 0 0.0 0.0
4760 Retail salespersons 3,992 3,186,591 36,241 48,044 1.1 1.5
4800 Advertising sales agents 269 216,916 5,891 8,952 2.7 4.1
4810 Insurance sales agents 535 414,665 167 3,564 0.0 0.9
4820 Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents 294 235,113 0 183 0.0 0.1
4830 Travel agents 80 58,578 0 0 0.0 0.0
4840 Sales representatives, services, all other 532 436,357 17,712 20,955 4.1 4.8
4850 Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing 1,488 1,167,112 16,934 20,710 1.5 1.8
4900 Models, demonstrators, and product promoters 70 50,774 0 1,286 0.0 2.5
4920 Real estate brokers and sales agents 538 420,843 15,812 19,408 3.8 4.6
4930 Sales engineers 36 28,107 1,057 1,057 3.8 3.8
4940 Telemarketers 125 107,495 3,145 3,145 2.9 2.9
4950 Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers 121 85,580 3,187 4,043 3.7 4.7
4965 Sales and related workers, all other 246 196,931 4,911 7,633 2.5 3.9
OFFICE AND ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT OCCUPATIONS 22,676 17,329,976 1,679,980 1,890,870 9.7 10.9
5000 First-line supervisors/managers of office and administrative support workers 1,790 1,379,710 82,574 99,691 6.0 7.2
5010 Switchboard operators, including answering service 50 34,749 3,319 4,722 9.6 13.6
5020 Telephone operators 47 41,758 5,789 6,457 13.9 15.5
5030 Communications equipment operators, all other 14 8,985 1,132 1,132 12.6 12.6
5100 Bill and account collectors 253 203,457 4,524 5,382 2.2 2.6
5110 Billing and posting clerks and machine operators 578 452,638 22,276 26,557 4.9 5.9
5120 Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks 1,530 1,128,728 39,935 51,966 3.5 4.6
5130 Gaming cage workers 18 8,179 152 152 1.9 1.9
5140 Payroll and timekeeping clerks 201 147,992 12,839 18,074 8.7 12.2
5150 Procurement clerks 34 25,846 4,584 5,801 17.7 22.4
5160 Tellers 499 387,042 5,130 7,429 1.3 1.9
5165 Financial clerks, all other 64 48,553 411 2,328 0.8 4.8
5200 Brokerage clerks 6 4,949 0 0 0.0 0.0
5220 Court, municipal, and license clerks 108 84,385 27,054 28,086 32.1 33.3
5230 Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks 65 44,322 1,858 1,858 4.2 4.2
5240 Customer service representatives 2,473 1,946,758 116,680 129,555 6.0 6.7
5250 Eligibility interviewers, government programs 103 83,576 27,732 29,343 33.2 35.1
5260 File Clerks 383 298,224 24,162 28,475 8.1 9.5
5300 Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks 167 107,068 7,778 8,445 7.3 7.9
5310 Interviewers, except eligibility and loan 193 146,844 10,282 10,512 7.0 7.2
5320 Library assistants, clerical 141 98,195 19,683 21,660 20.0 22.1
5330 Loan interviewers and clerks 183 137,103 2,505 2,505 1.8 1.8
5340 New accounts clerks 30 23,265 0 0 0.0 0.0
5350 Correspondence clerks and order clerks 145 110,661 5,960 5,960 5.4 5.4
5360 Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping 158 118,080 6,981 10,560 5.9 8.9
5400 Receptionists and information clerks 1,634 1,255,378 47,211 53,941 3.8 4.3
5410 Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks 168 130,060 30,876 33,431 23.7 25.7
5420 Information and record clerks, all other 138 109,519 10,856 11,226 9.9 10.3
5500 Cargo and freight agents 25 21,190 2,832 2,832 13.4 13.4
5510 Couriers and messengers 254 190,090 36,828 39,744 19.4 20.9
5520 Dispatchers 349 277,002 48,705 52,435 17.6 18.9
5530 Meter readers, utilities 37 27,664 7,010 8,371 25.3 30.3
5540 Postal service clerks 186 148,362 101,979 116,932 68.7 78.8
5550 Postal service mail carriers 403 312,572 235,162 241,268 75.2 77.2
5560 Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators 85 67,147 36,947 40,690 55.0 60.6
5600 Production, planning, and expediting clerks 372 266,899 26,707 28,956 10.0 10.8
5610 Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks 651 529,528 45,625 48,972 8.6 9.2
5620 Stock clerks and order fillers 1,812 1,445,570 133,802 147,699 9.3 10.2
5630 Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping 92 69,112 5,377 5,865 7.8 8.5
5700 Secretaries and administrative assistants 3,835 2,792,308 219,541 257,890 7.9 9.2
5800 Computer operators 130 98,389 10,115 11,874 10.3 12.1
5810 Data entry keyers 431 326,946 33,096 37,731 10.1 11.5
5820 Word processors and typists 145 117,147 24,214 25,104 20.7 21.4
5840 Insurance claims and policy processing clerks 301 237,865 6,190 9,451 2.6 4.0
5850 Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service 118 93,125 8,781 8,781 9.4 9.4
5860 Office clerks, general 1,412 1,110,780 123,278 142,445 11.1 12.8
5900 Office machine operators, except computer 56 41,838 3,882 3,882 9.3 9.3
5910 Proofreaders and copy markers 12 7,173 86 86 1.2 1.2
5920 Statistical assistants 32 28,914 1,064 1,064 3.7 3.7
5940 Office and administrative support workers, including desktop publishers 761 551,269 46,478 53,551 8.4 9.7
FARMING, FISHING, AND FORESTRY OCCUPATIONS 1,294 950,430 31,991 38,443 3.4 4.0
6005 First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers 56 40,817 1,570 2,558 3.8 6.3
6010 Agricultural inspectors 25 18,251 4,287 6,342 23.5 34.8
6040 Graders and sorters, agricultural products 139 123,093 18,308 18,961 14.9 15.4
6050 Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders 981 712,299 7,087 9,842 1.0 1.4
6100 Fishing and hunting workers 29 12,827 0 0 0.0 0.0
6120 Forest and conservation workers 11 5,624 0 0 0.0 0.0
6130 Logging workers 53 37,519 739 739 2.0 2.0
CONSTRUCTION AND EXTRACTION OCCUPATIONS 7,201 5,567,959 1,051,986 1,105,930 18.9 19.9
6200 First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers 687 498,415 84,766 93,134 17.0 18.7
6210 Boilermakers 29 22,638 7,168 7,472 31.7 33.0
6220 Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons 129 108,579 22,356 22,356 20.6 20.6
6230 Carpenters 1,049 828,164 116,757 125,209 14.1 15.1
6240 Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers 109 101,162 6,171 7,428 6.1 7.3
6250 Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers 78 63,281 14,839 14,839 23.4 23.4
6260 Construction laborers 1,276 1,076,107 123,447 132,158 11.5 12.3
6300 Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators 24 19,569 2,817 2,817 14.4 14.4
6320 Construction equipment operators, except Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators 521 334,058 84,799 87,615 25.4 26.2
6330 Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers 123 111,982 11,428 14,023 10.2 12.5
6355 Electricians 802 592,331 208,711 213,925 35.2 36.1
6360 Glaziers 50 41,006 6,798 6,798 16.6 16.6
6400 Insulation workers 51 37,019 6,246 6,246 16.9 16.9
6420 Painters, construction and maintenance and paperhangers 376 316,097 33,577 35,074 10.6 11.1
6440 Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters 570 448,154 132,669 136,625 29.6 30.5
6460 Plasterers and stucco masons 17 15,492 0 0 0.0 0.0
6500 Reinforcing iron and rebar workers 13 8,709 5,272 5,272 60.5 60.5
6515 Roofers 168 146,302 10,977 11,705 7.5 8.0
6520 Sheet metal workers 146 110,199 35,985 38,152 32.7 34.6
6530 Structural iron and steel workers 80 62,772 27,470 28,866 43.8 46.0
6600 Helpers, construction trades 61 53,052 5,468 5,468 10.3 10.3
6660 Construction and building inspectors 116 94,877 11,260 12,241 11.9 12.9
6700 Elevator installers and repairers 30 31,613 16,375 19,310 51.8 61.1
6710 Fence erectors 31 26,520 1,467 1,467 5.5 5.5
6720 Hazardous materials removal workers 42 30,083 7,493 7,493 24.9 24.9
6730 Highway maintenance workers 150 100,149 34,557 35,728 34.5 35.7
6740 Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators 12 7,367 5,918 5,918 80.3 80.3
6750 Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners 6 5,832 2,136 2,136 36.6 36.6
6765 Miscellaneous construction and related workers, including photovoltaic installers 37 29,045 4,220 4,220 14.5 14.5
6800 Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining 54 32,294 1,148 1,247 3.6 3.9
6820 Earth drillers, except oil and gas 49 28,084 1,601 1,601 5.7 5.7
6830 Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters 13 5,051 1,186 1,186 23.5 23.5
6840 Mining machine operators 125 65,122 11,380 12,092 17.5 18.6
6920 Roustabouts, oil and gas 31 17,644 1,039 1,039 5.9 5.9
6940 Other extraction workers, including roof bolters and helpers 136 92,624 4,486 5,071 4.8 5.5
INSTALLATION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OCCUPATIONS 5,648 4,350,285 688,077 728,736 15.8 16.8
7000 First-line supervisors/managers of mechanics, installers, and repairers 373 284,292 20,149 21,176 7.1 7.4
7010 Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers 320 244,114 12,561 14,127 5.1 5.8
7020 Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers 189 146,905 37,854 39,000 25.8 26.5
7030 Avionics technicians 14 10,209 4,523 5,618 44.3 55.0
7040 Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers 40 36,897 6,751 7,609 18.3 20.6
7100 Electrical and electronics repairers, transportation equipment, industrial and utility 20 13,690 6,261 6,261 45.7 45.7
7110 Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles 19 15,761 7,291 7,291 46.3 46.3
7120 Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers 63 48,226 1,124 2,299 2.3 4.8
7130 Security and fire alarm systems installers 47 38,382 1,947 1,947 5.1 5.1
7140 Aircraft mechanics and service technicians 172 151,836 47,157 49,045 31.1 32.3
7150 Automotive body and related repairers 155 125,151 4,066 4,066 3.2 3.2
7160 Automotive glass installers and repairers 25 18,361 0 0 0.0 0.0
7200 Automotive service technicians and mechanics 916 745,133 38,641 41,268 5.2 5.5
7210 Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists 369 283,386 56,247 60,474 19.8 21.3
7220 Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics 276 175,906 52,177 53,024 29.7 30.1
7240 Small engine mechanics 54 44,105 1,918 1,918 4.3 4.3
7260 Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers 97 81,523 1,979 2,965 2.4 3.6
7300 Control and valve installers and repairers 31 24,866 7,788 7,788 31.3 31.3
7315 Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers 374 297,612 47,359 51,513 15.9 17.3
7320 Home appliance repairers 46 38,627 5,622 7,268 14.6 18.8
7330 Industrial and refractory machinery mechanics 589 435,234 94,363 96,457 21.7 22.2
7340 Maintenance and repair workers, general 540 395,080 61,562 66,857 15.6 16.9
7350 Maintenance workers, machinery 33 28,031 3,620 5,056 12.9 18.0
7360 Millwrights 73 49,942 22,475 23,423 45.0 46.9
7410 Electrical power-line installers and repairers 164 118,718 53,685 56,290 45.2 47.4
7420 Telecommunications line installers and repairers 232 177,506 60,719 63,700 34.2 35.9
7430 Precision instrument and equipment repairers 68 51,251 5,653 5,653 11.0 11.0
7510 Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers 40 28,717 3,142 3,142 10.9 10.9
7520 Commercial divers 2 287 0 0 0.0 0.0
7540 Locksmiths and safe repairers 27 19,638 648 648 3.3 3.3
7550 Manufactured building and mobile home installers 5 4,333 0 0 0.0 0.0
7560 Riggers 16 10,206 1,690 1,690 16.6 16.6
7610 Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers 35 29,990 469 469 1.6 1.6
7630 Other installation, maintenance, repair workers, including wind turbine techs, divers, train switch 220 173,038 16,833 18,890 9.7 10.9
PRODUCTION OCCUPATIONS 10,327 8,113,066 1,001,248 1,083,125 12.3 13.4
7700 First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers 955 749,584 56,724 65,686 7.6 8.8
7710 Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers 22 22,908 3,521 3,521 15.4 15.4
7720 Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers 202 162,016 17,630 17,959 10.9 11.1
7730 Engine and other machine assemblers 38 31,620 6,542 6,778 20.7 21.4
7740 Structural metal fabricators and fitters 25 21,586 8,471 8,471 39.2 39.2
7750 Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators 1,106 895,250 133,874 141,461 15.0 15.8
7800 Bakers 242 190,155 23,513 23,513 12.4 12.4
7810 Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers 436 310,936 57,241 62,596 18.4 20.1
7830 Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders 16 11,575 3,383 3,383 29.2 29.2
7840 Food batchmakers 111 79,300 6,055 6,305 7.6 8.0
7850 Food cooking machine operators and tenders 23 15,489 2,334 3,242 15.1 20.9
7855 Food processing workers, all other 133 100,222 19,743 20,805 19.7 20.8
7900 Computer control programmers and operators 84 68,424 5,406 5,406 7.9 7.9
7920 Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 12 9,990 1,944 1,944 19.5 19.5
7940 Rolling machine setters, operators; tenders and forging machine setters, operators; tenders, metal a 22 16,305 4,655 4,655 28.6 28.6
7950 Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 97 82,695 12,447 14,635 15.1 17.7
8000 Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and pl 72 59,295 6,477 7,799 10.9 13.2
8010 Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 17 15,728 1,138 1,138 7.2 7.2
8030 Machinists 497 392,542 52,380 54,903 13.3 14.0
8040 Metal furnace and kiln operators and tenders 20 14,756 4,098 4,098 27.8 27.8
8100 Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 54 38,401 5,624 7,453 14.6 19.4
8130 Tool and die makers 69 55,108 5,101 7,018 9.3 12.7
8140 Welding, soldering, and brazing workers 744 560,248 80,623 86,120 14.4 15.4
8200 Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 24 17,370 2,287 2,287 13.2 13.2
8210 Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners 2 1,964 595 595 30.3 30.3
8220 Metalworkers and plastic workers, all other 472 413,158 56,237 61,602 13.6 14.9
8250 Prepress technicians and workers 42 29,518 598 754 2.0 2.6
8255 Printing press operators 250 188,455 16,907 19,165 9.0 10.2
8256 Print binding and finishing workers 24 19,938 375 375 1.9 1.9
8300 Laundry and dry-cleaning workers 211 161,210 11,707 14,564 7.3 9.0
8310 Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials 66 54,773 922 922 1.7 1.7
8320 Sewing machine operators 181 154,093 946 946 0.6 0.6
8330 Shoe and leather workers and repairers 9 6,121 0 0 0.0 0.0
8350 Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers 54 51,996 2,432 3,633 4.7 7.0
8400 Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders 12 11,174 679 679 6.1 6.1
8410 Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders 11 5,828 0 0 0.0 0.0
8420 Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders 17 16,153 0 0 0.0 0.0
8450 Upholsterers 23 20,536 991 991 4.8 4.8
8460 Miscellaneous textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, except upholsterers 38 32,334 5,191 5,191 16.1 16.1
8500 Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters 51 37,454 1,918 1,918 5.1 5.1
8510 Furniture finishers 9 5,105 0 0 0.0 0.0
8530 Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood 36 26,637 625 625 2.3 2.3
8540 Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing 37 24,516 2,500 2,500 10.2 10.2
8550 Miscellaneous woodworkers, including model makers and pattern makers 22 12,798 110 110 0.9 0.9
8600 Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers 62 44,397 17,407 17,503 39.2 39.4
8610 Stationary engineers and boiler operators 151 109,109 28,310 30,975 25.9 28.4
8620 Water and liquid waste treatment plant and system operators 99 73,891 20,048 24,518 27.1 33.2
8630 Miscellaneous plant and system operators 54 36,736 6,417 7,480 17.5 20.4
8640 Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders 89 74,573 14,732 14,732 19.8 19.8
8650 Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers 134 94,492 11,797 12,160 12.5 12.9
8710 Cutting workers 89 68,920 6,166 6,166 8.9 8.9
8720 Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders 49 38,296 8,171 9,077 21.3 23.7
8730 Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders 18 13,642 4,115 4,115 30.2 30.2
8740 Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers 845 670,515 72,051 77,872 10.7 11.6
8750 Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers 42 28,869 1,248 1,248 4.3 4.3
8760 Medical, dental, and ophthalmic laboratory technicians 103 88,093 4,875 4,875 5.5 5.5
8800 Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders 369 271,141 30,425 34,705 11.2 12.8
8810 Painting workers 181 145,447 11,069 11,069 7.6 7.6
8830 Photographic process workers and processing machine operators 63 52,126 305 305 0.6 0.6
8850 Cementing and gluing machine operators and tenders 12 8,330 3,250 3,250 39.0 39.0
8860 Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders 9 8,456 2,256 3,248 26.7 38.4
8910 Etchers and engravers 8 4,189 0 0 0.0 0.0
8920 Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic 31 26,936 2,592 2,592 9.6 9.6
8930 Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders 45 34,264 5,788 5,788 16.9 16.9
8940 Tire builders 20 17,486 3,688 3,688 21.1 21.1
8950 Helpers--production workers 71 60,465 3,983 3,983 6.6 6.6
8965 Production workers, including semiconductor processors and cooling and freezing equipment operators 1,173 929,530 114,049 122,505 12.3 13.2
TRANSPORTATION AND MATERIAL MOVING OCCUPATIONS 10,060 7,919,498 1,361,995 1,461,550 17.2 18.5
9000 Supervisors, transportation and material moving workers 258 204,682 23,151 27,349 11.3 13.4
9030 Aircraft pilots and flight engineers 165 120,108 68,273 73,230 56.8 61.0
9040 Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists 61 46,725 28,273 30,996 60.5 66.3
9050 Flight attendants 107 85,834 50,366 51,940 58.7 60.5
9110 Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians 21 20,971 1,040 1,040 5.0 5.0
9120 Bus drivers 735 546,580 194,607 215,034 35.6 39.3
9130 Driver/sales workers and truck drivers 3,707 2,885,260 362,228 382,354 12.6 13.3
9140 Taxi drivers and chauffeurs 324 252,145 29,246 30,084 11.6 11.9
9150 Motor vehicle operators, all other 79 60,313 10,055 11,256 16.7 18.7
9200 Locomotive engineers and operators 68 43,744 28,066 28,811 64.2 65.9
9240 Railroad brake, signal, switch operators, conductors and yardmasters 81 60,976 41,854 42,775 68.6 70.2
9260 Subway, streetcar, and other rail transportation workers 15 11,636 7,457 7,457 64.1 64.1
9300 Sailors and marine oilers, and ship engineers 20 17,481 3,709 3,709 21.2 21.2
9310 Ship and boat captains and operators 39 28,715 2,416 2,416 8.4 8.4
9350 Parking lot attendants 91 72,976 6,774 8,060 9.3 11.0
9360 Service station attendants 121 93,105 6,220 6,220 6.7 6.7
9410 Transportation inspectors 39 30,749 9,413 9,510 30.6 30.9
9415 Transportation attendants, except flight attendants 48 33,311 7,652 7,652 23.0 23.0
9420 Other transportation workers, including bridge and lock tenders 32 23,142 11,292 11,460 48.8 49.5
9510 Crane and tower operators 72 61,566 11,757 11,757 19.1 19.1
9520 Dredge, excavating, and loading machine operators 53 32,761 2,693 2,693 8.2 8.2
9560 Hoist and winch operators, and conveyor operators and tenders 8 6,255 2,209 2,209 35.3 35.3
9600 Industrial truck and tractor operators 583 517,328 86,033 91,968 16.6 17.8
9610 Cleaners of vehicles and equipment 356 286,073 21,427 21,427 7.5 7.5
9620 Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand 2,229 1,768,526 260,103 286,438 14.7 16.2
9630 Machine feeders and offbearers 37 27,651 8,299 8,691 30.0 31.4
9640 Packers and packagers, hand 500 413,907 38,124 44,695 9.2 10.8
9650 Pumping station operators 38 21,754 1,159 1,709 5.3 7.9
9720 Refuse and recyclable material collectors 103 87,912 17,426 17,579 19.8 20.0
9750 Material moving workers, including mine shuttle operators and tank car, truck, and ship loaders 60 50,004 15,462 15,815 30.9 31.6
               
Data Sources: Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) Earnings Files, 2012. Sample includes
employed wage and salary workers, ages 16 and over. Variable definitions are: COC=2010 Census occupation code
used in CPS, Obs=CPS sample size, Employment=wage and salary employment, Members=employed workers who are
union members, Covered=workers covered by a collective bargaining agreement, %Mem=percent of employed workers
who are union members, and %Cov=percent of employed workers who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.
2013 by Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson. The use of data requires citation.